By AUDREY FISCHER
Following on the heels of its Bicentennial celebration in 2000, the Library marked several milestones in 2001, including the centennial of the Cataloging Distribution Service, the 70th anniversary of the National Library Service for the Blind and Physically Handicapped, the 30th anniversary of the Cataloging in Publication program and the first National Book Festival.
During the year, the Library continued to implement a new Integrated Library System, participated in an effort to develop a Collaborative Digital Reference Service and administered the Open World Russian Leadership Program that has brought nearly 4,000 emerging political leaders from the Russian Federation to America to observe the workings of democratic institutions.
The Library also continued to share its vast resources locally as well as globally through its award-winning Web site (www.loc.gov). At year's end, the site contained more than 7.5 million American historical items for children and families, as well as scholars and researchers. Through a collaborative digitization effort known as International Horizons, the Library has added materials that highlight the multicultural influences that have shaped the nation. The Library is also working in partnership with other organizations to develop a National Digital Information and Infrastructure Preservation Program to sort, acquire, describe and preserve electronic materials.
National Book Festival
The first National Book Festival was held on Sept. 8, 2001, on the east lawn of the U.S. Capitol and in the Thomas Jefferson and James Madison buildings of the Library of Congress. Hosted by first lady Laura Bush and sponsored by the Library of Congress with generous support from AT&T, the James Madison Council, The Washington Post and other contributors, the festival drew a crowd of approximately 30,000 people to the Library for readings, book-signings, music and storytelling. The festival began with a special program in the Library's Coolidge Auditorium on the evening of Sept. 7 that included readings by David McCullough, John Hope Franklin, Gail Godwin, J. California Cooper, Larry L. King and Tom Brokaw. The evening was attended by President and Mrs. Bush. Sixty nationally known authors and illustrators participated in the daylong event on Sept. 8, along with representatives from the National Basketball Association as part of their "Read to Achieve" national reading campaign. Highlights of the evening program and the Book Festival were broadcast live on C-SPAN.
Response to Tragedy
The Sept. 11 terrorist attacks had a profound effect on the Library as it balanced its mission to serve Congress and the nation with the need to secure its staff, visitors, buildings and the collections–all in close proximity to the U.S. Capitol. The Library requested from Congress an emergency supplemental appropriation of $2.5 million to pay for emergency communications systems, including construction of an Emergency Management Center, and money for additional Library of Congress Police overtime.
While focusing on important security measures, the Library simultaneously responded to the tragedy by providing Congress with timely information on terrorism and related subjects such as immigration policy, and by documenting the events of Sept. 11 and the nation's response. For example, the Serial and Government Publications Division began to build a collection of thousands of U.S. and foreign newspapers containing reports and photographs of the tragedy and its aftermath. In addition, the Library launched a Sept. 11 Web Archive in collaboration with Internet Archives, webArchivist.org and the Pew Internet and American Life Project. The American Folklife Center also sponsored a documentary project that encouraged folklorists across the nation to record on audiotape the national response to these tragic events.
The Library reached out to those directly affected by these events by transferring 183 pieces of furniture valued at $59,900 to New York City through an agreement with the Maryland State Agency for Surplus Property to assist agencies recovering from the attacks. The Law Library also provided work space and facilities for a member of the Pentagon's library staff who was displaced by the attack on that building.
Legislative Support to Congress
Serving Congress is the Library's highest priority. During the year, the Congressional Research Service (CRS) delivered more than 711,000 search responses to members and committees of Congress. CRS developed electronic briefing books on Agriculture and the Farm Bill and Welfare Reform. CRS also issued a redesigned, expanded electronic briefing book on terrorism following the Sept. 11 attacks.
Congress turned increasingly to the online Legislative Information System (LIS), as evidenced by a 15 percent increase in system usage from last year's level. During the year, the LIS was redesigned to provide easier access and a format that can be expanded to meet Congress's need for information on a wide range of legislative issues. Safeguards were installed to ensure continuous system availability.
The Law Library kept members of Congress and their staffs informed on developments around the world through the monthly World Law Bulletin and the Foreign Law Briefs, a research series prepared exclusively for Congress. The Law Library staff answered more than 2,000 in-person reference requests from congressional users and produced 413 written reports for Congress, including comprehensive multinational studies of the laws of individual nations and regional organizations such as the European Union.
During the year, progress was made on the Global Legal Information Network (GLIN), an online parliament-to-parliament cooperative exchange of laws and legal materials from some 46 countries. The Law Library continued to work in partnership with various institutions to expand and enhance GLIN. An agreement was reached with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration to develop an offsite back-up facility for GLIN at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center in Maryland.
