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  • Plan of Battle of Spotsylvania Court House, Va.

    Plan of Battle of Spotsylvania Court House, Va.

    At this midpoint in the Spottsylvania Campaign (May 7-20), Union forces under Grant and Confederate forces under Lee were facing off to the south and east of Spottsylvania Court House. On May 12, Grant ordered Hancock to assault Ewell's position in the "mule's shoe" salient. This map attempts to depict the action during that assault. It shows Ewell's position at the start of the ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Route of 3rd Corps from Cattlet's [sic] to Greenwich, Va.

    Route of 3rd Corps from Cattlet's [sic] to Greenwich, Va.

    The maps shows the location of the Union III Corps under Sickles and Confederate troops under A.P. Hill between Catlett's Station and Manassas Junction, Va. The Manassas Gap and the Orange and Alexandria railroads are also indicated, and also shown is the location of the skirmish that took place at Auburn earlier in the day.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Map shewing [sic] retreat of Union Army from Savage's Station to White Oak Swamp, Va. : the position of Army after crossing morning of 30th June 1862, 7 a.m.

    Map shewing [sic] retreat of Union Army from Savage's Station...

    Bottom margin: "The swamp was 8 miles long and 3 miles wide." Key across the bottom margin indicates the symbols for positions of the Union and Confederate armies, including infantry, cavalry, and artillery. Farms, homes, and churches are included as well as all major roads and waterways. NOTE: Researchers will be served a color photocopy of this diary page. This item is from the ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Map of Warrenton Junction, Orange and Alexandria R.R., Virginia shewing destruction of R.R. by enemy, October 1863.

    Map of Warrenton Junction, Orange and Alexandria R.R., Virgin...

    Illustrates the position in October 1863 in Fauquier County, Va., of the Union 3rd Army Corps under General William Henry French. The Union troops were near Warrenton Junction along the Orange and Alexandria Railroad. This was part of the Bristoe Campaign, 9 October-9 November 1863, during which the rail line was destroyed by the

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Plan of the Battle of Ball's Bluff Va. Fought October 21st 1861.

    Plan of the Battle of Ball's Bluff Va. Fought October 21st 1861.

    Shows the Potomac River in the area of Loudoun County, Va., and Montgomery County, Md., where Union troops under Col. Edward D. Baker faced Confederate troops commanded by Evans. What was meant to be a "a slight demonstration" against the Confederate forces guarding the fords quickly became a rout. Col. Baker was one of the casualties.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Map of Mount Vernon, Virginia and vicinity : shewing [sic] Union picket lines, March 186[1].

    Map of Mount Vernon, Virginia and vicinity : shewing [sic] Un...

    Includes main roads, farms, churches, forts, and Union lines in Fairfax County, Va., especially around the estate of Mount Vernon.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1870
  • Skirmish at Auburn, Virginia, Octr. 14th 1863

    Skirmish at Auburn, Virginia, Octr. 14th 1863

    This map depicts a minor skirmish near Catlett's Station, Fauquier County, Va., part of the Bristoe Campaign. Union forces, including the 20th Indiana, 3rd Maine, and 40th New York regiments, are arrayed on a hill overlooking Cedar Run, opposed by forces under the command of A. P. Hill and including Fitzhugh Lee's cavalry battalion, located across the Groveton Road.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Skirmish at Auburn, Va., Oct. 14th, 1863

    Skirmish at Auburn, Va., Oct. 14th, 1863

    Map shows route of Union army (32nd and 38th New York Infantry Regiments, 10th Massachusetts Infantry and others) along the road from Bristoe Station to Warrenton, Va., when the column was attacked by part of A.P. Hill's forces. Shows road lined by stone walls as it crosses Cedar Creek, passes the McCormack farm house, and turns north toward Greenwich.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Battle of Beaverdam Creek Va., Chickahominy River, June 27th 1862

    Battle of Beaverdam Creek Va., Chickahominy River, June 27th ...

    While dated June 27th, this map depicts an engagement that took place the day previously, on the second day of the Seven Days' Battles. It shows the area of Hanover County that includes Mechanicsville, with the Chickahominy River to the south of the image and Beaverdam Creek with the Union and Confederate armies located on either side.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Plan of Fort Lyon on Eagle Hill above Alexandria, Va.

    Plan of Fort Lyon on Eagle Hill above Alexandria, Va.

    Shows a detailed drawing of Union Fort Lyon located on Eagle Hill in Fairfax County, Va. This fort was the headquarters for Major General Samuel Peter Heintzelman, U.S.A.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Plan of the battle of Chantilly, Virginia. Fought Septr. 1st 1862, 5 to 10 PM.

    Plan of the battle of Chantilly, Virginia. Fought Septr. 1st ...

    This engagement, known as the Battle of Chantilly, or Ox Hill, was the last action in the 2d Bull Run Campaign (June-September 1862). This map focuses on western Fairfax County, Va. Stonewall Jackson's forces occupy both sides of the road from Centreville to Chantilly, with additional forces based on Ox Hill overlooking the town from the north. There is also a substantial force located ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Map of the Potomac River, Va. : from Alexandria to below the Occoquan.

