Map depicts the situation just prior to Union Gen. Daniel Edgar Sickles' having ordered his 3rd Corps into an advanced position on a ridge overlooking the Emmitsburg Road, unknowingly exposing his left flank. Confederate forces under Longstreet and Hill attacked him, overwhelming the Union position and forcing the troops back, thereby succeeding in forming a wedge between the 2nd and 3rd Corps. Sickles was ...
Map shows Gen. R. E. Lee's strong position on the heights overlooking Fredericksburg, Va. While he could not prevent the Union forces from crossing the Rappahannock River on December 13 and taking the town, they were unable, despite repeated suicidal assaults, to take the hills on which the Confederate forces were entrenched. After several days astride the river, the Union forces withdrew the night ...
Contributor:Sneden, Robert Knox - Paine, William H.
Map shows Charleston, S.C., the Confederate forts, the Union works surrounding Fort Wagner and the position of the Union monitor fleet in the harbor off of the coast. This view shows the Union attacks on Confederate fortifications lining the harbor, and on the city itself. The locations of artillery batteries and their ranges and targets are indicated.
The map shows the course of the two ships in Cherbourg Harbor and in the English Channel. Made by the British for the Confederacy and captained by Raphael Semmes, the "Alabama" was a successful blockade runner until her sinking by the "Kearsage."
Includes Confederate fortifications and batteries in and around Savannah, Ga., during Sherman's March to the Sea, also referred to as the Savannah Campaign of 15 November to 21 December 1864. Sneden includes Argyle Island in the Savannah River, past the city to Fort Pulaski on Cockspur Island, and Big and Little Tybee islands, where Union forces were located in November 1864.
Layout of "Camp Misery," a Confederate fort on the Virginia Peninsula located in a swampy area on the Ship Point road. The camp was evacuated on April 5th, 1862, as Union forces began their siege of Yorktown.
This map shows the disposition of troops on this second day of the battle. The designation "5 p.m." appears slightly to the left of the title. As the fighting began late in the day and continued on well into the evening, this could be interpreted as a depiction of forces going into the second day of the battle.
Contributor:Sneden, Robert Knox - Paine, William H.
NOTE: Researchers will be served a color photocopy of this diary page. This item is from the collections of the Virginia Historical Society; please contact the institution for more information. Available also through the Library of Congress web site as a raster image. Robert Knox Sneden scrapbook (Mss5:7 Sn237:1), Virginia Historical Society. In the Robert Knox Sneden diary, 1861-1865 (v. 1, p. 361).
Map shows route taken by Union Admiral Farragut in August 1864 as well as that in March 1865, when his fleet provided naval support to land forces under Frederick Steele and E.R.S. Camby. Camby captured Spanish Fort and Blakely, across the bay from Mobile, entering that city on April 18. This map pays attention to the Confederates use of spikes and torpedoes (naval mines) ...
A regional view of Yorktown, Va., and vicinity, with Yorktown and Gloucester Point on opposite sides of the York River and indicating where the Warwick River feeds into the James, and also the Poquoson River as it branches off from the York below Yorktown. The headquarters of Gen. John Sedgwick's VI Corps is shown at Warwick Court House.
This very detailed map shows South Mountain, Turner's and Fox's gaps, and their relationships to Boonsboro and Frost town, Md. The locations of roads and buildings, many identified by owner, are included.
This regional view locates the prison camp in relation to Columbia, Macon, and Milledgeville, Ga., as well as the town of Andersonville. Parts of bordering Alabama, Tennessee, and South Carolina are also indicated.
Illustrates the fort and its defenses of abatis and rifle pits, the guard camp made of log houses, hospital and surgeon's quarters, commissary, quartermaster, officers' quarters, and prison stockade containing shanties, tents, cooking ovens, and sutler's quarters.
After a day of fierce fighting "above the clouds" on November 24, the Confederates retained a tenuous hold on Lookout Mountain. In this image the focus has shifted to Missionary Ridge. Arrows show the direction of attack as the Union forces under Thomas broke through the Confederate defenses, sending Bragg's army in retreat.