The Copyright Office provided policy advice and technical assistance to Congress on important copyright laws and related issues such as the Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA). In August 2001, the Register of Copyrights delivered to Congress the report required under section 104 of the DMCA. The report evaluated the impact of advances in electronic commerce and associated technologies, as well as the amendments to Title 17 made in the DMCA, on sections 109 and 117 of the Copyright Act. The Copyright office also responded to numerous congressional inquiries about domestic and international copyright law and registration and recordation of works of authorship.
In addition to assisting members of Congress and their staff in making use of the Library's collections, services and facilities, the Congressional Relations Office, along with other Library offices, worked with member and committee offices on current issues of legislative concern such as e-government, digital storage and preservation and documenting the history of the nation's veterans, local community celebrations and milestones, and the institution of Congress itself.
Securing the Library's staff members, visitors, collections, facilities and computer resources continued to be a major priority and promises to remain so in the wake of the Sept. 11 attacks. During the year, the Library made progress in implementing its security enhancement plan, a multiyear program of security upgrades for the Library's physical security. Under one of the three major components of the plan, the Library will consolidate its two police communications centers in the Madison and Jefferson buildings into one state-of-the-art communications center in the Jefferson Building. Under the second major component of the plan, the Library will expand entry and perimeter security to include additional X-ray machines and detection equipment, security upgrades of building entrances, exterior monitoring cameras and lighting, and garage and parking lot safeguards. The third major component of the plan was completed with the hiring and training of 46 new police officers and five police administrative personnel. This increase brought the number of authorized police positions to 168, the largest police force in the Library's history.
The Library also continued to review its backup and recovery procedures for its computer systems and determined that remote storage was needed. In the aftermath of Sept. 11, a temporary measure was put in place to house a complete set of backup tapes at a remote location in Virginia to safeguard the Library's digital collections while working toward procurement of commercial storage services.
Digital Projects and Planning
Strategic Planning. The Librarian of Congress established the position of associate librarian for Strategic Initiatives (ALSI) in 2000 to develop a full range of digital policies and operations for acquiring, describing and preserving content created and distributed in electronic form. In 2001 the primary focus of the newly appointed associate librarian was planning for Congress's fiscal 2001 appropriation of $99.8 million to develop and implement a congressionally approved strategic plan for a National Digital Information and Infrastructure Preservation Program. During the year, the Strategic Initiatives initiated a two-tier strategy to develop this national program that focuses on the Library's infrastructure and policies as well as addresses the need for the Library to collaborate with the public and private sectors. On May 1, Strategic Initiatives convened the National Digital Strategy Advisory Board to advise the Library of Congress on national strategies for the long-term preservation of digital materials, to promote collaboration among diverse stakeholder communities and to assist in developing a national fund-raising strategy.
The Library continued to expand its electronic services to Congress and the nation through its award-winning Web site. During the year, 1.4 billion transactions were recorded on all of the Library's public electronic systems. The average number of monthly transactions increased by 31 percent. The following are selected resources available on the Library's Web site.
American Memory. At year's end, 7.5 million American historical items were available. During the year, 12 new multimedia historical collections were added to the American Memory Web site, bringing the total to 102. Ten existing collections were expanded with more than 860,000 digital items. Use of the American Memory collections increased by 50 percent–from an average of 19 million monthly transactions during fiscal 2000 to 28.5 million per month during fiscal 2001.
America's Library. Work continued to expand the content and interactive features available in America's Library, an interactive Web site for children and families that draws upon the Library's vast online resources. New features added in 2001 included an expanded Explore the States section, new educational games and a jukebox of historic songs. America's Library logged more than 135 million transactions during the year, an average of more than 11 million a month.
Thomas. The public legislative information system known as Thomas continued to be a popular resource, with more than 10 million transactions logged on average each month. Public e-mail queries received about the system and its contents were generally answered on the same day as receipt. A new Thomas Web site design was implemented at the start of the 107th Congress. During the year, the system incorporated legislative information received directly from the House, Senate, Government Printing Office and Congressional Research Service into a new set of information files that were updated several times a day.
International Horizons. As a continuation of the pioneering American Memory project, the Librarian of Congress initiated International Horizons, a project dedicated to fostering international collaboration for joint digitization efforts. At year's end, the project included "Meeting of Frontiers," a bilingual Russian-English Web site showcasing materials from the Library of Congress and partner libraries in Russia and Alaska, and "Spain, the United States and the American Frontier: Historias Paralelas," a bilingual Spanish-English Web site initially including the Library of Congress, the National Library of Spain and the Biblioteca Colombina y Capitular of Seville.
