• Battle of Chancellorsville, Va. :

    Battle of Chancellorsville, Va. :

    Detail includes Wilderness and Hunting runs and the locations of Union and Confederate forces on either side of the turnpike going toward Chancellorsville.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1863
  • Battle of Chancellorsville, Va. Position of the 12th and part of the 3rd Corps covering Chancellorsville Plateau May 2nd and 3rd 1863.

    Battle of Chancellorsville, Va. Position of the 12th and part...

    Maps shows the location of Union troops including the 2nd Division under Geary and 1st Division under Williams near Chancellorsville, Va., and the extends from the location of Gen. Hooker's and Gen. Slocum's headquarters in the south to Dowdall's Tavern in the north.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Plan of the Battle of Kernstown, Va. March 23rd 1862.

    Plan of the Battle of Kernstown, Va. March 23rd 1862.

    The village of Kernstown was located a few miles south of Winchester, Va. Jackson's Confederates attacked with the intention of drawing Union forces away from the Army of the Potomac's position on the Virginia Peninsula. Kernstown is considered to be the opening engagement of Jackson's Shenandoah Valley Campaign.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Plan of the Battle of Savage's Station Va. Fought June 29th 1862.

    Plan of the Battle of Savage's Station Va. Fought June 29th 1...

    Shows the area of Henrico County, Va., that includes Savage's Farm to the north and the Williamsburg Stage Road to the south. The Richmond and York River Railroad is also indicated. The Battle of Savage's Station was one of the Seven Days' Battles.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • The defenses of Richmond, 1864

    The defenses of Richmond, 1864

    Shows the fortifications surrounding Richmond including, Brook Run to the north, and Harrison's Landing to the south. The James River and major roads and railroad lines are also indicated.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1864
  • Plan showing positions of Union and Rebel armies 8th and 9th April 1865, to the surrender of Lee 2nd Corps at Cumberland Church.

    Plan showing positions of Union and Rebel armies 8th and 9th ...

    This detail of an unidentified printed map has annotations by Sneden showing the locations of troops surrounding Appomattox Courthouse, April 9th, 1865. Union forces identified include Sheridan's 9th Corps, Humphrey's 2nd Corps, and Sheridan's Cavalry. Also indicated (on original printed map) are names of property owners.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Map of Richmond, Virginia...1863.

    Map of Richmond, Virginia...1863.

    Identifies Confederate prisons, forts, and hospitals in Richmond, Va.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Investment of Petersburg by Genl. Grant 1865

    Investment of Petersburg by Genl. Grant 1865

    Map shows area surrounding Petersburg, Va., on the Appomattox River including all of the Union and Confederate fortifications during the siege of 1864-65 by Genl. Grant. Details include locations of roads, railroads, significant buildings, and creeks. Map extends to north as far as Fort Walthall, to west as far as Wells Church, to south as far as Reams Station, and to east as far ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Plan of attack on Marie's Heights, Fredericksburg, Va. or 2nd Battle of Fredericksburg. By Maj. Genl. John Sedgwick with 6th Army Corps, Sunday, May 3rd, 1863.

    Plan of attack on Marie's Heights, Fredericksburg, Va. or 2nd...

    Illustrates the placement of Union and Confederate forces during the Chancellorsville Campaign of April-May, 1863, culminating in the battle of Chancellorsville fought May 1-4, 1863. This map focuses on the Sunday, May 3rd, action, which is referred to by Sneden as "Second Fredericksburg."

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Position of Union and Rebel armies at Fredericksburg, Decr. 1st 1862

    Position of Union and Rebel armies at Fredericksburg, Decr. 1...

    Map shows the area surrounding Fredericksburg, Va., including Spotsylvania Courthouse, Chancellorsville and Falmouth, during the Fredericksburg Campaign. This image shows the situation several days before the battle of Fredericksburg, on December 13th, during which Burnside ordered several futile attacks against Lee's forces. After losing over 12,000 men, the Federal forces withdrew on December 15th.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Second Battle of Bull Run sunset 5 p.m. Aug 30 1862.

    Second Battle of Bull Run sunset 5 p.m. Aug 30 1862.

    Shows the area between Bull Run to the north and the Manassas and Gainesville Road to the south. The location of Warrenton Turnpike and the Manassas Gap Railroad are also indicated.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Skeleton map of battlefield of Bull Run Virginia : showing 1st battle at Blackburn's Ford.

    Skeleton map of battlefield of Bull Run Virginia : showing 1s...

    Shows area between Sudley Springs to the north and Manassas Junction to the south. Locations of railroads and Warrenton Turnpike are indicated.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Plan of the Union and Rebel position at Yorktown, Va., April 7th, 1862.

    Plan of the Union and Rebel position at Yorktown, Va., April ...

    Illustrates a portion of York County, Va., showing headquarters camps of the various generals of the U.S. Army of the Potomac, including the Sawmill, headquarters of General Samuel P. Heintzelman, in the Peninsula Campaign, March-July 1862.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1870
  • Map of the Lower Peninsula of Virginia, April 1862.