    Map of the Potomac River, Va. : from Alexandria to below the ...

    Regional map of the lower Potomac River in Virginia, including Alexandria and Fairfax Court House. The Loudoun & Hampshire Railroad is also indicated.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • The Rebel entrenched position at Fredericksburg, Va. showing Hooker's flank march on Chancellorsville 3rd and 4th May 1863.

    The Rebel entrenched position at Fredericksburg, Va. showing ...

    Regional map of the Chancellorsville area encompassing Kelly's Ford in the upper left, Stafford in the upper right, and Spotsylvania Court House at the bottom. Indicates roads and railroads, fords, bridges, and inhabited buildings. Also, indicates the route taken by Hooker's Union forces across the Rappahannock River at Kelly's Ford with the intention of attacking Lee's Confederates at Chancellorsville from the west. Union General ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1863
  • Plan of the Battle of Fredericksburg, Va., Decr. 13, 1862.

    Plan of the Battle of Fredericksburg, Va., Decr. 13, 1862.

    Map shows the region surrounding Fredericksburg, Va., including Marie's Heights outside of the city and Falmouth across the Rappahannock River. Due to Burnside's slow maneuvering of the Union forces, Lee was able to use the bluffs overlooking the river to his advantage. After sustaining heavy losses crossing the river, Burnside decided against renewed attacks and withdrew on the 15th of December.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Battle of Malvern Hill showing Magruder's 1st attack June 30th

    Battle of Malvern Hill showing Magruder's 1st attack June 30th

    Shows the area of Malvern Hill, Henrico County, Va., where McClellan's retreating army made a final stand, effectively ending the Seven Days' Battles.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Plan of Fortress Monroe, Virginia, March 6, 1862.

    Plan of Fortress Monroe, Virginia, March 6, 1862.

    Shows in close view the area surrounding Fort Monroe.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Map of the defences [sic] of Richmond, Va., April 1865.

    Map of the defences [sic] of Richmond, Va., April 1865.

    Portrays 23 numbered forts around the city of Richmond, which includes the following named forts, Johnson, Magruder, and Harrison.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Map showing retreat of Union Army 13th and 14th Oct. 1863 from Culpeper to Warrenton Junction.

    Map showing retreat of Union Army 13th and 14th Oct. 1863 fro...

    Map shows an area of central Virginia bordered by Gainesville to the north, Orange Court House to the south, Luray Gap to the west, and Bristoe to the east. With Lee's Army of Northern Virginia on the offensive, it's target Manassas and Washington, Union Gen. Meade had no choice but to pull back to protect the Federal capital.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Map showing position of Union and Rebel armies and Jackson's flank march during 2nd Battle of Bull Run, Aug. 28th to 31st, 1862.

    Map showing position of Union and Rebel armies and Jackson's ...

    Fortunately, Pope's forces retained control of Henry House Hill, thereby allowing the bulk of his army to retreat safely across Bull Run toward Centreville. As part of Lee's plan to interrupt Pope's line of communications, he sent Jackson in a flank movement around the Union Army to take up a position between it and Centreville; Jackson chose the vicinity of Sudley Mountain. As the ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Plan of the battle of Glendale and White Oak Swamp, Virginia, also known as Frazier's Farm and Charles City Crossroads, fought June 30th, 1862, 10 a.m. to 5 p.m.

    Plan of the battle of Glendale and White Oak Swamp, Virginia,...

    Concerns the Battle of Frazier's Farm, Henrico County, Va., 30 June 1862, variously known as the Battle of Glendale and the Battle of White Oak Swamp. Considered one of the Seven Days' Battles, 26 June-1 July 1862. Map indicates Union and Rebel brigades with lines of cavalry and artillery and shows homes of local residents, churches, and locations of livestock.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1870
  • The Pursuit of the rebel army, April 6th-8th, 1865, and Battle of Sailor's Creek, Va.

    The Pursuit of the rebel army, April 6th-8th, 1865, and Battl...

    In this detail from an unidentified printed map, Sneden depicts the area between Rice's Depot and Jetersville, Va. Named after Sailor's Creek that runs through Prince Edward, Amelia and Nottoway Counties, this engagement of the Appomattox Campaign was fought April 6, 1865. The Confederates sustained heavy losses (7-8,000) before withdrawing to Highbridge, and several generals, including Ewell, were captured.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • The U.S. forts and batteries near Alexandria Va. Sept 1862 showing Fort Lyon with extended works.

    The U.S. forts and batteries near Alexandria Va. Sept 1862 sh...

    Shows the locations of Union fortifications surrounding Alexandria, Va., including forts Lyon and Ellsworth in Fairfax County. The locations of Hunting Creek and the Potomac River are also indicated.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Plan of the First Battle of Bull Run, Virginia. July 21st 1861.

    Plan of the First Battle of Bull Run, Virginia. July 21st 1861.

    Map shows the area surrounding Bull Run including Centreville and New Market, Va.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • The battle of Fair Oaks, Va., 2nd Day's battle, Sunday June 1st, 1862

    The battle of Fair Oaks, Va., 2nd Day's battle, Sunday June 1...