Online Exhibitions. Six new Library exhibitions were added to the Library's Web site in 2001, bringing the total to 34. This feature allows users who are unable to visit the Library in person to view many of its past and current exhibitions online.
During the year, the size of the Library's collections grew to more than 124 million items, an increase of more than 3 million over the previous year. This figure includes 28.2 million books and other print materials, 55 million manuscripts, 13.3 million microforms, 4.9 million maps, 5 million items in the music collection and 13.5 million visual materials (photographs, posters, moving images, prints and drawings).
Integrated Library System (ILS). The Library implemented all phases of its first integrated library system for library functions such as circulation, acquisitions and serials check-in, and to provide an online public access catalog. The Library also continued its conversion into the ILS of the 900,000-title Serial Record Division serials holdings manual check-in file that contributes to the Library's inventory control and materials security initiatives. In addition, the Library used the new system to support its business process improvements.
Arrearage Reduction/Cataloging. At year's end, the total arrearage (unprocessed materials) stood at 21,142,980 items, a decrease of 53 percent from the 39.7 million-item arrearage at the time of the initial census in September 1989. Staff created cataloging records for 270,801 print volumes and inventory records for an additional 67,837 items. With the Library serving as the secretariat for the international Program for Cooperative Cataloging, approximately 350 PCC member institutions created 143,031 new name authorities, 9,410 series authorities, 2,603 subject authorities, 2,043 Library of Congress Classification proposals, 14,445 bibliographic records for serials and 73,115 bibliographic records for monographs. The Library worked with the bibliographic utilities and libraries with large East Asian collections to replace the outmoded Wade-Giles system for romanization of Chinese characters with the more modern pinyin system. After a three-year planning effort, the Library began pinyin conversion on Oct. 1, 2001 and completed the project in May 2001.
Secondary Storage. Linked to the Library's arrearage reduction effort is the development of secondary storage sites to house processed materials and to provide for growth of the collection through the first part of the 21st century. The architectural team led by Hal Davis of the SmithGroup continued to work on the design of the National Audio-Visual Conservation Center at Culpeper, Va., on behalf of the Library and the Architect of the Capitol (AOC), with funding from the Packard Humanities Institute, the owners of the facility. During the year, the institute entered into an additional contract with BAR Architects to team with the SmithGroup. By year's end, schematic drawings for a new building and the refurbished existing building were nearing finalization. Scheduled to open in June 2004, the facility will house the Library's audiovisual materials. The Library also continued to work closely with the AOC and its contractors in its plans to construct a storage facility at Fort Meade, Md.
Important New Acquisitions. The Library receives millions of items each year from copyright deposits, from federal agencies and from purchases, exchanges and gifts. Notable acquisitions during the year included one of the great treasures of American and world history, the 1507 map of the world by Martin WaldseemŸller, the first to refer to the New World as "America." Other major acquisitions included new additions in the Jefferson Library Project to reconstruct the collection in the original catalog of Thomas Jefferson's library; a collection of 413 Lontar manuscripts in the traditional Balinese script on palm leaves; three 15th century books, including an edition of Ovid published by Fasti in Venice in 1482; a first edition of Charles Dickens's A Christmas Carol; and 19 rare Persian manuscripts, including Shams al-Nadar, the first periodical printed in Afghanistan (1873). Significant new manuscript acquisitions include the papers of Martin Agronsky, radio and TV journalist; Clark Clifford, Harry Truman's secretary of defense and Democratic Party elder statesman; Stuart Eizenstat, Jimmy Carter's chief of staff; Lynn Margulis, a biologist; Jackie Robinson, the great baseball player and businessman; Vera Rubin, an astronomer; and Malcolm Toon, U.S. ambassador to the Soviet Union. Major additions to these manuscript collections were received: Harry Blackmun; Robert Bork; Ruth Bader Ginsburg; Sol Linowitz; Daniel Patrick Moynihan; Paul Nitze; Eliot Richardson; and Philip Roth.
In addition to serving Congress, the Library of Congress provides reference service to the public in its 21 reading rooms, over the telephone, by e-mail and through written correspondence and its Web site. During the year, the Library's staff handled more than 500,000 reference requests that were received on site, as well as an additional 300,000 requests received through telephone and written correspondence. More than 1.5 million items were circulated for use within the Library.