    Map of the Lower Peninsula of Virginia, April 1862.

    Shows the Confederate and Union fortifications located between the York River to the north and the James River to the south during the Peninsular campaign of 1862.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • [Map of the First Battle of Bull Run]

    [Map of the First Battle of Bull Run]

    Shows the movement of the Union and Confederate forces as their positions changed over the course of July 21, 1861, during the First Battle of Bull Run. Sneden illustrates the battle over the countryside in Prince William and Fairfax counties, Va.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Map shewing [sic] retreat of Union Army from Savage's Station to White Oak Swamp, Va. : the position of Army after crossing morning of 30th June 1862, 7 a.m.

    Map shewing [sic] retreat of Union Army from Savage's Station...

    Bottom margin: "The swamp was 8 miles long and 3 miles wide." Key across the bottom margin indicates the symbols for positions of the Union and Confederate armies, including infantry, cavalry, and artillery. Farms, homes, and churches are included as well as all major roads and waterways. NOTE: Researchers will be served a color photocopy of this diary page. This item is from the ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Position at Chancellorsville at 8 a.m. May 3rd 1863

    Position at Chancellorsville at 8 a.m. May 3rd 1863

    Shows the immediate area surrounding the town of Chancellorsville and the location of Union General Hooker's headquarters.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Plan of the Battle of Fredericksburg, Va., Decr. 13, 1862.

    Plan of the Battle of Fredericksburg, Va., Decr. 13, 1862.

    Map shows the region surrounding Fredericksburg, Va., including Marie's Heights outside of the city and Falmouth across the Rappahannock River. Due to Burnside's slow maneuvering of the Union forces, Lee was able to use the bluffs overlooking the river to his advantage. After sustaining heavy losses crossing the river, Burnside decided against renewed attacks and withdrew on the 15th of December.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Position of Union Army

    Position of Union Army

    Map shows the location of Union troops in the Hampton Roads area of Virginia poised to begin McClellan's Peninsular Campaign, March 1862. Among the landmarks noted are the location of McClellan's headquarters in Hampton from 23 March to 4 April 1862; the route of reconnaissance by Smith and Fitz-John Porter in the vicinity of Yorktown, Va., 27 March; and McClellan's new headquarters on the ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Plan of Yorktown, Virginia : showing the Rebel works after the evacuation, May 4th, 1862.

    Plan of Yorktown, Virginia : showing the Rebel works after th...

    Shows the street plan of Yorktown and the fortifications surrounding the town following the Confederate removal up the Peninsula. The York River and the town of Gloucester Point are also indicated.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Battle of Malvern Hill showing Magruder's 1st attack June 30th

    Battle of Malvern Hill showing Magruder's 1st attack June 30th

    Shows the area of Malvern Hill, Henrico County, Va., where McClellan's retreating army made a final stand, effectively ending the Seven Days' Battles.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Battlefield of Bull Run August 29th and 30th 1862.

    Battlefield of Bull Run August 29th and 30th 1862.

    Shows the area of the Bull Run battlefield with the disposition of Union and Confederate forces. Union Gen. Pope's command faced that of Confederate Gen. Stonewall Jackson, unaware that Longstreet's command had arrived to reinforce Jackson's position. On the second day of fighting, an assault by Pope's forces was repulsed by Jackson's troops, while Longstreet attacked Pope's unprotected left flank. Pope was defeated, but ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Plan of the Battle of Fair Oaks or Seven Pines, Va. Fought 31st May 1862.

    Plan of the Battle of Fair Oaks or Seven Pines, Va. Fought 31...

    Shows the distribution of troops during battle, with majority of McClellan's forces northeast of the Chickahominy River and the Confederates under Joseph E. Johnston attacking the two Union corps on the south side of the river. Map indicates locations of 9 Mile Road and Old Williamsburg Road, the Richmond and York River Railroad, and Confederate defenses, chiefly felled trees. Edwin V. Sumner's route of ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Map of Hampton to Howard's Bridge, Virginia.

    Map of Hampton to Howard's Bridge, Virginia.

    The area depicted includes the York River to the north, the James River to the south and the Hampton/Five Points area to the east.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Battle of Kelly's Ford, Va. Plan of position of Union and Rebel forces at 1 o'clock 7th Nov.

    Battle of Kelly's Ford, Va. Plan of position of Union and Reb...

    Shows the route of Lee's retreat across the Rappahannock River. Map is oriented with pontoon bridge at Rappahannock Station in upper left of the image, protected by Confederate earthworks and redoubts. Tne Wheatley post office is shown in the center of the image. Kellysville and Kelly's Ford, protected by Ewell's Division, are in lower third, to the left; and Mount Holly is to the ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Map of the defences [sic] of Richmond, Va., April 1865.

    Map of the defences [sic] of Richmond, Va., April 1865.

