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  • The line of the Rappahannock, 30th April 1863 Showing position of Union and Rebel armies at and near Fredericksburg, Va.

    The line of the Rappahannock, 30th April 1863 Showing positio...

    This map shows the location of the two armies on the eve of the Chancellorsville Campaign. Union Gen. Hooker has moved his forces via Kelly's Ford into position south of the Rappahannock near Chancellorsville, Va., to launch what he believes will be a rear attack on Gen. R. E. Lee's Fredericksburg stronghold. Meanwhile Federal forces under Sedgwick continue a diversionary frontal assault on Fredericksburg. ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Charleston S.C., A.D. 1864

    Charleston S.C., A.D. 1864

    In this annotated detail from a printed map, the city of Charleston is delineated and Confederate fortifications along the Ashley and Cooper rivers are indicated. Also indicated is the area of the city that burned as a result of Union shelling.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1864
  • The Enemy's fortifications around Vicksburg

    The Enemy's fortifications around Vicksburg

    Shows the terrain and Confederate fortifications around Vicksburg, Miss., in mid-May, 1863, just after Confederate Gen. Pemberton was forced to evacuate Hayne's Bluff. Indicated are the locations of Union forces under Sherman, McPherson, McClernand, and Carr.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Battle at Dranesville, Va. Decr. 20th, 1861.

    Battle at Dranesville, Va. Decr. 20th, 1861.

    NOTE: Researchers will be served a color photocopy of this scrapbook image. Original scrapbook housed in the Museum Department of the Virginia Historical Society (1994.80.4-525) with restricted access. This item is from the collections of the Virginia Historical Society; please contact the institution for more information. This item is from the collections of the Virginia Historical Society; please contact the institution for more information. ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1870
  • [Map of the Potomac River].

    [Map of the Potomac River].

    Regional map of Virginia, Maryland and Pennsylvania showing the Potomac River and its tributaries.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Map of Chattanooga and vicinity, Tenn.

    Map of Chattanooga and vicinity, Tenn.

    Map shows regional view of troop locations in the mountains south of Chattanooga, Tenn., and near Lafayette and Rome in northwestern Georgia.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Contours of Union forts on south side of Potomac, 1862 [map].

    Contours of Union forts on south side of Potomac, 1862 [map].

    This map shows the names and configurations of Union fortifications on the Virginia side of the Potomac River in 1862, and in some cases lists the name of the regiment that built the structure.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Plan of Battle of Spotsylvania Court House, Va.

    Plan of Battle of Spotsylvania Court House, Va.

    At this midpoint in the Spottsylvania Campaign (May 7-20), Union forces under Grant and Confederate forces under Lee were facing off to the south and east of Spottsylvania Court House. On May 12, Grant ordered Hancock to assault Ewell's position in the "mule's shoe" salient. This map attempts to depict the action during that assault. It shows Ewell's position at the start of the ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Plan of the Rebel prison pen at Savannah Georgia, Lt. S. R. Davis, C.S.A., Commandant, Sept. 1864.

    Plan of the Rebel prison pen at Savannah Georgia, Lt. S. R. D...

    Detailed drawing of a Confederate prison camp in Savannah, Ga.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • 2nd attack on Fort McAllister on the Ogeechee River, Georgia

    2nd attack on Fort McAllister on the Ogeechee River, Georgia

    Also shown is the result of an attack by Union Gen. William B. Hazen's 2nd Division, 15th Corps, 1864 December 13, which succeeded in taking the garrison. Shows a portion of Big Ogeechee River and indicates the location of Confederate Fort McAllister. On March 3, 1863 Union gunboats and ironclads attacked the fort in order to test the effectiveness of their new monitors, which ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1863
  • The Rebel defences [sic] of Savannah, Georgia, Nov. 1864.

    The Rebel defences [sic] of Savannah, Georgia, Nov. 1864.

    Includes Confederate fortifications and batteries in and around Savannah, Ga., during Sherman's March to the Sea, also referred to as the Savannah Campaign of 15 November to 21 December 1864. Sneden includes Argyle Island in the Savannah River, past the city to Fort Pulaski on Cockspur Island, and Big and Little Tybee islands, where Union forces were located in November 1864.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • The assault on the "Red Battery,"  April 25th, 1862 Yorktown, Va.