Collaborative Digital Reference Service (CDRS). Progress was made in 2001 on the Collaborative Digital Reference Service, a project to provide professional reference service to researchers anytime, anywhere, through an international, digital network of libraries and related institutions. The service uses new technologies to provide the best answers in the best context by taking advantage not only of the millions of Internet resources but also of the many more millions of resources that are not online and that are held by libraries. During the year, this "library to library" network grew to 185 participating institutions.
The Library took action to preserve its collections by (1) providing 30,000 hours of preventive and remedial conservation services for items and collections in the custodial divisions; (2) establishing new methods for predicting the life expectancies of organic materials; (3) successfully integrating its labeling and binding preparation processing into nonpreservation divisions; (4) deacidifying 103,522 books and the awarding of a five-year contract that will enable the Library to treat 1 million books and 5 million sheets of unbound materials such as manuscripts; (5) increasing public access to Overseas Operations-produced microfilm through the acquisition of 2,086 positive service copies from the Library's New Delhi Office and creation of master negative microfilm at a cost of $19 per reel (a cost reduction of $30 per reel); (6) restructuring the Photoduplication Service to meet business requirements and introducing a scan-on-demand service as an adjunct to analog services; and (7) delivering 18,000 bibliographic records describing foreign newspapers to the Center for Research Libraries' database for the International Coalition on Newspapers International Union List of Newspapers.
The Library continued its commit-ment to preserving the nation's film heritage. Twenty-five films were named to the National Film Registry in 2001, bringing the total to 325. The Library of Congress works to ensure that the films listed on the registry are preserved either through the Library's motion picture preservation program at Dayton, Ohio, or through collaborative ventures with other archives, motion picture studios and independent filmmakers.
The Copyright Office received 590,091 claims to copyright and made 601,659 reg-istrations in fiscal 2001, including some submitted in fiscal 2000. The office responded to nearly 340,000 requests from the public for copyright information. The Library's collections and exchange programs received 728,034 copies of works from the Copyright Office, including 277,752 items received from publishers under the mandatory deposit provisions of the copyright law.
National Library Service for the Blind and Physically Handicapped
Established by an act of Congress in 1931, the National Library Service for the Blind and Physically Handicapped (NLS) has grown to a program that supplies more than 23.5 million braille and recorded discs to approximately 695,000 readers through a network of 140 cooperating libraries around the country. Throughout its 70-year history, NLS has continued to harness new technologies–from analog to digital–to better serve its growing constituency. During the year, NLS made substantial progress in its goal of developing a Digital Talking Book to replace obsolete analog playback equipment. At year's end, more than 1,600 users were registered for the new Internet service known as Web-Braille that allows access to more than 3,800 digital braille book files. A link to the NLS International Union Catalog allows users to access Web-Braille materials by author, title, subject, language, keyword and other search parameters. More than 250 music items (music scores and books about music) were added to Web-Braille during the year.
American Folklife Center
The American Folklife Center continued its mandate to "preserve and present American folklife" through a number of outreach programs, including the White House Millennium Council's "Save America's Treasures" program, in concert with the Smithsonian Institution. Known as "Save Our Sounds," the program seeks to preserve a priceless heritage of sound recordings housed at the two institutions. During the year, the American Folklife Center received a grant of $40,000 from Michael Greene, president and CEO of the Recording Academy, to support audio and video preservation.
The American Folklife Center also continued to participate in the Veterans History Project, which was established by Congress last year to record and preserve the first-person accounts of those who defended America during wartime. A project director was appointed in May. In November, AARP became the project's founding private sector sponsor. A Five-Star Council consisting of prominent leaders (veterans, elected officials, historians and journalists) will provide leadership and counsel for the project.
During a two-day program titled "Living the Lore: The Legacy of Benjamin A. Botkin," the American Folklife Center celebrated the 100th anniversary of the birth of Botkin, who headed the Archive of Folk Song from 1941 to 1944. The program included performances by Pete Seeger and Cherish the Ladies, a traditional Irish band.
Center for the Book
The Center for the Book, with its network of affiliated centers in 42 states and the District of Columbia and more than 90 organizations serving as national reading promotion partners, continued to stimulate public interest in books, reading, libraries and literacy and to encourage the study of books and the printed word. Alabama and West Virginia were added to the center's national network in 2001, and at year's end the center announced that state centers would be established in New Jersey and Hawaii in 2002. The center made major contributions to the success of the National Book Festival by enlisting some 60 nationally known authors as festival participants as well as working with its national reading promotion partners to organize "Great Ideas for Promoting Reading," the largest pavilion at the National Book Festival. During the year, the center launched a new three-year national reading promotion campaign (co-sponsored with the American Folklife Center), "Telling America's Stories," with Laura Bush serving as honorary chair. A variation of the theme, "Celebrating America's Stories," was a secondary theme of the festival.