    Portrays 23 numbered forts around the city of Richmond, which includes the following named forts, Johnson, Magruder, and Harrison.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Plan of the Battle of Winchester, Va. Fought September 19th, 1864.

    Plan of the Battle of Winchester, Va. Fought September 19th, ...

    Detail of Winchester, Va., and environs includes roads, railroads, creeks, mills, fords, and the locations of the Confederate Signal Station, "Millroy's Forts," Milltown, Kernstown, Stephenson's Depot, and Greenwood Church. The Confederate line, with Early commanding, is in front of Winchester. Union forces under Gen. Sheridan are shown east of the town, while the Union cavalry is located to the north at Stephenson's Depot. The ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1864
  • Map of Falls Church and vicinity of Lewinsville, Virginia : shewing [sic] Union picket lines October 30th 1862.

    Map of Falls Church and vicinity of Lewinsville, Virginia : s...

    Map shows the area surrounding Falls Church in Fairfax County, Va. The Loudoun & Hampshire Railroad is also indicated.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Plan of the Battle of Dranesville Va Decr 20th 1861.

    Plan of the Battle of Dranesville Va Decr 20th 1861.

    Shows Dranesville, Fairfax County, Va., and the area to the north. The locations of the Leesburg Turnpike, Centreville Road and Chain Bridge Road are indicated.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Map of Harrison's Landing, James River, Virginia.

    Map of Harrison's Landing, James River, Virginia.

    Shows the locations along the James River of the camps of the U.S. Army of the Potomac after the Seven Days' Battles, 25 June-1 July 1862. Also shows locations of Berkeley and Westover plantations in Charles City County, Va.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1870
  • Plan of the battle of Salem Church or Salem Heights, Va. Attack and repulse of the 6th Army Corps, Maj. Genl. John Sedgwick, U.S.A., afternoon of 3rd May 1863.

    Plan of the battle of Salem Church or Salem Heights, Va. Atta...

    The Battle of Salem Church, Spotsylvania County, Va., was part of the Chancellorsville Campaign of April-May, 1863, and was actually fought on May 4, 1863.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Battle of Chantilly Va.

    Battle of Chantilly Va.

    Shows the area between Chantilly to the north and Bull Run to the south where Pope massed his troops prior to their retreat back to Washington. The location of Centreville and Fairfax Station are also indicated.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Plan of Battle of Spotsylvania Court House, Va.

    Plan of Battle of Spotsylvania Court House, Va.

    At this midpoint in the Spottsylvania Campaign (May 7-20), Union forces under Grant and Confederate forces under Lee were facing off to the south and east of Spottsylvania Court House. On May 12, Grant ordered Hancock to assault Ewell's position in the "mule's shoe" salient. This map attempts to depict the action during that assault. It shows Ewell's position at the start of the ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Map showing from Richmond to Fredericksburg, Va.

    Map showing from Richmond to Fredericksburg, Va.

    Printed map with annotations by Sneden highlighting the defenses of Richmond, Va., and locations associated with the Battle of the Wilderness, 5-7 May 1864.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Contours of Union forts on south side of Potomac, 1862 [map].

    Contours of Union forts on south side of Potomac, 1862 [map].

    This map shows the names and configurations of Union fortifications on the Virginia side of the Potomac River in 1862, and in some cases lists the name of the regiment that built the structure.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Sketch of the lines at Yorktown Virginia April 30th 1862.

    Sketch of the lines at Yorktown Virginia April 30th 1862.

    Shows an area that includes Gloucester Point on the north/east side of the York River, Yorktown on the south/west side of the river, and Wormsley Creek to the south of Yorktown as the Union forces finalized preparations to begin the siege of Yorktown.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Chancellorsville, Va. Position of armies 3rd May 1863 at 8 a.m. to 5 1/2 p.m.

    Chancellorsville, Va. Position of armies 3rd May 1863 at 8 a....

    The map shows Union troops to the east near the Chancellor House and Confederate soldiers under Stuart to the west near Dowdall's Tavern, Va. At daybreak on May 3, Jackson's corps, now under Early's command, seized a low hill overlooking Chancellorsville from which they were able to shell the Union forces. With the Confederate forces attacking on several sides, the Union line formed an ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • [Map of Mosby's route through Virginia and North Carolina].

    [Map of Mosby's route through Virginia and North Carolina].

    This printed map of Virginia and North Carolina includes annotations by Sneden showing the route taken by Mosby's troops and their prisoners (Sneden among them) from Culpeper, Va., to Charlotte, N.C.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • "Camp Lawton" at Millen, Georgia : about 8,600 prisoners confined here 14th November 1864.

    "Camp Lawton" at Millen, Georgia : about 8,600 prisoners conf...

    Concerns a Confederate prison camp for Northern soldiers that was brand new in October 1864 when Sneden was transferred from Savannah, Ga., back inland to Camp Lawton at Millen, Ga. Sneden shows the 44-acre stockade and then the immediate area outside of the stockade where there was a Confederate camp, fort, hospital, and log residences for the Confederate officers. Also, depicted is a tent ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Battle of Spotsylvania Courthouse, Virginia showing attack on the salient angle May 12th.