NOTE: Researchers will be served a color photocopy of this scrapbook image. Original scrapbook housed in the Museum Department of the Virginia Historical Society (1994.80.4-525) with restricted access. This item is from the collections of the Virginia Historical Society; please contact the institution for more information. This item is from the collections of the Virginia Historical Society; please contact the institution for more information. ...
In this section of an unidentified printed map, Sneden shows just how close Early's men got to the Federal capitol. Several skirmishes are indicated, including Early and McCausland's cavalry battle on July 8th and the position of Confederate forces south of Rockville, Md., July 11-12, 1864.
This map shows the location of the two armies on the eve of the Chancellorsville Campaign. Union Gen. Hooker has moved his forces via Kelly's Ford into position south of the Rappahannock near Chancellorsville, Va., to launch what he believes will be a rear attack on Gen. R. E. Lee's Fredericksburg stronghold. Meanwhile Federal forces under Sedgwick continue a diversionary frontal assault on Fredericksburg. ...
The newly-organized Union Army of Virginia under Gen. John Pope had as its mission to draw Lee's focus and forces away from the defense of Richmond. To that end, the army began moving toward Gordonsville in July, planning to approach the Confederate capital from the north. Realizing the seriousness of his position, with McClellen in front of him and Pope on his left flank, ...
Devaux Neck is formed by the Tulfinny River and Coosawatchie River as they branch off the Broad River. The Peninsula is crossed by the Charleston and Savannah Railroad. Map shows rebel forces protecting the railroad while Union forces, the 127th NY under Gen. Edward E. Potter, advance up the peninsula.
In this detail from an unidentified printed map, Sneden depicts the area between Rice's Depot and Jetersville, Va. Named after Sailor's Creek that runs through Prince Edward, Amelia and Nottoway Counties, this engagement of the Appomattox Campaign was fought April 6, 1865. The Confederates sustained heavy losses (7-8,000) before withdrawing to Highbridge, and several generals, including Ewell, were captured.
In this detail from a printed map, Sneden shows the movement of the Lee's Confederate line at the battle of Antietam. On September 16 the Confederates are shown east of Sharpsburg. On September 17, after a day of intense fighting, the Confederates have pulled back slightly to just outside the town of Sharpsburg. On September 18 they are shown moving toward Shepherdstown, W. Va.
"The Rebel troops and batteries were commanded by Genl. Holmes, C.S.A. during the blockade which lasted from Decr 1861 to 9th March 1862." -- Page caption. Color coding shows location of Union and Confederate forces. NOTE: Researchers will be served a color photocopy of this diary image. Relief shown by hachures. This item is from the collections of the Virginia Historical Society; please contact ...
In this detailed view of Kellysville and Kelly's Ford on the Rappahannock River, Sneden shows the placement of Union regiments in a semicircle to the east of town, and the opposing Confederate units in the town itself. Also indicated are the locations of various field fortifications and the difficulties experienced by a terrain that included heavy woods and swamps.
Shows the vicinity of Yorktown, Va., including Union batteries located along the Warwick Court House Road. Also shows the Confederate barricade made up of abatis, palisades, slashings of trees, felled trees, and dams that flooded low-lying areas. The Union army, under Gen. McClellan, prepared to lay siege to Yorktown as part of its advance up the Virginia Peninsula toward the Confederate capital of Richmond.
Depicts the path General Samuel Heintzelman took during August 23rd to 31st from Manassas Junction in Prince William County, Va., traveling toward Centreville in Fairfax County, Va., directly before and during the Second Battle of Manassas or Bull Run.
Regional view shows paths taken by different segments of the Union army on a march from Frederick, Md., to Gettysburg, Pa., as well as the location of the Confederate army units in the vicinity. The Union troops were under the commands of Reynolds, Howard, Sickles, Slocum, Hancock, Sykes and Gregg.