The John W. Kluge Center
The John W. Kluge Center was established in the fall of 2000 with a gift of $60 million from John W. Kluge, Metromedia president and founding chairman of the James Madison Council, the Library's private sector advisory group. Under the Library's director for Scholarly Programs, the center's goal is to bring the best thinkers into residence at the Library, where they can make wide-ranging use of the institution's unparalleled resources to promote scholarship. During the year since its founding, a Scholars Council was established and convened for its first meeting in October 2001. As the center's first Distinguished Visiting Scholar, historian John Hope Franklin came to the Library to work on his autobiography. Jaroslav Pelikan was appointed the first Kluge Chair in Countries and Cultures of the North. Sylvia Albro, a paper conservator in the Library's Conservation Division, was awarded the first Kluge Staff Fellowship, for research into Italian papermaking. In association with the Kluge Center, Aaron Friedberg was appointed the first Kissinger Chair in Foreign Policy and International Relations. The center also hosted two visiting International Research Exchange Program Fellows from Russia. With funding from the Mellon and Luce foundations, seven U.S. postdoctoral scholars were selected through the new Library of Congress International Studies Fellowships program (in cooperation with the American Council of Learned Societies and the Association of American Universities). Competitions were held for the awarding of 12 Kluge Fellowships, two to four Rockefeller Foundation-funded fellowships in Islamic studies and a second year of fellowships under the Library's International Fellows program.
Center for Russian Leadership Development
The Open World Russian Leadership Program continued to bring emerging leaders from the Russian Federation to observe the workings of democratic institutions. Since the program's inception in 1999, nearly 4,000 Russian visitors have been hosted by 716 communities in 48 U.S. states and the District of Columbia. The Library's fiscal 2001 budget appropriation included third-year funding for the program as well as authorized the creation of a Center for Russian Leadership Development in the Legislative Branch–independent from the Library–to implement the exchange program in the future.
Sharing the Library's Treasures
In addition to making many of its unparalleled resources available on its award-winning Web site, the Library's collections were shared with hundreds of thousands of national and international audiences through onsite and traveling exhibitions, special events and symposia, major publications and tours.
The Library presented five new exhibitions in 2001, including three that drew on its extraordinary international collections. Most significant, "World Treasures of the Library of Congress" opened on June 7 in the Northwest Pavilion exhibition gallery of the Thomas Jefferson Building. This continuing exhibition is a companion to the "American Treasures of the Library of Congress" exhibition and presents top treasures from the Library's international collections. "The Empire That Was Russia: The Prokudin-Gorskii Photographic Record Recreated" (April 17, 2001, through August 2001) featured unique color images of Russia on the eve of the revolution (1909-1915). "The Floating World of Ukiyo-e: Shadows, Dreams and Substance" (Sept. 27, 2001, through Feb. 9, 2002) presented 100 rare and important woodcuts, drawings and books from the Library's extensive collection of Japanese art and literature. "A Petal from the Rose: Illustrations by Elizabeth Shippen Green," (June 28 through Sept. 29, 2001) was displayed in the Swann Gallery of Caricature and Cartoon. Finally, "Margaret Mead: Human Nature and the Power of Culture" (Nov. 30, 2001, through May 31, 2002) celebrates the life and work of the noted anthropologist on the 100th anniversary of her birth.
In keeping with conservation and preservation standards, three rotational changes were made in the "American Treasures of the Library of Congress" exhibition and two were made to the "Bob Hope Gallery of American Entertainment." Three major Library of Congress exhibitions, which toured nationally and internationally during the year, included "The Work of Charles and Ray Eames: A Legacy of Invention," "Sigmund Freud: Conflict and Culture" and "Religion and the Founding of the American Republic." Six exhibitions were added to the Library's Web site, bringing the total to 34 Library exhibitions accessible on Internet.
The Publishing Office produced 24 books, calendars and other products illuminating the Library's collections in 2001, many in cooperation with trade publishers. In collaboration with Harry N. Abrams, the Library published The Floating World of Ukiyo-e: Shadows, Dreams and Substance, a companion book to the exhibition. In cooperation with Congressional Quarterly, the Library published Democracy and the Rule of Law, a collection from the Bicentennial symposium held at the Library in March 2000. With support from the Madison Council, the Library continued its series of illustrated guides with the publication of a three-volume set covering the Africana, Hebraic and Near East collections. At year's end, the Library published American Women: A Library of Congress Guide for the Study of Women's History and Culture in the United States, a resource guide distributed by University Press of New England.