    Battle of Spotsylvania Courthouse, Virginia showing attack on...

    Shows the distribution of Confederate forces under the commands of Longstreet, Ewell, and Hill facing Union forces under Wright, Warren, Burnside, and Hancock, with special attention to Hancock's assault on Ewell's forces in the "Mule Shoe salient." Oriented with north to the upper left.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Plan of the Battle of Bristoe Station, Orange and Alexandria Railroad, Va., Octr. 14th 1863.

    Plan of the Battle of Bristoe Station, Orange and Alexandria ...

    Shows the area of Fairfax County, Va., which was the site of the Battle of Bristoe Station. The map is oriented with Cedar Run to the south, Bristoe to the west and indicates the route of the Orange and Alexandria Railroad. Also indicated are A. P. Hill's Corps, Army of Northern Virginia, engaging the Union's II Corps during its withdrawal toward Centreville, Va.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1863
  • Position of Richmond, Va.

    Position of Richmond, Va.

    Area map of Richmond showing locations of roads, railroads, waterways, and landforms, as well as outlying Confederate defenses. Also includes notations of Union positions on June 13th and June 20th, 1862, and of Genl. Grant's position June 1st, 1864.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Position of Union and Rebel forces, Oct. 14, 1863

    Position of Union and Rebel forces, Oct. 14, 1863

    Map shows Union troops on the road running parallel to the Orange and Alexandria railroad. Just past Bristoe Station, as Union troops crossed Broad Run, a Confederate battery emerged from woods north of the railroad. Next, Confederate skirmishers appeared on a hill overlooking the Union column. Finally, there were several Confederate charges. Union forces were able to return fire and, after several hours of ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Plan of Second Battle of Bull Run Va. : position at 6 p.m. August 30th 1862.

    Plan of Second Battle of Bull Run Va. : position at 6 p.m. Au...

    Shows the area between Sudley Springs to the north and the Manassas and Gainesville Road to the south. The locations of the Warrenton Turnpike and the Manassas Gap Railroad are also indicated.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Map showing position Union and Rebel armies 2 p.m. 30th June : and the routes of advance of enemy on the Union Army at White Oak Swamp Creek Va.

    Map showing position Union and Rebel armies 2 p.m. 30th June ...

    Shows the area of Henrico County between Richmond and New Market, in which occurred the Battle of White Oak Swamp, one of the Seven Day's Battles.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • The Centre position of Union and Rebel armies, Yorktown, Va.

    The Centre position of Union and Rebel armies, Yorktown, Va.

    Shows both of the armies west of Yorktown, with the York River to the east, as the Siege of Yorktown got underway.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • The line of the Rappahannock, 30th April 1863 Showing position of Union and Rebel armies at and near Fredericksburg, Va.

    The line of the Rappahannock, 30th April 1863 Showing positio...

    This map shows the location of the two armies on the eve of the Chancellorsville Campaign. Union Gen. Hooker has moved his forces via Kelly's Ford into position south of the Rappahannock near Chancellorsville, Va., to launch what he believes will be a rear attack on Gen. R. E. Lee's Fredericksburg stronghold. Meanwhile Federal forces under Sedgwick continue a diversionary frontal assault on Fredericksburg. ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Map of country between Yorktown and Williamsbu[rg] in Virginia.

    Map of country between Yorktown and Williamsbu[rg] in Virginia.

    Shows a portion of the peninsula outlined by the York River to the north and the James River to the south. Sneden marked the Union line of march, wagon trains, and Confederate works, all related to the Peninsula Campaign, March-July 1862.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • The U.S. forts and batteries near Alexandria Va. Sept 1862 showing Fort Lyon with extended works.

    The U.S. forts and batteries near Alexandria Va. Sept 1862 sh...

    Shows the locations of Union fortifications surrounding Alexandria, Va., including forts Lyon and Ellsworth in Fairfax County. The locations of Hunting Creek and the Potomac River are also indicated.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Map showing the Chicahominy [sic] and James rivers and from Richmond to Harrison's Landing, Va.

    Map showing the Chicahominy [sic] and James rivers and from R...

    Shows the terrain over which the Peninsula Campaign was waged during March-June 1862.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1870
  • Plan of attack on Marie's Heights, Fredericksburg Va. By Maj. Genl. John Sedgwick, USA, with the 6th Army Corps. Sunday May 3rd 1863.

    Plan of attack on Marie's Heights, Fredericksburg Va. By Maj....

    Area depicted includes the Rappahannock River to the northeast, Taylor Hill to the northwest and Deep Run to the south. The Fredericksburg & Potomac Railroad is also indicated. As part of Gen. Hooker's plan to drive the Confederate Army back toward Richmond, Gen. Sedgwick was to undertake a diversionary attack across the Rappahannock River toward the Confederate entrenchments above Fredericksburg. On May 3rd, having ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1863
  • Plan of the Battle of Gaines' Mill, Virginia, fought June 26th 1862.