    Shows the area of Henrico County, Va., between Cold Harbor and White Oak Swamp. The Chicahominy River and the Richmond & York River Railroad are indicated.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Plan of Union and Rebel position at Yorktown Va.

    Plan of Union and Rebel position at Yorktown Va.

    Shows the area between the Warwick River and Yorktown to the north and Wormsley Creek to the south that was the Confederacy's first line of defense against McClellan's advance up the Virginia Peninsula. The location of the road to Warwick Court House is also indicated.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Plan of Battle of Malvern Hill Va. Fought 1st July 1862.

    Plan of Battle of Malvern Hill Va. Fought 1st July 1862.

    Shows the terrain surrounding Malvern Hill in Henrico County, Va., the sight of the last of the Seven Days' Battles.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Plan of the battle of Savage's Station, Virginia, fought Sunday, 29th June 1862 /

    Plan of the battle of Savage's Station, Virginia, fought Sund...

    Concerns the Battle of Savage's Station, Henrico County, Va., which was one of the Seven Days' Battles, 26 June-1 July 1862.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1870
  • Plan from Fortress Monroe to Big Bethel Va. : showing Union and Rebel position April 1st 1862.

    Plan from Fortress Monroe to Big Bethel Va. : showing Union a...

    Shows area of Virginia Peninsula between Newport News and Big Bethel to the north and Fortress Monroe to the south as McClellan prepared to move his forces toward Richmond.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Map of Richmond, Virginia...1863.

    Map of Richmond, Virginia...1863.

    Identifies Confederate prisons, forts, and hospitals in Richmond, Va.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Map of the Lower Peninsula of Virginia, April 1862.

    Map of the Lower Peninsula of Virginia, April 1862.

    Shows the Confederate and Union fortifications located between the York River to the north and the James River to the south during the Peninsular campaign of 1862.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • The Centre position of Union and Rebel armies, Yorktown, Va.

    The Centre position of Union and Rebel armies, Yorktown, Va.

    Shows both of the armies west of Yorktown, with the York River to the east, as the Siege of Yorktown got underway.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Plan of the Battle of Kelly's Ford, Va. : fought 7th November 1863.

    Plan of the Battle of Kelly's Ford, Va. : fought 7th November...

    Focuses on a small portion of the Rappahannock River close to the line dividing Culpeper and Fauquier counties, Va., and about 8 miles (as indentified by Sneden) from Brandy Station where the Battle of Kelly's Ford occurred on 7 November 1863. Confederate positions are noted as well as the placement of the 3rd, 5th, and 6th corps of the Union Army of the Potomac.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Plan showing positions of Union and Rebel armies 8th and 9th April 1865, to the surrender of Lee 2nd Corps at Cumberland Church.

    Plan showing positions of Union and Rebel armies 8th and 9th ...

    This detail of an unidentified printed map has annotations by Sneden showing the locations of troops surrounding Appomattox Courthouse, April 9th, 1865. Union forces identified include Sheridan's 9th Corps, Humphrey's 2nd Corps, and Sheridan's Cavalry. Also indicated (on original printed map) are names of property owners.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Plan of attack on Marie's Heights, Fredericksburg, Va. or 2nd Battle of Fredericksburg. By Maj. Genl. John Sedgwick with 6th Army Corps, Sunday, May 3rd, 1863.

    Plan of attack on Marie's Heights, Fredericksburg, Va. or 2nd...

    Illustrates the placement of Union and Confederate forces during the Chancellorsville Campaign of April-May, 1863, culminating in the battle of Chancellorsville fought May 1-4, 1863. This map focuses on the Sunday, May 3rd, action, which is referred to by Sneden as "Second Fredericksburg."

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Plan of the Battle of Savage's Station Virginia. Sunday, June 29th 1862. Fought by the 2nd and 6th Corps.

    Plan of the Battle of Savage's Station Virginia. Sunday, June...

    The Battle of Savage's Station was part of the Seven Days' Battles of the Peninsular Campaign. This map shows the area of Savage's Farm in Henrico County, Va., to the north and the Williamsburg Road to the south. The Richmond and York River Railroad is also indicated.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Map shewing [sic] march of the [U.S.] Army from Harrison's Landing or Westover to Williamsburg, Virginia, 15th, 16th, 17th and 18th August.

    Map shewing [sic] march of the [U.S.] Army from Harrison's La...

    Illustrates the path McClellan's troops took in August 1862 after their July encampment at Harrison's Landing ended. The 1st Corps under Fitz-John Porter, the 6th Corps under Sedgwick, and the 4th Corps under Keyes are shown traveling due east from Charles City Courthouse across the Chickahominy River toward Williamsburg while the 3rd Corps under Heintzelman travels on a northeastern route from Charles City Courthouse ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Topographical map of Washington, D.C., and vicinity. Showing the Union forts and defences built 1861-3.

    Topographical map of Washington, D.C., and vicinity. Showing ...

    Detail from a printed map of the Potomac River region of Maryland and Virginia, and including Washington, D.C., which Sneden has annotated to show the locations of Union forts and picket lines.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Plan of the Battle of Spotsylvania C.H., Virginia : fought May 8th to 21st 1864.