    The assault on the "Red Battery," April 25th, 1862 Yorktown,...

    Shows the area between the Warwick River to the west and the Warwick Road to the east as McClellan's forces attacked Confederate batteries on the Peninsula south of Yorktown, Va.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Battle of Kelly's Ford, Va. Plan of position of Union and Rebel forces at 1 o'clock 7th Nov.

    Battle of Kelly's Ford, Va. Plan of position of Union and Reb...

    Shows the route of Lee's retreat across the Rappahannock River. Map is oriented with pontoon bridge at Rappahannock Station in upper left of the image, protected by Confederate earthworks and redoubts. Tne Wheatley post office is shown in the center of the image. Kellysville and Kelly's Ford, protected by Ewell's Division, are in lower third, to the left; and Mount Holly is to the ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Plan of Rebel fort (Camp Misery) on Ship Point Road - Virginia.

    Plan of Rebel fort (Camp Misery) on Ship Point Road - Virginia.

    Shows the layout of "Camp Misery" and the surrounding woods and swamp; Ship Point Road is to the south. The camp was evacuated as the Union forces began their siege of Yorktown.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Map of Devaux Neck on Broad River, South Carolina.

    Map of Devaux Neck on Broad River, South Carolina.

    Devaux Neck is formed by the Tulfinny River and Coosawatchie River as they branch off the Broad River. The Peninsula is crossed by the Charleston and Savannah Railroad. Map shows rebel forces protecting the railroad while Union forces, the 127th NY under Gen. Edward E. Potter, advance up the peninsula.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Plan of Battle of Cold Harbor, Va. : June 1st and 3rd 1864.

    Plan of Battle of Cold Harbor, Va. : June 1st and 3rd 1864.

    The area of Hanover County, Va., covered by this map extends from Mechanicsville to the northwest, the Chickahominy River to the south and Cold Harbor to the east. The Confederate army was already in place along the lowlands of the Chickahominy River when Grant's army arrived on June 1. There was some fighting late in the day, with no Federal progress, but both sides ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1864
  • Map of Hampton to Howard's Bridge, Virginia.

    Map of Hampton to Howard's Bridge, Virginia.

    The area depicted includes the York River to the north, the James River to the south and the Hampton/Five Points area to the east.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Fort Wagner. Morris Island

    Fort Wagner. Morris Island

    In July 1863, Union Generals Gillmore and Dahlgren hoped to take Fort Wagner, on Morris Island in Charleston Harbor, in order to gain a vantage point from which to launch an attack on the city of Charleston. Strongly defended, the first Union assaults (July 10th and 18th) resulted in extremely high casualties. Gillmore began formal siege operations and had reached to base of the ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1863
  • New defenses erected at Centreville, Virginia

    New defenses erected at Centreville, Virginia

    Originally built by the Confederates and used for winter quarters in 1861-1862, the defenses around Centreville were also used by the Union Army to cover the retreat back to Washington after both 1st and 2nd Bull Run. When Lee began concentrating his forces around Culpeper in July 1863, and Meade, not to be outdone, moved his army to a position opposite them along the ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1863
  • Plan of the Battle of Cold Harbor, June 3rd.

    Plan of the Battle of Cold Harbor, June 3rd.

    After two days' preparation, the main Federal assault took place in the early morning of June 3rd against a well-entrenched Confederate army. Federal losses were overwhelming, and by noon Gen. Grant called a halt to the entire attack. This map depicts the area of Hanover County, Va., that includes Old and New Cold Harbor, Gaines Mill, and Bethesda Church in relation to the Chickahominy ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1864
  • Plan of Second Battle of Bull Run Va. : position at 6 p.m. August 30th 1862.

    Plan of Second Battle of Bull Run Va. : position at 6 p.m. Au...

    Shows the area between Sudley Springs to the north and the Manassas and Gainesville Road to the south. The locations of the Warrenton Turnpike and the Manassas Gap Railroad are also indicated.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • The Union assault on the Rebel works at Lee's Mill, Yorktown, Va.

    The Union assault on the Rebel works at Lee's Mill, Yorktown,...