    Plan of the Battle of Gaines' Mill, Virginia, fought June 26t...

    While dated June 26th, the Battle of Gaines' Mill was actually fought on the 27th, the third day of the Seven Days' Battles. This map shows Hanover County, Va., with the Chickahominy River to the south, the town of Cold Harbor to the north, Powhite Creek to the west, and Elder Swamp to the east.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Siege of Yorktown [Virginia].

    Siege of Yorktown [Virginia].

    Illustrates the positions of the Union and Confederate armies in York County, Va., around Yorktown, showing entrenchments and redoubts.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Skirmish at Auburn, Virginia, Octr. 14th 1863

    Skirmish at Auburn, Virginia, Octr. 14th 1863

    This map depicts a minor skirmish near Catlett's Station, Fauquier County, Va., part of the Bristoe Campaign. Union forces, including the 20th Indiana, 3rd Maine, and 40th New York regiments, are arrayed on a hill overlooking Cedar Run, opposed by forces under the command of A. P. Hill and including Fitzhugh Lee's cavalry battalion, located across the Groveton Road.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • The Rebel entrenched position at Fredericksburg, Va. showing Hooker's flank march on Chancellorsville 3rd and 4th May 1863.

    The Rebel entrenched position at Fredericksburg, Va. showing ...

    Regional map of the Chancellorsville area encompassing Kelly's Ford in the upper left, Stafford in the upper right, and Spotsylvania Court House at the bottom. Indicates roads and railroads, fords, bridges, and inhabited buildings. Also, indicates the route taken by Hooker's Union forces across the Rappahannock River at Kelly's Ford with the intention of attacking Lee's Confederates at Chancellorsville from the west. Union General ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1863
  • Official map of the Union works in front of Yorktown, Va.

    Official map of the Union works in front of Yorktown, Va.

    Shows the vicinity of Yorktown, Va., including Union batteries located along the Warwick Court House Road. Also shows the Confederate barricade made up of abatis, palisades, slashings of trees, felled trees, and dams that flooded low-lying areas. The Union army, under Gen. McClellan, prepared to lay siege to Yorktown as part of its advance up the Virginia Peninsula toward the Confederate capital of Richmond.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Position of Union Army at Cedar Creek Union position and plan of battle.

    Position of Union Army at Cedar Creek Union position and plan...

    However, what initially appeared to be an overwhelming success quickly turned to a rout when the Union forces were redeployed and launched a successful counterattack that drove the Confederates back across the Shenandoah to Fisher's Hill, with heavy losses of men, equipment and supplies. Map shows troop locations along the Strasburg Pike on either side of Cedar Creek, and along the north fork of ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • The Battle of Chancellorsville, Sunday May 3rd 9 p.m.

    The Battle of Chancellorsville, Sunday May 3rd 9 p.m.

    Map shows troop locations around Chancellorsville, Va., and on both sides of the Rapidan River. The map depicts the formation of Confederate troops under McLaws, Slocum and Stuart to the west of Chancellorsville facing Union troops under Reynolds Meade and Hancock north and east of the town.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Map of the field of operations, November 1863.

    Map of the field of operations, November 1863.

    Map shows the area between Culpeper Courthouse and Orange Courthouse including the location of Federal troops under Meade in Union-held towns and along the Rappahannock River. On November 7th, the Union army began its advance across the Rappahannock River at Rappahannock Station. The map also indicates the location of Confederate strongholds along the Rapidan River.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Map of the Peninsula of Virginia : showing route of McClellan's Army toward Richmond [illegible].

    Map of the Peninsula of Virginia : showing route of McClellan...

    On what appears to be a portion of a published travel map showing steamship and railroad routes out of Baltimore, Md., Sheden has indicated the route of the Union Army as it moved up the Virginia Peninsula toward Richmond.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Plan of the second Battle of Bull Run Va. Showing position of both armies at 7 p.m. 30th Aug. 1862.

    Plan of the second Battle of Bull Run Va. Showing position of...

    Shows the area of Sudley Springs, Va., to the north and Bethlehem to the south on the second day of the battle. The locations of the Warrenton Turnpike and the Manassas Gap Railroad are also indicated.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Plan from Fortress Monroe to Big Bethel Va. : showing Union and Rebel position April 1st 1862.

    Plan from Fortress Monroe to Big Bethel Va. : showing Union a...

    Shows area of Virginia Peninsula between Newport News and Big Bethel to the north and Fortress Monroe to the south as McClellan prepared to move his forces toward Richmond.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Vicinity of Winchester and Harper's Ferry, Va.

    Vicinity of Winchester and Harper's Ferry, Va.

    Detail of a printed map of Winchester, Va., and environs, with annotations and additions by Sneden. Additions include inclusion of roads, notes about and dates of battles and skirmishes, location of the point where the Confederate army recrossed the Potomac River following the Battle of Gettysburg, and note that the town of Winchester changed hands [46] times during the war.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Plan of works erected at Centreville, Va., by Union forces. Under direction of Genl. Barnard Chief Engineer of Department of Washington.