    Plan of the Battle of Spotsylvania C.H., Virginia : fought Ma...

    Shows the Confederate forces located around and to the north of Spotsylvania Court House, with the Po River at their back. The Union forces were positioned along the Ny River so as to attack on both the Confederate left and right. Several landmarks are indicated, including houses used as headquarters by various officers, and the "mule shoe" salient known as the "bloody angle" because ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1864
  • Map of the field of operations, November 1863.

    Map of the field of operations, November 1863.

    Map shows the area between Culpeper Courthouse and Orange Courthouse including the location of Federal troops under Meade in Union-held towns and along the Rappahannock River. On November 7th, the Union army began its advance across the Rappahannock River at Rappahannock Station. The map also indicates the location of Confederate strongholds along the Rapidan River.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • The Union assault on the Rebel works Lee's Mill Va.

    The Union assault on the Rebel works Lee's Mill Va.

    Shows the fortifications of the Union and Confederate forces on opposite sides of the Warwick River in Warwick County [now city of Newport News], Va., at the time of the engagement Lee's Mill, also known as Burnt Chimneys.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • The Investment of Petersburg, Va. Shewing [sic] battlefield of 5 Forks and Hatcher's Run, Friday March 31st, Saturday April 1st & Sunday April 2nd 1865.

    The Investment of Petersburg, Va. Shewing [sic] battlefield o...

    Shows the area surrounding Petersburg on the Appomattox River with all major transportation lines noted. Union forces under Grant are opposed by Lee's Confederates. Five Forks is to the left of the image; Port Walthall to the upper right: Ream's Station is in the lower right; and Dinwiddie Court House is at the bottom center.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1865
  • New defenses erected at Centreville, Virginia

    New defenses erected at Centreville, Virginia

    Originally built by the Confederates and used for winter quarters in 1861-1862, the defenses around Centreville were also used by the Union Army to cover the retreat back to Washington after both 1st and 2nd Bull Run. When Lee began concentrating his forces around Culpeper in July 1863, and Meade, not to be outdone, moved his army to a position opposite them along the ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1863
  • Plan of the Battle of Five Forks, Va., March 31st 1865 and 1st April.

    Plan of the Battle of Five Forks, Va., March 31st 1865 and 1s...

    Map shows view from Petersburg to Five Forks, Va. As part of an overall plan to force the Confederate troops out of their Petersburg trenches, on March 30, 1865, Gen. Sheridan's troops advanced on Dinwiddie Court House and Five Forks. They were met by Confederate forces under Pickett near Five Forks on March 31st. On April 1st, having heard of his opponent's heavy reinforcement ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Plan of part of Richmond, Virginia : showing locations of Rebel prisons [in] winter of 1863.

    Plan of part of Richmond, Virginia : showing locations of Reb...

    Shows the streets of Richmond below Church Hill from the Canal to Broad Street and from 17th to 21st streets, including Castle Thunder and Libby prisons and the Union officers' and soldiers' hospitals.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Plan of the tunnel and vicinity [of Libby Prison, Richmond, Va.].

    Plan of the tunnel and vicinity [of Libby Prison, Richmond, V...

    Map of an escape tunnel from Libby Prison, Richmond, Va., showing surrounding sites including other prisons, warehouses, the canal and dock closest to Libby, and the railroad depot.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • The Union assault on the Rebel works at Lee's Mill, Yorktown, Va.

    The Union assault on the Rebel works at Lee's Mill, Yorktown,...

    Shows fortifications on opposite sides of the Warwick River, with the Confederate forces concentrated to the north of the river and the Union forces to the south around Lee's Mill.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Second battle field at Bull Run

    Second battle field at Bull Run

    Shows the Union forces under Gen. John Pope and the Confederates under Gen. Robert E. Lee on the 29th, 30th, and 31st of August 1862 in an area of Virginia defined by the towns of Chantilly to the north, Manassas Junction to the South, Centreville to the east and Gainesville to the west.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Battle of Hanover Court House, Virginia, May 26, 1862

    Battle of Hanover Court House, Virginia, May 26, 1862

    Shows the area around Hanover Court House, Va., sight of a skirmish between Union and Confederate forces as McClellan's advance up the Virginia Peninsula continued its slow pace. In this depiction, the Pamunkey River is located to the north, and the Richmond & Pamunkey Turnpike is also indicated.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Investment of Petersburg by Genl. Grant 1865

    Investment of Petersburg by Genl. Grant 1865

    Map shows area surrounding Petersburg, Va., on the Appomattox River including all of the Union and Confederate fortifications during the siege of 1864-65 by Genl. Grant. Details include locations of roads, railroads, significant buildings, and creeks. Map extends to north as far as Fort Walthall, to west as far as Wells Church, to south as far as Reams Station, and to east as far ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • The Rebel works at Howard's Bridge Virginia April 4th 1862.

    The Rebel works at Howard's Bridge Virginia April 4th 1862.

    Shows the fortifications of the Confederate forces at Howard's Bridge on the banks of the Poquoson River, which succeeded in slowing McClellan's advance up the Peninsula.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Plan of battles of Kelly's Ford and Rappahannock Station, Virginia : both fought Novr. 7th, 1863.