    Shows fortifications on opposite sides of the Warwick River, with the Confederate forces concentrated to the north of the river and the Union forces to the south around Lee's Mill.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Plan of part of Richmond, Virginia : showing locations of Rebel prisons [in] winter of 1863.

    Plan of part of Richmond, Virginia : showing locations of Reb...

    Shows the streets of Richmond below Church Hill from the Canal to Broad Street and from 17th to 21st streets, including Castle Thunder and Libby prisons and the Union officers' and soldiers' hospitals.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Map made at Andersonville Prison [Sept. 1864].

    Map made at Andersonville Prison [Sept. 1864].

    This regional view locates the prison camp in relation to Columbia, Macon, and Milledgeville, Ga., as well as the town of Andersonville. Parts of bordering Alabama, Tennessee, and South Carolina are also indicated.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Map of the Lower Peninsula of Virginia, April 1862.

    Map of the Lower Peninsula of Virginia, April 1862.

    Shows the Confederate and Union fortifications located between the York River to the north and the James River to the south during the Peninsular campaign of 1862.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Battle of Five Forks 31st March and April 1st 1865 Copy of official plan by Col. W. H. Paine U.S. Engrs.

    Battle of Five Forks 31st March and April 1st 1865 Copy of of...

    Map shows the area five Five Forks, Va., near Hatcher's Run in Diwiddie County. March 30, 1865 General Sheridan's troops engaged Pickett's army at Dinwiddie courthouse and the next day pursued General Pickett who was withdrawing to Five Forks. The Federal attacks overwhelmed the enrenchments, and the Confederates abandoned their efforts to protect the Southdside Railroad.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Battle of Chancellorsville, Virginia, May 2nd & 3rd 1863

    Battle of Chancellorsville, Virginia, May 2nd & 3rd 1863

    This large detailed map shows the area defined by the Rapidan and Rappahannock rivers and Wilderness Run and indicates the locations of various units over the course of the middle two days of fighting.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Skeleton map of battlefield of Bull Run Virginia : showing 1st battle at Blackburn's Ford.

    Skeleton map of battlefield of Bull Run Virginia : showing 1s...

    Shows area between Sudley Springs to the north and Manassas Junction to the south. Locations of railroads and Warrenton Turnpike are indicated.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Plan of battles of Kelly's Ford and Rappahannock Station, Virginia : both fought Novr. 7th, 1863.

    Plan of battles of Kelly's Ford and Rappahannock Station, Vir...

    The map shows the area surrounding the Rappahannock River as it runs from north to south; the Orange & Alexandria Railroad is also indicated. The battles of Rappahannock Bridge and Kelly's Ford were part of the Bristoe Campaign.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Capture of forts [sic] Henry ... Tennessee By U.S. Grant, January 1862.

    Capture of forts [sic] Henry ... Tennessee By U.S. Grant, Jan...

    Shows Confederate Fort Henry on the Tennessee River. The entire site was to include the fort on the low ground near the edge of the river with an entrenched camp (Fort Heiman) on a high plateau immediately above it. The work was not completed and on the day of the Union attack the river had partially flooded the fort site. Realizing the futility of ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Plan of the Battle of Fredericksburg, Virginia.

    Plan of the Battle of Fredericksburg, Virginia.

    Map shows the area between the Rappahannock and Massaponax rivers including Fredericksburg and Marie's Heights. The location of Confederate troops under Longstreet and Jackson and Union troops under Burnside are indicated. Due to Burnside's slow maneuvering, the Confederates were able to use the topography to their advantage, in particular the bluffs overlooking the town and river. After sustaining heavy losses crossing the Rappahannock River, ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Plan of the battle of Fredericksburg. Fought 13th Decr. 1862.

    Plan of the battle of Fredericksburg. Fought 13th Decr. 1862.

    Map shows Gen. R. E. Lee's strong position on the heights overlooking Fredericksburg, Va. While he could not prevent the Union forces from crossing the Rappahannock River on December 13 and taking the town, they were unable, despite repeated suicidal assaults, to take the hills on which the Confederate forces were entrenched. After several days astride the river, the Union forces withdrew the night ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Fort Lyon, near Alexandria, Virginia

    Fort Lyon, near Alexandria, Virginia

    The map shows a close up drawing of Fort Lyon located on Eagle Hill in Alexandria, Virginia. Shows the fort's defenses, including abatis, ditches, salients, sally port, and bomb proof.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Plan of the Rebel attack on Washington, D.C., July 11th and 12th, 1864.