The Library of Congress: An Architectural Alphabet garnered the "Best in Show" award at the 16th Annual Washington Book Publishers Design Effectiveness Competition. The Library's new visitor guidebook, The Nation's Library: The Library of Congress, Washington, DC, and the Charles and Ray Eames 2001 Desk Diary received design excellence awards from the American Association for Museums. The cumulative index for 25 text volumes of Letters of Delegates to Congress, 1774-1789 was awarded the H.W. Wilson Award for excellence in indexing by the American Society of Indexers and the H.W. Wilson Co.
With the help of volunteers throughout the year and contractors during the peak spring and summer months, the Visitor Services Office conducted 4,205 tours for 105,988 visitors, including 557 tours for 10,947 congressional constituents from 399 Senate and House offices and 320 special-request tours, with an attendance of 5,787, for members of Congress and their spouses, families and friends. A total of 2,200 public tours attended by 63,379 visitors and 681 scheduled group tours for 14,590 visitors, plus 447 new popular highlight tours for 11,285 visitors with limited time, introduced the Library of Congress to the public. In addition to tours, the office also arranged 222 appointments for 2,028 visiting dignitaries and professionals, an increase of 9.6 percent from the prior year.
The Library continued to broadcast events of wide national interest on its Web site. Events that were cybercast during the year included highlights of the National Book Festival, a symposium honoring James Madison on the 250th anniversary of his birth, and the Globalization and Muslim Societies Lecture Series.
In March 2001, the Library's independent accountants, Clifton Gunderson LLC, issued an unqualified "clean" audit opinion on the Library's fiscal year 2000 Consolidated Financial Statements. In addition to issuing the fifth consecutive "clean" audit opinion, the auditors found that the Library's financial statements were presented fairly in all material respects.
Gift and Trust Funds
During fiscal year 2001, the Library's fund-raising activities brought in a total of $21 million, representing 981 gifts to 85 different Library funds. These gifts included $7 million in cash gifts, $12.9 million in new pledges and $1.1 million in in-kind gifts. There were 367 first-time donors, including corporations, foundations, individuals and associations with whom the Library forged new partnerships. Twenty-eight new gift and trust funds were established. At year's end, outstanding pledges totaled $28 million.
Private gifts supported a variety of new and continuing programs throughout the Library, including exhibitions, acquisitions, symposia, a number of programs concluding the Bicentennial celebration and the National Book Festival. The charter sponsors of the Book Festival were AT&T, the James Madison Council and WorkPlaceUSA. These donors–along with others–gave $1.4 million to support the festival.
Other major gifts and pledges received during the fiscal year included a combined total of $9.5 million toward the purchase of an important Hebraic collection from Lloyd E. Cotsen, John W. Kluge, H. F. (Gerry) Lenfest, Kenneth Lipper, Jack Nash, the Bernard and Audrey Rapoport Foundation, James Wolfensohn and Mortimer Zuckerman; $1 million from Raja Sidawi to establish a program for Islamic Studies at the Library of Congress; $1 million from the Verna Fine estate that will support modern American music through activities related to the music of Irving Fine and other American composers whose works are housed at the Library; $1 million from the Duke Foundation for the Katherine Dunham Project; an in-kind gift of 20,000 Coca-Cola commercials valued at $1 million; $650,000 from the Paul Rudolph estate to establish and support programs and goals of the Center for American Architecture, Design and Engineering at the Library; $500,000 from the Naomi & Nehemiah Cohen Foundation to benefit the Hebraic section; $400,000 from the Irving Caeser Lifetime Trust for a collaborative project with the Smithsonian Institution called "Integrating Meaningful Musical Experiences into the Lives of Young People;" $390,000 for the Mariinsky Theatre Project from the Prince Charitable Trust, the John W. Wilson Fund and other donors; and $315,000 from Merrill Lynch and the United States-Japan Foundation for an exhibition titled "The Floating World of Ukiyo-e: Shadows, Dreams and Substance," showcasing the Library's spectacular Japanese holdings of prints, books and drawings from the 17th to the 19th centuries.
Ms. Fischer is a public affairs specialist in the Public Affairs Office. Portions of this article were excerpted from other staff reports.