    Plan of battles of Kelly's Ford and Rappahannock Station, Vir...

    The map shows the area surrounding the Rappahannock River as it runs from north to south; the Orange & Alexandria Railroad is also indicated. The battles of Rappahannock Bridge and Kelly's Ford were part of the Bristoe Campaign.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Plan of the 1st Battle of Bull Run Virginia 21st July 1861. Topography from U.S. Engineers official map.

    Plan of the 1st Battle of Bull Run Virginia 21st July 1861. T...

    Shows the area between Sudley Springs and Centreville to the north and New Market to the south. The location of the Warrenton Turnpike is also included.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Map shewing [sic] advance of 6th Army Corps (Genl. John Sedgwick U.S.A.) to assist Gen. Hooker at Chancellorsville.

    Map shewing [sic] advance of 6th Army Corps (Genl. John Sedgw...

    In January of 1863 Joseph Hooker replaced Ambrose Burnside as commander of the Army of the Potomac. His first order of business was to dislodge R. E. Lee from his position outside of Fredericksburg. Hooker envisioned a two-prong approach, with half his army attacking on Lee's left, while the other half, under the command of John Sedgwick, made a diversionary attack across the Rappahannock ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • [Ge]ographical sketch of the city of Richmond, Virginia, with surrounding encampments, 1862.

    [Ge]ographical sketch of the city of Richmond, Virginia, with...

    Shows Confederate encampements and prisons in Richmond and south of the James River in Manchester and Spring Hill. Sneden has added an index listing the governenment buildings and the houses of important persons.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Battle of Cumberland Church

    Battle of Cumberland Church

    Map shows the locations of troops surrounding Lee's headquarters at Cumberland Church, Va. This was a small skirmish on April 7, 1865, just north of Farmville in Cumberland County, immediately following the action at Highbridge and Rice's Station.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Plan of the battle of the North Anna fought May 23rd-26th, 1864.

    Plan of the battle of the North Anna fought May 23rd-26th, 1864.

    Grant's continued attempts to turn Lee's flank and allow the Union troops access to Richmond were once again thwarted at the North Anna. Hoping to lure the Confederates away from Spotsylvania Court House, Union forces under Hancock headed for Hanover Junction, an important intersection of the Virginia Central and Richmond, Fredericksburg, and Potomac railroads, hoping Lee would follow. Anticipating this maneuver, Lee moved a ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1864
  • Map of the night march [from Malvern Hill to Harrison's Landing].

    Map of the night march [from Malvern Hill to Harrison's Landi...

    Shows the route used by the retreating Union forces to march from Malvern Hill (Henrico County) to Harrison's Landing (Charles City County), July 2, 1862.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Battle of Five Forks 31st March and April 1st 1865 Copy of official plan by Col. W. H. Paine U.S. Engrs.

    Battle of Five Forks 31st March and April 1st 1865 Copy of of...

    Map shows the area five Five Forks, Va., near Hatcher's Run in Diwiddie County. March 30, 1865 General Sheridan's troops engaged Pickett's army at Dinwiddie courthouse and the next day pursued General Pickett who was withdrawing to Five Forks. The Federal attacks overwhelmed the enrenchments, and the Confederates abandoned their efforts to protect the Southdside Railroad.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Plan of the Battle of Cumberland Church, Va.

    Plan of the Battle of Cumberland Church, Va.

    Map shows the location of Confederate Gen. R. E. Lee's troops at Cumberland Church and Union Gen. U. S. Grant's troops south near Farmville, Va., along the Appomattox River. This was a small skirmish in Cumberland County on April 7, 1865, just following action at Highbridge and Rice's Station and just preceding Lee's surrender at Appomattox Courthouse.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Position of Richmond, Va.

    Position of Richmond, Va.

    Area map of Richmond showing locations of roads, railroads, waterways, and landforms, as well as outlying Confederate defenses. Also includes notations of Union positions on June 13th and June 20th, 1862, and of Genl. Grant's position June 1st, 1864.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Battle at Dranesville, Va. Decr. 20th, 1861.

    Battle at Dranesville, Va. Decr. 20th, 1861.

    NOTE: Researchers will be served a color photocopy of this scrapbook image. Original scrapbook housed in the Museum Department of the Virginia Historical Society (1994.80.4-525) with restricted access. This item is from the collections of the Virginia Historical Society; please contact the institution for more information. This item is from the collections of the Virginia Historical Society; please contact the institution for more information. ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1870
  • Position of Union and Rebel armies near Chancellorsville May 4th 1863

    Position of Union and Rebel armies near Chancellorsville May ...

    Map shows the location of troops in the area surrounding Chancellorsville, Va. The main focus of the map is the troops under Union General Hooker located to the north along the Rapidan River as well as the Confederates under Lee and Stuart to the south and west.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Battle of Crampton's Gap, Maryland : fought Septr 14th 1862.

    Battle of Crampton's Gap, Maryland : fought Septr 14th 1862.

    Shows the area surrounding Burkittsville, Frederick County, Md., as the left wing of McClellan's army moved toward Crampton's Gap to try to prevent the Confederate assault on Harper's Ferry, W. Va.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Map of part of battlefield of Bull Run July 1861 : showing positions of each army at opening of battle.