    Plan of works erected at Centreville, Va., by Union forces. U...

    Map shows the area surrounding Centreville in Fairfax County , Va., and includes the locations of abandoned Confederate fortifications on the outskirts of the town.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Plan of Battle of Malvern Hill Va. Fought 1st July 1862.

    Plan of Battle of Malvern Hill Va. Fought 1st July 1862.

    Shows the terrain surrounding Malvern Hill in Henrico County, Va., the sight of the last of the Seven Days' Battles.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Plan shewing [sic] battle ground and cavalry fight, 17th March 1863, Kelly's Ford, Va.

    Plan shewing [sic] battle ground and cavalry fight, 17th Marc...

    Map shows the area surrounding Kellysville, Va., and Kelly's Ford on the Rappahannock River. On March 17, 1863, this was the site of a cavalry skirmish between Confederate forces under Fitzhugh Lee and Jeb Stuart, who were trying to defend the route to Brandy Station, and Union forces under Gen. W. W. Averell.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • 2nd Battle of Bull Run, Va. position of both armies, 6 p.m. Aug. 26th 1862, showing Jackson's flank march.

    2nd Battle of Bull Run, Va. position of both armies, 6 p.m. A...

    The map shows the area surrounding the Bull Run Mountains including Centreville and Kellysville, Va. As part of the Second Bull Run Campaign, Pope's U.S. Army of Virginia assigned to protect Washington, the Shenandoah Valley and draw Lee away from the defense of Richmond. Lee split his army, and Jackson's brilliant maneuvering thoroughly confused Pope, and allowed Longstreet to join with reinforcements. While Longstreet's ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • The Union army encampment at Hampton, Virginia Showing picket lines and Fortress Munroe [sic].

    The Union army encampment at Hampton, Virginia Showing picket...

    Shows the landmarks in the area around Union-occupied Hampton, Va., including the Poor Farm, the Female Seminary, Buckrow's house, Hickman's farm, and "Fox Hill," the home of J. Fox.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • The Battlefield of Williamsburg, Va. : fought 5th May 1862.

    The Battlefield of Williamsburg, Va. : fought 5th May 1862.

    Concerns the Battle of Williamsburg, Va., which was part of the Peninsula Campaign, March-June 1862.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1870
  • Battle of Beaverdam Creek Va., Chickahominy River, June 27th 1862

    Battle of Beaverdam Creek Va., Chickahominy River, June 27th ...

    While dated June 27th, this map depicts an engagement that took place the day previously, on the second day of the Seven Days' Battles. It shows the area of Hanover County that includes Mechanicsville, with the Chickahominy River to the south of the image and Beaverdam Creek with the Union and Confederate armies located on either side.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Plan of the Battle of the Wilderness, Va. : May 5th to 12th.

    Plan of the Battle of the Wilderness, Va. : May 5th to 12th.

    While labelled the Battle of the Wilderness (May 5-6), this map depicts troop locations and movements during engagements in the days immediately following as both armies met at Spotsylvania Court House (May 8-12) and Union forces under Grant made slow but steady progress moving southeast toward the James River and their ultimate goal, Richmond. This map encompasses the Rapidan River to the northeast, and ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1864
  • Plan of battles of Kelly's Ford and Rappahannock Station, Virginia : both fought Novr. 7th, 1863.

    Plan of battles of Kelly's Ford and Rappahannock Station, Vir...

    The map shows the area surrounding the Rappahannock River as it runs from north to south; the Orange & Alexandria Railroad is also indicated. The battles of Rappahannock Bridge and Kelly's Ford were part of the Bristoe Campaign.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Map of part of battlefield of Bull Run July 1861 : showing positions of each army at opening of battle.

    Map of part of battlefield of Bull Run July 1861 : showing po...

    Area depicted includes Buck Hill to the north and Bald Hill to the south. The locations of the Warrenton Turnpike and Market Road are included.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Map of the battle of Chancellorsville, including operations from April 29th to May 5th, 1863.

    Map of the battle of Chancellorsville, including operations f...

    Concerns the area between Wilderness in Orange County, Va., through Chancellorsville and Fredericksburg in Spotsylvania County, Va., giving a general overview of the placement of troops just prior and during the Battle of Chancellorsville.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Map shewing [sic] country opposite Harrison's Landing, Va., and position of [U.S.] Army.

    Map shewing [sic] country opposite Harrison's Landing, Va., a...

    Shows the location along the James River between Petersburg and Harrison's Landing, Va., of the camps of the U.S. Army of the Potomac after the Seven Days' Battles, 26 June-1 July 1862. Positions of U.S. gunboats are indicated along the James River as well as Confederate strongholds and positions of the Cavalry.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Plan of the battle of Malvern Hill, Virginia. Fought June 30th and July 1st, 1862.

