"Dependency and Development in Latin America"
Event Date: February 22, 2005
Fernando Henrique Cardoso, sociologist, politician and president
of Brazil from 1994 to 2002, delivered the fourth annual Kissinger Lecture
on Foreign Policy and International Relations at 7:00 p.m. on Tuesday,
Feb. 22, 2005 at the Library of Congress.
Cardoso was elected president of Brazil in 1994. He worked to
reduce the role of the state in the economy, reorganize the federal
bureaucracy and the social security system, renew federalist
relationships and overhaul the complicated tax system, and he
attempted to effect electoral and party reforms in order to strengthen
the representation of political parties. Cardoso also actively encouraged
foreign investment in Brazil. During his second term, Cardoso carried
out improvements in education and rural health care as well as the
resettlement of a large number of landless peasant families.
Cardoso's scholarly writings include the classic "Dependency and
Development in Latin America" (1969), a work that established his
reputation as a world-class sociologist. He has been visiting professor at
various academic centers in Europe and the United States, including the
College de France, the University of Paris, the University of Cambridge,
the University of California at Berkeley and Stanford University.
The inaugural Kissinger Lecture was delivered in October 2001 by
Henry Kissinger himself, the second by
Valéry Giscard d’Estaing
in February 2003, and the third by
in February 2004.