    Map of part of battlefield of Bull Run July 1861 : showing po...

    Area depicted includes Buck Hill to the north and Bald Hill to the south. The locations of the Warrenton Turnpike and Market Road are included.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Map showing route taken by Mosby with his prisoners, Nov. 27th-29th, 1863.

    Map showing route taken by Mosby with his prisoners, Nov. 27t...

    In this detail from an unidentified printed map, Sneden has traced the circuitous route he and other prisoners captured by Mosby's Guerillas during the Mine Run Campaign followed from near Rappahannock Station, Va., to Woodville, down the Blue Ridge Valley, through Madison Court House and on to Gordonsville. Sneden has annotated the map with the names and locations of many of the small communities ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Plan of Yorktown, Virginia ... April, 1862.

    Plan of Yorktown, Virginia ... April, 1862.

    Shows the area of the York River coastline from Windmill Creek to Wormsley Creek with particular attention to the landforms and defenses around Yorktown and the layout of streets and buildings within the town itself.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Position of Union Army April 5th and 6th 1862

    Position of Union Army April 5th and 6th 1862

    Shows the area of Wormsley Creek to the north and Poquoson River to the south as McClellan's forces prepared to launch the siege of Yorktown, Va. The locations of Howard's Bridge across the Poquoson and the road from Yorktown to Hampton are also indicated.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Map of the Peninsula of Virginia : showing route of McClellan's Army toward Richmond [illegible].

    Map of the Peninsula of Virginia : showing route of McClellan...

    On what appears to be a portion of a published travel map showing steamship and railroad routes out of Baltimore, Md., Sheden has indicated the route of the Union Army as it moved up the Virginia Peninsula toward Richmond.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Plan of the Battle of Kernstown, Va. March 23rd 1862.

    Plan of the Battle of Kernstown, Va. March 23rd 1862.

    The village of Kernstown was located a few miles south of Winchester, Va. Jackson's Confederates attacked with the intention of drawing Union forces away from the Army of the Potomac's position on the Virginia Peninsula. Kernstown is considered to be the opening engagement of Jackson's Shenandoah Valley Campaign.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Chancellorsville, Va. Position of the 11th Corps at 6 p.m. May 2nd 1863 Maj Genl O.O. Howard commanding

    Chancellorsville, Va. Position of the 11th Corps at 6 p.m. Ma...

    Map shows the position of Union and Confederate troops in the area surrounding Chancellorsville, Va., at 6 p.m. on May 2, 1863. By late afternoon on May 2, Stonewall Jackson's troops had moved deeper into the Wilderness and were within striking distance of the 1st Corps, U.S. Army of the Potomac, P.O. Howard, commanding. Jackson gave the order to attack at 6 p.m., pushing ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • The defenses of Richmond, 1864

    The defenses of Richmond, 1864

    Shows the fortifications surrounding Richmond including, Brook Run to the north, and Harrison's Landing to the south. The James River and major roads and railroad lines are also indicated.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1864
  • The Union army encampment at Hampton, Virginia Showing picket lines and Fortress Munroe [sic].

    The Union army encampment at Hampton, Virginia Showing picket...

    Shows the landmarks in the area around Union-occupied Hampton, Va., including the Poor Farm, the Female Seminary, Buckrow's house, Hickman's farm, and "Fox Hill," the home of J. Fox.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Revised plan of battle of Malvern Hill, July 1st, 1862 (official).

    Revised plan of battle of Malvern Hill, July 1st, 1862 (offic...

    Details the action of July 1, 1862, with most of the major Confederate forces under the command of Stonewall Jackson, D. H. Hill, and Magruder, identified in their location north of Malvern Hill, and all the Union troops due south of the Confederates, notably including Berdan's sharpshooters and the troops of Heintzelman, under whom Sneden served, Couch, Morell, and others.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Plan of Rebel redoubt and barracks [at] "Camp Misery" : surveyed April 11th 1862.

    Plan of Rebel redoubt and barracks [at] "Camp Misery" : surve...

    Layout of "Camp Misery," a Confederate fort on the Virginia Peninsula located in a swampy area on the Ship Point road. The camp was evacuated on April 5th, 1862, as Union forces began their siege of Yorktown.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Plan of the battle of Chancellorsville. Virginia position, 5 p.m., 2nd May 1863.

    Plan of the battle of Chancellorsville. Virginia position, 5 ...

    Sneden uses his usual eye for detail in showing the nature of the terrain with crop fields, woods, areas of felled trees, roads, and waterways in the vicinity of the Battle of Chancellorsville. He particularly emphasizes the positions of the following corps in the U.S. Army of the Potomac: 2nd Corps (commanded by Winfield Scott Hancock), 3rd Corps (commanded by Daniel Edgar Sickles), 5th ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Plan of the Battle of Glendale or Frazier's Farm. Virginia. 30th June 1862 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. Genl Heintzelman and Sumner commanding.

    Plan of the Battle of Glendale or Frazier's Farm. Virginia. 3...