Shows the Union forces under Gen. John Pope and the Confederates under Gen. Robert E. Lee on the 29th, 30th, and 31st of August 1862 in an area of Virginia defined by the towns of Chantilly to the north, Manassas Junction to the South, Centreville to the east and Gainesville to the west.
The purpose of this map is uncertain; it may have been to identify the rail lines within the corridor between Fredericksburg and Petersburg. Included (as phrased by Sneden) are the Richmond and Danville Railroad, Lynchburg Railroad, Norfolk and Petersburg Railroad, Virginia Central Railroad, and the Richmond Fredericksburg (Railroad). A few key events in the entire war are indicated such as the surrender of Lee ...
Shows Confederate encampements and prisons in Richmond and south of the James River in Manchester and Spring Hill. Sneden has added an index listing the governenment buildings and the houses of important persons.
Gives Union Army positions around Harrison's Landing in Charles City County, Va., on July 9th, 1862, with details of the terrain and locations of headquarters for the following Union officers: David Bell Birney, Cuvier Grover, Samuel Peter Heintzelman, Joseph Hooker, Philip Kearny, Israel Bush Richardson, John Sedgwick, and George Sykes.
Shows the area from Harper's Ferry, W. Va., west to Frederick, Md., and the position of Confederate forces under R. E. Lee and Union forces under McClellen. The map also shows Hagerstown, Md., south to the Potomac River. The Baltimore and Ohio Railroad is also indicated.
Map shows the location of Union forces near the Ogeechee River outside of the Confederate held city of Savannah, Ga. The map also depicts the location of the Union fleet on the Savannah River and in the Atlantic Ocean. Details of the terrain show how a direct assault would have been difficult.
Shows the area of Henrico County, Va., that includes Savage's Farm to the north and the Williamsburg Stage Road to the south. The Richmond and York River Railroad is also indicated. The Battle of Savage's Station was one of the Seven Days' Battles.
Map shows the area five Five Forks, Va., near Hatcher's Run in Diwiddie County. March 30, 1865 General Sheridan's troops engaged Pickett's army at Dinwiddie courthouse and the next day pursued General Pickett who was withdrawing to Five Forks. The Federal attacks overwhelmed the enrenchments, and the Confederates abandoned their efforts to protect the Southdside Railroad.
Contributor:Sneden, Robert Knox - Paine, William H.
While dated June 26th, the Battle of Gaines' Mill was actually fought on the 27th, the third day of the Seven Days' Battles. This map shows Hanover County, Va., with the Chickahominy River to the south, the town of Cold Harbor to the north, Powhite Creek to the west, and Elder Swamp to the east.
A regional view of Mobile and environs, encompassing Mobile, Blakely, Spanish Fort, Alabama City, Williamsburg, Fort Morgan, Fort Gaines, and Fort Orwell. Also shows defenses of Mobile Bay, including use of torpedoes (mines), spikes, and sunken logs. The city of Mobile was abandoned by the Confederates on the night of April 11-20th, 1865.
Map shows the area surrounding Chattanooga on the Tennessee River. Troops of Union generals Hooker and Sherman are shown on the southern outskirts of town, and Confederate troops are located on Missionary Ridge.
In this extremely detailed map, Sneden indicates the locations of roads, bridges, the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal, houses, barns, ploughed fields, and the Antietam Iron Works. The Union and Confederate signal stations are also noted. The line of battle is located east of the town of Sharpsburg on September 16; encompassing the town on September 17 (after the actual battle); and to the west ...
Map shows a detailed plan of the Andersonville prison complex including locations of external defenses, guards' and officers' quarters, hospital, storehouses, cook house, and graveyard, and the use of the terrain (swamps, creeks) as boundaries.
Detail from an identified printed map annotated to show which units held essentially the same position through July 2 and which moved, noting the starting positions (in the morning) and ending positions (in the evening) of the latter. The usual landmarks, such as Culp's Hill, Cemetery Ridge, and Little Round Top, are also indicated.
