Law Library of Congress - Global Legal Monitor: Global Legal Monitor: Judiciary http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?home The Global Legal Monitor is an online publication from the Law Library of Congress covering legal news and developments worldwide. It is updated frequently and draws on information from the Global Legal Information Network, official national legal publications, and reliable press sources. You can search previous news by searching the archive. en-us Global Legal Monitor: Egypt: Court of Appeal Dismisses Theft Charges Against Boy for Stealing Bread http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404238_text Crime and law enforcement; Judiciary; Juvenile crime - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 17 Dec 2014 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404238_text Global Legal Monitor: Bangladesh: Sixteenth Amendment to Constitution Empowers Parliament to Impeach Justices http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404192_text Constitution; Judiciary; Legislative powers - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance Bangladesh Act No XIII of 2014 amended the Constitution of Bangladesh, empowering Parliament to impeach Supreme Court judges. (Sadiat Mannan, Parliament and Judiciary: Striking a Balance, DAILY STAR, (Oct. 20, 2014).) Part... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 10 Nov 2014 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404192_text Global Legal Monitor: Ukraine: New Law on State Attorneys http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404187_text Constitution; Crime and law enforcement; Government; Judiciary; Lawyers and legal services - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance Bangladesh Act No XIII of 2014 amended the Constitution of Bangladesh, empowering Parliament to impeach Supreme Court judges. (Sadiat Mannan, Parliament and Judiciary: Striking a Balance, DAILY STAR, (Oct. 20, 2014).) Part On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 04 Nov 2014 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404187_text Global Legal Monitor: Egypt: Law Students Protest Ban on Being Hired as Prosecutors http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404183_text Administrative law and regulatory procedures; Education; Judiciary; Constitution - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance Bangladesh Act No XIII of 2014 amended the Constitution of Bangladesh, empowering Parliament to impeach Supreme Court judges. (Sadiat Mannan, Parliament and Judiciary: Striking a Balance, DAILY STAR, (Oct. 20, 2014).) Part On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The On October 20, 2014, a group of law students who had been denied positions in Egypt's public prosecution service filed a petition before the country's administrative court to repeal the decision that had been issued by... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 31 Oct 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404183_text Global Legal Monitor: European Union; Sri Lanka: Plan to Contest Decision to End Ban on Tamil Tigers http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404175_text International organizations; Judiciary; Terrorism - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance Bangladesh Act No XIII of 2014 amended the Constitution of Bangladesh, empowering Parliament to impeach Supreme Court judges. (Sadiat Mannan, Parliament and Judiciary: Striking a Balance, DAILY STAR, (Oct. 20, 2014).) Part On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The On October 20, 2014, a group of law students who had been denied positions in Egypt's public prosecution service filed a petition before the country's administrative court to repeal the decision that had been issued by On October 16, 2014, the European Court of Justice annulled the European Council's 2006 listing of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE, also known as the Tamil Tigers) as a terrorist organization. The step was... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 23 Oct 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404175_text Global Legal Monitor: China: Notable Environmental Public Interest Lawsuit http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404168_text Environmental protection; Judiciary - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance Bangladesh Act No XIII of 2014 amended the Constitution of Bangladesh, empowering Parliament to impeach Supreme Court judges. (Sadiat Mannan, Parliament and Judiciary: Striking a Balance, DAILY STAR, (Oct. 20, 2014).) Part On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The On October 20, 2014, a group of law students who had been denied positions in Egypt's public prosecution service filed a petition before the country's administrative court to repeal the decision that had been issued by On October 16, 2014, the European Court of Justice annulled the European Council's 2006 listing of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE, also known as the Tamil Tigers) as a terrorist organization. The step was The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case).... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 17 Oct 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404168_text Global Legal Monitor: South Africa: Court Declares Extradition to Death Penalty Jurisdiction Illegal http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404133_text Capital punishment; Extradition; Judiciary - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance Bangladesh Act No XIII of 2014 amended the Constitution of Bangladesh, empowering Parliament to impeach Supreme Court judges. (Sadiat Mannan, Parliament and Judiciary: Striking a Balance, DAILY STAR, (Oct. 20, 2014).) Part On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The On October 20, 2014, a group of law students who had been denied positions in Egypt's public prosecution service filed a petition before the country's administrative court to repeal the decision that had been issued by On October 16, 2014, the European Court of Justice annulled the European Council's 2006 listing of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE, also known as the Tamil Tigers) as a terrorist organization. The step was The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On September 23, 2014, the High Court in Pretoria, South Africa, ruled that the extradition to Botswana of Edwin Samotse, a man sought on murder charges in that country, where he may face the death penalty,... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 25 Sep 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404133_text Global Legal Monitor: International Criminal Court; Kenya: Trial of Kenyan President Adjourned http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404118_text Crimes against humanity; International organizations; Judiciary - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance Bangladesh Act No XIII of 2014 amended the Constitution of Bangladesh, empowering Parliament to impeach Supreme Court judges. (Sadiat Mannan, Parliament and Judiciary: Striking a Balance, DAILY STAR, (Oct. 20, 2014).) Part On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The On October 20, 2014, a group of law students who had been denied positions in Egypt's public prosecution service filed a petition before the country's administrative court to repeal the decision that had been issued by On October 16, 2014, the European Court of Justice annulled the European Council's 2006 listing of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE, also known as the Tamil Tigers) as a terrorist organization. The step was The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On September 23, 2014, the High Court in Pretoria, South Africa, ruled that the extradition to Botswana of Edwin Samotse, a man sought on murder charges in that country, where he may face the death penalty, The International Criminal Court (ICC) announced on September 5, 2014, that the trial of Uhuru Kenyatta, the President of Kenya, and of the Deputy President, William Ruto, originally planned to begin on October 7, would be... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 11 Sep 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404118_text Global Legal Monitor: Israel: Precedent-Setting Decision on Rabbinical Court http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404079_text Health; Judiciary - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance Bangladesh Act No XIII of 2014 amended the Constitution of Bangladesh, empowering Parliament to impeach Supreme Court judges. (Sadiat Mannan, Parliament and Judiciary: Striking a Balance, DAILY STAR, (Oct. 20, 2014).) Part On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The On October 20, 2014, a group of law students who had been denied positions in Egypt's public prosecution service filed a petition before the country's administrative court to repeal the decision that had been issued by On October 16, 2014, the European Court of Justice annulled the European Council's 2006 listing of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE, also known as the Tamil Tigers) as a terrorist organization. The step was The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On September 23, 2014, the High Court in Pretoria, South Africa, ruled that the extradition to Botswana of Edwin Samotse, a man sought on murder charges in that country, where he may face the death penalty, The International Criminal Court (ICC) announced on September 5, 2014, that the trial of Uhuru Kenyatta, the President of Kenya, and of the Deputy President, William Ruto, originally planned to begin on October 7, would be Israel's High Court of Justice, with an extended bench of seven justices, recently voided a decision by the Supreme Rabbinical Court instructing a mother to enable the circumcision of her infant son against her will. (... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 16 Jul 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404079_text Global Legal Monitor: France: Social Housing Provider Found Guilty of Racial Profiling http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404005_text Discrimination; Judiciary; Minority rights; Social welfare - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance Bangladesh Act No XIII of 2014 amended the Constitution of Bangladesh, empowering Parliament to impeach Supreme Court judges. (Sadiat Mannan, Parliament and Judiciary: Striking a Balance, DAILY STAR, (Oct. 20, 2014).) Part On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The On October 20, 2014, a group of law students who had been denied positions in Egypt's public prosecution service filed a petition before the country's administrative court to repeal the decision that had been issued by On October 16, 2014, the European Court of Justice annulled the European Council's 2006 listing of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE, also known as the Tamil Tigers) as a terrorist organization. The step was The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On September 23, 2014, the High Court in Pretoria, South Africa, ruled that the extradition to Botswana of Edwin Samotse, a man sought on murder charges in that country, where he may face the death penalty, The International Criminal Court (ICC) announced on September 5, 2014, that the trial of Uhuru Kenyatta, the President of Kenya, and of the Deputy President, William Ruto, originally planned to begin on October 7, would be Israel's High Court of Justice, with an extended bench of seven justices, recently voided a decision by the Supreme Rabbinical Court instructing a mother to enable the circumcision of her infant son against her will. (The criminal court of Nanterre, a suburb of Paris, recently found a major provider of social housing guilty of ethnic profiling. (Un bailleur HLM condamne pour fichage ethnique [A Social Housing Provider Found Guilty of... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 02 Jun 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404005_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil: National Council of Justice Launches Campaign for the Rational Use of Resources http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403993_text Energy; Environmental protection; Judiciary; Natural resources - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance Bangladesh Act No XIII of 2014 amended the Constitution of Bangladesh, empowering Parliament to impeach Supreme Court judges. (Sadiat Mannan, Parliament and Judiciary: Striking a Balance, DAILY STAR, (Oct. 20, 2014).) Part On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The On October 20, 2014, a group of law students who had been denied positions in Egypt's public prosecution service filed a petition before the country's administrative court to repeal the decision that had been issued by On October 16, 2014, the European Court of Justice annulled the European Council's 2006 listing of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE, also known as the Tamil Tigers) as a terrorist organization. The step was The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On September 23, 2014, the High Court in Pretoria, South Africa, ruled that the extradition to Botswana of Edwin Samotse, a man sought on murder charges in that country, where he may face the death penalty, The International Criminal Court (ICC) announced on September 5, 2014, that the trial of Uhuru Kenyatta, the President of Kenya, and of the Deputy President, William Ruto, originally planned to begin on October 7, would be Israel's High Court of Justice, with an extended bench of seven justices, recently voided a decision by the Supreme Rabbinical Court instructing a mother to enable the circumcision of her infant son against her will. (The criminal court of Nanterre, a suburb of Paris, recently found a major provider of social housing guilty of ethnic profiling. (Un bailleur HLM condamne pour fichage ethnique [A Social Housing Provider Found Guilty of On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros,... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 23 May 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403993_text Global Legal Monitor: Court of Justice of the European Union: Data Retention Directive Held Invalid http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403983_text Human rights; Information technology; Judiciary; Right of privacy - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance Bangladesh Act No XIII of 2014 amended the Constitution of Bangladesh, empowering Parliament to impeach Supreme Court judges. (Sadiat Mannan, Parliament and Judiciary: Striking a Balance, DAILY STAR, (Oct. 20, 2014).) Part On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The On October 20, 2014, a group of law students who had been denied positions in Egypt's public prosecution service filed a petition before the country's administrative court to repeal the decision that had been issued by On October 16, 2014, the European Court of Justice annulled the European Council's 2006 listing of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE, also known as the Tamil Tigers) as a terrorist organization. The step was The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On September 23, 2014, the High Court in Pretoria, South Africa, ruled that the extradition to Botswana of Edwin Samotse, a man sought on murder charges in that country, where he may face the death penalty, The International Criminal Court (ICC) announced on September 5, 2014, that the trial of Uhuru Kenyatta, the President of Kenya, and of the Deputy President, William Ruto, originally planned to begin on October 7, would be Israel's High Court of Justice, with an extended bench of seven justices, recently voided a decision by the Supreme Rabbinical Court instructing a mother to enable the circumcision of her infant son against her will. (The criminal court of Nanterre, a suburb of Paris, recently found a major provider of social housing guilty of ethnic profiling. (Un bailleur HLM condamne pour fichage ethnique [A Social Housing Provider Found Guilty of On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 21 May 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403983_text Global Legal Monitor: Court of Justice of the European Union: Decision Upholds Right to Have Personal Data Erased http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403984_text Human rights; Right of privacy; Telecommunications; Judiciary - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance Bangladesh Act No XIII of 2014 amended the Constitution of Bangladesh, empowering Parliament to impeach Supreme Court judges. (Sadiat Mannan, Parliament and Judiciary: Striking a Balance, DAILY STAR, (Oct. 20, 2014).) Part On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The On October 20, 2014, a group of law students who had been denied positions in Egypt's public prosecution service filed a petition before the country's administrative court to repeal the decision that had been issued by On October 16, 2014, the European Court of Justice annulled the European Council's 2006 listing of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE, also known as the Tamil Tigers) as a terrorist organization. The step was The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On September 23, 2014, the High Court in Pretoria, South Africa, ruled that the extradition to Botswana of Edwin Samotse, a man sought on murder charges in that country, where he may face the death penalty, The International Criminal Court (ICC) announced on September 5, 2014, that the trial of Uhuru Kenyatta, the President of Kenya, and of the Deputy President, William Ruto, originally planned to begin on October 7, would be Israel's High Court of Justice, with an extended bench of seven justices, recently voided a decision by the Supreme Rabbinical Court instructing a mother to enable the circumcision of her infant son against her will. (The criminal court of Nanterre, a suburb of Paris, recently found a major provider of social housing guilty of ethnic profiling. (Un bailleur HLM condamne pour fichage ethnique [A Social Housing Provider Found Guilty of On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 21 May 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403984_text Global Legal Monitor: Egypt; International Criminal Court: Petition from Muslim Brotherhood Rejected http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403976_text Crime and law enforcement; International organizations; Judiciary - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance Bangladesh Act No XIII of 2014 amended the Constitution of Bangladesh, empowering Parliament to impeach Supreme Court judges. (Sadiat Mannan, Parliament and Judiciary: Striking a Balance, DAILY STAR, (Oct. 20, 2014).) Part On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The On October 20, 2014, a group of law students who had been denied positions in Egypt's public prosecution service filed a petition before the country's administrative court to repeal the decision that had been issued by On October 16, 2014, the European Court of Justice annulled the European Council's 2006 listing of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE, also known as the Tamil Tigers) as a terrorist organization. The step was The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On September 23, 2014, the High Court in Pretoria, South Africa, ruled that the extradition to Botswana of Edwin Samotse, a man sought on murder charges in that country, where he may face the death penalty, The International Criminal Court (ICC) announced on September 5, 2014, that the trial of Uhuru Kenyatta, the President of Kenya, and of the Deputy President, William Ruto, originally planned to begin on October 7, would be Israel's High Court of Justice, with an extended bench of seven justices, recently voided a decision by the Supreme Rabbinical Court instructing a mother to enable the circumcision of her infant son against her will. (The criminal court of Nanterre, a suburb of Paris, recently found a major provider of social housing guilty of ethnic profiling. (Un bailleur HLM condamne pour fichage ethnique [A Social Housing Provider Found Guilty of On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 12 May 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403976_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil: Justice Tribunal of the State of Rio de Janeiro Implements New Means to Access Legal Materials http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403961_text Information technology; Judiciary - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance Bangladesh Act No XIII of 2014 amended the Constitution of Bangladesh, empowering Parliament to impeach Supreme Court judges. (Sadiat Mannan, Parliament and Judiciary: Striking a Balance, DAILY STAR, (Oct. 20, 2014).) Part On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The On October 20, 2014, a group of law students who had been denied positions in Egypt's public prosecution service filed a petition before the country's administrative court to repeal the decision that had been issued by On October 16, 2014, the European Court of Justice annulled the European Council's 2006 listing of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE, also known as the Tamil Tigers) as a terrorist organization. The step was The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On September 23, 2014, the High Court in Pretoria, South Africa, ruled that the extradition to Botswana of Edwin Samotse, a man sought on murder charges in that country, where he may face the death penalty, The International Criminal Court (ICC) announced on September 5, 2014, that the trial of Uhuru Kenyatta, the President of Kenya, and of the Deputy President, William Ruto, originally planned to begin on October 7, would be Israel's High Court of Justice, with an extended bench of seven justices, recently voided a decision by the Supreme Rabbinical Court instructing a mother to enable the circumcision of her infant son against her will. (The criminal court of Nanterre, a suburb of Paris, recently found a major provider of social housing guilty of ethnic profiling. (Un bailleur HLM condamne pour fichage ethnique [A Social Housing Provider Found Guilty of On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 02 May 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403961_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil: Justice Tribunal of Rio de Janeiro Calls For an Institutional Pact to Reduce Litigation http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403962_text Consumer protection; Judiciary - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance Bangladesh Act No XIII of 2014 amended the Constitution of Bangladesh, empowering Parliament to impeach Supreme Court judges. (Sadiat Mannan, Parliament and Judiciary: Striking a Balance, DAILY STAR, (Oct. 20, 2014).) Part On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The On October 20, 2014, a group of law students who had been denied positions in Egypt's public prosecution service filed a petition before the country's administrative court to repeal the decision that had been issued by On October 16, 2014, the European Court of Justice annulled the European Council's 2006 listing of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE, also known as the Tamil Tigers) as a terrorist organization. The step was The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On September 23, 2014, the High Court in Pretoria, South Africa, ruled that the extradition to Botswana of Edwin Samotse, a man sought on murder charges in that country, where he may face the death penalty, The International Criminal Court (ICC) announced on September 5, 2014, that the trial of Uhuru Kenyatta, the President of Kenya, and of the Deputy President, William Ruto, originally planned to begin on October 7, would be Israel's High Court of Justice, with an extended bench of seven justices, recently voided a decision by the Supreme Rabbinical Court instructing a mother to enable the circumcision of her infant son against her will. (The criminal court of Nanterre, a suburb of Paris, recently found a major provider of social housing guilty of ethnic profiling. (Un bailleur HLM condamne pour fichage ethnique [A Social Housing Provider Found Guilty of On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 02 May 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403962_text Global Legal Monitor: Kenya: Court Rules Tax Refunds Must Be Prompt http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403952_text Administrative law and regulatory procedures; Judiciary; Taxation; Value-added tax - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance Bangladesh Act No XIII of 2014 amended the Constitution of Bangladesh, empowering Parliament to impeach Supreme Court judges. (Sadiat Mannan, Parliament and Judiciary: Striking a Balance, DAILY STAR, (Oct. 20, 2014).) Part On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The On October 20, 2014, a group of law students who had been denied positions in Egypt's public prosecution service filed a petition before the country's administrative court to repeal the decision that had been issued by On October 16, 2014, the European Court of Justice annulled the European Council's 2006 listing of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE, also known as the Tamil Tigers) as a terrorist organization. The step was The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On September 23, 2014, the High Court in Pretoria, South Africa, ruled that the extradition to Botswana of Edwin Samotse, a man sought on murder charges in that country, where he may face the death penalty, The International Criminal Court (ICC) announced on September 5, 2014, that the trial of Uhuru Kenyatta, the President of Kenya, and of the Deputy President, William Ruto, originally planned to begin on October 7, would be Israel's High Court of Justice, with an extended bench of seven justices, recently voided a decision by the Supreme Rabbinical Court instructing a mother to enable the circumcision of her infant son against her will. (The criminal court of Nanterre, a suburb of Paris, recently found a major provider of social housing guilty of ethnic profiling. (Un bailleur HLM condamne pour fichage ethnique [A Social Housing Provider Found Guilty of On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the Kenya's High Court determined on April 14, 2014, that taxpayers have a right under the Constitution to fair administrative action related to their tax payments. (Catherine Mutava, Kenya: Constitutional Right to Expeditious Settlement of Refund Claims,... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 29 Apr 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403952_text Global Legal Monitor: Spain: Constitutional Court Finds Catalonia Sovereignty Declaration Unconstitutional http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403937_text Conspiracy; Judiciary; Sovereignty - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance Bangladesh Act No XIII of 2014 amended the Constitution of Bangladesh, empowering Parliament to impeach Supreme Court judges. (Sadiat Mannan, Parliament and Judiciary: Striking a Balance, DAILY STAR, (Oct. 20, 2014).) Part On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The On October 20, 2014, a group of law students who had been denied positions in Egypt's public prosecution service filed a petition before the country's administrative court to repeal the decision that had been issued by On October 16, 2014, the European Court of Justice annulled the European Council's 2006 listing of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE, also known as the Tamil Tigers) as a terrorist organization. The step was The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On September 23, 2014, the High Court in Pretoria, South Africa, ruled that the extradition to Botswana of Edwin Samotse, a man sought on murder charges in that country, where he may face the death penalty, The International Criminal Court (ICC) announced on September 5, 2014, that the trial of Uhuru Kenyatta, the President of Kenya, and of the Deputy President, William Ruto, originally planned to begin on October 7, would be Israel's High Court of Justice, with an extended bench of seven justices, recently voided a decision by the Supreme Rabbinical Court instructing a mother to enable the circumcision of her infant son against her will. (The criminal court of Nanterre, a suburb of Paris, recently found a major provider of social housing guilty of ethnic profiling. (Un bailleur HLM condamne pour fichage ethnique [A Social Housing Provider Found Guilty of On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the Kenya's High Court determined on April 14, 2014, that taxpayers have a right under the Constitution to fair administrative action related to their tax payments. (Catherine Mutava, Kenya: Constitutional Right to Expeditious Settlement of Refund Claims, In response to a legal challenge made by the Spanish government, on March 25, 2014, the Constitutional Court (CC) of Spain ruled that the sovereignty declaration passed by Catalonia's regional parliament early last year is unconstitutional.... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 24 Apr 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403937_text Global Legal Monitor: Japan: Gang Member Convicted of Fraud for Playing Golf While Hiding His Gang Membership http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403933_text Fraud and financial crimes; Judiciary - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance Bangladesh Act No XIII of 2014 amended the Constitution of Bangladesh, empowering Parliament to impeach Supreme Court judges. (Sadiat Mannan, Parliament and Judiciary: Striking a Balance, DAILY STAR, (Oct. 20, 2014).) Part On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The On October 20, 2014, a group of law students who had been denied positions in Egypt's public prosecution service filed a petition before the country's administrative court to repeal the decision that had been issued by On October 16, 2014, the European Court of Justice annulled the European Council's 2006 listing of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE, also known as the Tamil Tigers) as a terrorist organization. The step was The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On September 23, 2014, the High Court in Pretoria, South Africa, ruled that the extradition to Botswana of Edwin Samotse, a man sought on murder charges in that country, where he may face the death penalty, The International Criminal Court (ICC) announced on September 5, 2014, that the trial of Uhuru Kenyatta, the President of Kenya, and of the Deputy President, William Ruto, originally planned to begin on October 7, would be Israel's High Court of Justice, with an extended bench of seven justices, recently voided a decision by the Supreme Rabbinical Court instructing a mother to enable the circumcision of her infant son against her will. (The criminal court of Nanterre, a suburb of Paris, recently found a major provider of social housing guilty of ethnic profiling. (Un bailleur HLM condamne pour fichage ethnique [A Social Housing Provider Found Guilty of On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the Kenya's High Court determined on April 14, 2014, that taxpayers have a right under the Constitution to fair administrative action related to their tax payments. (Catherine Mutava, Kenya: Constitutional Right to Expeditious Settlement of Refund Claims, In response to a legal challenge made by the Spanish government, on March 25, 2014, the Constitutional Court (CC) of Spain ruled that the sovereignty declaration passed by Catalonia's regional parliament early last year is unconstitutional. The Japanese Supreme Court has recently reached different conclusions in similar cases involving golf course policies to exclude gang members from playing. Depending on the circumstances, a gang member who deceives the course employees and plays... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 18 Apr 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403933_text Global Legal Monitor: Thailand: Court Invalidates Election http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403913_text Elections and politics; Judiciary - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance Bangladesh Act No XIII of 2014 amended the Constitution of Bangladesh, empowering Parliament to impeach Supreme Court judges. (Sadiat Mannan, Parliament and Judiciary: Striking a Balance, DAILY STAR, (Oct. 20, 2014).) Part On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The On October 20, 2014, a group of law students who had been denied positions in Egypt's public prosecution service filed a petition before the country's administrative court to repeal the decision that had been issued by On October 16, 2014, the European Court of Justice annulled the European Council's 2006 listing of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE, also known as the Tamil Tigers) as a terrorist organization. The step was The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On September 23, 2014, the High Court in Pretoria, South Africa, ruled that the extradition to Botswana of Edwin Samotse, a man sought on murder charges in that country, where he may face the death penalty, The International Criminal Court (ICC) announced on September 5, 2014, that the trial of Uhuru Kenyatta, the President of Kenya, and of the Deputy President, William Ruto, originally planned to begin on October 7, would be Israel's High Court of Justice, with an extended bench of seven justices, recently voided a decision by the Supreme Rabbinical Court instructing a mother to enable the circumcision of her infant son against her will. (The criminal court of Nanterre, a suburb of Paris, recently found a major provider of social housing guilty of ethnic profiling. (Un bailleur HLM condamne pour fichage ethnique [A Social Housing Provider Found Guilty of On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the Kenya's High Court determined on April 14, 2014, that taxpayers have a right under the Constitution to fair administrative action related to their tax payments. (Catherine Mutava, Kenya: Constitutional Right to Expeditious Settlement of Refund Claims, In response to a legal challenge made by the Spanish government, on March 25, 2014, the Constitutional Court (CC) of Spain ruled that the sovereignty declaration passed by Catalonia's regional parliament early last year is unconstitutional. The Japanese Supreme Court has recently reached different conclusions in similar cases involving golf course policies to exclude gang members from playing. Depending on the circumstances, a gang member who deceives the course employees and plays On March 21, 2014, Thailand's Constitutional Court ruled that the country's general election, held on February 2, is invalid. (Court Voids Feb 2 General Election, BANGKOK POST ONLINE (Mar. 21, 2014).)... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 28 Mar 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403913_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil: International Adoption http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403915_text Adoption and foster care; Judiciary - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance Bangladesh Act No XIII of 2014 amended the Constitution of Bangladesh, empowering Parliament to impeach Supreme Court judges. (Sadiat Mannan, Parliament and Judiciary: Striking a Balance, DAILY STAR, (Oct. 20, 2014).) Part On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The On October 20, 2014, a group of law students who had been denied positions in Egypt's public prosecution service filed a petition before the country's administrative court to repeal the decision that had been issued by On October 16, 2014, the European Court of Justice annulled the European Council's 2006 listing of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE, also known as the Tamil Tigers) as a terrorist organization. The step was The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On September 23, 2014, the High Court in Pretoria, South Africa, ruled that the extradition to Botswana of Edwin Samotse, a man sought on murder charges in that country, where he may face the death penalty, The International Criminal Court (ICC) announced on September 5, 2014, that the trial of Uhuru Kenyatta, the President of Kenya, and of the Deputy President, William Ruto, originally planned to begin on October 7, would be Israel's High Court of Justice, with an extended bench of seven justices, recently voided a decision by the Supreme Rabbinical Court instructing a mother to enable the circumcision of her infant son against her will. (The criminal court of Nanterre, a suburb of Paris, recently found a major provider of social housing guilty of ethnic profiling. (Un bailleur HLM condamne pour fichage ethnique [A Social Housing Provider Found Guilty of On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the Kenya's High Court determined on April 14, 2014, that taxpayers have a right under the Constitution to fair administrative action related to their tax payments. (Catherine Mutava, Kenya: Constitutional Right to Expeditious Settlement of Refund Claims, In response to a legal challenge made by the Spanish government, on March 25, 2014, the Constitutional Court (CC) of Spain ruled that the sovereignty declaration passed by Catalonia's regional parliament early last year is unconstitutional. The Japanese Supreme Court has recently reached different conclusions in similar cases involving golf course policies to exclude gang members from playing. Depending on the circumstances, a gang member who deceives the course employees and plays On March 21, 2014, Thailand's Constitutional Court ruled that the country's general election, held on February 2, is invalid. (Court Voids Feb 2 General Election, BANGKOK POST ONLINE (Mar. 21, 2014).) On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o,... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 28 Mar 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403915_text Global Legal Monitor: European Court of Human Rights; Russia; Ukraine: Ukraine Files an Inter-State Application Against Russia http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403898_text Human rights; International organizations; Judiciary - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance Bangladesh Act No XIII of 2014 amended the Constitution of Bangladesh, empowering Parliament to impeach Supreme Court judges. (Sadiat Mannan, Parliament and Judiciary: Striking a Balance, DAILY STAR, (Oct. 20, 2014).) Part On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The On October 20, 2014, a group of law students who had been denied positions in Egypt's public prosecution service filed a petition before the country's administrative court to repeal the decision that had been issued by On October 16, 2014, the European Court of Justice annulled the European Council's 2006 listing of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE, also known as the Tamil Tigers) as a terrorist organization. The step was The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On September 23, 2014, the High Court in Pretoria, South Africa, ruled that the extradition to Botswana of Edwin Samotse, a man sought on murder charges in that country, where he may face the death penalty, The International Criminal Court (ICC) announced on September 5, 2014, that the trial of Uhuru Kenyatta, the President of Kenya, and of the Deputy President, William Ruto, originally planned to begin on October 7, would be Israel's High Court of Justice, with an extended bench of seven justices, recently voided a decision by the Supreme Rabbinical Court instructing a mother to enable the circumcision of her infant son against her will. (The criminal court of Nanterre, a suburb of Paris, recently found a major provider of social housing guilty of ethnic profiling. (Un bailleur HLM condamne pour fichage ethnique [A Social Housing Provider Found Guilty of On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the Kenya's High Court determined on April 14, 2014, that taxpayers have a right under the Constitution to fair administrative action related to their tax payments. (Catherine Mutava, Kenya: Constitutional Right to Expeditious Settlement of Refund Claims, In response to a legal challenge made by the Spanish government, on March 25, 2014, the Constitutional Court (CC) of Spain ruled that the sovereignty declaration passed by Catalonia's regional parliament early last year is unconstitutional. The Japanese Supreme Court has recently reached different conclusions in similar cases involving golf course policies to exclude gang members from playing. Depending on the circumstances, a gang member who deceives the course employees and plays On March 21, 2014, Thailand's Constitutional Court ruled that the country's general election, held on February 2, is invalid. (Court Voids Feb 2 General Election, BANGKOK POST ONLINE (Mar. 21, 2014).) On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 20 Mar 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403898_text Global Legal Monitor: Mali; United Nations: Rights Expert Calls for Stronger Judicial System http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403885_text International organizations; Judiciary; War crimes - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance Bangladesh Act No XIII of 2014 amended the Constitution of Bangladesh, empowering Parliament to impeach Supreme Court judges. (Sadiat Mannan, Parliament and Judiciary: Striking a Balance, DAILY STAR, (Oct. 20, 2014).) Part On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The On October 20, 2014, a group of law students who had been denied positions in Egypt's public prosecution service filed a petition before the country's administrative court to repeal the decision that had been issued by On October 16, 2014, the European Court of Justice annulled the European Council's 2006 listing of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE, also known as the Tamil Tigers) as a terrorist organization. The step was The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On September 23, 2014, the High Court in Pretoria, South Africa, ruled that the extradition to Botswana of Edwin Samotse, a man sought on murder charges in that country, where he may face the death penalty, The International Criminal Court (ICC) announced on September 5, 2014, that the trial of Uhuru Kenyatta, the President of Kenya, and of the Deputy President, William Ruto, originally planned to begin on October 7, would be Israel's High Court of Justice, with an extended bench of seven justices, recently voided a decision by the Supreme Rabbinical Court instructing a mother to enable the circumcision of her infant son against her will. (The criminal court of Nanterre, a suburb of Paris, recently found a major provider of social housing guilty of ethnic profiling. (Un bailleur HLM condamne pour fichage ethnique [A Social Housing Provider Found Guilty of On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the Kenya's High Court determined on April 14, 2014, that taxpayers have a right under the Constitution to fair administrative action related to their tax payments. (Catherine Mutava, Kenya: Constitutional Right to Expeditious Settlement of Refund Claims, In response to a legal challenge made by the Spanish government, on March 25, 2014, the Constitutional Court (CC) of Spain ruled that the sovereignty declaration passed by Catalonia's regional parliament early last year is unconstitutional. The Japanese Supreme Court has recently reached different conclusions in similar cases involving golf course policies to exclude gang members from playing. Depending on the circumstances, a gang member who deceives the course employees and plays On March 21, 2014, Thailand's Constitutional Court ruled that the country's general election, held on February 2, is invalid. (Court Voids Feb 2 General Election, BANGKOK POST ONLINE (Mar. 21, 2014).) On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Suliman Baldo, the United Nations independent expert on human rights in Mali, recently expressed his concern that crimes committed both by rebel groups and national forces during the 2012 conflict in the northern part of the... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 11 Mar 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403885_text Global Legal Monitor: Turkey: New Amendments to Laws on Judiciary http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403888_text Judges; Judiciary - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance Bangladesh Act No XIII of 2014 amended the Constitution of Bangladesh, empowering Parliament to impeach Supreme Court judges. (Sadiat Mannan, Parliament and Judiciary: Striking a Balance, DAILY STAR, (Oct. 20, 2014).) Part On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The On October 20, 2014, a group of law students who had been denied positions in Egypt's public prosecution service filed a petition before the country's administrative court to repeal the decision that had been issued by On October 16, 2014, the European Court of Justice annulled the European Council's 2006 listing of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE, also known as the Tamil Tigers) as a terrorist organization. The step was The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On September 23, 2014, the High Court in Pretoria, South Africa, ruled that the extradition to Botswana of Edwin Samotse, a man sought on murder charges in that country, where he may face the death penalty, The International Criminal Court (ICC) announced on September 5, 2014, that the trial of Uhuru Kenyatta, the President of Kenya, and of the Deputy President, William Ruto, originally planned to begin on October 7, would be Israel's High Court of Justice, with an extended bench of seven justices, recently voided a decision by the Supreme Rabbinical Court instructing a mother to enable the circumcision of her infant son against her will. (The criminal court of Nanterre, a suburb of Paris, recently found a major provider of social housing guilty of ethnic profiling. (Un bailleur HLM condamne pour fichage ethnique [A Social Housing Provider Found Guilty of On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the Kenya's High Court determined on April 14, 2014, that taxpayers have a right under the Constitution to fair administrative action related to their tax payments. (Catherine Mutava, Kenya: Constitutional Right to Expeditious Settlement of Refund Claims, In response to a legal challenge made by the Spanish government, on March 25, 2014, the Constitutional Court (CC) of Spain ruled that the sovereignty declaration passed by Catalonia's regional parliament early last year is unconstitutional. The Japanese Supreme Court has recently reached different conclusions in similar cases involving golf course policies to exclude gang members from playing. Depending on the circumstances, a gang member who deceives the course employees and plays On March 21, 2014, Thailand's Constitutional Court ruled that the country's general election, held on February 2, is invalid. (Court Voids Feb 2 General Election, BANGKOK POST ONLINE (Mar. 21, 2014).) On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Suliman Baldo, the United Nations independent expert on human rights in Mali, recently expressed his concern that crimes committed both by rebel groups and national forces during the 2012 conflict in the northern part of the On February 15, 2014, the Grand National Assembly (GNA) of Turkey passed an omnibus law (Law No. 6524 [in Turkish] (Feb. 15, 2014), GNA website) that amends the following four laws: Law... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 10 Mar 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403888_text Global Legal Monitor: Sri Lanka: Call for War Crimes Investigation http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403881_text International organizations; Judiciary; Religious minorities; War crimes - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance Bangladesh Act No XIII of 2014 amended the Constitution of Bangladesh, empowering Parliament to impeach Supreme Court judges. (Sadiat Mannan, Parliament and Judiciary: Striking a Balance, DAILY STAR, (Oct. 20, 2014).) Part On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The On October 20, 2014, a group of law students who had been denied positions in Egypt's public prosecution service filed a petition before the country's administrative court to repeal the decision that had been issued by On October 16, 2014, the European Court of Justice annulled the European Council's 2006 listing of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE, also known as the Tamil Tigers) as a terrorist organization. The step was The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On September 23, 2014, the High Court in Pretoria, South Africa, ruled that the extradition to Botswana of Edwin Samotse, a man sought on murder charges in that country, where he may face the death penalty, The International Criminal Court (ICC) announced on September 5, 2014, that the trial of Uhuru Kenyatta, the President of Kenya, and of the Deputy President, William Ruto, originally planned to begin on October 7, would be Israel's High Court of Justice, with an extended bench of seven justices, recently voided a decision by the Supreme Rabbinical Court instructing a mother to enable the circumcision of her infant son against her will. (The criminal court of Nanterre, a suburb of Paris, recently found a major provider of social housing guilty of ethnic profiling. (Un bailleur HLM condamne pour fichage ethnique [A Social Housing Provider Found Guilty of On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the Kenya's High Court determined on April 14, 2014, that taxpayers have a right under the Constitution to fair administrative action related to their tax payments. (Catherine Mutava, Kenya: Constitutional Right to Expeditious Settlement of Refund Claims, In response to a legal challenge made by the Spanish government, on March 25, 2014, the Constitutional Court (CC) of Spain ruled that the sovereignty declaration passed by Catalonia's regional parliament early last year is unconstitutional. The Japanese Supreme Court has recently reached different conclusions in similar cases involving golf course policies to exclude gang members from playing. Depending on the circumstances, a gang member who deceives the course employees and plays On March 21, 2014, Thailand's Constitutional Court ruled that the country's general election, held on February 2, is invalid. (Court Voids Feb 2 General Election, BANGKOK POST ONLINE (Mar. 21, 2014).) On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Suliman Baldo, the United Nations independent expert on human rights in Mali, recently expressed his concern that crimes committed both by rebel groups and national forces during the 2012 conflict in the northern part of the On February 15, 2014, the Grand National Assembly (GNA) of Turkey passed an omnibus law (Law No. 6524 [in Turkish] (Feb. 15, 2014), GNA website) that amends the following four laws: Law On February 24, 2014, Navanetham Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (UNHCHR), called for an inquiry into the possibility that the two sides in Sri Lanka's civil war both committed war crimes.... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 27 Feb 2014 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403881_text Global Legal Monitor: Nauru: Government Actions Against Judiciary Raise Concerns http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403848_text Constitution; Judiciary - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance Bangladesh Act No XIII of 2014 amended the Constitution of Bangladesh, empowering Parliament to impeach Supreme Court judges. (Sadiat Mannan, Parliament and Judiciary: Striking a Balance, DAILY STAR, (Oct. 20, 2014).) Part On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The On October 20, 2014, a group of law students who had been denied positions in Egypt's public prosecution service filed a petition before the country's administrative court to repeal the decision that had been issued by On October 16, 2014, the European Court of Justice annulled the European Council's 2006 listing of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE, also known as the Tamil Tigers) as a terrorist organization. The step was The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On September 23, 2014, the High Court in Pretoria, South Africa, ruled that the extradition to Botswana of Edwin Samotse, a man sought on murder charges in that country, where he may face the death penalty, The International Criminal Court (ICC) announced on September 5, 2014, that the trial of Uhuru Kenyatta, the President of Kenya, and of the Deputy President, William Ruto, originally planned to begin on October 7, would be Israel's High Court of Justice, with an extended bench of seven justices, recently voided a decision by the Supreme Rabbinical Court instructing a mother to enable the circumcision of her infant son against her will. (The criminal court of Nanterre, a suburb of Paris, recently found a major provider of social housing guilty of ethnic profiling. (Un bailleur HLM condamne pour fichage ethnique [A Social Housing Provider Found Guilty of On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the Kenya's High Court determined on April 14, 2014, that taxpayers have a right under the Constitution to fair administrative action related to their tax payments. (Catherine Mutava, Kenya: Constitutional Right to Expeditious Settlement of Refund Claims, In response to a legal challenge made by the Spanish government, on March 25, 2014, the Constitutional Court (CC) of Spain ruled that the sovereignty declaration passed by Catalonia's regional parliament early last year is unconstitutional. The Japanese Supreme Court has recently reached different conclusions in similar cases involving golf course policies to exclude gang members from playing. Depending on the circumstances, a gang member who deceives the course employees and plays On March 21, 2014, Thailand's Constitutional Court ruled that the country's general election, held on February 2, is invalid. (Court Voids Feb 2 General Election, BANGKOK POST ONLINE (Mar. 21, 2014).) On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Suliman Baldo, the United Nations independent expert on human rights in Mali, recently expressed his concern that crimes committed both by rebel groups and national forces during the 2012 conflict in the northern part of the On February 15, 2014, the Grand National Assembly (GNA) of Turkey passed an omnibus law (Law No. 6524 [in Turkish] (Feb. 15, 2014), GNA website) that amends the following four laws: Law On February 24, 2014, Navanetham Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (UNHCHR), called for an inquiry into the possibility that the two sides in Sri Lanka's civil war both committed war crimes. Potential Constitutional CrisisOn January 31, 2014, it was reported that the Government of Nauru has started the process of drafting a law that would result in the country being placed under emergency... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 03 Feb 2014 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403848_text Global Legal Monitor: Austria: Administrative Courts Reformed http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403818_text Administrative law and regulatory procedures; Constitution; Judiciary - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance Bangladesh Act No XIII of 2014 amended the Constitution of Bangladesh, empowering Parliament to impeach Supreme Court judges. (Sadiat Mannan, Parliament and Judiciary: Striking a Balance, DAILY STAR, (Oct. 20, 2014).) Part On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The On October 20, 2014, a group of law students who had been denied positions in Egypt's public prosecution service filed a petition before the country's administrative court to repeal the decision that had been issued by On October 16, 2014, the European Court of Justice annulled the European Council's 2006 listing of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE, also known as the Tamil Tigers) as a terrorist organization. The step was The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On September 23, 2014, the High Court in Pretoria, South Africa, ruled that the extradition to Botswana of Edwin Samotse, a man sought on murder charges in that country, where he may face the death penalty, The International Criminal Court (ICC) announced on September 5, 2014, that the trial of Uhuru Kenyatta, the President of Kenya, and of the Deputy President, William Ruto, originally planned to begin on October 7, would be Israel's High Court of Justice, with an extended bench of seven justices, recently voided a decision by the Supreme Rabbinical Court instructing a mother to enable the circumcision of her infant son against her will. (The criminal court of Nanterre, a suburb of Paris, recently found a major provider of social housing guilty of ethnic profiling. (Un bailleur HLM condamne pour fichage ethnique [A Social Housing Provider Found Guilty of On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the Kenya's High Court determined on April 14, 2014, that taxpayers have a right under the Constitution to fair administrative action related to their tax payments. (Catherine Mutava, Kenya: Constitutional Right to Expeditious Settlement of Refund Claims, In response to a legal challenge made by the Spanish government, on March 25, 2014, the Constitutional Court (CC) of Spain ruled that the sovereignty declaration passed by Catalonia's regional parliament early last year is unconstitutional. The Japanese Supreme Court has recently reached different conclusions in similar cases involving golf course policies to exclude gang members from playing. Depending on the circumstances, a gang member who deceives the course employees and plays On March 21, 2014, Thailand's Constitutional Court ruled that the country's general election, held on February 2, is invalid. (Court Voids Feb 2 General Election, BANGKOK POST ONLINE (Mar. 21, 2014).) On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Suliman Baldo, the United Nations independent expert on human rights in Mali, recently expressed his concern that crimes committed both by rebel groups and national forces during the 2012 conflict in the northern part of the On February 15, 2014, the Grand National Assembly (GNA) of Turkey passed an omnibus law (Law No. 6524 [in Turkish] (Feb. 15, 2014), GNA website) that amends the following four laws: Law On February 24, 2014, Navanetham Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (UNHCHR), called for an inquiry into the possibility that the two sides in Sri Lanka's civil war both committed war crimes. Potential Constitutional CrisisOn January 31, 2014, it was reported that the Government of Nauru has started the process of drafting a law that would result in the country being placed under emergency On January 1, 2014, a major reform of the Austrian system of administrative justice went into effect. It is based on the Administrative Justice Reform Act of 2012 (Verwaltungsgerichtsbarkeit-Novelle 2012, BUNDESGESETZBLATT I 2012/51), and on... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 06 Jan 2014 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403818_text Global Legal Monitor: China: Courts Required to Publish All Effective Opinions on One Website http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403810_text Government ethics and transparency; Judiciary; Supreme court - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance Bangladesh Act No XIII of 2014 amended the Constitution of Bangladesh, empowering Parliament to impeach Supreme Court judges. (Sadiat Mannan, Parliament and Judiciary: Striking a Balance, DAILY STAR, (Oct. 20, 2014).) Part On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The On October 20, 2014, a group of law students who had been denied positions in Egypt's public prosecution service filed a petition before the country's administrative court to repeal the decision that had been issued by On October 16, 2014, the European Court of Justice annulled the European Council's 2006 listing of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE, also known as the Tamil Tigers) as a terrorist organization. The step was The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On September 23, 2014, the High Court in Pretoria, South Africa, ruled that the extradition to Botswana of Edwin Samotse, a man sought on murder charges in that country, where he may face the death penalty, The International Criminal Court (ICC) announced on September 5, 2014, that the trial of Uhuru Kenyatta, the President of Kenya, and of the Deputy President, William Ruto, originally planned to begin on October 7, would be Israel's High Court of Justice, with an extended bench of seven justices, recently voided a decision by the Supreme Rabbinical Court instructing a mother to enable the circumcision of her infant son against her will. (The criminal court of Nanterre, a suburb of Paris, recently found a major provider of social housing guilty of ethnic profiling. (Un bailleur HLM condamne pour fichage ethnique [A Social Housing Provider Found Guilty of On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the Kenya's High Court determined on April 14, 2014, that taxpayers have a right under the Constitution to fair administrative action related to their tax payments. (Catherine Mutava, Kenya: Constitutional Right to Expeditious Settlement of Refund Claims, In response to a legal challenge made by the Spanish government, on March 25, 2014, the Constitutional Court (CC) of Spain ruled that the sovereignty declaration passed by Catalonia's regional parliament early last year is unconstitutional. The Japanese Supreme Court has recently reached different conclusions in similar cases involving golf course policies to exclude gang members from playing. Depending on the circumstances, a gang member who deceives the course employees and plays On March 21, 2014, Thailand's Constitutional Court ruled that the country's general election, held on February 2, is invalid. (Court Voids Feb 2 General Election, BANGKOK POST ONLINE (Mar. 21, 2014).) On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Suliman Baldo, the United Nations independent expert on human rights in Mali, recently expressed his concern that crimes committed both by rebel groups and national forces during the 2012 conflict in the northern part of the On February 15, 2014, the Grand National Assembly (GNA) of Turkey passed an omnibus law (Law No. 6524 [in Turkish] (Feb. 15, 2014), GNA website) that amends the following four laws: Law On February 24, 2014, Navanetham Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (UNHCHR), called for an inquiry into the possibility that the two sides in Sri Lanka's civil war both committed war crimes. Potential Constitutional CrisisOn January 31, 2014, it was reported that the Government of Nauru has started the process of drafting a law that would result in the country being placed under emergency On January 1, 2014, a major reform of the Austrian system of administrative justice went into effect. It is based on the Administrative Justice Reform Act of 2012 (Verwaltungsgerichtsbarkeit-Novelle 2012, BUNDESGESETZBLATT I 2012/51), and on On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China,... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 31 Dec 2013 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403810_text Global Legal Monitor: South Africa: Constitutional Court Upholds Mandatory Minimum Sentence Rule for Accomplices in Armed Robberies http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403813_text Crime and law enforcement; Judiciary; Sentencing - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance Bangladesh Act No XIII of 2014 amended the Constitution of Bangladesh, empowering Parliament to impeach Supreme Court judges. (Sadiat Mannan, Parliament and Judiciary: Striking a Balance, DAILY STAR, (Oct. 20, 2014).) Part On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The On October 20, 2014, a group of law students who had been denied positions in Egypt's public prosecution service filed a petition before the country's administrative court to repeal the decision that had been issued by On October 16, 2014, the European Court of Justice annulled the European Council's 2006 listing of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE, also known as the Tamil Tigers) as a terrorist organization. The step was The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On September 23, 2014, the High Court in Pretoria, South Africa, ruled that the extradition to Botswana of Edwin Samotse, a man sought on murder charges in that country, where he may face the death penalty, The International Criminal Court (ICC) announced on September 5, 2014, that the trial of Uhuru Kenyatta, the President of Kenya, and of the Deputy President, William Ruto, originally planned to begin on October 7, would be Israel's High Court of Justice, with an extended bench of seven justices, recently voided a decision by the Supreme Rabbinical Court instructing a mother to enable the circumcision of her infant son against her will. (The criminal court of Nanterre, a suburb of Paris, recently found a major provider of social housing guilty of ethnic profiling. (Un bailleur HLM condamne pour fichage ethnique [A Social Housing Provider Found Guilty of On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the Kenya's High Court determined on April 14, 2014, that taxpayers have a right under the Constitution to fair administrative action related to their tax payments. (Catherine Mutava, Kenya: Constitutional Right to Expeditious Settlement of Refund Claims, In response to a legal challenge made by the Spanish government, on March 25, 2014, the Constitutional Court (CC) of Spain ruled that the sovereignty declaration passed by Catalonia's regional parliament early last year is unconstitutional. The Japanese Supreme Court has recently reached different conclusions in similar cases involving golf course policies to exclude gang members from playing. Depending on the circumstances, a gang member who deceives the course employees and plays On March 21, 2014, Thailand's Constitutional Court ruled that the country's general election, held on February 2, is invalid. (Court Voids Feb 2 General Election, BANGKOK POST ONLINE (Mar. 21, 2014).) On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Suliman Baldo, the United Nations independent expert on human rights in Mali, recently expressed his concern that crimes committed both by rebel groups and national forces during the 2012 conflict in the northern part of the On February 15, 2014, the Grand National Assembly (GNA) of Turkey passed an omnibus law (Law No. 6524 [in Turkish] (Feb. 15, 2014), GNA website) that amends the following four laws: Law On February 24, 2014, Navanetham Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (UNHCHR), called for an inquiry into the possibility that the two sides in Sri Lanka's civil war both committed war crimes. Potential Constitutional CrisisOn January 31, 2014, it was reported that the Government of Nauru has started the process of drafting a law that would result in the country being placed under emergency On January 1, 2014, a major reform of the Austrian system of administrative justice went into effect. It is based on the Administrative Justice Reform Act of 2012 (Verwaltungsgerichtsbarkeit-Novelle 2012, BUNDESGESETZBLATT I 2012/51), and on On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 31 Dec 2013 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403813_text Global Legal Monitor: Congo, The Democratic Republic of the: Provincial Assembly Revises Law on "Jungle Justice" http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403771_text Human rights; Judiciary - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance Bangladesh Act No XIII of 2014 amended the Constitution of Bangladesh, empowering Parliament to impeach Supreme Court judges. (Sadiat Mannan, Parliament and Judiciary: Striking a Balance, DAILY STAR, (Oct. 20, 2014).) Part On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The On October 20, 2014, a group of law students who had been denied positions in Egypt's public prosecution service filed a petition before the country's administrative court to repeal the decision that had been issued by On October 16, 2014, the European Court of Justice annulled the European Council's 2006 listing of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE, also known as the Tamil Tigers) as a terrorist organization. The step was The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On September 23, 2014, the High Court in Pretoria, South Africa, ruled that the extradition to Botswana of Edwin Samotse, a man sought on murder charges in that country, where he may face the death penalty, The International Criminal Court (ICC) announced on September 5, 2014, that the trial of Uhuru Kenyatta, the President of Kenya, and of the Deputy President, William Ruto, originally planned to begin on October 7, would be Israel's High Court of Justice, with an extended bench of seven justices, recently voided a decision by the Supreme Rabbinical Court instructing a mother to enable the circumcision of her infant son against her will. (The criminal court of Nanterre, a suburb of Paris, recently found a major provider of social housing guilty of ethnic profiling. (Un bailleur HLM condamne pour fichage ethnique [A Social Housing Provider Found Guilty of On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the Kenya's High Court determined on April 14, 2014, that taxpayers have a right under the Constitution to fair administrative action related to their tax payments. (Catherine Mutava, Kenya: Constitutional Right to Expeditious Settlement of Refund Claims, In response to a legal challenge made by the Spanish government, on March 25, 2014, the Constitutional Court (CC) of Spain ruled that the sovereignty declaration passed by Catalonia's regional parliament early last year is unconstitutional. The Japanese Supreme Court has recently reached different conclusions in similar cases involving golf course policies to exclude gang members from playing. Depending on the circumstances, a gang member who deceives the course employees and plays On March 21, 2014, Thailand's Constitutional Court ruled that the country's general election, held on February 2, is invalid. (Court Voids Feb 2 General Election, BANGKOK POST ONLINE (Mar. 21, 2014).) On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Suliman Baldo, the United Nations independent expert on human rights in Mali, recently expressed his concern that crimes committed both by rebel groups and national forces during the 2012 conflict in the northern part of the On February 15, 2014, the Grand National Assembly (GNA) of Turkey passed an omnibus law (Law No. 6524 [in Turkish] (Feb. 15, 2014), GNA website) that amends the following four laws: Law On February 24, 2014, Navanetham Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (UNHCHR), called for an inquiry into the possibility that the two sides in Sri Lanka's civil war both committed war crimes. Potential Constitutional CrisisOn January 31, 2014, it was reported that the Government of Nauru has started the process of drafting a law that would result in the country being placed under emergency On January 1, 2014, a major reform of the Austrian system of administrative justice went into effect. It is based on the Administrative Justice Reform Act of 2012 (Verwaltungsgerichtsbarkeit-Novelle 2012, BUNDESGESETZBLATT I 2012/51), and on On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 26 Nov 2013 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403771_text Global Legal Monitor: Kazakhstan: New Sentences for Exercise of Religious Beliefs http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403706_text Judiciary; Church and state relations - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance Bangladesh Act No XIII of 2014 amended the Constitution of Bangladesh, empowering Parliament to impeach Supreme Court judges. (Sadiat Mannan, Parliament and Judiciary: Striking a Balance, DAILY STAR, (Oct. 20, 2014).) Part On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The On October 20, 2014, a group of law students who had been denied positions in Egypt's public prosecution service filed a petition before the country's administrative court to repeal the decision that had been issued by On October 16, 2014, the European Court of Justice annulled the European Council's 2006 listing of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE, also known as the Tamil Tigers) as a terrorist organization. The step was The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On September 23, 2014, the High Court in Pretoria, South Africa, ruled that the extradition to Botswana of Edwin Samotse, a man sought on murder charges in that country, where he may face the death penalty, The International Criminal Court (ICC) announced on September 5, 2014, that the trial of Uhuru Kenyatta, the President of Kenya, and of the Deputy President, William Ruto, originally planned to begin on October 7, would be Israel's High Court of Justice, with an extended bench of seven justices, recently voided a decision by the Supreme Rabbinical Court instructing a mother to enable the circumcision of her infant son against her will. (The criminal court of Nanterre, a suburb of Paris, recently found a major provider of social housing guilty of ethnic profiling. (Un bailleur HLM condamne pour fichage ethnique [A Social Housing Provider Found Guilty of On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the Kenya's High Court determined on April 14, 2014, that taxpayers have a right under the Constitution to fair administrative action related to their tax payments. (Catherine Mutava, Kenya: Constitutional Right to Expeditious Settlement of Refund Claims, In response to a legal challenge made by the Spanish government, on March 25, 2014, the Constitutional Court (CC) of Spain ruled that the sovereignty declaration passed by Catalonia's regional parliament early last year is unconstitutional. The Japanese Supreme Court has recently reached different conclusions in similar cases involving golf course policies to exclude gang members from playing. Depending on the circumstances, a gang member who deceives the course employees and plays On March 21, 2014, Thailand's Constitutional Court ruled that the country's general election, held on February 2, is invalid. (Court Voids Feb 2 General Election, BANGKOK POST ONLINE (Mar. 21, 2014).) On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Suliman Baldo, the United Nations independent expert on human rights in Mali, recently expressed his concern that crimes committed both by rebel groups and national forces during the 2012 conflict in the northern part of the On February 15, 2014, the Grand National Assembly (GNA) of Turkey passed an omnibus law (Law No. 6524 [in Turkish] (Feb. 15, 2014), GNA website) that amends the following four laws: Law On February 24, 2014, Navanetham Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (UNHCHR), called for an inquiry into the possibility that the two sides in Sri Lanka's civil war both committed war crimes. Potential Constitutional CrisisOn January 31, 2014, it was reported that the Government of Nauru has started the process of drafting a law that would result in the country being placed under emergency On January 1, 2014, a major reform of the Austrian system of administrative justice went into effect. It is based on the Administrative Justice Reform Act of 2012 (Verwaltungsgerichtsbarkeit-Novelle 2012, BUNDESGESETZBLATT I 2012/51), and on On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The Kazakhstan was criticized recently by international human rights organizations for restricting specific religious groups and practices. ( Religious Freedom in Kazakhstan, Berkley Center for Religion, Peace, andamp; World Affairs website (last... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 19 Sep 2013 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403706_text Global Legal Monitor: Burma: Proposal to Monitor Court Cases http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403700_text Judiciary - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance Bangladesh Act No XIII of 2014 amended the Constitution of Bangladesh, empowering Parliament to impeach Supreme Court judges. (Sadiat Mannan, Parliament and Judiciary: Striking a Balance, DAILY STAR, (Oct. 20, 2014).) Part On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The On October 20, 2014, a group of law students who had been denied positions in Egypt's public prosecution service filed a petition before the country's administrative court to repeal the decision that had been issued by On October 16, 2014, the European Court of Justice annulled the European Council's 2006 listing of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE, also known as the Tamil Tigers) as a terrorist organization. The step was The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On September 23, 2014, the High Court in Pretoria, South Africa, ruled that the extradition to Botswana of Edwin Samotse, a man sought on murder charges in that country, where he may face the death penalty, The International Criminal Court (ICC) announced on September 5, 2014, that the trial of Uhuru Kenyatta, the President of Kenya, and of the Deputy President, William Ruto, originally planned to begin on October 7, would be Israel's High Court of Justice, with an extended bench of seven justices, recently voided a decision by the Supreme Rabbinical Court instructing a mother to enable the circumcision of her infant son against her will. (The criminal court of Nanterre, a suburb of Paris, recently found a major provider of social housing guilty of ethnic profiling. (Un bailleur HLM condamne pour fichage ethnique [A Social Housing Provider Found Guilty of On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the Kenya's High Court determined on April 14, 2014, that taxpayers have a right under the Constitution to fair administrative action related to their tax payments. (Catherine Mutava, Kenya: Constitutional Right to Expeditious Settlement of Refund Claims, In response to a legal challenge made by the Spanish government, on March 25, 2014, the Constitutional Court (CC) of Spain ruled that the sovereignty declaration passed by Catalonia's regional parliament early last year is unconstitutional. The Japanese Supreme Court has recently reached different conclusions in similar cases involving golf course policies to exclude gang members from playing. Depending on the circumstances, a gang member who deceives the course employees and plays On March 21, 2014, Thailand's Constitutional Court ruled that the country's general election, held on February 2, is invalid. (Court Voids Feb 2 General Election, BANGKOK POST ONLINE (Mar. 21, 2014).) On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Suliman Baldo, the United Nations independent expert on human rights in Mali, recently expressed his concern that crimes committed both by rebel groups and national forces during the 2012 conflict in the northern part of the On February 15, 2014, the Grand National Assembly (GNA) of Turkey passed an omnibus law (Law No. 6524 [in Turkish] (Feb. 15, 2014), GNA website) that amends the following four laws: Law On February 24, 2014, Navanetham Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (UNHCHR), called for an inquiry into the possibility that the two sides in Sri Lanka's civil war both committed war crimes. Potential Constitutional CrisisOn January 31, 2014, it was reported that the Government of Nauru has started the process of drafting a law that would result in the country being placed under emergency On January 1, 2014, a major reform of the Austrian system of administrative justice went into effect. It is based on the Administrative Justice Reform Act of 2012 (Verwaltungsgerichtsbarkeit-Novelle 2012, BUNDESGESETZBLATT I 2012/51), and on On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The Kazakhstan was criticized recently by international human rights organizations for restricting specific religious groups and practices. ( Religious Freedom in Kazakhstan, Berkley Center for Religion, Peace, andamp; World Affairs website (last Thura Aung Ko, a legislator in Burma's (Myanmar's) parliament, announced on September 7, 2013, that legislation will be drafted to create groups to monitor judicial proceedings. The purpose, according to Aung Ko, is to end corruption... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 13 Sep 2013 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403700_text Global Legal Monitor: Pakistan: Province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Establishes Mobile Courts http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403655_text Judiciary - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance Bangladesh Act No XIII of 2014 amended the Constitution of Bangladesh, empowering Parliament to impeach Supreme Court judges. (Sadiat Mannan, Parliament and Judiciary: Striking a Balance, DAILY STAR, (Oct. 20, 2014).) Part On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The On October 20, 2014, a group of law students who had been denied positions in Egypt's public prosecution service filed a petition before the country's administrative court to repeal the decision that had been issued by On October 16, 2014, the European Court of Justice annulled the European Council's 2006 listing of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE, also known as the Tamil Tigers) as a terrorist organization. The step was The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On September 23, 2014, the High Court in Pretoria, South Africa, ruled that the extradition to Botswana of Edwin Samotse, a man sought on murder charges in that country, where he may face the death penalty, The International Criminal Court (ICC) announced on September 5, 2014, that the trial of Uhuru Kenyatta, the President of Kenya, and of the Deputy President, William Ruto, originally planned to begin on October 7, would be Israel's High Court of Justice, with an extended bench of seven justices, recently voided a decision by the Supreme Rabbinical Court instructing a mother to enable the circumcision of her infant son against her will. (The criminal court of Nanterre, a suburb of Paris, recently found a major provider of social housing guilty of ethnic profiling. (Un bailleur HLM condamne pour fichage ethnique [A Social Housing Provider Found Guilty of On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the Kenya's High Court determined on April 14, 2014, that taxpayers have a right under the Constitution to fair administrative action related to their tax payments. (Catherine Mutava, Kenya: Constitutional Right to Expeditious Settlement of Refund Claims, In response to a legal challenge made by the Spanish government, on March 25, 2014, the Constitutional Court (CC) of Spain ruled that the sovereignty declaration passed by Catalonia's regional parliament early last year is unconstitutional. The Japanese Supreme Court has recently reached different conclusions in similar cases involving golf course policies to exclude gang members from playing. Depending on the circumstances, a gang member who deceives the course employees and plays On March 21, 2014, Thailand's Constitutional Court ruled that the country's general election, held on February 2, is invalid. (Court Voids Feb 2 General Election, BANGKOK POST ONLINE (Mar. 21, 2014).) On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Suliman Baldo, the United Nations independent expert on human rights in Mali, recently expressed his concern that crimes committed both by rebel groups and national forces during the 2012 conflict in the northern part of the On February 15, 2014, the Grand National Assembly (GNA) of Turkey passed an omnibus law (Law No. 6524 [in Turkish] (Feb. 15, 2014), GNA website) that amends the following four laws: Law On February 24, 2014, Navanetham Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (UNHCHR), called for an inquiry into the possibility that the two sides in Sri Lanka's civil war both committed war crimes. Potential Constitutional CrisisOn January 31, 2014, it was reported that the Government of Nauru has started the process of drafting a law that would result in the country being placed under emergency On January 1, 2014, a major reform of the Austrian system of administrative justice went into effect. It is based on the Administrative Justice Reform Act of 2012 (Verwaltungsgerichtsbarkeit-Novelle 2012, BUNDESGESETZBLATT I 2012/51), and on On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The Kazakhstan was criticized recently by international human rights organizations for restricting specific religious groups and practices. ( Religious Freedom in Kazakhstan, Berkley Center for Religion, Peace, andamp; World Affairs website (last Thura Aung Ko, a legislator in Burma's (Myanmar's) parliament, announced on September 7, 2013, that legislation will be drafted to create groups to monitor judicial proceedings. The purpose, according to Aung Ko, is to end corruption On July 28, 2013, Peshawar High Court (PHC) Chief Justice Dost Mohammad Khan inaugurated the establishment of mobile courts in the northern Pakistani province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK) to hear civil and criminal disputes.... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 05 Aug 2013 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403655_text Global Legal Monitor: International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia: Six Former Croatian Leaders Convicted of Crimes Against Humanity http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403607_text Judiciary; Genocide; War crimes - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance Bangladesh Act No XIII of 2014 amended the Constitution of Bangladesh, empowering Parliament to impeach Supreme Court judges. (Sadiat Mannan, Parliament and Judiciary: Striking a Balance, DAILY STAR, (Oct. 20, 2014).) Part On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The On October 20, 2014, a group of law students who had been denied positions in Egypt's public prosecution service filed a petition before the country's administrative court to repeal the decision that had been issued by On October 16, 2014, the European Court of Justice annulled the European Council's 2006 listing of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE, also known as the Tamil Tigers) as a terrorist organization. The step was The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On September 23, 2014, the High Court in Pretoria, South Africa, ruled that the extradition to Botswana of Edwin Samotse, a man sought on murder charges in that country, where he may face the death penalty, The International Criminal Court (ICC) announced on September 5, 2014, that the trial of Uhuru Kenyatta, the President of Kenya, and of the Deputy President, William Ruto, originally planned to begin on October 7, would be Israel's High Court of Justice, with an extended bench of seven justices, recently voided a decision by the Supreme Rabbinical Court instructing a mother to enable the circumcision of her infant son against her will. (The criminal court of Nanterre, a suburb of Paris, recently found a major provider of social housing guilty of ethnic profiling. (Un bailleur HLM condamne pour fichage ethnique [A Social Housing Provider Found Guilty of On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the Kenya's High Court determined on April 14, 2014, that taxpayers have a right under the Constitution to fair administrative action related to their tax payments. (Catherine Mutava, Kenya: Constitutional Right to Expeditious Settlement of Refund Claims, In response to a legal challenge made by the Spanish government, on March 25, 2014, the Constitutional Court (CC) of Spain ruled that the sovereignty declaration passed by Catalonia's regional parliament early last year is unconstitutional. The Japanese Supreme Court has recently reached different conclusions in similar cases involving golf course policies to exclude gang members from playing. Depending on the circumstances, a gang member who deceives the course employees and plays On March 21, 2014, Thailand's Constitutional Court ruled that the country's general election, held on February 2, is invalid. (Court Voids Feb 2 General Election, BANGKOK POST ONLINE (Mar. 21, 2014).) On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Suliman Baldo, the United Nations independent expert on human rights in Mali, recently expressed his concern that crimes committed both by rebel groups and national forces during the 2012 conflict in the northern part of the On February 15, 2014, the Grand National Assembly (GNA) of Turkey passed an omnibus law (Law No. 6524 [in Turkish] (Feb. 15, 2014), GNA website) that amends the following four laws: Law On February 24, 2014, Navanetham Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (UNHCHR), called for an inquiry into the possibility that the two sides in Sri Lanka's civil war both committed war crimes. Potential Constitutional CrisisOn January 31, 2014, it was reported that the Government of Nauru has started the process of drafting a law that would result in the country being placed under emergency On January 1, 2014, a major reform of the Austrian system of administrative justice went into effect. It is based on the Administrative Justice Reform Act of 2012 (Verwaltungsgerichtsbarkeit-Novelle 2012, BUNDESGESETZBLATT I 2012/51), and on On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The Kazakhstan was criticized recently by international human rights organizations for restricting specific religious groups and practices. ( Religious Freedom in Kazakhstan, Berkley Center for Religion, Peace, andamp; World Affairs website (last Thura Aung Ko, a legislator in Burma's (Myanmar's) parliament, announced on September 7, 2013, that legislation will be drafted to create groups to monitor judicial proceedings. The purpose, according to Aung Ko, is to end corruption On July 28, 2013, Peshawar High Court (PHC) Chief Justice Dost Mohammad Khan inaugurated the establishment of mobile courts in the northern Pakistani province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK) to hear civil and criminal disputes. According to a press release from the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY), on May 29, 2013, the Tribunal convicted six former senior Croatian officials of ";crimes against humanity, violations of the laws or... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 04 Jun 2013 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403607_text Global Legal Monitor: Uganda; United Nations: Mobile Courts Program Launched http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403559_text Judiciary - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance Bangladesh Act No XIII of 2014 amended the Constitution of Bangladesh, empowering Parliament to impeach Supreme Court judges. (Sadiat Mannan, Parliament and Judiciary: Striking a Balance, DAILY STAR, (Oct. 20, 2014).) Part On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The On October 20, 2014, a group of law students who had been denied positions in Egypt's public prosecution service filed a petition before the country's administrative court to repeal the decision that had been issued by On October 16, 2014, the European Court of Justice annulled the European Council's 2006 listing of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE, also known as the Tamil Tigers) as a terrorist organization. The step was The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On September 23, 2014, the High Court in Pretoria, South Africa, ruled that the extradition to Botswana of Edwin Samotse, a man sought on murder charges in that country, where he may face the death penalty, The International Criminal Court (ICC) announced on September 5, 2014, that the trial of Uhuru Kenyatta, the President of Kenya, and of the Deputy President, William Ruto, originally planned to begin on October 7, would be Israel's High Court of Justice, with an extended bench of seven justices, recently voided a decision by the Supreme Rabbinical Court instructing a mother to enable the circumcision of her infant son against her will. (The criminal court of Nanterre, a suburb of Paris, recently found a major provider of social housing guilty of ethnic profiling. (Un bailleur HLM condamne pour fichage ethnique [A Social Housing Provider Found Guilty of On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the Kenya's High Court determined on April 14, 2014, that taxpayers have a right under the Constitution to fair administrative action related to their tax payments. (Catherine Mutava, Kenya: Constitutional Right to Expeditious Settlement of Refund Claims, In response to a legal challenge made by the Spanish government, on March 25, 2014, the Constitutional Court (CC) of Spain ruled that the sovereignty declaration passed by Catalonia's regional parliament early last year is unconstitutional. The Japanese Supreme Court has recently reached different conclusions in similar cases involving golf course policies to exclude gang members from playing. Depending on the circumstances, a gang member who deceives the course employees and plays On March 21, 2014, Thailand's Constitutional Court ruled that the country's general election, held on February 2, is invalid. (Court Voids Feb 2 General Election, BANGKOK POST ONLINE (Mar. 21, 2014).) On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Suliman Baldo, the United Nations independent expert on human rights in Mali, recently expressed his concern that crimes committed both by rebel groups and national forces during the 2012 conflict in the northern part of the On February 15, 2014, the Grand National Assembly (GNA) of Turkey passed an omnibus law (Law No. 6524 [in Turkish] (Feb. 15, 2014), GNA website) that amends the following four laws: Law On February 24, 2014, Navanetham Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (UNHCHR), called for an inquiry into the possibility that the two sides in Sri Lanka's civil war both committed war crimes. Potential Constitutional CrisisOn January 31, 2014, it was reported that the Government of Nauru has started the process of drafting a law that would result in the country being placed under emergency On January 1, 2014, a major reform of the Austrian system of administrative justice went into effect. It is based on the Administrative Justice Reform Act of 2012 (Verwaltungsgerichtsbarkeit-Novelle 2012, BUNDESGESETZBLATT I 2012/51), and on On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The Kazakhstan was criticized recently by international human rights organizations for restricting specific religious groups and practices. ( Religious Freedom in Kazakhstan, Berkley Center for Religion, Peace, andamp; World Affairs website (last Thura Aung Ko, a legislator in Burma's (Myanmar's) parliament, announced on September 7, 2013, that legislation will be drafted to create groups to monitor judicial proceedings. The purpose, according to Aung Ko, is to end corruption On July 28, 2013, Peshawar High Court (PHC) Chief Justice Dost Mohammad Khan inaugurated the establishment of mobile courts in the northern Pakistani province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK) to hear civil and criminal disputes. According to a press release from the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY), on May 29, 2013, the Tribunal convicted six former senior Croatian officials of ";crimes against humanity, violations of the laws or On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 18 Apr 2013 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403559_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil: Constitutional Amendment Creates Four New Federal Regional Tribunals http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403542_text Judiciary - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance Bangladesh Act No XIII of 2014 amended the Constitution of Bangladesh, empowering Parliament to impeach Supreme Court judges. (Sadiat Mannan, Parliament and Judiciary: Striking a Balance, DAILY STAR, (Oct. 20, 2014).) Part On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The On October 20, 2014, a group of law students who had been denied positions in Egypt's public prosecution service filed a petition before the country's administrative court to repeal the decision that had been issued by On October 16, 2014, the European Court of Justice annulled the European Council's 2006 listing of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE, also known as the Tamil Tigers) as a terrorist organization. The step was The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On September 23, 2014, the High Court in Pretoria, South Africa, ruled that the extradition to Botswana of Edwin Samotse, a man sought on murder charges in that country, where he may face the death penalty, The International Criminal Court (ICC) announced on September 5, 2014, that the trial of Uhuru Kenyatta, the President of Kenya, and of the Deputy President, William Ruto, originally planned to begin on October 7, would be Israel's High Court of Justice, with an extended bench of seven justices, recently voided a decision by the Supreme Rabbinical Court instructing a mother to enable the circumcision of her infant son against her will. (The criminal court of Nanterre, a suburb of Paris, recently found a major provider of social housing guilty of ethnic profiling. (Un bailleur HLM condamne pour fichage ethnique [A Social Housing Provider Found Guilty of On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the Kenya's High Court determined on April 14, 2014, that taxpayers have a right under the Constitution to fair administrative action related to their tax payments. (Catherine Mutava, Kenya: Constitutional Right to Expeditious Settlement of Refund Claims, In response to a legal challenge made by the Spanish government, on March 25, 2014, the Constitutional Court (CC) of Spain ruled that the sovereignty declaration passed by Catalonia's regional parliament early last year is unconstitutional. The Japanese Supreme Court has recently reached different conclusions in similar cases involving golf course policies to exclude gang members from playing. Depending on the circumstances, a gang member who deceives the course employees and plays On March 21, 2014, Thailand's Constitutional Court ruled that the country's general election, held on February 2, is invalid. (Court Voids Feb 2 General Election, BANGKOK POST ONLINE (Mar. 21, 2014).) On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Suliman Baldo, the United Nations independent expert on human rights in Mali, recently expressed his concern that crimes committed both by rebel groups and national forces during the 2012 conflict in the northern part of the On February 15, 2014, the Grand National Assembly (GNA) of Turkey passed an omnibus law (Law No. 6524 [in Turkish] (Feb. 15, 2014), GNA website) that amends the following four laws: Law On February 24, 2014, Navanetham Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (UNHCHR), called for an inquiry into the possibility that the two sides in Sri Lanka's civil war both committed war crimes. Potential Constitutional CrisisOn January 31, 2014, it was reported that the Government of Nauru has started the process of drafting a law that would result in the country being placed under emergency On January 1, 2014, a major reform of the Austrian system of administrative justice went into effect. It is based on the Administrative Justice Reform Act of 2012 (Verwaltungsgerichtsbarkeit-Novelle 2012, BUNDESGESETZBLATT I 2012/51), and on On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The Kazakhstan was criticized recently by international human rights organizations for restricting specific religious groups and practices. ( Religious Freedom in Kazakhstan, Berkley Center for Religion, Peace, andamp; World Affairs website (last Thura Aung Ko, a legislator in Burma's (Myanmar's) parliament, announced on September 7, 2013, that legislation will be drafted to create groups to monitor judicial proceedings. The purpose, according to Aung Ko, is to end corruption On July 28, 2013, Peshawar High Court (PHC) Chief Justice Dost Mohammad Khan inaugurated the establishment of mobile courts in the northern Pakistani province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK) to hear civil and criminal disputes. According to a press release from the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY), on May 29, 2013, the Tribunal convicted six former senior Croatian officials of ";crimes against humanity, violations of the laws or On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 3, 2013, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved, on its second reading, a constitutional amendment that creates four additional Federal Regional Tribunals (Tribunais Regionais Federais - TRFs) in the country. The tribunals must be... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 09 Apr 2013 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403542_text Global Legal Monitor: Egypt: Court of Appeals Reinstates the Former General Prosecutor http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403531_text Judiciary - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance Bangladesh Act No XIII of 2014 amended the Constitution of Bangladesh, empowering Parliament to impeach Supreme Court judges. (Sadiat Mannan, Parliament and Judiciary: Striking a Balance, DAILY STAR, (Oct. 20, 2014).) Part On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The On October 20, 2014, a group of law students who had been denied positions in Egypt's public prosecution service filed a petition before the country's administrative court to repeal the decision that had been issued by On October 16, 2014, the European Court of Justice annulled the European Council's 2006 listing of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE, also known as the Tamil Tigers) as a terrorist organization. The step was The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On September 23, 2014, the High Court in Pretoria, South Africa, ruled that the extradition to Botswana of Edwin Samotse, a man sought on murder charges in that country, where he may face the death penalty, The International Criminal Court (ICC) announced on September 5, 2014, that the trial of Uhuru Kenyatta, the President of Kenya, and of the Deputy President, William Ruto, originally planned to begin on October 7, would be Israel's High Court of Justice, with an extended bench of seven justices, recently voided a decision by the Supreme Rabbinical Court instructing a mother to enable the circumcision of her infant son against her will. (The criminal court of Nanterre, a suburb of Paris, recently found a major provider of social housing guilty of ethnic profiling. (Un bailleur HLM condamne pour fichage ethnique [A Social Housing Provider Found Guilty of On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the Kenya's High Court determined on April 14, 2014, that taxpayers have a right under the Constitution to fair administrative action related to their tax payments. (Catherine Mutava, Kenya: Constitutional Right to Expeditious Settlement of Refund Claims, In response to a legal challenge made by the Spanish government, on March 25, 2014, the Constitutional Court (CC) of Spain ruled that the sovereignty declaration passed by Catalonia's regional parliament early last year is unconstitutional. The Japanese Supreme Court has recently reached different conclusions in similar cases involving golf course policies to exclude gang members from playing. Depending on the circumstances, a gang member who deceives the course employees and plays On March 21, 2014, Thailand's Constitutional Court ruled that the country's general election, held on February 2, is invalid. (Court Voids Feb 2 General Election, BANGKOK POST ONLINE (Mar. 21, 2014).) On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Suliman Baldo, the United Nations independent expert on human rights in Mali, recently expressed his concern that crimes committed both by rebel groups and national forces during the 2012 conflict in the northern part of the On February 15, 2014, the Grand National Assembly (GNA) of Turkey passed an omnibus law (Law No. 6524 [in Turkish] (Feb. 15, 2014), GNA website) that amends the following four laws: Law On February 24, 2014, Navanetham Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (UNHCHR), called for an inquiry into the possibility that the two sides in Sri Lanka's civil war both committed war crimes. Potential Constitutional CrisisOn January 31, 2014, it was reported that the Government of Nauru has started the process of drafting a law that would result in the country being placed under emergency On January 1, 2014, a major reform of the Austrian system of administrative justice went into effect. It is based on the Administrative Justice Reform Act of 2012 (Verwaltungsgerichtsbarkeit-Novelle 2012, BUNDESGESETZBLATT I 2012/51), and on On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The Kazakhstan was criticized recently by international human rights organizations for restricting specific religious groups and practices. ( Religious Freedom in Kazakhstan, Berkley Center for Religion, Peace, andamp; World Affairs website (last Thura Aung Ko, a legislator in Burma's (Myanmar's) parliament, announced on September 7, 2013, that legislation will be drafted to create groups to monitor judicial proceedings. The purpose, according to Aung Ko, is to end corruption On July 28, 2013, Peshawar High Court (PHC) Chief Justice Dost Mohammad Khan inaugurated the establishment of mobile courts in the northern Pakistani province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK) to hear civil and criminal disputes. According to a press release from the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY), on May 29, 2013, the Tribunal convicted six former senior Croatian officials of ";crimes against humanity, violations of the laws or On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 3, 2013, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved, on its second reading, a constitutional amendment that creates four additional Federal Regional Tribunals (Tribunais Regionais Federais - TRFs) in the country. The tribunals must be On March 27, 2013, the Court of Appeals of Egypt ordered the reinstatement of the former General Prosecutor, Abdel-Meguid Mahmoud. A chamber within the Court of Appeals... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 28 Mar 2013 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403531_text Global Legal Monitor: Jordan: Constitutional Law Court Newly Established in Jordan http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403416_text Judiciary - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance Bangladesh Act No XIII of 2014 amended the Constitution of Bangladesh, empowering Parliament to impeach Supreme Court judges. (Sadiat Mannan, Parliament and Judiciary: Striking a Balance, DAILY STAR, (Oct. 20, 2014).) Part On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The On October 20, 2014, a group of law students who had been denied positions in Egypt's public prosecution service filed a petition before the country's administrative court to repeal the decision that had been issued by On October 16, 2014, the European Court of Justice annulled the European Council's 2006 listing of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE, also known as the Tamil Tigers) as a terrorist organization. The step was The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On September 23, 2014, the High Court in Pretoria, South Africa, ruled that the extradition to Botswana of Edwin Samotse, a man sought on murder charges in that country, where he may face the death penalty, The International Criminal Court (ICC) announced on September 5, 2014, that the trial of Uhuru Kenyatta, the President of Kenya, and of the Deputy President, William Ruto, originally planned to begin on October 7, would be Israel's High Court of Justice, with an extended bench of seven justices, recently voided a decision by the Supreme Rabbinical Court instructing a mother to enable the circumcision of her infant son against her will. (The criminal court of Nanterre, a suburb of Paris, recently found a major provider of social housing guilty of ethnic profiling. (Un bailleur HLM condamne pour fichage ethnique [A Social Housing Provider Found Guilty of On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the Kenya's High Court determined on April 14, 2014, that taxpayers have a right under the Constitution to fair administrative action related to their tax payments. (Catherine Mutava, Kenya: Constitutional Right to Expeditious Settlement of Refund Claims, In response to a legal challenge made by the Spanish government, on March 25, 2014, the Constitutional Court (CC) of Spain ruled that the sovereignty declaration passed by Catalonia's regional parliament early last year is unconstitutional. The Japanese Supreme Court has recently reached different conclusions in similar cases involving golf course policies to exclude gang members from playing. Depending on the circumstances, a gang member who deceives the course employees and plays On March 21, 2014, Thailand's Constitutional Court ruled that the country's general election, held on February 2, is invalid. (Court Voids Feb 2 General Election, BANGKOK POST ONLINE (Mar. 21, 2014).) On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Suliman Baldo, the United Nations independent expert on human rights in Mali, recently expressed his concern that crimes committed both by rebel groups and national forces during the 2012 conflict in the northern part of the On February 15, 2014, the Grand National Assembly (GNA) of Turkey passed an omnibus law (Law No. 6524 [in Turkish] (Feb. 15, 2014), GNA website) that amends the following four laws: Law On February 24, 2014, Navanetham Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (UNHCHR), called for an inquiry into the possibility that the two sides in Sri Lanka's civil war both committed war crimes. Potential Constitutional CrisisOn January 31, 2014, it was reported that the Government of Nauru has started the process of drafting a law that would result in the country being placed under emergency On January 1, 2014, a major reform of the Austrian system of administrative justice went into effect. It is based on the Administrative Justice Reform Act of 2012 (Verwaltungsgerichtsbarkeit-Novelle 2012, BUNDESGESETZBLATT I 2012/51), and on On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The Kazakhstan was criticized recently by international human rights organizations for restricting specific religious groups and practices. ( Religious Freedom in Kazakhstan, Berkley Center for Religion, Peace, andamp; World Affairs website (last Thura Aung Ko, a legislator in Burma's (Myanmar's) parliament, announced on September 7, 2013, that legislation will be drafted to create groups to monitor judicial proceedings. The purpose, according to Aung Ko, is to end corruption On July 28, 2013, Peshawar High Court (PHC) Chief Justice Dost Mohammad Khan inaugurated the establishment of mobile courts in the northern Pakistani province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK) to hear civil and criminal disputes. According to a press release from the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY), on May 29, 2013, the Tribunal convicted six former senior Croatian officials of ";crimes against humanity, violations of the laws or On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 3, 2013, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved, on its second reading, a constitutional amendment that creates four additional Federal Regional Tribunals (Tribunais Regionais Federais - TRFs) in the country. The tribunals must be On March 27, 2013, the Court of Appeals of Egypt ordered the reinstatement of the former General Prosecutor, Abdel-Meguid Mahmoud. A chamber within the Court of Appeals King Abdullah II of Jordan issued a royal decree on October 6, 2012, appointing a president and eight members of a newly established Constitutional Court.... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 03 Dec 2012 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403416_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil: New Minister Appointed to Federal Supreme Court http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403393_text Judiciary - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance Bangladesh Act No XIII of 2014 amended the Constitution of Bangladesh, empowering Parliament to impeach Supreme Court judges. (Sadiat Mannan, Parliament and Judiciary: Striking a Balance, DAILY STAR, (Oct. 20, 2014).) Part On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The On October 20, 2014, a group of law students who had been denied positions in Egypt's public prosecution service filed a petition before the country's administrative court to repeal the decision that had been issued by On October 16, 2014, the European Court of Justice annulled the European Council's 2006 listing of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE, also known as the Tamil Tigers) as a terrorist organization. The step was The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On September 23, 2014, the High Court in Pretoria, South Africa, ruled that the extradition to Botswana of Edwin Samotse, a man sought on murder charges in that country, where he may face the death penalty, The International Criminal Court (ICC) announced on September 5, 2014, that the trial of Uhuru Kenyatta, the President of Kenya, and of the Deputy President, William Ruto, originally planned to begin on October 7, would be Israel's High Court of Justice, with an extended bench of seven justices, recently voided a decision by the Supreme Rabbinical Court instructing a mother to enable the circumcision of her infant son against her will. (The criminal court of Nanterre, a suburb of Paris, recently found a major provider of social housing guilty of ethnic profiling. (Un bailleur HLM condamne pour fichage ethnique [A Social Housing Provider Found Guilty of On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the Kenya's High Court determined on April 14, 2014, that taxpayers have a right under the Constitution to fair administrative action related to their tax payments. (Catherine Mutava, Kenya: Constitutional Right to Expeditious Settlement of Refund Claims, In response to a legal challenge made by the Spanish government, on March 25, 2014, the Constitutional Court (CC) of Spain ruled that the sovereignty declaration passed by Catalonia's regional parliament early last year is unconstitutional. The Japanese Supreme Court has recently reached different conclusions in similar cases involving golf course policies to exclude gang members from playing. Depending on the circumstances, a gang member who deceives the course employees and plays On March 21, 2014, Thailand's Constitutional Court ruled that the country's general election, held on February 2, is invalid. (Court Voids Feb 2 General Election, BANGKOK POST ONLINE (Mar. 21, 2014).) On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Suliman Baldo, the United Nations independent expert on human rights in Mali, recently expressed his concern that crimes committed both by rebel groups and national forces during the 2012 conflict in the northern part of the On February 15, 2014, the Grand National Assembly (GNA) of Turkey passed an omnibus law (Law No. 6524 [in Turkish] (Feb. 15, 2014), GNA website) that amends the following four laws: Law On February 24, 2014, Navanetham Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (UNHCHR), called for an inquiry into the possibility that the two sides in Sri Lanka's civil war both committed war crimes. Potential Constitutional CrisisOn January 31, 2014, it was reported that the Government of Nauru has started the process of drafting a law that would result in the country being placed under emergency On January 1, 2014, a major reform of the Austrian system of administrative justice went into effect. It is based on the Administrative Justice Reform Act of 2012 (Verwaltungsgerichtsbarkeit-Novelle 2012, BUNDESGESETZBLATT I 2012/51), and on On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The Kazakhstan was criticized recently by international human rights organizations for restricting specific religious groups and practices. ( Religious Freedom in Kazakhstan, Berkley Center for Religion, Peace, andamp; World Affairs website (last Thura Aung Ko, a legislator in Burma's (Myanmar's) parliament, announced on September 7, 2013, that legislation will be drafted to create groups to monitor judicial proceedings. The purpose, according to Aung Ko, is to end corruption On July 28, 2013, Peshawar High Court (PHC) Chief Justice Dost Mohammad Khan inaugurated the establishment of mobile courts in the northern Pakistani province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK) to hear civil and criminal disputes. According to a press release from the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY), on May 29, 2013, the Tribunal convicted six former senior Croatian officials of ";crimes against humanity, violations of the laws or On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 3, 2013, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved, on its second reading, a constitutional amendment that creates four additional Federal Regional Tribunals (Tribunais Regionais Federais - TRFs) in the country. The tribunals must be On March 27, 2013, the Court of Appeals of Egypt ordered the reinstatement of the former General Prosecutor, Abdel-Meguid Mahmoud. A chamber within the Court of Appeals King Abdullah II of Jordan issued a royal decree on October 6, 2012, appointing a president and eight members of a newly established Constitutional Court. On November 1, 2012, Teori Zavascki was appointed as a new Minister of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court. Zavascki is taking over the position left open by Minister Cesar Peluso, who retired as required by law... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 08 Nov 2012 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403393_text Global Legal Monitor: China: Supreme People's Court Releases New Guiding Cases http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403371_text Judiciary - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance Bangladesh Act No XIII of 2014 amended the Constitution of Bangladesh, empowering Parliament to impeach Supreme Court judges. (Sadiat Mannan, Parliament and Judiciary: Striking a Balance, DAILY STAR, (Oct. 20, 2014).) Part On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The On October 20, 2014, a group of law students who had been denied positions in Egypt's public prosecution service filed a petition before the country's administrative court to repeal the decision that had been issued by On October 16, 2014, the European Court of Justice annulled the European Council's 2006 listing of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE, also known as the Tamil Tigers) as a terrorist organization. The step was The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On September 23, 2014, the High Court in Pretoria, South Africa, ruled that the extradition to Botswana of Edwin Samotse, a man sought on murder charges in that country, where he may face the death penalty, The International Criminal Court (ICC) announced on September 5, 2014, that the trial of Uhuru Kenyatta, the President of Kenya, and of the Deputy President, William Ruto, originally planned to begin on October 7, would be Israel's High Court of Justice, with an extended bench of seven justices, recently voided a decision by the Supreme Rabbinical Court instructing a mother to enable the circumcision of her infant son against her will. (The criminal court of Nanterre, a suburb of Paris, recently found a major provider of social housing guilty of ethnic profiling. (Un bailleur HLM condamne pour fichage ethnique [A Social Housing Provider Found Guilty of On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the Kenya's High Court determined on April 14, 2014, that taxpayers have a right under the Constitution to fair administrative action related to their tax payments. (Catherine Mutava, Kenya: Constitutional Right to Expeditious Settlement of Refund Claims, In response to a legal challenge made by the Spanish government, on March 25, 2014, the Constitutional Court (CC) of Spain ruled that the sovereignty declaration passed by Catalonia's regional parliament early last year is unconstitutional. The Japanese Supreme Court has recently reached different conclusions in similar cases involving golf course policies to exclude gang members from playing. Depending on the circumstances, a gang member who deceives the course employees and plays On March 21, 2014, Thailand's Constitutional Court ruled that the country's general election, held on February 2, is invalid. (Court Voids Feb 2 General Election, BANGKOK POST ONLINE (Mar. 21, 2014).) On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Suliman Baldo, the United Nations independent expert on human rights in Mali, recently expressed his concern that crimes committed both by rebel groups and national forces during the 2012 conflict in the northern part of the On February 15, 2014, the Grand National Assembly (GNA) of Turkey passed an omnibus law (Law No. 6524 [in Turkish] (Feb. 15, 2014), GNA website) that amends the following four laws: Law On February 24, 2014, Navanetham Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (UNHCHR), called for an inquiry into the possibility that the two sides in Sri Lanka's civil war both committed war crimes. Potential Constitutional CrisisOn January 31, 2014, it was reported that the Government of Nauru has started the process of drafting a law that would result in the country being placed under emergency On January 1, 2014, a major reform of the Austrian system of administrative justice went into effect. It is based on the Administrative Justice Reform Act of 2012 (Verwaltungsgerichtsbarkeit-Novelle 2012, BUNDESGESETZBLATT I 2012/51), and on On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The Kazakhstan was criticized recently by international human rights organizations for restricting specific religious groups and practices. ( Religious Freedom in Kazakhstan, Berkley Center for Religion, Peace, andamp; World Affairs website (last Thura Aung Ko, a legislator in Burma's (Myanmar's) parliament, announced on September 7, 2013, that legislation will be drafted to create groups to monitor judicial proceedings. The purpose, according to Aung Ko, is to end corruption On July 28, 2013, Peshawar High Court (PHC) Chief Justice Dost Mohammad Khan inaugurated the establishment of mobile courts in the northern Pakistani province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK) to hear civil and criminal disputes. According to a press release from the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY), on May 29, 2013, the Tribunal convicted six former senior Croatian officials of ";crimes against humanity, violations of the laws or On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 3, 2013, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved, on its second reading, a constitutional amendment that creates four additional Federal Regional Tribunals (Tribunais Regionais Federais - TRFs) in the country. The tribunals must be On March 27, 2013, the Court of Appeals of Egypt ordered the reinstatement of the former General Prosecutor, Abdel-Meguid Mahmoud. A chamber within the Court of Appeals King Abdullah II of Jordan issued a royal decree on October 6, 2012, appointing a president and eight members of a newly established Constitutional Court. On November 1, 2012, Teori Zavascki was appointed as a new Minister of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court. Zavascki is taking over the position left open by Minister Cesar Peluso, who retired as required by law On September 18, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) released new guiding cases that were circulated to courts at all levels in the country for judges to... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 17 Oct 2012 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403371_text Global Legal Monitor: Burma: Resignation of Constitutional Court Justices http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403323_text Judiciary - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance Bangladesh Act No XIII of 2014 amended the Constitution of Bangladesh, empowering Parliament to impeach Supreme Court judges. (Sadiat Mannan, Parliament and Judiciary: Striking a Balance, DAILY STAR, (Oct. 20, 2014).) Part On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The On October 20, 2014, a group of law students who had been denied positions in Egypt's public prosecution service filed a petition before the country's administrative court to repeal the decision that had been issued by On October 16, 2014, the European Court of Justice annulled the European Council's 2006 listing of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE, also known as the Tamil Tigers) as a terrorist organization. The step was The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On September 23, 2014, the High Court in Pretoria, South Africa, ruled that the extradition to Botswana of Edwin Samotse, a man sought on murder charges in that country, where he may face the death penalty, The International Criminal Court (ICC) announced on September 5, 2014, that the trial of Uhuru Kenyatta, the President of Kenya, and of the Deputy President, William Ruto, originally planned to begin on October 7, would be Israel's High Court of Justice, with an extended bench of seven justices, recently voided a decision by the Supreme Rabbinical Court instructing a mother to enable the circumcision of her infant son against her will. (The criminal court of Nanterre, a suburb of Paris, recently found a major provider of social housing guilty of ethnic profiling. (Un bailleur HLM condamne pour fichage ethnique [A Social Housing Provider Found Guilty of On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the Kenya's High Court determined on April 14, 2014, that taxpayers have a right under the Constitution to fair administrative action related to their tax payments. (Catherine Mutava, Kenya: Constitutional Right to Expeditious Settlement of Refund Claims, In response to a legal challenge made by the Spanish government, on March 25, 2014, the Constitutional Court (CC) of Spain ruled that the sovereignty declaration passed by Catalonia's regional parliament early last year is unconstitutional. The Japanese Supreme Court has recently reached different conclusions in similar cases involving golf course policies to exclude gang members from playing. Depending on the circumstances, a gang member who deceives the course employees and plays On March 21, 2014, Thailand's Constitutional Court ruled that the country's general election, held on February 2, is invalid. (Court Voids Feb 2 General Election, BANGKOK POST ONLINE (Mar. 21, 2014).) On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Suliman Baldo, the United Nations independent expert on human rights in Mali, recently expressed his concern that crimes committed both by rebel groups and national forces during the 2012 conflict in the northern part of the On February 15, 2014, the Grand National Assembly (GNA) of Turkey passed an omnibus law (Law No. 6524 [in Turkish] (Feb. 15, 2014), GNA website) that amends the following four laws: Law On February 24, 2014, Navanetham Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (UNHCHR), called for an inquiry into the possibility that the two sides in Sri Lanka's civil war both committed war crimes. Potential Constitutional CrisisOn January 31, 2014, it was reported that the Government of Nauru has started the process of drafting a law that would result in the country being placed under emergency On January 1, 2014, a major reform of the Austrian system of administrative justice went into effect. It is based on the Administrative Justice Reform Act of 2012 (Verwaltungsgerichtsbarkeit-Novelle 2012, BUNDESGESETZBLATT I 2012/51), and on On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The Kazakhstan was criticized recently by international human rights organizations for restricting specific religious groups and practices. ( Religious Freedom in Kazakhstan, Berkley Center for Religion, Peace, andamp; World Affairs website (last Thura Aung Ko, a legislator in Burma's (Myanmar's) parliament, announced on September 7, 2013, that legislation will be drafted to create groups to monitor judicial proceedings. The purpose, according to Aung Ko, is to end corruption On July 28, 2013, Peshawar High Court (PHC) Chief Justice Dost Mohammad Khan inaugurated the establishment of mobile courts in the northern Pakistani province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK) to hear civil and criminal disputes. According to a press release from the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY), on May 29, 2013, the Tribunal convicted six former senior Croatian officials of ";crimes against humanity, violations of the laws or On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 3, 2013, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved, on its second reading, a constitutional amendment that creates four additional Federal Regional Tribunals (Tribunais Regionais Federais - TRFs) in the country. The tribunals must be On March 27, 2013, the Court of Appeals of Egypt ordered the reinstatement of the former General Prosecutor, Abdel-Meguid Mahmoud. A chamber within the Court of Appeals King Abdullah II of Jordan issued a royal decree on October 6, 2012, appointing a president and eight members of a newly established Constitutional Court. On November 1, 2012, Teori Zavascki was appointed as a new Minister of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court. Zavascki is taking over the position left open by Minister Cesar Peluso, who retired as required by law On September 18, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) released new guiding cases that were circulated to courts at all levels in the country for judges to The nine justices of the Constitutional Tribunal of Myanmar (Burma) all resigned on September 6, 2012. The abrupt move was made in response to a vote to impeach them taken that day by the Lower House... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 12 Sep 2012 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403323_text Global Legal Monitor: China: Railway Courts Integrated into National Court System http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403325_text Judiciary - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance Bangladesh Act No XIII of 2014 amended the Constitution of Bangladesh, empowering Parliament to impeach Supreme Court judges. (Sadiat Mannan, Parliament and Judiciary: Striking a Balance, DAILY STAR, (Oct. 20, 2014).) Part On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The On October 20, 2014, a group of law students who had been denied positions in Egypt's public prosecution service filed a petition before the country's administrative court to repeal the decision that had been issued by On October 16, 2014, the European Court of Justice annulled the European Council's 2006 listing of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE, also known as the Tamil Tigers) as a terrorist organization. The step was The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On September 23, 2014, the High Court in Pretoria, South Africa, ruled that the extradition to Botswana of Edwin Samotse, a man sought on murder charges in that country, where he may face the death penalty, The International Criminal Court (ICC) announced on September 5, 2014, that the trial of Uhuru Kenyatta, the President of Kenya, and of the Deputy President, William Ruto, originally planned to begin on October 7, would be Israel's High Court of Justice, with an extended bench of seven justices, recently voided a decision by the Supreme Rabbinical Court instructing a mother to enable the circumcision of her infant son against her will. (The criminal court of Nanterre, a suburb of Paris, recently found a major provider of social housing guilty of ethnic profiling. (Un bailleur HLM condamne pour fichage ethnique [A Social Housing Provider Found Guilty of On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the Kenya's High Court determined on April 14, 2014, that taxpayers have a right under the Constitution to fair administrative action related to their tax payments. (Catherine Mutava, Kenya: Constitutional Right to Expeditious Settlement of Refund Claims, In response to a legal challenge made by the Spanish government, on March 25, 2014, the Constitutional Court (CC) of Spain ruled that the sovereignty declaration passed by Catalonia's regional parliament early last year is unconstitutional. The Japanese Supreme Court has recently reached different conclusions in similar cases involving golf course policies to exclude gang members from playing. Depending on the circumstances, a gang member who deceives the course employees and plays On March 21, 2014, Thailand's Constitutional Court ruled that the country's general election, held on February 2, is invalid. (Court Voids Feb 2 General Election, BANGKOK POST ONLINE (Mar. 21, 2014).) On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Suliman Baldo, the United Nations independent expert on human rights in Mali, recently expressed his concern that crimes committed both by rebel groups and national forces during the 2012 conflict in the northern part of the On February 15, 2014, the Grand National Assembly (GNA) of Turkey passed an omnibus law (Law No. 6524 [in Turkish] (Feb. 15, 2014), GNA website) that amends the following four laws: Law On February 24, 2014, Navanetham Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (UNHCHR), called for an inquiry into the possibility that the two sides in Sri Lanka's civil war both committed war crimes. Potential Constitutional CrisisOn January 31, 2014, it was reported that the Government of Nauru has started the process of drafting a law that would result in the country being placed under emergency On January 1, 2014, a major reform of the Austrian system of administrative justice went into effect. It is based on the Administrative Justice Reform Act of 2012 (Verwaltungsgerichtsbarkeit-Novelle 2012, BUNDESGESETZBLATT I 2012/51), and on On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The Kazakhstan was criticized recently by international human rights organizations for restricting specific religious groups and practices. ( Religious Freedom in Kazakhstan, Berkley Center for Religion, Peace, andamp; World Affairs website (last Thura Aung Ko, a legislator in Burma's (Myanmar's) parliament, announced on September 7, 2013, that legislation will be drafted to create groups to monitor judicial proceedings. The purpose, according to Aung Ko, is to end corruption On July 28, 2013, Peshawar High Court (PHC) Chief Justice Dost Mohammad Khan inaugurated the establishment of mobile courts in the northern Pakistani province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK) to hear civil and criminal disputes. According to a press release from the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY), on May 29, 2013, the Tribunal convicted six former senior Croatian officials of ";crimes against humanity, violations of the laws or On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 3, 2013, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved, on its second reading, a constitutional amendment that creates four additional Federal Regional Tribunals (Tribunais Regionais Federais - TRFs) in the country. The tribunals must be On March 27, 2013, the Court of Appeals of Egypt ordered the reinstatement of the former General Prosecutor, Abdel-Meguid Mahmoud. A chamber within the Court of Appeals King Abdullah II of Jordan issued a royal decree on October 6, 2012, appointing a president and eight members of a newly established Constitutional Court. On November 1, 2012, Teori Zavascki was appointed as a new Minister of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court. Zavascki is taking over the position left open by Minister Cesar Peluso, who retired as required by law On September 18, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) released new guiding cases that were circulated to courts at all levels in the country for judges to The nine justices of the Constitutional Tribunal of Myanmar (Burma) all resigned on September 6, 2012. The abrupt move was made in response to a vote to impeach them taken that day by the Lower House By the end of June 2012, all railway courts in China had been integrated into the national court system, according to a Supreme People's Court (SPC) statement posted on July 30, 2012, on its official website.... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 12 Sep 2012 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403325_text Global Legal Monitor: Senegal: New Court to Try Former Chadian Leader http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403300_text Judiciary - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance Bangladesh Act No XIII of 2014 amended the Constitution of Bangladesh, empowering Parliament to impeach Supreme Court judges. (Sadiat Mannan, Parliament and Judiciary: Striking a Balance, DAILY STAR, (Oct. 20, 2014).) Part On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The On October 20, 2014, a group of law students who had been denied positions in Egypt's public prosecution service filed a petition before the country's administrative court to repeal the decision that had been issued by On October 16, 2014, the European Court of Justice annulled the European Council's 2006 listing of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE, also known as the Tamil Tigers) as a terrorist organization. The step was The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On September 23, 2014, the High Court in Pretoria, South Africa, ruled that the extradition to Botswana of Edwin Samotse, a man sought on murder charges in that country, where he may face the death penalty, The International Criminal Court (ICC) announced on September 5, 2014, that the trial of Uhuru Kenyatta, the President of Kenya, and of the Deputy President, William Ruto, originally planned to begin on October 7, would be Israel's High Court of Justice, with an extended bench of seven justices, recently voided a decision by the Supreme Rabbinical Court instructing a mother to enable the circumcision of her infant son against her will. (The criminal court of Nanterre, a suburb of Paris, recently found a major provider of social housing guilty of ethnic profiling. (Un bailleur HLM condamne pour fichage ethnique [A Social Housing Provider Found Guilty of On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the Kenya's High Court determined on April 14, 2014, that taxpayers have a right under the Constitution to fair administrative action related to their tax payments. (Catherine Mutava, Kenya: Constitutional Right to Expeditious Settlement of Refund Claims, In response to a legal challenge made by the Spanish government, on March 25, 2014, the Constitutional Court (CC) of Spain ruled that the sovereignty declaration passed by Catalonia's regional parliament early last year is unconstitutional. The Japanese Supreme Court has recently reached different conclusions in similar cases involving golf course policies to exclude gang members from playing. Depending on the circumstances, a gang member who deceives the course employees and plays On March 21, 2014, Thailand's Constitutional Court ruled that the country's general election, held on February 2, is invalid. (Court Voids Feb 2 General Election, BANGKOK POST ONLINE (Mar. 21, 2014).) On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Suliman Baldo, the United Nations independent expert on human rights in Mali, recently expressed his concern that crimes committed both by rebel groups and national forces during the 2012 conflict in the northern part of the On February 15, 2014, the Grand National Assembly (GNA) of Turkey passed an omnibus law (Law No. 6524 [in Turkish] (Feb. 15, 2014), GNA website) that amends the following four laws: Law On February 24, 2014, Navanetham Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (UNHCHR), called for an inquiry into the possibility that the two sides in Sri Lanka's civil war both committed war crimes. Potential Constitutional CrisisOn January 31, 2014, it was reported that the Government of Nauru has started the process of drafting a law that would result in the country being placed under emergency On January 1, 2014, a major reform of the Austrian system of administrative justice went into effect. It is based on the Administrative Justice Reform Act of 2012 (Verwaltungsgerichtsbarkeit-Novelle 2012, BUNDESGESETZBLATT I 2012/51), and on On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The Kazakhstan was criticized recently by international human rights organizations for restricting specific religious groups and practices. ( Religious Freedom in Kazakhstan, Berkley Center for Religion, Peace, andamp; World Affairs website (last Thura Aung Ko, a legislator in Burma's (Myanmar's) parliament, announced on September 7, 2013, that legislation will be drafted to create groups to monitor judicial proceedings. The purpose, according to Aung Ko, is to end corruption On July 28, 2013, Peshawar High Court (PHC) Chief Justice Dost Mohammad Khan inaugurated the establishment of mobile courts in the northern Pakistani province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK) to hear civil and criminal disputes. According to a press release from the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY), on May 29, 2013, the Tribunal convicted six former senior Croatian officials of ";crimes against humanity, violations of the laws or On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 3, 2013, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved, on its second reading, a constitutional amendment that creates four additional Federal Regional Tribunals (Tribunais Regionais Federais - TRFs) in the country. The tribunals must be On March 27, 2013, the Court of Appeals of Egypt ordered the reinstatement of the former General Prosecutor, Abdel-Meguid Mahmoud. A chamber within the Court of Appeals King Abdullah II of Jordan issued a royal decree on October 6, 2012, appointing a president and eight members of a newly established Constitutional Court. On November 1, 2012, Teori Zavascki was appointed as a new Minister of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court. Zavascki is taking over the position left open by Minister Cesar Peluso, who retired as required by law On September 18, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) released new guiding cases that were circulated to courts at all levels in the country for judges to The nine justices of the Constitutional Tribunal of Myanmar (Burma) all resigned on September 6, 2012. The abrupt move was made in response to a vote to impeach them taken that day by the Lower House By the end of June 2012, all railway courts in China had been integrated into the national court system, according to a Supreme People's Court (SPC) statement posted on July 30, 2012, on its official website. On August 22, 2012, the African Union and Senegal concluded an agreement on a special tribunal to try Hissandegrave;ne Habr;, the former leader of Chad. The tribunal will be established in Dakar, Senegal, and will consider... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 29 Aug 2012 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403300_text Global Legal Monitor: Bahrain: Royal Decree Amends Provisions on Constitutional Court http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403294_text Judiciary - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance Bangladesh Act No XIII of 2014 amended the Constitution of Bangladesh, empowering Parliament to impeach Supreme Court judges. (Sadiat Mannan, Parliament and Judiciary: Striking a Balance, DAILY STAR, (Oct. 20, 2014).) Part On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The On October 20, 2014, a group of law students who had been denied positions in Egypt's public prosecution service filed a petition before the country's administrative court to repeal the decision that had been issued by On October 16, 2014, the European Court of Justice annulled the European Council's 2006 listing of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE, also known as the Tamil Tigers) as a terrorist organization. The step was The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On September 23, 2014, the High Court in Pretoria, South Africa, ruled that the extradition to Botswana of Edwin Samotse, a man sought on murder charges in that country, where he may face the death penalty, The International Criminal Court (ICC) announced on September 5, 2014, that the trial of Uhuru Kenyatta, the President of Kenya, and of the Deputy President, William Ruto, originally planned to begin on October 7, would be Israel's High Court of Justice, with an extended bench of seven justices, recently voided a decision by the Supreme Rabbinical Court instructing a mother to enable the circumcision of her infant son against her will. (The criminal court of Nanterre, a suburb of Paris, recently found a major provider of social housing guilty of ethnic profiling. (Un bailleur HLM condamne pour fichage ethnique [A Social Housing Provider Found Guilty of On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the Kenya's High Court determined on April 14, 2014, that taxpayers have a right under the Constitution to fair administrative action related to their tax payments. (Catherine Mutava, Kenya: Constitutional Right to Expeditious Settlement of Refund Claims, In response to a legal challenge made by the Spanish government, on March 25, 2014, the Constitutional Court (CC) of Spain ruled that the sovereignty declaration passed by Catalonia's regional parliament early last year is unconstitutional. The Japanese Supreme Court has recently reached different conclusions in similar cases involving golf course policies to exclude gang members from playing. Depending on the circumstances, a gang member who deceives the course employees and plays On March 21, 2014, Thailand's Constitutional Court ruled that the country's general election, held on February 2, is invalid. (Court Voids Feb 2 General Election, BANGKOK POST ONLINE (Mar. 21, 2014).) On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Suliman Baldo, the United Nations independent expert on human rights in Mali, recently expressed his concern that crimes committed both by rebel groups and national forces during the 2012 conflict in the northern part of the On February 15, 2014, the Grand National Assembly (GNA) of Turkey passed an omnibus law (Law No. 6524 [in Turkish] (Feb. 15, 2014), GNA website) that amends the following four laws: Law On February 24, 2014, Navanetham Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (UNHCHR), called for an inquiry into the possibility that the two sides in Sri Lanka's civil war both committed war crimes. Potential Constitutional CrisisOn January 31, 2014, it was reported that the Government of Nauru has started the process of drafting a law that would result in the country being placed under emergency On January 1, 2014, a major reform of the Austrian system of administrative justice went into effect. It is based on the Administrative Justice Reform Act of 2012 (Verwaltungsgerichtsbarkeit-Novelle 2012, BUNDESGESETZBLATT I 2012/51), and on On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The Kazakhstan was criticized recently by international human rights organizations for restricting specific religious groups and practices. ( Religious Freedom in Kazakhstan, Berkley Center for Religion, Peace, andamp; World Affairs website (last Thura Aung Ko, a legislator in Burma's (Myanmar's) parliament, announced on September 7, 2013, that legislation will be drafted to create groups to monitor judicial proceedings. The purpose, according to Aung Ko, is to end corruption On July 28, 2013, Peshawar High Court (PHC) Chief Justice Dost Mohammad Khan inaugurated the establishment of mobile courts in the northern Pakistani province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK) to hear civil and criminal disputes. According to a press release from the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY), on May 29, 2013, the Tribunal convicted six former senior Croatian officials of ";crimes against humanity, violations of the laws or On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 3, 2013, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved, on its second reading, a constitutional amendment that creates four additional Federal Regional Tribunals (Tribunais Regionais Federais - TRFs) in the country. The tribunals must be On March 27, 2013, the Court of Appeals of Egypt ordered the reinstatement of the former General Prosecutor, Abdel-Meguid Mahmoud. A chamber within the Court of Appeals King Abdullah II of Jordan issued a royal decree on October 6, 2012, appointing a president and eight members of a newly established Constitutional Court. On November 1, 2012, Teori Zavascki was appointed as a new Minister of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court. Zavascki is taking over the position left open by Minister Cesar Peluso, who retired as required by law On September 18, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) released new guiding cases that were circulated to courts at all levels in the country for judges to The nine justices of the Constitutional Tribunal of Myanmar (Burma) all resigned on September 6, 2012. The abrupt move was made in response to a vote to impeach them taken that day by the Lower House By the end of June 2012, all railway courts in China had been integrated into the national court system, according to a Supreme People's Court (SPC) statement posted on July 30, 2012, on its official website. On August 22, 2012, the African Union and Senegal concluded an agreement on a special tribunal to try Hissandegrave;ne Habr;, the former leader of Chad. The tribunal will be established in Dakar, Senegal, and will consider On August 15, 2012, the King of Bahrain issued a Royal Decree containing Law 38-2012, which amends Law 27-2002 concerning the establishment of the Constitutional Court. Law 38-2012 covers the structure of the Court... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 22 Aug 2012 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403294_text Global Legal Monitor: East African Community: EACJ to Establish Sub-Registry Offices in Member States http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403283_text Judiciary - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance Bangladesh Act No XIII of 2014 amended the Constitution of Bangladesh, empowering Parliament to impeach Supreme Court judges. (Sadiat Mannan, Parliament and Judiciary: Striking a Balance, DAILY STAR, (Oct. 20, 2014).) Part On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The On October 20, 2014, a group of law students who had been denied positions in Egypt's public prosecution service filed a petition before the country's administrative court to repeal the decision that had been issued by On October 16, 2014, the European Court of Justice annulled the European Council's 2006 listing of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE, also known as the Tamil Tigers) as a terrorist organization. The step was The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On September 23, 2014, the High Court in Pretoria, South Africa, ruled that the extradition to Botswana of Edwin Samotse, a man sought on murder charges in that country, where he may face the death penalty, The International Criminal Court (ICC) announced on September 5, 2014, that the trial of Uhuru Kenyatta, the President of Kenya, and of the Deputy President, William Ruto, originally planned to begin on October 7, would be Israel's High Court of Justice, with an extended bench of seven justices, recently voided a decision by the Supreme Rabbinical Court instructing a mother to enable the circumcision of her infant son against her will. (The criminal court of Nanterre, a suburb of Paris, recently found a major provider of social housing guilty of ethnic profiling. (Un bailleur HLM condamne pour fichage ethnique [A Social Housing Provider Found Guilty of On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the Kenya's High Court determined on April 14, 2014, that taxpayers have a right under the Constitution to fair administrative action related to their tax payments. (Catherine Mutava, Kenya: Constitutional Right to Expeditious Settlement of Refund Claims, In response to a legal challenge made by the Spanish government, on March 25, 2014, the Constitutional Court (CC) of Spain ruled that the sovereignty declaration passed by Catalonia's regional parliament early last year is unconstitutional. The Japanese Supreme Court has recently reached different conclusions in similar cases involving golf course policies to exclude gang members from playing. Depending on the circumstances, a gang member who deceives the course employees and plays On March 21, 2014, Thailand's Constitutional Court ruled that the country's general election, held on February 2, is invalid. (Court Voids Feb 2 General Election, BANGKOK POST ONLINE (Mar. 21, 2014).) On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Suliman Baldo, the United Nations independent expert on human rights in Mali, recently expressed his concern that crimes committed both by rebel groups and national forces during the 2012 conflict in the northern part of the On February 15, 2014, the Grand National Assembly (GNA) of Turkey passed an omnibus law (Law No. 6524 [in Turkish] (Feb. 15, 2014), GNA website) that amends the following four laws: Law On February 24, 2014, Navanetham Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (UNHCHR), called for an inquiry into the possibility that the two sides in Sri Lanka's civil war both committed war crimes. Potential Constitutional CrisisOn January 31, 2014, it was reported that the Government of Nauru has started the process of drafting a law that would result in the country being placed under emergency On January 1, 2014, a major reform of the Austrian system of administrative justice went into effect. It is based on the Administrative Justice Reform Act of 2012 (Verwaltungsgerichtsbarkeit-Novelle 2012, BUNDESGESETZBLATT I 2012/51), and on On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The Kazakhstan was criticized recently by international human rights organizations for restricting specific religious groups and practices. ( Religious Freedom in Kazakhstan, Berkley Center for Religion, Peace, andamp; World Affairs website (last Thura Aung Ko, a legislator in Burma's (Myanmar's) parliament, announced on September 7, 2013, that legislation will be drafted to create groups to monitor judicial proceedings. The purpose, according to Aung Ko, is to end corruption On July 28, 2013, Peshawar High Court (PHC) Chief Justice Dost Mohammad Khan inaugurated the establishment of mobile courts in the northern Pakistani province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK) to hear civil and criminal disputes. According to a press release from the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY), on May 29, 2013, the Tribunal convicted six former senior Croatian officials of ";crimes against humanity, violations of the laws or On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 3, 2013, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved, on its second reading, a constitutional amendment that creates four additional Federal Regional Tribunals (Tribunais Regionais Federais - TRFs) in the country. The tribunals must be On March 27, 2013, the Court of Appeals of Egypt ordered the reinstatement of the former General Prosecutor, Abdel-Meguid Mahmoud. A chamber within the Court of Appeals King Abdullah II of Jordan issued a royal decree on October 6, 2012, appointing a president and eight members of a newly established Constitutional Court. On November 1, 2012, Teori Zavascki was appointed as a new Minister of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court. Zavascki is taking over the position left open by Minister Cesar Peluso, who retired as required by law On September 18, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) released new guiding cases that were circulated to courts at all levels in the country for judges to The nine justices of the Constitutional Tribunal of Myanmar (Burma) all resigned on September 6, 2012. The abrupt move was made in response to a vote to impeach them taken that day by the Lower House By the end of June 2012, all railway courts in China had been integrated into the national court system, according to a Supreme People's Court (SPC) statement posted on July 30, 2012, on its official website. On August 22, 2012, the African Union and Senegal concluded an agreement on a special tribunal to try Hissandegrave;ne Habr;, the former leader of Chad. The tribunal will be established in Dakar, Senegal, and will consider On August 15, 2012, the King of Bahrain issued a Royal Decree containing Law 38-2012, which amends Law 27-2002 concerning the establishment of the Constitutional Court. Law 38-2012 covers the structure of the Court On August 7, 2012, the East African Court of Justice (EACJ) announced plans to set up sub-registry offices in each of the countries of the East African Community, starting with Rwanda. (East African Court... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 14 Aug 2012 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403283_text Global Legal Monitor: Tunisia: Draft Law to Create Special Court for Crimes Related to the Revolution http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403250_text Judiciary - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance Bangladesh Act No XIII of 2014 amended the Constitution of Bangladesh, empowering Parliament to impeach Supreme Court judges. (Sadiat Mannan, Parliament and Judiciary: Striking a Balance, DAILY STAR, (Oct. 20, 2014).) Part On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The On October 20, 2014, a group of law students who had been denied positions in Egypt's public prosecution service filed a petition before the country's administrative court to repeal the decision that had been issued by On October 16, 2014, the European Court of Justice annulled the European Council's 2006 listing of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE, also known as the Tamil Tigers) as a terrorist organization. The step was The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On September 23, 2014, the High Court in Pretoria, South Africa, ruled that the extradition to Botswana of Edwin Samotse, a man sought on murder charges in that country, where he may face the death penalty, The International Criminal Court (ICC) announced on September 5, 2014, that the trial of Uhuru Kenyatta, the President of Kenya, and of the Deputy President, William Ruto, originally planned to begin on October 7, would be Israel's High Court of Justice, with an extended bench of seven justices, recently voided a decision by the Supreme Rabbinical Court instructing a mother to enable the circumcision of her infant son against her will. (The criminal court of Nanterre, a suburb of Paris, recently found a major provider of social housing guilty of ethnic profiling. (Un bailleur HLM condamne pour fichage ethnique [A Social Housing Provider Found Guilty of On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the Kenya's High Court determined on April 14, 2014, that taxpayers have a right under the Constitution to fair administrative action related to their tax payments. (Catherine Mutava, Kenya: Constitutional Right to Expeditious Settlement of Refund Claims, In response to a legal challenge made by the Spanish government, on March 25, 2014, the Constitutional Court (CC) of Spain ruled that the sovereignty declaration passed by Catalonia's regional parliament early last year is unconstitutional. The Japanese Supreme Court has recently reached different conclusions in similar cases involving golf course policies to exclude gang members from playing. Depending on the circumstances, a gang member who deceives the course employees and plays On March 21, 2014, Thailand's Constitutional Court ruled that the country's general election, held on February 2, is invalid. (Court Voids Feb 2 General Election, BANGKOK POST ONLINE (Mar. 21, 2014).) On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Suliman Baldo, the United Nations independent expert on human rights in Mali, recently expressed his concern that crimes committed both by rebel groups and national forces during the 2012 conflict in the northern part of the On February 15, 2014, the Grand National Assembly (GNA) of Turkey passed an omnibus law (Law No. 6524 [in Turkish] (Feb. 15, 2014), GNA website) that amends the following four laws: Law On February 24, 2014, Navanetham Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (UNHCHR), called for an inquiry into the possibility that the two sides in Sri Lanka's civil war both committed war crimes. Potential Constitutional CrisisOn January 31, 2014, it was reported that the Government of Nauru has started the process of drafting a law that would result in the country being placed under emergency On January 1, 2014, a major reform of the Austrian system of administrative justice went into effect. It is based on the Administrative Justice Reform Act of 2012 (Verwaltungsgerichtsbarkeit-Novelle 2012, BUNDESGESETZBLATT I 2012/51), and on On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The Kazakhstan was criticized recently by international human rights organizations for restricting specific religious groups and practices. ( Religious Freedom in Kazakhstan, Berkley Center for Religion, Peace, andamp; World Affairs website (last Thura Aung Ko, a legislator in Burma's (Myanmar's) parliament, announced on September 7, 2013, that legislation will be drafted to create groups to monitor judicial proceedings. The purpose, according to Aung Ko, is to end corruption On July 28, 2013, Peshawar High Court (PHC) Chief Justice Dost Mohammad Khan inaugurated the establishment of mobile courts in the northern Pakistani province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK) to hear civil and criminal disputes. According to a press release from the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY), on May 29, 2013, the Tribunal convicted six former senior Croatian officials of ";crimes against humanity, violations of the laws or On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 3, 2013, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved, on its second reading, a constitutional amendment that creates four additional Federal Regional Tribunals (Tribunais Regionais Federais - TRFs) in the country. The tribunals must be On March 27, 2013, the Court of Appeals of Egypt ordered the reinstatement of the former General Prosecutor, Abdel-Meguid Mahmoud. A chamber within the Court of Appeals King Abdullah II of Jordan issued a royal decree on October 6, 2012, appointing a president and eight members of a newly established Constitutional Court. On November 1, 2012, Teori Zavascki was appointed as a new Minister of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court. Zavascki is taking over the position left open by Minister Cesar Peluso, who retired as required by law On September 18, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) released new guiding cases that were circulated to courts at all levels in the country for judges to The nine justices of the Constitutional Tribunal of Myanmar (Burma) all resigned on September 6, 2012. The abrupt move was made in response to a vote to impeach them taken that day by the Lower House By the end of June 2012, all railway courts in China had been integrated into the national court system, according to a Supreme People's Court (SPC) statement posted on July 30, 2012, on its official website. On August 22, 2012, the African Union and Senegal concluded an agreement on a special tribunal to try Hissandegrave;ne Habr;, the former leader of Chad. The tribunal will be established in Dakar, Senegal, and will consider On August 15, 2012, the King of Bahrain issued a Royal Decree containing Law 38-2012, which amends Law 27-2002 concerning the establishment of the Constitutional Court. Law 38-2012 covers the structure of the Court On August 7, 2012, the East African Court of Justice (EACJ) announced plans to set up sub-registry offices in each of the countries of the East African Community, starting with Rwanda. (East African Court On July 16, 2012, Members of the Tunisian Constituent National Assembly submitted draft legislation for consideration that would create a special court for the purpose of adjudicating crimes related to the Tunisian revolution of January 2011.... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 19 Jul 2012 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403250_text Global Legal Monitor: Turkey: Controversial Courts to Be Abolished http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403225_text Judiciary - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance Bangladesh Act No XIII of 2014 amended the Constitution of Bangladesh, empowering Parliament to impeach Supreme Court judges. (Sadiat Mannan, Parliament and Judiciary: Striking a Balance, DAILY STAR, (Oct. 20, 2014).) Part On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The On October 20, 2014, a group of law students who had been denied positions in Egypt's public prosecution service filed a petition before the country's administrative court to repeal the decision that had been issued by On October 16, 2014, the European Court of Justice annulled the European Council's 2006 listing of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE, also known as the Tamil Tigers) as a terrorist organization. The step was The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On September 23, 2014, the High Court in Pretoria, South Africa, ruled that the extradition to Botswana of Edwin Samotse, a man sought on murder charges in that country, where he may face the death penalty, The International Criminal Court (ICC) announced on September 5, 2014, that the trial of Uhuru Kenyatta, the President of Kenya, and of the Deputy President, William Ruto, originally planned to begin on October 7, would be Israel's High Court of Justice, with an extended bench of seven justices, recently voided a decision by the Supreme Rabbinical Court instructing a mother to enable the circumcision of her infant son against her will. (The criminal court of Nanterre, a suburb of Paris, recently found a major provider of social housing guilty of ethnic profiling. (Un bailleur HLM condamne pour fichage ethnique [A Social Housing Provider Found Guilty of On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the Kenya's High Court determined on April 14, 2014, that taxpayers have a right under the Constitution to fair administrative action related to their tax payments. (Catherine Mutava, Kenya: Constitutional Right to Expeditious Settlement of Refund Claims, In response to a legal challenge made by the Spanish government, on March 25, 2014, the Constitutional Court (CC) of Spain ruled that the sovereignty declaration passed by Catalonia's regional parliament early last year is unconstitutional. The Japanese Supreme Court has recently reached different conclusions in similar cases involving golf course policies to exclude gang members from playing. Depending on the circumstances, a gang member who deceives the course employees and plays On March 21, 2014, Thailand's Constitutional Court ruled that the country's general election, held on February 2, is invalid. (Court Voids Feb 2 General Election, BANGKOK POST ONLINE (Mar. 21, 2014).) On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Suliman Baldo, the United Nations independent expert on human rights in Mali, recently expressed his concern that crimes committed both by rebel groups and national forces during the 2012 conflict in the northern part of the On February 15, 2014, the Grand National Assembly (GNA) of Turkey passed an omnibus law (Law No. 6524 [in Turkish] (Feb. 15, 2014), GNA website) that amends the following four laws: Law On February 24, 2014, Navanetham Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (UNHCHR), called for an inquiry into the possibility that the two sides in Sri Lanka's civil war both committed war crimes. Potential Constitutional CrisisOn January 31, 2014, it was reported that the Government of Nauru has started the process of drafting a law that would result in the country being placed under emergency On January 1, 2014, a major reform of the Austrian system of administrative justice went into effect. It is based on the Administrative Justice Reform Act of 2012 (Verwaltungsgerichtsbarkeit-Novelle 2012, BUNDESGESETZBLATT I 2012/51), and on On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The Kazakhstan was criticized recently by international human rights organizations for restricting specific religious groups and practices. ( Religious Freedom in Kazakhstan, Berkley Center for Religion, Peace, andamp; World Affairs website (last Thura Aung Ko, a legislator in Burma's (Myanmar's) parliament, announced on September 7, 2013, that legislation will be drafted to create groups to monitor judicial proceedings. The purpose, according to Aung Ko, is to end corruption On July 28, 2013, Peshawar High Court (PHC) Chief Justice Dost Mohammad Khan inaugurated the establishment of mobile courts in the northern Pakistani province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK) to hear civil and criminal disputes. According to a press release from the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY), on May 29, 2013, the Tribunal convicted six former senior Croatian officials of ";crimes against humanity, violations of the laws or On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 3, 2013, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved, on its second reading, a constitutional amendment that creates four additional Federal Regional Tribunals (Tribunais Regionais Federais - TRFs) in the country. The tribunals must be On March 27, 2013, the Court of Appeals of Egypt ordered the reinstatement of the former General Prosecutor, Abdel-Meguid Mahmoud. A chamber within the Court of Appeals King Abdullah II of Jordan issued a royal decree on October 6, 2012, appointing a president and eight members of a newly established Constitutional Court. On November 1, 2012, Teori Zavascki was appointed as a new Minister of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court. Zavascki is taking over the position left open by Minister Cesar Peluso, who retired as required by law On September 18, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) released new guiding cases that were circulated to courts at all levels in the country for judges to The nine justices of the Constitutional Tribunal of Myanmar (Burma) all resigned on September 6, 2012. The abrupt move was made in response to a vote to impeach them taken that day by the Lower House By the end of June 2012, all railway courts in China had been integrated into the national court system, according to a Supreme People's Court (SPC) statement posted on July 30, 2012, on its official website. On August 22, 2012, the African Union and Senegal concluded an agreement on a special tribunal to try Hissandegrave;ne Habr;, the former leader of Chad. The tribunal will be established in Dakar, Senegal, and will consider On August 15, 2012, the King of Bahrain issued a Royal Decree containing Law 38-2012, which amends Law 27-2002 concerning the establishment of the Constitutional Court. Law 38-2012 covers the structure of the Court On August 7, 2012, the East African Court of Justice (EACJ) announced plans to set up sub-registry offices in each of the countries of the East African Community, starting with Rwanda. (East African Court On July 16, 2012, Members of the Tunisian Constituent National Assembly submitted draft legislation for consideration that would create a special court for the purpose of adjudicating crimes related to the Tunisian revolution of January 2011. On June 27, 2012, it was reported that Turkey's ruling party, the Justice and Development Party (AKP) is planning to propose reform of the court system, including abolition of the special authority courts now used to... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 03 Jul 2012 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403225_text Global Legal Monitor: Council of Europe; European Court of Human Rights: 47 Member States Adopt the Brighton Declaration http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403131_text Judiciary - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance Bangladesh Act No XIII of 2014 amended the Constitution of Bangladesh, empowering Parliament to impeach Supreme Court judges. (Sadiat Mannan, Parliament and Judiciary: Striking a Balance, DAILY STAR, (Oct. 20, 2014).) Part On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The On October 20, 2014, a group of law students who had been denied positions in Egypt's public prosecution service filed a petition before the country's administrative court to repeal the decision that had been issued by On October 16, 2014, the European Court of Justice annulled the European Council's 2006 listing of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE, also known as the Tamil Tigers) as a terrorist organization. The step was The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On September 23, 2014, the High Court in Pretoria, South Africa, ruled that the extradition to Botswana of Edwin Samotse, a man sought on murder charges in that country, where he may face the death penalty, The International Criminal Court (ICC) announced on September 5, 2014, that the trial of Uhuru Kenyatta, the President of Kenya, and of the Deputy President, William Ruto, originally planned to begin on October 7, would be Israel's High Court of Justice, with an extended bench of seven justices, recently voided a decision by the Supreme Rabbinical Court instructing a mother to enable the circumcision of her infant son against her will. (The criminal court of Nanterre, a suburb of Paris, recently found a major provider of social housing guilty of ethnic profiling. (Un bailleur HLM condamne pour fichage ethnique [A Social Housing Provider Found Guilty of On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the Kenya's High Court determined on April 14, 2014, that taxpayers have a right under the Constitution to fair administrative action related to their tax payments. (Catherine Mutava, Kenya: Constitutional Right to Expeditious Settlement of Refund Claims, In response to a legal challenge made by the Spanish government, on March 25, 2014, the Constitutional Court (CC) of Spain ruled that the sovereignty declaration passed by Catalonia's regional parliament early last year is unconstitutional. The Japanese Supreme Court has recently reached different conclusions in similar cases involving golf course policies to exclude gang members from playing. Depending on the circumstances, a gang member who deceives the course employees and plays On March 21, 2014, Thailand's Constitutional Court ruled that the country's general election, held on February 2, is invalid. (Court Voids Feb 2 General Election, BANGKOK POST ONLINE (Mar. 21, 2014).) On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Suliman Baldo, the United Nations independent expert on human rights in Mali, recently expressed his concern that crimes committed both by rebel groups and national forces during the 2012 conflict in the northern part of the On February 15, 2014, the Grand National Assembly (GNA) of Turkey passed an omnibus law (Law No. 6524 [in Turkish] (Feb. 15, 2014), GNA website) that amends the following four laws: Law On February 24, 2014, Navanetham Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (UNHCHR), called for an inquiry into the possibility that the two sides in Sri Lanka's civil war both committed war crimes. Potential Constitutional CrisisOn January 31, 2014, it was reported that the Government of Nauru has started the process of drafting a law that would result in the country being placed under emergency On January 1, 2014, a major reform of the Austrian system of administrative justice went into effect. It is based on the Administrative Justice Reform Act of 2012 (Verwaltungsgerichtsbarkeit-Novelle 2012, BUNDESGESETZBLATT I 2012/51), and on On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The Kazakhstan was criticized recently by international human rights organizations for restricting specific religious groups and practices. ( Religious Freedom in Kazakhstan, Berkley Center for Religion, Peace, andamp; World Affairs website (last Thura Aung Ko, a legislator in Burma's (Myanmar's) parliament, announced on September 7, 2013, that legislation will be drafted to create groups to monitor judicial proceedings. The purpose, according to Aung Ko, is to end corruption On July 28, 2013, Peshawar High Court (PHC) Chief Justice Dost Mohammad Khan inaugurated the establishment of mobile courts in the northern Pakistani province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK) to hear civil and criminal disputes. According to a press release from the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY), on May 29, 2013, the Tribunal convicted six former senior Croatian officials of ";crimes against humanity, violations of the laws or On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 3, 2013, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved, on its second reading, a constitutional amendment that creates four additional Federal Regional Tribunals (Tribunais Regionais Federais - TRFs) in the country. The tribunals must be On March 27, 2013, the Court of Appeals of Egypt ordered the reinstatement of the former General Prosecutor, Abdel-Meguid Mahmoud. A chamber within the Court of Appeals King Abdullah II of Jordan issued a royal decree on October 6, 2012, appointing a president and eight members of a newly established Constitutional Court. On November 1, 2012, Teori Zavascki was appointed as a new Minister of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court. Zavascki is taking over the position left open by Minister Cesar Peluso, who retired as required by law On September 18, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) released new guiding cases that were circulated to courts at all levels in the country for judges to The nine justices of the Constitutional Tribunal of Myanmar (Burma) all resigned on September 6, 2012. The abrupt move was made in response to a vote to impeach them taken that day by the Lower House By the end of June 2012, all railway courts in China had been integrated into the national court system, according to a Supreme People's Court (SPC) statement posted on July 30, 2012, on its official website. On August 22, 2012, the African Union and Senegal concluded an agreement on a special tribunal to try Hissandegrave;ne Habr;, the former leader of Chad. The tribunal will be established in Dakar, Senegal, and will consider On August 15, 2012, the King of Bahrain issued a Royal Decree containing Law 38-2012, which amends Law 27-2002 concerning the establishment of the Constitutional Court. Law 38-2012 covers the structure of the Court On August 7, 2012, the East African Court of Justice (EACJ) announced plans to set up sub-registry offices in each of the countries of the East African Community, starting with Rwanda. (East African Court On July 16, 2012, Members of the Tunisian Constituent National Assembly submitted draft legislation for consideration that would create a special court for the purpose of adjudicating crimes related to the Tunisian revolution of January 2011. On June 27, 2012, it was reported that Turkey's ruling party, the Justice and Development Party (AKP) is planning to propose reform of the court system, including abolition of the special authority courts now used to On April 20, 2012, the 47 Member States of the Council of Europe, at a high-level ministerial conference in Brighton, United Kingdom, unanimously voted to adopt a series of measures, known as the "Brighton Declaration," aimed... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 07 May 2012 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403131_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil: The Federal Supreme Court and the National Council of Justice Have a New President http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403110_text Judiciary - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance Bangladesh Act No XIII of 2014 amended the Constitution of Bangladesh, empowering Parliament to impeach Supreme Court judges. (Sadiat Mannan, Parliament and Judiciary: Striking a Balance, DAILY STAR, (Oct. 20, 2014).) Part On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The On October 20, 2014, a group of law students who had been denied positions in Egypt's public prosecution service filed a petition before the country's administrative court to repeal the decision that had been issued by On October 16, 2014, the European Court of Justice annulled the European Council's 2006 listing of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE, also known as the Tamil Tigers) as a terrorist organization. The step was The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On September 23, 2014, the High Court in Pretoria, South Africa, ruled that the extradition to Botswana of Edwin Samotse, a man sought on murder charges in that country, where he may face the death penalty, The International Criminal Court (ICC) announced on September 5, 2014, that the trial of Uhuru Kenyatta, the President of Kenya, and of the Deputy President, William Ruto, originally planned to begin on October 7, would be Israel's High Court of Justice, with an extended bench of seven justices, recently voided a decision by the Supreme Rabbinical Court instructing a mother to enable the circumcision of her infant son against her will. (The criminal court of Nanterre, a suburb of Paris, recently found a major provider of social housing guilty of ethnic profiling. (Un bailleur HLM condamne pour fichage ethnique [A Social Housing Provider Found Guilty of On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the Kenya's High Court determined on April 14, 2014, that taxpayers have a right under the Constitution to fair administrative action related to their tax payments. (Catherine Mutava, Kenya: Constitutional Right to Expeditious Settlement of Refund Claims, In response to a legal challenge made by the Spanish government, on March 25, 2014, the Constitutional Court (CC) of Spain ruled that the sovereignty declaration passed by Catalonia's regional parliament early last year is unconstitutional. The Japanese Supreme Court has recently reached different conclusions in similar cases involving golf course policies to exclude gang members from playing. Depending on the circumstances, a gang member who deceives the course employees and plays On March 21, 2014, Thailand's Constitutional Court ruled that the country's general election, held on February 2, is invalid. (Court Voids Feb 2 General Election, BANGKOK POST ONLINE (Mar. 21, 2014).) On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Suliman Baldo, the United Nations independent expert on human rights in Mali, recently expressed his concern that crimes committed both by rebel groups and national forces during the 2012 conflict in the northern part of the On February 15, 2014, the Grand National Assembly (GNA) of Turkey passed an omnibus law (Law No. 6524 [in Turkish] (Feb. 15, 2014), GNA website) that amends the following four laws: Law On February 24, 2014, Navanetham Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (UNHCHR), called for an inquiry into the possibility that the two sides in Sri Lanka's civil war both committed war crimes. Potential Constitutional CrisisOn January 31, 2014, it was reported that the Government of Nauru has started the process of drafting a law that would result in the country being placed under emergency On January 1, 2014, a major reform of the Austrian system of administrative justice went into effect. It is based on the Administrative Justice Reform Act of 2012 (Verwaltungsgerichtsbarkeit-Novelle 2012, BUNDESGESETZBLATT I 2012/51), and on On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The Kazakhstan was criticized recently by international human rights organizations for restricting specific religious groups and practices. ( Religious Freedom in Kazakhstan, Berkley Center for Religion, Peace, andamp; World Affairs website (last Thura Aung Ko, a legislator in Burma's (Myanmar's) parliament, announced on September 7, 2013, that legislation will be drafted to create groups to monitor judicial proceedings. The purpose, according to Aung Ko, is to end corruption On July 28, 2013, Peshawar High Court (PHC) Chief Justice Dost Mohammad Khan inaugurated the establishment of mobile courts in the northern Pakistani province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK) to hear civil and criminal disputes. According to a press release from the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY), on May 29, 2013, the Tribunal convicted six former senior Croatian officials of ";crimes against humanity, violations of the laws or On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 3, 2013, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved, on its second reading, a constitutional amendment that creates four additional Federal Regional Tribunals (Tribunais Regionais Federais - TRFs) in the country. The tribunals must be On March 27, 2013, the Court of Appeals of Egypt ordered the reinstatement of the former General Prosecutor, Abdel-Meguid Mahmoud. A chamber within the Court of Appeals King Abdullah II of Jordan issued a royal decree on October 6, 2012, appointing a president and eight members of a newly established Constitutional Court. On November 1, 2012, Teori Zavascki was appointed as a new Minister of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court. Zavascki is taking over the position left open by Minister Cesar Peluso, who retired as required by law On September 18, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) released new guiding cases that were circulated to courts at all levels in the country for judges to The nine justices of the Constitutional Tribunal of Myanmar (Burma) all resigned on September 6, 2012. The abrupt move was made in response to a vote to impeach them taken that day by the Lower House By the end of June 2012, all railway courts in China had been integrated into the national court system, according to a Supreme People's Court (SPC) statement posted on July 30, 2012, on its official website. On August 22, 2012, the African Union and Senegal concluded an agreement on a special tribunal to try Hissandegrave;ne Habr;, the former leader of Chad. The tribunal will be established in Dakar, Senegal, and will consider On August 15, 2012, the King of Bahrain issued a Royal Decree containing Law 38-2012, which amends Law 27-2002 concerning the establishment of the Constitutional Court. Law 38-2012 covers the structure of the Court On August 7, 2012, the East African Court of Justice (EACJ) announced plans to set up sub-registry offices in each of the countries of the East African Community, starting with Rwanda. (East African Court On July 16, 2012, Members of the Tunisian Constituent National Assembly submitted draft legislation for consideration that would create a special court for the purpose of adjudicating crimes related to the Tunisian revolution of January 2011. On June 27, 2012, it was reported that Turkey's ruling party, the Justice and Development Party (AKP) is planning to propose reform of the court system, including abolition of the special authority courts now used to On April 20, 2012, the 47 Member States of the Council of Europe, at a high-level ministerial conference in Brighton, United Kingdom, unanimously voted to adopt a series of measures, known as the "Brighton Declaration," aimed On April 19, 2012, Minister Ayres Britto was inaugurated as the new President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court, with Minister Joaquim Barbosa as the Vice-President. Minister Britto will also preside over the National Council of... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 24 Apr 2012 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403110_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil: Federal Supreme Court Launches Central Database http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403103_text Judiciary - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance Bangladesh Act No XIII of 2014 amended the Constitution of Bangladesh, empowering Parliament to impeach Supreme Court judges. (Sadiat Mannan, Parliament and Judiciary: Striking a Balance, DAILY STAR, (Oct. 20, 2014).) Part On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The On October 20, 2014, a group of law students who had been denied positions in Egypt's public prosecution service filed a petition before the country's administrative court to repeal the decision that had been issued by On October 16, 2014, the European Court of Justice annulled the European Council's 2006 listing of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE, also known as the Tamil Tigers) as a terrorist organization. The step was The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On September 23, 2014, the High Court in Pretoria, South Africa, ruled that the extradition to Botswana of Edwin Samotse, a man sought on murder charges in that country, where he may face the death penalty, The International Criminal Court (ICC) announced on September 5, 2014, that the trial of Uhuru Kenyatta, the President of Kenya, and of the Deputy President, William Ruto, originally planned to begin on October 7, would be Israel's High Court of Justice, with an extended bench of seven justices, recently voided a decision by the Supreme Rabbinical Court instructing a mother to enable the circumcision of her infant son against her will. (The criminal court of Nanterre, a suburb of Paris, recently found a major provider of social housing guilty of ethnic profiling. (Un bailleur HLM condamne pour fichage ethnique [A Social Housing Provider Found Guilty of On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the Kenya's High Court determined on April 14, 2014, that taxpayers have a right under the Constitution to fair administrative action related to their tax payments. (Catherine Mutava, Kenya: Constitutional Right to Expeditious Settlement of Refund Claims, In response to a legal challenge made by the Spanish government, on March 25, 2014, the Constitutional Court (CC) of Spain ruled that the sovereignty declaration passed by Catalonia's regional parliament early last year is unconstitutional. The Japanese Supreme Court has recently reached different conclusions in similar cases involving golf course policies to exclude gang members from playing. Depending on the circumstances, a gang member who deceives the course employees and plays On March 21, 2014, Thailand's Constitutional Court ruled that the country's general election, held on February 2, is invalid. (Court Voids Feb 2 General Election, BANGKOK POST ONLINE (Mar. 21, 2014).) On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Suliman Baldo, the United Nations independent expert on human rights in Mali, recently expressed his concern that crimes committed both by rebel groups and national forces during the 2012 conflict in the northern part of the On February 15, 2014, the Grand National Assembly (GNA) of Turkey passed an omnibus law (Law No. 6524 [in Turkish] (Feb. 15, 2014), GNA website) that amends the following four laws: Law On February 24, 2014, Navanetham Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (UNHCHR), called for an inquiry into the possibility that the two sides in Sri Lanka's civil war both committed war crimes. Potential Constitutional CrisisOn January 31, 2014, it was reported that the Government of Nauru has started the process of drafting a law that would result in the country being placed under emergency On January 1, 2014, a major reform of the Austrian system of administrative justice went into effect. It is based on the Administrative Justice Reform Act of 2012 (Verwaltungsgerichtsbarkeit-Novelle 2012, BUNDESGESETZBLATT I 2012/51), and on On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The Kazakhstan was criticized recently by international human rights organizations for restricting specific religious groups and practices. ( Religious Freedom in Kazakhstan, Berkley Center for Religion, Peace, andamp; World Affairs website (last Thura Aung Ko, a legislator in Burma's (Myanmar's) parliament, announced on September 7, 2013, that legislation will be drafted to create groups to monitor judicial proceedings. The purpose, according to Aung Ko, is to end corruption On July 28, 2013, Peshawar High Court (PHC) Chief Justice Dost Mohammad Khan inaugurated the establishment of mobile courts in the northern Pakistani province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK) to hear civil and criminal disputes. According to a press release from the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY), on May 29, 2013, the Tribunal convicted six former senior Croatian officials of ";crimes against humanity, violations of the laws or On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 3, 2013, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved, on its second reading, a constitutional amendment that creates four additional Federal Regional Tribunals (Tribunais Regionais Federais - TRFs) in the country. The tribunals must be On March 27, 2013, the Court of Appeals of Egypt ordered the reinstatement of the former General Prosecutor, Abdel-Meguid Mahmoud. A chamber within the Court of Appeals King Abdullah II of Jordan issued a royal decree on October 6, 2012, appointing a president and eight members of a newly established Constitutional Court. On November 1, 2012, Teori Zavascki was appointed as a new Minister of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court. Zavascki is taking over the position left open by Minister Cesar Peluso, who retired as required by law On September 18, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) released new guiding cases that were circulated to courts at all levels in the country for judges to The nine justices of the Constitutional Tribunal of Myanmar (Burma) all resigned on September 6, 2012. The abrupt move was made in response to a vote to impeach them taken that day by the Lower House By the end of June 2012, all railway courts in China had been integrated into the national court system, according to a Supreme People's Court (SPC) statement posted on July 30, 2012, on its official website. On August 22, 2012, the African Union and Senegal concluded an agreement on a special tribunal to try Hissandegrave;ne Habr;, the former leader of Chad. The tribunal will be established in Dakar, Senegal, and will consider On August 15, 2012, the King of Bahrain issued a Royal Decree containing Law 38-2012, which amends Law 27-2002 concerning the establishment of the Constitutional Court. Law 38-2012 covers the structure of the Court On August 7, 2012, the East African Court of Justice (EACJ) announced plans to set up sub-registry offices in each of the countries of the East African Community, starting with Rwanda. (East African Court On July 16, 2012, Members of the Tunisian Constituent National Assembly submitted draft legislation for consideration that would create a special court for the purpose of adjudicating crimes related to the Tunisian revolution of January 2011. On June 27, 2012, it was reported that Turkey's ruling party, the Justice and Development Party (AKP) is planning to propose reform of the court system, including abolition of the special authority courts now used to On April 20, 2012, the 47 Member States of the Council of Europe, at a high-level ministerial conference in Brighton, United Kingdom, unanimously voted to adopt a series of measures, known as the "Brighton Declaration," aimed On April 19, 2012, Minister Ayres Britto was inaugurated as the new President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court, with Minister Joaquim Barbosa as the Vice-President. Minister Britto will also preside over the National Council of st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On April 13, 2012, the President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and of the National Council of Justice, Minister Cezar Peluso,... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 19 Apr 2012 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403103_text Global Legal Monitor: International Criminal Court: Prosecutor Declares It Lacks Jurisdiction to Determine Whether Palestine Is a State http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403091_text Judiciary - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance Bangladesh Act No XIII of 2014 amended the Constitution of Bangladesh, empowering Parliament to impeach Supreme Court judges. (Sadiat Mannan, Parliament and Judiciary: Striking a Balance, DAILY STAR, (Oct. 20, 2014).) Part On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The On October 20, 2014, a group of law students who had been denied positions in Egypt's public prosecution service filed a petition before the country's administrative court to repeal the decision that had been issued by On October 16, 2014, the European Court of Justice annulled the European Council's 2006 listing of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE, also known as the Tamil Tigers) as a terrorist organization. The step was The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On September 23, 2014, the High Court in Pretoria, South Africa, ruled that the extradition to Botswana of Edwin Samotse, a man sought on murder charges in that country, where he may face the death penalty, The International Criminal Court (ICC) announced on September 5, 2014, that the trial of Uhuru Kenyatta, the President of Kenya, and of the Deputy President, William Ruto, originally planned to begin on October 7, would be Israel's High Court of Justice, with an extended bench of seven justices, recently voided a decision by the Supreme Rabbinical Court instructing a mother to enable the circumcision of her infant son against her will. (The criminal court of Nanterre, a suburb of Paris, recently found a major provider of social housing guilty of ethnic profiling. (Un bailleur HLM condamne pour fichage ethnique [A Social Housing Provider Found Guilty of On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the Kenya's High Court determined on April 14, 2014, that taxpayers have a right under the Constitution to fair administrative action related to their tax payments. (Catherine Mutava, Kenya: Constitutional Right to Expeditious Settlement of Refund Claims, In response to a legal challenge made by the Spanish government, on March 25, 2014, the Constitutional Court (CC) of Spain ruled that the sovereignty declaration passed by Catalonia's regional parliament early last year is unconstitutional. The Japanese Supreme Court has recently reached different conclusions in similar cases involving golf course policies to exclude gang members from playing. Depending on the circumstances, a gang member who deceives the course employees and plays On March 21, 2014, Thailand's Constitutional Court ruled that the country's general election, held on February 2, is invalid. (Court Voids Feb 2 General Election, BANGKOK POST ONLINE (Mar. 21, 2014).) On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Suliman Baldo, the United Nations independent expert on human rights in Mali, recently expressed his concern that crimes committed both by rebel groups and national forces during the 2012 conflict in the northern part of the On February 15, 2014, the Grand National Assembly (GNA) of Turkey passed an omnibus law (Law No. 6524 [in Turkish] (Feb. 15, 2014), GNA website) that amends the following four laws: Law On February 24, 2014, Navanetham Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (UNHCHR), called for an inquiry into the possibility that the two sides in Sri Lanka's civil war both committed war crimes. Potential Constitutional CrisisOn January 31, 2014, it was reported that the Government of Nauru has started the process of drafting a law that would result in the country being placed under emergency On January 1, 2014, a major reform of the Austrian system of administrative justice went into effect. It is based on the Administrative Justice Reform Act of 2012 (Verwaltungsgerichtsbarkeit-Novelle 2012, BUNDESGESETZBLATT I 2012/51), and on On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The Kazakhstan was criticized recently by international human rights organizations for restricting specific religious groups and practices. ( Religious Freedom in Kazakhstan, Berkley Center for Religion, Peace, andamp; World Affairs website (last Thura Aung Ko, a legislator in Burma's (Myanmar's) parliament, announced on September 7, 2013, that legislation will be drafted to create groups to monitor judicial proceedings. The purpose, according to Aung Ko, is to end corruption On July 28, 2013, Peshawar High Court (PHC) Chief Justice Dost Mohammad Khan inaugurated the establishment of mobile courts in the northern Pakistani province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK) to hear civil and criminal disputes. According to a press release from the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY), on May 29, 2013, the Tribunal convicted six former senior Croatian officials of ";crimes against humanity, violations of the laws or On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 3, 2013, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved, on its second reading, a constitutional amendment that creates four additional Federal Regional Tribunals (Tribunais Regionais Federais - TRFs) in the country. The tribunals must be On March 27, 2013, the Court of Appeals of Egypt ordered the reinstatement of the former General Prosecutor, Abdel-Meguid Mahmoud. A chamber within the Court of Appeals King Abdullah II of Jordan issued a royal decree on October 6, 2012, appointing a president and eight members of a newly established Constitutional Court. On November 1, 2012, Teori Zavascki was appointed as a new Minister of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court. Zavascki is taking over the position left open by Minister Cesar Peluso, who retired as required by law On September 18, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) released new guiding cases that were circulated to courts at all levels in the country for judges to The nine justices of the Constitutional Tribunal of Myanmar (Burma) all resigned on September 6, 2012. The abrupt move was made in response to a vote to impeach them taken that day by the Lower House By the end of June 2012, all railway courts in China had been integrated into the national court system, according to a Supreme People's Court (SPC) statement posted on July 30, 2012, on its official website. On August 22, 2012, the African Union and Senegal concluded an agreement on a special tribunal to try Hissandegrave;ne Habr;, the former leader of Chad. The tribunal will be established in Dakar, Senegal, and will consider On August 15, 2012, the King of Bahrain issued a Royal Decree containing Law 38-2012, which amends Law 27-2002 concerning the establishment of the Constitutional Court. Law 38-2012 covers the structure of the Court On August 7, 2012, the East African Court of Justice (EACJ) announced plans to set up sub-registry offices in each of the countries of the East African Community, starting with Rwanda. (East African Court On July 16, 2012, Members of the Tunisian Constituent National Assembly submitted draft legislation for consideration that would create a special court for the purpose of adjudicating crimes related to the Tunisian revolution of January 2011. On June 27, 2012, it was reported that Turkey's ruling party, the Justice and Development Party (AKP) is planning to propose reform of the court system, including abolition of the special authority courts now used to On April 20, 2012, the 47 Member States of the Council of Europe, at a high-level ministerial conference in Brighton, United Kingdom, unanimously voted to adopt a series of measures, known as the "Brighton Declaration," aimed On April 19, 2012, Minister Ayres Britto was inaugurated as the new President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court, with Minister Joaquim Barbosa as the Vice-President. Minister Britto will also preside over the National Council of st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On April 13, 2012, the President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and of the National Council of Justice, Minister Cezar Peluso, On April 3, 2012, the Office of the Prosecutor (OTP) of the International Criminal Court issued a decision holding that the OTP lacks jurisdiction to investigate alleged international crimes committed within the Palestinian territories. (Office of... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 13 Apr 2012 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403091_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil: Federal Supreme Court Elects New President http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403035_text Judiciary - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance Bangladesh Act No XIII of 2014 amended the Constitution of Bangladesh, empowering Parliament to impeach Supreme Court judges. (Sadiat Mannan, Parliament and Judiciary: Striking a Balance, DAILY STAR, (Oct. 20, 2014).) Part On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The On October 20, 2014, a group of law students who had been denied positions in Egypt's public prosecution service filed a petition before the country's administrative court to repeal the decision that had been issued by On October 16, 2014, the European Court of Justice annulled the European Council's 2006 listing of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE, also known as the Tamil Tigers) as a terrorist organization. The step was The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On September 23, 2014, the High Court in Pretoria, South Africa, ruled that the extradition to Botswana of Edwin Samotse, a man sought on murder charges in that country, where he may face the death penalty, The International Criminal Court (ICC) announced on September 5, 2014, that the trial of Uhuru Kenyatta, the President of Kenya, and of the Deputy President, William Ruto, originally planned to begin on October 7, would be Israel's High Court of Justice, with an extended bench of seven justices, recently voided a decision by the Supreme Rabbinical Court instructing a mother to enable the circumcision of her infant son against her will. (The criminal court of Nanterre, a suburb of Paris, recently found a major provider of social housing guilty of ethnic profiling. (Un bailleur HLM condamne pour fichage ethnique [A Social Housing Provider Found Guilty of On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the Kenya's High Court determined on April 14, 2014, that taxpayers have a right under the Constitution to fair administrative action related to their tax payments. (Catherine Mutava, Kenya: Constitutional Right to Expeditious Settlement of Refund Claims, In response to a legal challenge made by the Spanish government, on March 25, 2014, the Constitutional Court (CC) of Spain ruled that the sovereignty declaration passed by Catalonia's regional parliament early last year is unconstitutional. The Japanese Supreme Court has recently reached different conclusions in similar cases involving golf course policies to exclude gang members from playing. Depending on the circumstances, a gang member who deceives the course employees and plays On March 21, 2014, Thailand's Constitutional Court ruled that the country's general election, held on February 2, is invalid. (Court Voids Feb 2 General Election, BANGKOK POST ONLINE (Mar. 21, 2014).) On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Suliman Baldo, the United Nations independent expert on human rights in Mali, recently expressed his concern that crimes committed both by rebel groups and national forces during the 2012 conflict in the northern part of the On February 15, 2014, the Grand National Assembly (GNA) of Turkey passed an omnibus law (Law No. 6524 [in Turkish] (Feb. 15, 2014), GNA website) that amends the following four laws: Law On February 24, 2014, Navanetham Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (UNHCHR), called for an inquiry into the possibility that the two sides in Sri Lanka's civil war both committed war crimes. Potential Constitutional CrisisOn January 31, 2014, it was reported that the Government of Nauru has started the process of drafting a law that would result in the country being placed under emergency On January 1, 2014, a major reform of the Austrian system of administrative justice went into effect. It is based on the Administrative Justice Reform Act of 2012 (Verwaltungsgerichtsbarkeit-Novelle 2012, BUNDESGESETZBLATT I 2012/51), and on On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The Kazakhstan was criticized recently by international human rights organizations for restricting specific religious groups and practices. ( Religious Freedom in Kazakhstan, Berkley Center for Religion, Peace, andamp; World Affairs website (last Thura Aung Ko, a legislator in Burma's (Myanmar's) parliament, announced on September 7, 2013, that legislation will be drafted to create groups to monitor judicial proceedings. The purpose, according to Aung Ko, is to end corruption On July 28, 2013, Peshawar High Court (PHC) Chief Justice Dost Mohammad Khan inaugurated the establishment of mobile courts in the northern Pakistani province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK) to hear civil and criminal disputes. According to a press release from the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY), on May 29, 2013, the Tribunal convicted six former senior Croatian officials of ";crimes against humanity, violations of the laws or On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 3, 2013, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved, on its second reading, a constitutional amendment that creates four additional Federal Regional Tribunals (Tribunais Regionais Federais - TRFs) in the country. The tribunals must be On March 27, 2013, the Court of Appeals of Egypt ordered the reinstatement of the former General Prosecutor, Abdel-Meguid Mahmoud. A chamber within the Court of Appeals King Abdullah II of Jordan issued a royal decree on October 6, 2012, appointing a president and eight members of a newly established Constitutional Court. On November 1, 2012, Teori Zavascki was appointed as a new Minister of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court. Zavascki is taking over the position left open by Minister Cesar Peluso, who retired as required by law On September 18, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) released new guiding cases that were circulated to courts at all levels in the country for judges to The nine justices of the Constitutional Tribunal of Myanmar (Burma) all resigned on September 6, 2012. The abrupt move was made in response to a vote to impeach them taken that day by the Lower House By the end of June 2012, all railway courts in China had been integrated into the national court system, according to a Supreme People's Court (SPC) statement posted on July 30, 2012, on its official website. On August 22, 2012, the African Union and Senegal concluded an agreement on a special tribunal to try Hissandegrave;ne Habr;, the former leader of Chad. The tribunal will be established in Dakar, Senegal, and will consider On August 15, 2012, the King of Bahrain issued a Royal Decree containing Law 38-2012, which amends Law 27-2002 concerning the establishment of the Constitutional Court. Law 38-2012 covers the structure of the Court On August 7, 2012, the East African Court of Justice (EACJ) announced plans to set up sub-registry offices in each of the countries of the East African Community, starting with Rwanda. (East African Court On July 16, 2012, Members of the Tunisian Constituent National Assembly submitted draft legislation for consideration that would create a special court for the purpose of adjudicating crimes related to the Tunisian revolution of January 2011. On June 27, 2012, it was reported that Turkey's ruling party, the Justice and Development Party (AKP) is planning to propose reform of the court system, including abolition of the special authority courts now used to On April 20, 2012, the 47 Member States of the Council of Europe, at a high-level ministerial conference in Brighton, United Kingdom, unanimously voted to adopt a series of measures, known as the "Brighton Declaration," aimed On April 19, 2012, Minister Ayres Britto was inaugurated as the new President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court, with Minister Joaquim Barbosa as the Vice-President. Minister Britto will also preside over the National Council of st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On April 13, 2012, the President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and of the National Council of Justice, Minister Cezar Peluso, On April 3, 2012, the Office of the Prosecutor (OTP) of the International Criminal Court issued a decision holding that the OTP lacks jurisdiction to investigate alleged international crimes committed within the Palestinian territories. (Office of Brazil Federal Supreme Court Elects New President As of April 19, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and the National Council of Justice will have a new president. On March 14, 2012, Minister Ayres... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 16 Mar 2012 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403035_text Global Legal Monitor: Greece: Draft Bill on Fair and Speedy Trials http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402979_text Judiciary - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance Bangladesh Act No XIII of 2014 amended the Constitution of Bangladesh, empowering Parliament to impeach Supreme Court judges. (Sadiat Mannan, Parliament and Judiciary: Striking a Balance, DAILY STAR, (Oct. 20, 2014).) Part On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The On October 20, 2014, a group of law students who had been denied positions in Egypt's public prosecution service filed a petition before the country's administrative court to repeal the decision that had been issued by On October 16, 2014, the European Court of Justice annulled the European Council's 2006 listing of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE, also known as the Tamil Tigers) as a terrorist organization. The step was The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On September 23, 2014, the High Court in Pretoria, South Africa, ruled that the extradition to Botswana of Edwin Samotse, a man sought on murder charges in that country, where he may face the death penalty, The International Criminal Court (ICC) announced on September 5, 2014, that the trial of Uhuru Kenyatta, the President of Kenya, and of the Deputy President, William Ruto, originally planned to begin on October 7, would be Israel's High Court of Justice, with an extended bench of seven justices, recently voided a decision by the Supreme Rabbinical Court instructing a mother to enable the circumcision of her infant son against her will. (The criminal court of Nanterre, a suburb of Paris, recently found a major provider of social housing guilty of ethnic profiling. (Un bailleur HLM condamne pour fichage ethnique [A Social Housing Provider Found Guilty of On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the Kenya's High Court determined on April 14, 2014, that taxpayers have a right under the Constitution to fair administrative action related to their tax payments. (Catherine Mutava, Kenya: Constitutional Right to Expeditious Settlement of Refund Claims, In response to a legal challenge made by the Spanish government, on March 25, 2014, the Constitutional Court (CC) of Spain ruled that the sovereignty declaration passed by Catalonia's regional parliament early last year is unconstitutional. The Japanese Supreme Court has recently reached different conclusions in similar cases involving golf course policies to exclude gang members from playing. Depending on the circumstances, a gang member who deceives the course employees and plays On March 21, 2014, Thailand's Constitutional Court ruled that the country's general election, held on February 2, is invalid. (Court Voids Feb 2 General Election, BANGKOK POST ONLINE (Mar. 21, 2014).) On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Suliman Baldo, the United Nations independent expert on human rights in Mali, recently expressed his concern that crimes committed both by rebel groups and national forces during the 2012 conflict in the northern part of the On February 15, 2014, the Grand National Assembly (GNA) of Turkey passed an omnibus law (Law No. 6524 [in Turkish] (Feb. 15, 2014), GNA website) that amends the following four laws: Law On February 24, 2014, Navanetham Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (UNHCHR), called for an inquiry into the possibility that the two sides in Sri Lanka's civil war both committed war crimes. Potential Constitutional CrisisOn January 31, 2014, it was reported that the Government of Nauru has started the process of drafting a law that would result in the country being placed under emergency On January 1, 2014, a major reform of the Austrian system of administrative justice went into effect. It is based on the Administrative Justice Reform Act of 2012 (Verwaltungsgerichtsbarkeit-Novelle 2012, BUNDESGESETZBLATT I 2012/51), and on On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The Kazakhstan was criticized recently by international human rights organizations for restricting specific religious groups and practices. ( Religious Freedom in Kazakhstan, Berkley Center for Religion, Peace, andamp; World Affairs website (last Thura Aung Ko, a legislator in Burma's (Myanmar's) parliament, announced on September 7, 2013, that legislation will be drafted to create groups to monitor judicial proceedings. The purpose, according to Aung Ko, is to end corruption On July 28, 2013, Peshawar High Court (PHC) Chief Justice Dost Mohammad Khan inaugurated the establishment of mobile courts in the northern Pakistani province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK) to hear civil and criminal disputes. According to a press release from the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY), on May 29, 2013, the Tribunal convicted six former senior Croatian officials of ";crimes against humanity, violations of the laws or On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 3, 2013, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved, on its second reading, a constitutional amendment that creates four additional Federal Regional Tribunals (Tribunais Regionais Federais - TRFs) in the country. The tribunals must be On March 27, 2013, the Court of Appeals of Egypt ordered the reinstatement of the former General Prosecutor, Abdel-Meguid Mahmoud. A chamber within the Court of Appeals King Abdullah II of Jordan issued a royal decree on October 6, 2012, appointing a president and eight members of a newly established Constitutional Court. On November 1, 2012, Teori Zavascki was appointed as a new Minister of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court. Zavascki is taking over the position left open by Minister Cesar Peluso, who retired as required by law On September 18, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) released new guiding cases that were circulated to courts at all levels in the country for judges to The nine justices of the Constitutional Tribunal of Myanmar (Burma) all resigned on September 6, 2012. The abrupt move was made in response to a vote to impeach them taken that day by the Lower House By the end of June 2012, all railway courts in China had been integrated into the national court system, according to a Supreme People's Court (SPC) statement posted on July 30, 2012, on its official website. On August 22, 2012, the African Union and Senegal concluded an agreement on a special tribunal to try Hissandegrave;ne Habr;, the former leader of Chad. The tribunal will be established in Dakar, Senegal, and will consider On August 15, 2012, the King of Bahrain issued a Royal Decree containing Law 38-2012, which amends Law 27-2002 concerning the establishment of the Constitutional Court. Law 38-2012 covers the structure of the Court On August 7, 2012, the East African Court of Justice (EACJ) announced plans to set up sub-registry offices in each of the countries of the East African Community, starting with Rwanda. (East African Court On July 16, 2012, Members of the Tunisian Constituent National Assembly submitted draft legislation for consideration that would create a special court for the purpose of adjudicating crimes related to the Tunisian revolution of January 2011. On June 27, 2012, it was reported that Turkey's ruling party, the Justice and Development Party (AKP) is planning to propose reform of the court system, including abolition of the special authority courts now used to On April 20, 2012, the 47 Member States of the Council of Europe, at a high-level ministerial conference in Brighton, United Kingdom, unanimously voted to adopt a series of measures, known as the "Brighton Declaration," aimed On April 19, 2012, Minister Ayres Britto was inaugurated as the new President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court, with Minister Joaquim Barbosa as the Vice-President. Minister Britto will also preside over the National Council of st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On April 13, 2012, the President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and of the National Council of Justice, Minister Cezar Peluso, On April 3, 2012, the Office of the Prosecutor (OTP) of the International Criminal Court issued a decision holding that the OTP lacks jurisdiction to investigate alleged international crimes committed within the Palestinian territories. (Office of Brazil Federal Supreme Court Elects New President As of April 19, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and the National Council of Justice will have a new president. On March 14, 2012, Minister Ayres On January 30, 2012, the Greek Ministry of Justice, Transparency, and Human Rights submitted to Parliament a bill designed to expedite the administration of justice and guarantee speedier and fairer trials for individuals. (Draft Bill... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 08 Feb 2012 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402979_text Global Legal Monitor: Mexico: Convention on Use of Videoconferencing Approved http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402949_text Judiciary - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance Bangladesh Act No XIII of 2014 amended the Constitution of Bangladesh, empowering Parliament to impeach Supreme Court judges. (Sadiat Mannan, Parliament and Judiciary: Striking a Balance, DAILY STAR, (Oct. 20, 2014).) Part On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The On October 20, 2014, a group of law students who had been denied positions in Egypt's public prosecution service filed a petition before the country's administrative court to repeal the decision that had been issued by On October 16, 2014, the European Court of Justice annulled the European Council's 2006 listing of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE, also known as the Tamil Tigers) as a terrorist organization. The step was The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On September 23, 2014, the High Court in Pretoria, South Africa, ruled that the extradition to Botswana of Edwin Samotse, a man sought on murder charges in that country, where he may face the death penalty, The International Criminal Court (ICC) announced on September 5, 2014, that the trial of Uhuru Kenyatta, the President of Kenya, and of the Deputy President, William Ruto, originally planned to begin on October 7, would be Israel's High Court of Justice, with an extended bench of seven justices, recently voided a decision by the Supreme Rabbinical Court instructing a mother to enable the circumcision of her infant son against her will. (The criminal court of Nanterre, a suburb of Paris, recently found a major provider of social housing guilty of ethnic profiling. (Un bailleur HLM condamne pour fichage ethnique [A Social Housing Provider Found Guilty of On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the Kenya's High Court determined on April 14, 2014, that taxpayers have a right under the Constitution to fair administrative action related to their tax payments. (Catherine Mutava, Kenya: Constitutional Right to Expeditious Settlement of Refund Claims, In response to a legal challenge made by the Spanish government, on March 25, 2014, the Constitutional Court (CC) of Spain ruled that the sovereignty declaration passed by Catalonia's regional parliament early last year is unconstitutional. The Japanese Supreme Court has recently reached different conclusions in similar cases involving golf course policies to exclude gang members from playing. Depending on the circumstances, a gang member who deceives the course employees and plays On March 21, 2014, Thailand's Constitutional Court ruled that the country's general election, held on February 2, is invalid. (Court Voids Feb 2 General Election, BANGKOK POST ONLINE (Mar. 21, 2014).) On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Suliman Baldo, the United Nations independent expert on human rights in Mali, recently expressed his concern that crimes committed both by rebel groups and national forces during the 2012 conflict in the northern part of the On February 15, 2014, the Grand National Assembly (GNA) of Turkey passed an omnibus law (Law No. 6524 [in Turkish] (Feb. 15, 2014), GNA website) that amends the following four laws: Law On February 24, 2014, Navanetham Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (UNHCHR), called for an inquiry into the possibility that the two sides in Sri Lanka's civil war both committed war crimes. Potential Constitutional CrisisOn January 31, 2014, it was reported that the Government of Nauru has started the process of drafting a law that would result in the country being placed under emergency On January 1, 2014, a major reform of the Austrian system of administrative justice went into effect. It is based on the Administrative Justice Reform Act of 2012 (Verwaltungsgerichtsbarkeit-Novelle 2012, BUNDESGESETZBLATT I 2012/51), and on On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The Kazakhstan was criticized recently by international human rights organizations for restricting specific religious groups and practices. ( Religious Freedom in Kazakhstan, Berkley Center for Religion, Peace, andamp; World Affairs website (last Thura Aung Ko, a legislator in Burma's (Myanmar's) parliament, announced on September 7, 2013, that legislation will be drafted to create groups to monitor judicial proceedings. The purpose, according to Aung Ko, is to end corruption On July 28, 2013, Peshawar High Court (PHC) Chief Justice Dost Mohammad Khan inaugurated the establishment of mobile courts in the northern Pakistani province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK) to hear civil and criminal disputes. According to a press release from the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY), on May 29, 2013, the Tribunal convicted six former senior Croatian officials of ";crimes against humanity, violations of the laws or On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 3, 2013, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved, on its second reading, a constitutional amendment that creates four additional Federal Regional Tribunals (Tribunais Regionais Federais - TRFs) in the country. The tribunals must be On March 27, 2013, the Court of Appeals of Egypt ordered the reinstatement of the former General Prosecutor, Abdel-Meguid Mahmoud. A chamber within the Court of Appeals King Abdullah II of Jordan issued a royal decree on October 6, 2012, appointing a president and eight members of a newly established Constitutional Court. On November 1, 2012, Teori Zavascki was appointed as a new Minister of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court. Zavascki is taking over the position left open by Minister Cesar Peluso, who retired as required by law On September 18, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) released new guiding cases that were circulated to courts at all levels in the country for judges to The nine justices of the Constitutional Tribunal of Myanmar (Burma) all resigned on September 6, 2012. The abrupt move was made in response to a vote to impeach them taken that day by the Lower House By the end of June 2012, all railway courts in China had been integrated into the national court system, according to a Supreme People's Court (SPC) statement posted on July 30, 2012, on its official website. On August 22, 2012, the African Union and Senegal concluded an agreement on a special tribunal to try Hissandegrave;ne Habr;, the former leader of Chad. The tribunal will be established in Dakar, Senegal, and will consider On August 15, 2012, the King of Bahrain issued a Royal Decree containing Law 38-2012, which amends Law 27-2002 concerning the establishment of the Constitutional Court. Law 38-2012 covers the structure of the Court On August 7, 2012, the East African Court of Justice (EACJ) announced plans to set up sub-registry offices in each of the countries of the East African Community, starting with Rwanda. (East African Court On July 16, 2012, Members of the Tunisian Constituent National Assembly submitted draft legislation for consideration that would create a special court for the purpose of adjudicating crimes related to the Tunisian revolution of January 2011. On June 27, 2012, it was reported that Turkey's ruling party, the Justice and Development Party (AKP) is planning to propose reform of the court system, including abolition of the special authority courts now used to On April 20, 2012, the 47 Member States of the Council of Europe, at a high-level ministerial conference in Brighton, United Kingdom, unanimously voted to adopt a series of measures, known as the "Brighton Declaration," aimed On April 19, 2012, Minister Ayres Britto was inaugurated as the new President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court, with Minister Joaquim Barbosa as the Vice-President. Minister Britto will also preside over the National Council of st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On April 13, 2012, the President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and of the National Council of Justice, Minister Cezar Peluso, On April 3, 2012, the Office of the Prosecutor (OTP) of the International Criminal Court issued a decision holding that the OTP lacks jurisdiction to investigate alleged international crimes committed within the Palestinian territories. (Office of Brazil Federal Supreme Court Elects New President As of April 19, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and the National Council of Justice will have a new president. On March 14, 2012, Minister Ayres On January 30, 2012, the Greek Ministry of Justice, Transparency, and Human Rights submitted to Parliament a bill designed to expedite the administration of justice and guarantee speedier and fairer trials for individuals. (Draft Bill On December 14, 2011, the Mexican Senate approved and submitted for Presidential signature the Ibero-American Convention on the Use of Videoconferencing in International Cooperation Between Justice Systems, which is designed to foster the use of videoconferences... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 23 Jan 2012 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402949_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil: Judiciary Under Attack http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402946_text Judiciary - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance Bangladesh Act No XIII of 2014 amended the Constitution of Bangladesh, empowering Parliament to impeach Supreme Court judges. (Sadiat Mannan, Parliament and Judiciary: Striking a Balance, DAILY STAR, (Oct. 20, 2014).) Part On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The On October 20, 2014, a group of law students who had been denied positions in Egypt's public prosecution service filed a petition before the country's administrative court to repeal the decision that had been issued by On October 16, 2014, the European Court of Justice annulled the European Council's 2006 listing of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE, also known as the Tamil Tigers) as a terrorist organization. The step was The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On September 23, 2014, the High Court in Pretoria, South Africa, ruled that the extradition to Botswana of Edwin Samotse, a man sought on murder charges in that country, where he may face the death penalty, The International Criminal Court (ICC) announced on September 5, 2014, that the trial of Uhuru Kenyatta, the President of Kenya, and of the Deputy President, William Ruto, originally planned to begin on October 7, would be Israel's High Court of Justice, with an extended bench of seven justices, recently voided a decision by the Supreme Rabbinical Court instructing a mother to enable the circumcision of her infant son against her will. (The criminal court of Nanterre, a suburb of Paris, recently found a major provider of social housing guilty of ethnic profiling. (Un bailleur HLM condamne pour fichage ethnique [A Social Housing Provider Found Guilty of On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the Kenya's High Court determined on April 14, 2014, that taxpayers have a right under the Constitution to fair administrative action related to their tax payments. (Catherine Mutava, Kenya: Constitutional Right to Expeditious Settlement of Refund Claims, In response to a legal challenge made by the Spanish government, on March 25, 2014, the Constitutional Court (CC) of Spain ruled that the sovereignty declaration passed by Catalonia's regional parliament early last year is unconstitutional. The Japanese Supreme Court has recently reached different conclusions in similar cases involving golf course policies to exclude gang members from playing. Depending on the circumstances, a gang member who deceives the course employees and plays On March 21, 2014, Thailand's Constitutional Court ruled that the country's general election, held on February 2, is invalid. (Court Voids Feb 2 General Election, BANGKOK POST ONLINE (Mar. 21, 2014).) On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Suliman Baldo, the United Nations independent expert on human rights in Mali, recently expressed his concern that crimes committed both by rebel groups and national forces during the 2012 conflict in the northern part of the On February 15, 2014, the Grand National Assembly (GNA) of Turkey passed an omnibus law (Law No. 6524 [in Turkish] (Feb. 15, 2014), GNA website) that amends the following four laws: Law On February 24, 2014, Navanetham Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (UNHCHR), called for an inquiry into the possibility that the two sides in Sri Lanka's civil war both committed war crimes. Potential Constitutional CrisisOn January 31, 2014, it was reported that the Government of Nauru has started the process of drafting a law that would result in the country being placed under emergency On January 1, 2014, a major reform of the Austrian system of administrative justice went into effect. It is based on the Administrative Justice Reform Act of 2012 (Verwaltungsgerichtsbarkeit-Novelle 2012, BUNDESGESETZBLATT I 2012/51), and on On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The Kazakhstan was criticized recently by international human rights organizations for restricting specific religious groups and practices. ( Religious Freedom in Kazakhstan, Berkley Center for Religion, Peace, andamp; World Affairs website (last Thura Aung Ko, a legislator in Burma's (Myanmar's) parliament, announced on September 7, 2013, that legislation will be drafted to create groups to monitor judicial proceedings. The purpose, according to Aung Ko, is to end corruption On July 28, 2013, Peshawar High Court (PHC) Chief Justice Dost Mohammad Khan inaugurated the establishment of mobile courts in the northern Pakistani province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK) to hear civil and criminal disputes. According to a press release from the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY), on May 29, 2013, the Tribunal convicted six former senior Croatian officials of ";crimes against humanity, violations of the laws or On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 3, 2013, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved, on its second reading, a constitutional amendment that creates four additional Federal Regional Tribunals (Tribunais Regionais Federais - TRFs) in the country. The tribunals must be On March 27, 2013, the Court of Appeals of Egypt ordered the reinstatement of the former General Prosecutor, Abdel-Meguid Mahmoud. A chamber within the Court of Appeals King Abdullah II of Jordan issued a royal decree on October 6, 2012, appointing a president and eight members of a newly established Constitutional Court. On November 1, 2012, Teori Zavascki was appointed as a new Minister of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court. Zavascki is taking over the position left open by Minister Cesar Peluso, who retired as required by law On September 18, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) released new guiding cases that were circulated to courts at all levels in the country for judges to The nine justices of the Constitutional Tribunal of Myanmar (Burma) all resigned on September 6, 2012. The abrupt move was made in response to a vote to impeach them taken that day by the Lower House By the end of June 2012, all railway courts in China had been integrated into the national court system, according to a Supreme People's Court (SPC) statement posted on July 30, 2012, on its official website. On August 22, 2012, the African Union and Senegal concluded an agreement on a special tribunal to try Hissandegrave;ne Habr;, the former leader of Chad. The tribunal will be established in Dakar, Senegal, and will consider On August 15, 2012, the King of Bahrain issued a Royal Decree containing Law 38-2012, which amends Law 27-2002 concerning the establishment of the Constitutional Court. Law 38-2012 covers the structure of the Court On August 7, 2012, the East African Court of Justice (EACJ) announced plans to set up sub-registry offices in each of the countries of the East African Community, starting with Rwanda. (East African Court On July 16, 2012, Members of the Tunisian Constituent National Assembly submitted draft legislation for consideration that would create a special court for the purpose of adjudicating crimes related to the Tunisian revolution of January 2011. On June 27, 2012, it was reported that Turkey's ruling party, the Justice and Development Party (AKP) is planning to propose reform of the court system, including abolition of the special authority courts now used to On April 20, 2012, the 47 Member States of the Council of Europe, at a high-level ministerial conference in Brighton, United Kingdom, unanimously voted to adopt a series of measures, known as the "Brighton Declaration," aimed On April 19, 2012, Minister Ayres Britto was inaugurated as the new President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court, with Minister Joaquim Barbosa as the Vice-President. Minister Britto will also preside over the National Council of st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On April 13, 2012, the President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and of the National Council of Justice, Minister Cezar Peluso, On April 3, 2012, the Office of the Prosecutor (OTP) of the International Criminal Court issued a decision holding that the OTP lacks jurisdiction to investigate alleged international crimes committed within the Palestinian territories. (Office of Brazil Federal Supreme Court Elects New President As of April 19, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and the National Council of Justice will have a new president. On March 14, 2012, Minister Ayres On January 30, 2012, the Greek Ministry of Justice, Transparency, and Human Rights submitted to Parliament a bill designed to expedite the administration of justice and guarantee speedier and fairer trials for individuals. (Draft Bill On December 14, 2011, the Mexican Senate approved and submitted for Presidential signature the Ibero-American Convention on the Use of Videoconferencing in International Cooperation Between Justice Systems, which is designed to foster the use of videoconferences On January 12, 2012, another criminal attack occurred against Brazil's judiciary, the third to date in the new year, leaving two people wounded. The incident took place in the city of Rio Claro, in the State... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 18 Jan 2012 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402946_text Global Legal Monitor: Denmark: Psychologist Held in Contempt of Court in Torture Case http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402847_text Judiciary - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance Bangladesh Act No XIII of 2014 amended the Constitution of Bangladesh, empowering Parliament to impeach Supreme Court judges. (Sadiat Mannan, Parliament and Judiciary: Striking a Balance, DAILY STAR, (Oct. 20, 2014).) Part On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The On October 20, 2014, a group of law students who had been denied positions in Egypt's public prosecution service filed a petition before the country's administrative court to repeal the decision that had been issued by On October 16, 2014, the European Court of Justice annulled the European Council's 2006 listing of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE, also known as the Tamil Tigers) as a terrorist organization. The step was The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On September 23, 2014, the High Court in Pretoria, South Africa, ruled that the extradition to Botswana of Edwin Samotse, a man sought on murder charges in that country, where he may face the death penalty, The International Criminal Court (ICC) announced on September 5, 2014, that the trial of Uhuru Kenyatta, the President of Kenya, and of the Deputy President, William Ruto, originally planned to begin on October 7, would be Israel's High Court of Justice, with an extended bench of seven justices, recently voided a decision by the Supreme Rabbinical Court instructing a mother to enable the circumcision of her infant son against her will. (The criminal court of Nanterre, a suburb of Paris, recently found a major provider of social housing guilty of ethnic profiling. (Un bailleur HLM condamne pour fichage ethnique [A Social Housing Provider Found Guilty of On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the Kenya's High Court determined on April 14, 2014, that taxpayers have a right under the Constitution to fair administrative action related to their tax payments. (Catherine Mutava, Kenya: Constitutional Right to Expeditious Settlement of Refund Claims, In response to a legal challenge made by the Spanish government, on March 25, 2014, the Constitutional Court (CC) of Spain ruled that the sovereignty declaration passed by Catalonia's regional parliament early last year is unconstitutional. The Japanese Supreme Court has recently reached different conclusions in similar cases involving golf course policies to exclude gang members from playing. Depending on the circumstances, a gang member who deceives the course employees and plays On March 21, 2014, Thailand's Constitutional Court ruled that the country's general election, held on February 2, is invalid. (Court Voids Feb 2 General Election, BANGKOK POST ONLINE (Mar. 21, 2014).) On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Suliman Baldo, the United Nations independent expert on human rights in Mali, recently expressed his concern that crimes committed both by rebel groups and national forces during the 2012 conflict in the northern part of the On February 15, 2014, the Grand National Assembly (GNA) of Turkey passed an omnibus law (Law No. 6524 [in Turkish] (Feb. 15, 2014), GNA website) that amends the following four laws: Law On February 24, 2014, Navanetham Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (UNHCHR), called for an inquiry into the possibility that the two sides in Sri Lanka's civil war both committed war crimes. Potential Constitutional CrisisOn January 31, 2014, it was reported that the Government of Nauru has started the process of drafting a law that would result in the country being placed under emergency On January 1, 2014, a major reform of the Austrian system of administrative justice went into effect. It is based on the Administrative Justice Reform Act of 2012 (Verwaltungsgerichtsbarkeit-Novelle 2012, BUNDESGESETZBLATT I 2012/51), and on On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The Kazakhstan was criticized recently by international human rights organizations for restricting specific religious groups and practices. ( Religious Freedom in Kazakhstan, Berkley Center for Religion, Peace, andamp; World Affairs website (last Thura Aung Ko, a legislator in Burma's (Myanmar's) parliament, announced on September 7, 2013, that legislation will be drafted to create groups to monitor judicial proceedings. The purpose, according to Aung Ko, is to end corruption On July 28, 2013, Peshawar High Court (PHC) Chief Justice Dost Mohammad Khan inaugurated the establishment of mobile courts in the northern Pakistani province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK) to hear civil and criminal disputes. According to a press release from the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY), on May 29, 2013, the Tribunal convicted six former senior Croatian officials of ";crimes against humanity, violations of the laws or On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 3, 2013, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved, on its second reading, a constitutional amendment that creates four additional Federal Regional Tribunals (Tribunais Regionais Federais - TRFs) in the country. The tribunals must be On March 27, 2013, the Court of Appeals of Egypt ordered the reinstatement of the former General Prosecutor, Abdel-Meguid Mahmoud. A chamber within the Court of Appeals King Abdullah II of Jordan issued a royal decree on October 6, 2012, appointing a president and eight members of a newly established Constitutional Court. On November 1, 2012, Teori Zavascki was appointed as a new Minister of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court. Zavascki is taking over the position left open by Minister Cesar Peluso, who retired as required by law On September 18, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) released new guiding cases that were circulated to courts at all levels in the country for judges to The nine justices of the Constitutional Tribunal of Myanmar (Burma) all resigned on September 6, 2012. The abrupt move was made in response to a vote to impeach them taken that day by the Lower House By the end of June 2012, all railway courts in China had been integrated into the national court system, according to a Supreme People's Court (SPC) statement posted on July 30, 2012, on its official website. On August 22, 2012, the African Union and Senegal concluded an agreement on a special tribunal to try Hissandegrave;ne Habr;, the former leader of Chad. The tribunal will be established in Dakar, Senegal, and will consider On August 15, 2012, the King of Bahrain issued a Royal Decree containing Law 38-2012, which amends Law 27-2002 concerning the establishment of the Constitutional Court. Law 38-2012 covers the structure of the Court On August 7, 2012, the East African Court of Justice (EACJ) announced plans to set up sub-registry offices in each of the countries of the East African Community, starting with Rwanda. (East African Court On July 16, 2012, Members of the Tunisian Constituent National Assembly submitted draft legislation for consideration that would create a special court for the purpose of adjudicating crimes related to the Tunisian revolution of January 2011. On June 27, 2012, it was reported that Turkey's ruling party, the Justice and Development Party (AKP) is planning to propose reform of the court system, including abolition of the special authority courts now used to On April 20, 2012, the 47 Member States of the Council of Europe, at a high-level ministerial conference in Brighton, United Kingdom, unanimously voted to adopt a series of measures, known as the "Brighton Declaration," aimed On April 19, 2012, Minister Ayres Britto was inaugurated as the new President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court, with Minister Joaquim Barbosa as the Vice-President. Minister Britto will also preside over the National Council of st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On April 13, 2012, the President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and of the National Council of Justice, Minister Cezar Peluso, On April 3, 2012, the Office of the Prosecutor (OTP) of the International Criminal Court issued a decision holding that the OTP lacks jurisdiction to investigate alleged international crimes committed within the Palestinian territories. (Office of Brazil Federal Supreme Court Elects New President As of April 19, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and the National Council of Justice will have a new president. On March 14, 2012, Minister Ayres On January 30, 2012, the Greek Ministry of Justice, Transparency, and Human Rights submitted to Parliament a bill designed to expedite the administration of justice and guarantee speedier and fairer trials for individuals. (Draft Bill On December 14, 2011, the Mexican Senate approved and submitted for Presidential signature the Ibero-American Convention on the Use of Videoconferencing in International Cooperation Between Justice Systems, which is designed to foster the use of videoconferences On January 12, 2012, another criminal attack occurred against Brazil's judiciary, the third to date in the new year, leaving two people wounded. The incident took place in the city of Rio Claro, in the State On October 6, 2011, a retired military psychologist refused to break client confidentiality in a case in Copenhagen's Eastern High Court and was charged with contempt of court. The court will determine whether she will be... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 11 Oct 2011 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402847_text Global Legal Monitor: Indonesia: Agreement Reached to Amend Constitutional Court Legislation http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402718_text Judiciary - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance Bangladesh Act No XIII of 2014 amended the Constitution of Bangladesh, empowering Parliament to impeach Supreme Court judges. (Sadiat Mannan, Parliament and Judiciary: Striking a Balance, DAILY STAR, (Oct. 20, 2014).) Part On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The On October 20, 2014, a group of law students who had been denied positions in Egypt's public prosecution service filed a petition before the country's administrative court to repeal the decision that had been issued by On October 16, 2014, the European Court of Justice annulled the European Council's 2006 listing of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE, also known as the Tamil Tigers) as a terrorist organization. The step was The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On September 23, 2014, the High Court in Pretoria, South Africa, ruled that the extradition to Botswana of Edwin Samotse, a man sought on murder charges in that country, where he may face the death penalty, The International Criminal Court (ICC) announced on September 5, 2014, that the trial of Uhuru Kenyatta, the President of Kenya, and of the Deputy President, William Ruto, originally planned to begin on October 7, would be Israel's High Court of Justice, with an extended bench of seven justices, recently voided a decision by the Supreme Rabbinical Court instructing a mother to enable the circumcision of her infant son against her will. (The criminal court of Nanterre, a suburb of Paris, recently found a major provider of social housing guilty of ethnic profiling. (Un bailleur HLM condamne pour fichage ethnique [A Social Housing Provider Found Guilty of On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the Kenya's High Court determined on April 14, 2014, that taxpayers have a right under the Constitution to fair administrative action related to their tax payments. (Catherine Mutava, Kenya: Constitutional Right to Expeditious Settlement of Refund Claims, In response to a legal challenge made by the Spanish government, on March 25, 2014, the Constitutional Court (CC) of Spain ruled that the sovereignty declaration passed by Catalonia's regional parliament early last year is unconstitutional. The Japanese Supreme Court has recently reached different conclusions in similar cases involving golf course policies to exclude gang members from playing. Depending on the circumstances, a gang member who deceives the course employees and plays On March 21, 2014, Thailand's Constitutional Court ruled that the country's general election, held on February 2, is invalid. (Court Voids Feb 2 General Election, BANGKOK POST ONLINE (Mar. 21, 2014).) On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Suliman Baldo, the United Nations independent expert on human rights in Mali, recently expressed his concern that crimes committed both by rebel groups and national forces during the 2012 conflict in the northern part of the On February 15, 2014, the Grand National Assembly (GNA) of Turkey passed an omnibus law (Law No. 6524 [in Turkish] (Feb. 15, 2014), GNA website) that amends the following four laws: Law On February 24, 2014, Navanetham Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (UNHCHR), called for an inquiry into the possibility that the two sides in Sri Lanka's civil war both committed war crimes. Potential Constitutional CrisisOn January 31, 2014, it was reported that the Government of Nauru has started the process of drafting a law that would result in the country being placed under emergency On January 1, 2014, a major reform of the Austrian system of administrative justice went into effect. It is based on the Administrative Justice Reform Act of 2012 (Verwaltungsgerichtsbarkeit-Novelle 2012, BUNDESGESETZBLATT I 2012/51), and on On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The Kazakhstan was criticized recently by international human rights organizations for restricting specific religious groups and practices. ( Religious Freedom in Kazakhstan, Berkley Center for Religion, Peace, andamp; World Affairs website (last Thura Aung Ko, a legislator in Burma's (Myanmar's) parliament, announced on September 7, 2013, that legislation will be drafted to create groups to monitor judicial proceedings. The purpose, according to Aung Ko, is to end corruption On July 28, 2013, Peshawar High Court (PHC) Chief Justice Dost Mohammad Khan inaugurated the establishment of mobile courts in the northern Pakistani province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK) to hear civil and criminal disputes. According to a press release from the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY), on May 29, 2013, the Tribunal convicted six former senior Croatian officials of ";crimes against humanity, violations of the laws or On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 3, 2013, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved, on its second reading, a constitutional amendment that creates four additional Federal Regional Tribunals (Tribunais Regionais Federais - TRFs) in the country. The tribunals must be On March 27, 2013, the Court of Appeals of Egypt ordered the reinstatement of the former General Prosecutor, Abdel-Meguid Mahmoud. A chamber within the Court of Appeals King Abdullah II of Jordan issued a royal decree on October 6, 2012, appointing a president and eight members of a newly established Constitutional Court. On November 1, 2012, Teori Zavascki was appointed as a new Minister of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court. Zavascki is taking over the position left open by Minister Cesar Peluso, who retired as required by law On September 18, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) released new guiding cases that were circulated to courts at all levels in the country for judges to The nine justices of the Constitutional Tribunal of Myanmar (Burma) all resigned on September 6, 2012. The abrupt move was made in response to a vote to impeach them taken that day by the Lower House By the end of June 2012, all railway courts in China had been integrated into the national court system, according to a Supreme People's Court (SPC) statement posted on July 30, 2012, on its official website. On August 22, 2012, the African Union and Senegal concluded an agreement on a special tribunal to try Hissandegrave;ne Habr;, the former leader of Chad. The tribunal will be established in Dakar, Senegal, and will consider On August 15, 2012, the King of Bahrain issued a Royal Decree containing Law 38-2012, which amends Law 27-2002 concerning the establishment of the Constitutional Court. Law 38-2012 covers the structure of the Court On August 7, 2012, the East African Court of Justice (EACJ) announced plans to set up sub-registry offices in each of the countries of the East African Community, starting with Rwanda. (East African Court On July 16, 2012, Members of the Tunisian Constituent National Assembly submitted draft legislation for consideration that would create a special court for the purpose of adjudicating crimes related to the Tunisian revolution of January 2011. On June 27, 2012, it was reported that Turkey's ruling party, the Justice and Development Party (AKP) is planning to propose reform of the court system, including abolition of the special authority courts now used to On April 20, 2012, the 47 Member States of the Council of Europe, at a high-level ministerial conference in Brighton, United Kingdom, unanimously voted to adopt a series of measures, known as the "Brighton Declaration," aimed On April 19, 2012, Minister Ayres Britto was inaugurated as the new President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court, with Minister Joaquim Barbosa as the Vice-President. Minister Britto will also preside over the National Council of st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On April 13, 2012, the President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and of the National Council of Justice, Minister Cezar Peluso, On April 3, 2012, the Office of the Prosecutor (OTP) of the International Criminal Court issued a decision holding that the OTP lacks jurisdiction to investigate alleged international crimes committed within the Palestinian territories. (Office of Brazil Federal Supreme Court Elects New President As of April 19, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and the National Council of Justice will have a new president. On March 14, 2012, Minister Ayres On January 30, 2012, the Greek Ministry of Justice, Transparency, and Human Rights submitted to Parliament a bill designed to expedite the administration of justice and guarantee speedier and fairer trials for individuals. (Draft Bill On December 14, 2011, the Mexican Senate approved and submitted for Presidential signature the Ibero-American Convention on the Use of Videoconferencing in International Cooperation Between Justice Systems, which is designed to foster the use of videoconferences On January 12, 2012, another criminal attack occurred against Brazil's judiciary, the third to date in the new year, leaving two people wounded. The incident took place in the city of Rio Claro, in the State On October 6, 2011, a retired military psychologist refused to break client confidentiality in a case in Copenhagen's Eastern High Court and was charged with contempt of court. The court will determine whether she will be On June 15, 2011, it was reported that the Indonesian government had reached an agreement with the country's House of Representatives to amend the legislation that governs the Constitutional Court. (Anita Rachman andamp; Ulma Haryanto,... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 20 Jun 2011 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402718_text Global Legal Monitor: Israel: Assistance Units for Religious Courts http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402703_text Judiciary - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance Bangladesh Act No XIII of 2014 amended the Constitution of Bangladesh, empowering Parliament to impeach Supreme Court judges. (Sadiat Mannan, Parliament and Judiciary: Striking a Balance, DAILY STAR, (Oct. 20, 2014).) Part On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The On October 20, 2014, a group of law students who had been denied positions in Egypt's public prosecution service filed a petition before the country's administrative court to repeal the decision that had been issued by On October 16, 2014, the European Court of Justice annulled the European Council's 2006 listing of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE, also known as the Tamil Tigers) as a terrorist organization. The step was The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On September 23, 2014, the High Court in Pretoria, South Africa, ruled that the extradition to Botswana of Edwin Samotse, a man sought on murder charges in that country, where he may face the death penalty, The International Criminal Court (ICC) announced on September 5, 2014, that the trial of Uhuru Kenyatta, the President of Kenya, and of the Deputy President, William Ruto, originally planned to begin on October 7, would be Israel's High Court of Justice, with an extended bench of seven justices, recently voided a decision by the Supreme Rabbinical Court instructing a mother to enable the circumcision of her infant son against her will. (The criminal court of Nanterre, a suburb of Paris, recently found a major provider of social housing guilty of ethnic profiling. (Un bailleur HLM condamne pour fichage ethnique [A Social Housing Provider Found Guilty of On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the Kenya's High Court determined on April 14, 2014, that taxpayers have a right under the Constitution to fair administrative action related to their tax payments. (Catherine Mutava, Kenya: Constitutional Right to Expeditious Settlement of Refund Claims, In response to a legal challenge made by the Spanish government, on March 25, 2014, the Constitutional Court (CC) of Spain ruled that the sovereignty declaration passed by Catalonia's regional parliament early last year is unconstitutional. The Japanese Supreme Court has recently reached different conclusions in similar cases involving golf course policies to exclude gang members from playing. Depending on the circumstances, a gang member who deceives the course employees and plays On March 21, 2014, Thailand's Constitutional Court ruled that the country's general election, held on February 2, is invalid. (Court Voids Feb 2 General Election, BANGKOK POST ONLINE (Mar. 21, 2014).) On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Suliman Baldo, the United Nations independent expert on human rights in Mali, recently expressed his concern that crimes committed both by rebel groups and national forces during the 2012 conflict in the northern part of the On February 15, 2014, the Grand National Assembly (GNA) of Turkey passed an omnibus law (Law No. 6524 [in Turkish] (Feb. 15, 2014), GNA website) that amends the following four laws: Law On February 24, 2014, Navanetham Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (UNHCHR), called for an inquiry into the possibility that the two sides in Sri Lanka's civil war both committed war crimes. Potential Constitutional CrisisOn January 31, 2014, it was reported that the Government of Nauru has started the process of drafting a law that would result in the country being placed under emergency On January 1, 2014, a major reform of the Austrian system of administrative justice went into effect. It is based on the Administrative Justice Reform Act of 2012 (Verwaltungsgerichtsbarkeit-Novelle 2012, BUNDESGESETZBLATT I 2012/51), and on On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The Kazakhstan was criticized recently by international human rights organizations for restricting specific religious groups and practices. ( Religious Freedom in Kazakhstan, Berkley Center for Religion, Peace, andamp; World Affairs website (last Thura Aung Ko, a legislator in Burma's (Myanmar's) parliament, announced on September 7, 2013, that legislation will be drafted to create groups to monitor judicial proceedings. The purpose, according to Aung Ko, is to end corruption On July 28, 2013, Peshawar High Court (PHC) Chief Justice Dost Mohammad Khan inaugurated the establishment of mobile courts in the northern Pakistani province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK) to hear civil and criminal disputes. According to a press release from the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY), on May 29, 2013, the Tribunal convicted six former senior Croatian officials of ";crimes against humanity, violations of the laws or On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 3, 2013, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved, on its second reading, a constitutional amendment that creates four additional Federal Regional Tribunals (Tribunais Regionais Federais - TRFs) in the country. The tribunals must be On March 27, 2013, the Court of Appeals of Egypt ordered the reinstatement of the former General Prosecutor, Abdel-Meguid Mahmoud. A chamber within the Court of Appeals King Abdullah II of Jordan issued a royal decree on October 6, 2012, appointing a president and eight members of a newly established Constitutional Court. On November 1, 2012, Teori Zavascki was appointed as a new Minister of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court. Zavascki is taking over the position left open by Minister Cesar Peluso, who retired as required by law On September 18, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) released new guiding cases that were circulated to courts at all levels in the country for judges to The nine justices of the Constitutional Tribunal of Myanmar (Burma) all resigned on September 6, 2012. The abrupt move was made in response to a vote to impeach them taken that day by the Lower House By the end of June 2012, all railway courts in China had been integrated into the national court system, according to a Supreme People's Court (SPC) statement posted on July 30, 2012, on its official website. On August 22, 2012, the African Union and Senegal concluded an agreement on a special tribunal to try Hissandegrave;ne Habr;, the former leader of Chad. The tribunal will be established in Dakar, Senegal, and will consider On August 15, 2012, the King of Bahrain issued a Royal Decree containing Law 38-2012, which amends Law 27-2002 concerning the establishment of the Constitutional Court. Law 38-2012 covers the structure of the Court On August 7, 2012, the East African Court of Justice (EACJ) announced plans to set up sub-registry offices in each of the countries of the East African Community, starting with Rwanda. (East African Court On July 16, 2012, Members of the Tunisian Constituent National Assembly submitted draft legislation for consideration that would create a special court for the purpose of adjudicating crimes related to the Tunisian revolution of January 2011. On June 27, 2012, it was reported that Turkey's ruling party, the Justice and Development Party (AKP) is planning to propose reform of the court system, including abolition of the special authority courts now used to On April 20, 2012, the 47 Member States of the Council of Europe, at a high-level ministerial conference in Brighton, United Kingdom, unanimously voted to adopt a series of measures, known as the "Brighton Declaration," aimed On April 19, 2012, Minister Ayres Britto was inaugurated as the new President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court, with Minister Joaquim Barbosa as the Vice-President. Minister Britto will also preside over the National Council of st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On April 13, 2012, the President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and of the National Council of Justice, Minister Cezar Peluso, On April 3, 2012, the Office of the Prosecutor (OTP) of the International Criminal Court issued a decision holding that the OTP lacks jurisdiction to investigate alleged international crimes committed within the Palestinian territories. (Office of Brazil Federal Supreme Court Elects New President As of April 19, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and the National Council of Justice will have a new president. On March 14, 2012, Minister Ayres On January 30, 2012, the Greek Ministry of Justice, Transparency, and Human Rights submitted to Parliament a bill designed to expedite the administration of justice and guarantee speedier and fairer trials for individuals. (Draft Bill On December 14, 2011, the Mexican Senate approved and submitted for Presidential signature the Ibero-American Convention on the Use of Videoconferencing in International Cooperation Between Justice Systems, which is designed to foster the use of videoconferences On January 12, 2012, another criminal attack occurred against Brazil's judiciary, the third to date in the new year, leaving two people wounded. The incident took place in the city of Rio Claro, in the State On October 6, 2011, a retired military psychologist refused to break client confidentiality in a case in Copenhagen's Eastern High Court and was charged with contempt of court. The court will determine whether she will be On June 15, 2011, it was reported that the Indonesian government had reached an agreement with the country's House of Representatives to amend the legislation that governs the Constitutional Court. (Anita Rachman andamp; Ulma Haryanto, On May 16, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Religious Courts (Assistance Units) Law, 5771-2011. The Law authorizes the Minister of Justice and the Minister of Welfare and Social Services to establish by decree "assistance... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 15 Jun 2011 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402703_text Global Legal Monitor: European Union: Council Recommends Introduction of the European Case Law Identifier and a Minimum Set of Uniform Metadata for Case Law http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402675_text Judiciary - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance Bangladesh Act No XIII of 2014 amended the Constitution of Bangladesh, empowering Parliament to impeach Supreme Court judges. (Sadiat Mannan, Parliament and Judiciary: Striking a Balance, DAILY STAR, (Oct. 20, 2014).) Part On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The On October 20, 2014, a group of law students who had been denied positions in Egypt's public prosecution service filed a petition before the country's administrative court to repeal the decision that had been issued by On October 16, 2014, the European Court of Justice annulled the European Council's 2006 listing of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE, also known as the Tamil Tigers) as a terrorist organization. The step was The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On September 23, 2014, the High Court in Pretoria, South Africa, ruled that the extradition to Botswana of Edwin Samotse, a man sought on murder charges in that country, where he may face the death penalty, The International Criminal Court (ICC) announced on September 5, 2014, that the trial of Uhuru Kenyatta, the President of Kenya, and of the Deputy President, William Ruto, originally planned to begin on October 7, would be Israel's High Court of Justice, with an extended bench of seven justices, recently voided a decision by the Supreme Rabbinical Court instructing a mother to enable the circumcision of her infant son against her will. (The criminal court of Nanterre, a suburb of Paris, recently found a major provider of social housing guilty of ethnic profiling. (Un bailleur HLM condamne pour fichage ethnique [A Social Housing Provider Found Guilty of On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the Kenya's High Court determined on April 14, 2014, that taxpayers have a right under the Constitution to fair administrative action related to their tax payments. (Catherine Mutava, Kenya: Constitutional Right to Expeditious Settlement of Refund Claims, In response to a legal challenge made by the Spanish government, on March 25, 2014, the Constitutional Court (CC) of Spain ruled that the sovereignty declaration passed by Catalonia's regional parliament early last year is unconstitutional. The Japanese Supreme Court has recently reached different conclusions in similar cases involving golf course policies to exclude gang members from playing. Depending on the circumstances, a gang member who deceives the course employees and plays On March 21, 2014, Thailand's Constitutional Court ruled that the country's general election, held on February 2, is invalid. (Court Voids Feb 2 General Election, BANGKOK POST ONLINE (Mar. 21, 2014).) On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Suliman Baldo, the United Nations independent expert on human rights in Mali, recently expressed his concern that crimes committed both by rebel groups and national forces during the 2012 conflict in the northern part of the On February 15, 2014, the Grand National Assembly (GNA) of Turkey passed an omnibus law (Law No. 6524 [in Turkish] (Feb. 15, 2014), GNA website) that amends the following four laws: Law On February 24, 2014, Navanetham Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (UNHCHR), called for an inquiry into the possibility that the two sides in Sri Lanka's civil war both committed war crimes. Potential Constitutional CrisisOn January 31, 2014, it was reported that the Government of Nauru has started the process of drafting a law that would result in the country being placed under emergency On January 1, 2014, a major reform of the Austrian system of administrative justice went into effect. It is based on the Administrative Justice Reform Act of 2012 (Verwaltungsgerichtsbarkeit-Novelle 2012, BUNDESGESETZBLATT I 2012/51), and on On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The Kazakhstan was criticized recently by international human rights organizations for restricting specific religious groups and practices. ( Religious Freedom in Kazakhstan, Berkley Center for Religion, Peace, andamp; World Affairs website (last Thura Aung Ko, a legislator in Burma's (Myanmar's) parliament, announced on September 7, 2013, that legislation will be drafted to create groups to monitor judicial proceedings. The purpose, according to Aung Ko, is to end corruption On July 28, 2013, Peshawar High Court (PHC) Chief Justice Dost Mohammad Khan inaugurated the establishment of mobile courts in the northern Pakistani province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK) to hear civil and criminal disputes. According to a press release from the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY), on May 29, 2013, the Tribunal convicted six former senior Croatian officials of ";crimes against humanity, violations of the laws or On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 3, 2013, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved, on its second reading, a constitutional amendment that creates four additional Federal Regional Tribunals (Tribunais Regionais Federais - TRFs) in the country. The tribunals must be On March 27, 2013, the Court of Appeals of Egypt ordered the reinstatement of the former General Prosecutor, Abdel-Meguid Mahmoud. A chamber within the Court of Appeals King Abdullah II of Jordan issued a royal decree on October 6, 2012, appointing a president and eight members of a newly established Constitutional Court. On November 1, 2012, Teori Zavascki was appointed as a new Minister of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court. Zavascki is taking over the position left open by Minister Cesar Peluso, who retired as required by law On September 18, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) released new guiding cases that were circulated to courts at all levels in the country for judges to The nine justices of the Constitutional Tribunal of Myanmar (Burma) all resigned on September 6, 2012. The abrupt move was made in response to a vote to impeach them taken that day by the Lower House By the end of June 2012, all railway courts in China had been integrated into the national court system, according to a Supreme People's Court (SPC) statement posted on July 30, 2012, on its official website. On August 22, 2012, the African Union and Senegal concluded an agreement on a special tribunal to try Hissandegrave;ne Habr;, the former leader of Chad. The tribunal will be established in Dakar, Senegal, and will consider On August 15, 2012, the King of Bahrain issued a Royal Decree containing Law 38-2012, which amends Law 27-2002 concerning the establishment of the Constitutional Court. Law 38-2012 covers the structure of the Court On August 7, 2012, the East African Court of Justice (EACJ) announced plans to set up sub-registry offices in each of the countries of the East African Community, starting with Rwanda. (East African Court On July 16, 2012, Members of the Tunisian Constituent National Assembly submitted draft legislation for consideration that would create a special court for the purpose of adjudicating crimes related to the Tunisian revolution of January 2011. On June 27, 2012, it was reported that Turkey's ruling party, the Justice and Development Party (AKP) is planning to propose reform of the court system, including abolition of the special authority courts now used to On April 20, 2012, the 47 Member States of the Council of Europe, at a high-level ministerial conference in Brighton, United Kingdom, unanimously voted to adopt a series of measures, known as the "Brighton Declaration," aimed On April 19, 2012, Minister Ayres Britto was inaugurated as the new President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court, with Minister Joaquim Barbosa as the Vice-President. Minister Britto will also preside over the National Council of st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On April 13, 2012, the President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and of the National Council of Justice, Minister Cezar Peluso, On April 3, 2012, the Office of the Prosecutor (OTP) of the International Criminal Court issued a decision holding that the OTP lacks jurisdiction to investigate alleged international crimes committed within the Palestinian territories. (Office of Brazil Federal Supreme Court Elects New President As of April 19, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and the National Council of Justice will have a new president. On March 14, 2012, Minister Ayres On January 30, 2012, the Greek Ministry of Justice, Transparency, and Human Rights submitted to Parliament a bill designed to expedite the administration of justice and guarantee speedier and fairer trials for individuals. (Draft Bill On December 14, 2011, the Mexican Senate approved and submitted for Presidential signature the Ibero-American Convention on the Use of Videoconferencing in International Cooperation Between Justice Systems, which is designed to foster the use of videoconferences On January 12, 2012, another criminal attack occurred against Brazil's judiciary, the third to date in the new year, leaving two people wounded. The incident took place in the city of Rio Claro, in the State On October 6, 2011, a retired military psychologist refused to break client confidentiality in a case in Copenhagen's Eastern High Court and was charged with contempt of court. The court will determine whether she will be On June 15, 2011, it was reported that the Indonesian government had reached an agreement with the country's House of Representatives to amend the legislation that governs the Constitutional Court. (Anita Rachman andamp; Ulma Haryanto, On May 16, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Religious Courts (Assistance Units) Law, 5771-2011. The Law authorizes the Minister of Justice and the Minister of Welfare and Social Services to establish by decree "assistance On April 29, 2011, the Council of the European Union, within the framework of its multi-annual European e-Justice Action Plan of 2009-2012, adopted its conclusions on the introduction of the European Case Law Identifier (ECLI) and... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 17 May 2011 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402675_text Global Legal Monitor: England and Wales: 400-Year-Old Expert Witness Immunity Abolished http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402597_text Judiciary - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance Bangladesh Act No XIII of 2014 amended the Constitution of Bangladesh, empowering Parliament to impeach Supreme Court judges. (Sadiat Mannan, Parliament and Judiciary: Striking a Balance, DAILY STAR, (Oct. 20, 2014).) Part On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The On October 20, 2014, a group of law students who had been denied positions in Egypt's public prosecution service filed a petition before the country's administrative court to repeal the decision that had been issued by On October 16, 2014, the European Court of Justice annulled the European Council's 2006 listing of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE, also known as the Tamil Tigers) as a terrorist organization. The step was The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On September 23, 2014, the High Court in Pretoria, South Africa, ruled that the extradition to Botswana of Edwin Samotse, a man sought on murder charges in that country, where he may face the death penalty, The International Criminal Court (ICC) announced on September 5, 2014, that the trial of Uhuru Kenyatta, the President of Kenya, and of the Deputy President, William Ruto, originally planned to begin on October 7, would be Israel's High Court of Justice, with an extended bench of seven justices, recently voided a decision by the Supreme Rabbinical Court instructing a mother to enable the circumcision of her infant son against her will. (The criminal court of Nanterre, a suburb of Paris, recently found a major provider of social housing guilty of ethnic profiling. (Un bailleur HLM condamne pour fichage ethnique [A Social Housing Provider Found Guilty of On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the Kenya's High Court determined on April 14, 2014, that taxpayers have a right under the Constitution to fair administrative action related to their tax payments. (Catherine Mutava, Kenya: Constitutional Right to Expeditious Settlement of Refund Claims, In response to a legal challenge made by the Spanish government, on March 25, 2014, the Constitutional Court (CC) of Spain ruled that the sovereignty declaration passed by Catalonia's regional parliament early last year is unconstitutional. The Japanese Supreme Court has recently reached different conclusions in similar cases involving golf course policies to exclude gang members from playing. Depending on the circumstances, a gang member who deceives the course employees and plays On March 21, 2014, Thailand's Constitutional Court ruled that the country's general election, held on February 2, is invalid. (Court Voids Feb 2 General Election, BANGKOK POST ONLINE (Mar. 21, 2014).) On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Suliman Baldo, the United Nations independent expert on human rights in Mali, recently expressed his concern that crimes committed both by rebel groups and national forces during the 2012 conflict in the northern part of the On February 15, 2014, the Grand National Assembly (GNA) of Turkey passed an omnibus law (Law No. 6524 [in Turkish] (Feb. 15, 2014), GNA website) that amends the following four laws: Law On February 24, 2014, Navanetham Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (UNHCHR), called for an inquiry into the possibility that the two sides in Sri Lanka's civil war both committed war crimes. Potential Constitutional CrisisOn January 31, 2014, it was reported that the Government of Nauru has started the process of drafting a law that would result in the country being placed under emergency On January 1, 2014, a major reform of the Austrian system of administrative justice went into effect. It is based on the Administrative Justice Reform Act of 2012 (Verwaltungsgerichtsbarkeit-Novelle 2012, BUNDESGESETZBLATT I 2012/51), and on On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The Kazakhstan was criticized recently by international human rights organizations for restricting specific religious groups and practices. ( Religious Freedom in Kazakhstan, Berkley Center for Religion, Peace, andamp; World Affairs website (last Thura Aung Ko, a legislator in Burma's (Myanmar's) parliament, announced on September 7, 2013, that legislation will be drafted to create groups to monitor judicial proceedings. The purpose, according to Aung Ko, is to end corruption On July 28, 2013, Peshawar High Court (PHC) Chief Justice Dost Mohammad Khan inaugurated the establishment of mobile courts in the northern Pakistani province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK) to hear civil and criminal disputes. According to a press release from the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY), on May 29, 2013, the Tribunal convicted six former senior Croatian officials of ";crimes against humanity, violations of the laws or On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 3, 2013, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved, on its second reading, a constitutional amendment that creates four additional Federal Regional Tribunals (Tribunais Regionais Federais - TRFs) in the country. The tribunals must be On March 27, 2013, the Court of Appeals of Egypt ordered the reinstatement of the former General Prosecutor, Abdel-Meguid Mahmoud. A chamber within the Court of Appeals King Abdullah II of Jordan issued a royal decree on October 6, 2012, appointing a president and eight members of a newly established Constitutional Court. On November 1, 2012, Teori Zavascki was appointed as a new Minister of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court. Zavascki is taking over the position left open by Minister Cesar Peluso, who retired as required by law On September 18, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) released new guiding cases that were circulated to courts at all levels in the country for judges to The nine justices of the Constitutional Tribunal of Myanmar (Burma) all resigned on September 6, 2012. The abrupt move was made in response to a vote to impeach them taken that day by the Lower House By the end of June 2012, all railway courts in China had been integrated into the national court system, according to a Supreme People's Court (SPC) statement posted on July 30, 2012, on its official website. On August 22, 2012, the African Union and Senegal concluded an agreement on a special tribunal to try Hissandegrave;ne Habr;, the former leader of Chad. The tribunal will be established in Dakar, Senegal, and will consider On August 15, 2012, the King of Bahrain issued a Royal Decree containing Law 38-2012, which amends Law 27-2002 concerning the establishment of the Constitutional Court. Law 38-2012 covers the structure of the Court On August 7, 2012, the East African Court of Justice (EACJ) announced plans to set up sub-registry offices in each of the countries of the East African Community, starting with Rwanda. (East African Court On July 16, 2012, Members of the Tunisian Constituent National Assembly submitted draft legislation for consideration that would create a special court for the purpose of adjudicating crimes related to the Tunisian revolution of January 2011. On June 27, 2012, it was reported that Turkey's ruling party, the Justice and Development Party (AKP) is planning to propose reform of the court system, including abolition of the special authority courts now used to On April 20, 2012, the 47 Member States of the Council of Europe, at a high-level ministerial conference in Brighton, United Kingdom, unanimously voted to adopt a series of measures, known as the "Brighton Declaration," aimed On April 19, 2012, Minister Ayres Britto was inaugurated as the new President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court, with Minister Joaquim Barbosa as the Vice-President. Minister Britto will also preside over the National Council of st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On April 13, 2012, the President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and of the National Council of Justice, Minister Cezar Peluso, On April 3, 2012, the Office of the Prosecutor (OTP) of the International Criminal Court issued a decision holding that the OTP lacks jurisdiction to investigate alleged international crimes committed within the Palestinian territories. (Office of Brazil Federal Supreme Court Elects New President As of April 19, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and the National Council of Justice will have a new president. On March 14, 2012, Minister Ayres On January 30, 2012, the Greek Ministry of Justice, Transparency, and Human Rights submitted to Parliament a bill designed to expedite the administration of justice and guarantee speedier and fairer trials for individuals. (Draft Bill On December 14, 2011, the Mexican Senate approved and submitted for Presidential signature the Ibero-American Convention on the Use of Videoconferencing in International Cooperation Between Justice Systems, which is designed to foster the use of videoconferences On January 12, 2012, another criminal attack occurred against Brazil's judiciary, the third to date in the new year, leaving two people wounded. The incident took place in the city of Rio Claro, in the State On October 6, 2011, a retired military psychologist refused to break client confidentiality in a case in Copenhagen's Eastern High Court and was charged with contempt of court. The court will determine whether she will be On June 15, 2011, it was reported that the Indonesian government had reached an agreement with the country's House of Representatives to amend the legislation that governs the Constitutional Court. (Anita Rachman andamp; Ulma Haryanto, On May 16, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Religious Courts (Assistance Units) Law, 5771-2011. The Law authorizes the Minister of Justice and the Minister of Welfare and Social Services to establish by decree "assistance On April 29, 2011, the Council of the European Union, within the framework of its multi-annual European e-Justice Action Plan of 2009-2012, adopted its conclusions on the introduction of the European Case Law Identifier (ECLI) and The Supreme Court, sitting as a panel of seven judges, has abolished a 400-year-old law that grants expert witnesses testifying in court immunity from charges of breach of duty in contract or negligence. This law was... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 31 Mar 2011 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402597_text Global Legal Monitor: China: Circular on Suggestions for Improving Grassroots Courts Issued by Apex Court http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402562_text Judiciary - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance Bangladesh Act No XIII of 2014 amended the Constitution of Bangladesh, empowering Parliament to impeach Supreme Court judges. (Sadiat Mannan, Parliament and Judiciary: Striking a Balance, DAILY STAR, (Oct. 20, 2014).) Part On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The On October 20, 2014, a group of law students who had been denied positions in Egypt's public prosecution service filed a petition before the country's administrative court to repeal the decision that had been issued by On October 16, 2014, the European Court of Justice annulled the European Council's 2006 listing of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE, also known as the Tamil Tigers) as a terrorist organization. The step was The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On September 23, 2014, the High Court in Pretoria, South Africa, ruled that the extradition to Botswana of Edwin Samotse, a man sought on murder charges in that country, where he may face the death penalty, The International Criminal Court (ICC) announced on September 5, 2014, that the trial of Uhuru Kenyatta, the President of Kenya, and of the Deputy President, William Ruto, originally planned to begin on October 7, would be Israel's High Court of Justice, with an extended bench of seven justices, recently voided a decision by the Supreme Rabbinical Court instructing a mother to enable the circumcision of her infant son against her will. (The criminal court of Nanterre, a suburb of Paris, recently found a major provider of social housing guilty of ethnic profiling. (Un bailleur HLM condamne pour fichage ethnique [A Social Housing Provider Found Guilty of On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the Kenya's High Court determined on April 14, 2014, that taxpayers have a right under the Constitution to fair administrative action related to their tax payments. (Catherine Mutava, Kenya: Constitutional Right to Expeditious Settlement of Refund Claims, In response to a legal challenge made by the Spanish government, on March 25, 2014, the Constitutional Court (CC) of Spain ruled that the sovereignty declaration passed by Catalonia's regional parliament early last year is unconstitutional. The Japanese Supreme Court has recently reached different conclusions in similar cases involving golf course policies to exclude gang members from playing. Depending on the circumstances, a gang member who deceives the course employees and plays On March 21, 2014, Thailand's Constitutional Court ruled that the country's general election, held on February 2, is invalid. (Court Voids Feb 2 General Election, BANGKOK POST ONLINE (Mar. 21, 2014).) On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Suliman Baldo, the United Nations independent expert on human rights in Mali, recently expressed his concern that crimes committed both by rebel groups and national forces during the 2012 conflict in the northern part of the On February 15, 2014, the Grand National Assembly (GNA) of Turkey passed an omnibus law (Law No. 6524 [in Turkish] (Feb. 15, 2014), GNA website) that amends the following four laws: Law On February 24, 2014, Navanetham Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (UNHCHR), called for an inquiry into the possibility that the two sides in Sri Lanka's civil war both committed war crimes. Potential Constitutional CrisisOn January 31, 2014, it was reported that the Government of Nauru has started the process of drafting a law that would result in the country being placed under emergency On January 1, 2014, a major reform of the Austrian system of administrative justice went into effect. It is based on the Administrative Justice Reform Act of 2012 (Verwaltungsgerichtsbarkeit-Novelle 2012, BUNDESGESETZBLATT I 2012/51), and on On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The Kazakhstan was criticized recently by international human rights organizations for restricting specific religious groups and practices. ( Religious Freedom in Kazakhstan, Berkley Center for Religion, Peace, andamp; World Affairs website (last Thura Aung Ko, a legislator in Burma's (Myanmar's) parliament, announced on September 7, 2013, that legislation will be drafted to create groups to monitor judicial proceedings. The purpose, according to Aung Ko, is to end corruption On July 28, 2013, Peshawar High Court (PHC) Chief Justice Dost Mohammad Khan inaugurated the establishment of mobile courts in the northern Pakistani province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK) to hear civil and criminal disputes. According to a press release from the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY), on May 29, 2013, the Tribunal convicted six former senior Croatian officials of ";crimes against humanity, violations of the laws or On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 3, 2013, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved, on its second reading, a constitutional amendment that creates four additional Federal Regional Tribunals (Tribunais Regionais Federais - TRFs) in the country. The tribunals must be On March 27, 2013, the Court of Appeals of Egypt ordered the reinstatement of the former General Prosecutor, Abdel-Meguid Mahmoud. A chamber within the Court of Appeals King Abdullah II of Jordan issued a royal decree on October 6, 2012, appointing a president and eight members of a newly established Constitutional Court. On November 1, 2012, Teori Zavascki was appointed as a new Minister of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court. Zavascki is taking over the position left open by Minister Cesar Peluso, who retired as required by law On September 18, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) released new guiding cases that were circulated to courts at all levels in the country for judges to The nine justices of the Constitutional Tribunal of Myanmar (Burma) all resigned on September 6, 2012. The abrupt move was made in response to a vote to impeach them taken that day by the Lower House By the end of June 2012, all railway courts in China had been integrated into the national court system, according to a Supreme People's Court (SPC) statement posted on July 30, 2012, on its official website. On August 22, 2012, the African Union and Senegal concluded an agreement on a special tribunal to try Hissandegrave;ne Habr;, the former leader of Chad. The tribunal will be established in Dakar, Senegal, and will consider On August 15, 2012, the King of Bahrain issued a Royal Decree containing Law 38-2012, which amends Law 27-2002 concerning the establishment of the Constitutional Court. Law 38-2012 covers the structure of the Court On August 7, 2012, the East African Court of Justice (EACJ) announced plans to set up sub-registry offices in each of the countries of the East African Community, starting with Rwanda. (East African Court On July 16, 2012, Members of the Tunisian Constituent National Assembly submitted draft legislation for consideration that would create a special court for the purpose of adjudicating crimes related to the Tunisian revolution of January 2011. On June 27, 2012, it was reported that Turkey's ruling party, the Justice and Development Party (AKP) is planning to propose reform of the court system, including abolition of the special authority courts now used to On April 20, 2012, the 47 Member States of the Council of Europe, at a high-level ministerial conference in Brighton, United Kingdom, unanimously voted to adopt a series of measures, known as the "Brighton Declaration," aimed On April 19, 2012, Minister Ayres Britto was inaugurated as the new President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court, with Minister Joaquim Barbosa as the Vice-President. Minister Britto will also preside over the National Council of st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On April 13, 2012, the President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and of the National Council of Justice, Minister Cezar Peluso, On April 3, 2012, the Office of the Prosecutor (OTP) of the International Criminal Court issued a decision holding that the OTP lacks jurisdiction to investigate alleged international crimes committed within the Palestinian territories. (Office of Brazil Federal Supreme Court Elects New President As of April 19, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and the National Council of Justice will have a new president. On March 14, 2012, Minister Ayres On January 30, 2012, the Greek Ministry of Justice, Transparency, and Human Rights submitted to Parliament a bill designed to expedite the administration of justice and guarantee speedier and fairer trials for individuals. (Draft Bill On December 14, 2011, the Mexican Senate approved and submitted for Presidential signature the Ibero-American Convention on the Use of Videoconferencing in International Cooperation Between Justice Systems, which is designed to foster the use of videoconferences On January 12, 2012, another criminal attack occurred against Brazil's judiciary, the third to date in the new year, leaving two people wounded. The incident took place in the city of Rio Claro, in the State On October 6, 2011, a retired military psychologist refused to break client confidentiality in a case in Copenhagen's Eastern High Court and was charged with contempt of court. The court will determine whether she will be On June 15, 2011, it was reported that the Indonesian government had reached an agreement with the country's House of Representatives to amend the legislation that governs the Constitutional Court. (Anita Rachman andamp; Ulma Haryanto, On May 16, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Religious Courts (Assistance Units) Law, 5771-2011. The Law authorizes the Minister of Justice and the Minister of Welfare and Social Services to establish by decree "assistance On April 29, 2011, the Council of the European Union, within the framework of its multi-annual European e-Justice Action Plan of 2009-2012, adopted its conclusions on the introduction of the European Case Law Identifier (ECLI) and The Supreme Court, sitting as a panel of seven judges, has abolished a 400-year-old law that grants expert witnesses testifying in court immunity from charges of breach of duty in contract or negligence. This law was China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) issued a circular on February 15, 2011, calling upon courts at the grassroots level to handle cases more efficiently to reduce the number of appeals, given the increasing number of lawsuits... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 09 Mar 2011 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402562_text Global Legal Monitor: Turkey: Controversial Bill on High Court Reform Adopted http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402546_text Judiciary - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance Bangladesh Act No XIII of 2014 amended the Constitution of Bangladesh, empowering Parliament to impeach Supreme Court judges. (Sadiat Mannan, Parliament and Judiciary: Striking a Balance, DAILY STAR, (Oct. 20, 2014).) Part On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The On October 20, 2014, a group of law students who had been denied positions in Egypt's public prosecution service filed a petition before the country's administrative court to repeal the decision that had been issued by On October 16, 2014, the European Court of Justice annulled the European Council's 2006 listing of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE, also known as the Tamil Tigers) as a terrorist organization. The step was The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On September 23, 2014, the High Court in Pretoria, South Africa, ruled that the extradition to Botswana of Edwin Samotse, a man sought on murder charges in that country, where he may face the death penalty, The International Criminal Court (ICC) announced on September 5, 2014, that the trial of Uhuru Kenyatta, the President of Kenya, and of the Deputy President, William Ruto, originally planned to begin on October 7, would be Israel's High Court of Justice, with an extended bench of seven justices, recently voided a decision by the Supreme Rabbinical Court instructing a mother to enable the circumcision of her infant son against her will. (The criminal court of Nanterre, a suburb of Paris, recently found a major provider of social housing guilty of ethnic profiling. (Un bailleur HLM condamne pour fichage ethnique [A Social Housing Provider Found Guilty of On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the Kenya's High Court determined on April 14, 2014, that taxpayers have a right under the Constitution to fair administrative action related to their tax payments. (Catherine Mutava, Kenya: Constitutional Right to Expeditious Settlement of Refund Claims, In response to a legal challenge made by the Spanish government, on March 25, 2014, the Constitutional Court (CC) of Spain ruled that the sovereignty declaration passed by Catalonia's regional parliament early last year is unconstitutional. The Japanese Supreme Court has recently reached different conclusions in similar cases involving golf course policies to exclude gang members from playing. Depending on the circumstances, a gang member who deceives the course employees and plays On March 21, 2014, Thailand's Constitutional Court ruled that the country's general election, held on February 2, is invalid. (Court Voids Feb 2 General Election, BANGKOK POST ONLINE (Mar. 21, 2014).) On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Suliman Baldo, the United Nations independent expert on human rights in Mali, recently expressed his concern that crimes committed both by rebel groups and national forces during the 2012 conflict in the northern part of the On February 15, 2014, the Grand National Assembly (GNA) of Turkey passed an omnibus law (Law No. 6524 [in Turkish] (Feb. 15, 2014), GNA website) that amends the following four laws: Law On February 24, 2014, Navanetham Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (UNHCHR), called for an inquiry into the possibility that the two sides in Sri Lanka's civil war both committed war crimes. Potential Constitutional CrisisOn January 31, 2014, it was reported that the Government of Nauru has started the process of drafting a law that would result in the country being placed under emergency On January 1, 2014, a major reform of the Austrian system of administrative justice went into effect. It is based on the Administrative Justice Reform Act of 2012 (Verwaltungsgerichtsbarkeit-Novelle 2012, BUNDESGESETZBLATT I 2012/51), and on On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The Kazakhstan was criticized recently by international human rights organizations for restricting specific religious groups and practices. ( Religious Freedom in Kazakhstan, Berkley Center for Religion, Peace, andamp; World Affairs website (last Thura Aung Ko, a legislator in Burma's (Myanmar's) parliament, announced on September 7, 2013, that legislation will be drafted to create groups to monitor judicial proceedings. The purpose, according to Aung Ko, is to end corruption On July 28, 2013, Peshawar High Court (PHC) Chief Justice Dost Mohammad Khan inaugurated the establishment of mobile courts in the northern Pakistani province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK) to hear civil and criminal disputes. According to a press release from the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY), on May 29, 2013, the Tribunal convicted six former senior Croatian officials of ";crimes against humanity, violations of the laws or On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 3, 2013, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved, on its second reading, a constitutional amendment that creates four additional Federal Regional Tribunals (Tribunais Regionais Federais - TRFs) in the country. The tribunals must be On March 27, 2013, the Court of Appeals of Egypt ordered the reinstatement of the former General Prosecutor, Abdel-Meguid Mahmoud. A chamber within the Court of Appeals King Abdullah II of Jordan issued a royal decree on October 6, 2012, appointing a president and eight members of a newly established Constitutional Court. On November 1, 2012, Teori Zavascki was appointed as a new Minister of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court. Zavascki is taking over the position left open by Minister Cesar Peluso, who retired as required by law On September 18, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) released new guiding cases that were circulated to courts at all levels in the country for judges to The nine justices of the Constitutional Tribunal of Myanmar (Burma) all resigned on September 6, 2012. The abrupt move was made in response to a vote to impeach them taken that day by the Lower House By the end of June 2012, all railway courts in China had been integrated into the national court system, according to a Supreme People's Court (SPC) statement posted on July 30, 2012, on its official website. On August 22, 2012, the African Union and Senegal concluded an agreement on a special tribunal to try Hissandegrave;ne Habr;, the former leader of Chad. The tribunal will be established in Dakar, Senegal, and will consider On August 15, 2012, the King of Bahrain issued a Royal Decree containing Law 38-2012, which amends Law 27-2002 concerning the establishment of the Constitutional Court. Law 38-2012 covers the structure of the Court On August 7, 2012, the East African Court of Justice (EACJ) announced plans to set up sub-registry offices in each of the countries of the East African Community, starting with Rwanda. (East African Court On July 16, 2012, Members of the Tunisian Constituent National Assembly submitted draft legislation for consideration that would create a special court for the purpose of adjudicating crimes related to the Tunisian revolution of January 2011. On June 27, 2012, it was reported that Turkey's ruling party, the Justice and Development Party (AKP) is planning to propose reform of the court system, including abolition of the special authority courts now used to On April 20, 2012, the 47 Member States of the Council of Europe, at a high-level ministerial conference in Brighton, United Kingdom, unanimously voted to adopt a series of measures, known as the "Brighton Declaration," aimed On April 19, 2012, Minister Ayres Britto was inaugurated as the new President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court, with Minister Joaquim Barbosa as the Vice-President. Minister Britto will also preside over the National Council of st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On April 13, 2012, the President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and of the National Council of Justice, Minister Cezar Peluso, On April 3, 2012, the Office of the Prosecutor (OTP) of the International Criminal Court issued a decision holding that the OTP lacks jurisdiction to investigate alleged international crimes committed within the Palestinian territories. (Office of Brazil Federal Supreme Court Elects New President As of April 19, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and the National Council of Justice will have a new president. On March 14, 2012, Minister Ayres On January 30, 2012, the Greek Ministry of Justice, Transparency, and Human Rights submitted to Parliament a bill designed to expedite the administration of justice and guarantee speedier and fairer trials for individuals. (Draft Bill On December 14, 2011, the Mexican Senate approved and submitted for Presidential signature the Ibero-American Convention on the Use of Videoconferencing in International Cooperation Between Justice Systems, which is designed to foster the use of videoconferences On January 12, 2012, another criminal attack occurred against Brazil's judiciary, the third to date in the new year, leaving two people wounded. The incident took place in the city of Rio Claro, in the State On October 6, 2011, a retired military psychologist refused to break client confidentiality in a case in Copenhagen's Eastern High Court and was charged with contempt of court. The court will determine whether she will be On June 15, 2011, it was reported that the Indonesian government had reached an agreement with the country's House of Representatives to amend the legislation that governs the Constitutional Court. (Anita Rachman andamp; Ulma Haryanto, On May 16, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Religious Courts (Assistance Units) Law, 5771-2011. The Law authorizes the Minister of Justice and the Minister of Welfare and Social Services to establish by decree "assistance On April 29, 2011, the Council of the European Union, within the framework of its multi-annual European e-Justice Action Plan of 2009-2012, adopted its conclusions on the introduction of the European Case Law Identifier (ECLI) and The Supreme Court, sitting as a panel of seven judges, has abolished a 400-year-old law that grants expert witnesses testifying in court immunity from charges of breach of duty in contract or negligence. This law was China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) issued a circular on February 15, 2011, calling upon courts at the grassroots level to handle cases more efficiently to reduce the number of appeals, given the increasing number of lawsuits Turkey's Parliament passed a controversial judicial reform bill on February 9, 2011. Under the Law on the Amendment of Certain Laws, the highest level of the judiciary will be restructured. The Court of Appeals (Court of... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 01 Mar 2011 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402546_text Global Legal Monitor: Netherlands: New Preliminary Procedure Proposed for Timelier Case Handling http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402538_text Judiciary - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance Bangladesh Act No XIII of 2014 amended the Constitution of Bangladesh, empowering Parliament to impeach Supreme Court judges. (Sadiat Mannan, Parliament and Judiciary: Striking a Balance, DAILY STAR, (Oct. 20, 2014).) Part On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The On October 20, 2014, a group of law students who had been denied positions in Egypt's public prosecution service filed a petition before the country's administrative court to repeal the decision that had been issued by On October 16, 2014, the European Court of Justice annulled the European Council's 2006 listing of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE, also known as the Tamil Tigers) as a terrorist organization. The step was The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On September 23, 2014, the High Court in Pretoria, South Africa, ruled that the extradition to Botswana of Edwin Samotse, a man sought on murder charges in that country, where he may face the death penalty, The International Criminal Court (ICC) announced on September 5, 2014, that the trial of Uhuru Kenyatta, the President of Kenya, and of the Deputy President, William Ruto, originally planned to begin on October 7, would be Israel's High Court of Justice, with an extended bench of seven justices, recently voided a decision by the Supreme Rabbinical Court instructing a mother to enable the circumcision of her infant son against her will. (The criminal court of Nanterre, a suburb of Paris, recently found a major provider of social housing guilty of ethnic profiling. (Un bailleur HLM condamne pour fichage ethnique [A Social Housing Provider Found Guilty of On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the Kenya's High Court determined on April 14, 2014, that taxpayers have a right under the Constitution to fair administrative action related to their tax payments. (Catherine Mutava, Kenya: Constitutional Right to Expeditious Settlement of Refund Claims, In response to a legal challenge made by the Spanish government, on March 25, 2014, the Constitutional Court (CC) of Spain ruled that the sovereignty declaration passed by Catalonia's regional parliament early last year is unconstitutional. The Japanese Supreme Court has recently reached different conclusions in similar cases involving golf course policies to exclude gang members from playing. Depending on the circumstances, a gang member who deceives the course employees and plays On March 21, 2014, Thailand's Constitutional Court ruled that the country's general election, held on February 2, is invalid. (Court Voids Feb 2 General Election, BANGKOK POST ONLINE (Mar. 21, 2014).) On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Suliman Baldo, the United Nations independent expert on human rights in Mali, recently expressed his concern that crimes committed both by rebel groups and national forces during the 2012 conflict in the northern part of the On February 15, 2014, the Grand National Assembly (GNA) of Turkey passed an omnibus law (Law No. 6524 [in Turkish] (Feb. 15, 2014), GNA website) that amends the following four laws: Law On February 24, 2014, Navanetham Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (UNHCHR), called for an inquiry into the possibility that the two sides in Sri Lanka's civil war both committed war crimes. Potential Constitutional CrisisOn January 31, 2014, it was reported that the Government of Nauru has started the process of drafting a law that would result in the country being placed under emergency On January 1, 2014, a major reform of the Austrian system of administrative justice went into effect. It is based on the Administrative Justice Reform Act of 2012 (Verwaltungsgerichtsbarkeit-Novelle 2012, BUNDESGESETZBLATT I 2012/51), and on On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The Kazakhstan was criticized recently by international human rights organizations for restricting specific religious groups and practices. ( Religious Freedom in Kazakhstan, Berkley Center for Religion, Peace, andamp; World Affairs website (last Thura Aung Ko, a legislator in Burma's (Myanmar's) parliament, announced on September 7, 2013, that legislation will be drafted to create groups to monitor judicial proceedings. The purpose, according to Aung Ko, is to end corruption On July 28, 2013, Peshawar High Court (PHC) Chief Justice Dost Mohammad Khan inaugurated the establishment of mobile courts in the northern Pakistani province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK) to hear civil and criminal disputes. According to a press release from the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY), on May 29, 2013, the Tribunal convicted six former senior Croatian officials of ";crimes against humanity, violations of the laws or On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 3, 2013, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved, on its second reading, a constitutional amendment that creates four additional Federal Regional Tribunals (Tribunais Regionais Federais - TRFs) in the country. The tribunals must be On March 27, 2013, the Court of Appeals of Egypt ordered the reinstatement of the former General Prosecutor, Abdel-Meguid Mahmoud. A chamber within the Court of Appeals King Abdullah II of Jordan issued a royal decree on October 6, 2012, appointing a president and eight members of a newly established Constitutional Court. On November 1, 2012, Teori Zavascki was appointed as a new Minister of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court. Zavascki is taking over the position left open by Minister Cesar Peluso, who retired as required by law On September 18, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) released new guiding cases that were circulated to courts at all levels in the country for judges to The nine justices of the Constitutional Tribunal of Myanmar (Burma) all resigned on September 6, 2012. The abrupt move was made in response to a vote to impeach them taken that day by the Lower House By the end of June 2012, all railway courts in China had been integrated into the national court system, according to a Supreme People's Court (SPC) statement posted on July 30, 2012, on its official website. On August 22, 2012, the African Union and Senegal concluded an agreement on a special tribunal to try Hissandegrave;ne Habr;, the former leader of Chad. The tribunal will be established in Dakar, Senegal, and will consider On August 15, 2012, the King of Bahrain issued a Royal Decree containing Law 38-2012, which amends Law 27-2002 concerning the establishment of the Constitutional Court. Law 38-2012 covers the structure of the Court On August 7, 2012, the East African Court of Justice (EACJ) announced plans to set up sub-registry offices in each of the countries of the East African Community, starting with Rwanda. (East African Court On July 16, 2012, Members of the Tunisian Constituent National Assembly submitted draft legislation for consideration that would create a special court for the purpose of adjudicating crimes related to the Tunisian revolution of January 2011. On June 27, 2012, it was reported that Turkey's ruling party, the Justice and Development Party (AKP) is planning to propose reform of the court system, including abolition of the special authority courts now used to On April 20, 2012, the 47 Member States of the Council of Europe, at a high-level ministerial conference in Brighton, United Kingdom, unanimously voted to adopt a series of measures, known as the "Brighton Declaration," aimed On April 19, 2012, Minister Ayres Britto was inaugurated as the new President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court, with Minister Joaquim Barbosa as the Vice-President. Minister Britto will also preside over the National Council of st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On April 13, 2012, the President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and of the National Council of Justice, Minister Cezar Peluso, On April 3, 2012, the Office of the Prosecutor (OTP) of the International Criminal Court issued a decision holding that the OTP lacks jurisdiction to investigate alleged international crimes committed within the Palestinian territories. (Office of Brazil Federal Supreme Court Elects New President As of April 19, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and the National Council of Justice will have a new president. On March 14, 2012, Minister Ayres On January 30, 2012, the Greek Ministry of Justice, Transparency, and Human Rights submitted to Parliament a bill designed to expedite the administration of justice and guarantee speedier and fairer trials for individuals. (Draft Bill On December 14, 2011, the Mexican Senate approved and submitted for Presidential signature the Ibero-American Convention on the Use of Videoconferencing in International Cooperation Between Justice Systems, which is designed to foster the use of videoconferences On January 12, 2012, another criminal attack occurred against Brazil's judiciary, the third to date in the new year, leaving two people wounded. The incident took place in the city of Rio Claro, in the State On October 6, 2011, a retired military psychologist refused to break client confidentiality in a case in Copenhagen's Eastern High Court and was charged with contempt of court. The court will determine whether she will be On June 15, 2011, it was reported that the Indonesian government had reached an agreement with the country's House of Representatives to amend the legislation that governs the Constitutional Court. (Anita Rachman andamp; Ulma Haryanto, On May 16, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Religious Courts (Assistance Units) Law, 5771-2011. The Law authorizes the Minister of Justice and the Minister of Welfare and Social Services to establish by decree "assistance On April 29, 2011, the Council of the European Union, within the framework of its multi-annual European e-Justice Action Plan of 2009-2012, adopted its conclusions on the introduction of the European Case Law Identifier (ECLI) and The Supreme Court, sitting as a panel of seven judges, has abolished a 400-year-old law that grants expert witnesses testifying in court immunity from charges of breach of duty in contract or negligence. This law was China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) issued a circular on February 15, 2011, calling upon courts at the grassroots level to handle cases more efficiently to reduce the number of appeals, given the increasing number of lawsuits Turkey's Parliament passed a controversial judicial reform bill on February 9, 2011. Under the Law on the Amendment of Certain Laws, the highest level of the judiciary will be restructured. The Court of Appeals (Court of On February 2, 2011, the Minister of Security and Justice of the Netherlands, Ivo Willem Opstelten, submitted a legislative proposal on a preliminary procedure regulation for the timelier handling of cases, in particular those involving major... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 25 Feb 2011 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402538_text Global Legal Monitor: Portugal: Improvement of the Justice System http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402539_text Judiciary - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance Bangladesh Act No XIII of 2014 amended the Constitution of Bangladesh, empowering Parliament to impeach Supreme Court judges. (Sadiat Mannan, Parliament and Judiciary: Striking a Balance, DAILY STAR, (Oct. 20, 2014).) Part On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The On October 20, 2014, a group of law students who had been denied positions in Egypt's public prosecution service filed a petition before the country's administrative court to repeal the decision that had been issued by On October 16, 2014, the European Court of Justice annulled the European Council's 2006 listing of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE, also known as the Tamil Tigers) as a terrorist organization. The step was The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On September 23, 2014, the High Court in Pretoria, South Africa, ruled that the extradition to Botswana of Edwin Samotse, a man sought on murder charges in that country, where he may face the death penalty, The International Criminal Court (ICC) announced on September 5, 2014, that the trial of Uhuru Kenyatta, the President of Kenya, and of the Deputy President, William Ruto, originally planned to begin on October 7, would be Israel's High Court of Justice, with an extended bench of seven justices, recently voided a decision by the Supreme Rabbinical Court instructing a mother to enable the circumcision of her infant son against her will. (The criminal court of Nanterre, a suburb of Paris, recently found a major provider of social housing guilty of ethnic profiling. (Un bailleur HLM condamne pour fichage ethnique [A Social Housing Provider Found Guilty of On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the Kenya's High Court determined on April 14, 2014, that taxpayers have a right under the Constitution to fair administrative action related to their tax payments. (Catherine Mutava, Kenya: Constitutional Right to Expeditious Settlement of Refund Claims, In response to a legal challenge made by the Spanish government, on March 25, 2014, the Constitutional Court (CC) of Spain ruled that the sovereignty declaration passed by Catalonia's regional parliament early last year is unconstitutional. The Japanese Supreme Court has recently reached different conclusions in similar cases involving golf course policies to exclude gang members from playing. Depending on the circumstances, a gang member who deceives the course employees and plays On March 21, 2014, Thailand's Constitutional Court ruled that the country's general election, held on February 2, is invalid. (Court Voids Feb 2 General Election, BANGKOK POST ONLINE (Mar. 21, 2014).) On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Suliman Baldo, the United Nations independent expert on human rights in Mali, recently expressed his concern that crimes committed both by rebel groups and national forces during the 2012 conflict in the northern part of the On February 15, 2014, the Grand National Assembly (GNA) of Turkey passed an omnibus law (Law No. 6524 [in Turkish] (Feb. 15, 2014), GNA website) that amends the following four laws: Law On February 24, 2014, Navanetham Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (UNHCHR), called for an inquiry into the possibility that the two sides in Sri Lanka's civil war both committed war crimes. Potential Constitutional CrisisOn January 31, 2014, it was reported that the Government of Nauru has started the process of drafting a law that would result in the country being placed under emergency On January 1, 2014, a major reform of the Austrian system of administrative justice went into effect. It is based on the Administrative Justice Reform Act of 2012 (Verwaltungsgerichtsbarkeit-Novelle 2012, BUNDESGESETZBLATT I 2012/51), and on On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The Kazakhstan was criticized recently by international human rights organizations for restricting specific religious groups and practices. ( Religious Freedom in Kazakhstan, Berkley Center for Religion, Peace, andamp; World Affairs website (last Thura Aung Ko, a legislator in Burma's (Myanmar's) parliament, announced on September 7, 2013, that legislation will be drafted to create groups to monitor judicial proceedings. The purpose, according to Aung Ko, is to end corruption On July 28, 2013, Peshawar High Court (PHC) Chief Justice Dost Mohammad Khan inaugurated the establishment of mobile courts in the northern Pakistani province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK) to hear civil and criminal disputes. According to a press release from the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY), on May 29, 2013, the Tribunal convicted six former senior Croatian officials of ";crimes against humanity, violations of the laws or On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 3, 2013, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved, on its second reading, a constitutional amendment that creates four additional Federal Regional Tribunals (Tribunais Regionais Federais - TRFs) in the country. The tribunals must be On March 27, 2013, the Court of Appeals of Egypt ordered the reinstatement of the former General Prosecutor, Abdel-Meguid Mahmoud. A chamber within the Court of Appeals King Abdullah II of Jordan issued a royal decree on October 6, 2012, appointing a president and eight members of a newly established Constitutional Court. On November 1, 2012, Teori Zavascki was appointed as a new Minister of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court. Zavascki is taking over the position left open by Minister Cesar Peluso, who retired as required by law On September 18, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) released new guiding cases that were circulated to courts at all levels in the country for judges to The nine justices of the Constitutional Tribunal of Myanmar (Burma) all resigned on September 6, 2012. The abrupt move was made in response to a vote to impeach them taken that day by the Lower House By the end of June 2012, all railway courts in China had been integrated into the national court system, according to a Supreme People's Court (SPC) statement posted on July 30, 2012, on its official website. On August 22, 2012, the African Union and Senegal concluded an agreement on a special tribunal to try Hissandegrave;ne Habr;, the former leader of Chad. The tribunal will be established in Dakar, Senegal, and will consider On August 15, 2012, the King of Bahrain issued a Royal Decree containing Law 38-2012, which amends Law 27-2002 concerning the establishment of the Constitutional Court. Law 38-2012 covers the structure of the Court On August 7, 2012, the East African Court of Justice (EACJ) announced plans to set up sub-registry offices in each of the countries of the East African Community, starting with Rwanda. (East African Court On July 16, 2012, Members of the Tunisian Constituent National Assembly submitted draft legislation for consideration that would create a special court for the purpose of adjudicating crimes related to the Tunisian revolution of January 2011. On June 27, 2012, it was reported that Turkey's ruling party, the Justice and Development Party (AKP) is planning to propose reform of the court system, including abolition of the special authority courts now used to On April 20, 2012, the 47 Member States of the Council of Europe, at a high-level ministerial conference in Brighton, United Kingdom, unanimously voted to adopt a series of measures, known as the "Brighton Declaration," aimed On April 19, 2012, Minister Ayres Britto was inaugurated as the new President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court, with Minister Joaquim Barbosa as the Vice-President. Minister Britto will also preside over the National Council of st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On April 13, 2012, the President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and of the National Council of Justice, Minister Cezar Peluso, On April 3, 2012, the Office of the Prosecutor (OTP) of the International Criminal Court issued a decision holding that the OTP lacks jurisdiction to investigate alleged international crimes committed within the Palestinian territories. (Office of Brazil Federal Supreme Court Elects New President As of April 19, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and the National Council of Justice will have a new president. On March 14, 2012, Minister Ayres On January 30, 2012, the Greek Ministry of Justice, Transparency, and Human Rights submitted to Parliament a bill designed to expedite the administration of justice and guarantee speedier and fairer trials for individuals. (Draft Bill On December 14, 2011, the Mexican Senate approved and submitted for Presidential signature the Ibero-American Convention on the Use of Videoconferencing in International Cooperation Between Justice Systems, which is designed to foster the use of videoconferences On January 12, 2012, another criminal attack occurred against Brazil's judiciary, the third to date in the new year, leaving two people wounded. The incident took place in the city of Rio Claro, in the State On October 6, 2011, a retired military psychologist refused to break client confidentiality in a case in Copenhagen's Eastern High Court and was charged with contempt of court. The court will determine whether she will be On June 15, 2011, it was reported that the Indonesian government had reached an agreement with the country's House of Representatives to amend the legislation that governs the Constitutional Court. (Anita Rachman andamp; Ulma Haryanto, On May 16, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Religious Courts (Assistance Units) Law, 5771-2011. The Law authorizes the Minister of Justice and the Minister of Welfare and Social Services to establish by decree "assistance On April 29, 2011, the Council of the European Union, within the framework of its multi-annual European e-Justice Action Plan of 2009-2012, adopted its conclusions on the introduction of the European Case Law Identifier (ECLI) and The Supreme Court, sitting as a panel of seven judges, has abolished a 400-year-old law that grants expert witnesses testifying in court immunity from charges of breach of duty in contract or negligence. This law was China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) issued a circular on February 15, 2011, calling upon courts at the grassroots level to handle cases more efficiently to reduce the number of appeals, given the increasing number of lawsuits Turkey's Parliament passed a controversial judicial reform bill on February 9, 2011. Under the Law on the Amendment of Certain Laws, the highest level of the judiciary will be restructured. The Court of Appeals (Court of On February 2, 2011, the Minister of Security and Justice of the Netherlands, Ivo Willem Opstelten, submitted a legislative proposal on a preliminary procedure regulation for the timelier handling of cases, in particular those involving major On February 17, 2010, the Portuguese Council of Ministers approved a Resolution designed to improve the efficiency of the judicial system. The Resolution is the result of a project developed by the Ministry of Justice through... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 25 Feb 2011 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402539_text Global Legal Monitor: Israel: Increased Authority for Execution of Judgments and Other Adjustments http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402525_text Judiciary - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance Bangladesh Act No XIII of 2014 amended the Constitution of Bangladesh, empowering Parliament to impeach Supreme Court judges. (Sadiat Mannan, Parliament and Judiciary: Striking a Balance, DAILY STAR, (Oct. 20, 2014).) Part On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The On October 20, 2014, a group of law students who had been denied positions in Egypt's public prosecution service filed a petition before the country's administrative court to repeal the decision that had been issued by On October 16, 2014, the European Court of Justice annulled the European Council's 2006 listing of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE, also known as the Tamil Tigers) as a terrorist organization. The step was The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On September 23, 2014, the High Court in Pretoria, South Africa, ruled that the extradition to Botswana of Edwin Samotse, a man sought on murder charges in that country, where he may face the death penalty, The International Criminal Court (ICC) announced on September 5, 2014, that the trial of Uhuru Kenyatta, the President of Kenya, and of the Deputy President, William Ruto, originally planned to begin on October 7, would be Israel's High Court of Justice, with an extended bench of seven justices, recently voided a decision by the Supreme Rabbinical Court instructing a mother to enable the circumcision of her infant son against her will. (The criminal court of Nanterre, a suburb of Paris, recently found a major provider of social housing guilty of ethnic profiling. (Un bailleur HLM condamne pour fichage ethnique [A Social Housing Provider Found Guilty of On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the Kenya's High Court determined on April 14, 2014, that taxpayers have a right under the Constitution to fair administrative action related to their tax payments. (Catherine Mutava, Kenya: Constitutional Right to Expeditious Settlement of Refund Claims, In response to a legal challenge made by the Spanish government, on March 25, 2014, the Constitutional Court (CC) of Spain ruled that the sovereignty declaration passed by Catalonia's regional parliament early last year is unconstitutional. The Japanese Supreme Court has recently reached different conclusions in similar cases involving golf course policies to exclude gang members from playing. Depending on the circumstances, a gang member who deceives the course employees and plays On March 21, 2014, Thailand's Constitutional Court ruled that the country's general election, held on February 2, is invalid. (Court Voids Feb 2 General Election, BANGKOK POST ONLINE (Mar. 21, 2014).) On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Suliman Baldo, the United Nations independent expert on human rights in Mali, recently expressed his concern that crimes committed both by rebel groups and national forces during the 2012 conflict in the northern part of the On February 15, 2014, the Grand National Assembly (GNA) of Turkey passed an omnibus law (Law No. 6524 [in Turkish] (Feb. 15, 2014), GNA website) that amends the following four laws: Law On February 24, 2014, Navanetham Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (UNHCHR), called for an inquiry into the possibility that the two sides in Sri Lanka's civil war both committed war crimes. Potential Constitutional CrisisOn January 31, 2014, it was reported that the Government of Nauru has started the process of drafting a law that would result in the country being placed under emergency On January 1, 2014, a major reform of the Austrian system of administrative justice went into effect. It is based on the Administrative Justice Reform Act of 2012 (Verwaltungsgerichtsbarkeit-Novelle 2012, BUNDESGESETZBLATT I 2012/51), and on On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The Kazakhstan was criticized recently by international human rights organizations for restricting specific religious groups and practices. ( Religious Freedom in Kazakhstan, Berkley Center for Religion, Peace, andamp; World Affairs website (last Thura Aung Ko, a legislator in Burma's (Myanmar's) parliament, announced on September 7, 2013, that legislation will be drafted to create groups to monitor judicial proceedings. The purpose, according to Aung Ko, is to end corruption On July 28, 2013, Peshawar High Court (PHC) Chief Justice Dost Mohammad Khan inaugurated the establishment of mobile courts in the northern Pakistani province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK) to hear civil and criminal disputes. According to a press release from the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY), on May 29, 2013, the Tribunal convicted six former senior Croatian officials of ";crimes against humanity, violations of the laws or On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 3, 2013, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved, on its second reading, a constitutional amendment that creates four additional Federal Regional Tribunals (Tribunais Regionais Federais - TRFs) in the country. The tribunals must be On March 27, 2013, the Court of Appeals of Egypt ordered the reinstatement of the former General Prosecutor, Abdel-Meguid Mahmoud. A chamber within the Court of Appeals King Abdullah II of Jordan issued a royal decree on October 6, 2012, appointing a president and eight members of a newly established Constitutional Court. On November 1, 2012, Teori Zavascki was appointed as a new Minister of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court. Zavascki is taking over the position left open by Minister Cesar Peluso, who retired as required by law On September 18, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) released new guiding cases that were circulated to courts at all levels in the country for judges to The nine justices of the Constitutional Tribunal of Myanmar (Burma) all resigned on September 6, 2012. The abrupt move was made in response to a vote to impeach them taken that day by the Lower House By the end of June 2012, all railway courts in China had been integrated into the national court system, according to a Supreme People's Court (SPC) statement posted on July 30, 2012, on its official website. On August 22, 2012, the African Union and Senegal concluded an agreement on a special tribunal to try Hissandegrave;ne Habr;, the former leader of Chad. The tribunal will be established in Dakar, Senegal, and will consider On August 15, 2012, the King of Bahrain issued a Royal Decree containing Law 38-2012, which amends Law 27-2002 concerning the establishment of the Constitutional Court. Law 38-2012 covers the structure of the Court On August 7, 2012, the East African Court of Justice (EACJ) announced plans to set up sub-registry offices in each of the countries of the East African Community, starting with Rwanda. (East African Court On July 16, 2012, Members of the Tunisian Constituent National Assembly submitted draft legislation for consideration that would create a special court for the purpose of adjudicating crimes related to the Tunisian revolution of January 2011. On June 27, 2012, it was reported that Turkey's ruling party, the Justice and Development Party (AKP) is planning to propose reform of the court system, including abolition of the special authority courts now used to On April 20, 2012, the 47 Member States of the Council of Europe, at a high-level ministerial conference in Brighton, United Kingdom, unanimously voted to adopt a series of measures, known as the "Brighton Declaration," aimed On April 19, 2012, Minister Ayres Britto was inaugurated as the new President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court, with Minister Joaquim Barbosa as the Vice-President. Minister Britto will also preside over the National Council of st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On April 13, 2012, the President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and of the National Council of Justice, Minister Cezar Peluso, On April 3, 2012, the Office of the Prosecutor (OTP) of the International Criminal Court issued a decision holding that the OTP lacks jurisdiction to investigate alleged international crimes committed within the Palestinian territories. (Office of Brazil Federal Supreme Court Elects New President As of April 19, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and the National Council of Justice will have a new president. On March 14, 2012, Minister Ayres On January 30, 2012, the Greek Ministry of Justice, Transparency, and Human Rights submitted to Parliament a bill designed to expedite the administration of justice and guarantee speedier and fairer trials for individuals. (Draft Bill On December 14, 2011, the Mexican Senate approved and submitted for Presidential signature the Ibero-American Convention on the Use of Videoconferencing in International Cooperation Between Justice Systems, which is designed to foster the use of videoconferences On January 12, 2012, another criminal attack occurred against Brazil's judiciary, the third to date in the new year, leaving two people wounded. The incident took place in the city of Rio Claro, in the State On October 6, 2011, a retired military psychologist refused to break client confidentiality in a case in Copenhagen's Eastern High Court and was charged with contempt of court. The court will determine whether she will be On June 15, 2011, it was reported that the Indonesian government had reached an agreement with the country's House of Representatives to amend the legislation that governs the Constitutional Court. (Anita Rachman andamp; Ulma Haryanto, On May 16, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Religious Courts (Assistance Units) Law, 5771-2011. The Law authorizes the Minister of Justice and the Minister of Welfare and Social Services to establish by decree "assistance On April 29, 2011, the Council of the European Union, within the framework of its multi-annual European e-Justice Action Plan of 2009-2012, adopted its conclusions on the introduction of the European Case Law Identifier (ECLI) and The Supreme Court, sitting as a panel of seven judges, has abolished a 400-year-old law that grants expert witnesses testifying in court immunity from charges of breach of duty in contract or negligence. This law was China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) issued a circular on February 15, 2011, calling upon courts at the grassroots level to handle cases more efficiently to reduce the number of appeals, given the increasing number of lawsuits Turkey's Parliament passed a controversial judicial reform bill on February 9, 2011. Under the Law on the Amendment of Certain Laws, the highest level of the judiciary will be restructured. The Court of Appeals (Court of On February 2, 2011, the Minister of Security and Justice of the Netherlands, Ivo Willem Opstelten, submitted a legislative proposal on a preliminary procedure regulation for the timelier handling of cases, in particular those involving major On February 17, 2010, the Portuguese Council of Ministers approved a Resolution designed to improve the efficiency of the judicial system. The Resolution is the result of a project developed by the Ministry of Justice through On January 31, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed an amendment to the Execution Law, 5727-1967. The amendment law gives the Registrar of Execution of Judgments the authority to subpoena persons for an inquiry on their... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 17 Feb 2011 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402525_text Global Legal Monitor: Mozambique: UN Human Rights Expert Calls for Independent Judiciary http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402422_text Judiciary - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance Bangladesh Act No XIII of 2014 amended the Constitution of Bangladesh, empowering Parliament to impeach Supreme Court judges. (Sadiat Mannan, Parliament and Judiciary: Striking a Balance, DAILY STAR, (Oct. 20, 2014).) Part On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The On October 20, 2014, a group of law students who had been denied positions in Egypt's public prosecution service filed a petition before the country's administrative court to repeal the decision that had been issued by On October 16, 2014, the European Court of Justice annulled the European Council's 2006 listing of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE, also known as the Tamil Tigers) as a terrorist organization. The step was The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On September 23, 2014, the High Court in Pretoria, South Africa, ruled that the extradition to Botswana of Edwin Samotse, a man sought on murder charges in that country, where he may face the death penalty, The International Criminal Court (ICC) announced on September 5, 2014, that the trial of Uhuru Kenyatta, the President of Kenya, and of the Deputy President, William Ruto, originally planned to begin on October 7, would be Israel's High Court of Justice, with an extended bench of seven justices, recently voided a decision by the Supreme Rabbinical Court instructing a mother to enable the circumcision of her infant son against her will. (The criminal court of Nanterre, a suburb of Paris, recently found a major provider of social housing guilty of ethnic profiling. (Un bailleur HLM condamne pour fichage ethnique [A Social Housing Provider Found Guilty of On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the Kenya's High Court determined on April 14, 2014, that taxpayers have a right under the Constitution to fair administrative action related to their tax payments. (Catherine Mutava, Kenya: Constitutional Right to Expeditious Settlement of Refund Claims, In response to a legal challenge made by the Spanish government, on March 25, 2014, the Constitutional Court (CC) of Spain ruled that the sovereignty declaration passed by Catalonia's regional parliament early last year is unconstitutional. The Japanese Supreme Court has recently reached different conclusions in similar cases involving golf course policies to exclude gang members from playing. Depending on the circumstances, a gang member who deceives the course employees and plays On March 21, 2014, Thailand's Constitutional Court ruled that the country's general election, held on February 2, is invalid. (Court Voids Feb 2 General Election, BANGKOK POST ONLINE (Mar. 21, 2014).) On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Suliman Baldo, the United Nations independent expert on human rights in Mali, recently expressed his concern that crimes committed both by rebel groups and national forces during the 2012 conflict in the northern part of the On February 15, 2014, the Grand National Assembly (GNA) of Turkey passed an omnibus law (Law No. 6524 [in Turkish] (Feb. 15, 2014), GNA website) that amends the following four laws: Law On February 24, 2014, Navanetham Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (UNHCHR), called for an inquiry into the possibility that the two sides in Sri Lanka's civil war both committed war crimes. Potential Constitutional CrisisOn January 31, 2014, it was reported that the Government of Nauru has started the process of drafting a law that would result in the country being placed under emergency On January 1, 2014, a major reform of the Austrian system of administrative justice went into effect. It is based on the Administrative Justice Reform Act of 2012 (Verwaltungsgerichtsbarkeit-Novelle 2012, BUNDESGESETZBLATT I 2012/51), and on On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The Kazakhstan was criticized recently by international human rights organizations for restricting specific religious groups and practices. ( Religious Freedom in Kazakhstan, Berkley Center for Religion, Peace, andamp; World Affairs website (last Thura Aung Ko, a legislator in Burma's (Myanmar's) parliament, announced on September 7, 2013, that legislation will be drafted to create groups to monitor judicial proceedings. The purpose, according to Aung Ko, is to end corruption On July 28, 2013, Peshawar High Court (PHC) Chief Justice Dost Mohammad Khan inaugurated the establishment of mobile courts in the northern Pakistani province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK) to hear civil and criminal disputes. According to a press release from the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY), on May 29, 2013, the Tribunal convicted six former senior Croatian officials of ";crimes against humanity, violations of the laws or On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 3, 2013, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved, on its second reading, a constitutional amendment that creates four additional Federal Regional Tribunals (Tribunais Regionais Federais - TRFs) in the country. The tribunals must be On March 27, 2013, the Court of Appeals of Egypt ordered the reinstatement of the former General Prosecutor, Abdel-Meguid Mahmoud. A chamber within the Court of Appeals King Abdullah II of Jordan issued a royal decree on October 6, 2012, appointing a president and eight members of a newly established Constitutional Court. On November 1, 2012, Teori Zavascki was appointed as a new Minister of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court. Zavascki is taking over the position left open by Minister Cesar Peluso, who retired as required by law On September 18, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) released new guiding cases that were circulated to courts at all levels in the country for judges to The nine justices of the Constitutional Tribunal of Myanmar (Burma) all resigned on September 6, 2012. The abrupt move was made in response to a vote to impeach them taken that day by the Lower House By the end of June 2012, all railway courts in China had been integrated into the national court system, according to a Supreme People's Court (SPC) statement posted on July 30, 2012, on its official website. On August 22, 2012, the African Union and Senegal concluded an agreement on a special tribunal to try Hissandegrave;ne Habr;, the former leader of Chad. The tribunal will be established in Dakar, Senegal, and will consider On August 15, 2012, the King of Bahrain issued a Royal Decree containing Law 38-2012, which amends Law 27-2002 concerning the establishment of the Constitutional Court. Law 38-2012 covers the structure of the Court On August 7, 2012, the East African Court of Justice (EACJ) announced plans to set up sub-registry offices in each of the countries of the East African Community, starting with Rwanda. (East African Court On July 16, 2012, Members of the Tunisian Constituent National Assembly submitted draft legislation for consideration that would create a special court for the purpose of adjudicating crimes related to the Tunisian revolution of January 2011. On June 27, 2012, it was reported that Turkey's ruling party, the Justice and Development Party (AKP) is planning to propose reform of the court system, including abolition of the special authority courts now used to On April 20, 2012, the 47 Member States of the Council of Europe, at a high-level ministerial conference in Brighton, United Kingdom, unanimously voted to adopt a series of measures, known as the "Brighton Declaration," aimed On April 19, 2012, Minister Ayres Britto was inaugurated as the new President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court, with Minister Joaquim Barbosa as the Vice-President. Minister Britto will also preside over the National Council of st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On April 13, 2012, the President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and of the National Council of Justice, Minister Cezar Peluso, On April 3, 2012, the Office of the Prosecutor (OTP) of the International Criminal Court issued a decision holding that the OTP lacks jurisdiction to investigate alleged international crimes committed within the Palestinian territories. (Office of Brazil Federal Supreme Court Elects New President As of April 19, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and the National Council of Justice will have a new president. On March 14, 2012, Minister Ayres On January 30, 2012, the Greek Ministry of Justice, Transparency, and Human Rights submitted to Parliament a bill designed to expedite the administration of justice and guarantee speedier and fairer trials for individuals. (Draft Bill On December 14, 2011, the Mexican Senate approved and submitted for Presidential signature the Ibero-American Convention on the Use of Videoconferencing in International Cooperation Between Justice Systems, which is designed to foster the use of videoconferences On January 12, 2012, another criminal attack occurred against Brazil's judiciary, the third to date in the new year, leaving two people wounded. The incident took place in the city of Rio Claro, in the State On October 6, 2011, a retired military psychologist refused to break client confidentiality in a case in Copenhagen's Eastern High Court and was charged with contempt of court. The court will determine whether she will be On June 15, 2011, it was reported that the Indonesian government had reached an agreement with the country's House of Representatives to amend the legislation that governs the Constitutional Court. (Anita Rachman andamp; Ulma Haryanto, On May 16, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Religious Courts (Assistance Units) Law, 5771-2011. The Law authorizes the Minister of Justice and the Minister of Welfare and Social Services to establish by decree "assistance On April 29, 2011, the Council of the European Union, within the framework of its multi-annual European e-Justice Action Plan of 2009-2012, adopted its conclusions on the introduction of the European Case Law Identifier (ECLI) and The Supreme Court, sitting as a panel of seven judges, has abolished a 400-year-old law that grants expert witnesses testifying in court immunity from charges of breach of duty in contract or negligence. This law was China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) issued a circular on February 15, 2011, calling upon courts at the grassroots level to handle cases more efficiently to reduce the number of appeals, given the increasing number of lawsuits Turkey's Parliament passed a controversial judicial reform bill on February 9, 2011. Under the Law on the Amendment of Certain Laws, the highest level of the judiciary will be restructured. The Court of Appeals (Court of On February 2, 2011, the Minister of Security and Justice of the Netherlands, Ivo Willem Opstelten, submitted a legislative proposal on a preliminary procedure regulation for the timelier handling of cases, in particular those involving major On February 17, 2010, the Portuguese Council of Ministers approved a Resolution designed to improve the efficiency of the judicial system. The Resolution is the result of a project developed by the Ministry of Justice through On January 31, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed an amendment to the Execution Law, 5727-1967. The amendment law gives the Registrar of Execution of Judgments the authority to subpoena persons for an inquiry on their According to a report being prepared by United Nations human rights expert Gabriela Knaul that will be submitted to the Geneva-based U.N. Human Rights Council in June of 2011, Mozambique needs to intensify its efforts to... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 15 Dec 2010 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402422_text Global Legal Monitor: Russia: Chief Justice Insists on Limited Application of International Court Rulings http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402410_text Judiciary - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance Bangladesh Act No XIII of 2014 amended the Constitution of Bangladesh, empowering Parliament to impeach Supreme Court judges. (Sadiat Mannan, Parliament and Judiciary: Striking a Balance, DAILY STAR, (Oct. 20, 2014).) Part On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The On October 20, 2014, a group of law students who had been denied positions in Egypt's public prosecution service filed a petition before the country's administrative court to repeal the decision that had been issued by On October 16, 2014, the European Court of Justice annulled the European Council's 2006 listing of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE, also known as the Tamil Tigers) as a terrorist organization. The step was The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On September 23, 2014, the High Court in Pretoria, South Africa, ruled that the extradition to Botswana of Edwin Samotse, a man sought on murder charges in that country, where he may face the death penalty, The International Criminal Court (ICC) announced on September 5, 2014, that the trial of Uhuru Kenyatta, the President of Kenya, and of the Deputy President, William Ruto, originally planned to begin on October 7, would be Israel's High Court of Justice, with an extended bench of seven justices, recently voided a decision by the Supreme Rabbinical Court instructing a mother to enable the circumcision of her infant son against her will. (The criminal court of Nanterre, a suburb of Paris, recently found a major provider of social housing guilty of ethnic profiling. (Un bailleur HLM condamne pour fichage ethnique [A Social Housing Provider Found Guilty of On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the Kenya's High Court determined on April 14, 2014, that taxpayers have a right under the Constitution to fair administrative action related to their tax payments. (Catherine Mutava, Kenya: Constitutional Right to Expeditious Settlement of Refund Claims, In response to a legal challenge made by the Spanish government, on March 25, 2014, the Constitutional Court (CC) of Spain ruled that the sovereignty declaration passed by Catalonia's regional parliament early last year is unconstitutional. The Japanese Supreme Court has recently reached different conclusions in similar cases involving golf course policies to exclude gang members from playing. Depending on the circumstances, a gang member who deceives the course employees and plays On March 21, 2014, Thailand's Constitutional Court ruled that the country's general election, held on February 2, is invalid. (Court Voids Feb 2 General Election, BANGKOK POST ONLINE (Mar. 21, 2014).) On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Suliman Baldo, the United Nations independent expert on human rights in Mali, recently expressed his concern that crimes committed both by rebel groups and national forces during the 2012 conflict in the northern part of the On February 15, 2014, the Grand National Assembly (GNA) of Turkey passed an omnibus law (Law No. 6524 [in Turkish] (Feb. 15, 2014), GNA website) that amends the following four laws: Law On February 24, 2014, Navanetham Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (UNHCHR), called for an inquiry into the possibility that the two sides in Sri Lanka's civil war both committed war crimes. Potential Constitutional CrisisOn January 31, 2014, it was reported that the Government of Nauru has started the process of drafting a law that would result in the country being placed under emergency On January 1, 2014, a major reform of the Austrian system of administrative justice went into effect. It is based on the Administrative Justice Reform Act of 2012 (Verwaltungsgerichtsbarkeit-Novelle 2012, BUNDESGESETZBLATT I 2012/51), and on On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The Kazakhstan was criticized recently by international human rights organizations for restricting specific religious groups and practices. ( Religious Freedom in Kazakhstan, Berkley Center for Religion, Peace, andamp; World Affairs website (last Thura Aung Ko, a legislator in Burma's (Myanmar's) parliament, announced on September 7, 2013, that legislation will be drafted to create groups to monitor judicial proceedings. The purpose, according to Aung Ko, is to end corruption On July 28, 2013, Peshawar High Court (PHC) Chief Justice Dost Mohammad Khan inaugurated the establishment of mobile courts in the northern Pakistani province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK) to hear civil and criminal disputes. According to a press release from the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY), on May 29, 2013, the Tribunal convicted six former senior Croatian officials of ";crimes against humanity, violations of the laws or On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 3, 2013, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved, on its second reading, a constitutional amendment that creates four additional Federal Regional Tribunals (Tribunais Regionais Federais - TRFs) in the country. The tribunals must be On March 27, 2013, the Court of Appeals of Egypt ordered the reinstatement of the former General Prosecutor, Abdel-Meguid Mahmoud. A chamber within the Court of Appeals King Abdullah II of Jordan issued a royal decree on October 6, 2012, appointing a president and eight members of a newly established Constitutional Court. On November 1, 2012, Teori Zavascki was appointed as a new Minister of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court. Zavascki is taking over the position left open by Minister Cesar Peluso, who retired as required by law On September 18, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) released new guiding cases that were circulated to courts at all levels in the country for judges to The nine justices of the Constitutional Tribunal of Myanmar (Burma) all resigned on September 6, 2012. The abrupt move was made in response to a vote to impeach them taken that day by the Lower House By the end of June 2012, all railway courts in China had been integrated into the national court system, according to a Supreme People's Court (SPC) statement posted on July 30, 2012, on its official website. On August 22, 2012, the African Union and Senegal concluded an agreement on a special tribunal to try Hissandegrave;ne Habr;, the former leader of Chad. The tribunal will be established in Dakar, Senegal, and will consider On August 15, 2012, the King of Bahrain issued a Royal Decree containing Law 38-2012, which amends Law 27-2002 concerning the establishment of the Constitutional Court. Law 38-2012 covers the structure of the Court On August 7, 2012, the East African Court of Justice (EACJ) announced plans to set up sub-registry offices in each of the countries of the East African Community, starting with Rwanda. (East African Court On July 16, 2012, Members of the Tunisian Constituent National Assembly submitted draft legislation for consideration that would create a special court for the purpose of adjudicating crimes related to the Tunisian revolution of January 2011. On June 27, 2012, it was reported that Turkey's ruling party, the Justice and Development Party (AKP) is planning to propose reform of the court system, including abolition of the special authority courts now used to On April 20, 2012, the 47 Member States of the Council of Europe, at a high-level ministerial conference in Brighton, United Kingdom, unanimously voted to adopt a series of measures, known as the "Brighton Declaration," aimed On April 19, 2012, Minister Ayres Britto was inaugurated as the new President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court, with Minister Joaquim Barbosa as the Vice-President. Minister Britto will also preside over the National Council of st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On April 13, 2012, the President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and of the National Council of Justice, Minister Cezar Peluso, On April 3, 2012, the Office of the Prosecutor (OTP) of the International Criminal Court issued a decision holding that the OTP lacks jurisdiction to investigate alleged international crimes committed within the Palestinian territories. (Office of Brazil Federal Supreme Court Elects New President As of April 19, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and the National Council of Justice will have a new president. On March 14, 2012, Minister Ayres On January 30, 2012, the Greek Ministry of Justice, Transparency, and Human Rights submitted to Parliament a bill designed to expedite the administration of justice and guarantee speedier and fairer trials for individuals. (Draft Bill On December 14, 2011, the Mexican Senate approved and submitted for Presidential signature the Ibero-American Convention on the Use of Videoconferencing in International Cooperation Between Justice Systems, which is designed to foster the use of videoconferences On January 12, 2012, another criminal attack occurred against Brazil's judiciary, the third to date in the new year, leaving two people wounded. The incident took place in the city of Rio Claro, in the State On October 6, 2011, a retired military psychologist refused to break client confidentiality in a case in Copenhagen's Eastern High Court and was charged with contempt of court. The court will determine whether she will be On June 15, 2011, it was reported that the Indonesian government had reached an agreement with the country's House of Representatives to amend the legislation that governs the Constitutional Court. (Anita Rachman andamp; Ulma Haryanto, On May 16, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Religious Courts (Assistance Units) Law, 5771-2011. The Law authorizes the Minister of Justice and the Minister of Welfare and Social Services to establish by decree "assistance On April 29, 2011, the Council of the European Union, within the framework of its multi-annual European e-Justice Action Plan of 2009-2012, adopted its conclusions on the introduction of the European Case Law Identifier (ECLI) and The Supreme Court, sitting as a panel of seven judges, has abolished a 400-year-old law that grants expert witnesses testifying in court immunity from charges of breach of duty in contract or negligence. This law was China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) issued a circular on February 15, 2011, calling upon courts at the grassroots level to handle cases more efficiently to reduce the number of appeals, given the increasing number of lawsuits Turkey's Parliament passed a controversial judicial reform bill on February 9, 2011. Under the Law on the Amendment of Certain Laws, the highest level of the judiciary will be restructured. The Court of Appeals (Court of On February 2, 2011, the Minister of Security and Justice of the Netherlands, Ivo Willem Opstelten, submitted a legislative proposal on a preliminary procedure regulation for the timelier handling of cases, in particular those involving major On February 17, 2010, the Portuguese Council of Ministers approved a Resolution designed to improve the efficiency of the judicial system. The Resolution is the result of a project developed by the Ministry of Justice through On January 31, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed an amendment to the Execution Law, 5727-1967. The amendment law gives the Registrar of Execution of Judgments the authority to subpoena persons for an inquiry on their According to a report being prepared by United Nations human rights expert Gabriela Knaul that will be submitted to the Geneva-based U.N. Human Rights Council in June of 2011, Mozambique needs to intensify its efforts to The Thirteenth International Constitutional Justice Forum was held in Saint Petersburg, Russia, on November 18-20, 2010. More than 90 justices, clerks of constitutional courts, and scholars from 14, mostly European, countries discussed modern theory and practice... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 08 Dec 2010 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402410_text Global Legal Monitor: Lebanon: Chief Judge Makes Controversial Statement on Legality of Special Tribunal for Lebanon http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402359_text Judiciary - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance Bangladesh Act No XIII of 2014 amended the Constitution of Bangladesh, empowering Parliament to impeach Supreme Court judges. (Sadiat Mannan, Parliament and Judiciary: Striking a Balance, DAILY STAR, (Oct. 20, 2014).) Part On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The On October 20, 2014, a group of law students who had been denied positions in Egypt's public prosecution service filed a petition before the country's administrative court to repeal the decision that had been issued by On October 16, 2014, the European Court of Justice annulled the European Council's 2006 listing of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE, also known as the Tamil Tigers) as a terrorist organization. The step was The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On September 23, 2014, the High Court in Pretoria, South Africa, ruled that the extradition to Botswana of Edwin Samotse, a man sought on murder charges in that country, where he may face the death penalty, The International Criminal Court (ICC) announced on September 5, 2014, that the trial of Uhuru Kenyatta, the President of Kenya, and of the Deputy President, William Ruto, originally planned to begin on October 7, would be Israel's High Court of Justice, with an extended bench of seven justices, recently voided a decision by the Supreme Rabbinical Court instructing a mother to enable the circumcision of her infant son against her will. (The criminal court of Nanterre, a suburb of Paris, recently found a major provider of social housing guilty of ethnic profiling. (Un bailleur HLM condamne pour fichage ethnique [A Social Housing Provider Found Guilty of On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the Kenya's High Court determined on April 14, 2014, that taxpayers have a right under the Constitution to fair administrative action related to their tax payments. (Catherine Mutava, Kenya: Constitutional Right to Expeditious Settlement of Refund Claims, In response to a legal challenge made by the Spanish government, on March 25, 2014, the Constitutional Court (CC) of Spain ruled that the sovereignty declaration passed by Catalonia's regional parliament early last year is unconstitutional. The Japanese Supreme Court has recently reached different conclusions in similar cases involving golf course policies to exclude gang members from playing. Depending on the circumstances, a gang member who deceives the course employees and plays On March 21, 2014, Thailand's Constitutional Court ruled that the country's general election, held on February 2, is invalid. (Court Voids Feb 2 General Election, BANGKOK POST ONLINE (Mar. 21, 2014).) On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Suliman Baldo, the United Nations independent expert on human rights in Mali, recently expressed his concern that crimes committed both by rebel groups and national forces during the 2012 conflict in the northern part of the On February 15, 2014, the Grand National Assembly (GNA) of Turkey passed an omnibus law (Law No. 6524 [in Turkish] (Feb. 15, 2014), GNA website) that amends the following four laws: Law On February 24, 2014, Navanetham Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (UNHCHR), called for an inquiry into the possibility that the two sides in Sri Lanka's civil war both committed war crimes. Potential Constitutional CrisisOn January 31, 2014, it was reported that the Government of Nauru has started the process of drafting a law that would result in the country being placed under emergency On January 1, 2014, a major reform of the Austrian system of administrative justice went into effect. It is based on the Administrative Justice Reform Act of 2012 (Verwaltungsgerichtsbarkeit-Novelle 2012, BUNDESGESETZBLATT I 2012/51), and on On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The Kazakhstan was criticized recently by international human rights organizations for restricting specific religious groups and practices. ( Religious Freedom in Kazakhstan, Berkley Center for Religion, Peace, andamp; World Affairs website (last Thura Aung Ko, a legislator in Burma's (Myanmar's) parliament, announced on September 7, 2013, that legislation will be drafted to create groups to monitor judicial proceedings. The purpose, according to Aung Ko, is to end corruption On July 28, 2013, Peshawar High Court (PHC) Chief Justice Dost Mohammad Khan inaugurated the establishment of mobile courts in the northern Pakistani province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK) to hear civil and criminal disputes. According to a press release from the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY), on May 29, 2013, the Tribunal convicted six former senior Croatian officials of ";crimes against humanity, violations of the laws or On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 3, 2013, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved, on its second reading, a constitutional amendment that creates four additional Federal Regional Tribunals (Tribunais Regionais Federais - TRFs) in the country. The tribunals must be On March 27, 2013, the Court of Appeals of Egypt ordered the reinstatement of the former General Prosecutor, Abdel-Meguid Mahmoud. A chamber within the Court of Appeals King Abdullah II of Jordan issued a royal decree on October 6, 2012, appointing a president and eight members of a newly established Constitutional Court. On November 1, 2012, Teori Zavascki was appointed as a new Minister of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court. Zavascki is taking over the position left open by Minister Cesar Peluso, who retired as required by law On September 18, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) released new guiding cases that were circulated to courts at all levels in the country for judges to The nine justices of the Constitutional Tribunal of Myanmar (Burma) all resigned on September 6, 2012. The abrupt move was made in response to a vote to impeach them taken that day by the Lower House By the end of June 2012, all railway courts in China had been integrated into the national court system, according to a Supreme People's Court (SPC) statement posted on July 30, 2012, on its official website. On August 22, 2012, the African Union and Senegal concluded an agreement on a special tribunal to try Hissandegrave;ne Habr;, the former leader of Chad. The tribunal will be established in Dakar, Senegal, and will consider On August 15, 2012, the King of Bahrain issued a Royal Decree containing Law 38-2012, which amends Law 27-2002 concerning the establishment of the Constitutional Court. Law 38-2012 covers the structure of the Court On August 7, 2012, the East African Court of Justice (EACJ) announced plans to set up sub-registry offices in each of the countries of the East African Community, starting with Rwanda. (East African Court On July 16, 2012, Members of the Tunisian Constituent National Assembly submitted draft legislation for consideration that would create a special court for the purpose of adjudicating crimes related to the Tunisian revolution of January 2011. On June 27, 2012, it was reported that Turkey's ruling party, the Justice and Development Party (AKP) is planning to propose reform of the court system, including abolition of the special authority courts now used to On April 20, 2012, the 47 Member States of the Council of Europe, at a high-level ministerial conference in Brighton, United Kingdom, unanimously voted to adopt a series of measures, known as the "Brighton Declaration," aimed On April 19, 2012, Minister Ayres Britto was inaugurated as the new President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court, with Minister Joaquim Barbosa as the Vice-President. Minister Britto will also preside over the National Council of st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On April 13, 2012, the President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and of the National Council of Justice, Minister Cezar Peluso, On April 3, 2012, the Office of the Prosecutor (OTP) of the International Criminal Court issued a decision holding that the OTP lacks jurisdiction to investigate alleged international crimes committed within the Palestinian territories. (Office of Brazil Federal Supreme Court Elects New President As of April 19, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and the National Council of Justice will have a new president. On March 14, 2012, Minister Ayres On January 30, 2012, the Greek Ministry of Justice, Transparency, and Human Rights submitted to Parliament a bill designed to expedite the administration of justice and guarantee speedier and fairer trials for individuals. (Draft Bill On December 14, 2011, the Mexican Senate approved and submitted for Presidential signature the Ibero-American Convention on the Use of Videoconferencing in International Cooperation Between Justice Systems, which is designed to foster the use of videoconferences On January 12, 2012, another criminal attack occurred against Brazil's judiciary, the third to date in the new year, leaving two people wounded. The incident took place in the city of Rio Claro, in the State On October 6, 2011, a retired military psychologist refused to break client confidentiality in a case in Copenhagen's Eastern High Court and was charged with contempt of court. The court will determine whether she will be On June 15, 2011, it was reported that the Indonesian government had reached an agreement with the country's House of Representatives to amend the legislation that governs the Constitutional Court. (Anita Rachman andamp; Ulma Haryanto, On May 16, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Religious Courts (Assistance Units) Law, 5771-2011. The Law authorizes the Minister of Justice and the Minister of Welfare and Social Services to establish by decree "assistance On April 29, 2011, the Council of the European Union, within the framework of its multi-annual European e-Justice Action Plan of 2009-2012, adopted its conclusions on the introduction of the European Case Law Identifier (ECLI) and The Supreme Court, sitting as a panel of seven judges, has abolished a 400-year-old law that grants expert witnesses testifying in court immunity from charges of breach of duty in contract or negligence. This law was China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) issued a circular on February 15, 2011, calling upon courts at the grassroots level to handle cases more efficiently to reduce the number of appeals, given the increasing number of lawsuits Turkey's Parliament passed a controversial judicial reform bill on February 9, 2011. Under the Law on the Amendment of Certain Laws, the highest level of the judiciary will be restructured. The Court of Appeals (Court of On February 2, 2011, the Minister of Security and Justice of the Netherlands, Ivo Willem Opstelten, submitted a legislative proposal on a preliminary procedure regulation for the timelier handling of cases, in particular those involving major On February 17, 2010, the Portuguese Council of Ministers approved a Resolution designed to improve the efficiency of the judicial system. The Resolution is the result of a project developed by the Ministry of Justice through On January 31, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed an amendment to the Execution Law, 5727-1967. The amendment law gives the Registrar of Execution of Judgments the authority to subpoena persons for an inquiry on their According to a report being prepared by United Nations human rights expert Gabriela Knaul that will be submitted to the Geneva-based U.N. Human Rights Council in June of 2011, Mozambique needs to intensify its efforts to The Thirteenth International Constitutional Justice Forum was held in Saint Petersburg, Russia, on November 18-20, 2010. More than 90 justices, clerks of constitutional courts, and scholars from 14, mostly European, countries discussed modern theory and practice The Special Tribunal for Lebanon (STL) is a mixed international/domestic tribunal whose jurisdiction is limited to investigating and prosecuting one specific domestic crime the bombing of former Prime Minister Rafiq Hariri and related offenses.... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 08 Nov 2010 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402359_text Global Legal Monitor: Russia: Reform of the Constitutional Court Proposed http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402314_text Judiciary - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance Bangladesh Act No XIII of 2014 amended the Constitution of Bangladesh, empowering Parliament to impeach Supreme Court judges. (Sadiat Mannan, Parliament and Judiciary: Striking a Balance, DAILY STAR, (Oct. 20, 2014).) Part On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The On October 20, 2014, a group of law students who had been denied positions in Egypt's public prosecution service filed a petition before the country's administrative court to repeal the decision that had been issued by On October 16, 2014, the European Court of Justice annulled the European Council's 2006 listing of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE, also known as the Tamil Tigers) as a terrorist organization. The step was The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On September 23, 2014, the High Court in Pretoria, South Africa, ruled that the extradition to Botswana of Edwin Samotse, a man sought on murder charges in that country, where he may face the death penalty, The International Criminal Court (ICC) announced on September 5, 2014, that the trial of Uhuru Kenyatta, the President of Kenya, and of the Deputy President, William Ruto, originally planned to begin on October 7, would be Israel's High Court of Justice, with an extended bench of seven justices, recently voided a decision by the Supreme Rabbinical Court instructing a mother to enable the circumcision of her infant son against her will. (The criminal court of Nanterre, a suburb of Paris, recently found a major provider of social housing guilty of ethnic profiling. (Un bailleur HLM condamne pour fichage ethnique [A Social Housing Provider Found Guilty of On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the Kenya's High Court determined on April 14, 2014, that taxpayers have a right under the Constitution to fair administrative action related to their tax payments. (Catherine Mutava, Kenya: Constitutional Right to Expeditious Settlement of Refund Claims, In response to a legal challenge made by the Spanish government, on March 25, 2014, the Constitutional Court (CC) of Spain ruled that the sovereignty declaration passed by Catalonia's regional parliament early last year is unconstitutional. The Japanese Supreme Court has recently reached different conclusions in similar cases involving golf course policies to exclude gang members from playing. Depending on the circumstances, a gang member who deceives the course employees and plays On March 21, 2014, Thailand's Constitutional Court ruled that the country's general election, held on February 2, is invalid. (Court Voids Feb 2 General Election, BANGKOK POST ONLINE (Mar. 21, 2014).) On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Suliman Baldo, the United Nations independent expert on human rights in Mali, recently expressed his concern that crimes committed both by rebel groups and national forces during the 2012 conflict in the northern part of the On February 15, 2014, the Grand National Assembly (GNA) of Turkey passed an omnibus law (Law No. 6524 [in Turkish] (Feb. 15, 2014), GNA website) that amends the following four laws: Law On February 24, 2014, Navanetham Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (UNHCHR), called for an inquiry into the possibility that the two sides in Sri Lanka's civil war both committed war crimes. Potential Constitutional CrisisOn January 31, 2014, it was reported that the Government of Nauru has started the process of drafting a law that would result in the country being placed under emergency On January 1, 2014, a major reform of the Austrian system of administrative justice went into effect. It is based on the Administrative Justice Reform Act of 2012 (Verwaltungsgerichtsbarkeit-Novelle 2012, BUNDESGESETZBLATT I 2012/51), and on On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The Kazakhstan was criticized recently by international human rights organizations for restricting specific religious groups and practices. ( Religious Freedom in Kazakhstan, Berkley Center for Religion, Peace, andamp; World Affairs website (last Thura Aung Ko, a legislator in Burma's (Myanmar's) parliament, announced on September 7, 2013, that legislation will be drafted to create groups to monitor judicial proceedings. The purpose, according to Aung Ko, is to end corruption On July 28, 2013, Peshawar High Court (PHC) Chief Justice Dost Mohammad Khan inaugurated the establishment of mobile courts in the northern Pakistani province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK) to hear civil and criminal disputes. According to a press release from the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY), on May 29, 2013, the Tribunal convicted six former senior Croatian officials of ";crimes against humanity, violations of the laws or On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 3, 2013, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved, on its second reading, a constitutional amendment that creates four additional Federal Regional Tribunals (Tribunais Regionais Federais - TRFs) in the country. The tribunals must be On March 27, 2013, the Court of Appeals of Egypt ordered the reinstatement of the former General Prosecutor, Abdel-Meguid Mahmoud. A chamber within the Court of Appeals King Abdullah II of Jordan issued a royal decree on October 6, 2012, appointing a president and eight members of a newly established Constitutional Court. On November 1, 2012, Teori Zavascki was appointed as a new Minister of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court. Zavascki is taking over the position left open by Minister Cesar Peluso, who retired as required by law On September 18, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) released new guiding cases that were circulated to courts at all levels in the country for judges to The nine justices of the Constitutional Tribunal of Myanmar (Burma) all resigned on September 6, 2012. The abrupt move was made in response to a vote to impeach them taken that day by the Lower House By the end of June 2012, all railway courts in China had been integrated into the national court system, according to a Supreme People's Court (SPC) statement posted on July 30, 2012, on its official website. On August 22, 2012, the African Union and Senegal concluded an agreement on a special tribunal to try Hissandegrave;ne Habr;, the former leader of Chad. The tribunal will be established in Dakar, Senegal, and will consider On August 15, 2012, the King of Bahrain issued a Royal Decree containing Law 38-2012, which amends Law 27-2002 concerning the establishment of the Constitutional Court. Law 38-2012 covers the structure of the Court On August 7, 2012, the East African Court of Justice (EACJ) announced plans to set up sub-registry offices in each of the countries of the East African Community, starting with Rwanda. (East African Court On July 16, 2012, Members of the Tunisian Constituent National Assembly submitted draft legislation for consideration that would create a special court for the purpose of adjudicating crimes related to the Tunisian revolution of January 2011. On June 27, 2012, it was reported that Turkey's ruling party, the Justice and Development Party (AKP) is planning to propose reform of the court system, including abolition of the special authority courts now used to On April 20, 2012, the 47 Member States of the Council of Europe, at a high-level ministerial conference in Brighton, United Kingdom, unanimously voted to adopt a series of measures, known as the "Brighton Declaration," aimed On April 19, 2012, Minister Ayres Britto was inaugurated as the new President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court, with Minister Joaquim Barbosa as the Vice-President. Minister Britto will also preside over the National Council of st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On April 13, 2012, the President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and of the National Council of Justice, Minister Cezar Peluso, On April 3, 2012, the Office of the Prosecutor (OTP) of the International Criminal Court issued a decision holding that the OTP lacks jurisdiction to investigate alleged international crimes committed within the Palestinian territories. (Office of Brazil Federal Supreme Court Elects New President As of April 19, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and the National Council of Justice will have a new president. On March 14, 2012, Minister Ayres On January 30, 2012, the Greek Ministry of Justice, Transparency, and Human Rights submitted to Parliament a bill designed to expedite the administration of justice and guarantee speedier and fairer trials for individuals. (Draft Bill On December 14, 2011, the Mexican Senate approved and submitted for Presidential signature the Ibero-American Convention on the Use of Videoconferencing in International Cooperation Between Justice Systems, which is designed to foster the use of videoconferences On January 12, 2012, another criminal attack occurred against Brazil's judiciary, the third to date in the new year, leaving two people wounded. The incident took place in the city of Rio Claro, in the State On October 6, 2011, a retired military psychologist refused to break client confidentiality in a case in Copenhagen's Eastern High Court and was charged with contempt of court. The court will determine whether she will be On June 15, 2011, it was reported that the Indonesian government had reached an agreement with the country's House of Representatives to amend the legislation that governs the Constitutional Court. (Anita Rachman andamp; Ulma Haryanto, On May 16, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Religious Courts (Assistance Units) Law, 5771-2011. The Law authorizes the Minister of Justice and the Minister of Welfare and Social Services to establish by decree "assistance On April 29, 2011, the Council of the European Union, within the framework of its multi-annual European e-Justice Action Plan of 2009-2012, adopted its conclusions on the introduction of the European Case Law Identifier (ECLI) and The Supreme Court, sitting as a panel of seven judges, has abolished a 400-year-old law that grants expert witnesses testifying in court immunity from charges of breach of duty in contract or negligence. This law was China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) issued a circular on February 15, 2011, calling upon courts at the grassroots level to handle cases more efficiently to reduce the number of appeals, given the increasing number of lawsuits Turkey's Parliament passed a controversial judicial reform bill on February 9, 2011. Under the Law on the Amendment of Certain Laws, the highest level of the judiciary will be restructured. The Court of Appeals (Court of On February 2, 2011, the Minister of Security and Justice of the Netherlands, Ivo Willem Opstelten, submitted a legislative proposal on a preliminary procedure regulation for the timelier handling of cases, in particular those involving major On February 17, 2010, the Portuguese Council of Ministers approved a Resolution designed to improve the efficiency of the judicial system. The Resolution is the result of a project developed by the Ministry of Justice through On January 31, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed an amendment to the Execution Law, 5727-1967. The amendment law gives the Registrar of Execution of Judgments the authority to subpoena persons for an inquiry on their According to a report being prepared by United Nations human rights expert Gabriela Knaul that will be submitted to the Geneva-based U.N. Human Rights Council in June of 2011, Mozambique needs to intensify its efforts to The Thirteenth International Constitutional Justice Forum was held in Saint Petersburg, Russia, on November 18-20, 2010. More than 90 justices, clerks of constitutional courts, and scholars from 14, mostly European, countries discussed modern theory and practice The Special Tribunal for Lebanon (STL) is a mixed international/domestic tribunal whose jurisdiction is limited to investigating and prosecuting one specific domestic crime the bombing of former Prime Minister Rafiq Hariri and related offenses. On October 7, 2010, the State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) of the Russian Federation considered and approved on the first reading a bill aimed at reforming the Russian constitutional justice system. The bill... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 14 Oct 2010 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402314_text Global Legal Monitor: Kenya; Zambia: Judiciaries Turn to Technology to Improve Efficiency http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402298_text Judiciary - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance Bangladesh Act No XIII of 2014 amended the Constitution of Bangladesh, empowering Parliament to impeach Supreme Court judges. (Sadiat Mannan, Parliament and Judiciary: Striking a Balance, DAILY STAR, (Oct. 20, 2014).) Part On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The On October 20, 2014, a group of law students who had been denied positions in Egypt's public prosecution service filed a petition before the country's administrative court to repeal the decision that had been issued by On October 16, 2014, the European Court of Justice annulled the European Council's 2006 listing of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE, also known as the Tamil Tigers) as a terrorist organization. The step was The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On September 23, 2014, the High Court in Pretoria, South Africa, ruled that the extradition to Botswana of Edwin Samotse, a man sought on murder charges in that country, where he may face the death penalty, The International Criminal Court (ICC) announced on September 5, 2014, that the trial of Uhuru Kenyatta, the President of Kenya, and of the Deputy President, William Ruto, originally planned to begin on October 7, would be Israel's High Court of Justice, with an extended bench of seven justices, recently voided a decision by the Supreme Rabbinical Court instructing a mother to enable the circumcision of her infant son against her will. (The criminal court of Nanterre, a suburb of Paris, recently found a major provider of social housing guilty of ethnic profiling. (Un bailleur HLM condamne pour fichage ethnique [A Social Housing Provider Found Guilty of On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the Kenya's High Court determined on April 14, 2014, that taxpayers have a right under the Constitution to fair administrative action related to their tax payments. (Catherine Mutava, Kenya: Constitutional Right to Expeditious Settlement of Refund Claims, In response to a legal challenge made by the Spanish government, on March 25, 2014, the Constitutional Court (CC) of Spain ruled that the sovereignty declaration passed by Catalonia's regional parliament early last year is unconstitutional. The Japanese Supreme Court has recently reached different conclusions in similar cases involving golf course policies to exclude gang members from playing. Depending on the circumstances, a gang member who deceives the course employees and plays On March 21, 2014, Thailand's Constitutional Court ruled that the country's general election, held on February 2, is invalid. (Court Voids Feb 2 General Election, BANGKOK POST ONLINE (Mar. 21, 2014).) On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Suliman Baldo, the United Nations independent expert on human rights in Mali, recently expressed his concern that crimes committed both by rebel groups and national forces during the 2012 conflict in the northern part of the On February 15, 2014, the Grand National Assembly (GNA) of Turkey passed an omnibus law (Law No. 6524 [in Turkish] (Feb. 15, 2014), GNA website) that amends the following four laws: Law On February 24, 2014, Navanetham Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (UNHCHR), called for an inquiry into the possibility that the two sides in Sri Lanka's civil war both committed war crimes. Potential Constitutional CrisisOn January 31, 2014, it was reported that the Government of Nauru has started the process of drafting a law that would result in the country being placed under emergency On January 1, 2014, a major reform of the Austrian system of administrative justice went into effect. It is based on the Administrative Justice Reform Act of 2012 (Verwaltungsgerichtsbarkeit-Novelle 2012, BUNDESGESETZBLATT I 2012/51), and on On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The Kazakhstan was criticized recently by international human rights organizations for restricting specific religious groups and practices. ( Religious Freedom in Kazakhstan, Berkley Center for Religion, Peace, andamp; World Affairs website (last Thura Aung Ko, a legislator in Burma's (Myanmar's) parliament, announced on September 7, 2013, that legislation will be drafted to create groups to monitor judicial proceedings. The purpose, according to Aung Ko, is to end corruption On July 28, 2013, Peshawar High Court (PHC) Chief Justice Dost Mohammad Khan inaugurated the establishment of mobile courts in the northern Pakistani province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK) to hear civil and criminal disputes. According to a press release from the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY), on May 29, 2013, the Tribunal convicted six former senior Croatian officials of ";crimes against humanity, violations of the laws or On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 3, 2013, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved, on its second reading, a constitutional amendment that creates four additional Federal Regional Tribunals (Tribunais Regionais Federais - TRFs) in the country. The tribunals must be On March 27, 2013, the Court of Appeals of Egypt ordered the reinstatement of the former General Prosecutor, Abdel-Meguid Mahmoud. A chamber within the Court of Appeals King Abdullah II of Jordan issued a royal decree on October 6, 2012, appointing a president and eight members of a newly established Constitutional Court. On November 1, 2012, Teori Zavascki was appointed as a new Minister of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court. Zavascki is taking over the position left open by Minister Cesar Peluso, who retired as required by law On September 18, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) released new guiding cases that were circulated to courts at all levels in the country for judges to The nine justices of the Constitutional Tribunal of Myanmar (Burma) all resigned on September 6, 2012. The abrupt move was made in response to a vote to impeach them taken that day by the Lower House By the end of June 2012, all railway courts in China had been integrated into the national court system, according to a Supreme People's Court (SPC) statement posted on July 30, 2012, on its official website. On August 22, 2012, the African Union and Senegal concluded an agreement on a special tribunal to try Hissandegrave;ne Habr;, the former leader of Chad. The tribunal will be established in Dakar, Senegal, and will consider On August 15, 2012, the King of Bahrain issued a Royal Decree containing Law 38-2012, which amends Law 27-2002 concerning the establishment of the Constitutional Court. Law 38-2012 covers the structure of the Court On August 7, 2012, the East African Court of Justice (EACJ) announced plans to set up sub-registry offices in each of the countries of the East African Community, starting with Rwanda. (East African Court On July 16, 2012, Members of the Tunisian Constituent National Assembly submitted draft legislation for consideration that would create a special court for the purpose of adjudicating crimes related to the Tunisian revolution of January 2011. On June 27, 2012, it was reported that Turkey's ruling party, the Justice and Development Party (AKP) is planning to propose reform of the court system, including abolition of the special authority courts now used to On April 20, 2012, the 47 Member States of the Council of Europe, at a high-level ministerial conference in Brighton, United Kingdom, unanimously voted to adopt a series of measures, known as the "Brighton Declaration," aimed On April 19, 2012, Minister Ayres Britto was inaugurated as the new President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court, with Minister Joaquim Barbosa as the Vice-President. Minister Britto will also preside over the National Council of st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On April 13, 2012, the President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and of the National Council of Justice, Minister Cezar Peluso, On April 3, 2012, the Office of the Prosecutor (OTP) of the International Criminal Court issued a decision holding that the OTP lacks jurisdiction to investigate alleged international crimes committed within the Palestinian territories. (Office of Brazil Federal Supreme Court Elects New President As of April 19, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and the National Council of Justice will have a new president. On March 14, 2012, Minister Ayres On January 30, 2012, the Greek Ministry of Justice, Transparency, and Human Rights submitted to Parliament a bill designed to expedite the administration of justice and guarantee speedier and fairer trials for individuals. (Draft Bill On December 14, 2011, the Mexican Senate approved and submitted for Presidential signature the Ibero-American Convention on the Use of Videoconferencing in International Cooperation Between Justice Systems, which is designed to foster the use of videoconferences On January 12, 2012, another criminal attack occurred against Brazil's judiciary, the third to date in the new year, leaving two people wounded. The incident took place in the city of Rio Claro, in the State On October 6, 2011, a retired military psychologist refused to break client confidentiality in a case in Copenhagen's Eastern High Court and was charged with contempt of court. The court will determine whether she will be On June 15, 2011, it was reported that the Indonesian government had reached an agreement with the country's House of Representatives to amend the legislation that governs the Constitutional Court. (Anita Rachman andamp; Ulma Haryanto, On May 16, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Religious Courts (Assistance Units) Law, 5771-2011. The Law authorizes the Minister of Justice and the Minister of Welfare and Social Services to establish by decree "assistance On April 29, 2011, the Council of the European Union, within the framework of its multi-annual European e-Justice Action Plan of 2009-2012, adopted its conclusions on the introduction of the European Case Law Identifier (ECLI) and The Supreme Court, sitting as a panel of seven judges, has abolished a 400-year-old law that grants expert witnesses testifying in court immunity from charges of breach of duty in contract or negligence. This law was China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) issued a circular on February 15, 2011, calling upon courts at the grassroots level to handle cases more efficiently to reduce the number of appeals, given the increasing number of lawsuits Turkey's Parliament passed a controversial judicial reform bill on February 9, 2011. Under the Law on the Amendment of Certain Laws, the highest level of the judiciary will be restructured. The Court of Appeals (Court of On February 2, 2011, the Minister of Security and Justice of the Netherlands, Ivo Willem Opstelten, submitted a legislative proposal on a preliminary procedure regulation for the timelier handling of cases, in particular those involving major On February 17, 2010, the Portuguese Council of Ministers approved a Resolution designed to improve the efficiency of the judicial system. The Resolution is the result of a project developed by the Ministry of Justice through On January 31, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed an amendment to the Execution Law, 5727-1967. The amendment law gives the Registrar of Execution of Judgments the authority to subpoena persons for an inquiry on their According to a report being prepared by United Nations human rights expert Gabriela Knaul that will be submitted to the Geneva-based U.N. Human Rights Council in June of 2011, Mozambique needs to intensify its efforts to The Thirteenth International Constitutional Justice Forum was held in Saint Petersburg, Russia, on November 18-20, 2010. More than 90 justices, clerks of constitutional courts, and scholars from 14, mostly European, countries discussed modern theory and practice The Special Tribunal for Lebanon (STL) is a mixed international/domestic tribunal whose jurisdiction is limited to investigating and prosecuting one specific domestic crime the bombing of former Prime Minister Rafiq Hariri and related offenses. On October 7, 2010, the State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) of the Russian Federation considered and approved on the first reading a bill aimed at reforming the Russian constitutional justice system. The bill It was recently reported that as part of a project to modernize the judiciary and automate certain court activities in Zambia, 30,000 court records have been digitized and certain court staff received training in managing court... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 07 Oct 2010 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402298_text Global Legal Monitor: England and Wales: Role of Magistrates' Court in Decline? http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402261_text Judiciary - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance Bangladesh Act No XIII of 2014 amended the Constitution of Bangladesh, empowering Parliament to impeach Supreme Court judges. (Sadiat Mannan, Parliament and Judiciary: Striking a Balance, DAILY STAR, (Oct. 20, 2014).) Part On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The On October 20, 2014, a group of law students who had been denied positions in Egypt's public prosecution service filed a petition before the country's administrative court to repeal the decision that had been issued by On October 16, 2014, the European Court of Justice annulled the European Council's 2006 listing of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE, also known as the Tamil Tigers) as a terrorist organization. The step was The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On September 23, 2014, the High Court in Pretoria, South Africa, ruled that the extradition to Botswana of Edwin Samotse, a man sought on murder charges in that country, where he may face the death penalty, The International Criminal Court (ICC) announced on September 5, 2014, that the trial of Uhuru Kenyatta, the President of Kenya, and of the Deputy President, William Ruto, originally planned to begin on October 7, would be Israel's High Court of Justice, with an extended bench of seven justices, recently voided a decision by the Supreme Rabbinical Court instructing a mother to enable the circumcision of her infant son against her will. (The criminal court of Nanterre, a suburb of Paris, recently found a major provider of social housing guilty of ethnic profiling. (Un bailleur HLM condamne pour fichage ethnique [A Social Housing Provider Found Guilty of On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the Kenya's High Court determined on April 14, 2014, that taxpayers have a right under the Constitution to fair administrative action related to their tax payments. (Catherine Mutava, Kenya: Constitutional Right to Expeditious Settlement of Refund Claims, In response to a legal challenge made by the Spanish government, on March 25, 2014, the Constitutional Court (CC) of Spain ruled that the sovereignty declaration passed by Catalonia's regional parliament early last year is unconstitutional. The Japanese Supreme Court has recently reached different conclusions in similar cases involving golf course policies to exclude gang members from playing. Depending on the circumstances, a gang member who deceives the course employees and plays On March 21, 2014, Thailand's Constitutional Court ruled that the country's general election, held on February 2, is invalid. (Court Voids Feb 2 General Election, BANGKOK POST ONLINE (Mar. 21, 2014).) On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Suliman Baldo, the United Nations independent expert on human rights in Mali, recently expressed his concern that crimes committed both by rebel groups and national forces during the 2012 conflict in the northern part of the On February 15, 2014, the Grand National Assembly (GNA) of Turkey passed an omnibus law (Law No. 6524 [in Turkish] (Feb. 15, 2014), GNA website) that amends the following four laws: Law On February 24, 2014, Navanetham Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (UNHCHR), called for an inquiry into the possibility that the two sides in Sri Lanka's civil war both committed war crimes. Potential Constitutional CrisisOn January 31, 2014, it was reported that the Government of Nauru has started the process of drafting a law that would result in the country being placed under emergency On January 1, 2014, a major reform of the Austrian system of administrative justice went into effect. It is based on the Administrative Justice Reform Act of 2012 (Verwaltungsgerichtsbarkeit-Novelle 2012, BUNDESGESETZBLATT I 2012/51), and on On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The Kazakhstan was criticized recently by international human rights organizations for restricting specific religious groups and practices. ( Religious Freedom in Kazakhstan, Berkley Center for Religion, Peace, andamp; World Affairs website (last Thura Aung Ko, a legislator in Burma's (Myanmar's) parliament, announced on September 7, 2013, that legislation will be drafted to create groups to monitor judicial proceedings. The purpose, according to Aung Ko, is to end corruption On July 28, 2013, Peshawar High Court (PHC) Chief Justice Dost Mohammad Khan inaugurated the establishment of mobile courts in the northern Pakistani province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK) to hear civil and criminal disputes. According to a press release from the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY), on May 29, 2013, the Tribunal convicted six former senior Croatian officials of ";crimes against humanity, violations of the laws or On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 3, 2013, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved, on its second reading, a constitutional amendment that creates four additional Federal Regional Tribunals (Tribunais Regionais Federais - TRFs) in the country. The tribunals must be On March 27, 2013, the Court of Appeals of Egypt ordered the reinstatement of the former General Prosecutor, Abdel-Meguid Mahmoud. A chamber within the Court of Appeals King Abdullah II of Jordan issued a royal decree on October 6, 2012, appointing a president and eight members of a newly established Constitutional Court. On November 1, 2012, Teori Zavascki was appointed as a new Minister of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court. Zavascki is taking over the position left open by Minister Cesar Peluso, who retired as required by law On September 18, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) released new guiding cases that were circulated to courts at all levels in the country for judges to The nine justices of the Constitutional Tribunal of Myanmar (Burma) all resigned on September 6, 2012. The abrupt move was made in response to a vote to impeach them taken that day by the Lower House By the end of June 2012, all railway courts in China had been integrated into the national court system, according to a Supreme People's Court (SPC) statement posted on July 30, 2012, on its official website. On August 22, 2012, the African Union and Senegal concluded an agreement on a special tribunal to try Hissandegrave;ne Habr;, the former leader of Chad. The tribunal will be established in Dakar, Senegal, and will consider On August 15, 2012, the King of Bahrain issued a Royal Decree containing Law 38-2012, which amends Law 27-2002 concerning the establishment of the Constitutional Court. Law 38-2012 covers the structure of the Court On August 7, 2012, the East African Court of Justice (EACJ) announced plans to set up sub-registry offices in each of the countries of the East African Community, starting with Rwanda. (East African Court On July 16, 2012, Members of the Tunisian Constituent National Assembly submitted draft legislation for consideration that would create a special court for the purpose of adjudicating crimes related to the Tunisian revolution of January 2011. On June 27, 2012, it was reported that Turkey's ruling party, the Justice and Development Party (AKP) is planning to propose reform of the court system, including abolition of the special authority courts now used to On April 20, 2012, the 47 Member States of the Council of Europe, at a high-level ministerial conference in Brighton, United Kingdom, unanimously voted to adopt a series of measures, known as the "Brighton Declaration," aimed On April 19, 2012, Minister Ayres Britto was inaugurated as the new President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court, with Minister Joaquim Barbosa as the Vice-President. Minister Britto will also preside over the National Council of st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On April 13, 2012, the President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and of the National Council of Justice, Minister Cezar Peluso, On April 3, 2012, the Office of the Prosecutor (OTP) of the International Criminal Court issued a decision holding that the OTP lacks jurisdiction to investigate alleged international crimes committed within the Palestinian territories. (Office of Brazil Federal Supreme Court Elects New President As of April 19, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and the National Council of Justice will have a new president. On March 14, 2012, Minister Ayres On January 30, 2012, the Greek Ministry of Justice, Transparency, and Human Rights submitted to Parliament a bill designed to expedite the administration of justice and guarantee speedier and fairer trials for individuals. (Draft Bill On December 14, 2011, the Mexican Senate approved and submitted for Presidential signature the Ibero-American Convention on the Use of Videoconferencing in International Cooperation Between Justice Systems, which is designed to foster the use of videoconferences On January 12, 2012, another criminal attack occurred against Brazil's judiciary, the third to date in the new year, leaving two people wounded. The incident took place in the city of Rio Claro, in the State On October 6, 2011, a retired military psychologist refused to break client confidentiality in a case in Copenhagen's Eastern High Court and was charged with contempt of court. The court will determine whether she will be On June 15, 2011, it was reported that the Indonesian government had reached an agreement with the country's House of Representatives to amend the legislation that governs the Constitutional Court. (Anita Rachman andamp; Ulma Haryanto, On May 16, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Religious Courts (Assistance Units) Law, 5771-2011. The Law authorizes the Minister of Justice and the Minister of Welfare and Social Services to establish by decree "assistance On April 29, 2011, the Council of the European Union, within the framework of its multi-annual European e-Justice Action Plan of 2009-2012, adopted its conclusions on the introduction of the European Case Law Identifier (ECLI) and The Supreme Court, sitting as a panel of seven judges, has abolished a 400-year-old law that grants expert witnesses testifying in court immunity from charges of breach of duty in contract or negligence. This law was China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) issued a circular on February 15, 2011, calling upon courts at the grassroots level to handle cases more efficiently to reduce the number of appeals, given the increasing number of lawsuits Turkey's Parliament passed a controversial judicial reform bill on February 9, 2011. Under the Law on the Amendment of Certain Laws, the highest level of the judiciary will be restructured. The Court of Appeals (Court of On February 2, 2011, the Minister of Security and Justice of the Netherlands, Ivo Willem Opstelten, submitted a legislative proposal on a preliminary procedure regulation for the timelier handling of cases, in particular those involving major On February 17, 2010, the Portuguese Council of Ministers approved a Resolution designed to improve the efficiency of the judicial system. The Resolution is the result of a project developed by the Ministry of Justice through On January 31, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed an amendment to the Execution Law, 5727-1967. The amendment law gives the Registrar of Execution of Judgments the authority to subpoena persons for an inquiry on their According to a report being prepared by United Nations human rights expert Gabriela Knaul that will be submitted to the Geneva-based U.N. Human Rights Council in June of 2011, Mozambique needs to intensify its efforts to The Thirteenth International Constitutional Justice Forum was held in Saint Petersburg, Russia, on November 18-20, 2010. More than 90 justices, clerks of constitutional courts, and scholars from 14, mostly European, countries discussed modern theory and practice The Special Tribunal for Lebanon (STL) is a mixed international/domestic tribunal whose jurisdiction is limited to investigating and prosecuting one specific domestic crime the bombing of former Prime Minister Rafiq Hariri and related offenses. On October 7, 2010, the State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) of the Russian Federation considered and approved on the first reading a bill aimed at reforming the Russian constitutional justice system. The bill It was recently reported that as part of a project to modernize the judiciary and automate certain court activities in Zambia, 30,000 court records have been digitized and certain court staff received training in managing court The magistrates' courts in England and Wales have witnessed a decline in the number of cases over the past ten years, with over 310,000 offenders fewer heard in 2009 than in 1999. The role of the... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 22 Sep 2010 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402261_text Global Legal Monitor: Cambodia: Rules for Victim Participation, Reparations to Be Considered by Tribunal http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402245_text Judiciary - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance Bangladesh Act No XIII of 2014 amended the Constitution of Bangladesh, empowering Parliament to impeach Supreme Court judges. (Sadiat Mannan, Parliament and Judiciary: Striking a Balance, DAILY STAR, (Oct. 20, 2014).) Part On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The On October 20, 2014, a group of law students who had been denied positions in Egypt's public prosecution service filed a petition before the country's administrative court to repeal the decision that had been issued by On October 16, 2014, the European Court of Justice annulled the European Council's 2006 listing of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE, also known as the Tamil Tigers) as a terrorist organization. The step was The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On September 23, 2014, the High Court in Pretoria, South Africa, ruled that the extradition to Botswana of Edwin Samotse, a man sought on murder charges in that country, where he may face the death penalty, The International Criminal Court (ICC) announced on September 5, 2014, that the trial of Uhuru Kenyatta, the President of Kenya, and of the Deputy President, William Ruto, originally planned to begin on October 7, would be Israel's High Court of Justice, with an extended bench of seven justices, recently voided a decision by the Supreme Rabbinical Court instructing a mother to enable the circumcision of her infant son against her will. (The criminal court of Nanterre, a suburb of Paris, recently found a major provider of social housing guilty of ethnic profiling. (Un bailleur HLM condamne pour fichage ethnique [A Social Housing Provider Found Guilty of On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the Kenya's High Court determined on April 14, 2014, that taxpayers have a right under the Constitution to fair administrative action related to their tax payments. (Catherine Mutava, Kenya: Constitutional Right to Expeditious Settlement of Refund Claims, In response to a legal challenge made by the Spanish government, on March 25, 2014, the Constitutional Court (CC) of Spain ruled that the sovereignty declaration passed by Catalonia's regional parliament early last year is unconstitutional. The Japanese Supreme Court has recently reached different conclusions in similar cases involving golf course policies to exclude gang members from playing. Depending on the circumstances, a gang member who deceives the course employees and plays On March 21, 2014, Thailand's Constitutional Court ruled that the country's general election, held on February 2, is invalid. (Court Voids Feb 2 General Election, BANGKOK POST ONLINE (Mar. 21, 2014).) On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Suliman Baldo, the United Nations independent expert on human rights in Mali, recently expressed his concern that crimes committed both by rebel groups and national forces during the 2012 conflict in the northern part of the On February 15, 2014, the Grand National Assembly (GNA) of Turkey passed an omnibus law (Law No. 6524 [in Turkish] (Feb. 15, 2014), GNA website) that amends the following four laws: Law On February 24, 2014, Navanetham Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (UNHCHR), called for an inquiry into the possibility that the two sides in Sri Lanka's civil war both committed war crimes. Potential Constitutional CrisisOn January 31, 2014, it was reported that the Government of Nauru has started the process of drafting a law that would result in the country being placed under emergency On January 1, 2014, a major reform of the Austrian system of administrative justice went into effect. It is based on the Administrative Justice Reform Act of 2012 (Verwaltungsgerichtsbarkeit-Novelle 2012, BUNDESGESETZBLATT I 2012/51), and on On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The Kazakhstan was criticized recently by international human rights organizations for restricting specific religious groups and practices. ( Religious Freedom in Kazakhstan, Berkley Center for Religion, Peace, andamp; World Affairs website (last Thura Aung Ko, a legislator in Burma's (Myanmar's) parliament, announced on September 7, 2013, that legislation will be drafted to create groups to monitor judicial proceedings. The purpose, according to Aung Ko, is to end corruption On July 28, 2013, Peshawar High Court (PHC) Chief Justice Dost Mohammad Khan inaugurated the establishment of mobile courts in the northern Pakistani province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK) to hear civil and criminal disputes. According to a press release from the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY), on May 29, 2013, the Tribunal convicted six former senior Croatian officials of ";crimes against humanity, violations of the laws or On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 3, 2013, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved, on its second reading, a constitutional amendment that creates four additional Federal Regional Tribunals (Tribunais Regionais Federais - TRFs) in the country. The tribunals must be On March 27, 2013, the Court of Appeals of Egypt ordered the reinstatement of the former General Prosecutor, Abdel-Meguid Mahmoud. A chamber within the Court of Appeals King Abdullah II of Jordan issued a royal decree on October 6, 2012, appointing a president and eight members of a newly established Constitutional Court. On November 1, 2012, Teori Zavascki was appointed as a new Minister of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court. Zavascki is taking over the position left open by Minister Cesar Peluso, who retired as required by law On September 18, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) released new guiding cases that were circulated to courts at all levels in the country for judges to The nine justices of the Constitutional Tribunal of Myanmar (Burma) all resigned on September 6, 2012. The abrupt move was made in response to a vote to impeach them taken that day by the Lower House By the end of June 2012, all railway courts in China had been integrated into the national court system, according to a Supreme People's Court (SPC) statement posted on July 30, 2012, on its official website. On August 22, 2012, the African Union and Senegal concluded an agreement on a special tribunal to try Hissandegrave;ne Habr;, the former leader of Chad. The tribunal will be established in Dakar, Senegal, and will consider On August 15, 2012, the King of Bahrain issued a Royal Decree containing Law 38-2012, which amends Law 27-2002 concerning the establishment of the Constitutional Court. Law 38-2012 covers the structure of the Court On August 7, 2012, the East African Court of Justice (EACJ) announced plans to set up sub-registry offices in each of the countries of the East African Community, starting with Rwanda. (East African Court On July 16, 2012, Members of the Tunisian Constituent National Assembly submitted draft legislation for consideration that would create a special court for the purpose of adjudicating crimes related to the Tunisian revolution of January 2011. On June 27, 2012, it was reported that Turkey's ruling party, the Justice and Development Party (AKP) is planning to propose reform of the court system, including abolition of the special authority courts now used to On April 20, 2012, the 47 Member States of the Council of Europe, at a high-level ministerial conference in Brighton, United Kingdom, unanimously voted to adopt a series of measures, known as the "Brighton Declaration," aimed On April 19, 2012, Minister Ayres Britto was inaugurated as the new President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court, with Minister Joaquim Barbosa as the Vice-President. Minister Britto will also preside over the National Council of st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On April 13, 2012, the President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and of the National Council of Justice, Minister Cezar Peluso, On April 3, 2012, the Office of the Prosecutor (OTP) of the International Criminal Court issued a decision holding that the OTP lacks jurisdiction to investigate alleged international crimes committed within the Palestinian territories. (Office of Brazil Federal Supreme Court Elects New President As of April 19, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and the National Council of Justice will have a new president. On March 14, 2012, Minister Ayres On January 30, 2012, the Greek Ministry of Justice, Transparency, and Human Rights submitted to Parliament a bill designed to expedite the administration of justice and guarantee speedier and fairer trials for individuals. (Draft Bill On December 14, 2011, the Mexican Senate approved and submitted for Presidential signature the Ibero-American Convention on the Use of Videoconferencing in International Cooperation Between Justice Systems, which is designed to foster the use of videoconferences On January 12, 2012, another criminal attack occurred against Brazil's judiciary, the third to date in the new year, leaving two people wounded. The incident took place in the city of Rio Claro, in the State On October 6, 2011, a retired military psychologist refused to break client confidentiality in a case in Copenhagen's Eastern High Court and was charged with contempt of court. The court will determine whether she will be On June 15, 2011, it was reported that the Indonesian government had reached an agreement with the country's House of Representatives to amend the legislation that governs the Constitutional Court. (Anita Rachman andamp; Ulma Haryanto, On May 16, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Religious Courts (Assistance Units) Law, 5771-2011. The Law authorizes the Minister of Justice and the Minister of Welfare and Social Services to establish by decree "assistance On April 29, 2011, the Council of the European Union, within the framework of its multi-annual European e-Justice Action Plan of 2009-2012, adopted its conclusions on the introduction of the European Case Law Identifier (ECLI) and The Supreme Court, sitting as a panel of seven judges, has abolished a 400-year-old law that grants expert witnesses testifying in court immunity from charges of breach of duty in contract or negligence. This law was China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) issued a circular on February 15, 2011, calling upon courts at the grassroots level to handle cases more efficiently to reduce the number of appeals, given the increasing number of lawsuits Turkey's Parliament passed a controversial judicial reform bill on February 9, 2011. Under the Law on the Amendment of Certain Laws, the highest level of the judiciary will be restructured. The Court of Appeals (Court of On February 2, 2011, the Minister of Security and Justice of the Netherlands, Ivo Willem Opstelten, submitted a legislative proposal on a preliminary procedure regulation for the timelier handling of cases, in particular those involving major On February 17, 2010, the Portuguese Council of Ministers approved a Resolution designed to improve the efficiency of the judicial system. The Resolution is the result of a project developed by the Ministry of Justice through On January 31, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed an amendment to the Execution Law, 5727-1967. The amendment law gives the Registrar of Execution of Judgments the authority to subpoena persons for an inquiry on their According to a report being prepared by United Nations human rights expert Gabriela Knaul that will be submitted to the Geneva-based U.N. Human Rights Council in June of 2011, Mozambique needs to intensify its efforts to The Thirteenth International Constitutional Justice Forum was held in Saint Petersburg, Russia, on November 18-20, 2010. More than 90 justices, clerks of constitutional courts, and scholars from 14, mostly European, countries discussed modern theory and practice The Special Tribunal for Lebanon (STL) is a mixed international/domestic tribunal whose jurisdiction is limited to investigating and prosecuting one specific domestic crime the bombing of former Prime Minister Rafiq Hariri and related offenses. On October 7, 2010, the State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) of the Russian Federation considered and approved on the first reading a bill aimed at reforming the Russian constitutional justice system. The bill It was recently reported that as part of a project to modernize the judiciary and automate certain court activities in Zambia, 30,000 court records have been digitized and certain court staff received training in managing court The magistrates' courts in England and Wales have witnessed a decline in the number of cases over the past ten years, with over 310,000 offenders fewer heard in 2009 than in 1999. The role of the The Extraordinary Chambers of the Courts of Cambodia, the body conducting the war crimes trial of members of the Khmer Rouge, opened its eighth plenary session on September 12, 2010. The tribunal will be devoting this... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 17 Sep 2010 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402245_text Global Legal Monitor: International Criminal Court; Kenya: Office to Open with Immunity for Staff, Property, and Witnesses http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402220_text Judiciary - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance Bangladesh Act No XIII of 2014 amended the Constitution of Bangladesh, empowering Parliament to impeach Supreme Court judges. (Sadiat Mannan, Parliament and Judiciary: Striking a Balance, DAILY STAR, (Oct. 20, 2014).) Part On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The On October 20, 2014, a group of law students who had been denied positions in Egypt's public prosecution service filed a petition before the country's administrative court to repeal the decision that had been issued by On October 16, 2014, the European Court of Justice annulled the European Council's 2006 listing of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE, also known as the Tamil Tigers) as a terrorist organization. The step was The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On September 23, 2014, the High Court in Pretoria, South Africa, ruled that the extradition to Botswana of Edwin Samotse, a man sought on murder charges in that country, where he may face the death penalty, The International Criminal Court (ICC) announced on September 5, 2014, that the trial of Uhuru Kenyatta, the President of Kenya, and of the Deputy President, William Ruto, originally planned to begin on October 7, would be Israel's High Court of Justice, with an extended bench of seven justices, recently voided a decision by the Supreme Rabbinical Court instructing a mother to enable the circumcision of her infant son against her will. (The criminal court of Nanterre, a suburb of Paris, recently found a major provider of social housing guilty of ethnic profiling. (Un bailleur HLM condamne pour fichage ethnique [A Social Housing Provider Found Guilty of On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the Kenya's High Court determined on April 14, 2014, that taxpayers have a right under the Constitution to fair administrative action related to their tax payments. (Catherine Mutava, Kenya: Constitutional Right to Expeditious Settlement of Refund Claims, In response to a legal challenge made by the Spanish government, on March 25, 2014, the Constitutional Court (CC) of Spain ruled that the sovereignty declaration passed by Catalonia's regional parliament early last year is unconstitutional. The Japanese Supreme Court has recently reached different conclusions in similar cases involving golf course policies to exclude gang members from playing. Depending on the circumstances, a gang member who deceives the course employees and plays On March 21, 2014, Thailand's Constitutional Court ruled that the country's general election, held on February 2, is invalid. (Court Voids Feb 2 General Election, BANGKOK POST ONLINE (Mar. 21, 2014).) On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Suliman Baldo, the United Nations independent expert on human rights in Mali, recently expressed his concern that crimes committed both by rebel groups and national forces during the 2012 conflict in the northern part of the On February 15, 2014, the Grand National Assembly (GNA) of Turkey passed an omnibus law (Law No. 6524 [in Turkish] (Feb. 15, 2014), GNA website) that amends the following four laws: Law On February 24, 2014, Navanetham Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (UNHCHR), called for an inquiry into the possibility that the two sides in Sri Lanka's civil war both committed war crimes. Potential Constitutional CrisisOn January 31, 2014, it was reported that the Government of Nauru has started the process of drafting a law that would result in the country being placed under emergency On January 1, 2014, a major reform of the Austrian system of administrative justice went into effect. It is based on the Administrative Justice Reform Act of 2012 (Verwaltungsgerichtsbarkeit-Novelle 2012, BUNDESGESETZBLATT I 2012/51), and on On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The Kazakhstan was criticized recently by international human rights organizations for restricting specific religious groups and practices. ( Religious Freedom in Kazakhstan, Berkley Center for Religion, Peace, andamp; World Affairs website (last Thura Aung Ko, a legislator in Burma's (Myanmar's) parliament, announced on September 7, 2013, that legislation will be drafted to create groups to monitor judicial proceedings. The purpose, according to Aung Ko, is to end corruption On July 28, 2013, Peshawar High Court (PHC) Chief Justice Dost Mohammad Khan inaugurated the establishment of mobile courts in the northern Pakistani province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK) to hear civil and criminal disputes. According to a press release from the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY), on May 29, 2013, the Tribunal convicted six former senior Croatian officials of ";crimes against humanity, violations of the laws or On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 3, 2013, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved, on its second reading, a constitutional amendment that creates four additional Federal Regional Tribunals (Tribunais Regionais Federais - TRFs) in the country. The tribunals must be On March 27, 2013, the Court of Appeals of Egypt ordered the reinstatement of the former General Prosecutor, Abdel-Meguid Mahmoud. A chamber within the Court of Appeals King Abdullah II of Jordan issued a royal decree on October 6, 2012, appointing a president and eight members of a newly established Constitutional Court. On November 1, 2012, Teori Zavascki was appointed as a new Minister of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court. Zavascki is taking over the position left open by Minister Cesar Peluso, who retired as required by law On September 18, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) released new guiding cases that were circulated to courts at all levels in the country for judges to The nine justices of the Constitutional Tribunal of Myanmar (Burma) all resigned on September 6, 2012. The abrupt move was made in response to a vote to impeach them taken that day by the Lower House By the end of June 2012, all railway courts in China had been integrated into the national court system, according to a Supreme People's Court (SPC) statement posted on July 30, 2012, on its official website. On August 22, 2012, the African Union and Senegal concluded an agreement on a special tribunal to try Hissandegrave;ne Habr;, the former leader of Chad. The tribunal will be established in Dakar, Senegal, and will consider On August 15, 2012, the King of Bahrain issued a Royal Decree containing Law 38-2012, which amends Law 27-2002 concerning the establishment of the Constitutional Court. Law 38-2012 covers the structure of the Court On August 7, 2012, the East African Court of Justice (EACJ) announced plans to set up sub-registry offices in each of the countries of the East African Community, starting with Rwanda. (East African Court On July 16, 2012, Members of the Tunisian Constituent National Assembly submitted draft legislation for consideration that would create a special court for the purpose of adjudicating crimes related to the Tunisian revolution of January 2011. On June 27, 2012, it was reported that Turkey's ruling party, the Justice and Development Party (AKP) is planning to propose reform of the court system, including abolition of the special authority courts now used to On April 20, 2012, the 47 Member States of the Council of Europe, at a high-level ministerial conference in Brighton, United Kingdom, unanimously voted to adopt a series of measures, known as the "Brighton Declaration," aimed On April 19, 2012, Minister Ayres Britto was inaugurated as the new President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court, with Minister Joaquim Barbosa as the Vice-President. Minister Britto will also preside over the National Council of st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On April 13, 2012, the President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and of the National Council of Justice, Minister Cezar Peluso, On April 3, 2012, the Office of the Prosecutor (OTP) of the International Criminal Court issued a decision holding that the OTP lacks jurisdiction to investigate alleged international crimes committed within the Palestinian territories. (Office of Brazil Federal Supreme Court Elects New President As of April 19, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and the National Council of Justice will have a new president. On March 14, 2012, Minister Ayres On January 30, 2012, the Greek Ministry of Justice, Transparency, and Human Rights submitted to Parliament a bill designed to expedite the administration of justice and guarantee speedier and fairer trials for individuals. (Draft Bill On December 14, 2011, the Mexican Senate approved and submitted for Presidential signature the Ibero-American Convention on the Use of Videoconferencing in International Cooperation Between Justice Systems, which is designed to foster the use of videoconferences On January 12, 2012, another criminal attack occurred against Brazil's judiciary, the third to date in the new year, leaving two people wounded. The incident took place in the city of Rio Claro, in the State On October 6, 2011, a retired military psychologist refused to break client confidentiality in a case in Copenhagen's Eastern High Court and was charged with contempt of court. The court will determine whether she will be On June 15, 2011, it was reported that the Indonesian government had reached an agreement with the country's House of Representatives to amend the legislation that governs the Constitutional Court. (Anita Rachman andamp; Ulma Haryanto, On May 16, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Religious Courts (Assistance Units) Law, 5771-2011. The Law authorizes the Minister of Justice and the Minister of Welfare and Social Services to establish by decree "assistance On April 29, 2011, the Council of the European Union, within the framework of its multi-annual European e-Justice Action Plan of 2009-2012, adopted its conclusions on the introduction of the European Case Law Identifier (ECLI) and The Supreme Court, sitting as a panel of seven judges, has abolished a 400-year-old law that grants expert witnesses testifying in court immunity from charges of breach of duty in contract or negligence. This law was China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) issued a circular on February 15, 2011, calling upon courts at the grassroots level to handle cases more efficiently to reduce the number of appeals, given the increasing number of lawsuits Turkey's Parliament passed a controversial judicial reform bill on February 9, 2011. Under the Law on the Amendment of Certain Laws, the highest level of the judiciary will be restructured. The Court of Appeals (Court of On February 2, 2011, the Minister of Security and Justice of the Netherlands, Ivo Willem Opstelten, submitted a legislative proposal on a preliminary procedure regulation for the timelier handling of cases, in particular those involving major On February 17, 2010, the Portuguese Council of Ministers approved a Resolution designed to improve the efficiency of the judicial system. The Resolution is the result of a project developed by the Ministry of Justice through On January 31, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed an amendment to the Execution Law, 5727-1967. The amendment law gives the Registrar of Execution of Judgments the authority to subpoena persons for an inquiry on their According to a report being prepared by United Nations human rights expert Gabriela Knaul that will be submitted to the Geneva-based U.N. Human Rights Council in June of 2011, Mozambique needs to intensify its efforts to The Thirteenth International Constitutional Justice Forum was held in Saint Petersburg, Russia, on November 18-20, 2010. More than 90 justices, clerks of constitutional courts, and scholars from 14, mostly European, countries discussed modern theory and practice The Special Tribunal for Lebanon (STL) is a mixed international/domestic tribunal whose jurisdiction is limited to investigating and prosecuting one specific domestic crime the bombing of former Prime Minister Rafiq Hariri and related offenses. On October 7, 2010, the State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) of the Russian Federation considered and approved on the first reading a bill aimed at reforming the Russian constitutional justice system. The bill It was recently reported that as part of a project to modernize the judiciary and automate certain court activities in Zambia, 30,000 court records have been digitized and certain court staff received training in managing court The magistrates' courts in England and Wales have witnessed a decline in the number of cases over the past ten years, with over 310,000 offenders fewer heard in 2009 than in 1999. The role of the The Extraordinary Chambers of the Courts of Cambodia, the body conducting the war crimes trial of members of the Khmer Rouge, opened its eighth plenary session on September 12, 2010. The tribunal will be devoting this The Kenyan government signed an agreement with the International Criminal Court (ICC), effective September 3, 2010, to allow the ICC to setup operations in Kenya and to facilitate the ICC's work of investigating and prosecuting perpetrators... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 08 Sep 2010 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402220_text Global Legal Monitor: Switzerland: Federal Procedural Laws Enacted http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402189_text Judiciary - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance Bangladesh Act No XIII of 2014 amended the Constitution of Bangladesh, empowering Parliament to impeach Supreme Court judges. (Sadiat Mannan, Parliament and Judiciary: Striking a Balance, DAILY STAR, (Oct. 20, 2014).) Part On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The On October 20, 2014, a group of law students who had been denied positions in Egypt's public prosecution service filed a petition before the country's administrative court to repeal the decision that had been issued by On October 16, 2014, the European Court of Justice annulled the European Council's 2006 listing of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE, also known as the Tamil Tigers) as a terrorist organization. The step was The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On September 23, 2014, the High Court in Pretoria, South Africa, ruled that the extradition to Botswana of Edwin Samotse, a man sought on murder charges in that country, where he may face the death penalty, The International Criminal Court (ICC) announced on September 5, 2014, that the trial of Uhuru Kenyatta, the President of Kenya, and of the Deputy President, William Ruto, originally planned to begin on October 7, would be Israel's High Court of Justice, with an extended bench of seven justices, recently voided a decision by the Supreme Rabbinical Court instructing a mother to enable the circumcision of her infant son against her will. (The criminal court of Nanterre, a suburb of Paris, recently found a major provider of social housing guilty of ethnic profiling. (Un bailleur HLM condamne pour fichage ethnique [A Social Housing Provider Found Guilty of On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the Kenya's High Court determined on April 14, 2014, that taxpayers have a right under the Constitution to fair administrative action related to their tax payments. (Catherine Mutava, Kenya: Constitutional Right to Expeditious Settlement of Refund Claims, In response to a legal challenge made by the Spanish government, on March 25, 2014, the Constitutional Court (CC) of Spain ruled that the sovereignty declaration passed by Catalonia's regional parliament early last year is unconstitutional. The Japanese Supreme Court has recently reached different conclusions in similar cases involving golf course policies to exclude gang members from playing. Depending on the circumstances, a gang member who deceives the course employees and plays On March 21, 2014, Thailand's Constitutional Court ruled that the country's general election, held on February 2, is invalid. (Court Voids Feb 2 General Election, BANGKOK POST ONLINE (Mar. 21, 2014).) On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Suliman Baldo, the United Nations independent expert on human rights in Mali, recently expressed his concern that crimes committed both by rebel groups and national forces during the 2012 conflict in the northern part of the On February 15, 2014, the Grand National Assembly (GNA) of Turkey passed an omnibus law (Law No. 6524 [in Turkish] (Feb. 15, 2014), GNA website) that amends the following four laws: Law On February 24, 2014, Navanetham Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (UNHCHR), called for an inquiry into the possibility that the two sides in Sri Lanka's civil war both committed war crimes. Potential Constitutional CrisisOn January 31, 2014, it was reported that the Government of Nauru has started the process of drafting a law that would result in the country being placed under emergency On January 1, 2014, a major reform of the Austrian system of administrative justice went into effect. It is based on the Administrative Justice Reform Act of 2012 (Verwaltungsgerichtsbarkeit-Novelle 2012, BUNDESGESETZBLATT I 2012/51), and on On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The Kazakhstan was criticized recently by international human rights organizations for restricting specific religious groups and practices. ( Religious Freedom in Kazakhstan, Berkley Center for Religion, Peace, andamp; World Affairs website (last Thura Aung Ko, a legislator in Burma's (Myanmar's) parliament, announced on September 7, 2013, that legislation will be drafted to create groups to monitor judicial proceedings. The purpose, according to Aung Ko, is to end corruption On July 28, 2013, Peshawar High Court (PHC) Chief Justice Dost Mohammad Khan inaugurated the establishment of mobile courts in the northern Pakistani province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK) to hear civil and criminal disputes. According to a press release from the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY), on May 29, 2013, the Tribunal convicted six former senior Croatian officials of ";crimes against humanity, violations of the laws or On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 3, 2013, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved, on its second reading, a constitutional amendment that creates four additional Federal Regional Tribunals (Tribunais Regionais Federais - TRFs) in the country. The tribunals must be On March 27, 2013, the Court of Appeals of Egypt ordered the reinstatement of the former General Prosecutor, Abdel-Meguid Mahmoud. A chamber within the Court of Appeals King Abdullah II of Jordan issued a royal decree on October 6, 2012, appointing a president and eight members of a newly established Constitutional Court. On November 1, 2012, Teori Zavascki was appointed as a new Minister of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court. Zavascki is taking over the position left open by Minister Cesar Peluso, who retired as required by law On September 18, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) released new guiding cases that were circulated to courts at all levels in the country for judges to The nine justices of the Constitutional Tribunal of Myanmar (Burma) all resigned on September 6, 2012. The abrupt move was made in response to a vote to impeach them taken that day by the Lower House By the end of June 2012, all railway courts in China had been integrated into the national court system, according to a Supreme People's Court (SPC) statement posted on July 30, 2012, on its official website. On August 22, 2012, the African Union and Senegal concluded an agreement on a special tribunal to try Hissandegrave;ne Habr;, the former leader of Chad. The tribunal will be established in Dakar, Senegal, and will consider On August 15, 2012, the King of Bahrain issued a Royal Decree containing Law 38-2012, which amends Law 27-2002 concerning the establishment of the Constitutional Court. Law 38-2012 covers the structure of the Court On August 7, 2012, the East African Court of Justice (EACJ) announced plans to set up sub-registry offices in each of the countries of the East African Community, starting with Rwanda. (East African Court On July 16, 2012, Members of the Tunisian Constituent National Assembly submitted draft legislation for consideration that would create a special court for the purpose of adjudicating crimes related to the Tunisian revolution of January 2011. On June 27, 2012, it was reported that Turkey's ruling party, the Justice and Development Party (AKP) is planning to propose reform of the court system, including abolition of the special authority courts now used to On April 20, 2012, the 47 Member States of the Council of Europe, at a high-level ministerial conference in Brighton, United Kingdom, unanimously voted to adopt a series of measures, known as the "Brighton Declaration," aimed On April 19, 2012, Minister Ayres Britto was inaugurated as the new President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court, with Minister Joaquim Barbosa as the Vice-President. Minister Britto will also preside over the National Council of st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On April 13, 2012, the President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and of the National Council of Justice, Minister Cezar Peluso, On April 3, 2012, the Office of the Prosecutor (OTP) of the International Criminal Court issued a decision holding that the OTP lacks jurisdiction to investigate alleged international crimes committed within the Palestinian territories. (Office of Brazil Federal Supreme Court Elects New President As of April 19, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and the National Council of Justice will have a new president. On March 14, 2012, Minister Ayres On January 30, 2012, the Greek Ministry of Justice, Transparency, and Human Rights submitted to Parliament a bill designed to expedite the administration of justice and guarantee speedier and fairer trials for individuals. (Draft Bill On December 14, 2011, the Mexican Senate approved and submitted for Presidential signature the Ibero-American Convention on the Use of Videoconferencing in International Cooperation Between Justice Systems, which is designed to foster the use of videoconferences On January 12, 2012, another criminal attack occurred against Brazil's judiciary, the third to date in the new year, leaving two people wounded. The incident took place in the city of Rio Claro, in the State On October 6, 2011, a retired military psychologist refused to break client confidentiality in a case in Copenhagen's Eastern High Court and was charged with contempt of court. The court will determine whether she will be On June 15, 2011, it was reported that the Indonesian government had reached an agreement with the country's House of Representatives to amend the legislation that governs the Constitutional Court. (Anita Rachman andamp; Ulma Haryanto, On May 16, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Religious Courts (Assistance Units) Law, 5771-2011. The Law authorizes the Minister of Justice and the Minister of Welfare and Social Services to establish by decree "assistance On April 29, 2011, the Council of the European Union, within the framework of its multi-annual European e-Justice Action Plan of 2009-2012, adopted its conclusions on the introduction of the European Case Law Identifier (ECLI) and The Supreme Court, sitting as a panel of seven judges, has abolished a 400-year-old law that grants expert witnesses testifying in court immunity from charges of breach of duty in contract or negligence. This law was China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) issued a circular on February 15, 2011, calling upon courts at the grassroots level to handle cases more efficiently to reduce the number of appeals, given the increasing number of lawsuits Turkey's Parliament passed a controversial judicial reform bill on February 9, 2011. Under the Law on the Amendment of Certain Laws, the highest level of the judiciary will be restructured. The Court of Appeals (Court of On February 2, 2011, the Minister of Security and Justice of the Netherlands, Ivo Willem Opstelten, submitted a legislative proposal on a preliminary procedure regulation for the timelier handling of cases, in particular those involving major On February 17, 2010, the Portuguese Council of Ministers approved a Resolution designed to improve the efficiency of the judicial system. The Resolution is the result of a project developed by the Ministry of Justice through On January 31, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed an amendment to the Execution Law, 5727-1967. The amendment law gives the Registrar of Execution of Judgments the authority to subpoena persons for an inquiry on their According to a report being prepared by United Nations human rights expert Gabriela Knaul that will be submitted to the Geneva-based U.N. Human Rights Council in June of 2011, Mozambique needs to intensify its efforts to The Thirteenth International Constitutional Justice Forum was held in Saint Petersburg, Russia, on November 18-20, 2010. More than 90 justices, clerks of constitutional courts, and scholars from 14, mostly European, countries discussed modern theory and practice The Special Tribunal for Lebanon (STL) is a mixed international/domestic tribunal whose jurisdiction is limited to investigating and prosecuting one specific domestic crime the bombing of former Prime Minister Rafiq Hariri and related offenses. On October 7, 2010, the State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) of the Russian Federation considered and approved on the first reading a bill aimed at reforming the Russian constitutional justice system. The bill It was recently reported that as part of a project to modernize the judiciary and automate certain court activities in Zambia, 30,000 court records have been digitized and certain court staff received training in managing court The magistrates' courts in England and Wales have witnessed a decline in the number of cases over the past ten years, with over 310,000 offenders fewer heard in 2009 than in 1999. The role of the The Extraordinary Chambers of the Courts of Cambodia, the body conducting the war crimes trial of members of the Khmer Rouge, opened its eighth plenary session on September 12, 2010. The tribunal will be devoting this The Kenyan government signed an agreement with the International Criminal Court (ICC), effective September 3, 2010, to allow the ICC to setup operations in Kenya and to facilitate the ICC's work of investigating and prosecuting perpetrators On January 1, 2011, several federal procedural laws will become effective in Switzerland. These will replace the corresponding laws of the 26 cantons as well as several federal enactments. These new federal laws are:... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 25 Aug 2010 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402189_text Global Legal Monitor: Russia: Chief Justice Insists on Obligatory Role of Judicial Precedents http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402075_text Judiciary - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance Bangladesh Act No XIII of 2014 amended the Constitution of Bangladesh, empowering Parliament to impeach Supreme Court judges. (Sadiat Mannan, Parliament and Judiciary: Striking a Balance, DAILY STAR, (Oct. 20, 2014).) Part On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The On October 20, 2014, a group of law students who had been denied positions in Egypt's public prosecution service filed a petition before the country's administrative court to repeal the decision that had been issued by On October 16, 2014, the European Court of Justice annulled the European Council's 2006 listing of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE, also known as the Tamil Tigers) as a terrorist organization. The step was The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On September 23, 2014, the High Court in Pretoria, South Africa, ruled that the extradition to Botswana of Edwin Samotse, a man sought on murder charges in that country, where he may face the death penalty, The International Criminal Court (ICC) announced on September 5, 2014, that the trial of Uhuru Kenyatta, the President of Kenya, and of the Deputy President, William Ruto, originally planned to begin on October 7, would be Israel's High Court of Justice, with an extended bench of seven justices, recently voided a decision by the Supreme Rabbinical Court instructing a mother to enable the circumcision of her infant son against her will. (The criminal court of Nanterre, a suburb of Paris, recently found a major provider of social housing guilty of ethnic profiling. (Un bailleur HLM condamne pour fichage ethnique [A Social Housing Provider Found Guilty of On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the Kenya's High Court determined on April 14, 2014, that taxpayers have a right under the Constitution to fair administrative action related to their tax payments. (Catherine Mutava, Kenya: Constitutional Right to Expeditious Settlement of Refund Claims, In response to a legal challenge made by the Spanish government, on March 25, 2014, the Constitutional Court (CC) of Spain ruled that the sovereignty declaration passed by Catalonia's regional parliament early last year is unconstitutional. The Japanese Supreme Court has recently reached different conclusions in similar cases involving golf course policies to exclude gang members from playing. Depending on the circumstances, a gang member who deceives the course employees and plays On March 21, 2014, Thailand's Constitutional Court ruled that the country's general election, held on February 2, is invalid. (Court Voids Feb 2 General Election, BANGKOK POST ONLINE (Mar. 21, 2014).) On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Suliman Baldo, the United Nations independent expert on human rights in Mali, recently expressed his concern that crimes committed both by rebel groups and national forces during the 2012 conflict in the northern part of the On February 15, 2014, the Grand National Assembly (GNA) of Turkey passed an omnibus law (Law No. 6524 [in Turkish] (Feb. 15, 2014), GNA website) that amends the following four laws: Law On February 24, 2014, Navanetham Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (UNHCHR), called for an inquiry into the possibility that the two sides in Sri Lanka's civil war both committed war crimes. Potential Constitutional CrisisOn January 31, 2014, it was reported that the Government of Nauru has started the process of drafting a law that would result in the country being placed under emergency On January 1, 2014, a major reform of the Austrian system of administrative justice went into effect. It is based on the Administrative Justice Reform Act of 2012 (Verwaltungsgerichtsbarkeit-Novelle 2012, BUNDESGESETZBLATT I 2012/51), and on On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The Kazakhstan was criticized recently by international human rights organizations for restricting specific religious groups and practices. ( Religious Freedom in Kazakhstan, Berkley Center for Religion, Peace, andamp; World Affairs website (last Thura Aung Ko, a legislator in Burma's (Myanmar's) parliament, announced on September 7, 2013, that legislation will be drafted to create groups to monitor judicial proceedings. The purpose, according to Aung Ko, is to end corruption On July 28, 2013, Peshawar High Court (PHC) Chief Justice Dost Mohammad Khan inaugurated the establishment of mobile courts in the northern Pakistani province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK) to hear civil and criminal disputes. According to a press release from the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY), on May 29, 2013, the Tribunal convicted six former senior Croatian officials of ";crimes against humanity, violations of the laws or On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 3, 2013, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved, on its second reading, a constitutional amendment that creates four additional Federal Regional Tribunals (Tribunais Regionais Federais - TRFs) in the country. The tribunals must be On March 27, 2013, the Court of Appeals of Egypt ordered the reinstatement of the former General Prosecutor, Abdel-Meguid Mahmoud. A chamber within the Court of Appeals King Abdullah II of Jordan issued a royal decree on October 6, 2012, appointing a president and eight members of a newly established Constitutional Court. On November 1, 2012, Teori Zavascki was appointed as a new Minister of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court. Zavascki is taking over the position left open by Minister Cesar Peluso, who retired as required by law On September 18, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) released new guiding cases that were circulated to courts at all levels in the country for judges to The nine justices of the Constitutional Tribunal of Myanmar (Burma) all resigned on September 6, 2012. The abrupt move was made in response to a vote to impeach them taken that day by the Lower House By the end of June 2012, all railway courts in China had been integrated into the national court system, according to a Supreme People's Court (SPC) statement posted on July 30, 2012, on its official website. On August 22, 2012, the African Union and Senegal concluded an agreement on a special tribunal to try Hissandegrave;ne Habr;, the former leader of Chad. The tribunal will be established in Dakar, Senegal, and will consider On August 15, 2012, the King of Bahrain issued a Royal Decree containing Law 38-2012, which amends Law 27-2002 concerning the establishment of the Constitutional Court. Law 38-2012 covers the structure of the Court On August 7, 2012, the East African Court of Justice (EACJ) announced plans to set up sub-registry offices in each of the countries of the East African Community, starting with Rwanda. (East African Court On July 16, 2012, Members of the Tunisian Constituent National Assembly submitted draft legislation for consideration that would create a special court for the purpose of adjudicating crimes related to the Tunisian revolution of January 2011. On June 27, 2012, it was reported that Turkey's ruling party, the Justice and Development Party (AKP) is planning to propose reform of the court system, including abolition of the special authority courts now used to On April 20, 2012, the 47 Member States of the Council of Europe, at a high-level ministerial conference in Brighton, United Kingdom, unanimously voted to adopt a series of measures, known as the "Brighton Declaration," aimed On April 19, 2012, Minister Ayres Britto was inaugurated as the new President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court, with Minister Joaquim Barbosa as the Vice-President. Minister Britto will also preside over the National Council of st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On April 13, 2012, the President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and of the National Council of Justice, Minister Cezar Peluso, On April 3, 2012, the Office of the Prosecutor (OTP) of the International Criminal Court issued a decision holding that the OTP lacks jurisdiction to investigate alleged international crimes committed within the Palestinian territories. (Office of Brazil Federal Supreme Court Elects New President As of April 19, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and the National Council of Justice will have a new president. On March 14, 2012, Minister Ayres On January 30, 2012, the Greek Ministry of Justice, Transparency, and Human Rights submitted to Parliament a bill designed to expedite the administration of justice and guarantee speedier and fairer trials for individuals. (Draft Bill On December 14, 2011, the Mexican Senate approved and submitted for Presidential signature the Ibero-American Convention on the Use of Videoconferencing in International Cooperation Between Justice Systems, which is designed to foster the use of videoconferences On January 12, 2012, another criminal attack occurred against Brazil's judiciary, the third to date in the new year, leaving two people wounded. The incident took place in the city of Rio Claro, in the State On October 6, 2011, a retired military psychologist refused to break client confidentiality in a case in Copenhagen's Eastern High Court and was charged with contempt of court. The court will determine whether she will be On June 15, 2011, it was reported that the Indonesian government had reached an agreement with the country's House of Representatives to amend the legislation that governs the Constitutional Court. (Anita Rachman andamp; Ulma Haryanto, On May 16, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Religious Courts (Assistance Units) Law, 5771-2011. The Law authorizes the Minister of Justice and the Minister of Welfare and Social Services to establish by decree "assistance On April 29, 2011, the Council of the European Union, within the framework of its multi-annual European e-Justice Action Plan of 2009-2012, adopted its conclusions on the introduction of the European Case Law Identifier (ECLI) and The Supreme Court, sitting as a panel of seven judges, has abolished a 400-year-old law that grants expert witnesses testifying in court immunity from charges of breach of duty in contract or negligence. This law was China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) issued a circular on February 15, 2011, calling upon courts at the grassroots level to handle cases more efficiently to reduce the number of appeals, given the increasing number of lawsuits Turkey's Parliament passed a controversial judicial reform bill on February 9, 2011. Under the Law on the Amendment of Certain Laws, the highest level of the judiciary will be restructured. The Court of Appeals (Court of On February 2, 2011, the Minister of Security and Justice of the Netherlands, Ivo Willem Opstelten, submitted a legislative proposal on a preliminary procedure regulation for the timelier handling of cases, in particular those involving major On February 17, 2010, the Portuguese Council of Ministers approved a Resolution designed to improve the efficiency of the judicial system. The Resolution is the result of a project developed by the Ministry of Justice through On January 31, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed an amendment to the Execution Law, 5727-1967. The amendment law gives the Registrar of Execution of Judgments the authority to subpoena persons for an inquiry on their According to a report being prepared by United Nations human rights expert Gabriela Knaul that will be submitted to the Geneva-based U.N. Human Rights Council in June of 2011, Mozambique needs to intensify its efforts to The Thirteenth International Constitutional Justice Forum was held in Saint Petersburg, Russia, on November 18-20, 2010. More than 90 justices, clerks of constitutional courts, and scholars from 14, mostly European, countries discussed modern theory and practice The Special Tribunal for Lebanon (STL) is a mixed international/domestic tribunal whose jurisdiction is limited to investigating and prosecuting one specific domestic crime the bombing of former Prime Minister Rafiq Hariri and related offenses. On October 7, 2010, the State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) of the Russian Federation considered and approved on the first reading a bill aimed at reforming the Russian constitutional justice system. The bill It was recently reported that as part of a project to modernize the judiciary and automate certain court activities in Zambia, 30,000 court records have been digitized and certain court staff received training in managing court The magistrates' courts in England and Wales have witnessed a decline in the number of cases over the past ten years, with over 310,000 offenders fewer heard in 2009 than in 1999. The role of the The Extraordinary Chambers of the Courts of Cambodia, the body conducting the war crimes trial of members of the Khmer Rouge, opened its eighth plenary session on September 12, 2010. The tribunal will be devoting this The Kenyan government signed an agreement with the International Criminal Court (ICC), effective September 3, 2010, to allow the ICC to setup operations in Kenya and to facilitate the ICC's work of investigating and prosecuting perpetrators On January 1, 2011, several federal procedural laws will become effective in Switzerland. These will replace the corresponding laws of the 26 cantons as well as several federal enactments. These new federal laws are: On May 18, 2010, in a speech at the annual meeting of the Council of Judges, Russia's highest professional body for the country's judges, the Chief Justice of the Russian Supreme Court, Viacheslav Lebedev, stated that... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 29 Jun 2010 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402075_text Global Legal Monitor: Russia: Names of All Persons Sentenced by Courts Will Be Published http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402063_text Judiciary - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance Bangladesh Act No XIII of 2014 amended the Constitution of Bangladesh, empowering Parliament to impeach Supreme Court judges. (Sadiat Mannan, Parliament and Judiciary: Striking a Balance, DAILY STAR, (Oct. 20, 2014).) Part On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The On October 20, 2014, a group of law students who had been denied positions in Egypt's public prosecution service filed a petition before the country's administrative court to repeal the decision that had been issued by On October 16, 2014, the European Court of Justice annulled the European Council's 2006 listing of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE, also known as the Tamil Tigers) as a terrorist organization. The step was The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On September 23, 2014, the High Court in Pretoria, South Africa, ruled that the extradition to Botswana of Edwin Samotse, a man sought on murder charges in that country, where he may face the death penalty, The International Criminal Court (ICC) announced on September 5, 2014, that the trial of Uhuru Kenyatta, the President of Kenya, and of the Deputy President, William Ruto, originally planned to begin on October 7, would be Israel's High Court of Justice, with an extended bench of seven justices, recently voided a decision by the Supreme Rabbinical Court instructing a mother to enable the circumcision of her infant son against her will. (The criminal court of Nanterre, a suburb of Paris, recently found a major provider of social housing guilty of ethnic profiling. (Un bailleur HLM condamne pour fichage ethnique [A Social Housing Provider Found Guilty of On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the Kenya's High Court determined on April 14, 2014, that taxpayers have a right under the Constitution to fair administrative action related to their tax payments. (Catherine Mutava, Kenya: Constitutional Right to Expeditious Settlement of Refund Claims, In response to a legal challenge made by the Spanish government, on March 25, 2014, the Constitutional Court (CC) of Spain ruled that the sovereignty declaration passed by Catalonia's regional parliament early last year is unconstitutional. The Japanese Supreme Court has recently reached different conclusions in similar cases involving golf course policies to exclude gang members from playing. Depending on the circumstances, a gang member who deceives the course employees and plays On March 21, 2014, Thailand's Constitutional Court ruled that the country's general election, held on February 2, is invalid. (Court Voids Feb 2 General Election, BANGKOK POST ONLINE (Mar. 21, 2014).) On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Suliman Baldo, the United Nations independent expert on human rights in Mali, recently expressed his concern that crimes committed both by rebel groups and national forces during the 2012 conflict in the northern part of the On February 15, 2014, the Grand National Assembly (GNA) of Turkey passed an omnibus law (Law No. 6524 [in Turkish] (Feb. 15, 2014), GNA website) that amends the following four laws: Law On February 24, 2014, Navanetham Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (UNHCHR), called for an inquiry into the possibility that the two sides in Sri Lanka's civil war both committed war crimes. Potential Constitutional CrisisOn January 31, 2014, it was reported that the Government of Nauru has started the process of drafting a law that would result in the country being placed under emergency On January 1, 2014, a major reform of the Austrian system of administrative justice went into effect. It is based on the Administrative Justice Reform Act of 2012 (Verwaltungsgerichtsbarkeit-Novelle 2012, BUNDESGESETZBLATT I 2012/51), and on On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The Kazakhstan was criticized recently by international human rights organizations for restricting specific religious groups and practices. ( Religious Freedom in Kazakhstan, Berkley Center for Religion, Peace, andamp; World Affairs website (last Thura Aung Ko, a legislator in Burma's (Myanmar's) parliament, announced on September 7, 2013, that legislation will be drafted to create groups to monitor judicial proceedings. The purpose, according to Aung Ko, is to end corruption On July 28, 2013, Peshawar High Court (PHC) Chief Justice Dost Mohammad Khan inaugurated the establishment of mobile courts in the northern Pakistani province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK) to hear civil and criminal disputes. According to a press release from the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY), on May 29, 2013, the Tribunal convicted six former senior Croatian officials of ";crimes against humanity, violations of the laws or On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 3, 2013, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved, on its second reading, a constitutional amendment that creates four additional Federal Regional Tribunals (Tribunais Regionais Federais - TRFs) in the country. The tribunals must be On March 27, 2013, the Court of Appeals of Egypt ordered the reinstatement of the former General Prosecutor, Abdel-Meguid Mahmoud. A chamber within the Court of Appeals King Abdullah II of Jordan issued a royal decree on October 6, 2012, appointing a president and eight members of a newly established Constitutional Court. On November 1, 2012, Teori Zavascki was appointed as a new Minister of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court. Zavascki is taking over the position left open by Minister Cesar Peluso, who retired as required by law On September 18, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) released new guiding cases that were circulated to courts at all levels in the country for judges to The nine justices of the Constitutional Tribunal of Myanmar (Burma) all resigned on September 6, 2012. The abrupt move was made in response to a vote to impeach them taken that day by the Lower House By the end of June 2012, all railway courts in China had been integrated into the national court system, according to a Supreme People's Court (SPC) statement posted on July 30, 2012, on its official website. On August 22, 2012, the African Union and Senegal concluded an agreement on a special tribunal to try Hissandegrave;ne Habr;, the former leader of Chad. The tribunal will be established in Dakar, Senegal, and will consider On August 15, 2012, the King of Bahrain issued a Royal Decree containing Law 38-2012, which amends Law 27-2002 concerning the establishment of the Constitutional Court. Law 38-2012 covers the structure of the Court On August 7, 2012, the East African Court of Justice (EACJ) announced plans to set up sub-registry offices in each of the countries of the East African Community, starting with Rwanda. (East African Court On July 16, 2012, Members of the Tunisian Constituent National Assembly submitted draft legislation for consideration that would create a special court for the purpose of adjudicating crimes related to the Tunisian revolution of January 2011. On June 27, 2012, it was reported that Turkey's ruling party, the Justice and Development Party (AKP) is planning to propose reform of the court system, including abolition of the special authority courts now used to On April 20, 2012, the 47 Member States of the Council of Europe, at a high-level ministerial conference in Brighton, United Kingdom, unanimously voted to adopt a series of measures, known as the "Brighton Declaration," aimed On April 19, 2012, Minister Ayres Britto was inaugurated as the new President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court, with Minister Joaquim Barbosa as the Vice-President. Minister Britto will also preside over the National Council of st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On April 13, 2012, the President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and of the National Council of Justice, Minister Cezar Peluso, On April 3, 2012, the Office of the Prosecutor (OTP) of the International Criminal Court issued a decision holding that the OTP lacks jurisdiction to investigate alleged international crimes committed within the Palestinian territories. (Office of Brazil Federal Supreme Court Elects New President As of April 19, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and the National Council of Justice will have a new president. On March 14, 2012, Minister Ayres On January 30, 2012, the Greek Ministry of Justice, Transparency, and Human Rights submitted to Parliament a bill designed to expedite the administration of justice and guarantee speedier and fairer trials for individuals. (Draft Bill On December 14, 2011, the Mexican Senate approved and submitted for Presidential signature the Ibero-American Convention on the Use of Videoconferencing in International Cooperation Between Justice Systems, which is designed to foster the use of videoconferences On January 12, 2012, another criminal attack occurred against Brazil's judiciary, the third to date in the new year, leaving two people wounded. The incident took place in the city of Rio Claro, in the State On October 6, 2011, a retired military psychologist refused to break client confidentiality in a case in Copenhagen's Eastern High Court and was charged with contempt of court. The court will determine whether she will be On June 15, 2011, it was reported that the Indonesian government had reached an agreement with the country's House of Representatives to amend the legislation that governs the Constitutional Court. (Anita Rachman andamp; Ulma Haryanto, On May 16, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Religious Courts (Assistance Units) Law, 5771-2011. The Law authorizes the Minister of Justice and the Minister of Welfare and Social Services to establish by decree "assistance On April 29, 2011, the Council of the European Union, within the framework of its multi-annual European e-Justice Action Plan of 2009-2012, adopted its conclusions on the introduction of the European Case Law Identifier (ECLI) and The Supreme Court, sitting as a panel of seven judges, has abolished a 400-year-old law that grants expert witnesses testifying in court immunity from charges of breach of duty in contract or negligence. This law was China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) issued a circular on February 15, 2011, calling upon courts at the grassroots level to handle cases more efficiently to reduce the number of appeals, given the increasing number of lawsuits Turkey's Parliament passed a controversial judicial reform bill on February 9, 2011. Under the Law on the Amendment of Certain Laws, the highest level of the judiciary will be restructured. The Court of Appeals (Court of On February 2, 2011, the Minister of Security and Justice of the Netherlands, Ivo Willem Opstelten, submitted a legislative proposal on a preliminary procedure regulation for the timelier handling of cases, in particular those involving major On February 17, 2010, the Portuguese Council of Ministers approved a Resolution designed to improve the efficiency of the judicial system. The Resolution is the result of a project developed by the Ministry of Justice through On January 31, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed an amendment to the Execution Law, 5727-1967. The amendment law gives the Registrar of Execution of Judgments the authority to subpoena persons for an inquiry on their According to a report being prepared by United Nations human rights expert Gabriela Knaul that will be submitted to the Geneva-based U.N. Human Rights Council in June of 2011, Mozambique needs to intensify its efforts to The Thirteenth International Constitutional Justice Forum was held in Saint Petersburg, Russia, on November 18-20, 2010. More than 90 justices, clerks of constitutional courts, and scholars from 14, mostly European, countries discussed modern theory and practice The Special Tribunal for Lebanon (STL) is a mixed international/domestic tribunal whose jurisdiction is limited to investigating and prosecuting one specific domestic crime the bombing of former Prime Minister Rafiq Hariri and related offenses. On October 7, 2010, the State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) of the Russian Federation considered and approved on the first reading a bill aimed at reforming the Russian constitutional justice system. The bill It was recently reported that as part of a project to modernize the judiciary and automate certain court activities in Zambia, 30,000 court records have been digitized and certain court staff received training in managing court The magistrates' courts in England and Wales have witnessed a decline in the number of cases over the past ten years, with over 310,000 offenders fewer heard in 2009 than in 1999. The role of the The Extraordinary Chambers of the Courts of Cambodia, the body conducting the war crimes trial of members of the Khmer Rouge, opened its eighth plenary session on September 12, 2010. The tribunal will be devoting this The Kenyan government signed an agreement with the International Criminal Court (ICC), effective September 3, 2010, to allow the ICC to setup operations in Kenya and to facilitate the ICC's work of investigating and prosecuting perpetrators On January 1, 2011, several federal procedural laws will become effective in Switzerland. These will replace the corresponding laws of the 26 cantons as well as several federal enactments. These new federal laws are: On May 18, 2010, in a speech at the annual meeting of the Council of Judges, Russia's highest professional body for the country's judges, the Chief Justice of the Russian Supreme Court, Viacheslav Lebedev, stated that The Federal Law of the Russian Federation on Information Related to the Activities of the Federal Judiciary (Information on Judiciary Law) will enter into force on July 1, 2010. The Law provides for publication of all... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 21 Jun 2010 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402063_text Global Legal Monitor: Cambodia; United Nations: Funds Sought for Genocide Court http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401942_text Judiciary - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance Bangladesh Act No XIII of 2014 amended the Constitution of Bangladesh, empowering Parliament to impeach Supreme Court judges. (Sadiat Mannan, Parliament and Judiciary: Striking a Balance, DAILY STAR, (Oct. 20, 2014).) Part On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The On October 20, 2014, a group of law students who had been denied positions in Egypt's public prosecution service filed a petition before the country's administrative court to repeal the decision that had been issued by On October 16, 2014, the European Court of Justice annulled the European Council's 2006 listing of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE, also known as the Tamil Tigers) as a terrorist organization. The step was The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On September 23, 2014, the High Court in Pretoria, South Africa, ruled that the extradition to Botswana of Edwin Samotse, a man sought on murder charges in that country, where he may face the death penalty, The International Criminal Court (ICC) announced on September 5, 2014, that the trial of Uhuru Kenyatta, the President of Kenya, and of the Deputy President, William Ruto, originally planned to begin on October 7, would be Israel's High Court of Justice, with an extended bench of seven justices, recently voided a decision by the Supreme Rabbinical Court instructing a mother to enable the circumcision of her infant son against her will. (The criminal court of Nanterre, a suburb of Paris, recently found a major provider of social housing guilty of ethnic profiling. (Un bailleur HLM condamne pour fichage ethnique [A Social Housing Provider Found Guilty of On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the Kenya's High Court determined on April 14, 2014, that taxpayers have a right under the Constitution to fair administrative action related to their tax payments. (Catherine Mutava, Kenya: Constitutional Right to Expeditious Settlement of Refund Claims, In response to a legal challenge made by the Spanish government, on March 25, 2014, the Constitutional Court (CC) of Spain ruled that the sovereignty declaration passed by Catalonia's regional parliament early last year is unconstitutional. The Japanese Supreme Court has recently reached different conclusions in similar cases involving golf course policies to exclude gang members from playing. Depending on the circumstances, a gang member who deceives the course employees and plays On March 21, 2014, Thailand's Constitutional Court ruled that the country's general election, held on February 2, is invalid. (Court Voids Feb 2 General Election, BANGKOK POST ONLINE (Mar. 21, 2014).) On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Suliman Baldo, the United Nations independent expert on human rights in Mali, recently expressed his concern that crimes committed both by rebel groups and national forces during the 2012 conflict in the northern part of the On February 15, 2014, the Grand National Assembly (GNA) of Turkey passed an omnibus law (Law No. 6524 [in Turkish] (Feb. 15, 2014), GNA website) that amends the following four laws: Law On February 24, 2014, Navanetham Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (UNHCHR), called for an inquiry into the possibility that the two sides in Sri Lanka's civil war both committed war crimes. Potential Constitutional CrisisOn January 31, 2014, it was reported that the Government of Nauru has started the process of drafting a law that would result in the country being placed under emergency On January 1, 2014, a major reform of the Austrian system of administrative justice went into effect. It is based on the Administrative Justice Reform Act of 2012 (Verwaltungsgerichtsbarkeit-Novelle 2012, BUNDESGESETZBLATT I 2012/51), and on On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The Kazakhstan was criticized recently by international human rights organizations for restricting specific religious groups and practices. ( Religious Freedom in Kazakhstan, Berkley Center for Religion, Peace, andamp; World Affairs website (last Thura Aung Ko, a legislator in Burma's (Myanmar's) parliament, announced on September 7, 2013, that legislation will be drafted to create groups to monitor judicial proceedings. The purpose, according to Aung Ko, is to end corruption On July 28, 2013, Peshawar High Court (PHC) Chief Justice Dost Mohammad Khan inaugurated the establishment of mobile courts in the northern Pakistani province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK) to hear civil and criminal disputes. According to a press release from the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY), on May 29, 2013, the Tribunal convicted six former senior Croatian officials of ";crimes against humanity, violations of the laws or On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 3, 2013, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved, on its second reading, a constitutional amendment that creates four additional Federal Regional Tribunals (Tribunais Regionais Federais - TRFs) in the country. The tribunals must be On March 27, 2013, the Court of Appeals of Egypt ordered the reinstatement of the former General Prosecutor, Abdel-Meguid Mahmoud. A chamber within the Court of Appeals King Abdullah II of Jordan issued a royal decree on October 6, 2012, appointing a president and eight members of a newly established Constitutional Court. On November 1, 2012, Teori Zavascki was appointed as a new Minister of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court. Zavascki is taking over the position left open by Minister Cesar Peluso, who retired as required by law On September 18, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) released new guiding cases that were circulated to courts at all levels in the country for judges to The nine justices of the Constitutional Tribunal of Myanmar (Burma) all resigned on September 6, 2012. The abrupt move was made in response to a vote to impeach them taken that day by the Lower House By the end of June 2012, all railway courts in China had been integrated into the national court system, according to a Supreme People's Court (SPC) statement posted on July 30, 2012, on its official website. On August 22, 2012, the African Union and Senegal concluded an agreement on a special tribunal to try Hissandegrave;ne Habr;, the former leader of Chad. The tribunal will be established in Dakar, Senegal, and will consider On August 15, 2012, the King of Bahrain issued a Royal Decree containing Law 38-2012, which amends Law 27-2002 concerning the establishment of the Constitutional Court. Law 38-2012 covers the structure of the Court On August 7, 2012, the East African Court of Justice (EACJ) announced plans to set up sub-registry offices in each of the countries of the East African Community, starting with Rwanda. (East African Court On July 16, 2012, Members of the Tunisian Constituent National Assembly submitted draft legislation for consideration that would create a special court for the purpose of adjudicating crimes related to the Tunisian revolution of January 2011. On June 27, 2012, it was reported that Turkey's ruling party, the Justice and Development Party (AKP) is planning to propose reform of the court system, including abolition of the special authority courts now used to On April 20, 2012, the 47 Member States of the Council of Europe, at a high-level ministerial conference in Brighton, United Kingdom, unanimously voted to adopt a series of measures, known as the "Brighton Declaration," aimed On April 19, 2012, Minister Ayres Britto was inaugurated as the new President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court, with Minister Joaquim Barbosa as the Vice-President. Minister Britto will also preside over the National Council of st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On April 13, 2012, the President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and of the National Council of Justice, Minister Cezar Peluso, On April 3, 2012, the Office of the Prosecutor (OTP) of the International Criminal Court issued a decision holding that the OTP lacks jurisdiction to investigate alleged international crimes committed within the Palestinian territories. (Office of Brazil Federal Supreme Court Elects New President As of April 19, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and the National Council of Justice will have a new president. On March 14, 2012, Minister Ayres On January 30, 2012, the Greek Ministry of Justice, Transparency, and Human Rights submitted to Parliament a bill designed to expedite the administration of justice and guarantee speedier and fairer trials for individuals. (Draft Bill On December 14, 2011, the Mexican Senate approved and submitted for Presidential signature the Ibero-American Convention on the Use of Videoconferencing in International Cooperation Between Justice Systems, which is designed to foster the use of videoconferences On January 12, 2012, another criminal attack occurred against Brazil's judiciary, the third to date in the new year, leaving two people wounded. The incident took place in the city of Rio Claro, in the State On October 6, 2011, a retired military psychologist refused to break client confidentiality in a case in Copenhagen's Eastern High Court and was charged with contempt of court. The court will determine whether she will be On June 15, 2011, it was reported that the Indonesian government had reached an agreement with the country's House of Representatives to amend the legislation that governs the Constitutional Court. (Anita Rachman andamp; Ulma Haryanto, On May 16, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Religious Courts (Assistance Units) Law, 5771-2011. The Law authorizes the Minister of Justice and the Minister of Welfare and Social Services to establish by decree "assistance On April 29, 2011, the Council of the European Union, within the framework of its multi-annual European e-Justice Action Plan of 2009-2012, adopted its conclusions on the introduction of the European Case Law Identifier (ECLI) and The Supreme Court, sitting as a panel of seven judges, has abolished a 400-year-old law that grants expert witnesses testifying in court immunity from charges of breach of duty in contract or negligence. This law was China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) issued a circular on February 15, 2011, calling upon courts at the grassroots level to handle cases more efficiently to reduce the number of appeals, given the increasing number of lawsuits Turkey's Parliament passed a controversial judicial reform bill on February 9, 2011. Under the Law on the Amendment of Certain Laws, the highest level of the judiciary will be restructured. The Court of Appeals (Court of On February 2, 2011, the Minister of Security and Justice of the Netherlands, Ivo Willem Opstelten, submitted a legislative proposal on a preliminary procedure regulation for the timelier handling of cases, in particular those involving major On February 17, 2010, the Portuguese Council of Ministers approved a Resolution designed to improve the efficiency of the judicial system. The Resolution is the result of a project developed by the Ministry of Justice through On January 31, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed an amendment to the Execution Law, 5727-1967. The amendment law gives the Registrar of Execution of Judgments the authority to subpoena persons for an inquiry on their According to a report being prepared by United Nations human rights expert Gabriela Knaul that will be submitted to the Geneva-based U.N. Human Rights Council in June of 2011, Mozambique needs to intensify its efforts to The Thirteenth International Constitutional Justice Forum was held in Saint Petersburg, Russia, on November 18-20, 2010. More than 90 justices, clerks of constitutional courts, and scholars from 14, mostly European, countries discussed modern theory and practice The Special Tribunal for Lebanon (STL) is a mixed international/domestic tribunal whose jurisdiction is limited to investigating and prosecuting one specific domestic crime the bombing of former Prime Minister Rafiq Hariri and related offenses. On October 7, 2010, the State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) of the Russian Federation considered and approved on the first reading a bill aimed at reforming the Russian constitutional justice system. The bill It was recently reported that as part of a project to modernize the judiciary and automate certain court activities in Zambia, 30,000 court records have been digitized and certain court staff received training in managing court The magistrates' courts in England and Wales have witnessed a decline in the number of cases over the past ten years, with over 310,000 offenders fewer heard in 2009 than in 1999. The role of the The Extraordinary Chambers of the Courts of Cambodia, the body conducting the war crimes trial of members of the Khmer Rouge, opened its eighth plenary session on September 12, 2010. The tribunal will be devoting this The Kenyan government signed an agreement with the International Criminal Court (ICC), effective September 3, 2010, to allow the ICC to setup operations in Kenya and to facilitate the ICC's work of investigating and prosecuting perpetrators On January 1, 2011, several federal procedural laws will become effective in Switzerland. These will replace the corresponding laws of the 26 cantons as well as several federal enactments. These new federal laws are: On May 18, 2010, in a speech at the annual meeting of the Council of Judges, Russia's highest professional body for the country's judges, the Chief Justice of the Russian Supreme Court, Viacheslav Lebedev, stated that The Federal Law of the Russian Federation on Information Related to the Activities of the Federal Judiciary (Information on Judiciary Law) will enter into force on July 1, 2010. The Law provides for publication of all On April 19, 2010, United Nations Under Secretary-General Patricia O'Brien, the U.N. Legal Counsel, called for donors to contribute funds to support the genocide tribunal in Cambodia. The tribunal, the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 22 Apr 2010 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401942_text Global Legal Monitor: United Nations: Appeals Tribunal Hears First Cases http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401909_text Judiciary - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance Bangladesh Act No XIII of 2014 amended the Constitution of Bangladesh, empowering Parliament to impeach Supreme Court judges. (Sadiat Mannan, Parliament and Judiciary: Striking a Balance, DAILY STAR, (Oct. 20, 2014).) Part On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The On October 20, 2014, a group of law students who had been denied positions in Egypt's public prosecution service filed a petition before the country's administrative court to repeal the decision that had been issued by On October 16, 2014, the European Court of Justice annulled the European Council's 2006 listing of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE, also known as the Tamil Tigers) as a terrorist organization. The step was The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On September 23, 2014, the High Court in Pretoria, South Africa, ruled that the extradition to Botswana of Edwin Samotse, a man sought on murder charges in that country, where he may face the death penalty, The International Criminal Court (ICC) announced on September 5, 2014, that the trial of Uhuru Kenyatta, the President of Kenya, and of the Deputy President, William Ruto, originally planned to begin on October 7, would be Israel's High Court of Justice, with an extended bench of seven justices, recently voided a decision by the Supreme Rabbinical Court instructing a mother to enable the circumcision of her infant son against her will. (The criminal court of Nanterre, a suburb of Paris, recently found a major provider of social housing guilty of ethnic profiling. (Un bailleur HLM condamne pour fichage ethnique [A Social Housing Provider Found Guilty of On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the Kenya's High Court determined on April 14, 2014, that taxpayers have a right under the Constitution to fair administrative action related to their tax payments. (Catherine Mutava, Kenya: Constitutional Right to Expeditious Settlement of Refund Claims, In response to a legal challenge made by the Spanish government, on March 25, 2014, the Constitutional Court (CC) of Spain ruled that the sovereignty declaration passed by Catalonia's regional parliament early last year is unconstitutional. The Japanese Supreme Court has recently reached different conclusions in similar cases involving golf course policies to exclude gang members from playing. Depending on the circumstances, a gang member who deceives the course employees and plays On March 21, 2014, Thailand's Constitutional Court ruled that the country's general election, held on February 2, is invalid. (Court Voids Feb 2 General Election, BANGKOK POST ONLINE (Mar. 21, 2014).) On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Suliman Baldo, the United Nations independent expert on human rights in Mali, recently expressed his concern that crimes committed both by rebel groups and national forces during the 2012 conflict in the northern part of the On February 15, 2014, the Grand National Assembly (GNA) of Turkey passed an omnibus law (Law No. 6524 [in Turkish] (Feb. 15, 2014), GNA website) that amends the following four laws: Law On February 24, 2014, Navanetham Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (UNHCHR), called for an inquiry into the possibility that the two sides in Sri Lanka's civil war both committed war crimes. Potential Constitutional CrisisOn January 31, 2014, it was reported that the Government of Nauru has started the process of drafting a law that would result in the country being placed under emergency On January 1, 2014, a major reform of the Austrian system of administrative justice went into effect. It is based on the Administrative Justice Reform Act of 2012 (Verwaltungsgerichtsbarkeit-Novelle 2012, BUNDESGESETZBLATT I 2012/51), and on On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The Kazakhstan was criticized recently by international human rights organizations for restricting specific religious groups and practices. ( Religious Freedom in Kazakhstan, Berkley Center for Religion, Peace, andamp; World Affairs website (last Thura Aung Ko, a legislator in Burma's (Myanmar's) parliament, announced on September 7, 2013, that legislation will be drafted to create groups to monitor judicial proceedings. The purpose, according to Aung Ko, is to end corruption On July 28, 2013, Peshawar High Court (PHC) Chief Justice Dost Mohammad Khan inaugurated the establishment of mobile courts in the northern Pakistani province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK) to hear civil and criminal disputes. According to a press release from the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY), on May 29, 2013, the Tribunal convicted six former senior Croatian officials of ";crimes against humanity, violations of the laws or On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 3, 2013, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved, on its second reading, a constitutional amendment that creates four additional Federal Regional Tribunals (Tribunais Regionais Federais - TRFs) in the country. The tribunals must be On March 27, 2013, the Court of Appeals of Egypt ordered the reinstatement of the former General Prosecutor, Abdel-Meguid Mahmoud. A chamber within the Court of Appeals King Abdullah II of Jordan issued a royal decree on October 6, 2012, appointing a president and eight members of a newly established Constitutional Court. On November 1, 2012, Teori Zavascki was appointed as a new Minister of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court. Zavascki is taking over the position left open by Minister Cesar Peluso, who retired as required by law On September 18, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) released new guiding cases that were circulated to courts at all levels in the country for judges to The nine justices of the Constitutional Tribunal of Myanmar (Burma) all resigned on September 6, 2012. The abrupt move was made in response to a vote to impeach them taken that day by the Lower House By the end of June 2012, all railway courts in China had been integrated into the national court system, according to a Supreme People's Court (SPC) statement posted on July 30, 2012, on its official website. On August 22, 2012, the African Union and Senegal concluded an agreement on a special tribunal to try Hissandegrave;ne Habr;, the former leader of Chad. The tribunal will be established in Dakar, Senegal, and will consider On August 15, 2012, the King of Bahrain issued a Royal Decree containing Law 38-2012, which amends Law 27-2002 concerning the establishment of the Constitutional Court. Law 38-2012 covers the structure of the Court On August 7, 2012, the East African Court of Justice (EACJ) announced plans to set up sub-registry offices in each of the countries of the East African Community, starting with Rwanda. (East African Court On July 16, 2012, Members of the Tunisian Constituent National Assembly submitted draft legislation for consideration that would create a special court for the purpose of adjudicating crimes related to the Tunisian revolution of January 2011. On June 27, 2012, it was reported that Turkey's ruling party, the Justice and Development Party (AKP) is planning to propose reform of the court system, including abolition of the special authority courts now used to On April 20, 2012, the 47 Member States of the Council of Europe, at a high-level ministerial conference in Brighton, United Kingdom, unanimously voted to adopt a series of measures, known as the "Brighton Declaration," aimed On April 19, 2012, Minister Ayres Britto was inaugurated as the new President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court, with Minister Joaquim Barbosa as the Vice-President. Minister Britto will also preside over the National Council of st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On April 13, 2012, the President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and of the National Council of Justice, Minister Cezar Peluso, On April 3, 2012, the Office of the Prosecutor (OTP) of the International Criminal Court issued a decision holding that the OTP lacks jurisdiction to investigate alleged international crimes committed within the Palestinian territories. (Office of Brazil Federal Supreme Court Elects New President As of April 19, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and the National Council of Justice will have a new president. On March 14, 2012, Minister Ayres On January 30, 2012, the Greek Ministry of Justice, Transparency, and Human Rights submitted to Parliament a bill designed to expedite the administration of justice and guarantee speedier and fairer trials for individuals. (Draft Bill On December 14, 2011, the Mexican Senate approved and submitted for Presidential signature the Ibero-American Convention on the Use of Videoconferencing in International Cooperation Between Justice Systems, which is designed to foster the use of videoconferences On January 12, 2012, another criminal attack occurred against Brazil's judiciary, the third to date in the new year, leaving two people wounded. The incident took place in the city of Rio Claro, in the State On October 6, 2011, a retired military psychologist refused to break client confidentiality in a case in Copenhagen's Eastern High Court and was charged with contempt of court. The court will determine whether she will be On June 15, 2011, it was reported that the Indonesian government had reached an agreement with the country's House of Representatives to amend the legislation that governs the Constitutional Court. (Anita Rachman andamp; Ulma Haryanto, On May 16, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Religious Courts (Assistance Units) Law, 5771-2011. The Law authorizes the Minister of Justice and the Minister of Welfare and Social Services to establish by decree "assistance On April 29, 2011, the Council of the European Union, within the framework of its multi-annual European e-Justice Action Plan of 2009-2012, adopted its conclusions on the introduction of the European Case Law Identifier (ECLI) and The Supreme Court, sitting as a panel of seven judges, has abolished a 400-year-old law that grants expert witnesses testifying in court immunity from charges of breach of duty in contract or negligence. This law was China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) issued a circular on February 15, 2011, calling upon courts at the grassroots level to handle cases more efficiently to reduce the number of appeals, given the increasing number of lawsuits Turkey's Parliament passed a controversial judicial reform bill on February 9, 2011. Under the Law on the Amendment of Certain Laws, the highest level of the judiciary will be restructured. The Court of Appeals (Court of On February 2, 2011, the Minister of Security and Justice of the Netherlands, Ivo Willem Opstelten, submitted a legislative proposal on a preliminary procedure regulation for the timelier handling of cases, in particular those involving major On February 17, 2010, the Portuguese Council of Ministers approved a Resolution designed to improve the efficiency of the judicial system. The Resolution is the result of a project developed by the Ministry of Justice through On January 31, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed an amendment to the Execution Law, 5727-1967. The amendment law gives the Registrar of Execution of Judgments the authority to subpoena persons for an inquiry on their According to a report being prepared by United Nations human rights expert Gabriela Knaul that will be submitted to the Geneva-based U.N. Human Rights Council in June of 2011, Mozambique needs to intensify its efforts to The Thirteenth International Constitutional Justice Forum was held in Saint Petersburg, Russia, on November 18-20, 2010. More than 90 justices, clerks of constitutional courts, and scholars from 14, mostly European, countries discussed modern theory and practice The Special Tribunal for Lebanon (STL) is a mixed international/domestic tribunal whose jurisdiction is limited to investigating and prosecuting one specific domestic crime the bombing of former Prime Minister Rafiq Hariri and related offenses. On October 7, 2010, the State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) of the Russian Federation considered and approved on the first reading a bill aimed at reforming the Russian constitutional justice system. The bill It was recently reported that as part of a project to modernize the judiciary and automate certain court activities in Zambia, 30,000 court records have been digitized and certain court staff received training in managing court The magistrates' courts in England and Wales have witnessed a decline in the number of cases over the past ten years, with over 310,000 offenders fewer heard in 2009 than in 1999. The role of the The Extraordinary Chambers of the Courts of Cambodia, the body conducting the war crimes trial of members of the Khmer Rouge, opened its eighth plenary session on September 12, 2010. The tribunal will be devoting this The Kenyan government signed an agreement with the International Criminal Court (ICC), effective September 3, 2010, to allow the ICC to setup operations in Kenya and to facilitate the ICC's work of investigating and prosecuting perpetrators On January 1, 2011, several federal procedural laws will become effective in Switzerland. These will replace the corresponding laws of the 26 cantons as well as several federal enactments. These new federal laws are: On May 18, 2010, in a speech at the annual meeting of the Council of Judges, Russia's highest professional body for the country's judges, the Chief Justice of the Russian Supreme Court, Viacheslav Lebedev, stated that The Federal Law of the Russian Federation on Information Related to the Activities of the Federal Judiciary (Information on Judiciary Law) will enter into force on July 1, 2010. The Law provides for publication of all On April 19, 2010, United Nations Under Secretary-General Patricia O'Brien, the U.N. Legal Counsel, called for donors to contribute funds to support the genocide tribunal in Cambodia. The tribunal, the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of The United Nations internal appeals tribunal, established in 2009 to handle disputes between staff members and managers of the international body, handled 33 cases in its first session. The judgments will be translated into all the... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 08 Apr 2010 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401909_text Global Legal Monitor: European Court of Human Rights: Members of Council of Europe Agree to Proceed in Further Reform of European Court of Human Rights http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401892_text Judiciary - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance Bangladesh Act No XIII of 2014 amended the Constitution of Bangladesh, empowering Parliament to impeach Supreme Court judges. (Sadiat Mannan, Parliament and Judiciary: Striking a Balance, DAILY STAR, (Oct. 20, 2014).) Part On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The On October 20, 2014, a group of law students who had been denied positions in Egypt's public prosecution service filed a petition before the country's administrative court to repeal the decision that had been issued by On October 16, 2014, the European Court of Justice annulled the European Council's 2006 listing of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE, also known as the Tamil Tigers) as a terrorist organization. The step was The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On September 23, 2014, the High Court in Pretoria, South Africa, ruled that the extradition to Botswana of Edwin Samotse, a man sought on murder charges in that country, where he may face the death penalty, The International Criminal Court (ICC) announced on September 5, 2014, that the trial of Uhuru Kenyatta, the President of Kenya, and of the Deputy President, William Ruto, originally planned to begin on October 7, would be Israel's High Court of Justice, with an extended bench of seven justices, recently voided a decision by the Supreme Rabbinical Court instructing a mother to enable the circumcision of her infant son against her will. (The criminal court of Nanterre, a suburb of Paris, recently found a major provider of social housing guilty of ethnic profiling. (Un bailleur HLM condamne pour fichage ethnique [A Social Housing Provider Found Guilty of On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the Kenya's High Court determined on April 14, 2014, that taxpayers have a right under the Constitution to fair administrative action related to their tax payments. (Catherine Mutava, Kenya: Constitutional Right to Expeditious Settlement of Refund Claims, In response to a legal challenge made by the Spanish government, on March 25, 2014, the Constitutional Court (CC) of Spain ruled that the sovereignty declaration passed by Catalonia's regional parliament early last year is unconstitutional. The Japanese Supreme Court has recently reached different conclusions in similar cases involving golf course policies to exclude gang members from playing. Depending on the circumstances, a gang member who deceives the course employees and plays On March 21, 2014, Thailand's Constitutional Court ruled that the country's general election, held on February 2, is invalid. (Court Voids Feb 2 General Election, BANGKOK POST ONLINE (Mar. 21, 2014).) On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Suliman Baldo, the United Nations independent expert on human rights in Mali, recently expressed his concern that crimes committed both by rebel groups and national forces during the 2012 conflict in the northern part of the On February 15, 2014, the Grand National Assembly (GNA) of Turkey passed an omnibus law (Law No. 6524 [in Turkish] (Feb. 15, 2014), GNA website) that amends the following four laws: Law On February 24, 2014, Navanetham Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (UNHCHR), called for an inquiry into the possibility that the two sides in Sri Lanka's civil war both committed war crimes. Potential Constitutional CrisisOn January 31, 2014, it was reported that the Government of Nauru has started the process of drafting a law that would result in the country being placed under emergency On January 1, 2014, a major reform of the Austrian system of administrative justice went into effect. It is based on the Administrative Justice Reform Act of 2012 (Verwaltungsgerichtsbarkeit-Novelle 2012, BUNDESGESETZBLATT I 2012/51), and on On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The Kazakhstan was criticized recently by international human rights organizations for restricting specific religious groups and practices. ( Religious Freedom in Kazakhstan, Berkley Center for Religion, Peace, andamp; World Affairs website (last Thura Aung Ko, a legislator in Burma's (Myanmar's) parliament, announced on September 7, 2013, that legislation will be drafted to create groups to monitor judicial proceedings. The purpose, according to Aung Ko, is to end corruption On July 28, 2013, Peshawar High Court (PHC) Chief Justice Dost Mohammad Khan inaugurated the establishment of mobile courts in the northern Pakistani province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK) to hear civil and criminal disputes. According to a press release from the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY), on May 29, 2013, the Tribunal convicted six former senior Croatian officials of ";crimes against humanity, violations of the laws or On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 3, 2013, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved, on its second reading, a constitutional amendment that creates four additional Federal Regional Tribunals (Tribunais Regionais Federais - TRFs) in the country. The tribunals must be On March 27, 2013, the Court of Appeals of Egypt ordered the reinstatement of the former General Prosecutor, Abdel-Meguid Mahmoud. A chamber within the Court of Appeals King Abdullah II of Jordan issued a royal decree on October 6, 2012, appointing a president and eight members of a newly established Constitutional Court. On November 1, 2012, Teori Zavascki was appointed as a new Minister of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court. Zavascki is taking over the position left open by Minister Cesar Peluso, who retired as required by law On September 18, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) released new guiding cases that were circulated to courts at all levels in the country for judges to The nine justices of the Constitutional Tribunal of Myanmar (Burma) all resigned on September 6, 2012. The abrupt move was made in response to a vote to impeach them taken that day by the Lower House By the end of June 2012, all railway courts in China had been integrated into the national court system, according to a Supreme People's Court (SPC) statement posted on July 30, 2012, on its official website. On August 22, 2012, the African Union and Senegal concluded an agreement on a special tribunal to try Hissandegrave;ne Habr;, the former leader of Chad. The tribunal will be established in Dakar, Senegal, and will consider On August 15, 2012, the King of Bahrain issued a Royal Decree containing Law 38-2012, which amends Law 27-2002 concerning the establishment of the Constitutional Court. Law 38-2012 covers the structure of the Court On August 7, 2012, the East African Court of Justice (EACJ) announced plans to set up sub-registry offices in each of the countries of the East African Community, starting with Rwanda. (East African Court On July 16, 2012, Members of the Tunisian Constituent National Assembly submitted draft legislation for consideration that would create a special court for the purpose of adjudicating crimes related to the Tunisian revolution of January 2011. On June 27, 2012, it was reported that Turkey's ruling party, the Justice and Development Party (AKP) is planning to propose reform of the court system, including abolition of the special authority courts now used to On April 20, 2012, the 47 Member States of the Council of Europe, at a high-level ministerial conference in Brighton, United Kingdom, unanimously voted to adopt a series of measures, known as the "Brighton Declaration," aimed On April 19, 2012, Minister Ayres Britto was inaugurated as the new President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court, with Minister Joaquim Barbosa as the Vice-President. Minister Britto will also preside over the National Council of st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On April 13, 2012, the President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and of the National Council of Justice, Minister Cezar Peluso, On April 3, 2012, the Office of the Prosecutor (OTP) of the International Criminal Court issued a decision holding that the OTP lacks jurisdiction to investigate alleged international crimes committed within the Palestinian territories. (Office of Brazil Federal Supreme Court Elects New President As of April 19, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and the National Council of Justice will have a new president. On March 14, 2012, Minister Ayres On January 30, 2012, the Greek Ministry of Justice, Transparency, and Human Rights submitted to Parliament a bill designed to expedite the administration of justice and guarantee speedier and fairer trials for individuals. (Draft Bill On December 14, 2011, the Mexican Senate approved and submitted for Presidential signature the Ibero-American Convention on the Use of Videoconferencing in International Cooperation Between Justice Systems, which is designed to foster the use of videoconferences On January 12, 2012, another criminal attack occurred against Brazil's judiciary, the third to date in the new year, leaving two people wounded. The incident took place in the city of Rio Claro, in the State On October 6, 2011, a retired military psychologist refused to break client confidentiality in a case in Copenhagen's Eastern High Court and was charged with contempt of court. The court will determine whether she will be On June 15, 2011, it was reported that the Indonesian government had reached an agreement with the country's House of Representatives to amend the legislation that governs the Constitutional Court. (Anita Rachman andamp; Ulma Haryanto, On May 16, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Religious Courts (Assistance Units) Law, 5771-2011. The Law authorizes the Minister of Justice and the Minister of Welfare and Social Services to establish by decree "assistance On April 29, 2011, the Council of the European Union, within the framework of its multi-annual European e-Justice Action Plan of 2009-2012, adopted its conclusions on the introduction of the European Case Law Identifier (ECLI) and The Supreme Court, sitting as a panel of seven judges, has abolished a 400-year-old law that grants expert witnesses testifying in court immunity from charges of breach of duty in contract or negligence. This law was China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) issued a circular on February 15, 2011, calling upon courts at the grassroots level to handle cases more efficiently to reduce the number of appeals, given the increasing number of lawsuits Turkey's Parliament passed a controversial judicial reform bill on February 9, 2011. Under the Law on the Amendment of Certain Laws, the highest level of the judiciary will be restructured. The Court of Appeals (Court of On February 2, 2011, the Minister of Security and Justice of the Netherlands, Ivo Willem Opstelten, submitted a legislative proposal on a preliminary procedure regulation for the timelier handling of cases, in particular those involving major On February 17, 2010, the Portuguese Council of Ministers approved a Resolution designed to improve the efficiency of the judicial system. The Resolution is the result of a project developed by the Ministry of Justice through On January 31, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed an amendment to the Execution Law, 5727-1967. The amendment law gives the Registrar of Execution of Judgments the authority to subpoena persons for an inquiry on their According to a report being prepared by United Nations human rights expert Gabriela Knaul that will be submitted to the Geneva-based U.N. Human Rights Council in June of 2011, Mozambique needs to intensify its efforts to The Thirteenth International Constitutional Justice Forum was held in Saint Petersburg, Russia, on November 18-20, 2010. More than 90 justices, clerks of constitutional courts, and scholars from 14, mostly European, countries discussed modern theory and practice The Special Tribunal for Lebanon (STL) is a mixed international/domestic tribunal whose jurisdiction is limited to investigating and prosecuting one specific domestic crime the bombing of former Prime Minister Rafiq Hariri and related offenses. On October 7, 2010, the State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) of the Russian Federation considered and approved on the first reading a bill aimed at reforming the Russian constitutional justice system. The bill It was recently reported that as part of a project to modernize the judiciary and automate certain court activities in Zambia, 30,000 court records have been digitized and certain court staff received training in managing court The magistrates' courts in England and Wales have witnessed a decline in the number of cases over the past ten years, with over 310,000 offenders fewer heard in 2009 than in 1999. The role of the The Extraordinary Chambers of the Courts of Cambodia, the body conducting the war crimes trial of members of the Khmer Rouge, opened its eighth plenary session on September 12, 2010. The tribunal will be devoting this The Kenyan government signed an agreement with the International Criminal Court (ICC), effective September 3, 2010, to allow the ICC to setup operations in Kenya and to facilitate the ICC's work of investigating and prosecuting perpetrators On January 1, 2011, several federal procedural laws will become effective in Switzerland. These will replace the corresponding laws of the 26 cantons as well as several federal enactments. These new federal laws are: On May 18, 2010, in a speech at the annual meeting of the Council of Judges, Russia's highest professional body for the country's judges, the Chief Justice of the Russian Supreme Court, Viacheslav Lebedev, stated that The Federal Law of the Russian Federation on Information Related to the Activities of the Federal Judiciary (Information on Judiciary Law) will enter into force on July 1, 2010. The Law provides for publication of all On April 19, 2010, United Nations Under Secretary-General Patricia O'Brien, the U.N. Legal Counsel, called for donors to contribute funds to support the genocide tribunal in Cambodia. The tribunal, the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of The United Nations internal appeals tribunal, established in 2009 to handle disputes between staff members and managers of the international body, handled 33 cases in its first session. The judgments will be translated into all the Reform of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) was the forefront issue of a conference held in Interlaken, Switzerland, on February 10, 2010, by ministers from 27 members of the Council of Europe (COE),... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 30 Mar 2010 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401892_text Global Legal Monitor: Nepal: Fast-Track Courts Ordered for Cases Involving Women, Children http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401837_text Judiciary - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance Bangladesh Act No XIII of 2014 amended the Constitution of Bangladesh, empowering Parliament to impeach Supreme Court judges. (Sadiat Mannan, Parliament and Judiciary: Striking a Balance, DAILY STAR, (Oct. 20, 2014).) Part On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The On October 20, 2014, a group of law students who had been denied positions in Egypt's public prosecution service filed a petition before the country's administrative court to repeal the decision that had been issued by On October 16, 2014, the European Court of Justice annulled the European Council's 2006 listing of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE, also known as the Tamil Tigers) as a terrorist organization. The step was The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On September 23, 2014, the High Court in Pretoria, South Africa, ruled that the extradition to Botswana of Edwin Samotse, a man sought on murder charges in that country, where he may face the death penalty, The International Criminal Court (ICC) announced on September 5, 2014, that the trial of Uhuru Kenyatta, the President of Kenya, and of the Deputy President, William Ruto, originally planned to begin on October 7, would be Israel's High Court of Justice, with an extended bench of seven justices, recently voided a decision by the Supreme Rabbinical Court instructing a mother to enable the circumcision of her infant son against her will. (The criminal court of Nanterre, a suburb of Paris, recently found a major provider of social housing guilty of ethnic profiling. (Un bailleur HLM condamne pour fichage ethnique [A Social Housing Provider Found Guilty of On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the Kenya's High Court determined on April 14, 2014, that taxpayers have a right under the Constitution to fair administrative action related to their tax payments. (Catherine Mutava, Kenya: Constitutional Right to Expeditious Settlement of Refund Claims, In response to a legal challenge made by the Spanish government, on March 25, 2014, the Constitutional Court (CC) of Spain ruled that the sovereignty declaration passed by Catalonia's regional parliament early last year is unconstitutional. The Japanese Supreme Court has recently reached different conclusions in similar cases involving golf course policies to exclude gang members from playing. Depending on the circumstances, a gang member who deceives the course employees and plays On March 21, 2014, Thailand's Constitutional Court ruled that the country's general election, held on February 2, is invalid. (Court Voids Feb 2 General Election, BANGKOK POST ONLINE (Mar. 21, 2014).) On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Suliman Baldo, the United Nations independent expert on human rights in Mali, recently expressed his concern that crimes committed both by rebel groups and national forces during the 2012 conflict in the northern part of the On February 15, 2014, the Grand National Assembly (GNA) of Turkey passed an omnibus law (Law No. 6524 [in Turkish] (Feb. 15, 2014), GNA website) that amends the following four laws: Law On February 24, 2014, Navanetham Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (UNHCHR), called for an inquiry into the possibility that the two sides in Sri Lanka's civil war both committed war crimes. Potential Constitutional CrisisOn January 31, 2014, it was reported that the Government of Nauru has started the process of drafting a law that would result in the country being placed under emergency On January 1, 2014, a major reform of the Austrian system of administrative justice went into effect. It is based on the Administrative Justice Reform Act of 2012 (Verwaltungsgerichtsbarkeit-Novelle 2012, BUNDESGESETZBLATT I 2012/51), and on On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The Kazakhstan was criticized recently by international human rights organizations for restricting specific religious groups and practices. ( Religious Freedom in Kazakhstan, Berkley Center for Religion, Peace, andamp; World Affairs website (last Thura Aung Ko, a legislator in Burma's (Myanmar's) parliament, announced on September 7, 2013, that legislation will be drafted to create groups to monitor judicial proceedings. The purpose, according to Aung Ko, is to end corruption On July 28, 2013, Peshawar High Court (PHC) Chief Justice Dost Mohammad Khan inaugurated the establishment of mobile courts in the northern Pakistani province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK) to hear civil and criminal disputes. According to a press release from the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY), on May 29, 2013, the Tribunal convicted six former senior Croatian officials of ";crimes against humanity, violations of the laws or On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 3, 2013, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved, on its second reading, a constitutional amendment that creates four additional Federal Regional Tribunals (Tribunais Regionais Federais - TRFs) in the country. The tribunals must be On March 27, 2013, the Court of Appeals of Egypt ordered the reinstatement of the former General Prosecutor, Abdel-Meguid Mahmoud. A chamber within the Court of Appeals King Abdullah II of Jordan issued a royal decree on October 6, 2012, appointing a president and eight members of a newly established Constitutional Court. On November 1, 2012, Teori Zavascki was appointed as a new Minister of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court. Zavascki is taking over the position left open by Minister Cesar Peluso, who retired as required by law On September 18, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) released new guiding cases that were circulated to courts at all levels in the country for judges to The nine justices of the Constitutional Tribunal of Myanmar (Burma) all resigned on September 6, 2012. The abrupt move was made in response to a vote to impeach them taken that day by the Lower House By the end of June 2012, all railway courts in China had been integrated into the national court system, according to a Supreme People's Court (SPC) statement posted on July 30, 2012, on its official website. On August 22, 2012, the African Union and Senegal concluded an agreement on a special tribunal to try Hissandegrave;ne Habr;, the former leader of Chad. The tribunal will be established in Dakar, Senegal, and will consider On August 15, 2012, the King of Bahrain issued a Royal Decree containing Law 38-2012, which amends Law 27-2002 concerning the establishment of the Constitutional Court. Law 38-2012 covers the structure of the Court On August 7, 2012, the East African Court of Justice (EACJ) announced plans to set up sub-registry offices in each of the countries of the East African Community, starting with Rwanda. (East African Court On July 16, 2012, Members of the Tunisian Constituent National Assembly submitted draft legislation for consideration that would create a special court for the purpose of adjudicating crimes related to the Tunisian revolution of January 2011. On June 27, 2012, it was reported that Turkey's ruling party, the Justice and Development Party (AKP) is planning to propose reform of the court system, including abolition of the special authority courts now used to On April 20, 2012, the 47 Member States of the Council of Europe, at a high-level ministerial conference in Brighton, United Kingdom, unanimously voted to adopt a series of measures, known as the "Brighton Declaration," aimed On April 19, 2012, Minister Ayres Britto was inaugurated as the new President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court, with Minister Joaquim Barbosa as the Vice-President. Minister Britto will also preside over the National Council of st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On April 13, 2012, the President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and of the National Council of Justice, Minister Cezar Peluso, On April 3, 2012, the Office of the Prosecutor (OTP) of the International Criminal Court issued a decision holding that the OTP lacks jurisdiction to investigate alleged international crimes committed within the Palestinian territories. (Office of Brazil Federal Supreme Court Elects New President As of April 19, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and the National Council of Justice will have a new president. On March 14, 2012, Minister Ayres On January 30, 2012, the Greek Ministry of Justice, Transparency, and Human Rights submitted to Parliament a bill designed to expedite the administration of justice and guarantee speedier and fairer trials for individuals. (Draft Bill On December 14, 2011, the Mexican Senate approved and submitted for Presidential signature the Ibero-American Convention on the Use of Videoconferencing in International Cooperation Between Justice Systems, which is designed to foster the use of videoconferences On January 12, 2012, another criminal attack occurred against Brazil's judiciary, the third to date in the new year, leaving two people wounded. The incident took place in the city of Rio Claro, in the State On October 6, 2011, a retired military psychologist refused to break client confidentiality in a case in Copenhagen's Eastern High Court and was charged with contempt of court. The court will determine whether she will be On June 15, 2011, it was reported that the Indonesian government had reached an agreement with the country's House of Representatives to amend the legislation that governs the Constitutional Court. (Anita Rachman andamp; Ulma Haryanto, On May 16, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Religious Courts (Assistance Units) Law, 5771-2011. The Law authorizes the Minister of Justice and the Minister of Welfare and Social Services to establish by decree "assistance On April 29, 2011, the Council of the European Union, within the framework of its multi-annual European e-Justice Action Plan of 2009-2012, adopted its conclusions on the introduction of the European Case Law Identifier (ECLI) and The Supreme Court, sitting as a panel of seven judges, has abolished a 400-year-old law that grants expert witnesses testifying in court immunity from charges of breach of duty in contract or negligence. This law was China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) issued a circular on February 15, 2011, calling upon courts at the grassroots level to handle cases more efficiently to reduce the number of appeals, given the increasing number of lawsuits Turkey's Parliament passed a controversial judicial reform bill on February 9, 2011. Under the Law on the Amendment of Certain Laws, the highest level of the judiciary will be restructured. The Court of Appeals (Court of On February 2, 2011, the Minister of Security and Justice of the Netherlands, Ivo Willem Opstelten, submitted a legislative proposal on a preliminary procedure regulation for the timelier handling of cases, in particular those involving major On February 17, 2010, the Portuguese Council of Ministers approved a Resolution designed to improve the efficiency of the judicial system. The Resolution is the result of a project developed by the Ministry of Justice through On January 31, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed an amendment to the Execution Law, 5727-1967. The amendment law gives the Registrar of Execution of Judgments the authority to subpoena persons for an inquiry on their According to a report being prepared by United Nations human rights expert Gabriela Knaul that will be submitted to the Geneva-based U.N. Human Rights Council in June of 2011, Mozambique needs to intensify its efforts to The Thirteenth International Constitutional Justice Forum was held in Saint Petersburg, Russia, on November 18-20, 2010. More than 90 justices, clerks of constitutional courts, and scholars from 14, mostly European, countries discussed modern theory and practice The Special Tribunal for Lebanon (STL) is a mixed international/domestic tribunal whose jurisdiction is limited to investigating and prosecuting one specific domestic crime the bombing of former Prime Minister Rafiq Hariri and related offenses. On October 7, 2010, the State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) of the Russian Federation considered and approved on the first reading a bill aimed at reforming the Russian constitutional justice system. The bill It was recently reported that as part of a project to modernize the judiciary and automate certain court activities in Zambia, 30,000 court records have been digitized and certain court staff received training in managing court The magistrates' courts in England and Wales have witnessed a decline in the number of cases over the past ten years, with over 310,000 offenders fewer heard in 2009 than in 1999. The role of the The Extraordinary Chambers of the Courts of Cambodia, the body conducting the war crimes trial of members of the Khmer Rouge, opened its eighth plenary session on September 12, 2010. The tribunal will be devoting this The Kenyan government signed an agreement with the International Criminal Court (ICC), effective September 3, 2010, to allow the ICC to setup operations in Kenya and to facilitate the ICC's work of investigating and prosecuting perpetrators On January 1, 2011, several federal procedural laws will become effective in Switzerland. These will replace the corresponding laws of the 26 cantons as well as several federal enactments. These new federal laws are: On May 18, 2010, in a speech at the annual meeting of the Council of Judges, Russia's highest professional body for the country's judges, the Chief Justice of the Russian Supreme Court, Viacheslav Lebedev, stated that The Federal Law of the Russian Federation on Information Related to the Activities of the Federal Judiciary (Information on Judiciary Law) will enter into force on July 1, 2010. The Law provides for publication of all On April 19, 2010, United Nations Under Secretary-General Patricia O'Brien, the U.N. Legal Counsel, called for donors to contribute funds to support the genocide tribunal in Cambodia. The tribunal, the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of The United Nations internal appeals tribunal, established in 2009 to handle disputes between staff members and managers of the international body, handled 33 cases in its first session. The judgments will be translated into all the Reform of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) was the forefront issue of a conference held in Interlaken, Switzerland, on February 10, 2010, by ministers from 27 members of the Council of Europe (COE), On February 23, 2010, Nepal's Supreme Court made public a judgment that mandates the establishment by government authorities of a system of fast-track courts for cases involving women and children. To that end, those authorities... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 24 Feb 2010 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401837_text Global Legal Monitor: African Union: Hybrid Court to Try Perpetrators of Darfur Crimes http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401655_text Judiciary - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance Bangladesh Act No XIII of 2014 amended the Constitution of Bangladesh, empowering Parliament to impeach Supreme Court judges. (Sadiat Mannan, Parliament and Judiciary: Striking a Balance, DAILY STAR, (Oct. 20, 2014).) Part On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The On October 20, 2014, a group of law students who had been denied positions in Egypt's public prosecution service filed a petition before the country's administrative court to repeal the decision that had been issued by On October 16, 2014, the European Court of Justice annulled the European Council's 2006 listing of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE, also known as the Tamil Tigers) as a terrorist organization. The step was The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On September 23, 2014, the High Court in Pretoria, South Africa, ruled that the extradition to Botswana of Edwin Samotse, a man sought on murder charges in that country, where he may face the death penalty, The International Criminal Court (ICC) announced on September 5, 2014, that the trial of Uhuru Kenyatta, the President of Kenya, and of the Deputy President, William Ruto, originally planned to begin on October 7, would be Israel's High Court of Justice, with an extended bench of seven justices, recently voided a decision by the Supreme Rabbinical Court instructing a mother to enable the circumcision of her infant son against her will. (The criminal court of Nanterre, a suburb of Paris, recently found a major provider of social housing guilty of ethnic profiling. (Un bailleur HLM condamne pour fichage ethnique [A Social Housing Provider Found Guilty of On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the Kenya's High Court determined on April 14, 2014, that taxpayers have a right under the Constitution to fair administrative action related to their tax payments. (Catherine Mutava, Kenya: Constitutional Right to Expeditious Settlement of Refund Claims, In response to a legal challenge made by the Spanish government, on March 25, 2014, the Constitutional Court (CC) of Spain ruled that the sovereignty declaration passed by Catalonia's regional parliament early last year is unconstitutional. The Japanese Supreme Court has recently reached different conclusions in similar cases involving golf course policies to exclude gang members from playing. Depending on the circumstances, a gang member who deceives the course employees and plays On March 21, 2014, Thailand's Constitutional Court ruled that the country's general election, held on February 2, is invalid. (Court Voids Feb 2 General Election, BANGKOK POST ONLINE (Mar. 21, 2014).) On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Suliman Baldo, the United Nations independent expert on human rights in Mali, recently expressed his concern that crimes committed both by rebel groups and national forces during the 2012 conflict in the northern part of the On February 15, 2014, the Grand National Assembly (GNA) of Turkey passed an omnibus law (Law No. 6524 [in Turkish] (Feb. 15, 2014), GNA website) that amends the following four laws: Law On February 24, 2014, Navanetham Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (UNHCHR), called for an inquiry into the possibility that the two sides in Sri Lanka's civil war both committed war crimes. Potential Constitutional CrisisOn January 31, 2014, it was reported that the Government of Nauru has started the process of drafting a law that would result in the country being placed under emergency On January 1, 2014, a major reform of the Austrian system of administrative justice went into effect. It is based on the Administrative Justice Reform Act of 2012 (Verwaltungsgerichtsbarkeit-Novelle 2012, BUNDESGESETZBLATT I 2012/51), and on On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The Kazakhstan was criticized recently by international human rights organizations for restricting specific religious groups and practices. ( Religious Freedom in Kazakhstan, Berkley Center for Religion, Peace, andamp; World Affairs website (last Thura Aung Ko, a legislator in Burma's (Myanmar's) parliament, announced on September 7, 2013, that legislation will be drafted to create groups to monitor judicial proceedings. The purpose, according to Aung Ko, is to end corruption On July 28, 2013, Peshawar High Court (PHC) Chief Justice Dost Mohammad Khan inaugurated the establishment of mobile courts in the northern Pakistani province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK) to hear civil and criminal disputes. According to a press release from the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY), on May 29, 2013, the Tribunal convicted six former senior Croatian officials of ";crimes against humanity, violations of the laws or On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 3, 2013, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved, on its second reading, a constitutional amendment that creates four additional Federal Regional Tribunals (Tribunais Regionais Federais - TRFs) in the country. The tribunals must be On March 27, 2013, the Court of Appeals of Egypt ordered the reinstatement of the former General Prosecutor, Abdel-Meguid Mahmoud. A chamber within the Court of Appeals King Abdullah II of Jordan issued a royal decree on October 6, 2012, appointing a president and eight members of a newly established Constitutional Court. On November 1, 2012, Teori Zavascki was appointed as a new Minister of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court. Zavascki is taking over the position left open by Minister Cesar Peluso, who retired as required by law On September 18, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) released new guiding cases that were circulated to courts at all levels in the country for judges to The nine justices of the Constitutional Tribunal of Myanmar (Burma) all resigned on September 6, 2012. The abrupt move was made in response to a vote to impeach them taken that day by the Lower House By the end of June 2012, all railway courts in China had been integrated into the national court system, according to a Supreme People's Court (SPC) statement posted on July 30, 2012, on its official website. On August 22, 2012, the African Union and Senegal concluded an agreement on a special tribunal to try Hissandegrave;ne Habr;, the former leader of Chad. The tribunal will be established in Dakar, Senegal, and will consider On August 15, 2012, the King of Bahrain issued a Royal Decree containing Law 38-2012, which amends Law 27-2002 concerning the establishment of the Constitutional Court. Law 38-2012 covers the structure of the Court On August 7, 2012, the East African Court of Justice (EACJ) announced plans to set up sub-registry offices in each of the countries of the East African Community, starting with Rwanda. (East African Court On July 16, 2012, Members of the Tunisian Constituent National Assembly submitted draft legislation for consideration that would create a special court for the purpose of adjudicating crimes related to the Tunisian revolution of January 2011. On June 27, 2012, it was reported that Turkey's ruling party, the Justice and Development Party (AKP) is planning to propose reform of the court system, including abolition of the special authority courts now used to On April 20, 2012, the 47 Member States of the Council of Europe, at a high-level ministerial conference in Brighton, United Kingdom, unanimously voted to adopt a series of measures, known as the "Brighton Declaration," aimed On April 19, 2012, Minister Ayres Britto was inaugurated as the new President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court, with Minister Joaquim Barbosa as the Vice-President. Minister Britto will also preside over the National Council of st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On April 13, 2012, the President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and of the National Council of Justice, Minister Cezar Peluso, On April 3, 2012, the Office of the Prosecutor (OTP) of the International Criminal Court issued a decision holding that the OTP lacks jurisdiction to investigate alleged international crimes committed within the Palestinian territories. (Office of Brazil Federal Supreme Court Elects New President As of April 19, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and the National Council of Justice will have a new president. On March 14, 2012, Minister Ayres On January 30, 2012, the Greek Ministry of Justice, Transparency, and Human Rights submitted to Parliament a bill designed to expedite the administration of justice and guarantee speedier and fairer trials for individuals. (Draft Bill On December 14, 2011, the Mexican Senate approved and submitted for Presidential signature the Ibero-American Convention on the Use of Videoconferencing in International Cooperation Between Justice Systems, which is designed to foster the use of videoconferences On January 12, 2012, another criminal attack occurred against Brazil's judiciary, the third to date in the new year, leaving two people wounded. The incident took place in the city of Rio Claro, in the State On October 6, 2011, a retired military psychologist refused to break client confidentiality in a case in Copenhagen's Eastern High Court and was charged with contempt of court. The court will determine whether she will be On June 15, 2011, it was reported that the Indonesian government had reached an agreement with the country's House of Representatives to amend the legislation that governs the Constitutional Court. (Anita Rachman andamp; Ulma Haryanto, On May 16, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Religious Courts (Assistance Units) Law, 5771-2011. The Law authorizes the Minister of Justice and the Minister of Welfare and Social Services to establish by decree "assistance On April 29, 2011, the Council of the European Union, within the framework of its multi-annual European e-Justice Action Plan of 2009-2012, adopted its conclusions on the introduction of the European Case Law Identifier (ECLI) and The Supreme Court, sitting as a panel of seven judges, has abolished a 400-year-old law that grants expert witnesses testifying in court immunity from charges of breach of duty in contract or negligence. This law was China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) issued a circular on February 15, 2011, calling upon courts at the grassroots level to handle cases more efficiently to reduce the number of appeals, given the increasing number of lawsuits Turkey's Parliament passed a controversial judicial reform bill on February 9, 2011. Under the Law on the Amendment of Certain Laws, the highest level of the judiciary will be restructured. The Court of Appeals (Court of On February 2, 2011, the Minister of Security and Justice of the Netherlands, Ivo Willem Opstelten, submitted a legislative proposal on a preliminary procedure regulation for the timelier handling of cases, in particular those involving major On February 17, 2010, the Portuguese Council of Ministers approved a Resolution designed to improve the efficiency of the judicial system. The Resolution is the result of a project developed by the Ministry of Justice through On January 31, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed an amendment to the Execution Law, 5727-1967. The amendment law gives the Registrar of Execution of Judgments the authority to subpoena persons for an inquiry on their According to a report being prepared by United Nations human rights expert Gabriela Knaul that will be submitted to the Geneva-based U.N. Human Rights Council in June of 2011, Mozambique needs to intensify its efforts to The Thirteenth International Constitutional Justice Forum was held in Saint Petersburg, Russia, on November 18-20, 2010. More than 90 justices, clerks of constitutional courts, and scholars from 14, mostly European, countries discussed modern theory and practice The Special Tribunal for Lebanon (STL) is a mixed international/domestic tribunal whose jurisdiction is limited to investigating and prosecuting one specific domestic crime the bombing of former Prime Minister Rafiq Hariri and related offenses. On October 7, 2010, the State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) of the Russian Federation considered and approved on the first reading a bill aimed at reforming the Russian constitutional justice system. The bill It was recently reported that as part of a project to modernize the judiciary and automate certain court activities in Zambia, 30,000 court records have been digitized and certain court staff received training in managing court The magistrates' courts in England and Wales have witnessed a decline in the number of cases over the past ten years, with over 310,000 offenders fewer heard in 2009 than in 1999. The role of the The Extraordinary Chambers of the Courts of Cambodia, the body conducting the war crimes trial of members of the Khmer Rouge, opened its eighth plenary session on September 12, 2010. The tribunal will be devoting this The Kenyan government signed an agreement with the International Criminal Court (ICC), effective September 3, 2010, to allow the ICC to setup operations in Kenya and to facilitate the ICC's work of investigating and prosecuting perpetrators On January 1, 2011, several federal procedural laws will become effective in Switzerland. These will replace the corresponding laws of the 26 cantons as well as several federal enactments. These new federal laws are: On May 18, 2010, in a speech at the annual meeting of the Council of Judges, Russia's highest professional body for the country's judges, the Chief Justice of the Russian Supreme Court, Viacheslav Lebedev, stated that The Federal Law of the Russian Federation on Information Related to the Activities of the Federal Judiciary (Information on Judiciary Law) will enter into force on July 1, 2010. The Law provides for publication of all On April 19, 2010, United Nations Under Secretary-General Patricia O'Brien, the U.N. Legal Counsel, called for donors to contribute funds to support the genocide tribunal in Cambodia. The tribunal, the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of The United Nations internal appeals tribunal, established in 2009 to handle disputes between staff members and managers of the international body, handled 33 cases in its first session. The judgments will be translated into all the Reform of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) was the forefront issue of a conference held in Interlaken, Switzerland, on February 10, 2010, by ministers from 27 members of the Council of Europe (COE), On February 23, 2010, Nepal's Supreme Court made public a judgment that mandates the establishment by government authorities of a system of fast-track courts for cases involving women and children. To that end, those authorities It was reported on October 29, 2009, that the African Union (AU) Peace and Security Council summit endorsed the AU Panel on Darfur (AUPD)'s proposal for the creation of a special court to try the perpetrators... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 06 Nov 2009 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401655_text Global Legal Monitor: Rwanda: Supreme Court to Undertake Major Procedural Reforms http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401651_text Judiciary - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance Bangladesh Act No XIII of 2014 amended the Constitution of Bangladesh, empowering Parliament to impeach Supreme Court judges. (Sadiat Mannan, Parliament and Judiciary: Striking a Balance, DAILY STAR, (Oct. 20, 2014).) Part On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The On October 20, 2014, a group of law students who had been denied positions in Egypt's public prosecution service filed a petition before the country's administrative court to repeal the decision that had been issued by On October 16, 2014, the European Court of Justice annulled the European Council's 2006 listing of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE, also known as the Tamil Tigers) as a terrorist organization. The step was The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On September 23, 2014, the High Court in Pretoria, South Africa, ruled that the extradition to Botswana of Edwin Samotse, a man sought on murder charges in that country, where he may face the death penalty, The International Criminal Court (ICC) announced on September 5, 2014, that the trial of Uhuru Kenyatta, the President of Kenya, and of the Deputy President, William Ruto, originally planned to begin on October 7, would be Israel's High Court of Justice, with an extended bench of seven justices, recently voided a decision by the Supreme Rabbinical Court instructing a mother to enable the circumcision of her infant son against her will. (The criminal court of Nanterre, a suburb of Paris, recently found a major provider of social housing guilty of ethnic profiling. (Un bailleur HLM condamne pour fichage ethnique [A Social Housing Provider Found Guilty of On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the Kenya's High Court determined on April 14, 2014, that taxpayers have a right under the Constitution to fair administrative action related to their tax payments. (Catherine Mutava, Kenya: Constitutional Right to Expeditious Settlement of Refund Claims, In response to a legal challenge made by the Spanish government, on March 25, 2014, the Constitutional Court (CC) of Spain ruled that the sovereignty declaration passed by Catalonia's regional parliament early last year is unconstitutional. The Japanese Supreme Court has recently reached different conclusions in similar cases involving golf course policies to exclude gang members from playing. Depending on the circumstances, a gang member who deceives the course employees and plays On March 21, 2014, Thailand's Constitutional Court ruled that the country's general election, held on February 2, is invalid. (Court Voids Feb 2 General Election, BANGKOK POST ONLINE (Mar. 21, 2014).) On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Suliman Baldo, the United Nations independent expert on human rights in Mali, recently expressed his concern that crimes committed both by rebel groups and national forces during the 2012 conflict in the northern part of the On February 15, 2014, the Grand National Assembly (GNA) of Turkey passed an omnibus law (Law No. 6524 [in Turkish] (Feb. 15, 2014), GNA website) that amends the following four laws: Law On February 24, 2014, Navanetham Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (UNHCHR), called for an inquiry into the possibility that the two sides in Sri Lanka's civil war both committed war crimes. Potential Constitutional CrisisOn January 31, 2014, it was reported that the Government of Nauru has started the process of drafting a law that would result in the country being placed under emergency On January 1, 2014, a major reform of the Austrian system of administrative justice went into effect. It is based on the Administrative Justice Reform Act of 2012 (Verwaltungsgerichtsbarkeit-Novelle 2012, BUNDESGESETZBLATT I 2012/51), and on On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The Kazakhstan was criticized recently by international human rights organizations for restricting specific religious groups and practices. ( Religious Freedom in Kazakhstan, Berkley Center for Religion, Peace, andamp; World Affairs website (last Thura Aung Ko, a legislator in Burma's (Myanmar's) parliament, announced on September 7, 2013, that legislation will be drafted to create groups to monitor judicial proceedings. The purpose, according to Aung Ko, is to end corruption On July 28, 2013, Peshawar High Court (PHC) Chief Justice Dost Mohammad Khan inaugurated the establishment of mobile courts in the northern Pakistani province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK) to hear civil and criminal disputes. According to a press release from the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY), on May 29, 2013, the Tribunal convicted six former senior Croatian officials of ";crimes against humanity, violations of the laws or On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 3, 2013, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved, on its second reading, a constitutional amendment that creates four additional Federal Regional Tribunals (Tribunais Regionais Federais - TRFs) in the country. The tribunals must be On March 27, 2013, the Court of Appeals of Egypt ordered the reinstatement of the former General Prosecutor, Abdel-Meguid Mahmoud. A chamber within the Court of Appeals King Abdullah II of Jordan issued a royal decree on October 6, 2012, appointing a president and eight members of a newly established Constitutional Court. On November 1, 2012, Teori Zavascki was appointed as a new Minister of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court. Zavascki is taking over the position left open by Minister Cesar Peluso, who retired as required by law On September 18, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) released new guiding cases that were circulated to courts at all levels in the country for judges to The nine justices of the Constitutional Tribunal of Myanmar (Burma) all resigned on September 6, 2012. The abrupt move was made in response to a vote to impeach them taken that day by the Lower House By the end of June 2012, all railway courts in China had been integrated into the national court system, according to a Supreme People's Court (SPC) statement posted on July 30, 2012, on its official website. On August 22, 2012, the African Union and Senegal concluded an agreement on a special tribunal to try Hissandegrave;ne Habr;, the former leader of Chad. The tribunal will be established in Dakar, Senegal, and will consider On August 15, 2012, the King of Bahrain issued a Royal Decree containing Law 38-2012, which amends Law 27-2002 concerning the establishment of the Constitutional Court. Law 38-2012 covers the structure of the Court On August 7, 2012, the East African Court of Justice (EACJ) announced plans to set up sub-registry offices in each of the countries of the East African Community, starting with Rwanda. (East African Court On July 16, 2012, Members of the Tunisian Constituent National Assembly submitted draft legislation for consideration that would create a special court for the purpose of adjudicating crimes related to the Tunisian revolution of January 2011. On June 27, 2012, it was reported that Turkey's ruling party, the Justice and Development Party (AKP) is planning to propose reform of the court system, including abolition of the special authority courts now used to On April 20, 2012, the 47 Member States of the Council of Europe, at a high-level ministerial conference in Brighton, United Kingdom, unanimously voted to adopt a series of measures, known as the "Brighton Declaration," aimed On April 19, 2012, Minister Ayres Britto was inaugurated as the new President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court, with Minister Joaquim Barbosa as the Vice-President. Minister Britto will also preside over the National Council of st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On April 13, 2012, the President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and of the National Council of Justice, Minister Cezar Peluso, On April 3, 2012, the Office of the Prosecutor (OTP) of the International Criminal Court issued a decision holding that the OTP lacks jurisdiction to investigate alleged international crimes committed within the Palestinian territories. (Office of Brazil Federal Supreme Court Elects New President As of April 19, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and the National Council of Justice will have a new president. On March 14, 2012, Minister Ayres On January 30, 2012, the Greek Ministry of Justice, Transparency, and Human Rights submitted to Parliament a bill designed to expedite the administration of justice and guarantee speedier and fairer trials for individuals. (Draft Bill On December 14, 2011, the Mexican Senate approved and submitted for Presidential signature the Ibero-American Convention on the Use of Videoconferencing in International Cooperation Between Justice Systems, which is designed to foster the use of videoconferences On January 12, 2012, another criminal attack occurred against Brazil's judiciary, the third to date in the new year, leaving two people wounded. The incident took place in the city of Rio Claro, in the State On October 6, 2011, a retired military psychologist refused to break client confidentiality in a case in Copenhagen's Eastern High Court and was charged with contempt of court. The court will determine whether she will be On June 15, 2011, it was reported that the Indonesian government had reached an agreement with the country's House of Representatives to amend the legislation that governs the Constitutional Court. (Anita Rachman andamp; Ulma Haryanto, On May 16, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Religious Courts (Assistance Units) Law, 5771-2011. The Law authorizes the Minister of Justice and the Minister of Welfare and Social Services to establish by decree "assistance On April 29, 2011, the Council of the European Union, within the framework of its multi-annual European e-Justice Action Plan of 2009-2012, adopted its conclusions on the introduction of the European Case Law Identifier (ECLI) and The Supreme Court, sitting as a panel of seven judges, has abolished a 400-year-old law that grants expert witnesses testifying in court immunity from charges of breach of duty in contract or negligence. This law was China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) issued a circular on February 15, 2011, calling upon courts at the grassroots level to handle cases more efficiently to reduce the number of appeals, given the increasing number of lawsuits Turkey's Parliament passed a controversial judicial reform bill on February 9, 2011. Under the Law on the Amendment of Certain Laws, the highest level of the judiciary will be restructured. The Court of Appeals (Court of On February 2, 2011, the Minister of Security and Justice of the Netherlands, Ivo Willem Opstelten, submitted a legislative proposal on a preliminary procedure regulation for the timelier handling of cases, in particular those involving major On February 17, 2010, the Portuguese Council of Ministers approved a Resolution designed to improve the efficiency of the judicial system. The Resolution is the result of a project developed by the Ministry of Justice through On January 31, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed an amendment to the Execution Law, 5727-1967. The amendment law gives the Registrar of Execution of Judgments the authority to subpoena persons for an inquiry on their According to a report being prepared by United Nations human rights expert Gabriela Knaul that will be submitted to the Geneva-based U.N. Human Rights Council in June of 2011, Mozambique needs to intensify its efforts to The Thirteenth International Constitutional Justice Forum was held in Saint Petersburg, Russia, on November 18-20, 2010. More than 90 justices, clerks of constitutional courts, and scholars from 14, mostly European, countries discussed modern theory and practice The Special Tribunal for Lebanon (STL) is a mixed international/domestic tribunal whose jurisdiction is limited to investigating and prosecuting one specific domestic crime the bombing of former Prime Minister Rafiq Hariri and related offenses. On October 7, 2010, the State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) of the Russian Federation considered and approved on the first reading a bill aimed at reforming the Russian constitutional justice system. The bill It was recently reported that as part of a project to modernize the judiciary and automate certain court activities in Zambia, 30,000 court records have been digitized and certain court staff received training in managing court The magistrates' courts in England and Wales have witnessed a decline in the number of cases over the past ten years, with over 310,000 offenders fewer heard in 2009 than in 1999. The role of the The Extraordinary Chambers of the Courts of Cambodia, the body conducting the war crimes trial of members of the Khmer Rouge, opened its eighth plenary session on September 12, 2010. The tribunal will be devoting this The Kenyan government signed an agreement with the International Criminal Court (ICC), effective September 3, 2010, to allow the ICC to setup operations in Kenya and to facilitate the ICC's work of investigating and prosecuting perpetrators On January 1, 2011, several federal procedural laws will become effective in Switzerland. These will replace the corresponding laws of the 26 cantons as well as several federal enactments. These new federal laws are: On May 18, 2010, in a speech at the annual meeting of the Council of Judges, Russia's highest professional body for the country's judges, the Chief Justice of the Russian Supreme Court, Viacheslav Lebedev, stated that The Federal Law of the Russian Federation on Information Related to the Activities of the Federal Judiciary (Information on Judiciary Law) will enter into force on July 1, 2010. The Law provides for publication of all On April 19, 2010, United Nations Under Secretary-General Patricia O'Brien, the U.N. Legal Counsel, called for donors to contribute funds to support the genocide tribunal in Cambodia. The tribunal, the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of The United Nations internal appeals tribunal, established in 2009 to handle disputes between staff members and managers of the international body, handled 33 cases in its first session. The judgments will be translated into all the Reform of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) was the forefront issue of a conference held in Interlaken, Switzerland, on February 10, 2010, by ministers from 27 members of the Council of Europe (COE), On February 23, 2010, Nepal's Supreme Court made public a judgment that mandates the establishment by government authorities of a system of fast-track courts for cases involving women and children. To that end, those authorities It was reported on October 29, 2009, that the African Union (AU) Peace and Security Council summit endorsed the AU Panel on Darfur (AUPD)'s proposal for the creation of a special court to try the perpetrators It was reported on October 26, 2009, that the Rwandan Ministry of Justice proposed a bill to the Parliament on what type of cases may be brought before the country's Supreme Court. During the presentation, Tharcise... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 30 Oct 2009 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401651_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil: President Nominates 8th Justice for Federal Supreme Court http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401644_text Judiciary - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance Bangladesh Act No XIII of 2014 amended the Constitution of Bangladesh, empowering Parliament to impeach Supreme Court judges. (Sadiat Mannan, Parliament and Judiciary: Striking a Balance, DAILY STAR, (Oct. 20, 2014).) Part On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The On October 20, 2014, a group of law students who had been denied positions in Egypt's public prosecution service filed a petition before the country's administrative court to repeal the decision that had been issued by On October 16, 2014, the European Court of Justice annulled the European Council's 2006 listing of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE, also known as the Tamil Tigers) as a terrorist organization. The step was The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On September 23, 2014, the High Court in Pretoria, South Africa, ruled that the extradition to Botswana of Edwin Samotse, a man sought on murder charges in that country, where he may face the death penalty, The International Criminal Court (ICC) announced on September 5, 2014, that the trial of Uhuru Kenyatta, the President of Kenya, and of the Deputy President, William Ruto, originally planned to begin on October 7, would be Israel's High Court of Justice, with an extended bench of seven justices, recently voided a decision by the Supreme Rabbinical Court instructing a mother to enable the circumcision of her infant son against her will. (The criminal court of Nanterre, a suburb of Paris, recently found a major provider of social housing guilty of ethnic profiling. (Un bailleur HLM condamne pour fichage ethnique [A Social Housing Provider Found Guilty of On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the Kenya's High Court determined on April 14, 2014, that taxpayers have a right under the Constitution to fair administrative action related to their tax payments. (Catherine Mutava, Kenya: Constitutional Right to Expeditious Settlement of Refund Claims, In response to a legal challenge made by the Spanish government, on March 25, 2014, the Constitutional Court (CC) of Spain ruled that the sovereignty declaration passed by Catalonia's regional parliament early last year is unconstitutional. The Japanese Supreme Court has recently reached different conclusions in similar cases involving golf course policies to exclude gang members from playing. Depending on the circumstances, a gang member who deceives the course employees and plays On March 21, 2014, Thailand's Constitutional Court ruled that the country's general election, held on February 2, is invalid. (Court Voids Feb 2 General Election, BANGKOK POST ONLINE (Mar. 21, 2014).) On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Suliman Baldo, the United Nations independent expert on human rights in Mali, recently expressed his concern that crimes committed both by rebel groups and national forces during the 2012 conflict in the northern part of the On February 15, 2014, the Grand National Assembly (GNA) of Turkey passed an omnibus law (Law No. 6524 [in Turkish] (Feb. 15, 2014), GNA website) that amends the following four laws: Law On February 24, 2014, Navanetham Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (UNHCHR), called for an inquiry into the possibility that the two sides in Sri Lanka's civil war both committed war crimes. Potential Constitutional CrisisOn January 31, 2014, it was reported that the Government of Nauru has started the process of drafting a law that would result in the country being placed under emergency On January 1, 2014, a major reform of the Austrian system of administrative justice went into effect. It is based on the Administrative Justice Reform Act of 2012 (Verwaltungsgerichtsbarkeit-Novelle 2012, BUNDESGESETZBLATT I 2012/51), and on On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The Kazakhstan was criticized recently by international human rights organizations for restricting specific religious groups and practices. ( Religious Freedom in Kazakhstan, Berkley Center for Religion, Peace, andamp; World Affairs website (last Thura Aung Ko, a legislator in Burma's (Myanmar's) parliament, announced on September 7, 2013, that legislation will be drafted to create groups to monitor judicial proceedings. The purpose, according to Aung Ko, is to end corruption On July 28, 2013, Peshawar High Court (PHC) Chief Justice Dost Mohammad Khan inaugurated the establishment of mobile courts in the northern Pakistani province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK) to hear civil and criminal disputes. According to a press release from the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY), on May 29, 2013, the Tribunal convicted six former senior Croatian officials of ";crimes against humanity, violations of the laws or On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 3, 2013, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved, on its second reading, a constitutional amendment that creates four additional Federal Regional Tribunals (Tribunais Regionais Federais - TRFs) in the country. The tribunals must be On March 27, 2013, the Court of Appeals of Egypt ordered the reinstatement of the former General Prosecutor, Abdel-Meguid Mahmoud. A chamber within the Court of Appeals King Abdullah II of Jordan issued a royal decree on October 6, 2012, appointing a president and eight members of a newly established Constitutional Court. On November 1, 2012, Teori Zavascki was appointed as a new Minister of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court. Zavascki is taking over the position left open by Minister Cesar Peluso, who retired as required by law On September 18, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) released new guiding cases that were circulated to courts at all levels in the country for judges to The nine justices of the Constitutional Tribunal of Myanmar (Burma) all resigned on September 6, 2012. The abrupt move was made in response to a vote to impeach them taken that day by the Lower House By the end of June 2012, all railway courts in China had been integrated into the national court system, according to a Supreme People's Court (SPC) statement posted on July 30, 2012, on its official website. On August 22, 2012, the African Union and Senegal concluded an agreement on a special tribunal to try Hissandegrave;ne Habr;, the former leader of Chad. The tribunal will be established in Dakar, Senegal, and will consider On August 15, 2012, the King of Bahrain issued a Royal Decree containing Law 38-2012, which amends Law 27-2002 concerning the establishment of the Constitutional Court. Law 38-2012 covers the structure of the Court On August 7, 2012, the East African Court of Justice (EACJ) announced plans to set up sub-registry offices in each of the countries of the East African Community, starting with Rwanda. (East African Court On July 16, 2012, Members of the Tunisian Constituent National Assembly submitted draft legislation for consideration that would create a special court for the purpose of adjudicating crimes related to the Tunisian revolution of January 2011. On June 27, 2012, it was reported that Turkey's ruling party, the Justice and Development Party (AKP) is planning to propose reform of the court system, including abolition of the special authority courts now used to On April 20, 2012, the 47 Member States of the Council of Europe, at a high-level ministerial conference in Brighton, United Kingdom, unanimously voted to adopt a series of measures, known as the "Brighton Declaration," aimed On April 19, 2012, Minister Ayres Britto was inaugurated as the new President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court, with Minister Joaquim Barbosa as the Vice-President. Minister Britto will also preside over the National Council of st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On April 13, 2012, the President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and of the National Council of Justice, Minister Cezar Peluso, On April 3, 2012, the Office of the Prosecutor (OTP) of the International Criminal Court issued a decision holding that the OTP lacks jurisdiction to investigate alleged international crimes committed within the Palestinian territories. (Office of Brazil Federal Supreme Court Elects New President As of April 19, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and the National Council of Justice will have a new president. On March 14, 2012, Minister Ayres On January 30, 2012, the Greek Ministry of Justice, Transparency, and Human Rights submitted to Parliament a bill designed to expedite the administration of justice and guarantee speedier and fairer trials for individuals. (Draft Bill On December 14, 2011, the Mexican Senate approved and submitted for Presidential signature the Ibero-American Convention on the Use of Videoconferencing in International Cooperation Between Justice Systems, which is designed to foster the use of videoconferences On January 12, 2012, another criminal attack occurred against Brazil's judiciary, the third to date in the new year, leaving two people wounded. The incident took place in the city of Rio Claro, in the State On October 6, 2011, a retired military psychologist refused to break client confidentiality in a case in Copenhagen's Eastern High Court and was charged with contempt of court. The court will determine whether she will be On June 15, 2011, it was reported that the Indonesian government had reached an agreement with the country's House of Representatives to amend the legislation that governs the Constitutional Court. (Anita Rachman andamp; Ulma Haryanto, On May 16, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Religious Courts (Assistance Units) Law, 5771-2011. The Law authorizes the Minister of Justice and the Minister of Welfare and Social Services to establish by decree "assistance On April 29, 2011, the Council of the European Union, within the framework of its multi-annual European e-Justice Action Plan of 2009-2012, adopted its conclusions on the introduction of the European Case Law Identifier (ECLI) and The Supreme Court, sitting as a panel of seven judges, has abolished a 400-year-old law that grants expert witnesses testifying in court immunity from charges of breach of duty in contract or negligence. This law was China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) issued a circular on February 15, 2011, calling upon courts at the grassroots level to handle cases more efficiently to reduce the number of appeals, given the increasing number of lawsuits Turkey's Parliament passed a controversial judicial reform bill on February 9, 2011. Under the Law on the Amendment of Certain Laws, the highest level of the judiciary will be restructured. The Court of Appeals (Court of On February 2, 2011, the Minister of Security and Justice of the Netherlands, Ivo Willem Opstelten, submitted a legislative proposal on a preliminary procedure regulation for the timelier handling of cases, in particular those involving major On February 17, 2010, the Portuguese Council of Ministers approved a Resolution designed to improve the efficiency of the judicial system. The Resolution is the result of a project developed by the Ministry of Justice through On January 31, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed an amendment to the Execution Law, 5727-1967. The amendment law gives the Registrar of Execution of Judgments the authority to subpoena persons for an inquiry on their According to a report being prepared by United Nations human rights expert Gabriela Knaul that will be submitted to the Geneva-based U.N. Human Rights Council in June of 2011, Mozambique needs to intensify its efforts to The Thirteenth International Constitutional Justice Forum was held in Saint Petersburg, Russia, on November 18-20, 2010. More than 90 justices, clerks of constitutional courts, and scholars from 14, mostly European, countries discussed modern theory and practice The Special Tribunal for Lebanon (STL) is a mixed international/domestic tribunal whose jurisdiction is limited to investigating and prosecuting one specific domestic crime the bombing of former Prime Minister Rafiq Hariri and related offenses. On October 7, 2010, the State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) of the Russian Federation considered and approved on the first reading a bill aimed at reforming the Russian constitutional justice system. The bill It was recently reported that as part of a project to modernize the judiciary and automate certain court activities in Zambia, 30,000 court records have been digitized and certain court staff received training in managing court The magistrates' courts in England and Wales have witnessed a decline in the number of cases over the past ten years, with over 310,000 offenders fewer heard in 2009 than in 1999. The role of the The Extraordinary Chambers of the Courts of Cambodia, the body conducting the war crimes trial of members of the Khmer Rouge, opened its eighth plenary session on September 12, 2010. The tribunal will be devoting this The Kenyan government signed an agreement with the International Criminal Court (ICC), effective September 3, 2010, to allow the ICC to setup operations in Kenya and to facilitate the ICC's work of investigating and prosecuting perpetrators On January 1, 2011, several federal procedural laws will become effective in Switzerland. These will replace the corresponding laws of the 26 cantons as well as several federal enactments. These new federal laws are: On May 18, 2010, in a speech at the annual meeting of the Council of Judges, Russia's highest professional body for the country's judges, the Chief Justice of the Russian Supreme Court, Viacheslav Lebedev, stated that The Federal Law of the Russian Federation on Information Related to the Activities of the Federal Judiciary (Information on Judiciary Law) will enter into force on July 1, 2010. The Law provides for publication of all On April 19, 2010, United Nations Under Secretary-General Patricia O'Brien, the U.N. Legal Counsel, called for donors to contribute funds to support the genocide tribunal in Cambodia. The tribunal, the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of The United Nations internal appeals tribunal, established in 2009 to handle disputes between staff members and managers of the international body, handled 33 cases in its first session. The judgments will be translated into all the Reform of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) was the forefront issue of a conference held in Interlaken, Switzerland, on February 10, 2010, by ministers from 27 members of the Council of Europe (COE), On February 23, 2010, Nepal's Supreme Court made public a judgment that mandates the establishment by government authorities of a system of fast-track courts for cases involving women and children. To that end, those authorities It was reported on October 29, 2009, that the African Union (AU) Peace and Security Council summit endorsed the AU Panel on Darfur (AUPD)'s proposal for the creation of a special court to try the perpetrators It was reported on October 26, 2009, that the Rwandan Ministry of Justice proposed a bill to the Parliament on what type of cases may be brought before the country's Supreme Court. During the presentation, Tharcise On September 30, 2009, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved the nomination of Jos; Antandocirc;nio Dias Toffoli as the new Justice of the Federal Supreme Court, to replace the deceased Justice Carlos Alberto Menezes Direito. Toffoli is... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 23 Oct 2009 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401644_text Global Legal Monitor: United Kingdom: New Supreme Court Opens for Business http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401619_text Judiciary - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance Bangladesh Act No XIII of 2014 amended the Constitution of Bangladesh, empowering Parliament to impeach Supreme Court judges. (Sadiat Mannan, Parliament and Judiciary: Striking a Balance, DAILY STAR, (Oct. 20, 2014).) Part On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The On October 20, 2014, a group of law students who had been denied positions in Egypt's public prosecution service filed a petition before the country's administrative court to repeal the decision that had been issued by On October 16, 2014, the European Court of Justice annulled the European Council's 2006 listing of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE, also known as the Tamil Tigers) as a terrorist organization. The step was The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On September 23, 2014, the High Court in Pretoria, South Africa, ruled that the extradition to Botswana of Edwin Samotse, a man sought on murder charges in that country, where he may face the death penalty, The International Criminal Court (ICC) announced on September 5, 2014, that the trial of Uhuru Kenyatta, the President of Kenya, and of the Deputy President, William Ruto, originally planned to begin on October 7, would be Israel's High Court of Justice, with an extended bench of seven justices, recently voided a decision by the Supreme Rabbinical Court instructing a mother to enable the circumcision of her infant son against her will. (The criminal court of Nanterre, a suburb of Paris, recently found a major provider of social housing guilty of ethnic profiling. (Un bailleur HLM condamne pour fichage ethnique [A Social Housing Provider Found Guilty of On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the Kenya's High Court determined on April 14, 2014, that taxpayers have a right under the Constitution to fair administrative action related to their tax payments. (Catherine Mutava, Kenya: Constitutional Right to Expeditious Settlement of Refund Claims, In response to a legal challenge made by the Spanish government, on March 25, 2014, the Constitutional Court (CC) of Spain ruled that the sovereignty declaration passed by Catalonia's regional parliament early last year is unconstitutional. The Japanese Supreme Court has recently reached different conclusions in similar cases involving golf course policies to exclude gang members from playing. Depending on the circumstances, a gang member who deceives the course employees and plays On March 21, 2014, Thailand's Constitutional Court ruled that the country's general election, held on February 2, is invalid. (Court Voids Feb 2 General Election, BANGKOK POST ONLINE (Mar. 21, 2014).) On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Suliman Baldo, the United Nations independent expert on human rights in Mali, recently expressed his concern that crimes committed both by rebel groups and national forces during the 2012 conflict in the northern part of the On February 15, 2014, the Grand National Assembly (GNA) of Turkey passed an omnibus law (Law No. 6524 [in Turkish] (Feb. 15, 2014), GNA website) that amends the following four laws: Law On February 24, 2014, Navanetham Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (UNHCHR), called for an inquiry into the possibility that the two sides in Sri Lanka's civil war both committed war crimes. Potential Constitutional CrisisOn January 31, 2014, it was reported that the Government of Nauru has started the process of drafting a law that would result in the country being placed under emergency On January 1, 2014, a major reform of the Austrian system of administrative justice went into effect. It is based on the Administrative Justice Reform Act of 2012 (Verwaltungsgerichtsbarkeit-Novelle 2012, BUNDESGESETZBLATT I 2012/51), and on On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The Kazakhstan was criticized recently by international human rights organizations for restricting specific religious groups and practices. ( Religious Freedom in Kazakhstan, Berkley Center for Religion, Peace, andamp; World Affairs website (last Thura Aung Ko, a legislator in Burma's (Myanmar's) parliament, announced on September 7, 2013, that legislation will be drafted to create groups to monitor judicial proceedings. The purpose, according to Aung Ko, is to end corruption On July 28, 2013, Peshawar High Court (PHC) Chief Justice Dost Mohammad Khan inaugurated the establishment of mobile courts in the northern Pakistani province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK) to hear civil and criminal disputes. According to a press release from the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY), on May 29, 2013, the Tribunal convicted six former senior Croatian officials of ";crimes against humanity, violations of the laws or On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 3, 2013, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved, on its second reading, a constitutional amendment that creates four additional Federal Regional Tribunals (Tribunais Regionais Federais - TRFs) in the country. The tribunals must be On March 27, 2013, the Court of Appeals of Egypt ordered the reinstatement of the former General Prosecutor, Abdel-Meguid Mahmoud. A chamber within the Court of Appeals King Abdullah II of Jordan issued a royal decree on October 6, 2012, appointing a president and eight members of a newly established Constitutional Court. On November 1, 2012, Teori Zavascki was appointed as a new Minister of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court. Zavascki is taking over the position left open by Minister Cesar Peluso, who retired as required by law On September 18, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) released new guiding cases that were circulated to courts at all levels in the country for judges to The nine justices of the Constitutional Tribunal of Myanmar (Burma) all resigned on September 6, 2012. The abrupt move was made in response to a vote to impeach them taken that day by the Lower House By the end of June 2012, all railway courts in China had been integrated into the national court system, according to a Supreme People's Court (SPC) statement posted on July 30, 2012, on its official website. On August 22, 2012, the African Union and Senegal concluded an agreement on a special tribunal to try Hissandegrave;ne Habr;, the former leader of Chad. The tribunal will be established in Dakar, Senegal, and will consider On August 15, 2012, the King of Bahrain issued a Royal Decree containing Law 38-2012, which amends Law 27-2002 concerning the establishment of the Constitutional Court. Law 38-2012 covers the structure of the Court On August 7, 2012, the East African Court of Justice (EACJ) announced plans to set up sub-registry offices in each of the countries of the East African Community, starting with Rwanda. (East African Court On July 16, 2012, Members of the Tunisian Constituent National Assembly submitted draft legislation for consideration that would create a special court for the purpose of adjudicating crimes related to the Tunisian revolution of January 2011. On June 27, 2012, it was reported that Turkey's ruling party, the Justice and Development Party (AKP) is planning to propose reform of the court system, including abolition of the special authority courts now used to On April 20, 2012, the 47 Member States of the Council of Europe, at a high-level ministerial conference in Brighton, United Kingdom, unanimously voted to adopt a series of measures, known as the "Brighton Declaration," aimed On April 19, 2012, Minister Ayres Britto was inaugurated as the new President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court, with Minister Joaquim Barbosa as the Vice-President. Minister Britto will also preside over the National Council of st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On April 13, 2012, the President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and of the National Council of Justice, Minister Cezar Peluso, On April 3, 2012, the Office of the Prosecutor (OTP) of the International Criminal Court issued a decision holding that the OTP lacks jurisdiction to investigate alleged international crimes committed within the Palestinian territories. (Office of Brazil Federal Supreme Court Elects New President As of April 19, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and the National Council of Justice will have a new president. On March 14, 2012, Minister Ayres On January 30, 2012, the Greek Ministry of Justice, Transparency, and Human Rights submitted to Parliament a bill designed to expedite the administration of justice and guarantee speedier and fairer trials for individuals. (Draft Bill On December 14, 2011, the Mexican Senate approved and submitted for Presidential signature the Ibero-American Convention on the Use of Videoconferencing in International Cooperation Between Justice Systems, which is designed to foster the use of videoconferences On January 12, 2012, another criminal attack occurred against Brazil's judiciary, the third to date in the new year, leaving two people wounded. The incident took place in the city of Rio Claro, in the State On October 6, 2011, a retired military psychologist refused to break client confidentiality in a case in Copenhagen's Eastern High Court and was charged with contempt of court. The court will determine whether she will be On June 15, 2011, it was reported that the Indonesian government had reached an agreement with the country's House of Representatives to amend the legislation that governs the Constitutional Court. (Anita Rachman andamp; Ulma Haryanto, On May 16, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Religious Courts (Assistance Units) Law, 5771-2011. The Law authorizes the Minister of Justice and the Minister of Welfare and Social Services to establish by decree "assistance On April 29, 2011, the Council of the European Union, within the framework of its multi-annual European e-Justice Action Plan of 2009-2012, adopted its conclusions on the introduction of the European Case Law Identifier (ECLI) and The Supreme Court, sitting as a panel of seven judges, has abolished a 400-year-old law that grants expert witnesses testifying in court immunity from charges of breach of duty in contract or negligence. This law was China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) issued a circular on February 15, 2011, calling upon courts at the grassroots level to handle cases more efficiently to reduce the number of appeals, given the increasing number of lawsuits Turkey's Parliament passed a controversial judicial reform bill on February 9, 2011. Under the Law on the Amendment of Certain Laws, the highest level of the judiciary will be restructured. The Court of Appeals (Court of On February 2, 2011, the Minister of Security and Justice of the Netherlands, Ivo Willem Opstelten, submitted a legislative proposal on a preliminary procedure regulation for the timelier handling of cases, in particular those involving major On February 17, 2010, the Portuguese Council of Ministers approved a Resolution designed to improve the efficiency of the judicial system. The Resolution is the result of a project developed by the Ministry of Justice through On January 31, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed an amendment to the Execution Law, 5727-1967. The amendment law gives the Registrar of Execution of Judgments the authority to subpoena persons for an inquiry on their According to a report being prepared by United Nations human rights expert Gabriela Knaul that will be submitted to the Geneva-based U.N. Human Rights Council in June of 2011, Mozambique needs to intensify its efforts to The Thirteenth International Constitutional Justice Forum was held in Saint Petersburg, Russia, on November 18-20, 2010. More than 90 justices, clerks of constitutional courts, and scholars from 14, mostly European, countries discussed modern theory and practice The Special Tribunal for Lebanon (STL) is a mixed international/domestic tribunal whose jurisdiction is limited to investigating and prosecuting one specific domestic crime the bombing of former Prime Minister Rafiq Hariri and related offenses. On October 7, 2010, the State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) of the Russian Federation considered and approved on the first reading a bill aimed at reforming the Russian constitutional justice system. The bill It was recently reported that as part of a project to modernize the judiciary and automate certain court activities in Zambia, 30,000 court records have been digitized and certain court staff received training in managing court The magistrates' courts in England and Wales have witnessed a decline in the number of cases over the past ten years, with over 310,000 offenders fewer heard in 2009 than in 1999. The role of the The Extraordinary Chambers of the Courts of Cambodia, the body conducting the war crimes trial of members of the Khmer Rouge, opened its eighth plenary session on September 12, 2010. The tribunal will be devoting this The Kenyan government signed an agreement with the International Criminal Court (ICC), effective September 3, 2010, to allow the ICC to setup operations in Kenya and to facilitate the ICC's work of investigating and prosecuting perpetrators On January 1, 2011, several federal procedural laws will become effective in Switzerland. These will replace the corresponding laws of the 26 cantons as well as several federal enactments. These new federal laws are: On May 18, 2010, in a speech at the annual meeting of the Council of Judges, Russia's highest professional body for the country's judges, the Chief Justice of the Russian Supreme Court, Viacheslav Lebedev, stated that The Federal Law of the Russian Federation on Information Related to the Activities of the Federal Judiciary (Information on Judiciary Law) will enter into force on July 1, 2010. The Law provides for publication of all On April 19, 2010, United Nations Under Secretary-General Patricia O'Brien, the U.N. Legal Counsel, called for donors to contribute funds to support the genocide tribunal in Cambodia. The tribunal, the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of The United Nations internal appeals tribunal, established in 2009 to handle disputes between staff members and managers of the international body, handled 33 cases in its first session. The judgments will be translated into all the Reform of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) was the forefront issue of a conference held in Interlaken, Switzerland, on February 10, 2010, by ministers from 27 members of the Council of Europe (COE), On February 23, 2010, Nepal's Supreme Court made public a judgment that mandates the establishment by government authorities of a system of fast-track courts for cases involving women and children. To that end, those authorities It was reported on October 29, 2009, that the African Union (AU) Peace and Security Council summit endorsed the AU Panel on Darfur (AUPD)'s proposal for the creation of a special court to try the perpetrators It was reported on October 26, 2009, that the Rwandan Ministry of Justice proposed a bill to the Parliament on what type of cases may be brought before the country's Supreme Court. During the presentation, Tharcise On September 30, 2009, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved the nomination of Jos; Antandocirc;nio Dias Toffoli as the new Justice of the Federal Supreme Court, to replace the deceased Justice Carlos Alberto Menezes Direito. Toffoli is The new Supreme Court of the United Kingdom began operation on October 1, 2009. Its creation is designed to increase transparency and further enhance the separation of powers between the executive, the legislature, and the judiciary... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 09 Oct 2009 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401619_text Global Legal Monitor: Qatar: Constitutional Court Established http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401598_text Judiciary - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance Bangladesh Act No XIII of 2014 amended the Constitution of Bangladesh, empowering Parliament to impeach Supreme Court judges. (Sadiat Mannan, Parliament and Judiciary: Striking a Balance, DAILY STAR, (Oct. 20, 2014).) Part On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The On October 20, 2014, a group of law students who had been denied positions in Egypt's public prosecution service filed a petition before the country's administrative court to repeal the decision that had been issued by On October 16, 2014, the European Court of Justice annulled the European Council's 2006 listing of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE, also known as the Tamil Tigers) as a terrorist organization. The step was The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On September 23, 2014, the High Court in Pretoria, South Africa, ruled that the extradition to Botswana of Edwin Samotse, a man sought on murder charges in that country, where he may face the death penalty, The International Criminal Court (ICC) announced on September 5, 2014, that the trial of Uhuru Kenyatta, the President of Kenya, and of the Deputy President, William Ruto, originally planned to begin on October 7, would be Israel's High Court of Justice, with an extended bench of seven justices, recently voided a decision by the Supreme Rabbinical Court instructing a mother to enable the circumcision of her infant son against her will. (The criminal court of Nanterre, a suburb of Paris, recently found a major provider of social housing guilty of ethnic profiling. (Un bailleur HLM condamne pour fichage ethnique [A Social Housing Provider Found Guilty of On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the Kenya's High Court determined on April 14, 2014, that taxpayers have a right under the Constitution to fair administrative action related to their tax payments. (Catherine Mutava, Kenya: Constitutional Right to Expeditious Settlement of Refund Claims, In response to a legal challenge made by the Spanish government, on March 25, 2014, the Constitutional Court (CC) of Spain ruled that the sovereignty declaration passed by Catalonia's regional parliament early last year is unconstitutional. The Japanese Supreme Court has recently reached different conclusions in similar cases involving golf course policies to exclude gang members from playing. Depending on the circumstances, a gang member who deceives the course employees and plays On March 21, 2014, Thailand's Constitutional Court ruled that the country's general election, held on February 2, is invalid. (Court Voids Feb 2 General Election, BANGKOK POST ONLINE (Mar. 21, 2014).) On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Suliman Baldo, the United Nations independent expert on human rights in Mali, recently expressed his concern that crimes committed both by rebel groups and national forces during the 2012 conflict in the northern part of the On February 15, 2014, the Grand National Assembly (GNA) of Turkey passed an omnibus law (Law No. 6524 [in Turkish] (Feb. 15, 2014), GNA website) that amends the following four laws: Law On February 24, 2014, Navanetham Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (UNHCHR), called for an inquiry into the possibility that the two sides in Sri Lanka's civil war both committed war crimes. Potential Constitutional CrisisOn January 31, 2014, it was reported that the Government of Nauru has started the process of drafting a law that would result in the country being placed under emergency On January 1, 2014, a major reform of the Austrian system of administrative justice went into effect. It is based on the Administrative Justice Reform Act of 2012 (Verwaltungsgerichtsbarkeit-Novelle 2012, BUNDESGESETZBLATT I 2012/51), and on On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The Kazakhstan was criticized recently by international human rights organizations for restricting specific religious groups and practices. ( Religious Freedom in Kazakhstan, Berkley Center for Religion, Peace, andamp; World Affairs website (last Thura Aung Ko, a legislator in Burma's (Myanmar's) parliament, announced on September 7, 2013, that legislation will be drafted to create groups to monitor judicial proceedings. The purpose, according to Aung Ko, is to end corruption On July 28, 2013, Peshawar High Court (PHC) Chief Justice Dost Mohammad Khan inaugurated the establishment of mobile courts in the northern Pakistani province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK) to hear civil and criminal disputes. According to a press release from the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY), on May 29, 2013, the Tribunal convicted six former senior Croatian officials of ";crimes against humanity, violations of the laws or On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 3, 2013, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved, on its second reading, a constitutional amendment that creates four additional Federal Regional Tribunals (Tribunais Regionais Federais - TRFs) in the country. The tribunals must be On March 27, 2013, the Court of Appeals of Egypt ordered the reinstatement of the former General Prosecutor, Abdel-Meguid Mahmoud. A chamber within the Court of Appeals King Abdullah II of Jordan issued a royal decree on October 6, 2012, appointing a president and eight members of a newly established Constitutional Court. On November 1, 2012, Teori Zavascki was appointed as a new Minister of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court. Zavascki is taking over the position left open by Minister Cesar Peluso, who retired as required by law On September 18, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) released new guiding cases that were circulated to courts at all levels in the country for judges to The nine justices of the Constitutional Tribunal of Myanmar (Burma) all resigned on September 6, 2012. The abrupt move was made in response to a vote to impeach them taken that day by the Lower House By the end of June 2012, all railway courts in China had been integrated into the national court system, according to a Supreme People's Court (SPC) statement posted on July 30, 2012, on its official website. On August 22, 2012, the African Union and Senegal concluded an agreement on a special tribunal to try Hissandegrave;ne Habr;, the former leader of Chad. The tribunal will be established in Dakar, Senegal, and will consider On August 15, 2012, the King of Bahrain issued a Royal Decree containing Law 38-2012, which amends Law 27-2002 concerning the establishment of the Constitutional Court. Law 38-2012 covers the structure of the Court On August 7, 2012, the East African Court of Justice (EACJ) announced plans to set up sub-registry offices in each of the countries of the East African Community, starting with Rwanda. (East African Court On July 16, 2012, Members of the Tunisian Constituent National Assembly submitted draft legislation for consideration that would create a special court for the purpose of adjudicating crimes related to the Tunisian revolution of January 2011. On June 27, 2012, it was reported that Turkey's ruling party, the Justice and Development Party (AKP) is planning to propose reform of the court system, including abolition of the special authority courts now used to On April 20, 2012, the 47 Member States of the Council of Europe, at a high-level ministerial conference in Brighton, United Kingdom, unanimously voted to adopt a series of measures, known as the "Brighton Declaration," aimed On April 19, 2012, Minister Ayres Britto was inaugurated as the new President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court, with Minister Joaquim Barbosa as the Vice-President. Minister Britto will also preside over the National Council of st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On April 13, 2012, the President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and of the National Council of Justice, Minister Cezar Peluso, On April 3, 2012, the Office of the Prosecutor (OTP) of the International Criminal Court issued a decision holding that the OTP lacks jurisdiction to investigate alleged international crimes committed within the Palestinian territories. (Office of Brazil Federal Supreme Court Elects New President As of April 19, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and the National Council of Justice will have a new president. On March 14, 2012, Minister Ayres On January 30, 2012, the Greek Ministry of Justice, Transparency, and Human Rights submitted to Parliament a bill designed to expedite the administration of justice and guarantee speedier and fairer trials for individuals. (Draft Bill On December 14, 2011, the Mexican Senate approved and submitted for Presidential signature the Ibero-American Convention on the Use of Videoconferencing in International Cooperation Between Justice Systems, which is designed to foster the use of videoconferences On January 12, 2012, another criminal attack occurred against Brazil's judiciary, the third to date in the new year, leaving two people wounded. The incident took place in the city of Rio Claro, in the State On October 6, 2011, a retired military psychologist refused to break client confidentiality in a case in Copenhagen's Eastern High Court and was charged with contempt of court. The court will determine whether she will be On June 15, 2011, it was reported that the Indonesian government had reached an agreement with the country's House of Representatives to amend the legislation that governs the Constitutional Court. (Anita Rachman andamp; Ulma Haryanto, On May 16, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Religious Courts (Assistance Units) Law, 5771-2011. The Law authorizes the Minister of Justice and the Minister of Welfare and Social Services to establish by decree "assistance On April 29, 2011, the Council of the European Union, within the framework of its multi-annual European e-Justice Action Plan of 2009-2012, adopted its conclusions on the introduction of the European Case Law Identifier (ECLI) and The Supreme Court, sitting as a panel of seven judges, has abolished a 400-year-old law that grants expert witnesses testifying in court immunity from charges of breach of duty in contract or negligence. This law was China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) issued a circular on February 15, 2011, calling upon courts at the grassroots level to handle cases more efficiently to reduce the number of appeals, given the increasing number of lawsuits Turkey's Parliament passed a controversial judicial reform bill on February 9, 2011. Under the Law on the Amendment of Certain Laws, the highest level of the judiciary will be restructured. The Court of Appeals (Court of On February 2, 2011, the Minister of Security and Justice of the Netherlands, Ivo Willem Opstelten, submitted a legislative proposal on a preliminary procedure regulation for the timelier handling of cases, in particular those involving major On February 17, 2010, the Portuguese Council of Ministers approved a Resolution designed to improve the efficiency of the judicial system. The Resolution is the result of a project developed by the Ministry of Justice through On January 31, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed an amendment to the Execution Law, 5727-1967. The amendment law gives the Registrar of Execution of Judgments the authority to subpoena persons for an inquiry on their According to a report being prepared by United Nations human rights expert Gabriela Knaul that will be submitted to the Geneva-based U.N. Human Rights Council in June of 2011, Mozambique needs to intensify its efforts to The Thirteenth International Constitutional Justice Forum was held in Saint Petersburg, Russia, on November 18-20, 2010. More than 90 justices, clerks of constitutional courts, and scholars from 14, mostly European, countries discussed modern theory and practice The Special Tribunal for Lebanon (STL) is a mixed international/domestic tribunal whose jurisdiction is limited to investigating and prosecuting one specific domestic crime the bombing of former Prime Minister Rafiq Hariri and related offenses. On October 7, 2010, the State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) of the Russian Federation considered and approved on the first reading a bill aimed at reforming the Russian constitutional justice system. The bill It was recently reported that as part of a project to modernize the judiciary and automate certain court activities in Zambia, 30,000 court records have been digitized and certain court staff received training in managing court The magistrates' courts in England and Wales have witnessed a decline in the number of cases over the past ten years, with over 310,000 offenders fewer heard in 2009 than in 1999. The role of the The Extraordinary Chambers of the Courts of Cambodia, the body conducting the war crimes trial of members of the Khmer Rouge, opened its eighth plenary session on September 12, 2010. The tribunal will be devoting this The Kenyan government signed an agreement with the International Criminal Court (ICC), effective September 3, 2010, to allow the ICC to setup operations in Kenya and to facilitate the ICC's work of investigating and prosecuting perpetrators On January 1, 2011, several federal procedural laws will become effective in Switzerland. These will replace the corresponding laws of the 26 cantons as well as several federal enactments. These new federal laws are: On May 18, 2010, in a speech at the annual meeting of the Council of Judges, Russia's highest professional body for the country's judges, the Chief Justice of the Russian Supreme Court, Viacheslav Lebedev, stated that The Federal Law of the Russian Federation on Information Related to the Activities of the Federal Judiciary (Information on Judiciary Law) will enter into force on July 1, 2010. The Law provides for publication of all On April 19, 2010, United Nations Under Secretary-General Patricia O'Brien, the U.N. Legal Counsel, called for donors to contribute funds to support the genocide tribunal in Cambodia. The tribunal, the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of The United Nations internal appeals tribunal, established in 2009 to handle disputes between staff members and managers of the international body, handled 33 cases in its first session. The judgments will be translated into all the Reform of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) was the forefront issue of a conference held in Interlaken, Switzerland, on February 10, 2010, by ministers from 27 members of the Council of Europe (COE), On February 23, 2010, Nepal's Supreme Court made public a judgment that mandates the establishment by government authorities of a system of fast-track courts for cases involving women and children. To that end, those authorities It was reported on October 29, 2009, that the African Union (AU) Peace and Security Council summit endorsed the AU Panel on Darfur (AUPD)'s proposal for the creation of a special court to try the perpetrators It was reported on October 26, 2009, that the Rwandan Ministry of Justice proposed a bill to the Parliament on what type of cases may be brought before the country's Supreme Court. During the presentation, Tharcise On September 30, 2009, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved the nomination of Jos; Antandocirc;nio Dias Toffoli as the new Justice of the Federal Supreme Court, to replace the deceased Justice Carlos Alberto Menezes Direito. Toffoli is The new Supreme Court of the United Kingdom began operation on October 1, 2009. Its creation is designed to increase transparency and further enhance the separation of powers between the executive, the legislature, and the judiciary On September 27, 2009, Qatar's Constitutional Court began its work. Originally it was to begin functioning on October 1, 2008; administrative problems delayed the start date. It has jurisdiction over disputes concerning constitutional interpretations and is... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 05 Oct 2009 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401598_text Global Legal Monitor: United Kingdom: New Supreme Court http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401502_text Judiciary - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance Bangladesh Act No XIII of 2014 amended the Constitution of Bangladesh, empowering Parliament to impeach Supreme Court judges. (Sadiat Mannan, Parliament and Judiciary: Striking a Balance, DAILY STAR, (Oct. 20, 2014).) Part On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The On October 20, 2014, a group of law students who had been denied positions in Egypt's public prosecution service filed a petition before the country's administrative court to repeal the decision that had been issued by On October 16, 2014, the European Court of Justice annulled the European Council's 2006 listing of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE, also known as the Tamil Tigers) as a terrorist organization. The step was The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On September 23, 2014, the High Court in Pretoria, South Africa, ruled that the extradition to Botswana of Edwin Samotse, a man sought on murder charges in that country, where he may face the death penalty, The International Criminal Court (ICC) announced on September 5, 2014, that the trial of Uhuru Kenyatta, the President of Kenya, and of the Deputy President, William Ruto, originally planned to begin on October 7, would be Israel's High Court of Justice, with an extended bench of seven justices, recently voided a decision by the Supreme Rabbinical Court instructing a mother to enable the circumcision of her infant son against her will. (The criminal court of Nanterre, a suburb of Paris, recently found a major provider of social housing guilty of ethnic profiling. (Un bailleur HLM condamne pour fichage ethnique [A Social Housing Provider Found Guilty of On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the Kenya's High Court determined on April 14, 2014, that taxpayers have a right under the Constitution to fair administrative action related to their tax payments. (Catherine Mutava, Kenya: Constitutional Right to Expeditious Settlement of Refund Claims, In response to a legal challenge made by the Spanish government, on March 25, 2014, the Constitutional Court (CC) of Spain ruled that the sovereignty declaration passed by Catalonia's regional parliament early last year is unconstitutional. The Japanese Supreme Court has recently reached different conclusions in similar cases involving golf course policies to exclude gang members from playing. Depending on the circumstances, a gang member who deceives the course employees and plays On March 21, 2014, Thailand's Constitutional Court ruled that the country's general election, held on February 2, is invalid. (Court Voids Feb 2 General Election, BANGKOK POST ONLINE (Mar. 21, 2014).) On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Suliman Baldo, the United Nations independent expert on human rights in Mali, recently expressed his concern that crimes committed both by rebel groups and national forces during the 2012 conflict in the northern part of the On February 15, 2014, the Grand National Assembly (GNA) of Turkey passed an omnibus law (Law No. 6524 [in Turkish] (Feb. 15, 2014), GNA website) that amends the following four laws: Law On February 24, 2014, Navanetham Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (UNHCHR), called for an inquiry into the possibility that the two sides in Sri Lanka's civil war both committed war crimes. Potential Constitutional CrisisOn January 31, 2014, it was reported that the Government of Nauru has started the process of drafting a law that would result in the country being placed under emergency On January 1, 2014, a major reform of the Austrian system of administrative justice went into effect. It is based on the Administrative Justice Reform Act of 2012 (Verwaltungsgerichtsbarkeit-Novelle 2012, BUNDESGESETZBLATT I 2012/51), and on On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The Kazakhstan was criticized recently by international human rights organizations for restricting specific religious groups and practices. ( Religious Freedom in Kazakhstan, Berkley Center for Religion, Peace, andamp; World Affairs website (last Thura Aung Ko, a legislator in Burma's (Myanmar's) parliament, announced on September 7, 2013, that legislation will be drafted to create groups to monitor judicial proceedings. The purpose, according to Aung Ko, is to end corruption On July 28, 2013, Peshawar High Court (PHC) Chief Justice Dost Mohammad Khan inaugurated the establishment of mobile courts in the northern Pakistani province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK) to hear civil and criminal disputes. According to a press release from the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY), on May 29, 2013, the Tribunal convicted six former senior Croatian officials of ";crimes against humanity, violations of the laws or On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 3, 2013, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved, on its second reading, a constitutional amendment that creates four additional Federal Regional Tribunals (Tribunais Regionais Federais - TRFs) in the country. The tribunals must be On March 27, 2013, the Court of Appeals of Egypt ordered the reinstatement of the former General Prosecutor, Abdel-Meguid Mahmoud. A chamber within the Court of Appeals King Abdullah II of Jordan issued a royal decree on October 6, 2012, appointing a president and eight members of a newly established Constitutional Court. On November 1, 2012, Teori Zavascki was appointed as a new Minister of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court. Zavascki is taking over the position left open by Minister Cesar Peluso, who retired as required by law On September 18, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) released new guiding cases that were circulated to courts at all levels in the country for judges to The nine justices of the Constitutional Tribunal of Myanmar (Burma) all resigned on September 6, 2012. The abrupt move was made in response to a vote to impeach them taken that day by the Lower House By the end of June 2012, all railway courts in China had been integrated into the national court system, according to a Supreme People's Court (SPC) statement posted on July 30, 2012, on its official website. On August 22, 2012, the African Union and Senegal concluded an agreement on a special tribunal to try Hissandegrave;ne Habr;, the former leader of Chad. The tribunal will be established in Dakar, Senegal, and will consider On August 15, 2012, the King of Bahrain issued a Royal Decree containing Law 38-2012, which amends Law 27-2002 concerning the establishment of the Constitutional Court. Law 38-2012 covers the structure of the Court On August 7, 2012, the East African Court of Justice (EACJ) announced plans to set up sub-registry offices in each of the countries of the East African Community, starting with Rwanda. (East African Court On July 16, 2012, Members of the Tunisian Constituent National Assembly submitted draft legislation for consideration that would create a special court for the purpose of adjudicating crimes related to the Tunisian revolution of January 2011. On June 27, 2012, it was reported that Turkey's ruling party, the Justice and Development Party (AKP) is planning to propose reform of the court system, including abolition of the special authority courts now used to On April 20, 2012, the 47 Member States of the Council of Europe, at a high-level ministerial conference in Brighton, United Kingdom, unanimously voted to adopt a series of measures, known as the "Brighton Declaration," aimed On April 19, 2012, Minister Ayres Britto was inaugurated as the new President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court, with Minister Joaquim Barbosa as the Vice-President. Minister Britto will also preside over the National Council of st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On April 13, 2012, the President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and of the National Council of Justice, Minister Cezar Peluso, On April 3, 2012, the Office of the Prosecutor (OTP) of the International Criminal Court issued a decision holding that the OTP lacks jurisdiction to investigate alleged international crimes committed within the Palestinian territories. (Office of Brazil Federal Supreme Court Elects New President As of April 19, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and the National Council of Justice will have a new president. On March 14, 2012, Minister Ayres On January 30, 2012, the Greek Ministry of Justice, Transparency, and Human Rights submitted to Parliament a bill designed to expedite the administration of justice and guarantee speedier and fairer trials for individuals. (Draft Bill On December 14, 2011, the Mexican Senate approved and submitted for Presidential signature the Ibero-American Convention on the Use of Videoconferencing in International Cooperation Between Justice Systems, which is designed to foster the use of videoconferences On January 12, 2012, another criminal attack occurred against Brazil's judiciary, the third to date in the new year, leaving two people wounded. The incident took place in the city of Rio Claro, in the State On October 6, 2011, a retired military psychologist refused to break client confidentiality in a case in Copenhagen's Eastern High Court and was charged with contempt of court. The court will determine whether she will be On June 15, 2011, it was reported that the Indonesian government had reached an agreement with the country's House of Representatives to amend the legislation that governs the Constitutional Court. (Anita Rachman andamp; Ulma Haryanto, On May 16, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Religious Courts (Assistance Units) Law, 5771-2011. The Law authorizes the Minister of Justice and the Minister of Welfare and Social Services to establish by decree "assistance On April 29, 2011, the Council of the European Union, within the framework of its multi-annual European e-Justice Action Plan of 2009-2012, adopted its conclusions on the introduction of the European Case Law Identifier (ECLI) and The Supreme Court, sitting as a panel of seven judges, has abolished a 400-year-old law that grants expert witnesses testifying in court immunity from charges of breach of duty in contract or negligence. This law was China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) issued a circular on February 15, 2011, calling upon courts at the grassroots level to handle cases more efficiently to reduce the number of appeals, given the increasing number of lawsuits Turkey's Parliament passed a controversial judicial reform bill on February 9, 2011. Under the Law on the Amendment of Certain Laws, the highest level of the judiciary will be restructured. The Court of Appeals (Court of On February 2, 2011, the Minister of Security and Justice of the Netherlands, Ivo Willem Opstelten, submitted a legislative proposal on a preliminary procedure regulation for the timelier handling of cases, in particular those involving major On February 17, 2010, the Portuguese Council of Ministers approved a Resolution designed to improve the efficiency of the judicial system. The Resolution is the result of a project developed by the Ministry of Justice through On January 31, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed an amendment to the Execution Law, 5727-1967. The amendment law gives the Registrar of Execution of Judgments the authority to subpoena persons for an inquiry on their According to a report being prepared by United Nations human rights expert Gabriela Knaul that will be submitted to the Geneva-based U.N. Human Rights Council in June of 2011, Mozambique needs to intensify its efforts to The Thirteenth International Constitutional Justice Forum was held in Saint Petersburg, Russia, on November 18-20, 2010. More than 90 justices, clerks of constitutional courts, and scholars from 14, mostly European, countries discussed modern theory and practice The Special Tribunal for Lebanon (STL) is a mixed international/domestic tribunal whose jurisdiction is limited to investigating and prosecuting one specific domestic crime the bombing of former Prime Minister Rafiq Hariri and related offenses. On October 7, 2010, the State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) of the Russian Federation considered and approved on the first reading a bill aimed at reforming the Russian constitutional justice system. The bill It was recently reported that as part of a project to modernize the judiciary and automate certain court activities in Zambia, 30,000 court records have been digitized and certain court staff received training in managing court The magistrates' courts in England and Wales have witnessed a decline in the number of cases over the past ten years, with over 310,000 offenders fewer heard in 2009 than in 1999. The role of the The Extraordinary Chambers of the Courts of Cambodia, the body conducting the war crimes trial of members of the Khmer Rouge, opened its eighth plenary session on September 12, 2010. The tribunal will be devoting this The Kenyan government signed an agreement with the International Criminal Court (ICC), effective September 3, 2010, to allow the ICC to setup operations in Kenya and to facilitate the ICC's work of investigating and prosecuting perpetrators On January 1, 2011, several federal procedural laws will become effective in Switzerland. These will replace the corresponding laws of the 26 cantons as well as several federal enactments. These new federal laws are: On May 18, 2010, in a speech at the annual meeting of the Council of Judges, Russia's highest professional body for the country's judges, the Chief Justice of the Russian Supreme Court, Viacheslav Lebedev, stated that The Federal Law of the Russian Federation on Information Related to the Activities of the Federal Judiciary (Information on Judiciary Law) will enter into force on July 1, 2010. The Law provides for publication of all On April 19, 2010, United Nations Under Secretary-General Patricia O'Brien, the U.N. Legal Counsel, called for donors to contribute funds to support the genocide tribunal in Cambodia. The tribunal, the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of The United Nations internal appeals tribunal, established in 2009 to handle disputes between staff members and managers of the international body, handled 33 cases in its first session. The judgments will be translated into all the Reform of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) was the forefront issue of a conference held in Interlaken, Switzerland, on February 10, 2010, by ministers from 27 members of the Council of Europe (COE), On February 23, 2010, Nepal's Supreme Court made public a judgment that mandates the establishment by government authorities of a system of fast-track courts for cases involving women and children. To that end, those authorities It was reported on October 29, 2009, that the African Union (AU) Peace and Security Council summit endorsed the AU Panel on Darfur (AUPD)'s proposal for the creation of a special court to try the perpetrators It was reported on October 26, 2009, that the Rwandan Ministry of Justice proposed a bill to the Parliament on what type of cases may be brought before the country's Supreme Court. During the presentation, Tharcise On September 30, 2009, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved the nomination of Jos; Antandocirc;nio Dias Toffoli as the new Justice of the Federal Supreme Court, to replace the deceased Justice Carlos Alberto Menezes Direito. Toffoli is The new Supreme Court of the United Kingdom began operation on October 1, 2009. Its creation is designed to increase transparency and further enhance the separation of powers between the executive, the legislature, and the judiciary On September 27, 2009, Qatar's Constitutional Court began its work. Originally it was to begin functioning on October 1, 2008; administrative problems delayed the start date. It has jurisdiction over disputes concerning constitutional interpretations and is The last judgments of the Law Lords of the United Kingdom took place on July 30, 2009. This will be a significant date in Britain's constitutional history, as it will mark the end of the judicial... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 18 Aug 2009 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401502_text Global Legal Monitor: Belarus: Work Experience Qualification for Judicial Experts Simplified http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401486_text Judiciary - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance Bangladesh Act No XIII of 2014 amended the Constitution of Bangladesh, empowering Parliament to impeach Supreme Court judges. (Sadiat Mannan, Parliament and Judiciary: Striking a Balance, DAILY STAR, (Oct. 20, 2014).) Part On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The On October 20, 2014, a group of law students who had been denied positions in Egypt's public prosecution service filed a petition before the country's administrative court to repeal the decision that had been issued by On October 16, 2014, the European Court of Justice annulled the European Council's 2006 listing of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE, also known as the Tamil Tigers) as a terrorist organization. The step was The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On September 23, 2014, the High Court in Pretoria, South Africa, ruled that the extradition to Botswana of Edwin Samotse, a man sought on murder charges in that country, where he may face the death penalty, The International Criminal Court (ICC) announced on September 5, 2014, that the trial of Uhuru Kenyatta, the President of Kenya, and of the Deputy President, William Ruto, originally planned to begin on October 7, would be Israel's High Court of Justice, with an extended bench of seven justices, recently voided a decision by the Supreme Rabbinical Court instructing a mother to enable the circumcision of her infant son against her will. (The criminal court of Nanterre, a suburb of Paris, recently found a major provider of social housing guilty of ethnic profiling. (Un bailleur HLM condamne pour fichage ethnique [A Social Housing Provider Found Guilty of On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the Kenya's High Court determined on April 14, 2014, that taxpayers have a right under the Constitution to fair administrative action related to their tax payments. (Catherine Mutava, Kenya: Constitutional Right to Expeditious Settlement of Refund Claims, In response to a legal challenge made by the Spanish government, on March 25, 2014, the Constitutional Court (CC) of Spain ruled that the sovereignty declaration passed by Catalonia's regional parliament early last year is unconstitutional. The Japanese Supreme Court has recently reached different conclusions in similar cases involving golf course policies to exclude gang members from playing. Depending on the circumstances, a gang member who deceives the course employees and plays On March 21, 2014, Thailand's Constitutional Court ruled that the country's general election, held on February 2, is invalid. (Court Voids Feb 2 General Election, BANGKOK POST ONLINE (Mar. 21, 2014).) On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Suliman Baldo, the United Nations independent expert on human rights in Mali, recently expressed his concern that crimes committed both by rebel groups and national forces during the 2012 conflict in the northern part of the On February 15, 2014, the Grand National Assembly (GNA) of Turkey passed an omnibus law (Law No. 6524 [in Turkish] (Feb. 15, 2014), GNA website) that amends the following four laws: Law On February 24, 2014, Navanetham Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (UNHCHR), called for an inquiry into the possibility that the two sides in Sri Lanka's civil war both committed war crimes. Potential Constitutional CrisisOn January 31, 2014, it was reported that the Government of Nauru has started the process of drafting a law that would result in the country being placed under emergency On January 1, 2014, a major reform of the Austrian system of administrative justice went into effect. It is based on the Administrative Justice Reform Act of 2012 (Verwaltungsgerichtsbarkeit-Novelle 2012, BUNDESGESETZBLATT I 2012/51), and on On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The Kazakhstan was criticized recently by international human rights organizations for restricting specific religious groups and practices. ( Religious Freedom in Kazakhstan, Berkley Center for Religion, Peace, andamp; World Affairs website (last Thura Aung Ko, a legislator in Burma's (Myanmar's) parliament, announced on September 7, 2013, that legislation will be drafted to create groups to monitor judicial proceedings. The purpose, according to Aung Ko, is to end corruption On July 28, 2013, Peshawar High Court (PHC) Chief Justice Dost Mohammad Khan inaugurated the establishment of mobile courts in the northern Pakistani province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK) to hear civil and criminal disputes. According to a press release from the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY), on May 29, 2013, the Tribunal convicted six former senior Croatian officials of ";crimes against humanity, violations of the laws or On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 3, 2013, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved, on its second reading, a constitutional amendment that creates four additional Federal Regional Tribunals (Tribunais Regionais Federais - TRFs) in the country. The tribunals must be On March 27, 2013, the Court of Appeals of Egypt ordered the reinstatement of the former General Prosecutor, Abdel-Meguid Mahmoud. A chamber within the Court of Appeals King Abdullah II of Jordan issued a royal decree on October 6, 2012, appointing a president and eight members of a newly established Constitutional Court. On November 1, 2012, Teori Zavascki was appointed as a new Minister of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court. Zavascki is taking over the position left open by Minister Cesar Peluso, who retired as required by law On September 18, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) released new guiding cases that were circulated to courts at all levels in the country for judges to The nine justices of the Constitutional Tribunal of Myanmar (Burma) all resigned on September 6, 2012. The abrupt move was made in response to a vote to impeach them taken that day by the Lower House By the end of June 2012, all railway courts in China had been integrated into the national court system, according to a Supreme People's Court (SPC) statement posted on July 30, 2012, on its official website. On August 22, 2012, the African Union and Senegal concluded an agreement on a special tribunal to try Hissandegrave;ne Habr;, the former leader of Chad. The tribunal will be established in Dakar, Senegal, and will consider On August 15, 2012, the King of Bahrain issued a Royal Decree containing Law 38-2012, which amends Law 27-2002 concerning the establishment of the Constitutional Court. Law 38-2012 covers the structure of the Court On August 7, 2012, the East African Court of Justice (EACJ) announced plans to set up sub-registry offices in each of the countries of the East African Community, starting with Rwanda. (East African Court On July 16, 2012, Members of the Tunisian Constituent National Assembly submitted draft legislation for consideration that would create a special court for the purpose of adjudicating crimes related to the Tunisian revolution of January 2011. On June 27, 2012, it was reported that Turkey's ruling party, the Justice and Development Party (AKP) is planning to propose reform of the court system, including abolition of the special authority courts now used to On April 20, 2012, the 47 Member States of the Council of Europe, at a high-level ministerial conference in Brighton, United Kingdom, unanimously voted to adopt a series of measures, known as the "Brighton Declaration," aimed On April 19, 2012, Minister Ayres Britto was inaugurated as the new President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court, with Minister Joaquim Barbosa as the Vice-President. Minister Britto will also preside over the National Council of st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On April 13, 2012, the President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and of the National Council of Justice, Minister Cezar Peluso, On April 3, 2012, the Office of the Prosecutor (OTP) of the International Criminal Court issued a decision holding that the OTP lacks jurisdiction to investigate alleged international crimes committed within the Palestinian territories. (Office of Brazil Federal Supreme Court Elects New President As of April 19, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and the National Council of Justice will have a new president. On March 14, 2012, Minister Ayres On January 30, 2012, the Greek Ministry of Justice, Transparency, and Human Rights submitted to Parliament a bill designed to expedite the administration of justice and guarantee speedier and fairer trials for individuals. (Draft Bill On December 14, 2011, the Mexican Senate approved and submitted for Presidential signature the Ibero-American Convention on the Use of Videoconferencing in International Cooperation Between Justice Systems, which is designed to foster the use of videoconferences On January 12, 2012, another criminal attack occurred against Brazil's judiciary, the third to date in the new year, leaving two people wounded. The incident took place in the city of Rio Claro, in the State On October 6, 2011, a retired military psychologist refused to break client confidentiality in a case in Copenhagen's Eastern High Court and was charged with contempt of court. The court will determine whether she will be On June 15, 2011, it was reported that the Indonesian government had reached an agreement with the country's House of Representatives to amend the legislation that governs the Constitutional Court. (Anita Rachman andamp; Ulma Haryanto, On May 16, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Religious Courts (Assistance Units) Law, 5771-2011. The Law authorizes the Minister of Justice and the Minister of Welfare and Social Services to establish by decree "assistance On April 29, 2011, the Council of the European Union, within the framework of its multi-annual European e-Justice Action Plan of 2009-2012, adopted its conclusions on the introduction of the European Case Law Identifier (ECLI) and The Supreme Court, sitting as a panel of seven judges, has abolished a 400-year-old law that grants expert witnesses testifying in court immunity from charges of breach of duty in contract or negligence. This law was China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) issued a circular on February 15, 2011, calling upon courts at the grassroots level to handle cases more efficiently to reduce the number of appeals, given the increasing number of lawsuits Turkey's Parliament passed a controversial judicial reform bill on February 9, 2011. Under the Law on the Amendment of Certain Laws, the highest level of the judiciary will be restructured. The Court of Appeals (Court of On February 2, 2011, the Minister of Security and Justice of the Netherlands, Ivo Willem Opstelten, submitted a legislative proposal on a preliminary procedure regulation for the timelier handling of cases, in particular those involving major On February 17, 2010, the Portuguese Council of Ministers approved a Resolution designed to improve the efficiency of the judicial system. The Resolution is the result of a project developed by the Ministry of Justice through On January 31, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed an amendment to the Execution Law, 5727-1967. The amendment law gives the Registrar of Execution of Judgments the authority to subpoena persons for an inquiry on their According to a report being prepared by United Nations human rights expert Gabriela Knaul that will be submitted to the Geneva-based U.N. Human Rights Council in June of 2011, Mozambique needs to intensify its efforts to The Thirteenth International Constitutional Justice Forum was held in Saint Petersburg, Russia, on November 18-20, 2010. More than 90 justices, clerks of constitutional courts, and scholars from 14, mostly European, countries discussed modern theory and practice The Special Tribunal for Lebanon (STL) is a mixed international/domestic tribunal whose jurisdiction is limited to investigating and prosecuting one specific domestic crime the bombing of former Prime Minister Rafiq Hariri and related offenses. On October 7, 2010, the State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) of the Russian Federation considered and approved on the first reading a bill aimed at reforming the Russian constitutional justice system. The bill It was recently reported that as part of a project to modernize the judiciary and automate certain court activities in Zambia, 30,000 court records have been digitized and certain court staff received training in managing court The magistrates' courts in England and Wales have witnessed a decline in the number of cases over the past ten years, with over 310,000 offenders fewer heard in 2009 than in 1999. The role of the The Extraordinary Chambers of the Courts of Cambodia, the body conducting the war crimes trial of members of the Khmer Rouge, opened its eighth plenary session on September 12, 2010. The tribunal will be devoting this The Kenyan government signed an agreement with the International Criminal Court (ICC), effective September 3, 2010, to allow the ICC to setup operations in Kenya and to facilitate the ICC's work of investigating and prosecuting perpetrators On January 1, 2011, several federal procedural laws will become effective in Switzerland. These will replace the corresponding laws of the 26 cantons as well as several federal enactments. These new federal laws are: On May 18, 2010, in a speech at the annual meeting of the Council of Judges, Russia's highest professional body for the country's judges, the Chief Justice of the Russian Supreme Court, Viacheslav Lebedev, stated that The Federal Law of the Russian Federation on Information Related to the Activities of the Federal Judiciary (Information on Judiciary Law) will enter into force on July 1, 2010. The Law provides for publication of all On April 19, 2010, United Nations Under Secretary-General Patricia O'Brien, the U.N. Legal Counsel, called for donors to contribute funds to support the genocide tribunal in Cambodia. The tribunal, the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of The United Nations internal appeals tribunal, established in 2009 to handle disputes between staff members and managers of the international body, handled 33 cases in its first session. The judgments will be translated into all the Reform of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) was the forefront issue of a conference held in Interlaken, Switzerland, on February 10, 2010, by ministers from 27 members of the Council of Europe (COE), On February 23, 2010, Nepal's Supreme Court made public a judgment that mandates the establishment by government authorities of a system of fast-track courts for cases involving women and children. To that end, those authorities It was reported on October 29, 2009, that the African Union (AU) Peace and Security Council summit endorsed the AU Panel on Darfur (AUPD)'s proposal for the creation of a special court to try the perpetrators It was reported on October 26, 2009, that the Rwandan Ministry of Justice proposed a bill to the Parliament on what type of cases may be brought before the country's Supreme Court. During the presentation, Tharcise On September 30, 2009, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved the nomination of Jos; Antandocirc;nio Dias Toffoli as the new Justice of the Federal Supreme Court, to replace the deceased Justice Carlos Alberto Menezes Direito. Toffoli is The new Supreme Court of the United Kingdom began operation on October 1, 2009. Its creation is designed to increase transparency and further enhance the separation of powers between the executive, the legislature, and the judiciary On September 27, 2009, Qatar's Constitutional Court began its work. Originally it was to begin functioning on October 1, 2008; administrative problems delayed the start date. It has jurisdiction over disputes concerning constitutional interpretations and is The last judgments of the Law Lords of the United Kingdom took place on July 30, 2009. This will be a significant date in Britain's constitutional history, as it will mark the end of the judicial On January 6, 2009, the Ministry of Justice of the Republic of Belarus (MOJ) significantly simplified the procedure for obtaining a qualification certificate as a "judicial expert" by issuing the Regulations on Judicial Experts' Certification. (Decision... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 11 Aug 2009 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401486_text Global Legal Monitor: Netherlands: Judicial Reforms Proposed to Improve Access to Legal System http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401473_text Judiciary - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance Bangladesh Act No XIII of 2014 amended the Constitution of Bangladesh, empowering Parliament to impeach Supreme Court judges. (Sadiat Mannan, Parliament and Judiciary: Striking a Balance, DAILY STAR, (Oct. 20, 2014).) Part On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The On October 20, 2014, a group of law students who had been denied positions in Egypt's public prosecution service filed a petition before the country's administrative court to repeal the decision that had been issued by On October 16, 2014, the European Court of Justice annulled the European Council's 2006 listing of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE, also known as the Tamil Tigers) as a terrorist organization. The step was The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On September 23, 2014, the High Court in Pretoria, South Africa, ruled that the extradition to Botswana of Edwin Samotse, a man sought on murder charges in that country, where he may face the death penalty, The International Criminal Court (ICC) announced on September 5, 2014, that the trial of Uhuru Kenyatta, the President of Kenya, and of the Deputy President, William Ruto, originally planned to begin on October 7, would be Israel's High Court of Justice, with an extended bench of seven justices, recently voided a decision by the Supreme Rabbinical Court instructing a mother to enable the circumcision of her infant son against her will. (The criminal court of Nanterre, a suburb of Paris, recently found a major provider of social housing guilty of ethnic profiling. (Un bailleur HLM condamne pour fichage ethnique [A Social Housing Provider Found Guilty of On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the Kenya's High Court determined on April 14, 2014, that taxpayers have a right under the Constitution to fair administrative action related to their tax payments. (Catherine Mutava, Kenya: Constitutional Right to Expeditious Settlement of Refund Claims, In response to a legal challenge made by the Spanish government, on March 25, 2014, the Constitutional Court (CC) of Spain ruled that the sovereignty declaration passed by Catalonia's regional parliament early last year is unconstitutional. The Japanese Supreme Court has recently reached different conclusions in similar cases involving golf course policies to exclude gang members from playing. Depending on the circumstances, a gang member who deceives the course employees and plays On March 21, 2014, Thailand's Constitutional Court ruled that the country's general election, held on February 2, is invalid. (Court Voids Feb 2 General Election, BANGKOK POST ONLINE (Mar. 21, 2014).) On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Suliman Baldo, the United Nations independent expert on human rights in Mali, recently expressed his concern that crimes committed both by rebel groups and national forces during the 2012 conflict in the northern part of the On February 15, 2014, the Grand National Assembly (GNA) of Turkey passed an omnibus law (Law No. 6524 [in Turkish] (Feb. 15, 2014), GNA website) that amends the following four laws: Law On February 24, 2014, Navanetham Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (UNHCHR), called for an inquiry into the possibility that the two sides in Sri Lanka's civil war both committed war crimes. Potential Constitutional CrisisOn January 31, 2014, it was reported that the Government of Nauru has started the process of drafting a law that would result in the country being placed under emergency On January 1, 2014, a major reform of the Austrian system of administrative justice went into effect. It is based on the Administrative Justice Reform Act of 2012 (Verwaltungsgerichtsbarkeit-Novelle 2012, BUNDESGESETZBLATT I 2012/51), and on On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The Kazakhstan was criticized recently by international human rights organizations for restricting specific religious groups and practices. ( Religious Freedom in Kazakhstan, Berkley Center for Religion, Peace, andamp; World Affairs website (last Thura Aung Ko, a legislator in Burma's (Myanmar's) parliament, announced on September 7, 2013, that legislation will be drafted to create groups to monitor judicial proceedings. The purpose, according to Aung Ko, is to end corruption On July 28, 2013, Peshawar High Court (PHC) Chief Justice Dost Mohammad Khan inaugurated the establishment of mobile courts in the northern Pakistani province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK) to hear civil and criminal disputes. According to a press release from the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY), on May 29, 2013, the Tribunal convicted six former senior Croatian officials of ";crimes against humanity, violations of the laws or On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 3, 2013, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved, on its second reading, a constitutional amendment that creates four additional Federal Regional Tribunals (Tribunais Regionais Federais - TRFs) in the country. The tribunals must be On March 27, 2013, the Court of Appeals of Egypt ordered the reinstatement of the former General Prosecutor, Abdel-Meguid Mahmoud. A chamber within the Court of Appeals King Abdullah II of Jordan issued a royal decree on October 6, 2012, appointing a president and eight members of a newly established Constitutional Court. On November 1, 2012, Teori Zavascki was appointed as a new Minister of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court. Zavascki is taking over the position left open by Minister Cesar Peluso, who retired as required by law On September 18, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) released new guiding cases that were circulated to courts at all levels in the country for judges to The nine justices of the Constitutional Tribunal of Myanmar (Burma) all resigned on September 6, 2012. The abrupt move was made in response to a vote to impeach them taken that day by the Lower House By the end of June 2012, all railway courts in China had been integrated into the national court system, according to a Supreme People's Court (SPC) statement posted on July 30, 2012, on its official website. On August 22, 2012, the African Union and Senegal concluded an agreement on a special tribunal to try Hissandegrave;ne Habr;, the former leader of Chad. The tribunal will be established in Dakar, Senegal, and will consider On August 15, 2012, the King of Bahrain issued a Royal Decree containing Law 38-2012, which amends Law 27-2002 concerning the establishment of the Constitutional Court. Law 38-2012 covers the structure of the Court On August 7, 2012, the East African Court of Justice (EACJ) announced plans to set up sub-registry offices in each of the countries of the East African Community, starting with Rwanda. (East African Court On July 16, 2012, Members of the Tunisian Constituent National Assembly submitted draft legislation for consideration that would create a special court for the purpose of adjudicating crimes related to the Tunisian revolution of January 2011. On June 27, 2012, it was reported that Turkey's ruling party, the Justice and Development Party (AKP) is planning to propose reform of the court system, including abolition of the special authority courts now used to On April 20, 2012, the 47 Member States of the Council of Europe, at a high-level ministerial conference in Brighton, United Kingdom, unanimously voted to adopt a series of measures, known as the "Brighton Declaration," aimed On April 19, 2012, Minister Ayres Britto was inaugurated as the new President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court, with Minister Joaquim Barbosa as the Vice-President. Minister Britto will also preside over the National Council of st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On April 13, 2012, the President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and of the National Council of Justice, Minister Cezar Peluso, On April 3, 2012, the Office of the Prosecutor (OTP) of the International Criminal Court issued a decision holding that the OTP lacks jurisdiction to investigate alleged international crimes committed within the Palestinian territories. (Office of Brazil Federal Supreme Court Elects New President As of April 19, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and the National Council of Justice will have a new president. On March 14, 2012, Minister Ayres On January 30, 2012, the Greek Ministry of Justice, Transparency, and Human Rights submitted to Parliament a bill designed to expedite the administration of justice and guarantee speedier and fairer trials for individuals. (Draft Bill On December 14, 2011, the Mexican Senate approved and submitted for Presidential signature the Ibero-American Convention on the Use of Videoconferencing in International Cooperation Between Justice Systems, which is designed to foster the use of videoconferences On January 12, 2012, another criminal attack occurred against Brazil's judiciary, the third to date in the new year, leaving two people wounded. The incident took place in the city of Rio Claro, in the State On October 6, 2011, a retired military psychologist refused to break client confidentiality in a case in Copenhagen's Eastern High Court and was charged with contempt of court. The court will determine whether she will be On June 15, 2011, it was reported that the Indonesian government had reached an agreement with the country's House of Representatives to amend the legislation that governs the Constitutional Court. (Anita Rachman andamp; Ulma Haryanto, On May 16, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Religious Courts (Assistance Units) Law, 5771-2011. The Law authorizes the Minister of Justice and the Minister of Welfare and Social Services to establish by decree "assistance On April 29, 2011, the Council of the European Union, within the framework of its multi-annual European e-Justice Action Plan of 2009-2012, adopted its conclusions on the introduction of the European Case Law Identifier (ECLI) and The Supreme Court, sitting as a panel of seven judges, has abolished a 400-year-old law that grants expert witnesses testifying in court immunity from charges of breach of duty in contract or negligence. This law was China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) issued a circular on February 15, 2011, calling upon courts at the grassroots level to handle cases more efficiently to reduce the number of appeals, given the increasing number of lawsuits Turkey's Parliament passed a controversial judicial reform bill on February 9, 2011. Under the Law on the Amendment of Certain Laws, the highest level of the judiciary will be restructured. The Court of Appeals (Court of On February 2, 2011, the Minister of Security and Justice of the Netherlands, Ivo Willem Opstelten, submitted a legislative proposal on a preliminary procedure regulation for the timelier handling of cases, in particular those involving major On February 17, 2010, the Portuguese Council of Ministers approved a Resolution designed to improve the efficiency of the judicial system. The Resolution is the result of a project developed by the Ministry of Justice through On January 31, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed an amendment to the Execution Law, 5727-1967. The amendment law gives the Registrar of Execution of Judgments the authority to subpoena persons for an inquiry on their According to a report being prepared by United Nations human rights expert Gabriela Knaul that will be submitted to the Geneva-based U.N. Human Rights Council in June of 2011, Mozambique needs to intensify its efforts to The Thirteenth International Constitutional Justice Forum was held in Saint Petersburg, Russia, on November 18-20, 2010. More than 90 justices, clerks of constitutional courts, and scholars from 14, mostly European, countries discussed modern theory and practice The Special Tribunal for Lebanon (STL) is a mixed international/domestic tribunal whose jurisdiction is limited to investigating and prosecuting one specific domestic crime the bombing of former Prime Minister Rafiq Hariri and related offenses. On October 7, 2010, the State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) of the Russian Federation considered and approved on the first reading a bill aimed at reforming the Russian constitutional justice system. The bill It was recently reported that as part of a project to modernize the judiciary and automate certain court activities in Zambia, 30,000 court records have been digitized and certain court staff received training in managing court The magistrates' courts in England and Wales have witnessed a decline in the number of cases over the past ten years, with over 310,000 offenders fewer heard in 2009 than in 1999. The role of the The Extraordinary Chambers of the Courts of Cambodia, the body conducting the war crimes trial of members of the Khmer Rouge, opened its eighth plenary session on September 12, 2010. The tribunal will be devoting this The Kenyan government signed an agreement with the International Criminal Court (ICC), effective September 3, 2010, to allow the ICC to setup operations in Kenya and to facilitate the ICC's work of investigating and prosecuting perpetrators On January 1, 2011, several federal procedural laws will become effective in Switzerland. These will replace the corresponding laws of the 26 cantons as well as several federal enactments. These new federal laws are: On May 18, 2010, in a speech at the annual meeting of the Council of Judges, Russia's highest professional body for the country's judges, the Chief Justice of the Russian Supreme Court, Viacheslav Lebedev, stated that The Federal Law of the Russian Federation on Information Related to the Activities of the Federal Judiciary (Information on Judiciary Law) will enter into force on July 1, 2010. The Law provides for publication of all On April 19, 2010, United Nations Under Secretary-General Patricia O'Brien, the U.N. Legal Counsel, called for donors to contribute funds to support the genocide tribunal in Cambodia. The tribunal, the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of The United Nations internal appeals tribunal, established in 2009 to handle disputes between staff members and managers of the international body, handled 33 cases in its first session. The judgments will be translated into all the Reform of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) was the forefront issue of a conference held in Interlaken, Switzerland, on February 10, 2010, by ministers from 27 members of the Council of Europe (COE), On February 23, 2010, Nepal's Supreme Court made public a judgment that mandates the establishment by government authorities of a system of fast-track courts for cases involving women and children. To that end, those authorities It was reported on October 29, 2009, that the African Union (AU) Peace and Security Council summit endorsed the AU Panel on Darfur (AUPD)'s proposal for the creation of a special court to try the perpetrators It was reported on October 26, 2009, that the Rwandan Ministry of Justice proposed a bill to the Parliament on what type of cases may be brought before the country's Supreme Court. During the presentation, Tharcise On September 30, 2009, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved the nomination of Jos; Antandocirc;nio Dias Toffoli as the new Justice of the Federal Supreme Court, to replace the deceased Justice Carlos Alberto Menezes Direito. Toffoli is The new Supreme Court of the United Kingdom began operation on October 1, 2009. Its creation is designed to increase transparency and further enhance the separation of powers between the executive, the legislature, and the judiciary On September 27, 2009, Qatar's Constitutional Court began its work. Originally it was to begin functioning on October 1, 2008; administrative problems delayed the start date. It has jurisdiction over disputes concerning constitutional interpretations and is The last judgments of the Law Lords of the United Kingdom took place on July 30, 2009. This will be a significant date in Britain's constitutional history, as it will mark the end of the judicial On January 6, 2009, the Ministry of Justice of the Republic of Belarus (MOJ) significantly simplified the procedure for obtaining a qualification certificate as a "judicial expert" by issuing the Regulations on Judicial Experts' Certification. (Decision According to a press release issued by the Dutch Ministry of Justice on July 28, 2009, the Ministry has submitted a legislative proposal to make the country's legal system more accessible to its citizens. In addition,... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 05 Aug 2009 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401473_text Global Legal Monitor: Indonesia: Legislature Downplays Corruption Court http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401418_text Judiciary - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance Bangladesh Act No XIII of 2014 amended the Constitution of Bangladesh, empowering Parliament to impeach Supreme Court judges. (Sadiat Mannan, Parliament and Judiciary: Striking a Balance, DAILY STAR, (Oct. 20, 2014).) Part On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The On October 20, 2014, a group of law students who had been denied positions in Egypt's public prosecution service filed a petition before the country's administrative court to repeal the decision that had been issued by On October 16, 2014, the European Court of Justice annulled the European Council's 2006 listing of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE, also known as the Tamil Tigers) as a terrorist organization. The step was The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On September 23, 2014, the High Court in Pretoria, South Africa, ruled that the extradition to Botswana of Edwin Samotse, a man sought on murder charges in that country, where he may face the death penalty, The International Criminal Court (ICC) announced on September 5, 2014, that the trial of Uhuru Kenyatta, the President of Kenya, and of the Deputy President, William Ruto, originally planned to begin on October 7, would be Israel's High Court of Justice, with an extended bench of seven justices, recently voided a decision by the Supreme Rabbinical Court instructing a mother to enable the circumcision of her infant son against her will. (The criminal court of Nanterre, a suburb of Paris, recently found a major provider of social housing guilty of ethnic profiling. (Un bailleur HLM condamne pour fichage ethnique [A Social Housing Provider Found Guilty of On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the Kenya's High Court determined on April 14, 2014, that taxpayers have a right under the Constitution to fair administrative action related to their tax payments. (Catherine Mutava, Kenya: Constitutional Right to Expeditious Settlement of Refund Claims, In response to a legal challenge made by the Spanish government, on March 25, 2014, the Constitutional Court (CC) of Spain ruled that the sovereignty declaration passed by Catalonia's regional parliament early last year is unconstitutional. The Japanese Supreme Court has recently reached different conclusions in similar cases involving golf course policies to exclude gang members from playing. Depending on the circumstances, a gang member who deceives the course employees and plays On March 21, 2014, Thailand's Constitutional Court ruled that the country's general election, held on February 2, is invalid. (Court Voids Feb 2 General Election, BANGKOK POST ONLINE (Mar. 21, 2014).) On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Suliman Baldo, the United Nations independent expert on human rights in Mali, recently expressed his concern that crimes committed both by rebel groups and national forces during the 2012 conflict in the northern part of the On February 15, 2014, the Grand National Assembly (GNA) of Turkey passed an omnibus law (Law No. 6524 [in Turkish] (Feb. 15, 2014), GNA website) that amends the following four laws: Law On February 24, 2014, Navanetham Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (UNHCHR), called for an inquiry into the possibility that the two sides in Sri Lanka's civil war both committed war crimes. Potential Constitutional CrisisOn January 31, 2014, it was reported that the Government of Nauru has started the process of drafting a law that would result in the country being placed under emergency On January 1, 2014, a major reform of the Austrian system of administrative justice went into effect. It is based on the Administrative Justice Reform Act of 2012 (Verwaltungsgerichtsbarkeit-Novelle 2012, BUNDESGESETZBLATT I 2012/51), and on On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The Kazakhstan was criticized recently by international human rights organizations for restricting specific religious groups and practices. ( Religious Freedom in Kazakhstan, Berkley Center for Religion, Peace, andamp; World Affairs website (last Thura Aung Ko, a legislator in Burma's (Myanmar's) parliament, announced on September 7, 2013, that legislation will be drafted to create groups to monitor judicial proceedings. The purpose, according to Aung Ko, is to end corruption On July 28, 2013, Peshawar High Court (PHC) Chief Justice Dost Mohammad Khan inaugurated the establishment of mobile courts in the northern Pakistani province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK) to hear civil and criminal disputes. According to a press release from the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY), on May 29, 2013, the Tribunal convicted six former senior Croatian officials of ";crimes against humanity, violations of the laws or On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 3, 2013, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved, on its second reading, a constitutional amendment that creates four additional Federal Regional Tribunals (Tribunais Regionais Federais - TRFs) in the country. The tribunals must be On March 27, 2013, the Court of Appeals of Egypt ordered the reinstatement of the former General Prosecutor, Abdel-Meguid Mahmoud. A chamber within the Court of Appeals King Abdullah II of Jordan issued a royal decree on October 6, 2012, appointing a president and eight members of a newly established Constitutional Court. On November 1, 2012, Teori Zavascki was appointed as a new Minister of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court. Zavascki is taking over the position left open by Minister Cesar Peluso, who retired as required by law On September 18, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) released new guiding cases that were circulated to courts at all levels in the country for judges to The nine justices of the Constitutional Tribunal of Myanmar (Burma) all resigned on September 6, 2012. The abrupt move was made in response to a vote to impeach them taken that day by the Lower House By the end of June 2012, all railway courts in China had been integrated into the national court system, according to a Supreme People's Court (SPC) statement posted on July 30, 2012, on its official website. On August 22, 2012, the African Union and Senegal concluded an agreement on a special tribunal to try Hissandegrave;ne Habr;, the former leader of Chad. The tribunal will be established in Dakar, Senegal, and will consider On August 15, 2012, the King of Bahrain issued a Royal Decree containing Law 38-2012, which amends Law 27-2002 concerning the establishment of the Constitutional Court. Law 38-2012 covers the structure of the Court On August 7, 2012, the East African Court of Justice (EACJ) announced plans to set up sub-registry offices in each of the countries of the East African Community, starting with Rwanda. (East African Court On July 16, 2012, Members of the Tunisian Constituent National Assembly submitted draft legislation for consideration that would create a special court for the purpose of adjudicating crimes related to the Tunisian revolution of January 2011. On June 27, 2012, it was reported that Turkey's ruling party, the Justice and Development Party (AKP) is planning to propose reform of the court system, including abolition of the special authority courts now used to On April 20, 2012, the 47 Member States of the Council of Europe, at a high-level ministerial conference in Brighton, United Kingdom, unanimously voted to adopt a series of measures, known as the "Brighton Declaration," aimed On April 19, 2012, Minister Ayres Britto was inaugurated as the new President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court, with Minister Joaquim Barbosa as the Vice-President. Minister Britto will also preside over the National Council of st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On April 13, 2012, the President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and of the National Council of Justice, Minister Cezar Peluso, On April 3, 2012, the Office of the Prosecutor (OTP) of the International Criminal Court issued a decision holding that the OTP lacks jurisdiction to investigate alleged international crimes committed within the Palestinian territories. (Office of Brazil Federal Supreme Court Elects New President As of April 19, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and the National Council of Justice will have a new president. On March 14, 2012, Minister Ayres On January 30, 2012, the Greek Ministry of Justice, Transparency, and Human Rights submitted to Parliament a bill designed to expedite the administration of justice and guarantee speedier and fairer trials for individuals. (Draft Bill On December 14, 2011, the Mexican Senate approved and submitted for Presidential signature the Ibero-American Convention on the Use of Videoconferencing in International Cooperation Between Justice Systems, which is designed to foster the use of videoconferences On January 12, 2012, another criminal attack occurred against Brazil's judiciary, the third to date in the new year, leaving two people wounded. The incident took place in the city of Rio Claro, in the State On October 6, 2011, a retired military psychologist refused to break client confidentiality in a case in Copenhagen's Eastern High Court and was charged with contempt of court. The court will determine whether she will be On June 15, 2011, it was reported that the Indonesian government had reached an agreement with the country's House of Representatives to amend the legislation that governs the Constitutional Court. (Anita Rachman andamp; Ulma Haryanto, On May 16, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Religious Courts (Assistance Units) Law, 5771-2011. The Law authorizes the Minister of Justice and the Minister of Welfare and Social Services to establish by decree "assistance On April 29, 2011, the Council of the European Union, within the framework of its multi-annual European e-Justice Action Plan of 2009-2012, adopted its conclusions on the introduction of the European Case Law Identifier (ECLI) and The Supreme Court, sitting as a panel of seven judges, has abolished a 400-year-old law that grants expert witnesses testifying in court immunity from charges of breach of duty in contract or negligence. This law was China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) issued a circular on February 15, 2011, calling upon courts at the grassroots level to handle cases more efficiently to reduce the number of appeals, given the increasing number of lawsuits Turkey's Parliament passed a controversial judicial reform bill on February 9, 2011. Under the Law on the Amendment of Certain Laws, the highest level of the judiciary will be restructured. The Court of Appeals (Court of On February 2, 2011, the Minister of Security and Justice of the Netherlands, Ivo Willem Opstelten, submitted a legislative proposal on a preliminary procedure regulation for the timelier handling of cases, in particular those involving major On February 17, 2010, the Portuguese Council of Ministers approved a Resolution designed to improve the efficiency of the judicial system. The Resolution is the result of a project developed by the Ministry of Justice through On January 31, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed an amendment to the Execution Law, 5727-1967. The amendment law gives the Registrar of Execution of Judgments the authority to subpoena persons for an inquiry on their According to a report being prepared by United Nations human rights expert Gabriela Knaul that will be submitted to the Geneva-based U.N. Human Rights Council in June of 2011, Mozambique needs to intensify its efforts to The Thirteenth International Constitutional Justice Forum was held in Saint Petersburg, Russia, on November 18-20, 2010. More than 90 justices, clerks of constitutional courts, and scholars from 14, mostly European, countries discussed modern theory and practice The Special Tribunal for Lebanon (STL) is a mixed international/domestic tribunal whose jurisdiction is limited to investigating and prosecuting one specific domestic crime the bombing of former Prime Minister Rafiq Hariri and related offenses. On October 7, 2010, the State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) of the Russian Federation considered and approved on the first reading a bill aimed at reforming the Russian constitutional justice system. The bill It was recently reported that as part of a project to modernize the judiciary and automate certain court activities in Zambia, 30,000 court records have been digitized and certain court staff received training in managing court The magistrates' courts in England and Wales have witnessed a decline in the number of cases over the past ten years, with over 310,000 offenders fewer heard in 2009 than in 1999. The role of the The Extraordinary Chambers of the Courts of Cambodia, the body conducting the war crimes trial of members of the Khmer Rouge, opened its eighth plenary session on September 12, 2010. The tribunal will be devoting this The Kenyan government signed an agreement with the International Criminal Court (ICC), effective September 3, 2010, to allow the ICC to setup operations in Kenya and to facilitate the ICC's work of investigating and prosecuting perpetrators On January 1, 2011, several federal procedural laws will become effective in Switzerland. These will replace the corresponding laws of the 26 cantons as well as several federal enactments. These new federal laws are: On May 18, 2010, in a speech at the annual meeting of the Council of Judges, Russia's highest professional body for the country's judges, the Chief Justice of the Russian Supreme Court, Viacheslav Lebedev, stated that The Federal Law of the Russian Federation on Information Related to the Activities of the Federal Judiciary (Information on Judiciary Law) will enter into force on July 1, 2010. The Law provides for publication of all On April 19, 2010, United Nations Under Secretary-General Patricia O'Brien, the U.N. Legal Counsel, called for donors to contribute funds to support the genocide tribunal in Cambodia. The tribunal, the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of The United Nations internal appeals tribunal, established in 2009 to handle disputes between staff members and managers of the international body, handled 33 cases in its first session. The judgments will be translated into all the Reform of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) was the forefront issue of a conference held in Interlaken, Switzerland, on February 10, 2010, by ministers from 27 members of the Council of Europe (COE), On February 23, 2010, Nepal's Supreme Court made public a judgment that mandates the establishment by government authorities of a system of fast-track courts for cases involving women and children. To that end, those authorities It was reported on October 29, 2009, that the African Union (AU) Peace and Security Council summit endorsed the AU Panel on Darfur (AUPD)'s proposal for the creation of a special court to try the perpetrators It was reported on October 26, 2009, that the Rwandan Ministry of Justice proposed a bill to the Parliament on what type of cases may be brought before the country's Supreme Court. During the presentation, Tharcise On September 30, 2009, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved the nomination of Jos; Antandocirc;nio Dias Toffoli as the new Justice of the Federal Supreme Court, to replace the deceased Justice Carlos Alberto Menezes Direito. Toffoli is The new Supreme Court of the United Kingdom began operation on October 1, 2009. Its creation is designed to increase transparency and further enhance the separation of powers between the executive, the legislature, and the judiciary On September 27, 2009, Qatar's Constitutional Court began its work. Originally it was to begin functioning on October 1, 2008; administrative problems delayed the start date. It has jurisdiction over disputes concerning constitutional interpretations and is The last judgments of the Law Lords of the United Kingdom took place on July 30, 2009. This will be a significant date in Britain's constitutional history, as it will mark the end of the judicial On January 6, 2009, the Ministry of Justice of the Republic of Belarus (MOJ) significantly simplified the procedure for obtaining a qualification certificate as a "judicial expert" by issuing the Regulations on Judicial Experts' Certification. (Decision According to a press release issued by the Dutch Ministry of Justice on July 28, 2009, the Ministry has submitted a legislative proposal to make the country's legal system more accessible to its citizens. In addition, It was reported on July 3, 2009, that Indonesia's House of Representatives, the lower house of the country's bicameral legislature, is not planning to take action soon to enact a law for an independent Corruption Court.... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 08 Jul 2009 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401418_text Global Legal Monitor: United Nations: New Tribunals to Handle Staff Complaints http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401382_text Judiciary - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance Bangladesh Act No XIII of 2014 amended the Constitution of Bangladesh, empowering Parliament to impeach Supreme Court judges. (Sadiat Mannan, Parliament and Judiciary: Striking a Balance, DAILY STAR, (Oct. 20, 2014).) Part On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The On October 20, 2014, a group of law students who had been denied positions in Egypt's public prosecution service filed a petition before the country's administrative court to repeal the decision that had been issued by On October 16, 2014, the European Court of Justice annulled the European Council's 2006 listing of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE, also known as the Tamil Tigers) as a terrorist organization. The step was The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On September 23, 2014, the High Court in Pretoria, South Africa, ruled that the extradition to Botswana of Edwin Samotse, a man sought on murder charges in that country, where he may face the death penalty, The International Criminal Court (ICC) announced on September 5, 2014, that the trial of Uhuru Kenyatta, the President of Kenya, and of the Deputy President, William Ruto, originally planned to begin on October 7, would be Israel's High Court of Justice, with an extended bench of seven justices, recently voided a decision by the Supreme Rabbinical Court instructing a mother to enable the circumcision of her infant son against her will. (The criminal court of Nanterre, a suburb of Paris, recently found a major provider of social housing guilty of ethnic profiling. (Un bailleur HLM condamne pour fichage ethnique [A Social Housing Provider Found Guilty of On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the Kenya's High Court determined on April 14, 2014, that taxpayers have a right under the Constitution to fair administrative action related to their tax payments. (Catherine Mutava, Kenya: Constitutional Right to Expeditious Settlement of Refund Claims, In response to a legal challenge made by the Spanish government, on March 25, 2014, the Constitutional Court (CC) of Spain ruled that the sovereignty declaration passed by Catalonia's regional parliament early last year is unconstitutional. The Japanese Supreme Court has recently reached different conclusions in similar cases involving golf course policies to exclude gang members from playing. Depending on the circumstances, a gang member who deceives the course employees and plays On March 21, 2014, Thailand's Constitutional Court ruled that the country's general election, held on February 2, is invalid. (Court Voids Feb 2 General Election, BANGKOK POST ONLINE (Mar. 21, 2014).) On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Suliman Baldo, the United Nations independent expert on human rights in Mali, recently expressed his concern that crimes committed both by rebel groups and national forces during the 2012 conflict in the northern part of the On February 15, 2014, the Grand National Assembly (GNA) of Turkey passed an omnibus law (Law No. 6524 [in Turkish] (Feb. 15, 2014), GNA website) that amends the following four laws: Law On February 24, 2014, Navanetham Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (UNHCHR), called for an inquiry into the possibility that the two sides in Sri Lanka's civil war both committed war crimes. Potential Constitutional CrisisOn January 31, 2014, it was reported that the Government of Nauru has started the process of drafting a law that would result in the country being placed under emergency On January 1, 2014, a major reform of the Austrian system of administrative justice went into effect. It is based on the Administrative Justice Reform Act of 2012 (Verwaltungsgerichtsbarkeit-Novelle 2012, BUNDESGESETZBLATT I 2012/51), and on On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The Kazakhstan was criticized recently by international human rights organizations for restricting specific religious groups and practices. ( Religious Freedom in Kazakhstan, Berkley Center for Religion, Peace, andamp; World Affairs website (last Thura Aung Ko, a legislator in Burma's (Myanmar's) parliament, announced on September 7, 2013, that legislation will be drafted to create groups to monitor judicial proceedings. The purpose, according to Aung Ko, is to end corruption On July 28, 2013, Peshawar High Court (PHC) Chief Justice Dost Mohammad Khan inaugurated the establishment of mobile courts in the northern Pakistani province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK) to hear civil and criminal disputes. According to a press release from the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY), on May 29, 2013, the Tribunal convicted six former senior Croatian officials of ";crimes against humanity, violations of the laws or On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 3, 2013, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved, on its second reading, a constitutional amendment that creates four additional Federal Regional Tribunals (Tribunais Regionais Federais - TRFs) in the country. The tribunals must be On March 27, 2013, the Court of Appeals of Egypt ordered the reinstatement of the former General Prosecutor, Abdel-Meguid Mahmoud. A chamber within the Court of Appeals King Abdullah II of Jordan issued a royal decree on October 6, 2012, appointing a president and eight members of a newly established Constitutional Court. On November 1, 2012, Teori Zavascki was appointed as a new Minister of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court. Zavascki is taking over the position left open by Minister Cesar Peluso, who retired as required by law On September 18, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) released new guiding cases that were circulated to courts at all levels in the country for judges to The nine justices of the Constitutional Tribunal of Myanmar (Burma) all resigned on September 6, 2012. The abrupt move was made in response to a vote to impeach them taken that day by the Lower House By the end of June 2012, all railway courts in China had been integrated into the national court system, according to a Supreme People's Court (SPC) statement posted on July 30, 2012, on its official website. On August 22, 2012, the African Union and Senegal concluded an agreement on a special tribunal to try Hissandegrave;ne Habr;, the former leader of Chad. The tribunal will be established in Dakar, Senegal, and will consider On August 15, 2012, the King of Bahrain issued a Royal Decree containing Law 38-2012, which amends Law 27-2002 concerning the establishment of the Constitutional Court. Law 38-2012 covers the structure of the Court On August 7, 2012, the East African Court of Justice (EACJ) announced plans to set up sub-registry offices in each of the countries of the East African Community, starting with Rwanda. (East African Court On July 16, 2012, Members of the Tunisian Constituent National Assembly submitted draft legislation for consideration that would create a special court for the purpose of adjudicating crimes related to the Tunisian revolution of January 2011. On June 27, 2012, it was reported that Turkey's ruling party, the Justice and Development Party (AKP) is planning to propose reform of the court system, including abolition of the special authority courts now used to On April 20, 2012, the 47 Member States of the Council of Europe, at a high-level ministerial conference in Brighton, United Kingdom, unanimously voted to adopt a series of measures, known as the "Brighton Declaration," aimed On April 19, 2012, Minister Ayres Britto was inaugurated as the new President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court, with Minister Joaquim Barbosa as the Vice-President. Minister Britto will also preside over the National Council of st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On April 13, 2012, the President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and of the National Council of Justice, Minister Cezar Peluso, On April 3, 2012, the Office of the Prosecutor (OTP) of the International Criminal Court issued a decision holding that the OTP lacks jurisdiction to investigate alleged international crimes committed within the Palestinian territories. (Office of Brazil Federal Supreme Court Elects New President As of April 19, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and the National Council of Justice will have a new president. On March 14, 2012, Minister Ayres On January 30, 2012, the Greek Ministry of Justice, Transparency, and Human Rights submitted to Parliament a bill designed to expedite the administration of justice and guarantee speedier and fairer trials for individuals. (Draft Bill On December 14, 2011, the Mexican Senate approved and submitted for Presidential signature the Ibero-American Convention on the Use of Videoconferencing in International Cooperation Between Justice Systems, which is designed to foster the use of videoconferences On January 12, 2012, another criminal attack occurred against Brazil's judiciary, the third to date in the new year, leaving two people wounded. The incident took place in the city of Rio Claro, in the State On October 6, 2011, a retired military psychologist refused to break client confidentiality in a case in Copenhagen's Eastern High Court and was charged with contempt of court. The court will determine whether she will be On June 15, 2011, it was reported that the Indonesian government had reached an agreement with the country's House of Representatives to amend the legislation that governs the Constitutional Court. (Anita Rachman andamp; Ulma Haryanto, On May 16, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Religious Courts (Assistance Units) Law, 5771-2011. The Law authorizes the Minister of Justice and the Minister of Welfare and Social Services to establish by decree "assistance On April 29, 2011, the Council of the European Union, within the framework of its multi-annual European e-Justice Action Plan of 2009-2012, adopted its conclusions on the introduction of the European Case Law Identifier (ECLI) and The Supreme Court, sitting as a panel of seven judges, has abolished a 400-year-old law that grants expert witnesses testifying in court immunity from charges of breach of duty in contract or negligence. This law was China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) issued a circular on February 15, 2011, calling upon courts at the grassroots level to handle cases more efficiently to reduce the number of appeals, given the increasing number of lawsuits Turkey's Parliament passed a controversial judicial reform bill on February 9, 2011. Under the Law on the Amendment of Certain Laws, the highest level of the judiciary will be restructured. The Court of Appeals (Court of On February 2, 2011, the Minister of Security and Justice of the Netherlands, Ivo Willem Opstelten, submitted a legislative proposal on a preliminary procedure regulation for the timelier handling of cases, in particular those involving major On February 17, 2010, the Portuguese Council of Ministers approved a Resolution designed to improve the efficiency of the judicial system. The Resolution is the result of a project developed by the Ministry of Justice through On January 31, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed an amendment to the Execution Law, 5727-1967. The amendment law gives the Registrar of Execution of Judgments the authority to subpoena persons for an inquiry on their According to a report being prepared by United Nations human rights expert Gabriela Knaul that will be submitted to the Geneva-based U.N. Human Rights Council in June of 2011, Mozambique needs to intensify its efforts to The Thirteenth International Constitutional Justice Forum was held in Saint Petersburg, Russia, on November 18-20, 2010. More than 90 justices, clerks of constitutional courts, and scholars from 14, mostly European, countries discussed modern theory and practice The Special Tribunal for Lebanon (STL) is a mixed international/domestic tribunal whose jurisdiction is limited to investigating and prosecuting one specific domestic crime the bombing of former Prime Minister Rafiq Hariri and related offenses. On October 7, 2010, the State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) of the Russian Federation considered and approved on the first reading a bill aimed at reforming the Russian constitutional justice system. The bill It was recently reported that as part of a project to modernize the judiciary and automate certain court activities in Zambia, 30,000 court records have been digitized and certain court staff received training in managing court The magistrates' courts in England and Wales have witnessed a decline in the number of cases over the past ten years, with over 310,000 offenders fewer heard in 2009 than in 1999. The role of the The Extraordinary Chambers of the Courts of Cambodia, the body conducting the war crimes trial of members of the Khmer Rouge, opened its eighth plenary session on September 12, 2010. The tribunal will be devoting this The Kenyan government signed an agreement with the International Criminal Court (ICC), effective September 3, 2010, to allow the ICC to setup operations in Kenya and to facilitate the ICC's work of investigating and prosecuting perpetrators On January 1, 2011, several federal procedural laws will become effective in Switzerland. These will replace the corresponding laws of the 26 cantons as well as several federal enactments. These new federal laws are: On May 18, 2010, in a speech at the annual meeting of the Council of Judges, Russia's highest professional body for the country's judges, the Chief Justice of the Russian Supreme Court, Viacheslav Lebedev, stated that The Federal Law of the Russian Federation on Information Related to the Activities of the Federal Judiciary (Information on Judiciary Law) will enter into force on July 1, 2010. The Law provides for publication of all On April 19, 2010, United Nations Under Secretary-General Patricia O'Brien, the U.N. Legal Counsel, called for donors to contribute funds to support the genocide tribunal in Cambodia. The tribunal, the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of The United Nations internal appeals tribunal, established in 2009 to handle disputes between staff members and managers of the international body, handled 33 cases in its first session. The judgments will be translated into all the Reform of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) was the forefront issue of a conference held in Interlaken, Switzerland, on February 10, 2010, by ministers from 27 members of the Council of Europe (COE), On February 23, 2010, Nepal's Supreme Court made public a judgment that mandates the establishment by government authorities of a system of fast-track courts for cases involving women and children. To that end, those authorities It was reported on October 29, 2009, that the African Union (AU) Peace and Security Council summit endorsed the AU Panel on Darfur (AUPD)'s proposal for the creation of a special court to try the perpetrators It was reported on October 26, 2009, that the Rwandan Ministry of Justice proposed a bill to the Parliament on what type of cases may be brought before the country's Supreme Court. During the presentation, Tharcise On September 30, 2009, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved the nomination of Jos; Antandocirc;nio Dias Toffoli as the new Justice of the Federal Supreme Court, to replace the deceased Justice Carlos Alberto Menezes Direito. Toffoli is The new Supreme Court of the United Kingdom began operation on October 1, 2009. Its creation is designed to increase transparency and further enhance the separation of powers between the executive, the legislature, and the judiciary On September 27, 2009, Qatar's Constitutional Court began its work. Originally it was to begin functioning on October 1, 2008; administrative problems delayed the start date. It has jurisdiction over disputes concerning constitutional interpretations and is The last judgments of the Law Lords of the United Kingdom took place on July 30, 2009. This will be a significant date in Britain's constitutional history, as it will mark the end of the judicial On January 6, 2009, the Ministry of Justice of the Republic of Belarus (MOJ) significantly simplified the procedure for obtaining a qualification certificate as a "judicial expert" by issuing the Regulations on Judicial Experts' Certification. (Decision According to a press release issued by the Dutch Ministry of Justice on July 28, 2009, the Ministry has submitted a legislative proposal to make the country's legal system more accessible to its citizens. In addition, It was reported on July 3, 2009, that Indonesia's House of Representatives, the lower house of the country's bicameral legislature, is not planning to take action soon to enact a law for an independent Corruption Court. On June 22, 2009, United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon spoke at the swearing in of judges for two new tribunals. Ban's hope that the new system will boost accountability will be tested when the tribunals begin... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 26 Jun 2009 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401382_text Global Legal Monitor: Sri Lanka: Courts to Be Restored in the North http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401380_text Judiciary - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance Bangladesh Act No XIII of 2014 amended the Constitution of Bangladesh, empowering Parliament to impeach Supreme Court judges. (Sadiat Mannan, Parliament and Judiciary: Striking a Balance, DAILY STAR, (Oct. 20, 2014).) Part On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The On October 20, 2014, a group of law students who had been denied positions in Egypt's public prosecution service filed a petition before the country's administrative court to repeal the decision that had been issued by On October 16, 2014, the European Court of Justice annulled the European Council's 2006 listing of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE, also known as the Tamil Tigers) as a terrorist organization. The step was The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On September 23, 2014, the High Court in Pretoria, South Africa, ruled that the extradition to Botswana of Edwin Samotse, a man sought on murder charges in that country, where he may face the death penalty, The International Criminal Court (ICC) announced on September 5, 2014, that the trial of Uhuru Kenyatta, the President of Kenya, and of the Deputy President, William Ruto, originally planned to begin on October 7, would be Israel's High Court of Justice, with an extended bench of seven justices, recently voided a decision by the Supreme Rabbinical Court instructing a mother to enable the circumcision of her infant son against her will. (The criminal court of Nanterre, a suburb of Paris, recently found a major provider of social housing guilty of ethnic profiling. (Un bailleur HLM condamne pour fichage ethnique [A Social Housing Provider Found Guilty of On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the Kenya's High Court determined on April 14, 2014, that taxpayers have a right under the Constitution to fair administrative action related to their tax payments. (Catherine Mutava, Kenya: Constitutional Right to Expeditious Settlement of Refund Claims, In response to a legal challenge made by the Spanish government, on March 25, 2014, the Constitutional Court (CC) of Spain ruled that the sovereignty declaration passed by Catalonia's regional parliament early last year is unconstitutional. The Japanese Supreme Court has recently reached different conclusions in similar cases involving golf course policies to exclude gang members from playing. Depending on the circumstances, a gang member who deceives the course employees and plays On March 21, 2014, Thailand's Constitutional Court ruled that the country's general election, held on February 2, is invalid. (Court Voids Feb 2 General Election, BANGKOK POST ONLINE (Mar. 21, 2014).) On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Suliman Baldo, the United Nations independent expert on human rights in Mali, recently expressed his concern that crimes committed both by rebel groups and national forces during the 2012 conflict in the northern part of the On February 15, 2014, the Grand National Assembly (GNA) of Turkey passed an omnibus law (Law No. 6524 [in Turkish] (Feb. 15, 2014), GNA website) that amends the following four laws: Law On February 24, 2014, Navanetham Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (UNHCHR), called for an inquiry into the possibility that the two sides in Sri Lanka's civil war both committed war crimes. Potential Constitutional CrisisOn January 31, 2014, it was reported that the Government of Nauru has started the process of drafting a law that would result in the country being placed under emergency On January 1, 2014, a major reform of the Austrian system of administrative justice went into effect. It is based on the Administrative Justice Reform Act of 2012 (Verwaltungsgerichtsbarkeit-Novelle 2012, BUNDESGESETZBLATT I 2012/51), and on On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The Kazakhstan was criticized recently by international human rights organizations for restricting specific religious groups and practices. ( Religious Freedom in Kazakhstan, Berkley Center for Religion, Peace, andamp; World Affairs website (last Thura Aung Ko, a legislator in Burma's (Myanmar's) parliament, announced on September 7, 2013, that legislation will be drafted to create groups to monitor judicial proceedings. The purpose, according to Aung Ko, is to end corruption On July 28, 2013, Peshawar High Court (PHC) Chief Justice Dost Mohammad Khan inaugurated the establishment of mobile courts in the northern Pakistani province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK) to hear civil and criminal disputes. According to a press release from the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY), on May 29, 2013, the Tribunal convicted six former senior Croatian officials of ";crimes against humanity, violations of the laws or On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 3, 2013, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved, on its second reading, a constitutional amendment that creates four additional Federal Regional Tribunals (Tribunais Regionais Federais - TRFs) in the country. The tribunals must be On March 27, 2013, the Court of Appeals of Egypt ordered the reinstatement of the former General Prosecutor, Abdel-Meguid Mahmoud. A chamber within the Court of Appeals King Abdullah II of Jordan issued a royal decree on October 6, 2012, appointing a president and eight members of a newly established Constitutional Court. On November 1, 2012, Teori Zavascki was appointed as a new Minister of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court. Zavascki is taking over the position left open by Minister Cesar Peluso, who retired as required by law On September 18, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) released new guiding cases that were circulated to courts at all levels in the country for judges to The nine justices of the Constitutional Tribunal of Myanmar (Burma) all resigned on September 6, 2012. The abrupt move was made in response to a vote to impeach them taken that day by the Lower House By the end of June 2012, all railway courts in China had been integrated into the national court system, according to a Supreme People's Court (SPC) statement posted on July 30, 2012, on its official website. On August 22, 2012, the African Union and Senegal concluded an agreement on a special tribunal to try Hissandegrave;ne Habr;, the former leader of Chad. The tribunal will be established in Dakar, Senegal, and will consider On August 15, 2012, the King of Bahrain issued a Royal Decree containing Law 38-2012, which amends Law 27-2002 concerning the establishment of the Constitutional Court. Law 38-2012 covers the structure of the Court On August 7, 2012, the East African Court of Justice (EACJ) announced plans to set up sub-registry offices in each of the countries of the East African Community, starting with Rwanda. (East African Court On July 16, 2012, Members of the Tunisian Constituent National Assembly submitted draft legislation for consideration that would create a special court for the purpose of adjudicating crimes related to the Tunisian revolution of January 2011. On June 27, 2012, it was reported that Turkey's ruling party, the Justice and Development Party (AKP) is planning to propose reform of the court system, including abolition of the special authority courts now used to On April 20, 2012, the 47 Member States of the Council of Europe, at a high-level ministerial conference in Brighton, United Kingdom, unanimously voted to adopt a series of measures, known as the "Brighton Declaration," aimed On April 19, 2012, Minister Ayres Britto was inaugurated as the new President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court, with Minister Joaquim Barbosa as the Vice-President. Minister Britto will also preside over the National Council of st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On April 13, 2012, the President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and of the National Council of Justice, Minister Cezar Peluso, On April 3, 2012, the Office of the Prosecutor (OTP) of the International Criminal Court issued a decision holding that the OTP lacks jurisdiction to investigate alleged international crimes committed within the Palestinian territories. (Office of Brazil Federal Supreme Court Elects New President As of April 19, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and the National Council of Justice will have a new president. On March 14, 2012, Minister Ayres On January 30, 2012, the Greek Ministry of Justice, Transparency, and Human Rights submitted to Parliament a bill designed to expedite the administration of justice and guarantee speedier and fairer trials for individuals. (Draft Bill On December 14, 2011, the Mexican Senate approved and submitted for Presidential signature the Ibero-American Convention on the Use of Videoconferencing in International Cooperation Between Justice Systems, which is designed to foster the use of videoconferences On January 12, 2012, another criminal attack occurred against Brazil's judiciary, the third to date in the new year, leaving two people wounded. The incident took place in the city of Rio Claro, in the State On October 6, 2011, a retired military psychologist refused to break client confidentiality in a case in Copenhagen's Eastern High Court and was charged with contempt of court. The court will determine whether she will be On June 15, 2011, it was reported that the Indonesian government had reached an agreement with the country's House of Representatives to amend the legislation that governs the Constitutional Court. (Anita Rachman andamp; Ulma Haryanto, On May 16, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Religious Courts (Assistance Units) Law, 5771-2011. The Law authorizes the Minister of Justice and the Minister of Welfare and Social Services to establish by decree "assistance On April 29, 2011, the Council of the European Union, within the framework of its multi-annual European e-Justice Action Plan of 2009-2012, adopted its conclusions on the introduction of the European Case Law Identifier (ECLI) and The Supreme Court, sitting as a panel of seven judges, has abolished a 400-year-old law that grants expert witnesses testifying in court immunity from charges of breach of duty in contract or negligence. This law was China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) issued a circular on February 15, 2011, calling upon courts at the grassroots level to handle cases more efficiently to reduce the number of appeals, given the increasing number of lawsuits Turkey's Parliament passed a controversial judicial reform bill on February 9, 2011. Under the Law on the Amendment of Certain Laws, the highest level of the judiciary will be restructured. The Court of Appeals (Court of On February 2, 2011, the Minister of Security and Justice of the Netherlands, Ivo Willem Opstelten, submitted a legislative proposal on a preliminary procedure regulation for the timelier handling of cases, in particular those involving major On February 17, 2010, the Portuguese Council of Ministers approved a Resolution designed to improve the efficiency of the judicial system. The Resolution is the result of a project developed by the Ministry of Justice through On January 31, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed an amendment to the Execution Law, 5727-1967. The amendment law gives the Registrar of Execution of Judgments the authority to subpoena persons for an inquiry on their According to a report being prepared by United Nations human rights expert Gabriela Knaul that will be submitted to the Geneva-based U.N. Human Rights Council in June of 2011, Mozambique needs to intensify its efforts to The Thirteenth International Constitutional Justice Forum was held in Saint Petersburg, Russia, on November 18-20, 2010. More than 90 justices, clerks of constitutional courts, and scholars from 14, mostly European, countries discussed modern theory and practice The Special Tribunal for Lebanon (STL) is a mixed international/domestic tribunal whose jurisdiction is limited to investigating and prosecuting one specific domestic crime the bombing of former Prime Minister Rafiq Hariri and related offenses. On October 7, 2010, the State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) of the Russian Federation considered and approved on the first reading a bill aimed at reforming the Russian constitutional justice system. The bill It was recently reported that as part of a project to modernize the judiciary and automate certain court activities in Zambia, 30,000 court records have been digitized and certain court staff received training in managing court The magistrates' courts in England and Wales have witnessed a decline in the number of cases over the past ten years, with over 310,000 offenders fewer heard in 2009 than in 1999. The role of the The Extraordinary Chambers of the Courts of Cambodia, the body conducting the war crimes trial of members of the Khmer Rouge, opened its eighth plenary session on September 12, 2010. The tribunal will be devoting this The Kenyan government signed an agreement with the International Criminal Court (ICC), effective September 3, 2010, to allow the ICC to setup operations in Kenya and to facilitate the ICC's work of investigating and prosecuting perpetrators On January 1, 2011, several federal procedural laws will become effective in Switzerland. These will replace the corresponding laws of the 26 cantons as well as several federal enactments. These new federal laws are: On May 18, 2010, in a speech at the annual meeting of the Council of Judges, Russia's highest professional body for the country's judges, the Chief Justice of the Russian Supreme Court, Viacheslav Lebedev, stated that The Federal Law of the Russian Federation on Information Related to the Activities of the Federal Judiciary (Information on Judiciary Law) will enter into force on July 1, 2010. The Law provides for publication of all On April 19, 2010, United Nations Under Secretary-General Patricia O'Brien, the U.N. Legal Counsel, called for donors to contribute funds to support the genocide tribunal in Cambodia. The tribunal, the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of The United Nations internal appeals tribunal, established in 2009 to handle disputes between staff members and managers of the international body, handled 33 cases in its first session. The judgments will be translated into all the Reform of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) was the forefront issue of a conference held in Interlaken, Switzerland, on February 10, 2010, by ministers from 27 members of the Council of Europe (COE), On February 23, 2010, Nepal's Supreme Court made public a judgment that mandates the establishment by government authorities of a system of fast-track courts for cases involving women and children. To that end, those authorities It was reported on October 29, 2009, that the African Union (AU) Peace and Security Council summit endorsed the AU Panel on Darfur (AUPD)'s proposal for the creation of a special court to try the perpetrators It was reported on October 26, 2009, that the Rwandan Ministry of Justice proposed a bill to the Parliament on what type of cases may be brought before the country's Supreme Court. During the presentation, Tharcise On September 30, 2009, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved the nomination of Jos; Antandocirc;nio Dias Toffoli as the new Justice of the Federal Supreme Court, to replace the deceased Justice Carlos Alberto Menezes Direito. Toffoli is The new Supreme Court of the United Kingdom began operation on October 1, 2009. Its creation is designed to increase transparency and further enhance the separation of powers between the executive, the legislature, and the judiciary On September 27, 2009, Qatar's Constitutional Court began its work. Originally it was to begin functioning on October 1, 2008; administrative problems delayed the start date. It has jurisdiction over disputes concerning constitutional interpretations and is The last judgments of the Law Lords of the United Kingdom took place on July 30, 2009. This will be a significant date in Britain's constitutional history, as it will mark the end of the judicial On January 6, 2009, the Ministry of Justice of the Republic of Belarus (MOJ) significantly simplified the procedure for obtaining a qualification certificate as a "judicial expert" by issuing the Regulations on Judicial Experts' Certification. (Decision According to a press release issued by the Dutch Ministry of Justice on July 28, 2009, the Ministry has submitted a legislative proposal to make the country's legal system more accessible to its citizens. In addition, It was reported on July 3, 2009, that Indonesia's House of Representatives, the lower house of the country's bicameral legislature, is not planning to take action soon to enact a law for an independent Corruption Court. On June 22, 2009, United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon spoke at the swearing in of judges for two new tribunals. Ban's hope that the new system will boost accountability will be tested when the tribunals begin The Sri Lankan Ministry of Justice is working to reestablish a system of courts in the country's Northern Province, according to the Secretary of that Ministry, Suhada Gamlath. Kilinochchi, which formerly served as the headquarters of... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 25 Jun 2009 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401380_text Global Legal Monitor: Russia: Tighter Control of Court System Proposed http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401298_text Judiciary - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance Bangladesh Act No XIII of 2014 amended the Constitution of Bangladesh, empowering Parliament to impeach Supreme Court judges. (Sadiat Mannan, Parliament and Judiciary: Striking a Balance, DAILY STAR, (Oct. 20, 2014).) Part On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The On October 20, 2014, a group of law students who had been denied positions in Egypt's public prosecution service filed a petition before the country's administrative court to repeal the decision that had been issued by On October 16, 2014, the European Court of Justice annulled the European Council's 2006 listing of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE, also known as the Tamil Tigers) as a terrorist organization. The step was The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On September 23, 2014, the High Court in Pretoria, South Africa, ruled that the extradition to Botswana of Edwin Samotse, a man sought on murder charges in that country, where he may face the death penalty, The International Criminal Court (ICC) announced on September 5, 2014, that the trial of Uhuru Kenyatta, the President of Kenya, and of the Deputy President, William Ruto, originally planned to begin on October 7, would be Israel's High Court of Justice, with an extended bench of seven justices, recently voided a decision by the Supreme Rabbinical Court instructing a mother to enable the circumcision of her infant son against her will. (The criminal court of Nanterre, a suburb of Paris, recently found a major provider of social housing guilty of ethnic profiling. (Un bailleur HLM condamne pour fichage ethnique [A Social Housing Provider Found Guilty of On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the Kenya's High Court determined on April 14, 2014, that taxpayers have a right under the Constitution to fair administrative action related to their tax payments. (Catherine Mutava, Kenya: Constitutional Right to Expeditious Settlement of Refund Claims, In response to a legal challenge made by the Spanish government, on March 25, 2014, the Constitutional Court (CC) of Spain ruled that the sovereignty declaration passed by Catalonia's regional parliament early last year is unconstitutional. The Japanese Supreme Court has recently reached different conclusions in similar cases involving golf course policies to exclude gang members from playing. Depending on the circumstances, a gang member who deceives the course employees and plays On March 21, 2014, Thailand's Constitutional Court ruled that the country's general election, held on February 2, is invalid. (Court Voids Feb 2 General Election, BANGKOK POST ONLINE (Mar. 21, 2014).) On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Suliman Baldo, the United Nations independent expert on human rights in Mali, recently expressed his concern that crimes committed both by rebel groups and national forces during the 2012 conflict in the northern part of the On February 15, 2014, the Grand National Assembly (GNA) of Turkey passed an omnibus law (Law No. 6524 [in Turkish] (Feb. 15, 2014), GNA website) that amends the following four laws: Law On February 24, 2014, Navanetham Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (UNHCHR), called for an inquiry into the possibility that the two sides in Sri Lanka's civil war both committed war crimes. Potential Constitutional CrisisOn January 31, 2014, it was reported that the Government of Nauru has started the process of drafting a law that would result in the country being placed under emergency On January 1, 2014, a major reform of the Austrian system of administrative justice went into effect. It is based on the Administrative Justice Reform Act of 2012 (Verwaltungsgerichtsbarkeit-Novelle 2012, BUNDESGESETZBLATT I 2012/51), and on On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The Kazakhstan was criticized recently by international human rights organizations for restricting specific religious groups and practices. ( Religious Freedom in Kazakhstan, Berkley Center for Religion, Peace, andamp; World Affairs website (last Thura Aung Ko, a legislator in Burma's (Myanmar's) parliament, announced on September 7, 2013, that legislation will be drafted to create groups to monitor judicial proceedings. The purpose, according to Aung Ko, is to end corruption On July 28, 2013, Peshawar High Court (PHC) Chief Justice Dost Mohammad Khan inaugurated the establishment of mobile courts in the northern Pakistani province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK) to hear civil and criminal disputes. According to a press release from the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY), on May 29, 2013, the Tribunal convicted six former senior Croatian officials of ";crimes against humanity, violations of the laws or On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 3, 2013, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved, on its second reading, a constitutional amendment that creates four additional Federal Regional Tribunals (Tribunais Regionais Federais - TRFs) in the country. The tribunals must be On March 27, 2013, the Court of Appeals of Egypt ordered the reinstatement of the former General Prosecutor, Abdel-Meguid Mahmoud. A chamber within the Court of Appeals King Abdullah II of Jordan issued a royal decree on October 6, 2012, appointing a president and eight members of a newly established Constitutional Court. On November 1, 2012, Teori Zavascki was appointed as a new Minister of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court. Zavascki is taking over the position left open by Minister Cesar Peluso, who retired as required by law On September 18, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) released new guiding cases that were circulated to courts at all levels in the country for judges to The nine justices of the Constitutional Tribunal of Myanmar (Burma) all resigned on September 6, 2012. The abrupt move was made in response to a vote to impeach them taken that day by the Lower House By the end of June 2012, all railway courts in China had been integrated into the national court system, according to a Supreme People's Court (SPC) statement posted on July 30, 2012, on its official website. On August 22, 2012, the African Union and Senegal concluded an agreement on a special tribunal to try Hissandegrave;ne Habr;, the former leader of Chad. The tribunal will be established in Dakar, Senegal, and will consider On August 15, 2012, the King of Bahrain issued a Royal Decree containing Law 38-2012, which amends Law 27-2002 concerning the establishment of the Constitutional Court. Law 38-2012 covers the structure of the Court On August 7, 2012, the East African Court of Justice (EACJ) announced plans to set up sub-registry offices in each of the countries of the East African Community, starting with Rwanda. (East African Court On July 16, 2012, Members of the Tunisian Constituent National Assembly submitted draft legislation for consideration that would create a special court for the purpose of adjudicating crimes related to the Tunisian revolution of January 2011. On June 27, 2012, it was reported that Turkey's ruling party, the Justice and Development Party (AKP) is planning to propose reform of the court system, including abolition of the special authority courts now used to On April 20, 2012, the 47 Member States of the Council of Europe, at a high-level ministerial conference in Brighton, United Kingdom, unanimously voted to adopt a series of measures, known as the "Brighton Declaration," aimed On April 19, 2012, Minister Ayres Britto was inaugurated as the new President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court, with Minister Joaquim Barbosa as the Vice-President. Minister Britto will also preside over the National Council of st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On April 13, 2012, the President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and of the National Council of Justice, Minister Cezar Peluso, On April 3, 2012, the Office of the Prosecutor (OTP) of the International Criminal Court issued a decision holding that the OTP lacks jurisdiction to investigate alleged international crimes committed within the Palestinian territories. (Office of Brazil Federal Supreme Court Elects New President As of April 19, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and the National Council of Justice will have a new president. On March 14, 2012, Minister Ayres On January 30, 2012, the Greek Ministry of Justice, Transparency, and Human Rights submitted to Parliament a bill designed to expedite the administration of justice and guarantee speedier and fairer trials for individuals. (Draft Bill On December 14, 2011, the Mexican Senate approved and submitted for Presidential signature the Ibero-American Convention on the Use of Videoconferencing in International Cooperation Between Justice Systems, which is designed to foster the use of videoconferences On January 12, 2012, another criminal attack occurred against Brazil's judiciary, the third to date in the new year, leaving two people wounded. The incident took place in the city of Rio Claro, in the State On October 6, 2011, a retired military psychologist refused to break client confidentiality in a case in Copenhagen's Eastern High Court and was charged with contempt of court. The court will determine whether she will be On June 15, 2011, it was reported that the Indonesian government had reached an agreement with the country's House of Representatives to amend the legislation that governs the Constitutional Court. (Anita Rachman andamp; Ulma Haryanto, On May 16, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Religious Courts (Assistance Units) Law, 5771-2011. The Law authorizes the Minister of Justice and the Minister of Welfare and Social Services to establish by decree "assistance On April 29, 2011, the Council of the European Union, within the framework of its multi-annual European e-Justice Action Plan of 2009-2012, adopted its conclusions on the introduction of the European Case Law Identifier (ECLI) and The Supreme Court, sitting as a panel of seven judges, has abolished a 400-year-old law that grants expert witnesses testifying in court immunity from charges of breach of duty in contract or negligence. This law was China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) issued a circular on February 15, 2011, calling upon courts at the grassroots level to handle cases more efficiently to reduce the number of appeals, given the increasing number of lawsuits Turkey's Parliament passed a controversial judicial reform bill on February 9, 2011. Under the Law on the Amendment of Certain Laws, the highest level of the judiciary will be restructured. The Court of Appeals (Court of On February 2, 2011, the Minister of Security and Justice of the Netherlands, Ivo Willem Opstelten, submitted a legislative proposal on a preliminary procedure regulation for the timelier handling of cases, in particular those involving major On February 17, 2010, the Portuguese Council of Ministers approved a Resolution designed to improve the efficiency of the judicial system. The Resolution is the result of a project developed by the Ministry of Justice through On January 31, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed an amendment to the Execution Law, 5727-1967. The amendment law gives the Registrar of Execution of Judgments the authority to subpoena persons for an inquiry on their According to a report being prepared by United Nations human rights expert Gabriela Knaul that will be submitted to the Geneva-based U.N. Human Rights Council in June of 2011, Mozambique needs to intensify its efforts to The Thirteenth International Constitutional Justice Forum was held in Saint Petersburg, Russia, on November 18-20, 2010. More than 90 justices, clerks of constitutional courts, and scholars from 14, mostly European, countries discussed modern theory and practice The Special Tribunal for Lebanon (STL) is a mixed international/domestic tribunal whose jurisdiction is limited to investigating and prosecuting one specific domestic crime the bombing of former Prime Minister Rafiq Hariri and related offenses. On October 7, 2010, the State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) of the Russian Federation considered and approved on the first reading a bill aimed at reforming the Russian constitutional justice system. The bill It was recently reported that as part of a project to modernize the judiciary and automate certain court activities in Zambia, 30,000 court records have been digitized and certain court staff received training in managing court The magistrates' courts in England and Wales have witnessed a decline in the number of cases over the past ten years, with over 310,000 offenders fewer heard in 2009 than in 1999. The role of the The Extraordinary Chambers of the Courts of Cambodia, the body conducting the war crimes trial of members of the Khmer Rouge, opened its eighth plenary session on September 12, 2010. The tribunal will be devoting this The Kenyan government signed an agreement with the International Criminal Court (ICC), effective September 3, 2010, to allow the ICC to setup operations in Kenya and to facilitate the ICC's work of investigating and prosecuting perpetrators On January 1, 2011, several federal procedural laws will become effective in Switzerland. These will replace the corresponding laws of the 26 cantons as well as several federal enactments. These new federal laws are: On May 18, 2010, in a speech at the annual meeting of the Council of Judges, Russia's highest professional body for the country's judges, the Chief Justice of the Russian Supreme Court, Viacheslav Lebedev, stated that The Federal Law of the Russian Federation on Information Related to the Activities of the Federal Judiciary (Information on Judiciary Law) will enter into force on July 1, 2010. The Law provides for publication of all On April 19, 2010, United Nations Under Secretary-General Patricia O'Brien, the U.N. Legal Counsel, called for donors to contribute funds to support the genocide tribunal in Cambodia. The tribunal, the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of The United Nations internal appeals tribunal, established in 2009 to handle disputes between staff members and managers of the international body, handled 33 cases in its first session. The judgments will be translated into all the Reform of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) was the forefront issue of a conference held in Interlaken, Switzerland, on February 10, 2010, by ministers from 27 members of the Council of Europe (COE), On February 23, 2010, Nepal's Supreme Court made public a judgment that mandates the establishment by government authorities of a system of fast-track courts for cases involving women and children. To that end, those authorities It was reported on October 29, 2009, that the African Union (AU) Peace and Security Council summit endorsed the AU Panel on Darfur (AUPD)'s proposal for the creation of a special court to try the perpetrators It was reported on October 26, 2009, that the Rwandan Ministry of Justice proposed a bill to the Parliament on what type of cases may be brought before the country's Supreme Court. During the presentation, Tharcise On September 30, 2009, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved the nomination of Jos; Antandocirc;nio Dias Toffoli as the new Justice of the Federal Supreme Court, to replace the deceased Justice Carlos Alberto Menezes Direito. Toffoli is The new Supreme Court of the United Kingdom began operation on October 1, 2009. Its creation is designed to increase transparency and further enhance the separation of powers between the executive, the legislature, and the judiciary On September 27, 2009, Qatar's Constitutional Court began its work. Originally it was to begin functioning on October 1, 2008; administrative problems delayed the start date. It has jurisdiction over disputes concerning constitutional interpretations and is The last judgments of the Law Lords of the United Kingdom took place on July 30, 2009. This will be a significant date in Britain's constitutional history, as it will mark the end of the judicial On January 6, 2009, the Ministry of Justice of the Republic of Belarus (MOJ) significantly simplified the procedure for obtaining a qualification certificate as a "judicial expert" by issuing the Regulations on Judicial Experts' Certification. (Decision According to a press release issued by the Dutch Ministry of Justice on July 28, 2009, the Ministry has submitted a legislative proposal to make the country's legal system more accessible to its citizens. In addition, It was reported on July 3, 2009, that Indonesia's House of Representatives, the lower house of the country's bicameral legislature, is not planning to take action soon to enact a law for an independent Corruption Court. On June 22, 2009, United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon spoke at the swearing in of judges for two new tribunals. Ban's hope that the new system will boost accountability will be tested when the tribunals begin The Sri Lankan Ministry of Justice is working to reestablish a system of courts in the country's Northern Province, according to the Secretary of that Ministry, Suhada Gamlath. Kilinochchi, which formerly served as the headquarters of On May 8, 2009, Russian President Dmitry Medvedev proposed an amendment to the Federal Constitutional Law on the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation, to change the procedure for selection of the country's Chief Justice and... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 22 May 2009 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401298_text Global Legal Monitor: India: Special Courts to Try Riot Cases http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401269_text Judiciary - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance Bangladesh Act No XIII of 2014 amended the Constitution of Bangladesh, empowering Parliament to impeach Supreme Court judges. (Sadiat Mannan, Parliament and Judiciary: Striking a Balance, DAILY STAR, (Oct. 20, 2014).) Part On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The On October 20, 2014, a group of law students who had been denied positions in Egypt's public prosecution service filed a petition before the country's administrative court to repeal the decision that had been issued by On October 16, 2014, the European Court of Justice annulled the European Council's 2006 listing of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE, also known as the Tamil Tigers) as a terrorist organization. The step was The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On September 23, 2014, the High Court in Pretoria, South Africa, ruled that the extradition to Botswana of Edwin Samotse, a man sought on murder charges in that country, where he may face the death penalty, The International Criminal Court (ICC) announced on September 5, 2014, that the trial of Uhuru Kenyatta, the President of Kenya, and of the Deputy President, William Ruto, originally planned to begin on October 7, would be Israel's High Court of Justice, with an extended bench of seven justices, recently voided a decision by the Supreme Rabbinical Court instructing a mother to enable the circumcision of her infant son against her will. (The criminal court of Nanterre, a suburb of Paris, recently found a major provider of social housing guilty of ethnic profiling. (Un bailleur HLM condamne pour fichage ethnique [A Social Housing Provider Found Guilty of On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the Kenya's High Court determined on April 14, 2014, that taxpayers have a right under the Constitution to fair administrative action related to their tax payments. (Catherine Mutava, Kenya: Constitutional Right to Expeditious Settlement of Refund Claims, In response to a legal challenge made by the Spanish government, on March 25, 2014, the Constitutional Court (CC) of Spain ruled that the sovereignty declaration passed by Catalonia's regional parliament early last year is unconstitutional. The Japanese Supreme Court has recently reached different conclusions in similar cases involving golf course policies to exclude gang members from playing. Depending on the circumstances, a gang member who deceives the course employees and plays On March 21, 2014, Thailand's Constitutional Court ruled that the country's general election, held on February 2, is invalid. (Court Voids Feb 2 General Election, BANGKOK POST ONLINE (Mar. 21, 2014).) On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Suliman Baldo, the United Nations independent expert on human rights in Mali, recently expressed his concern that crimes committed both by rebel groups and national forces during the 2012 conflict in the northern part of the On February 15, 2014, the Grand National Assembly (GNA) of Turkey passed an omnibus law (Law No. 6524 [in Turkish] (Feb. 15, 2014), GNA website) that amends the following four laws: Law On February 24, 2014, Navanetham Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (UNHCHR), called for an inquiry into the possibility that the two sides in Sri Lanka's civil war both committed war crimes. Potential Constitutional CrisisOn January 31, 2014, it was reported that the Government of Nauru has started the process of drafting a law that would result in the country being placed under emergency On January 1, 2014, a major reform of the Austrian system of administrative justice went into effect. It is based on the Administrative Justice Reform Act of 2012 (Verwaltungsgerichtsbarkeit-Novelle 2012, BUNDESGESETZBLATT I 2012/51), and on On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The Kazakhstan was criticized recently by international human rights organizations for restricting specific religious groups and practices. ( Religious Freedom in Kazakhstan, Berkley Center for Religion, Peace, andamp; World Affairs website (last Thura Aung Ko, a legislator in Burma's (Myanmar's) parliament, announced on September 7, 2013, that legislation will be drafted to create groups to monitor judicial proceedings. The purpose, according to Aung Ko, is to end corruption On July 28, 2013, Peshawar High Court (PHC) Chief Justice Dost Mohammad Khan inaugurated the establishment of mobile courts in the northern Pakistani province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK) to hear civil and criminal disputes. According to a press release from the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY), on May 29, 2013, the Tribunal convicted six former senior Croatian officials of ";crimes against humanity, violations of the laws or On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 3, 2013, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved, on its second reading, a constitutional amendment that creates four additional Federal Regional Tribunals (Tribunais Regionais Federais - TRFs) in the country. The tribunals must be On March 27, 2013, the Court of Appeals of Egypt ordered the reinstatement of the former General Prosecutor, Abdel-Meguid Mahmoud. A chamber within the Court of Appeals King Abdullah II of Jordan issued a royal decree on October 6, 2012, appointing a president and eight members of a newly established Constitutional Court. On November 1, 2012, Teori Zavascki was appointed as a new Minister of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court. Zavascki is taking over the position left open by Minister Cesar Peluso, who retired as required by law On September 18, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) released new guiding cases that were circulated to courts at all levels in the country for judges to The nine justices of the Constitutional Tribunal of Myanmar (Burma) all resigned on September 6, 2012. The abrupt move was made in response to a vote to impeach them taken that day by the Lower House By the end of June 2012, all railway courts in China had been integrated into the national court system, according to a Supreme People's Court (SPC) statement posted on July 30, 2012, on its official website. On August 22, 2012, the African Union and Senegal concluded an agreement on a special tribunal to try Hissandegrave;ne Habr;, the former leader of Chad. The tribunal will be established in Dakar, Senegal, and will consider On August 15, 2012, the King of Bahrain issued a Royal Decree containing Law 38-2012, which amends Law 27-2002 concerning the establishment of the Constitutional Court. Law 38-2012 covers the structure of the Court On August 7, 2012, the East African Court of Justice (EACJ) announced plans to set up sub-registry offices in each of the countries of the East African Community, starting with Rwanda. (East African Court On July 16, 2012, Members of the Tunisian Constituent National Assembly submitted draft legislation for consideration that would create a special court for the purpose of adjudicating crimes related to the Tunisian revolution of January 2011. On June 27, 2012, it was reported that Turkey's ruling party, the Justice and Development Party (AKP) is planning to propose reform of the court system, including abolition of the special authority courts now used to On April 20, 2012, the 47 Member States of the Council of Europe, at a high-level ministerial conference in Brighton, United Kingdom, unanimously voted to adopt a series of measures, known as the "Brighton Declaration," aimed On April 19, 2012, Minister Ayres Britto was inaugurated as the new President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court, with Minister Joaquim Barbosa as the Vice-President. Minister Britto will also preside over the National Council of st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On April 13, 2012, the President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and of the National Council of Justice, Minister Cezar Peluso, On April 3, 2012, the Office of the Prosecutor (OTP) of the International Criminal Court issued a decision holding that the OTP lacks jurisdiction to investigate alleged international crimes committed within the Palestinian territories. (Office of Brazil Federal Supreme Court Elects New President As of April 19, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and the National Council of Justice will have a new president. On March 14, 2012, Minister Ayres On January 30, 2012, the Greek Ministry of Justice, Transparency, and Human Rights submitted to Parliament a bill designed to expedite the administration of justice and guarantee speedier and fairer trials for individuals. (Draft Bill On December 14, 2011, the Mexican Senate approved and submitted for Presidential signature the Ibero-American Convention on the Use of Videoconferencing in International Cooperation Between Justice Systems, which is designed to foster the use of videoconferences On January 12, 2012, another criminal attack occurred against Brazil's judiciary, the third to date in the new year, leaving two people wounded. The incident took place in the city of Rio Claro, in the State On October 6, 2011, a retired military psychologist refused to break client confidentiality in a case in Copenhagen's Eastern High Court and was charged with contempt of court. The court will determine whether she will be On June 15, 2011, it was reported that the Indonesian government had reached an agreement with the country's House of Representatives to amend the legislation that governs the Constitutional Court. (Anita Rachman andamp; Ulma Haryanto, On May 16, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Religious Courts (Assistance Units) Law, 5771-2011. The Law authorizes the Minister of Justice and the Minister of Welfare and Social Services to establish by decree "assistance On April 29, 2011, the Council of the European Union, within the framework of its multi-annual European e-Justice Action Plan of 2009-2012, adopted its conclusions on the introduction of the European Case Law Identifier (ECLI) and The Supreme Court, sitting as a panel of seven judges, has abolished a 400-year-old law that grants expert witnesses testifying in court immunity from charges of breach of duty in contract or negligence. This law was China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) issued a circular on February 15, 2011, calling upon courts at the grassroots level to handle cases more efficiently to reduce the number of appeals, given the increasing number of lawsuits Turkey's Parliament passed a controversial judicial reform bill on February 9, 2011. Under the Law on the Amendment of Certain Laws, the highest level of the judiciary will be restructured. The Court of Appeals (Court of On February 2, 2011, the Minister of Security and Justice of the Netherlands, Ivo Willem Opstelten, submitted a legislative proposal on a preliminary procedure regulation for the timelier handling of cases, in particular those involving major On February 17, 2010, the Portuguese Council of Ministers approved a Resolution designed to improve the efficiency of the judicial system. The Resolution is the result of a project developed by the Ministry of Justice through On January 31, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed an amendment to the Execution Law, 5727-1967. The amendment law gives the Registrar of Execution of Judgments the authority to subpoena persons for an inquiry on their According to a report being prepared by United Nations human rights expert Gabriela Knaul that will be submitted to the Geneva-based U.N. Human Rights Council in June of 2011, Mozambique needs to intensify its efforts to The Thirteenth International Constitutional Justice Forum was held in Saint Petersburg, Russia, on November 18-20, 2010. More than 90 justices, clerks of constitutional courts, and scholars from 14, mostly European, countries discussed modern theory and practice The Special Tribunal for Lebanon (STL) is a mixed international/domestic tribunal whose jurisdiction is limited to investigating and prosecuting one specific domestic crime the bombing of former Prime Minister Rafiq Hariri and related offenses. On October 7, 2010, the State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) of the Russian Federation considered and approved on the first reading a bill aimed at reforming the Russian constitutional justice system. The bill It was recently reported that as part of a project to modernize the judiciary and automate certain court activities in Zambia, 30,000 court records have been digitized and certain court staff received training in managing court The magistrates' courts in England and Wales have witnessed a decline in the number of cases over the past ten years, with over 310,000 offenders fewer heard in 2009 than in 1999. The role of the The Extraordinary Chambers of the Courts of Cambodia, the body conducting the war crimes trial of members of the Khmer Rouge, opened its eighth plenary session on September 12, 2010. The tribunal will be devoting this The Kenyan government signed an agreement with the International Criminal Court (ICC), effective September 3, 2010, to allow the ICC to setup operations in Kenya and to facilitate the ICC's work of investigating and prosecuting perpetrators On January 1, 2011, several federal procedural laws will become effective in Switzerland. These will replace the corresponding laws of the 26 cantons as well as several federal enactments. These new federal laws are: On May 18, 2010, in a speech at the annual meeting of the Council of Judges, Russia's highest professional body for the country's judges, the Chief Justice of the Russian Supreme Court, Viacheslav Lebedev, stated that The Federal Law of the Russian Federation on Information Related to the Activities of the Federal Judiciary (Information on Judiciary Law) will enter into force on July 1, 2010. The Law provides for publication of all On April 19, 2010, United Nations Under Secretary-General Patricia O'Brien, the U.N. Legal Counsel, called for donors to contribute funds to support the genocide tribunal in Cambodia. The tribunal, the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of The United Nations internal appeals tribunal, established in 2009 to handle disputes between staff members and managers of the international body, handled 33 cases in its first session. The judgments will be translated into all the Reform of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) was the forefront issue of a conference held in Interlaken, Switzerland, on February 10, 2010, by ministers from 27 members of the Council of Europe (COE), On February 23, 2010, Nepal's Supreme Court made public a judgment that mandates the establishment by government authorities of a system of fast-track courts for cases involving women and children. To that end, those authorities It was reported on October 29, 2009, that the African Union (AU) Peace and Security Council summit endorsed the AU Panel on Darfur (AUPD)'s proposal for the creation of a special court to try the perpetrators It was reported on October 26, 2009, that the Rwandan Ministry of Justice proposed a bill to the Parliament on what type of cases may be brought before the country's Supreme Court. During the presentation, Tharcise On September 30, 2009, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved the nomination of Jos; Antandocirc;nio Dias Toffoli as the new Justice of the Federal Supreme Court, to replace the deceased Justice Carlos Alberto Menezes Direito. Toffoli is The new Supreme Court of the United Kingdom began operation on October 1, 2009. Its creation is designed to increase transparency and further enhance the separation of powers between the executive, the legislature, and the judiciary On September 27, 2009, Qatar's Constitutional Court began its work. Originally it was to begin functioning on October 1, 2008; administrative problems delayed the start date. It has jurisdiction over disputes concerning constitutional interpretations and is The last judgments of the Law Lords of the United Kingdom took place on July 30, 2009. This will be a significant date in Britain's constitutional history, as it will mark the end of the judicial On January 6, 2009, the Ministry of Justice of the Republic of Belarus (MOJ) significantly simplified the procedure for obtaining a qualification certificate as a "judicial expert" by issuing the Regulations on Judicial Experts' Certification. (Decision According to a press release issued by the Dutch Ministry of Justice on July 28, 2009, the Ministry has submitted a legislative proposal to make the country's legal system more accessible to its citizens. In addition, It was reported on July 3, 2009, that Indonesia's House of Representatives, the lower house of the country's bicameral legislature, is not planning to take action soon to enact a law for an independent Corruption Court. On June 22, 2009, United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon spoke at the swearing in of judges for two new tribunals. Ban's hope that the new system will boost accountability will be tested when the tribunals begin The Sri Lankan Ministry of Justice is working to reestablish a system of courts in the country's Northern Province, according to the Secretary of that Ministry, Suhada Gamlath. Kilinochchi, which formerly served as the headquarters of On May 8, 2009, Russian President Dmitry Medvedev proposed an amendment to the Federal Constitutional Law on the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation, to change the procedure for selection of the country's Chief Justice and Five special fast-track courts will be set up to try cases resulting from riots in the Indian state of Gujarat in 2002. The events had resulted in numerous deaths estimates range from 1,000 to 2,500... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 05 May 2009 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401269_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil: Reform of the Judiciary http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401233_text Judiciary - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance Bangladesh Act No XIII of 2014 amended the Constitution of Bangladesh, empowering Parliament to impeach Supreme Court judges. (Sadiat Mannan, Parliament and Judiciary: Striking a Balance, DAILY STAR, (Oct. 20, 2014).) Part On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The On October 20, 2014, a group of law students who had been denied positions in Egypt's public prosecution service filed a petition before the country's administrative court to repeal the decision that had been issued by On October 16, 2014, the European Court of Justice annulled the European Council's 2006 listing of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE, also known as the Tamil Tigers) as a terrorist organization. The step was The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On September 23, 2014, the High Court in Pretoria, South Africa, ruled that the extradition to Botswana of Edwin Samotse, a man sought on murder charges in that country, where he may face the death penalty, The International Criminal Court (ICC) announced on September 5, 2014, that the trial of Uhuru Kenyatta, the President of Kenya, and of the Deputy President, William Ruto, originally planned to begin on October 7, would be Israel's High Court of Justice, with an extended bench of seven justices, recently voided a decision by the Supreme Rabbinical Court instructing a mother to enable the circumcision of her infant son against her will. (The criminal court of Nanterre, a suburb of Paris, recently found a major provider of social housing guilty of ethnic profiling. (Un bailleur HLM condamne pour fichage ethnique [A Social Housing Provider Found Guilty of On May 13, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) launched a campaign to encourage the rational use of resources by the judiciary and to disseminate good environmental practices. (Sarah Barros, On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish In an official statement issued on May 8, 2014, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it does not have jurisdiction over the allegations submitted in an official complaint against the current Egyptian government by lawyers The Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro has implemented a new means to access the laws used during the sessions of the tribunal. The Electronic System for Judgment Sessions (Sistema Eletrandocirc;nico de In an effort to reduce repetitive litigation, the Justice Tribunal of the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro invited the 30 Brazilian companies that have been sued the most to sign an institutional pact with the Kenya's High Court determined on April 14, 2014, that taxpayers have a right under the Constitution to fair administrative action related to their tax payments. (Catherine Mutava, Kenya: Constitutional Right to Expeditious Settlement of Refund Claims, In response to a legal challenge made by the Spanish government, on March 25, 2014, the Constitutional Court (CC) of Spain ruled that the sovereignty declaration passed by Catalonia's regional parliament early last year is unconstitutional. The Japanese Supreme Court has recently reached different conclusions in similar cases involving golf course policies to exclude gang members from playing. Depending on the circumstances, a gang member who deceives the course employees and plays On March 21, 2014, Thailand's Constitutional Court ruled that the country's general election, held on February 2, is invalid. (Court Voids Feb 2 General Election, BANGKOK POST ONLINE (Mar. 21, 2014).) On March 24, 2014, Brazil's National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiandccedil;a, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoandccedil;andatilde;o, On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Suliman Baldo, the United Nations independent expert on human rights in Mali, recently expressed his concern that crimes committed both by rebel groups and national forces during the 2012 conflict in the northern part of the On February 15, 2014, the Grand National Assembly (GNA) of Turkey passed an omnibus law (Law No. 6524 [in Turkish] (Feb. 15, 2014), GNA website) that amends the following four laws: Law On February 24, 2014, Navanetham Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (UNHCHR), called for an inquiry into the possibility that the two sides in Sri Lanka's civil war both committed war crimes. Potential Constitutional CrisisOn January 31, 2014, it was reported that the Government of Nauru has started the process of drafting a law that would result in the country being placed under emergency On January 1, 2014, a major reform of the Austrian system of administrative justice went into effect. It is based on the Administrative Justice Reform Act of 2012 (Verwaltungsgerichtsbarkeit-Novelle 2012, BUNDESGESETZBLATT I 2012/51), and on On November 21, 2013, the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People's Republic of China announced measures requiring all people's courts in China to publicize their effective opinions on the website of Judicial Opinions of China, On November 28, 2013, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the court of last resort on all constitutional issues, overturned a decision of the Western Cape High Court and upheld as constitutional a provision in the On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The Kazakhstan was criticized recently by international human rights organizations for restricting specific religious groups and practices. ( Religious Freedom in Kazakhstan, Berkley Center for Religion, Peace, andamp; World Affairs website (last Thura Aung Ko, a legislator in Burma's (Myanmar's) parliament, announced on September 7, 2013, that legislation will be drafted to create groups to monitor judicial proceedings. The purpose, according to Aung Ko, is to end corruption On July 28, 2013, Peshawar High Court (PHC) Chief Justice Dost Mohammad Khan inaugurated the establishment of mobile courts in the northern Pakistani province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK) to hear civil and criminal disputes. According to a press release from the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY), on May 29, 2013, the Tribunal convicted six former senior Croatian officials of ";crimes against humanity, violations of the laws or On April 15, 2013, a pilot program to establish mobile courts in refugee settlements was launched in Uganda jointly by that country's government, the United Nations High Commissioner On April 3, 2013, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved, on its second reading, a constitutional amendment that creates four additional Federal Regional Tribunals (Tribunais Regionais Federais - TRFs) in the country. The tribunals must be On March 27, 2013, the Court of Appeals of Egypt ordered the reinstatement of the former General Prosecutor, Abdel-Meguid Mahmoud. A chamber within the Court of Appeals King Abdullah II of Jordan issued a royal decree on October 6, 2012, appointing a president and eight members of a newly established Constitutional Court. On November 1, 2012, Teori Zavascki was appointed as a new Minister of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court. Zavascki is taking over the position left open by Minister Cesar Peluso, who retired as required by law On September 18, 2012, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) released new guiding cases that were circulated to courts at all levels in the country for judges to The nine justices of the Constitutional Tribunal of Myanmar (Burma) all resigned on September 6, 2012. The abrupt move was made in response to a vote to impeach them taken that day by the Lower House By the end of June 2012, all railway courts in China had been integrated into the national court system, according to a Supreme People's Court (SPC) statement posted on July 30, 2012, on its official website. On August 22, 2012, the African Union and Senegal concluded an agreement on a special tribunal to try Hissandegrave;ne Habr;, the former leader of Chad. The tribunal will be established in Dakar, Senegal, and will consider On August 15, 2012, the King of Bahrain issued a Royal Decree containing Law 38-2012, which amends Law 27-2002 concerning the establishment of the Constitutional Court. Law 38-2012 covers the structure of the Court On August 7, 2012, the East African Court of Justice (EACJ) announced plans to set up sub-registry offices in each of the countries of the East African Community, starting with Rwanda. (East African Court On July 16, 2012, Members of the Tunisian Constituent National Assembly submitted draft legislation for consideration that would create a special court for the purpose of adjudicating crimes related to the Tunisian revolution of January 2011. On June 27, 2012, it was reported that Turkey's ruling party, the Justice and Development Party (AKP) is planning to propose reform of the court system, including abolition of the special authority courts now used to On April 20, 2012, the 47 Member States of the Council of Europe, at a high-level ministerial conference in Brighton, United Kingdom, unanimously voted to adopt a series of measures, known as the "Brighton Declaration," aimed On April 19, 2012, Minister Ayres Britto was inaugurated as the new President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court, with Minister Joaquim Barbosa as the Vice-President. Minister Britto will also preside over the National Council of st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On April 13, 2012, the President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and of the National Council of Justice, Minister Cezar Peluso, On April 3, 2012, the Office of the Prosecutor (OTP) of the International Criminal Court issued a decision holding that the OTP lacks jurisdiction to investigate alleged international crimes committed within the Palestinian territories. (Office of Brazil Federal Supreme Court Elects New President As of April 19, 2012, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and the National Council of Justice will have a new president. On March 14, 2012, Minister Ayres On January 30, 2012, the Greek Ministry of Justice, Transparency, and Human Rights submitted to Parliament a bill designed to expedite the administration of justice and guarantee speedier and fairer trials for individuals. (Draft Bill On December 14, 2011, the Mexican Senate approved and submitted for Presidential signature the Ibero-American Convention on the Use of Videoconferencing in International Cooperation Between Justice Systems, which is designed to foster the use of videoconferences On January 12, 2012, another criminal attack occurred against Brazil's judiciary, the third to date in the new year, leaving two people wounded. The incident took place in the city of Rio Claro, in the State On October 6, 2011, a retired military psychologist refused to break client confidentiality in a case in Copenhagen's Eastern High Court and was charged with contempt of court. The court will determine whether she will be On June 15, 2011, it was reported that the Indonesian government had reached an agreement with the country's House of Representatives to amend the legislation that governs the Constitutional Court. (Anita Rachman andamp; Ulma Haryanto, On May 16, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Religious Courts (Assistance Units) Law, 5771-2011. The Law authorizes the Minister of Justice and the Minister of Welfare and Social Services to establish by decree "assistance On April 29, 2011, the Council of the European Union, within the framework of its multi-annual European e-Justice Action Plan of 2009-2012, adopted its conclusions on the introduction of the European Case Law Identifier (ECLI) and The Supreme Court, sitting as a panel of seven judges, has abolished a 400-year-old law that grants expert witnesses testifying in court immunity from charges of breach of duty in contract or negligence. This law was China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) issued a circular on February 15, 2011, calling upon courts at the grassroots level to handle cases more efficiently to reduce the number of appeals, given the increasing number of lawsuits Turkey's Parliament passed a controversial judicial reform bill on February 9, 2011. Under the Law on the Amendment of Certain Laws, the highest level of the judiciary will be restructured. The Court of Appeals (Court of On February 2, 2011, the Minister of Security and Justice of the Netherlands, Ivo Willem Opstelten, submitted a legislative proposal on a preliminary procedure regulation for the timelier handling of cases, in particular those involving major On February 17, 2010, the Portuguese Council of Ministers approved a Resolution designed to improve the efficiency of the judicial system. The Resolution is the result of a project developed by the Ministry of Justice through On January 31, 2011, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed an amendment to the Execution Law, 5727-1967. The amendment law gives the Registrar of Execution of Judgments the authority to subpoena persons for an inquiry on their According to a report being prepared by United Nations human rights expert Gabriela Knaul that will be submitted to the Geneva-based U.N. Human Rights Council in June of 2011, Mozambique needs to intensify its efforts to The Thirteenth International Constitutional Justice Forum was held in Saint Petersburg, Russia, on November 18-20, 2010. More than 90 justices, clerks of constitutional courts, and scholars from 14, mostly European, countries discussed modern theory and practice The Special Tribunal for Lebanon (STL) is a mixed international/domestic tribunal whose jurisdiction is limited to investigating and prosecuting one specific domestic crime the bombing of former Prime Minister Rafiq Hariri and related offenses. On October 7, 2010, the State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) of the Russian Federation considered and approved on the first reading a bill aimed at reforming the Russian constitutional justice system. The bill It was recently reported that as part of a project to modernize the judiciary and automate certain court activities in Zambia, 30,000 court records have been digitized and certain court staff received training in managing court The magistrates' courts in England and Wales have witnessed a decline in the number of cases over the past ten years, with over 310,000 offenders fewer heard in 2009 than in 1999. The role of the The Extraordinary Chambers of the Courts of Cambodia, the body conducting the war crimes trial of members of the Khmer Rouge, opened its eighth plenary session on September 12, 2010. The tribunal will be devoting this The Kenyan government signed an agreement with the International Criminal Court (ICC), effective September 3, 2010, to allow the ICC to setup operations in Kenya and to facilitate the ICC's work of investigating and prosecuting perpetrators On January 1, 2011, several federal procedural laws will become effective in Switzerland. These will replace the corresponding laws of the 26 cantons as well as several federal enactments. These new federal laws are: On May 18, 2010, in a speech at the annual meeting of the Council of Judges, Russia's highest professional body for the country's judges, the Chief Justice of the Russian Supreme Court, Viacheslav Lebedev, stated that The Federal Law of the Russian Federation on Information Related to the Activities of the Federal Judiciary (Information on Judiciary Law) will enter into force on July 1, 2010. The Law provides for publication of all On April 19, 2010, United Nations Under Secretary-General Patricia O'Brien, the U.N. Legal Counsel, called for donors to contribute funds to support the genocide tribunal in Cambodia. The tribunal, the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of The United Nations internal appeals tribunal, established in 2009 to handle disputes between staff members and managers of the international body, handled 33 cases in its first session. The judgments will be translated into all the Reform of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) was the forefront issue of a conference held in Interlaken, Switzerland, on February 10, 2010, by ministers from 27 members of the Council of Europe (COE), On February 23, 2010, Nepal's Supreme Court made public a judgment that mandates the establishment by government authorities of a system of fast-track courts for cases involving women and children. To that end, those authorities It was reported on October 29, 2009, that the African Union (AU) Peace and Security Council summit endorsed the AU Panel on Darfur (AUPD)'s proposal for the creation of a special court to try the perpetrators It was reported on October 26, 2009, that the Rwandan Ministry of Justice proposed a bill to the Parliament on what type of cases may be brought before the country's Supreme Court. During the presentation, Tharcise On September 30, 2009, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved the nomination of Jos; Antandocirc;nio Dias Toffoli as the new Justice of the Federal Supreme Court, to replace the deceased Justice Carlos Alberto Menezes Direito. Toffoli is The new Supreme Court of the United Kingdom began operation on October 1, 2009. Its creation is designed to increase transparency and further enhance the separation of powers between the executive, the legislature, and the judiciary On September 27, 2009, Qatar's Constitutional Court began its work. Originally it was to begin functioning on October 1, 2008; administrative problems delayed the start date. It has jurisdiction over disputes concerning constitutional interpretations and is The last judgments of the Law Lords of the United Kingdom took place on July 30, 2009. This will be a significant date in Britain's constitutional history, as it will mark the end of the judicial On January 6, 2009, the Ministry of Justice of the Republic of Belarus (MOJ) significantly simplified the procedure for obtaining a qualification certificate as a "judicial expert" by issuing the Regulations on Judicial Experts' Certification. (Decision According to a press release issued by the Dutch Ministry of Justice on July 28, 2009, the Ministry has submitted a legislative proposal to make the country's legal system more accessible to its citizens. In addition, It was reported on July 3, 2009, that Indonesia's House of Representatives, the lower house of the country's bicameral legislature, is not planning to take action soon to enact a law for an independent Corruption Court. On June 22, 2009, United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon spoke at the swearing in of judges for two new tribunals. Ban's hope that the new system will boost accountability will be tested when the tribunals begin The Sri Lankan Ministry of Justice is working to reestablish a system of courts in the country's Northern Province, according to the Secretary of that Ministry, Suhada Gamlath. Kilinochchi, which formerly served as the headquarters of On May 8, 2009, Russian President Dmitry Medvedev proposed an amendment to the Federal Constitutional Law on the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation, to change the procedure for selection of the country's Chief Justice and Five special fast-track courts will be set up to try cases resulting from riots in the Indian state of Gujarat in 2002. The events had resulted in numerous deaths estimates range from 1,000 to 2,500 On April 13, 2009, the presidents of the Chamber of Deputies, Federal Senate, and the Federal Supreme Court and Brazilian President Luiz Inandaacute;cio Lula da Silva launched the Second Republican Pact, which includes a proposal to... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 24 Apr 2009 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401233_text Global Legal Monitor: Denmark: Special Court System for Terror Trials Considered http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401142_text Judiciary - On December 10, 2014, the Court of Appeal in Bani Swief, south of Cairo, Egypt, dismissed theft charges against a nine-year-old boy who had been charged with stealing five loaves of bread. The first instance Bangladesh Act No XIII of 2014 amended the Constitution of Bangladesh, empowering Parliament to impeach Supreme Court judges. (Sadiat Mannan, Parliament and Judiciary: Striking a Balance, DAILY STAR, (Oct. 20, 2014).) Part On October 14, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's legislature, adopted the Law on the Procuracy. (Rada Starts the Reform of Law Enforcement by Passing the Law on Procuracy [in Russian], NEWSRU.UA (Oct. 14, 2014).) The On October 20, 2014, a group of law students who had been denied positions in Egypt's public prosecution service filed a petition before the country's administrative court to repeal the decision that had been issued by On October 16, 2014, the European Court of Justice annulled the European Council's 2006 listing of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE, also known as the Tamil Tigers) as a terrorist organization. The step was The intermediate court of Taizhou, a city in China's Jiangsu Province, recently ordered six local polluting enterprises to pay RMB160 million (about US$26 million) for environmental restoration in an environmental public interest lawsuit (the Taizhou Case). On September 23, 2014, the High Court in Pretoria, South Africa, ruled that the extradition to Botswana of Edwin Samotse, a man sought on murder charges in that country, where he may face the death penalty, The International Criminal Court (ICC) announced on September 5, 2014, that the trial of Uhuru Kenyatta, the President of Kenya, and of the Deputy President, William Ruto, originally planned to begin on October 7, would be Israel's High Court of Justice, with an extended bench of seven justices, recently voided a decision by the Supreme Rabbinical Court instructing a mother to enable