    Shows the area of Henrico County that includes White Oak Creek and White Oak Swamp.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • The March from Hampton to before Yorktown, Va., April 1862. Map showing route of 3rd Army Corps. A.P. from Howard's Bridge to the sawmill, April 5 and 6th, 1862.

    The March from Hampton to before Yorktown, Va., April 1862. M...

    Illustrates a portion of Isle of Wight County, Va., showing headquarters camps of the various generals of the U.S. Army of the Potomac in the Peninsula Campaign, March-July 1862.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1870
  • Official map of the Union works in front of Yorktown, Va.

    Official map of the Union works in front of Yorktown, Va.

    Shows the vicinity of Yorktown, Va., including Union batteries located along the Warwick Court House Road. Also shows the Confederate barricade made up of abatis, palisades, slashings of trees, felled trees, and dams that flooded low-lying areas. The Union army, under Gen. McClellan, prepared to lay siege to Yorktown as part of its advance up the Virginia Peninsula toward the Confederate capital of Richmond.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Map of Falls Church and vicinity of Lewinsville, Virginia : shewing [sic] Union picket lines October 30th 1862.

    Map of Falls Church and vicinity of Lewinsville, Virginia : s...

    Map shows the area surrounding Falls Church in Fairfax County, Va. The Loudoun & Hampshire Railroad is also indicated.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Union and Rebel works Yorktown, Va. [1862]

    Union and Rebel works Yorktown, Va. [1862]

    Shows the York River from Gloucester Point to south of Wormsley Creek. Yorktown appears at top of image, with remaining detail showing interior of the Peninsula. Woods, creeks, fields, roads, houses and other points of reference are included. Also indicates location of the British Army's surrender after the Revolutionary War Battle of Yorktown in 1781.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Fort Lyon, near Alexandria, Virginia

    Fort Lyon, near Alexandria, Virginia

    The map shows a close up drawing of Fort Lyon located on Eagle Hill in Alexandria, Virginia. Shows the fort's defenses, including abatis, ditches, salients, sally port, and bomb proof.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • [Map of the Shenandoah Valley Campaign, 1864].

    [Map of the Shenandoah Valley Campaign, 1864].

    Shows the area of the Shenandoah Valley including the Blue Ridge Mountains between Staunton and Front Royal, Va. In mid-1864 almost 50,000 troops were placed in the Middle Military Division under General Sheridan. Between August and November Sheridan engaged Early's troops several times at Winchester, Fishers Hill and Cedar Creek, Va.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Plan of the battle of Fisher's Hill, Virginia. Fought September 22nd, 1864.

    Plan of the battle of Fisher's Hill, Virginia. Fought Septemb...

    Despite a strong natural defensive position near Fisher's Hill, south of Strasburg, Va., Early's Confederates were overwhelmed by Sheridan's greater numbers. Map shows the flanking movement led by Crook as well as the position of the Union forces just prior to their frontal assault. The detail of the distribution of the Confederate forces was contained on that portion of the map that is missing.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1864
  • The Battlefield of Williamsburg, Va. : fought 5th May 1862.

    The Battlefield of Williamsburg, Va. : fought 5th May 1862.

    Concerns the Battle of Williamsburg, Va., which was part of the Peninsula Campaign, March-June 1862.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1870
  • Plan of works erected at Centreville, Va., by Union forces. Under direction of Genl. Barnard Chief Engineer of Department of Washington.

    Plan of works erected at Centreville, Va., by Union forces. U...

    Map shows the area surrounding Centreville in Fairfax County , Va., and includes the locations of abandoned Confederate fortifications on the outskirts of the town.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Plan of the battle of Five Forks, Va., April 1st 1865 : fought by 5th Army corps Genl Warren.

    Plan of the battle of Five Forks, Va., April 1st 1865 : fough...

    This map depicts the Five Forks area of Dinwiddie County, Va., where Confederate forces under Gen. George E. Pickett tried to hold off the Union advance on Petersburg and the important South Side Railroad. Included are Hatcher's Run, the Appomattox River, Petersburg, Dinwiddie Court House, and the Weldon Railroad. Union forces involved included Warren's Fifth Corps infantry and Sheridan's cavalry. Accused by Sheridan of ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • [Map of Mosby's route through Virginia and North Carolina].

    [Map of Mosby's route through Virginia and North Carolina].

    This printed map of Virginia and North Carolina includes annotations by Sneden showing the route taken by Mosby's troops and their prisoners (Sneden among them) from Culpeper, Va., to Charlotte, N.C.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Battle of Cumberland Church, Va.

    Battle of Cumberland Church, Va.

    Map shows the area between Farmville, Va., and Cumberland Courthouse to the north. This was a small skirmish just north of Farmville in Cumberland County on April 7, 1865, just following action at Highbridge and Rice's Station.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Blockade of the Potomac. Map showing Union and Rebel batteries January 1862. The Rebels evacuated all their batteries night of 4th March 1862.

    Blockade of the Potomac. Map showing Union and Rebel batterie...