The maps shows the location of the Union III Corps under Sickles and Confederate troops under A.P. Hill between Catlett's Station and Manassas Junction, Va. The Manassas Gap and the Orange and Alexandria railroads are also indicated, and also shown is the location of the skirmish that took place at Auburn earlier in the day.
Indicates the general terrain and disposition of troops around Gettysburg, Pa., as well the fighting northwest of town between the Union's I Corps, under Maj.Gen. John F. Reynolds and Confederate forces under Hill. Shows the place where Gen. Reynolds was fatally shot on July 1 and the locations of Union forces at 11 a.m., 12 p.m. and 1 p.m. as they fell back toward ...
Shows the area of Henrico County, Va., from White Oak Swamp to the north to Glendale to the south. This was the location of both the Battle of White Oak Swamp and the separate skirmish at Frazier's Farm, both part of the Seven Days' Battles.
Shows the locations along the James River of the camps of the U.S. Army of the Potomac after the Seven Days' Battles, 25 June-1 July 1862. Also shows locations of Berkeley and Westover plantations in Charles City County, Va.
Shows the location at Harrison's Landing, along the James River, of the camps of the U.S. Army of the Potomac after the Seven Days' Battles, 25 June-1 July 1862. Includes Berkeley and Westover plantations in Charles City County, Va.
Map shows the location of Union troops in the Hampton Roads area of Virginia poised to begin McClellan's Peninsular Campaign, March 1862. Among the landmarks noted are the location of McClellan's headquarters in Hampton from 23 March to 4 April 1862; the route of reconnaissance by Smith and Fitz-John Porter in the vicinity of Yorktown, Va., 27 March; and McClellan's new headquarters on the ...
The map shows the area surrounding the Bull Run Mountains including Centreville and Kellysville, Va. As part of the Second Bull Run Campaign, Pope's U.S. Army of Virginia assigned to protect Washington, the Shenandoah Valley and draw Lee away from the defense of Richmond. Lee split his army, and Jackson's brilliant maneuvering thoroughly confused Pope, and allowed Longstreet to join with reinforcements. While Longstreet's ...
Map shows Confederate fortifications (Forts Powell, Gaines, Morgan) and the location of Union fleet in Mobile Bay and the Gulf of Mexico. On August 5, Union Admiral Farragut attempted to lead several ships into Mobile Bay, past formidable Confederate forts and the ironclad C.S.S. Tennessee. Despite the sinking by a mine of the U.S.S. Tecumseh, the Union fleet passed through the channel and engaged ...
Shows Confederate Fort Henry on the Tennessee River. The entire site was to include the fort on the low ground near the edge of the river with an entrenched camp (Fort Heiman) on a high plateau immediately above it. The work was not completed and on the day of the Union attack the river had partially flooded the fort site. Realizing the futility of ...
Map shows a detailed layout of the city of Atlanta, Ga., including the batteries and earthworks in the surrounding area. The Western Atlanta and the Macon & Western Railroad are also indicated. The map depicts the situation in the city as of 1 September 1864; the city fell to Sherman's army on the 8th.
The map shows the area surrounding the Rappahannock River as it runs from north to south; the Orange & Alexandria Railroad is also indicated. The battles of Rappahannock Bridge and Kelly's Ford were part of the Bristoe Campaign.
Shows the area of Hanover County near Beaverdam Creek, oriented with the Chickahominy River to the south and the Mechanicsville Road to the north. Here, on the second day of the Seven Days' Battles, the Confederate forces launched an assault on the Federal troops, forcing them to retreat from Mechanicsville toward Gaines' Mill.
The map charts the course of the two ships in Cherbourg Harbor and in the British Channel off the coast of Cherbourg, France. Made by the British for the Confederacy and captained by Raphael Semmes the C.S.S. Alabama was a blockade runner. Spotted by the U.S.S. Kearsarge, the Alabama was cornered and sunk.
Map shows location of Union and Confederate troops between Missionary Ridge and West Chickamauga Creek. After Confederates succeeded in breaking through the Union lines, the bulk of the Union forces retreated toward Chattanooga. Union Gen. George H. Thomas and his men held onto a tenuous position on Snodgrass Hill and repulsed assault after assault.