    Plan of the Rebel attack on Washington, D.C., July 11th and 1...

    As a diversionary measure to take some of the pressure off of besieged Petersburg, Confederate forces under Jubal Early launched a northern offensive beginning in late June 1864. After stops near Harper's Ferry and Shepherdstown, W. Va., and Frederick and Baltimore, Md., they reached the outskirts of Washington, D.C., by July 11. Reconnaissance showed the Union had begun some intensive reinforcement, so an attack ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1864
  • Battle of Cumberland Church, Va.

    Battle of Cumberland Church, Va.

    Map shows the area between Farmville, Va., and Cumberland Courthouse to the north. This was a small skirmish just north of Farmville in Cumberland County on April 7, 1865, just following action at Highbridge and Rice's Station.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Battle of Beaverdam Creek Va., Chickahominy River, June 27th 1862

    Battle of Beaverdam Creek Va., Chickahominy River, June 27th ...

    While dated June 27th, this map depicts an engagement that took place the day previously, on the second day of the Seven Days' Battles. It shows the area of Hanover County that includes Mechanicsville, with the Chickahominy River to the south of the image and Beaverdam Creek with the Union and Confederate armies located on either side.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • The Mud march ... shewing [sic] movement on Bank's Ford Jany. 19th 1863 by Hooker, Franklin & Sumner.

    The Mud march ... shewing [sic] movement on Bank's Ford Jany....

    In mid-January 1863, Union General Burnside ordered his exhausted troops to recross the Rappahannock River above R. E. Lee's left flank. A heavy rain fell as the army began to move and the road soon became a quagmire. Wagons and artillery sank; men and horses floundered. In the end the effort had to be abandoned, much to the disappointment of the amused Confederates who ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • 2nd Battle of Bull Run, Va. position of both armies, 6 p.m. Aug. 26th 1862, showing Jackson's flank march.

    2nd Battle of Bull Run, Va. position of both armies, 6 p.m. A...

    The map shows the area surrounding the Bull Run Mountains including Centreville and Kellysville, Va. As part of the Second Bull Run Campaign, Pope's U.S. Army of Virginia assigned to protect Washington, the Shenandoah Valley and draw Lee away from the defense of Richmond. Lee split his army, and Jackson's brilliant maneuvering thoroughly confused Pope, and allowed Longstreet to join with reinforcements. While Longstreet's ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Plan of the Battle of Lookout Mountain. Fought November 24th-25th, 1863.

    Plan of the Battle of Lookout Mountain. Fought November 24th-...

    The northern end of Lookout Mountain is the center point of this image, with the town of Wauhatchie and Lookout Creek to the left and Chattanooga Creek to the right. The Union forces are shown in the vicinity of the Raccoon Mountains, with Hooker and Geary's flanking movements down the west side of Lookout Creek noted. Confederate forces are divided into three lines, the ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1863
  • Plan of Genl Q. A. Gillmore's position on Morris Island, Charleston S.C.

    Plan of Genl Q. A. Gillmore's position on Morris Island, Char...

    Shows the progression of earthworks constructed to allow Union forces to approach Fort Wagner. Gillmore's troops reached the ditch surrounding the fort on September 6. The Confederate forces abandoned the fort during the night.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Plan of the battle of Salem Church or Salem Heights, Va. Attack and repulse of the 6th Army Corps, Maj. Genl. John Sedgwick, U.S.A., afternoon of 3rd May 1863.

    Plan of the battle of Salem Church or Salem Heights, Va. Atta...

    The Battle of Salem Church, Spotsylvania County, Va., was part of the Chancellorsville Campaign of April-May, 1863, and was actually fought on May 4, 1863.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Plan of the Battle of Antietam, Maryland.

    Plan of the Battle of Antietam, Maryland.

    Shows the location of troops stationed around Sharpsburg, Md. The locations of Antietam Creek and the Potomac River are also indicated.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Plan of Fort Fisher and vicinity, North Carolina. Plan of second attack, January 15th, 1865.

    Plan of Fort Fisher and vicinity, North Carolina. Plan of sec...