    "The Rebel troops and batteries were commanded by Genl. Holmes, C.S.A. during the blockade which lasted from Decr 1861 to 9th March 1862." -- Page caption. Color coding shows location of Union and Confederate forces. NOTE: Researchers will be served a color photocopy of this diary image. Relief shown by hachures. This item is from the collections of the Virginia Historical Society; please contact ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Plan of the redoubt and rifle pits ensilading [sic] the Leesburg and Fairfax turnpikes 2 miles from Alexandria, Virginia. Built by the 38th, 40th N.Y. and 3rd Maine regiments during October and November 1861.

    Plan of the redoubt and rifle pits ensilading [sic] the Leesb...

    Includes main roads, buildings used for the hospital, chapel, stables, theater, and headquarters encampment of Brigadier General John Sedgwick.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1870
  • Plan of the Battle of Dranesville Va Decr 20th 1861.

    Plan of the Battle of Dranesville Va Decr 20th 1861.

    Shows Dranesville, Fairfax County, Va., and the area to the north. The locations of the Leesburg Turnpike, Centreville Road and Chain Bridge Road are indicated.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Plan of the Battle of Cold Harbor, June 3rd.

    Plan of the Battle of Cold Harbor, June 3rd.

    After two days' preparation, the main Federal assault took place in the early morning of June 3rd against a well-entrenched Confederate army. Federal losses were overwhelming, and by noon Gen. Grant called a halt to the entire attack. This map depicts the area of Hanover County, Va., that includes Old and New Cold Harbor, Gaines Mill, and Bethesda Church in relation to the Chickahominy ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1864
  • Plan of the Battle of Cedar Mountain, Virginia, August 9th, 1862.

    Plan of the Battle of Cedar Mountain, Virginia, August 9th, 1...

    The newly-organized Union Army of Virginia under Gen. John Pope had as its mission to draw Lee's focus and forces away from the defense of Richmond. To that end, the army began moving toward Gordonsville in July, planning to approach the Confederate capital from the north. Realizing the seriousness of his position, with McClellen in front of him and Pope on his left flank, ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Plan of the Battle of Fair Oaks or Seven Pines, Va. Fought 31st May 1862.

    Plan of the Battle of Fair Oaks or Seven Pines, Va. Fought 31...

    Shows the distribution of troops during battle, with majority of McClellan's forces northeast of the Chickahominy River and the Confederates under Joseph E. Johnston attacking the two Union corps on the south side of the river. Map indicates locations of 9 Mile Road and Old Williamsburg Road, the Richmond and York River Railroad, and Confederate defenses, chiefly felled trees. Edwin V. Sumner's route of ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Plan of attack on Marie's Heights, Fredericksburg Va. By Maj. Genl. John Sedgwick, USA, with the 6th Army Corps. Sunday May 3rd 1863.

    Plan of attack on Marie's Heights, Fredericksburg Va. By Maj....

    Area depicted includes the Rappahannock River to the northeast, Taylor Hill to the northwest and Deep Run to the south. The Fredericksburg & Potomac Railroad is also indicated. As part of Gen. Hooker's plan to drive the Confederate Army back toward Richmond, Gen. Sedgwick was to undertake a diversionary attack across the Rappahannock River toward the Confederate entrenchments above Fredericksburg. On May 3rd, having ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1863
  • Map of operations at Bermuda Hundred and Drewry's Bluff, Virginia, 10th May 1864.

    Map of operations at Bermuda Hundred and Drewry's Bluff, Virg...

    In this map Sneden attempts to show several engagements that took place between Butler's Army of the James and Beauregard's Confederates, May 6th through May 13th, 1864. He includes Port Walthall Junction, where Union forces first engaged Beauregard's Confederates; the Confederate defense of Fort Darling at Drewry's Bluff; and the Union entrenchments astride the Appomattox River at Bermuda Hundred and City Point, where they ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Plan of the Rebel position at Howard's Bridge, April 4th 1862.

    Plan of the Rebel position at Howard's Bridge, April 4th 1862.

    The map shows the area of the lower peninsula around Howard's Bridge, including the Confederate works on the north side of the Poquosin River.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Plan of Battle of Savage's Station Va.

    Plan of Battle of Savage's Station Va.

    Depicts the locations of troops and landmarks during the Battle of Savage's Station, one of the Seven Days' Battles. Shows the area of Henrico County between the Chickahominy River and White Oak Swamp. The Richmond and York River Railroad is also indicated.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • The Union position before Yorktown, Va., 18th April 1862

    The Union position before Yorktown, Va., 18th April 1862

    A regional view of Yorktown, Va., and vicinity, with Yorktown and Gloucester Point on opposite sides of the York River and indicating where the Warwick River feeds into the James, and also the Poquoson River as it branches off from the York below Yorktown. The headquarters of Gen. John Sedgwick's VI Corps is shown at Warwick Court House.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Map shewing [sic] vicinity of Winchester, Virginia, Potomac, etc.

    Map shewing [sic] vicinity of Winchester, Virginia, Potomac, ...

    Shows portions of southern Maryland and northern Virginia emphasizing Winchester, Va. Sneden notes on the map that Winchester was a city that changed hands 46 times during the war. He lists three major battles near Winchester, fought in March 1862, May 1864, and September 1864. Sneden considered the Battle of Kernstown, Va., to be the First Battle of Winchester but today historians consider the ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861