Concerns the Battle of Frazier's Farm, 30 June 1862, also known as the Battle of Glendale and the Battle of White Oak Swamp. It was one of the Seven Days' Battles, 26 June-1 July 1862. Includes the Confederate positions as well as the Union positions.
Map shows the area between Farmville, Va., and Cumberland Courthouse to the north. This was a small skirmish just north of Farmville in Cumberland County on April 7, 1865, just following action at Highbridge and Rice's Station.
Map depicts Hooker's attempt to flank Lee's position at Fredericksburg via Kelly's Ford and Chancellorsville, which backfired when Lee discovered it. Dividing his forces, Lee turned half to meet Hooker's Federals head on near Chancellorsville while Jackson's division moved through the Wilderness to flank Hooker's right. Meanwhile, Sedgwick's forces managed to cross the Rappahannock opposite Fredericksburg and dislodge the Confederates holding Marie's Heights, but ...
Contributor:Sneden, Robert Knox - Paine, William H.
Grant's continued attempts to turn Lee's flank and allow the Union troops access to Richmond were once again thwarted at the North Anna. Hoping to lure the Confederates away from Spotsylvania Court House, Union forces under Hancock headed for Hanover Junction, an important intersection of the Virginia Central and Richmond, Fredericksburg, and Potomac railroads, hoping Lee would follow. Anticipating this maneuver, Lee moved a ...
Map shows route of Union army (32nd and 38th New York Infantry Regiments, 10th Massachusetts Infantry and others) along the road from Bristoe Station to Warrenton, Va., when the column was attacked by part of A.P. Hill's forces. Shows road lined by stone walls as it crosses Cedar Creek, passes the McCormack farm house, and turns north toward Greenwich.
In this detail of a printed map, Sneden has juxtaposed troop locations during First Bull Run (21 July 1861) and Second Bull Run (29-30 August 1862). He has also noted the location where Union General Philip Kearny was shot by Confederate troops in 1862; the line of command of the Union Army's Department of Washington as of January 1863; and the Union monument erected ...
The map shows positions at the beginning of the battle, with the bulk the of Union Army located across the Rappahannock from Fredericksburg, awaiting the construction of a pontoon bridge. Once across, the Union forces were met with fierce opposition from Confederate forces located in the hills to the west and south of the town. Depicts the area surrounding Fredericksburg and on both sides ...
Shows the distribution of troops during battle, with majority of McClellan's forces northeast of the Chickahominy River and the Confederates under Joseph E. Johnston attacking the two Union corps on the south side of the river. Map indicates locations of 9 Mile Road and Old Williamsburg Road, the Richmond and York River Railroad, and Confederate defenses, chiefly felled trees. Edwin V. Sumner's route of ...
Shows the Confederate forces located around and to the north of Spotsylvania Court House, with the Po River at their back. The Union forces were positioned along the Ny River so as to attack on both the Confederate left and right. Several landmarks are indicated, including houses used as headquarters by various officers, and the "mule shoe" salient known as the "bloody angle" because ...
Map shows the region surrounding Fredericksburg, Va., including Marie's Heights outside of the city and Falmouth across the Rappahannock River. Due to Burnside's slow maneuvering of the Union forces, Lee was able to use the bluffs overlooking the river to his advantage. After sustaining heavy losses crossing the river, Burnside decided against renewed attacks and withdrew on the 15th of December.
Carnifex Ferry is located on the Gauley River east of the town of Gauley Bridge. Floyd's Confederate forces are positioned with their backs to the Gauley River, and the Union is shown attacking chiefly in the center and on the left.
Shows the terrain and Confederate fortifications around Vicksburg, Miss., in mid-May, 1863, just after Confederate Gen. Pemberton was forced to evacuate Hayne's Bluff. Indicated are the locations of Union forces under Sherman, McPherson, McClernand, and Carr.