    Plan of the battle of Malvern Hill, Virginia. Fought June 30t...

    "The position of Union forces at Malvern Hill was on the West. Overlooking Warren were 36 guns having full sweep of the Valley and over the River Road. These batteries were [Stephen Hinsdale] Weed's NYork battery, Edwards', Carlisle's, Smead's and Voegele's. To these later in the day were added the siege guns 1st Conn. Artillery under Col. Robert O. Tyler[,;] these were placed on ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Battle of Hanover Court House, Virginia, May 26, 1862

    Battle of Hanover Court House, Virginia, May 26, 1862

    Shows the area around Hanover Court House, Va., sight of a skirmish between Union and Confederate forces as McClellan's advance up the Virginia Peninsula continued its slow pace. In this depiction, the Pamunkey River is located to the north, and the Richmond & Pamunkey Turnpike is also indicated.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Battle of Cumberland Church, Va.

    Battle of Cumberland Church, Va.

    Map shows the area between Farmville, Va., and Cumberland Courthouse to the north. This was a small skirmish just north of Farmville in Cumberland County on April 7, 1865, just following action at Highbridge and Rice's Station.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • The assault on the "Red Battery,"  April 25th, 1862 Yorktown, Va.

    The assault on the "Red Battery," April 25th, 1862 Yorktown,...

    Shows the area between the Warwick River to the west and the Warwick Road to the east as McClellan's forces attacked Confederate batteries on the Peninsula south of Yorktown, Va.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Plan of the Battle of Cold Harbor, June 3rd.

    Plan of the Battle of Cold Harbor, June 3rd.

    After two days' preparation, the main Federal assault took place in the early morning of June 3rd against a well-entrenched Confederate army. Federal losses were overwhelming, and by noon Gen. Grant called a halt to the entire attack. This map depicts the area of Hanover County, Va., that includes Old and New Cold Harbor, Gaines Mill, and Bethesda Church in relation to the Chickahominy ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1864
  • Plan of the Battle of Glendale or Frazier's Farm. Virginia. 30th June 1862 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. Genl Heintzelman and Sumner commanding.

    Plan of the Battle of Glendale or Frazier's Farm. Virginia. 3...

    Shows the area of Henrico County that includes White Oak Creek and White Oak Swamp.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Fredericksburg to Petersburg, Va.

    Fredericksburg to Petersburg, Va.

    The purpose of this map is uncertain; it may have been to identify the rail lines within the corridor between Fredericksburg and Petersburg. Included (as phrased by Sneden) are the Richmond and Danville Railroad, Lynchburg Railroad, Norfolk and Petersburg Railroad, Virginia Central Railroad, and the Richmond Fredericksburg (Railroad). A few key events in the entire war are indicated such as the surrender of Lee ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Second Battle of Bull Run position of troops at 6 p.m.

    Second Battle of Bull Run position of troops at 6 p.m.

    Shows the area of Sudley Springs, Va., to the north and Bethlehem Church to the south. The location of Warrenton Turnpike and Manassas Gap Railroad is also indicated.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Battlefield of Dinwiddie Courthouse, Va. from official map made by Col. W. H. Paine U.S. Engineers.

    Battlefield of Dinwiddie Courthouse, Va. from official map ma...

    Map shows the area between Dinwiddie Court House and Five Forks, Va., including the location of troops at different times during the engagement. Beginning on March 30, 1865, Sheridan advanced on the Five Forks area. He was stopped overnight at Dinwiddie Court House due to heavy rain. On March 31st he advanced toward Five Forks only to meet significant Confederate resistance, and was forced ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Plan of the Battle of Fredericksburg.

    Plan of the Battle of Fredericksburg.

    Map is oriented with the Rappahannock River to the top (actually, north/northeast) and the Massaponax River [now Creek] to the right (actually, south). Shows the field of action for the first Battle of Fredericksburg, December 12-13, 1862.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • The Battle of Malvern Hill, Virginia

    The Battle of Malvern Hill, Virginia

    Shows the area of eastern Henrico County, Va., where the battle of Malvern Hill was fought. The landscape gave the Union forces a strong natural position from which to fend off the Confederate attack.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Map shewing [sic] advance of 6th Army Corps (Genl. John Sedgwick U.S.A.) to assist Gen. Hooker at Chancellorsville.

    Map shewing [sic] advance of 6th Army Corps (Genl. John Sedgw...

    In January of 1863 Joseph Hooker replaced Ambrose Burnside as commander of the Army of the Potomac. His first order of business was to dislodge R. E. Lee from his position outside of Fredericksburg. Hooker envisioned a two-prong approach, with half his army attacking on Lee's left, while the other half, under the command of John Sedgwick, made a diversionary attack across the Rappahannock ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Plan of the Battle of Mechanicsville or Beaverdam Creek, Virginia : fought June 26th 1862, 3 to 5 p.m.

    Plan of the Battle of Mechanicsville or Beaverdam Creek, Virg...

