Law Library of Congress - Global Legal Monitor: Global Legal Monitor: Environmental protection http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?home The Global Legal Monitor is an online publication from the Law Library of Congress covering legal news and developments worldwide. It is updated frequently and draws on information from the Global Legal Information Network, official national legal publications, and reliable press sources. You can search previous news by searching the archive. en-us Global Legal Monitor: Portugal: New Environmental Policy http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403929_text Environmental protection - On April 14, 2014, the Government of Portugal published Law No. 19, which defines the basis for the country's environmental policy pursuant to the terms of articles 9 and 66 of the Constitution. (Lei No.... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 16 Apr 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403929_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil: National Contingency Plan for Oil Pollution Incidents http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403740_text Environmental protection; Natural resources - On April 14, 2014, the Government of Portugal published Law No. 19, which defines the basis for the country's environmental policy pursuant to the terms of articles 9 and 66 of the Constitution. (Lei No. On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 30 Oct 2013 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403740_text Global Legal Monitor: European Union: Temporary Ban on Pesticides Harmful to Bees Challenged http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403691_text Environmental protection - On April 14, 2014, the Government of Portugal published Law No. 19, which defines the basis for the country's environmental policy pursuant to the terms of articles 9 and 66 of the Constitution. (Lei No. On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano In August 2013, Syngenta, a Swiss agrochemical company, and Bayer, a German agrochemical company, initiated legal action before the European Court of Justice, challenging the European Commission's decision to ban the pesticide thiamethoxam, which is used... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 09 Sep 2013 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403691_text Global Legal Monitor: European Union: New Regulation on Biocides http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403688_text Environmental protection; Workers safety and health - On April 14, 2014, the Government of Portugal published Law No. 19, which defines the basis for the country's environmental policy pursuant to the terms of articles 9 and 66 of the Constitution. (Lei No. On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano In August 2013, Syngenta, a Swiss agrochemical company, and Bayer, a German agrochemical company, initiated legal action before the European Court of Justice, challenging the European Commission's decision to ban the pesticide thiamethoxam, which is used On September 1, 2013, a new European Union Regulation on Biocides entered into force. Biocides are chemicals used to control organisms that are harmful to human and animal health and to the environment, such as pests... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 04 Sep 2013 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403688_text Global Legal Monitor: Denmark: Plan to Increase Recycling http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403686_text Environmental protection - On April 14, 2014, the Government of Portugal published Law No. 19, which defines the basis for the country's environmental policy pursuant to the terms of articles 9 and 66 of the Constitution. (Lei No. On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano In August 2013, Syngenta, a Swiss agrochemical company, and Bayer, a German agrochemical company, initiated legal action before the European Court of Justice, challenging the European Commission's decision to ban the pesticide thiamethoxam, which is used On September 1, 2013, a new European Union Regulation on Biocides entered into force. Biocides are chemicals used to control organisms that are harmful to human and animal health and to the environment, such as pests Denmark's Environment Minister, Ida Auken, has announced a new approach to handling rubbish in the country. In September, the government is expected to present a plan to require households to sort trash into several bins,... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 30 Aug 2013 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403686_text Global Legal Monitor: ASEAN; Indonesia: Indonesia Urged to Ratify Smog Treaty http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403630_text Environmental protection; Workers safety and health; International affairs - On April 14, 2014, the Government of Portugal published Law No. 19, which defines the basis for the country's environmental policy pursuant to the terms of articles 9 and 66 of the Constitution. (Lei No. On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano In August 2013, Syngenta, a Swiss agrochemical company, and Bayer, a German agrochemical company, initiated legal action before the European Court of Justice, challenging the European Commission's decision to ban the pesticide thiamethoxam, which is used On September 1, 2013, a new European Union Regulation on Biocides entered into force. Biocides are chemicals used to control organisms that are harmful to human and animal health and to the environment, such as pests Denmark's Environment Minister, Ida Auken, has announced a new approach to handling rubbish in the country. In September, the government is expected to present a plan to require households to sort trash into several bins, On June 30, 2013, the other members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) urged Indonesia to ratify a treaty designed to limit smog pollution across... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 08 Jul 2013 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403630_text Global Legal Monitor: Israel: Heavy Penalty for Violation of Smoking Ban in Public Places http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403617_text Environmental protection; Workers safety and health; Tobacco and smoking - On April 14, 2014, the Government of Portugal published Law No. 19, which defines the basis for the country's environmental policy pursuant to the terms of articles 9 and 66 of the Constitution. (Lei No. On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano In August 2013, Syngenta, a Swiss agrochemical company, and Bayer, a German agrochemical company, initiated legal action before the European Court of Justice, challenging the European Commission's decision to ban the pesticide thiamethoxam, which is used On September 1, 2013, a new European Union Regulation on Biocides entered into force. Biocides are chemicals used to control organisms that are harmful to human and animal health and to the environment, such as pests Denmark's Environment Minister, Ida Auken, has announced a new approach to handling rubbish in the country. In September, the government is expected to present a plan to require households to sort trash into several bins, On June 30, 2013, the other members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) urged Indonesia to ratify a treaty designed to limit smog pollution across On May 20, 2013, the Supreme Court of Israel approved a plea bargain that included an unprecedented high amount of compensation in a class-action suit for violation of the prohibition on smoking in public places, in... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 17 Jun 2013 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403617_text Global Legal Monitor: Indonesia; Sweden: Cooperation on Sustainable Development Planned http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403609_text Environmental protection; International affairs; Science and technology - On April 14, 2014, the Government of Portugal published Law No. 19, which defines the basis for the country's environmental policy pursuant to the terms of articles 9 and 66 of the Constitution. (Lei No. On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano In August 2013, Syngenta, a Swiss agrochemical company, and Bayer, a German agrochemical company, initiated legal action before the European Court of Justice, challenging the European Commission's decision to ban the pesticide thiamethoxam, which is used On September 1, 2013, a new European Union Regulation on Biocides entered into force. Biocides are chemicals used to control organisms that are harmful to human and animal health and to the environment, such as pests Denmark's Environment Minister, Ida Auken, has announced a new approach to handling rubbish in the country. In September, the government is expected to present a plan to require households to sort trash into several bins, On June 30, 2013, the other members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) urged Indonesia to ratify a treaty designed to limit smog pollution across On May 20, 2013, the Supreme Court of Israel approved a plea bargain that included an unprecedented high amount of compensation in a class-action suit for violation of the prohibition on smoking in public places, in On May 28, 2013, during a visit by President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono of Indonesia to Sweden, the two countries signed a Memorandum of Understanding on sustainable... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 07 Jun 2013 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403609_text Global Legal Monitor: South Korea: Ban on Dumping of Food Wastewater in the Ocean Comes into Force http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403482_text Environmental protection - On April 14, 2014, the Government of Portugal published Law No. 19, which defines the basis for the country's environmental policy pursuant to the terms of articles 9 and 66 of the Constitution. (Lei No. On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano In August 2013, Syngenta, a Swiss agrochemical company, and Bayer, a German agrochemical company, initiated legal action before the European Court of Justice, challenging the European Commission's decision to ban the pesticide thiamethoxam, which is used On September 1, 2013, a new European Union Regulation on Biocides entered into force. Biocides are chemicals used to control organisms that are harmful to human and animal health and to the environment, such as pests Denmark's Environment Minister, Ida Auken, has announced a new approach to handling rubbish in the country. In September, the government is expected to present a plan to require households to sort trash into several bins, On June 30, 2013, the other members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) urged Indonesia to ratify a treaty designed to limit smog pollution across On May 20, 2013, the Supreme Court of Israel approved a plea bargain that included an unprecedented high amount of compensation in a class-action suit for violation of the prohibition on smoking in public places, in On May 28, 2013, during a visit by President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono of Indonesia to Sweden, the two countries signed a Memorandum of Understanding on sustainable The Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs (MLTM) of the Republic of Korea promulgated the revised enforcement rule for the Marine Environment Management Act on... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 07 Feb 2013 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403482_text Global Legal Monitor: United Nations: Agreement on Binding Convention to Reduce Mercury Use http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403467_text Environmental protection - On April 14, 2014, the Government of Portugal published Law No. 19, which defines the basis for the country's environmental policy pursuant to the terms of articles 9 and 66 of the Constitution. (Lei No. On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano In August 2013, Syngenta, a Swiss agrochemical company, and Bayer, a German agrochemical company, initiated legal action before the European Court of Justice, challenging the European Commission's decision to ban the pesticide thiamethoxam, which is used On September 1, 2013, a new European Union Regulation on Biocides entered into force. Biocides are chemicals used to control organisms that are harmful to human and animal health and to the environment, such as pests Denmark's Environment Minister, Ida Auken, has announced a new approach to handling rubbish in the country. In September, the government is expected to present a plan to require households to sort trash into several bins, On June 30, 2013, the other members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) urged Indonesia to ratify a treaty designed to limit smog pollution across On May 20, 2013, the Supreme Court of Israel approved a plea bargain that included an unprecedented high amount of compensation in a class-action suit for violation of the prohibition on smoking in public places, in On May 28, 2013, during a visit by President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono of Indonesia to Sweden, the two countries signed a Memorandum of Understanding on sustainable The Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs (MLTM) of the Republic of Korea promulgated the revised enforcement rule for the Marine Environment Management Act on On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 25 Jan 2013 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403467_text Global Legal Monitor: Indonesia; South Korea: Agreement on River Restoration http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403422_text Environmental protection - On April 14, 2014, the Government of Portugal published Law No. 19, which defines the basis for the country's environmental policy pursuant to the terms of articles 9 and 66 of the Constitution. (Lei No. On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano In August 2013, Syngenta, a Swiss agrochemical company, and Bayer, a German agrochemical company, initiated legal action before the European Court of Justice, challenging the European Commission's decision to ban the pesticide thiamethoxam, which is used On September 1, 2013, a new European Union Regulation on Biocides entered into force. Biocides are chemicals used to control organisms that are harmful to human and animal health and to the environment, such as pests Denmark's Environment Minister, Ida Auken, has announced a new approach to handling rubbish in the country. In September, the government is expected to present a plan to require households to sort trash into several bins, On June 30, 2013, the other members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) urged Indonesia to ratify a treaty designed to limit smog pollution across On May 20, 2013, the Supreme Court of Israel approved a plea bargain that included an unprecedented high amount of compensation in a class-action suit for violation of the prohibition on smoking in public places, in On May 28, 2013, during a visit by President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono of Indonesia to Sweden, the two countries signed a Memorandum of Understanding on sustainable The Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs (MLTM) of the Republic of Korea promulgated the revised enforcement rule for the Marine Environment Management Act on On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 3, 2012, Indonesia and South Korea concluded an agreement to restore the Ciliwung River, which flows from the mountains down through Jakarta... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 04 Dec 2012 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403422_text Global Legal Monitor: New Zealand: Legal Views on Scientific Whaling to Be Submitted to International Court http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403411_text Environmental protection - On April 14, 2014, the Government of Portugal published Law No. 19, which defines the basis for the country's environmental policy pursuant to the terms of articles 9 and 66 of the Constitution. (Lei No. On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano In August 2013, Syngenta, a Swiss agrochemical company, and Bayer, a German agrochemical company, initiated legal action before the European Court of Justice, challenging the European Commission's decision to ban the pesticide thiamethoxam, which is used On September 1, 2013, a new European Union Regulation on Biocides entered into force. Biocides are chemicals used to control organisms that are harmful to human and animal health and to the environment, such as pests Denmark's Environment Minister, Ida Auken, has announced a new approach to handling rubbish in the country. In September, the government is expected to present a plan to require households to sort trash into several bins, On June 30, 2013, the other members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) urged Indonesia to ratify a treaty designed to limit smog pollution across On May 20, 2013, the Supreme Court of Israel approved a plea bargain that included an unprecedented high amount of compensation in a class-action suit for violation of the prohibition on smoking in public places, in On May 28, 2013, during a visit by President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono of Indonesia to Sweden, the two countries signed a Memorandum of Understanding on sustainable The Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs (MLTM) of the Republic of Korea promulgated the revised enforcement rule for the Marine Environment Management Act on On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 3, 2012, Indonesia and South Korea concluded an agreement to restore the Ciliwung River, which flows from the mountains down through Jakarta On November 20, 2012, the New Zealand government formally lodged with the International Court of Justice (ICJ) a declaration of its intention to intervene in the... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 27 Nov 2012 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403411_text Global Legal Monitor: New Zealand: Court Rejects Challenge to Climate Change Research Findings http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403319_text Environmental protection - On April 14, 2014, the Government of Portugal published Law No. 19, which defines the basis for the country's environmental policy pursuant to the terms of articles 9 and 66 of the Constitution. (Lei No. On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano In August 2013, Syngenta, a Swiss agrochemical company, and Bayer, a German agrochemical company, initiated legal action before the European Court of Justice, challenging the European Commission's decision to ban the pesticide thiamethoxam, which is used On September 1, 2013, a new European Union Regulation on Biocides entered into force. Biocides are chemicals used to control organisms that are harmful to human and animal health and to the environment, such as pests Denmark's Environment Minister, Ida Auken, has announced a new approach to handling rubbish in the country. In September, the government is expected to present a plan to require households to sort trash into several bins, On June 30, 2013, the other members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) urged Indonesia to ratify a treaty designed to limit smog pollution across On May 20, 2013, the Supreme Court of Israel approved a plea bargain that included an unprecedented high amount of compensation in a class-action suit for violation of the prohibition on smoking in public places, in On May 28, 2013, during a visit by President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono of Indonesia to Sweden, the two countries signed a Memorandum of Understanding on sustainable The Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs (MLTM) of the Republic of Korea promulgated the revised enforcement rule for the Marine Environment Management Act on On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 3, 2012, Indonesia and South Korea concluded an agreement to restore the Ciliwung River, which flows from the mountains down through Jakarta On November 20, 2012, the New Zealand government formally lodged with the International Court of Justice (ICJ) a declaration of its intention to intervene in the On September 7, 2012, the New Zealand High Court (the third highest court in New Zealand's court hierarchy) dismissed a challenge to the findings of reports that stated that average temperatures in the country had increased... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 07 Sep 2012 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403319_text Global Legal Monitor: Chile: New Law Creates Environmental Courts http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403263_text Environmental protection - On April 14, 2014, the Government of Portugal published Law No. 19, which defines the basis for the country's environmental policy pursuant to the terms of articles 9 and 66 of the Constitution. (Lei No. On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano In August 2013, Syngenta, a Swiss agrochemical company, and Bayer, a German agrochemical company, initiated legal action before the European Court of Justice, challenging the European Commission's decision to ban the pesticide thiamethoxam, which is used On September 1, 2013, a new European Union Regulation on Biocides entered into force. Biocides are chemicals used to control organisms that are harmful to human and animal health and to the environment, such as pests Denmark's Environment Minister, Ida Auken, has announced a new approach to handling rubbish in the country. In September, the government is expected to present a plan to require households to sort trash into several bins, On June 30, 2013, the other members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) urged Indonesia to ratify a treaty designed to limit smog pollution across On May 20, 2013, the Supreme Court of Israel approved a plea bargain that included an unprecedented high amount of compensation in a class-action suit for violation of the prohibition on smoking in public places, in On May 28, 2013, during a visit by President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono of Indonesia to Sweden, the two countries signed a Memorandum of Understanding on sustainable The Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs (MLTM) of the Republic of Korea promulgated the revised enforcement rule for the Marine Environment Management Act on On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 3, 2012, Indonesia and South Korea concluded an agreement to restore the Ciliwung River, which flows from the mountains down through Jakarta On November 20, 2012, the New Zealand government formally lodged with the International Court of Justice (ICJ) a declaration of its intention to intervene in the On September 7, 2012, the New Zealand High Court (the third highest court in New Zealand's court hierarchy) dismissed a challenge to the findings of reports that stated that average temperatures in the country had increased On June 18, 2012, Chile's legislature passed Law 20600 on the creation of new environmental courts, thereby granting the Superintendency of the Environment the power to prosecute environmental violations. (Law 20600 Creating Environmental Courts (June... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 01 Aug 2012 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403263_text Global Legal Monitor: Israel: Clean Air Legislation http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403215_text Environmental protection - On April 14, 2014, the Government of Portugal published Law No. 19, which defines the basis for the country's environmental policy pursuant to the terms of articles 9 and 66 of the Constitution. (Lei No. On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano In August 2013, Syngenta, a Swiss agrochemical company, and Bayer, a German agrochemical company, initiated legal action before the European Court of Justice, challenging the European Commission's decision to ban the pesticide thiamethoxam, which is used On September 1, 2013, a new European Union Regulation on Biocides entered into force. Biocides are chemicals used to control organisms that are harmful to human and animal health and to the environment, such as pests Denmark's Environment Minister, Ida Auken, has announced a new approach to handling rubbish in the country. In September, the government is expected to present a plan to require households to sort trash into several bins, On June 30, 2013, the other members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) urged Indonesia to ratify a treaty designed to limit smog pollution across On May 20, 2013, the Supreme Court of Israel approved a plea bargain that included an unprecedented high amount of compensation in a class-action suit for violation of the prohibition on smoking in public places, in On May 28, 2013, during a visit by President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono of Indonesia to Sweden, the two countries signed a Memorandum of Understanding on sustainable The Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs (MLTM) of the Republic of Korea promulgated the revised enforcement rule for the Marine Environment Management Act on On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 3, 2012, Indonesia and South Korea concluded an agreement to restore the Ciliwung River, which flows from the mountains down through Jakarta On November 20, 2012, the New Zealand government formally lodged with the International Court of Justice (ICJ) a declaration of its intention to intervene in the On September 7, 2012, the New Zealand High Court (the third highest court in New Zealand's court hierarchy) dismissed a challenge to the findings of reports that stated that average temperatures in the country had increased On June 18, 2012, Chile's legislature passed Law 20600 on the creation of new environmental courts, thereby granting the Superintendency of the Environment the power to prosecute environmental violations. (Law 20600 Creating Environmental Courts (June On May 29, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Clean Air Law 5768-2008. A stated objective of the Law is to improve air quality and prevent and minimize air pollution by, among... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 26 Jun 2012 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403215_text Global Legal Monitor: Israel: Pollutant Release and Transfer Registers http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403120_text Environmental protection - On April 14, 2014, the Government of Portugal published Law No. 19, which defines the basis for the country's environmental policy pursuant to the terms of articles 9 and 66 of the Constitution. (Lei No. On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano In August 2013, Syngenta, a Swiss agrochemical company, and Bayer, a German agrochemical company, initiated legal action before the European Court of Justice, challenging the European Commission's decision to ban the pesticide thiamethoxam, which is used On September 1, 2013, a new European Union Regulation on Biocides entered into force. Biocides are chemicals used to control organisms that are harmful to human and animal health and to the environment, such as pests Denmark's Environment Minister, Ida Auken, has announced a new approach to handling rubbish in the country. In September, the government is expected to present a plan to require households to sort trash into several bins, On June 30, 2013, the other members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) urged Indonesia to ratify a treaty designed to limit smog pollution across On May 20, 2013, the Supreme Court of Israel approved a plea bargain that included an unprecedented high amount of compensation in a class-action suit for violation of the prohibition on smoking in public places, in On May 28, 2013, during a visit by President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono of Indonesia to Sweden, the two countries signed a Memorandum of Understanding on sustainable The Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs (MLTM) of the Republic of Korea promulgated the revised enforcement rule for the Marine Environment Management Act on On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 3, 2012, Indonesia and South Korea concluded an agreement to restore the Ciliwung River, which flows from the mountains down through Jakarta On November 20, 2012, the New Zealand government formally lodged with the International Court of Justice (ICJ) a declaration of its intention to intervene in the On September 7, 2012, the New Zealand High Court (the third highest court in New Zealand's court hierarchy) dismissed a challenge to the findings of reports that stated that average temperatures in the country had increased On June 18, 2012, Chile's legislature passed Law 20600 on the creation of new environmental courts, thereby granting the Superintendency of the Environment the power to prosecute environmental violations. (Law 20600 Creating Environmental Courts (June On May 29, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Clean Air Law 5768-2008. A stated objective of the Law is to improve air quality and prevent and minimize air pollution by, among On March 19, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Pollutant and Transfers to the Environment - Duties of Reporting and Registration) Law 5772-2012. The stated objectives of the Law are to increase the... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 30 Apr 2012 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403120_text Global Legal Monitor: Denmark: Tax on DHMO to Be Proposed http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403070_text Environmental protection - On April 14, 2014, the Government of Portugal published Law No. 19, which defines the basis for the country's environmental policy pursuant to the terms of articles 9 and 66 of the Constitution. (Lei No. On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano In August 2013, Syngenta, a Swiss agrochemical company, and Bayer, a German agrochemical company, initiated legal action before the European Court of Justice, challenging the European Commission's decision to ban the pesticide thiamethoxam, which is used On September 1, 2013, a new European Union Regulation on Biocides entered into force. Biocides are chemicals used to control organisms that are harmful to human and animal health and to the environment, such as pests Denmark's Environment Minister, Ida Auken, has announced a new approach to handling rubbish in the country. In September, the government is expected to present a plan to require households to sort trash into several bins, On June 30, 2013, the other members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) urged Indonesia to ratify a treaty designed to limit smog pollution across On May 20, 2013, the Supreme Court of Israel approved a plea bargain that included an unprecedented high amount of compensation in a class-action suit for violation of the prohibition on smoking in public places, in On May 28, 2013, during a visit by President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono of Indonesia to Sweden, the two countries signed a Memorandum of Understanding on sustainable The Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs (MLTM) of the Republic of Korea promulgated the revised enforcement rule for the Marine Environment Management Act on On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 3, 2012, Indonesia and South Korea concluded an agreement to restore the Ciliwung River, which flows from the mountains down through Jakarta On November 20, 2012, the New Zealand government formally lodged with the International Court of Justice (ICJ) a declaration of its intention to intervene in the On September 7, 2012, the New Zealand High Court (the third highest court in New Zealand's court hierarchy) dismissed a challenge to the findings of reports that stated that average temperatures in the country had increased On June 18, 2012, Chile's legislature passed Law 20600 on the creation of new environmental courts, thereby granting the Superintendency of the Environment the power to prosecute environmental violations. (Law 20600 Creating Environmental Courts (June On May 29, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Clean Air Law 5768-2008. A stated objective of the Law is to improve air quality and prevent and minimize air pollution by, among On March 19, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Pollutant and Transfers to the Environment - Duties of Reporting and Registration) Law 5772-2012. The stated objectives of the Law are to increase the Denmark's Environment Ministry is planning to propose a tax on the chemical dihydrogen monoxide (DHMO) as a method to discourage its use. DHMO is odorless but potentially lethal. High levels of the substance were found in... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 04 Apr 2012 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403070_text Global Legal Monitor: United Nations: New Agreement on Electronic Waste http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403042_text Environmental protection - On April 14, 2014, the Government of Portugal published Law No. 19, which defines the basis for the country's environmental policy pursuant to the terms of articles 9 and 66 of the Constitution. (Lei No. On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano In August 2013, Syngenta, a Swiss agrochemical company, and Bayer, a German agrochemical company, initiated legal action before the European Court of Justice, challenging the European Commission's decision to ban the pesticide thiamethoxam, which is used On September 1, 2013, a new European Union Regulation on Biocides entered into force. Biocides are chemicals used to control organisms that are harmful to human and animal health and to the environment, such as pests Denmark's Environment Minister, Ida Auken, has announced a new approach to handling rubbish in the country. In September, the government is expected to present a plan to require households to sort trash into several bins, On June 30, 2013, the other members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) urged Indonesia to ratify a treaty designed to limit smog pollution across On May 20, 2013, the Supreme Court of Israel approved a plea bargain that included an unprecedented high amount of compensation in a class-action suit for violation of the prohibition on smoking in public places, in On May 28, 2013, during a visit by President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono of Indonesia to Sweden, the two countries signed a Memorandum of Understanding on sustainable The Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs (MLTM) of the Republic of Korea promulgated the revised enforcement rule for the Marine Environment Management Act on On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 3, 2012, Indonesia and South Korea concluded an agreement to restore the Ciliwung River, which flows from the mountains down through Jakarta On November 20, 2012, the New Zealand government formally lodged with the International Court of Justice (ICJ) a declaration of its intention to intervene in the On September 7, 2012, the New Zealand High Court (the third highest court in New Zealand's court hierarchy) dismissed a challenge to the findings of reports that stated that average temperatures in the country had increased On June 18, 2012, Chile's legislature passed Law 20600 on the creation of new environmental courts, thereby granting the Superintendency of the Environment the power to prosecute environmental violations. (Law 20600 Creating Environmental Courts (June On May 29, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Clean Air Law 5768-2008. A stated objective of the Law is to improve air quality and prevent and minimize air pollution by, among On March 19, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Pollutant and Transfers to the Environment - Duties of Reporting and Registration) Law 5772-2012. The stated objectives of the Law are to increase the Denmark's Environment Ministry is planning to propose a tax on the chemical dihydrogen monoxide (DHMO) as a method to discourage its use. DHMO is odorless but potentially lethal. High levels of the substance were found in A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 21 Mar 2012 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403042_text Global Legal Monitor: Namibia: Environmental Management Act Takes Effect Four Years After Adoption http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403006_text Environmental protection - On April 14, 2014, the Government of Portugal published Law No. 19, which defines the basis for the country's environmental policy pursuant to the terms of articles 9 and 66 of the Constitution. (Lei No. On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano In August 2013, Syngenta, a Swiss agrochemical company, and Bayer, a German agrochemical company, initiated legal action before the European Court of Justice, challenging the European Commission's decision to ban the pesticide thiamethoxam, which is used On September 1, 2013, a new European Union Regulation on Biocides entered into force. Biocides are chemicals used to control organisms that are harmful to human and animal health and to the environment, such as pests Denmark's Environment Minister, Ida Auken, has announced a new approach to handling rubbish in the country. In September, the government is expected to present a plan to require households to sort trash into several bins, On June 30, 2013, the other members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) urged Indonesia to ratify a treaty designed to limit smog pollution across On May 20, 2013, the Supreme Court of Israel approved a plea bargain that included an unprecedented high amount of compensation in a class-action suit for violation of the prohibition on smoking in public places, in On May 28, 2013, during a visit by President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono of Indonesia to Sweden, the two countries signed a Memorandum of Understanding on sustainable The Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs (MLTM) of the Republic of Korea promulgated the revised enforcement rule for the Marine Environment Management Act on On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 3, 2012, Indonesia and South Korea concluded an agreement to restore the Ciliwung River, which flows from the mountains down through Jakarta On November 20, 2012, the New Zealand government formally lodged with the International Court of Justice (ICJ) a declaration of its intention to intervene in the On September 7, 2012, the New Zealand High Court (the third highest court in New Zealand's court hierarchy) dismissed a challenge to the findings of reports that stated that average temperatures in the country had increased On June 18, 2012, Chile's legislature passed Law 20600 on the creation of new environmental courts, thereby granting the Superintendency of the Environment the power to prosecute environmental violations. (Law 20600 Creating Environmental Courts (June On May 29, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Clean Air Law 5768-2008. A stated objective of the Law is to improve air quality and prevent and minimize air pollution by, among On March 19, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Pollutant and Transfers to the Environment - Duties of Reporting and Registration) Law 5772-2012. The stated objectives of the Law are to increase the Denmark's Environment Ministry is planning to propose a tax on the chemical dihydrogen monoxide (DHMO) as a method to discourage its use. DHMO is odorless but potentially lethal. High levels of the substance were found in A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On January 18, 2012, Namibia's Minister of Environment and Tourism put into effect the Environmental Management Act (EMA), Act No. 7 of 2007. (Government Gazette of the Republic of Namibia, No. 3966 (Dec. 27,... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 01 Mar 2012 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403006_text Global Legal Monitor: Australia: Climate Change Reforms Passed, Price on Carbon to Apply from July 2012 http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402883_text Environmental protection - On April 14, 2014, the Government of Portugal published Law No. 19, which defines the basis for the country's environmental policy pursuant to the terms of articles 9 and 66 of the Constitution. (Lei No. On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano In August 2013, Syngenta, a Swiss agrochemical company, and Bayer, a German agrochemical company, initiated legal action before the European Court of Justice, challenging the European Commission's decision to ban the pesticide thiamethoxam, which is used On September 1, 2013, a new European Union Regulation on Biocides entered into force. Biocides are chemicals used to control organisms that are harmful to human and animal health and to the environment, such as pests Denmark's Environment Minister, Ida Auken, has announced a new approach to handling rubbish in the country. In September, the government is expected to present a plan to require households to sort trash into several bins, On June 30, 2013, the other members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) urged Indonesia to ratify a treaty designed to limit smog pollution across On May 20, 2013, the Supreme Court of Israel approved a plea bargain that included an unprecedented high amount of compensation in a class-action suit for violation of the prohibition on smoking in public places, in On May 28, 2013, during a visit by President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono of Indonesia to Sweden, the two countries signed a Memorandum of Understanding on sustainable The Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs (MLTM) of the Republic of Korea promulgated the revised enforcement rule for the Marine Environment Management Act on On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 3, 2012, Indonesia and South Korea concluded an agreement to restore the Ciliwung River, which flows from the mountains down through Jakarta On November 20, 2012, the New Zealand government formally lodged with the International Court of Justice (ICJ) a declaration of its intention to intervene in the On September 7, 2012, the New Zealand High Court (the third highest court in New Zealand's court hierarchy) dismissed a challenge to the findings of reports that stated that average temperatures in the country had increased On June 18, 2012, Chile's legislature passed Law 20600 on the creation of new environmental courts, thereby granting the Superintendency of the Environment the power to prosecute environmental violations. (Law 20600 Creating Environmental Courts (June On May 29, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Clean Air Law 5768-2008. A stated objective of the Law is to improve air quality and prevent and minimize air pollution by, among On March 19, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Pollutant and Transfers to the Environment - Duties of Reporting and Registration) Law 5772-2012. The stated objectives of the Law are to increase the Denmark's Environment Ministry is planning to propose a tax on the chemical dihydrogen monoxide (DHMO) as a method to discourage its use. DHMO is odorless but potentially lethal. High levels of the substance were found in A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On January 18, 2012, Namibia's Minister of Environment and Tourism put into effect the Environmental Management Act (EMA), Act No. 7 of 2007. (Government Gazette of the Republic of Namibia, No. 3966 (Dec. 27, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 15 Nov 2011 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402883_text Global Legal Monitor: Mongolia: Supreme Court Orders Government to Enforce Law http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402860_text Environmental protection - On April 14, 2014, the Government of Portugal published Law No. 19, which defines the basis for the country's environmental policy pursuant to the terms of articles 9 and 66 of the Constitution. (Lei No. On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano In August 2013, Syngenta, a Swiss agrochemical company, and Bayer, a German agrochemical company, initiated legal action before the European Court of Justice, challenging the European Commission's decision to ban the pesticide thiamethoxam, which is used On September 1, 2013, a new European Union Regulation on Biocides entered into force. Biocides are chemicals used to control organisms that are harmful to human and animal health and to the environment, such as pests Denmark's Environment Minister, Ida Auken, has announced a new approach to handling rubbish in the country. In September, the government is expected to present a plan to require households to sort trash into several bins, On June 30, 2013, the other members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) urged Indonesia to ratify a treaty designed to limit smog pollution across On May 20, 2013, the Supreme Court of Israel approved a plea bargain that included an unprecedented high amount of compensation in a class-action suit for violation of the prohibition on smoking in public places, in On May 28, 2013, during a visit by President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono of Indonesia to Sweden, the two countries signed a Memorandum of Understanding on sustainable The Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs (MLTM) of the Republic of Korea promulgated the revised enforcement rule for the Marine Environment Management Act on On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 3, 2012, Indonesia and South Korea concluded an agreement to restore the Ciliwung River, which flows from the mountains down through Jakarta On November 20, 2012, the New Zealand government formally lodged with the International Court of Justice (ICJ) a declaration of its intention to intervene in the On September 7, 2012, the New Zealand High Court (the third highest court in New Zealand's court hierarchy) dismissed a challenge to the findings of reports that stated that average temperatures in the country had increased On June 18, 2012, Chile's legislature passed Law 20600 on the creation of new environmental courts, thereby granting the Superintendency of the Environment the power to prosecute environmental violations. (Law 20600 Creating Environmental Courts (June On May 29, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Clean Air Law 5768-2008. A stated objective of the Law is to improve air quality and prevent and minimize air pollution by, among On March 19, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Pollutant and Transfers to the Environment - Duties of Reporting and Registration) Law 5772-2012. The stated objectives of the Law are to increase the Denmark's Environment Ministry is planning to propose a tax on the chemical dihydrogen monoxide (DHMO) as a method to discourage its use. DHMO is odorless but potentially lethal. High levels of the substance were found in A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On January 18, 2012, Namibia's Minister of Environment and Tourism put into effect the Environmental Management Act (EMA), Act No. 7 of 2007. (Government Gazette of the Republic of Namibia, No. 3966 (Dec. 27, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change On October 20, 2011, the Supreme Court of Mongolia ruled that the country's government must enforce its 2009 environmental protection resolution restricting mining in some locations. The decision came in a case filed by the United... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 26 Oct 2011 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402860_text Global Legal Monitor: New Zealand: New "Freedom Camping" Laws Aim to Protect Pristine Areas http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402681_text Environmental protection - On April 14, 2014, the Government of Portugal published Law No. 19, which defines the basis for the country's environmental policy pursuant to the terms of articles 9 and 66 of the Constitution. (Lei No. On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano In August 2013, Syngenta, a Swiss agrochemical company, and Bayer, a German agrochemical company, initiated legal action before the European Court of Justice, challenging the European Commission's decision to ban the pesticide thiamethoxam, which is used On September 1, 2013, a new European Union Regulation on Biocides entered into force. Biocides are chemicals used to control organisms that are harmful to human and animal health and to the environment, such as pests Denmark's Environment Minister, Ida Auken, has announced a new approach to handling rubbish in the country. In September, the government is expected to present a plan to require households to sort trash into several bins, On June 30, 2013, the other members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) urged Indonesia to ratify a treaty designed to limit smog pollution across On May 20, 2013, the Supreme Court of Israel approved a plea bargain that included an unprecedented high amount of compensation in a class-action suit for violation of the prohibition on smoking in public places, in On May 28, 2013, during a visit by President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono of Indonesia to Sweden, the two countries signed a Memorandum of Understanding on sustainable The Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs (MLTM) of the Republic of Korea promulgated the revised enforcement rule for the Marine Environment Management Act on On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 3, 2012, Indonesia and South Korea concluded an agreement to restore the Ciliwung River, which flows from the mountains down through Jakarta On November 20, 2012, the New Zealand government formally lodged with the International Court of Justice (ICJ) a declaration of its intention to intervene in the On September 7, 2012, the New Zealand High Court (the third highest court in New Zealand's court hierarchy) dismissed a challenge to the findings of reports that stated that average temperatures in the country had increased On June 18, 2012, Chile's legislature passed Law 20600 on the creation of new environmental courts, thereby granting the Superintendency of the Environment the power to prosecute environmental violations. (Law 20600 Creating Environmental Courts (June On May 29, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Clean Air Law 5768-2008. A stated objective of the Law is to improve air quality and prevent and minimize air pollution by, among On March 19, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Pollutant and Transfers to the Environment - Duties of Reporting and Registration) Law 5772-2012. The stated objectives of the Law are to increase the Denmark's Environment Ministry is planning to propose a tax on the chemical dihydrogen monoxide (DHMO) as a method to discourage its use. DHMO is odorless but potentially lethal. High levels of the substance were found in A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On January 18, 2012, Namibia's Minister of Environment and Tourism put into effect the Environmental Management Act (EMA), Act No. 7 of 2007. (Government Gazette of the Republic of Namibia, No. 3966 (Dec. 27, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change On October 20, 2011, the Supreme Court of Mongolia ruled that the country's government must enforce its 2009 environmental protection resolution restricting mining in some locations. The decision came in a case filed by the United On May 15, 2011, the New Zealand Minister for the Environment, Hon. Nick Smith, announced that a new law regulating "freedom camping" would be introduced in Parliament this month to address problems related to irresponsible campers.... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 20 May 2011 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402681_text Global Legal Monitor: Israel: Law on Inspection and Enforcement Authorities for Environmental Protection http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402648_text Environmental protection - On April 14, 2014, the Government of Portugal published Law No. 19, which defines the basis for the country's environmental policy pursuant to the terms of articles 9 and 66 of the Constitution. (Lei No. On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano In August 2013, Syngenta, a Swiss agrochemical company, and Bayer, a German agrochemical company, initiated legal action before the European Court of Justice, challenging the European Commission's decision to ban the pesticide thiamethoxam, which is used On September 1, 2013, a new European Union Regulation on Biocides entered into force. Biocides are chemicals used to control organisms that are harmful to human and animal health and to the environment, such as pests Denmark's Environment Minister, Ida Auken, has announced a new approach to handling rubbish in the country. In September, the government is expected to present a plan to require households to sort trash into several bins, On June 30, 2013, the other members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) urged Indonesia to ratify a treaty designed to limit smog pollution across On May 20, 2013, the Supreme Court of Israel approved a plea bargain that included an unprecedented high amount of compensation in a class-action suit for violation of the prohibition on smoking in public places, in On May 28, 2013, during a visit by President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono of Indonesia to Sweden, the two countries signed a Memorandum of Understanding on sustainable The Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs (MLTM) of the Republic of Korea promulgated the revised enforcement rule for the Marine Environment Management Act on On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 3, 2012, Indonesia and South Korea concluded an agreement to restore the Ciliwung River, which flows from the mountains down through Jakarta On November 20, 2012, the New Zealand government formally lodged with the International Court of Justice (ICJ) a declaration of its intention to intervene in the On September 7, 2012, the New Zealand High Court (the third highest court in New Zealand's court hierarchy) dismissed a challenge to the findings of reports that stated that average temperatures in the country had increased On June 18, 2012, Chile's legislature passed Law 20600 on the creation of new environmental courts, thereby granting the Superintendency of the Environment the power to prosecute environmental violations. (Law 20600 Creating Environmental Courts (June On May 29, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Clean Air Law 5768-2008. A stated objective of the Law is to improve air quality and prevent and minimize air pollution by, among On March 19, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Pollutant and Transfers to the Environment - Duties of Reporting and Registration) Law 5772-2012. The stated objectives of the Law are to increase the Denmark's Environment Ministry is planning to propose a tax on the chemical dihydrogen monoxide (DHMO) as a method to discourage its use. DHMO is odorless but potentially lethal. High levels of the substance were found in A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On January 18, 2012, Namibia's Minister of Environment and Tourism put into effect the Environmental Management Act (EMA), Act No. 7 of 2007. (Government Gazette of the Republic of Namibia, No. 3966 (Dec. 27, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change On October 20, 2011, the Supreme Court of Mongolia ruled that the country's government must enforce its 2009 environmental protection resolution restricting mining in some locations. The decision came in a case filed by the United On May 15, 2011, the New Zealand Minister for the Environment, Hon. Nick Smith, announced that a new law regulating "freedom camping" would be introduced in Parliament this month to address problems related to irresponsible campers. On March 28, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Inspection and Enforcement Authorities) Law, 5771-2011. The Law states as its goal the protection, maintenance, and improvement of the quality of the environment and... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 28 Apr 2011 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402648_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil: White Roofs to Fight Global Warming http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402609_text Environmental protection - On April 14, 2014, the Government of Portugal published Law No. 19, which defines the basis for the country's environmental policy pursuant to the terms of articles 9 and 66 of the Constitution. (Lei No. On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano In August 2013, Syngenta, a Swiss agrochemical company, and Bayer, a German agrochemical company, initiated legal action before the European Court of Justice, challenging the European Commission's decision to ban the pesticide thiamethoxam, which is used On September 1, 2013, a new European Union Regulation on Biocides entered into force. Biocides are chemicals used to control organisms that are harmful to human and animal health and to the environment, such as pests Denmark's Environment Minister, Ida Auken, has announced a new approach to handling rubbish in the country. In September, the government is expected to present a plan to require households to sort trash into several bins, On June 30, 2013, the other members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) urged Indonesia to ratify a treaty designed to limit smog pollution across On May 20, 2013, the Supreme Court of Israel approved a plea bargain that included an unprecedented high amount of compensation in a class-action suit for violation of the prohibition on smoking in public places, in On May 28, 2013, during a visit by President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono of Indonesia to Sweden, the two countries signed a Memorandum of Understanding on sustainable The Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs (MLTM) of the Republic of Korea promulgated the revised enforcement rule for the Marine Environment Management Act on On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 3, 2012, Indonesia and South Korea concluded an agreement to restore the Ciliwung River, which flows from the mountains down through Jakarta On November 20, 2012, the New Zealand government formally lodged with the International Court of Justice (ICJ) a declaration of its intention to intervene in the On September 7, 2012, the New Zealand High Court (the third highest court in New Zealand's court hierarchy) dismissed a challenge to the findings of reports that stated that average temperatures in the country had increased On June 18, 2012, Chile's legislature passed Law 20600 on the creation of new environmental courts, thereby granting the Superintendency of the Environment the power to prosecute environmental violations. (Law 20600 Creating Environmental Courts (June On May 29, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Clean Air Law 5768-2008. A stated objective of the Law is to improve air quality and prevent and minimize air pollution by, among On March 19, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Pollutant and Transfers to the Environment - Duties of Reporting and Registration) Law 5772-2012. The stated objectives of the Law are to increase the Denmark's Environment Ministry is planning to propose a tax on the chemical dihydrogen monoxide (DHMO) as a method to discourage its use. DHMO is odorless but potentially lethal. High levels of the substance were found in A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On January 18, 2012, Namibia's Minister of Environment and Tourism put into effect the Environmental Management Act (EMA), Act No. 7 of 2007. (Government Gazette of the Republic of Namibia, No. 3966 (Dec. 27, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change On October 20, 2011, the Supreme Court of Mongolia ruled that the country's government must enforce its 2009 environmental protection resolution restricting mining in some locations. The decision came in a case filed by the United On May 15, 2011, the New Zealand Minister for the Environment, Hon. Nick Smith, announced that a new law regulating "freedom camping" would be introduced in Parliament this month to address problems related to irresponsible campers. On March 28, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Inspection and Enforcement Authorities) Law, 5771-2011. The Law states as its goal the protection, maintenance, and improvement of the quality of the environment and On March 29, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro approved, during the first session of debate, a bill of law that some say, if adopted, might help fight global warming. The... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 06 Apr 2011 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402609_text Global Legal Monitor: Israel: Regulation of Processing of Packaging Materials http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402507_text Environmental protection - On April 14, 2014, the Government of Portugal published Law No. 19, which defines the basis for the country's environmental policy pursuant to the terms of articles 9 and 66 of the Constitution. (Lei No. On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano In August 2013, Syngenta, a Swiss agrochemical company, and Bayer, a German agrochemical company, initiated legal action before the European Court of Justice, challenging the European Commission's decision to ban the pesticide thiamethoxam, which is used On September 1, 2013, a new European Union Regulation on Biocides entered into force. Biocides are chemicals used to control organisms that are harmful to human and animal health and to the environment, such as pests Denmark's Environment Minister, Ida Auken, has announced a new approach to handling rubbish in the country. In September, the government is expected to present a plan to require households to sort trash into several bins, On June 30, 2013, the other members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) urged Indonesia to ratify a treaty designed to limit smog pollution across On May 20, 2013, the Supreme Court of Israel approved a plea bargain that included an unprecedented high amount of compensation in a class-action suit for violation of the prohibition on smoking in public places, in On May 28, 2013, during a visit by President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono of Indonesia to Sweden, the two countries signed a Memorandum of Understanding on sustainable The Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs (MLTM) of the Republic of Korea promulgated the revised enforcement rule for the Marine Environment Management Act on On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 3, 2012, Indonesia and South Korea concluded an agreement to restore the Ciliwung River, which flows from the mountains down through Jakarta On November 20, 2012, the New Zealand government formally lodged with the International Court of Justice (ICJ) a declaration of its intention to intervene in the On September 7, 2012, the New Zealand High Court (the third highest court in New Zealand's court hierarchy) dismissed a challenge to the findings of reports that stated that average temperatures in the country had increased On June 18, 2012, Chile's legislature passed Law 20600 on the creation of new environmental courts, thereby granting the Superintendency of the Environment the power to prosecute environmental violations. (Law 20600 Creating Environmental Courts (June On May 29, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Clean Air Law 5768-2008. A stated objective of the Law is to improve air quality and prevent and minimize air pollution by, among On March 19, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Pollutant and Transfers to the Environment - Duties of Reporting and Registration) Law 5772-2012. The stated objectives of the Law are to increase the Denmark's Environment Ministry is planning to propose a tax on the chemical dihydrogen monoxide (DHMO) as a method to discourage its use. DHMO is odorless but potentially lethal. High levels of the substance were found in A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On January 18, 2012, Namibia's Minister of Environment and Tourism put into effect the Environmental Management Act (EMA), Act No. 7 of 2007. (Government Gazette of the Republic of Namibia, No. 3966 (Dec. 27, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change On October 20, 2011, the Supreme Court of Mongolia ruled that the country's government must enforce its 2009 environmental protection resolution restricting mining in some locations. The decision came in a case filed by the United On May 15, 2011, the New Zealand Minister for the Environment, Hon. Nick Smith, announced that a new law regulating "freedom camping" would be introduced in Parliament this month to address problems related to irresponsible campers. On March 28, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Inspection and Enforcement Authorities) Law, 5771-2011. The Law states as its goal the protection, maintenance, and improvement of the quality of the environment and On March 29, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro approved, during the first session of debate, a bill of law that some say, if adopted, might help fight global warming. The On January 19, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Regulation of Processing of Packaging Law, 5771-2011. The Law declares that it is intended to regulate both the production and the processing of packaging material waste... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 09 Feb 2011 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402507_text Global Legal Monitor: India: New Green Tribunal Established http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402462_text Environmental protection - On April 14, 2014, the Government of Portugal published Law No. 19, which defines the basis for the country's environmental policy pursuant to the terms of articles 9 and 66 of the Constitution. (Lei No. On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano In August 2013, Syngenta, a Swiss agrochemical company, and Bayer, a German agrochemical company, initiated legal action before the European Court of Justice, challenging the European Commission's decision to ban the pesticide thiamethoxam, which is used On September 1, 2013, a new European Union Regulation on Biocides entered into force. Biocides are chemicals used to control organisms that are harmful to human and animal health and to the environment, such as pests Denmark's Environment Minister, Ida Auken, has announced a new approach to handling rubbish in the country. In September, the government is expected to present a plan to require households to sort trash into several bins, On June 30, 2013, the other members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) urged Indonesia to ratify a treaty designed to limit smog pollution across On May 20, 2013, the Supreme Court of Israel approved a plea bargain that included an unprecedented high amount of compensation in a class-action suit for violation of the prohibition on smoking in public places, in On May 28, 2013, during a visit by President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono of Indonesia to Sweden, the two countries signed a Memorandum of Understanding on sustainable The Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs (MLTM) of the Republic of Korea promulgated the revised enforcement rule for the Marine Environment Management Act on On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 3, 2012, Indonesia and South Korea concluded an agreement to restore the Ciliwung River, which flows from the mountains down through Jakarta On November 20, 2012, the New Zealand government formally lodged with the International Court of Justice (ICJ) a declaration of its intention to intervene in the On September 7, 2012, the New Zealand High Court (the third highest court in New Zealand's court hierarchy) dismissed a challenge to the findings of reports that stated that average temperatures in the country had increased On June 18, 2012, Chile's legislature passed Law 20600 on the creation of new environmental courts, thereby granting the Superintendency of the Environment the power to prosecute environmental violations. (Law 20600 Creating Environmental Courts (June On May 29, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Clean Air Law 5768-2008. A stated objective of the Law is to improve air quality and prevent and minimize air pollution by, among On March 19, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Pollutant and Transfers to the Environment - Duties of Reporting and Registration) Law 5772-2012. The stated objectives of the Law are to increase the Denmark's Environment Ministry is planning to propose a tax on the chemical dihydrogen monoxide (DHMO) as a method to discourage its use. DHMO is odorless but potentially lethal. High levels of the substance were found in A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On January 18, 2012, Namibia's Minister of Environment and Tourism put into effect the Environmental Management Act (EMA), Act No. 7 of 2007. (Government Gazette of the Republic of Namibia, No. 3966 (Dec. 27, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change On October 20, 2011, the Supreme Court of Mongolia ruled that the country's government must enforce its 2009 environmental protection resolution restricting mining in some locations. The decision came in a case filed by the United On May 15, 2011, the New Zealand Minister for the Environment, Hon. Nick Smith, announced that a new law regulating "freedom camping" would be introduced in Parliament this month to address problems related to irresponsible campers. On March 28, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Inspection and Enforcement Authorities) Law, 5771-2011. The Law states as its goal the protection, maintenance, and improvement of the quality of the environment and On March 29, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro approved, during the first session of debate, a bill of law that some say, if adopted, might help fight global warming. The On January 19, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Regulation of Processing of Packaging Law, 5771-2011. The Law declares that it is intended to regulate both the production and the processing of packaging material waste In June 2010, India's Parliament adopted the National Green Tribunal Act (NGT Act), which established a new court, the National Green Tribunal, exclusively for handling cases involving environmental law. The Tribunal began operations on October 19,... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 06 Jan 2011 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402462_text Global Legal Monitor: Taiwan: Appliance Dealers' Recycling Fees to Be Banned http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402416_text Environmental protection - On April 14, 2014, the Government of Portugal published Law No. 19, which defines the basis for the country's environmental policy pursuant to the terms of articles 9 and 66 of the Constitution. (Lei No. On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano In August 2013, Syngenta, a Swiss agrochemical company, and Bayer, a German agrochemical company, initiated legal action before the European Court of Justice, challenging the European Commission's decision to ban the pesticide thiamethoxam, which is used On September 1, 2013, a new European Union Regulation on Biocides entered into force. Biocides are chemicals used to control organisms that are harmful to human and animal health and to the environment, such as pests Denmark's Environment Minister, Ida Auken, has announced a new approach to handling rubbish in the country. In September, the government is expected to present a plan to require households to sort trash into several bins, On June 30, 2013, the other members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) urged Indonesia to ratify a treaty designed to limit smog pollution across On May 20, 2013, the Supreme Court of Israel approved a plea bargain that included an unprecedented high amount of compensation in a class-action suit for violation of the prohibition on smoking in public places, in On May 28, 2013, during a visit by President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono of Indonesia to Sweden, the two countries signed a Memorandum of Understanding on sustainable The Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs (MLTM) of the Republic of Korea promulgated the revised enforcement rule for the Marine Environment Management Act on On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 3, 2012, Indonesia and South Korea concluded an agreement to restore the Ciliwung River, which flows from the mountains down through Jakarta On November 20, 2012, the New Zealand government formally lodged with the International Court of Justice (ICJ) a declaration of its intention to intervene in the On September 7, 2012, the New Zealand High Court (the third highest court in New Zealand's court hierarchy) dismissed a challenge to the findings of reports that stated that average temperatures in the country had increased On June 18, 2012, Chile's legislature passed Law 20600 on the creation of new environmental courts, thereby granting the Superintendency of the Environment the power to prosecute environmental violations. (Law 20600 Creating Environmental Courts (June On May 29, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Clean Air Law 5768-2008. A stated objective of the Law is to improve air quality and prevent and minimize air pollution by, among On March 19, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Pollutant and Transfers to the Environment - Duties of Reporting and Registration) Law 5772-2012. The stated objectives of the Law are to increase the Denmark's Environment Ministry is planning to propose a tax on the chemical dihydrogen monoxide (DHMO) as a method to discourage its use. DHMO is odorless but potentially lethal. High levels of the substance were found in A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On January 18, 2012, Namibia's Minister of Environment and Tourism put into effect the Environmental Management Act (EMA), Act No. 7 of 2007. (Government Gazette of the Republic of Namibia, No. 3966 (Dec. 27, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change On October 20, 2011, the Supreme Court of Mongolia ruled that the country's government must enforce its 2009 environmental protection resolution restricting mining in some locations. The decision came in a case filed by the United On May 15, 2011, the New Zealand Minister for the Environment, Hon. Nick Smith, announced that a new law regulating "freedom camping" would be introduced in Parliament this month to address problems related to irresponsible campers. On March 28, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Inspection and Enforcement Authorities) Law, 5771-2011. The Law states as its goal the protection, maintenance, and improvement of the quality of the environment and On March 29, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro approved, during the first session of debate, a bill of law that some say, if adopted, might help fight global warming. The On January 19, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Regulation of Processing of Packaging Law, 5771-2011. The Law declares that it is intended to regulate both the production and the processing of packaging material waste In June 2010, India's Parliament adopted the National Green Tribunal Act (NGT Act), which established a new court, the National Green Tribunal, exclusively for handling cases involving environmental law. The Tribunal began operations on October 19, It was reported on December 10, 2010, that Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration (EPA) has drafted revisions to the relevant laws on recycling of appliances that will ban retailers from charging consumers a fee for the removal... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 13 Dec 2010 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402416_text Global Legal Monitor: Bahrain: Law Banning Microphones Attached to Mosques Is Enforced http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402382_text Environmental protection - On April 14, 2014, the Government of Portugal published Law No. 19, which defines the basis for the country's environmental policy pursuant to the terms of articles 9 and 66 of the Constitution. (Lei No. On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano In August 2013, Syngenta, a Swiss agrochemical company, and Bayer, a German agrochemical company, initiated legal action before the European Court of Justice, challenging the European Commission's decision to ban the pesticide thiamethoxam, which is used On September 1, 2013, a new European Union Regulation on Biocides entered into force. Biocides are chemicals used to control organisms that are harmful to human and animal health and to the environment, such as pests Denmark's Environment Minister, Ida Auken, has announced a new approach to handling rubbish in the country. In September, the government is expected to present a plan to require households to sort trash into several bins, On June 30, 2013, the other members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) urged Indonesia to ratify a treaty designed to limit smog pollution across On May 20, 2013, the Supreme Court of Israel approved a plea bargain that included an unprecedented high amount of compensation in a class-action suit for violation of the prohibition on smoking in public places, in On May 28, 2013, during a visit by President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono of Indonesia to Sweden, the two countries signed a Memorandum of Understanding on sustainable The Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs (MLTM) of the Republic of Korea promulgated the revised enforcement rule for the Marine Environment Management Act on On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 3, 2012, Indonesia and South Korea concluded an agreement to restore the Ciliwung River, which flows from the mountains down through Jakarta On November 20, 2012, the New Zealand government formally lodged with the International Court of Justice (ICJ) a declaration of its intention to intervene in the On September 7, 2012, the New Zealand High Court (the third highest court in New Zealand's court hierarchy) dismissed a challenge to the findings of reports that stated that average temperatures in the country had increased On June 18, 2012, Chile's legislature passed Law 20600 on the creation of new environmental courts, thereby granting the Superintendency of the Environment the power to prosecute environmental violations. (Law 20600 Creating Environmental Courts (June On May 29, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Clean Air Law 5768-2008. A stated objective of the Law is to improve air quality and prevent and minimize air pollution by, among On March 19, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Pollutant and Transfers to the Environment - Duties of Reporting and Registration) Law 5772-2012. The stated objectives of the Law are to increase the Denmark's Environment Ministry is planning to propose a tax on the chemical dihydrogen monoxide (DHMO) as a method to discourage its use. DHMO is odorless but potentially lethal. High levels of the substance were found in A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On January 18, 2012, Namibia's Minister of Environment and Tourism put into effect the Environmental Management Act (EMA), Act No. 7 of 2007. (Government Gazette of the Republic of Namibia, No. 3966 (Dec. 27, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change On October 20, 2011, the Supreme Court of Mongolia ruled that the country's government must enforce its 2009 environmental protection resolution restricting mining in some locations. The decision came in a case filed by the United On May 15, 2011, the New Zealand Minister for the Environment, Hon. Nick Smith, announced that a new law regulating "freedom camping" would be introduced in Parliament this month to address problems related to irresponsible campers. On March 28, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Inspection and Enforcement Authorities) Law, 5771-2011. The Law states as its goal the protection, maintenance, and improvement of the quality of the environment and On March 29, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro approved, during the first session of debate, a bill of law that some say, if adopted, might help fight global warming. The On January 19, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Regulation of Processing of Packaging Law, 5771-2011. The Law declares that it is intended to regulate both the production and the processing of packaging material waste In June 2010, India's Parliament adopted the National Green Tribunal Act (NGT Act), which established a new court, the National Green Tribunal, exclusively for handling cases involving environmental law. The Tribunal began operations on October 19, It was reported on December 10, 2010, that Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration (EPA) has drafted revisions to the relevant laws on recycling of appliances that will ban retailers from charging consumers a fee for the removal On October 21, 2010, the Bahraini Ministry of Homeland Security began enforcing a royal decree issued in 1999 that bans the use of all types of microphones attached to mosques. Muslim clerics in Bahrain have been... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 19 Nov 2010 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402382_text Global Legal Monitor: European Union: Draft Regulation Prohibiting Use of Phosphates in Laundry Detergents http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402360_text Environmental protection - On April 14, 2014, the Government of Portugal published Law No. 19, which defines the basis for the country's environmental policy pursuant to the terms of articles 9 and 66 of the Constitution. (Lei No. On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano In August 2013, Syngenta, a Swiss agrochemical company, and Bayer, a German agrochemical company, initiated legal action before the European Court of Justice, challenging the European Commission's decision to ban the pesticide thiamethoxam, which is used On September 1, 2013, a new European Union Regulation on Biocides entered into force. Biocides are chemicals used to control organisms that are harmful to human and animal health and to the environment, such as pests Denmark's Environment Minister, Ida Auken, has announced a new approach to handling rubbish in the country. In September, the government is expected to present a plan to require households to sort trash into several bins, On June 30, 2013, the other members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) urged Indonesia to ratify a treaty designed to limit smog pollution across On May 20, 2013, the Supreme Court of Israel approved a plea bargain that included an unprecedented high amount of compensation in a class-action suit for violation of the prohibition on smoking in public places, in On May 28, 2013, during a visit by President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono of Indonesia to Sweden, the two countries signed a Memorandum of Understanding on sustainable The Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs (MLTM) of the Republic of Korea promulgated the revised enforcement rule for the Marine Environment Management Act on On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 3, 2012, Indonesia and South Korea concluded an agreement to restore the Ciliwung River, which flows from the mountains down through Jakarta On November 20, 2012, the New Zealand government formally lodged with the International Court of Justice (ICJ) a declaration of its intention to intervene in the On September 7, 2012, the New Zealand High Court (the third highest court in New Zealand's court hierarchy) dismissed a challenge to the findings of reports that stated that average temperatures in the country had increased On June 18, 2012, Chile's legislature passed Law 20600 on the creation of new environmental courts, thereby granting the Superintendency of the Environment the power to prosecute environmental violations. (Law 20600 Creating Environmental Courts (June On May 29, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Clean Air Law 5768-2008. A stated objective of the Law is to improve air quality and prevent and minimize air pollution by, among On March 19, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Pollutant and Transfers to the Environment - Duties of Reporting and Registration) Law 5772-2012. The stated objectives of the Law are to increase the Denmark's Environment Ministry is planning to propose a tax on the chemical dihydrogen monoxide (DHMO) as a method to discourage its use. DHMO is odorless but potentially lethal. High levels of the substance were found in A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On January 18, 2012, Namibia's Minister of Environment and Tourism put into effect the Environmental Management Act (EMA), Act No. 7 of 2007. (Government Gazette of the Republic of Namibia, No. 3966 (Dec. 27, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change On October 20, 2011, the Supreme Court of Mongolia ruled that the country's government must enforce its 2009 environmental protection resolution restricting mining in some locations. The decision came in a case filed by the United On May 15, 2011, the New Zealand Minister for the Environment, Hon. Nick Smith, announced that a new law regulating "freedom camping" would be introduced in Parliament this month to address problems related to irresponsible campers. On March 28, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Inspection and Enforcement Authorities) Law, 5771-2011. The Law states as its goal the protection, maintenance, and improvement of the quality of the environment and On March 29, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro approved, during the first session of debate, a bill of law that some say, if adopted, might help fight global warming. The On January 19, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Regulation of Processing of Packaging Law, 5771-2011. The Law declares that it is intended to regulate both the production and the processing of packaging material waste In June 2010, India's Parliament adopted the National Green Tribunal Act (NGT Act), which established a new court, the National Green Tribunal, exclusively for handling cases involving environmental law. The Tribunal began operations on October 19, It was reported on December 10, 2010, that Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration (EPA) has drafted revisions to the relevant laws on recycling of appliances that will ban retailers from charging consumers a fee for the removal On October 21, 2010, the Bahraini Ministry of Homeland Security began enforcing a royal decree issued in 1999 that bans the use of all types of microphones attached to mosques. Muslim clerics in Bahrain have been On November 4, 2010, the European Commission made public a proposal for a regulation to introduce a ban on the use of phosphates and phosphate compounds in laundry detergents, in order to limit the amount of... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 08 Nov 2010 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402360_text Global Legal Monitor: Africa: Joint Statement on Climate Change Agenda Issued http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402341_text Environmental protection - On April 14, 2014, the Government of Portugal published Law No. 19, which defines the basis for the country's environmental policy pursuant to the terms of articles 9 and 66 of the Constitution. (Lei No. On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano In August 2013, Syngenta, a Swiss agrochemical company, and Bayer, a German agrochemical company, initiated legal action before the European Court of Justice, challenging the European Commission's decision to ban the pesticide thiamethoxam, which is used On September 1, 2013, a new European Union Regulation on Biocides entered into force. Biocides are chemicals used to control organisms that are harmful to human and animal health and to the environment, such as pests Denmark's Environment Minister, Ida Auken, has announced a new approach to handling rubbish in the country. In September, the government is expected to present a plan to require households to sort trash into several bins, On June 30, 2013, the other members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) urged Indonesia to ratify a treaty designed to limit smog pollution across On May 20, 2013, the Supreme Court of Israel approved a plea bargain that included an unprecedented high amount of compensation in a class-action suit for violation of the prohibition on smoking in public places, in On May 28, 2013, during a visit by President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono of Indonesia to Sweden, the two countries signed a Memorandum of Understanding on sustainable The Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs (MLTM) of the Republic of Korea promulgated the revised enforcement rule for the Marine Environment Management Act on On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 3, 2012, Indonesia and South Korea concluded an agreement to restore the Ciliwung River, which flows from the mountains down through Jakarta On November 20, 2012, the New Zealand government formally lodged with the International Court of Justice (ICJ) a declaration of its intention to intervene in the On September 7, 2012, the New Zealand High Court (the third highest court in New Zealand's court hierarchy) dismissed a challenge to the findings of reports that stated that average temperatures in the country had increased On June 18, 2012, Chile's legislature passed Law 20600 on the creation of new environmental courts, thereby granting the Superintendency of the Environment the power to prosecute environmental violations. (Law 20600 Creating Environmental Courts (June On May 29, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Clean Air Law 5768-2008. A stated objective of the Law is to improve air quality and prevent and minimize air pollution by, among On March 19, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Pollutant and Transfers to the Environment - Duties of Reporting and Registration) Law 5772-2012. The stated objectives of the Law are to increase the Denmark's Environment Ministry is planning to propose a tax on the chemical dihydrogen monoxide (DHMO) as a method to discourage its use. DHMO is odorless but potentially lethal. High levels of the substance were found in A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On January 18, 2012, Namibia's Minister of Environment and Tourism put into effect the Environmental Management Act (EMA), Act No. 7 of 2007. (Government Gazette of the Republic of Namibia, No. 3966 (Dec. 27, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change On October 20, 2011, the Supreme Court of Mongolia ruled that the country's government must enforce its 2009 environmental protection resolution restricting mining in some locations. The decision came in a case filed by the United On May 15, 2011, the New Zealand Minister for the Environment, Hon. Nick Smith, announced that a new law regulating "freedom camping" would be introduced in Parliament this month to address problems related to irresponsible campers. On March 28, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Inspection and Enforcement Authorities) Law, 5771-2011. The Law states as its goal the protection, maintenance, and improvement of the quality of the environment and On March 29, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro approved, during the first session of debate, a bill of law that some say, if adopted, might help fight global warming. The On January 19, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Regulation of Processing of Packaging Law, 5771-2011. The Law declares that it is intended to regulate both the production and the processing of packaging material waste In June 2010, India's Parliament adopted the National Green Tribunal Act (NGT Act), which established a new court, the National Green Tribunal, exclusively for handling cases involving environmental law. The Tribunal began operations on October 19, It was reported on December 10, 2010, that Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration (EPA) has drafted revisions to the relevant laws on recycling of appliances that will ban retailers from charging consumers a fee for the removal On October 21, 2010, the Bahraini Ministry of Homeland Security began enforcing a royal decree issued in 1999 that bans the use of all types of microphones attached to mosques. Muslim clerics in Bahrain have been On November 4, 2010, the European Commission made public a proposal for a regulation to introduce a ban on the use of phosphates and phosphate compounds in laundry detergents, in order to limit the amount of It was reported on October 24, 2010, that a joint committee comprising the African Development Bank (AfDB), the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (ECA), and the African Union Commission (AUC) issued a Consensus Statement on... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 28 Oct 2010 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402341_text Global Legal Monitor: Bangladesh: Parliament Strengthens Environmental Protection Legislation http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402302_text Environmental protection - On April 14, 2014, the Government of Portugal published Law No. 19, which defines the basis for the country's environmental policy pursuant to the terms of articles 9 and 66 of the Constitution. (Lei No. On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano In August 2013, Syngenta, a Swiss agrochemical company, and Bayer, a German agrochemical company, initiated legal action before the European Court of Justice, challenging the European Commission's decision to ban the pesticide thiamethoxam, which is used On September 1, 2013, a new European Union Regulation on Biocides entered into force. Biocides are chemicals used to control organisms that are harmful to human and animal health and to the environment, such as pests Denmark's Environment Minister, Ida Auken, has announced a new approach to handling rubbish in the country. In September, the government is expected to present a plan to require households to sort trash into several bins, On June 30, 2013, the other members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) urged Indonesia to ratify a treaty designed to limit smog pollution across On May 20, 2013, the Supreme Court of Israel approved a plea bargain that included an unprecedented high amount of compensation in a class-action suit for violation of the prohibition on smoking in public places, in On May 28, 2013, during a visit by President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono of Indonesia to Sweden, the two countries signed a Memorandum of Understanding on sustainable The Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs (MLTM) of the Republic of Korea promulgated the revised enforcement rule for the Marine Environment Management Act on On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 3, 2012, Indonesia and South Korea concluded an agreement to restore the Ciliwung River, which flows from the mountains down through Jakarta On November 20, 2012, the New Zealand government formally lodged with the International Court of Justice (ICJ) a declaration of its intention to intervene in the On September 7, 2012, the New Zealand High Court (the third highest court in New Zealand's court hierarchy) dismissed a challenge to the findings of reports that stated that average temperatures in the country had increased On June 18, 2012, Chile's legislature passed Law 20600 on the creation of new environmental courts, thereby granting the Superintendency of the Environment the power to prosecute environmental violations. (Law 20600 Creating Environmental Courts (June On May 29, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Clean Air Law 5768-2008. A stated objective of the Law is to improve air quality and prevent and minimize air pollution by, among On March 19, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Pollutant and Transfers to the Environment - Duties of Reporting and Registration) Law 5772-2012. The stated objectives of the Law are to increase the Denmark's Environment Ministry is planning to propose a tax on the chemical dihydrogen monoxide (DHMO) as a method to discourage its use. DHMO is odorless but potentially lethal. High levels of the substance were found in A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On January 18, 2012, Namibia's Minister of Environment and Tourism put into effect the Environmental Management Act (EMA), Act No. 7 of 2007. (Government Gazette of the Republic of Namibia, No. 3966 (Dec. 27, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change On October 20, 2011, the Supreme Court of Mongolia ruled that the country's government must enforce its 2009 environmental protection resolution restricting mining in some locations. The decision came in a case filed by the United On May 15, 2011, the New Zealand Minister for the Environment, Hon. Nick Smith, announced that a new law regulating "freedom camping" would be introduced in Parliament this month to address problems related to irresponsible campers. On March 28, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Inspection and Enforcement Authorities) Law, 5771-2011. The Law states as its goal the protection, maintenance, and improvement of the quality of the environment and On March 29, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro approved, during the first session of debate, a bill of law that some say, if adopted, might help fight global warming. The On January 19, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Regulation of Processing of Packaging Law, 5771-2011. The Law declares that it is intended to regulate both the production and the processing of packaging material waste In June 2010, India's Parliament adopted the National Green Tribunal Act (NGT Act), which established a new court, the National Green Tribunal, exclusively for handling cases involving environmental law. The Tribunal began operations on October 19, It was reported on December 10, 2010, that Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration (EPA) has drafted revisions to the relevant laws on recycling of appliances that will ban retailers from charging consumers a fee for the removal On October 21, 2010, the Bahraini Ministry of Homeland Security began enforcing a royal decree issued in 1999 that bans the use of all types of microphones attached to mosques. Muslim clerics in Bahrain have been On November 4, 2010, the European Commission made public a proposal for a regulation to introduce a ban on the use of phosphates and phosphate compounds in laundry detergents, in order to limit the amount of It was reported on October 24, 2010, that a joint committee comprising the African Development Bank (AfDB), the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (ECA), and the African Union Commission (AUC) issued a Consensus Statement on On September 27, 2010, the Bangladeshi Parliament passed the Environment Protection Bill 2010, to amend the Bangladesh Environment Protection Act 1995. The amended law "empowers the government to control the production, processing, stockpiling, supplying, transporting, importing,... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 08 Oct 2010 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402302_text Global Legal Monitor: Taiwan: Interim Cap-and-Trade Related Programs Introduced as Law Awaits Enactment http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402265_text Environmental protection - On April 14, 2014, the Government of Portugal published Law No. 19, which defines the basis for the country's environmental policy pursuant to the terms of articles 9 and 66 of the Constitution. (Lei No. On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano In August 2013, Syngenta, a Swiss agrochemical company, and Bayer, a German agrochemical company, initiated legal action before the European Court of Justice, challenging the European Commission's decision to ban the pesticide thiamethoxam, which is used On September 1, 2013, a new European Union Regulation on Biocides entered into force. Biocides are chemicals used to control organisms that are harmful to human and animal health and to the environment, such as pests Denmark's Environment Minister, Ida Auken, has announced a new approach to handling rubbish in the country. In September, the government is expected to present a plan to require households to sort trash into several bins, On June 30, 2013, the other members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) urged Indonesia to ratify a treaty designed to limit smog pollution across On May 20, 2013, the Supreme Court of Israel approved a plea bargain that included an unprecedented high amount of compensation in a class-action suit for violation of the prohibition on smoking in public places, in On May 28, 2013, during a visit by President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono of Indonesia to Sweden, the two countries signed a Memorandum of Understanding on sustainable The Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs (MLTM) of the Republic of Korea promulgated the revised enforcement rule for the Marine Environment Management Act on On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 3, 2012, Indonesia and South Korea concluded an agreement to restore the Ciliwung River, which flows from the mountains down through Jakarta On November 20, 2012, the New Zealand government formally lodged with the International Court of Justice (ICJ) a declaration of its intention to intervene in the On September 7, 2012, the New Zealand High Court (the third highest court in New Zealand's court hierarchy) dismissed a challenge to the findings of reports that stated that average temperatures in the country had increased On June 18, 2012, Chile's legislature passed Law 20600 on the creation of new environmental courts, thereby granting the Superintendency of the Environment the power to prosecute environmental violations. (Law 20600 Creating Environmental Courts (June On May 29, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Clean Air Law 5768-2008. A stated objective of the Law is to improve air quality and prevent and minimize air pollution by, among On March 19, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Pollutant and Transfers to the Environment - Duties of Reporting and Registration) Law 5772-2012. The stated objectives of the Law are to increase the Denmark's Environment Ministry is planning to propose a tax on the chemical dihydrogen monoxide (DHMO) as a method to discourage its use. DHMO is odorless but potentially lethal. High levels of the substance were found in A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On January 18, 2012, Namibia's Minister of Environment and Tourism put into effect the Environmental Management Act (EMA), Act No. 7 of 2007. (Government Gazette of the Republic of Namibia, No. 3966 (Dec. 27, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change On October 20, 2011, the Supreme Court of Mongolia ruled that the country's government must enforce its 2009 environmental protection resolution restricting mining in some locations. The decision came in a case filed by the United On May 15, 2011, the New Zealand Minister for the Environment, Hon. Nick Smith, announced that a new law regulating "freedom camping" would be introduced in Parliament this month to address problems related to irresponsible campers. On March 28, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Inspection and Enforcement Authorities) Law, 5771-2011. The Law states as its goal the protection, maintenance, and improvement of the quality of the environment and On March 29, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro approved, during the first session of debate, a bill of law that some say, if adopted, might help fight global warming. The On January 19, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Regulation of Processing of Packaging Law, 5771-2011. The Law declares that it is intended to regulate both the production and the processing of packaging material waste In June 2010, India's Parliament adopted the National Green Tribunal Act (NGT Act), which established a new court, the National Green Tribunal, exclusively for handling cases involving environmental law. The Tribunal began operations on October 19, It was reported on December 10, 2010, that Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration (EPA) has drafted revisions to the relevant laws on recycling of appliances that will ban retailers from charging consumers a fee for the removal On October 21, 2010, the Bahraini Ministry of Homeland Security began enforcing a royal decree issued in 1999 that bans the use of all types of microphones attached to mosques. Muslim clerics in Bahrain have been On November 4, 2010, the European Commission made public a proposal for a regulation to introduce a ban on the use of phosphates and phosphate compounds in laundry detergents, in order to limit the amount of It was reported on October 24, 2010, that a joint committee comprising the African Development Bank (AfDB), the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (ECA), and the African Union Commission (AUC) issued a Consensus Statement on On September 27, 2010, the Bangladeshi Parliament passed the Environment Protection Bill 2010, to amend the Bangladesh Environment Protection Act 1995. The amended law "empowers the government to control the production, processing, stockpiling, supplying, transporting, importing, On September 10, 2010, Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration announced the implementation of measures aimed at encouraging domestic companies to cut carbon dioxide emissions. The measures are set forth in the "Executive Yuan [Cabinet] Environmental Protection Agency... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 23 Sep 2010 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402265_text Global Legal Monitor: England and Wales: Leading Supermarket Chain Prosecuted for Using Too Much Packaging for Its Products http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402262_text Environmental protection - On April 14, 2014, the Government of Portugal published Law No. 19, which defines the basis for the country's environmental policy pursuant to the terms of articles 9 and 66 of the Constitution. (Lei No. On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano In August 2013, Syngenta, a Swiss agrochemical company, and Bayer, a German agrochemical company, initiated legal action before the European Court of Justice, challenging the European Commission's decision to ban the pesticide thiamethoxam, which is used On September 1, 2013, a new European Union Regulation on Biocides entered into force. Biocides are chemicals used to control organisms that are harmful to human and animal health and to the environment, such as pests Denmark's Environment Minister, Ida Auken, has announced a new approach to handling rubbish in the country. In September, the government is expected to present a plan to require households to sort trash into several bins, On June 30, 2013, the other members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) urged Indonesia to ratify a treaty designed to limit smog pollution across On May 20, 2013, the Supreme Court of Israel approved a plea bargain that included an unprecedented high amount of compensation in a class-action suit for violation of the prohibition on smoking in public places, in On May 28, 2013, during a visit by President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono of Indonesia to Sweden, the two countries signed a Memorandum of Understanding on sustainable The Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs (MLTM) of the Republic of Korea promulgated the revised enforcement rule for the Marine Environment Management Act on On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 3, 2012, Indonesia and South Korea concluded an agreement to restore the Ciliwung River, which flows from the mountains down through Jakarta On November 20, 2012, the New Zealand government formally lodged with the International Court of Justice (ICJ) a declaration of its intention to intervene in the On September 7, 2012, the New Zealand High Court (the third highest court in New Zealand's court hierarchy) dismissed a challenge to the findings of reports that stated that average temperatures in the country had increased On June 18, 2012, Chile's legislature passed Law 20600 on the creation of new environmental courts, thereby granting the Superintendency of the Environment the power to prosecute environmental violations. (Law 20600 Creating Environmental Courts (June On May 29, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Clean Air Law 5768-2008. A stated objective of the Law is to improve air quality and prevent and minimize air pollution by, among On March 19, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Pollutant and Transfers to the Environment - Duties of Reporting and Registration) Law 5772-2012. The stated objectives of the Law are to increase the Denmark's Environment Ministry is planning to propose a tax on the chemical dihydrogen monoxide (DHMO) as a method to discourage its use. DHMO is odorless but potentially lethal. High levels of the substance were found in A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On January 18, 2012, Namibia's Minister of Environment and Tourism put into effect the Environmental Management Act (EMA), Act No. 7 of 2007. (Government Gazette of the Republic of Namibia, No. 3966 (Dec. 27, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change On October 20, 2011, the Supreme Court of Mongolia ruled that the country's government must enforce its 2009 environmental protection resolution restricting mining in some locations. The decision came in a case filed by the United On May 15, 2011, the New Zealand Minister for the Environment, Hon. Nick Smith, announced that a new law regulating "freedom camping" would be introduced in Parliament this month to address problems related to irresponsible campers. On March 28, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Inspection and Enforcement Authorities) Law, 5771-2011. The Law states as its goal the protection, maintenance, and improvement of the quality of the environment and On March 29, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro approved, during the first session of debate, a bill of law that some say, if adopted, might help fight global warming. The On January 19, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Regulation of Processing of Packaging Law, 5771-2011. The Law declares that it is intended to regulate both the production and the processing of packaging material waste In June 2010, India's Parliament adopted the National Green Tribunal Act (NGT Act), which established a new court, the National Green Tribunal, exclusively for handling cases involving environmental law. The Tribunal began operations on October 19, It was reported on December 10, 2010, that Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration (EPA) has drafted revisions to the relevant laws on recycling of appliances that will ban retailers from charging consumers a fee for the removal On October 21, 2010, the Bahraini Ministry of Homeland Security began enforcing a royal decree issued in 1999 that bans the use of all types of microphones attached to mosques. Muslim clerics in Bahrain have been On November 4, 2010, the European Commission made public a proposal for a regulation to introduce a ban on the use of phosphates and phosphate compounds in laundry detergents, in order to limit the amount of It was reported on October 24, 2010, that a joint committee comprising the African Development Bank (AfDB), the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (ECA), and the African Union Commission (AUC) issued a Consensus Statement on On September 27, 2010, the Bangladeshi Parliament passed the Environment Protection Bill 2010, to amend the Bangladesh Environment Protection Act 1995. The amended law "empowers the government to control the production, processing, stockpiling, supplying, transporting, importing, On September 10, 2010, Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration announced the implementation of measures aimed at encouraging domestic companies to cut carbon dioxide emissions. The measures are set forth in the "Executive Yuan [Cabinet] Environmental Protection Agency A leading British supermarket chain, Sainsbury's, is to be prosecuted for using too much packaging on one of its products, according to a news report of September 17, 2010. The day before this announcement, the supermarket... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 22 Sep 2010 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402262_text Global Legal Monitor: Australia; Taiwan: MOU on Green Energy Industries and Technology http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402209_text Environmental protection - On April 14, 2014, the Government of Portugal published Law No. 19, which defines the basis for the country's environmental policy pursuant to the terms of articles 9 and 66 of the Constitution. (Lei No. On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano In August 2013, Syngenta, a Swiss agrochemical company, and Bayer, a German agrochemical company, initiated legal action before the European Court of Justice, challenging the European Commission's decision to ban the pesticide thiamethoxam, which is used On September 1, 2013, a new European Union Regulation on Biocides entered into force. Biocides are chemicals used to control organisms that are harmful to human and animal health and to the environment, such as pests Denmark's Environment Minister, Ida Auken, has announced a new approach to handling rubbish in the country. In September, the government is expected to present a plan to require households to sort trash into several bins, On June 30, 2013, the other members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) urged Indonesia to ratify a treaty designed to limit smog pollution across On May 20, 2013, the Supreme Court of Israel approved a plea bargain that included an unprecedented high amount of compensation in a class-action suit for violation of the prohibition on smoking in public places, in On May 28, 2013, during a visit by President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono of Indonesia to Sweden, the two countries signed a Memorandum of Understanding on sustainable The Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs (MLTM) of the Republic of Korea promulgated the revised enforcement rule for the Marine Environment Management Act on On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 3, 2012, Indonesia and South Korea concluded an agreement to restore the Ciliwung River, which flows from the mountains down through Jakarta On November 20, 2012, the New Zealand government formally lodged with the International Court of Justice (ICJ) a declaration of its intention to intervene in the On September 7, 2012, the New Zealand High Court (the third highest court in New Zealand's court hierarchy) dismissed a challenge to the findings of reports that stated that average temperatures in the country had increased On June 18, 2012, Chile's legislature passed Law 20600 on the creation of new environmental courts, thereby granting the Superintendency of the Environment the power to prosecute environmental violations. (Law 20600 Creating Environmental Courts (June On May 29, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Clean Air Law 5768-2008. A stated objective of the Law is to improve air quality and prevent and minimize air pollution by, among On March 19, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Pollutant and Transfers to the Environment - Duties of Reporting and Registration) Law 5772-2012. The stated objectives of the Law are to increase the Denmark's Environment Ministry is planning to propose a tax on the chemical dihydrogen monoxide (DHMO) as a method to discourage its use. DHMO is odorless but potentially lethal. High levels of the substance were found in A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On January 18, 2012, Namibia's Minister of Environment and Tourism put into effect the Environmental Management Act (EMA), Act No. 7 of 2007. (Government Gazette of the Republic of Namibia, No. 3966 (Dec. 27, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change On October 20, 2011, the Supreme Court of Mongolia ruled that the country's government must enforce its 2009 environmental protection resolution restricting mining in some locations. The decision came in a case filed by the United On May 15, 2011, the New Zealand Minister for the Environment, Hon. Nick Smith, announced that a new law regulating "freedom camping" would be introduced in Parliament this month to address problems related to irresponsible campers. On March 28, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Inspection and Enforcement Authorities) Law, 5771-2011. The Law states as its goal the protection, maintenance, and improvement of the quality of the environment and On March 29, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro approved, during the first session of debate, a bill of law that some say, if adopted, might help fight global warming. The On January 19, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Regulation of Processing of Packaging Law, 5771-2011. The Law declares that it is intended to regulate both the production and the processing of packaging material waste In June 2010, India's Parliament adopted the National Green Tribunal Act (NGT Act), which established a new court, the National Green Tribunal, exclusively for handling cases involving environmental law. The Tribunal began operations on October 19, It was reported on December 10, 2010, that Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration (EPA) has drafted revisions to the relevant laws on recycling of appliances that will ban retailers from charging consumers a fee for the removal On October 21, 2010, the Bahraini Ministry of Homeland Security began enforcing a royal decree issued in 1999 that bans the use of all types of microphones attached to mosques. Muslim clerics in Bahrain have been On November 4, 2010, the European Commission made public a proposal for a regulation to introduce a ban on the use of phosphates and phosphate compounds in laundry detergents, in order to limit the amount of It was reported on October 24, 2010, that a joint committee comprising the African Development Bank (AfDB), the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (ECA), and the African Union Commission (AUC) issued a Consensus Statement on On September 27, 2010, the Bangladeshi Parliament passed the Environment Protection Bill 2010, to amend the Bangladesh Environment Protection Act 1995. The amended law "empowers the government to control the production, processing, stockpiling, supplying, transporting, importing, On September 10, 2010, Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration announced the implementation of measures aimed at encouraging domestic companies to cut carbon dioxide emissions. The measures are set forth in the "Executive Yuan [Cabinet] Environmental Protection Agency A leading British supermarket chain, Sainsbury's, is to be prosecuted for using too much packaging on one of its products, according to a news report of September 17, 2010. The day before this announcement, the supermarket On August 31, 2010, Taiwan and Australia signed a memorandum of understanding on establishing more extensive bilateral cooperation to promote green energy industries and technologies. It is the first agreement of its kind between the two... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 02 Sep 2010 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402209_text Global Legal Monitor: France: Law on National Commitment for the Environment http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402159_text Environmental protection - On April 14, 2014, the Government of Portugal published Law No. 19, which defines the basis for the country's environmental policy pursuant to the terms of articles 9 and 66 of the Constitution. (Lei No. On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano In August 2013, Syngenta, a Swiss agrochemical company, and Bayer, a German agrochemical company, initiated legal action before the European Court of Justice, challenging the European Commission's decision to ban the pesticide thiamethoxam, which is used On September 1, 2013, a new European Union Regulation on Biocides entered into force. Biocides are chemicals used to control organisms that are harmful to human and animal health and to the environment, such as pests Denmark's Environment Minister, Ida Auken, has announced a new approach to handling rubbish in the country. In September, the government is expected to present a plan to require households to sort trash into several bins, On June 30, 2013, the other members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) urged Indonesia to ratify a treaty designed to limit smog pollution across On May 20, 2013, the Supreme Court of Israel approved a plea bargain that included an unprecedented high amount of compensation in a class-action suit for violation of the prohibition on smoking in public places, in On May 28, 2013, during a visit by President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono of Indonesia to Sweden, the two countries signed a Memorandum of Understanding on sustainable The Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs (MLTM) of the Republic of Korea promulgated the revised enforcement rule for the Marine Environment Management Act on On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 3, 2012, Indonesia and South Korea concluded an agreement to restore the Ciliwung River, which flows from the mountains down through Jakarta On November 20, 2012, the New Zealand government formally lodged with the International Court of Justice (ICJ) a declaration of its intention to intervene in the On September 7, 2012, the New Zealand High Court (the third highest court in New Zealand's court hierarchy) dismissed a challenge to the findings of reports that stated that average temperatures in the country had increased On June 18, 2012, Chile's legislature passed Law 20600 on the creation of new environmental courts, thereby granting the Superintendency of the Environment the power to prosecute environmental violations. (Law 20600 Creating Environmental Courts (June On May 29, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Clean Air Law 5768-2008. A stated objective of the Law is to improve air quality and prevent and minimize air pollution by, among On March 19, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Pollutant and Transfers to the Environment - Duties of Reporting and Registration) Law 5772-2012. The stated objectives of the Law are to increase the Denmark's Environment Ministry is planning to propose a tax on the chemical dihydrogen monoxide (DHMO) as a method to discourage its use. DHMO is odorless but potentially lethal. High levels of the substance were found in A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On January 18, 2012, Namibia's Minister of Environment and Tourism put into effect the Environmental Management Act (EMA), Act No. 7 of 2007. (Government Gazette of the Republic of Namibia, No. 3966 (Dec. 27, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change On October 20, 2011, the Supreme Court of Mongolia ruled that the country's government must enforce its 2009 environmental protection resolution restricting mining in some locations. The decision came in a case filed by the United On May 15, 2011, the New Zealand Minister for the Environment, Hon. Nick Smith, announced that a new law regulating "freedom camping" would be introduced in Parliament this month to address problems related to irresponsible campers. On March 28, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Inspection and Enforcement Authorities) Law, 5771-2011. The Law states as its goal the protection, maintenance, and improvement of the quality of the environment and On March 29, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro approved, during the first session of debate, a bill of law that some say, if adopted, might help fight global warming. The On January 19, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Regulation of Processing of Packaging Law, 5771-2011. The Law declares that it is intended to regulate both the production and the processing of packaging material waste In June 2010, India's Parliament adopted the National Green Tribunal Act (NGT Act), which established a new court, the National Green Tribunal, exclusively for handling cases involving environmental law. The Tribunal began operations on October 19, It was reported on December 10, 2010, that Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration (EPA) has drafted revisions to the relevant laws on recycling of appliances that will ban retailers from charging consumers a fee for the removal On October 21, 2010, the Bahraini Ministry of Homeland Security began enforcing a royal decree issued in 1999 that bans the use of all types of microphones attached to mosques. Muslim clerics in Bahrain have been On November 4, 2010, the European Commission made public a proposal for a regulation to introduce a ban on the use of phosphates and phosphate compounds in laundry detergents, in order to limit the amount of It was reported on October 24, 2010, that a joint committee comprising the African Development Bank (AfDB), the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (ECA), and the African Union Commission (AUC) issued a Consensus Statement on On September 27, 2010, the Bangladeshi Parliament passed the Environment Protection Bill 2010, to amend the Bangladesh Environment Protection Act 1995. The amended law "empowers the government to control the production, processing, stockpiling, supplying, transporting, importing, On September 10, 2010, Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration announced the implementation of measures aimed at encouraging domestic companies to cut carbon dioxide emissions. The measures are set forth in the "Executive Yuan [Cabinet] Environmental Protection Agency A leading British supermarket chain, Sainsbury's, is to be prosecuted for using too much packaging on one of its products, according to a news report of September 17, 2010. The day before this announcement, the supermarket On August 31, 2010, Taiwan and Australia signed a memorandum of understanding on establishing more extensive bilateral cooperation to promote green energy industries and technologies. It is the first agreement of its kind between the two The French Parliament adopted Law 2010-788 of July 12, 2010, on National Commitment for the Environment, also referred to as the "Grenelle II Law." (Loi 2010-788 du 12 juillet 2010 portant engagement national pour l'environnement,... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 12 Aug 2010 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402159_text Global Legal Monitor: Belarus: Protestant Church Ordered to Pay Damages http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402139_text Environmental protection - On April 14, 2014, the Government of Portugal published Law No. 19, which defines the basis for the country's environmental policy pursuant to the terms of articles 9 and 66 of the Constitution. (Lei No. On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano In August 2013, Syngenta, a Swiss agrochemical company, and Bayer, a German agrochemical company, initiated legal action before the European Court of Justice, challenging the European Commission's decision to ban the pesticide thiamethoxam, which is used On September 1, 2013, a new European Union Regulation on Biocides entered into force. Biocides are chemicals used to control organisms that are harmful to human and animal health and to the environment, such as pests Denmark's Environment Minister, Ida Auken, has announced a new approach to handling rubbish in the country. In September, the government is expected to present a plan to require households to sort trash into several bins, On June 30, 2013, the other members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) urged Indonesia to ratify a treaty designed to limit smog pollution across On May 20, 2013, the Supreme Court of Israel approved a plea bargain that included an unprecedented high amount of compensation in a class-action suit for violation of the prohibition on smoking in public places, in On May 28, 2013, during a visit by President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono of Indonesia to Sweden, the two countries signed a Memorandum of Understanding on sustainable The Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs (MLTM) of the Republic of Korea promulgated the revised enforcement rule for the Marine Environment Management Act on On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 3, 2012, Indonesia and South Korea concluded an agreement to restore the Ciliwung River, which flows from the mountains down through Jakarta On November 20, 2012, the New Zealand government formally lodged with the International Court of Justice (ICJ) a declaration of its intention to intervene in the On September 7, 2012, the New Zealand High Court (the third highest court in New Zealand's court hierarchy) dismissed a challenge to the findings of reports that stated that average temperatures in the country had increased On June 18, 2012, Chile's legislature passed Law 20600 on the creation of new environmental courts, thereby granting the Superintendency of the Environment the power to prosecute environmental violations. (Law 20600 Creating Environmental Courts (June On May 29, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Clean Air Law 5768-2008. A stated objective of the Law is to improve air quality and prevent and minimize air pollution by, among On March 19, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Pollutant and Transfers to the Environment - Duties of Reporting and Registration) Law 5772-2012. The stated objectives of the Law are to increase the Denmark's Environment Ministry is planning to propose a tax on the chemical dihydrogen monoxide (DHMO) as a method to discourage its use. DHMO is odorless but potentially lethal. High levels of the substance were found in A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On January 18, 2012, Namibia's Minister of Environment and Tourism put into effect the Environmental Management Act (EMA), Act No. 7 of 2007. (Government Gazette of the Republic of Namibia, No. 3966 (Dec. 27, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change On October 20, 2011, the Supreme Court of Mongolia ruled that the country's government must enforce its 2009 environmental protection resolution restricting mining in some locations. The decision came in a case filed by the United On May 15, 2011, the New Zealand Minister for the Environment, Hon. Nick Smith, announced that a new law regulating "freedom camping" would be introduced in Parliament this month to address problems related to irresponsible campers. On March 28, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Inspection and Enforcement Authorities) Law, 5771-2011. The Law states as its goal the protection, maintenance, and improvement of the quality of the environment and On March 29, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro approved, during the first session of debate, a bill of law that some say, if adopted, might help fight global warming. The On January 19, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Regulation of Processing of Packaging Law, 5771-2011. The Law declares that it is intended to regulate both the production and the processing of packaging material waste In June 2010, India's Parliament adopted the National Green Tribunal Act (NGT Act), which established a new court, the National Green Tribunal, exclusively for handling cases involving environmental law. The Tribunal began operations on October 19, It was reported on December 10, 2010, that Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration (EPA) has drafted revisions to the relevant laws on recycling of appliances that will ban retailers from charging consumers a fee for the removal On October 21, 2010, the Bahraini Ministry of Homeland Security began enforcing a royal decree issued in 1999 that bans the use of all types of microphones attached to mosques. Muslim clerics in Bahrain have been On November 4, 2010, the European Commission made public a proposal for a regulation to introduce a ban on the use of phosphates and phosphate compounds in laundry detergents, in order to limit the amount of It was reported on October 24, 2010, that a joint committee comprising the African Development Bank (AfDB), the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (ECA), and the African Union Commission (AUC) issued a Consensus Statement on On September 27, 2010, the Bangladeshi Parliament passed the Environment Protection Bill 2010, to amend the Bangladesh Environment Protection Act 1995. The amended law "empowers the government to control the production, processing, stockpiling, supplying, transporting, importing, On September 10, 2010, Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration announced the implementation of measures aimed at encouraging domestic companies to cut carbon dioxide emissions. The measures are set forth in the "Executive Yuan [Cabinet] Environmental Protection Agency A leading British supermarket chain, Sainsbury's, is to be prosecuted for using too much packaging on one of its products, according to a news report of September 17, 2010. The day before this announcement, the supermarket On August 31, 2010, Taiwan and Australia signed a memorandum of understanding on establishing more extensive bilateral cooperation to promote green energy industries and technologies. It is the first agreement of its kind between the two The French Parliament adopted Law 2010-788 of July 12, 2010, on National Commitment for the Environment, also referred to as the "Grenelle II Law." (Loi 2010-788 du 12 juillet 2010 portant engagement national pour l'environnement, On July 29, 2010, the Minsk City Economic Court, in Belarus, ordered a church to pay compensation for environmental damage it allegedly caused in the city. The New Life Church (NLC), a Protestant congregation, was asked... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 02 Aug 2010 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402139_text Global Legal Monitor: Netherlands: Court Imposes Maximum Penalty for Illegal Shipping of Toxic Waste http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402128_text Environmental protection - On April 14, 2014, the Government of Portugal published Law No. 19, which defines the basis for the country's environmental policy pursuant to the terms of articles 9 and 66 of the Constitution. (Lei No. On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano In August 2013, Syngenta, a Swiss agrochemical company, and Bayer, a German agrochemical company, initiated legal action before the European Court of Justice, challenging the European Commission's decision to ban the pesticide thiamethoxam, which is used On September 1, 2013, a new European Union Regulation on Biocides entered into force. Biocides are chemicals used to control organisms that are harmful to human and animal health and to the environment, such as pests Denmark's Environment Minister, Ida Auken, has announced a new approach to handling rubbish in the country. In September, the government is expected to present a plan to require households to sort trash into several bins, On June 30, 2013, the other members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) urged Indonesia to ratify a treaty designed to limit smog pollution across On May 20, 2013, the Supreme Court of Israel approved a plea bargain that included an unprecedented high amount of compensation in a class-action suit for violation of the prohibition on smoking in public places, in On May 28, 2013, during a visit by President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono of Indonesia to Sweden, the two countries signed a Memorandum of Understanding on sustainable The Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs (MLTM) of the Republic of Korea promulgated the revised enforcement rule for the Marine Environment Management Act on On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 3, 2012, Indonesia and South Korea concluded an agreement to restore the Ciliwung River, which flows from the mountains down through Jakarta On November 20, 2012, the New Zealand government formally lodged with the International Court of Justice (ICJ) a declaration of its intention to intervene in the On September 7, 2012, the New Zealand High Court (the third highest court in New Zealand's court hierarchy) dismissed a challenge to the findings of reports that stated that average temperatures in the country had increased On June 18, 2012, Chile's legislature passed Law 20600 on the creation of new environmental courts, thereby granting the Superintendency of the Environment the power to prosecute environmental violations. (Law 20600 Creating Environmental Courts (June On May 29, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Clean Air Law 5768-2008. A stated objective of the Law is to improve air quality and prevent and minimize air pollution by, among On March 19, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Pollutant and Transfers to the Environment - Duties of Reporting and Registration) Law 5772-2012. The stated objectives of the Law are to increase the Denmark's Environment Ministry is planning to propose a tax on the chemical dihydrogen monoxide (DHMO) as a method to discourage its use. DHMO is odorless but potentially lethal. High levels of the substance were found in A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On January 18, 2012, Namibia's Minister of Environment and Tourism put into effect the Environmental Management Act (EMA), Act No. 7 of 2007. (Government Gazette of the Republic of Namibia, No. 3966 (Dec. 27, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change On October 20, 2011, the Supreme Court of Mongolia ruled that the country's government must enforce its 2009 environmental protection resolution restricting mining in some locations. The decision came in a case filed by the United On May 15, 2011, the New Zealand Minister for the Environment, Hon. Nick Smith, announced that a new law regulating "freedom camping" would be introduced in Parliament this month to address problems related to irresponsible campers. On March 28, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Inspection and Enforcement Authorities) Law, 5771-2011. The Law states as its goal the protection, maintenance, and improvement of the quality of the environment and On March 29, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro approved, during the first session of debate, a bill of law that some say, if adopted, might help fight global warming. The On January 19, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Regulation of Processing of Packaging Law, 5771-2011. The Law declares that it is intended to regulate both the production and the processing of packaging material waste In June 2010, India's Parliament adopted the National Green Tribunal Act (NGT Act), which established a new court, the National Green Tribunal, exclusively for handling cases involving environmental law. The Tribunal began operations on October 19, It was reported on December 10, 2010, that Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration (EPA) has drafted revisions to the relevant laws on recycling of appliances that will ban retailers from charging consumers a fee for the removal On October 21, 2010, the Bahraini Ministry of Homeland Security began enforcing a royal decree issued in 1999 that bans the use of all types of microphones attached to mosques. Muslim clerics in Bahrain have been On November 4, 2010, the European Commission made public a proposal for a regulation to introduce a ban on the use of phosphates and phosphate compounds in laundry detergents, in order to limit the amount of It was reported on October 24, 2010, that a joint committee comprising the African Development Bank (AfDB), the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (ECA), and the African Union Commission (AUC) issued a Consensus Statement on On September 27, 2010, the Bangladeshi Parliament passed the Environment Protection Bill 2010, to amend the Bangladesh Environment Protection Act 1995. The amended law "empowers the government to control the production, processing, stockpiling, supplying, transporting, importing, On September 10, 2010, Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration announced the implementation of measures aimed at encouraging domestic companies to cut carbon dioxide emissions. The measures are set forth in the "Executive Yuan [Cabinet] Environmental Protection Agency A leading British supermarket chain, Sainsbury's, is to be prosecuted for using too much packaging on one of its products, according to a news report of September 17, 2010. The day before this announcement, the supermarket On August 31, 2010, Taiwan and Australia signed a memorandum of understanding on establishing more extensive bilateral cooperation to promote green energy industries and technologies. It is the first agreement of its kind between the two The French Parliament adopted Law 2010-788 of July 12, 2010, on National Commitment for the Environment, also referred to as the "Grenelle II Law." (Loi 2010-788 du 12 juillet 2010 portant engagement national pour l'environnement, On July 29, 2010, the Minsk City Economic Court, in Belarus, ordered a church to pay compensation for environmental damage it allegedly caused in the city. The New Life Church (NLC), a Protestant congregation, was asked On July 23, 2010, the Amsterdam District Court imposed the maximum fine of 1 million (about US$1.28 million) on Trafigura Beheer BV, a multinational oil trading company, for illegally shipping 400 tons of hazardous toxic sludge,... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 29 Jul 2010 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402128_text Global Legal Monitor: European Union: Draft Regulation on Auctioning of Emissions Trading System Allowances http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402126_text Environmental protection - On April 14, 2014, the Government of Portugal published Law No. 19, which defines the basis for the country's environmental policy pursuant to the terms of articles 9 and 66 of the Constitution. (Lei No. On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano In August 2013, Syngenta, a Swiss agrochemical company, and Bayer, a German agrochemical company, initiated legal action before the European Court of Justice, challenging the European Commission's decision to ban the pesticide thiamethoxam, which is used On September 1, 2013, a new European Union Regulation on Biocides entered into force. Biocides are chemicals used to control organisms that are harmful to human and animal health and to the environment, such as pests Denmark's Environment Minister, Ida Auken, has announced a new approach to handling rubbish in the country. In September, the government is expected to present a plan to require households to sort trash into several bins, On June 30, 2013, the other members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) urged Indonesia to ratify a treaty designed to limit smog pollution across On May 20, 2013, the Supreme Court of Israel approved a plea bargain that included an unprecedented high amount of compensation in a class-action suit for violation of the prohibition on smoking in public places, in On May 28, 2013, during a visit by President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono of Indonesia to Sweden, the two countries signed a Memorandum of Understanding on sustainable The Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs (MLTM) of the Republic of Korea promulgated the revised enforcement rule for the Marine Environment Management Act on On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 3, 2012, Indonesia and South Korea concluded an agreement to restore the Ciliwung River, which flows from the mountains down through Jakarta On November 20, 2012, the New Zealand government formally lodged with the International Court of Justice (ICJ) a declaration of its intention to intervene in the On September 7, 2012, the New Zealand High Court (the third highest court in New Zealand's court hierarchy) dismissed a challenge to the findings of reports that stated that average temperatures in the country had increased On June 18, 2012, Chile's legislature passed Law 20600 on the creation of new environmental courts, thereby granting the Superintendency of the Environment the power to prosecute environmental violations. (Law 20600 Creating Environmental Courts (June On May 29, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Clean Air Law 5768-2008. A stated objective of the Law is to improve air quality and prevent and minimize air pollution by, among On March 19, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Pollutant and Transfers to the Environment - Duties of Reporting and Registration) Law 5772-2012. The stated objectives of the Law are to increase the Denmark's Environment Ministry is planning to propose a tax on the chemical dihydrogen monoxide (DHMO) as a method to discourage its use. DHMO is odorless but potentially lethal. High levels of the substance were found in A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On January 18, 2012, Namibia's Minister of Environment and Tourism put into effect the Environmental Management Act (EMA), Act No. 7 of 2007. (Government Gazette of the Republic of Namibia, No. 3966 (Dec. 27, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change On October 20, 2011, the Supreme Court of Mongolia ruled that the country's government must enforce its 2009 environmental protection resolution restricting mining in some locations. The decision came in a case filed by the United On May 15, 2011, the New Zealand Minister for the Environment, Hon. Nick Smith, announced that a new law regulating "freedom camping" would be introduced in Parliament this month to address problems related to irresponsible campers. On March 28, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Inspection and Enforcement Authorities) Law, 5771-2011. The Law states as its goal the protection, maintenance, and improvement of the quality of the environment and On March 29, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro approved, during the first session of debate, a bill of law that some say, if adopted, might help fight global warming. The On January 19, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Regulation of Processing of Packaging Law, 5771-2011. The Law declares that it is intended to regulate both the production and the processing of packaging material waste In June 2010, India's Parliament adopted the National Green Tribunal Act (NGT Act), which established a new court, the National Green Tribunal, exclusively for handling cases involving environmental law. The Tribunal began operations on October 19, It was reported on December 10, 2010, that Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration (EPA) has drafted revisions to the relevant laws on recycling of appliances that will ban retailers from charging consumers a fee for the removal On October 21, 2010, the Bahraini Ministry of Homeland Security began enforcing a royal decree issued in 1999 that bans the use of all types of microphones attached to mosques. Muslim clerics in Bahrain have been On November 4, 2010, the European Commission made public a proposal for a regulation to introduce a ban on the use of phosphates and phosphate compounds in laundry detergents, in order to limit the amount of It was reported on October 24, 2010, that a joint committee comprising the African Development Bank (AfDB), the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (ECA), and the African Union Commission (AUC) issued a Consensus Statement on On September 27, 2010, the Bangladeshi Parliament passed the Environment Protection Bill 2010, to amend the Bangladesh Environment Protection Act 1995. The amended law "empowers the government to control the production, processing, stockpiling, supplying, transporting, importing, On September 10, 2010, Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration announced the implementation of measures aimed at encouraging domestic companies to cut carbon dioxide emissions. The measures are set forth in the "Executive Yuan [Cabinet] Environmental Protection Agency A leading British supermarket chain, Sainsbury's, is to be prosecuted for using too much packaging on one of its products, according to a news report of September 17, 2010. The day before this announcement, the supermarket On August 31, 2010, Taiwan and Australia signed a memorandum of understanding on establishing more extensive bilateral cooperation to promote green energy industries and technologies. It is the first agreement of its kind between the two The French Parliament adopted Law 2010-788 of July 12, 2010, on National Commitment for the Environment, also referred to as the "Grenelle II Law." (Loi 2010-788 du 12 juillet 2010 portant engagement national pour l'environnement, On July 29, 2010, the Minsk City Economic Court, in Belarus, ordered a church to pay compensation for environmental damage it allegedly caused in the city. The New Life Church (NLC), a Protestant congregation, was asked On July 23, 2010, the Amsterdam District Court imposed the maximum fine of 1 million (about US$1.28 million) on Trafigura Beheer BV, a multinational oil trading company, for illegally shipping 400 tons of hazardous toxic sludge, On July 14, 2010, the Climate Change Committee of the European Commission endorsed the Commission's proposal for a regulation that establishes rules governing the auctioning of emissions allowances under the EU Emissions Trading System (ETS) and... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 28 Jul 2010 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402126_text Global Legal Monitor: Japan: Waste Disposal and Cleaning Law Amendment http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402110_text Environmental protection - On April 14, 2014, the Government of Portugal published Law No. 19, which defines the basis for the country's environmental policy pursuant to the terms of articles 9 and 66 of the Constitution. (Lei No. On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano In August 2013, Syngenta, a Swiss agrochemical company, and Bayer, a German agrochemical company, initiated legal action before the European Court of Justice, challenging the European Commission's decision to ban the pesticide thiamethoxam, which is used On September 1, 2013, a new European Union Regulation on Biocides entered into force. Biocides are chemicals used to control organisms that are harmful to human and animal health and to the environment, such as pests Denmark's Environment Minister, Ida Auken, has announced a new approach to handling rubbish in the country. In September, the government is expected to present a plan to require households to sort trash into several bins, On June 30, 2013, the other members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) urged Indonesia to ratify a treaty designed to limit smog pollution across On May 20, 2013, the Supreme Court of Israel approved a plea bargain that included an unprecedented high amount of compensation in a class-action suit for violation of the prohibition on smoking in public places, in On May 28, 2013, during a visit by President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono of Indonesia to Sweden, the two countries signed a Memorandum of Understanding on sustainable The Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs (MLTM) of the Republic of Korea promulgated the revised enforcement rule for the Marine Environment Management Act on On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 3, 2012, Indonesia and South Korea concluded an agreement to restore the Ciliwung River, which flows from the mountains down through Jakarta On November 20, 2012, the New Zealand government formally lodged with the International Court of Justice (ICJ) a declaration of its intention to intervene in the On September 7, 2012, the New Zealand High Court (the third highest court in New Zealand's court hierarchy) dismissed a challenge to the findings of reports that stated that average temperatures in the country had increased On June 18, 2012, Chile's legislature passed Law 20600 on the creation of new environmental courts, thereby granting the Superintendency of the Environment the power to prosecute environmental violations. (Law 20600 Creating Environmental Courts (June On May 29, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Clean Air Law 5768-2008. A stated objective of the Law is to improve air quality and prevent and minimize air pollution by, among On March 19, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Pollutant and Transfers to the Environment - Duties of Reporting and Registration) Law 5772-2012. The stated objectives of the Law are to increase the Denmark's Environment Ministry is planning to propose a tax on the chemical dihydrogen monoxide (DHMO) as a method to discourage its use. DHMO is odorless but potentially lethal. High levels of the substance were found in A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On January 18, 2012, Namibia's Minister of Environment and Tourism put into effect the Environmental Management Act (EMA), Act No. 7 of 2007. (Government Gazette of the Republic of Namibia, No. 3966 (Dec. 27, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change On October 20, 2011, the Supreme Court of Mongolia ruled that the country's government must enforce its 2009 environmental protection resolution restricting mining in some locations. The decision came in a case filed by the United On May 15, 2011, the New Zealand Minister for the Environment, Hon. Nick Smith, announced that a new law regulating "freedom camping" would be introduced in Parliament this month to address problems related to irresponsible campers. On March 28, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Inspection and Enforcement Authorities) Law, 5771-2011. The Law states as its goal the protection, maintenance, and improvement of the quality of the environment and On March 29, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro approved, during the first session of debate, a bill of law that some say, if adopted, might help fight global warming. The On January 19, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Regulation of Processing of Packaging Law, 5771-2011. The Law declares that it is intended to regulate both the production and the processing of packaging material waste In June 2010, India's Parliament adopted the National Green Tribunal Act (NGT Act), which established a new court, the National Green Tribunal, exclusively for handling cases involving environmental law. The Tribunal began operations on October 19, It was reported on December 10, 2010, that Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration (EPA) has drafted revisions to the relevant laws on recycling of appliances that will ban retailers from charging consumers a fee for the removal On October 21, 2010, the Bahraini Ministry of Homeland Security began enforcing a royal decree issued in 1999 that bans the use of all types of microphones attached to mosques. Muslim clerics in Bahrain have been On November 4, 2010, the European Commission made public a proposal for a regulation to introduce a ban on the use of phosphates and phosphate compounds in laundry detergents, in order to limit the amount of It was reported on October 24, 2010, that a joint committee comprising the African Development Bank (AfDB), the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (ECA), and the African Union Commission (AUC) issued a Consensus Statement on On September 27, 2010, the Bangladeshi Parliament passed the Environment Protection Bill 2010, to amend the Bangladesh Environment Protection Act 1995. The amended law "empowers the government to control the production, processing, stockpiling, supplying, transporting, importing, On September 10, 2010, Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration announced the implementation of measures aimed at encouraging domestic companies to cut carbon dioxide emissions. The measures are set forth in the "Executive Yuan [Cabinet] Environmental Protection Agency A leading British supermarket chain, Sainsbury's, is to be prosecuted for using too much packaging on one of its products, according to a news report of September 17, 2010. The day before this announcement, the supermarket On August 31, 2010, Taiwan and Australia signed a memorandum of understanding on establishing more extensive bilateral cooperation to promote green energy industries and technologies. It is the first agreement of its kind between the two The French Parliament adopted Law 2010-788 of July 12, 2010, on National Commitment for the Environment, also referred to as the "Grenelle II Law." (Loi 2010-788 du 12 juillet 2010 portant engagement national pour l'environnement, On July 29, 2010, the Minsk City Economic Court, in Belarus, ordered a church to pay compensation for environmental damage it allegedly caused in the city. The New Life Church (NLC), a Protestant congregation, was asked On July 23, 2010, the Amsterdam District Court imposed the maximum fine of 1 million (about US$1.28 million) on Trafigura Beheer BV, a multinational oil trading company, for illegally shipping 400 tons of hazardous toxic sludge, On July 14, 2010, the Climate Change Committee of the European Commission endorsed the Commission's proposal for a regulation that establishes rules governing the auctioning of emissions allowances under the EU Emissions Trading System (ETS) and Japan's legislature, the Diet, passed an amendment of the Waste Disposal and Cleaning Law (Law No. 137 of 1970) in May 2010 (Law No. 34 of 2010). The amendment will be effective within one year and... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 14 Jul 2010 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402110_text Global Legal Monitor: South Africa: Requirements for Energy Efficiency in New Buildings Proposed http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402057_text Environmental protection - On April 14, 2014, the Government of Portugal published Law No. 19, which defines the basis for the country's environmental policy pursuant to the terms of articles 9 and 66 of the Constitution. (Lei No. On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano In August 2013, Syngenta, a Swiss agrochemical company, and Bayer, a German agrochemical company, initiated legal action before the European Court of Justice, challenging the European Commission's decision to ban the pesticide thiamethoxam, which is used On September 1, 2013, a new European Union Regulation on Biocides entered into force. Biocides are chemicals used to control organisms that are harmful to human and animal health and to the environment, such as pests Denmark's Environment Minister, Ida Auken, has announced a new approach to handling rubbish in the country. In September, the government is expected to present a plan to require households to sort trash into several bins, On June 30, 2013, the other members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) urged Indonesia to ratify a treaty designed to limit smog pollution across On May 20, 2013, the Supreme Court of Israel approved a plea bargain that included an unprecedented high amount of compensation in a class-action suit for violation of the prohibition on smoking in public places, in On May 28, 2013, during a visit by President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono of Indonesia to Sweden, the two countries signed a Memorandum of Understanding on sustainable The Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs (MLTM) of the Republic of Korea promulgated the revised enforcement rule for the Marine Environment Management Act on On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 3, 2012, Indonesia and South Korea concluded an agreement to restore the Ciliwung River, which flows from the mountains down through Jakarta On November 20, 2012, the New Zealand government formally lodged with the International Court of Justice (ICJ) a declaration of its intention to intervene in the On September 7, 2012, the New Zealand High Court (the third highest court in New Zealand's court hierarchy) dismissed a challenge to the findings of reports that stated that average temperatures in the country had increased On June 18, 2012, Chile's legislature passed Law 20600 on the creation of new environmental courts, thereby granting the Superintendency of the Environment the power to prosecute environmental violations. (Law 20600 Creating Environmental Courts (June On May 29, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Clean Air Law 5768-2008. A stated objective of the Law is to improve air quality and prevent and minimize air pollution by, among On March 19, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Pollutant and Transfers to the Environment - Duties of Reporting and Registration) Law 5772-2012. The stated objectives of the Law are to increase the Denmark's Environment Ministry is planning to propose a tax on the chemical dihydrogen monoxide (DHMO) as a method to discourage its use. DHMO is odorless but potentially lethal. High levels of the substance were found in A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On January 18, 2012, Namibia's Minister of Environment and Tourism put into effect the Environmental Management Act (EMA), Act No. 7 of 2007. (Government Gazette of the Republic of Namibia, No. 3966 (Dec. 27, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change On October 20, 2011, the Supreme Court of Mongolia ruled that the country's government must enforce its 2009 environmental protection resolution restricting mining in some locations. The decision came in a case filed by the United On May 15, 2011, the New Zealand Minister for the Environment, Hon. Nick Smith, announced that a new law regulating "freedom camping" would be introduced in Parliament this month to address problems related to irresponsible campers. On March 28, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Inspection and Enforcement Authorities) Law, 5771-2011. The Law states as its goal the protection, maintenance, and improvement of the quality of the environment and On March 29, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro approved, during the first session of debate, a bill of law that some say, if adopted, might help fight global warming. The On January 19, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Regulation of Processing of Packaging Law, 5771-2011. The Law declares that it is intended to regulate both the production and the processing of packaging material waste In June 2010, India's Parliament adopted the National Green Tribunal Act (NGT Act), which established a new court, the National Green Tribunal, exclusively for handling cases involving environmental law. The Tribunal began operations on October 19, It was reported on December 10, 2010, that Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration (EPA) has drafted revisions to the relevant laws on recycling of appliances that will ban retailers from charging consumers a fee for the removal On October 21, 2010, the Bahraini Ministry of Homeland Security began enforcing a royal decree issued in 1999 that bans the use of all types of microphones attached to mosques. Muslim clerics in Bahrain have been On November 4, 2010, the European Commission made public a proposal for a regulation to introduce a ban on the use of phosphates and phosphate compounds in laundry detergents, in order to limit the amount of It was reported on October 24, 2010, that a joint committee comprising the African Development Bank (AfDB), the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (ECA), and the African Union Commission (AUC) issued a Consensus Statement on On September 27, 2010, the Bangladeshi Parliament passed the Environment Protection Bill 2010, to amend the Bangladesh Environment Protection Act 1995. The amended law "empowers the government to control the production, processing, stockpiling, supplying, transporting, importing, On September 10, 2010, Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration announced the implementation of measures aimed at encouraging domestic companies to cut carbon dioxide emissions. The measures are set forth in the "Executive Yuan [Cabinet] Environmental Protection Agency A leading British supermarket chain, Sainsbury's, is to be prosecuted for using too much packaging on one of its products, according to a news report of September 17, 2010. The day before this announcement, the supermarket On August 31, 2010, Taiwan and Australia signed a memorandum of understanding on establishing more extensive bilateral cooperation to promote green energy industries and technologies. It is the first agreement of its kind between the two The French Parliament adopted Law 2010-788 of July 12, 2010, on National Commitment for the Environment, also referred to as the "Grenelle II Law." (Loi 2010-788 du 12 juillet 2010 portant engagement national pour l'environnement, On July 29, 2010, the Minsk City Economic Court, in Belarus, ordered a church to pay compensation for environmental damage it allegedly caused in the city. The New Life Church (NLC), a Protestant congregation, was asked On July 23, 2010, the Amsterdam District Court imposed the maximum fine of 1 million (about US$1.28 million) on Trafigura Beheer BV, a multinational oil trading company, for illegally shipping 400 tons of hazardous toxic sludge, On July 14, 2010, the Climate Change Committee of the European Commission endorsed the Commission's proposal for a regulation that establishes rules governing the auctioning of emissions allowances under the EU Emissions Trading System (ETS) and Japan's legislature, the Diet, passed an amendment of the Waste Disposal and Cleaning Law (Law No. 137 of 1970) in May 2010 (Law No. 34 of 2010). The amendment will be effective within one year and On June 11, 2010, Dr. Rob Davies, Minister of Trade and Industry of South Africa, published for public comment a proposed sub-regulation to the National Building Regulations and Building Standards Act to make new buildings energy... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 16 Jun 2010 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402057_text Global Legal Monitor: Australia; Japan: Legality of Scientific Whaling Program Challenged in International Court http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402038_text Environmental protection - On April 14, 2014, the Government of Portugal published Law No. 19, which defines the basis for the country's environmental policy pursuant to the terms of articles 9 and 66 of the Constitution. (Lei No. On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano In August 2013, Syngenta, a Swiss agrochemical company, and Bayer, a German agrochemical company, initiated legal action before the European Court of Justice, challenging the European Commission's decision to ban the pesticide thiamethoxam, which is used On September 1, 2013, a new European Union Regulation on Biocides entered into force. Biocides are chemicals used to control organisms that are harmful to human and animal health and to the environment, such as pests Denmark's Environment Minister, Ida Auken, has announced a new approach to handling rubbish in the country. In September, the government is expected to present a plan to require households to sort trash into several bins, On June 30, 2013, the other members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) urged Indonesia to ratify a treaty designed to limit smog pollution across On May 20, 2013, the Supreme Court of Israel approved a plea bargain that included an unprecedented high amount of compensation in a class-action suit for violation of the prohibition on smoking in public places, in On May 28, 2013, during a visit by President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono of Indonesia to Sweden, the two countries signed a Memorandum of Understanding on sustainable The Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs (MLTM) of the Republic of Korea promulgated the revised enforcement rule for the Marine Environment Management Act on On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 3, 2012, Indonesia and South Korea concluded an agreement to restore the Ciliwung River, which flows from the mountains down through Jakarta On November 20, 2012, the New Zealand government formally lodged with the International Court of Justice (ICJ) a declaration of its intention to intervene in the On September 7, 2012, the New Zealand High Court (the third highest court in New Zealand's court hierarchy) dismissed a challenge to the findings of reports that stated that average temperatures in the country had increased On June 18, 2012, Chile's legislature passed Law 20600 on the creation of new environmental courts, thereby granting the Superintendency of the Environment the power to prosecute environmental violations. (Law 20600 Creating Environmental Courts (June On May 29, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Clean Air Law 5768-2008. A stated objective of the Law is to improve air quality and prevent and minimize air pollution by, among On March 19, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Pollutant and Transfers to the Environment - Duties of Reporting and Registration) Law 5772-2012. The stated objectives of the Law are to increase the Denmark's Environment Ministry is planning to propose a tax on the chemical dihydrogen monoxide (DHMO) as a method to discourage its use. DHMO is odorless but potentially lethal. High levels of the substance were found in A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On January 18, 2012, Namibia's Minister of Environment and Tourism put into effect the Environmental Management Act (EMA), Act No. 7 of 2007. (Government Gazette of the Republic of Namibia, No. 3966 (Dec. 27, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change On October 20, 2011, the Supreme Court of Mongolia ruled that the country's government must enforce its 2009 environmental protection resolution restricting mining in some locations. The decision came in a case filed by the United On May 15, 2011, the New Zealand Minister for the Environment, Hon. Nick Smith, announced that a new law regulating "freedom camping" would be introduced in Parliament this month to address problems related to irresponsible campers. On March 28, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Inspection and Enforcement Authorities) Law, 5771-2011. The Law states as its goal the protection, maintenance, and improvement of the quality of the environment and On March 29, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro approved, during the first session of debate, a bill of law that some say, if adopted, might help fight global warming. The On January 19, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Regulation of Processing of Packaging Law, 5771-2011. The Law declares that it is intended to regulate both the production and the processing of packaging material waste In June 2010, India's Parliament adopted the National Green Tribunal Act (NGT Act), which established a new court, the National Green Tribunal, exclusively for handling cases involving environmental law. The Tribunal began operations on October 19, It was reported on December 10, 2010, that Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration (EPA) has drafted revisions to the relevant laws on recycling of appliances that will ban retailers from charging consumers a fee for the removal On October 21, 2010, the Bahraini Ministry of Homeland Security began enforcing a royal decree issued in 1999 that bans the use of all types of microphones attached to mosques. Muslim clerics in Bahrain have been On November 4, 2010, the European Commission made public a proposal for a regulation to introduce a ban on the use of phosphates and phosphate compounds in laundry detergents, in order to limit the amount of It was reported on October 24, 2010, that a joint committee comprising the African Development Bank (AfDB), the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (ECA), and the African Union Commission (AUC) issued a Consensus Statement on On September 27, 2010, the Bangladeshi Parliament passed the Environment Protection Bill 2010, to amend the Bangladesh Environment Protection Act 1995. The amended law "empowers the government to control the production, processing, stockpiling, supplying, transporting, importing, On September 10, 2010, Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration announced the implementation of measures aimed at encouraging domestic companies to cut carbon dioxide emissions. The measures are set forth in the "Executive Yuan [Cabinet] Environmental Protection Agency A leading British supermarket chain, Sainsbury's, is to be prosecuted for using too much packaging on one of its products, according to a news report of September 17, 2010. The day before this announcement, the supermarket On August 31, 2010, Taiwan and Australia signed a memorandum of understanding on establishing more extensive bilateral cooperation to promote green energy industries and technologies. It is the first agreement of its kind between the two The French Parliament adopted Law 2010-788 of July 12, 2010, on National Commitment for the Environment, also referred to as the "Grenelle II Law." (Loi 2010-788 du 12 juillet 2010 portant engagement national pour l'environnement, On July 29, 2010, the Minsk City Economic Court, in Belarus, ordered a church to pay compensation for environmental damage it allegedly caused in the city. The New Life Church (NLC), a Protestant congregation, was asked On July 23, 2010, the Amsterdam District Court imposed the maximum fine of 1 million (about US$1.28 million) on Trafigura Beheer BV, a multinational oil trading company, for illegally shipping 400 tons of hazardous toxic sludge, On July 14, 2010, the Climate Change Committee of the European Commission endorsed the Commission's proposal for a regulation that establishes rules governing the auctioning of emissions allowances under the EU Emissions Trading System (ETS) and Japan's legislature, the Diet, passed an amendment of the Waste Disposal and Cleaning Law (Law No. 137 of 1970) in May 2010 (Law No. 34 of 2010). The amendment will be effective within one year and On June 11, 2010, Dr. Rob Davies, Minister of Trade and Industry of South Africa, published for public comment a proposed sub-regulation to the National Building Regulations and Building Standards Act to make new buildings energy On June 1, 2010, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) released information on the proceedings instituted by Australia against Japan for alleged breaches of international obligations concerning whaling. (Press Release, ICJ, Australia Institutes Proceedings Against Japan... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 10 Jun 2010 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402038_text Global Legal Monitor: Indonesia; Norway: Deforestation Agreement http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402027_text Environmental protection - On April 14, 2014, the Government of Portugal published Law No. 19, which defines the basis for the country's environmental policy pursuant to the terms of articles 9 and 66 of the Constitution. (Lei No. On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano In August 2013, Syngenta, a Swiss agrochemical company, and Bayer, a German agrochemical company, initiated legal action before the European Court of Justice, challenging the European Commission's decision to ban the pesticide thiamethoxam, which is used On September 1, 2013, a new European Union Regulation on Biocides entered into force. Biocides are chemicals used to control organisms that are harmful to human and animal health and to the environment, such as pests Denmark's Environment Minister, Ida Auken, has announced a new approach to handling rubbish in the country. In September, the government is expected to present a plan to require households to sort trash into several bins, On June 30, 2013, the other members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) urged Indonesia to ratify a treaty designed to limit smog pollution across On May 20, 2013, the Supreme Court of Israel approved a plea bargain that included an unprecedented high amount of compensation in a class-action suit for violation of the prohibition on smoking in public places, in On May 28, 2013, during a visit by President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono of Indonesia to Sweden, the two countries signed a Memorandum of Understanding on sustainable The Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs (MLTM) of the Republic of Korea promulgated the revised enforcement rule for the Marine Environment Management Act on On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 3, 2012, Indonesia and South Korea concluded an agreement to restore the Ciliwung River, which flows from the mountains down through Jakarta On November 20, 2012, the New Zealand government formally lodged with the International Court of Justice (ICJ) a declaration of its intention to intervene in the On September 7, 2012, the New Zealand High Court (the third highest court in New Zealand's court hierarchy) dismissed a challenge to the findings of reports that stated that average temperatures in the country had increased On June 18, 2012, Chile's legislature passed Law 20600 on the creation of new environmental courts, thereby granting the Superintendency of the Environment the power to prosecute environmental violations. (Law 20600 Creating Environmental Courts (June On May 29, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Clean Air Law 5768-2008. A stated objective of the Law is to improve air quality and prevent and minimize air pollution by, among On March 19, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Pollutant and Transfers to the Environment - Duties of Reporting and Registration) Law 5772-2012. The stated objectives of the Law are to increase the Denmark's Environment Ministry is planning to propose a tax on the chemical dihydrogen monoxide (DHMO) as a method to discourage its use. DHMO is odorless but potentially lethal. High levels of the substance were found in A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On January 18, 2012, Namibia's Minister of Environment and Tourism put into effect the Environmental Management Act (EMA), Act No. 7 of 2007. (Government Gazette of the Republic of Namibia, No. 3966 (Dec. 27, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change On October 20, 2011, the Supreme Court of Mongolia ruled that the country's government must enforce its 2009 environmental protection resolution restricting mining in some locations. The decision came in a case filed by the United On May 15, 2011, the New Zealand Minister for the Environment, Hon. Nick Smith, announced that a new law regulating "freedom camping" would be introduced in Parliament this month to address problems related to irresponsible campers. On March 28, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Inspection and Enforcement Authorities) Law, 5771-2011. The Law states as its goal the protection, maintenance, and improvement of the quality of the environment and On March 29, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro approved, during the first session of debate, a bill of law that some say, if adopted, might help fight global warming. The On January 19, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Regulation of Processing of Packaging Law, 5771-2011. The Law declares that it is intended to regulate both the production and the processing of packaging material waste In June 2010, India's Parliament adopted the National Green Tribunal Act (NGT Act), which established a new court, the National Green Tribunal, exclusively for handling cases involving environmental law. The Tribunal began operations on October 19, It was reported on December 10, 2010, that Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration (EPA) has drafted revisions to the relevant laws on recycling of appliances that will ban retailers from charging consumers a fee for the removal On October 21, 2010, the Bahraini Ministry of Homeland Security began enforcing a royal decree issued in 1999 that bans the use of all types of microphones attached to mosques. Muslim clerics in Bahrain have been On November 4, 2010, the European Commission made public a proposal for a regulation to introduce a ban on the use of phosphates and phosphate compounds in laundry detergents, in order to limit the amount of It was reported on October 24, 2010, that a joint committee comprising the African Development Bank (AfDB), the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (ECA), and the African Union Commission (AUC) issued a Consensus Statement on On September 27, 2010, the Bangladeshi Parliament passed the Environment Protection Bill 2010, to amend the Bangladesh Environment Protection Act 1995. The amended law "empowers the government to control the production, processing, stockpiling, supplying, transporting, importing, On September 10, 2010, Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration announced the implementation of measures aimed at encouraging domestic companies to cut carbon dioxide emissions. The measures are set forth in the "Executive Yuan [Cabinet] Environmental Protection Agency A leading British supermarket chain, Sainsbury's, is to be prosecuted for using too much packaging on one of its products, according to a news report of September 17, 2010. The day before this announcement, the supermarket On August 31, 2010, Taiwan and Australia signed a memorandum of understanding on establishing more extensive bilateral cooperation to promote green energy industries and technologies. It is the first agreement of its kind between the two The French Parliament adopted Law 2010-788 of July 12, 2010, on National Commitment for the Environment, also referred to as the "Grenelle II Law." (Loi 2010-788 du 12 juillet 2010 portant engagement national pour l'environnement, On July 29, 2010, the Minsk City Economic Court, in Belarus, ordered a church to pay compensation for environmental damage it allegedly caused in the city. The New Life Church (NLC), a Protestant congregation, was asked On July 23, 2010, the Amsterdam District Court imposed the maximum fine of 1 million (about US$1.28 million) on Trafigura Beheer BV, a multinational oil trading company, for illegally shipping 400 tons of hazardous toxic sludge, On July 14, 2010, the Climate Change Committee of the European Commission endorsed the Commission's proposal for a regulation that establishes rules governing the auctioning of emissions allowances under the EU Emissions Trading System (ETS) and Japan's legislature, the Diet, passed an amendment of the Waste Disposal and Cleaning Law (Law No. 137 of 1970) in May 2010 (Law No. 34 of 2010). The amendment will be effective within one year and On June 11, 2010, Dr. Rob Davies, Minister of Trade and Industry of South Africa, published for public comment a proposed sub-regulation to the National Building Regulations and Building Standards Act to make new buildings energy On June 1, 2010, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) released information on the proceedings instituted by Australia against Japan for alleged breaches of international obligations concerning whaling. (Press Release, ICJ, Australia Institutes Proceedings Against Japan Indonesia and Norway have established a partnership through which Norway will grant the equivalent of US$1 billion in aid to Indonesia for forest preservation and climate control. Indonesia had said in 2009 that it plans to... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 07 Jun 2010 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402027_text Global Legal Monitor: European Union: General Court Rejects Challenge to Emissions Trading Directive http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401872_text Environmental protection - On April 14, 2014, the Government of Portugal published Law No. 19, which defines the basis for the country's environmental policy pursuant to the terms of articles 9 and 66 of the Constitution. (Lei No. On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano In August 2013, Syngenta, a Swiss agrochemical company, and Bayer, a German agrochemical company, initiated legal action before the European Court of Justice, challenging the European Commission's decision to ban the pesticide thiamethoxam, which is used On September 1, 2013, a new European Union Regulation on Biocides entered into force. Biocides are chemicals used to control organisms that are harmful to human and animal health and to the environment, such as pests Denmark's Environment Minister, Ida Auken, has announced a new approach to handling rubbish in the country. In September, the government is expected to present a plan to require households to sort trash into several bins, On June 30, 2013, the other members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) urged Indonesia to ratify a treaty designed to limit smog pollution across On May 20, 2013, the Supreme Court of Israel approved a plea bargain that included an unprecedented high amount of compensation in a class-action suit for violation of the prohibition on smoking in public places, in On May 28, 2013, during a visit by President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono of Indonesia to Sweden, the two countries signed a Memorandum of Understanding on sustainable The Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs (MLTM) of the Republic of Korea promulgated the revised enforcement rule for the Marine Environment Management Act on On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 3, 2012, Indonesia and South Korea concluded an agreement to restore the Ciliwung River, which flows from the mountains down through Jakarta On November 20, 2012, the New Zealand government formally lodged with the International Court of Justice (ICJ) a declaration of its intention to intervene in the On September 7, 2012, the New Zealand High Court (the third highest court in New Zealand's court hierarchy) dismissed a challenge to the findings of reports that stated that average temperatures in the country had increased On June 18, 2012, Chile's legislature passed Law 20600 on the creation of new environmental courts, thereby granting the Superintendency of the Environment the power to prosecute environmental violations. (Law 20600 Creating Environmental Courts (June On May 29, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Clean Air Law 5768-2008. A stated objective of the Law is to improve air quality and prevent and minimize air pollution by, among On March 19, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Pollutant and Transfers to the Environment - Duties of Reporting and Registration) Law 5772-2012. The stated objectives of the Law are to increase the Denmark's Environment Ministry is planning to propose a tax on the chemical dihydrogen monoxide (DHMO) as a method to discourage its use. DHMO is odorless but potentially lethal. High levels of the substance were found in A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On January 18, 2012, Namibia's Minister of Environment and Tourism put into effect the Environmental Management Act (EMA), Act No. 7 of 2007. (Government Gazette of the Republic of Namibia, No. 3966 (Dec. 27, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change On October 20, 2011, the Supreme Court of Mongolia ruled that the country's government must enforce its 2009 environmental protection resolution restricting mining in some locations. The decision came in a case filed by the United On May 15, 2011, the New Zealand Minister for the Environment, Hon. Nick Smith, announced that a new law regulating "freedom camping" would be introduced in Parliament this month to address problems related to irresponsible campers. On March 28, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Inspection and Enforcement Authorities) Law, 5771-2011. The Law states as its goal the protection, maintenance, and improvement of the quality of the environment and On March 29, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro approved, during the first session of debate, a bill of law that some say, if adopted, might help fight global warming. The On January 19, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Regulation of Processing of Packaging Law, 5771-2011. The Law declares that it is intended to regulate both the production and the processing of packaging material waste In June 2010, India's Parliament adopted the National Green Tribunal Act (NGT Act), which established a new court, the National Green Tribunal, exclusively for handling cases involving environmental law. The Tribunal began operations on October 19, It was reported on December 10, 2010, that Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration (EPA) has drafted revisions to the relevant laws on recycling of appliances that will ban retailers from charging consumers a fee for the removal On October 21, 2010, the Bahraini Ministry of Homeland Security began enforcing a royal decree issued in 1999 that bans the use of all types of microphones attached to mosques. Muslim clerics in Bahrain have been On November 4, 2010, the European Commission made public a proposal for a regulation to introduce a ban on the use of phosphates and phosphate compounds in laundry detergents, in order to limit the amount of It was reported on October 24, 2010, that a joint committee comprising the African Development Bank (AfDB), the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (ECA), and the African Union Commission (AUC) issued a Consensus Statement on On September 27, 2010, the Bangladeshi Parliament passed the Environment Protection Bill 2010, to amend the Bangladesh Environment Protection Act 1995. The amended law "empowers the government to control the production, processing, stockpiling, supplying, transporting, importing, On September 10, 2010, Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration announced the implementation of measures aimed at encouraging domestic companies to cut carbon dioxide emissions. The measures are set forth in the "Executive Yuan [Cabinet] Environmental Protection Agency A leading British supermarket chain, Sainsbury's, is to be prosecuted for using too much packaging on one of its products, according to a news report of September 17, 2010. The day before this announcement, the supermarket On August 31, 2010, Taiwan and Australia signed a memorandum of understanding on establishing more extensive bilateral cooperation to promote green energy industries and technologies. It is the first agreement of its kind between the two The French Parliament adopted Law 2010-788 of July 12, 2010, on National Commitment for the Environment, also referred to as the "Grenelle II Law." (Loi 2010-788 du 12 juillet 2010 portant engagement national pour l'environnement, On July 29, 2010, the Minsk City Economic Court, in Belarus, ordered a church to pay compensation for environmental damage it allegedly caused in the city. The New Life Church (NLC), a Protestant congregation, was asked On July 23, 2010, the Amsterdam District Court imposed the maximum fine of 1 million (about US$1.28 million) on Trafigura Beheer BV, a multinational oil trading company, for illegally shipping 400 tons of hazardous toxic sludge, On July 14, 2010, the Climate Change Committee of the European Commission endorsed the Commission's proposal for a regulation that establishes rules governing the auctioning of emissions allowances under the EU Emissions Trading System (ETS) and Japan's legislature, the Diet, passed an amendment of the Waste Disposal and Cleaning Law (Law No. 137 of 1970) in May 2010 (Law No. 34 of 2010). The amendment will be effective within one year and On June 11, 2010, Dr. Rob Davies, Minister of Trade and Industry of South Africa, published for public comment a proposed sub-regulation to the National Building Regulations and Building Standards Act to make new buildings energy On June 1, 2010, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) released information on the proceedings instituted by Australia against Japan for alleged breaches of international obligations concerning whaling. (Press Release, ICJ, Australia Institutes Proceedings Against Japan Indonesia and Norway have established a partnership through which Norway will grant the equivalent of US$1 billion in aid to Indonesia for forest preservation and climate control. Indonesia had said in 2009 that it plans to On March 2, 2010, the General Court of the European Union rejected a challenge, brought by "the world's largest steel producer" Arcelor S.A., to the EU's 2003 Emissions Trading Directive. The Luxembourg-based company argued that several... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 16 Mar 2010 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401872_text Global Legal Monitor: Ireland: Government Creating Incineration Capacity and Tax http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401851_text Environmental protection - On April 14, 2014, the Government of Portugal published Law No. 19, which defines the basis for the country's environmental policy pursuant to the terms of articles 9 and 66 of the Constitution. (Lei No. On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano In August 2013, Syngenta, a Swiss agrochemical company, and Bayer, a German agrochemical company, initiated legal action before the European Court of Justice, challenging the European Commission's decision to ban the pesticide thiamethoxam, which is used On September 1, 2013, a new European Union Regulation on Biocides entered into force. Biocides are chemicals used to control organisms that are harmful to human and animal health and to the environment, such as pests Denmark's Environment Minister, Ida Auken, has announced a new approach to handling rubbish in the country. In September, the government is expected to present a plan to require households to sort trash into several bins, On June 30, 2013, the other members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) urged Indonesia to ratify a treaty designed to limit smog pollution across On May 20, 2013, the Supreme Court of Israel approved a plea bargain that included an unprecedented high amount of compensation in a class-action suit for violation of the prohibition on smoking in public places, in On May 28, 2013, during a visit by President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono of Indonesia to Sweden, the two countries signed a Memorandum of Understanding on sustainable The Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs (MLTM) of the Republic of Korea promulgated the revised enforcement rule for the Marine Environment Management Act on On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 3, 2012, Indonesia and South Korea concluded an agreement to restore the Ciliwung River, which flows from the mountains down through Jakarta On November 20, 2012, the New Zealand government formally lodged with the International Court of Justice (ICJ) a declaration of its intention to intervene in the On September 7, 2012, the New Zealand High Court (the third highest court in New Zealand's court hierarchy) dismissed a challenge to the findings of reports that stated that average temperatures in the country had increased On June 18, 2012, Chile's legislature passed Law 20600 on the creation of new environmental courts, thereby granting the Superintendency of the Environment the power to prosecute environmental violations. (Law 20600 Creating Environmental Courts (June On May 29, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Clean Air Law 5768-2008. A stated objective of the Law is to improve air quality and prevent and minimize air pollution by, among On March 19, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Pollutant and Transfers to the Environment - Duties of Reporting and Registration) Law 5772-2012. The stated objectives of the Law are to increase the Denmark's Environment Ministry is planning to propose a tax on the chemical dihydrogen monoxide (DHMO) as a method to discourage its use. DHMO is odorless but potentially lethal. High levels of the substance were found in A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On January 18, 2012, Namibia's Minister of Environment and Tourism put into effect the Environmental Management Act (EMA), Act No. 7 of 2007. (Government Gazette of the Republic of Namibia, No. 3966 (Dec. 27, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change On October 20, 2011, the Supreme Court of Mongolia ruled that the country's government must enforce its 2009 environmental protection resolution restricting mining in some locations. The decision came in a case filed by the United On May 15, 2011, the New Zealand Minister for the Environment, Hon. Nick Smith, announced that a new law regulating "freedom camping" would be introduced in Parliament this month to address problems related to irresponsible campers. On March 28, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Inspection and Enforcement Authorities) Law, 5771-2011. The Law states as its goal the protection, maintenance, and improvement of the quality of the environment and On March 29, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro approved, during the first session of debate, a bill of law that some say, if adopted, might help fight global warming. The On January 19, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Regulation of Processing of Packaging Law, 5771-2011. The Law declares that it is intended to regulate both the production and the processing of packaging material waste In June 2010, India's Parliament adopted the National Green Tribunal Act (NGT Act), which established a new court, the National Green Tribunal, exclusively for handling cases involving environmental law. The Tribunal began operations on October 19, It was reported on December 10, 2010, that Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration (EPA) has drafted revisions to the relevant laws on recycling of appliances that will ban retailers from charging consumers a fee for the removal On October 21, 2010, the Bahraini Ministry of Homeland Security began enforcing a royal decree issued in 1999 that bans the use of all types of microphones attached to mosques. Muslim clerics in Bahrain have been On November 4, 2010, the European Commission made public a proposal for a regulation to introduce a ban on the use of phosphates and phosphate compounds in laundry detergents, in order to limit the amount of It was reported on October 24, 2010, that a joint committee comprising the African Development Bank (AfDB), the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (ECA), and the African Union Commission (AUC) issued a Consensus Statement on On September 27, 2010, the Bangladeshi Parliament passed the Environment Protection Bill 2010, to amend the Bangladesh Environment Protection Act 1995. The amended law "empowers the government to control the production, processing, stockpiling, supplying, transporting, importing, On September 10, 2010, Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration announced the implementation of measures aimed at encouraging domestic companies to cut carbon dioxide emissions. The measures are set forth in the "Executive Yuan [Cabinet] Environmental Protection Agency A leading British supermarket chain, Sainsbury's, is to be prosecuted for using too much packaging on one of its products, according to a news report of September 17, 2010. The day before this announcement, the supermarket On August 31, 2010, Taiwan and Australia signed a memorandum of understanding on establishing more extensive bilateral cooperation to promote green energy industries and technologies. It is the first agreement of its kind between the two The French Parliament adopted Law 2010-788 of July 12, 2010, on National Commitment for the Environment, also referred to as the "Grenelle II Law." (Loi 2010-788 du 12 juillet 2010 portant engagement national pour l'environnement, On July 29, 2010, the Minsk City Economic Court, in Belarus, ordered a church to pay compensation for environmental damage it allegedly caused in the city. The New Life Church (NLC), a Protestant congregation, was asked On July 23, 2010, the Amsterdam District Court imposed the maximum fine of 1 million (about US$1.28 million) on Trafigura Beheer BV, a multinational oil trading company, for illegally shipping 400 tons of hazardous toxic sludge, On July 14, 2010, the Climate Change Committee of the European Commission endorsed the Commission's proposal for a regulation that establishes rules governing the auctioning of emissions allowances under the EU Emissions Trading System (ETS) and Japan's legislature, the Diet, passed an amendment of the Waste Disposal and Cleaning Law (Law No. 137 of 1970) in May 2010 (Law No. 34 of 2010). The amendment will be effective within one year and On June 11, 2010, Dr. Rob Davies, Minister of Trade and Industry of South Africa, published for public comment a proposed sub-regulation to the National Building Regulations and Building Standards Act to make new buildings energy On June 1, 2010, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) released information on the proceedings instituted by Australia against Japan for alleged breaches of international obligations concerning whaling. (Press Release, ICJ, Australia Institutes Proceedings Against Japan Indonesia and Norway have established a partnership through which Norway will grant the equivalent of US$1 billion in aid to Indonesia for forest preservation and climate control. Indonesia had said in 2009 that it plans to On March 2, 2010, the General Court of the European Union rejected a challenge, brought by "the world's largest steel producer" Arcelor S.A., to the EU's 2003 Emissions Trading Directive. The Luxembourg-based company argued that several On February 9, 2010, the Government of Ireland issued a statement to confirm that it is proceeding with the waste management strategy contained in the 2007 Programme for Government and the 2009 Renewed Program for Government.... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 04 Mar 2010 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401851_text Global Legal Monitor: Ivory Coast: Deal Made to Compensate Toxic Waste Victims http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401828_text Environmental protection - On April 14, 2014, the Government of Portugal published Law No. 19, which defines the basis for the country's environmental policy pursuant to the terms of articles 9 and 66 of the Constitution. (Lei No. On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano In August 2013, Syngenta, a Swiss agrochemical company, and Bayer, a German agrochemical company, initiated legal action before the European Court of Justice, challenging the European Commission's decision to ban the pesticide thiamethoxam, which is used On September 1, 2013, a new European Union Regulation on Biocides entered into force. Biocides are chemicals used to control organisms that are harmful to human and animal health and to the environment, such as pests Denmark's Environment Minister, Ida Auken, has announced a new approach to handling rubbish in the country. In September, the government is expected to present a plan to require households to sort trash into several bins, On June 30, 2013, the other members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) urged Indonesia to ratify a treaty designed to limit smog pollution across On May 20, 2013, the Supreme Court of Israel approved a plea bargain that included an unprecedented high amount of compensation in a class-action suit for violation of the prohibition on smoking in public places, in On May 28, 2013, during a visit by President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono of Indonesia to Sweden, the two countries signed a Memorandum of Understanding on sustainable The Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs (MLTM) of the Republic of Korea promulgated the revised enforcement rule for the Marine Environment Management Act on On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 3, 2012, Indonesia and South Korea concluded an agreement to restore the Ciliwung River, which flows from the mountains down through Jakarta On November 20, 2012, the New Zealand government formally lodged with the International Court of Justice (ICJ) a declaration of its intention to intervene in the On September 7, 2012, the New Zealand High Court (the third highest court in New Zealand's court hierarchy) dismissed a challenge to the findings of reports that stated that average temperatures in the country had increased On June 18, 2012, Chile's legislature passed Law 20600 on the creation of new environmental courts, thereby granting the Superintendency of the Environment the power to prosecute environmental violations. (Law 20600 Creating Environmental Courts (June On May 29, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Clean Air Law 5768-2008. A stated objective of the Law is to improve air quality and prevent and minimize air pollution by, among On March 19, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Pollutant and Transfers to the Environment - Duties of Reporting and Registration) Law 5772-2012. The stated objectives of the Law are to increase the Denmark's Environment Ministry is planning to propose a tax on the chemical dihydrogen monoxide (DHMO) as a method to discourage its use. DHMO is odorless but potentially lethal. High levels of the substance were found in A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On January 18, 2012, Namibia's Minister of Environment and Tourism put into effect the Environmental Management Act (EMA), Act No. 7 of 2007. (Government Gazette of the Republic of Namibia, No. 3966 (Dec. 27, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change On October 20, 2011, the Supreme Court of Mongolia ruled that the country's government must enforce its 2009 environmental protection resolution restricting mining in some locations. The decision came in a case filed by the United On May 15, 2011, the New Zealand Minister for the Environment, Hon. Nick Smith, announced that a new law regulating "freedom camping" would be introduced in Parliament this month to address problems related to irresponsible campers. On March 28, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Inspection and Enforcement Authorities) Law, 5771-2011. The Law states as its goal the protection, maintenance, and improvement of the quality of the environment and On March 29, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro approved, during the first session of debate, a bill of law that some say, if adopted, might help fight global warming. The On January 19, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Regulation of Processing of Packaging Law, 5771-2011. The Law declares that it is intended to regulate both the production and the processing of packaging material waste In June 2010, India's Parliament adopted the National Green Tribunal Act (NGT Act), which established a new court, the National Green Tribunal, exclusively for handling cases involving environmental law. The Tribunal began operations on October 19, It was reported on December 10, 2010, that Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration (EPA) has drafted revisions to the relevant laws on recycling of appliances that will ban retailers from charging consumers a fee for the removal On October 21, 2010, the Bahraini Ministry of Homeland Security began enforcing a royal decree issued in 1999 that bans the use of all types of microphones attached to mosques. Muslim clerics in Bahrain have been On November 4, 2010, the European Commission made public a proposal for a regulation to introduce a ban on the use of phosphates and phosphate compounds in laundry detergents, in order to limit the amount of It was reported on October 24, 2010, that a joint committee comprising the African Development Bank (AfDB), the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (ECA), and the African Union Commission (AUC) issued a Consensus Statement on On September 27, 2010, the Bangladeshi Parliament passed the Environment Protection Bill 2010, to amend the Bangladesh Environment Protection Act 1995. The amended law "empowers the government to control the production, processing, stockpiling, supplying, transporting, importing, On September 10, 2010, Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration announced the implementation of measures aimed at encouraging domestic companies to cut carbon dioxide emissions. The measures are set forth in the "Executive Yuan [Cabinet] Environmental Protection Agency A leading British supermarket chain, Sainsbury's, is to be prosecuted for using too much packaging on one of its products, according to a news report of September 17, 2010. The day before this announcement, the supermarket On August 31, 2010, Taiwan and Australia signed a memorandum of understanding on establishing more extensive bilateral cooperation to promote green energy industries and technologies. It is the first agreement of its kind between the two The French Parliament adopted Law 2010-788 of July 12, 2010, on National Commitment for the Environment, also referred to as the "Grenelle II Law." (Loi 2010-788 du 12 juillet 2010 portant engagement national pour l'environnement, On July 29, 2010, the Minsk City Economic Court, in Belarus, ordered a church to pay compensation for environmental damage it allegedly caused in the city. The New Life Church (NLC), a Protestant congregation, was asked On July 23, 2010, the Amsterdam District Court imposed the maximum fine of 1 million (about US$1.28 million) on Trafigura Beheer BV, a multinational oil trading company, for illegally shipping 400 tons of hazardous toxic sludge, On July 14, 2010, the Climate Change Committee of the European Commission endorsed the Commission's proposal for a regulation that establishes rules governing the auctioning of emissions allowances under the EU Emissions Trading System (ETS) and Japan's legislature, the Diet, passed an amendment of the Waste Disposal and Cleaning Law (Law No. 137 of 1970) in May 2010 (Law No. 34 of 2010). The amendment will be effective within one year and On June 11, 2010, Dr. Rob Davies, Minister of Trade and Industry of South Africa, published for public comment a proposed sub-regulation to the National Building Regulations and Building Standards Act to make new buildings energy On June 1, 2010, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) released information on the proceedings instituted by Australia against Japan for alleged breaches of international obligations concerning whaling. (Press Release, ICJ, Australia Institutes Proceedings Against Japan Indonesia and Norway have established a partnership through which Norway will grant the equivalent of US$1 billion in aid to Indonesia for forest preservation and climate control. Indonesia had said in 2009 that it plans to On March 2, 2010, the General Court of the European Union rejected a challenge, brought by "the world's largest steel producer" Arcelor S.A., to the EU's 2003 Emissions Trading Directive. The Luxembourg-based company argued that several On February 9, 2010, the Government of Ireland issued a statement to confirm that it is proceeding with the waste management strategy contained in the 2007 Programme for Government and the 2009 Renewed Program for Government. Victims of toxic waste poisoning in the Ivory Coast have reached an agreement with the Dutch company Trafigura; the deal concerns distribution of approximately US$45 million in compensation to 31,000 victims. A court order issued in... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 19 Feb 2010 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401828_text Global Legal Monitor: Chile: New Law Creates Ministry for the Environment, Other Environmental Agencies http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401817_text Environmental protection - On April 14, 2014, the Government of Portugal published Law No. 19, which defines the basis for the country's environmental policy pursuant to the terms of articles 9 and 66 of the Constitution. (Lei No. On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano In August 2013, Syngenta, a Swiss agrochemical company, and Bayer, a German agrochemical company, initiated legal action before the European Court of Justice, challenging the European Commission's decision to ban the pesticide thiamethoxam, which is used On September 1, 2013, a new European Union Regulation on Biocides entered into force. Biocides are chemicals used to control organisms that are harmful to human and animal health and to the environment, such as pests Denmark's Environment Minister, Ida Auken, has announced a new approach to handling rubbish in the country. In September, the government is expected to present a plan to require households to sort trash into several bins, On June 30, 2013, the other members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) urged Indonesia to ratify a treaty designed to limit smog pollution across On May 20, 2013, the Supreme Court of Israel approved a plea bargain that included an unprecedented high amount of compensation in a class-action suit for violation of the prohibition on smoking in public places, in On May 28, 2013, during a visit by President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono of Indonesia to Sweden, the two countries signed a Memorandum of Understanding on sustainable The Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs (MLTM) of the Republic of Korea promulgated the revised enforcement rule for the Marine Environment Management Act on On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 3, 2012, Indonesia and South Korea concluded an agreement to restore the Ciliwung River, which flows from the mountains down through Jakarta On November 20, 2012, the New Zealand government formally lodged with the International Court of Justice (ICJ) a declaration of its intention to intervene in the On September 7, 2012, the New Zealand High Court (the third highest court in New Zealand's court hierarchy) dismissed a challenge to the findings of reports that stated that average temperatures in the country had increased On June 18, 2012, Chile's legislature passed Law 20600 on the creation of new environmental courts, thereby granting the Superintendency of the Environment the power to prosecute environmental violations. (Law 20600 Creating Environmental Courts (June On May 29, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Clean Air Law 5768-2008. A stated objective of the Law is to improve air quality and prevent and minimize air pollution by, among On March 19, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Pollutant and Transfers to the Environment - Duties of Reporting and Registration) Law 5772-2012. The stated objectives of the Law are to increase the Denmark's Environment Ministry is planning to propose a tax on the chemical dihydrogen monoxide (DHMO) as a method to discourage its use. DHMO is odorless but potentially lethal. High levels of the substance were found in A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On January 18, 2012, Namibia's Minister of Environment and Tourism put into effect the Environmental Management Act (EMA), Act No. 7 of 2007. (Government Gazette of the Republic of Namibia, No. 3966 (Dec. 27, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change On October 20, 2011, the Supreme Court of Mongolia ruled that the country's government must enforce its 2009 environmental protection resolution restricting mining in some locations. The decision came in a case filed by the United On May 15, 2011, the New Zealand Minister for the Environment, Hon. Nick Smith, announced that a new law regulating "freedom camping" would be introduced in Parliament this month to address problems related to irresponsible campers. On March 28, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Inspection and Enforcement Authorities) Law, 5771-2011. The Law states as its goal the protection, maintenance, and improvement of the quality of the environment and On March 29, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro approved, during the first session of debate, a bill of law that some say, if adopted, might help fight global warming. The On January 19, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Regulation of Processing of Packaging Law, 5771-2011. The Law declares that it is intended to regulate both the production and the processing of packaging material waste In June 2010, India's Parliament adopted the National Green Tribunal Act (NGT Act), which established a new court, the National Green Tribunal, exclusively for handling cases involving environmental law. The Tribunal began operations on October 19, It was reported on December 10, 2010, that Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration (EPA) has drafted revisions to the relevant laws on recycling of appliances that will ban retailers from charging consumers a fee for the removal On October 21, 2010, the Bahraini Ministry of Homeland Security began enforcing a royal decree issued in 1999 that bans the use of all types of microphones attached to mosques. Muslim clerics in Bahrain have been On November 4, 2010, the European Commission made public a proposal for a regulation to introduce a ban on the use of phosphates and phosphate compounds in laundry detergents, in order to limit the amount of It was reported on October 24, 2010, that a joint committee comprising the African Development Bank (AfDB), the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (ECA), and the African Union Commission (AUC) issued a Consensus Statement on On September 27, 2010, the Bangladeshi Parliament passed the Environment Protection Bill 2010, to amend the Bangladesh Environment Protection Act 1995. The amended law "empowers the government to control the production, processing, stockpiling, supplying, transporting, importing, On September 10, 2010, Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration announced the implementation of measures aimed at encouraging domestic companies to cut carbon dioxide emissions. The measures are set forth in the "Executive Yuan [Cabinet] Environmental Protection Agency A leading British supermarket chain, Sainsbury's, is to be prosecuted for using too much packaging on one of its products, according to a news report of September 17, 2010. The day before this announcement, the supermarket On August 31, 2010, Taiwan and Australia signed a memorandum of understanding on establishing more extensive bilateral cooperation to promote green energy industries and technologies. It is the first agreement of its kind between the two The French Parliament adopted Law 2010-788 of July 12, 2010, on National Commitment for the Environment, also referred to as the "Grenelle II Law." (Loi 2010-788 du 12 juillet 2010 portant engagement national pour l'environnement, On July 29, 2010, the Minsk City Economic Court, in Belarus, ordered a church to pay compensation for environmental damage it allegedly caused in the city. The New Life Church (NLC), a Protestant congregation, was asked On July 23, 2010, the Amsterdam District Court imposed the maximum fine of 1 million (about US$1.28 million) on Trafigura Beheer BV, a multinational oil trading company, for illegally shipping 400 tons of hazardous toxic sludge, On July 14, 2010, the Climate Change Committee of the European Commission endorsed the Commission's proposal for a regulation that establishes rules governing the auctioning of emissions allowances under the EU Emissions Trading System (ETS) and Japan's legislature, the Diet, passed an amendment of the Waste Disposal and Cleaning Law (Law No. 137 of 1970) in May 2010 (Law No. 34 of 2010). The amendment will be effective within one year and On June 11, 2010, Dr. Rob Davies, Minister of Trade and Industry of South Africa, published for public comment a proposed sub-regulation to the National Building Regulations and Building Standards Act to make new buildings energy On June 1, 2010, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) released information on the proceedings instituted by Australia against Japan for alleged breaches of international obligations concerning whaling. (Press Release, ICJ, Australia Institutes Proceedings Against Japan Indonesia and Norway have established a partnership through which Norway will grant the equivalent of US$1 billion in aid to Indonesia for forest preservation and climate control. Indonesia had said in 2009 that it plans to On March 2, 2010, the General Court of the European Union rejected a challenge, brought by "the world's largest steel producer" Arcelor S.A., to the EU's 2003 Emissions Trading Directive. The Luxembourg-based company argued that several On February 9, 2010, the Government of Ireland issued a statement to confirm that it is proceeding with the waste management strategy contained in the 2007 Programme for Government and the 2009 Renewed Program for Government. Victims of toxic waste poisoning in the Ivory Coast have reached an agreement with the Dutch company Trafigura; the deal concerns distribution of approximately US$45 million in compensation to 31,000 victims. A court order issued in Chile has enacted a new law that creates the Ministry of the Environment, the Environmental Evaluation Service, and the Superintendency for the Environment. It also contains other, less substantive amendments. (Ley 20417, amending Law 19,300 of... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 17 Feb 2010 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401817_text Global Legal Monitor: France: Constitutional Council Invalidates Carbon Tax http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401759_text Environmental protection - On April 14, 2014, the Government of Portugal published Law No. 19, which defines the basis for the country's environmental policy pursuant to the terms of articles 9 and 66 of the Constitution. (Lei No. On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano In August 2013, Syngenta, a Swiss agrochemical company, and Bayer, a German agrochemical company, initiated legal action before the European Court of Justice, challenging the European Commission's decision to ban the pesticide thiamethoxam, which is used On September 1, 2013, a new European Union Regulation on Biocides entered into force. Biocides are chemicals used to control organisms that are harmful to human and animal health and to the environment, such as pests Denmark's Environment Minister, Ida Auken, has announced a new approach to handling rubbish in the country. In September, the government is expected to present a plan to require households to sort trash into several bins, On June 30, 2013, the other members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) urged Indonesia to ratify a treaty designed to limit smog pollution across On May 20, 2013, the Supreme Court of Israel approved a plea bargain that included an unprecedented high amount of compensation in a class-action suit for violation of the prohibition on smoking in public places, in On May 28, 2013, during a visit by President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono of Indonesia to Sweden, the two countries signed a Memorandum of Understanding on sustainable The Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs (MLTM) of the Republic of Korea promulgated the revised enforcement rule for the Marine Environment Management Act on On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 3, 2012, Indonesia and South Korea concluded an agreement to restore the Ciliwung River, which flows from the mountains down through Jakarta On November 20, 2012, the New Zealand government formally lodged with the International Court of Justice (ICJ) a declaration of its intention to intervene in the On September 7, 2012, the New Zealand High Court (the third highest court in New Zealand's court hierarchy) dismissed a challenge to the findings of reports that stated that average temperatures in the country had increased On June 18, 2012, Chile's legislature passed Law 20600 on the creation of new environmental courts, thereby granting the Superintendency of the Environment the power to prosecute environmental violations. (Law 20600 Creating Environmental Courts (June On May 29, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Clean Air Law 5768-2008. A stated objective of the Law is to improve air quality and prevent and minimize air pollution by, among On March 19, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Pollutant and Transfers to the Environment - Duties of Reporting and Registration) Law 5772-2012. The stated objectives of the Law are to increase the Denmark's Environment Ministry is planning to propose a tax on the chemical dihydrogen monoxide (DHMO) as a method to discourage its use. DHMO is odorless but potentially lethal. High levels of the substance were found in A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On January 18, 2012, Namibia's Minister of Environment and Tourism put into effect the Environmental Management Act (EMA), Act No. 7 of 2007. (Government Gazette of the Republic of Namibia, No. 3966 (Dec. 27, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change On October 20, 2011, the Supreme Court of Mongolia ruled that the country's government must enforce its 2009 environmental protection resolution restricting mining in some locations. The decision came in a case filed by the United On May 15, 2011, the New Zealand Minister for the Environment, Hon. Nick Smith, announced that a new law regulating "freedom camping" would be introduced in Parliament this month to address problems related to irresponsible campers. On March 28, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Inspection and Enforcement Authorities) Law, 5771-2011. The Law states as its goal the protection, maintenance, and improvement of the quality of the environment and On March 29, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro approved, during the first session of debate, a bill of law that some say, if adopted, might help fight global warming. The On January 19, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Regulation of Processing of Packaging Law, 5771-2011. The Law declares that it is intended to regulate both the production and the processing of packaging material waste In June 2010, India's Parliament adopted the National Green Tribunal Act (NGT Act), which established a new court, the National Green Tribunal, exclusively for handling cases involving environmental law. The Tribunal began operations on October 19, It was reported on December 10, 2010, that Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration (EPA) has drafted revisions to the relevant laws on recycling of appliances that will ban retailers from charging consumers a fee for the removal On October 21, 2010, the Bahraini Ministry of Homeland Security began enforcing a royal decree issued in 1999 that bans the use of all types of microphones attached to mosques. Muslim clerics in Bahrain have been On November 4, 2010, the European Commission made public a proposal for a regulation to introduce a ban on the use of phosphates and phosphate compounds in laundry detergents, in order to limit the amount of It was reported on October 24, 2010, that a joint committee comprising the African Development Bank (AfDB), the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (ECA), and the African Union Commission (AUC) issued a Consensus Statement on On September 27, 2010, the Bangladeshi Parliament passed the Environment Protection Bill 2010, to amend the Bangladesh Environment Protection Act 1995. The amended law "empowers the government to control the production, processing, stockpiling, supplying, transporting, importing, On September 10, 2010, Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration announced the implementation of measures aimed at encouraging domestic companies to cut carbon dioxide emissions. The measures are set forth in the "Executive Yuan [Cabinet] Environmental Protection Agency A leading British supermarket chain, Sainsbury's, is to be prosecuted for using too much packaging on one of its products, according to a news report of September 17, 2010. The day before this announcement, the supermarket On August 31, 2010, Taiwan and Australia signed a memorandum of understanding on establishing more extensive bilateral cooperation to promote green energy industries and technologies. It is the first agreement of its kind between the two The French Parliament adopted Law 2010-788 of July 12, 2010, on National Commitment for the Environment, also referred to as the "Grenelle II Law." (Loi 2010-788 du 12 juillet 2010 portant engagement national pour l'environnement, On July 29, 2010, the Minsk City Economic Court, in Belarus, ordered a church to pay compensation for environmental damage it allegedly caused in the city. The New Life Church (NLC), a Protestant congregation, was asked On July 23, 2010, the Amsterdam District Court imposed the maximum fine of 1 million (about US$1.28 million) on Trafigura Beheer BV, a multinational oil trading company, for illegally shipping 400 tons of hazardous toxic sludge, On July 14, 2010, the Climate Change Committee of the European Commission endorsed the Commission's proposal for a regulation that establishes rules governing the auctioning of emissions allowances under the EU Emissions Trading System (ETS) and Japan's legislature, the Diet, passed an amendment of the Waste Disposal and Cleaning Law (Law No. 137 of 1970) in May 2010 (Law No. 34 of 2010). The amendment will be effective within one year and On June 11, 2010, Dr. Rob Davies, Minister of Trade and Industry of South Africa, published for public comment a proposed sub-regulation to the National Building Regulations and Building Standards Act to make new buildings energy On June 1, 2010, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) released information on the proceedings instituted by Australia against Japan for alleged breaches of international obligations concerning whaling. (Press Release, ICJ, Australia Institutes Proceedings Against Japan Indonesia and Norway have established a partnership through which Norway will grant the equivalent of US$1 billion in aid to Indonesia for forest preservation and climate control. Indonesia had said in 2009 that it plans to On March 2, 2010, the General Court of the European Union rejected a challenge, brought by "the world's largest steel producer" Arcelor S.A., to the EU's 2003 Emissions Trading Directive. The Luxembourg-based company argued that several On February 9, 2010, the Government of Ireland issued a statement to confirm that it is proceeding with the waste management strategy contained in the 2007 Programme for Government and the 2009 Renewed Program for Government. Victims of toxic waste poisoning in the Ivory Coast have reached an agreement with the Dutch company Trafigura; the deal concerns distribution of approximately US$45 million in compensation to 31,000 victims. A court order issued in Chile has enacted a new law that creates the Ministry of the Environment, the Environmental Evaluation Service, and the Superintendency for the Environment. It also contains other, less substantive amendments. (Ley 20417, amending Law 19,300 of On December 29, 2009, France's Constitutional Council, which ensures the constitutionality of laws prior to their promulgation by the President of the Republic, invalidated the carbon tax set forth in article 7 of the draft 2010... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 05 Jan 2010 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401759_text Global Legal Monitor: New Zealand: Amendments to Emissions Trading Scheme Passed http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401701_text Environmental protection - On April 14, 2014, the Government of Portugal published Law No. 19, which defines the basis for the country's environmental policy pursuant to the terms of articles 9 and 66 of the Constitution. (Lei No. On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano In August 2013, Syngenta, a Swiss agrochemical company, and Bayer, a German agrochemical company, initiated legal action before the European Court of Justice, challenging the European Commission's decision to ban the pesticide thiamethoxam, which is used On September 1, 2013, a new European Union Regulation on Biocides entered into force. Biocides are chemicals used to control organisms that are harmful to human and animal health and to the environment, such as pests Denmark's Environment Minister, Ida Auken, has announced a new approach to handling rubbish in the country. In September, the government is expected to present a plan to require households to sort trash into several bins, On June 30, 2013, the other members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) urged Indonesia to ratify a treaty designed to limit smog pollution across On May 20, 2013, the Supreme Court of Israel approved a plea bargain that included an unprecedented high amount of compensation in a class-action suit for violation of the prohibition on smoking in public places, in On May 28, 2013, during a visit by President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono of Indonesia to Sweden, the two countries signed a Memorandum of Understanding on sustainable The Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs (MLTM) of the Republic of Korea promulgated the revised enforcement rule for the Marine Environment Management Act on On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 3, 2012, Indonesia and South Korea concluded an agreement to restore the Ciliwung River, which flows from the mountains down through Jakarta On November 20, 2012, the New Zealand government formally lodged with the International Court of Justice (ICJ) a declaration of its intention to intervene in the On September 7, 2012, the New Zealand High Court (the third highest court in New Zealand's court hierarchy) dismissed a challenge to the findings of reports that stated that average temperatures in the country had increased On June 18, 2012, Chile's legislature passed Law 20600 on the creation of new environmental courts, thereby granting the Superintendency of the Environment the power to prosecute environmental violations. (Law 20600 Creating Environmental Courts (June On May 29, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Clean Air Law 5768-2008. A stated objective of the Law is to improve air quality and prevent and minimize air pollution by, among On March 19, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Pollutant and Transfers to the Environment - Duties of Reporting and Registration) Law 5772-2012. The stated objectives of the Law are to increase the Denmark's Environment Ministry is planning to propose a tax on the chemical dihydrogen monoxide (DHMO) as a method to discourage its use. DHMO is odorless but potentially lethal. High levels of the substance were found in A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On January 18, 2012, Namibia's Minister of Environment and Tourism put into effect the Environmental Management Act (EMA), Act No. 7 of 2007. (Government Gazette of the Republic of Namibia, No. 3966 (Dec. 27, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change On October 20, 2011, the Supreme Court of Mongolia ruled that the country's government must enforce its 2009 environmental protection resolution restricting mining in some locations. The decision came in a case filed by the United On May 15, 2011, the New Zealand Minister for the Environment, Hon. Nick Smith, announced that a new law regulating "freedom camping" would be introduced in Parliament this month to address problems related to irresponsible campers. On March 28, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Inspection and Enforcement Authorities) Law, 5771-2011. The Law states as its goal the protection, maintenance, and improvement of the quality of the environment and On March 29, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro approved, during the first session of debate, a bill of law that some say, if adopted, might help fight global warming. The On January 19, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Regulation of Processing of Packaging Law, 5771-2011. The Law declares that it is intended to regulate both the production and the processing of packaging material waste In June 2010, India's Parliament adopted the National Green Tribunal Act (NGT Act), which established a new court, the National Green Tribunal, exclusively for handling cases involving environmental law. The Tribunal began operations on October 19, It was reported on December 10, 2010, that Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration (EPA) has drafted revisions to the relevant laws on recycling of appliances that will ban retailers from charging consumers a fee for the removal On October 21, 2010, the Bahraini Ministry of Homeland Security began enforcing a royal decree issued in 1999 that bans the use of all types of microphones attached to mosques. Muslim clerics in Bahrain have been On November 4, 2010, the European Commission made public a proposal for a regulation to introduce a ban on the use of phosphates and phosphate compounds in laundry detergents, in order to limit the amount of It was reported on October 24, 2010, that a joint committee comprising the African Development Bank (AfDB), the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (ECA), and the African Union Commission (AUC) issued a Consensus Statement on On September 27, 2010, the Bangladeshi Parliament passed the Environment Protection Bill 2010, to amend the Bangladesh Environment Protection Act 1995. The amended law "empowers the government to control the production, processing, stockpiling, supplying, transporting, importing, On September 10, 2010, Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration announced the implementation of measures aimed at encouraging domestic companies to cut carbon dioxide emissions. The measures are set forth in the "Executive Yuan [Cabinet] Environmental Protection Agency A leading British supermarket chain, Sainsbury's, is to be prosecuted for using too much packaging on one of its products, according to a news report of September 17, 2010. The day before this announcement, the supermarket On August 31, 2010, Taiwan and Australia signed a memorandum of understanding on establishing more extensive bilateral cooperation to promote green energy industries and technologies. It is the first agreement of its kind between the two The French Parliament adopted Law 2010-788 of July 12, 2010, on National Commitment for the Environment, also referred to as the "Grenelle II Law." (Loi 2010-788 du 12 juillet 2010 portant engagement national pour l'environnement, On July 29, 2010, the Minsk City Economic Court, in Belarus, ordered a church to pay compensation for environmental damage it allegedly caused in the city. The New Life Church (NLC), a Protestant congregation, was asked On July 23, 2010, the Amsterdam District Court imposed the maximum fine of 1 million (about US$1.28 million) on Trafigura Beheer BV, a multinational oil trading company, for illegally shipping 400 tons of hazardous toxic sludge, On July 14, 2010, the Climate Change Committee of the European Commission endorsed the Commission's proposal for a regulation that establishes rules governing the auctioning of emissions allowances under the EU Emissions Trading System (ETS) and Japan's legislature, the Diet, passed an amendment of the Waste Disposal and Cleaning Law (Law No. 137 of 1970) in May 2010 (Law No. 34 of 2010). The amendment will be effective within one year and On June 11, 2010, Dr. Rob Davies, Minister of Trade and Industry of South Africa, published for public comment a proposed sub-regulation to the National Building Regulations and Building Standards Act to make new buildings energy On June 1, 2010, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) released information on the proceedings instituted by Australia against Japan for alleged breaches of international obligations concerning whaling. (Press Release, ICJ, Australia Institutes Proceedings Against Japan Indonesia and Norway have established a partnership through which Norway will grant the equivalent of US$1 billion in aid to Indonesia for forest preservation and climate control. Indonesia had said in 2009 that it plans to On March 2, 2010, the General Court of the European Union rejected a challenge, brought by "the world's largest steel producer" Arcelor S.A., to the EU's 2003 Emissions Trading Directive. The Luxembourg-based company argued that several On February 9, 2010, the Government of Ireland issued a statement to confirm that it is proceeding with the waste management strategy contained in the 2007 Programme for Government and the 2009 Renewed Program for Government. Victims of toxic waste poisoning in the Ivory Coast have reached an agreement with the Dutch company Trafigura; the deal concerns distribution of approximately US$45 million in compensation to 31,000 victims. A court order issued in Chile has enacted a new law that creates the Ministry of the Environment, the Environmental Evaluation Service, and the Superintendency for the Environment. It also contains other, less substantive amendments. (Ley 20417, amending Law 19,300 of On December 29, 2009, France's Constitutional Council, which ensures the constitutionality of laws prior to their promulgation by the President of the Republic, invalidated the carbon tax set forth in article 7 of the draft 2010 On November 25, 2009, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Climate Change Response (Moderated Emissions Trading) Amendment Bill. This legislation amends the scheme that was enacted by the previous government in September 2008, which was due... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 01 Dec 2009 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401701_text Global Legal Monitor: China: National People's Congress Resolution on Climate Change http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401694_text Environmental protection - On April 14, 2014, the Government of Portugal published Law No. 19, which defines the basis for the country's environmental policy pursuant to the terms of articles 9 and 66 of the Constitution. (Lei No. On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano In August 2013, Syngenta, a Swiss agrochemical company, and Bayer, a German agrochemical company, initiated legal action before the European Court of Justice, challenging the European Commission's decision to ban the pesticide thiamethoxam, which is used On September 1, 2013, a new European Union Regulation on Biocides entered into force. Biocides are chemicals used to control organisms that are harmful to human and animal health and to the environment, such as pests Denmark's Environment Minister, Ida Auken, has announced a new approach to handling rubbish in the country. In September, the government is expected to present a plan to require households to sort trash into several bins, On June 30, 2013, the other members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) urged Indonesia to ratify a treaty designed to limit smog pollution across On May 20, 2013, the Supreme Court of Israel approved a plea bargain that included an unprecedented high amount of compensation in a class-action suit for violation of the prohibition on smoking in public places, in On May 28, 2013, during a visit by President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono of Indonesia to Sweden, the two countries signed a Memorandum of Understanding on sustainable The Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs (MLTM) of the Republic of Korea promulgated the revised enforcement rule for the Marine Environment Management Act on On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 3, 2012, Indonesia and South Korea concluded an agreement to restore the Ciliwung River, which flows from the mountains down through Jakarta On November 20, 2012, the New Zealand government formally lodged with the International Court of Justice (ICJ) a declaration of its intention to intervene in the On September 7, 2012, the New Zealand High Court (the third highest court in New Zealand's court hierarchy) dismissed a challenge to the findings of reports that stated that average temperatures in the country had increased On June 18, 2012, Chile's legislature passed Law 20600 on the creation of new environmental courts, thereby granting the Superintendency of the Environment the power to prosecute environmental violations. (Law 20600 Creating Environmental Courts (June On May 29, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Clean Air Law 5768-2008. A stated objective of the Law is to improve air quality and prevent and minimize air pollution by, among On March 19, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Pollutant and Transfers to the Environment - Duties of Reporting and Registration) Law 5772-2012. The stated objectives of the Law are to increase the Denmark's Environment Ministry is planning to propose a tax on the chemical dihydrogen monoxide (DHMO) as a method to discourage its use. DHMO is odorless but potentially lethal. High levels of the substance were found in A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On January 18, 2012, Namibia's Minister of Environment and Tourism put into effect the Environmental Management Act (EMA), Act No. 7 of 2007. (Government Gazette of the Republic of Namibia, No. 3966 (Dec. 27, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change On October 20, 2011, the Supreme Court of Mongolia ruled that the country's government must enforce its 2009 environmental protection resolution restricting mining in some locations. The decision came in a case filed by the United On May 15, 2011, the New Zealand Minister for the Environment, Hon. Nick Smith, announced that a new law regulating "freedom camping" would be introduced in Parliament this month to address problems related to irresponsible campers. On March 28, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Inspection and Enforcement Authorities) Law, 5771-2011. The Law states as its goal the protection, maintenance, and improvement of the quality of the environment and On March 29, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro approved, during the first session of debate, a bill of law that some say, if adopted, might help fight global warming. The On January 19, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Regulation of Processing of Packaging Law, 5771-2011. The Law declares that it is intended to regulate both the production and the processing of packaging material waste In June 2010, India's Parliament adopted the National Green Tribunal Act (NGT Act), which established a new court, the National Green Tribunal, exclusively for handling cases involving environmental law. The Tribunal began operations on October 19, It was reported on December 10, 2010, that Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration (EPA) has drafted revisions to the relevant laws on recycling of appliances that will ban retailers from charging consumers a fee for the removal On October 21, 2010, the Bahraini Ministry of Homeland Security began enforcing a royal decree issued in 1999 that bans the use of all types of microphones attached to mosques. Muslim clerics in Bahrain have been On November 4, 2010, the European Commission made public a proposal for a regulation to introduce a ban on the use of phosphates and phosphate compounds in laundry detergents, in order to limit the amount of It was reported on October 24, 2010, that a joint committee comprising the African Development Bank (AfDB), the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (ECA), and the African Union Commission (AUC) issued a Consensus Statement on On September 27, 2010, the Bangladeshi Parliament passed the Environment Protection Bill 2010, to amend the Bangladesh Environment Protection Act 1995. The amended law "empowers the government to control the production, processing, stockpiling, supplying, transporting, importing, On September 10, 2010, Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration announced the implementation of measures aimed at encouraging domestic companies to cut carbon dioxide emissions. The measures are set forth in the "Executive Yuan [Cabinet] Environmental Protection Agency A leading British supermarket chain, Sainsbury's, is to be prosecuted for using too much packaging on one of its products, according to a news report of September 17, 2010. The day before this announcement, the supermarket On August 31, 2010, Taiwan and Australia signed a memorandum of understanding on establishing more extensive bilateral cooperation to promote green energy industries and technologies. It is the first agreement of its kind between the two The French Parliament adopted Law 2010-788 of July 12, 2010, on National Commitment for the Environment, also referred to as the "Grenelle II Law." (Loi 2010-788 du 12 juillet 2010 portant engagement national pour l'environnement, On July 29, 2010, the Minsk City Economic Court, in Belarus, ordered a church to pay compensation for environmental damage it allegedly caused in the city. The New Life Church (NLC), a Protestant congregation, was asked On July 23, 2010, the Amsterdam District Court imposed the maximum fine of 1 million (about US$1.28 million) on Trafigura Beheer BV, a multinational oil trading company, for illegally shipping 400 tons of hazardous toxic sludge, On July 14, 2010, the Climate Change Committee of the European Commission endorsed the Commission's proposal for a regulation that establishes rules governing the auctioning of emissions allowances under the EU Emissions Trading System (ETS) and Japan's legislature, the Diet, passed an amendment of the Waste Disposal and Cleaning Law (Law No. 137 of 1970) in May 2010 (Law No. 34 of 2010). The amendment will be effective within one year and On June 11, 2010, Dr. Rob Davies, Minister of Trade and Industry of South Africa, published for public comment a proposed sub-regulation to the National Building Regulations and Building Standards Act to make new buildings energy On June 1, 2010, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) released information on the proceedings instituted by Australia against Japan for alleged breaches of international obligations concerning whaling. (Press Release, ICJ, Australia Institutes Proceedings Against Japan Indonesia and Norway have established a partnership through which Norway will grant the equivalent of US$1 billion in aid to Indonesia for forest preservation and climate control. Indonesia had said in 2009 that it plans to On March 2, 2010, the General Court of the European Union rejected a challenge, brought by "the world's largest steel producer" Arcelor S.A., to the EU's 2003 Emissions Trading Directive. The Luxembourg-based company argued that several On February 9, 2010, the Government of Ireland issued a statement to confirm that it is proceeding with the waste management strategy contained in the 2007 Programme for Government and the 2009 Renewed Program for Government. Victims of toxic waste poisoning in the Ivory Coast have reached an agreement with the Dutch company Trafigura; the deal concerns distribution of approximately US$45 million in compensation to 31,000 victims. A court order issued in Chile has enacted a new law that creates the Ministry of the Environment, the Environmental Evaluation Service, and the Superintendency for the Environment. It also contains other, less substantive amendments. (Ley 20417, amending Law 19,300 of On December 29, 2009, France's Constitutional Council, which ensures the constitutionality of laws prior to their promulgation by the President of the Republic, invalidated the carbon tax set forth in article 7 of the draft 2010 On November 25, 2009, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Climate Change Response (Moderated Emissions Trading) Amendment Bill. This legislation amends the scheme that was enacted by the previous government in September 2008, which was due On August 27, 2009, the National People's Congress of China (NPC) Standing Committee adopted a Resolution on Actively Responding to Climate Change. This is the first resolution of its kind adopted by the top legislature of... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 27 Nov 2009 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401694_text Global Legal Monitor: Finland; Norway: Agreement on Removing Radioactive Batteries http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401678_text Environmental protection - On April 14, 2014, the Government of Portugal published Law No. 19, which defines the basis for the country's environmental policy pursuant to the terms of articles 9 and 66 of the Constitution. (Lei No. On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano In August 2013, Syngenta, a Swiss agrochemical company, and Bayer, a German agrochemical company, initiated legal action before the European Court of Justice, challenging the European Commission's decision to ban the pesticide thiamethoxam, which is used On September 1, 2013, a new European Union Regulation on Biocides entered into force. Biocides are chemicals used to control organisms that are harmful to human and animal health and to the environment, such as pests Denmark's Environment Minister, Ida Auken, has announced a new approach to handling rubbish in the country. In September, the government is expected to present a plan to require households to sort trash into several bins, On June 30, 2013, the other members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) urged Indonesia to ratify a treaty designed to limit smog pollution across On May 20, 2013, the Supreme Court of Israel approved a plea bargain that included an unprecedented high amount of compensation in a class-action suit for violation of the prohibition on smoking in public places, in On May 28, 2013, during a visit by President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono of Indonesia to Sweden, the two countries signed a Memorandum of Understanding on sustainable The Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs (MLTM) of the Republic of Korea promulgated the revised enforcement rule for the Marine Environment Management Act on On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 3, 2012, Indonesia and South Korea concluded an agreement to restore the Ciliwung River, which flows from the mountains down through Jakarta On November 20, 2012, the New Zealand government formally lodged with the International Court of Justice (ICJ) a declaration of its intention to intervene in the On September 7, 2012, the New Zealand High Court (the third highest court in New Zealand's court hierarchy) dismissed a challenge to the findings of reports that stated that average temperatures in the country had increased On June 18, 2012, Chile's legislature passed Law 20600 on the creation of new environmental courts, thereby granting the Superintendency of the Environment the power to prosecute environmental violations. (Law 20600 Creating Environmental Courts (June On May 29, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Clean Air Law 5768-2008. A stated objective of the Law is to improve air quality and prevent and minimize air pollution by, among On March 19, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Pollutant and Transfers to the Environment - Duties of Reporting and Registration) Law 5772-2012. The stated objectives of the Law are to increase the Denmark's Environment Ministry is planning to propose a tax on the chemical dihydrogen monoxide (DHMO) as a method to discourage its use. DHMO is odorless but potentially lethal. High levels of the substance were found in A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On January 18, 2012, Namibia's Minister of Environment and Tourism put into effect the Environmental Management Act (EMA), Act No. 7 of 2007. (Government Gazette of the Republic of Namibia, No. 3966 (Dec. 27, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change On October 20, 2011, the Supreme Court of Mongolia ruled that the country's government must enforce its 2009 environmental protection resolution restricting mining in some locations. The decision came in a case filed by the United On May 15, 2011, the New Zealand Minister for the Environment, Hon. Nick Smith, announced that a new law regulating "freedom camping" would be introduced in Parliament this month to address problems related to irresponsible campers. On March 28, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Inspection and Enforcement Authorities) Law, 5771-2011. The Law states as its goal the protection, maintenance, and improvement of the quality of the environment and On March 29, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro approved, during the first session of debate, a bill of law that some say, if adopted, might help fight global warming. The On January 19, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Regulation of Processing of Packaging Law, 5771-2011. The Law declares that it is intended to regulate both the production and the processing of packaging material waste In June 2010, India's Parliament adopted the National Green Tribunal Act (NGT Act), which established a new court, the National Green Tribunal, exclusively for handling cases involving environmental law. The Tribunal began operations on October 19, It was reported on December 10, 2010, that Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration (EPA) has drafted revisions to the relevant laws on recycling of appliances that will ban retailers from charging consumers a fee for the removal On October 21, 2010, the Bahraini Ministry of Homeland Security began enforcing a royal decree issued in 1999 that bans the use of all types of microphones attached to mosques. Muslim clerics in Bahrain have been On November 4, 2010, the European Commission made public a proposal for a regulation to introduce a ban on the use of phosphates and phosphate compounds in laundry detergents, in order to limit the amount of It was reported on October 24, 2010, that a joint committee comprising the African Development Bank (AfDB), the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (ECA), and the African Union Commission (AUC) issued a Consensus Statement on On September 27, 2010, the Bangladeshi Parliament passed the Environment Protection Bill 2010, to amend the Bangladesh Environment Protection Act 1995. The amended law "empowers the government to control the production, processing, stockpiling, supplying, transporting, importing, On September 10, 2010, Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration announced the implementation of measures aimed at encouraging domestic companies to cut carbon dioxide emissions. The measures are set forth in the "Executive Yuan [Cabinet] Environmental Protection Agency A leading British supermarket chain, Sainsbury's, is to be prosecuted for using too much packaging on one of its products, according to a news report of September 17, 2010. The day before this announcement, the supermarket On August 31, 2010, Taiwan and Australia signed a memorandum of understanding on establishing more extensive bilateral cooperation to promote green energy industries and technologies. It is the first agreement of its kind between the two The French Parliament adopted Law 2010-788 of July 12, 2010, on National Commitment for the Environment, also referred to as the "Grenelle II Law." (Loi 2010-788 du 12 juillet 2010 portant engagement national pour l'environnement, On July 29, 2010, the Minsk City Economic Court, in Belarus, ordered a church to pay compensation for environmental damage it allegedly caused in the city. The New Life Church (NLC), a Protestant congregation, was asked On July 23, 2010, the Amsterdam District Court imposed the maximum fine of 1 million (about US$1.28 million) on Trafigura Beheer BV, a multinational oil trading company, for illegally shipping 400 tons of hazardous toxic sludge, On July 14, 2010, the Climate Change Committee of the European Commission endorsed the Commission's proposal for a regulation that establishes rules governing the auctioning of emissions allowances under the EU Emissions Trading System (ETS) and Japan's legislature, the Diet, passed an amendment of the Waste Disposal and Cleaning Law (Law No. 137 of 1970) in May 2010 (Law No. 34 of 2010). The amendment will be effective within one year and On June 11, 2010, Dr. Rob Davies, Minister of Trade and Industry of South Africa, published for public comment a proposed sub-regulation to the National Building Regulations and Building Standards Act to make new buildings energy On June 1, 2010, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) released information on the proceedings instituted by Australia against Japan for alleged breaches of international obligations concerning whaling. (Press Release, ICJ, Australia Institutes Proceedings Against Japan Indonesia and Norway have established a partnership through which Norway will grant the equivalent of US$1 billion in aid to Indonesia for forest preservation and climate control. Indonesia had said in 2009 that it plans to On March 2, 2010, the General Court of the European Union rejected a challenge, brought by "the world's largest steel producer" Arcelor S.A., to the EU's 2003 Emissions Trading Directive. The Luxembourg-based company argued that several On February 9, 2010, the Government of Ireland issued a statement to confirm that it is proceeding with the waste management strategy contained in the 2007 Programme for Government and the 2009 Renewed Program for Government. Victims of toxic waste poisoning in the Ivory Coast have reached an agreement with the Dutch company Trafigura; the deal concerns distribution of approximately US$45 million in compensation to 31,000 victims. A court order issued in Chile has enacted a new law that creates the Ministry of the Environment, the Environmental Evaluation Service, and the Superintendency for the Environment. It also contains other, less substantive amendments. (Ley 20417, amending Law 19,300 of On December 29, 2009, France's Constitutional Council, which ensures the constitutionality of laws prior to their promulgation by the President of the Republic, invalidated the carbon tax set forth in article 7 of the draft 2010 On November 25, 2009, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Climate Change Response (Moderated Emissions Trading) Amendment Bill. This legislation amends the scheme that was enacted by the previous government in September 2008, which was due On August 27, 2009, the National People's Congress of China (NPC) Standing Committee adopted a Resolution on Actively Responding to Climate Change. This is the first resolution of its kind adopted by the top legislature of In mid-November 2009, Norway and Finland signed an agreement in which they committed to cooperation with Russia on removing radioactive batteries from the Baltic Sea. The Memorandum of Understanding was signed in Helsinki, Finland, by Norweigan... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 19 Nov 2009 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401678_text Global Legal Monitor: United States: Appellate Court Allows Global Warning Lawsuit by Katrina Victims to Proceed http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401666_text Environmental protection - On April 14, 2014, the Government of Portugal published Law No. 19, which defines the basis for the country's environmental policy pursuant to the terms of articles 9 and 66 of the Constitution. (Lei No. On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano In August 2013, Syngenta, a Swiss agrochemical company, and Bayer, a German agrochemical company, initiated legal action before the European Court of Justice, challenging the European Commission's decision to ban the pesticide thiamethoxam, which is used On September 1, 2013, a new European Union Regulation on Biocides entered into force. Biocides are chemicals used to control organisms that are harmful to human and animal health and to the environment, such as pests Denmark's Environment Minister, Ida Auken, has announced a new approach to handling rubbish in the country. In September, the government is expected to present a plan to require households to sort trash into several bins, On June 30, 2013, the other members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) urged Indonesia to ratify a treaty designed to limit smog pollution across On May 20, 2013, the Supreme Court of Israel approved a plea bargain that included an unprecedented high amount of compensation in a class-action suit for violation of the prohibition on smoking in public places, in On May 28, 2013, during a visit by President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono of Indonesia to Sweden, the two countries signed a Memorandum of Understanding on sustainable The Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs (MLTM) of the Republic of Korea promulgated the revised enforcement rule for the Marine Environment Management Act on On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 3, 2012, Indonesia and South Korea concluded an agreement to restore the Ciliwung River, which flows from the mountains down through Jakarta On November 20, 2012, the New Zealand government formally lodged with the International Court of Justice (ICJ) a declaration of its intention to intervene in the On September 7, 2012, the New Zealand High Court (the third highest court in New Zealand's court hierarchy) dismissed a challenge to the findings of reports that stated that average temperatures in the country had increased On June 18, 2012, Chile's legislature passed Law 20600 on the creation of new environmental courts, thereby granting the Superintendency of the Environment the power to prosecute environmental violations. (Law 20600 Creating Environmental Courts (June On May 29, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Clean Air Law 5768-2008. A stated objective of the Law is to improve air quality and prevent and minimize air pollution by, among On March 19, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Pollutant and Transfers to the Environment - Duties of Reporting and Registration) Law 5772-2012. The stated objectives of the Law are to increase the Denmark's Environment Ministry is planning to propose a tax on the chemical dihydrogen monoxide (DHMO) as a method to discourage its use. DHMO is odorless but potentially lethal. High levels of the substance were found in A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On January 18, 2012, Namibia's Minister of Environment and Tourism put into effect the Environmental Management Act (EMA), Act No. 7 of 2007. (Government Gazette of the Republic of Namibia, No. 3966 (Dec. 27, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change On October 20, 2011, the Supreme Court of Mongolia ruled that the country's government must enforce its 2009 environmental protection resolution restricting mining in some locations. The decision came in a case filed by the United On May 15, 2011, the New Zealand Minister for the Environment, Hon. Nick Smith, announced that a new law regulating "freedom camping" would be introduced in Parliament this month to address problems related to irresponsible campers. On March 28, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Inspection and Enforcement Authorities) Law, 5771-2011. The Law states as its goal the protection, maintenance, and improvement of the quality of the environment and On March 29, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro approved, during the first session of debate, a bill of law that some say, if adopted, might help fight global warming. The On January 19, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Regulation of Processing of Packaging Law, 5771-2011. The Law declares that it is intended to regulate both the production and the processing of packaging material waste In June 2010, India's Parliament adopted the National Green Tribunal Act (NGT Act), which established a new court, the National Green Tribunal, exclusively for handling cases involving environmental law. The Tribunal began operations on October 19, It was reported on December 10, 2010, that Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration (EPA) has drafted revisions to the relevant laws on recycling of appliances that will ban retailers from charging consumers a fee for the removal On October 21, 2010, the Bahraini Ministry of Homeland Security began enforcing a royal decree issued in 1999 that bans the use of all types of microphones attached to mosques. Muslim clerics in Bahrain have been On November 4, 2010, the European Commission made public a proposal for a regulation to introduce a ban on the use of phosphates and phosphate compounds in laundry detergents, in order to limit the amount of It was reported on October 24, 2010, that a joint committee comprising the African Development Bank (AfDB), the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (ECA), and the African Union Commission (AUC) issued a Consensus Statement on On September 27, 2010, the Bangladeshi Parliament passed the Environment Protection Bill 2010, to amend the Bangladesh Environment Protection Act 1995. The amended law "empowers the government to control the production, processing, stockpiling, supplying, transporting, importing, On September 10, 2010, Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration announced the implementation of measures aimed at encouraging domestic companies to cut carbon dioxide emissions. The measures are set forth in the "Executive Yuan [Cabinet] Environmental Protection Agency A leading British supermarket chain, Sainsbury's, is to be prosecuted for using too much packaging on one of its products, according to a news report of September 17, 2010. The day before this announcement, the supermarket On August 31, 2010, Taiwan and Australia signed a memorandum of understanding on establishing more extensive bilateral cooperation to promote green energy industries and technologies. It is the first agreement of its kind between the two The French Parliament adopted Law 2010-788 of July 12, 2010, on National Commitment for the Environment, also referred to as the "Grenelle II Law." (Loi 2010-788 du 12 juillet 2010 portant engagement national pour l'environnement, On July 29, 2010, the Minsk City Economic Court, in Belarus, ordered a church to pay compensation for environmental damage it allegedly caused in the city. The New Life Church (NLC), a Protestant congregation, was asked On July 23, 2010, the Amsterdam District Court imposed the maximum fine of 1 million (about US$1.28 million) on Trafigura Beheer BV, a multinational oil trading company, for illegally shipping 400 tons of hazardous toxic sludge, On July 14, 2010, the Climate Change Committee of the European Commission endorsed the Commission's proposal for a regulation that establishes rules governing the auctioning of emissions allowances under the EU Emissions Trading System (ETS) and Japan's legislature, the Diet, passed an amendment of the Waste Disposal and Cleaning Law (Law No. 137 of 1970) in May 2010 (Law No. 34 of 2010). The amendment will be effective within one year and On June 11, 2010, Dr. Rob Davies, Minister of Trade and Industry of South Africa, published for public comment a proposed sub-regulation to the National Building Regulations and Building Standards Act to make new buildings energy On June 1, 2010, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) released information on the proceedings instituted by Australia against Japan for alleged breaches of international obligations concerning whaling. (Press Release, ICJ, Australia Institutes Proceedings Against Japan Indonesia and Norway have established a partnership through which Norway will grant the equivalent of US$1 billion in aid to Indonesia for forest preservation and climate control. Indonesia had said in 2009 that it plans to On March 2, 2010, the General Court of the European Union rejected a challenge, brought by "the world's largest steel producer" Arcelor S.A., to the EU's 2003 Emissions Trading Directive. The Luxembourg-based company argued that several On February 9, 2010, the Government of Ireland issued a statement to confirm that it is proceeding with the waste management strategy contained in the 2007 Programme for Government and the 2009 Renewed Program for Government. Victims of toxic waste poisoning in the Ivory Coast have reached an agreement with the Dutch company Trafigura; the deal concerns distribution of approximately US$45 million in compensation to 31,000 victims. A court order issued in Chile has enacted a new law that creates the Ministry of the Environment, the Environmental Evaluation Service, and the Superintendency for the Environment. It also contains other, less substantive amendments. (Ley 20417, amending Law 19,300 of On December 29, 2009, France's Constitutional Council, which ensures the constitutionality of laws prior to their promulgation by the President of the Republic, invalidated the carbon tax set forth in article 7 of the draft 2010 On November 25, 2009, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Climate Change Response (Moderated Emissions Trading) Amendment Bill. This legislation amends the scheme that was enacted by the previous government in September 2008, which was due On August 27, 2009, the National People's Congress of China (NPC) Standing Committee adopted a Resolution on Actively Responding to Climate Change. This is the first resolution of its kind adopted by the top legislature of In mid-November 2009, Norway and Finland signed an agreement in which they committed to cooperation with Russia on removing radioactive batteries from the Baltic Sea. The Memorandum of Understanding was signed in Helsinki, Finland, by Norweigan A U.S. federal appellate court has ruled that a lawsuit by victims of Hurricane Katrina against energy and chemical companies, for contributing to global warming and thus increasing the damages from the hurricane, may proceed in... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 17 Nov 2009 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401666_text Global Legal Monitor: United Nations: Report on Environment in Times of Conflict Released http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401665_text Environmental protection - On April 14, 2014, the Government of Portugal published Law No. 19, which defines the basis for the country's environmental policy pursuant to the terms of articles 9 and 66 of the Constitution. (Lei No. On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano In August 2013, Syngenta, a Swiss agrochemical company, and Bayer, a German agrochemical company, initiated legal action before the European Court of Justice, challenging the European Commission's decision to ban the pesticide thiamethoxam, which is used On September 1, 2013, a new European Union Regulation on Biocides entered into force. Biocides are chemicals used to control organisms that are harmful to human and animal health and to the environment, such as pests Denmark's Environment Minister, Ida Auken, has announced a new approach to handling rubbish in the country. In September, the government is expected to present a plan to require households to sort trash into several bins, On June 30, 2013, the other members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) urged Indonesia to ratify a treaty designed to limit smog pollution across On May 20, 2013, the Supreme Court of Israel approved a plea bargain that included an unprecedented high amount of compensation in a class-action suit for violation of the prohibition on smoking in public places, in On May 28, 2013, during a visit by President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono of Indonesia to Sweden, the two countries signed a Memorandum of Understanding on sustainable The Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs (MLTM) of the Republic of Korea promulgated the revised enforcement rule for the Marine Environment Management Act on On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 3, 2012, Indonesia and South Korea concluded an agreement to restore the Ciliwung River, which flows from the mountains down through Jakarta On November 20, 2012, the New Zealand government formally lodged with the International Court of Justice (ICJ) a declaration of its intention to intervene in the On September 7, 2012, the New Zealand High Court (the third highest court in New Zealand's court hierarchy) dismissed a challenge to the findings of reports that stated that average temperatures in the country had increased On June 18, 2012, Chile's legislature passed Law 20600 on the creation of new environmental courts, thereby granting the Superintendency of the Environment the power to prosecute environmental violations. (Law 20600 Creating Environmental Courts (June On May 29, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Clean Air Law 5768-2008. A stated objective of the Law is to improve air quality and prevent and minimize air pollution by, among On March 19, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Pollutant and Transfers to the Environment - Duties of Reporting and Registration) Law 5772-2012. The stated objectives of the Law are to increase the Denmark's Environment Ministry is planning to propose a tax on the chemical dihydrogen monoxide (DHMO) as a method to discourage its use. DHMO is odorless but potentially lethal. High levels of the substance were found in A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On January 18, 2012, Namibia's Minister of Environment and Tourism put into effect the Environmental Management Act (EMA), Act No. 7 of 2007. (Government Gazette of the Republic of Namibia, No. 3966 (Dec. 27, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change On October 20, 2011, the Supreme Court of Mongolia ruled that the country's government must enforce its 2009 environmental protection resolution restricting mining in some locations. The decision came in a case filed by the United On May 15, 2011, the New Zealand Minister for the Environment, Hon. Nick Smith, announced that a new law regulating "freedom camping" would be introduced in Parliament this month to address problems related to irresponsible campers. On March 28, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Inspection and Enforcement Authorities) Law, 5771-2011. The Law states as its goal the protection, maintenance, and improvement of the quality of the environment and On March 29, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro approved, during the first session of debate, a bill of law that some say, if adopted, might help fight global warming. The On January 19, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Regulation of Processing of Packaging Law, 5771-2011. The Law declares that it is intended to regulate both the production and the processing of packaging material waste In June 2010, India's Parliament adopted the National Green Tribunal Act (NGT Act), which established a new court, the National Green Tribunal, exclusively for handling cases involving environmental law. The Tribunal began operations on October 19, It was reported on December 10, 2010, that Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration (EPA) has drafted revisions to the relevant laws on recycling of appliances that will ban retailers from charging consumers a fee for the removal On October 21, 2010, the Bahraini Ministry of Homeland Security began enforcing a royal decree issued in 1999 that bans the use of all types of microphones attached to mosques. Muslim clerics in Bahrain have been On November 4, 2010, the European Commission made public a proposal for a regulation to introduce a ban on the use of phosphates and phosphate compounds in laundry detergents, in order to limit the amount of It was reported on October 24, 2010, that a joint committee comprising the African Development Bank (AfDB), the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (ECA), and the African Union Commission (AUC) issued a Consensus Statement on On September 27, 2010, the Bangladeshi Parliament passed the Environment Protection Bill 2010, to amend the Bangladesh Environment Protection Act 1995. The amended law "empowers the government to control the production, processing, stockpiling, supplying, transporting, importing, On September 10, 2010, Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration announced the implementation of measures aimed at encouraging domestic companies to cut carbon dioxide emissions. The measures are set forth in the "Executive Yuan [Cabinet] Environmental Protection Agency A leading British supermarket chain, Sainsbury's, is to be prosecuted for using too much packaging on one of its products, according to a news report of September 17, 2010. The day before this announcement, the supermarket On August 31, 2010, Taiwan and Australia signed a memorandum of understanding on establishing more extensive bilateral cooperation to promote green energy industries and technologies. It is the first agreement of its kind between the two The French Parliament adopted Law 2010-788 of July 12, 2010, on National Commitment for the Environment, also referred to as the "Grenelle II Law." (Loi 2010-788 du 12 juillet 2010 portant engagement national pour l'environnement, On July 29, 2010, the Minsk City Economic Court, in Belarus, ordered a church to pay compensation for environmental damage it allegedly caused in the city. The New Life Church (NLC), a Protestant congregation, was asked On July 23, 2010, the Amsterdam District Court imposed the maximum fine of 1 million (about US$1.28 million) on Trafigura Beheer BV, a multinational oil trading company, for illegally shipping 400 tons of hazardous toxic sludge, On July 14, 2010, the Climate Change Committee of the European Commission endorsed the Commission's proposal for a regulation that establishes rules governing the auctioning of emissions allowances under the EU Emissions Trading System (ETS) and Japan's legislature, the Diet, passed an amendment of the Waste Disposal and Cleaning Law (Law No. 137 of 1970) in May 2010 (Law No. 34 of 2010). The amendment will be effective within one year and On June 11, 2010, Dr. Rob Davies, Minister of Trade and Industry of South Africa, published for public comment a proposed sub-regulation to the National Building Regulations and Building Standards Act to make new buildings energy On June 1, 2010, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) released information on the proceedings instituted by Australia against Japan for alleged breaches of international obligations concerning whaling. (Press Release, ICJ, Australia Institutes Proceedings Against Japan Indonesia and Norway have established a partnership through which Norway will grant the equivalent of US$1 billion in aid to Indonesia for forest preservation and climate control. Indonesia had said in 2009 that it plans to On March 2, 2010, the General Court of the European Union rejected a challenge, brought by "the world's largest steel producer" Arcelor S.A., to the EU's 2003 Emissions Trading Directive. The Luxembourg-based company argued that several On February 9, 2010, the Government of Ireland issued a statement to confirm that it is proceeding with the waste management strategy contained in the 2007 Programme for Government and the 2009 Renewed Program for Government. Victims of toxic waste poisoning in the Ivory Coast have reached an agreement with the Dutch company Trafigura; the deal concerns distribution of approximately US$45 million in compensation to 31,000 victims. A court order issued in Chile has enacted a new law that creates the Ministry of the Environment, the Environmental Evaluation Service, and the Superintendency for the Environment. It also contains other, less substantive amendments. (Ley 20417, amending Law 19,300 of On December 29, 2009, France's Constitutional Council, which ensures the constitutionality of laws prior to their promulgation by the President of the Republic, invalidated the carbon tax set forth in article 7 of the draft 2010 On November 25, 2009, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Climate Change Response (Moderated Emissions Trading) Amendment Bill. This legislation amends the scheme that was enacted by the previous government in September 2008, which was due On August 27, 2009, the National People's Congress of China (NPC) Standing Committee adopted a Resolution on Actively Responding to Climate Change. This is the first resolution of its kind adopted by the top legislature of In mid-November 2009, Norway and Finland signed an agreement in which they committed to cooperation with Russia on removing radioactive batteries from the Baltic Sea. The Memorandum of Understanding was signed in Helsinki, Finland, by Norweigan A U.S. federal appellate court has ruled that a lawsuit by victims of Hurricane Katrina against energy and chemical companies, for contributing to global warming and thus increasing the damages from the hurricane, may proceed in On November 6, 2009, the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) released a report calling for better environmental protection in wartime. Natural assets need to be better protected by clarification of relevant laws, the report concluded. The... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 10 Nov 2009 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401665_text Global Legal Monitor: China: "Cash for Clunkers" Programs http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401589_text Environmental protection - On April 14, 2014, the Government of Portugal published Law No. 19, which defines the basis for the country's environmental policy pursuant to the terms of articles 9 and 66 of the Constitution. (Lei No. On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano In August 2013, Syngenta, a Swiss agrochemical company, and Bayer, a German agrochemical company, initiated legal action before the European Court of Justice, challenging the European Commission's decision to ban the pesticide thiamethoxam, which is used On September 1, 2013, a new European Union Regulation on Biocides entered into force. Biocides are chemicals used to control organisms that are harmful to human and animal health and to the environment, such as pests Denmark's Environment Minister, Ida Auken, has announced a new approach to handling rubbish in the country. In September, the government is expected to present a plan to require households to sort trash into several bins, On June 30, 2013, the other members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) urged Indonesia to ratify a treaty designed to limit smog pollution across On May 20, 2013, the Supreme Court of Israel approved a plea bargain that included an unprecedented high amount of compensation in a class-action suit for violation of the prohibition on smoking in public places, in On May 28, 2013, during a visit by President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono of Indonesia to Sweden, the two countries signed a Memorandum of Understanding on sustainable The Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs (MLTM) of the Republic of Korea promulgated the revised enforcement rule for the Marine Environment Management Act on On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 3, 2012, Indonesia and South Korea concluded an agreement to restore the Ciliwung River, which flows from the mountains down through Jakarta On November 20, 2012, the New Zealand government formally lodged with the International Court of Justice (ICJ) a declaration of its intention to intervene in the On September 7, 2012, the New Zealand High Court (the third highest court in New Zealand's court hierarchy) dismissed a challenge to the findings of reports that stated that average temperatures in the country had increased On June 18, 2012, Chile's legislature passed Law 20600 on the creation of new environmental courts, thereby granting the Superintendency of the Environment the power to prosecute environmental violations. (Law 20600 Creating Environmental Courts (June On May 29, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Clean Air Law 5768-2008. A stated objective of the Law is to improve air quality and prevent and minimize air pollution by, among On March 19, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Pollutant and Transfers to the Environment - Duties of Reporting and Registration) Law 5772-2012. The stated objectives of the Law are to increase the Denmark's Environment Ministry is planning to propose a tax on the chemical dihydrogen monoxide (DHMO) as a method to discourage its use. DHMO is odorless but potentially lethal. High levels of the substance were found in A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On January 18, 2012, Namibia's Minister of Environment and Tourism put into effect the Environmental Management Act (EMA), Act No. 7 of 2007. (Government Gazette of the Republic of Namibia, No. 3966 (Dec. 27, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change On October 20, 2011, the Supreme Court of Mongolia ruled that the country's government must enforce its 2009 environmental protection resolution restricting mining in some locations. The decision came in a case filed by the United On May 15, 2011, the New Zealand Minister for the Environment, Hon. Nick Smith, announced that a new law regulating "freedom camping" would be introduced in Parliament this month to address problems related to irresponsible campers. On March 28, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Inspection and Enforcement Authorities) Law, 5771-2011. The Law states as its goal the protection, maintenance, and improvement of the quality of the environment and On March 29, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro approved, during the first session of debate, a bill of law that some say, if adopted, might help fight global warming. The On January 19, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Regulation of Processing of Packaging Law, 5771-2011. The Law declares that it is intended to regulate both the production and the processing of packaging material waste In June 2010, India's Parliament adopted the National Green Tribunal Act (NGT Act), which established a new court, the National Green Tribunal, exclusively for handling cases involving environmental law. The Tribunal began operations on October 19, It was reported on December 10, 2010, that Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration (EPA) has drafted revisions to the relevant laws on recycling of appliances that will ban retailers from charging consumers a fee for the removal On October 21, 2010, the Bahraini Ministry of Homeland Security began enforcing a royal decree issued in 1999 that bans the use of all types of microphones attached to mosques. Muslim clerics in Bahrain have been On November 4, 2010, the European Commission made public a proposal for a regulation to introduce a ban on the use of phosphates and phosphate compounds in laundry detergents, in order to limit the amount of It was reported on October 24, 2010, that a joint committee comprising the African Development Bank (AfDB), the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (ECA), and the African Union Commission (AUC) issued a Consensus Statement on On September 27, 2010, the Bangladeshi Parliament passed the Environment Protection Bill 2010, to amend the Bangladesh Environment Protection Act 1995. The amended law "empowers the government to control the production, processing, stockpiling, supplying, transporting, importing, On September 10, 2010, Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration announced the implementation of measures aimed at encouraging domestic companies to cut carbon dioxide emissions. The measures are set forth in the "Executive Yuan [Cabinet] Environmental Protection Agency A leading British supermarket chain, Sainsbury's, is to be prosecuted for using too much packaging on one of its products, according to a news report of September 17, 2010. The day before this announcement, the supermarket On August 31, 2010, Taiwan and Australia signed a memorandum of understanding on establishing more extensive bilateral cooperation to promote green energy industries and technologies. It is the first agreement of its kind between the two The French Parliament adopted Law 2010-788 of July 12, 2010, on National Commitment for the Environment, also referred to as the "Grenelle II Law." (Loi 2010-788 du 12 juillet 2010 portant engagement national pour l'environnement, On July 29, 2010, the Minsk City Economic Court, in Belarus, ordered a church to pay compensation for environmental damage it allegedly caused in the city. The New Life Church (NLC), a Protestant congregation, was asked On July 23, 2010, the Amsterdam District Court imposed the maximum fine of 1 million (about US$1.28 million) on Trafigura Beheer BV, a multinational oil trading company, for illegally shipping 400 tons of hazardous toxic sludge, On July 14, 2010, the Climate Change Committee of the European Commission endorsed the Commission's proposal for a regulation that establishes rules governing the auctioning of emissions allowances under the EU Emissions Trading System (ETS) and Japan's legislature, the Diet, passed an amendment of the Waste Disposal and Cleaning Law (Law No. 137 of 1970) in May 2010 (Law No. 34 of 2010). The amendment will be effective within one year and On June 11, 2010, Dr. Rob Davies, Minister of Trade and Industry of South Africa, published for public comment a proposed sub-regulation to the National Building Regulations and Building Standards Act to make new buildings energy On June 1, 2010, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) released information on the proceedings instituted by Australia against Japan for alleged breaches of international obligations concerning whaling. (Press Release, ICJ, Australia Institutes Proceedings Against Japan Indonesia and Norway have established a partnership through which Norway will grant the equivalent of US$1 billion in aid to Indonesia for forest preservation and climate control. Indonesia had said in 2009 that it plans to On March 2, 2010, the General Court of the European Union rejected a challenge, brought by "the world's largest steel producer" Arcelor S.A., to the EU's 2003 Emissions Trading Directive. The Luxembourg-based company argued that several On February 9, 2010, the Government of Ireland issued a statement to confirm that it is proceeding with the waste management strategy contained in the 2007 Programme for Government and the 2009 Renewed Program for Government. Victims of toxic waste poisoning in the Ivory Coast have reached an agreement with the Dutch company Trafigura; the deal concerns distribution of approximately US$45 million in compensation to 31,000 victims. A court order issued in Chile has enacted a new law that creates the Ministry of the Environment, the Environmental Evaluation Service, and the Superintendency for the Environment. It also contains other, less substantive amendments. (Ley 20417, amending Law 19,300 of On December 29, 2009, France's Constitutional Council, which ensures the constitutionality of laws prior to their promulgation by the President of the Republic, invalidated the carbon tax set forth in article 7 of the draft 2010 On November 25, 2009, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Climate Change Response (Moderated Emissions Trading) Amendment Bill. This legislation amends the scheme that was enacted by the previous government in September 2008, which was due On August 27, 2009, the National People's Congress of China (NPC) Standing Committee adopted a Resolution on Actively Responding to Climate Change. This is the first resolution of its kind adopted by the top legislature of In mid-November 2009, Norway and Finland signed an agreement in which they committed to cooperation with Russia on removing radioactive batteries from the Baltic Sea. The Memorandum of Understanding was signed in Helsinki, Finland, by Norweigan A U.S. federal appellate court has ruled that a lawsuit by victims of Hurricane Katrina against energy and chemical companies, for contributing to global warming and thus increasing the damages from the hurricane, may proceed in On November 6, 2009, the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) released a report calling for better environmental protection in wartime. Natural assets need to be better protected by clarification of relevant laws, the report concluded. The On June 1, 2009, the General Office of China's State Council announced a plan for an automobile and electronic appliance "old swap new" program, which was formulated by the National Development and Reform Commission and four... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 01 Oct 2009 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401589_text Global Legal Monitor: France: Carbon Tax Plan http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401575_text Environmental protection - On April 14, 2014, the Government of Portugal published Law No. 19, which defines the basis for the country's environmental policy pursuant to the terms of articles 9 and 66 of the Constitution. (Lei No. On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano In August 2013, Syngenta, a Swiss agrochemical company, and Bayer, a German agrochemical company, initiated legal action before the European Court of Justice, challenging the European Commission's decision to ban the pesticide thiamethoxam, which is used On September 1, 2013, a new European Union Regulation on Biocides entered into force. Biocides are chemicals used to control organisms that are harmful to human and animal health and to the environment, such as pests Denmark's Environment Minister, Ida Auken, has announced a new approach to handling rubbish in the country. In September, the government is expected to present a plan to require households to sort trash into several bins, On June 30, 2013, the other members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) urged Indonesia to ratify a treaty designed to limit smog pollution across On May 20, 2013, the Supreme Court of Israel approved a plea bargain that included an unprecedented high amount of compensation in a class-action suit for violation of the prohibition on smoking in public places, in On May 28, 2013, during a visit by President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono of Indonesia to Sweden, the two countries signed a Memorandum of Understanding on sustainable The Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs (MLTM) of the Republic of Korea promulgated the revised enforcement rule for the Marine Environment Management Act on On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 3, 2012, Indonesia and South Korea concluded an agreement to restore the Ciliwung River, which flows from the mountains down through Jakarta On November 20, 2012, the New Zealand government formally lodged with the International Court of Justice (ICJ) a declaration of its intention to intervene in the On September 7, 2012, the New Zealand High Court (the third highest court in New Zealand's court hierarchy) dismissed a challenge to the findings of reports that stated that average temperatures in the country had increased On June 18, 2012, Chile's legislature passed Law 20600 on the creation of new environmental courts, thereby granting the Superintendency of the Environment the power to prosecute environmental violations. (Law 20600 Creating Environmental Courts (June On May 29, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Clean Air Law 5768-2008. A stated objective of the Law is to improve air quality and prevent and minimize air pollution by, among On March 19, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Pollutant and Transfers to the Environment - Duties of Reporting and Registration) Law 5772-2012. The stated objectives of the Law are to increase the Denmark's Environment Ministry is planning to propose a tax on the chemical dihydrogen monoxide (DHMO) as a method to discourage its use. DHMO is odorless but potentially lethal. High levels of the substance were found in A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On January 18, 2012, Namibia's Minister of Environment and Tourism put into effect the Environmental Management Act (EMA), Act No. 7 of 2007. (Government Gazette of the Republic of Namibia, No. 3966 (Dec. 27, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change On October 20, 2011, the Supreme Court of Mongolia ruled that the country's government must enforce its 2009 environmental protection resolution restricting mining in some locations. The decision came in a case filed by the United On May 15, 2011, the New Zealand Minister for the Environment, Hon. Nick Smith, announced that a new law regulating "freedom camping" would be introduced in Parliament this month to address problems related to irresponsible campers. On March 28, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Inspection and Enforcement Authorities) Law, 5771-2011. The Law states as its goal the protection, maintenance, and improvement of the quality of the environment and On March 29, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro approved, during the first session of debate, a bill of law that some say, if adopted, might help fight global warming. The On January 19, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Regulation of Processing of Packaging Law, 5771-2011. The Law declares that it is intended to regulate both the production and the processing of packaging material waste In June 2010, India's Parliament adopted the National Green Tribunal Act (NGT Act), which established a new court, the National Green Tribunal, exclusively for handling cases involving environmental law. The Tribunal began operations on October 19, It was reported on December 10, 2010, that Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration (EPA) has drafted revisions to the relevant laws on recycling of appliances that will ban retailers from charging consumers a fee for the removal On October 21, 2010, the Bahraini Ministry of Homeland Security began enforcing a royal decree issued in 1999 that bans the use of all types of microphones attached to mosques. Muslim clerics in Bahrain have been On November 4, 2010, the European Commission made public a proposal for a regulation to introduce a ban on the use of phosphates and phosphate compounds in laundry detergents, in order to limit the amount of It was reported on October 24, 2010, that a joint committee comprising the African Development Bank (AfDB), the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (ECA), and the African Union Commission (AUC) issued a Consensus Statement on On September 27, 2010, the Bangladeshi Parliament passed the Environment Protection Bill 2010, to amend the Bangladesh Environment Protection Act 1995. The amended law "empowers the government to control the production, processing, stockpiling, supplying, transporting, importing, On September 10, 2010, Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration announced the implementation of measures aimed at encouraging domestic companies to cut carbon dioxide emissions. The measures are set forth in the "Executive Yuan [Cabinet] Environmental Protection Agency A leading British supermarket chain, Sainsbury's, is to be prosecuted for using too much packaging on one of its products, according to a news report of September 17, 2010. The day before this announcement, the supermarket On August 31, 2010, Taiwan and Australia signed a memorandum of understanding on establishing more extensive bilateral cooperation to promote green energy industries and technologies. It is the first agreement of its kind between the two The French Parliament adopted Law 2010-788 of July 12, 2010, on National Commitment for the Environment, also referred to as the "Grenelle II Law." (Loi 2010-788 du 12 juillet 2010 portant engagement national pour l'environnement, On July 29, 2010, the Minsk City Economic Court, in Belarus, ordered a church to pay compensation for environmental damage it allegedly caused in the city. The New Life Church (NLC), a Protestant congregation, was asked On July 23, 2010, the Amsterdam District Court imposed the maximum fine of 1 million (about US$1.28 million) on Trafigura Beheer BV, a multinational oil trading company, for illegally shipping 400 tons of hazardous toxic sludge, On July 14, 2010, the Climate Change Committee of the European Commission endorsed the Commission's proposal for a regulation that establishes rules governing the auctioning of emissions allowances under the EU Emissions Trading System (ETS) and Japan's legislature, the Diet, passed an amendment of the Waste Disposal and Cleaning Law (Law No. 137 of 1970) in May 2010 (Law No. 34 of 2010). The amendment will be effective within one year and On June 11, 2010, Dr. Rob Davies, Minister of Trade and Industry of South Africa, published for public comment a proposed sub-regulation to the National Building Regulations and Building Standards Act to make new buildings energy On June 1, 2010, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) released information on the proceedings instituted by Australia against Japan for alleged breaches of international obligations concerning whaling. (Press Release, ICJ, Australia Institutes Proceedings Against Japan Indonesia and Norway have established a partnership through which Norway will grant the equivalent of US$1 billion in aid to Indonesia for forest preservation and climate control. Indonesia had said in 2009 that it plans to On March 2, 2010, the General Court of the European Union rejected a challenge, brought by "the world's largest steel producer" Arcelor S.A., to the EU's 2003 Emissions Trading Directive. The Luxembourg-based company argued that several On February 9, 2010, the Government of Ireland issued a statement to confirm that it is proceeding with the waste management strategy contained in the 2007 Programme for Government and the 2009 Renewed Program for Government. Victims of toxic waste poisoning in the Ivory Coast have reached an agreement with the Dutch company Trafigura; the deal concerns distribution of approximately US$45 million in compensation to 31,000 victims. A court order issued in Chile has enacted a new law that creates the Ministry of the Environment, the Environmental Evaluation Service, and the Superintendency for the Environment. It also contains other, less substantive amendments. (Ley 20417, amending Law 19,300 of On December 29, 2009, France's Constitutional Council, which ensures the constitutionality of laws prior to their promulgation by the President of the Republic, invalidated the carbon tax set forth in article 7 of the draft 2010 On November 25, 2009, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Climate Change Response (Moderated Emissions Trading) Amendment Bill. This legislation amends the scheme that was enacted by the previous government in September 2008, which was due On August 27, 2009, the National People's Congress of China (NPC) Standing Committee adopted a Resolution on Actively Responding to Climate Change. This is the first resolution of its kind adopted by the top legislature of In mid-November 2009, Norway and Finland signed an agreement in which they committed to cooperation with Russia on removing radioactive batteries from the Baltic Sea. The Memorandum of Understanding was signed in Helsinki, Finland, by Norweigan A U.S. federal appellate court has ruled that a lawsuit by victims of Hurricane Katrina against energy and chemical companies, for contributing to global warming and thus increasing the damages from the hurricane, may proceed in On November 6, 2009, the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) released a report calling for better environmental protection in wartime. Natural assets need to be better protected by clarification of relevant laws, the report concluded. The On June 1, 2009, the General Office of China's State Council announced a plan for an automobile and electronic appliance "old swap new" program, which was formulated by the National Development and Reform Commission and four On September 10, 2009, French President Nicolas Sarkozy announced his government's controversial plan to impose a new "carbon tax" (taxe carbone), to take effect on January 1, 2010, on emissions from fossil fuels such as coal,... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 21 Sep 2009 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401575_text Global Legal Monitor: Indonesia: Environmental Bill Would Strengthen Ministry's Powers http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401547_text Environmental protection - On April 14, 2014, the Government of Portugal published Law No. 19, which defines the basis for the country's environmental policy pursuant to the terms of articles 9 and 66 of the Constitution. (Lei No. On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano In August 2013, Syngenta, a Swiss agrochemical company, and Bayer, a German agrochemical company, initiated legal action before the European Court of Justice, challenging the European Commission's decision to ban the pesticide thiamethoxam, which is used On September 1, 2013, a new European Union Regulation on Biocides entered into force. Biocides are chemicals used to control organisms that are harmful to human and animal health and to the environment, such as pests Denmark's Environment Minister, Ida Auken, has announced a new approach to handling rubbish in the country. In September, the government is expected to present a plan to require households to sort trash into several bins, On June 30, 2013, the other members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) urged Indonesia to ratify a treaty designed to limit smog pollution across On May 20, 2013, the Supreme Court of Israel approved a plea bargain that included an unprecedented high amount of compensation in a class-action suit for violation of the prohibition on smoking in public places, in On May 28, 2013, during a visit by President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono of Indonesia to Sweden, the two countries signed a Memorandum of Understanding on sustainable The Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs (MLTM) of the Republic of Korea promulgated the revised enforcement rule for the Marine Environment Management Act on On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 3, 2012, Indonesia and South Korea concluded an agreement to restore the Ciliwung River, which flows from the mountains down through Jakarta On November 20, 2012, the New Zealand government formally lodged with the International Court of Justice (ICJ) a declaration of its intention to intervene in the On September 7, 2012, the New Zealand High Court (the third highest court in New Zealand's court hierarchy) dismissed a challenge to the findings of reports that stated that average temperatures in the country had increased On June 18, 2012, Chile's legislature passed Law 20600 on the creation of new environmental courts, thereby granting the Superintendency of the Environment the power to prosecute environmental violations. (Law 20600 Creating Environmental Courts (June On May 29, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Clean Air Law 5768-2008. A stated objective of the Law is to improve air quality and prevent and minimize air pollution by, among On March 19, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Pollutant and Transfers to the Environment - Duties of Reporting and Registration) Law 5772-2012. The stated objectives of the Law are to increase the Denmark's Environment Ministry is planning to propose a tax on the chemical dihydrogen monoxide (DHMO) as a method to discourage its use. DHMO is odorless but potentially lethal. High levels of the substance were found in A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On January 18, 2012, Namibia's Minister of Environment and Tourism put into effect the Environmental Management Act (EMA), Act No. 7 of 2007. (Government Gazette of the Republic of Namibia, No. 3966 (Dec. 27, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change On October 20, 2011, the Supreme Court of Mongolia ruled that the country's government must enforce its 2009 environmental protection resolution restricting mining in some locations. The decision came in a case filed by the United On May 15, 2011, the New Zealand Minister for the Environment, Hon. Nick Smith, announced that a new law regulating "freedom camping" would be introduced in Parliament this month to address problems related to irresponsible campers. On March 28, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Inspection and Enforcement Authorities) Law, 5771-2011. The Law states as its goal the protection, maintenance, and improvement of the quality of the environment and On March 29, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro approved, during the first session of debate, a bill of law that some say, if adopted, might help fight global warming. The On January 19, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Regulation of Processing of Packaging Law, 5771-2011. The Law declares that it is intended to regulate both the production and the processing of packaging material waste In June 2010, India's Parliament adopted the National Green Tribunal Act (NGT Act), which established a new court, the National Green Tribunal, exclusively for handling cases involving environmental law. The Tribunal began operations on October 19, It was reported on December 10, 2010, that Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration (EPA) has drafted revisions to the relevant laws on recycling of appliances that will ban retailers from charging consumers a fee for the removal On October 21, 2010, the Bahraini Ministry of Homeland Security began enforcing a royal decree issued in 1999 that bans the use of all types of microphones attached to mosques. Muslim clerics in Bahrain have been On November 4, 2010, the European Commission made public a proposal for a regulation to introduce a ban on the use of phosphates and phosphate compounds in laundry detergents, in order to limit the amount of It was reported on October 24, 2010, that a joint committee comprising the African Development Bank (AfDB), the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (ECA), and the African Union Commission (AUC) issued a Consensus Statement on On September 27, 2010, the Bangladeshi Parliament passed the Environment Protection Bill 2010, to amend the Bangladesh Environment Protection Act 1995. The amended law "empowers the government to control the production, processing, stockpiling, supplying, transporting, importing, On September 10, 2010, Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration announced the implementation of measures aimed at encouraging domestic companies to cut carbon dioxide emissions. The measures are set forth in the "Executive Yuan [Cabinet] Environmental Protection Agency A leading British supermarket chain, Sainsbury's, is to be prosecuted for using too much packaging on one of its products, according to a news report of September 17, 2010. The day before this announcement, the supermarket On August 31, 2010, Taiwan and Australia signed a memorandum of understanding on establishing more extensive bilateral cooperation to promote green energy industries and technologies. It is the first agreement of its kind between the two The French Parliament adopted Law 2010-788 of July 12, 2010, on National Commitment for the Environment, also referred to as the "Grenelle II Law." (Loi 2010-788 du 12 juillet 2010 portant engagement national pour l'environnement, On July 29, 2010, the Minsk City Economic Court, in Belarus, ordered a church to pay compensation for environmental damage it allegedly caused in the city. The New Life Church (NLC), a Protestant congregation, was asked On July 23, 2010, the Amsterdam District Court imposed the maximum fine of 1 million (about US$1.28 million) on Trafigura Beheer BV, a multinational oil trading company, for illegally shipping 400 tons of hazardous toxic sludge, On July 14, 2010, the Climate Change Committee of the European Commission endorsed the Commission's proposal for a regulation that establishes rules governing the auctioning of emissions allowances under the EU Emissions Trading System (ETS) and Japan's legislature, the Diet, passed an amendment of the Waste Disposal and Cleaning Law (Law No. 137 of 1970) in May 2010 (Law No. 34 of 2010). The amendment will be effective within one year and On June 11, 2010, Dr. Rob Davies, Minister of Trade and Industry of South Africa, published for public comment a proposed sub-regulation to the National Building Regulations and Building Standards Act to make new buildings energy On June 1, 2010, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) released information on the proceedings instituted by Australia against Japan for alleged breaches of international obligations concerning whaling. (Press Release, ICJ, Australia Institutes Proceedings Against Japan Indonesia and Norway have established a partnership through which Norway will grant the equivalent of US$1 billion in aid to Indonesia for forest preservation and climate control. Indonesia had said in 2009 that it plans to On March 2, 2010, the General Court of the European Union rejected a challenge, brought by "the world's largest steel producer" Arcelor S.A., to the EU's 2003 Emissions Trading Directive. The Luxembourg-based company argued that several On February 9, 2010, the Government of Ireland issued a statement to confirm that it is proceeding with the waste management strategy contained in the 2007 Programme for Government and the 2009 Renewed Program for Government. Victims of toxic waste poisoning in the Ivory Coast have reached an agreement with the Dutch company Trafigura; the deal concerns distribution of approximately US$45 million in compensation to 31,000 victims. A court order issued in Chile has enacted a new law that creates the Ministry of the Environment, the Environmental Evaluation Service, and the Superintendency for the Environment. It also contains other, less substantive amendments. (Ley 20417, amending Law 19,300 of On December 29, 2009, France's Constitutional Council, which ensures the constitutionality of laws prior to their promulgation by the President of the Republic, invalidated the carbon tax set forth in article 7 of the draft 2010 On November 25, 2009, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Climate Change Response (Moderated Emissions Trading) Amendment Bill. This legislation amends the scheme that was enacted by the previous government in September 2008, which was due On August 27, 2009, the National People's Congress of China (NPC) Standing Committee adopted a Resolution on Actively Responding to Climate Change. This is the first resolution of its kind adopted by the top legislature of In mid-November 2009, Norway and Finland signed an agreement in which they committed to cooperation with Russia on removing radioactive batteries from the Baltic Sea. The Memorandum of Understanding was signed in Helsinki, Finland, by Norweigan A U.S. federal appellate court has ruled that a lawsuit by victims of Hurricane Katrina against energy and chemical companies, for contributing to global warming and thus increasing the damages from the hurricane, may proceed in On November 6, 2009, the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) released a report calling for better environmental protection in wartime. Natural assets need to be better protected by clarification of relevant laws, the report concluded. The On June 1, 2009, the General Office of China's State Council announced a plan for an automobile and electronic appliance "old swap new" program, which was formulated by the National Development and Reform Commission and four On September 10, 2009, French President Nicolas Sarkozy announced his government's controversial plan to impose a new "carbon tax" (taxe carbone), to take effect on January 1, 2010, on emissions from fossil fuels such as coal, A meeting was held in Indonesia's capital, Jakarta, on August 26, 2009, to draft a bill to revise the Environmental Law of 1999. The participants included both legislators from the House of Representatives' commission on the... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 03 Sep 2009 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401547_text Global Legal Monitor: Africa: Conference to Craft Common Negotiating Position on Climate Change http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401520_text Environmental protection - On April 14, 2014, the Government of Portugal published Law No. 19, which defines the basis for the country's environmental policy pursuant to the terms of articles 9 and 66 of the Constitution. (Lei No. On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano In August 2013, Syngenta, a Swiss agrochemical company, and Bayer, a German agrochemical company, initiated legal action before the European Court of Justice, challenging the European Commission's decision to ban the pesticide thiamethoxam, which is used On September 1, 2013, a new European Union Regulation on Biocides entered into force. Biocides are chemicals used to control organisms that are harmful to human and animal health and to the environment, such as pests Denmark's Environment Minister, Ida Auken, has announced a new approach to handling rubbish in the country. In September, the government is expected to present a plan to require households to sort trash into several bins, On June 30, 2013, the other members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) urged Indonesia to ratify a treaty designed to limit smog pollution across On May 20, 2013, the Supreme Court of Israel approved a plea bargain that included an unprecedented high amount of compensation in a class-action suit for violation of the prohibition on smoking in public places, in On May 28, 2013, during a visit by President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono of Indonesia to Sweden, the two countries signed a Memorandum of Understanding on sustainable The Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs (MLTM) of the Republic of Korea promulgated the revised enforcement rule for the Marine Environment Management Act on On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 3, 2012, Indonesia and South Korea concluded an agreement to restore the Ciliwung River, which flows from the mountains down through Jakarta On November 20, 2012, the New Zealand government formally lodged with the International Court of Justice (ICJ) a declaration of its intention to intervene in the On September 7, 2012, the New Zealand High Court (the third highest court in New Zealand's court hierarchy) dismissed a challenge to the findings of reports that stated that average temperatures in the country had increased On June 18, 2012, Chile's legislature passed Law 20600 on the creation of new environmental courts, thereby granting the Superintendency of the Environment the power to prosecute environmental violations. (Law 20600 Creating Environmental Courts (June On May 29, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Clean Air Law 5768-2008. A stated objective of the Law is to improve air quality and prevent and minimize air pollution by, among On March 19, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Pollutant and Transfers to the Environment - Duties of Reporting and Registration) Law 5772-2012. The stated objectives of the Law are to increase the Denmark's Environment Ministry is planning to propose a tax on the chemical dihydrogen monoxide (DHMO) as a method to discourage its use. DHMO is odorless but potentially lethal. High levels of the substance were found in A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On January 18, 2012, Namibia's Minister of Environment and Tourism put into effect the Environmental Management Act (EMA), Act No. 7 of 2007. (Government Gazette of the Republic of Namibia, No. 3966 (Dec. 27, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change On October 20, 2011, the Supreme Court of Mongolia ruled that the country's government must enforce its 2009 environmental protection resolution restricting mining in some locations. The decision came in a case filed by the United On May 15, 2011, the New Zealand Minister for the Environment, Hon. Nick Smith, announced that a new law regulating "freedom camping" would be introduced in Parliament this month to address problems related to irresponsible campers. On March 28, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Inspection and Enforcement Authorities) Law, 5771-2011. The Law states as its goal the protection, maintenance, and improvement of the quality of the environment and On March 29, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro approved, during the first session of debate, a bill of law that some say, if adopted, might help fight global warming. The On January 19, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Regulation of Processing of Packaging Law, 5771-2011. The Law declares that it is intended to regulate both the production and the processing of packaging material waste In June 2010, India's Parliament adopted the National Green Tribunal Act (NGT Act), which established a new court, the National Green Tribunal, exclusively for handling cases involving environmental law. The Tribunal began operations on October 19, It was reported on December 10, 2010, that Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration (EPA) has drafted revisions to the relevant laws on recycling of appliances that will ban retailers from charging consumers a fee for the removal On October 21, 2010, the Bahraini Ministry of Homeland Security began enforcing a royal decree issued in 1999 that bans the use of all types of microphones attached to mosques. Muslim clerics in Bahrain have been On November 4, 2010, the European Commission made public a proposal for a regulation to introduce a ban on the use of phosphates and phosphate compounds in laundry detergents, in order to limit the amount of It was reported on October 24, 2010, that a joint committee comprising the African Development Bank (AfDB), the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (ECA), and the African Union Commission (AUC) issued a Consensus Statement on On September 27, 2010, the Bangladeshi Parliament passed the Environment Protection Bill 2010, to amend the Bangladesh Environment Protection Act 1995. The amended law "empowers the government to control the production, processing, stockpiling, supplying, transporting, importing, On September 10, 2010, Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration announced the implementation of measures aimed at encouraging domestic companies to cut carbon dioxide emissions. The measures are set forth in the "Executive Yuan [Cabinet] Environmental Protection Agency A leading British supermarket chain, Sainsbury's, is to be prosecuted for using too much packaging on one of its products, according to a news report of September 17, 2010. The day before this announcement, the supermarket On August 31, 2010, Taiwan and Australia signed a memorandum of understanding on establishing more extensive bilateral cooperation to promote green energy industries and technologies. It is the first agreement of its kind between the two The French Parliament adopted Law 2010-788 of July 12, 2010, on National Commitment for the Environment, also referred to as the "Grenelle II Law." (Loi 2010-788 du 12 juillet 2010 portant engagement national pour l'environnement, On July 29, 2010, the Minsk City Economic Court, in Belarus, ordered a church to pay compensation for environmental damage it allegedly caused in the city. The New Life Church (NLC), a Protestant congregation, was asked On July 23, 2010, the Amsterdam District Court imposed the maximum fine of 1 million (about US$1.28 million) on Trafigura Beheer BV, a multinational oil trading company, for illegally shipping 400 tons of hazardous toxic sludge, On July 14, 2010, the Climate Change Committee of the European Commission endorsed the Commission's proposal for a regulation that establishes rules governing the auctioning of emissions allowances under the EU Emissions Trading System (ETS) and Japan's legislature, the Diet, passed an amendment of the Waste Disposal and Cleaning Law (Law No. 137 of 1970) in May 2010 (Law No. 34 of 2010). The amendment will be effective within one year and On June 11, 2010, Dr. Rob Davies, Minister of Trade and Industry of South Africa, published for public comment a proposed sub-regulation to the National Building Regulations and Building Standards Act to make new buildings energy On June 1, 2010, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) released information on the proceedings instituted by Australia against Japan for alleged breaches of international obligations concerning whaling. (Press Release, ICJ, Australia Institutes Proceedings Against Japan Indonesia and Norway have established a partnership through which Norway will grant the equivalent of US$1 billion in aid to Indonesia for forest preservation and climate control. Indonesia had said in 2009 that it plans to On March 2, 2010, the General Court of the European Union rejected a challenge, brought by "the world's largest steel producer" Arcelor S.A., to the EU's 2003 Emissions Trading Directive. The Luxembourg-based company argued that several On February 9, 2010, the Government of Ireland issued a statement to confirm that it is proceeding with the waste management strategy contained in the 2007 Programme for Government and the 2009 Renewed Program for Government. Victims of toxic waste poisoning in the Ivory Coast have reached an agreement with the Dutch company Trafigura; the deal concerns distribution of approximately US$45 million in compensation to 31,000 victims. A court order issued in Chile has enacted a new law that creates the Ministry of the Environment, the Environmental Evaluation Service, and the Superintendency for the Environment. It also contains other, less substantive amendments. (Ley 20417, amending Law 19,300 of On December 29, 2009, France's Constitutional Council, which ensures the constitutionality of laws prior to their promulgation by the President of the Republic, invalidated the carbon tax set forth in article 7 of the draft 2010 On November 25, 2009, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Climate Change Response (Moderated Emissions Trading) Amendment Bill. This legislation amends the scheme that was enacted by the previous government in September 2008, which was due On August 27, 2009, the National People's Congress of China (NPC) Standing Committee adopted a Resolution on Actively Responding to Climate Change. This is the first resolution of its kind adopted by the top legislature of In mid-November 2009, Norway and Finland signed an agreement in which they committed to cooperation with Russia on removing radioactive batteries from the Baltic Sea. The Memorandum of Understanding was signed in Helsinki, Finland, by Norweigan A U.S. federal appellate court has ruled that a lawsuit by victims of Hurricane Katrina against energy and chemical companies, for contributing to global warming and thus increasing the damages from the hurricane, may proceed in On November 6, 2009, the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) released a report calling for better environmental protection in wartime. Natural assets need to be better protected by clarification of relevant laws, the report concluded. The On June 1, 2009, the General Office of China's State Council announced a plan for an automobile and electronic appliance "old swap new" program, which was formulated by the National Development and Reform Commission and four On September 10, 2009, French President Nicolas Sarkozy announced his government's controversial plan to impose a new "carbon tax" (taxe carbone), to take effect on January 1, 2010, on emissions from fossil fuels such as coal, A meeting was held in Indonesia's capital, Jakarta, on August 26, 2009, to draft a bill to revise the Environmental Law of 1999. The participants included both legislators from the House of Representatives' commission on the It was reported on August 24, 2009, that representatives and experts of ten African nations have convened a meeting in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, to forge a common stance on climate change before the United Nations conference... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 25 Aug 2009 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401520_text Global Legal Monitor: United Nations: New Protocol to Make Reporting of Pollutants in Europe Legally Binding http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401450_text Environmental protection - On April 14, 2014, the Government of Portugal published Law No. 19, which defines the basis for the country's environmental policy pursuant to the terms of articles 9 and 66 of the Constitution. (Lei No. On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano In August 2013, Syngenta, a Swiss agrochemical company, and Bayer, a German agrochemical company, initiated legal action before the European Court of Justice, challenging the European Commission's decision to ban the pesticide thiamethoxam, which is used On September 1, 2013, a new European Union Regulation on Biocides entered into force. Biocides are chemicals used to control organisms that are harmful to human and animal health and to the environment, such as pests Denmark's Environment Minister, Ida Auken, has announced a new approach to handling rubbish in the country. In September, the government is expected to present a plan to require households to sort trash into several bins, On June 30, 2013, the other members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) urged Indonesia to ratify a treaty designed to limit smog pollution across On May 20, 2013, the Supreme Court of Israel approved a plea bargain that included an unprecedented high amount of compensation in a class-action suit for violation of the prohibition on smoking in public places, in On May 28, 2013, during a visit by President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono of Indonesia to Sweden, the two countries signed a Memorandum of Understanding on sustainable The Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs (MLTM) of the Republic of Korea promulgated the revised enforcement rule for the Marine Environment Management Act on On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 3, 2012, Indonesia and South Korea concluded an agreement to restore the Ciliwung River, which flows from the mountains down through Jakarta On November 20, 2012, the New Zealand government formally lodged with the International Court of Justice (ICJ) a declaration of its intention to intervene in the On September 7, 2012, the New Zealand High Court (the third highest court in New Zealand's court hierarchy) dismissed a challenge to the findings of reports that stated that average temperatures in the country had increased On June 18, 2012, Chile's legislature passed Law 20600 on the creation of new environmental courts, thereby granting the Superintendency of the Environment the power to prosecute environmental violations. (Law 20600 Creating Environmental Courts (June On May 29, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Clean Air Law 5768-2008. A stated objective of the Law is to improve air quality and prevent and minimize air pollution by, among On March 19, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Pollutant and Transfers to the Environment - Duties of Reporting and Registration) Law 5772-2012. The stated objectives of the Law are to increase the Denmark's Environment Ministry is planning to propose a tax on the chemical dihydrogen monoxide (DHMO) as a method to discourage its use. DHMO is odorless but potentially lethal. High levels of the substance were found in A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On January 18, 2012, Namibia's Minister of Environment and Tourism put into effect the Environmental Management Act (EMA), Act No. 7 of 2007. (Government Gazette of the Republic of Namibia, No. 3966 (Dec. 27, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change On October 20, 2011, the Supreme Court of Mongolia ruled that the country's government must enforce its 2009 environmental protection resolution restricting mining in some locations. The decision came in a case filed by the United On May 15, 2011, the New Zealand Minister for the Environment, Hon. Nick Smith, announced that a new law regulating "freedom camping" would be introduced in Parliament this month to address problems related to irresponsible campers. On March 28, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Inspection and Enforcement Authorities) Law, 5771-2011. The Law states as its goal the protection, maintenance, and improvement of the quality of the environment and On March 29, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro approved, during the first session of debate, a bill of law that some say, if adopted, might help fight global warming. The On January 19, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Regulation of Processing of Packaging Law, 5771-2011. The Law declares that it is intended to regulate both the production and the processing of packaging material waste In June 2010, India's Parliament adopted the National Green Tribunal Act (NGT Act), which established a new court, the National Green Tribunal, exclusively for handling cases involving environmental law. The Tribunal began operations on October 19, It was reported on December 10, 2010, that Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration (EPA) has drafted revisions to the relevant laws on recycling of appliances that will ban retailers from charging consumers a fee for the removal On October 21, 2010, the Bahraini Ministry of Homeland Security began enforcing a royal decree issued in 1999 that bans the use of all types of microphones attached to mosques. Muslim clerics in Bahrain have been On November 4, 2010, the European Commission made public a proposal for a regulation to introduce a ban on the use of phosphates and phosphate compounds in laundry detergents, in order to limit the amount of It was reported on October 24, 2010, that a joint committee comprising the African Development Bank (AfDB), the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (ECA), and the African Union Commission (AUC) issued a Consensus Statement on On September 27, 2010, the Bangladeshi Parliament passed the Environment Protection Bill 2010, to amend the Bangladesh Environment Protection Act 1995. The amended law "empowers the government to control the production, processing, stockpiling, supplying, transporting, importing, On September 10, 2010, Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration announced the implementation of measures aimed at encouraging domestic companies to cut carbon dioxide emissions. The measures are set forth in the "Executive Yuan [Cabinet] Environmental Protection Agency A leading British supermarket chain, Sainsbury's, is to be prosecuted for using too much packaging on one of its products, according to a news report of September 17, 2010. The day before this announcement, the supermarket On August 31, 2010, Taiwan and Australia signed a memorandum of understanding on establishing more extensive bilateral cooperation to promote green energy industries and technologies. It is the first agreement of its kind between the two The French Parliament adopted Law 2010-788 of July 12, 2010, on National Commitment for the Environment, also referred to as the "Grenelle II Law." (Loi 2010-788 du 12 juillet 2010 portant engagement national pour l'environnement, On July 29, 2010, the Minsk City Economic Court, in Belarus, ordered a church to pay compensation for environmental damage it allegedly caused in the city. The New Life Church (NLC), a Protestant congregation, was asked On July 23, 2010, the Amsterdam District Court imposed the maximum fine of 1 million (about US$1.28 million) on Trafigura Beheer BV, a multinational oil trading company, for illegally shipping 400 tons of hazardous toxic sludge, On July 14, 2010, the Climate Change Committee of the European Commission endorsed the Commission's proposal for a regulation that establishes rules governing the auctioning of emissions allowances under the EU Emissions Trading System (ETS) and Japan's legislature, the Diet, passed an amendment of the Waste Disposal and Cleaning Law (Law No. 137 of 1970) in May 2010 (Law No. 34 of 2010). The amendment will be effective within one year and On June 11, 2010, Dr. Rob Davies, Minister of Trade and Industry of South Africa, published for public comment a proposed sub-regulation to the National Building Regulations and Building Standards Act to make new buildings energy On June 1, 2010, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) released information on the proceedings instituted by Australia against Japan for alleged breaches of international obligations concerning whaling. (Press Release, ICJ, Australia Institutes Proceedings Against Japan Indonesia and Norway have established a partnership through which Norway will grant the equivalent of US$1 billion in aid to Indonesia for forest preservation and climate control. Indonesia had said in 2009 that it plans to On March 2, 2010, the General Court of the European Union rejected a challenge, brought by "the world's largest steel producer" Arcelor S.A., to the EU's 2003 Emissions Trading Directive. The Luxembourg-based company argued that several On February 9, 2010, the Government of Ireland issued a statement to confirm that it is proceeding with the waste management strategy contained in the 2007 Programme for Government and the 2009 Renewed Program for Government. Victims of toxic waste poisoning in the Ivory Coast have reached an agreement with the Dutch company Trafigura; the deal concerns distribution of approximately US$45 million in compensation to 31,000 victims. A court order issued in Chile has enacted a new law that creates the Ministry of the Environment, the Environmental Evaluation Service, and the Superintendency for the Environment. It also contains other, less substantive amendments. (Ley 20417, amending Law 19,300 of On December 29, 2009, France's Constitutional Council, which ensures the constitutionality of laws prior to their promulgation by the President of the Republic, invalidated the carbon tax set forth in article 7 of the draft 2010 On November 25, 2009, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Climate Change Response (Moderated Emissions Trading) Amendment Bill. This legislation amends the scheme that was enacted by the previous government in September 2008, which was due On August 27, 2009, the National People's Congress of China (NPC) Standing Committee adopted a Resolution on Actively Responding to Climate Change. This is the first resolution of its kind adopted by the top legislature of In mid-November 2009, Norway and Finland signed an agreement in which they committed to cooperation with Russia on removing radioactive batteries from the Baltic Sea. The Memorandum of Understanding was signed in Helsinki, Finland, by Norweigan A U.S. federal appellate court has ruled that a lawsuit by victims of Hurricane Katrina against energy and chemical companies, for contributing to global warming and thus increasing the damages from the hurricane, may proceed in On November 6, 2009, the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) released a report calling for better environmental protection in wartime. Natural assets need to be better protected by clarification of relevant laws, the report concluded. The On June 1, 2009, the General Office of China's State Council announced a plan for an automobile and electronic appliance "old swap new" program, which was formulated by the National Development and Reform Commission and four On September 10, 2009, French President Nicolas Sarkozy announced his government's controversial plan to impose a new "carbon tax" (taxe carbone), to take effect on January 1, 2010, on emissions from fossil fuels such as coal, A meeting was held in Indonesia's capital, Jakarta, on August 26, 2009, to draft a bill to revise the Environmental Law of 1999. The participants included both legislators from the House of Representatives' commission on the It was reported on August 24, 2009, that representatives and experts of ten African nations have convened a meeting in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, to forge a common stance on climate change before the United Nations conference On July 10, 2009, France ratified the Protocol on Pollutant Release and Transfer Registers (done at Kiev, May 21, 2003)andmdash;the first legally binding pact of its kindandmdash;and in so doing triggered the agreement's entry into force... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 22 Jul 2009 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401450_text Global Legal Monitor: Hong Kong: Environmental Levy on Plastic Shopping Bags http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401443_text Environmental protection - On April 14, 2014, the Government of Portugal published Law No. 19, which defines the basis for the country's environmental policy pursuant to the terms of articles 9 and 66 of the Constitution. (Lei No. On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano In August 2013, Syngenta, a Swiss agrochemical company, and Bayer, a German agrochemical company, initiated legal action before the European Court of Justice, challenging the European Commission's decision to ban the pesticide thiamethoxam, which is used On September 1, 2013, a new European Union Regulation on Biocides entered into force. Biocides are chemicals used to control organisms that are harmful to human and animal health and to the environment, such as pests Denmark's Environment Minister, Ida Auken, has announced a new approach to handling rubbish in the country. In September, the government is expected to present a plan to require households to sort trash into several bins, On June 30, 2013, the other members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) urged Indonesia to ratify a treaty designed to limit smog pollution across On May 20, 2013, the Supreme Court of Israel approved a plea bargain that included an unprecedented high amount of compensation in a class-action suit for violation of the prohibition on smoking in public places, in On May 28, 2013, during a visit by President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono of Indonesia to Sweden, the two countries signed a Memorandum of Understanding on sustainable The Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs (MLTM) of the Republic of Korea promulgated the revised enforcement rule for the Marine Environment Management Act on On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 3, 2012, Indonesia and South Korea concluded an agreement to restore the Ciliwung River, which flows from the mountains down through Jakarta On November 20, 2012, the New Zealand government formally lodged with the International Court of Justice (ICJ) a declaration of its intention to intervene in the On September 7, 2012, the New Zealand High Court (the third highest court in New Zealand's court hierarchy) dismissed a challenge to the findings of reports that stated that average temperatures in the country had increased On June 18, 2012, Chile's legislature passed Law 20600 on the creation of new environmental courts, thereby granting the Superintendency of the Environment the power to prosecute environmental violations. (Law 20600 Creating Environmental Courts (June On May 29, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Clean Air Law 5768-2008. A stated objective of the Law is to improve air quality and prevent and minimize air pollution by, among On March 19, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Pollutant and Transfers to the Environment - Duties of Reporting and Registration) Law 5772-2012. The stated objectives of the Law are to increase the Denmark's Environment Ministry is planning to propose a tax on the chemical dihydrogen monoxide (DHMO) as a method to discourage its use. DHMO is odorless but potentially lethal. High levels of the substance were found in A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On January 18, 2012, Namibia's Minister of Environment and Tourism put into effect the Environmental Management Act (EMA), Act No. 7 of 2007. (Government Gazette of the Republic of Namibia, No. 3966 (Dec. 27, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change On October 20, 2011, the Supreme Court of Mongolia ruled that the country's government must enforce its 2009 environmental protection resolution restricting mining in some locations. The decision came in a case filed by the United On May 15, 2011, the New Zealand Minister for the Environment, Hon. Nick Smith, announced that a new law regulating "freedom camping" would be introduced in Parliament this month to address problems related to irresponsible campers. On March 28, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Inspection and Enforcement Authorities) Law, 5771-2011. The Law states as its goal the protection, maintenance, and improvement of the quality of the environment and On March 29, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro approved, during the first session of debate, a bill of law that some say, if adopted, might help fight global warming. The On January 19, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Regulation of Processing of Packaging Law, 5771-2011. The Law declares that it is intended to regulate both the production and the processing of packaging material waste In June 2010, India's Parliament adopted the National Green Tribunal Act (NGT Act), which established a new court, the National Green Tribunal, exclusively for handling cases involving environmental law. The Tribunal began operations on October 19, It was reported on December 10, 2010, that Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration (EPA) has drafted revisions to the relevant laws on recycling of appliances that will ban retailers from charging consumers a fee for the removal On October 21, 2010, the Bahraini Ministry of Homeland Security began enforcing a royal decree issued in 1999 that bans the use of all types of microphones attached to mosques. Muslim clerics in Bahrain have been On November 4, 2010, the European Commission made public a proposal for a regulation to introduce a ban on the use of phosphates and phosphate compounds in laundry detergents, in order to limit the amount of It was reported on October 24, 2010, that a joint committee comprising the African Development Bank (AfDB), the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (ECA), and the African Union Commission (AUC) issued a Consensus Statement on On September 27, 2010, the Bangladeshi Parliament passed the Environment Protection Bill 2010, to amend the Bangladesh Environment Protection Act 1995. The amended law "empowers the government to control the production, processing, stockpiling, supplying, transporting, importing, On September 10, 2010, Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration announced the implementation of measures aimed at encouraging domestic companies to cut carbon dioxide emissions. The measures are set forth in the "Executive Yuan [Cabinet] Environmental Protection Agency A leading British supermarket chain, Sainsbury's, is to be prosecuted for using too much packaging on one of its products, according to a news report of September 17, 2010. The day before this announcement, the supermarket On August 31, 2010, Taiwan and Australia signed a memorandum of understanding on establishing more extensive bilateral cooperation to promote green energy industries and technologies. It is the first agreement of its kind between the two The French Parliament adopted Law 2010-788 of July 12, 2010, on National Commitment for the Environment, also referred to as the "Grenelle II Law." (Loi 2010-788 du 12 juillet 2010 portant engagement national pour l'environnement, On July 29, 2010, the Minsk City Economic Court, in Belarus, ordered a church to pay compensation for environmental damage it allegedly caused in the city. The New Life Church (NLC), a Protestant congregation, was asked On July 23, 2010, the Amsterdam District Court imposed the maximum fine of 1 million (about US$1.28 million) on Trafigura Beheer BV, a multinational oil trading company, for illegally shipping 400 tons of hazardous toxic sludge, On July 14, 2010, the Climate Change Committee of the European Commission endorsed the Commission's proposal for a regulation that establishes rules governing the auctioning of emissions allowances under the EU Emissions Trading System (ETS) and Japan's legislature, the Diet, passed an amendment of the Waste Disposal and Cleaning Law (Law No. 137 of 1970) in May 2010 (Law No. 34 of 2010). The amendment will be effective within one year and On June 11, 2010, Dr. Rob Davies, Minister of Trade and Industry of South Africa, published for public comment a proposed sub-regulation to the National Building Regulations and Building Standards Act to make new buildings energy On June 1, 2010, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) released information on the proceedings instituted by Australia against Japan for alleged breaches of international obligations concerning whaling. (Press Release, ICJ, Australia Institutes Proceedings Against Japan Indonesia and Norway have established a partnership through which Norway will grant the equivalent of US$1 billion in aid to Indonesia for forest preservation and climate control. Indonesia had said in 2009 that it plans to On March 2, 2010, the General Court of the European Union rejected a challenge, brought by "the world's largest steel producer" Arcelor S.A., to the EU's 2003 Emissions Trading Directive. The Luxembourg-based company argued that several On February 9, 2010, the Government of Ireland issued a statement to confirm that it is proceeding with the waste management strategy contained in the 2007 Programme for Government and the 2009 Renewed Program for Government. Victims of toxic waste poisoning in the Ivory Coast have reached an agreement with the Dutch company Trafigura; the deal concerns distribution of approximately US$45 million in compensation to 31,000 victims. A court order issued in Chile has enacted a new law that creates the Ministry of the Environment, the Environmental Evaluation Service, and the Superintendency for the Environment. It also contains other, less substantive amendments. (Ley 20417, amending Law 19,300 of On December 29, 2009, France's Constitutional Council, which ensures the constitutionality of laws prior to their promulgation by the President of the Republic, invalidated the carbon tax set forth in article 7 of the draft 2010 On November 25, 2009, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Climate Change Response (Moderated Emissions Trading) Amendment Bill. This legislation amends the scheme that was enacted by the previous government in September 2008, which was due On August 27, 2009, the National People's Congress of China (NPC) Standing Committee adopted a Resolution on Actively Responding to Climate Change. This is the first resolution of its kind adopted by the top legislature of In mid-November 2009, Norway and Finland signed an agreement in which they committed to cooperation with Russia on removing radioactive batteries from the Baltic Sea. The Memorandum of Understanding was signed in Helsinki, Finland, by Norweigan A U.S. federal appellate court has ruled that a lawsuit by victims of Hurricane Katrina against energy and chemical companies, for contributing to global warming and thus increasing the damages from the hurricane, may proceed in On November 6, 2009, the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) released a report calling for better environmental protection in wartime. Natural assets need to be better protected by clarification of relevant laws, the report concluded. The On June 1, 2009, the General Office of China's State Council announced a plan for an automobile and electronic appliance "old swap new" program, which was formulated by the National Development and Reform Commission and four On September 10, 2009, French President Nicolas Sarkozy announced his government's controversial plan to impose a new "carbon tax" (taxe carbone), to take effect on January 1, 2010, on emissions from fossil fuels such as coal, A meeting was held in Indonesia's capital, Jakarta, on August 26, 2009, to draft a bill to revise the Environmental Law of 1999. The participants included both legislators from the House of Representatives' commission on the It was reported on August 24, 2009, that representatives and experts of ten African nations have convened a meeting in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, to forge a common stance on climate change before the United Nations conference On July 10, 2009, France ratified the Protocol on Pollutant Release and Transfer Registers (done at Kiev, May 21, 2003)andmdash;the first legally binding pact of its kindandmdash;and in so doing triggered the agreement's entry into force Effective July 7, 2009, registered retailers in Hong Kong are no longer allowed to provide free plastic shopping bags for customers; for each plastic shopping bag requested by the customer, the retailers must charge an environmental... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 17 Jul 2009 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401443_text Global Legal Monitor: United States: Supreme Court Rules Mining Waste May Be Discharged into Alaska Lake http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401424_text Environmental protection - On April 14, 2014, the Government of Portugal published Law No. 19, which defines the basis for the country's environmental policy pursuant to the terms of articles 9 and 66 of the Constitution. (Lei No. On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano In August 2013, Syngenta, a Swiss agrochemical company, and Bayer, a German agrochemical company, initiated legal action before the European Court of Justice, challenging the European Commission's decision to ban the pesticide thiamethoxam, which is used On September 1, 2013, a new European Union Regulation on Biocides entered into force. Biocides are chemicals used to control organisms that are harmful to human and animal health and to the environment, such as pests Denmark's Environment Minister, Ida Auken, has announced a new approach to handling rubbish in the country. In September, the government is expected to present a plan to require households to sort trash into several bins, On June 30, 2013, the other members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) urged Indonesia to ratify a treaty designed to limit smog pollution across On May 20, 2013, the Supreme Court of Israel approved a plea bargain that included an unprecedented high amount of compensation in a class-action suit for violation of the prohibition on smoking in public places, in On May 28, 2013, during a visit by President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono of Indonesia to Sweden, the two countries signed a Memorandum of Understanding on sustainable The Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs (MLTM) of the Republic of Korea promulgated the revised enforcement rule for the Marine Environment Management Act on On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 3, 2012, Indonesia and South Korea concluded an agreement to restore the Ciliwung River, which flows from the mountains down through Jakarta On November 20, 2012, the New Zealand government formally lodged with the International Court of Justice (ICJ) a declaration of its intention to intervene in the On September 7, 2012, the New Zealand High Court (the third highest court in New Zealand's court hierarchy) dismissed a challenge to the findings of reports that stated that average temperatures in the country had increased On June 18, 2012, Chile's legislature passed Law 20600 on the creation of new environmental courts, thereby granting the Superintendency of the Environment the power to prosecute environmental violations. (Law 20600 Creating Environmental Courts (June On May 29, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Clean Air Law 5768-2008. A stated objective of the Law is to improve air quality and prevent and minimize air pollution by, among On March 19, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Pollutant and Transfers to the Environment - Duties of Reporting and Registration) Law 5772-2012. The stated objectives of the Law are to increase the Denmark's Environment Ministry is planning to propose a tax on the chemical dihydrogen monoxide (DHMO) as a method to discourage its use. DHMO is odorless but potentially lethal. High levels of the substance were found in A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On January 18, 2012, Namibia's Minister of Environment and Tourism put into effect the Environmental Management Act (EMA), Act No. 7 of 2007. (Government Gazette of the Republic of Namibia, No. 3966 (Dec. 27, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change On October 20, 2011, the Supreme Court of Mongolia ruled that the country's government must enforce its 2009 environmental protection resolution restricting mining in some locations. The decision came in a case filed by the United On May 15, 2011, the New Zealand Minister for the Environment, Hon. Nick Smith, announced that a new law regulating "freedom camping" would be introduced in Parliament this month to address problems related to irresponsible campers. On March 28, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Inspection and Enforcement Authorities) Law, 5771-2011. The Law states as its goal the protection, maintenance, and improvement of the quality of the environment and On March 29, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro approved, during the first session of debate, a bill of law that some say, if adopted, might help fight global warming. The On January 19, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Regulation of Processing of Packaging Law, 5771-2011. The Law declares that it is intended to regulate both the production and the processing of packaging material waste In June 2010, India's Parliament adopted the National Green Tribunal Act (NGT Act), which established a new court, the National Green Tribunal, exclusively for handling cases involving environmental law. The Tribunal began operations on October 19, It was reported on December 10, 2010, that Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration (EPA) has drafted revisions to the relevant laws on recycling of appliances that will ban retailers from charging consumers a fee for the removal On October 21, 2010, the Bahraini Ministry of Homeland Security began enforcing a royal decree issued in 1999 that bans the use of all types of microphones attached to mosques. Muslim clerics in Bahrain have been On November 4, 2010, the European Commission made public a proposal for a regulation to introduce a ban on the use of phosphates and phosphate compounds in laundry detergents, in order to limit the amount of It was reported on October 24, 2010, that a joint committee comprising the African Development Bank (AfDB), the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (ECA), and the African Union Commission (AUC) issued a Consensus Statement on On September 27, 2010, the Bangladeshi Parliament passed the Environment Protection Bill 2010, to amend the Bangladesh Environment Protection Act 1995. The amended law "empowers the government to control the production, processing, stockpiling, supplying, transporting, importing, On September 10, 2010, Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration announced the implementation of measures aimed at encouraging domestic companies to cut carbon dioxide emissions. The measures are set forth in the "Executive Yuan [Cabinet] Environmental Protection Agency A leading British supermarket chain, Sainsbury's, is to be prosecuted for using too much packaging on one of its products, according to a news report of September 17, 2010. The day before this announcement, the supermarket On August 31, 2010, Taiwan and Australia signed a memorandum of understanding on establishing more extensive bilateral cooperation to promote green energy industries and technologies. It is the first agreement of its kind between the two The French Parliament adopted Law 2010-788 of July 12, 2010, on National Commitment for the Environment, also referred to as the "Grenelle II Law." (Loi 2010-788 du 12 juillet 2010 portant engagement national pour l'environnement, On July 29, 2010, the Minsk City Economic Court, in Belarus, ordered a church to pay compensation for environmental damage it allegedly caused in the city. The New Life Church (NLC), a Protestant congregation, was asked On July 23, 2010, the Amsterdam District Court imposed the maximum fine of 1 million (about US$1.28 million) on Trafigura Beheer BV, a multinational oil trading company, for illegally shipping 400 tons of hazardous toxic sludge, On July 14, 2010, the Climate Change Committee of the European Commission endorsed the Commission's proposal for a regulation that establishes rules governing the auctioning of emissions allowances under the EU Emissions Trading System (ETS) and Japan's legislature, the Diet, passed an amendment of the Waste Disposal and Cleaning Law (Law No. 137 of 1970) in May 2010 (Law No. 34 of 2010). The amendment will be effective within one year and On June 11, 2010, Dr. Rob Davies, Minister of Trade and Industry of South Africa, published for public comment a proposed sub-regulation to the National Building Regulations and Building Standards Act to make new buildings energy On June 1, 2010, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) released information on the proceedings instituted by Australia against Japan for alleged breaches of international obligations concerning whaling. (Press Release, ICJ, Australia Institutes Proceedings Against Japan Indonesia and Norway have established a partnership through which Norway will grant the equivalent of US$1 billion in aid to Indonesia for forest preservation and climate control. Indonesia had said in 2009 that it plans to On March 2, 2010, the General Court of the European Union rejected a challenge, brought by "the world's largest steel producer" Arcelor S.A., to the EU's 2003 Emissions Trading Directive. The Luxembourg-based company argued that several On February 9, 2010, the Government of Ireland issued a statement to confirm that it is proceeding with the waste management strategy contained in the 2007 Programme for Government and the 2009 Renewed Program for Government. Victims of toxic waste poisoning in the Ivory Coast have reached an agreement with the Dutch company Trafigura; the deal concerns distribution of approximately US$45 million in compensation to 31,000 victims. A court order issued in Chile has enacted a new law that creates the Ministry of the Environment, the Environmental Evaluation Service, and the Superintendency for the Environment. It also contains other, less substantive amendments. (Ley 20417, amending Law 19,300 of On December 29, 2009, France's Constitutional Council, which ensures the constitutionality of laws prior to their promulgation by the President of the Republic, invalidated the carbon tax set forth in article 7 of the draft 2010 On November 25, 2009, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Climate Change Response (Moderated Emissions Trading) Amendment Bill. This legislation amends the scheme that was enacted by the previous government in September 2008, which was due On August 27, 2009, the National People's Congress of China (NPC) Standing Committee adopted a Resolution on Actively Responding to Climate Change. This is the first resolution of its kind adopted by the top legislature of In mid-November 2009, Norway and Finland signed an agreement in which they committed to cooperation with Russia on removing radioactive batteries from the Baltic Sea. The Memorandum of Understanding was signed in Helsinki, Finland, by Norweigan A U.S. federal appellate court has ruled that a lawsuit by victims of Hurricane Katrina against energy and chemical companies, for contributing to global warming and thus increasing the damages from the hurricane, may proceed in On November 6, 2009, the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) released a report calling for better environmental protection in wartime. Natural assets need to be better protected by clarification of relevant laws, the report concluded. The On June 1, 2009, the General Office of China's State Council announced a plan for an automobile and electronic appliance "old swap new" program, which was formulated by the National Development and Reform Commission and four On September 10, 2009, French President Nicolas Sarkozy announced his government's controversial plan to impose a new "carbon tax" (taxe carbone), to take effect on January 1, 2010, on emissions from fossil fuels such as coal, A meeting was held in Indonesia's capital, Jakarta, on August 26, 2009, to draft a bill to revise the Environmental Law of 1999. The participants included both legislators from the House of Representatives' commission on the It was reported on August 24, 2009, that representatives and experts of ten African nations have convened a meeting in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, to forge a common stance on climate change before the United Nations conference On July 10, 2009, France ratified the Protocol on Pollutant Release and Transfer Registers (done at Kiev, May 21, 2003)andmdash;the first legally binding pact of its kindandmdash;and in so doing triggered the agreement's entry into force Effective July 7, 2009, registered retailers in Hong Kong are no longer allowed to provide free plastic shopping bags for customers; for each plastic shopping bag requested by the customer, the retailers must charge an environmental The U.S. Supreme Court recently addressed jurisdictional issues on enforcement of the Clean Water Act (CWA) by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (Corps), and sided with the argument that... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 14 Jul 2009 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401424_text Global Legal Monitor: Indonesia: City Government to Shame Polluters http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401397_text Environmental protection - On April 14, 2014, the Government of Portugal published Law No. 19, which defines the basis for the country's environmental policy pursuant to the terms of articles 9 and 66 of the Constitution. (Lei No. On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano In August 2013, Syngenta, a Swiss agrochemical company, and Bayer, a German agrochemical company, initiated legal action before the European Court of Justice, challenging the European Commission's decision to ban the pesticide thiamethoxam, which is used On September 1, 2013, a new European Union Regulation on Biocides entered into force. Biocides are chemicals used to control organisms that are harmful to human and animal health and to the environment, such as pests Denmark's Environment Minister, Ida Auken, has announced a new approach to handling rubbish in the country. In September, the government is expected to present a plan to require households to sort trash into several bins, On June 30, 2013, the other members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) urged Indonesia to ratify a treaty designed to limit smog pollution across On May 20, 2013, the Supreme Court of Israel approved a plea bargain that included an unprecedented high amount of compensation in a class-action suit for violation of the prohibition on smoking in public places, in On May 28, 2013, during a visit by President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono of Indonesia to Sweden, the two countries signed a Memorandum of Understanding on sustainable The Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs (MLTM) of the Republic of Korea promulgated the revised enforcement rule for the Marine Environment Management Act on On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 3, 2012, Indonesia and South Korea concluded an agreement to restore the Ciliwung River, which flows from the mountains down through Jakarta On November 20, 2012, the New Zealand government formally lodged with the International Court of Justice (ICJ) a declaration of its intention to intervene in the On September 7, 2012, the New Zealand High Court (the third highest court in New Zealand's court hierarchy) dismissed a challenge to the findings of reports that stated that average temperatures in the country had increased On June 18, 2012, Chile's legislature passed Law 20600 on the creation of new environmental courts, thereby granting the Superintendency of the Environment the power to prosecute environmental violations. (Law 20600 Creating Environmental Courts (June On May 29, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Clean Air Law 5768-2008. A stated objective of the Law is to improve air quality and prevent and minimize air pollution by, among On March 19, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Pollutant and Transfers to the Environment - Duties of Reporting and Registration) Law 5772-2012. The stated objectives of the Law are to increase the Denmark's Environment Ministry is planning to propose a tax on the chemical dihydrogen monoxide (DHMO) as a method to discourage its use. DHMO is odorless but potentially lethal. High levels of the substance were found in A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On January 18, 2012, Namibia's Minister of Environment and Tourism put into effect the Environmental Management Act (EMA), Act No. 7 of 2007. (Government Gazette of the Republic of Namibia, No. 3966 (Dec. 27, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change On October 20, 2011, the Supreme Court of Mongolia ruled that the country's government must enforce its 2009 environmental protection resolution restricting mining in some locations. The decision came in a case filed by the United On May 15, 2011, the New Zealand Minister for the Environment, Hon. Nick Smith, announced that a new law regulating "freedom camping" would be introduced in Parliament this month to address problems related to irresponsible campers. On March 28, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Inspection and Enforcement Authorities) Law, 5771-2011. The Law states as its goal the protection, maintenance, and improvement of the quality of the environment and On March 29, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro approved, during the first session of debate, a bill of law that some say, if adopted, might help fight global warming. The On January 19, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Regulation of Processing of Packaging Law, 5771-2011. The Law declares that it is intended to regulate both the production and the processing of packaging material waste In June 2010, India's Parliament adopted the National Green Tribunal Act (NGT Act), which established a new court, the National Green Tribunal, exclusively for handling cases involving environmental law. The Tribunal began operations on October 19, It was reported on December 10, 2010, that Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration (EPA) has drafted revisions to the relevant laws on recycling of appliances that will ban retailers from charging consumers a fee for the removal On October 21, 2010, the Bahraini Ministry of Homeland Security began enforcing a royal decree issued in 1999 that bans the use of all types of microphones attached to mosques. Muslim clerics in Bahrain have been On November 4, 2010, the European Commission made public a proposal for a regulation to introduce a ban on the use of phosphates and phosphate compounds in laundry detergents, in order to limit the amount of It was reported on October 24, 2010, that a joint committee comprising the African Development Bank (AfDB), the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (ECA), and the African Union Commission (AUC) issued a Consensus Statement on On September 27, 2010, the Bangladeshi Parliament passed the Environment Protection Bill 2010, to amend the Bangladesh Environment Protection Act 1995. The amended law "empowers the government to control the production, processing, stockpiling, supplying, transporting, importing, On September 10, 2010, Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration announced the implementation of measures aimed at encouraging domestic companies to cut carbon dioxide emissions. The measures are set forth in the "Executive Yuan [Cabinet] Environmental Protection Agency A leading British supermarket chain, Sainsbury's, is to be prosecuted for using too much packaging on one of its products, according to a news report of September 17, 2010. The day before this announcement, the supermarket On August 31, 2010, Taiwan and Australia signed a memorandum of understanding on establishing more extensive bilateral cooperation to promote green energy industries and technologies. It is the first agreement of its kind between the two The French Parliament adopted Law 2010-788 of July 12, 2010, on National Commitment for the Environment, also referred to as the "Grenelle II Law." (Loi 2010-788 du 12 juillet 2010 portant engagement national pour l'environnement, On July 29, 2010, the Minsk City Economic Court, in Belarus, ordered a church to pay compensation for environmental damage it allegedly caused in the city. The New Life Church (NLC), a Protestant congregation, was asked On July 23, 2010, the Amsterdam District Court imposed the maximum fine of 1 million (about US$1.28 million) on Trafigura Beheer BV, a multinational oil trading company, for illegally shipping 400 tons of hazardous toxic sludge, On July 14, 2010, the Climate Change Committee of the European Commission endorsed the Commission's proposal for a regulation that establishes rules governing the auctioning of emissions allowances under the EU Emissions Trading System (ETS) and Japan's legislature, the Diet, passed an amendment of the Waste Disposal and Cleaning Law (Law No. 137 of 1970) in May 2010 (Law No. 34 of 2010). The amendment will be effective within one year and On June 11, 2010, Dr. Rob Davies, Minister of Trade and Industry of South Africa, published for public comment a proposed sub-regulation to the National Building Regulations and Building Standards Act to make new buildings energy On June 1, 2010, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) released information on the proceedings instituted by Australia against Japan for alleged breaches of international obligations concerning whaling. (Press Release, ICJ, Australia Institutes Proceedings Against Japan Indonesia and Norway have established a partnership through which Norway will grant the equivalent of US$1 billion in aid to Indonesia for forest preservation and climate control. Indonesia had said in 2009 that it plans to On March 2, 2010, the General Court of the European Union rejected a challenge, brought by "the world's largest steel producer" Arcelor S.A., to the EU's 2003 Emissions Trading Directive. The Luxembourg-based company argued that several On February 9, 2010, the Government of Ireland issued a statement to confirm that it is proceeding with the waste management strategy contained in the 2007 Programme for Government and the 2009 Renewed Program for Government. Victims of toxic waste poisoning in the Ivory Coast have reached an agreement with the Dutch company Trafigura; the deal concerns distribution of approximately US$45 million in compensation to 31,000 victims. A court order issued in Chile has enacted a new law that creates the Ministry of the Environment, the Environmental Evaluation Service, and the Superintendency for the Environment. It also contains other, less substantive amendments. (Ley 20417, amending Law 19,300 of On December 29, 2009, France's Constitutional Council, which ensures the constitutionality of laws prior to their promulgation by the President of the Republic, invalidated the carbon tax set forth in article 7 of the draft 2010 On November 25, 2009, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Climate Change Response (Moderated Emissions Trading) Amendment Bill. This legislation amends the scheme that was enacted by the previous government in September 2008, which was due On August 27, 2009, the National People's Congress of China (NPC) Standing Committee adopted a Resolution on Actively Responding to Climate Change. This is the first resolution of its kind adopted by the top legislature of In mid-November 2009, Norway and Finland signed an agreement in which they committed to cooperation with Russia on removing radioactive batteries from the Baltic Sea. The Memorandum of Understanding was signed in Helsinki, Finland, by Norweigan A U.S. federal appellate court has ruled that a lawsuit by victims of Hurricane Katrina against energy and chemical companies, for contributing to global warming and thus increasing the damages from the hurricane, may proceed in On November 6, 2009, the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) released a report calling for better environmental protection in wartime. Natural assets need to be better protected by clarification of relevant laws, the report concluded. The On June 1, 2009, the General Office of China's State Council announced a plan for an automobile and electronic appliance "old swap new" program, which was formulated by the National Development and Reform Commission and four On September 10, 2009, French President Nicolas Sarkozy announced his government's controversial plan to impose a new "carbon tax" (taxe carbone), to take effect on January 1, 2010, on emissions from fossil fuels such as coal, A meeting was held in Indonesia's capital, Jakarta, on August 26, 2009, to draft a bill to revise the Environmental Law of 1999. The participants included both legislators from the House of Representatives' commission on the It was reported on August 24, 2009, that representatives and experts of ten African nations have convened a meeting in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, to forge a common stance on climate change before the United Nations conference On July 10, 2009, France ratified the Protocol on Pollutant Release and Transfer Registers (done at Kiev, May 21, 2003)andmdash;the first legally binding pact of its kindandmdash;and in so doing triggered the agreement's entry into force Effective July 7, 2009, registered retailers in Hong Kong are no longer allowed to provide free plastic shopping bags for customers; for each plastic shopping bag requested by the customer, the retailers must charge an environmental The U.S. Supreme Court recently addressed jurisdictional issues on enforcement of the Clean Water Act (CWA) by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (Corps), and sided with the argument that According to Ridwan Panjaitan, the head of law enforcement for the City Environmental Management Agency of Jakarta, Indonesia's capital city, the municipality will make public the names of companies that violate environmental regulations. Speaking on June... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 01 Jul 2009 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401397_text Global Legal Monitor: United Nations; World Trade Organization: Report on Connection Between Climate Change and Trade Issued http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401402_text Environmental protection - On April 14, 2014, the Government of Portugal published Law No. 19, which defines the basis for the country's environmental policy pursuant to the terms of articles 9 and 66 of the Constitution. (Lei No. On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano In August 2013, Syngenta, a Swiss agrochemical company, and Bayer, a German agrochemical company, initiated legal action before the European Court of Justice, challenging the European Commission's decision to ban the pesticide thiamethoxam, which is used On September 1, 2013, a new European Union Regulation on Biocides entered into force. Biocides are chemicals used to control organisms that are harmful to human and animal health and to the environment, such as pests Denmark's Environment Minister, Ida Auken, has announced a new approach to handling rubbish in the country. In September, the government is expected to present a plan to require households to sort trash into several bins, On June 30, 2013, the other members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) urged Indonesia to ratify a treaty designed to limit smog pollution across On May 20, 2013, the Supreme Court of Israel approved a plea bargain that included an unprecedented high amount of compensation in a class-action suit for violation of the prohibition on smoking in public places, in On May 28, 2013, during a visit by President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono of Indonesia to Sweden, the two countries signed a Memorandum of Understanding on sustainable The Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs (MLTM) of the Republic of Korea promulgated the revised enforcement rule for the Marine Environment Management Act on On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 3, 2012, Indonesia and South Korea concluded an agreement to restore the Ciliwung River, which flows from the mountains down through Jakarta On November 20, 2012, the New Zealand government formally lodged with the International Court of Justice (ICJ) a declaration of its intention to intervene in the On September 7, 2012, the New Zealand High Court (the third highest court in New Zealand's court hierarchy) dismissed a challenge to the findings of reports that stated that average temperatures in the country had increased On June 18, 2012, Chile's legislature passed Law 20600 on the creation of new environmental courts, thereby granting the Superintendency of the Environment the power to prosecute environmental violations. (Law 20600 Creating Environmental Courts (June On May 29, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Clean Air Law 5768-2008. A stated objective of the Law is to improve air quality and prevent and minimize air pollution by, among On March 19, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Pollutant and Transfers to the Environment - Duties of Reporting and Registration) Law 5772-2012. The stated objectives of the Law are to increase the Denmark's Environment Ministry is planning to propose a tax on the chemical dihydrogen monoxide (DHMO) as a method to discourage its use. DHMO is odorless but potentially lethal. High levels of the substance were found in A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On January 18, 2012, Namibia's Minister of Environment and Tourism put into effect the Environmental Management Act (EMA), Act No. 7 of 2007. (Government Gazette of the Republic of Namibia, No. 3966 (Dec. 27, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change On October 20, 2011, the Supreme Court of Mongolia ruled that the country's government must enforce its 2009 environmental protection resolution restricting mining in some locations. The decision came in a case filed by the United On May 15, 2011, the New Zealand Minister for the Environment, Hon. Nick Smith, announced that a new law regulating "freedom camping" would be introduced in Parliament this month to address problems related to irresponsible campers. On March 28, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Inspection and Enforcement Authorities) Law, 5771-2011. The Law states as its goal the protection, maintenance, and improvement of the quality of the environment and On March 29, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro approved, during the first session of debate, a bill of law that some say, if adopted, might help fight global warming. The On January 19, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Regulation of Processing of Packaging Law, 5771-2011. The Law declares that it is intended to regulate both the production and the processing of packaging material waste In June 2010, India's Parliament adopted the National Green Tribunal Act (NGT Act), which established a new court, the National Green Tribunal, exclusively for handling cases involving environmental law. The Tribunal began operations on October 19, It was reported on December 10, 2010, that Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration (EPA) has drafted revisions to the relevant laws on recycling of appliances that will ban retailers from charging consumers a fee for the removal On October 21, 2010, the Bahraini Ministry of Homeland Security began enforcing a royal decree issued in 1999 that bans the use of all types of microphones attached to mosques. Muslim clerics in Bahrain have been On November 4, 2010, the European Commission made public a proposal for a regulation to introduce a ban on the use of phosphates and phosphate compounds in laundry detergents, in order to limit the amount of It was reported on October 24, 2010, that a joint committee comprising the African Development Bank (AfDB), the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (ECA), and the African Union Commission (AUC) issued a Consensus Statement on On September 27, 2010, the Bangladeshi Parliament passed the Environment Protection Bill 2010, to amend the Bangladesh Environment Protection Act 1995. The amended law "empowers the government to control the production, processing, stockpiling, supplying, transporting, importing, On September 10, 2010, Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration announced the implementation of measures aimed at encouraging domestic companies to cut carbon dioxide emissions. The measures are set forth in the "Executive Yuan [Cabinet] Environmental Protection Agency A leading British supermarket chain, Sainsbury's, is to be prosecuted for using too much packaging on one of its products, according to a news report of September 17, 2010. The day before this announcement, the supermarket On August 31, 2010, Taiwan and Australia signed a memorandum of understanding on establishing more extensive bilateral cooperation to promote green energy industries and technologies. It is the first agreement of its kind between the two The French Parliament adopted Law 2010-788 of July 12, 2010, on National Commitment for the Environment, also referred to as the "Grenelle II Law." (Loi 2010-788 du 12 juillet 2010 portant engagement national pour l'environnement, On July 29, 2010, the Minsk City Economic Court, in Belarus, ordered a church to pay compensation for environmental damage it allegedly caused in the city. The New Life Church (NLC), a Protestant congregation, was asked On July 23, 2010, the Amsterdam District Court imposed the maximum fine of 1 million (about US$1.28 million) on Trafigura Beheer BV, a multinational oil trading company, for illegally shipping 400 tons of hazardous toxic sludge, On July 14, 2010, the Climate Change Committee of the European Commission endorsed the Commission's proposal for a regulation that establishes rules governing the auctioning of emissions allowances under the EU Emissions Trading System (ETS) and Japan's legislature, the Diet, passed an amendment of the Waste Disposal and Cleaning Law (Law No. 137 of 1970) in May 2010 (Law No. 34 of 2010). The amendment will be effective within one year and On June 11, 2010, Dr. Rob Davies, Minister of Trade and Industry of South Africa, published for public comment a proposed sub-regulation to the National Building Regulations and Building Standards Act to make new buildings energy On June 1, 2010, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) released information on the proceedings instituted by Australia against Japan for alleged breaches of international obligations concerning whaling. (Press Release, ICJ, Australia Institutes Proceedings Against Japan Indonesia and Norway have established a partnership through which Norway will grant the equivalent of US$1 billion in aid to Indonesia for forest preservation and climate control. Indonesia had said in 2009 that it plans to On March 2, 2010, the General Court of the European Union rejected a challenge, brought by "the world's largest steel producer" Arcelor S.A., to the EU's 2003 Emissions Trading Directive. The Luxembourg-based company argued that several On February 9, 2010, the Government of Ireland issued a statement to confirm that it is proceeding with the waste management strategy contained in the 2007 Programme for Government and the 2009 Renewed Program for Government. Victims of toxic waste poisoning in the Ivory Coast have reached an agreement with the Dutch company Trafigura; the deal concerns distribution of approximately US$45 million in compensation to 31,000 victims. A court order issued in Chile has enacted a new law that creates the Ministry of the Environment, the Environmental Evaluation Service, and the Superintendency for the Environment. It also contains other, less substantive amendments. (Ley 20417, amending Law 19,300 of On December 29, 2009, France's Constitutional Council, which ensures the constitutionality of laws prior to their promulgation by the President of the Republic, invalidated the carbon tax set forth in article 7 of the draft 2010 On November 25, 2009, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Climate Change Response (Moderated Emissions Trading) Amendment Bill. This legislation amends the scheme that was enacted by the previous government in September 2008, which was due On August 27, 2009, the National People's Congress of China (NPC) Standing Committee adopted a Resolution on Actively Responding to Climate Change. This is the first resolution of its kind adopted by the top legislature of In mid-November 2009, Norway and Finland signed an agreement in which they committed to cooperation with Russia on removing radioactive batteries from the Baltic Sea. The Memorandum of Understanding was signed in Helsinki, Finland, by Norweigan A U.S. federal appellate court has ruled that a lawsuit by victims of Hurricane Katrina against energy and chemical companies, for contributing to global warming and thus increasing the damages from the hurricane, may proceed in On November 6, 2009, the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) released a report calling for better environmental protection in wartime. Natural assets need to be better protected by clarification of relevant laws, the report concluded. The On June 1, 2009, the General Office of China's State Council announced a plan for an automobile and electronic appliance "old swap new" program, which was formulated by the National Development and Reform Commission and four On September 10, 2009, French President Nicolas Sarkozy announced his government's controversial plan to impose a new "carbon tax" (taxe carbone), to take effect on January 1, 2010, on emissions from fossil fuels such as coal, A meeting was held in Indonesia's capital, Jakarta, on August 26, 2009, to draft a bill to revise the Environmental Law of 1999. The participants included both legislators from the House of Representatives' commission on the It was reported on August 24, 2009, that representatives and experts of ten African nations have convened a meeting in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, to forge a common stance on climate change before the United Nations conference On July 10, 2009, France ratified the Protocol on Pollutant Release and Transfer Registers (done at Kiev, May 21, 2003)andmdash;the first legally binding pact of its kindandmdash;and in so doing triggered the agreement's entry into force Effective July 7, 2009, registered retailers in Hong Kong are no longer allowed to provide free plastic shopping bags for customers; for each plastic shopping bag requested by the customer, the retailers must charge an environmental The U.S. Supreme Court recently addressed jurisdictional issues on enforcement of the Clean Water Act (CWA) by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (Corps), and sided with the argument that According to Ridwan Panjaitan, the head of law enforcement for the City Environmental Management Agency of Jakarta, Indonesia's capital city, the municipality will make public the names of companies that violate environmental regulations. Speaking on June The World Trade Organization (WTO) and the United Nations Environment Programme released a report on June 26, 2009, detailing the connections between trade and climate change. The document "examines the intersections between trade and climate change... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 01 Jul 2009 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401402_text Global Legal Monitor: Taiwan: Proposal for New Energy and Environment Taxes to Begin 2011 http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401383_text Environmental protection - On April 14, 2014, the Government of Portugal published Law No. 19, which defines the basis for the country's environmental policy pursuant to the terms of articles 9 and 66 of the Constitution. (Lei No. On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano In August 2013, Syngenta, a Swiss agrochemical company, and Bayer, a German agrochemical company, initiated legal action before the European Court of Justice, challenging the European Commission's decision to ban the pesticide thiamethoxam, which is used On September 1, 2013, a new European Union Regulation on Biocides entered into force. Biocides are chemicals used to control organisms that are harmful to human and animal health and to the environment, such as pests Denmark's Environment Minister, Ida Auken, has announced a new approach to handling rubbish in the country. In September, the government is expected to present a plan to require households to sort trash into several bins, On June 30, 2013, the other members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) urged Indonesia to ratify a treaty designed to limit smog pollution across On May 20, 2013, the Supreme Court of Israel approved a plea bargain that included an unprecedented high amount of compensation in a class-action suit for violation of the prohibition on smoking in public places, in On May 28, 2013, during a visit by President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono of Indonesia to Sweden, the two countries signed a Memorandum of Understanding on sustainable The Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs (MLTM) of the Republic of Korea promulgated the revised enforcement rule for the Marine Environment Management Act on On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 3, 2012, Indonesia and South Korea concluded an agreement to restore the Ciliwung River, which flows from the mountains down through Jakarta On November 20, 2012, the New Zealand government formally lodged with the International Court of Justice (ICJ) a declaration of its intention to intervene in the On September 7, 2012, the New Zealand High Court (the third highest court in New Zealand's court hierarchy) dismissed a challenge to the findings of reports that stated that average temperatures in the country had increased On June 18, 2012, Chile's legislature passed Law 20600 on the creation of new environmental courts, thereby granting the Superintendency of the Environment the power to prosecute environmental violations. (Law 20600 Creating Environmental Courts (June On May 29, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Clean Air Law 5768-2008. A stated objective of the Law is to improve air quality and prevent and minimize air pollution by, among On March 19, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Pollutant and Transfers to the Environment - Duties of Reporting and Registration) Law 5772-2012. The stated objectives of the Law are to increase the Denmark's Environment Ministry is planning to propose a tax on the chemical dihydrogen monoxide (DHMO) as a method to discourage its use. DHMO is odorless but potentially lethal. High levels of the substance were found in A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On January 18, 2012, Namibia's Minister of Environment and Tourism put into effect the Environmental Management Act (EMA), Act No. 7 of 2007. (Government Gazette of the Republic of Namibia, No. 3966 (Dec. 27, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change On October 20, 2011, the Supreme Court of Mongolia ruled that the country's government must enforce its 2009 environmental protection resolution restricting mining in some locations. The decision came in a case filed by the United On May 15, 2011, the New Zealand Minister for the Environment, Hon. Nick Smith, announced that a new law regulating "freedom camping" would be introduced in Parliament this month to address problems related to irresponsible campers. On March 28, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Inspection and Enforcement Authorities) Law, 5771-2011. The Law states as its goal the protection, maintenance, and improvement of the quality of the environment and On March 29, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro approved, during the first session of debate, a bill of law that some say, if adopted, might help fight global warming. The On January 19, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Regulation of Processing of Packaging Law, 5771-2011. The Law declares that it is intended to regulate both the production and the processing of packaging material waste In June 2010, India's Parliament adopted the National Green Tribunal Act (NGT Act), which established a new court, the National Green Tribunal, exclusively for handling cases involving environmental law. The Tribunal began operations on October 19, It was reported on December 10, 2010, that Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration (EPA) has drafted revisions to the relevant laws on recycling of appliances that will ban retailers from charging consumers a fee for the removal On October 21, 2010, the Bahraini Ministry of Homeland Security began enforcing a royal decree issued in 1999 that bans the use of all types of microphones attached to mosques. Muslim clerics in Bahrain have been On November 4, 2010, the European Commission made public a proposal for a regulation to introduce a ban on the use of phosphates and phosphate compounds in laundry detergents, in order to limit the amount of It was reported on October 24, 2010, that a joint committee comprising the African Development Bank (AfDB), the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (ECA), and the African Union Commission (AUC) issued a Consensus Statement on On September 27, 2010, the Bangladeshi Parliament passed the Environment Protection Bill 2010, to amend the Bangladesh Environment Protection Act 1995. The amended law "empowers the government to control the production, processing, stockpiling, supplying, transporting, importing, On September 10, 2010, Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration announced the implementation of measures aimed at encouraging domestic companies to cut carbon dioxide emissions. The measures are set forth in the "Executive Yuan [Cabinet] Environmental Protection Agency A leading British supermarket chain, Sainsbury's, is to be prosecuted for using too much packaging on one of its products, according to a news report of September 17, 2010. The day before this announcement, the supermarket On August 31, 2010, Taiwan and Australia signed a memorandum of understanding on establishing more extensive bilateral cooperation to promote green energy industries and technologies. It is the first agreement of its kind between the two The French Parliament adopted Law 2010-788 of July 12, 2010, on National Commitment for the Environment, also referred to as the "Grenelle II Law." (Loi 2010-788 du 12 juillet 2010 portant engagement national pour l'environnement, On July 29, 2010, the Minsk City Economic Court, in Belarus, ordered a church to pay compensation for environmental damage it allegedly caused in the city. The New Life Church (NLC), a Protestant congregation, was asked On July 23, 2010, the Amsterdam District Court imposed the maximum fine of 1 million (about US$1.28 million) on Trafigura Beheer BV, a multinational oil trading company, for illegally shipping 400 tons of hazardous toxic sludge, On July 14, 2010, the Climate Change Committee of the European Commission endorsed the Commission's proposal for a regulation that establishes rules governing the auctioning of emissions allowances under the EU Emissions Trading System (ETS) and Japan's legislature, the Diet, passed an amendment of the Waste Disposal and Cleaning Law (Law No. 137 of 1970) in May 2010 (Law No. 34 of 2010). The amendment will be effective within one year and On June 11, 2010, Dr. Rob Davies, Minister of Trade and Industry of South Africa, published for public comment a proposed sub-regulation to the National Building Regulations and Building Standards Act to make new buildings energy On June 1, 2010, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) released information on the proceedings instituted by Australia against Japan for alleged breaches of international obligations concerning whaling. (Press Release, ICJ, Australia Institutes Proceedings Against Japan Indonesia and Norway have established a partnership through which Norway will grant the equivalent of US$1 billion in aid to Indonesia for forest preservation and climate control. Indonesia had said in 2009 that it plans to On March 2, 2010, the General Court of the European Union rejected a challenge, brought by "the world's largest steel producer" Arcelor S.A., to the EU's 2003 Emissions Trading Directive. The Luxembourg-based company argued that several On February 9, 2010, the Government of Ireland issued a statement to confirm that it is proceeding with the waste management strategy contained in the 2007 Programme for Government and the 2009 Renewed Program for Government. Victims of toxic waste poisoning in the Ivory Coast have reached an agreement with the Dutch company Trafigura; the deal concerns distribution of approximately US$45 million in compensation to 31,000 victims. A court order issued in Chile has enacted a new law that creates the Ministry of the Environment, the Environmental Evaluation Service, and the Superintendency for the Environment. It also contains other, less substantive amendments. (Ley 20417, amending Law 19,300 of On December 29, 2009, France's Constitutional Council, which ensures the constitutionality of laws prior to their promulgation by the President of the Republic, invalidated the carbon tax set forth in article 7 of the draft 2010 On November 25, 2009, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Climate Change Response (Moderated Emissions Trading) Amendment Bill. This legislation amends the scheme that was enacted by the previous government in September 2008, which was due On August 27, 2009, the National People's Congress of China (NPC) Standing Committee adopted a Resolution on Actively Responding to Climate Change. This is the first resolution of its kind adopted by the top legislature of In mid-November 2009, Norway and Finland signed an agreement in which they committed to cooperation with Russia on removing radioactive batteries from the Baltic Sea. The Memorandum of Understanding was signed in Helsinki, Finland, by Norweigan A U.S. federal appellate court has ruled that a lawsuit by victims of Hurricane Katrina against energy and chemical companies, for contributing to global warming and thus increasing the damages from the hurricane, may proceed in On November 6, 2009, the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) released a report calling for better environmental protection in wartime. Natural assets need to be better protected by clarification of relevant laws, the report concluded. The On June 1, 2009, the General Office of China's State Council announced a plan for an automobile and electronic appliance "old swap new" program, which was formulated by the National Development and Reform Commission and four On September 10, 2009, French President Nicolas Sarkozy announced his government's controversial plan to impose a new "carbon tax" (taxe carbone), to take effect on January 1, 2010, on emissions from fossil fuels such as coal, A meeting was held in Indonesia's capital, Jakarta, on August 26, 2009, to draft a bill to revise the Environmental Law of 1999. The participants included both legislators from the House of Representatives' commission on the It was reported on August 24, 2009, that representatives and experts of ten African nations have convened a meeting in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, to forge a common stance on climate change before the United Nations conference On July 10, 2009, France ratified the Protocol on Pollutant Release and Transfer Registers (done at Kiev, May 21, 2003)andmdash;the first legally binding pact of its kindandmdash;and in so doing triggered the agreement's entry into force Effective July 7, 2009, registered retailers in Hong Kong are no longer allowed to provide free plastic shopping bags for customers; for each plastic shopping bag requested by the customer, the retailers must charge an environmental The U.S. Supreme Court recently addressed jurisdictional issues on enforcement of the Clean Water Act (CWA) by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (Corps), and sided with the argument that According to Ridwan Panjaitan, the head of law enforcement for the City Environmental Management Agency of Jakarta, Indonesia's capital city, the municipality will make public the names of companies that violate environmental regulations. Speaking on June The World Trade Organization (WTO) and the United Nations Environment Programme released a report on June 26, 2009, detailing the connections between trade and climate change. The document "examines the intersections between trade and climate change On June 17, 2009, the Tax Reform Committee of Taiwan's Executive Yuan (Cabinet) approved a proposal to expand energy taxes to include environment taxes, with the changes to take effect in 2011. The Committee's three-in-one proposal... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 26 Jun 2009 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401383_text Global Legal Monitor: South Africa: Carbon Emissions Tax Credit http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401339_text Environmental protection - On April 14, 2014, the Government of Portugal published Law No. 19, which defines the basis for the country's environmental policy pursuant to the terms of articles 9 and 66 of the Constitution. (Lei No. On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano In August 2013, Syngenta, a Swiss agrochemical company, and Bayer, a German agrochemical company, initiated legal action before the European Court of Justice, challenging the European Commission's decision to ban the pesticide thiamethoxam, which is used On September 1, 2013, a new European Union Regulation on Biocides entered into force. Biocides are chemicals used to control organisms that are harmful to human and animal health and to the environment, such as pests Denmark's Environment Minister, Ida Auken, has announced a new approach to handling rubbish in the country. In September, the government is expected to present a plan to require households to sort trash into several bins, On June 30, 2013, the other members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) urged Indonesia to ratify a treaty designed to limit smog pollution across On May 20, 2013, the Supreme Court of Israel approved a plea bargain that included an unprecedented high amount of compensation in a class-action suit for violation of the prohibition on smoking in public places, in On May 28, 2013, during a visit by President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono of Indonesia to Sweden, the two countries signed a Memorandum of Understanding on sustainable The Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs (MLTM) of the Republic of Korea promulgated the revised enforcement rule for the Marine Environment Management Act on On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 3, 2012, Indonesia and South Korea concluded an agreement to restore the Ciliwung River, which flows from the mountains down through Jakarta On November 20, 2012, the New Zealand government formally lodged with the International Court of Justice (ICJ) a declaration of its intention to intervene in the On September 7, 2012, the New Zealand High Court (the third highest court in New Zealand's court hierarchy) dismissed a challenge to the findings of reports that stated that average temperatures in the country had increased On June 18, 2012, Chile's legislature passed Law 20600 on the creation of new environmental courts, thereby granting the Superintendency of the Environment the power to prosecute environmental violations. (Law 20600 Creating Environmental Courts (June On May 29, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Clean Air Law 5768-2008. A stated objective of the Law is to improve air quality and prevent and minimize air pollution by, among On March 19, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Pollutant and Transfers to the Environment - Duties of Reporting and Registration) Law 5772-2012. The stated objectives of the Law are to increase the Denmark's Environment Ministry is planning to propose a tax on the chemical dihydrogen monoxide (DHMO) as a method to discourage its use. DHMO is odorless but potentially lethal. High levels of the substance were found in A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On January 18, 2012, Namibia's Minister of Environment and Tourism put into effect the Environmental Management Act (EMA), Act No. 7 of 2007. (Government Gazette of the Republic of Namibia, No. 3966 (Dec. 27, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change On October 20, 2011, the Supreme Court of Mongolia ruled that the country's government must enforce its 2009 environmental protection resolution restricting mining in some locations. The decision came in a case filed by the United On May 15, 2011, the New Zealand Minister for the Environment, Hon. Nick Smith, announced that a new law regulating "freedom camping" would be introduced in Parliament this month to address problems related to irresponsible campers. On March 28, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Inspection and Enforcement Authorities) Law, 5771-2011. The Law states as its goal the protection, maintenance, and improvement of the quality of the environment and On March 29, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro approved, during the first session of debate, a bill of law that some say, if adopted, might help fight global warming. The On January 19, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Regulation of Processing of Packaging Law, 5771-2011. The Law declares that it is intended to regulate both the production and the processing of packaging material waste In June 2010, India's Parliament adopted the National Green Tribunal Act (NGT Act), which established a new court, the National Green Tribunal, exclusively for handling cases involving environmental law. The Tribunal began operations on October 19, It was reported on December 10, 2010, that Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration (EPA) has drafted revisions to the relevant laws on recycling of appliances that will ban retailers from charging consumers a fee for the removal On October 21, 2010, the Bahraini Ministry of Homeland Security began enforcing a royal decree issued in 1999 that bans the use of all types of microphones attached to mosques. Muslim clerics in Bahrain have been On November 4, 2010, the European Commission made public a proposal for a regulation to introduce a ban on the use of phosphates and phosphate compounds in laundry detergents, in order to limit the amount of It was reported on October 24, 2010, that a joint committee comprising the African Development Bank (AfDB), the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (ECA), and the African Union Commission (AUC) issued a Consensus Statement on On September 27, 2010, the Bangladeshi Parliament passed the Environment Protection Bill 2010, to amend the Bangladesh Environment Protection Act 1995. The amended law "empowers the government to control the production, processing, stockpiling, supplying, transporting, importing, On September 10, 2010, Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration announced the implementation of measures aimed at encouraging domestic companies to cut carbon dioxide emissions. The measures are set forth in the "Executive Yuan [Cabinet] Environmental Protection Agency A leading British supermarket chain, Sainsbury's, is to be prosecuted for using too much packaging on one of its products, according to a news report of September 17, 2010. The day before this announcement, the supermarket On August 31, 2010, Taiwan and Australia signed a memorandum of understanding on establishing more extensive bilateral cooperation to promote green energy industries and technologies. It is the first agreement of its kind between the two The French Parliament adopted Law 2010-788 of July 12, 2010, on National Commitment for the Environment, also referred to as the "Grenelle II Law." (Loi 2010-788 du 12 juillet 2010 portant engagement national pour l'environnement, On July 29, 2010, the Minsk City Economic Court, in Belarus, ordered a church to pay compensation for environmental damage it allegedly caused in the city. The New Life Church (NLC), a Protestant congregation, was asked On July 23, 2010, the Amsterdam District Court imposed the maximum fine of 1 million (about US$1.28 million) on Trafigura Beheer BV, a multinational oil trading company, for illegally shipping 400 tons of hazardous toxic sludge, On July 14, 2010, the Climate Change Committee of the European Commission endorsed the Commission's proposal for a regulation that establishes rules governing the auctioning of emissions allowances under the EU Emissions Trading System (ETS) and Japan's legislature, the Diet, passed an amendment of the Waste Disposal and Cleaning Law (Law No. 137 of 1970) in May 2010 (Law No. 34 of 2010). The amendment will be effective within one year and On June 11, 2010, Dr. Rob Davies, Minister of Trade and Industry of South Africa, published for public comment a proposed sub-regulation to the National Building Regulations and Building Standards Act to make new buildings energy On June 1, 2010, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) released information on the proceedings instituted by Australia against Japan for alleged breaches of international obligations concerning whaling. (Press Release, ICJ, Australia Institutes Proceedings Against Japan Indonesia and Norway have established a partnership through which Norway will grant the equivalent of US$1 billion in aid to Indonesia for forest preservation and climate control. Indonesia had said in 2009 that it plans to On March 2, 2010, the General Court of the European Union rejected a challenge, brought by "the world's largest steel producer" Arcelor S.A., to the EU's 2003 Emissions Trading Directive. The Luxembourg-based company argued that several On February 9, 2010, the Government of Ireland issued a statement to confirm that it is proceeding with the waste management strategy contained in the 2007 Programme for Government and the 2009 Renewed Program for Government. Victims of toxic waste poisoning in the Ivory Coast have reached an agreement with the Dutch company Trafigura; the deal concerns distribution of approximately US$45 million in compensation to 31,000 victims. A court order issued in Chile has enacted a new law that creates the Ministry of the Environment, the Environmental Evaluation Service, and the Superintendency for the Environment. It also contains other, less substantive amendments. (Ley 20417, amending Law 19,300 of On December 29, 2009, France's Constitutional Council, which ensures the constitutionality of laws prior to their promulgation by the President of the Republic, invalidated the carbon tax set forth in article 7 of the draft 2010 On November 25, 2009, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Climate Change Response (Moderated Emissions Trading) Amendment Bill. This legislation amends the scheme that was enacted by the previous government in September 2008, which was due On August 27, 2009, the National People's Congress of China (NPC) Standing Committee adopted a Resolution on Actively Responding to Climate Change. This is the first resolution of its kind adopted by the top legislature of In mid-November 2009, Norway and Finland signed an agreement in which they committed to cooperation with Russia on removing radioactive batteries from the Baltic Sea. The Memorandum of Understanding was signed in Helsinki, Finland, by Norweigan A U.S. federal appellate court has ruled that a lawsuit by victims of Hurricane Katrina against energy and chemical companies, for contributing to global warming and thus increasing the damages from the hurricane, may proceed in On November 6, 2009, the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) released a report calling for better environmental protection in wartime. Natural assets need to be better protected by clarification of relevant laws, the report concluded. The On June 1, 2009, the General Office of China's State Council announced a plan for an automobile and electronic appliance "old swap new" program, which was formulated by the National Development and Reform Commission and four On September 10, 2009, French President Nicolas Sarkozy announced his government's controversial plan to impose a new "carbon tax" (taxe carbone), to take effect on January 1, 2010, on emissions from fossil fuels such as coal, A meeting was held in Indonesia's capital, Jakarta, on August 26, 2009, to draft a bill to revise the Environmental Law of 1999. The participants included both legislators from the House of Representatives' commission on the It was reported on August 24, 2009, that representatives and experts of ten African nations have convened a meeting in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, to forge a common stance on climate change before the United Nations conference On July 10, 2009, France ratified the Protocol on Pollutant Release and Transfer Registers (done at Kiev, May 21, 2003)andmdash;the first legally binding pact of its kindandmdash;and in so doing triggered the agreement's entry into force Effective July 7, 2009, registered retailers in Hong Kong are no longer allowed to provide free plastic shopping bags for customers; for each plastic shopping bag requested by the customer, the retailers must charge an environmental The U.S. Supreme Court recently addressed jurisdictional issues on enforcement of the Clean Water Act (CWA) by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (Corps), and sided with the argument that According to Ridwan Panjaitan, the head of law enforcement for the City Environmental Management Agency of Jakarta, Indonesia's capital city, the municipality will make public the names of companies that violate environmental regulations. Speaking on June The World Trade Organization (WTO) and the United Nations Environment Programme released a report on June 26, 2009, detailing the connections between trade and climate change. The document "examines the intersections between trade and climate change On June 17, 2009, the Tax Reform Committee of Taiwan's Executive Yuan (Cabinet) approved a proposal to expand energy taxes to include environment taxes, with the changes to take effect in 2011. The Committee's three-in-one proposal It was reported on June 4, 2009, that the South African Treasury is gearing up to introduce the Draft Taxation Laws Amendment Bill 2009, which will provide tax incentives for businesses to reduce their carbon emissions.... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 10 Jun 2009 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401339_text Global Legal Monitor: United States: Supreme Court Limits Private Party Liability for Hazardous Waste Cleanup http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401288_text Environmental protection - On April 14, 2014, the Government of Portugal published Law No. 19, which defines the basis for the country's environmental policy pursuant to the terms of articles 9 and 66 of the Constitution. (Lei No. On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano In August 2013, Syngenta, a Swiss agrochemical company, and Bayer, a German agrochemical company, initiated legal action before the European Court of Justice, challenging the European Commission's decision to ban the pesticide thiamethoxam, which is used On September 1, 2013, a new European Union Regulation on Biocides entered into force. Biocides are chemicals used to control organisms that are harmful to human and animal health and to the environment, such as pests Denmark's Environment Minister, Ida Auken, has announced a new approach to handling rubbish in the country. In September, the government is expected to present a plan to require households to sort trash into several bins, On June 30, 2013, the other members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) urged Indonesia to ratify a treaty designed to limit smog pollution across On May 20, 2013, the Supreme Court of Israel approved a plea bargain that included an unprecedented high amount of compensation in a class-action suit for violation of the prohibition on smoking in public places, in On May 28, 2013, during a visit by President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono of Indonesia to Sweden, the two countries signed a Memorandum of Understanding on sustainable The Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs (MLTM) of the Republic of Korea promulgated the revised enforcement rule for the Marine Environment Management Act on On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 3, 2012, Indonesia and South Korea concluded an agreement to restore the Ciliwung River, which flows from the mountains down through Jakarta On November 20, 2012, the New Zealand government formally lodged with the International Court of Justice (ICJ) a declaration of its intention to intervene in the On September 7, 2012, the New Zealand High Court (the third highest court in New Zealand's court hierarchy) dismissed a challenge to the findings of reports that stated that average temperatures in the country had increased On June 18, 2012, Chile's legislature passed Law 20600 on the creation of new environmental courts, thereby granting the Superintendency of the Environment the power to prosecute environmental violations. (Law 20600 Creating Environmental Courts (June On May 29, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Clean Air Law 5768-2008. A stated objective of the Law is to improve air quality and prevent and minimize air pollution by, among On March 19, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Pollutant and Transfers to the Environment - Duties of Reporting and Registration) Law 5772-2012. The stated objectives of the Law are to increase the Denmark's Environment Ministry is planning to propose a tax on the chemical dihydrogen monoxide (DHMO) as a method to discourage its use. DHMO is odorless but potentially lethal. High levels of the substance were found in A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On January 18, 2012, Namibia's Minister of Environment and Tourism put into effect the Environmental Management Act (EMA), Act No. 7 of 2007. (Government Gazette of the Republic of Namibia, No. 3966 (Dec. 27, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change On October 20, 2011, the Supreme Court of Mongolia ruled that the country's government must enforce its 2009 environmental protection resolution restricting mining in some locations. The decision came in a case filed by the United On May 15, 2011, the New Zealand Minister for the Environment, Hon. Nick Smith, announced that a new law regulating "freedom camping" would be introduced in Parliament this month to address problems related to irresponsible campers. On March 28, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Inspection and Enforcement Authorities) Law, 5771-2011. The Law states as its goal the protection, maintenance, and improvement of the quality of the environment and On March 29, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro approved, during the first session of debate, a bill of law that some say, if adopted, might help fight global warming. The On January 19, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Regulation of Processing of Packaging Law, 5771-2011. The Law declares that it is intended to regulate both the production and the processing of packaging material waste In June 2010, India's Parliament adopted the National Green Tribunal Act (NGT Act), which established a new court, the National Green Tribunal, exclusively for handling cases involving environmental law. The Tribunal began operations on October 19, It was reported on December 10, 2010, that Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration (EPA) has drafted revisions to the relevant laws on recycling of appliances that will ban retailers from charging consumers a fee for the removal On October 21, 2010, the Bahraini Ministry of Homeland Security began enforcing a royal decree issued in 1999 that bans the use of all types of microphones attached to mosques. Muslim clerics in Bahrain have been On November 4, 2010, the European Commission made public a proposal for a regulation to introduce a ban on the use of phosphates and phosphate compounds in laundry detergents, in order to limit the amount of It was reported on October 24, 2010, that a joint committee comprising the African Development Bank (AfDB), the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (ECA), and the African Union Commission (AUC) issued a Consensus Statement on On September 27, 2010, the Bangladeshi Parliament passed the Environment Protection Bill 2010, to amend the Bangladesh Environment Protection Act 1995. The amended law "empowers the government to control the production, processing, stockpiling, supplying, transporting, importing, On September 10, 2010, Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration announced the implementation of measures aimed at encouraging domestic companies to cut carbon dioxide emissions. The measures are set forth in the "Executive Yuan [Cabinet] Environmental Protection Agency A leading British supermarket chain, Sainsbury's, is to be prosecuted for using too much packaging on one of its products, according to a news report of September 17, 2010. The day before this announcement, the supermarket On August 31, 2010, Taiwan and Australia signed a memorandum of understanding on establishing more extensive bilateral cooperation to promote green energy industries and technologies. It is the first agreement of its kind between the two The French Parliament adopted Law 2010-788 of July 12, 2010, on National Commitment for the Environment, also referred to as the "Grenelle II Law." (Loi 2010-788 du 12 juillet 2010 portant engagement national pour l'environnement, On July 29, 2010, the Minsk City Economic Court, in Belarus, ordered a church to pay compensation for environmental damage it allegedly caused in the city. The New Life Church (NLC), a Protestant congregation, was asked On July 23, 2010, the Amsterdam District Court imposed the maximum fine of 1 million (about US$1.28 million) on Trafigura Beheer BV, a multinational oil trading company, for illegally shipping 400 tons of hazardous toxic sludge, On July 14, 2010, the Climate Change Committee of the European Commission endorsed the Commission's proposal for a regulation that establishes rules governing the auctioning of emissions allowances under the EU Emissions Trading System (ETS) and Japan's legislature, the Diet, passed an amendment of the Waste Disposal and Cleaning Law (Law No. 137 of 1970) in May 2010 (Law No. 34 of 2010). The amendment will be effective within one year and On June 11, 2010, Dr. Rob Davies, Minister of Trade and Industry of South Africa, published for public comment a proposed sub-regulation to the National Building Regulations and Building Standards Act to make new buildings energy On June 1, 2010, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) released information on the proceedings instituted by Australia against Japan for alleged breaches of international obligations concerning whaling. (Press Release, ICJ, Australia Institutes Proceedings Against Japan Indonesia and Norway have established a partnership through which Norway will grant the equivalent of US$1 billion in aid to Indonesia for forest preservation and climate control. Indonesia had said in 2009 that it plans to On March 2, 2010, the General Court of the European Union rejected a challenge, brought by "the world's largest steel producer" Arcelor S.A., to the EU's 2003 Emissions Trading Directive. The Luxembourg-based company argued that several On February 9, 2010, the Government of Ireland issued a statement to confirm that it is proceeding with the waste management strategy contained in the 2007 Programme for Government and the 2009 Renewed Program for Government. Victims of toxic waste poisoning in the Ivory Coast have reached an agreement with the Dutch company Trafigura; the deal concerns distribution of approximately US$45 million in compensation to 31,000 victims. A court order issued in Chile has enacted a new law that creates the Ministry of the Environment, the Environmental Evaluation Service, and the Superintendency for the Environment. It also contains other, less substantive amendments. (Ley 20417, amending Law 19,300 of On December 29, 2009, France's Constitutional Council, which ensures the constitutionality of laws prior to their promulgation by the President of the Republic, invalidated the carbon tax set forth in article 7 of the draft 2010 On November 25, 2009, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Climate Change Response (Moderated Emissions Trading) Amendment Bill. This legislation amends the scheme that was enacted by the previous government in September 2008, which was due On August 27, 2009, the National People's Congress of China (NPC) Standing Committee adopted a Resolution on Actively Responding to Climate Change. This is the first resolution of its kind adopted by the top legislature of In mid-November 2009, Norway and Finland signed an agreement in which they committed to cooperation with Russia on removing radioactive batteries from the Baltic Sea. The Memorandum of Understanding was signed in Helsinki, Finland, by Norweigan A U.S. federal appellate court has ruled that a lawsuit by victims of Hurricane Katrina against energy and chemical companies, for contributing to global warming and thus increasing the damages from the hurricane, may proceed in On November 6, 2009, the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) released a report calling for better environmental protection in wartime. Natural assets need to be better protected by clarification of relevant laws, the report concluded. The On June 1, 2009, the General Office of China's State Council announced a plan for an automobile and electronic appliance "old swap new" program, which was formulated by the National Development and Reform Commission and four On September 10, 2009, French President Nicolas Sarkozy announced his government's controversial plan to impose a new "carbon tax" (taxe carbone), to take effect on January 1, 2010, on emissions from fossil fuels such as coal, A meeting was held in Indonesia's capital, Jakarta, on August 26, 2009, to draft a bill to revise the Environmental Law of 1999. The participants included both legislators from the House of Representatives' commission on the It was reported on August 24, 2009, that representatives and experts of ten African nations have convened a meeting in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, to forge a common stance on climate change before the United Nations conference On July 10, 2009, France ratified the Protocol on Pollutant Release and Transfer Registers (done at Kiev, May 21, 2003)andmdash;the first legally binding pact of its kindandmdash;and in so doing triggered the agreement's entry into force Effective July 7, 2009, registered retailers in Hong Kong are no longer allowed to provide free plastic shopping bags for customers; for each plastic shopping bag requested by the customer, the retailers must charge an environmental The U.S. Supreme Court recently addressed jurisdictional issues on enforcement of the Clean Water Act (CWA) by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (Corps), and sided with the argument that According to Ridwan Panjaitan, the head of law enforcement for the City Environmental Management Agency of Jakarta, Indonesia's capital city, the municipality will make public the names of companies that violate environmental regulations. Speaking on June The World Trade Organization (WTO) and the United Nations Environment Programme released a report on June 26, 2009, detailing the connections between trade and climate change. The document "examines the intersections between trade and climate change On June 17, 2009, the Tax Reform Committee of Taiwan's Executive Yuan (Cabinet) approved a proposal to expand energy taxes to include environment taxes, with the changes to take effect in 2011. The Committee's three-in-one proposal It was reported on June 4, 2009, that the South African Treasury is gearing up to introduce the Draft Taxation Laws Amendment Bill 2009, which will provide tax incentives for businesses to reduce their carbon emissions. On May 4, 2009, the United States Supreme Court held that companies could not be held liable under the Superfund hazardous waste cleanup statute solely on the ground that they sold hazardous chemicals to other companies... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 18 May 2009 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401288_text Global Legal Monitor: Peru: National System of Evaluation and Control of the Environment http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401261_text Environmental protection - On April 14, 2014, the Government of Portugal published Law No. 19, which defines the basis for the country's environmental policy pursuant to the terms of articles 9 and 66 of the Constitution. (Lei No. On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano In August 2013, Syngenta, a Swiss agrochemical company, and Bayer, a German agrochemical company, initiated legal action before the European Court of Justice, challenging the European Commission's decision to ban the pesticide thiamethoxam, which is used On September 1, 2013, a new European Union Regulation on Biocides entered into force. Biocides are chemicals used to control organisms that are harmful to human and animal health and to the environment, such as pests Denmark's Environment Minister, Ida Auken, has announced a new approach to handling rubbish in the country. In September, the government is expected to present a plan to require households to sort trash into several bins, On June 30, 2013, the other members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) urged Indonesia to ratify a treaty designed to limit smog pollution across On May 20, 2013, the Supreme Court of Israel approved a plea bargain that included an unprecedented high amount of compensation in a class-action suit for violation of the prohibition on smoking in public places, in On May 28, 2013, during a visit by President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono of Indonesia to Sweden, the two countries signed a Memorandum of Understanding on sustainable The Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs (MLTM) of the Republic of Korea promulgated the revised enforcement rule for the Marine Environment Management Act on On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 3, 2012, Indonesia and South Korea concluded an agreement to restore the Ciliwung River, which flows from the mountains down through Jakarta On November 20, 2012, the New Zealand government formally lodged with the International Court of Justice (ICJ) a declaration of its intention to intervene in the On September 7, 2012, the New Zealand High Court (the third highest court in New Zealand's court hierarchy) dismissed a challenge to the findings of reports that stated that average temperatures in the country had increased On June 18, 2012, Chile's legislature passed Law 20600 on the creation of new environmental courts, thereby granting the Superintendency of the Environment the power to prosecute environmental violations. (Law 20600 Creating Environmental Courts (June On May 29, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Clean Air Law 5768-2008. A stated objective of the Law is to improve air quality and prevent and minimize air pollution by, among On March 19, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Pollutant and Transfers to the Environment - Duties of Reporting and Registration) Law 5772-2012. The stated objectives of the Law are to increase the Denmark's Environment Ministry is planning to propose a tax on the chemical dihydrogen monoxide (DHMO) as a method to discourage its use. DHMO is odorless but potentially lethal. High levels of the substance were found in A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On January 18, 2012, Namibia's Minister of Environment and Tourism put into effect the Environmental Management Act (EMA), Act No. 7 of 2007. (Government Gazette of the Republic of Namibia, No. 3966 (Dec. 27, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change On October 20, 2011, the Supreme Court of Mongolia ruled that the country's government must enforce its 2009 environmental protection resolution restricting mining in some locations. The decision came in a case filed by the United On May 15, 2011, the New Zealand Minister for the Environment, Hon. Nick Smith, announced that a new law regulating "freedom camping" would be introduced in Parliament this month to address problems related to irresponsible campers. On March 28, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Inspection and Enforcement Authorities) Law, 5771-2011. The Law states as its goal the protection, maintenance, and improvement of the quality of the environment and On March 29, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro approved, during the first session of debate, a bill of law that some say, if adopted, might help fight global warming. The On January 19, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Regulation of Processing of Packaging Law, 5771-2011. The Law declares that it is intended to regulate both the production and the processing of packaging material waste In June 2010, India's Parliament adopted the National Green Tribunal Act (NGT Act), which established a new court, the National Green Tribunal, exclusively for handling cases involving environmental law. The Tribunal began operations on October 19, It was reported on December 10, 2010, that Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration (EPA) has drafted revisions to the relevant laws on recycling of appliances that will ban retailers from charging consumers a fee for the removal On October 21, 2010, the Bahraini Ministry of Homeland Security began enforcing a royal decree issued in 1999 that bans the use of all types of microphones attached to mosques. Muslim clerics in Bahrain have been On November 4, 2010, the European Commission made public a proposal for a regulation to introduce a ban on the use of phosphates and phosphate compounds in laundry detergents, in order to limit the amount of It was reported on October 24, 2010, that a joint committee comprising the African Development Bank (AfDB), the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (ECA), and the African Union Commission (AUC) issued a Consensus Statement on On September 27, 2010, the Bangladeshi Parliament passed the Environment Protection Bill 2010, to amend the Bangladesh Environment Protection Act 1995. The amended law "empowers the government to control the production, processing, stockpiling, supplying, transporting, importing, On September 10, 2010, Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration announced the implementation of measures aimed at encouraging domestic companies to cut carbon dioxide emissions. The measures are set forth in the "Executive Yuan [Cabinet] Environmental Protection Agency A leading British supermarket chain, Sainsbury's, is to be prosecuted for using too much packaging on one of its products, according to a news report of September 17, 2010. The day before this announcement, the supermarket On August 31, 2010, Taiwan and Australia signed a memorandum of understanding on establishing more extensive bilateral cooperation to promote green energy industries and technologies. It is the first agreement of its kind between the two The French Parliament adopted Law 2010-788 of July 12, 2010, on National Commitment for the Environment, also referred to as the "Grenelle II Law." (Loi 2010-788 du 12 juillet 2010 portant engagement national pour l'environnement, On July 29, 2010, the Minsk City Economic Court, in Belarus, ordered a church to pay compensation for environmental damage it allegedly caused in the city. The New Life Church (NLC), a Protestant congregation, was asked On July 23, 2010, the Amsterdam District Court imposed the maximum fine of 1 million (about US$1.28 million) on Trafigura Beheer BV, a multinational oil trading company, for illegally shipping 400 tons of hazardous toxic sludge, On July 14, 2010, the Climate Change Committee of the European Commission endorsed the Commission's proposal for a regulation that establishes rules governing the auctioning of emissions allowances under the EU Emissions Trading System (ETS) and Japan's legislature, the Diet, passed an amendment of the Waste Disposal and Cleaning Law (Law No. 137 of 1970) in May 2010 (Law No. 34 of 2010). The amendment will be effective within one year and On June 11, 2010, Dr. Rob Davies, Minister of Trade and Industry of South Africa, published for public comment a proposed sub-regulation to the National Building Regulations and Building Standards Act to make new buildings energy On June 1, 2010, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) released information on the proceedings instituted by Australia against Japan for alleged breaches of international obligations concerning whaling. (Press Release, ICJ, Australia Institutes Proceedings Against Japan Indonesia and Norway have established a partnership through which Norway will grant the equivalent of US$1 billion in aid to Indonesia for forest preservation and climate control. Indonesia had said in 2009 that it plans to On March 2, 2010, the General Court of the European Union rejected a challenge, brought by "the world's largest steel producer" Arcelor S.A., to the EU's 2003 Emissions Trading Directive. The Luxembourg-based company argued that several On February 9, 2010, the Government of Ireland issued a statement to confirm that it is proceeding with the waste management strategy contained in the 2007 Programme for Government and the 2009 Renewed Program for Government. Victims of toxic waste poisoning in the Ivory Coast have reached an agreement with the Dutch company Trafigura; the deal concerns distribution of approximately US$45 million in compensation to 31,000 victims. A court order issued in Chile has enacted a new law that creates the Ministry of the Environment, the Environmental Evaluation Service, and the Superintendency for the Environment. It also contains other, less substantive amendments. (Ley 20417, amending Law 19,300 of On December 29, 2009, France's Constitutional Council, which ensures the constitutionality of laws prior to their promulgation by the President of the Republic, invalidated the carbon tax set forth in article 7 of the draft 2010 On November 25, 2009, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Climate Change Response (Moderated Emissions Trading) Amendment Bill. This legislation amends the scheme that was enacted by the previous government in September 2008, which was due On August 27, 2009, the National People's Congress of China (NPC) Standing Committee adopted a Resolution on Actively Responding to Climate Change. This is the first resolution of its kind adopted by the top legislature of In mid-November 2009, Norway and Finland signed an agreement in which they committed to cooperation with Russia on removing radioactive batteries from the Baltic Sea. The Memorandum of Understanding was signed in Helsinki, Finland, by Norweigan A U.S. federal appellate court has ruled that a lawsuit by victims of Hurricane Katrina against energy and chemical companies, for contributing to global warming and thus increasing the damages from the hurricane, may proceed in On November 6, 2009, the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) released a report calling for better environmental protection in wartime. Natural assets need to be better protected by clarification of relevant laws, the report concluded. The On June 1, 2009, the General Office of China's State Council announced a plan for an automobile and electronic appliance "old swap new" program, which was formulated by the National Development and Reform Commission and four On September 10, 2009, French President Nicolas Sarkozy announced his government's controversial plan to impose a new "carbon tax" (taxe carbone), to take effect on January 1, 2010, on emissions from fossil fuels such as coal, A meeting was held in Indonesia's capital, Jakarta, on August 26, 2009, to draft a bill to revise the Environmental Law of 1999. The participants included both legislators from the House of Representatives' commission on the It was reported on August 24, 2009, that representatives and experts of ten African nations have convened a meeting in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, to forge a common stance on climate change before the United Nations conference On July 10, 2009, France ratified the Protocol on Pollutant Release and Transfer Registers (done at Kiev, May 21, 2003)andmdash;the first legally binding pact of its kindandmdash;and in so doing triggered the agreement's entry into force Effective July 7, 2009, registered retailers in Hong Kong are no longer allowed to provide free plastic shopping bags for customers; for each plastic shopping bag requested by the customer, the retailers must charge an environmental The U.S. Supreme Court recently addressed jurisdictional issues on enforcement of the Clean Water Act (CWA) by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (Corps), and sided with the argument that According to Ridwan Panjaitan, the head of law enforcement for the City Environmental Management Agency of Jakarta, Indonesia's capital city, the municipality will make public the names of companies that violate environmental regulations. Speaking on June The World Trade Organization (WTO) and the United Nations Environment Programme released a report on June 26, 2009, detailing the connections between trade and climate change. The document "examines the intersections between trade and climate change On June 17, 2009, the Tax Reform Committee of Taiwan's Executive Yuan (Cabinet) approved a proposal to expand energy taxes to include environment taxes, with the changes to take effect in 2011. The Committee's three-in-one proposal It was reported on June 4, 2009, that the South African Treasury is gearing up to introduce the Draft Taxation Laws Amendment Bill 2009, which will provide tax incentives for businesses to reduce their carbon emissions. On May 4, 2009, the United States Supreme Court held that companies could not be held liable under the Superfund hazardous waste cleanup statute solely on the ground that they sold hazardous chemicals to other companies On March 4, 2009, President Alan Garcia Perez of Peru signed the Law on the National System of Evaluation and Control of the Environment, to be led by the Organismo de Evaluacion y Fiscalizacion Ambiental (Agency... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 04 May 2009 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401261_text Global Legal Monitor: China: Tax Incentives for Clean Development Mechanism Projects Published http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401245_text Environmental protection - On April 14, 2014, the Government of Portugal published Law No. 19, which defines the basis for the country's environmental policy pursuant to the terms of articles 9 and 66 of the Constitution. (Lei No. On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano In August 2013, Syngenta, a Swiss agrochemical company, and Bayer, a German agrochemical company, initiated legal action before the European Court of Justice, challenging the European Commission's decision to ban the pesticide thiamethoxam, which is used On September 1, 2013, a new European Union Regulation on Biocides entered into force. Biocides are chemicals used to control organisms that are harmful to human and animal health and to the environment, such as pests Denmark's Environment Minister, Ida Auken, has announced a new approach to handling rubbish in the country. In September, the government is expected to present a plan to require households to sort trash into several bins, On June 30, 2013, the other members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) urged Indonesia to ratify a treaty designed to limit smog pollution across On May 20, 2013, the Supreme Court of Israel approved a plea bargain that included an unprecedented high amount of compensation in a class-action suit for violation of the prohibition on smoking in public places, in On May 28, 2013, during a visit by President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono of Indonesia to Sweden, the two countries signed a Memorandum of Understanding on sustainable The Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs (MLTM) of the Republic of Korea promulgated the revised enforcement rule for the Marine Environment Management Act on On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 3, 2012, Indonesia and South Korea concluded an agreement to restore the Ciliwung River, which flows from the mountains down through Jakarta On November 20, 2012, the New Zealand government formally lodged with the International Court of Justice (ICJ) a declaration of its intention to intervene in the On September 7, 2012, the New Zealand High Court (the third highest court in New Zealand's court hierarchy) dismissed a challenge to the findings of reports that stated that average temperatures in the country had increased On June 18, 2012, Chile's legislature passed Law 20600 on the creation of new environmental courts, thereby granting the Superintendency of the Environment the power to prosecute environmental violations. (Law 20600 Creating Environmental Courts (June On May 29, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Clean Air Law 5768-2008. A stated objective of the Law is to improve air quality and prevent and minimize air pollution by, among On March 19, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Pollutant and Transfers to the Environment - Duties of Reporting and Registration) Law 5772-2012. The stated objectives of the Law are to increase the Denmark's Environment Ministry is planning to propose a tax on the chemical dihydrogen monoxide (DHMO) as a method to discourage its use. DHMO is odorless but potentially lethal. High levels of the substance were found in A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On January 18, 2012, Namibia's Minister of Environment and Tourism put into effect the Environmental Management Act (EMA), Act No. 7 of 2007. (Government Gazette of the Republic of Namibia, No. 3966 (Dec. 27, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change On October 20, 2011, the Supreme Court of Mongolia ruled that the country's government must enforce its 2009 environmental protection resolution restricting mining in some locations. The decision came in a case filed by the United On May 15, 2011, the New Zealand Minister for the Environment, Hon. Nick Smith, announced that a new law regulating "freedom camping" would be introduced in Parliament this month to address problems related to irresponsible campers. On March 28, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Inspection and Enforcement Authorities) Law, 5771-2011. The Law states as its goal the protection, maintenance, and improvement of the quality of the environment and On March 29, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro approved, during the first session of debate, a bill of law that some say, if adopted, might help fight global warming. The On January 19, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Regulation of Processing of Packaging Law, 5771-2011. The Law declares that it is intended to regulate both the production and the processing of packaging material waste In June 2010, India's Parliament adopted the National Green Tribunal Act (NGT Act), which established a new court, the National Green Tribunal, exclusively for handling cases involving environmental law. The Tribunal began operations on October 19, It was reported on December 10, 2010, that Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration (EPA) has drafted revisions to the relevant laws on recycling of appliances that will ban retailers from charging consumers a fee for the removal On October 21, 2010, the Bahraini Ministry of Homeland Security began enforcing a royal decree issued in 1999 that bans the use of all types of microphones attached to mosques. Muslim clerics in Bahrain have been On November 4, 2010, the European Commission made public a proposal for a regulation to introduce a ban on the use of phosphates and phosphate compounds in laundry detergents, in order to limit the amount of It was reported on October 24, 2010, that a joint committee comprising the African Development Bank (AfDB), the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (ECA), and the African Union Commission (AUC) issued a Consensus Statement on On September 27, 2010, the Bangladeshi Parliament passed the Environment Protection Bill 2010, to amend the Bangladesh Environment Protection Act 1995. The amended law "empowers the government to control the production, processing, stockpiling, supplying, transporting, importing, On September 10, 2010, Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration announced the implementation of measures aimed at encouraging domestic companies to cut carbon dioxide emissions. The measures are set forth in the "Executive Yuan [Cabinet] Environmental Protection Agency A leading British supermarket chain, Sainsbury's, is to be prosecuted for using too much packaging on one of its products, according to a news report of September 17, 2010. The day before this announcement, the supermarket On August 31, 2010, Taiwan and Australia signed a memorandum of understanding on establishing more extensive bilateral cooperation to promote green energy industries and technologies. It is the first agreement of its kind between the two The French Parliament adopted Law 2010-788 of July 12, 2010, on National Commitment for the Environment, also referred to as the "Grenelle II Law." (Loi 2010-788 du 12 juillet 2010 portant engagement national pour l'environnement, On July 29, 2010, the Minsk City Economic Court, in Belarus, ordered a church to pay compensation for environmental damage it allegedly caused in the city. The New Life Church (NLC), a Protestant congregation, was asked On July 23, 2010, the Amsterdam District Court imposed the maximum fine of 1 million (about US$1.28 million) on Trafigura Beheer BV, a multinational oil trading company, for illegally shipping 400 tons of hazardous toxic sludge, On July 14, 2010, the Climate Change Committee of the European Commission endorsed the Commission's proposal for a regulation that establishes rules governing the auctioning of emissions allowances under the EU Emissions Trading System (ETS) and Japan's legislature, the Diet, passed an amendment of the Waste Disposal and Cleaning Law (Law No. 137 of 1970) in May 2010 (Law No. 34 of 2010). The amendment will be effective within one year and On June 11, 2010, Dr. Rob Davies, Minister of Trade and Industry of South Africa, published for public comment a proposed sub-regulation to the National Building Regulations and Building Standards Act to make new buildings energy On June 1, 2010, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) released information on the proceedings instituted by Australia against Japan for alleged breaches of international obligations concerning whaling. (Press Release, ICJ, Australia Institutes Proceedings Against Japan Indonesia and Norway have established a partnership through which Norway will grant the equivalent of US$1 billion in aid to Indonesia for forest preservation and climate control. Indonesia had said in 2009 that it plans to On March 2, 2010, the General Court of the European Union rejected a challenge, brought by "the world's largest steel producer" Arcelor S.A., to the EU's 2003 Emissions Trading Directive. The Luxembourg-based company argued that several On February 9, 2010, the Government of Ireland issued a statement to confirm that it is proceeding with the waste management strategy contained in the 2007 Programme for Government and the 2009 Renewed Program for Government. Victims of toxic waste poisoning in the Ivory Coast have reached an agreement with the Dutch company Trafigura; the deal concerns distribution of approximately US$45 million in compensation to 31,000 victims. A court order issued in Chile has enacted a new law that creates the Ministry of the Environment, the Environmental Evaluation Service, and the Superintendency for the Environment. It also contains other, less substantive amendments. (Ley 20417, amending Law 19,300 of On December 29, 2009, France's Constitutional Council, which ensures the constitutionality of laws prior to their promulgation by the President of the Republic, invalidated the carbon tax set forth in article 7 of the draft 2010 On November 25, 2009, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Climate Change Response (Moderated Emissions Trading) Amendment Bill. This legislation amends the scheme that was enacted by the previous government in September 2008, which was due On August 27, 2009, the National People's Congress of China (NPC) Standing Committee adopted a Resolution on Actively Responding to Climate Change. This is the first resolution of its kind adopted by the top legislature of In mid-November 2009, Norway and Finland signed an agreement in which they committed to cooperation with Russia on removing radioactive batteries from the Baltic Sea. The Memorandum of Understanding was signed in Helsinki, Finland, by Norweigan A U.S. federal appellate court has ruled that a lawsuit by victims of Hurricane Katrina against energy and chemical companies, for contributing to global warming and thus increasing the damages from the hurricane, may proceed in On November 6, 2009, the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) released a report calling for better environmental protection in wartime. Natural assets need to be better protected by clarification of relevant laws, the report concluded. The On June 1, 2009, the General Office of China's State Council announced a plan for an automobile and electronic appliance "old swap new" program, which was formulated by the National Development and Reform Commission and four On September 10, 2009, French President Nicolas Sarkozy announced his government's controversial plan to impose a new "carbon tax" (taxe carbone), to take effect on January 1, 2010, on emissions from fossil fuels such as coal, A meeting was held in Indonesia's capital, Jakarta, on August 26, 2009, to draft a bill to revise the Environmental Law of 1999. The participants included both legislators from the House of Representatives' commission on the It was reported on August 24, 2009, that representatives and experts of ten African nations have convened a meeting in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, to forge a common stance on climate change before the United Nations conference On July 10, 2009, France ratified the Protocol on Pollutant Release and Transfer Registers (done at Kiev, May 21, 2003)andmdash;the first legally binding pact of its kindandmdash;and in so doing triggered the agreement's entry into force Effective July 7, 2009, registered retailers in Hong Kong are no longer allowed to provide free plastic shopping bags for customers; for each plastic shopping bag requested by the customer, the retailers must charge an environmental The U.S. Supreme Court recently addressed jurisdictional issues on enforcement of the Clean Water Act (CWA) by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (Corps), and sided with the argument that According to Ridwan Panjaitan, the head of law enforcement for the City Environmental Management Agency of Jakarta, Indonesia's capital city, the municipality will make public the names of companies that violate environmental regulations. Speaking on June The World Trade Organization (WTO) and the United Nations Environment Programme released a report on June 26, 2009, detailing the connections between trade and climate change. The document "examines the intersections between trade and climate change On June 17, 2009, the Tax Reform Committee of Taiwan's Executive Yuan (Cabinet) approved a proposal to expand energy taxes to include environment taxes, with the changes to take effect in 2011. The Committee's three-in-one proposal It was reported on June 4, 2009, that the South African Treasury is gearing up to introduce the Draft Taxation Laws Amendment Bill 2009, which will provide tax incentives for businesses to reduce their carbon emissions. On May 4, 2009, the United States Supreme Court held that companies could not be held liable under the Superfund hazardous waste cleanup statute solely on the ground that they sold hazardous chemicals to other companies On March 4, 2009, President Alan Garcia Perez of Peru signed the Law on the National System of Evaluation and Control of the Environment, to be led by the Organismo de Evaluacion y Fiscalizacion Ambiental (Agency On April 2, 2009, the Ministry of Finance (MOF) published a Circular on the Corporate Income Tax Policies of the China Clean Development Mechanism [CDM] Fund and CDM projects (CS [2009] No. 30). Dated March 23,... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 28 Apr 2009 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401245_text Global Legal Monitor: Pacific Islands: First Regional Guidelines on Whale and Dolphin Watching http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401246_text Environmental protection - On April 14, 2014, the Government of Portugal published Law No. 19, which defines the basis for the country's environmental policy pursuant to the terms of articles 9 and 66 of the Constitution. (Lei No. On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano In August 2013, Syngenta, a Swiss agrochemical company, and Bayer, a German agrochemical company, initiated legal action before the European Court of Justice, challenging the European Commission's decision to ban the pesticide thiamethoxam, which is used On September 1, 2013, a new European Union Regulation on Biocides entered into force. Biocides are chemicals used to control organisms that are harmful to human and animal health and to the environment, such as pests Denmark's Environment Minister, Ida Auken, has announced a new approach to handling rubbish in the country. In September, the government is expected to present a plan to require households to sort trash into several bins, On June 30, 2013, the other members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) urged Indonesia to ratify a treaty designed to limit smog pollution across On May 20, 2013, the Supreme Court of Israel approved a plea bargain that included an unprecedented high amount of compensation in a class-action suit for violation of the prohibition on smoking in public places, in On May 28, 2013, during a visit by President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono of Indonesia to Sweden, the two countries signed a Memorandum of Understanding on sustainable The Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs (MLTM) of the Republic of Korea promulgated the revised enforcement rule for the Marine Environment Management Act on On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 3, 2012, Indonesia and South Korea concluded an agreement to restore the Ciliwung River, which flows from the mountains down through Jakarta On November 20, 2012, the New Zealand government formally lodged with the International Court of Justice (ICJ) a declaration of its intention to intervene in the On September 7, 2012, the New Zealand High Court (the third highest court in New Zealand's court hierarchy) dismissed a challenge to the findings of reports that stated that average temperatures in the country had increased On June 18, 2012, Chile's legislature passed Law 20600 on the creation of new environmental courts, thereby granting the Superintendency of the Environment the power to prosecute environmental violations. (Law 20600 Creating Environmental Courts (June On May 29, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Clean Air Law 5768-2008. A stated objective of the Law is to improve air quality and prevent and minimize air pollution by, among On March 19, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Pollutant and Transfers to the Environment - Duties of Reporting and Registration) Law 5772-2012. The stated objectives of the Law are to increase the Denmark's Environment Ministry is planning to propose a tax on the chemical dihydrogen monoxide (DHMO) as a method to discourage its use. DHMO is odorless but potentially lethal. High levels of the substance were found in A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On January 18, 2012, Namibia's Minister of Environment and Tourism put into effect the Environmental Management Act (EMA), Act No. 7 of 2007. (Government Gazette of the Republic of Namibia, No. 3966 (Dec. 27, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change On October 20, 2011, the Supreme Court of Mongolia ruled that the country's government must enforce its 2009 environmental protection resolution restricting mining in some locations. The decision came in a case filed by the United On May 15, 2011, the New Zealand Minister for the Environment, Hon. Nick Smith, announced that a new law regulating "freedom camping" would be introduced in Parliament this month to address problems related to irresponsible campers. On March 28, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Inspection and Enforcement Authorities) Law, 5771-2011. The Law states as its goal the protection, maintenance, and improvement of the quality of the environment and On March 29, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro approved, during the first session of debate, a bill of law that some say, if adopted, might help fight global warming. The On January 19, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Regulation of Processing of Packaging Law, 5771-2011. The Law declares that it is intended to regulate both the production and the processing of packaging material waste In June 2010, India's Parliament adopted the National Green Tribunal Act (NGT Act), which established a new court, the National Green Tribunal, exclusively for handling cases involving environmental law. The Tribunal began operations on October 19, It was reported on December 10, 2010, that Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration (EPA) has drafted revisions to the relevant laws on recycling of appliances that will ban retailers from charging consumers a fee for the removal On October 21, 2010, the Bahraini Ministry of Homeland Security began enforcing a royal decree issued in 1999 that bans the use of all types of microphones attached to mosques. Muslim clerics in Bahrain have been On November 4, 2010, the European Commission made public a proposal for a regulation to introduce a ban on the use of phosphates and phosphate compounds in laundry detergents, in order to limit the amount of It was reported on October 24, 2010, that a joint committee comprising the African Development Bank (AfDB), the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (ECA), and the African Union Commission (AUC) issued a Consensus Statement on On September 27, 2010, the Bangladeshi Parliament passed the Environment Protection Bill 2010, to amend the Bangladesh Environment Protection Act 1995. The amended law "empowers the government to control the production, processing, stockpiling, supplying, transporting, importing, On September 10, 2010, Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration announced the implementation of measures aimed at encouraging domestic companies to cut carbon dioxide emissions. The measures are set forth in the "Executive Yuan [Cabinet] Environmental Protection Agency A leading British supermarket chain, Sainsbury's, is to be prosecuted for using too much packaging on one of its products, according to a news report of September 17, 2010. The day before this announcement, the supermarket On August 31, 2010, Taiwan and Australia signed a memorandum of understanding on establishing more extensive bilateral cooperation to promote green energy industries and technologies. It is the first agreement of its kind between the two The French Parliament adopted Law 2010-788 of July 12, 2010, on National Commitment for the Environment, also referred to as the "Grenelle II Law." (Loi 2010-788 du 12 juillet 2010 portant engagement national pour l'environnement, On July 29, 2010, the Minsk City Economic Court, in Belarus, ordered a church to pay compensation for environmental damage it allegedly caused in the city. The New Life Church (NLC), a Protestant congregation, was asked On July 23, 2010, the Amsterdam District Court imposed the maximum fine of 1 million (about US$1.28 million) on Trafigura Beheer BV, a multinational oil trading company, for illegally shipping 400 tons of hazardous toxic sludge, On July 14, 2010, the Climate Change Committee of the European Commission endorsed the Commission's proposal for a regulation that establishes rules governing the auctioning of emissions allowances under the EU Emissions Trading System (ETS) and Japan's legislature, the Diet, passed an amendment of the Waste Disposal and Cleaning Law (Law No. 137 of 1970) in May 2010 (Law No. 34 of 2010). The amendment will be effective within one year and On June 11, 2010, Dr. Rob Davies, Minister of Trade and Industry of South Africa, published for public comment a proposed sub-regulation to the National Building Regulations and Building Standards Act to make new buildings energy On June 1, 2010, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) released information on the proceedings instituted by Australia against Japan for alleged breaches of international obligations concerning whaling. (Press Release, ICJ, Australia Institutes Proceedings Against Japan Indonesia and Norway have established a partnership through which Norway will grant the equivalent of US$1 billion in aid to Indonesia for forest preservation and climate control. Indonesia had said in 2009 that it plans to On March 2, 2010, the General Court of the European Union rejected a challenge, brought by "the world's largest steel producer" Arcelor S.A., to the EU's 2003 Emissions Trading Directive. The Luxembourg-based company argued that several On February 9, 2010, the Government of Ireland issued a statement to confirm that it is proceeding with the waste management strategy contained in the 2007 Programme for Government and the 2009 Renewed Program for Government. Victims of toxic waste poisoning in the Ivory Coast have reached an agreement with the Dutch company Trafigura; the deal concerns distribution of approximately US$45 million in compensation to 31,000 victims. A court order issued in Chile has enacted a new law that creates the Ministry of the Environment, the Environmental Evaluation Service, and the Superintendency for the Environment. It also contains other, less substantive amendments. (Ley 20417, amending Law 19,300 of On December 29, 2009, France's Constitutional Council, which ensures the constitutionality of laws prior to their promulgation by the President of the Republic, invalidated the carbon tax set forth in article 7 of the draft 2010 On November 25, 2009, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Climate Change Response (Moderated Emissions Trading) Amendment Bill. This legislation amends the scheme that was enacted by the previous government in September 2008, which was due On August 27, 2009, the National People's Congress of China (NPC) Standing Committee adopted a Resolution on Actively Responding to Climate Change. This is the first resolution of its kind adopted by the top legislature of In mid-November 2009, Norway and Finland signed an agreement in which they committed to cooperation with Russia on removing radioactive batteries from the Baltic Sea. The Memorandum of Understanding was signed in Helsinki, Finland, by Norweigan A U.S. federal appellate court has ruled that a lawsuit by victims of Hurricane Katrina against energy and chemical companies, for contributing to global warming and thus increasing the damages from the hurricane, may proceed in On November 6, 2009, the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) released a report calling for better environmental protection in wartime. Natural assets need to be better protected by clarification of relevant laws, the report concluded. The On June 1, 2009, the General Office of China's State Council announced a plan for an automobile and electronic appliance "old swap new" program, which was formulated by the National Development and Reform Commission and four On September 10, 2009, French President Nicolas Sarkozy announced his government's controversial plan to impose a new "carbon tax" (taxe carbone), to take effect on January 1, 2010, on emissions from fossil fuels such as coal, A meeting was held in Indonesia's capital, Jakarta, on August 26, 2009, to draft a bill to revise the Environmental Law of 1999. The participants included both legislators from the House of Representatives' commission on the It was reported on August 24, 2009, that representatives and experts of ten African nations have convened a meeting in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, to forge a common stance on climate change before the United Nations conference On July 10, 2009, France ratified the Protocol on Pollutant Release and Transfer Registers (done at Kiev, May 21, 2003)andmdash;the first legally binding pact of its kindandmdash;and in so doing triggered the agreement's entry into force Effective July 7, 2009, registered retailers in Hong Kong are no longer allowed to provide free plastic shopping bags for customers; for each plastic shopping bag requested by the customer, the retailers must charge an environmental The U.S. Supreme Court recently addressed jurisdictional issues on enforcement of the Clean Water Act (CWA) by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (Corps), and sided with the argument that According to Ridwan Panjaitan, the head of law enforcement for the City Environmental Management Agency of Jakarta, Indonesia's capital city, the municipality will make public the names of companies that violate environmental regulations. Speaking on June The World Trade Organization (WTO) and the United Nations Environment Programme released a report on June 26, 2009, detailing the connections between trade and climate change. The document "examines the intersections between trade and climate change On June 17, 2009, the Tax Reform Committee of Taiwan's Executive Yuan (Cabinet) approved a proposal to expand energy taxes to include environment taxes, with the changes to take effect in 2011. The Committee's three-in-one proposal It was reported on June 4, 2009, that the South African Treasury is gearing up to introduce the Draft Taxation Laws Amendment Bill 2009, which will provide tax incentives for businesses to reduce their carbon emissions. On May 4, 2009, the United States Supreme Court held that companies could not be held liable under the Superfund hazardous waste cleanup statute solely on the ground that they sold hazardous chemicals to other companies On March 4, 2009, President Alan Garcia Perez of Peru signed the Law on the National System of Evaluation and Control of the Environment, to be led by the Organismo de Evaluacion y Fiscalizacion Ambiental (Agency On April 2, 2009, the Ministry of Finance (MOF) published a Circular on the Corporate Income Tax Policies of the China Clean Development Mechanism [CDM] Fund and CDM projects (CS [2009] No. 30). Dated March 23, On March 29, 2009, on the eve of the first International Conference for Marine Mammal Protected Areas held in Maui, Hawaii, the first guidelines of the Pacific Islands region for whale and dolphin watching were issued,... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 28 Apr 2009 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401246_text Global Legal Monitor: China: Regulations on Electronic Waste http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401235_text Environmental protection - On April 14, 2014, the Government of Portugal published Law No. 19, which defines the basis for the country's environmental policy pursuant to the terms of articles 9 and 66 of the Constitution. (Lei No. On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano In August 2013, Syngenta, a Swiss agrochemical company, and Bayer, a German agrochemical company, initiated legal action before the European Court of Justice, challenging the European Commission's decision to ban the pesticide thiamethoxam, which is used On September 1, 2013, a new European Union Regulation on Biocides entered into force. Biocides are chemicals used to control organisms that are harmful to human and animal health and to the environment, such as pests Denmark's Environment Minister, Ida Auken, has announced a new approach to handling rubbish in the country. In September, the government is expected to present a plan to require households to sort trash into several bins, On June 30, 2013, the other members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) urged Indonesia to ratify a treaty designed to limit smog pollution across On May 20, 2013, the Supreme Court of Israel approved a plea bargain that included an unprecedented high amount of compensation in a class-action suit for violation of the prohibition on smoking in public places, in On May 28, 2013, during a visit by President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono of Indonesia to Sweden, the two countries signed a Memorandum of Understanding on sustainable The Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs (MLTM) of the Republic of Korea promulgated the revised enforcement rule for the Marine Environment Management Act on On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 3, 2012, Indonesia and South Korea concluded an agreement to restore the Ciliwung River, which flows from the mountains down through Jakarta On November 20, 2012, the New Zealand government formally lodged with the International Court of Justice (ICJ) a declaration of its intention to intervene in the On September 7, 2012, the New Zealand High Court (the third highest court in New Zealand's court hierarchy) dismissed a challenge to the findings of reports that stated that average temperatures in the country had increased On June 18, 2012, Chile's legislature passed Law 20600 on the creation of new environmental courts, thereby granting the Superintendency of the Environment the power to prosecute environmental violations. (Law 20600 Creating Environmental Courts (June On May 29, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Clean Air Law 5768-2008. A stated objective of the Law is to improve air quality and prevent and minimize air pollution by, among On March 19, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Pollutant and Transfers to the Environment - Duties of Reporting and Registration) Law 5772-2012. The stated objectives of the Law are to increase the Denmark's Environment Ministry is planning to propose a tax on the chemical dihydrogen monoxide (DHMO) as a method to discourage its use. DHMO is odorless but potentially lethal. High levels of the substance were found in A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On January 18, 2012, Namibia's Minister of Environment and Tourism put into effect the Environmental Management Act (EMA), Act No. 7 of 2007. (Government Gazette of the Republic of Namibia, No. 3966 (Dec. 27, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change On October 20, 2011, the Supreme Court of Mongolia ruled that the country's government must enforce its 2009 environmental protection resolution restricting mining in some locations. The decision came in a case filed by the United On May 15, 2011, the New Zealand Minister for the Environment, Hon. Nick Smith, announced that a new law regulating "freedom camping" would be introduced in Parliament this month to address problems related to irresponsible campers. On March 28, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Inspection and Enforcement Authorities) Law, 5771-2011. The Law states as its goal the protection, maintenance, and improvement of the quality of the environment and On March 29, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro approved, during the first session of debate, a bill of law that some say, if adopted, might help fight global warming. The On January 19, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Regulation of Processing of Packaging Law, 5771-2011. The Law declares that it is intended to regulate both the production and the processing of packaging material waste In June 2010, India's Parliament adopted the National Green Tribunal Act (NGT Act), which established a new court, the National Green Tribunal, exclusively for handling cases involving environmental law. The Tribunal began operations on October 19, It was reported on December 10, 2010, that Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration (EPA) has drafted revisions to the relevant laws on recycling of appliances that will ban retailers from charging consumers a fee for the removal On October 21, 2010, the Bahraini Ministry of Homeland Security began enforcing a royal decree issued in 1999 that bans the use of all types of microphones attached to mosques. Muslim clerics in Bahrain have been On November 4, 2010, the European Commission made public a proposal for a regulation to introduce a ban on the use of phosphates and phosphate compounds in laundry detergents, in order to limit the amount of It was reported on October 24, 2010, that a joint committee comprising the African Development Bank (AfDB), the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (ECA), and the African Union Commission (AUC) issued a Consensus Statement on On September 27, 2010, the Bangladeshi Parliament passed the Environment Protection Bill 2010, to amend the Bangladesh Environment Protection Act 1995. The amended law "empowers the government to control the production, processing, stockpiling, supplying, transporting, importing, On September 10, 2010, Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration announced the implementation of measures aimed at encouraging domestic companies to cut carbon dioxide emissions. The measures are set forth in the "Executive Yuan [Cabinet] Environmental Protection Agency A leading British supermarket chain, Sainsbury's, is to be prosecuted for using too much packaging on one of its products, according to a news report of September 17, 2010. The day before this announcement, the supermarket On August 31, 2010, Taiwan and Australia signed a memorandum of understanding on establishing more extensive bilateral cooperation to promote green energy industries and technologies. It is the first agreement of its kind between the two The French Parliament adopted Law 2010-788 of July 12, 2010, on National Commitment for the Environment, also referred to as the "Grenelle II Law." (Loi 2010-788 du 12 juillet 2010 portant engagement national pour l'environnement, On July 29, 2010, the Minsk City Economic Court, in Belarus, ordered a church to pay compensation for environmental damage it allegedly caused in the city. The New Life Church (NLC), a Protestant congregation, was asked On July 23, 2010, the Amsterdam District Court imposed the maximum fine of 1 million (about US$1.28 million) on Trafigura Beheer BV, a multinational oil trading company, for illegally shipping 400 tons of hazardous toxic sludge, On July 14, 2010, the Climate Change Committee of the European Commission endorsed the Commission's proposal for a regulation that establishes rules governing the auctioning of emissions allowances under the EU Emissions Trading System (ETS) and Japan's legislature, the Diet, passed an amendment of the Waste Disposal and Cleaning Law (Law No. 137 of 1970) in May 2010 (Law No. 34 of 2010). The amendment will be effective within one year and On June 11, 2010, Dr. Rob Davies, Minister of Trade and Industry of South Africa, published for public comment a proposed sub-regulation to the National Building Regulations and Building Standards Act to make new buildings energy On June 1, 2010, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) released information on the proceedings instituted by Australia against Japan for alleged breaches of international obligations concerning whaling. (Press Release, ICJ, Australia Institutes Proceedings Against Japan Indonesia and Norway have established a partnership through which Norway will grant the equivalent of US$1 billion in aid to Indonesia for forest preservation and climate control. Indonesia had said in 2009 that it plans to On March 2, 2010, the General Court of the European Union rejected a challenge, brought by "the world's largest steel producer" Arcelor S.A., to the EU's 2003 Emissions Trading Directive. The Luxembourg-based company argued that several On February 9, 2010, the Government of Ireland issued a statement to confirm that it is proceeding with the waste management strategy contained in the 2007 Programme for Government and the 2009 Renewed Program for Government. Victims of toxic waste poisoning in the Ivory Coast have reached an agreement with the Dutch company Trafigura; the deal concerns distribution of approximately US$45 million in compensation to 31,000 victims. A court order issued in Chile has enacted a new law that creates the Ministry of the Environment, the Environmental Evaluation Service, and the Superintendency for the Environment. It also contains other, less substantive amendments. (Ley 20417, amending Law 19,300 of On December 29, 2009, France's Constitutional Council, which ensures the constitutionality of laws prior to their promulgation by the President of the Republic, invalidated the carbon tax set forth in article 7 of the draft 2010 On November 25, 2009, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Climate Change Response (Moderated Emissions Trading) Amendment Bill. This legislation amends the scheme that was enacted by the previous government in September 2008, which was due On August 27, 2009, the National People's Congress of China (NPC) Standing Committee adopted a Resolution on Actively Responding to Climate Change. This is the first resolution of its kind adopted by the top legislature of In mid-November 2009, Norway and Finland signed an agreement in which they committed to cooperation with Russia on removing radioactive batteries from the Baltic Sea. The Memorandum of Understanding was signed in Helsinki, Finland, by Norweigan A U.S. federal appellate court has ruled that a lawsuit by victims of Hurricane Katrina against energy and chemical companies, for contributing to global warming and thus increasing the damages from the hurricane, may proceed in On November 6, 2009, the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) released a report calling for better environmental protection in wartime. Natural assets need to be better protected by clarification of relevant laws, the report concluded. The On June 1, 2009, the General Office of China's State Council announced a plan for an automobile and electronic appliance "old swap new" program, which was formulated by the National Development and Reform Commission and four On September 10, 2009, French President Nicolas Sarkozy announced his government's controversial plan to impose a new "carbon tax" (taxe carbone), to take effect on January 1, 2010, on emissions from fossil fuels such as coal, A meeting was held in Indonesia's capital, Jakarta, on August 26, 2009, to draft a bill to revise the Environmental Law of 1999. The participants included both legislators from the House of Representatives' commission on the It was reported on August 24, 2009, that representatives and experts of ten African nations have convened a meeting in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, to forge a common stance on climate change before the United Nations conference On July 10, 2009, France ratified the Protocol on Pollutant Release and Transfer Registers (done at Kiev, May 21, 2003)andmdash;the first legally binding pact of its kindandmdash;and in so doing triggered the agreement's entry into force Effective July 7, 2009, registered retailers in Hong Kong are no longer allowed to provide free plastic shopping bags for customers; for each plastic shopping bag requested by the customer, the retailers must charge an environmental The U.S. Supreme Court recently addressed jurisdictional issues on enforcement of the Clean Water Act (CWA) by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (Corps), and sided with the argument that According to Ridwan Panjaitan, the head of law enforcement for the City Environmental Management Agency of Jakarta, Indonesia's capital city, the municipality will make public the names of companies that violate environmental regulations. Speaking on June The World Trade Organization (WTO) and the United Nations Environment Programme released a report on June 26, 2009, detailing the connections between trade and climate change. The document "examines the intersections between trade and climate change On June 17, 2009, the Tax Reform Committee of Taiwan's Executive Yuan (Cabinet) approved a proposal to expand energy taxes to include environment taxes, with the changes to take effect in 2011. The Committee's three-in-one proposal It was reported on June 4, 2009, that the South African Treasury is gearing up to introduce the Draft Taxation Laws Amendment Bill 2009, which will provide tax incentives for businesses to reduce their carbon emissions. On May 4, 2009, the United States Supreme Court held that companies could not be held liable under the Superfund hazardous waste cleanup statute solely on the ground that they sold hazardous chemicals to other companies On March 4, 2009, President Alan Garcia Perez of Peru signed the Law on the National System of Evaluation and Control of the Environment, to be led by the Organismo de Evaluacion y Fiscalizacion Ambiental (Agency On April 2, 2009, the Ministry of Finance (MOF) published a Circular on the Corporate Income Tax Policies of the China Clean Development Mechanism [CDM] Fund and CDM projects (CS [2009] No. 30). Dated March 23, On March 29, 2009, on the eve of the first International Conference for Marine Mammal Protected Areas held in Maui, Hawaii, the first guidelines of the Pacific Islands region for whale and dolphin watching were issued, On February 25, 2009, the State Council (Cabinet, hereafter SC) of the People's Republic of China (PRC) promulgated the Regulations for the Administration of the Recovery and Disposal [i.e., recycling] of Waste Electric and Electronic Products... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 24 Apr 2009 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401235_text Global Legal Monitor: Nigeria: Initiative to Regulate Hazardous E-Products http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401183_text Environmental protection - On April 14, 2014, the Government of Portugal published Law No. 19, which defines the basis for the country's environmental policy pursuant to the terms of articles 9 and 66 of the Constitution. (Lei No. On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano In August 2013, Syngenta, a Swiss agrochemical company, and Bayer, a German agrochemical company, initiated legal action before the European Court of Justice, challenging the European Commission's decision to ban the pesticide thiamethoxam, which is used On September 1, 2013, a new European Union Regulation on Biocides entered into force. Biocides are chemicals used to control organisms that are harmful to human and animal health and to the environment, such as pests Denmark's Environment Minister, Ida Auken, has announced a new approach to handling rubbish in the country. In September, the government is expected to present a plan to require households to sort trash into several bins, On June 30, 2013, the other members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) urged Indonesia to ratify a treaty designed to limit smog pollution across On May 20, 2013, the Supreme Court of Israel approved a plea bargain that included an unprecedented high amount of compensation in a class-action suit for violation of the prohibition on smoking in public places, in On May 28, 2013, during a visit by President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono of Indonesia to Sweden, the two countries signed a Memorandum of Understanding on sustainable The Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs (MLTM) of the Republic of Korea promulgated the revised enforcement rule for the Marine Environment Management Act on On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 3, 2012, Indonesia and South Korea concluded an agreement to restore the Ciliwung River, which flows from the mountains down through Jakarta On November 20, 2012, the New Zealand government formally lodged with the International Court of Justice (ICJ) a declaration of its intention to intervene in the On September 7, 2012, the New Zealand High Court (the third highest court in New Zealand's court hierarchy) dismissed a challenge to the findings of reports that stated that average temperatures in the country had increased On June 18, 2012, Chile's legislature passed Law 20600 on the creation of new environmental courts, thereby granting the Superintendency of the Environment the power to prosecute environmental violations. (Law 20600 Creating Environmental Courts (June On May 29, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Clean Air Law 5768-2008. A stated objective of the Law is to improve air quality and prevent and minimize air pollution by, among On March 19, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Pollutant and Transfers to the Environment - Duties of Reporting and Registration) Law 5772-2012. The stated objectives of the Law are to increase the Denmark's Environment Ministry is planning to propose a tax on the chemical dihydrogen monoxide (DHMO) as a method to discourage its use. DHMO is odorless but potentially lethal. High levels of the substance were found in A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On January 18, 2012, Namibia's Minister of Environment and Tourism put into effect the Environmental Management Act (EMA), Act No. 7 of 2007. (Government Gazette of the Republic of Namibia, No. 3966 (Dec. 27, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change On October 20, 2011, the Supreme Court of Mongolia ruled that the country's government must enforce its 2009 environmental protection resolution restricting mining in some locations. The decision came in a case filed by the United On May 15, 2011, the New Zealand Minister for the Environment, Hon. Nick Smith, announced that a new law regulating "freedom camping" would be introduced in Parliament this month to address problems related to irresponsible campers. On March 28, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Inspection and Enforcement Authorities) Law, 5771-2011. The Law states as its goal the protection, maintenance, and improvement of the quality of the environment and On March 29, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro approved, during the first session of debate, a bill of law that some say, if adopted, might help fight global warming. The On January 19, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Regulation of Processing of Packaging Law, 5771-2011. The Law declares that it is intended to regulate both the production and the processing of packaging material waste In June 2010, India's Parliament adopted the National Green Tribunal Act (NGT Act), which established a new court, the National Green Tribunal, exclusively for handling cases involving environmental law. The Tribunal began operations on October 19, It was reported on December 10, 2010, that Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration (EPA) has drafted revisions to the relevant laws on recycling of appliances that will ban retailers from charging consumers a fee for the removal On October 21, 2010, the Bahraini Ministry of Homeland Security began enforcing a royal decree issued in 1999 that bans the use of all types of microphones attached to mosques. Muslim clerics in Bahrain have been On November 4, 2010, the European Commission made public a proposal for a regulation to introduce a ban on the use of phosphates and phosphate compounds in laundry detergents, in order to limit the amount of It was reported on October 24, 2010, that a joint committee comprising the African Development Bank (AfDB), the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (ECA), and the African Union Commission (AUC) issued a Consensus Statement on On September 27, 2010, the Bangladeshi Parliament passed the Environment Protection Bill 2010, to amend the Bangladesh Environment Protection Act 1995. The amended law "empowers the government to control the production, processing, stockpiling, supplying, transporting, importing, On September 10, 2010, Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration announced the implementation of measures aimed at encouraging domestic companies to cut carbon dioxide emissions. The measures are set forth in the "Executive Yuan [Cabinet] Environmental Protection Agency A leading British supermarket chain, Sainsbury's, is to be prosecuted for using too much packaging on one of its products, according to a news report of September 17, 2010. The day before this announcement, the supermarket On August 31, 2010, Taiwan and Australia signed a memorandum of understanding on establishing more extensive bilateral cooperation to promote green energy industries and technologies. It is the first agreement of its kind between the two The French Parliament adopted Law 2010-788 of July 12, 2010, on National Commitment for the Environment, also referred to as the "Grenelle II Law." (Loi 2010-788 du 12 juillet 2010 portant engagement national pour l'environnement, On July 29, 2010, the Minsk City Economic Court, in Belarus, ordered a church to pay compensation for environmental damage it allegedly caused in the city. The New Life Church (NLC), a Protestant congregation, was asked On July 23, 2010, the Amsterdam District Court imposed the maximum fine of 1 million (about US$1.28 million) on Trafigura Beheer BV, a multinational oil trading company, for illegally shipping 400 tons of hazardous toxic sludge, On July 14, 2010, the Climate Change Committee of the European Commission endorsed the Commission's proposal for a regulation that establishes rules governing the auctioning of emissions allowances under the EU Emissions Trading System (ETS) and Japan's legislature, the Diet, passed an amendment of the Waste Disposal and Cleaning Law (Law No. 137 of 1970) in May 2010 (Law No. 34 of 2010). The amendment will be effective within one year and On June 11, 2010, Dr. Rob Davies, Minister of Trade and Industry of South Africa, published for public comment a proposed sub-regulation to the National Building Regulations and Building Standards Act to make new buildings energy On June 1, 2010, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) released information on the proceedings instituted by Australia against Japan for alleged breaches of international obligations concerning whaling. (Press Release, ICJ, Australia Institutes Proceedings Against Japan Indonesia and Norway have established a partnership through which Norway will grant the equivalent of US$1 billion in aid to Indonesia for forest preservation and climate control. Indonesia had said in 2009 that it plans to On March 2, 2010, the General Court of the European Union rejected a challenge, brought by "the world's largest steel producer" Arcelor S.A., to the EU's 2003 Emissions Trading Directive. The Luxembourg-based company argued that several On February 9, 2010, the Government of Ireland issued a statement to confirm that it is proceeding with the waste management strategy contained in the 2007 Programme for Government and the 2009 Renewed Program for Government. Victims of toxic waste poisoning in the Ivory Coast have reached an agreement with the Dutch company Trafigura; the deal concerns distribution of approximately US$45 million in compensation to 31,000 victims. A court order issued in Chile has enacted a new law that creates the Ministry of the Environment, the Environmental Evaluation Service, and the Superintendency for the Environment. It also contains other, less substantive amendments. (Ley 20417, amending Law 19,300 of On December 29, 2009, France's Constitutional Council, which ensures the constitutionality of laws prior to their promulgation by the President of the Republic, invalidated the carbon tax set forth in article 7 of the draft 2010 On November 25, 2009, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Climate Change Response (Moderated Emissions Trading) Amendment Bill. This legislation amends the scheme that was enacted by the previous government in September 2008, which was due On August 27, 2009, the National People's Congress of China (NPC) Standing Committee adopted a Resolution on Actively Responding to Climate Change. This is the first resolution of its kind adopted by the top legislature of In mid-November 2009, Norway and Finland signed an agreement in which they committed to cooperation with Russia on removing radioactive batteries from the Baltic Sea. The Memorandum of Understanding was signed in Helsinki, Finland, by Norweigan A U.S. federal appellate court has ruled that a lawsuit by victims of Hurricane Katrina against energy and chemical companies, for contributing to global warming and thus increasing the damages from the hurricane, may proceed in On November 6, 2009, the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) released a report calling for better environmental protection in wartime. Natural assets need to be better protected by clarification of relevant laws, the report concluded. The On June 1, 2009, the General Office of China's State Council announced a plan for an automobile and electronic appliance "old swap new" program, which was formulated by the National Development and Reform Commission and four On September 10, 2009, French President Nicolas Sarkozy announced his government's controversial plan to impose a new "carbon tax" (taxe carbone), to take effect on January 1, 2010, on emissions from fossil fuels such as coal, A meeting was held in Indonesia's capital, Jakarta, on August 26, 2009, to draft a bill to revise the Environmental Law of 1999. The participants included both legislators from the House of Representatives' commission on the It was reported on August 24, 2009, that representatives and experts of ten African nations have convened a meeting in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, to forge a common stance on climate change before the United Nations conference On July 10, 2009, France ratified the Protocol on Pollutant Release and Transfer Registers (done at Kiev, May 21, 2003)andmdash;the first legally binding pact of its kindandmdash;and in so doing triggered the agreement's entry into force Effective July 7, 2009, registered retailers in Hong Kong are no longer allowed to provide free plastic shopping bags for customers; for each plastic shopping bag requested by the customer, the retailers must charge an environmental The U.S. Supreme Court recently addressed jurisdictional issues on enforcement of the Clean Water Act (CWA) by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (Corps), and sided with the argument that According to Ridwan Panjaitan, the head of law enforcement for the City Environmental Management Agency of Jakarta, Indonesia's capital city, the municipality will make public the names of companies that violate environmental regulations. Speaking on June The World Trade Organization (WTO) and the United Nations Environment Programme released a report on June 26, 2009, detailing the connections between trade and climate change. The document "examines the intersections between trade and climate change On June 17, 2009, the Tax Reform Committee of Taiwan's Executive Yuan (Cabinet) approved a proposal to expand energy taxes to include environment taxes, with the changes to take effect in 2011. The Committee's three-in-one proposal It was reported on June 4, 2009, that the South African Treasury is gearing up to introduce the Draft Taxation Laws Amendment Bill 2009, which will provide tax incentives for businesses to reduce their carbon emissions. On May 4, 2009, the United States Supreme Court held that companies could not be held liable under the Superfund hazardous waste cleanup statute solely on the ground that they sold hazardous chemicals to other companies On March 4, 2009, President Alan Garcia Perez of Peru signed the Law on the National System of Evaluation and Control of the Environment, to be led by the Organismo de Evaluacion y Fiscalizacion Ambiental (Agency On April 2, 2009, the Ministry of Finance (MOF) published a Circular on the Corporate Income Tax Policies of the China Clean Development Mechanism [CDM] Fund and CDM projects (CS [2009] No. 30). Dated March 23, On March 29, 2009, on the eve of the first International Conference for Marine Mammal Protected Areas held in Maui, Hawaii, the first guidelines of the Pacific Islands region for whale and dolphin watching were issued, On February 25, 2009, the State Council (Cabinet, hereafter SC) of the People's Republic of China (PRC) promulgated the Regulations for the Administration of the Recovery and Disposal [i.e., recycling] of Waste Electric and Electronic Products The Nigerian Senate recently passed resolutions urging federal agencies, including the National Environmental Standards and Regulations Enforcement Agency (NESREA) and the Standards Organization of Nigeria (SON), to take the necessary steps to regulate the influx of... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 03 Apr 2009 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401183_text Global Legal Monitor: Indonesia: Move to Reduce GHG Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401151_text Environmental protection - On April 14, 2014, the Government of Portugal published Law No. 19, which defines the basis for the country's environmental policy pursuant to the terms of articles 9 and 66 of the Constitution. (Lei No. On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano In August 2013, Syngenta, a Swiss agrochemical company, and Bayer, a German agrochemical company, initiated legal action before the European Court of Justice, challenging the European Commission's decision to ban the pesticide thiamethoxam, which is used On September 1, 2013, a new European Union Regulation on Biocides entered into force. Biocides are chemicals used to control organisms that are harmful to human and animal health and to the environment, such as pests Denmark's Environment Minister, Ida Auken, has announced a new approach to handling rubbish in the country. In September, the government is expected to present a plan to require households to sort trash into several bins, On June 30, 2013, the other members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) urged Indonesia to ratify a treaty designed to limit smog pollution across On May 20, 2013, the Supreme Court of Israel approved a plea bargain that included an unprecedented high amount of compensation in a class-action suit for violation of the prohibition on smoking in public places, in On May 28, 2013, during a visit by President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono of Indonesia to Sweden, the two countries signed a Memorandum of Understanding on sustainable The Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs (MLTM) of the Republic of Korea promulgated the revised enforcement rule for the Marine Environment Management Act on On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 3, 2012, Indonesia and South Korea concluded an agreement to restore the Ciliwung River, which flows from the mountains down through Jakarta On November 20, 2012, the New Zealand government formally lodged with the International Court of Justice (ICJ) a declaration of its intention to intervene in the On September 7, 2012, the New Zealand High Court (the third highest court in New Zealand's court hierarchy) dismissed a challenge to the findings of reports that stated that average temperatures in the country had increased On June 18, 2012, Chile's legislature passed Law 20600 on the creation of new environmental courts, thereby granting the Superintendency of the Environment the power to prosecute environmental violations. (Law 20600 Creating Environmental Courts (June On May 29, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Clean Air Law 5768-2008. A stated objective of the Law is to improve air quality and prevent and minimize air pollution by, among On March 19, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Pollutant and Transfers to the Environment - Duties of Reporting and Registration) Law 5772-2012. The stated objectives of the Law are to increase the Denmark's Environment Ministry is planning to propose a tax on the chemical dihydrogen monoxide (DHMO) as a method to discourage its use. DHMO is odorless but potentially lethal. High levels of the substance were found in A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On January 18, 2012, Namibia's Minister of Environment and Tourism put into effect the Environmental Management Act (EMA), Act No. 7 of 2007. (Government Gazette of the Republic of Namibia, No. 3966 (Dec. 27, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change On October 20, 2011, the Supreme Court of Mongolia ruled that the country's government must enforce its 2009 environmental protection resolution restricting mining in some locations. The decision came in a case filed by the United On May 15, 2011, the New Zealand Minister for the Environment, Hon. Nick Smith, announced that a new law regulating "freedom camping" would be introduced in Parliament this month to address problems related to irresponsible campers. On March 28, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Inspection and Enforcement Authorities) Law, 5771-2011. The Law states as its goal the protection, maintenance, and improvement of the quality of the environment and On March 29, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro approved, during the first session of debate, a bill of law that some say, if adopted, might help fight global warming. The On January 19, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Regulation of Processing of Packaging Law, 5771-2011. The Law declares that it is intended to regulate both the production and the processing of packaging material waste In June 2010, India's Parliament adopted the National Green Tribunal Act (NGT Act), which established a new court, the National Green Tribunal, exclusively for handling cases involving environmental law. The Tribunal began operations on October 19, It was reported on December 10, 2010, that Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration (EPA) has drafted revisions to the relevant laws on recycling of appliances that will ban retailers from charging consumers a fee for the removal On October 21, 2010, the Bahraini Ministry of Homeland Security began enforcing a royal decree issued in 1999 that bans the use of all types of microphones attached to mosques. Muslim clerics in Bahrain have been On November 4, 2010, the European Commission made public a proposal for a regulation to introduce a ban on the use of phosphates and phosphate compounds in laundry detergents, in order to limit the amount of It was reported on October 24, 2010, that a joint committee comprising the African Development Bank (AfDB), the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (ECA), and the African Union Commission (AUC) issued a Consensus Statement on On September 27, 2010, the Bangladeshi Parliament passed the Environment Protection Bill 2010, to amend the Bangladesh Environment Protection Act 1995. The amended law "empowers the government to control the production, processing, stockpiling, supplying, transporting, importing, On September 10, 2010, Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration announced the implementation of measures aimed at encouraging domestic companies to cut carbon dioxide emissions. The measures are set forth in the "Executive Yuan [Cabinet] Environmental Protection Agency A leading British supermarket chain, Sainsbury's, is to be prosecuted for using too much packaging on one of its products, according to a news report of September 17, 2010. The day before this announcement, the supermarket On August 31, 2010, Taiwan and Australia signed a memorandum of understanding on establishing more extensive bilateral cooperation to promote green energy industries and technologies. It is the first agreement of its kind between the two The French Parliament adopted Law 2010-788 of July 12, 2010, on National Commitment for the Environment, also referred to as the "Grenelle II Law." (Loi 2010-788 du 12 juillet 2010 portant engagement national pour l'environnement, On July 29, 2010, the Minsk City Economic Court, in Belarus, ordered a church to pay compensation for environmental damage it allegedly caused in the city. The New Life Church (NLC), a Protestant congregation, was asked On July 23, 2010, the Amsterdam District Court imposed the maximum fine of 1 million (about US$1.28 million) on Trafigura Beheer BV, a multinational oil trading company, for illegally shipping 400 tons of hazardous toxic sludge, On July 14, 2010, the Climate Change Committee of the European Commission endorsed the Commission's proposal for a regulation that establishes rules governing the auctioning of emissions allowances under the EU Emissions Trading System (ETS) and Japan's legislature, the Diet, passed an amendment of the Waste Disposal and Cleaning Law (Law No. 137 of 1970) in May 2010 (Law No. 34 of 2010). The amendment will be effective within one year and On June 11, 2010, Dr. Rob Davies, Minister of Trade and Industry of South Africa, published for public comment a proposed sub-regulation to the National Building Regulations and Building Standards Act to make new buildings energy On June 1, 2010, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) released information on the proceedings instituted by Australia against Japan for alleged breaches of international obligations concerning whaling. (Press Release, ICJ, Australia Institutes Proceedings Against Japan Indonesia and Norway have established a partnership through which Norway will grant the equivalent of US$1 billion in aid to Indonesia for forest preservation and climate control. Indonesia had said in 2009 that it plans to On March 2, 2010, the General Court of the European Union rejected a challenge, brought by "the world's largest steel producer" Arcelor S.A., to the EU's 2003 Emissions Trading Directive. The Luxembourg-based company argued that several On February 9, 2010, the Government of Ireland issued a statement to confirm that it is proceeding with the waste management strategy contained in the 2007 Programme for Government and the 2009 Renewed Program for Government. Victims of toxic waste poisoning in the Ivory Coast have reached an agreement with the Dutch company Trafigura; the deal concerns distribution of approximately US$45 million in compensation to 31,000 victims. A court order issued in Chile has enacted a new law that creates the Ministry of the Environment, the Environmental Evaluation Service, and the Superintendency for the Environment. It also contains other, less substantive amendments. (Ley 20417, amending Law 19,300 of On December 29, 2009, France's Constitutional Council, which ensures the constitutionality of laws prior to their promulgation by the President of the Republic, invalidated the carbon tax set forth in article 7 of the draft 2010 On November 25, 2009, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Climate Change Response (Moderated Emissions Trading) Amendment Bill. This legislation amends the scheme that was enacted by the previous government in September 2008, which was due On August 27, 2009, the National People's Congress of China (NPC) Standing Committee adopted a Resolution on Actively Responding to Climate Change. This is the first resolution of its kind adopted by the top legislature of In mid-November 2009, Norway and Finland signed an agreement in which they committed to cooperation with Russia on removing radioactive batteries from the Baltic Sea. The Memorandum of Understanding was signed in Helsinki, Finland, by Norweigan A U.S. federal appellate court has ruled that a lawsuit by victims of Hurricane Katrina against energy and chemical companies, for contributing to global warming and thus increasing the damages from the hurricane, may proceed in On November 6, 2009, the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) released a report calling for better environmental protection in wartime. Natural assets need to be better protected by clarification of relevant laws, the report concluded. The On June 1, 2009, the General Office of China's State Council announced a plan for an automobile and electronic appliance "old swap new" program, which was formulated by the National Development and Reform Commission and four On September 10, 2009, French President Nicolas Sarkozy announced his government's controversial plan to impose a new "carbon tax" (taxe carbone), to take effect on January 1, 2010, on emissions from fossil fuels such as coal, A meeting was held in Indonesia's capital, Jakarta, on August 26, 2009, to draft a bill to revise the Environmental Law of 1999. The participants included both legislators from the House of Representatives' commission on the It was reported on August 24, 2009, that representatives and experts of ten African nations have convened a meeting in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, to forge a common stance on climate change before the United Nations conference On July 10, 2009, France ratified the Protocol on Pollutant Release and Transfer Registers (done at Kiev, May 21, 2003)andmdash;the first legally binding pact of its kindandmdash;and in so doing triggered the agreement's entry into force Effective July 7, 2009, registered retailers in Hong Kong are no longer allowed to provide free plastic shopping bags for customers; for each plastic shopping bag requested by the customer, the retailers must charge an environmental The U.S. Supreme Court recently addressed jurisdictional issues on enforcement of the Clean Water Act (CWA) by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (Corps), and sided with the argument that According to Ridwan Panjaitan, the head of law enforcement for the City Environmental Management Agency of Jakarta, Indonesia's capital city, the municipality will make public the names of companies that violate environmental regulations. Speaking on June The World Trade Organization (WTO) and the United Nations Environment Programme released a report on June 26, 2009, detailing the connections between trade and climate change. The document "examines the intersections between trade and climate change On June 17, 2009, the Tax Reform Committee of Taiwan's Executive Yuan (Cabinet) approved a proposal to expand energy taxes to include environment taxes, with the changes to take effect in 2011. The Committee's three-in-one proposal It was reported on June 4, 2009, that the South African Treasury is gearing up to introduce the Draft Taxation Laws Amendment Bill 2009, which will provide tax incentives for businesses to reduce their carbon emissions. On May 4, 2009, the United States Supreme Court held that companies could not be held liable under the Superfund hazardous waste cleanup statute solely on the ground that they sold hazardous chemicals to other companies On March 4, 2009, President Alan Garcia Perez of Peru signed the Law on the National System of Evaluation and Control of the Environment, to be led by the Organismo de Evaluacion y Fiscalizacion Ambiental (Agency On April 2, 2009, the Ministry of Finance (MOF) published a Circular on the Corporate Income Tax Policies of the China Clean Development Mechanism [CDM] Fund and CDM projects (CS [2009] No. 30). Dated March 23, On March 29, 2009, on the eve of the first International Conference for Marine Mammal Protected Areas held in Maui, Hawaii, the first guidelines of the Pacific Islands region for whale and dolphin watching were issued, On February 25, 2009, the State Council (Cabinet, hereafter SC) of the People's Republic of China (PRC) promulgated the Regulations for the Administration of the Recovery and Disposal [i.e., recycling] of Waste Electric and Electronic Products The Nigerian Senate recently passed resolutions urging federal agencies, including the National Environmental Standards and Regulations Enforcement Agency (NESREA) and the Standards Organization of Nigeria (SON), to take the necessary steps to regulate the influx of It was reported on March 4, 2009, that Indonesia has submitted an application to join the World Bank's Forest Carbon Partnership Facility [FCPF]. The goal of the FCPF is to help developing countries "design and create... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 20 Mar 2009 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401151_text Global Legal Monitor: Malta: Spring Bird Hunting Season Banned http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401156_text Environmental protection - On April 14, 2014, the Government of Portugal published Law No. 19, which defines the basis for the country's environmental policy pursuant to the terms of articles 9 and 66 of the Constitution. (Lei No. On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano In August 2013, Syngenta, a Swiss agrochemical company, and Bayer, a German agrochemical company, initiated legal action before the European Court of Justice, challenging the European Commission's decision to ban the pesticide thiamethoxam, which is used On September 1, 2013, a new European Union Regulation on Biocides entered into force. Biocides are chemicals used to control organisms that are harmful to human and animal health and to the environment, such as pests Denmark's Environment Minister, Ida Auken, has announced a new approach to handling rubbish in the country. In September, the government is expected to present a plan to require households to sort trash into several bins, On June 30, 2013, the other members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) urged Indonesia to ratify a treaty designed to limit smog pollution across On May 20, 2013, the Supreme Court of Israel approved a plea bargain that included an unprecedented high amount of compensation in a class-action suit for violation of the prohibition on smoking in public places, in On May 28, 2013, during a visit by President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono of Indonesia to Sweden, the two countries signed a Memorandum of Understanding on sustainable The Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs (MLTM) of the Republic of Korea promulgated the revised enforcement rule for the Marine Environment Management Act on On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 3, 2012, Indonesia and South Korea concluded an agreement to restore the Ciliwung River, which flows from the mountains down through Jakarta On November 20, 2012, the New Zealand government formally lodged with the International Court of Justice (ICJ) a declaration of its intention to intervene in the On September 7, 2012, the New Zealand High Court (the third highest court in New Zealand's court hierarchy) dismissed a challenge to the findings of reports that stated that average temperatures in the country had increased On June 18, 2012, Chile's legislature passed Law 20600 on the creation of new environmental courts, thereby granting the Superintendency of the Environment the power to prosecute environmental violations. (Law 20600 Creating Environmental Courts (June On May 29, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Clean Air Law 5768-2008. A stated objective of the Law is to improve air quality and prevent and minimize air pollution by, among On March 19, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Pollutant and Transfers to the Environment - Duties of Reporting and Registration) Law 5772-2012. The stated objectives of the Law are to increase the Denmark's Environment Ministry is planning to propose a tax on the chemical dihydrogen monoxide (DHMO) as a method to discourage its use. DHMO is odorless but potentially lethal. High levels of the substance were found in A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On January 18, 2012, Namibia's Minister of Environment and Tourism put into effect the Environmental Management Act (EMA), Act No. 7 of 2007. (Government Gazette of the Republic of Namibia, No. 3966 (Dec. 27, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change On October 20, 2011, the Supreme Court of Mongolia ruled that the country's government must enforce its 2009 environmental protection resolution restricting mining in some locations. The decision came in a case filed by the United On May 15, 2011, the New Zealand Minister for the Environment, Hon. Nick Smith, announced that a new law regulating "freedom camping" would be introduced in Parliament this month to address problems related to irresponsible campers. On March 28, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Inspection and Enforcement Authorities) Law, 5771-2011. The Law states as its goal the protection, maintenance, and improvement of the quality of the environment and On March 29, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro approved, during the first session of debate, a bill of law that some say, if adopted, might help fight global warming. The On January 19, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Regulation of Processing of Packaging Law, 5771-2011. The Law declares that it is intended to regulate both the production and the processing of packaging material waste In June 2010, India's Parliament adopted the National Green Tribunal Act (NGT Act), which established a new court, the National Green Tribunal, exclusively for handling cases involving environmental law. The Tribunal began operations on October 19, It was reported on December 10, 2010, that Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration (EPA) has drafted revisions to the relevant laws on recycling of appliances that will ban retailers from charging consumers a fee for the removal On October 21, 2010, the Bahraini Ministry of Homeland Security began enforcing a royal decree issued in 1999 that bans the use of all types of microphones attached to mosques. Muslim clerics in Bahrain have been On November 4, 2010, the European Commission made public a proposal for a regulation to introduce a ban on the use of phosphates and phosphate compounds in laundry detergents, in order to limit the amount of It was reported on October 24, 2010, that a joint committee comprising the African Development Bank (AfDB), the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (ECA), and the African Union Commission (AUC) issued a Consensus Statement on On September 27, 2010, the Bangladeshi Parliament passed the Environment Protection Bill 2010, to amend the Bangladesh Environment Protection Act 1995. The amended law "empowers the government to control the production, processing, stockpiling, supplying, transporting, importing, On September 10, 2010, Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration announced the implementation of measures aimed at encouraging domestic companies to cut carbon dioxide emissions. The measures are set forth in the "Executive Yuan [Cabinet] Environmental Protection Agency A leading British supermarket chain, Sainsbury's, is to be prosecuted for using too much packaging on one of its products, according to a news report of September 17, 2010. The day before this announcement, the supermarket On August 31, 2010, Taiwan and Australia signed a memorandum of understanding on establishing more extensive bilateral cooperation to promote green energy industries and technologies. It is the first agreement of its kind between the two The French Parliament adopted Law 2010-788 of July 12, 2010, on National Commitment for the Environment, also referred to as the "Grenelle II Law." (Loi 2010-788 du 12 juillet 2010 portant engagement national pour l'environnement, On July 29, 2010, the Minsk City Economic Court, in Belarus, ordered a church to pay compensation for environmental damage it allegedly caused in the city. The New Life Church (NLC), a Protestant congregation, was asked On July 23, 2010, the Amsterdam District Court imposed the maximum fine of 1 million (about US$1.28 million) on Trafigura Beheer BV, a multinational oil trading company, for illegally shipping 400 tons of hazardous toxic sludge, On July 14, 2010, the Climate Change Committee of the European Commission endorsed the Commission's proposal for a regulation that establishes rules governing the auctioning of emissions allowances under the EU Emissions Trading System (ETS) and Japan's legislature, the Diet, passed an amendment of the Waste Disposal and Cleaning Law (Law No. 137 of 1970) in May 2010 (Law No. 34 of 2010). The amendment will be effective within one year and On June 11, 2010, Dr. Rob Davies, Minister of Trade and Industry of South Africa, published for public comment a proposed sub-regulation to the National Building Regulations and Building Standards Act to make new buildings energy On June 1, 2010, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) released information on the proceedings instituted by Australia against Japan for alleged breaches of international obligations concerning whaling. (Press Release, ICJ, Australia Institutes Proceedings Against Japan Indonesia and Norway have established a partnership through which Norway will grant the equivalent of US$1 billion in aid to Indonesia for forest preservation and climate control. Indonesia had said in 2009 that it plans to On March 2, 2010, the General Court of the European Union rejected a challenge, brought by "the world's largest steel producer" Arcelor S.A., to the EU's 2003 Emissions Trading Directive. The Luxembourg-based company argued that several On February 9, 2010, the Government of Ireland issued a statement to confirm that it is proceeding with the waste management strategy contained in the 2007 Programme for Government and the 2009 Renewed Program for Government. Victims of toxic waste poisoning in the Ivory Coast have reached an agreement with the Dutch company Trafigura; the deal concerns distribution of approximately US$45 million in compensation to 31,000 victims. A court order issued in Chile has enacted a new law that creates the Ministry of the Environment, the Environmental Evaluation Service, and the Superintendency for the Environment. It also contains other, less substantive amendments. (Ley 20417, amending Law 19,300 of On December 29, 2009, France's Constitutional Council, which ensures the constitutionality of laws prior to their promulgation by the President of the Republic, invalidated the carbon tax set forth in article 7 of the draft 2010 On November 25, 2009, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Climate Change Response (Moderated Emissions Trading) Amendment Bill. This legislation amends the scheme that was enacted by the previous government in September 2008, which was due On August 27, 2009, the National People's Congress of China (NPC) Standing Committee adopted a Resolution on Actively Responding to Climate Change. This is the first resolution of its kind adopted by the top legislature of In mid-November 2009, Norway and Finland signed an agreement in which they committed to cooperation with Russia on removing radioactive batteries from the Baltic Sea. The Memorandum of Understanding was signed in Helsinki, Finland, by Norweigan A U.S. federal appellate court has ruled that a lawsuit by victims of Hurricane Katrina against energy and chemical companies, for contributing to global warming and thus increasing the damages from the hurricane, may proceed in On November 6, 2009, the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) released a report calling for better environmental protection in wartime. Natural assets need to be better protected by clarification of relevant laws, the report concluded. The On June 1, 2009, the General Office of China's State Council announced a plan for an automobile and electronic appliance "old swap new" program, which was formulated by the National Development and Reform Commission and four On September 10, 2009, French President Nicolas Sarkozy announced his government's controversial plan to impose a new "carbon tax" (taxe carbone), to take effect on January 1, 2010, on emissions from fossil fuels such as coal, A meeting was held in Indonesia's capital, Jakarta, on August 26, 2009, to draft a bill to revise the Environmental Law of 1999. The participants included both legislators from the House of Representatives' commission on the It was reported on August 24, 2009, that representatives and experts of ten African nations have convened a meeting in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, to forge a common stance on climate change before the United Nations conference On July 10, 2009, France ratified the Protocol on Pollutant Release and Transfer Registers (done at Kiev, May 21, 2003)andmdash;the first legally binding pact of its kindandmdash;and in so doing triggered the agreement's entry into force Effective July 7, 2009, registered retailers in Hong Kong are no longer allowed to provide free plastic shopping bags for customers; for each plastic shopping bag requested by the customer, the retailers must charge an environmental The U.S. Supreme Court recently addressed jurisdictional issues on enforcement of the Clean Water Act (CWA) by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (Corps), and sided with the argument that According to Ridwan Panjaitan, the head of law enforcement for the City Environmental Management Agency of Jakarta, Indonesia's capital city, the municipality will make public the names of companies that violate environmental regulations. Speaking on June The World Trade Organization (WTO) and the United Nations Environment Programme released a report on June 26, 2009, detailing the connections between trade and climate change. The document "examines the intersections between trade and climate change On June 17, 2009, the Tax Reform Committee of Taiwan's Executive Yuan (Cabinet) approved a proposal to expand energy taxes to include environment taxes, with the changes to take effect in 2011. The Committee's three-in-one proposal It was reported on June 4, 2009, that the South African Treasury is gearing up to introduce the Draft Taxation Laws Amendment Bill 2009, which will provide tax incentives for businesses to reduce their carbon emissions. On May 4, 2009, the United States Supreme Court held that companies could not be held liable under the Superfund hazardous waste cleanup statute solely on the ground that they sold hazardous chemicals to other companies On March 4, 2009, President Alan Garcia Perez of Peru signed the Law on the National System of Evaluation and Control of the Environment, to be led by the Organismo de Evaluacion y Fiscalizacion Ambiental (Agency On April 2, 2009, the Ministry of Finance (MOF) published a Circular on the Corporate Income Tax Policies of the China Clean Development Mechanism [CDM] Fund and CDM projects (CS [2009] No. 30). Dated March 23, On March 29, 2009, on the eve of the first International Conference for Marine Mammal Protected Areas held in Maui, Hawaii, the first guidelines of the Pacific Islands region for whale and dolphin watching were issued, On February 25, 2009, the State Council (Cabinet, hereafter SC) of the People's Republic of China (PRC) promulgated the Regulations for the Administration of the Recovery and Disposal [i.e., recycling] of Waste Electric and Electronic Products The Nigerian Senate recently passed resolutions urging federal agencies, including the National Environmental Standards and Regulations Enforcement Agency (NESREA) and the Standards Organization of Nigeria (SON), to take the necessary steps to regulate the influx of It was reported on March 4, 2009, that Indonesia has submitted an application to join the World Bank's Forest Carbon Partnership Facility [FCPF]. The goal of the FCPF is to help developing countries "design and create For the second year in a row, the Maltese government has banned spring bird hunting season. As in 2008, the new ban is the result of a case on the issue brought by the European Commission... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 20 Mar 2009 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401156_text Global Legal Monitor: Australia: Draft Legislation on Carbon Pollution Reduction http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401138_text Environmental protection - On April 14, 2014, the Government of Portugal published Law No. 19, which defines the basis for the country's environmental policy pursuant to the terms of articles 9 and 66 of the Constitution. (Lei No. On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano In August 2013, Syngenta, a Swiss agrochemical company, and Bayer, a German agrochemical company, initiated legal action before the European Court of Justice, challenging the European Commission's decision to ban the pesticide thiamethoxam, which is used On September 1, 2013, a new European Union Regulation on Biocides entered into force. Biocides are chemicals used to control organisms that are harmful to human and animal health and to the environment, such as pests Denmark's Environment Minister, Ida Auken, has announced a new approach to handling rubbish in the country. In September, the government is expected to present a plan to require households to sort trash into several bins, On June 30, 2013, the other members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) urged Indonesia to ratify a treaty designed to limit smog pollution across On May 20, 2013, the Supreme Court of Israel approved a plea bargain that included an unprecedented high amount of compensation in a class-action suit for violation of the prohibition on smoking in public places, in On May 28, 2013, during a visit by President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono of Indonesia to Sweden, the two countries signed a Memorandum of Understanding on sustainable The Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs (MLTM) of the Republic of Korea promulgated the revised enforcement rule for the Marine Environment Management Act on On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 3, 2012, Indonesia and South Korea concluded an agreement to restore the Ciliwung River, which flows from the mountains down through Jakarta On November 20, 2012, the New Zealand government formally lodged with the International Court of Justice (ICJ) a declaration of its intention to intervene in the On September 7, 2012, the New Zealand High Court (the third highest court in New Zealand's court hierarchy) dismissed a challenge to the findings of reports that stated that average temperatures in the country had increased On June 18, 2012, Chile's legislature passed Law 20600 on the creation of new environmental courts, thereby granting the Superintendency of the Environment the power to prosecute environmental violations. (Law 20600 Creating Environmental Courts (June On May 29, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Clean Air Law 5768-2008. A stated objective of the Law is to improve air quality and prevent and minimize air pollution by, among On March 19, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Pollutant and Transfers to the Environment - Duties of Reporting and Registration) Law 5772-2012. The stated objectives of the Law are to increase the Denmark's Environment Ministry is planning to propose a tax on the chemical dihydrogen monoxide (DHMO) as a method to discourage its use. DHMO is odorless but potentially lethal. High levels of the substance were found in A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On January 18, 2012, Namibia's Minister of Environment and Tourism put into effect the Environmental Management Act (EMA), Act No. 7 of 2007. (Government Gazette of the Republic of Namibia, No. 3966 (Dec. 27, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change On October 20, 2011, the Supreme Court of Mongolia ruled that the country's government must enforce its 2009 environmental protection resolution restricting mining in some locations. The decision came in a case filed by the United On May 15, 2011, the New Zealand Minister for the Environment, Hon. Nick Smith, announced that a new law regulating "freedom camping" would be introduced in Parliament this month to address problems related to irresponsible campers. On March 28, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Inspection and Enforcement Authorities) Law, 5771-2011. The Law states as its goal the protection, maintenance, and improvement of the quality of the environment and On March 29, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro approved, during the first session of debate, a bill of law that some say, if adopted, might help fight global warming. The On January 19, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Regulation of Processing of Packaging Law, 5771-2011. The Law declares that it is intended to regulate both the production and the processing of packaging material waste In June 2010, India's Parliament adopted the National Green Tribunal Act (NGT Act), which established a new court, the National Green Tribunal, exclusively for handling cases involving environmental law. The Tribunal began operations on October 19, It was reported on December 10, 2010, that Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration (EPA) has drafted revisions to the relevant laws on recycling of appliances that will ban retailers from charging consumers a fee for the removal On October 21, 2010, the Bahraini Ministry of Homeland Security began enforcing a royal decree issued in 1999 that bans the use of all types of microphones attached to mosques. Muslim clerics in Bahrain have been On November 4, 2010, the European Commission made public a proposal for a regulation to introduce a ban on the use of phosphates and phosphate compounds in laundry detergents, in order to limit the amount of It was reported on October 24, 2010, that a joint committee comprising the African Development Bank (AfDB), the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (ECA), and the African Union Commission (AUC) issued a Consensus Statement on On September 27, 2010, the Bangladeshi Parliament passed the Environment Protection Bill 2010, to amend the Bangladesh Environment Protection Act 1995. The amended law "empowers the government to control the production, processing, stockpiling, supplying, transporting, importing, On September 10, 2010, Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration announced the implementation of measures aimed at encouraging domestic companies to cut carbon dioxide emissions. The measures are set forth in the "Executive Yuan [Cabinet] Environmental Protection Agency A leading British supermarket chain, Sainsbury's, is to be prosecuted for using too much packaging on one of its products, according to a news report of September 17, 2010. The day before this announcement, the supermarket On August 31, 2010, Taiwan and Australia signed a memorandum of understanding on establishing more extensive bilateral cooperation to promote green energy industries and technologies. It is the first agreement of its kind between the two The French Parliament adopted Law 2010-788 of July 12, 2010, on National Commitment for the Environment, also referred to as the "Grenelle II Law." (Loi 2010-788 du 12 juillet 2010 portant engagement national pour l'environnement, On July 29, 2010, the Minsk City Economic Court, in Belarus, ordered a church to pay compensation for environmental damage it allegedly caused in the city. The New Life Church (NLC), a Protestant congregation, was asked On July 23, 2010, the Amsterdam District Court imposed the maximum fine of 1 million (about US$1.28 million) on Trafigura Beheer BV, a multinational oil trading company, for illegally shipping 400 tons of hazardous toxic sludge, On July 14, 2010, the Climate Change Committee of the European Commission endorsed the Commission's proposal for a regulation that establishes rules governing the auctioning of emissions allowances under the EU Emissions Trading System (ETS) and Japan's legislature, the Diet, passed an amendment of the Waste Disposal and Cleaning Law (Law No. 137 of 1970) in May 2010 (Law No. 34 of 2010). The amendment will be effective within one year and On June 11, 2010, Dr. Rob Davies, Minister of Trade and Industry of South Africa, published for public comment a proposed sub-regulation to the National Building Regulations and Building Standards Act to make new buildings energy On June 1, 2010, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) released information on the proceedings instituted by Australia against Japan for alleged breaches of international obligations concerning whaling. (Press Release, ICJ, Australia Institutes Proceedings Against Japan Indonesia and Norway have established a partnership through which Norway will grant the equivalent of US$1 billion in aid to Indonesia for forest preservation and climate control. Indonesia had said in 2009 that it plans to On March 2, 2010, the General Court of the European Union rejected a challenge, brought by "the world's largest steel producer" Arcelor S.A., to the EU's 2003 Emissions Trading Directive. The Luxembourg-based company argued that several On February 9, 2010, the Government of Ireland issued a statement to confirm that it is proceeding with the waste management strategy contained in the 2007 Programme for Government and the 2009 Renewed Program for Government. Victims of toxic waste poisoning in the Ivory Coast have reached an agreement with the Dutch company Trafigura; the deal concerns distribution of approximately US$45 million in compensation to 31,000 victims. A court order issued in Chile has enacted a new law that creates the Ministry of the Environment, the Environmental Evaluation Service, and the Superintendency for the Environment. It also contains other, less substantive amendments. (Ley 20417, amending Law 19,300 of On December 29, 2009, France's Constitutional Council, which ensures the constitutionality of laws prior to their promulgation by the President of the Republic, invalidated the carbon tax set forth in article 7 of the draft 2010 On November 25, 2009, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Climate Change Response (Moderated Emissions Trading) Amendment Bill. This legislation amends the scheme that was enacted by the previous government in September 2008, which was due On August 27, 2009, the National People's Congress of China (NPC) Standing Committee adopted a Resolution on Actively Responding to Climate Change. This is the first resolution of its kind adopted by the top legislature of In mid-November 2009, Norway and Finland signed an agreement in which they committed to cooperation with Russia on removing radioactive batteries from the Baltic Sea. The Memorandum of Understanding was signed in Helsinki, Finland, by Norweigan A U.S. federal appellate court has ruled that a lawsuit by victims of Hurricane Katrina against energy and chemical companies, for contributing to global warming and thus increasing the damages from the hurricane, may proceed in On November 6, 2009, the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) released a report calling for better environmental protection in wartime. Natural assets need to be better protected by clarification of relevant laws, the report concluded. The On June 1, 2009, the General Office of China's State Council announced a plan for an automobile and electronic appliance "old swap new" program, which was formulated by the National Development and Reform Commission and four On September 10, 2009, French President Nicolas Sarkozy announced his government's controversial plan to impose a new "carbon tax" (taxe carbone), to take effect on January 1, 2010, on emissions from fossil fuels such as coal, A meeting was held in Indonesia's capital, Jakarta, on August 26, 2009, to draft a bill to revise the Environmental Law of 1999. The participants included both legislators from the House of Representatives' commission on the It was reported on August 24, 2009, that representatives and experts of ten African nations have convened a meeting in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, to forge a common stance on climate change before the United Nations conference On July 10, 2009, France ratified the Protocol on Pollutant Release and Transfer Registers (done at Kiev, May 21, 2003)andmdash;the first legally binding pact of its kindandmdash;and in so doing triggered the agreement's entry into force Effective July 7, 2009, registered retailers in Hong Kong are no longer allowed to provide free plastic shopping bags for customers; for each plastic shopping bag requested by the customer, the retailers must charge an environmental The U.S. Supreme Court recently addressed jurisdictional issues on enforcement of the Clean Water Act (CWA) by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (Corps), and sided with the argument that According to Ridwan Panjaitan, the head of law enforcement for the City Environmental Management Agency of Jakarta, Indonesia's capital city, the municipality will make public the names of companies that violate environmental regulations. Speaking on June The World Trade Organization (WTO) and the United Nations Environment Programme released a report on June 26, 2009, detailing the connections between trade and climate change. The document "examines the intersections between trade and climate change On June 17, 2009, the Tax Reform Committee of Taiwan's Executive Yuan (Cabinet) approved a proposal to expand energy taxes to include environment taxes, with the changes to take effect in 2011. The Committee's three-in-one proposal It was reported on June 4, 2009, that the South African Treasury is gearing up to introduce the Draft Taxation Laws Amendment Bill 2009, which will provide tax incentives for businesses to reduce their carbon emissions. On May 4, 2009, the United States Supreme Court held that companies could not be held liable under the Superfund hazardous waste cleanup statute solely on the ground that they sold hazardous chemicals to other companies On March 4, 2009, President Alan Garcia Perez of Peru signed the Law on the National System of Evaluation and Control of the Environment, to be led by the Organismo de Evaluacion y Fiscalizacion Ambiental (Agency On April 2, 2009, the Ministry of Finance (MOF) published a Circular on the Corporate Income Tax Policies of the China Clean Development Mechanism [CDM] Fund and CDM projects (CS [2009] No. 30). Dated March 23, On March 29, 2009, on the eve of the first International Conference for Marine Mammal Protected Areas held in Maui, Hawaii, the first guidelines of the Pacific Islands region for whale and dolphin watching were issued, On February 25, 2009, the State Council (Cabinet, hereafter SC) of the People's Republic of China (PRC) promulgated the Regulations for the Administration of the Recovery and Disposal [i.e., recycling] of Waste Electric and Electronic Products The Nigerian Senate recently passed resolutions urging federal agencies, including the National Environmental Standards and Regulations Enforcement Agency (NESREA) and the Standards Organization of Nigeria (SON), to take the necessary steps to regulate the influx of It was reported on March 4, 2009, that Indonesia has submitted an application to join the World Bank's Forest Carbon Partnership Facility [FCPF]. The goal of the FCPF is to help developing countries "design and create For the second year in a row, the Maltese government has banned spring bird hunting season. As in 2008, the new ban is the result of a case on the issue brought by the European Commission On March 10, 2009, the Australian government released draft Carbon Pollution Reduction Scheme legislation that will remain open for public comment until April 14, 2009. The legislation was developed on the basis of a Green Paper... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 18 Mar 2009 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401138_text Global Legal Monitor: Turkey: Long-Awaited Ratification of Kyoto Protocol http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401028_text Environmental protection - On April 14, 2014, the Government of Portugal published Law No. 19, which defines the basis for the country's environmental policy pursuant to the terms of articles 9 and 66 of the Constitution. (Lei No. On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano In August 2013, Syngenta, a Swiss agrochemical company, and Bayer, a German agrochemical company, initiated legal action before the European Court of Justice, challenging the European Commission's decision to ban the pesticide thiamethoxam, which is used On September 1, 2013, a new European Union Regulation on Biocides entered into force. Biocides are chemicals used to control organisms that are harmful to human and animal health and to the environment, such as pests Denmark's Environment Minister, Ida Auken, has announced a new approach to handling rubbish in the country. In September, the government is expected to present a plan to require households to sort trash into several bins, On June 30, 2013, the other members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) urged Indonesia to ratify a treaty designed to limit smog pollution across On May 20, 2013, the Supreme Court of Israel approved a plea bargain that included an unprecedented high amount of compensation in a class-action suit for violation of the prohibition on smoking in public places, in On May 28, 2013, during a visit by President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono of Indonesia to Sweden, the two countries signed a Memorandum of Understanding on sustainable The Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs (MLTM) of the Republic of Korea promulgated the revised enforcement rule for the Marine Environment Management Act on On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 3, 2012, Indonesia and South Korea concluded an agreement to restore the Ciliwung River, which flows from the mountains down through Jakarta On November 20, 2012, the New Zealand government formally lodged with the International Court of Justice (ICJ) a declaration of its intention to intervene in the On September 7, 2012, the New Zealand High Court (the third highest court in New Zealand's court hierarchy) dismissed a challenge to the findings of reports that stated that average temperatures in the country had increased On June 18, 2012, Chile's legislature passed Law 20600 on the creation of new environmental courts, thereby granting the Superintendency of the Environment the power to prosecute environmental violations. (Law 20600 Creating Environmental Courts (June On May 29, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Clean Air Law 5768-2008. A stated objective of the Law is to improve air quality and prevent and minimize air pollution by, among On March 19, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Pollutant and Transfers to the Environment - Duties of Reporting and Registration) Law 5772-2012. The stated objectives of the Law are to increase the Denmark's Environment Ministry is planning to propose a tax on the chemical dihydrogen monoxide (DHMO) as a method to discourage its use. DHMO is odorless but potentially lethal. High levels of the substance were found in A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On January 18, 2012, Namibia's Minister of Environment and Tourism put into effect the Environmental Management Act (EMA), Act No. 7 of 2007. (Government Gazette of the Republic of Namibia, No. 3966 (Dec. 27, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change On October 20, 2011, the Supreme Court of Mongolia ruled that the country's government must enforce its 2009 environmental protection resolution restricting mining in some locations. The decision came in a case filed by the United On May 15, 2011, the New Zealand Minister for the Environment, Hon. Nick Smith, announced that a new law regulating "freedom camping" would be introduced in Parliament this month to address problems related to irresponsible campers. On March 28, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Inspection and Enforcement Authorities) Law, 5771-2011. The Law states as its goal the protection, maintenance, and improvement of the quality of the environment and On March 29, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro approved, during the first session of debate, a bill of law that some say, if adopted, might help fight global warming. The On January 19, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Regulation of Processing of Packaging Law, 5771-2011. The Law declares that it is intended to regulate both the production and the processing of packaging material waste In June 2010, India's Parliament adopted the National Green Tribunal Act (NGT Act), which established a new court, the National Green Tribunal, exclusively for handling cases involving environmental law. The Tribunal began operations on October 19, It was reported on December 10, 2010, that Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration (EPA) has drafted revisions to the relevant laws on recycling of appliances that will ban retailers from charging consumers a fee for the removal On October 21, 2010, the Bahraini Ministry of Homeland Security began enforcing a royal decree issued in 1999 that bans the use of all types of microphones attached to mosques. Muslim clerics in Bahrain have been On November 4, 2010, the European Commission made public a proposal for a regulation to introduce a ban on the use of phosphates and phosphate compounds in laundry detergents, in order to limit the amount of It was reported on October 24, 2010, that a joint committee comprising the African Development Bank (AfDB), the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (ECA), and the African Union Commission (AUC) issued a Consensus Statement on On September 27, 2010, the Bangladeshi Parliament passed the Environment Protection Bill 2010, to amend the Bangladesh Environment Protection Act 1995. The amended law "empowers the government to control the production, processing, stockpiling, supplying, transporting, importing, On September 10, 2010, Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration announced the implementation of measures aimed at encouraging domestic companies to cut carbon dioxide emissions. The measures are set forth in the "Executive Yuan [Cabinet] Environmental Protection Agency A leading British supermarket chain, Sainsbury's, is to be prosecuted for using too much packaging on one of its products, according to a news report of September 17, 2010. The day before this announcement, the supermarket On August 31, 2010, Taiwan and Australia signed a memorandum of understanding on establishing more extensive bilateral cooperation to promote green energy industries and technologies. It is the first agreement of its kind between the two The French Parliament adopted Law 2010-788 of July 12, 2010, on National Commitment for the Environment, also referred to as the "Grenelle II Law." (Loi 2010-788 du 12 juillet 2010 portant engagement national pour l'environnement, On July 29, 2010, the Minsk City Economic Court, in Belarus, ordered a church to pay compensation for environmental damage it allegedly caused in the city. The New Life Church (NLC), a Protestant congregation, was asked On July 23, 2010, the Amsterdam District Court imposed the maximum fine of 1 million (about US$1.28 million) on Trafigura Beheer BV, a multinational oil trading company, for illegally shipping 400 tons of hazardous toxic sludge, On July 14, 2010, the Climate Change Committee of the European Commission endorsed the Commission's proposal for a regulation that establishes rules governing the auctioning of emissions allowances under the EU Emissions Trading System (ETS) and Japan's legislature, the Diet, passed an amendment of the Waste Disposal and Cleaning Law (Law No. 137 of 1970) in May 2010 (Law No. 34 of 2010). The amendment will be effective within one year and On June 11, 2010, Dr. Rob Davies, Minister of Trade and Industry of South Africa, published for public comment a proposed sub-regulation to the National Building Regulations and Building Standards Act to make new buildings energy On June 1, 2010, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) released information on the proceedings instituted by Australia against Japan for alleged breaches of international obligations concerning whaling. (Press Release, ICJ, Australia Institutes Proceedings Against Japan Indonesia and Norway have established a partnership through which Norway will grant the equivalent of US$1 billion in aid to Indonesia for forest preservation and climate control. Indonesia had said in 2009 that it plans to On March 2, 2010, the General Court of the European Union rejected a challenge, brought by "the world's largest steel producer" Arcelor S.A., to the EU's 2003 Emissions Trading Directive. The Luxembourg-based company argued that several On February 9, 2010, the Government of Ireland issued a statement to confirm that it is proceeding with the waste management strategy contained in the 2007 Programme for Government and the 2009 Renewed Program for Government. Victims of toxic waste poisoning in the Ivory Coast have reached an agreement with the Dutch company Trafigura; the deal concerns distribution of approximately US$45 million in compensation to 31,000 victims. A court order issued in Chile has enacted a new law that creates the Ministry of the Environment, the Environmental Evaluation Service, and the Superintendency for the Environment. It also contains other, less substantive amendments. (Ley 20417, amending Law 19,300 of On December 29, 2009, France's Constitutional Council, which ensures the constitutionality of laws prior to their promulgation by the President of the Republic, invalidated the carbon tax set forth in article 7 of the draft 2010 On November 25, 2009, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Climate Change Response (Moderated Emissions Trading) Amendment Bill. This legislation amends the scheme that was enacted by the previous government in September 2008, which was due On August 27, 2009, the National People's Congress of China (NPC) Standing Committee adopted a Resolution on Actively Responding to Climate Change. This is the first resolution of its kind adopted by the top legislature of In mid-November 2009, Norway and Finland signed an agreement in which they committed to cooperation with Russia on removing radioactive batteries from the Baltic Sea. The Memorandum of Understanding was signed in Helsinki, Finland, by Norweigan A U.S. federal appellate court has ruled that a lawsuit by victims of Hurricane Katrina against energy and chemical companies, for contributing to global warming and thus increasing the damages from the hurricane, may proceed in On November 6, 2009, the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) released a report calling for better environmental protection in wartime. Natural assets need to be better protected by clarification of relevant laws, the report concluded. The On June 1, 2009, the General Office of China's State Council announced a plan for an automobile and electronic appliance "old swap new" program, which was formulated by the National Development and Reform Commission and four On September 10, 2009, French President Nicolas Sarkozy announced his government's controversial plan to impose a new "carbon tax" (taxe carbone), to take effect on January 1, 2010, on emissions from fossil fuels such as coal, A meeting was held in Indonesia's capital, Jakarta, on August 26, 2009, to draft a bill to revise the Environmental Law of 1999. The participants included both legislators from the House of Representatives' commission on the It was reported on August 24, 2009, that representatives and experts of ten African nations have convened a meeting in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, to forge a common stance on climate change before the United Nations conference On July 10, 2009, France ratified the Protocol on Pollutant Release and Transfer Registers (done at Kiev, May 21, 2003)andmdash;the first legally binding pact of its kindandmdash;and in so doing triggered the agreement's entry into force Effective July 7, 2009, registered retailers in Hong Kong are no longer allowed to provide free plastic shopping bags for customers; for each plastic shopping bag requested by the customer, the retailers must charge an environmental The U.S. Supreme Court recently addressed jurisdictional issues on enforcement of the Clean Water Act (CWA) by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (Corps), and sided with the argument that According to Ridwan Panjaitan, the head of law enforcement for the City Environmental Management Agency of Jakarta, Indonesia's capital city, the municipality will make public the names of companies that violate environmental regulations. Speaking on June The World Trade Organization (WTO) and the United Nations Environment Programme released a report on June 26, 2009, detailing the connections between trade and climate change. The document "examines the intersections between trade and climate change On June 17, 2009, the Tax Reform Committee of Taiwan's Executive Yuan (Cabinet) approved a proposal to expand energy taxes to include environment taxes, with the changes to take effect in 2011. The Committee's three-in-one proposal It was reported on June 4, 2009, that the South African Treasury is gearing up to introduce the Draft Taxation Laws Amendment Bill 2009, which will provide tax incentives for businesses to reduce their carbon emissions. On May 4, 2009, the United States Supreme Court held that companies could not be held liable under the Superfund hazardous waste cleanup statute solely on the ground that they sold hazardous chemicals to other companies On March 4, 2009, President Alan Garcia Perez of Peru signed the Law on the National System of Evaluation and Control of the Environment, to be led by the Organismo de Evaluacion y Fiscalizacion Ambiental (Agency On April 2, 2009, the Ministry of Finance (MOF) published a Circular on the Corporate Income Tax Policies of the China Clean Development Mechanism [CDM] Fund and CDM projects (CS [2009] No. 30). Dated March 23, On March 29, 2009, on the eve of the first International Conference for Marine Mammal Protected Areas held in Maui, Hawaii, the first guidelines of the Pacific Islands region for whale and dolphin watching were issued, On February 25, 2009, the State Council (Cabinet, hereafter SC) of the People's Republic of China (PRC) promulgated the Regulations for the Administration of the Recovery and Disposal [i.e., recycling] of Waste Electric and Electronic Products The Nigerian Senate recently passed resolutions urging federal agencies, including the National Environmental Standards and Regulations Enforcement Agency (NESREA) and the Standards Organization of Nigeria (SON), to take the necessary steps to regulate the influx of It was reported on March 4, 2009, that Indonesia has submitted an application to join the World Bank's Forest Carbon Partnership Facility [FCPF]. The goal of the FCPF is to help developing countries "design and create For the second year in a row, the Maltese government has banned spring bird hunting season. As in 2008, the new ban is the result of a case on the issue brought by the European Commission On March 10, 2009, the Australian government released draft Carbon Pollution Reduction Scheme legislation that will remain open for public comment until April 14, 2009. The legislation was developed on the basis of a Green Paper On February 5, 2009, the Parliament of Turkey, in a vote of 243 to 3, approved a bill on the country's participation in the Kyoto Protocol, after the Cabinet had signed the agreement. The law entered... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 24 Feb 2009 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401028_text Global Legal Monitor: Sweden: Ban on Mercury http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401024_text Environmental protection - On April 14, 2014, the Government of Portugal published Law No. 19, which defines the basis for the country's environmental policy pursuant to the terms of articles 9 and 66 of the Constitution. (Lei No. On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano In August 2013, Syngenta, a Swiss agrochemical company, and Bayer, a German agrochemical company, initiated legal action before the European Court of Justice, challenging the European Commission's decision to ban the pesticide thiamethoxam, which is used On September 1, 2013, a new European Union Regulation on Biocides entered into force. Biocides are chemicals used to control organisms that are harmful to human and animal health and to the environment, such as pests Denmark's Environment Minister, Ida Auken, has announced a new approach to handling rubbish in the country. In September, the government is expected to present a plan to require households to sort trash into several bins, On June 30, 2013, the other members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) urged Indonesia to ratify a treaty designed to limit smog pollution across On May 20, 2013, the Supreme Court of Israel approved a plea bargain that included an unprecedented high amount of compensation in a class-action suit for violation of the prohibition on smoking in public places, in On May 28, 2013, during a visit by President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono of Indonesia to Sweden, the two countries signed a Memorandum of Understanding on sustainable The Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs (MLTM) of the Republic of Korea promulgated the revised enforcement rule for the Marine Environment Management Act on On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 3, 2012, Indonesia and South Korea concluded an agreement to restore the Ciliwung River, which flows from the mountains down through Jakarta On November 20, 2012, the New Zealand government formally lodged with the International Court of Justice (ICJ) a declaration of its intention to intervene in the On September 7, 2012, the New Zealand High Court (the third highest court in New Zealand's court hierarchy) dismissed a challenge to the findings of reports that stated that average temperatures in the country had increased On June 18, 2012, Chile's legislature passed Law 20600 on the creation of new environmental courts, thereby granting the Superintendency of the Environment the power to prosecute environmental violations. (Law 20600 Creating Environmental Courts (June On May 29, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Clean Air Law 5768-2008. A stated objective of the Law is to improve air quality and prevent and minimize air pollution by, among On March 19, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Pollutant and Transfers to the Environment - Duties of Reporting and Registration) Law 5772-2012. The stated objectives of the Law are to increase the Denmark's Environment Ministry is planning to propose a tax on the chemical dihydrogen monoxide (DHMO) as a method to discourage its use. DHMO is odorless but potentially lethal. High levels of the substance were found in A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On January 18, 2012, Namibia's Minister of Environment and Tourism put into effect the Environmental Management Act (EMA), Act No. 7 of 2007. (Government Gazette of the Republic of Namibia, No. 3966 (Dec. 27, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change On October 20, 2011, the Supreme Court of Mongolia ruled that the country's government must enforce its 2009 environmental protection resolution restricting mining in some locations. The decision came in a case filed by the United On May 15, 2011, the New Zealand Minister for the Environment, Hon. Nick Smith, announced that a new law regulating "freedom camping" would be introduced in Parliament this month to address problems related to irresponsible campers. On March 28, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Inspection and Enforcement Authorities) Law, 5771-2011. The Law states as its goal the protection, maintenance, and improvement of the quality of the environment and On March 29, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro approved, during the first session of debate, a bill of law that some say, if adopted, might help fight global warming. The On January 19, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Regulation of Processing of Packaging Law, 5771-2011. The Law declares that it is intended to regulate both the production and the processing of packaging material waste In June 2010, India's Parliament adopted the National Green Tribunal Act (NGT Act), which established a new court, the National Green Tribunal, exclusively for handling cases involving environmental law. The Tribunal began operations on October 19, It was reported on December 10, 2010, that Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration (EPA) has drafted revisions to the relevant laws on recycling of appliances that will ban retailers from charging consumers a fee for the removal On October 21, 2010, the Bahraini Ministry of Homeland Security began enforcing a royal decree issued in 1999 that bans the use of all types of microphones attached to mosques. Muslim clerics in Bahrain have been On November 4, 2010, the European Commission made public a proposal for a regulation to introduce a ban on the use of phosphates and phosphate compounds in laundry detergents, in order to limit the amount of It was reported on October 24, 2010, that a joint committee comprising the African Development Bank (AfDB), the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (ECA), and the African Union Commission (AUC) issued a Consensus Statement on On September 27, 2010, the Bangladeshi Parliament passed the Environment Protection Bill 2010, to amend the Bangladesh Environment Protection Act 1995. The amended law "empowers the government to control the production, processing, stockpiling, supplying, transporting, importing, On September 10, 2010, Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration announced the implementation of measures aimed at encouraging domestic companies to cut carbon dioxide emissions. The measures are set forth in the "Executive Yuan [Cabinet] Environmental Protection Agency A leading British supermarket chain, Sainsbury's, is to be prosecuted for using too much packaging on one of its products, according to a news report of September 17, 2010. The day before this announcement, the supermarket On August 31, 2010, Taiwan and Australia signed a memorandum of understanding on establishing more extensive bilateral cooperation to promote green energy industries and technologies. It is the first agreement of its kind between the two The French Parliament adopted Law 2010-788 of July 12, 2010, on National Commitment for the Environment, also referred to as the "Grenelle II Law." (Loi 2010-788 du 12 juillet 2010 portant engagement national pour l'environnement, On July 29, 2010, the Minsk City Economic Court, in Belarus, ordered a church to pay compensation for environmental damage it allegedly caused in the city. The New Life Church (NLC), a Protestant congregation, was asked On July 23, 2010, the Amsterdam District Court imposed the maximum fine of 1 million (about US$1.28 million) on Trafigura Beheer BV, a multinational oil trading company, for illegally shipping 400 tons of hazardous toxic sludge, On July 14, 2010, the Climate Change Committee of the European Commission endorsed the Commission's proposal for a regulation that establishes rules governing the auctioning of emissions allowances under the EU Emissions Trading System (ETS) and Japan's legislature, the Diet, passed an amendment of the Waste Disposal and Cleaning Law (Law No. 137 of 1970) in May 2010 (Law No. 34 of 2010). The amendment will be effective within one year and On June 11, 2010, Dr. Rob Davies, Minister of Trade and Industry of South Africa, published for public comment a proposed sub-regulation to the National Building Regulations and Building Standards Act to make new buildings energy On June 1, 2010, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) released information on the proceedings instituted by Australia against Japan for alleged breaches of international obligations concerning whaling. (Press Release, ICJ, Australia Institutes Proceedings Against Japan Indonesia and Norway have established a partnership through which Norway will grant the equivalent of US$1 billion in aid to Indonesia for forest preservation and climate control. Indonesia had said in 2009 that it plans to On March 2, 2010, the General Court of the European Union rejected a challenge, brought by "the world's largest steel producer" Arcelor S.A., to the EU's 2003 Emissions Trading Directive. The Luxembourg-based company argued that several On February 9, 2010, the Government of Ireland issued a statement to confirm that it is proceeding with the waste management strategy contained in the 2007 Programme for Government and the 2009 Renewed Program for Government. Victims of toxic waste poisoning in the Ivory Coast have reached an agreement with the Dutch company Trafigura; the deal concerns distribution of approximately US$45 million in compensation to 31,000 victims. A court order issued in Chile has enacted a new law that creates the Ministry of the Environment, the Environmental Evaluation Service, and the Superintendency for the Environment. It also contains other, less substantive amendments. (Ley 20417, amending Law 19,300 of On December 29, 2009, France's Constitutional Council, which ensures the constitutionality of laws prior to their promulgation by the President of the Republic, invalidated the carbon tax set forth in article 7 of the draft 2010 On November 25, 2009, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Climate Change Response (Moderated Emissions Trading) Amendment Bill. This legislation amends the scheme that was enacted by the previous government in September 2008, which was due On August 27, 2009, the National People's Congress of China (NPC) Standing Committee adopted a Resolution on Actively Responding to Climate Change. This is the first resolution of its kind adopted by the top legislature of In mid-November 2009, Norway and Finland signed an agreement in which they committed to cooperation with Russia on removing radioactive batteries from the Baltic Sea. The Memorandum of Understanding was signed in Helsinki, Finland, by Norweigan A U.S. federal appellate court has ruled that a lawsuit by victims of Hurricane Katrina against energy and chemical companies, for contributing to global warming and thus increasing the damages from the hurricane, may proceed in On November 6, 2009, the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) released a report calling for better environmental protection in wartime. Natural assets need to be better protected by clarification of relevant laws, the report concluded. The On June 1, 2009, the General Office of China's State Council announced a plan for an automobile and electronic appliance "old swap new" program, which was formulated by the National Development and Reform Commission and four On September 10, 2009, French President Nicolas Sarkozy announced his government's controversial plan to impose a new "carbon tax" (taxe carbone), to take effect on January 1, 2010, on emissions from fossil fuels such as coal, A meeting was held in Indonesia's capital, Jakarta, on August 26, 2009, to draft a bill to revise the Environmental Law of 1999. The participants included both legislators from the House of Representatives' commission on the It was reported on August 24, 2009, that representatives and experts of ten African nations have convened a meeting in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, to forge a common stance on climate change before the United Nations conference On July 10, 2009, France ratified the Protocol on Pollutant Release and Transfer Registers (done at Kiev, May 21, 2003)andmdash;the first legally binding pact of its kindandmdash;and in so doing triggered the agreement's entry into force Effective July 7, 2009, registered retailers in Hong Kong are no longer allowed to provide free plastic shopping bags for customers; for each plastic shopping bag requested by the customer, the retailers must charge an environmental The U.S. Supreme Court recently addressed jurisdictional issues on enforcement of the Clean Water Act (CWA) by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (Corps), and sided with the argument that According to Ridwan Panjaitan, the head of law enforcement for the City Environmental Management Agency of Jakarta, Indonesia's capital city, the municipality will make public the names of companies that violate environmental regulations. Speaking on June The World Trade Organization (WTO) and the United Nations Environment Programme released a report on June 26, 2009, detailing the connections between trade and climate change. The document "examines the intersections between trade and climate change On June 17, 2009, the Tax Reform Committee of Taiwan's Executive Yuan (Cabinet) approved a proposal to expand energy taxes to include environment taxes, with the changes to take effect in 2011. The Committee's three-in-one proposal It was reported on June 4, 2009, that the South African Treasury is gearing up to introduce the Draft Taxation Laws Amendment Bill 2009, which will provide tax incentives for businesses to reduce their carbon emissions. On May 4, 2009, the United States Supreme Court held that companies could not be held liable under the Superfund hazardous waste cleanup statute solely on the ground that they sold hazardous chemicals to other companies On March 4, 2009, President Alan Garcia Perez of Peru signed the Law on the National System of Evaluation and Control of the Environment, to be led by the Organismo de Evaluacion y Fiscalizacion Ambiental (Agency On April 2, 2009, the Ministry of Finance (MOF) published a Circular on the Corporate Income Tax Policies of the China Clean Development Mechanism [CDM] Fund and CDM projects (CS [2009] No. 30). Dated March 23, On March 29, 2009, on the eve of the first International Conference for Marine Mammal Protected Areas held in Maui, Hawaii, the first guidelines of the Pacific Islands region for whale and dolphin watching were issued, On February 25, 2009, the State Council (Cabinet, hereafter SC) of the People's Republic of China (PRC) promulgated the Regulations for the Administration of the Recovery and Disposal [i.e., recycling] of Waste Electric and Electronic Products The Nigerian Senate recently passed resolutions urging federal agencies, including the National Environmental Standards and Regulations Enforcement Agency (NESREA) and the Standards Organization of Nigeria (SON), to take the necessary steps to regulate the influx of It was reported on March 4, 2009, that Indonesia has submitted an application to join the World Bank's Forest Carbon Partnership Facility [FCPF]. The goal of the FCPF is to help developing countries "design and create For the second year in a row, the Maltese government has banned spring bird hunting season. As in 2008, the new ban is the result of a case on the issue brought by the European Commission On March 10, 2009, the Australian government released draft Carbon Pollution Reduction Scheme legislation that will remain open for public comment until April 14, 2009. The legislation was developed on the basis of a Green Paper On February 5, 2009, the Parliament of Turkey, in a vote of 243 to 3, approved a bill on the country's participation in the Kyoto Protocol, after the Cabinet had signed the agreement. The law entered On January 15, 2009, the Swedish government introduced a blanket ban on mercury. Regulations governing the ban enter into force on June 1, 2009. As a result, such practices as the use of dental amalgam in... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 23 Feb 2009 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401024_text Global Legal Monitor: New Zealand: Requirements to Build Eased as Part of Stimulus Plan http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540994_text Environmental protection - On April 14, 2014, the Government of Portugal published Law No. 19, which defines the basis for the country's environmental policy pursuant to the terms of articles 9 and 66 of the Constitution. (Lei No. On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano In August 2013, Syngenta, a Swiss agrochemical company, and Bayer, a German agrochemical company, initiated legal action before the European Court of Justice, challenging the European Commission's decision to ban the pesticide thiamethoxam, which is used On September 1, 2013, a new European Union Regulation on Biocides entered into force. Biocides are chemicals used to control organisms that are harmful to human and animal health and to the environment, such as pests Denmark's Environment Minister, Ida Auken, has announced a new approach to handling rubbish in the country. In September, the government is expected to present a plan to require households to sort trash into several bins, On June 30, 2013, the other members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) urged Indonesia to ratify a treaty designed to limit smog pollution across On May 20, 2013, the Supreme Court of Israel approved a plea bargain that included an unprecedented high amount of compensation in a class-action suit for violation of the prohibition on smoking in public places, in On May 28, 2013, during a visit by President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono of Indonesia to Sweden, the two countries signed a Memorandum of Understanding on sustainable The Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs (MLTM) of the Republic of Korea promulgated the revised enforcement rule for the Marine Environment Management Act on On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 3, 2012, Indonesia and South Korea concluded an agreement to restore the Ciliwung River, which flows from the mountains down through Jakarta On November 20, 2012, the New Zealand government formally lodged with the International Court of Justice (ICJ) a declaration of its intention to intervene in the On September 7, 2012, the New Zealand High Court (the third highest court in New Zealand's court hierarchy) dismissed a challenge to the findings of reports that stated that average temperatures in the country had increased On June 18, 2012, Chile's legislature passed Law 20600 on the creation of new environmental courts, thereby granting the Superintendency of the Environment the power to prosecute environmental violations. (Law 20600 Creating Environmental Courts (June On May 29, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Clean Air Law 5768-2008. A stated objective of the Law is to improve air quality and prevent and minimize air pollution by, among On March 19, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Pollutant and Transfers to the Environment - Duties of Reporting and Registration) Law 5772-2012. The stated objectives of the Law are to increase the Denmark's Environment Ministry is planning to propose a tax on the chemical dihydrogen monoxide (DHMO) as a method to discourage its use. DHMO is odorless but potentially lethal. High levels of the substance were found in A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On January 18, 2012, Namibia's Minister of Environment and Tourism put into effect the Environmental Management Act (EMA), Act No. 7 of 2007. (Government Gazette of the Republic of Namibia, No. 3966 (Dec. 27, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change On October 20, 2011, the Supreme Court of Mongolia ruled that the country's government must enforce its 2009 environmental protection resolution restricting mining in some locations. The decision came in a case filed by the United On May 15, 2011, the New Zealand Minister for the Environment, Hon. Nick Smith, announced that a new law regulating "freedom camping" would be introduced in Parliament this month to address problems related to irresponsible campers. On March 28, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Inspection and Enforcement Authorities) Law, 5771-2011. The Law states as its goal the protection, maintenance, and improvement of the quality of the environment and On March 29, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro approved, during the first session of debate, a bill of law that some say, if adopted, might help fight global warming. The On January 19, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Regulation of Processing of Packaging Law, 5771-2011. The Law declares that it is intended to regulate both the production and the processing of packaging material waste In June 2010, India's Parliament adopted the National Green Tribunal Act (NGT Act), which established a new court, the National Green Tribunal, exclusively for handling cases involving environmental law. The Tribunal began operations on October 19, It was reported on December 10, 2010, that Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration (EPA) has drafted revisions to the relevant laws on recycling of appliances that will ban retailers from charging consumers a fee for the removal On October 21, 2010, the Bahraini Ministry of Homeland Security began enforcing a royal decree issued in 1999 that bans the use of all types of microphones attached to mosques. Muslim clerics in Bahrain have been On November 4, 2010, the European Commission made public a proposal for a regulation to introduce a ban on the use of phosphates and phosphate compounds in laundry detergents, in order to limit the amount of It was reported on October 24, 2010, that a joint committee comprising the African Development Bank (AfDB), the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (ECA), and the African Union Commission (AUC) issued a Consensus Statement on On September 27, 2010, the Bangladeshi Parliament passed the Environment Protection Bill 2010, to amend the Bangladesh Environment Protection Act 1995. The amended law "empowers the government to control the production, processing, stockpiling, supplying, transporting, importing, On September 10, 2010, Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration announced the implementation of measures aimed at encouraging domestic companies to cut carbon dioxide emissions. The measures are set forth in the "Executive Yuan [Cabinet] Environmental Protection Agency A leading British supermarket chain, Sainsbury's, is to be prosecuted for using too much packaging on one of its products, according to a news report of September 17, 2010. The day before this announcement, the supermarket On August 31, 2010, Taiwan and Australia signed a memorandum of understanding on establishing more extensive bilateral cooperation to promote green energy industries and technologies. It is the first agreement of its kind between the two The French Parliament adopted Law 2010-788 of July 12, 2010, on National Commitment for the Environment, also referred to as the "Grenelle II Law." (Loi 2010-788 du 12 juillet 2010 portant engagement national pour l'environnement, On July 29, 2010, the Minsk City Economic Court, in Belarus, ordered a church to pay compensation for environmental damage it allegedly caused in the city. The New Life Church (NLC), a Protestant congregation, was asked On July 23, 2010, the Amsterdam District Court imposed the maximum fine of 1 million (about US$1.28 million) on Trafigura Beheer BV, a multinational oil trading company, for illegally shipping 400 tons of hazardous toxic sludge, On July 14, 2010, the Climate Change Committee of the European Commission endorsed the Commission's proposal for a regulation that establishes rules governing the auctioning of emissions allowances under the EU Emissions Trading System (ETS) and Japan's legislature, the Diet, passed an amendment of the Waste Disposal and Cleaning Law (Law No. 137 of 1970) in May 2010 (Law No. 34 of 2010). The amendment will be effective within one year and On June 11, 2010, Dr. Rob Davies, Minister of Trade and Industry of South Africa, published for public comment a proposed sub-regulation to the National Building Regulations and Building Standards Act to make new buildings energy On June 1, 2010, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) released information on the proceedings instituted by Australia against Japan for alleged breaches of international obligations concerning whaling. (Press Release, ICJ, Australia Institutes Proceedings Against Japan Indonesia and Norway have established a partnership through which Norway will grant the equivalent of US$1 billion in aid to Indonesia for forest preservation and climate control. Indonesia had said in 2009 that it plans to On March 2, 2010, the General Court of the European Union rejected a challenge, brought by "the world's largest steel producer" Arcelor S.A., to the EU's 2003 Emissions Trading Directive. The Luxembourg-based company argued that several On February 9, 2010, the Government of Ireland issued a statement to confirm that it is proceeding with the waste management strategy contained in the 2007 Programme for Government and the 2009 Renewed Program for Government. Victims of toxic waste poisoning in the Ivory Coast have reached an agreement with the Dutch company Trafigura; the deal concerns distribution of approximately US$45 million in compensation to 31,000 victims. A court order issued in Chile has enacted a new law that creates the Ministry of the Environment, the Environmental Evaluation Service, and the Superintendency for the Environment. It also contains other, less substantive amendments. (Ley 20417, amending Law 19,300 of On December 29, 2009, France's Constitutional Council, which ensures the constitutionality of laws prior to their promulgation by the President of the Republic, invalidated the carbon tax set forth in article 7 of the draft 2010 On November 25, 2009, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Climate Change Response (Moderated Emissions Trading) Amendment Bill. This legislation amends the scheme that was enacted by the previous government in September 2008, which was due On August 27, 2009, the National People's Congress of China (NPC) Standing Committee adopted a Resolution on Actively Responding to Climate Change. This is the first resolution of its kind adopted by the top legislature of In mid-November 2009, Norway and Finland signed an agreement in which they committed to cooperation with Russia on removing radioactive batteries from the Baltic Sea. The Memorandum of Understanding was signed in Helsinki, Finland, by Norweigan A U.S. federal appellate court has ruled that a lawsuit by victims of Hurricane Katrina against energy and chemical companies, for contributing to global warming and thus increasing the damages from the hurricane, may proceed in On November 6, 2009, the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) released a report calling for better environmental protection in wartime. Natural assets need to be better protected by clarification of relevant laws, the report concluded. The On June 1, 2009, the General Office of China's State Council announced a plan for an automobile and electronic appliance "old swap new" program, which was formulated by the National Development and Reform Commission and four On September 10, 2009, French President Nicolas Sarkozy announced his government's controversial plan to impose a new "carbon tax" (taxe carbone), to take effect on January 1, 2010, on emissions from fossil fuels such as coal, A meeting was held in Indonesia's capital, Jakarta, on August 26, 2009, to draft a bill to revise the Environmental Law of 1999. The participants included both legislators from the House of Representatives' commission on the It was reported on August 24, 2009, that representatives and experts of ten African nations have convened a meeting in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, to forge a common stance on climate change before the United Nations conference On July 10, 2009, France ratified the Protocol on Pollutant Release and Transfer Registers (done at Kiev, May 21, 2003)andmdash;the first legally binding pact of its kindandmdash;and in so doing triggered the agreement's entry into force Effective July 7, 2009, registered retailers in Hong Kong are no longer allowed to provide free plastic shopping bags for customers; for each plastic shopping bag requested by the customer, the retailers must charge an environmental The U.S. Supreme Court recently addressed jurisdictional issues on enforcement of the Clean Water Act (CWA) by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (Corps), and sided with the argument that According to Ridwan Panjaitan, the head of law enforcement for the City Environmental Management Agency of Jakarta, Indonesia's capital city, the municipality will make public the names of companies that violate environmental regulations. Speaking on June The World Trade Organization (WTO) and the United Nations Environment Programme released a report on June 26, 2009, detailing the connections between trade and climate change. The document "examines the intersections between trade and climate change On June 17, 2009, the Tax Reform Committee of Taiwan's Executive Yuan (Cabinet) approved a proposal to expand energy taxes to include environment taxes, with the changes to take effect in 2011. The Committee's three-in-one proposal It was reported on June 4, 2009, that the South African Treasury is gearing up to introduce the Draft Taxation Laws Amendment Bill 2009, which will provide tax incentives for businesses to reduce their carbon emissions. On May 4, 2009, the United States Supreme Court held that companies could not be held liable under the Superfund hazardous waste cleanup statute solely on the ground that they sold hazardous chemicals to other companies On March 4, 2009, President Alan Garcia Perez of Peru signed the Law on the National System of Evaluation and Control of the Environment, to be led by the Organismo de Evaluacion y Fiscalizacion Ambiental (Agency On April 2, 2009, the Ministry of Finance (MOF) published a Circular on the Corporate Income Tax Policies of the China Clean Development Mechanism [CDM] Fund and CDM projects (CS [2009] No. 30). Dated March 23, On March 29, 2009, on the eve of the first International Conference for Marine Mammal Protected Areas held in Maui, Hawaii, the first guidelines of the Pacific Islands region for whale and dolphin watching were issued, On February 25, 2009, the State Council (Cabinet, hereafter SC) of the People's Republic of China (PRC) promulgated the Regulations for the Administration of the Recovery and Disposal [i.e., recycling] of Waste Electric and Electronic Products The Nigerian Senate recently passed resolutions urging federal agencies, including the National Environmental Standards and Regulations Enforcement Agency (NESREA) and the Standards Organization of Nigeria (SON), to take the necessary steps to regulate the influx of It was reported on March 4, 2009, that Indonesia has submitted an application to join the World Bank's Forest Carbon Partnership Facility [FCPF]. The goal of the FCPF is to help developing countries "design and create For the second year in a row, the Maltese government has banned spring bird hunting season. As in 2008, the new ban is the result of a case on the issue brought by the European Commission On March 10, 2009, the Australian government released draft Carbon Pollution Reduction Scheme legislation that will remain open for public comment until April 14, 2009. The legislation was developed on the basis of a Green Paper On February 5, 2009, the Parliament of Turkey, in a vote of 243 to 3, approved a bill on the country's participation in the Kyoto Protocol, after the Cabinet had signed the agreement. The law entered On January 15, 2009, the Swedish government introduced a blanket ban on mercury. Regulations governing the ban enter into force on June 1, 2009. As a result, such practices as the use of dental amalgam in On February 2, 2009, New Zealand's Prime Minister, John Key, announced a proposal to revise the country's Resource Management Act (RMA). The changes are aimed at easing the way for development projects and home remodeling plans,... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 09 Feb 2009 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540994_text Global Legal Monitor: United Nations: Climate Change Conference Concluded http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540874_text Environmental protection - On April 14, 2014, the Government of Portugal published Law No. 19, which defines the basis for the country's environmental policy pursuant to the terms of articles 9 and 66 of the Constitution. (Lei No. On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano In August 2013, Syngenta, a Swiss agrochemical company, and Bayer, a German agrochemical company, initiated legal action before the European Court of Justice, challenging the European Commission's decision to ban the pesticide thiamethoxam, which is used On September 1, 2013, a new European Union Regulation on Biocides entered into force. Biocides are chemicals used to control organisms that are harmful to human and animal health and to the environment, such as pests Denmark's Environment Minister, Ida Auken, has announced a new approach to handling rubbish in the country. In September, the government is expected to present a plan to require households to sort trash into several bins, On June 30, 2013, the other members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) urged Indonesia to ratify a treaty designed to limit smog pollution across On May 20, 2013, the Supreme Court of Israel approved a plea bargain that included an unprecedented high amount of compensation in a class-action suit for violation of the prohibition on smoking in public places, in On May 28, 2013, during a visit by President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono of Indonesia to Sweden, the two countries signed a Memorandum of Understanding on sustainable The Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs (MLTM) of the Republic of Korea promulgated the revised enforcement rule for the Marine Environment Management Act on On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 3, 2012, Indonesia and South Korea concluded an agreement to restore the Ciliwung River, which flows from the mountains down through Jakarta On November 20, 2012, the New Zealand government formally lodged with the International Court of Justice (ICJ) a declaration of its intention to intervene in the On September 7, 2012, the New Zealand High Court (the third highest court in New Zealand's court hierarchy) dismissed a challenge to the findings of reports that stated that average temperatures in the country had increased On June 18, 2012, Chile's legislature passed Law 20600 on the creation of new environmental courts, thereby granting the Superintendency of the Environment the power to prosecute environmental violations. (Law 20600 Creating Environmental Courts (June On May 29, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Clean Air Law 5768-2008. A stated objective of the Law is to improve air quality and prevent and minimize air pollution by, among On March 19, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Pollutant and Transfers to the Environment - Duties of Reporting and Registration) Law 5772-2012. The stated objectives of the Law are to increase the Denmark's Environment Ministry is planning to propose a tax on the chemical dihydrogen monoxide (DHMO) as a method to discourage its use. DHMO is odorless but potentially lethal. High levels of the substance were found in A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On January 18, 2012, Namibia's Minister of Environment and Tourism put into effect the Environmental Management Act (EMA), Act No. 7 of 2007. (Government Gazette of the Republic of Namibia, No. 3966 (Dec. 27, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change On October 20, 2011, the Supreme Court of Mongolia ruled that the country's government must enforce its 2009 environmental protection resolution restricting mining in some locations. The decision came in a case filed by the United On May 15, 2011, the New Zealand Minister for the Environment, Hon. Nick Smith, announced that a new law regulating "freedom camping" would be introduced in Parliament this month to address problems related to irresponsible campers. On March 28, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Inspection and Enforcement Authorities) Law, 5771-2011. The Law states as its goal the protection, maintenance, and improvement of the quality of the environment and On March 29, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro approved, during the first session of debate, a bill of law that some say, if adopted, might help fight global warming. The On January 19, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Regulation of Processing of Packaging Law, 5771-2011. The Law declares that it is intended to regulate both the production and the processing of packaging material waste In June 2010, India's Parliament adopted the National Green Tribunal Act (NGT Act), which established a new court, the National Green Tribunal, exclusively for handling cases involving environmental law. The Tribunal began operations on October 19, It was reported on December 10, 2010, that Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration (EPA) has drafted revisions to the relevant laws on recycling of appliances that will ban retailers from charging consumers a fee for the removal On October 21, 2010, the Bahraini Ministry of Homeland Security began enforcing a royal decree issued in 1999 that bans the use of all types of microphones attached to mosques. Muslim clerics in Bahrain have been On November 4, 2010, the European Commission made public a proposal for a regulation to introduce a ban on the use of phosphates and phosphate compounds in laundry detergents, in order to limit the amount of It was reported on October 24, 2010, that a joint committee comprising the African Development Bank (AfDB), the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (ECA), and the African Union Commission (AUC) issued a Consensus Statement on On September 27, 2010, the Bangladeshi Parliament passed the Environment Protection Bill 2010, to amend the Bangladesh Environment Protection Act 1995. The amended law "empowers the government to control the production, processing, stockpiling, supplying, transporting, importing, On September 10, 2010, Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration announced the implementation of measures aimed at encouraging domestic companies to cut carbon dioxide emissions. The measures are set forth in the "Executive Yuan [Cabinet] Environmental Protection Agency A leading British supermarket chain, Sainsbury's, is to be prosecuted for using too much packaging on one of its products, according to a news report of September 17, 2010. The day before this announcement, the supermarket On August 31, 2010, Taiwan and Australia signed a memorandum of understanding on establishing more extensive bilateral cooperation to promote green energy industries and technologies. It is the first agreement of its kind between the two The French Parliament adopted Law 2010-788 of July 12, 2010, on National Commitment for the Environment, also referred to as the "Grenelle II Law." (Loi 2010-788 du 12 juillet 2010 portant engagement national pour l'environnement, On July 29, 2010, the Minsk City Economic Court, in Belarus, ordered a church to pay compensation for environmental damage it allegedly caused in the city. The New Life Church (NLC), a Protestant congregation, was asked On July 23, 2010, the Amsterdam District Court imposed the maximum fine of 1 million (about US$1.28 million) on Trafigura Beheer BV, a multinational oil trading company, for illegally shipping 400 tons of hazardous toxic sludge, On July 14, 2010, the Climate Change Committee of the European Commission endorsed the Commission's proposal for a regulation that establishes rules governing the auctioning of emissions allowances under the EU Emissions Trading System (ETS) and Japan's legislature, the Diet, passed an amendment of the Waste Disposal and Cleaning Law (Law No. 137 of 1970) in May 2010 (Law No. 34 of 2010). The amendment will be effective within one year and On June 11, 2010, Dr. Rob Davies, Minister of Trade and Industry of South Africa, published for public comment a proposed sub-regulation to the National Building Regulations and Building Standards Act to make new buildings energy On June 1, 2010, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) released information on the proceedings instituted by Australia against Japan for alleged breaches of international obligations concerning whaling. (Press Release, ICJ, Australia Institutes Proceedings Against Japan Indonesia and Norway have established a partnership through which Norway will grant the equivalent of US$1 billion in aid to Indonesia for forest preservation and climate control. Indonesia had said in 2009 that it plans to On March 2, 2010, the General Court of the European Union rejected a challenge, brought by "the world's largest steel producer" Arcelor S.A., to the EU's 2003 Emissions Trading Directive. The Luxembourg-based company argued that several On February 9, 2010, the Government of Ireland issued a statement to confirm that it is proceeding with the waste management strategy contained in the 2007 Programme for Government and the 2009 Renewed Program for Government. Victims of toxic waste poisoning in the Ivory Coast have reached an agreement with the Dutch company Trafigura; the deal concerns distribution of approximately US$45 million in compensation to 31,000 victims. A court order issued in Chile has enacted a new law that creates the Ministry of the Environment, the Environmental Evaluation Service, and the Superintendency for the Environment. It also contains other, less substantive amendments. (Ley 20417, amending Law 19,300 of On December 29, 2009, France's Constitutional Council, which ensures the constitutionality of laws prior to their promulgation by the President of the Republic, invalidated the carbon tax set forth in article 7 of the draft 2010 On November 25, 2009, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Climate Change Response (Moderated Emissions Trading) Amendment Bill. This legislation amends the scheme that was enacted by the previous government in September 2008, which was due On August 27, 2009, the National People's Congress of China (NPC) Standing Committee adopted a Resolution on Actively Responding to Climate Change. This is the first resolution of its kind adopted by the top legislature of In mid-November 2009, Norway and Finland signed an agreement in which they committed to cooperation with Russia on removing radioactive batteries from the Baltic Sea. The Memorandum of Understanding was signed in Helsinki, Finland, by Norweigan A U.S. federal appellate court has ruled that a lawsuit by victims of Hurricane Katrina against energy and chemical companies, for contributing to global warming and thus increasing the damages from the hurricane, may proceed in On November 6, 2009, the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) released a report calling for better environmental protection in wartime. Natural assets need to be better protected by clarification of relevant laws, the report concluded. The On June 1, 2009, the General Office of China's State Council announced a plan for an automobile and electronic appliance "old swap new" program, which was formulated by the National Development and Reform Commission and four On September 10, 2009, French President Nicolas Sarkozy announced his government's controversial plan to impose a new "carbon tax" (taxe carbone), to take effect on January 1, 2010, on emissions from fossil fuels such as coal, A meeting was held in Indonesia's capital, Jakarta, on August 26, 2009, to draft a bill to revise the Environmental Law of 1999. The participants included both legislators from the House of Representatives' commission on the It was reported on August 24, 2009, that representatives and experts of ten African nations have convened a meeting in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, to forge a common stance on climate change before the United Nations conference On July 10, 2009, France ratified the Protocol on Pollutant Release and Transfer Registers (done at Kiev, May 21, 2003)andmdash;the first legally binding pact of its kindandmdash;and in so doing triggered the agreement's entry into force Effective July 7, 2009, registered retailers in Hong Kong are no longer allowed to provide free plastic shopping bags for customers; for each plastic shopping bag requested by the customer, the retailers must charge an environmental The U.S. Supreme Court recently addressed jurisdictional issues on enforcement of the Clean Water Act (CWA) by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (Corps), and sided with the argument that According to Ridwan Panjaitan, the head of law enforcement for the City Environmental Management Agency of Jakarta, Indonesia's capital city, the municipality will make public the names of companies that violate environmental regulations. Speaking on June The World Trade Organization (WTO) and the United Nations Environment Programme released a report on June 26, 2009, detailing the connections between trade and climate change. The document "examines the intersections between trade and climate change On June 17, 2009, the Tax Reform Committee of Taiwan's Executive Yuan (Cabinet) approved a proposal to expand energy taxes to include environment taxes, with the changes to take effect in 2011. The Committee's three-in-one proposal It was reported on June 4, 2009, that the South African Treasury is gearing up to introduce the Draft Taxation Laws Amendment Bill 2009, which will provide tax incentives for businesses to reduce their carbon emissions. On May 4, 2009, the United States Supreme Court held that companies could not be held liable under the Superfund hazardous waste cleanup statute solely on the ground that they sold hazardous chemicals to other companies On March 4, 2009, President Alan Garcia Perez of Peru signed the Law on the National System of Evaluation and Control of the Environment, to be led by the Organismo de Evaluacion y Fiscalizacion Ambiental (Agency On April 2, 2009, the Ministry of Finance (MOF) published a Circular on the Corporate Income Tax Policies of the China Clean Development Mechanism [CDM] Fund and CDM projects (CS [2009] No. 30). Dated March 23, On March 29, 2009, on the eve of the first International Conference for Marine Mammal Protected Areas held in Maui, Hawaii, the first guidelines of the Pacific Islands region for whale and dolphin watching were issued, On February 25, 2009, the State Council (Cabinet, hereafter SC) of the People's Republic of China (PRC) promulgated the Regulations for the Administration of the Recovery and Disposal [i.e., recycling] of Waste Electric and Electronic Products The Nigerian Senate recently passed resolutions urging federal agencies, including the National Environmental Standards and Regulations Enforcement Agency (NESREA) and the Standards Organization of Nigeria (SON), to take the necessary steps to regulate the influx of It was reported on March 4, 2009, that Indonesia has submitted an application to join the World Bank's Forest Carbon Partnership Facility [FCPF]. The goal of the FCPF is to help developing countries "design and create For the second year in a row, the Maltese government has banned spring bird hunting season. As in 2008, the new ban is the result of a case on the issue brought by the European Commission On March 10, 2009, the Australian government released draft Carbon Pollution Reduction Scheme legislation that will remain open for public comment until April 14, 2009. The legislation was developed on the basis of a Green Paper On February 5, 2009, the Parliament of Turkey, in a vote of 243 to 3, approved a bill on the country's participation in the Kyoto Protocol, after the Cabinet had signed the agreement. The law entered On January 15, 2009, the Swedish government introduced a blanket ban on mercury. Regulations governing the ban enter into force on June 1, 2009. As a result, such practices as the use of dental amalgam in On February 2, 2009, New Zealand's Prime Minister, John Key, announced a proposal to revise the country's Resource Management Act (RMA). The changes are aimed at easing the way for development projects and home remodeling plans, The 14th session of the Conference of the Parties to the Climate Change Convention (COP 14) the highest decision-making body of this U.N. Convention was held from December 1-13, 2008, in Poznaand#324;, Poland, with... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 24 Dec 2008 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540874_text Global Legal Monitor: United States: Supreme Court Overturns Order Limiting Navy Sonar Training Exercises http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540785_text Environmental protection - On April 14, 2014, the Government of Portugal published Law No. 19, which defines the basis for the country's environmental policy pursuant to the terms of articles 9 and 66 of the Constitution. (Lei No. On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano In August 2013, Syngenta, a Swiss agrochemical company, and Bayer, a German agrochemical company, initiated legal action before the European Court of Justice, challenging the European Commission's decision to ban the pesticide thiamethoxam, which is used On September 1, 2013, a new European Union Regulation on Biocides entered into force. Biocides are chemicals used to control organisms that are harmful to human and animal health and to the environment, such as pests Denmark's Environment Minister, Ida Auken, has announced a new approach to handling rubbish in the country. In September, the government is expected to present a plan to require households to sort trash into several bins, On June 30, 2013, the other members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) urged Indonesia to ratify a treaty designed to limit smog pollution across On May 20, 2013, the Supreme Court of Israel approved a plea bargain that included an unprecedented high amount of compensation in a class-action suit for violation of the prohibition on smoking in public places, in On May 28, 2013, during a visit by President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono of Indonesia to Sweden, the two countries signed a Memorandum of Understanding on sustainable The Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs (MLTM) of the Republic of Korea promulgated the revised enforcement rule for the Marine Environment Management Act on On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 3, 2012, Indonesia and South Korea concluded an agreement to restore the Ciliwung River, which flows from the mountains down through Jakarta On November 20, 2012, the New Zealand government formally lodged with the International Court of Justice (ICJ) a declaration of its intention to intervene in the On September 7, 2012, the New Zealand High Court (the third highest court in New Zealand's court hierarchy) dismissed a challenge to the findings of reports that stated that average temperatures in the country had increased On June 18, 2012, Chile's legislature passed Law 20600 on the creation of new environmental courts, thereby granting the Superintendency of the Environment the power to prosecute environmental violations. (Law 20600 Creating Environmental Courts (June On May 29, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Clean Air Law 5768-2008. A stated objective of the Law is to improve air quality and prevent and minimize air pollution by, among On March 19, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Pollutant and Transfers to the Environment - Duties of Reporting and Registration) Law 5772-2012. The stated objectives of the Law are to increase the Denmark's Environment Ministry is planning to propose a tax on the chemical dihydrogen monoxide (DHMO) as a method to discourage its use. DHMO is odorless but potentially lethal. High levels of the substance were found in A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On January 18, 2012, Namibia's Minister of Environment and Tourism put into effect the Environmental Management Act (EMA), Act No. 7 of 2007. (Government Gazette of the Republic of Namibia, No. 3966 (Dec. 27, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change On October 20, 2011, the Supreme Court of Mongolia ruled that the country's government must enforce its 2009 environmental protection resolution restricting mining in some locations. The decision came in a case filed by the United On May 15, 2011, the New Zealand Minister for the Environment, Hon. Nick Smith, announced that a new law regulating "freedom camping" would be introduced in Parliament this month to address problems related to irresponsible campers. On March 28, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Inspection and Enforcement Authorities) Law, 5771-2011. The Law states as its goal the protection, maintenance, and improvement of the quality of the environment and On March 29, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro approved, during the first session of debate, a bill of law that some say, if adopted, might help fight global warming. The On January 19, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Regulation of Processing of Packaging Law, 5771-2011. The Law declares that it is intended to regulate both the production and the processing of packaging material waste In June 2010, India's Parliament adopted the National Green Tribunal Act (NGT Act), which established a new court, the National Green Tribunal, exclusively for handling cases involving environmental law. The Tribunal began operations on October 19, It was reported on December 10, 2010, that Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration (EPA) has drafted revisions to the relevant laws on recycling of appliances that will ban retailers from charging consumers a fee for the removal On October 21, 2010, the Bahraini Ministry of Homeland Security began enforcing a royal decree issued in 1999 that bans the use of all types of microphones attached to mosques. Muslim clerics in Bahrain have been On November 4, 2010, the European Commission made public a proposal for a regulation to introduce a ban on the use of phosphates and phosphate compounds in laundry detergents, in order to limit the amount of It was reported on October 24, 2010, that a joint committee comprising the African Development Bank (AfDB), the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (ECA), and the African Union Commission (AUC) issued a Consensus Statement on On September 27, 2010, the Bangladeshi Parliament passed the Environment Protection Bill 2010, to amend the Bangladesh Environment Protection Act 1995. The amended law "empowers the government to control the production, processing, stockpiling, supplying, transporting, importing, On September 10, 2010, Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration announced the implementation of measures aimed at encouraging domestic companies to cut carbon dioxide emissions. The measures are set forth in the "Executive Yuan [Cabinet] Environmental Protection Agency A leading British supermarket chain, Sainsbury's, is to be prosecuted for using too much packaging on one of its products, according to a news report of September 17, 2010. The day before this announcement, the supermarket On August 31, 2010, Taiwan and Australia signed a memorandum of understanding on establishing more extensive bilateral cooperation to promote green energy industries and technologies. It is the first agreement of its kind between the two The French Parliament adopted Law 2010-788 of July 12, 2010, on National Commitment for the Environment, also referred to as the "Grenelle II Law." (Loi 2010-788 du 12 juillet 2010 portant engagement national pour l'environnement, On July 29, 2010, the Minsk City Economic Court, in Belarus, ordered a church to pay compensation for environmental damage it allegedly caused in the city. The New Life Church (NLC), a Protestant congregation, was asked On July 23, 2010, the Amsterdam District Court imposed the maximum fine of 1 million (about US$1.28 million) on Trafigura Beheer BV, a multinational oil trading company, for illegally shipping 400 tons of hazardous toxic sludge, On July 14, 2010, the Climate Change Committee of the European Commission endorsed the Commission's proposal for a regulation that establishes rules governing the auctioning of emissions allowances under the EU Emissions Trading System (ETS) and Japan's legislature, the Diet, passed an amendment of the Waste Disposal and Cleaning Law (Law No. 137 of 1970) in May 2010 (Law No. 34 of 2010). The amendment will be effective within one year and On June 11, 2010, Dr. Rob Davies, Minister of Trade and Industry of South Africa, published for public comment a proposed sub-regulation to the National Building Regulations and Building Standards Act to make new buildings energy On June 1, 2010, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) released information on the proceedings instituted by Australia against Japan for alleged breaches of international obligations concerning whaling. (Press Release, ICJ, Australia Institutes Proceedings Against Japan Indonesia and Norway have established a partnership through which Norway will grant the equivalent of US$1 billion in aid to Indonesia for forest preservation and climate control. Indonesia had said in 2009 that it plans to On March 2, 2010, the General Court of the European Union rejected a challenge, brought by "the world's largest steel producer" Arcelor S.A., to the EU's 2003 Emissions Trading Directive. The Luxembourg-based company argued that several On February 9, 2010, the Government of Ireland issued a statement to confirm that it is proceeding with the waste management strategy contained in the 2007 Programme for Government and the 2009 Renewed Program for Government. Victims of toxic waste poisoning in the Ivory Coast have reached an agreement with the Dutch company Trafigura; the deal concerns distribution of approximately US$45 million in compensation to 31,000 victims. A court order issued in Chile has enacted a new law that creates the Ministry of the Environment, the Environmental Evaluation Service, and the Superintendency for the Environment. It also contains other, less substantive amendments. (Ley 20417, amending Law 19,300 of On December 29, 2009, France's Constitutional Council, which ensures the constitutionality of laws prior to their promulgation by the President of the Republic, invalidated the carbon tax set forth in article 7 of the draft 2010 On November 25, 2009, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Climate Change Response (Moderated Emissions Trading) Amendment Bill. This legislation amends the scheme that was enacted by the previous government in September 2008, which was due On August 27, 2009, the National People's Congress of China (NPC) Standing Committee adopted a Resolution on Actively Responding to Climate Change. This is the first resolution of its kind adopted by the top legislature of In mid-November 2009, Norway and Finland signed an agreement in which they committed to cooperation with Russia on removing radioactive batteries from the Baltic Sea. The Memorandum of Understanding was signed in Helsinki, Finland, by Norweigan A U.S. federal appellate court has ruled that a lawsuit by victims of Hurricane Katrina against energy and chemical companies, for contributing to global warming and thus increasing the damages from the hurricane, may proceed in On November 6, 2009, the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) released a report calling for better environmental protection in wartime. Natural assets need to be better protected by clarification of relevant laws, the report concluded. The On June 1, 2009, the General Office of China's State Council announced a plan for an automobile and electronic appliance "old swap new" program, which was formulated by the National Development and Reform Commission and four On September 10, 2009, French President Nicolas Sarkozy announced his government's controversial plan to impose a new "carbon tax" (taxe carbone), to take effect on January 1, 2010, on emissions from fossil fuels such as coal, A meeting was held in Indonesia's capital, Jakarta, on August 26, 2009, to draft a bill to revise the Environmental Law of 1999. The participants included both legislators from the House of Representatives' commission on the It was reported on August 24, 2009, that representatives and experts of ten African nations have convened a meeting in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, to forge a common stance on climate change before the United Nations conference On July 10, 2009, France ratified the Protocol on Pollutant Release and Transfer Registers (done at Kiev, May 21, 2003)andmdash;the first legally binding pact of its kindandmdash;and in so doing triggered the agreement's entry into force Effective July 7, 2009, registered retailers in Hong Kong are no longer allowed to provide free plastic shopping bags for customers; for each plastic shopping bag requested by the customer, the retailers must charge an environmental The U.S. Supreme Court recently addressed jurisdictional issues on enforcement of the Clean Water Act (CWA) by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (Corps), and sided with the argument that According to Ridwan Panjaitan, the head of law enforcement for the City Environmental Management Agency of Jakarta, Indonesia's capital city, the municipality will make public the names of companies that violate environmental regulations. Speaking on June The World Trade Organization (WTO) and the United Nations Environment Programme released a report on June 26, 2009, detailing the connections between trade and climate change. The document "examines the intersections between trade and climate change On June 17, 2009, the Tax Reform Committee of Taiwan's Executive Yuan (Cabinet) approved a proposal to expand energy taxes to include environment taxes, with the changes to take effect in 2011. The Committee's three-in-one proposal It was reported on June 4, 2009, that the South African Treasury is gearing up to introduce the Draft Taxation Laws Amendment Bill 2009, which will provide tax incentives for businesses to reduce their carbon emissions. On May 4, 2009, the United States Supreme Court held that companies could not be held liable under the Superfund hazardous waste cleanup statute solely on the ground that they sold hazardous chemicals to other companies On March 4, 2009, President Alan Garcia Perez of Peru signed the Law on the National System of Evaluation and Control of the Environment, to be led by the Organismo de Evaluacion y Fiscalizacion Ambiental (Agency On April 2, 2009, the Ministry of Finance (MOF) published a Circular on the Corporate Income Tax Policies of the China Clean Development Mechanism [CDM] Fund and CDM projects (CS [2009] No. 30). Dated March 23, On March 29, 2009, on the eve of the first International Conference for Marine Mammal Protected Areas held in Maui, Hawaii, the first guidelines of the Pacific Islands region for whale and dolphin watching were issued, On February 25, 2009, the State Council (Cabinet, hereafter SC) of the People's Republic of China (PRC) promulgated the Regulations for the Administration of the Recovery and Disposal [i.e., recycling] of Waste Electric and Electronic Products The Nigerian Senate recently passed resolutions urging federal agencies, including the National Environmental Standards and Regulations Enforcement Agency (NESREA) and the Standards Organization of Nigeria (SON), to take the necessary steps to regulate the influx of It was reported on March 4, 2009, that Indonesia has submitted an application to join the World Bank's Forest Carbon Partnership Facility [FCPF]. The goal of the FCPF is to help developing countries "design and create For the second year in a row, the Maltese government has banned spring bird hunting season. As in 2008, the new ban is the result of a case on the issue brought by the European Commission On March 10, 2009, the Australian government released draft Carbon Pollution Reduction Scheme legislation that will remain open for public comment until April 14, 2009. The legislation was developed on the basis of a Green Paper On February 5, 2009, the Parliament of Turkey, in a vote of 243 to 3, approved a bill on the country's participation in the Kyoto Protocol, after the Cabinet had signed the agreement. The law entered On January 15, 2009, the Swedish government introduced a blanket ban on mercury. Regulations governing the ban enter into force on June 1, 2009. As a result, such practices as the use of dental amalgam in On February 2, 2009, New Zealand's Prime Minister, John Key, announced a proposal to revise the country's Resource Management Act (RMA). The changes are aimed at easing the way for development projects and home remodeling plans, The 14th session of the Conference of the Parties to the Climate Change Convention (COP 14) the highest decision-making body of this U.N. Convention was held from December 1-13, 2008, in Poznaand#324;, Poland, with On November 12, 2008, the United States Supreme Court reversed a lower court's order placing conditions on the U.S. Navy's training exercises using sonar, finding that the Navy's interest in conducting realistic antisubmarine training exercises outweighed... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 21 Nov 2008 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540785_text Global Legal Monitor: United Nations: Agreement on Migratory Birds of Prey http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540753_text Environmental protection - On April 14, 2014, the Government of Portugal published Law No. 19, which defines the basis for the country's environmental policy pursuant to the terms of articles 9 and 66 of the Constitution. (Lei No. On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano In August 2013, Syngenta, a Swiss agrochemical company, and Bayer, a German agrochemical company, initiated legal action before the European Court of Justice, challenging the European Commission's decision to ban the pesticide thiamethoxam, which is used On September 1, 2013, a new European Union Regulation on Biocides entered into force. Biocides are chemicals used to control organisms that are harmful to human and animal health and to the environment, such as pests Denmark's Environment Minister, Ida Auken, has announced a new approach to handling rubbish in the country. In September, the government is expected to present a plan to require households to sort trash into several bins, On June 30, 2013, the other members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) urged Indonesia to ratify a treaty designed to limit smog pollution across On May 20, 2013, the Supreme Court of Israel approved a plea bargain that included an unprecedented high amount of compensation in a class-action suit for violation of the prohibition on smoking in public places, in On May 28, 2013, during a visit by President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono of Indonesia to Sweden, the two countries signed a Memorandum of Understanding on sustainable The Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs (MLTM) of the Republic of Korea promulgated the revised enforcement rule for the Marine Environment Management Act on On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 3, 2012, Indonesia and South Korea concluded an agreement to restore the Ciliwung River, which flows from the mountains down through Jakarta On November 20, 2012, the New Zealand government formally lodged with the International Court of Justice (ICJ) a declaration of its intention to intervene in the On September 7, 2012, the New Zealand High Court (the third highest court in New Zealand's court hierarchy) dismissed a challenge to the findings of reports that stated that average temperatures in the country had increased On June 18, 2012, Chile's legislature passed Law 20600 on the creation of new environmental courts, thereby granting the Superintendency of the Environment the power to prosecute environmental violations. (Law 20600 Creating Environmental Courts (June On May 29, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Clean Air Law 5768-2008. A stated objective of the Law is to improve air quality and prevent and minimize air pollution by, among On March 19, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Pollutant and Transfers to the Environment - Duties of Reporting and Registration) Law 5772-2012. The stated objectives of the Law are to increase the Denmark's Environment Ministry is planning to propose a tax on the chemical dihydrogen monoxide (DHMO) as a method to discourage its use. DHMO is odorless but potentially lethal. High levels of the substance were found in A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On January 18, 2012, Namibia's Minister of Environment and Tourism put into effect the Environmental Management Act (EMA), Act No. 7 of 2007. (Government Gazette of the Republic of Namibia, No. 3966 (Dec. 27, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change On October 20, 2011, the Supreme Court of Mongolia ruled that the country's government must enforce its 2009 environmental protection resolution restricting mining in some locations. The decision came in a case filed by the United On May 15, 2011, the New Zealand Minister for the Environment, Hon. Nick Smith, announced that a new law regulating "freedom camping" would be introduced in Parliament this month to address problems related to irresponsible campers. On March 28, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Inspection and Enforcement Authorities) Law, 5771-2011. The Law states as its goal the protection, maintenance, and improvement of the quality of the environment and On March 29, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro approved, during the first session of debate, a bill of law that some say, if adopted, might help fight global warming. The On January 19, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Regulation of Processing of Packaging Law, 5771-2011. The Law declares that it is intended to regulate both the production and the processing of packaging material waste In June 2010, India's Parliament adopted the National Green Tribunal Act (NGT Act), which established a new court, the National Green Tribunal, exclusively for handling cases involving environmental law. The Tribunal began operations on October 19, It was reported on December 10, 2010, that Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration (EPA) has drafted revisions to the relevant laws on recycling of appliances that will ban retailers from charging consumers a fee for the removal On October 21, 2010, the Bahraini Ministry of Homeland Security began enforcing a royal decree issued in 1999 that bans the use of all types of microphones attached to mosques. Muslim clerics in Bahrain have been On November 4, 2010, the European Commission made public a proposal for a regulation to introduce a ban on the use of phosphates and phosphate compounds in laundry detergents, in order to limit the amount of It was reported on October 24, 2010, that a joint committee comprising the African Development Bank (AfDB), the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (ECA), and the African Union Commission (AUC) issued a Consensus Statement on On September 27, 2010, the Bangladeshi Parliament passed the Environment Protection Bill 2010, to amend the Bangladesh Environment Protection Act 1995. The amended law "empowers the government to control the production, processing, stockpiling, supplying, transporting, importing, On September 10, 2010, Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration announced the implementation of measures aimed at encouraging domestic companies to cut carbon dioxide emissions. The measures are set forth in the "Executive Yuan [Cabinet] Environmental Protection Agency A leading British supermarket chain, Sainsbury's, is to be prosecuted for using too much packaging on one of its products, according to a news report of September 17, 2010. The day before this announcement, the supermarket On August 31, 2010, Taiwan and Australia signed a memorandum of understanding on establishing more extensive bilateral cooperation to promote green energy industries and technologies. It is the first agreement of its kind between the two The French Parliament adopted Law 2010-788 of July 12, 2010, on National Commitment for the Environment, also referred to as the "Grenelle II Law." (Loi 2010-788 du 12 juillet 2010 portant engagement national pour l'environnement, On July 29, 2010, the Minsk City Economic Court, in Belarus, ordered a church to pay compensation for environmental damage it allegedly caused in the city. The New Life Church (NLC), a Protestant congregation, was asked On July 23, 2010, the Amsterdam District Court imposed the maximum fine of 1 million (about US$1.28 million) on Trafigura Beheer BV, a multinational oil trading company, for illegally shipping 400 tons of hazardous toxic sludge, On July 14, 2010, the Climate Change Committee of the European Commission endorsed the Commission's proposal for a regulation that establishes rules governing the auctioning of emissions allowances under the EU Emissions Trading System (ETS) and Japan's legislature, the Diet, passed an amendment of the Waste Disposal and Cleaning Law (Law No. 137 of 1970) in May 2010 (Law No. 34 of 2010). The amendment will be effective within one year and On June 11, 2010, Dr. Rob Davies, Minister of Trade and Industry of South Africa, published for public comment a proposed sub-regulation to the National Building Regulations and Building Standards Act to make new buildings energy On June 1, 2010, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) released information on the proceedings instituted by Australia against Japan for alleged breaches of international obligations concerning whaling. (Press Release, ICJ, Australia Institutes Proceedings Against Japan Indonesia and Norway have established a partnership through which Norway will grant the equivalent of US$1 billion in aid to Indonesia for forest preservation and climate control. Indonesia had said in 2009 that it plans to On March 2, 2010, the General Court of the European Union rejected a challenge, brought by "the world's largest steel producer" Arcelor S.A., to the EU's 2003 Emissions Trading Directive. The Luxembourg-based company argued that several On February 9, 2010, the Government of Ireland issued a statement to confirm that it is proceeding with the waste management strategy contained in the 2007 Programme for Government and the 2009 Renewed Program for Government. Victims of toxic waste poisoning in the Ivory Coast have reached an agreement with the Dutch company Trafigura; the deal concerns distribution of approximately US$45 million in compensation to 31,000 victims. A court order issued in Chile has enacted a new law that creates the Ministry of the Environment, the Environmental Evaluation Service, and the Superintendency for the Environment. It also contains other, less substantive amendments. (Ley 20417, amending Law 19,300 of On December 29, 2009, France's Constitutional Council, which ensures the constitutionality of laws prior to their promulgation by the President of the Republic, invalidated the carbon tax set forth in article 7 of the draft 2010 On November 25, 2009, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Climate Change Response (Moderated Emissions Trading) Amendment Bill. This legislation amends the scheme that was enacted by the previous government in September 2008, which was due On August 27, 2009, the National People's Congress of China (NPC) Standing Committee adopted a Resolution on Actively Responding to Climate Change. This is the first resolution of its kind adopted by the top legislature of In mid-November 2009, Norway and Finland signed an agreement in which they committed to cooperation with Russia on removing radioactive batteries from the Baltic Sea. The Memorandum of Understanding was signed in Helsinki, Finland, by Norweigan A U.S. federal appellate court has ruled that a lawsuit by victims of Hurricane Katrina against energy and chemical companies, for contributing to global warming and thus increasing the damages from the hurricane, may proceed in On November 6, 2009, the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) released a report calling for better environmental protection in wartime. Natural assets need to be better protected by clarification of relevant laws, the report concluded. The On June 1, 2009, the General Office of China's State Council announced a plan for an automobile and electronic appliance "old swap new" program, which was formulated by the National Development and Reform Commission and four On September 10, 2009, French President Nicolas Sarkozy announced his government's controversial plan to impose a new "carbon tax" (taxe carbone), to take effect on January 1, 2010, on emissions from fossil fuels such as coal, A meeting was held in Indonesia's capital, Jakarta, on August 26, 2009, to draft a bill to revise the Environmental Law of 1999. The participants included both legislators from the House of Representatives' commission on the It was reported on August 24, 2009, that representatives and experts of ten African nations have convened a meeting in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, to forge a common stance on climate change before the United Nations conference On July 10, 2009, France ratified the Protocol on Pollutant Release and Transfer Registers (done at Kiev, May 21, 2003)andmdash;the first legally binding pact of its kindandmdash;and in so doing triggered the agreement's entry into force Effective July 7, 2009, registered retailers in Hong Kong are no longer allowed to provide free plastic shopping bags for customers; for each plastic shopping bag requested by the customer, the retailers must charge an environmental The U.S. Supreme Court recently addressed jurisdictional issues on enforcement of the Clean Water Act (CWA) by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (Corps), and sided with the argument that According to Ridwan Panjaitan, the head of law enforcement for the City Environmental Management Agency of Jakarta, Indonesia's capital city, the municipality will make public the names of companies that violate environmental regulations. Speaking on June The World Trade Organization (WTO) and the United Nations Environment Programme released a report on June 26, 2009, detailing the connections between trade and climate change. The document "examines the intersections between trade and climate change On June 17, 2009, the Tax Reform Committee of Taiwan's Executive Yuan (Cabinet) approved a proposal to expand energy taxes to include environment taxes, with the changes to take effect in 2011. The Committee's three-in-one proposal It was reported on June 4, 2009, that the South African Treasury is gearing up to introduce the Draft Taxation Laws Amendment Bill 2009, which will provide tax incentives for businesses to reduce their carbon emissions. On May 4, 2009, the United States Supreme Court held that companies could not be held liable under the Superfund hazardous waste cleanup statute solely on the ground that they sold hazardous chemicals to other companies On March 4, 2009, President Alan Garcia Perez of Peru signed the Law on the National System of Evaluation and Control of the Environment, to be led by the Organismo de Evaluacion y Fiscalizacion Ambiental (Agency On April 2, 2009, the Ministry of Finance (MOF) published a Circular on the Corporate Income Tax Policies of the China Clean Development Mechanism [CDM] Fund and CDM projects (CS [2009] No. 30). Dated March 23, On March 29, 2009, on the eve of the first International Conference for Marine Mammal Protected Areas held in Maui, Hawaii, the first guidelines of the Pacific Islands region for whale and dolphin watching were issued, On February 25, 2009, the State Council (Cabinet, hereafter SC) of the People's Republic of China (PRC) promulgated the Regulations for the Administration of the Recovery and Disposal [i.e., recycling] of Waste Electric and Electronic Products The Nigerian Senate recently passed resolutions urging federal agencies, including the National Environmental Standards and Regulations Enforcement Agency (NESREA) and the Standards Organization of Nigeria (SON), to take the necessary steps to regulate the influx of It was reported on March 4, 2009, that Indonesia has submitted an application to join the World Bank's Forest Carbon Partnership Facility [FCPF]. The goal of the FCPF is to help developing countries "design and create For the second year in a row, the Maltese government has banned spring bird hunting season. As in 2008, the new ban is the result of a case on the issue brought by the European Commission On March 10, 2009, the Australian government released draft Carbon Pollution Reduction Scheme legislation that will remain open for public comment until April 14, 2009. The legislation was developed on the basis of a Green Paper On February 5, 2009, the Parliament of Turkey, in a vote of 243 to 3, approved a bill on the country's participation in the Kyoto Protocol, after the Cabinet had signed the agreement. The law entered On January 15, 2009, the Swedish government introduced a blanket ban on mercury. Regulations governing the ban enter into force on June 1, 2009. As a result, such practices as the use of dental amalgam in On February 2, 2009, New Zealand's Prime Minister, John Key, announced a proposal to revise the country's Resource Management Act (RMA). The changes are aimed at easing the way for development projects and home remodeling plans, The 14th session of the Conference of the Parties to the Climate Change Convention (COP 14) the highest decision-making body of this U.N. Convention was held from December 1-13, 2008, in Poznaand#324;, Poland, with On November 12, 2008, the United States Supreme Court reversed a lower court's order placing conditions on the U.S. Navy's training exercises using sonar, finding that the Navy's interest in conducting realistic antisubmarine training exercises outweighed Twenty-eight nations have signed a United Nations-backed memorandum of understanding to protect migratory birds of prey in Africa, Europe, and Asia. The agreement, signed in Abu Dhabi, the United Arab Emirates, will come into force on... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 29 Oct 2008 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540753_text Global Legal Monitor: New Zealand: Greenhouse Gas Emissions Trading Scheme http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540747_text Environmental protection - On April 14, 2014, the Government of Portugal published Law No. 19, which defines the basis for the country's environmental policy pursuant to the terms of articles 9 and 66 of the Constitution. (Lei No. On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano In August 2013, Syngenta, a Swiss agrochemical company, and Bayer, a German agrochemical company, initiated legal action before the European Court of Justice, challenging the European Commission's decision to ban the pesticide thiamethoxam, which is used On September 1, 2013, a new European Union Regulation on Biocides entered into force. Biocides are chemicals used to control organisms that are harmful to human and animal health and to the environment, such as pests Denmark's Environment Minister, Ida Auken, has announced a new approach to handling rubbish in the country. In September, the government is expected to present a plan to require households to sort trash into several bins, On June 30, 2013, the other members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) urged Indonesia to ratify a treaty designed to limit smog pollution across On May 20, 2013, the Supreme Court of Israel approved a plea bargain that included an unprecedented high amount of compensation in a class-action suit for violation of the prohibition on smoking in public places, in On May 28, 2013, during a visit by President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono of Indonesia to Sweden, the two countries signed a Memorandum of Understanding on sustainable The Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs (MLTM) of the Republic of Korea promulgated the revised enforcement rule for the Marine Environment Management Act on On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 3, 2012, Indonesia and South Korea concluded an agreement to restore the Ciliwung River, which flows from the mountains down through Jakarta On November 20, 2012, the New Zealand government formally lodged with the International Court of Justice (ICJ) a declaration of its intention to intervene in the On September 7, 2012, the New Zealand High Court (the third highest court in New Zealand's court hierarchy) dismissed a challenge to the findings of reports that stated that average temperatures in the country had increased On June 18, 2012, Chile's legislature passed Law 20600 on the creation of new environmental courts, thereby granting the Superintendency of the Environment the power to prosecute environmental violations. (Law 20600 Creating Environmental Courts (June On May 29, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Clean Air Law 5768-2008. A stated objective of the Law is to improve air quality and prevent and minimize air pollution by, among On March 19, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Pollutant and Transfers to the Environment - Duties of Reporting and Registration) Law 5772-2012. The stated objectives of the Law are to increase the Denmark's Environment Ministry is planning to propose a tax on the chemical dihydrogen monoxide (DHMO) as a method to discourage its use. DHMO is odorless but potentially lethal. High levels of the substance were found in A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On January 18, 2012, Namibia's Minister of Environment and Tourism put into effect the Environmental Management Act (EMA), Act No. 7 of 2007. (Government Gazette of the Republic of Namibia, No. 3966 (Dec. 27, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change On October 20, 2011, the Supreme Court of Mongolia ruled that the country's government must enforce its 2009 environmental protection resolution restricting mining in some locations. The decision came in a case filed by the United On May 15, 2011, the New Zealand Minister for the Environment, Hon. Nick Smith, announced that a new law regulating "freedom camping" would be introduced in Parliament this month to address problems related to irresponsible campers. On March 28, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Inspection and Enforcement Authorities) Law, 5771-2011. The Law states as its goal the protection, maintenance, and improvement of the quality of the environment and On March 29, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro approved, during the first session of debate, a bill of law that some say, if adopted, might help fight global warming. The On January 19, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Regulation of Processing of Packaging Law, 5771-2011. The Law declares that it is intended to regulate both the production and the processing of packaging material waste In June 2010, India's Parliament adopted the National Green Tribunal Act (NGT Act), which established a new court, the National Green Tribunal, exclusively for handling cases involving environmental law. The Tribunal began operations on October 19, It was reported on December 10, 2010, that Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration (EPA) has drafted revisions to the relevant laws on recycling of appliances that will ban retailers from charging consumers a fee for the removal On October 21, 2010, the Bahraini Ministry of Homeland Security began enforcing a royal decree issued in 1999 that bans the use of all types of microphones attached to mosques. Muslim clerics in Bahrain have been On November 4, 2010, the European Commission made public a proposal for a regulation to introduce a ban on the use of phosphates and phosphate compounds in laundry detergents, in order to limit the amount of It was reported on October 24, 2010, that a joint committee comprising the African Development Bank (AfDB), the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (ECA), and the African Union Commission (AUC) issued a Consensus Statement on On September 27, 2010, the Bangladeshi Parliament passed the Environment Protection Bill 2010, to amend the Bangladesh Environment Protection Act 1995. The amended law "empowers the government to control the production, processing, stockpiling, supplying, transporting, importing, On September 10, 2010, Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration announced the implementation of measures aimed at encouraging domestic companies to cut carbon dioxide emissions. The measures are set forth in the "Executive Yuan [Cabinet] Environmental Protection Agency A leading British supermarket chain, Sainsbury's, is to be prosecuted for using too much packaging on one of its products, according to a news report of September 17, 2010. The day before this announcement, the supermarket On August 31, 2010, Taiwan and Australia signed a memorandum of understanding on establishing more extensive bilateral cooperation to promote green energy industries and technologies. It is the first agreement of its kind between the two The French Parliament adopted Law 2010-788 of July 12, 2010, on National Commitment for the Environment, also referred to as the "Grenelle II Law." (Loi 2010-788 du 12 juillet 2010 portant engagement national pour l'environnement, On July 29, 2010, the Minsk City Economic Court, in Belarus, ordered a church to pay compensation for environmental damage it allegedly caused in the city. The New Life Church (NLC), a Protestant congregation, was asked On July 23, 2010, the Amsterdam District Court imposed the maximum fine of 1 million (about US$1.28 million) on Trafigura Beheer BV, a multinational oil trading company, for illegally shipping 400 tons of hazardous toxic sludge, On July 14, 2010, the Climate Change Committee of the European Commission endorsed the Commission's proposal for a regulation that establishes rules governing the auctioning of emissions allowances under the EU Emissions Trading System (ETS) and Japan's legislature, the Diet, passed an amendment of the Waste Disposal and Cleaning Law (Law No. 137 of 1970) in May 2010 (Law No. 34 of 2010). The amendment will be effective within one year and On June 11, 2010, Dr. Rob Davies, Minister of Trade and Industry of South Africa, published for public comment a proposed sub-regulation to the National Building Regulations and Building Standards Act to make new buildings energy On June 1, 2010, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) released information on the proceedings instituted by Australia against Japan for alleged breaches of international obligations concerning whaling. (Press Release, ICJ, Australia Institutes Proceedings Against Japan Indonesia and Norway have established a partnership through which Norway will grant the equivalent of US$1 billion in aid to Indonesia for forest preservation and climate control. Indonesia had said in 2009 that it plans to On March 2, 2010, the General Court of the European Union rejected a challenge, brought by "the world's largest steel producer" Arcelor S.A., to the EU's 2003 Emissions Trading Directive. The Luxembourg-based company argued that several On February 9, 2010, the Government of Ireland issued a statement to confirm that it is proceeding with the waste management strategy contained in the 2007 Programme for Government and the 2009 Renewed Program for Government. Victims of toxic waste poisoning in the Ivory Coast have reached an agreement with the Dutch company Trafigura; the deal concerns distribution of approximately US$45 million in compensation to 31,000 victims. A court order issued in Chile has enacted a new law that creates the Ministry of the Environment, the Environmental Evaluation Service, and the Superintendency for the Environment. It also contains other, less substantive amendments. (Ley 20417, amending Law 19,300 of On December 29, 2009, France's Constitutional Council, which ensures the constitutionality of laws prior to their promulgation by the President of the Republic, invalidated the carbon tax set forth in article 7 of the draft 2010 On November 25, 2009, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Climate Change Response (Moderated Emissions Trading) Amendment Bill. This legislation amends the scheme that was enacted by the previous government in September 2008, which was due On August 27, 2009, the National People's Congress of China (NPC) Standing Committee adopted a Resolution on Actively Responding to Climate Change. This is the first resolution of its kind adopted by the top legislature of In mid-November 2009, Norway and Finland signed an agreement in which they committed to cooperation with Russia on removing radioactive batteries from the Baltic Sea. The Memorandum of Understanding was signed in Helsinki, Finland, by Norweigan A U.S. federal appellate court has ruled that a lawsuit by victims of Hurricane Katrina against energy and chemical companies, for contributing to global warming and thus increasing the damages from the hurricane, may proceed in On November 6, 2009, the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) released a report calling for better environmental protection in wartime. Natural assets need to be better protected by clarification of relevant laws, the report concluded. The On June 1, 2009, the General Office of China's State Council announced a plan for an automobile and electronic appliance "old swap new" program, which was formulated by the National Development and Reform Commission and four On September 10, 2009, French President Nicolas Sarkozy announced his government's controversial plan to impose a new "carbon tax" (taxe carbone), to take effect on January 1, 2010, on emissions from fossil fuels such as coal, A meeting was held in Indonesia's capital, Jakarta, on August 26, 2009, to draft a bill to revise the Environmental Law of 1999. The participants included both legislators from the House of Representatives' commission on the It was reported on August 24, 2009, that representatives and experts of ten African nations have convened a meeting in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, to forge a common stance on climate change before the United Nations conference On July 10, 2009, France ratified the Protocol on Pollutant Release and Transfer Registers (done at Kiev, May 21, 2003)andmdash;the first legally binding pact of its kindandmdash;and in so doing triggered the agreement's entry into force Effective July 7, 2009, registered retailers in Hong Kong are no longer allowed to provide free plastic shopping bags for customers; for each plastic shopping bag requested by the customer, the retailers must charge an environmental The U.S. Supreme Court recently addressed jurisdictional issues on enforcement of the Clean Water Act (CWA) by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (Corps), and sided with the argument that According to Ridwan Panjaitan, the head of law enforcement for the City Environmental Management Agency of Jakarta, Indonesia's capital city, the municipality will make public the names of companies that violate environmental regulations. Speaking on June The World Trade Organization (WTO) and the United Nations Environment Programme released a report on June 26, 2009, detailing the connections between trade and climate change. The document "examines the intersections between trade and climate change On June 17, 2009, the Tax Reform Committee of Taiwan's Executive Yuan (Cabinet) approved a proposal to expand energy taxes to include environment taxes, with the changes to take effect in 2011. The Committee's three-in-one proposal It was reported on June 4, 2009, that the South African Treasury is gearing up to introduce the Draft Taxation Laws Amendment Bill 2009, which will provide tax incentives for businesses to reduce their carbon emissions. On May 4, 2009, the United States Supreme Court held that companies could not be held liable under the Superfund hazardous waste cleanup statute solely on the ground that they sold hazardous chemicals to other companies On March 4, 2009, President Alan Garcia Perez of Peru signed the Law on the National System of Evaluation and Control of the Environment, to be led by the Organismo de Evaluacion y Fiscalizacion Ambiental (Agency On April 2, 2009, the Ministry of Finance (MOF) published a Circular on the Corporate Income Tax Policies of the China Clean Development Mechanism [CDM] Fund and CDM projects (CS [2009] No. 30). Dated March 23, On March 29, 2009, on the eve of the first International Conference for Marine Mammal Protected Areas held in Maui, Hawaii, the first guidelines of the Pacific Islands region for whale and dolphin watching were issued, On February 25, 2009, the State Council (Cabinet, hereafter SC) of the People's Republic of China (PRC) promulgated the Regulations for the Administration of the Recovery and Disposal [i.e., recycling] of Waste Electric and Electronic Products The Nigerian Senate recently passed resolutions urging federal agencies, including the National Environmental Standards and Regulations Enforcement Agency (NESREA) and the Standards Organization of Nigeria (SON), to take the necessary steps to regulate the influx of It was reported on March 4, 2009, that Indonesia has submitted an application to join the World Bank's Forest Carbon Partnership Facility [FCPF]. The goal of the FCPF is to help developing countries "design and create For the second year in a row, the Maltese government has banned spring bird hunting season. As in 2008, the new ban is the result of a case on the issue brought by the European Commission On March 10, 2009, the Australian government released draft Carbon Pollution Reduction Scheme legislation that will remain open for public comment until April 14, 2009. The legislation was developed on the basis of a Green Paper On February 5, 2009, the Parliament of Turkey, in a vote of 243 to 3, approved a bill on the country's participation in the Kyoto Protocol, after the Cabinet had signed the agreement. The law entered On January 15, 2009, the Swedish government introduced a blanket ban on mercury. Regulations governing the ban enter into force on June 1, 2009. As a result, such practices as the use of dental amalgam in On February 2, 2009, New Zealand's Prime Minister, John Key, announced a proposal to revise the country's Resource Management Act (RMA). The changes are aimed at easing the way for development projects and home remodeling plans, The 14th session of the Conference of the Parties to the Climate Change Convention (COP 14) the highest decision-making body of this U.N. Convention was held from December 1-13, 2008, in Poznaand#324;, Poland, with On November 12, 2008, the United States Supreme Court reversed a lower court's order placing conditions on the U.S. Navy's training exercises using sonar, finding that the Navy's interest in conducting realistic antisubmarine training exercises outweighed Twenty-eight nations have signed a United Nations-backed memorandum of understanding to protect migratory birds of prey in Africa, Europe, and Asia. The agreement, signed in Abu Dhabi, the United Arab Emirates, will come into force on The Climate Change (Emissions Trading) Amendment Act 2008 recently received royal assent. This legislation introduces a greenhouse gas emissions trading scheme under which participants (large emitters of greenhouse gases) must calculate their emissions via set formulas,... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 27 Oct 2008 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540747_text Global Legal Monitor: Nigeria: Bills Prohibiting Gas Flaring and Establishing Desertification Control Commission http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540715_text Environmental protection - On April 14, 2014, the Government of Portugal published Law No. 19, which defines the basis for the country's environmental policy pursuant to the terms of articles 9 and 66 of the Constitution. (Lei No. On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano In August 2013, Syngenta, a Swiss agrochemical company, and Bayer, a German agrochemical company, initiated legal action before the European Court of Justice, challenging the European Commission's decision to ban the pesticide thiamethoxam, which is used On September 1, 2013, a new European Union Regulation on Biocides entered into force. Biocides are chemicals used to control organisms that are harmful to human and animal health and to the environment, such as pests Denmark's Environment Minister, Ida Auken, has announced a new approach to handling rubbish in the country. In September, the government is expected to present a plan to require households to sort trash into several bins, On June 30, 2013, the other members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) urged Indonesia to ratify a treaty designed to limit smog pollution across On May 20, 2013, the Supreme Court of Israel approved a plea bargain that included an unprecedented high amount of compensation in a class-action suit for violation of the prohibition on smoking in public places, in On May 28, 2013, during a visit by President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono of Indonesia to Sweden, the two countries signed a Memorandum of Understanding on sustainable The Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs (MLTM) of the Republic of Korea promulgated the revised enforcement rule for the Marine Environment Management Act on On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 3, 2012, Indonesia and South Korea concluded an agreement to restore the Ciliwung River, which flows from the mountains down through Jakarta On November 20, 2012, the New Zealand government formally lodged with the International Court of Justice (ICJ) a declaration of its intention to intervene in the On September 7, 2012, the New Zealand High Court (the third highest court in New Zealand's court hierarchy) dismissed a challenge to the findings of reports that stated that average temperatures in the country had increased On June 18, 2012, Chile's legislature passed Law 20600 on the creation of new environmental courts, thereby granting the Superintendency of the Environment the power to prosecute environmental violations. (Law 20600 Creating Environmental Courts (June On May 29, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Clean Air Law 5768-2008. A stated objective of the Law is to improve air quality and prevent and minimize air pollution by, among On March 19, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Pollutant and Transfers to the Environment - Duties of Reporting and Registration) Law 5772-2012. The stated objectives of the Law are to increase the Denmark's Environment Ministry is planning to propose a tax on the chemical dihydrogen monoxide (DHMO) as a method to discourage its use. DHMO is odorless but potentially lethal. High levels of the substance were found in A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On January 18, 2012, Namibia's Minister of Environment and Tourism put into effect the Environmental Management Act (EMA), Act No. 7 of 2007. (Government Gazette of the Republic of Namibia, No. 3966 (Dec. 27, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change On October 20, 2011, the Supreme Court of Mongolia ruled that the country's government must enforce its 2009 environmental protection resolution restricting mining in some locations. The decision came in a case filed by the United On May 15, 2011, the New Zealand Minister for the Environment, Hon. Nick Smith, announced that a new law regulating "freedom camping" would be introduced in Parliament this month to address problems related to irresponsible campers. On March 28, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Inspection and Enforcement Authorities) Law, 5771-2011. The Law states as its goal the protection, maintenance, and improvement of the quality of the environment and On March 29, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro approved, during the first session of debate, a bill of law that some say, if adopted, might help fight global warming. The On January 19, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Regulation of Processing of Packaging Law, 5771-2011. The Law declares that it is intended to regulate both the production and the processing of packaging material waste In June 2010, India's Parliament adopted the National Green Tribunal Act (NGT Act), which established a new court, the National Green Tribunal, exclusively for handling cases involving environmental law. The Tribunal began operations on October 19, It was reported on December 10, 2010, that Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration (EPA) has drafted revisions to the relevant laws on recycling of appliances that will ban retailers from charging consumers a fee for the removal On October 21, 2010, the Bahraini Ministry of Homeland Security began enforcing a royal decree issued in 1999 that bans the use of all types of microphones attached to mosques. Muslim clerics in Bahrain have been On November 4, 2010, the European Commission made public a proposal for a regulation to introduce a ban on the use of phosphates and phosphate compounds in laundry detergents, in order to limit the amount of It was reported on October 24, 2010, that a joint committee comprising the African Development Bank (AfDB), the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (ECA), and the African Union Commission (AUC) issued a Consensus Statement on On September 27, 2010, the Bangladeshi Parliament passed the Environment Protection Bill 2010, to amend the Bangladesh Environment Protection Act 1995. The amended law "empowers the government to control the production, processing, stockpiling, supplying, transporting, importing, On September 10, 2010, Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration announced the implementation of measures aimed at encouraging domestic companies to cut carbon dioxide emissions. The measures are set forth in the "Executive Yuan [Cabinet] Environmental Protection Agency A leading British supermarket chain, Sainsbury's, is to be prosecuted for using too much packaging on one of its products, according to a news report of September 17, 2010. The day before this announcement, the supermarket On August 31, 2010, Taiwan and Australia signed a memorandum of understanding on establishing more extensive bilateral cooperation to promote green energy industries and technologies. It is the first agreement of its kind between the two The French Parliament adopted Law 2010-788 of July 12, 2010, on National Commitment for the Environment, also referred to as the "Grenelle II Law." (Loi 2010-788 du 12 juillet 2010 portant engagement national pour l'environnement, On July 29, 2010, the Minsk City Economic Court, in Belarus, ordered a church to pay compensation for environmental damage it allegedly caused in the city. The New Life Church (NLC), a Protestant congregation, was asked On July 23, 2010, the Amsterdam District Court imposed the maximum fine of 1 million (about US$1.28 million) on Trafigura Beheer BV, a multinational oil trading company, for illegally shipping 400 tons of hazardous toxic sludge, On July 14, 2010, the Climate Change Committee of the European Commission endorsed the Commission's proposal for a regulation that establishes rules governing the auctioning of emissions allowances under the EU Emissions Trading System (ETS) and Japan's legislature, the Diet, passed an amendment of the Waste Disposal and Cleaning Law (Law No. 137 of 1970) in May 2010 (Law No. 34 of 2010). The amendment will be effective within one year and On June 11, 2010, Dr. Rob Davies, Minister of Trade and Industry of South Africa, published for public comment a proposed sub-regulation to the National Building Regulations and Building Standards Act to make new buildings energy On June 1, 2010, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) released information on the proceedings instituted by Australia against Japan for alleged breaches of international obligations concerning whaling. (Press Release, ICJ, Australia Institutes Proceedings Against Japan Indonesia and Norway have established a partnership through which Norway will grant the equivalent of US$1 billion in aid to Indonesia for forest preservation and climate control. Indonesia had said in 2009 that it plans to On March 2, 2010, the General Court of the European Union rejected a challenge, brought by "the world's largest steel producer" Arcelor S.A., to the EU's 2003 Emissions Trading Directive. The Luxembourg-based company argued that several On February 9, 2010, the Government of Ireland issued a statement to confirm that it is proceeding with the waste management strategy contained in the 2007 Programme for Government and the 2009 Renewed Program for Government. Victims of toxic waste poisoning in the Ivory Coast have reached an agreement with the Dutch company Trafigura; the deal concerns distribution of approximately US$45 million in compensation to 31,000 victims. A court order issued in Chile has enacted a new law that creates the Ministry of the Environment, the Environmental Evaluation Service, and the Superintendency for the Environment. It also contains other, less substantive amendments. (Ley 20417, amending Law 19,300 of On December 29, 2009, France's Constitutional Council, which ensures the constitutionality of laws prior to their promulgation by the President of the Republic, invalidated the carbon tax set forth in article 7 of the draft 2010 On November 25, 2009, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Climate Change Response (Moderated Emissions Trading) Amendment Bill. This legislation amends the scheme that was enacted by the previous government in September 2008, which was due On August 27, 2009, the National People's Congress of China (NPC) Standing Committee adopted a Resolution on Actively Responding to Climate Change. This is the first resolution of its kind adopted by the top legislature of In mid-November 2009, Norway and Finland signed an agreement in which they committed to cooperation with Russia on removing radioactive batteries from the Baltic Sea. The Memorandum of Understanding was signed in Helsinki, Finland, by Norweigan A U.S. federal appellate court has ruled that a lawsuit by victims of Hurricane Katrina against energy and chemical companies, for contributing to global warming and thus increasing the damages from the hurricane, may proceed in On November 6, 2009, the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) released a report calling for better environmental protection in wartime. Natural assets need to be better protected by clarification of relevant laws, the report concluded. The On June 1, 2009, the General Office of China's State Council announced a plan for an automobile and electronic appliance "old swap new" program, which was formulated by the National Development and Reform Commission and four On September 10, 2009, French President Nicolas Sarkozy announced his government's controversial plan to impose a new "carbon tax" (taxe carbone), to take effect on January 1, 2010, on emissions from fossil fuels such as coal, A meeting was held in Indonesia's capital, Jakarta, on August 26, 2009, to draft a bill to revise the Environmental Law of 1999. The participants included both legislators from the House of Representatives' commission on the It was reported on August 24, 2009, that representatives and experts of ten African nations have convened a meeting in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, to forge a common stance on climate change before the United Nations conference On July 10, 2009, France ratified the Protocol on Pollutant Release and Transfer Registers (done at Kiev, May 21, 2003)andmdash;the first legally binding pact of its kindandmdash;and in so doing triggered the agreement's entry into force Effective July 7, 2009, registered retailers in Hong Kong are no longer allowed to provide free plastic shopping bags for customers; for each plastic shopping bag requested by the customer, the retailers must charge an environmental The U.S. Supreme Court recently addressed jurisdictional issues on enforcement of the Clean Water Act (CWA) by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (Corps), and sided with the argument that According to Ridwan Panjaitan, the head of law enforcement for the City Environmental Management Agency of Jakarta, Indonesia's capital city, the municipality will make public the names of companies that violate environmental regulations. Speaking on June The World Trade Organization (WTO) and the United Nations Environment Programme released a report on June 26, 2009, detailing the connections between trade and climate change. The document "examines the intersections between trade and climate change On June 17, 2009, the Tax Reform Committee of Taiwan's Executive Yuan (Cabinet) approved a proposal to expand energy taxes to include environment taxes, with the changes to take effect in 2011. The Committee's three-in-one proposal It was reported on June 4, 2009, that the South African Treasury is gearing up to introduce the Draft Taxation Laws Amendment Bill 2009, which will provide tax incentives for businesses to reduce their carbon emissions. On May 4, 2009, the United States Supreme Court held that companies could not be held liable under the Superfund hazardous waste cleanup statute solely on the ground that they sold hazardous chemicals to other companies On March 4, 2009, President Alan Garcia Perez of Peru signed the Law on the National System of Evaluation and Control of the Environment, to be led by the Organismo de Evaluacion y Fiscalizacion Ambiental (Agency On April 2, 2009, the Ministry of Finance (MOF) published a Circular on the Corporate Income Tax Policies of the China Clean Development Mechanism [CDM] Fund and CDM projects (CS [2009] No. 30). Dated March 23, On March 29, 2009, on the eve of the first International Conference for Marine Mammal Protected Areas held in Maui, Hawaii, the first guidelines of the Pacific Islands region for whale and dolphin watching were issued, On February 25, 2009, the State Council (Cabinet, hereafter SC) of the People's Republic of China (PRC) promulgated the Regulations for the Administration of the Recovery and Disposal [i.e., recycling] of Waste Electric and Electronic Products The Nigerian Senate recently passed resolutions urging federal agencies, including the National Environmental Standards and Regulations Enforcement Agency (NESREA) and the Standards Organization of Nigeria (SON), to take the necessary steps to regulate the influx of It was reported on March 4, 2009, that Indonesia has submitted an application to join the World Bank's Forest Carbon Partnership Facility [FCPF]. The goal of the FCPF is to help developing countries "design and create For the second year in a row, the Maltese government has banned spring bird hunting season. As in 2008, the new ban is the result of a case on the issue brought by the European Commission On March 10, 2009, the Australian government released draft Carbon Pollution Reduction Scheme legislation that will remain open for public comment until April 14, 2009. The legislation was developed on the basis of a Green Paper On February 5, 2009, the Parliament of Turkey, in a vote of 243 to 3, approved a bill on the country's participation in the Kyoto Protocol, after the Cabinet had signed the agreement. The law entered On January 15, 2009, the Swedish government introduced a blanket ban on mercury. Regulations governing the ban enter into force on June 1, 2009. As a result, such practices as the use of dental amalgam in On February 2, 2009, New Zealand's Prime Minister, John Key, announced a proposal to revise the country's Resource Management Act (RMA). The changes are aimed at easing the way for development projects and home remodeling plans, The 14th session of the Conference of the Parties to the Climate Change Convention (COP 14) the highest decision-making body of this U.N. Convention was held from December 1-13, 2008, in Poznaand#324;, Poland, with On November 12, 2008, the United States Supreme Court reversed a lower court's order placing conditions on the U.S. Navy's training exercises using sonar, finding that the Navy's interest in conducting realistic antisubmarine training exercises outweighed Twenty-eight nations have signed a United Nations-backed memorandum of understanding to protect migratory birds of prey in Africa, Europe, and Asia. The agreement, signed in Abu Dhabi, the United Arab Emirates, will come into force on The Climate Change (Emissions Trading) Amendment Act 2008 recently received royal assent. This legislation introduces a greenhouse gas emissions trading scheme under which participants (large emitters of greenhouse gases) must calculate their emissions via set formulas, On October 7, 2008, the Nigerian Senate debated a bill that if passed would outlaw the flaring of natural gas. The bill requires the Minister of Environment, who will be directly accountable to the National Assembly... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 14 Oct 2008 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540715_text Global Legal Monitor: France: Law on Environmental Liability http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540697_text Environmental protection - On April 14, 2014, the Government of Portugal published Law No. 19, which defines the basis for the country's environmental policy pursuant to the terms of articles 9 and 66 of the Constitution. (Lei No. On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano In August 2013, Syngenta, a Swiss agrochemical company, and Bayer, a German agrochemical company, initiated legal action before the European Court of Justice, challenging the European Commission's decision to ban the pesticide thiamethoxam, which is used On September 1, 2013, a new European Union Regulation on Biocides entered into force. Biocides are chemicals used to control organisms that are harmful to human and animal health and to the environment, such as pests Denmark's Environment Minister, Ida Auken, has announced a new approach to handling rubbish in the country. In September, the government is expected to present a plan to require households to sort trash into several bins, On June 30, 2013, the other members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) urged Indonesia to ratify a treaty designed to limit smog pollution across On May 20, 2013, the Supreme Court of Israel approved a plea bargain that included an unprecedented high amount of compensation in a class-action suit for violation of the prohibition on smoking in public places, in On May 28, 2013, during a visit by President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono of Indonesia to Sweden, the two countries signed a Memorandum of Understanding on sustainable The Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs (MLTM) of the Republic of Korea promulgated the revised enforcement rule for the Marine Environment Management Act on On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 3, 2012, Indonesia and South Korea concluded an agreement to restore the Ciliwung River, which flows from the mountains down through Jakarta On November 20, 2012, the New Zealand government formally lodged with the International Court of Justice (ICJ) a declaration of its intention to intervene in the On September 7, 2012, the New Zealand High Court (the third highest court in New Zealand's court hierarchy) dismissed a challenge to the findings of reports that stated that average temperatures in the country had increased On June 18, 2012, Chile's legislature passed Law 20600 on the creation of new environmental courts, thereby granting the Superintendency of the Environment the power to prosecute environmental violations. (Law 20600 Creating Environmental Courts (June On May 29, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Clean Air Law 5768-2008. A stated objective of the Law is to improve air quality and prevent and minimize air pollution by, among On March 19, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Pollutant and Transfers to the Environment - Duties of Reporting and Registration) Law 5772-2012. The stated objectives of the Law are to increase the Denmark's Environment Ministry is planning to propose a tax on the chemical dihydrogen monoxide (DHMO) as a method to discourage its use. DHMO is odorless but potentially lethal. High levels of the substance were found in A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On January 18, 2012, Namibia's Minister of Environment and Tourism put into effect the Environmental Management Act (EMA), Act No. 7 of 2007. (Government Gazette of the Republic of Namibia, No. 3966 (Dec. 27, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change On October 20, 2011, the Supreme Court of Mongolia ruled that the country's government must enforce its 2009 environmental protection resolution restricting mining in some locations. The decision came in a case filed by the United On May 15, 2011, the New Zealand Minister for the Environment, Hon. Nick Smith, announced that a new law regulating "freedom camping" would be introduced in Parliament this month to address problems related to irresponsible campers. On March 28, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Inspection and Enforcement Authorities) Law, 5771-2011. The Law states as its goal the protection, maintenance, and improvement of the quality of the environment and On March 29, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro approved, during the first session of debate, a bill of law that some say, if adopted, might help fight global warming. The On January 19, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Regulation of Processing of Packaging Law, 5771-2011. The Law declares that it is intended to regulate both the production and the processing of packaging material waste In June 2010, India's Parliament adopted the National Green Tribunal Act (NGT Act), which established a new court, the National Green Tribunal, exclusively for handling cases involving environmental law. The Tribunal began operations on October 19, It was reported on December 10, 2010, that Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration (EPA) has drafted revisions to the relevant laws on recycling of appliances that will ban retailers from charging consumers a fee for the removal On October 21, 2010, the Bahraini Ministry of Homeland Security began enforcing a royal decree issued in 1999 that bans the use of all types of microphones attached to mosques. Muslim clerics in Bahrain have been On November 4, 2010, the European Commission made public a proposal for a regulation to introduce a ban on the use of phosphates and phosphate compounds in laundry detergents, in order to limit the amount of It was reported on October 24, 2010, that a joint committee comprising the African Development Bank (AfDB), the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (ECA), and the African Union Commission (AUC) issued a Consensus Statement on On September 27, 2010, the Bangladeshi Parliament passed the Environment Protection Bill 2010, to amend the Bangladesh Environment Protection Act 1995. The amended law "empowers the government to control the production, processing, stockpiling, supplying, transporting, importing, On September 10, 2010, Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration announced the implementation of measures aimed at encouraging domestic companies to cut carbon dioxide emissions. The measures are set forth in the "Executive Yuan [Cabinet] Environmental Protection Agency A leading British supermarket chain, Sainsbury's, is to be prosecuted for using too much packaging on one of its products, according to a news report of September 17, 2010. The day before this announcement, the supermarket On August 31, 2010, Taiwan and Australia signed a memorandum of understanding on establishing more extensive bilateral cooperation to promote green energy industries and technologies. It is the first agreement of its kind between the two The French Parliament adopted Law 2010-788 of July 12, 2010, on National Commitment for the Environment, also referred to as the "Grenelle II Law." (Loi 2010-788 du 12 juillet 2010 portant engagement national pour l'environnement, On July 29, 2010, the Minsk City Economic Court, in Belarus, ordered a church to pay compensation for environmental damage it allegedly caused in the city. The New Life Church (NLC), a Protestant congregation, was asked On July 23, 2010, the Amsterdam District Court imposed the maximum fine of 1 million (about US$1.28 million) on Trafigura Beheer BV, a multinational oil trading company, for illegally shipping 400 tons of hazardous toxic sludge, On July 14, 2010, the Climate Change Committee of the European Commission endorsed the Commission's proposal for a regulation that establishes rules governing the auctioning of emissions allowances under the EU Emissions Trading System (ETS) and Japan's legislature, the Diet, passed an amendment of the Waste Disposal and Cleaning Law (Law No. 137 of 1970) in May 2010 (Law No. 34 of 2010). The amendment will be effective within one year and On June 11, 2010, Dr. Rob Davies, Minister of Trade and Industry of South Africa, published for public comment a proposed sub-regulation to the National Building Regulations and Building Standards Act to make new buildings energy On June 1, 2010, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) released information on the proceedings instituted by Australia against Japan for alleged breaches of international obligations concerning whaling. (Press Release, ICJ, Australia Institutes Proceedings Against Japan Indonesia and Norway have established a partnership through which Norway will grant the equivalent of US$1 billion in aid to Indonesia for forest preservation and climate control. Indonesia had said in 2009 that it plans to On March 2, 2010, the General Court of the European Union rejected a challenge, brought by "the world's largest steel producer" Arcelor S.A., to the EU's 2003 Emissions Trading Directive. The Luxembourg-based company argued that several On February 9, 2010, the Government of Ireland issued a statement to confirm that it is proceeding with the waste management strategy contained in the 2007 Programme for Government and the 2009 Renewed Program for Government. Victims of toxic waste poisoning in the Ivory Coast have reached an agreement with the Dutch company Trafigura; the deal concerns distribution of approximately US$45 million in compensation to 31,000 victims. A court order issued in Chile has enacted a new law that creates the Ministry of the Environment, the Environmental Evaluation Service, and the Superintendency for the Environment. It also contains other, less substantive amendments. (Ley 20417, amending Law 19,300 of On December 29, 2009, France's Constitutional Council, which ensures the constitutionality of laws prior to their promulgation by the President of the Republic, invalidated the carbon tax set forth in article 7 of the draft 2010 On November 25, 2009, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Climate Change Response (Moderated Emissions Trading) Amendment Bill. This legislation amends the scheme that was enacted by the previous government in September 2008, which was due On August 27, 2009, the National People's Congress of China (NPC) Standing Committee adopted a Resolution on Actively Responding to Climate Change. This is the first resolution of its kind adopted by the top legislature of In mid-November 2009, Norway and Finland signed an agreement in which they committed to cooperation with Russia on removing radioactive batteries from the Baltic Sea. The Memorandum of Understanding was signed in Helsinki, Finland, by Norweigan A U.S. federal appellate court has ruled that a lawsuit by victims of Hurricane Katrina against energy and chemical companies, for contributing to global warming and thus increasing the damages from the hurricane, may proceed in On November 6, 2009, the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) released a report calling for better environmental protection in wartime. Natural assets need to be better protected by clarification of relevant laws, the report concluded. The On June 1, 2009, the General Office of China's State Council announced a plan for an automobile and electronic appliance "old swap new" program, which was formulated by the National Development and Reform Commission and four On September 10, 2009, French President Nicolas Sarkozy announced his government's controversial plan to impose a new "carbon tax" (taxe carbone), to take effect on January 1, 2010, on emissions from fossil fuels such as coal, A meeting was held in Indonesia's capital, Jakarta, on August 26, 2009, to draft a bill to revise the Environmental Law of 1999. The participants included both legislators from the House of Representatives' commission on the It was reported on August 24, 2009, that representatives and experts of ten African nations have convened a meeting in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, to forge a common stance on climate change before the United Nations conference On July 10, 2009, France ratified the Protocol on Pollutant Release and Transfer Registers (done at Kiev, May 21, 2003)andmdash;the first legally binding pact of its kindandmdash;and in so doing triggered the agreement's entry into force Effective July 7, 2009, registered retailers in Hong Kong are no longer allowed to provide free plastic shopping bags for customers; for each plastic shopping bag requested by the customer, the retailers must charge an environmental The U.S. Supreme Court recently addressed jurisdictional issues on enforcement of the Clean Water Act (CWA) by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (Corps), and sided with the argument that According to Ridwan Panjaitan, the head of law enforcement for the City Environmental Management Agency of Jakarta, Indonesia's capital city, the municipality will make public the names of companies that violate environmental regulations. Speaking on June The World Trade Organization (WTO) and the United Nations Environment Programme released a report on June 26, 2009, detailing the connections between trade and climate change. The document "examines the intersections between trade and climate change On June 17, 2009, the Tax Reform Committee of Taiwan's Executive Yuan (Cabinet) approved a proposal to expand energy taxes to include environment taxes, with the changes to take effect in 2011. The Committee's three-in-one proposal It was reported on June 4, 2009, that the South African Treasury is gearing up to introduce the Draft Taxation Laws Amendment Bill 2009, which will provide tax incentives for businesses to reduce their carbon emissions. On May 4, 2009, the United States Supreme Court held that companies could not be held liable under the Superfund hazardous waste cleanup statute solely on the ground that they sold hazardous chemicals to other companies On March 4, 2009, President Alan Garcia Perez of Peru signed the Law on the National System of Evaluation and Control of the Environment, to be led by the Organismo de Evaluacion y Fiscalizacion Ambiental (Agency On April 2, 2009, the Ministry of Finance (MOF) published a Circular on the Corporate Income Tax Policies of the China Clean Development Mechanism [CDM] Fund and CDM projects (CS [2009] No. 30). Dated March 23, On March 29, 2009, on the eve of the first International Conference for Marine Mammal Protected Areas held in Maui, Hawaii, the first guidelines of the Pacific Islands region for whale and dolphin watching were issued, On February 25, 2009, the State Council (Cabinet, hereafter SC) of the People's Republic of China (PRC) promulgated the Regulations for the Administration of the Recovery and Disposal [i.e., recycling] of Waste Electric and Electronic Products The Nigerian Senate recently passed resolutions urging federal agencies, including the National Environmental Standards and Regulations Enforcement Agency (NESREA) and the Standards Organization of Nigeria (SON), to take the necessary steps to regulate the influx of It was reported on March 4, 2009, that Indonesia has submitted an application to join the World Bank's Forest Carbon Partnership Facility [FCPF]. The goal of the FCPF is to help developing countries "design and create For the second year in a row, the Maltese government has banned spring bird hunting season. As in 2008, the new ban is the result of a case on the issue brought by the European Commission On March 10, 2009, the Australian government released draft Carbon Pollution Reduction Scheme legislation that will remain open for public comment until April 14, 2009. The legislation was developed on the basis of a Green Paper On February 5, 2009, the Parliament of Turkey, in a vote of 243 to 3, approved a bill on the country's participation in the Kyoto Protocol, after the Cabinet had signed the agreement. The law entered On January 15, 2009, the Swedish government introduced a blanket ban on mercury. Regulations governing the ban enter into force on June 1, 2009. As a result, such practices as the use of dental amalgam in On February 2, 2009, New Zealand's Prime Minister, John Key, announced a proposal to revise the country's Resource Management Act (RMA). The changes are aimed at easing the way for development projects and home remodeling plans, The 14th session of the Conference of the Parties to the Climate Change Convention (COP 14) the highest decision-making body of this U.N. Convention was held from December 1-13, 2008, in Poznaand#324;, Poland, with On November 12, 2008, the United States Supreme Court reversed a lower court's order placing conditions on the U.S. Navy's training exercises using sonar, finding that the Navy's interest in conducting realistic antisubmarine training exercises outweighed Twenty-eight nations have signed a United Nations-backed memorandum of understanding to protect migratory birds of prey in Africa, Europe, and Asia. The agreement, signed in Abu Dhabi, the United Arab Emirates, will come into force on The Climate Change (Emissions Trading) Amendment Act 2008 recently received royal assent. This legislation introduces a greenhouse gas emissions trading scheme under which participants (large emitters of greenhouse gases) must calculate their emissions via set formulas, On October 7, 2008, the Nigerian Senate debated a bill that if passed would outlaw the flaring of natural gas. The bill requires the Minister of Environment, who will be directly accountable to the National Assembly Law 2008-757 of August 1, 2008, on environmental liability, transposes Directive 2004/35/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of April 21, 2004, on the prevention and remedying of environmental damage. The Law also implements... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 07 Oct 2008 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540697_text Global Legal Monitor: China: Detention to Be Applied for Discharging Pollutants http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540672_text Environmental protection - On April 14, 2014, the Government of Portugal published Law No. 19, which defines the basis for the country's environmental policy pursuant to the terms of articles 9 and 66 of the Constitution. (Lei No. On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano In August 2013, Syngenta, a Swiss agrochemical company, and Bayer, a German agrochemical company, initiated legal action before the European Court of Justice, challenging the European Commission's decision to ban the pesticide thiamethoxam, which is used On September 1, 2013, a new European Union Regulation on Biocides entered into force. Biocides are chemicals used to control organisms that are harmful to human and animal health and to the environment, such as pests Denmark's Environment Minister, Ida Auken, has announced a new approach to handling rubbish in the country. In September, the government is expected to present a plan to require households to sort trash into several bins, On June 30, 2013, the other members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) urged Indonesia to ratify a treaty designed to limit smog pollution across On May 20, 2013, the Supreme Court of Israel approved a plea bargain that included an unprecedented high amount of compensation in a class-action suit for violation of the prohibition on smoking in public places, in On May 28, 2013, during a visit by President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono of Indonesia to Sweden, the two countries signed a Memorandum of Understanding on sustainable The Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs (MLTM) of the Republic of Korea promulgated the revised enforcement rule for the Marine Environment Management Act on On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 3, 2012, Indonesia and South Korea concluded an agreement to restore the Ciliwung River, which flows from the mountains down through Jakarta On November 20, 2012, the New Zealand government formally lodged with the International Court of Justice (ICJ) a declaration of its intention to intervene in the On September 7, 2012, the New Zealand High Court (the third highest court in New Zealand's court hierarchy) dismissed a challenge to the findings of reports that stated that average temperatures in the country had increased On June 18, 2012, Chile's legislature passed Law 20600 on the creation of new environmental courts, thereby granting the Superintendency of the Environment the power to prosecute environmental violations. (Law 20600 Creating Environmental Courts (June On May 29, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Clean Air Law 5768-2008. A stated objective of the Law is to improve air quality and prevent and minimize air pollution by, among On March 19, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Pollutant and Transfers to the Environment - Duties of Reporting and Registration) Law 5772-2012. The stated objectives of the Law are to increase the Denmark's Environment Ministry is planning to propose a tax on the chemical dihydrogen monoxide (DHMO) as a method to discourage its use. DHMO is odorless but potentially lethal. High levels of the substance were found in A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On January 18, 2012, Namibia's Minister of Environment and Tourism put into effect the Environmental Management Act (EMA), Act No. 7 of 2007. (Government Gazette of the Republic of Namibia, No. 3966 (Dec. 27, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change On October 20, 2011, the Supreme Court of Mongolia ruled that the country's government must enforce its 2009 environmental protection resolution restricting mining in some locations. The decision came in a case filed by the United On May 15, 2011, the New Zealand Minister for the Environment, Hon. Nick Smith, announced that a new law regulating "freedom camping" would be introduced in Parliament this month to address problems related to irresponsible campers. On March 28, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Inspection and Enforcement Authorities) Law, 5771-2011. The Law states as its goal the protection, maintenance, and improvement of the quality of the environment and On March 29, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro approved, during the first session of debate, a bill of law that some say, if adopted, might help fight global warming. The On January 19, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Regulation of Processing of Packaging Law, 5771-2011. The Law declares that it is intended to regulate both the production and the processing of packaging material waste In June 2010, India's Parliament adopted the National Green Tribunal Act (NGT Act), which established a new court, the National Green Tribunal, exclusively for handling cases involving environmental law. The Tribunal began operations on October 19, It was reported on December 10, 2010, that Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration (EPA) has drafted revisions to the relevant laws on recycling of appliances that will ban retailers from charging consumers a fee for the removal On October 21, 2010, the Bahraini Ministry of Homeland Security began enforcing a royal decree issued in 1999 that bans the use of all types of microphones attached to mosques. Muslim clerics in Bahrain have been On November 4, 2010, the European Commission made public a proposal for a regulation to introduce a ban on the use of phosphates and phosphate compounds in laundry detergents, in order to limit the amount of It was reported on October 24, 2010, that a joint committee comprising the African Development Bank (AfDB), the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (ECA), and the African Union Commission (AUC) issued a Consensus Statement on On September 27, 2010, the Bangladeshi Parliament passed the Environment Protection Bill 2010, to amend the Bangladesh Environment Protection Act 1995. The amended law "empowers the government to control the production, processing, stockpiling, supplying, transporting, importing, On September 10, 2010, Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration announced the implementation of measures aimed at encouraging domestic companies to cut carbon dioxide emissions. The measures are set forth in the "Executive Yuan [Cabinet] Environmental Protection Agency A leading British supermarket chain, Sainsbury's, is to be prosecuted for using too much packaging on one of its products, according to a news report of September 17, 2010. The day before this announcement, the supermarket On August 31, 2010, Taiwan and Australia signed a memorandum of understanding on establishing more extensive bilateral cooperation to promote green energy industries and technologies. It is the first agreement of its kind between the two The French Parliament adopted Law 2010-788 of July 12, 2010, on National Commitment for the Environment, also referred to as the "Grenelle II Law." (Loi 2010-788 du 12 juillet 2010 portant engagement national pour l'environnement, On July 29, 2010, the Minsk City Economic Court, in Belarus, ordered a church to pay compensation for environmental damage it allegedly caused in the city. The New Life Church (NLC), a Protestant congregation, was asked On July 23, 2010, the Amsterdam District Court imposed the maximum fine of 1 million (about US$1.28 million) on Trafigura Beheer BV, a multinational oil trading company, for illegally shipping 400 tons of hazardous toxic sludge, On July 14, 2010, the Climate Change Committee of the European Commission endorsed the Commission's proposal for a regulation that establishes rules governing the auctioning of emissions allowances under the EU Emissions Trading System (ETS) and Japan's legislature, the Diet, passed an amendment of the Waste Disposal and Cleaning Law (Law No. 137 of 1970) in May 2010 (Law No. 34 of 2010). The amendment will be effective within one year and On June 11, 2010, Dr. Rob Davies, Minister of Trade and Industry of South Africa, published for public comment a proposed sub-regulation to the National Building Regulations and Building Standards Act to make new buildings energy On June 1, 2010, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) released information on the proceedings instituted by Australia against Japan for alleged breaches of international obligations concerning whaling. (Press Release, ICJ, Australia Institutes Proceedings Against Japan Indonesia and Norway have established a partnership through which Norway will grant the equivalent of US$1 billion in aid to Indonesia for forest preservation and climate control. Indonesia had said in 2009 that it plans to On March 2, 2010, the General Court of the European Union rejected a challenge, brought by "the world's largest steel producer" Arcelor S.A., to the EU's 2003 Emissions Trading Directive. The Luxembourg-based company argued that several On February 9, 2010, the Government of Ireland issued a statement to confirm that it is proceeding with the waste management strategy contained in the 2007 Programme for Government and the 2009 Renewed Program for Government. Victims of toxic waste poisoning in the Ivory Coast have reached an agreement with the Dutch company Trafigura; the deal concerns distribution of approximately US$45 million in compensation to 31,000 victims. A court order issued in Chile has enacted a new law that creates the Ministry of the Environment, the Environmental Evaluation Service, and the Superintendency for the Environment. It also contains other, less substantive amendments. (Ley 20417, amending Law 19,300 of On December 29, 2009, France's Constitutional Council, which ensures the constitutionality of laws prior to their promulgation by the President of the Republic, invalidated the carbon tax set forth in article 7 of the draft 2010 On November 25, 2009, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Climate Change Response (Moderated Emissions Trading) Amendment Bill. This legislation amends the scheme that was enacted by the previous government in September 2008, which was due On August 27, 2009, the National People's Congress of China (NPC) Standing Committee adopted a Resolution on Actively Responding to Climate Change. This is the first resolution of its kind adopted by the top legislature of In mid-November 2009, Norway and Finland signed an agreement in which they committed to cooperation with Russia on removing radioactive batteries from the Baltic Sea. The Memorandum of Understanding was signed in Helsinki, Finland, by Norweigan A U.S. federal appellate court has ruled that a lawsuit by victims of Hurricane Katrina against energy and chemical companies, for contributing to global warming and thus increasing the damages from the hurricane, may proceed in On November 6, 2009, the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) released a report calling for better environmental protection in wartime. Natural assets need to be better protected by clarification of relevant laws, the report concluded. The On June 1, 2009, the General Office of China's State Council announced a plan for an automobile and electronic appliance "old swap new" program, which was formulated by the National Development and Reform Commission and four On September 10, 2009, French President Nicolas Sarkozy announced his government's controversial plan to impose a new "carbon tax" (taxe carbone), to take effect on January 1, 2010, on emissions from fossil fuels such as coal, A meeting was held in Indonesia's capital, Jakarta, on August 26, 2009, to draft a bill to revise the Environmental Law of 1999. The participants included both legislators from the House of Representatives' commission on the It was reported on August 24, 2009, that representatives and experts of ten African nations have convened a meeting in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, to forge a common stance on climate change before the United Nations conference On July 10, 2009, France ratified the Protocol on Pollutant Release and Transfer Registers (done at Kiev, May 21, 2003)andmdash;the first legally binding pact of its kindandmdash;and in so doing triggered the agreement's entry into force Effective July 7, 2009, registered retailers in Hong Kong are no longer allowed to provide free plastic shopping bags for customers; for each plastic shopping bag requested by the customer, the retailers must charge an environmental The U.S. Supreme Court recently addressed jurisdictional issues on enforcement of the Clean Water Act (CWA) by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (Corps), and sided with the argument that According to Ridwan Panjaitan, the head of law enforcement for the City Environmental Management Agency of Jakarta, Indonesia's capital city, the municipality will make public the names of companies that violate environmental regulations. Speaking on June The World Trade Organization (WTO) and the United Nations Environment Programme released a report on June 26, 2009, detailing the connections between trade and climate change. The document "examines the intersections between trade and climate change On June 17, 2009, the Tax Reform Committee of Taiwan's Executive Yuan (Cabinet) approved a proposal to expand energy taxes to include environment taxes, with the changes to take effect in 2011. The Committee's three-in-one proposal It was reported on June 4, 2009, that the South African Treasury is gearing up to introduce the Draft Taxation Laws Amendment Bill 2009, which will provide tax incentives for businesses to reduce their carbon emissions. On May 4, 2009, the United States Supreme Court held that companies could not be held liable under the Superfund hazardous waste cleanup statute solely on the ground that they sold hazardous chemicals to other companies On March 4, 2009, President Alan Garcia Perez of Peru signed the Law on the National System of Evaluation and Control of the Environment, to be led by the Organismo de Evaluacion y Fiscalizacion Ambiental (Agency On April 2, 2009, the Ministry of Finance (MOF) published a Circular on the Corporate Income Tax Policies of the China Clean Development Mechanism [CDM] Fund and CDM projects (CS [2009] No. 30). Dated March 23, On March 29, 2009, on the eve of the first International Conference for Marine Mammal Protected Areas held in Maui, Hawaii, the first guidelines of the Pacific Islands region for whale and dolphin watching were issued, On February 25, 2009, the State Council (Cabinet, hereafter SC) of the People's Republic of China (PRC) promulgated the Regulations for the Administration of the Recovery and Disposal [i.e., recycling] of Waste Electric and Electronic Products The Nigerian Senate recently passed resolutions urging federal agencies, including the National Environmental Standards and Regulations Enforcement Agency (NESREA) and the Standards Organization of Nigeria (SON), to take the necessary steps to regulate the influx of It was reported on March 4, 2009, that Indonesia has submitted an application to join the World Bank's Forest Carbon Partnership Facility [FCPF]. The goal of the FCPF is to help developing countries "design and create For the second year in a row, the Maltese government has banned spring bird hunting season. As in 2008, the new ban is the result of a case on the issue brought by the European Commission On March 10, 2009, the Australian government released draft Carbon Pollution Reduction Scheme legislation that will remain open for public comment until April 14, 2009. The legislation was developed on the basis of a Green Paper On February 5, 2009, the Parliament of Turkey, in a vote of 243 to 3, approved a bill on the country's participation in the Kyoto Protocol, after the Cabinet had signed the agreement. The law entered On January 15, 2009, the Swedish government introduced a blanket ban on mercury. Regulations governing the ban enter into force on June 1, 2009. As a result, such practices as the use of dental amalgam in On February 2, 2009, New Zealand's Prime Minister, John Key, announced a proposal to revise the country's Resource Management Act (RMA). The changes are aimed at easing the way for development projects and home remodeling plans, The 14th session of the Conference of the Parties to the Climate Change Convention (COP 14) the highest decision-making body of this U.N. Convention was held from December 1-13, 2008, in Poznaand#324;, Poland, with On November 12, 2008, the United States Supreme Court reversed a lower court's order placing conditions on the U.S. Navy's training exercises using sonar, finding that the Navy's interest in conducting realistic antisubmarine training exercises outweighed Twenty-eight nations have signed a United Nations-backed memorandum of understanding to protect migratory birds of prey in Africa, Europe, and Asia. The agreement, signed in Abu Dhabi, the United Arab Emirates, will come into force on The Climate Change (Emissions Trading) Amendment Act 2008 recently received royal assent. This legislation introduces a greenhouse gas emissions trading scheme under which participants (large emitters of greenhouse gases) must calculate their emissions via set formulas, On October 7, 2008, the Nigerian Senate debated a bill that if passed would outlaw the flaring of natural gas. The bill requires the Minister of Environment, who will be directly accountable to the National Assembly Law 2008-757 of August 1, 2008, on environmental liability, transposes Directive 2004/35/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of April 21, 2004, on the prevention and remedying of environmental damage. The Law also implements On August 6, 2008, China's Ministry of Environmental Protection posted on its official website a notice to circulate the Opinion on Application of Administrative Detention for Discharging Illegal Pollutants, issued by the Legislative Affairs Office of... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 25 Sep 2008 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540672_text Global Legal Monitor: China: Regulations on Recycling Electronic Waste http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540635_text Environmental protection - On April 14, 2014, the Government of Portugal published Law No. 19, which defines the basis for the country's environmental policy pursuant to the terms of articles 9 and 66 of the Constitution. (Lei No. On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano In August 2013, Syngenta, a Swiss agrochemical company, and Bayer, a German agrochemical company, initiated legal action before the European Court of Justice, challenging the European Commission's decision to ban the pesticide thiamethoxam, which is used On September 1, 2013, a new European Union Regulation on Biocides entered into force. Biocides are chemicals used to control organisms that are harmful to human and animal health and to the environment, such as pests Denmark's Environment Minister, Ida Auken, has announced a new approach to handling rubbish in the country. In September, the government is expected to present a plan to require households to sort trash into several bins, On June 30, 2013, the other members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) urged Indonesia to ratify a treaty designed to limit smog pollution across On May 20, 2013, the Supreme Court of Israel approved a plea bargain that included an unprecedented high amount of compensation in a class-action suit for violation of the prohibition on smoking in public places, in On May 28, 2013, during a visit by President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono of Indonesia to Sweden, the two countries signed a Memorandum of Understanding on sustainable The Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs (MLTM) of the Republic of Korea promulgated the revised enforcement rule for the Marine Environment Management Act on On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 3, 2012, Indonesia and South Korea concluded an agreement to restore the Ciliwung River, which flows from the mountains down through Jakarta On November 20, 2012, the New Zealand government formally lodged with the International Court of Justice (ICJ) a declaration of its intention to intervene in the On September 7, 2012, the New Zealand High Court (the third highest court in New Zealand's court hierarchy) dismissed a challenge to the findings of reports that stated that average temperatures in the country had increased On June 18, 2012, Chile's legislature passed Law 20600 on the creation of new environmental courts, thereby granting the Superintendency of the Environment the power to prosecute environmental violations. (Law 20600 Creating Environmental Courts (June On May 29, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Clean Air Law 5768-2008. A stated objective of the Law is to improve air quality and prevent and minimize air pollution by, among On March 19, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Pollutant and Transfers to the Environment - Duties of Reporting and Registration) Law 5772-2012. The stated objectives of the Law are to increase the Denmark's Environment Ministry is planning to propose a tax on the chemical dihydrogen monoxide (DHMO) as a method to discourage its use. DHMO is odorless but potentially lethal. High levels of the substance were found in A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On January 18, 2012, Namibia's Minister of Environment and Tourism put into effect the Environmental Management Act (EMA), Act No. 7 of 2007. (Government Gazette of the Republic of Namibia, No. 3966 (Dec. 27, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change On October 20, 2011, the Supreme Court of Mongolia ruled that the country's government must enforce its 2009 environmental protection resolution restricting mining in some locations. The decision came in a case filed by the United On May 15, 2011, the New Zealand Minister for the Environment, Hon. Nick Smith, announced that a new law regulating "freedom camping" would be introduced in Parliament this month to address problems related to irresponsible campers. On March 28, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Inspection and Enforcement Authorities) Law, 5771-2011. The Law states as its goal the protection, maintenance, and improvement of the quality of the environment and On March 29, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro approved, during the first session of debate, a bill of law that some say, if adopted, might help fight global warming. The On January 19, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Regulation of Processing of Packaging Law, 5771-2011. The Law declares that it is intended to regulate both the production and the processing of packaging material waste In June 2010, India's Parliament adopted the National Green Tribunal Act (NGT Act), which established a new court, the National Green Tribunal, exclusively for handling cases involving environmental law. The Tribunal began operations on October 19, It was reported on December 10, 2010, that Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration (EPA) has drafted revisions to the relevant laws on recycling of appliances that will ban retailers from charging consumers a fee for the removal On October 21, 2010, the Bahraini Ministry of Homeland Security began enforcing a royal decree issued in 1999 that bans the use of all types of microphones attached to mosques. Muslim clerics in Bahrain have been On November 4, 2010, the European Commission made public a proposal for a regulation to introduce a ban on the use of phosphates and phosphate compounds in laundry detergents, in order to limit the amount of It was reported on October 24, 2010, that a joint committee comprising the African Development Bank (AfDB), the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (ECA), and the African Union Commission (AUC) issued a Consensus Statement on On September 27, 2010, the Bangladeshi Parliament passed the Environment Protection Bill 2010, to amend the Bangladesh Environment Protection Act 1995. The amended law "empowers the government to control the production, processing, stockpiling, supplying, transporting, importing, On September 10, 2010, Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration announced the implementation of measures aimed at encouraging domestic companies to cut carbon dioxide emissions. The measures are set forth in the "Executive Yuan [Cabinet] Environmental Protection Agency A leading British supermarket chain, Sainsbury's, is to be prosecuted for using too much packaging on one of its products, according to a news report of September 17, 2010. The day before this announcement, the supermarket On August 31, 2010, Taiwan and Australia signed a memorandum of understanding on establishing more extensive bilateral cooperation to promote green energy industries and technologies. It is the first agreement of its kind between the two The French Parliament adopted Law 2010-788 of July 12, 2010, on National Commitment for the Environment, also referred to as the "Grenelle II Law." (Loi 2010-788 du 12 juillet 2010 portant engagement national pour l'environnement, On July 29, 2010, the Minsk City Economic Court, in Belarus, ordered a church to pay compensation for environmental damage it allegedly caused in the city. The New Life Church (NLC), a Protestant congregation, was asked On July 23, 2010, the Amsterdam District Court imposed the maximum fine of 1 million (about US$1.28 million) on Trafigura Beheer BV, a multinational oil trading company, for illegally shipping 400 tons of hazardous toxic sludge, On July 14, 2010, the Climate Change Committee of the European Commission endorsed the Commission's proposal for a regulation that establishes rules governing the auctioning of emissions allowances under the EU Emissions Trading System (ETS) and Japan's legislature, the Diet, passed an amendment of the Waste Disposal and Cleaning Law (Law No. 137 of 1970) in May 2010 (Law No. 34 of 2010). The amendment will be effective within one year and On June 11, 2010, Dr. Rob Davies, Minister of Trade and Industry of South Africa, published for public comment a proposed sub-regulation to the National Building Regulations and Building Standards Act to make new buildings energy On June 1, 2010, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) released information on the proceedings instituted by Australia against Japan for alleged breaches of international obligations concerning whaling. (Press Release, ICJ, Australia Institutes Proceedings Against Japan Indonesia and Norway have established a partnership through which Norway will grant the equivalent of US$1 billion in aid to Indonesia for forest preservation and climate control. Indonesia had said in 2009 that it plans to On March 2, 2010, the General Court of the European Union rejected a challenge, brought by "the world's largest steel producer" Arcelor S.A., to the EU's 2003 Emissions Trading Directive. The Luxembourg-based company argued that several On February 9, 2010, the Government of Ireland issued a statement to confirm that it is proceeding with the waste management strategy contained in the 2007 Programme for Government and the 2009 Renewed Program for Government. Victims of toxic waste poisoning in the Ivory Coast have reached an agreement with the Dutch company Trafigura; the deal concerns distribution of approximately US$45 million in compensation to 31,000 victims. A court order issued in Chile has enacted a new law that creates the Ministry of the Environment, the Environmental Evaluation Service, and the Superintendency for the Environment. It also contains other, less substantive amendments. (Ley 20417, amending Law 19,300 of On December 29, 2009, France's Constitutional Council, which ensures the constitutionality of laws prior to their promulgation by the President of the Republic, invalidated the carbon tax set forth in article 7 of the draft 2010 On November 25, 2009, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Climate Change Response (Moderated Emissions Trading) Amendment Bill. This legislation amends the scheme that was enacted by the previous government in September 2008, which was due On August 27, 2009, the National People's Congress of China (NPC) Standing Committee adopted a Resolution on Actively Responding to Climate Change. This is the first resolution of its kind adopted by the top legislature of In mid-November 2009, Norway and Finland signed an agreement in which they committed to cooperation with Russia on removing radioactive batteries from the Baltic Sea. The Memorandum of Understanding was signed in Helsinki, Finland, by Norweigan A U.S. federal appellate court has ruled that a lawsuit by victims of Hurricane Katrina against energy and chemical companies, for contributing to global warming and thus increasing the damages from the hurricane, may proceed in On November 6, 2009, the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) released a report calling for better environmental protection in wartime. Natural assets need to be better protected by clarification of relevant laws, the report concluded. The On June 1, 2009, the General Office of China's State Council announced a plan for an automobile and electronic appliance "old swap new" program, which was formulated by the National Development and Reform Commission and four On September 10, 2009, French President Nicolas Sarkozy announced his government's controversial plan to impose a new "carbon tax" (taxe carbone), to take effect on January 1, 2010, on emissions from fossil fuels such as coal, A meeting was held in Indonesia's capital, Jakarta, on August 26, 2009, to draft a bill to revise the Environmental Law of 1999. The participants included both legislators from the House of Representatives' commission on the It was reported on August 24, 2009, that representatives and experts of ten African nations have convened a meeting in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, to forge a common stance on climate change before the United Nations conference On July 10, 2009, France ratified the Protocol on Pollutant Release and Transfer Registers (done at Kiev, May 21, 2003)andmdash;the first legally binding pact of its kindandmdash;and in so doing triggered the agreement's entry into force Effective July 7, 2009, registered retailers in Hong Kong are no longer allowed to provide free plastic shopping bags for customers; for each plastic shopping bag requested by the customer, the retailers must charge an environmental The U.S. Supreme Court recently addressed jurisdictional issues on enforcement of the Clean Water Act (CWA) by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (Corps), and sided with the argument that According to Ridwan Panjaitan, the head of law enforcement for the City Environmental Management Agency of Jakarta, Indonesia's capital city, the municipality will make public the names of companies that violate environmental regulations. Speaking on June The World Trade Organization (WTO) and the United Nations Environment Programme released a report on June 26, 2009, detailing the connections between trade and climate change. The document "examines the intersections between trade and climate change On June 17, 2009, the Tax Reform Committee of Taiwan's Executive Yuan (Cabinet) approved a proposal to expand energy taxes to include environment taxes, with the changes to take effect in 2011. The Committee's three-in-one proposal It was reported on June 4, 2009, that the South African Treasury is gearing up to introduce the Draft Taxation Laws Amendment Bill 2009, which will provide tax incentives for businesses to reduce their carbon emissions. On May 4, 2009, the United States Supreme Court held that companies could not be held liable under the Superfund hazardous waste cleanup statute solely on the ground that they sold hazardous chemicals to other companies On March 4, 2009, President Alan Garcia Perez of Peru signed the Law on the National System of Evaluation and Control of the Environment, to be led by the Organismo de Evaluacion y Fiscalizacion Ambiental (Agency On April 2, 2009, the Ministry of Finance (MOF) published a Circular on the Corporate Income Tax Policies of the China Clean Development Mechanism [CDM] Fund and CDM projects (CS [2009] No. 30). Dated March 23, On March 29, 2009, on the eve of the first International Conference for Marine Mammal Protected Areas held in Maui, Hawaii, the first guidelines of the Pacific Islands region for whale and dolphin watching were issued, On February 25, 2009, the State Council (Cabinet, hereafter SC) of the People's Republic of China (PRC) promulgated the Regulations for the Administration of the Recovery and Disposal [i.e., recycling] of Waste Electric and Electronic Products The Nigerian Senate recently passed resolutions urging federal agencies, including the National Environmental Standards and Regulations Enforcement Agency (NESREA) and the Standards Organization of Nigeria (SON), to take the necessary steps to regulate the influx of It was reported on March 4, 2009, that Indonesia has submitted an application to join the World Bank's Forest Carbon Partnership Facility [FCPF]. The goal of the FCPF is to help developing countries "design and create For the second year in a row, the Maltese government has banned spring bird hunting season. As in 2008, the new ban is the result of a case on the issue brought by the European Commission On March 10, 2009, the Australian government released draft Carbon Pollution Reduction Scheme legislation that will remain open for public comment until April 14, 2009. The legislation was developed on the basis of a Green Paper On February 5, 2009, the Parliament of Turkey, in a vote of 243 to 3, approved a bill on the country's participation in the Kyoto Protocol, after the Cabinet had signed the agreement. The law entered On January 15, 2009, the Swedish government introduced a blanket ban on mercury. Regulations governing the ban enter into force on June 1, 2009. As a result, such practices as the use of dental amalgam in On February 2, 2009, New Zealand's Prime Minister, John Key, announced a proposal to revise the country's Resource Management Act (RMA). The changes are aimed at easing the way for development projects and home remodeling plans, The 14th session of the Conference of the Parties to the Climate Change Convention (COP 14) the highest decision-making body of this U.N. Convention was held from December 1-13, 2008, in Poznaand#324;, Poland, with On November 12, 2008, the United States Supreme Court reversed a lower court's order placing conditions on the U.S. Navy's training exercises using sonar, finding that the Navy's interest in conducting realistic antisubmarine training exercises outweighed Twenty-eight nations have signed a United Nations-backed memorandum of understanding to protect migratory birds of prey in Africa, Europe, and Asia. The agreement, signed in Abu Dhabi, the United Arab Emirates, will come into force on The Climate Change (Emissions Trading) Amendment Act 2008 recently received royal assent. This legislation introduces a greenhouse gas emissions trading scheme under which participants (large emitters of greenhouse gases) must calculate their emissions via set formulas, On October 7, 2008, the Nigerian Senate debated a bill that if passed would outlaw the flaring of natural gas. The bill requires the Minister of Environment, who will be directly accountable to the National Assembly Law 2008-757 of August 1, 2008, on environmental liability, transposes Directive 2004/35/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of April 21, 2004, on the prevention and remedying of environmental damage. The Law also implements On August 6, 2008, China's Ministry of Environmental Protection posted on its official website a notice to circulate the Opinion on Application of Administrative Detention for Discharging Illegal Pollutants, issued by the Legislative Affairs Office of On August 20, 2008, after years of debate on the issue, China's State Council (Cabinet) Standing Committee approved in principle the draft Regulations on the Administration of Recycling and Treatment of Discarded Appliances and Electronic Products.... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 05 Sep 2008 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540635_text Global Legal Monitor: European Union: Proposal to Amend Regulation on Ozone-Depleting Substances http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540628_text Environmental protection - On April 14, 2014, the Government of Portugal published Law No. 19, which defines the basis for the country's environmental policy pursuant to the terms of articles 9 and 66 of the Constitution. (Lei No. On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano In August 2013, Syngenta, a Swiss agrochemical company, and Bayer, a German agrochemical company, initiated legal action before the European Court of Justice, challenging the European Commission's decision to ban the pesticide thiamethoxam, which is used On September 1, 2013, a new European Union Regulation on Biocides entered into force. Biocides are chemicals used to control organisms that are harmful to human and animal health and to the environment, such as pests Denmark's Environment Minister, Ida Auken, has announced a new approach to handling rubbish in the country. In September, the government is expected to present a plan to require households to sort trash into several bins, On June 30, 2013, the other members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) urged Indonesia to ratify a treaty designed to limit smog pollution across On May 20, 2013, the Supreme Court of Israel approved a plea bargain that included an unprecedented high amount of compensation in a class-action suit for violation of the prohibition on smoking in public places, in On May 28, 2013, during a visit by President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono of Indonesia to Sweden, the two countries signed a Memorandum of Understanding on sustainable The Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs (MLTM) of the Republic of Korea promulgated the revised enforcement rule for the Marine Environment Management Act on On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 3, 2012, Indonesia and South Korea concluded an agreement to restore the Ciliwung River, which flows from the mountains down through Jakarta On November 20, 2012, the New Zealand government formally lodged with the International Court of Justice (ICJ) a declaration of its intention to intervene in the On September 7, 2012, the New Zealand High Court (the third highest court in New Zealand's court hierarchy) dismissed a challenge to the findings of reports that stated that average temperatures in the country had increased On June 18, 2012, Chile's legislature passed Law 20600 on the creation of new environmental courts, thereby granting the Superintendency of the Environment the power to prosecute environmental violations. (Law 20600 Creating Environmental Courts (June On May 29, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Clean Air Law 5768-2008. A stated objective of the Law is to improve air quality and prevent and minimize air pollution by, among On March 19, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Pollutant and Transfers to the Environment - Duties of Reporting and Registration) Law 5772-2012. The stated objectives of the Law are to increase the Denmark's Environment Ministry is planning to propose a tax on the chemical dihydrogen monoxide (DHMO) as a method to discourage its use. DHMO is odorless but potentially lethal. High levels of the substance were found in A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On January 18, 2012, Namibia's Minister of Environment and Tourism put into effect the Environmental Management Act (EMA), Act No. 7 of 2007. (Government Gazette of the Republic of Namibia, No. 3966 (Dec. 27, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change On October 20, 2011, the Supreme Court of Mongolia ruled that the country's government must enforce its 2009 environmental protection resolution restricting mining in some locations. The decision came in a case filed by the United On May 15, 2011, the New Zealand Minister for the Environment, Hon. Nick Smith, announced that a new law regulating "freedom camping" would be introduced in Parliament this month to address problems related to irresponsible campers. On March 28, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Inspection and Enforcement Authorities) Law, 5771-2011. The Law states as its goal the protection, maintenance, and improvement of the quality of the environment and On March 29, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro approved, during the first session of debate, a bill of law that some say, if adopted, might help fight global warming. The On January 19, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Regulation of Processing of Packaging Law, 5771-2011. The Law declares that it is intended to regulate both the production and the processing of packaging material waste In June 2010, India's Parliament adopted the National Green Tribunal Act (NGT Act), which established a new court, the National Green Tribunal, exclusively for handling cases involving environmental law. The Tribunal began operations on October 19, It was reported on December 10, 2010, that Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration (EPA) has drafted revisions to the relevant laws on recycling of appliances that will ban retailers from charging consumers a fee for the removal On October 21, 2010, the Bahraini Ministry of Homeland Security began enforcing a royal decree issued in 1999 that bans the use of all types of microphones attached to mosques. Muslim clerics in Bahrain have been On November 4, 2010, the European Commission made public a proposal for a regulation to introduce a ban on the use of phosphates and phosphate compounds in laundry detergents, in order to limit the amount of It was reported on October 24, 2010, that a joint committee comprising the African Development Bank (AfDB), the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (ECA), and the African Union Commission (AUC) issued a Consensus Statement on On September 27, 2010, the Bangladeshi Parliament passed the Environment Protection Bill 2010, to amend the Bangladesh Environment Protection Act 1995. The amended law "empowers the government to control the production, processing, stockpiling, supplying, transporting, importing, On September 10, 2010, Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration announced the implementation of measures aimed at encouraging domestic companies to cut carbon dioxide emissions. The measures are set forth in the "Executive Yuan [Cabinet] Environmental Protection Agency A leading British supermarket chain, Sainsbury's, is to be prosecuted for using too much packaging on one of its products, according to a news report of September 17, 2010. The day before this announcement, the supermarket On August 31, 2010, Taiwan and Australia signed a memorandum of understanding on establishing more extensive bilateral cooperation to promote green energy industries and technologies. It is the first agreement of its kind between the two The French Parliament adopted Law 2010-788 of July 12, 2010, on National Commitment for the Environment, also referred to as the "Grenelle II Law." (Loi 2010-788 du 12 juillet 2010 portant engagement national pour l'environnement, On July 29, 2010, the Minsk City Economic Court, in Belarus, ordered a church to pay compensation for environmental damage it allegedly caused in the city. The New Life Church (NLC), a Protestant congregation, was asked On July 23, 2010, the Amsterdam District Court imposed the maximum fine of 1 million (about US$1.28 million) on Trafigura Beheer BV, a multinational oil trading company, for illegally shipping 400 tons of hazardous toxic sludge, On July 14, 2010, the Climate Change Committee of the European Commission endorsed the Commission's proposal for a regulation that establishes rules governing the auctioning of emissions allowances under the EU Emissions Trading System (ETS) and Japan's legislature, the Diet, passed an amendment of the Waste Disposal and Cleaning Law (Law No. 137 of 1970) in May 2010 (Law No. 34 of 2010). The amendment will be effective within one year and On June 11, 2010, Dr. Rob Davies, Minister of Trade and Industry of South Africa, published for public comment a proposed sub-regulation to the National Building Regulations and Building Standards Act to make new buildings energy On June 1, 2010, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) released information on the proceedings instituted by Australia against Japan for alleged breaches of international obligations concerning whaling. (Press Release, ICJ, Australia Institutes Proceedings Against Japan Indonesia and Norway have established a partnership through which Norway will grant the equivalent of US$1 billion in aid to Indonesia for forest preservation and climate control. Indonesia had said in 2009 that it plans to On March 2, 2010, the General Court of the European Union rejected a challenge, brought by "the world's largest steel producer" Arcelor S.A., to the EU's 2003 Emissions Trading Directive. The Luxembourg-based company argued that several On February 9, 2010, the Government of Ireland issued a statement to confirm that it is proceeding with the waste management strategy contained in the 2007 Programme for Government and the 2009 Renewed Program for Government. Victims of toxic waste poisoning in the Ivory Coast have reached an agreement with the Dutch company Trafigura; the deal concerns distribution of approximately US$45 million in compensation to 31,000 victims. A court order issued in Chile has enacted a new law that creates the Ministry of the Environment, the Environmental Evaluation Service, and the Superintendency for the Environment. It also contains other, less substantive amendments. (Ley 20417, amending Law 19,300 of On December 29, 2009, France's Constitutional Council, which ensures the constitutionality of laws prior to their promulgation by the President of the Republic, invalidated the carbon tax set forth in article 7 of the draft 2010 On November 25, 2009, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Climate Change Response (Moderated Emissions Trading) Amendment Bill. This legislation amends the scheme that was enacted by the previous government in September 2008, which was due On August 27, 2009, the National People's Congress of China (NPC) Standing Committee adopted a Resolution on Actively Responding to Climate Change. This is the first resolution of its kind adopted by the top legislature of In mid-November 2009, Norway and Finland signed an agreement in which they committed to cooperation with Russia on removing radioactive batteries from the Baltic Sea. The Memorandum of Understanding was signed in Helsinki, Finland, by Norweigan A U.S. federal appellate court has ruled that a lawsuit by victims of Hurricane Katrina against energy and chemical companies, for contributing to global warming and thus increasing the damages from the hurricane, may proceed in On November 6, 2009, the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) released a report calling for better environmental protection in wartime. Natural assets need to be better protected by clarification of relevant laws, the report concluded. The On June 1, 2009, the General Office of China's State Council announced a plan for an automobile and electronic appliance "old swap new" program, which was formulated by the National Development and Reform Commission and four On September 10, 2009, French President Nicolas Sarkozy announced his government's controversial plan to impose a new "carbon tax" (taxe carbone), to take effect on January 1, 2010, on emissions from fossil fuels such as coal, A meeting was held in Indonesia's capital, Jakarta, on August 26, 2009, to draft a bill to revise the Environmental Law of 1999. The participants included both legislators from the House of Representatives' commission on the It was reported on August 24, 2009, that representatives and experts of ten African nations have convened a meeting in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, to forge a common stance on climate change before the United Nations conference On July 10, 2009, France ratified the Protocol on Pollutant Release and Transfer Registers (done at Kiev, May 21, 2003)andmdash;the first legally binding pact of its kindandmdash;and in so doing triggered the agreement's entry into force Effective July 7, 2009, registered retailers in Hong Kong are no longer allowed to provide free plastic shopping bags for customers; for each plastic shopping bag requested by the customer, the retailers must charge an environmental The U.S. Supreme Court recently addressed jurisdictional issues on enforcement of the Clean Water Act (CWA) by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (Corps), and sided with the argument that According to Ridwan Panjaitan, the head of law enforcement for the City Environmental Management Agency of Jakarta, Indonesia's capital city, the municipality will make public the names of companies that violate environmental regulations. Speaking on June The World Trade Organization (WTO) and the United Nations Environment Programme released a report on June 26, 2009, detailing the connections between trade and climate change. The document "examines the intersections between trade and climate change On June 17, 2009, the Tax Reform Committee of Taiwan's Executive Yuan (Cabinet) approved a proposal to expand energy taxes to include environment taxes, with the changes to take effect in 2011. The Committee's three-in-one proposal It was reported on June 4, 2009, that the South African Treasury is gearing up to introduce the Draft Taxation Laws Amendment Bill 2009, which will provide tax incentives for businesses to reduce their carbon emissions. On May 4, 2009, the United States Supreme Court held that companies could not be held liable under the Superfund hazardous waste cleanup statute solely on the ground that they sold hazardous chemicals to other companies On March 4, 2009, President Alan Garcia Perez of Peru signed the Law on the National System of Evaluation and Control of the Environment, to be led by the Organismo de Evaluacion y Fiscalizacion Ambiental (Agency On April 2, 2009, the Ministry of Finance (MOF) published a Circular on the Corporate Income Tax Policies of the China Clean Development Mechanism [CDM] Fund and CDM projects (CS [2009] No. 30). Dated March 23, On March 29, 2009, on the eve of the first International Conference for Marine Mammal Protected Areas held in Maui, Hawaii, the first guidelines of the Pacific Islands region for whale and dolphin watching were issued, On February 25, 2009, the State Council (Cabinet, hereafter SC) of the People's Republic of China (PRC) promulgated the Regulations for the Administration of the Recovery and Disposal [i.e., recycling] of Waste Electric and Electronic Products The Nigerian Senate recently passed resolutions urging federal agencies, including the National Environmental Standards and Regulations Enforcement Agency (NESREA) and the Standards Organization of Nigeria (SON), to take the necessary steps to regulate the influx of It was reported on March 4, 2009, that Indonesia has submitted an application to join the World Bank's Forest Carbon Partnership Facility [FCPF]. The goal of the FCPF is to help developing countries "design and create For the second year in a row, the Maltese government has banned spring bird hunting season. As in 2008, the new ban is the result of a case on the issue brought by the European Commission On March 10, 2009, the Australian government released draft Carbon Pollution Reduction Scheme legislation that will remain open for public comment until April 14, 2009. The legislation was developed on the basis of a Green Paper On February 5, 2009, the Parliament of Turkey, in a vote of 243 to 3, approved a bill on the country's participation in the Kyoto Protocol, after the Cabinet had signed the agreement. The law entered On January 15, 2009, the Swedish government introduced a blanket ban on mercury. Regulations governing the ban enter into force on June 1, 2009. As a result, such practices as the use of dental amalgam in On February 2, 2009, New Zealand's Prime Minister, John Key, announced a proposal to revise the country's Resource Management Act (RMA). The changes are aimed at easing the way for development projects and home remodeling plans, The 14th session of the Conference of the Parties to the Climate Change Convention (COP 14) the highest decision-making body of this U.N. Convention was held from December 1-13, 2008, in Poznaand#324;, Poland, with On November 12, 2008, the United States Supreme Court reversed a lower court's order placing conditions on the U.S. Navy's training exercises using sonar, finding that the Navy's interest in conducting realistic antisubmarine training exercises outweighed Twenty-eight nations have signed a United Nations-backed memorandum of understanding to protect migratory birds of prey in Africa, Europe, and Asia. The agreement, signed in Abu Dhabi, the United Arab Emirates, will come into force on The Climate Change (Emissions Trading) Amendment Act 2008 recently received royal assent. This legislation introduces a greenhouse gas emissions trading scheme under which participants (large emitters of greenhouse gases) must calculate their emissions via set formulas, On October 7, 2008, the Nigerian Senate debated a bill that if passed would outlaw the flaring of natural gas. The bill requires the Minister of Environment, who will be directly accountable to the National Assembly Law 2008-757 of August 1, 2008, on environmental liability, transposes Directive 2004/35/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of April 21, 2004, on the prevention and remedying of environmental damage. The Law also implements On August 6, 2008, China's Ministry of Environmental Protection posted on its official website a notice to circulate the Opinion on Application of Administrative Detention for Discharging Illegal Pollutants, issued by the Legislative Affairs Office of On August 20, 2008, after years of debate on the issue, China's State Council (Cabinet) Standing Committee approved in principle the draft Regulations on the Administration of Recycling and Treatment of Discarded Appliances and Electronic Products. The 1985 Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer and the ensuing Montreal Protocol of 1987 on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer require contracting member states to phase out ozone-depleting substances according to... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 04 Sep 2008 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540628_text Global Legal Monitor: European Union: EU Emissions Trading System to Join U.N. Carbon Credit Registry by End of 2008 http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540627_text Environmental protection - On April 14, 2014, the Government of Portugal published Law No. 19, which defines the basis for the country's environmental policy pursuant to the terms of articles 9 and 66 of the Constitution. (Lei No. On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano In August 2013, Syngenta, a Swiss agrochemical company, and Bayer, a German agrochemical company, initiated legal action before the European Court of Justice, challenging the European Commission's decision to ban the pesticide thiamethoxam, which is used On September 1, 2013, a new European Union Regulation on Biocides entered into force. Biocides are chemicals used to control organisms that are harmful to human and animal health and to the environment, such as pests Denmark's Environment Minister, Ida Auken, has announced a new approach to handling rubbish in the country. In September, the government is expected to present a plan to require households to sort trash into several bins, On June 30, 2013, the other members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) urged Indonesia to ratify a treaty designed to limit smog pollution across On May 20, 2013, the Supreme Court of Israel approved a plea bargain that included an unprecedented high amount of compensation in a class-action suit for violation of the prohibition on smoking in public places, in On May 28, 2013, during a visit by President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono of Indonesia to Sweden, the two countries signed a Memorandum of Understanding on sustainable The Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs (MLTM) of the Republic of Korea promulgated the revised enforcement rule for the Marine Environment Management Act on On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 3, 2012, Indonesia and South Korea concluded an agreement to restore the Ciliwung River, which flows from the mountains down through Jakarta On November 20, 2012, the New Zealand government formally lodged with the International Court of Justice (ICJ) a declaration of its intention to intervene in the On September 7, 2012, the New Zealand High Court (the third highest court in New Zealand's court hierarchy) dismissed a challenge to the findings of reports that stated that average temperatures in the country had increased On June 18, 2012, Chile's legislature passed Law 20600 on the creation of new environmental courts, thereby granting the Superintendency of the Environment the power to prosecute environmental violations. (Law 20600 Creating Environmental Courts (June On May 29, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Clean Air Law 5768-2008. A stated objective of the Law is to improve air quality and prevent and minimize air pollution by, among On March 19, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Pollutant and Transfers to the Environment - Duties of Reporting and Registration) Law 5772-2012. The stated objectives of the Law are to increase the Denmark's Environment Ministry is planning to propose a tax on the chemical dihydrogen monoxide (DHMO) as a method to discourage its use. DHMO is odorless but potentially lethal. High levels of the substance were found in A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On January 18, 2012, Namibia's Minister of Environment and Tourism put into effect the Environmental Management Act (EMA), Act No. 7 of 2007. (Government Gazette of the Republic of Namibia, No. 3966 (Dec. 27, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change On October 20, 2011, the Supreme Court of Mongolia ruled that the country's government must enforce its 2009 environmental protection resolution restricting mining in some locations. The decision came in a case filed by the United On May 15, 2011, the New Zealand Minister for the Environment, Hon. Nick Smith, announced that a new law regulating "freedom camping" would be introduced in Parliament this month to address problems related to irresponsible campers. On March 28, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Inspection and Enforcement Authorities) Law, 5771-2011. The Law states as its goal the protection, maintenance, and improvement of the quality of the environment and On March 29, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro approved, during the first session of debate, a bill of law that some say, if adopted, might help fight global warming. The On January 19, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Regulation of Processing of Packaging Law, 5771-2011. The Law declares that it is intended to regulate both the production and the processing of packaging material waste In June 2010, India's Parliament adopted the National Green Tribunal Act (NGT Act), which established a new court, the National Green Tribunal, exclusively for handling cases involving environmental law. The Tribunal began operations on October 19, It was reported on December 10, 2010, that Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration (EPA) has drafted revisions to the relevant laws on recycling of appliances that will ban retailers from charging consumers a fee for the removal On October 21, 2010, the Bahraini Ministry of Homeland Security began enforcing a royal decree issued in 1999 that bans the use of all types of microphones attached to mosques. Muslim clerics in Bahrain have been On November 4, 2010, the European Commission made public a proposal for a regulation to introduce a ban on the use of phosphates and phosphate compounds in laundry detergents, in order to limit the amount of It was reported on October 24, 2010, that a joint committee comprising the African Development Bank (AfDB), the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (ECA), and the African Union Commission (AUC) issued a Consensus Statement on On September 27, 2010, the Bangladeshi Parliament passed the Environment Protection Bill 2010, to amend the Bangladesh Environment Protection Act 1995. The amended law "empowers the government to control the production, processing, stockpiling, supplying, transporting, importing, On September 10, 2010, Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration announced the implementation of measures aimed at encouraging domestic companies to cut carbon dioxide emissions. The measures are set forth in the "Executive Yuan [Cabinet] Environmental Protection Agency A leading British supermarket chain, Sainsbury's, is to be prosecuted for using too much packaging on one of its products, according to a news report of September 17, 2010. The day before this announcement, the supermarket On August 31, 2010, Taiwan and Australia signed a memorandum of understanding on establishing more extensive bilateral cooperation to promote green energy industries and technologies. It is the first agreement of its kind between the two The French Parliament adopted Law 2010-788 of July 12, 2010, on National Commitment for the Environment, also referred to as the "Grenelle II Law." (Loi 2010-788 du 12 juillet 2010 portant engagement national pour l'environnement, On July 29, 2010, the Minsk City Economic Court, in Belarus, ordered a church to pay compensation for environmental damage it allegedly caused in the city. The New Life Church (NLC), a Protestant congregation, was asked On July 23, 2010, the Amsterdam District Court imposed the maximum fine of 1 million (about US$1.28 million) on Trafigura Beheer BV, a multinational oil trading company, for illegally shipping 400 tons of hazardous toxic sludge, On July 14, 2010, the Climate Change Committee of the European Commission endorsed the Commission's proposal for a regulation that establishes rules governing the auctioning of emissions allowances under the EU Emissions Trading System (ETS) and Japan's legislature, the Diet, passed an amendment of the Waste Disposal and Cleaning Law (Law No. 137 of 1970) in May 2010 (Law No. 34 of 2010). The amendment will be effective within one year and On June 11, 2010, Dr. Rob Davies, Minister of Trade and Industry of South Africa, published for public comment a proposed sub-regulation to the National Building Regulations and Building Standards Act to make new buildings energy On June 1, 2010, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) released information on the proceedings instituted by Australia against Japan for alleged breaches of international obligations concerning whaling. (Press Release, ICJ, Australia Institutes Proceedings Against Japan Indonesia and Norway have established a partnership through which Norway will grant the equivalent of US$1 billion in aid to Indonesia for forest preservation and climate control. Indonesia had said in 2009 that it plans to On March 2, 2010, the General Court of the European Union rejected a challenge, brought by "the world's largest steel producer" Arcelor S.A., to the EU's 2003 Emissions Trading Directive. The Luxembourg-based company argued that several On February 9, 2010, the Government of Ireland issued a statement to confirm that it is proceeding with the waste management strategy contained in the 2007 Programme for Government and the 2009 Renewed Program for Government. Victims of toxic waste poisoning in the Ivory Coast have reached an agreement with the Dutch company Trafigura; the deal concerns distribution of approximately US$45 million in compensation to 31,000 victims. A court order issued in Chile has enacted a new law that creates the Ministry of the Environment, the Environmental Evaluation Service, and the Superintendency for the Environment. It also contains other, less substantive amendments. (Ley 20417, amending Law 19,300 of On December 29, 2009, France's Constitutional Council, which ensures the constitutionality of laws prior to their promulgation by the President of the Republic, invalidated the carbon tax set forth in article 7 of the draft 2010 On November 25, 2009, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Climate Change Response (Moderated Emissions Trading) Amendment Bill. This legislation amends the scheme that was enacted by the previous government in September 2008, which was due On August 27, 2009, the National People's Congress of China (NPC) Standing Committee adopted a Resolution on Actively Responding to Climate Change. This is the first resolution of its kind adopted by the top legislature of In mid-November 2009, Norway and Finland signed an agreement in which they committed to cooperation with Russia on removing radioactive batteries from the Baltic Sea. The Memorandum of Understanding was signed in Helsinki, Finland, by Norweigan A U.S. federal appellate court has ruled that a lawsuit by victims of Hurricane Katrina against energy and chemical companies, for contributing to global warming and thus increasing the damages from the hurricane, may proceed in On November 6, 2009, the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) released a report calling for better environmental protection in wartime. Natural assets need to be better protected by clarification of relevant laws, the report concluded. The On June 1, 2009, the General Office of China's State Council announced a plan for an automobile and electronic appliance "old swap new" program, which was formulated by the National Development and Reform Commission and four On September 10, 2009, French President Nicolas Sarkozy announced his government's controversial plan to impose a new "carbon tax" (taxe carbone), to take effect on January 1, 2010, on emissions from fossil fuels such as coal, A meeting was held in Indonesia's capital, Jakarta, on August 26, 2009, to draft a bill to revise the Environmental Law of 1999. The participants included both legislators from the House of Representatives' commission on the It was reported on August 24, 2009, that representatives and experts of ten African nations have convened a meeting in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, to forge a common stance on climate change before the United Nations conference On July 10, 2009, France ratified the Protocol on Pollutant Release and Transfer Registers (done at Kiev, May 21, 2003)andmdash;the first legally binding pact of its kindandmdash;and in so doing triggered the agreement's entry into force Effective July 7, 2009, registered retailers in Hong Kong are no longer allowed to provide free plastic shopping bags for customers; for each plastic shopping bag requested by the customer, the retailers must charge an environmental The U.S. Supreme Court recently addressed jurisdictional issues on enforcement of the Clean Water Act (CWA) by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (Corps), and sided with the argument that According to Ridwan Panjaitan, the head of law enforcement for the City Environmental Management Agency of Jakarta, Indonesia's capital city, the municipality will make public the names of companies that violate environmental regulations. Speaking on June The World Trade Organization (WTO) and the United Nations Environment Programme released a report on June 26, 2009, detailing the connections between trade and climate change. The document "examines the intersections between trade and climate change On June 17, 2009, the Tax Reform Committee of Taiwan's Executive Yuan (Cabinet) approved a proposal to expand energy taxes to include environment taxes, with the changes to take effect in 2011. The Committee's three-in-one proposal It was reported on June 4, 2009, that the South African Treasury is gearing up to introduce the Draft Taxation Laws Amendment Bill 2009, which will provide tax incentives for businesses to reduce their carbon emissions. On May 4, 2009, the United States Supreme Court held that companies could not be held liable under the Superfund hazardous waste cleanup statute solely on the ground that they sold hazardous chemicals to other companies On March 4, 2009, President Alan Garcia Perez of Peru signed the Law on the National System of Evaluation and Control of the Environment, to be led by the Organismo de Evaluacion y Fiscalizacion Ambiental (Agency On April 2, 2009, the Ministry of Finance (MOF) published a Circular on the Corporate Income Tax Policies of the China Clean Development Mechanism [CDM] Fund and CDM projects (CS [2009] No. 30). Dated March 23, On March 29, 2009, on the eve of the first International Conference for Marine Mammal Protected Areas held in Maui, Hawaii, the first guidelines of the Pacific Islands region for whale and dolphin watching were issued, On February 25, 2009, the State Council (Cabinet, hereafter SC) of the People's Republic of China (PRC) promulgated the Regulations for the Administration of the Recovery and Disposal [i.e., recycling] of Waste Electric and Electronic Products The Nigerian Senate recently passed resolutions urging federal agencies, including the National Environmental Standards and Regulations Enforcement Agency (NESREA) and the Standards Organization of Nigeria (SON), to take the necessary steps to regulate the influx of It was reported on March 4, 2009, that Indonesia has submitted an application to join the World Bank's Forest Carbon Partnership Facility [FCPF]. The goal of the FCPF is to help developing countries "design and create For the second year in a row, the Maltese government has banned spring bird hunting season. As in 2008, the new ban is the result of a case on the issue brought by the European Commission On March 10, 2009, the Australian government released draft Carbon Pollution Reduction Scheme legislation that will remain open for public comment until April 14, 2009. The legislation was developed on the basis of a Green Paper On February 5, 2009, the Parliament of Turkey, in a vote of 243 to 3, approved a bill on the country's participation in the Kyoto Protocol, after the Cabinet had signed the agreement. The law entered On January 15, 2009, the Swedish government introduced a blanket ban on mercury. Regulations governing the ban enter into force on June 1, 2009. As a result, such practices as the use of dental amalgam in On February 2, 2009, New Zealand's Prime Minister, John Key, announced a proposal to revise the country's Resource Management Act (RMA). The changes are aimed at easing the way for development projects and home remodeling plans, The 14th session of the Conference of the Parties to the Climate Change Convention (COP 14) the highest decision-making body of this U.N. Convention was held from December 1-13, 2008, in Poznaand#324;, Poland, with On November 12, 2008, the United States Supreme Court reversed a lower court's order placing conditions on the U.S. Navy's training exercises using sonar, finding that the Navy's interest in conducting realistic antisubmarine training exercises outweighed Twenty-eight nations have signed a United Nations-backed memorandum of understanding to protect migratory birds of prey in Africa, Europe, and Asia. The agreement, signed in Abu Dhabi, the United Arab Emirates, will come into force on The Climate Change (Emissions Trading) Amendment Act 2008 recently received royal assent. This legislation introduces a greenhouse gas emissions trading scheme under which participants (large emitters of greenhouse gases) must calculate their emissions via set formulas, On October 7, 2008, the Nigerian Senate debated a bill that if passed would outlaw the flaring of natural gas. The bill requires the Minister of Environment, who will be directly accountable to the National Assembly Law 2008-757 of August 1, 2008, on environmental liability, transposes Directive 2004/35/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of April 21, 2004, on the prevention and remedying of environmental damage. The Law also implements On August 6, 2008, China's Ministry of Environmental Protection posted on its official website a notice to circulate the Opinion on Application of Administrative Detention for Discharging Illegal Pollutants, issued by the Legislative Affairs Office of On August 20, 2008, after years of debate on the issue, China's State Council (Cabinet) Standing Committee approved in principle the draft Regulations on the Administration of Recycling and Treatment of Discarded Appliances and Electronic Products. The 1985 Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer and the ensuing Montreal Protocol of 1987 on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer require contracting member states to phase out ozone-depleting substances according to The European Union's Emissions Trading Scheme, which was established in 2005 to meet the EU's Kyoto Protocol commitments to reduce carbon dioxide emissions, enables companies to trade carbon dioxide pollution permits. Thus, companies that go beyond... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 04 Sep 2008 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540627_text Global Legal Monitor: European Union: Emissions Trading Scheme and Airlines http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540508_text Environmental protection - On April 14, 2014, the Government of Portugal published Law No. 19, which defines the basis for the country's environmental policy pursuant to the terms of articles 9 and 66 of the Constitution. (Lei No. On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano In August 2013, Syngenta, a Swiss agrochemical company, and Bayer, a German agrochemical company, initiated legal action before the European Court of Justice, challenging the European Commission's decision to ban the pesticide thiamethoxam, which is used On September 1, 2013, a new European Union Regulation on Biocides entered into force. Biocides are chemicals used to control organisms that are harmful to human and animal health and to the environment, such as pests Denmark's Environment Minister, Ida Auken, has announced a new approach to handling rubbish in the country. In September, the government is expected to present a plan to require households to sort trash into several bins, On June 30, 2013, the other members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) urged Indonesia to ratify a treaty designed to limit smog pollution across On May 20, 2013, the Supreme Court of Israel approved a plea bargain that included an unprecedented high amount of compensation in a class-action suit for violation of the prohibition on smoking in public places, in On May 28, 2013, during a visit by President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono of Indonesia to Sweden, the two countries signed a Memorandum of Understanding on sustainable The Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs (MLTM) of the Republic of Korea promulgated the revised enforcement rule for the Marine Environment Management Act on On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 3, 2012, Indonesia and South Korea concluded an agreement to restore the Ciliwung River, which flows from the mountains down through Jakarta On November 20, 2012, the New Zealand government formally lodged with the International Court of Justice (ICJ) a declaration of its intention to intervene in the On September 7, 2012, the New Zealand High Court (the third highest court in New Zealand's court hierarchy) dismissed a challenge to the findings of reports that stated that average temperatures in the country had increased On June 18, 2012, Chile's legislature passed Law 20600 on the creation of new environmental courts, thereby granting the Superintendency of the Environment the power to prosecute environmental violations. (Law 20600 Creating Environmental Courts (June On May 29, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Clean Air Law 5768-2008. A stated objective of the Law is to improve air quality and prevent and minimize air pollution by, among On March 19, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Pollutant and Transfers to the Environment - Duties of Reporting and Registration) Law 5772-2012. The stated objectives of the Law are to increase the Denmark's Environment Ministry is planning to propose a tax on the chemical dihydrogen monoxide (DHMO) as a method to discourage its use. DHMO is odorless but potentially lethal. High levels of the substance were found in A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On January 18, 2012, Namibia's Minister of Environment and Tourism put into effect the Environmental Management Act (EMA), Act No. 7 of 2007. (Government Gazette of the Republic of Namibia, No. 3966 (Dec. 27, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change On October 20, 2011, the Supreme Court of Mongolia ruled that the country's government must enforce its 2009 environmental protection resolution restricting mining in some locations. The decision came in a case filed by the United On May 15, 2011, the New Zealand Minister for the Environment, Hon. Nick Smith, announced that a new law regulating "freedom camping" would be introduced in Parliament this month to address problems related to irresponsible campers. On March 28, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Inspection and Enforcement Authorities) Law, 5771-2011. The Law states as its goal the protection, maintenance, and improvement of the quality of the environment and On March 29, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro approved, during the first session of debate, a bill of law that some say, if adopted, might help fight global warming. The On January 19, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Regulation of Processing of Packaging Law, 5771-2011. The Law declares that it is intended to regulate both the production and the processing of packaging material waste In June 2010, India's Parliament adopted the National Green Tribunal Act (NGT Act), which established a new court, the National Green Tribunal, exclusively for handling cases involving environmental law. The Tribunal began operations on October 19, It was reported on December 10, 2010, that Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration (EPA) has drafted revisions to the relevant laws on recycling of appliances that will ban retailers from charging consumers a fee for the removal On October 21, 2010, the Bahraini Ministry of Homeland Security began enforcing a royal decree issued in 1999 that bans the use of all types of microphones attached to mosques. Muslim clerics in Bahrain have been On November 4, 2010, the European Commission made public a proposal for a regulation to introduce a ban on the use of phosphates and phosphate compounds in laundry detergents, in order to limit the amount of It was reported on October 24, 2010, that a joint committee comprising the African Development Bank (AfDB), the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (ECA), and the African Union Commission (AUC) issued a Consensus Statement on On September 27, 2010, the Bangladeshi Parliament passed the Environment Protection Bill 2010, to amend the Bangladesh Environment Protection Act 1995. The amended law "empowers the government to control the production, processing, stockpiling, supplying, transporting, importing, On September 10, 2010, Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration announced the implementation of measures aimed at encouraging domestic companies to cut carbon dioxide emissions. The measures are set forth in the "Executive Yuan [Cabinet] Environmental Protection Agency A leading British supermarket chain, Sainsbury's, is to be prosecuted for using too much packaging on one of its products, according to a news report of September 17, 2010. The day before this announcement, the supermarket On August 31, 2010, Taiwan and Australia signed a memorandum of understanding on establishing more extensive bilateral cooperation to promote green energy industries and technologies. It is the first agreement of its kind between the two The French Parliament adopted Law 2010-788 of July 12, 2010, on National Commitment for the Environment, also referred to as the "Grenelle II Law." (Loi 2010-788 du 12 juillet 2010 portant engagement national pour l'environnement, On July 29, 2010, the Minsk City Economic Court, in Belarus, ordered a church to pay compensation for environmental damage it allegedly caused in the city. The New Life Church (NLC), a Protestant congregation, was asked On July 23, 2010, the Amsterdam District Court imposed the maximum fine of 1 million (about US$1.28 million) on Trafigura Beheer BV, a multinational oil trading company, for illegally shipping 400 tons of hazardous toxic sludge, On July 14, 2010, the Climate Change Committee of the European Commission endorsed the Commission's proposal for a regulation that establishes rules governing the auctioning of emissions allowances under the EU Emissions Trading System (ETS) and Japan's legislature, the Diet, passed an amendment of the Waste Disposal and Cleaning Law (Law No. 137 of 1970) in May 2010 (Law No. 34 of 2010). The amendment will be effective within one year and On June 11, 2010, Dr. Rob Davies, Minister of Trade and Industry of South Africa, published for public comment a proposed sub-regulation to the National Building Regulations and Building Standards Act to make new buildings energy On June 1, 2010, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) released information on the proceedings instituted by Australia against Japan for alleged breaches of international obligations concerning whaling. (Press Release, ICJ, Australia Institutes Proceedings Against Japan Indonesia and Norway have established a partnership through which Norway will grant the equivalent of US$1 billion in aid to Indonesia for forest preservation and climate control. Indonesia had said in 2009 that it plans to On March 2, 2010, the General Court of the European Union rejected a challenge, brought by "the world's largest steel producer" Arcelor S.A., to the EU's 2003 Emissions Trading Directive. The Luxembourg-based company argued that several On February 9, 2010, the Government of Ireland issued a statement to confirm that it is proceeding with the waste management strategy contained in the 2007 Programme for Government and the 2009 Renewed Program for Government. Victims of toxic waste poisoning in the Ivory Coast have reached an agreement with the Dutch company Trafigura; the deal concerns distribution of approximately US$45 million in compensation to 31,000 victims. A court order issued in Chile has enacted a new law that creates the Ministry of the Environment, the Environmental Evaluation Service, and the Superintendency for the Environment. It also contains other, less substantive amendments. (Ley 20417, amending Law 19,300 of On December 29, 2009, France's Constitutional Council, which ensures the constitutionality of laws prior to their promulgation by the President of the Republic, invalidated the carbon tax set forth in article 7 of the draft 2010 On November 25, 2009, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Climate Change Response (Moderated Emissions Trading) Amendment Bill. This legislation amends the scheme that was enacted by the previous government in September 2008, which was due On August 27, 2009, the National People's Congress of China (NPC) Standing Committee adopted a Resolution on Actively Responding to Climate Change. This is the first resolution of its kind adopted by the top legislature of In mid-November 2009, Norway and Finland signed an agreement in which they committed to cooperation with Russia on removing radioactive batteries from the Baltic Sea. The Memorandum of Understanding was signed in Helsinki, Finland, by Norweigan A U.S. federal appellate court has ruled that a lawsuit by victims of Hurricane Katrina against energy and chemical companies, for contributing to global warming and thus increasing the damages from the hurricane, may proceed in On November 6, 2009, the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) released a report calling for better environmental protection in wartime. Natural assets need to be better protected by clarification of relevant laws, the report concluded. The On June 1, 2009, the General Office of China's State Council announced a plan for an automobile and electronic appliance "old swap new" program, which was formulated by the National Development and Reform Commission and four On September 10, 2009, French President Nicolas Sarkozy announced his government's controversial plan to impose a new "carbon tax" (taxe carbone), to take effect on January 1, 2010, on emissions from fossil fuels such as coal, A meeting was held in Indonesia's capital, Jakarta, on August 26, 2009, to draft a bill to revise the Environmental Law of 1999. The participants included both legislators from the House of Representatives' commission on the It was reported on August 24, 2009, that representatives and experts of ten African nations have convened a meeting in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, to forge a common stance on climate change before the United Nations conference On July 10, 2009, France ratified the Protocol on Pollutant Release and Transfer Registers (done at Kiev, May 21, 2003)andmdash;the first legally binding pact of its kindandmdash;and in so doing triggered the agreement's entry into force Effective July 7, 2009, registered retailers in Hong Kong are no longer allowed to provide free plastic shopping bags for customers; for each plastic shopping bag requested by the customer, the retailers must charge an environmental The U.S. Supreme Court recently addressed jurisdictional issues on enforcement of the Clean Water Act (CWA) by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (Corps), and sided with the argument that According to Ridwan Panjaitan, the head of law enforcement for the City Environmental Management Agency of Jakarta, Indonesia's capital city, the municipality will make public the names of companies that violate environmental regulations. Speaking on June The World Trade Organization (WTO) and the United Nations Environment Programme released a report on June 26, 2009, detailing the connections between trade and climate change. The document "examines the intersections between trade and climate change On June 17, 2009, the Tax Reform Committee of Taiwan's Executive Yuan (Cabinet) approved a proposal to expand energy taxes to include environment taxes, with the changes to take effect in 2011. The Committee's three-in-one proposal It was reported on June 4, 2009, that the South African Treasury is gearing up to introduce the Draft Taxation Laws Amendment Bill 2009, which will provide tax incentives for businesses to reduce their carbon emissions. On May 4, 2009, the United States Supreme Court held that companies could not be held liable under the Superfund hazardous waste cleanup statute solely on the ground that they sold hazardous chemicals to other companies On March 4, 2009, President Alan Garcia Perez of Peru signed the Law on the National System of Evaluation and Control of the Environment, to be led by the Organismo de Evaluacion y Fiscalizacion Ambiental (Agency On April 2, 2009, the Ministry of Finance (MOF) published a Circular on the Corporate Income Tax Policies of the China Clean Development Mechanism [CDM] Fund and CDM projects (CS [2009] No. 30). Dated March 23, On March 29, 2009, on the eve of the first International Conference for Marine Mammal Protected Areas held in Maui, Hawaii, the first guidelines of the Pacific Islands region for whale and dolphin watching were issued, On February 25, 2009, the State Council (Cabinet, hereafter SC) of the People's Republic of China (PRC) promulgated the Regulations for the Administration of the Recovery and Disposal [i.e., recycling] of Waste Electric and Electronic Products The Nigerian Senate recently passed resolutions urging federal agencies, including the National Environmental Standards and Regulations Enforcement Agency (NESREA) and the Standards Organization of Nigeria (SON), to take the necessary steps to regulate the influx of It was reported on March 4, 2009, that Indonesia has submitted an application to join the World Bank's Forest Carbon Partnership Facility [FCPF]. The goal of the FCPF is to help developing countries "design and create For the second year in a row, the Maltese government has banned spring bird hunting season. As in 2008, the new ban is the result of a case on the issue brought by the European Commission On March 10, 2009, the Australian government released draft Carbon Pollution Reduction Scheme legislation that will remain open for public comment until April 14, 2009. The legislation was developed on the basis of a Green Paper On February 5, 2009, the Parliament of Turkey, in a vote of 243 to 3, approved a bill on the country's participation in the Kyoto Protocol, after the Cabinet had signed the agreement. The law entered On January 15, 2009, the Swedish government introduced a blanket ban on mercury. Regulations governing the ban enter into force on June 1, 2009. As a result, such practices as the use of dental amalgam in On February 2, 2009, New Zealand's Prime Minister, John Key, announced a proposal to revise the country's Resource Management Act (RMA). The changes are aimed at easing the way for development projects and home remodeling plans, The 14th session of the Conference of the Parties to the Climate Change Convention (COP 14) the highest decision-making body of this U.N. Convention was held from December 1-13, 2008, in Poznaand#324;, Poland, with On November 12, 2008, the United States Supreme Court reversed a lower court's order placing conditions on the U.S. Navy's training exercises using sonar, finding that the Navy's interest in conducting realistic antisubmarine training exercises outweighed Twenty-eight nations have signed a United Nations-backed memorandum of understanding to protect migratory birds of prey in Africa, Europe, and Asia. The agreement, signed in Abu Dhabi, the United Arab Emirates, will come into force on The Climate Change (Emissions Trading) Amendment Act 2008 recently received royal assent. This legislation introduces a greenhouse gas emissions trading scheme under which participants (large emitters of greenhouse gases) must calculate their emissions via set formulas, On October 7, 2008, the Nigerian Senate debated a bill that if passed would outlaw the flaring of natural gas. The bill requires the Minister of Environment, who will be directly accountable to the National Assembly Law 2008-757 of August 1, 2008, on environmental liability, transposes Directive 2004/35/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of April 21, 2004, on the prevention and remedying of environmental damage. The Law also implements On August 6, 2008, China's Ministry of Environmental Protection posted on its official website a notice to circulate the Opinion on Application of Administrative Detention for Discharging Illegal Pollutants, issued by the Legislative Affairs Office of On August 20, 2008, after years of debate on the issue, China's State Council (Cabinet) Standing Committee approved in principle the draft Regulations on the Administration of Recycling and Treatment of Discarded Appliances and Electronic Products. The 1985 Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer and the ensuing Montreal Protocol of 1987 on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer require contracting member states to phase out ozone-depleting substances according to The European Union's Emissions Trading Scheme, which was established in 2005 to meet the EU's Kyoto Protocol commitments to reduce carbon dioxide emissions, enables companies to trade carbon dioxide pollution permits. Thus, companies that go beyond A plan on emissions trading, known as the Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS), has been in force in the European Union since 1995. Based on Directive 2003/87/EC, ETS aims to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and is the... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 02 Jul 2008 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540508_text Global Legal Monitor: Australia; Indonesia: Carbon Trading Agreement http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540506_text Environmental protection - On April 14, 2014, the Government of Portugal published Law No. 19, which defines the basis for the country's environmental policy pursuant to the terms of articles 9 and 66 of the Constitution. (Lei No. On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano In August 2013, Syngenta, a Swiss agrochemical company, and Bayer, a German agrochemical company, initiated legal action before the European Court of Justice, challenging the European Commission's decision to ban the pesticide thiamethoxam, which is used On September 1, 2013, a new European Union Regulation on Biocides entered into force. Biocides are chemicals used to control organisms that are harmful to human and animal health and to the environment, such as pests Denmark's Environment Minister, Ida Auken, has announced a new approach to handling rubbish in the country. In September, the government is expected to present a plan to require households to sort trash into several bins, On June 30, 2013, the other members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) urged Indonesia to ratify a treaty designed to limit smog pollution across On May 20, 2013, the Supreme Court of Israel approved a plea bargain that included an unprecedented high amount of compensation in a class-action suit for violation of the prohibition on smoking in public places, in On May 28, 2013, during a visit by President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono of Indonesia to Sweden, the two countries signed a Memorandum of Understanding on sustainable The Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs (MLTM) of the Republic of Korea promulgated the revised enforcement rule for the Marine Environment Management Act on On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 3, 2012, Indonesia and South Korea concluded an agreement to restore the Ciliwung River, which flows from the mountains down through Jakarta On November 20, 2012, the New Zealand government formally lodged with the International Court of Justice (ICJ) a declaration of its intention to intervene in the On September 7, 2012, the New Zealand High Court (the third highest court in New Zealand's court hierarchy) dismissed a challenge to the findings of reports that stated that average temperatures in the country had increased On June 18, 2012, Chile's legislature passed Law 20600 on the creation of new environmental courts, thereby granting the Superintendency of the Environment the power to prosecute environmental violations. (Law 20600 Creating Environmental Courts (June On May 29, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Clean Air Law 5768-2008. A stated objective of the Law is to improve air quality and prevent and minimize air pollution by, among On March 19, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Pollutant and Transfers to the Environment - Duties of Reporting and Registration) Law 5772-2012. The stated objectives of the Law are to increase the Denmark's Environment Ministry is planning to propose a tax on the chemical dihydrogen monoxide (DHMO) as a method to discourage its use. DHMO is odorless but potentially lethal. High levels of the substance were found in A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On January 18, 2012, Namibia's Minister of Environment and Tourism put into effect the Environmental Management Act (EMA), Act No. 7 of 2007. (Government Gazette of the Republic of Namibia, No. 3966 (Dec. 27, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change On October 20, 2011, the Supreme Court of Mongolia ruled that the country's government must enforce its 2009 environmental protection resolution restricting mining in some locations. The decision came in a case filed by the United On May 15, 2011, the New Zealand Minister for the Environment, Hon. Nick Smith, announced that a new law regulating "freedom camping" would be introduced in Parliament this month to address problems related to irresponsible campers. On March 28, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Inspection and Enforcement Authorities) Law, 5771-2011. The Law states as its goal the protection, maintenance, and improvement of the quality of the environment and On March 29, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro approved, during the first session of debate, a bill of law that some say, if adopted, might help fight global warming. The On January 19, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Regulation of Processing of Packaging Law, 5771-2011. The Law declares that it is intended to regulate both the production and the processing of packaging material waste In June 2010, India's Parliament adopted the National Green Tribunal Act (NGT Act), which established a new court, the National Green Tribunal, exclusively for handling cases involving environmental law. The Tribunal began operations on October 19, It was reported on December 10, 2010, that Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration (EPA) has drafted revisions to the relevant laws on recycling of appliances that will ban retailers from charging consumers a fee for the removal On October 21, 2010, the Bahraini Ministry of Homeland Security began enforcing a royal decree issued in 1999 that bans the use of all types of microphones attached to mosques. Muslim clerics in Bahrain have been On November 4, 2010, the European Commission made public a proposal for a regulation to introduce a ban on the use of phosphates and phosphate compounds in laundry detergents, in order to limit the amount of It was reported on October 24, 2010, that a joint committee comprising the African Development Bank (AfDB), the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (ECA), and the African Union Commission (AUC) issued a Consensus Statement on On September 27, 2010, the Bangladeshi Parliament passed the Environment Protection Bill 2010, to amend the Bangladesh Environment Protection Act 1995. The amended law "empowers the government to control the production, processing, stockpiling, supplying, transporting, importing, On September 10, 2010, Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration announced the implementation of measures aimed at encouraging domestic companies to cut carbon dioxide emissions. The measures are set forth in the "Executive Yuan [Cabinet] Environmental Protection Agency A leading British supermarket chain, Sainsbury's, is to be prosecuted for using too much packaging on one of its products, according to a news report of September 17, 2010. The day before this announcement, the supermarket On August 31, 2010, Taiwan and Australia signed a memorandum of understanding on establishing more extensive bilateral cooperation to promote green energy industries and technologies. It is the first agreement of its kind between the two The French Parliament adopted Law 2010-788 of July 12, 2010, on National Commitment for the Environment, also referred to as the "Grenelle II Law." (Loi 2010-788 du 12 juillet 2010 portant engagement national pour l'environnement, On July 29, 2010, the Minsk City Economic Court, in Belarus, ordered a church to pay compensation for environmental damage it allegedly caused in the city. The New Life Church (NLC), a Protestant congregation, was asked On July 23, 2010, the Amsterdam District Court imposed the maximum fine of 1 million (about US$1.28 million) on Trafigura Beheer BV, a multinational oil trading company, for illegally shipping 400 tons of hazardous toxic sludge, On July 14, 2010, the Climate Change Committee of the European Commission endorsed the Commission's proposal for a regulation that establishes rules governing the auctioning of emissions allowances under the EU Emissions Trading System (ETS) and Japan's legislature, the Diet, passed an amendment of the Waste Disposal and Cleaning Law (Law No. 137 of 1970) in May 2010 (Law No. 34 of 2010). The amendment will be effective within one year and On June 11, 2010, Dr. Rob Davies, Minister of Trade and Industry of South Africa, published for public comment a proposed sub-regulation to the National Building Regulations and Building Standards Act to make new buildings energy On June 1, 2010, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) released information on the proceedings instituted by Australia against Japan for alleged breaches of international obligations concerning whaling. (Press Release, ICJ, Australia Institutes Proceedings Against Japan Indonesia and Norway have established a partnership through which Norway will grant the equivalent of US$1 billion in aid to Indonesia for forest preservation and climate control. Indonesia had said in 2009 that it plans to On March 2, 2010, the General Court of the European Union rejected a challenge, brought by "the world's largest steel producer" Arcelor S.A., to the EU's 2003 Emissions Trading Directive. The Luxembourg-based company argued that several On February 9, 2010, the Government of Ireland issued a statement to confirm that it is proceeding with the waste management strategy contained in the 2007 Programme for Government and the 2009 Renewed Program for Government. Victims of toxic waste poisoning in the Ivory Coast have reached an agreement with the Dutch company Trafigura; the deal concerns distribution of approximately US$45 million in compensation to 31,000 victims. A court order issued in Chile has enacted a new law that creates the Ministry of the Environment, the Environmental Evaluation Service, and the Superintendency for the Environment. It also contains other, less substantive amendments. (Ley 20417, amending Law 19,300 of On December 29, 2009, France's Constitutional Council, which ensures the constitutionality of laws prior to their promulgation by the President of the Republic, invalidated the carbon tax set forth in article 7 of the draft 2010 On November 25, 2009, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Climate Change Response (Moderated Emissions Trading) Amendment Bill. This legislation amends the scheme that was enacted by the previous government in September 2008, which was due On August 27, 2009, the National People's Congress of China (NPC) Standing Committee adopted a Resolution on Actively Responding to Climate Change. This is the first resolution of its kind adopted by the top legislature of In mid-November 2009, Norway and Finland signed an agreement in which they committed to cooperation with Russia on removing radioactive batteries from the Baltic Sea. The Memorandum of Understanding was signed in Helsinki, Finland, by Norweigan A U.S. federal appellate court has ruled that a lawsuit by victims of Hurricane Katrina against energy and chemical companies, for contributing to global warming and thus increasing the damages from the hurricane, may proceed in On November 6, 2009, the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) released a report calling for better environmental protection in wartime. Natural assets need to be better protected by clarification of relevant laws, the report concluded. The On June 1, 2009, the General Office of China's State Council announced a plan for an automobile and electronic appliance "old swap new" program, which was formulated by the National Development and Reform Commission and four On September 10, 2009, French President Nicolas Sarkozy announced his government's controversial plan to impose a new "carbon tax" (taxe carbone), to take effect on January 1, 2010, on emissions from fossil fuels such as coal, A meeting was held in Indonesia's capital, Jakarta, on August 26, 2009, to draft a bill to revise the Environmental Law of 1999. The participants included both legislators from the House of Representatives' commission on the It was reported on August 24, 2009, that representatives and experts of ten African nations have convened a meeting in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, to forge a common stance on climate change before the United Nations conference On July 10, 2009, France ratified the Protocol on Pollutant Release and Transfer Registers (done at Kiev, May 21, 2003)andmdash;the first legally binding pact of its kindandmdash;and in so doing triggered the agreement's entry into force Effective July 7, 2009, registered retailers in Hong Kong are no longer allowed to provide free plastic shopping bags for customers; for each plastic shopping bag requested by the customer, the retailers must charge an environmental The U.S. Supreme Court recently addressed jurisdictional issues on enforcement of the Clean Water Act (CWA) by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (Corps), and sided with the argument that According to Ridwan Panjaitan, the head of law enforcement for the City Environmental Management Agency of Jakarta, Indonesia's capital city, the municipality will make public the names of companies that violate environmental regulations. Speaking on June The World Trade Organization (WTO) and the United Nations Environment Programme released a report on June 26, 2009, detailing the connections between trade and climate change. The document "examines the intersections between trade and climate change On June 17, 2009, the Tax Reform Committee of Taiwan's Executive Yuan (Cabinet) approved a proposal to expand energy taxes to include environment taxes, with the changes to take effect in 2011. The Committee's three-in-one proposal It was reported on June 4, 2009, that the South African Treasury is gearing up to introduce the Draft Taxation Laws Amendment Bill 2009, which will provide tax incentives for businesses to reduce their carbon emissions. On May 4, 2009, the United States Supreme Court held that companies could not be held liable under the Superfund hazardous waste cleanup statute solely on the ground that they sold hazardous chemicals to other companies On March 4, 2009, President Alan Garcia Perez of Peru signed the Law on the National System of Evaluation and Control of the Environment, to be led by the Organismo de Evaluacion y Fiscalizacion Ambiental (Agency On April 2, 2009, the Ministry of Finance (MOF) published a Circular on the Corporate Income Tax Policies of the China Clean Development Mechanism [CDM] Fund and CDM projects (CS [2009] No. 30). Dated March 23, On March 29, 2009, on the eve of the first International Conference for Marine Mammal Protected Areas held in Maui, Hawaii, the first guidelines of the Pacific Islands region for whale and dolphin watching were issued, On February 25, 2009, the State Council (Cabinet, hereafter SC) of the People's Republic of China (PRC) promulgated the Regulations for the Administration of the Recovery and Disposal [i.e., recycling] of Waste Electric and Electronic Products The Nigerian Senate recently passed resolutions urging federal agencies, including the National Environmental Standards and Regulations Enforcement Agency (NESREA) and the Standards Organization of Nigeria (SON), to take the necessary steps to regulate the influx of It was reported on March 4, 2009, that Indonesia has submitted an application to join the World Bank's Forest Carbon Partnership Facility [FCPF]. The goal of the FCPF is to help developing countries "design and create For the second year in a row, the Maltese government has banned spring bird hunting season. As in 2008, the new ban is the result of a case on the issue brought by the European Commission On March 10, 2009, the Australian government released draft Carbon Pollution Reduction Scheme legislation that will remain open for public comment until April 14, 2009. The legislation was developed on the basis of a Green Paper On February 5, 2009, the Parliament of Turkey, in a vote of 243 to 3, approved a bill on the country's participation in the Kyoto Protocol, after the Cabinet had signed the agreement. The law entered On January 15, 2009, the Swedish government introduced a blanket ban on mercury. Regulations governing the ban enter into force on June 1, 2009. As a result, such practices as the use of dental amalgam in On February 2, 2009, New Zealand's Prime Minister, John Key, announced a proposal to revise the country's Resource Management Act (RMA). The changes are aimed at easing the way for development projects and home remodeling plans, The 14th session of the Conference of the Parties to the Climate Change Convention (COP 14) the highest decision-making body of this U.N. Convention was held from December 1-13, 2008, in Poznaand#324;, Poland, with On November 12, 2008, the United States Supreme Court reversed a lower court's order placing conditions on the U.S. Navy's training exercises using sonar, finding that the Navy's interest in conducting realistic antisubmarine training exercises outweighed Twenty-eight nations have signed a United Nations-backed memorandum of understanding to protect migratory birds of prey in Africa, Europe, and Asia. The agreement, signed in Abu Dhabi, the United Arab Emirates, will come into force on The Climate Change (Emissions Trading) Amendment Act 2008 recently received royal assent. This legislation introduces a greenhouse gas emissions trading scheme under which participants (large emitters of greenhouse gases) must calculate their emissions via set formulas, On October 7, 2008, the Nigerian Senate debated a bill that if passed would outlaw the flaring of natural gas. The bill requires the Minister of Environment, who will be directly accountable to the National Assembly Law 2008-757 of August 1, 2008, on environmental liability, transposes Directive 2004/35/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of April 21, 2004, on the prevention and remedying of environmental damage. The Law also implements On August 6, 2008, China's Ministry of Environmental Protection posted on its official website a notice to circulate the Opinion on Application of Administrative Detention for Discharging Illegal Pollutants, issued by the Legislative Affairs Office of On August 20, 2008, after years of debate on the issue, China's State Council (Cabinet) Standing Committee approved in principle the draft Regulations on the Administration of Recycling and Treatment of Discarded Appliances and Electronic Products. The 1985 Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer and the ensuing Montreal Protocol of 1987 on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer require contracting member states to phase out ozone-depleting substances according to The European Union's Emissions Trading Scheme, which was established in 2005 to meet the EU's Kyoto Protocol commitments to reduce carbon dioxide emissions, enables companies to trade carbon dioxide pollution permits. Thus, companies that go beyond A plan on emissions trading, known as the Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS), has been in force in the European Union since 1995. Based on Directive 2003/87/EC, ETS aims to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and is the On June 13, 2008, Australia and Indonesia signed a new Indonesia - Australia Forest Carbon Partnership to support emerging forest-carbon trading initiatives. According to a press release, the Partnership... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 02 Jul 2008 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540506_text Global Legal Monitor: Chile: Bill Amending the Organic Law of the Environment http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540507_text Environmental protection - On April 14, 2014, the Government of Portugal published Law No. 19, which defines the basis for the country's environmental policy pursuant to the terms of articles 9 and 66 of the Constitution. (Lei No. On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano In August 2013, Syngenta, a Swiss agrochemical company, and Bayer, a German agrochemical company, initiated legal action before the European Court of Justice, challenging the European Commission's decision to ban the pesticide thiamethoxam, which is used On September 1, 2013, a new European Union Regulation on Biocides entered into force. Biocides are chemicals used to control organisms that are harmful to human and animal health and to the environment, such as pests Denmark's Environment Minister, Ida Auken, has announced a new approach to handling rubbish in the country. In September, the government is expected to present a plan to require households to sort trash into several bins, On June 30, 2013, the other members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) urged Indonesia to ratify a treaty designed to limit smog pollution across On May 20, 2013, the Supreme Court of Israel approved a plea bargain that included an unprecedented high amount of compensation in a class-action suit for violation of the prohibition on smoking in public places, in On May 28, 2013, during a visit by President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono of Indonesia to Sweden, the two countries signed a Memorandum of Understanding on sustainable The Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs (MLTM) of the Republic of Korea promulgated the revised enforcement rule for the Marine Environment Management Act on On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 3, 2012, Indonesia and South Korea concluded an agreement to restore the Ciliwung River, which flows from the mountains down through Jakarta On November 20, 2012, the New Zealand government formally lodged with the International Court of Justice (ICJ) a declaration of its intention to intervene in the On September 7, 2012, the New Zealand High Court (the third highest court in New Zealand's court hierarchy) dismissed a challenge to the findings of reports that stated that average temperatures in the country had increased On June 18, 2012, Chile's legislature passed Law 20600 on the creation of new environmental courts, thereby granting the Superintendency of the Environment the power to prosecute environmental violations. (Law 20600 Creating Environmental Courts (June On May 29, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Clean Air Law 5768-2008. A stated objective of the Law is to improve air quality and prevent and minimize air pollution by, among On March 19, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Pollutant and Transfers to the Environment - Duties of Reporting and Registration) Law 5772-2012. The stated objectives of the Law are to increase the Denmark's Environment Ministry is planning to propose a tax on the chemical dihydrogen monoxide (DHMO) as a method to discourage its use. DHMO is odorless but potentially lethal. High levels of the substance were found in A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On January 18, 2012, Namibia's Minister of Environment and Tourism put into effect the Environmental Management Act (EMA), Act No. 7 of 2007. (Government Gazette of the Republic of Namibia, No. 3966 (Dec. 27, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change On October 20, 2011, the Supreme Court of Mongolia ruled that the country's government must enforce its 2009 environmental protection resolution restricting mining in some locations. The decision came in a case filed by the United On May 15, 2011, the New Zealand Minister for the Environment, Hon. Nick Smith, announced that a new law regulating "freedom camping" would be introduced in Parliament this month to address problems related to irresponsible campers. On March 28, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Inspection and Enforcement Authorities) Law, 5771-2011. The Law states as its goal the protection, maintenance, and improvement of the quality of the environment and On March 29, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro approved, during the first session of debate, a bill of law that some say, if adopted, might help fight global warming. The On January 19, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Regulation of Processing of Packaging Law, 5771-2011. The Law declares that it is intended to regulate both the production and the processing of packaging material waste In June 2010, India's Parliament adopted the National Green Tribunal Act (NGT Act), which established a new court, the National Green Tribunal, exclusively for handling cases involving environmental law. The Tribunal began operations on October 19, It was reported on December 10, 2010, that Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration (EPA) has drafted revisions to the relevant laws on recycling of appliances that will ban retailers from charging consumers a fee for the removal On October 21, 2010, the Bahraini Ministry of Homeland Security began enforcing a royal decree issued in 1999 that bans the use of all types of microphones attached to mosques. Muslim clerics in Bahrain have been On November 4, 2010, the European Commission made public a proposal for a regulation to introduce a ban on the use of phosphates and phosphate compounds in laundry detergents, in order to limit the amount of It was reported on October 24, 2010, that a joint committee comprising the African Development Bank (AfDB), the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (ECA), and the African Union Commission (AUC) issued a Consensus Statement on On September 27, 2010, the Bangladeshi Parliament passed the Environment Protection Bill 2010, to amend the Bangladesh Environment Protection Act 1995. The amended law "empowers the government to control the production, processing, stockpiling, supplying, transporting, importing, On September 10, 2010, Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration announced the implementation of measures aimed at encouraging domestic companies to cut carbon dioxide emissions. The measures are set forth in the "Executive Yuan [Cabinet] Environmental Protection Agency A leading British supermarket chain, Sainsbury's, is to be prosecuted for using too much packaging on one of its products, according to a news report of September 17, 2010. The day before this announcement, the supermarket On August 31, 2010, Taiwan and Australia signed a memorandum of understanding on establishing more extensive bilateral cooperation to promote green energy industries and technologies. It is the first agreement of its kind between the two The French Parliament adopted Law 2010-788 of July 12, 2010, on National Commitment for the Environment, also referred to as the "Grenelle II Law." (Loi 2010-788 du 12 juillet 2010 portant engagement national pour l'environnement, On July 29, 2010, the Minsk City Economic Court, in Belarus, ordered a church to pay compensation for environmental damage it allegedly caused in the city. The New Life Church (NLC), a Protestant congregation, was asked On July 23, 2010, the Amsterdam District Court imposed the maximum fine of 1 million (about US$1.28 million) on Trafigura Beheer BV, a multinational oil trading company, for illegally shipping 400 tons of hazardous toxic sludge, On July 14, 2010, the Climate Change Committee of the European Commission endorsed the Commission's proposal for a regulation that establishes rules governing the auctioning of emissions allowances under the EU Emissions Trading System (ETS) and Japan's legislature, the Diet, passed an amendment of the Waste Disposal and Cleaning Law (Law No. 137 of 1970) in May 2010 (Law No. 34 of 2010). The amendment will be effective within one year and On June 11, 2010, Dr. Rob Davies, Minister of Trade and Industry of South Africa, published for public comment a proposed sub-regulation to the National Building Regulations and Building Standards Act to make new buildings energy On June 1, 2010, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) released information on the proceedings instituted by Australia against Japan for alleged breaches of international obligations concerning whaling. (Press Release, ICJ, Australia Institutes Proceedings Against Japan Indonesia and Norway have established a partnership through which Norway will grant the equivalent of US$1 billion in aid to Indonesia for forest preservation and climate control. Indonesia had said in 2009 that it plans to On March 2, 2010, the General Court of the European Union rejected a challenge, brought by "the world's largest steel producer" Arcelor S.A., to the EU's 2003 Emissions Trading Directive. The Luxembourg-based company argued that several On February 9, 2010, the Government of Ireland issued a statement to confirm that it is proceeding with the waste management strategy contained in the 2007 Programme for Government and the 2009 Renewed Program for Government. Victims of toxic waste poisoning in the Ivory Coast have reached an agreement with the Dutch company Trafigura; the deal concerns distribution of approximately US$45 million in compensation to 31,000 victims. A court order issued in Chile has enacted a new law that creates the Ministry of the Environment, the Environmental Evaluation Service, and the Superintendency for the Environment. It also contains other, less substantive amendments. (Ley 20417, amending Law 19,300 of On December 29, 2009, France's Constitutional Council, which ensures the constitutionality of laws prior to their promulgation by the President of the Republic, invalidated the carbon tax set forth in article 7 of the draft 2010 On November 25, 2009, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Climate Change Response (Moderated Emissions Trading) Amendment Bill. This legislation amends the scheme that was enacted by the previous government in September 2008, which was due On August 27, 2009, the National People's Congress of China (NPC) Standing Committee adopted a Resolution on Actively Responding to Climate Change. This is the first resolution of its kind adopted by the top legislature of In mid-November 2009, Norway and Finland signed an agreement in which they committed to cooperation with Russia on removing radioactive batteries from the Baltic Sea. The Memorandum of Understanding was signed in Helsinki, Finland, by Norweigan A U.S. federal appellate court has ruled that a lawsuit by victims of Hurricane Katrina against energy and chemical companies, for contributing to global warming and thus increasing the damages from the hurricane, may proceed in On November 6, 2009, the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) released a report calling for better environmental protection in wartime. Natural assets need to be better protected by clarification of relevant laws, the report concluded. The On June 1, 2009, the General Office of China's State Council announced a plan for an automobile and electronic appliance "old swap new" program, which was formulated by the National Development and Reform Commission and four On September 10, 2009, French President Nicolas Sarkozy announced his government's controversial plan to impose a new "carbon tax" (taxe carbone), to take effect on January 1, 2010, on emissions from fossil fuels such as coal, A meeting was held in Indonesia's capital, Jakarta, on August 26, 2009, to draft a bill to revise the Environmental Law of 1999. The participants included both legislators from the House of Representatives' commission on the It was reported on August 24, 2009, that representatives and experts of ten African nations have convened a meeting in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, to forge a common stance on climate change before the United Nations conference On July 10, 2009, France ratified the Protocol on Pollutant Release and Transfer Registers (done at Kiev, May 21, 2003)andmdash;the first legally binding pact of its kindandmdash;and in so doing triggered the agreement's entry into force Effective July 7, 2009, registered retailers in Hong Kong are no longer allowed to provide free plastic shopping bags for customers; for each plastic shopping bag requested by the customer, the retailers must charge an environmental The U.S. Supreme Court recently addressed jurisdictional issues on enforcement of the Clean Water Act (CWA) by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (Corps), and sided with the argument that According to Ridwan Panjaitan, the head of law enforcement for the City Environmental Management Agency of Jakarta, Indonesia's capital city, the municipality will make public the names of companies that violate environmental regulations. Speaking on June The World Trade Organization (WTO) and the United Nations Environment Programme released a report on June 26, 2009, detailing the connections between trade and climate change. The document "examines the intersections between trade and climate change On June 17, 2009, the Tax Reform Committee of Taiwan's Executive Yuan (Cabinet) approved a proposal to expand energy taxes to include environment taxes, with the changes to take effect in 2011. The Committee's three-in-one proposal It was reported on June 4, 2009, that the South African Treasury is gearing up to introduce the Draft Taxation Laws Amendment Bill 2009, which will provide tax incentives for businesses to reduce their carbon emissions. On May 4, 2009, the United States Supreme Court held that companies could not be held liable under the Superfund hazardous waste cleanup statute solely on the ground that they sold hazardous chemicals to other companies On March 4, 2009, President Alan Garcia Perez of Peru signed the Law on the National System of Evaluation and Control of the Environment, to be led by the Organismo de Evaluacion y Fiscalizacion Ambiental (Agency On April 2, 2009, the Ministry of Finance (MOF) published a Circular on the Corporate Income Tax Policies of the China Clean Development Mechanism [CDM] Fund and CDM projects (CS [2009] No. 30). Dated March 23, On March 29, 2009, on the eve of the first International Conference for Marine Mammal Protected Areas held in Maui, Hawaii, the first guidelines of the Pacific Islands region for whale and dolphin watching were issued, On February 25, 2009, the State Council (Cabinet, hereafter SC) of the People's Republic of China (PRC) promulgated the Regulations for the Administration of the Recovery and Disposal [i.e., recycling] of Waste Electric and Electronic Products The Nigerian Senate recently passed resolutions urging federal agencies, including the National Environmental Standards and Regulations Enforcement Agency (NESREA) and the Standards Organization of Nigeria (SON), to take the necessary steps to regulate the influx of It was reported on March 4, 2009, that Indonesia has submitted an application to join the World Bank's Forest Carbon Partnership Facility [FCPF]. The goal of the FCPF is to help developing countries "design and create For the second year in a row, the Maltese government has banned spring bird hunting season. As in 2008, the new ban is the result of a case on the issue brought by the European Commission On March 10, 2009, the Australian government released draft Carbon Pollution Reduction Scheme legislation that will remain open for public comment until April 14, 2009. The legislation was developed on the basis of a Green Paper On February 5, 2009, the Parliament of Turkey, in a vote of 243 to 3, approved a bill on the country's participation in the Kyoto Protocol, after the Cabinet had signed the agreement. The law entered On January 15, 2009, the Swedish government introduced a blanket ban on mercury. Regulations governing the ban enter into force on June 1, 2009. As a result, such practices as the use of dental amalgam in On February 2, 2009, New Zealand's Prime Minister, John Key, announced a proposal to revise the country's Resource Management Act (RMA). The changes are aimed at easing the way for development projects and home remodeling plans, The 14th session of the Conference of the Parties to the Climate Change Convention (COP 14) the highest decision-making body of this U.N. Convention was held from December 1-13, 2008, in Poznaand#324;, Poland, with On November 12, 2008, the United States Supreme Court reversed a lower court's order placing conditions on the U.S. Navy's training exercises using sonar, finding that the Navy's interest in conducting realistic antisubmarine training exercises outweighed Twenty-eight nations have signed a United Nations-backed memorandum of understanding to protect migratory birds of prey in Africa, Europe, and Asia. The agreement, signed in Abu Dhabi, the United Arab Emirates, will come into force on The Climate Change (Emissions Trading) Amendment Act 2008 recently received royal assent. This legislation introduces a greenhouse gas emissions trading scheme under which participants (large emitters of greenhouse gases) must calculate their emissions via set formulas, On October 7, 2008, the Nigerian Senate debated a bill that if passed would outlaw the flaring of natural gas. The bill requires the Minister of Environment, who will be directly accountable to the National Assembly Law 2008-757 of August 1, 2008, on environmental liability, transposes Directive 2004/35/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of April 21, 2004, on the prevention and remedying of environmental damage. The Law also implements On August 6, 2008, China's Ministry of Environmental Protection posted on its official website a notice to circulate the Opinion on Application of Administrative Detention for Discharging Illegal Pollutants, issued by the Legislative Affairs Office of On August 20, 2008, after years of debate on the issue, China's State Council (Cabinet) Standing Committee approved in principle the draft Regulations on the Administration of Recycling and Treatment of Discarded Appliances and Electronic Products. The 1985 Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer and the ensuing Montreal Protocol of 1987 on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer require contracting member states to phase out ozone-depleting substances according to The European Union's Emissions Trading Scheme, which was established in 2005 to meet the EU's Kyoto Protocol commitments to reduce carbon dioxide emissions, enables companies to trade carbon dioxide pollution permits. Thus, companies that go beyond A plan on emissions trading, known as the Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS), has been in force in the European Union since 1995. Based on Directive 2003/87/EC, ETS aims to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and is the On June 13, 2008, Australia and Indonesia signed a new Indonesia - Australia Forest Carbon Partnership to support emerging forest-carbon trading initiatives. According to a press release, the Partnership On June 5, 2008, Chile's President Michelle Bachelet sent Congress a bill amending the Organic Law of the Environment (Law 19,300 of 1994). The bill creates the Ministry of the Environment, the Environmental Evaluation Service, and... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 02 Jul 2008 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540507_text Global Legal Monitor: Norway: New Hazardous Waste Strategy http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540567_text Environmental protection - On April 14, 2014, the Government of Portugal published Law No. 19, which defines the basis for the country's environmental policy pursuant to the terms of articles 9 and 66 of the Constitution. (Lei No. On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano In August 2013, Syngenta, a Swiss agrochemical company, and Bayer, a German agrochemical company, initiated legal action before the European Court of Justice, challenging the European Commission's decision to ban the pesticide thiamethoxam, which is used On September 1, 2013, a new European Union Regulation on Biocides entered into force. Biocides are chemicals used to control organisms that are harmful to human and animal health and to the environment, such as pests Denmark's Environment Minister, Ida Auken, has announced a new approach to handling rubbish in the country. In September, the government is expected to present a plan to require households to sort trash into several bins, On June 30, 2013, the other members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) urged Indonesia to ratify a treaty designed to limit smog pollution across On May 20, 2013, the Supreme Court of Israel approved a plea bargain that included an unprecedented high amount of compensation in a class-action suit for violation of the prohibition on smoking in public places, in On May 28, 2013, during a visit by President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono of Indonesia to Sweden, the two countries signed a Memorandum of Understanding on sustainable The Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs (MLTM) of the Republic of Korea promulgated the revised enforcement rule for the Marine Environment Management Act on On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 3, 2012, Indonesia and South Korea concluded an agreement to restore the Ciliwung River, which flows from the mountains down through Jakarta On November 20, 2012, the New Zealand government formally lodged with the International Court of Justice (ICJ) a declaration of its intention to intervene in the On September 7, 2012, the New Zealand High Court (the third highest court in New Zealand's court hierarchy) dismissed a challenge to the findings of reports that stated that average temperatures in the country had increased On June 18, 2012, Chile's legislature passed Law 20600 on the creation of new environmental courts, thereby granting the Superintendency of the Environment the power to prosecute environmental violations. (Law 20600 Creating Environmental Courts (June On May 29, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Clean Air Law 5768-2008. A stated objective of the Law is to improve air quality and prevent and minimize air pollution by, among On March 19, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Pollutant and Transfers to the Environment - Duties of Reporting and Registration) Law 5772-2012. The stated objectives of the Law are to increase the Denmark's Environment Ministry is planning to propose a tax on the chemical dihydrogen monoxide (DHMO) as a method to discourage its use. DHMO is odorless but potentially lethal. High levels of the substance were found in A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On January 18, 2012, Namibia's Minister of Environment and Tourism put into effect the Environmental Management Act (EMA), Act No. 7 of 2007. (Government Gazette of the Republic of Namibia, No. 3966 (Dec. 27, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change On October 20, 2011, the Supreme Court of Mongolia ruled that the country's government must enforce its 2009 environmental protection resolution restricting mining in some locations. The decision came in a case filed by the United On May 15, 2011, the New Zealand Minister for the Environment, Hon. Nick Smith, announced that a new law regulating "freedom camping" would be introduced in Parliament this month to address problems related to irresponsible campers. On March 28, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Inspection and Enforcement Authorities) Law, 5771-2011. The Law states as its goal the protection, maintenance, and improvement of the quality of the environment and On March 29, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro approved, during the first session of debate, a bill of law that some say, if adopted, might help fight global warming. The On January 19, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Regulation of Processing of Packaging Law, 5771-2011. The Law declares that it is intended to regulate both the production and the processing of packaging material waste In June 2010, India's Parliament adopted the National Green Tribunal Act (NGT Act), which established a new court, the National Green Tribunal, exclusively for handling cases involving environmental law. The Tribunal began operations on October 19, It was reported on December 10, 2010, that Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration (EPA) has drafted revisions to the relevant laws on recycling of appliances that will ban retailers from charging consumers a fee for the removal On October 21, 2010, the Bahraini Ministry of Homeland Security began enforcing a royal decree issued in 1999 that bans the use of all types of microphones attached to mosques. Muslim clerics in Bahrain have been On November 4, 2010, the European Commission made public a proposal for a regulation to introduce a ban on the use of phosphates and phosphate compounds in laundry detergents, in order to limit the amount of It was reported on October 24, 2010, that a joint committee comprising the African Development Bank (AfDB), the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (ECA), and the African Union Commission (AUC) issued a Consensus Statement on On September 27, 2010, the Bangladeshi Parliament passed the Environment Protection Bill 2010, to amend the Bangladesh Environment Protection Act 1995. The amended law "empowers the government to control the production, processing, stockpiling, supplying, transporting, importing, On September 10, 2010, Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration announced the implementation of measures aimed at encouraging domestic companies to cut carbon dioxide emissions. The measures are set forth in the "Executive Yuan [Cabinet] Environmental Protection Agency A leading British supermarket chain, Sainsbury's, is to be prosecuted for using too much packaging on one of its products, according to a news report of September 17, 2010. The day before this announcement, the supermarket On August 31, 2010, Taiwan and Australia signed a memorandum of understanding on establishing more extensive bilateral cooperation to promote green energy industries and technologies. It is the first agreement of its kind between the two The French Parliament adopted Law 2010-788 of July 12, 2010, on National Commitment for the Environment, also referred to as the "Grenelle II Law." (Loi 2010-788 du 12 juillet 2010 portant engagement national pour l'environnement, On July 29, 2010, the Minsk City Economic Court, in Belarus, ordered a church to pay compensation for environmental damage it allegedly caused in the city. The New Life Church (NLC), a Protestant congregation, was asked On July 23, 2010, the Amsterdam District Court imposed the maximum fine of 1 million (about US$1.28 million) on Trafigura Beheer BV, a multinational oil trading company, for illegally shipping 400 tons of hazardous toxic sludge, On July 14, 2010, the Climate Change Committee of the European Commission endorsed the Commission's proposal for a regulation that establishes rules governing the auctioning of emissions allowances under the EU Emissions Trading System (ETS) and Japan's legislature, the Diet, passed an amendment of the Waste Disposal and Cleaning Law (Law No. 137 of 1970) in May 2010 (Law No. 34 of 2010). The amendment will be effective within one year and On June 11, 2010, Dr. Rob Davies, Minister of Trade and Industry of South Africa, published for public comment a proposed sub-regulation to the National Building Regulations and Building Standards Act to make new buildings energy On June 1, 2010, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) released information on the proceedings instituted by Australia against Japan for alleged breaches of international obligations concerning whaling. (Press Release, ICJ, Australia Institutes Proceedings Against Japan Indonesia and Norway have established a partnership through which Norway will grant the equivalent of US$1 billion in aid to Indonesia for forest preservation and climate control. Indonesia had said in 2009 that it plans to On March 2, 2010, the General Court of the European Union rejected a challenge, brought by "the world's largest steel producer" Arcelor S.A., to the EU's 2003 Emissions Trading Directive. The Luxembourg-based company argued that several On February 9, 2010, the Government of Ireland issued a statement to confirm that it is proceeding with the waste management strategy contained in the 2007 Programme for Government and the 2009 Renewed Program for Government. Victims of toxic waste poisoning in the Ivory Coast have reached an agreement with the Dutch company Trafigura; the deal concerns distribution of approximately US$45 million in compensation to 31,000 victims. A court order issued in Chile has enacted a new law that creates the Ministry of the Environment, the Environmental Evaluation Service, and the Superintendency for the Environment. It also contains other, less substantive amendments. (Ley 20417, amending Law 19,300 of On December 29, 2009, France's Constitutional Council, which ensures the constitutionality of laws prior to their promulgation by the President of the Republic, invalidated the carbon tax set forth in article 7 of the draft 2010 On November 25, 2009, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Climate Change Response (Moderated Emissions Trading) Amendment Bill. This legislation amends the scheme that was enacted by the previous government in September 2008, which was due On August 27, 2009, the National People's Congress of China (NPC) Standing Committee adopted a Resolution on Actively Responding to Climate Change. This is the first resolution of its kind adopted by the top legislature of In mid-November 2009, Norway and Finland signed an agreement in which they committed to cooperation with Russia on removing radioactive batteries from the Baltic Sea. The Memorandum of Understanding was signed in Helsinki, Finland, by Norweigan A U.S. federal appellate court has ruled that a lawsuit by victims of Hurricane Katrina against energy and chemical companies, for contributing to global warming and thus increasing the damages from the hurricane, may proceed in On November 6, 2009, the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) released a report calling for better environmental protection in wartime. Natural assets need to be better protected by clarification of relevant laws, the report concluded. The On June 1, 2009, the General Office of China's State Council announced a plan for an automobile and electronic appliance "old swap new" program, which was formulated by the National Development and Reform Commission and four On September 10, 2009, French President Nicolas Sarkozy announced his government's controversial plan to impose a new "carbon tax" (taxe carbone), to take effect on January 1, 2010, on emissions from fossil fuels such as coal, A meeting was held in Indonesia's capital, Jakarta, on August 26, 2009, to draft a bill to revise the Environmental Law of 1999. The participants included both legislators from the House of Representatives' commission on the It was reported on August 24, 2009, that representatives and experts of ten African nations have convened a meeting in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, to forge a common stance on climate change before the United Nations conference On July 10, 2009, France ratified the Protocol on Pollutant Release and Transfer Registers (done at Kiev, May 21, 2003)andmdash;the first legally binding pact of its kindandmdash;and in so doing triggered the agreement's entry into force Effective July 7, 2009, registered retailers in Hong Kong are no longer allowed to provide free plastic shopping bags for customers; for each plastic shopping bag requested by the customer, the retailers must charge an environmental The U.S. Supreme Court recently addressed jurisdictional issues on enforcement of the Clean Water Act (CWA) by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (Corps), and sided with the argument that According to Ridwan Panjaitan, the head of law enforcement for the City Environmental Management Agency of Jakarta, Indonesia's capital city, the municipality will make public the names of companies that violate environmental regulations. Speaking on June The World Trade Organization (WTO) and the United Nations Environment Programme released a report on June 26, 2009, detailing the connections between trade and climate change. The document "examines the intersections between trade and climate change On June 17, 2009, the Tax Reform Committee of Taiwan's Executive Yuan (Cabinet) approved a proposal to expand energy taxes to include environment taxes, with the changes to take effect in 2011. The Committee's three-in-one proposal It was reported on June 4, 2009, that the South African Treasury is gearing up to introduce the Draft Taxation Laws Amendment Bill 2009, which will provide tax incentives for businesses to reduce their carbon emissions. On May 4, 2009, the United States Supreme Court held that companies could not be held liable under the Superfund hazardous waste cleanup statute solely on the ground that they sold hazardous chemicals to other companies On March 4, 2009, President Alan Garcia Perez of Peru signed the Law on the National System of Evaluation and Control of the Environment, to be led by the Organismo de Evaluacion y Fiscalizacion Ambiental (Agency On April 2, 2009, the Ministry of Finance (MOF) published a Circular on the Corporate Income Tax Policies of the China Clean Development Mechanism [CDM] Fund and CDM projects (CS [2009] No. 30). Dated March 23, On March 29, 2009, on the eve of the first International Conference for Marine Mammal Protected Areas held in Maui, Hawaii, the first guidelines of the Pacific Islands region for whale and dolphin watching were issued, On February 25, 2009, the State Council (Cabinet, hereafter SC) of the People's Republic of China (PRC) promulgated the Regulations for the Administration of the Recovery and Disposal [i.e., recycling] of Waste Electric and Electronic Products The Nigerian Senate recently passed resolutions urging federal agencies, including the National Environmental Standards and Regulations Enforcement Agency (NESREA) and the Standards Organization of Nigeria (SON), to take the necessary steps to regulate the influx of It was reported on March 4, 2009, that Indonesia has submitted an application to join the World Bank's Forest Carbon Partnership Facility [FCPF]. The goal of the FCPF is to help developing countries "design and create For the second year in a row, the Maltese government has banned spring bird hunting season. As in 2008, the new ban is the result of a case on the issue brought by the European Commission On March 10, 2009, the Australian government released draft Carbon Pollution Reduction Scheme legislation that will remain open for public comment until April 14, 2009. The legislation was developed on the basis of a Green Paper On February 5, 2009, the Parliament of Turkey, in a vote of 243 to 3, approved a bill on the country's participation in the Kyoto Protocol, after the Cabinet had signed the agreement. The law entered On January 15, 2009, the Swedish government introduced a blanket ban on mercury. Regulations governing the ban enter into force on June 1, 2009. As a result, such practices as the use of dental amalgam in On February 2, 2009, New Zealand's Prime Minister, John Key, announced a proposal to revise the country's Resource Management Act (RMA). The changes are aimed at easing the way for development projects and home remodeling plans, The 14th session of the Conference of the Parties to the Climate Change Convention (COP 14) the highest decision-making body of this U.N. Convention was held from December 1-13, 2008, in Poznaand#324;, Poland, with On November 12, 2008, the United States Supreme Court reversed a lower court's order placing conditions on the U.S. Navy's training exercises using sonar, finding that the Navy's interest in conducting realistic antisubmarine training exercises outweighed Twenty-eight nations have signed a United Nations-backed memorandum of understanding to protect migratory birds of prey in Africa, Europe, and Asia. The agreement, signed in Abu Dhabi, the United Arab Emirates, will come into force on The Climate Change (Emissions Trading) Amendment Act 2008 recently received royal assent. This legislation introduces a greenhouse gas emissions trading scheme under which participants (large emitters of greenhouse gases) must calculate their emissions via set formulas, On October 7, 2008, the Nigerian Senate debated a bill that if passed would outlaw the flaring of natural gas. The bill requires the Minister of Environment, who will be directly accountable to the National Assembly Law 2008-757 of August 1, 2008, on environmental liability, transposes Directive 2004/35/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of April 21, 2004, on the prevention and remedying of environmental damage. The Law also implements On August 6, 2008, China's Ministry of Environmental Protection posted on its official website a notice to circulate the Opinion on Application of Administrative Detention for Discharging Illegal Pollutants, issued by the Legislative Affairs Office of On August 20, 2008, after years of debate on the issue, China's State Council (Cabinet) Standing Committee approved in principle the draft Regulations on the Administration of Recycling and Treatment of Discarded Appliances and Electronic Products. The 1985 Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer and the ensuing Montreal Protocol of 1987 on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer require contracting member states to phase out ozone-depleting substances according to The European Union's Emissions Trading Scheme, which was established in 2005 to meet the EU's Kyoto Protocol commitments to reduce carbon dioxide emissions, enables companies to trade carbon dioxide pollution permits. Thus, companies that go beyond A plan on emissions trading, known as the Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS), has been in force in the European Union since 1995. Based on Directive 2003/87/EC, ETS aims to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and is the On June 13, 2008, Australia and Indonesia signed a new Indonesia - Australia Forest Carbon Partnership to support emerging forest-carbon trading initiatives. According to a press release, the Partnership On June 5, 2008, Chile's President Michelle Bachelet sent Congress a bill amending the Organic Law of the Environment (Law 19,300 of 1994). The bill creates the Ministry of the Environment, the Environmental Evaluation Service, and On April 21, 2008, Norway's Pollution Control Authority (Statens forurensningstilsyn, or SFT) announced that it is considering amending chapter 11 of the Waste Regulations (930/2004) ";to improve opportunities for households to dispose of hazardous waste and... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 02 Jun 2008 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540567_text Global Legal Monitor: Canada: Carbon Sequestration Project Announced http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540429_text Environmental protection - On April 14, 2014, the Government of Portugal published Law No. 19, which defines the basis for the country's environmental policy pursuant to the terms of articles 9 and 66 of the Constitution. (Lei No. On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano In August 2013, Syngenta, a Swiss agrochemical company, and Bayer, a German agrochemical company, initiated legal action before the European Court of Justice, challenging the European Commission's decision to ban the pesticide thiamethoxam, which is used On September 1, 2013, a new European Union Regulation on Biocides entered into force. Biocides are chemicals used to control organisms that are harmful to human and animal health and to the environment, such as pests Denmark's Environment Minister, Ida Auken, has announced a new approach to handling rubbish in the country. In September, the government is expected to present a plan to require households to sort trash into several bins, On June 30, 2013, the other members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) urged Indonesia to ratify a treaty designed to limit smog pollution across On May 20, 2013, the Supreme Court of Israel approved a plea bargain that included an unprecedented high amount of compensation in a class-action suit for violation of the prohibition on smoking in public places, in On May 28, 2013, during a visit by President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono of Indonesia to Sweden, the two countries signed a Memorandum of Understanding on sustainable The Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs (MLTM) of the Republic of Korea promulgated the revised enforcement rule for the Marine Environment Management Act on On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 3, 2012, Indonesia and South Korea concluded an agreement to restore the Ciliwung River, which flows from the mountains down through Jakarta On November 20, 2012, the New Zealand government formally lodged with the International Court of Justice (ICJ) a declaration of its intention to intervene in the On September 7, 2012, the New Zealand High Court (the third highest court in New Zealand's court hierarchy) dismissed a challenge to the findings of reports that stated that average temperatures in the country had increased On June 18, 2012, Chile's legislature passed Law 20600 on the creation of new environmental courts, thereby granting the Superintendency of the Environment the power to prosecute environmental violations. (Law 20600 Creating Environmental Courts (June On May 29, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Clean Air Law 5768-2008. A stated objective of the Law is to improve air quality and prevent and minimize air pollution by, among On March 19, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Pollutant and Transfers to the Environment - Duties of Reporting and Registration) Law 5772-2012. The stated objectives of the Law are to increase the Denmark's Environment Ministry is planning to propose a tax on the chemical dihydrogen monoxide (DHMO) as a method to discourage its use. DHMO is odorless but potentially lethal. High levels of the substance were found in A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On January 18, 2012, Namibia's Minister of Environment and Tourism put into effect the Environmental Management Act (EMA), Act No. 7 of 2007. (Government Gazette of the Republic of Namibia, No. 3966 (Dec. 27, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change On October 20, 2011, the Supreme Court of Mongolia ruled that the country's government must enforce its 2009 environmental protection resolution restricting mining in some locations. The decision came in a case filed by the United On May 15, 2011, the New Zealand Minister for the Environment, Hon. Nick Smith, announced that a new law regulating "freedom camping" would be introduced in Parliament this month to address problems related to irresponsible campers. On March 28, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Inspection and Enforcement Authorities) Law, 5771-2011. The Law states as its goal the protection, maintenance, and improvement of the quality of the environment and On March 29, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro approved, during the first session of debate, a bill of law that some say, if adopted, might help fight global warming. The On January 19, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Regulation of Processing of Packaging Law, 5771-2011. The Law declares that it is intended to regulate both the production and the processing of packaging material waste In June 2010, India's Parliament adopted the National Green Tribunal Act (NGT Act), which established a new court, the National Green Tribunal, exclusively for handling cases involving environmental law. The Tribunal began operations on October 19, It was reported on December 10, 2010, that Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration (EPA) has drafted revisions to the relevant laws on recycling of appliances that will ban retailers from charging consumers a fee for the removal On October 21, 2010, the Bahraini Ministry of Homeland Security began enforcing a royal decree issued in 1999 that bans the use of all types of microphones attached to mosques. Muslim clerics in Bahrain have been On November 4, 2010, the European Commission made public a proposal for a regulation to introduce a ban on the use of phosphates and phosphate compounds in laundry detergents, in order to limit the amount of It was reported on October 24, 2010, that a joint committee comprising the African Development Bank (AfDB), the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (ECA), and the African Union Commission (AUC) issued a Consensus Statement on On September 27, 2010, the Bangladeshi Parliament passed the Environment Protection Bill 2010, to amend the Bangladesh Environment Protection Act 1995. The amended law "empowers the government to control the production, processing, stockpiling, supplying, transporting, importing, On September 10, 2010, Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration announced the implementation of measures aimed at encouraging domestic companies to cut carbon dioxide emissions. The measures are set forth in the "Executive Yuan [Cabinet] Environmental Protection Agency A leading British supermarket chain, Sainsbury's, is to be prosecuted for using too much packaging on one of its products, according to a news report of September 17, 2010. The day before this announcement, the supermarket On August 31, 2010, Taiwan and Australia signed a memorandum of understanding on establishing more extensive bilateral cooperation to promote green energy industries and technologies. It is the first agreement of its kind between the two The French Parliament adopted Law 2010-788 of July 12, 2010, on National Commitment for the Environment, also referred to as the "Grenelle II Law." (Loi 2010-788 du 12 juillet 2010 portant engagement national pour l'environnement, On July 29, 2010, the Minsk City Economic Court, in Belarus, ordered a church to pay compensation for environmental damage it allegedly caused in the city. The New Life Church (NLC), a Protestant congregation, was asked On July 23, 2010, the Amsterdam District Court imposed the maximum fine of 1 million (about US$1.28 million) on Trafigura Beheer BV, a multinational oil trading company, for illegally shipping 400 tons of hazardous toxic sludge, On July 14, 2010, the Climate Change Committee of the European Commission endorsed the Commission's proposal for a regulation that establishes rules governing the auctioning of emissions allowances under the EU Emissions Trading System (ETS) and Japan's legislature, the Diet, passed an amendment of the Waste Disposal and Cleaning Law (Law No. 137 of 1970) in May 2010 (Law No. 34 of 2010). The amendment will be effective within one year and On June 11, 2010, Dr. Rob Davies, Minister of Trade and Industry of South Africa, published for public comment a proposed sub-regulation to the National Building Regulations and Building Standards Act to make new buildings energy On June 1, 2010, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) released information on the proceedings instituted by Australia against Japan for alleged breaches of international obligations concerning whaling. (Press Release, ICJ, Australia Institutes Proceedings Against Japan Indonesia and Norway have established a partnership through which Norway will grant the equivalent of US$1 billion in aid to Indonesia for forest preservation and climate control. Indonesia had said in 2009 that it plans to On March 2, 2010, the General Court of the European Union rejected a challenge, brought by "the world's largest steel producer" Arcelor S.A., to the EU's 2003 Emissions Trading Directive. The Luxembourg-based company argued that several On February 9, 2010, the Government of Ireland issued a statement to confirm that it is proceeding with the waste management strategy contained in the 2007 Programme for Government and the 2009 Renewed Program for Government. Victims of toxic waste poisoning in the Ivory Coast have reached an agreement with the Dutch company Trafigura; the deal concerns distribution of approximately US$45 million in compensation to 31,000 victims. A court order issued in Chile has enacted a new law that creates the Ministry of the Environment, the Environmental Evaluation Service, and the Superintendency for the Environment. It also contains other, less substantive amendments. (Ley 20417, amending Law 19,300 of On December 29, 2009, France's Constitutional Council, which ensures the constitutionality of laws prior to their promulgation by the President of the Republic, invalidated the carbon tax set forth in article 7 of the draft 2010 On November 25, 2009, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Climate Change Response (Moderated Emissions Trading) Amendment Bill. This legislation amends the scheme that was enacted by the previous government in September 2008, which was due On August 27, 2009, the National People's Congress of China (NPC) Standing Committee adopted a Resolution on Actively Responding to Climate Change. This is the first resolution of its kind adopted by the top legislature of In mid-November 2009, Norway and Finland signed an agreement in which they committed to cooperation with Russia on removing radioactive batteries from the Baltic Sea. The Memorandum of Understanding was signed in Helsinki, Finland, by Norweigan A U.S. federal appellate court has ruled that a lawsuit by victims of Hurricane Katrina against energy and chemical companies, for contributing to global warming and thus increasing the damages from the hurricane, may proceed in On November 6, 2009, the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) released a report calling for better environmental protection in wartime. Natural assets need to be better protected by clarification of relevant laws, the report concluded. The On June 1, 2009, the General Office of China's State Council announced a plan for an automobile and electronic appliance "old swap new" program, which was formulated by the National Development and Reform Commission and four On September 10, 2009, French President Nicolas Sarkozy announced his government's controversial plan to impose a new "carbon tax" (taxe carbone), to take effect on January 1, 2010, on emissions from fossil fuels such as coal, A meeting was held in Indonesia's capital, Jakarta, on August 26, 2009, to draft a bill to revise the Environmental Law of 1999. The participants included both legislators from the House of Representatives' commission on the It was reported on August 24, 2009, that representatives and experts of ten African nations have convened a meeting in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, to forge a common stance on climate change before the United Nations conference On July 10, 2009, France ratified the Protocol on Pollutant Release and Transfer Registers (done at Kiev, May 21, 2003)andmdash;the first legally binding pact of its kindandmdash;and in so doing triggered the agreement's entry into force Effective July 7, 2009, registered retailers in Hong Kong are no longer allowed to provide free plastic shopping bags for customers; for each plastic shopping bag requested by the customer, the retailers must charge an environmental The U.S. Supreme Court recently addressed jurisdictional issues on enforcement of the Clean Water Act (CWA) by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (Corps), and sided with the argument that According to Ridwan Panjaitan, the head of law enforcement for the City Environmental Management Agency of Jakarta, Indonesia's capital city, the municipality will make public the names of companies that violate environmental regulations. Speaking on June The World Trade Organization (WTO) and the United Nations Environment Programme released a report on June 26, 2009, detailing the connections between trade and climate change. The document "examines the intersections between trade and climate change On June 17, 2009, the Tax Reform Committee of Taiwan's Executive Yuan (Cabinet) approved a proposal to expand energy taxes to include environment taxes, with the changes to take effect in 2011. The Committee's three-in-one proposal It was reported on June 4, 2009, that the South African Treasury is gearing up to introduce the Draft Taxation Laws Amendment Bill 2009, which will provide tax incentives for businesses to reduce their carbon emissions. On May 4, 2009, the United States Supreme Court held that companies could not be held liable under the Superfund hazardous waste cleanup statute solely on the ground that they sold hazardous chemicals to other companies On March 4, 2009, President Alan Garcia Perez of Peru signed the Law on the National System of Evaluation and Control of the Environment, to be led by the Organismo de Evaluacion y Fiscalizacion Ambiental (Agency On April 2, 2009, the Ministry of Finance (MOF) published a Circular on the Corporate Income Tax Policies of the China Clean Development Mechanism [CDM] Fund and CDM projects (CS [2009] No. 30). Dated March 23, On March 29, 2009, on the eve of the first International Conference for Marine Mammal Protected Areas held in Maui, Hawaii, the first guidelines of the Pacific Islands region for whale and dolphin watching were issued, On February 25, 2009, the State Council (Cabinet, hereafter SC) of the People's Republic of China (PRC) promulgated the Regulations for the Administration of the Recovery and Disposal [i.e., recycling] of Waste Electric and Electronic Products The Nigerian Senate recently passed resolutions urging federal agencies, including the National Environmental Standards and Regulations Enforcement Agency (NESREA) and the Standards Organization of Nigeria (SON), to take the necessary steps to regulate the influx of It was reported on March 4, 2009, that Indonesia has submitted an application to join the World Bank's Forest Carbon Partnership Facility [FCPF]. The goal of the FCPF is to help developing countries "design and create For the second year in a row, the Maltese government has banned spring bird hunting season. As in 2008, the new ban is the result of a case on the issue brought by the European Commission On March 10, 2009, the Australian government released draft Carbon Pollution Reduction Scheme legislation that will remain open for public comment until April 14, 2009. The legislation was developed on the basis of a Green Paper On February 5, 2009, the Parliament of Turkey, in a vote of 243 to 3, approved a bill on the country's participation in the Kyoto Protocol, after the Cabinet had signed the agreement. The law entered On January 15, 2009, the Swedish government introduced a blanket ban on mercury. Regulations governing the ban enter into force on June 1, 2009. As a result, such practices as the use of dental amalgam in On February 2, 2009, New Zealand's Prime Minister, John Key, announced a proposal to revise the country's Resource Management Act (RMA). The changes are aimed at easing the way for development projects and home remodeling plans, The 14th session of the Conference of the Parties to the Climate Change Convention (COP 14) the highest decision-making body of this U.N. Convention was held from December 1-13, 2008, in Poznaand#324;, Poland, with On November 12, 2008, the United States Supreme Court reversed a lower court's order placing conditions on the U.S. Navy's training exercises using sonar, finding that the Navy's interest in conducting realistic antisubmarine training exercises outweighed Twenty-eight nations have signed a United Nations-backed memorandum of understanding to protect migratory birds of prey in Africa, Europe, and Asia. The agreement, signed in Abu Dhabi, the United Arab Emirates, will come into force on The Climate Change (Emissions Trading) Amendment Act 2008 recently received royal assent. This legislation introduces a greenhouse gas emissions trading scheme under which participants (large emitters of greenhouse gases) must calculate their emissions via set formulas, On October 7, 2008, the Nigerian Senate debated a bill that if passed would outlaw the flaring of natural gas. The bill requires the Minister of Environment, who will be directly accountable to the National Assembly Law 2008-757 of August 1, 2008, on environmental liability, transposes Directive 2004/35/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of April 21, 2004, on the prevention and remedying of environmental damage. The Law also implements On August 6, 2008, China's Ministry of Environmental Protection posted on its official website a notice to circulate the Opinion on Application of Administrative Detention for Discharging Illegal Pollutants, issued by the Legislative Affairs Office of On August 20, 2008, after years of debate on the issue, China's State Council (Cabinet) Standing Committee approved in principle the draft Regulations on the Administration of Recycling and Treatment of Discarded Appliances and Electronic Products. The 1985 Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer and the ensuing Montreal Protocol of 1987 on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer require contracting member states to phase out ozone-depleting substances according to The European Union's Emissions Trading Scheme, which was established in 2005 to meet the EU's Kyoto Protocol commitments to reduce carbon dioxide emissions, enables companies to trade carbon dioxide pollution permits. Thus, companies that go beyond A plan on emissions trading, known as the Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS), has been in force in the European Union since 1995. Based on Directive 2003/87/EC, ETS aims to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and is the On June 13, 2008, Australia and Indonesia signed a new Indonesia - Australia Forest Carbon Partnership to support emerging forest-carbon trading initiatives. According to a press release, the Partnership On June 5, 2008, Chile's President Michelle Bachelet sent Congress a bill amending the Organic Law of the Environment (Law 19,300 of 1994). The bill creates the Ministry of the Environment, the Environmental Evaluation Service, and On April 21, 2008, Norway's Pollution Control Authority (Statens forurensningstilsyn, or SFT) announced that it is considering amending chapter 11 of the Waste Regulations (930/2004) ";to improve opportunities for households to dispose of hazardous waste and Canada's western province of Saskatchewan is already the site of the world's largest demonstration or experimental project for injecting and storing carbon dioxide in underground oil fields. In the Weyburn and Apache fields, CO2 from industrial... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 02 May 2008 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540429_text Global Legal Monitor: Austria: Environmental Automobile Tax http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540364_text Environmental protection - On April 14, 2014, the Government of Portugal published Law No. 19, which defines the basis for the country's environmental policy pursuant to the terms of articles 9 and 66 of the Constitution. (Lei No. On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano In August 2013, Syngenta, a Swiss agrochemical company, and Bayer, a German agrochemical company, initiated legal action before the European Court of Justice, challenging the European Commission's decision to ban the pesticide thiamethoxam, which is used On September 1, 2013, a new European Union Regulation on Biocides entered into force. Biocides are chemicals used to control organisms that are harmful to human and animal health and to the environment, such as pests Denmark's Environment Minister, Ida Auken, has announced a new approach to handling rubbish in the country. In September, the government is expected to present a plan to require households to sort trash into several bins, On June 30, 2013, the other members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) urged Indonesia to ratify a treaty designed to limit smog pollution across On May 20, 2013, the Supreme Court of Israel approved a plea bargain that included an unprecedented high amount of compensation in a class-action suit for violation of the prohibition on smoking in public places, in On May 28, 2013, during a visit by President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono of Indonesia to Sweden, the two countries signed a Memorandum of Understanding on sustainable The Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs (MLTM) of the Republic of Korea promulgated the revised enforcement rule for the Marine Environment Management Act on On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 3, 2012, Indonesia and South Korea concluded an agreement to restore the Ciliwung River, which flows from the mountains down through Jakarta On November 20, 2012, the New Zealand government formally lodged with the International Court of Justice (ICJ) a declaration of its intention to intervene in the On September 7, 2012, the New Zealand High Court (the third highest court in New Zealand's court hierarchy) dismissed a challenge to the findings of reports that stated that average temperatures in the country had increased On June 18, 2012, Chile's legislature passed Law 20600 on the creation of new environmental courts, thereby granting the Superintendency of the Environment the power to prosecute environmental violations. (Law 20600 Creating Environmental Courts (June On May 29, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Clean Air Law 5768-2008. A stated objective of the Law is to improve air quality and prevent and minimize air pollution by, among On March 19, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Pollutant and Transfers to the Environment - Duties of Reporting and Registration) Law 5772-2012. The stated objectives of the Law are to increase the Denmark's Environment Ministry is planning to propose a tax on the chemical dihydrogen monoxide (DHMO) as a method to discourage its use. DHMO is odorless but potentially lethal. High levels of the substance were found in A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On January 18, 2012, Namibia's Minister of Environment and Tourism put into effect the Environmental Management Act (EMA), Act No. 7 of 2007. (Government Gazette of the Republic of Namibia, No. 3966 (Dec. 27, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change On October 20, 2011, the Supreme Court of Mongolia ruled that the country's government must enforce its 2009 environmental protection resolution restricting mining in some locations. The decision came in a case filed by the United On May 15, 2011, the New Zealand Minister for the Environment, Hon. Nick Smith, announced that a new law regulating "freedom camping" would be introduced in Parliament this month to address problems related to irresponsible campers. On March 28, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Inspection and Enforcement Authorities) Law, 5771-2011. The Law states as its goal the protection, maintenance, and improvement of the quality of the environment and On March 29, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro approved, during the first session of debate, a bill of law that some say, if adopted, might help fight global warming. The On January 19, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Regulation of Processing of Packaging Law, 5771-2011. The Law declares that it is intended to regulate both the production and the processing of packaging material waste In June 2010, India's Parliament adopted the National Green Tribunal Act (NGT Act), which established a new court, the National Green Tribunal, exclusively for handling cases involving environmental law. The Tribunal began operations on October 19, It was reported on December 10, 2010, that Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration (EPA) has drafted revisions to the relevant laws on recycling of appliances that will ban retailers from charging consumers a fee for the removal On October 21, 2010, the Bahraini Ministry of Homeland Security began enforcing a royal decree issued in 1999 that bans the use of all types of microphones attached to mosques. Muslim clerics in Bahrain have been On November 4, 2010, the European Commission made public a proposal for a regulation to introduce a ban on the use of phosphates and phosphate compounds in laundry detergents, in order to limit the amount of It was reported on October 24, 2010, that a joint committee comprising the African Development Bank (AfDB), the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (ECA), and the African Union Commission (AUC) issued a Consensus Statement on On September 27, 2010, the Bangladeshi Parliament passed the Environment Protection Bill 2010, to amend the Bangladesh Environment Protection Act 1995. The amended law "empowers the government to control the production, processing, stockpiling, supplying, transporting, importing, On September 10, 2010, Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration announced the implementation of measures aimed at encouraging domestic companies to cut carbon dioxide emissions. The measures are set forth in the "Executive Yuan [Cabinet] Environmental Protection Agency A leading British supermarket chain, Sainsbury's, is to be prosecuted for using too much packaging on one of its products, according to a news report of September 17, 2010. The day before this announcement, the supermarket On August 31, 2010, Taiwan and Australia signed a memorandum of understanding on establishing more extensive bilateral cooperation to promote green energy industries and technologies. It is the first agreement of its kind between the two The French Parliament adopted Law 2010-788 of July 12, 2010, on National Commitment for the Environment, also referred to as the "Grenelle II Law." (Loi 2010-788 du 12 juillet 2010 portant engagement national pour l'environnement, On July 29, 2010, the Minsk City Economic Court, in Belarus, ordered a church to pay compensation for environmental damage it allegedly caused in the city. The New Life Church (NLC), a Protestant congregation, was asked On July 23, 2010, the Amsterdam District Court imposed the maximum fine of 1 million (about US$1.28 million) on Trafigura Beheer BV, a multinational oil trading company, for illegally shipping 400 tons of hazardous toxic sludge, On July 14, 2010, the Climate Change Committee of the European Commission endorsed the Commission's proposal for a regulation that establishes rules governing the auctioning of emissions allowances under the EU Emissions Trading System (ETS) and Japan's legislature, the Diet, passed an amendment of the Waste Disposal and Cleaning Law (Law No. 137 of 1970) in May 2010 (Law No. 34 of 2010). The amendment will be effective within one year and On June 11, 2010, Dr. Rob Davies, Minister of Trade and Industry of South Africa, published for public comment a proposed sub-regulation to the National Building Regulations and Building Standards Act to make new buildings energy On June 1, 2010, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) released information on the proceedings instituted by Australia against Japan for alleged breaches of international obligations concerning whaling. (Press Release, ICJ, Australia Institutes Proceedings Against Japan Indonesia and Norway have established a partnership through which Norway will grant the equivalent of US$1 billion in aid to Indonesia for forest preservation and climate control. Indonesia had said in 2009 that it plans to On March 2, 2010, the General Court of the European Union rejected a challenge, brought by "the world's largest steel producer" Arcelor S.A., to the EU's 2003 Emissions Trading Directive. The Luxembourg-based company argued that several On February 9, 2010, the Government of Ireland issued a statement to confirm that it is proceeding with the waste management strategy contained in the 2007 Programme for Government and the 2009 Renewed Program for Government. Victims of toxic waste poisoning in the Ivory Coast have reached an agreement with the Dutch company Trafigura; the deal concerns distribution of approximately US$45 million in compensation to 31,000 victims. A court order issued in Chile has enacted a new law that creates the Ministry of the Environment, the Environmental Evaluation Service, and the Superintendency for the Environment. It also contains other, less substantive amendments. (Ley 20417, amending Law 19,300 of On December 29, 2009, France's Constitutional Council, which ensures the constitutionality of laws prior to their promulgation by the President of the Republic, invalidated the carbon tax set forth in article 7 of the draft 2010 On November 25, 2009, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Climate Change Response (Moderated Emissions Trading) Amendment Bill. This legislation amends the scheme that was enacted by the previous government in September 2008, which was due On August 27, 2009, the National People's Congress of China (NPC) Standing Committee adopted a Resolution on Actively Responding to Climate Change. This is the first resolution of its kind adopted by the top legislature of In mid-November 2009, Norway and Finland signed an agreement in which they committed to cooperation with Russia on removing radioactive batteries from the Baltic Sea. The Memorandum of Understanding was signed in Helsinki, Finland, by Norweigan A U.S. federal appellate court has ruled that a lawsuit by victims of Hurricane Katrina against energy and chemical companies, for contributing to global warming and thus increasing the damages from the hurricane, may proceed in On November 6, 2009, the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) released a report calling for better environmental protection in wartime. Natural assets need to be better protected by clarification of relevant laws, the report concluded. The On June 1, 2009, the General Office of China's State Council announced a plan for an automobile and electronic appliance "old swap new" program, which was formulated by the National Development and Reform Commission and four On September 10, 2009, French President Nicolas Sarkozy announced his government's controversial plan to impose a new "carbon tax" (taxe carbone), to take effect on January 1, 2010, on emissions from fossil fuels such as coal, A meeting was held in Indonesia's capital, Jakarta, on August 26, 2009, to draft a bill to revise the Environmental Law of 1999. The participants included both legislators from the House of Representatives' commission on the It was reported on August 24, 2009, that representatives and experts of ten African nations have convened a meeting in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, to forge a common stance on climate change before the United Nations conference On July 10, 2009, France ratified the Protocol on Pollutant Release and Transfer Registers (done at Kiev, May 21, 2003)andmdash;the first legally binding pact of its kindandmdash;and in so doing triggered the agreement's entry into force Effective July 7, 2009, registered retailers in Hong Kong are no longer allowed to provide free plastic shopping bags for customers; for each plastic shopping bag requested by the customer, the retailers must charge an environmental The U.S. Supreme Court recently addressed jurisdictional issues on enforcement of the Clean Water Act (CWA) by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (Corps), and sided with the argument that According to Ridwan Panjaitan, the head of law enforcement for the City Environmental Management Agency of Jakarta, Indonesia's capital city, the municipality will make public the names of companies that violate environmental regulations. Speaking on June The World Trade Organization (WTO) and the United Nations Environment Programme released a report on June 26, 2009, detailing the connections between trade and climate change. The document "examines the intersections between trade and climate change On June 17, 2009, the Tax Reform Committee of Taiwan's Executive Yuan (Cabinet) approved a proposal to expand energy taxes to include environment taxes, with the changes to take effect in 2011. The Committee's three-in-one proposal It was reported on June 4, 2009, that the South African Treasury is gearing up to introduce the Draft Taxation Laws Amendment Bill 2009, which will provide tax incentives for businesses to reduce their carbon emissions. On May 4, 2009, the United States Supreme Court held that companies could not be held liable under the Superfund hazardous waste cleanup statute solely on the ground that they sold hazardous chemicals to other companies On March 4, 2009, President Alan Garcia Perez of Peru signed the Law on the National System of Evaluation and Control of the Environment, to be led by the Organismo de Evaluacion y Fiscalizacion Ambiental (Agency On April 2, 2009, the Ministry of Finance (MOF) published a Circular on the Corporate Income Tax Policies of the China Clean Development Mechanism [CDM] Fund and CDM projects (CS [2009] No. 30). Dated March 23, On March 29, 2009, on the eve of the first International Conference for Marine Mammal Protected Areas held in Maui, Hawaii, the first guidelines of the Pacific Islands region for whale and dolphin watching were issued, On February 25, 2009, the State Council (Cabinet, hereafter SC) of the People's Republic of China (PRC) promulgated the Regulations for the Administration of the Recovery and Disposal [i.e., recycling] of Waste Electric and Electronic Products The Nigerian Senate recently passed resolutions urging federal agencies, including the National Environmental Standards and Regulations Enforcement Agency (NESREA) and the Standards Organization of Nigeria (SON), to take the necessary steps to regulate the influx of It was reported on March 4, 2009, that Indonesia has submitted an application to join the World Bank's Forest Carbon Partnership Facility [FCPF]. The goal of the FCPF is to help developing countries "design and create For the second year in a row, the Maltese government has banned spring bird hunting season. As in 2008, the new ban is the result of a case on the issue brought by the European Commission On March 10, 2009, the Australian government released draft Carbon Pollution Reduction Scheme legislation that will remain open for public comment until April 14, 2009. The legislation was developed on the basis of a Green Paper On February 5, 2009, the Parliament of Turkey, in a vote of 243 to 3, approved a bill on the country's participation in the Kyoto Protocol, after the Cabinet had signed the agreement. The law entered On January 15, 2009, the Swedish government introduced a blanket ban on mercury. Regulations governing the ban enter into force on June 1, 2009. As a result, such practices as the use of dental amalgam in On February 2, 2009, New Zealand's Prime Minister, John Key, announced a proposal to revise the country's Resource Management Act (RMA). The changes are aimed at easing the way for development projects and home remodeling plans, The 14th session of the Conference of the Parties to the Climate Change Convention (COP 14) the highest decision-making body of this U.N. Convention was held from December 1-13, 2008, in Poznaand#324;, Poland, with On November 12, 2008, the United States Supreme Court reversed a lower court's order placing conditions on the U.S. Navy's training exercises using sonar, finding that the Navy's interest in conducting realistic antisubmarine training exercises outweighed Twenty-eight nations have signed a United Nations-backed memorandum of understanding to protect migratory birds of prey in Africa, Europe, and Asia. The agreement, signed in Abu Dhabi, the United Arab Emirates, will come into force on The Climate Change (Emissions Trading) Amendment Act 2008 recently received royal assent. This legislation introduces a greenhouse gas emissions trading scheme under which participants (large emitters of greenhouse gases) must calculate their emissions via set formulas, On October 7, 2008, the Nigerian Senate debated a bill that if passed would outlaw the flaring of natural gas. The bill requires the Minister of Environment, who will be directly accountable to the National Assembly Law 2008-757 of August 1, 2008, on environmental liability, transposes Directive 2004/35/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of April 21, 2004, on the prevention and remedying of environmental damage. The Law also implements On August 6, 2008, China's Ministry of Environmental Protection posted on its official website a notice to circulate the Opinion on Application of Administrative Detention for Discharging Illegal Pollutants, issued by the Legislative Affairs Office of On August 20, 2008, after years of debate on the issue, China's State Council (Cabinet) Standing Committee approved in principle the draft Regulations on the Administration of Recycling and Treatment of Discarded Appliances and Electronic Products. The 1985 Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer and the ensuing Montreal Protocol of 1987 on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer require contracting member states to phase out ozone-depleting substances according to The European Union's Emissions Trading Scheme, which was established in 2005 to meet the EU's Kyoto Protocol commitments to reduce carbon dioxide emissions, enables companies to trade carbon dioxide pollution permits. Thus, companies that go beyond A plan on emissions trading, known as the Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS), has been in force in the European Union since 1995. Based on Directive 2003/87/EC, ETS aims to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and is the On June 13, 2008, Australia and Indonesia signed a new Indonesia - Australia Forest Carbon Partnership to support emerging forest-carbon trading initiatives. According to a press release, the Partnership On June 5, 2008, Chile's President Michelle Bachelet sent Congress a bill amending the Organic Law of the Environment (Law 19,300 of 1994). The bill creates the Ministry of the Environment, the Environmental Evaluation Service, and On April 21, 2008, Norway's Pollution Control Authority (Statens forurensningstilsyn, or SFT) announced that it is considering amending chapter 11 of the Waste Regulations (930/2004) ";to improve opportunities for households to dispose of hazardous waste and Canada's western province of Saskatchewan is already the site of the world's largest demonstration or experimental project for injecting and storing carbon dioxide in underground oil fields. In the Weyburn and Apache fields, CO2 from industrial On February 29, 2008, Austria promulgated a law entitled Environmental Act 2007 (BUNDESGESETZBLATT (BGBl) I No. 46/2008). This law makes the tax burden on passenger cars and motorcycles dependent on the amount of carbon dioxide that... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 02 Apr 2008 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540364_text Global Legal Monitor: South Korea: Plan to Reduce Ocean Dumping http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540290_text Environmental protection - On April 14, 2014, the Government of Portugal published Law No. 19, which defines the basis for the country's environmental policy pursuant to the terms of articles 9 and 66 of the Constitution. (Lei No. On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano In August 2013, Syngenta, a Swiss agrochemical company, and Bayer, a German agrochemical company, initiated legal action before the European Court of Justice, challenging the European Commission's decision to ban the pesticide thiamethoxam, which is used On September 1, 2013, a new European Union Regulation on Biocides entered into force. Biocides are chemicals used to control organisms that are harmful to human and animal health and to the environment, such as pests Denmark's Environment Minister, Ida Auken, has announced a new approach to handling rubbish in the country. In September, the government is expected to present a plan to require households to sort trash into several bins, On June 30, 2013, the other members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) urged Indonesia to ratify a treaty designed to limit smog pollution across On May 20, 2013, the Supreme Court of Israel approved a plea bargain that included an unprecedented high amount of compensation in a class-action suit for violation of the prohibition on smoking in public places, in On May 28, 2013, during a visit by President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono of Indonesia to Sweden, the two countries signed a Memorandum of Understanding on sustainable The Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs (MLTM) of the Republic of Korea promulgated the revised enforcement rule for the Marine Environment Management Act on On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 3, 2012, Indonesia and South Korea concluded an agreement to restore the Ciliwung River, which flows from the mountains down through Jakarta On November 20, 2012, the New Zealand government formally lodged with the International Court of Justice (ICJ) a declaration of its intention to intervene in the On September 7, 2012, the New Zealand High Court (the third highest court in New Zealand's court hierarchy) dismissed a challenge to the findings of reports that stated that average temperatures in the country had increased On June 18, 2012, Chile's legislature passed Law 20600 on the creation of new environmental courts, thereby granting the Superintendency of the Environment the power to prosecute environmental violations. (Law 20600 Creating Environmental Courts (June On May 29, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Clean Air Law 5768-2008. A stated objective of the Law is to improve air quality and prevent and minimize air pollution by, among On March 19, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Pollutant and Transfers to the Environment - Duties of Reporting and Registration) Law 5772-2012. The stated objectives of the Law are to increase the Denmark's Environment Ministry is planning to propose a tax on the chemical dihydrogen monoxide (DHMO) as a method to discourage its use. DHMO is odorless but potentially lethal. High levels of the substance were found in A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On January 18, 2012, Namibia's Minister of Environment and Tourism put into effect the Environmental Management Act (EMA), Act No. 7 of 2007. (Government Gazette of the Republic of Namibia, No. 3966 (Dec. 27, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change On October 20, 2011, the Supreme Court of Mongolia ruled that the country's government must enforce its 2009 environmental protection resolution restricting mining in some locations. The decision came in a case filed by the United On May 15, 2011, the New Zealand Minister for the Environment, Hon. Nick Smith, announced that a new law regulating "freedom camping" would be introduced in Parliament this month to address problems related to irresponsible campers. On March 28, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Inspection and Enforcement Authorities) Law, 5771-2011. The Law states as its goal the protection, maintenance, and improvement of the quality of the environment and On March 29, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro approved, during the first session of debate, a bill of law that some say, if adopted, might help fight global warming. The On January 19, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Regulation of Processing of Packaging Law, 5771-2011. The Law declares that it is intended to regulate both the production and the processing of packaging material waste In June 2010, India's Parliament adopted the National Green Tribunal Act (NGT Act), which established a new court, the National Green Tribunal, exclusively for handling cases involving environmental law. The Tribunal began operations on October 19, It was reported on December 10, 2010, that Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration (EPA) has drafted revisions to the relevant laws on recycling of appliances that will ban retailers from charging consumers a fee for the removal On October 21, 2010, the Bahraini Ministry of Homeland Security began enforcing a royal decree issued in 1999 that bans the use of all types of microphones attached to mosques. Muslim clerics in Bahrain have been On November 4, 2010, the European Commission made public a proposal for a regulation to introduce a ban on the use of phosphates and phosphate compounds in laundry detergents, in order to limit the amount of It was reported on October 24, 2010, that a joint committee comprising the African Development Bank (AfDB), the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (ECA), and the African Union Commission (AUC) issued a Consensus Statement on On September 27, 2010, the Bangladeshi Parliament passed the Environment Protection Bill 2010, to amend the Bangladesh Environment Protection Act 1995. The amended law "empowers the government to control the production, processing, stockpiling, supplying, transporting, importing, On September 10, 2010, Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration announced the implementation of measures aimed at encouraging domestic companies to cut carbon dioxide emissions. The measures are set forth in the "Executive Yuan [Cabinet] Environmental Protection Agency A leading British supermarket chain, Sainsbury's, is to be prosecuted for using too much packaging on one of its products, according to a news report of September 17, 2010. The day before this announcement, the supermarket On August 31, 2010, Taiwan and Australia signed a memorandum of understanding on establishing more extensive bilateral cooperation to promote green energy industries and technologies. It is the first agreement of its kind between the two The French Parliament adopted Law 2010-788 of July 12, 2010, on National Commitment for the Environment, also referred to as the "Grenelle II Law." (Loi 2010-788 du 12 juillet 2010 portant engagement national pour l'environnement, On July 29, 2010, the Minsk City Economic Court, in Belarus, ordered a church to pay compensation for environmental damage it allegedly caused in the city. The New Life Church (NLC), a Protestant congregation, was asked On July 23, 2010, the Amsterdam District Court imposed the maximum fine of 1 million (about US$1.28 million) on Trafigura Beheer BV, a multinational oil trading company, for illegally shipping 400 tons of hazardous toxic sludge, On July 14, 2010, the Climate Change Committee of the European Commission endorsed the Commission's proposal for a regulation that establishes rules governing the auctioning of emissions allowances under the EU Emissions Trading System (ETS) and Japan's legislature, the Diet, passed an amendment of the Waste Disposal and Cleaning Law (Law No. 137 of 1970) in May 2010 (Law No. 34 of 2010). The amendment will be effective within one year and On June 11, 2010, Dr. Rob Davies, Minister of Trade and Industry of South Africa, published for public comment a proposed sub-regulation to the National Building Regulations and Building Standards Act to make new buildings energy On June 1, 2010, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) released information on the proceedings instituted by Australia against Japan for alleged breaches of international obligations concerning whaling. (Press Release, ICJ, Australia Institutes Proceedings Against Japan Indonesia and Norway have established a partnership through which Norway will grant the equivalent of US$1 billion in aid to Indonesia for forest preservation and climate control. Indonesia had said in 2009 that it plans to On March 2, 2010, the General Court of the European Union rejected a challenge, brought by "the world's largest steel producer" Arcelor S.A., to the EU's 2003 Emissions Trading Directive. The Luxembourg-based company argued that several On February 9, 2010, the Government of Ireland issued a statement to confirm that it is proceeding with the waste management strategy contained in the 2007 Programme for Government and the 2009 Renewed Program for Government. Victims of toxic waste poisoning in the Ivory Coast have reached an agreement with the Dutch company Trafigura; the deal concerns distribution of approximately US$45 million in compensation to 31,000 victims. A court order issued in Chile has enacted a new law that creates the Ministry of the Environment, the Environmental Evaluation Service, and the Superintendency for the Environment. It also contains other, less substantive amendments. (Ley 20417, amending Law 19,300 of On December 29, 2009, France's Constitutional Council, which ensures the constitutionality of laws prior to their promulgation by the President of the Republic, invalidated the carbon tax set forth in article 7 of the draft 2010 On November 25, 2009, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Climate Change Response (Moderated Emissions Trading) Amendment Bill. This legislation amends the scheme that was enacted by the previous government in September 2008, which was due On August 27, 2009, the National People's Congress of China (NPC) Standing Committee adopted a Resolution on Actively Responding to Climate Change. This is the first resolution of its kind adopted by the top legislature of In mid-November 2009, Norway and Finland signed an agreement in which they committed to cooperation with Russia on removing radioactive batteries from the Baltic Sea. The Memorandum of Understanding was signed in Helsinki, Finland, by Norweigan A U.S. federal appellate court has ruled that a lawsuit by victims of Hurricane Katrina against energy and chemical companies, for contributing to global warming and thus increasing the damages from the hurricane, may proceed in On November 6, 2009, the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) released a report calling for better environmental protection in wartime. Natural assets need to be better protected by clarification of relevant laws, the report concluded. The On June 1, 2009, the General Office of China's State Council announced a plan for an automobile and electronic appliance "old swap new" program, which was formulated by the National Development and Reform Commission and four On September 10, 2009, French President Nicolas Sarkozy announced his government's controversial plan to impose a new "carbon tax" (taxe carbone), to take effect on January 1, 2010, on emissions from fossil fuels such as coal, A meeting was held in Indonesia's capital, Jakarta, on August 26, 2009, to draft a bill to revise the Environmental Law of 1999. The participants included both legislators from the House of Representatives' commission on the It was reported on August 24, 2009, that representatives and experts of ten African nations have convened a meeting in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, to forge a common stance on climate change before the United Nations conference On July 10, 2009, France ratified the Protocol on Pollutant Release and Transfer Registers (done at Kiev, May 21, 2003)andmdash;the first legally binding pact of its kindandmdash;and in so doing triggered the agreement's entry into force Effective July 7, 2009, registered retailers in Hong Kong are no longer allowed to provide free plastic shopping bags for customers; for each plastic shopping bag requested by the customer, the retailers must charge an environmental The U.S. Supreme Court recently addressed jurisdictional issues on enforcement of the Clean Water Act (CWA) by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (Corps), and sided with the argument that According to Ridwan Panjaitan, the head of law enforcement for the City Environmental Management Agency of Jakarta, Indonesia's capital city, the municipality will make public the names of companies that violate environmental regulations. Speaking on June The World Trade Organization (WTO) and the United Nations Environment Programme released a report on June 26, 2009, detailing the connections between trade and climate change. The document "examines the intersections between trade and climate change On June 17, 2009, the Tax Reform Committee of Taiwan's Executive Yuan (Cabinet) approved a proposal to expand energy taxes to include environment taxes, with the changes to take effect in 2011. The Committee's three-in-one proposal It was reported on June 4, 2009, that the South African Treasury is gearing up to introduce the Draft Taxation Laws Amendment Bill 2009, which will provide tax incentives for businesses to reduce their carbon emissions. On May 4, 2009, the United States Supreme Court held that companies could not be held liable under the Superfund hazardous waste cleanup statute solely on the ground that they sold hazardous chemicals to other companies On March 4, 2009, President Alan Garcia Perez of Peru signed the Law on the National System of Evaluation and Control of the Environment, to be led by the Organismo de Evaluacion y Fiscalizacion Ambiental (Agency On April 2, 2009, the Ministry of Finance (MOF) published a Circular on the Corporate Income Tax Policies of the China Clean Development Mechanism [CDM] Fund and CDM projects (CS [2009] No. 30). Dated March 23, On March 29, 2009, on the eve of the first International Conference for Marine Mammal Protected Areas held in Maui, Hawaii, the first guidelines of the Pacific Islands region for whale and dolphin watching were issued, On February 25, 2009, the State Council (Cabinet, hereafter SC) of the People's Republic of China (PRC) promulgated the Regulations for the Administration of the Recovery and Disposal [i.e., recycling] of Waste Electric and Electronic Products The Nigerian Senate recently passed resolutions urging federal agencies, including the National Environmental Standards and Regulations Enforcement Agency (NESREA) and the Standards Organization of Nigeria (SON), to take the necessary steps to regulate the influx of It was reported on March 4, 2009, that Indonesia has submitted an application to join the World Bank's Forest Carbon Partnership Facility [FCPF]. The goal of the FCPF is to help developing countries "design and create For the second year in a row, the Maltese government has banned spring bird hunting season. As in 2008, the new ban is the result of a case on the issue brought by the European Commission On March 10, 2009, the Australian government released draft Carbon Pollution Reduction Scheme legislation that will remain open for public comment until April 14, 2009. The legislation was developed on the basis of a Green Paper On February 5, 2009, the Parliament of Turkey, in a vote of 243 to 3, approved a bill on the country's participation in the Kyoto Protocol, after the Cabinet had signed the agreement. The law entered On January 15, 2009, the Swedish government introduced a blanket ban on mercury. Regulations governing the ban enter into force on June 1, 2009. As a result, such practices as the use of dental amalgam in On February 2, 2009, New Zealand's Prime Minister, John Key, announced a proposal to revise the country's Resource Management Act (RMA). The changes are aimed at easing the way for development projects and home remodeling plans, The 14th session of the Conference of the Parties to the Climate Change Convention (COP 14) the highest decision-making body of this U.N. Convention was held from December 1-13, 2008, in Poznaand#324;, Poland, with On November 12, 2008, the United States Supreme Court reversed a lower court's order placing conditions on the U.S. Navy's training exercises using sonar, finding that the Navy's interest in conducting realistic antisubmarine training exercises outweighed Twenty-eight nations have signed a United Nations-backed memorandum of understanding to protect migratory birds of prey in Africa, Europe, and Asia. The agreement, signed in Abu Dhabi, the United Arab Emirates, will come into force on The Climate Change (Emissions Trading) Amendment Act 2008 recently received royal assent. This legislation introduces a greenhouse gas emissions trading scheme under which participants (large emitters of greenhouse gases) must calculate their emissions via set formulas, On October 7, 2008, the Nigerian Senate debated a bill that if passed would outlaw the flaring of natural gas. The bill requires the Minister of Environment, who will be directly accountable to the National Assembly Law 2008-757 of August 1, 2008, on environmental liability, transposes Directive 2004/35/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of April 21, 2004, on the prevention and remedying of environmental damage. The Law also implements On August 6, 2008, China's Ministry of Environmental Protection posted on its official website a notice to circulate the Opinion on Application of Administrative Detention for Discharging Illegal Pollutants, issued by the Legislative Affairs Office of On August 20, 2008, after years of debate on the issue, China's State Council (Cabinet) Standing Committee approved in principle the draft Regulations on the Administration of Recycling and Treatment of Discarded Appliances and Electronic Products. The 1985 Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer and the ensuing Montreal Protocol of 1987 on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer require contracting member states to phase out ozone-depleting substances according to The European Union's Emissions Trading Scheme, which was established in 2005 to meet the EU's Kyoto Protocol commitments to reduce carbon dioxide emissions, enables companies to trade carbon dioxide pollution permits. Thus, companies that go beyond A plan on emissions trading, known as the Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS), has been in force in the European Union since 1995. Based on Directive 2003/87/EC, ETS aims to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and is the On June 13, 2008, Australia and Indonesia signed a new Indonesia - Australia Forest Carbon Partnership to support emerging forest-carbon trading initiatives. According to a press release, the Partnership On June 5, 2008, Chile's President Michelle Bachelet sent Congress a bill amending the Organic Law of the Environment (Law 19,300 of 1994). The bill creates the Ministry of the Environment, the Environmental Evaluation Service, and On April 21, 2008, Norway's Pollution Control Authority (Statens forurensningstilsyn, or SFT) announced that it is considering amending chapter 11 of the Waste Regulations (930/2004) ";to improve opportunities for households to dispose of hazardous waste and Canada's western province of Saskatchewan is already the site of the world's largest demonstration or experimental project for injecting and storing carbon dioxide in underground oil fields. In the Weyburn and Apache fields, CO2 from industrial On February 29, 2008, Austria promulgated a law entitled Environmental Act 2007 (BUNDESGESETZBLATT (BGBl) I No. 46/2008). This law makes the tax burden on passenger cars and motorcycles dependent on the amount of carbon dioxide that South Korea dumped 2.02 million cubic meters of sewage from livestock farms, 1.71 million cubic meters of leftover food, and 1.61 million cubic meters of urban sewage into the ocean in 2007. Although South Korea ratified... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Sun, 02 Mar 2008 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540290_text Global Legal Monitor: China: Water Pollution Prevention Law Amended http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540288_text Environmental protection - On April 14, 2014, the Government of Portugal published Law No. 19, which defines the basis for the country's environmental policy pursuant to the terms of articles 9 and 66 of the Constitution. (Lei No. On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano In August 2013, Syngenta, a Swiss agrochemical company, and Bayer, a German agrochemical company, initiated legal action before the European Court of Justice, challenging the European Commission's decision to ban the pesticide thiamethoxam, which is used On September 1, 2013, a new European Union Regulation on Biocides entered into force. Biocides are chemicals used to control organisms that are harmful to human and animal health and to the environment, such as pests Denmark's Environment Minister, Ida Auken, has announced a new approach to handling rubbish in the country. In September, the government is expected to present a plan to require households to sort trash into several bins, On June 30, 2013, the other members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) urged Indonesia to ratify a treaty designed to limit smog pollution across On May 20, 2013, the Supreme Court of Israel approved a plea bargain that included an unprecedented high amount of compensation in a class-action suit for violation of the prohibition on smoking in public places, in On May 28, 2013, during a visit by President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono of Indonesia to Sweden, the two countries signed a Memorandum of Understanding on sustainable The Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs (MLTM) of the Republic of Korea promulgated the revised enforcement rule for the Marine Environment Management Act on On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 3, 2012, Indonesia and South Korea concluded an agreement to restore the Ciliwung River, which flows from the mountains down through Jakarta On November 20, 2012, the New Zealand government formally lodged with the International Court of Justice (ICJ) a declaration of its intention to intervene in the On September 7, 2012, the New Zealand High Court (the third highest court in New Zealand's court hierarchy) dismissed a challenge to the findings of reports that stated that average temperatures in the country had increased On June 18, 2012, Chile's legislature passed Law 20600 on the creation of new environmental courts, thereby granting the Superintendency of the Environment the power to prosecute environmental violations. (Law 20600 Creating Environmental Courts (June On May 29, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Clean Air Law 5768-2008. A stated objective of the Law is to improve air quality and prevent and minimize air pollution by, among On March 19, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Pollutant and Transfers to the Environment - Duties of Reporting and Registration) Law 5772-2012. The stated objectives of the Law are to increase the Denmark's Environment Ministry is planning to propose a tax on the chemical dihydrogen monoxide (DHMO) as a method to discourage its use. DHMO is odorless but potentially lethal. High levels of the substance were found in A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On January 18, 2012, Namibia's Minister of Environment and Tourism put into effect the Environmental Management Act (EMA), Act No. 7 of 2007. (Government Gazette of the Republic of Namibia, No. 3966 (Dec. 27, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change On October 20, 2011, the Supreme Court of Mongolia ruled that the country's government must enforce its 2009 environmental protection resolution restricting mining in some locations. The decision came in a case filed by the United On May 15, 2011, the New Zealand Minister for the Environment, Hon. Nick Smith, announced that a new law regulating "freedom camping" would be introduced in Parliament this month to address problems related to irresponsible campers. On March 28, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Inspection and Enforcement Authorities) Law, 5771-2011. The Law states as its goal the protection, maintenance, and improvement of the quality of the environment and On March 29, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro approved, during the first session of debate, a bill of law that some say, if adopted, might help fight global warming. The On January 19, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Regulation of Processing of Packaging Law, 5771-2011. The Law declares that it is intended to regulate both the production and the processing of packaging material waste In June 2010, India's Parliament adopted the National Green Tribunal Act (NGT Act), which established a new court, the National Green Tribunal, exclusively for handling cases involving environmental law. The Tribunal began operations on October 19, It was reported on December 10, 2010, that Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration (EPA) has drafted revisions to the relevant laws on recycling of appliances that will ban retailers from charging consumers a fee for the removal On October 21, 2010, the Bahraini Ministry of Homeland Security began enforcing a royal decree issued in 1999 that bans the use of all types of microphones attached to mosques. Muslim clerics in Bahrain have been On November 4, 2010, the European Commission made public a proposal for a regulation to introduce a ban on the use of phosphates and phosphate compounds in laundry detergents, in order to limit the amount of It was reported on October 24, 2010, that a joint committee comprising the African Development Bank (AfDB), the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (ECA), and the African Union Commission (AUC) issued a Consensus Statement on On September 27, 2010, the Bangladeshi Parliament passed the Environment Protection Bill 2010, to amend the Bangladesh Environment Protection Act 1995. The amended law "empowers the government to control the production, processing, stockpiling, supplying, transporting, importing, On September 10, 2010, Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration announced the implementation of measures aimed at encouraging domestic companies to cut carbon dioxide emissions. The measures are set forth in the "Executive Yuan [Cabinet] Environmental Protection Agency A leading British supermarket chain, Sainsbury's, is to be prosecuted for using too much packaging on one of its products, according to a news report of September 17, 2010. The day before this announcement, the supermarket On August 31, 2010, Taiwan and Australia signed a memorandum of understanding on establishing more extensive bilateral cooperation to promote green energy industries and technologies. It is the first agreement of its kind between the two The French Parliament adopted Law 2010-788 of July 12, 2010, on National Commitment for the Environment, also referred to as the "Grenelle II Law." (Loi 2010-788 du 12 juillet 2010 portant engagement national pour l'environnement, On July 29, 2010, the Minsk City Economic Court, in Belarus, ordered a church to pay compensation for environmental damage it allegedly caused in the city. The New Life Church (NLC), a Protestant congregation, was asked On July 23, 2010, the Amsterdam District Court imposed the maximum fine of 1 million (about US$1.28 million) on Trafigura Beheer BV, a multinational oil trading company, for illegally shipping 400 tons of hazardous toxic sludge, On July 14, 2010, the Climate Change Committee of the European Commission endorsed the Commission's proposal for a regulation that establishes rules governing the auctioning of emissions allowances under the EU Emissions Trading System (ETS) and Japan's legislature, the Diet, passed an amendment of the Waste Disposal and Cleaning Law (Law No. 137 of 1970) in May 2010 (Law No. 34 of 2010). The amendment will be effective within one year and On June 11, 2010, Dr. Rob Davies, Minister of Trade and Industry of South Africa, published for public comment a proposed sub-regulation to the National Building Regulations and Building Standards Act to make new buildings energy On June 1, 2010, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) released information on the proceedings instituted by Australia against Japan for alleged breaches of international obligations concerning whaling. (Press Release, ICJ, Australia Institutes Proceedings Against Japan Indonesia and Norway have established a partnership through which Norway will grant the equivalent of US$1 billion in aid to Indonesia for forest preservation and climate control. Indonesia had said in 2009 that it plans to On March 2, 2010, the General Court of the European Union rejected a challenge, brought by "the world's largest steel producer" Arcelor S.A., to the EU's 2003 Emissions Trading Directive. The Luxembourg-based company argued that several On February 9, 2010, the Government of Ireland issued a statement to confirm that it is proceeding with the waste management strategy contained in the 2007 Programme for Government and the 2009 Renewed Program for Government. Victims of toxic waste poisoning in the Ivory Coast have reached an agreement with the Dutch company Trafigura; the deal concerns distribution of approximately US$45 million in compensation to 31,000 victims. A court order issued in Chile has enacted a new law that creates the Ministry of the Environment, the Environmental Evaluation Service, and the Superintendency for the Environment. It also contains other, less substantive amendments. (Ley 20417, amending Law 19,300 of On December 29, 2009, France's Constitutional Council, which ensures the constitutionality of laws prior to their promulgation by the President of the Republic, invalidated the carbon tax set forth in article 7 of the draft 2010 On November 25, 2009, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Climate Change Response (Moderated Emissions Trading) Amendment Bill. This legislation amends the scheme that was enacted by the previous government in September 2008, which was due On August 27, 2009, the National People's Congress of China (NPC) Standing Committee adopted a Resolution on Actively Responding to Climate Change. This is the first resolution of its kind adopted by the top legislature of In mid-November 2009, Norway and Finland signed an agreement in which they committed to cooperation with Russia on removing radioactive batteries from the Baltic Sea. The Memorandum of Understanding was signed in Helsinki, Finland, by Norweigan A U.S. federal appellate court has ruled that a lawsuit by victims of Hurricane Katrina against energy and chemical companies, for contributing to global warming and thus increasing the damages from the hurricane, may proceed in On November 6, 2009, the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) released a report calling for better environmental protection in wartime. Natural assets need to be better protected by clarification of relevant laws, the report concluded. The On June 1, 2009, the General Office of China's State Council announced a plan for an automobile and electronic appliance "old swap new" program, which was formulated by the National Development and Reform Commission and four On September 10, 2009, French President Nicolas Sarkozy announced his government's controversial plan to impose a new "carbon tax" (taxe carbone), to take effect on January 1, 2010, on emissions from fossil fuels such as coal, A meeting was held in Indonesia's capital, Jakarta, on August 26, 2009, to draft a bill to revise the Environmental Law of 1999. The participants included both legislators from the House of Representatives' commission on the It was reported on August 24, 2009, that representatives and experts of ten African nations have convened a meeting in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, to forge a common stance on climate change before the United Nations conference On July 10, 2009, France ratified the Protocol on Pollutant Release and Transfer Registers (done at Kiev, May 21, 2003)andmdash;the first legally binding pact of its kindandmdash;and in so doing triggered the agreement's entry into force Effective July 7, 2009, registered retailers in Hong Kong are no longer allowed to provide free plastic shopping bags for customers; for each plastic shopping bag requested by the customer, the retailers must charge an environmental The U.S. Supreme Court recently addressed jurisdictional issues on enforcement of the Clean Water Act (CWA) by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (Corps), and sided with the argument that According to Ridwan Panjaitan, the head of law enforcement for the City Environmental Management Agency of Jakarta, Indonesia's capital city, the municipality will make public the names of companies that violate environmental regulations. Speaking on June The World Trade Organization (WTO) and the United Nations Environment Programme released a report on June 26, 2009, detailing the connections between trade and climate change. The document "examines the intersections between trade and climate change On June 17, 2009, the Tax Reform Committee of Taiwan's Executive Yuan (Cabinet) approved a proposal to expand energy taxes to include environment taxes, with the changes to take effect in 2011. The Committee's three-in-one proposal It was reported on June 4, 2009, that the South African Treasury is gearing up to introduce the Draft Taxation Laws Amendment Bill 2009, which will provide tax incentives for businesses to reduce their carbon emissions. On May 4, 2009, the United States Supreme Court held that companies could not be held liable under the Superfund hazardous waste cleanup statute solely on the ground that they sold hazardous chemicals to other companies On March 4, 2009, President Alan Garcia Perez of Peru signed the Law on the National System of Evaluation and Control of the Environment, to be led by the Organismo de Evaluacion y Fiscalizacion Ambiental (Agency On April 2, 2009, the Ministry of Finance (MOF) published a Circular on the Corporate Income Tax Policies of the China Clean Development Mechanism [CDM] Fund and CDM projects (CS [2009] No. 30). Dated March 23, On March 29, 2009, on the eve of the first International Conference for Marine Mammal Protected Areas held in Maui, Hawaii, the first guidelines of the Pacific Islands region for whale and dolphin watching were issued, On February 25, 2009, the State Council (Cabinet, hereafter SC) of the People's Republic of China (PRC) promulgated the Regulations for the Administration of the Recovery and Disposal [i.e., recycling] of Waste Electric and Electronic Products The Nigerian Senate recently passed resolutions urging federal agencies, including the National Environmental Standards and Regulations Enforcement Agency (NESREA) and the Standards Organization of Nigeria (SON), to take the necessary steps to regulate the influx of It was reported on March 4, 2009, that Indonesia has submitted an application to join the World Bank's Forest Carbon Partnership Facility [FCPF]. The goal of the FCPF is to help developing countries "design and create For the second year in a row, the Maltese government has banned spring bird hunting season. As in 2008, the new ban is the result of a case on the issue brought by the European Commission On March 10, 2009, the Australian government released draft Carbon Pollution Reduction Scheme legislation that will remain open for public comment until April 14, 2009. The legislation was developed on the basis of a Green Paper On February 5, 2009, the Parliament of Turkey, in a vote of 243 to 3, approved a bill on the country's participation in the Kyoto Protocol, after the Cabinet had signed the agreement. The law entered On January 15, 2009, the Swedish government introduced a blanket ban on mercury. Regulations governing the ban enter into force on June 1, 2009. As a result, such practices as the use of dental amalgam in On February 2, 2009, New Zealand's Prime Minister, John Key, announced a proposal to revise the country's Resource Management Act (RMA). The changes are aimed at easing the way for development projects and home remodeling plans, The 14th session of the Conference of the Parties to the Climate Change Convention (COP 14) the highest decision-making body of this U.N. Convention was held from December 1-13, 2008, in Poznaand#324;, Poland, with On November 12, 2008, the United States Supreme Court reversed a lower court's order placing conditions on the U.S. Navy's training exercises using sonar, finding that the Navy's interest in conducting realistic antisubmarine training exercises outweighed Twenty-eight nations have signed a United Nations-backed memorandum of understanding to protect migratory birds of prey in Africa, Europe, and Asia. The agreement, signed in Abu Dhabi, the United Arab Emirates, will come into force on The Climate Change (Emissions Trading) Amendment Act 2008 recently received royal assent. This legislation introduces a greenhouse gas emissions trading scheme under which participants (large emitters of greenhouse gases) must calculate their emissions via set formulas, On October 7, 2008, the Nigerian Senate debated a bill that if passed would outlaw the flaring of natural gas. The bill requires the Minister of Environment, who will be directly accountable to the National Assembly Law 2008-757 of August 1, 2008, on environmental liability, transposes Directive 2004/35/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of April 21, 2004, on the prevention and remedying of environmental damage. The Law also implements On August 6, 2008, China's Ministry of Environmental Protection posted on its official website a notice to circulate the Opinion on Application of Administrative Detention for Discharging Illegal Pollutants, issued by the Legislative Affairs Office of On August 20, 2008, after years of debate on the issue, China's State Council (Cabinet) Standing Committee approved in principle the draft Regulations on the Administration of Recycling and Treatment of Discarded Appliances and Electronic Products. The 1985 Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer and the ensuing Montreal Protocol of 1987 on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer require contracting member states to phase out ozone-depleting substances according to The European Union's Emissions Trading Scheme, which was established in 2005 to meet the EU's Kyoto Protocol commitments to reduce carbon dioxide emissions, enables companies to trade carbon dioxide pollution permits. Thus, companies that go beyond A plan on emissions trading, known as the Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS), has been in force in the European Union since 1995. Based on Directive 2003/87/EC, ETS aims to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and is the On June 13, 2008, Australia and Indonesia signed a new Indonesia - Australia Forest Carbon Partnership to support emerging forest-carbon trading initiatives. According to a press release, the Partnership On June 5, 2008, Chile's President Michelle Bachelet sent Congress a bill amending the Organic Law of the Environment (Law 19,300 of 1994). The bill creates the Ministry of the Environment, the Environmental Evaluation Service, and On April 21, 2008, Norway's Pollution Control Authority (Statens forurensningstilsyn, or SFT) announced that it is considering amending chapter 11 of the Waste Regulations (930/2004) ";to improve opportunities for households to dispose of hazardous waste and Canada's western province of Saskatchewan is already the site of the world's largest demonstration or experimental project for injecting and storing carbon dioxide in underground oil fields. In the Weyburn and Apache fields, CO2 from industrial On February 29, 2008, Austria promulgated a law entitled Environmental Act 2007 (BUNDESGESETZBLATT (BGBl) I No. 46/2008). This law makes the tax burden on passenger cars and motorcycles dependent on the amount of carbon dioxide that South Korea dumped 2.02 million cubic meters of sewage from livestock farms, 1.71 million cubic meters of leftover food, and 1.61 million cubic meters of urban sewage into the ocean in 2007. Although South Korea ratified On February 28, 2008, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress approved amendments to the Law on Prevention of Water Pollution. Under the revised Law, which enters into force on June 1, senior company executives... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Sun, 02 Mar 2008 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540288_text Global Legal Monitor: Indonesia: Carbon Credit Plan for Rainforest http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540289_text Environmental protection - On April 14, 2014, the Government of Portugal published Law No. 19, which defines the basis for the country's environmental policy pursuant to the terms of articles 9 and 66 of the Constitution. (Lei No. On October 22, 2013, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,127 (Decreto No. 8.127, de 22 de Outubro de 2013, PLANATO.GOV.BR), which launches a National Contingency Plan for oil pollution incidents in waters under national jurisdiction (Plano In August 2013, Syngenta, a Swiss agrochemical company, and Bayer, a German agrochemical company, initiated legal action before the European Court of Justice, challenging the European Commission's decision to ban the pesticide thiamethoxam, which is used On September 1, 2013, a new European Union Regulation on Biocides entered into force. Biocides are chemicals used to control organisms that are harmful to human and animal health and to the environment, such as pests Denmark's Environment Minister, Ida Auken, has announced a new approach to handling rubbish in the country. In September, the government is expected to present a plan to require households to sort trash into several bins, On June 30, 2013, the other members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) urged Indonesia to ratify a treaty designed to limit smog pollution across On May 20, 2013, the Supreme Court of Israel approved a plea bargain that included an unprecedented high amount of compensation in a class-action suit for violation of the prohibition on smoking in public places, in On May 28, 2013, during a visit by President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono of Indonesia to Sweden, the two countries signed a Memorandum of Understanding on sustainable The Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs (MLTM) of the Republic of Korea promulgated the revised enforcement rule for the Marine Environment Management Act on On January 19, 2013, the environment ministers of more than 140 governments, participating in the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Programme's Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC5) to prepare a global instrument on mercury, agreed to On December 3, 2012, Indonesia and South Korea concluded an agreement to restore the Ciliwung River, which flows from the mountains down through Jakarta On November 20, 2012, the New Zealand government formally lodged with the International Court of Justice (ICJ) a declaration of its intention to intervene in the On September 7, 2012, the New Zealand High Court (the third highest court in New Zealand's court hierarchy) dismissed a challenge to the findings of reports that stated that average temperatures in the country had increased On June 18, 2012, Chile's legislature passed Law 20600 on the creation of new environmental courts, thereby granting the Superintendency of the Environment the power to prosecute environmental violations. (Law 20600 Creating Environmental Courts (June On May 29, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed an amendment to the Clean Air Law 5768-2008. A stated objective of the Law is to improve air quality and prevent and minimize air pollution by, among On March 19, 2012, the Knesset (Israel's parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Pollutant and Transfers to the Environment - Duties of Reporting and Registration) Law 5772-2012. The stated objectives of the Law are to increase the Denmark's Environment Ministry is planning to propose a tax on the chemical dihydrogen monoxide (DHMO) as a method to discourage its use. DHMO is odorless but potentially lethal. High levels of the substance were found in A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste On January 18, 2012, Namibia's Minister of Environment and Tourism put into effect the Environmental Management Act (EMA), Act No. 7 of 2007. (Government Gazette of the Republic of Namibia, No. 3966 (Dec. 27, On November 8, 2011, the Australian Senate passed a package of 18 bills that will result in the implementation of a carbon pricing mechanism from July 1, 2012. (Clean Energy Legislation, Department of Climate Change On October 20, 2011, the Supreme Court of Mongolia ruled that the country's government must enforce its 2009 environmental protection resolution restricting mining in some locations. The decision came in a case filed by the United On May 15, 2011, the New Zealand Minister for the Environment, Hon. Nick Smith, announced that a new law regulating "freedom camping" would be introduced in Parliament this month to address problems related to irresponsible campers. On March 28, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Environmental Protection (Inspection and Enforcement Authorities) Law, 5771-2011. The Law states as its goal the protection, maintenance, and improvement of the quality of the environment and On March 29, 2011, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Rio de Janeiro approved, during the first session of debate, a bill of law that some say, if adopted, might help fight global warming. The On January 19, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Regulation of Processing of Packaging Law, 5771-2011. The Law declares that it is intended to regulate both the production and the processing of packaging material waste In June 2010, India's Parliament adopted the National Green Tribunal Act (NGT Act), which established a new court, the National Green Tribunal, exclusively for handling cases involving environmental law. The Tribunal began operations on October 19, It was reported on December 10, 2010, that Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration (EPA) has drafted revisions to the relevant laws on recycling of appliances that will ban retailers from charging consumers a fee for the removal On October 21, 2010, the Bahraini Ministry of Homeland Security began enforcing a royal decree issued in 1999 that bans the use of all types of microphones attached to mosques. Muslim clerics in Bahrain have been On November 4, 2010, the European Commission made public a proposal for a regulation to introduce a ban on the use of phosphates and phosphate compounds in laundry detergents, in order to limit the amount of It was reported on October 24, 2010, that a joint committee comprising the African Development Bank (AfDB), the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (ECA), and the African Union Commission (AUC) issued a Consensus Statement on On September 27, 2010, the Bangladeshi Parliament passed the Environment Protection Bill 2010, to amend the Bangladesh Environment Protection Act 1995. The amended law "empowers the government to control the production, processing, stockpiling, supplying, transporting, importing, On September 10, 2010, Taiwan's Environmental Protection Administration announced the implementation of measures aimed at encouraging domestic companies to cut carbon dioxide emissions. The measures are set forth in the "Executive Yuan [Cabinet] Environmental Protection Agency A leading British supermarket chain, Sainsbury's, is to be prosecuted for using too much packaging on one of its products, according to a news report of September 17, 2010. The day before this announcement, the supermarket On August 31, 2010, Taiwan and Australia signed a memorandum of understanding on establishing more extensive bilateral cooperation to promote green energy industries and technologies. It is the first agreement of its kind between the two The French Parliament adopted Law 2010-788 of July 12, 2010, on National Commitment for the Environment, also referred to as the "Grenelle II Law." (Loi 2010-788 du 12 juillet 2010 portant engagement national pour l'environnement, On July 29, 2010, the Minsk City Economic Court, in Belarus, ordered a church to pay compensation for environmental damage it allegedly caused in the city. The New Life Church (NLC), a Protestant congregation, was asked On July 23, 2010, the Amsterdam District Court imposed the maximum fine of 1 million (about US$1.28 million) on Trafigura Beheer BV, a multinational oil trading company, for illegally shipping 400 tons of hazardous toxic sludge, On July 14, 2010, the Climate Change Committee of the European Commission endorsed the Commission's proposal for a regulation that establishes rules governing the auctioning of emissions allowances under the EU Emissions Trading System (ETS) and Japan's legislature, the Diet, passed an amendment of the Waste Disposal and Cleaning Law (Law No. 137 of 1970) in May 2010 (Law No. 34 of 2010). The amendment will be effective within one year and On June 11, 2010, Dr. Rob Davies, Minister of Trade and Industry of South Africa, published for public comment a proposed sub-regulation to the National Building Regulations and Building Standards Act to make new buildings energy On June 1, 2010, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) released information on the proceedings instituted by Australia against Japan for alleged breaches of international obligations concerning whaling. (Press Release, ICJ, Australia Institutes Proceedings Against Japan Indonesia and Norway have established a partnership through which Norway will grant the equivalent of US$1 billion in aid to Indonesia for forest preservation and climate control. Indonesia had said in 2009 that it plans to On March 2, 2010, the General Court of the European Union rejected a challenge, brought by "the world's largest steel producer" Arcelor S.A., to the EU's 2003 Emissions Trading Directive. The Luxembourg-based company argued that several On February 9, 2010, the Government of Ireland issued a statement to confirm that it is proceeding with the waste management strategy contained in the 2007 Programme for Government and the 2009 Renewed Program for Government. Victims of toxic waste poisoning in the Ivory Coast have reached an agreement with the Dutch company Trafigura; the deal concerns distribution of approximately US$45 million in compensation to 31,000 victims. A court order issued in Chile has enacted a new law that creates the Ministry of the Environment, the Environmental Evaluation Service, and the Superintendency for the Environment. It also contains other, less substantive amendments. (Ley 20417, amending Law 19,300 of On December 29, 2009, France's Constitutional Council, which ensures the co