    Shows the area of Hanover County near Beaverdam Creek, oriented with the Chickahominy River to the south and the Mechanicsville Road to the north. Here, on the second day of the Seven Days' Battles, the Confederate forces launched an assault on the Federal troops, forcing them to retreat from Mechanicsville toward Gaines' Mill.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Map of Cedar Mountain and vicinity - and battle.

    Map of Cedar Mountain and vicinity - and battle.

    Shows the area of Cedar Mountain, Culpeper County, Va., to the north and Gordonsville to the south. Fredericksburg and Stannardsville are also indicated.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Plan of Battle of Cold Harbor, Va. : June 1st and 3rd 1864.

    Plan of Battle of Cold Harbor, Va. : June 1st and 3rd 1864.

    The area of Hanover County, Va., covered by this map extends from Mechanicsville to the northwest, the Chickahominy River to the south and Cold Harbor to the east. The Confederate army was already in place along the lowlands of the Chickahominy River when Grant's army arrived on June 1. There was some fighting late in the day, with no Federal progress, but both sides ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1864
  • Position of Union and Rebel armies near Chancellorsville May 4th 1863

    Position of Union and Rebel armies near Chancellorsville May ...

    Map shows the location of troops in the area surrounding Chancellorsville, Va. The main focus of the map is the troops under Union General Hooker located to the north along the Rapidan River as well as the Confederates under Lee and Stuart to the south and west.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Plan of the Second Battle of Bull Run, Va. Showing position of both armies at 6 p.m. 29th august 1862.

    Plan of the Second Battle of Bull Run, Va. Showing position o...

    Below map: "Copy of map made for Maj. Genl. S.P. Heintzelman, 3rd Army Corps, AP, by R.K. Sneden, Topo. Engr." Lower left corner: "Copy of official map by U.S. Engineers of Genl. Pope, USA." NOTE: Researchers will be served a color photocopy of this scrapbook image. Original scrapbook housed in the Museum Department of the Virginia Historical Society (1994.80.4-525) with restricted access.=500 \\ This ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1870
  • The battle of Fair Oaks, Va., 2nd Day's battle, Sunday June 1st, 1862

    The battle of Fair Oaks, Va., 2nd Day's battle, Sunday June 1...

    Shows the area of Henrico County, Va., between Cold Harbor and White Oak Swamp. The Chicahominy River and the Richmond & York River Railroad are indicated.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Map shewing [sic] vicinity of Winchester, Virginia, Potomac, etc.

    Map shewing [sic] vicinity of Winchester, Virginia, Potomac, ...

    Shows portions of southern Maryland and northern Virginia emphasizing Winchester, Va. Sneden notes on the map that Winchester was a city that changed hands 46 times during the war. He lists three major battles near Winchester, fought in March 1862, May 1864, and September 1864. Sneden considered the Battle of Kernstown, Va., to be the First Battle of Winchester but today historians consider the ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Official map of the lower Potomac River picket lines Jany 1862.

    Official map of the lower Potomac River picket lines Jany 1862.

    Shows area of Fairfax County, Va., between Pohick Church and Accotink to the north and Colchester to the south.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Map of the field of operations in Virginia and Battle of Mine Run, during November 1863.

    Map of the field of operations in Virginia and Battle of Mine...

    Includes areas of Orange and Culpeper counties, Va., where Meade approached the Rapidan River and the Mine Run Valley to try and push Lee's forces unsuccessfully back towards Richmond in the Mine Run Campaign of November 26-December 1, 1863.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Plan of the battle of the North Anna fought May 23rd-26th, 1864.

    Plan of the battle of the North Anna fought May 23rd-26th, 1864.

    Grant's continued attempts to turn Lee's flank and allow the Union troops access to Richmond were once again thwarted at the North Anna. Hoping to lure the Confederates away from Spotsylvania Court House, Union forces under Hancock headed for Hanover Junction, an important intersection of the Virginia Central and Richmond, Fredericksburg, and Potomac railroads, hoping Lee would follow. Anticipating this maneuver, Lee moved a ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1864
  • New defenses erected at Centreville, Virginia

    New defenses erected at Centreville, Virginia

    Originally built by the Confederates and used for winter quarters in 1861-1862, the defenses around Centreville were also used by the Union Army to cover the retreat back to Washington after both 1st and 2nd Bull Run. When Lee began concentrating his forces around Culpeper in July 1863, and Meade, not to be outdone, moved his army to a position opposite them along the ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1863
  • Plan of the Rebel position at Howard's Bridge, April 4th 1862.

    Plan of the Rebel position at Howard's Bridge, April 4th 1862.

    The map shows the area of the lower peninsula around Howard's Bridge, including the Confederate works on the north side of the Poquosin River.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Plan of Yorktown, Virginia ... April, 1862.

    Plan of Yorktown, Virginia ... April, 1862.

    Shows the area of the York River coastline from Windmill Creek to Wormsley Creek with particular attention to the landforms and defenses around Yorktown and the layout of streets and buildings within the town itself.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862