    The first assault on Fort Fisher was made in December 1864 by Gen. Benjamin F. Butler, who withdrew when he realized a direct assault on the fort would be costly, and that Confederate reinforcements were only a few miles away. The second assault, led by Gen. Alfred Howe Terry, used a large naval force to bombard the fort before landing 8,000 assault troops. Two ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1864
  • Plan shewing [sic] entrenched position of Union army at Westover or Harrison's Landing, James River, Va., July and August 1862.

    Plan shewing [sic] entrenched position of Union army at Westo...

    As the action on the Virginia Peninsula wound down in July, McClellan moved his headquarters to Harrison's Landing on the James River, in Charles City County, Va.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Plan of Andersonville Prison, Georgia 1864.

    Plan of Andersonville Prison, Georgia 1864.

    Shows dimensions, layout, outbuildings and immediate surroundings of Andersonville Prison Camp, Georgia.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Plan of the Battle of Gaines' Mill, Virginia, fought June 26th 1862.

    Plan of the Battle of Gaines' Mill, Virginia, fought June 26t...

    While dated June 26th, the Battle of Gaines' Mill was actually fought on the 27th, the third day of the Seven Days' Battles. This map shows Hanover County, Va., with the Chickahominy River to the south, the town of Cold Harbor to the north, Powhite Creek to the west, and Elder Swamp to the east.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Map showing the defenses of the Mississippi below New Orleans and Farragut's attack 24 April 1862.

    Map showing the defenses of the Mississippi below New Orleans...

    Map shows the Confederate fortifications at Fort Jackson under Gen. Duncan, Fort St. Philip and the Union fleet along the Mississippi River. This map, also shows the positions of Union ships under Farragut, who captured the strategic port of New Orleans, thereby providing the Federal army access to the Mississippi River.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Battle of Hanover Court House, Virginia, May 26, 1862

    Battle of Hanover Court House, Virginia, May 26, 1862

    Shows the area around Hanover Court House, Va., sight of a skirmish between Union and Confederate forces as McClellan's advance up the Virginia Peninsula continued its slow pace. In this depiction, the Pamunkey River is located to the north, and the Richmond & Pamunkey Turnpike is also indicated.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Attack and capture of Fort Donelson, Tenn. by Genl. U.S. Grant U.S.A.

    Attack and capture of Fort Donelson, Tenn. by Genl. U.S. Gran...

    Shows troop locations around Fort Donelson, Tenn., on the Cumberland River, as the Union army prepared to attack.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Position Sunday May 3rd at 3 p.m.

    Position Sunday May 3rd at 3 p.m.

    The map depicts troops movements in the Chancellorsville area between 10 a.m. and 3 P.M. on May 3rd,1863. Union troops under generals Reynolds, Meade, Sickles and Slocum are located to the east between Chancellorsville and the Rappahannock River. Confederates troops under generals Stuart , McLaws, Rhodes and Anderson are located to the west near Dowdall's Tavern.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Investment of Petersburg by Genl. Grant 1865

    Investment of Petersburg by Genl. Grant 1865

    Map shows area surrounding Petersburg, Va., on the Appomattox River including all of the Union and Confederate fortifications during the siege of 1864-65 by Genl. Grant. Details include locations of roads, railroads, significant buildings, and creeks. Map extends to north as far as Fort Walthall, to west as far as Wells Church, to south as far as Reams Station, and to east as far ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Plan of the battle of Fredericksburg, Virginia : fought Decr. 13th 1862.

    Plan of the battle of Fredericksburg, Virginia : fought Decr....

    Map shows the area surrounding Fredericksburg during the first battle, December 12-13 1862. Due to Burnside's slow maneuvering, Lee was able to take advantage of the terrain in disbursing his troops. After heavy losses crossing the Rappahannock River, Burnside decided against renewed attacks and withdrew on the 15th of December.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Sketch of manoeuvers [sic] on Antietam and Sharpsburg Maryland : Septr 16-17th 1862.

    Sketch of manoeuvers [sic] on Antietam and Sharpsburg Marylan...

    Shows the area from Harper's Ferry, W. Va., west to Frederick, Md., and the position of Confederate forces under R. E. Lee and Union forces under McClellen. The map also shows Hagerstown, Md., south to the Potomac River. The Baltimore and Ohio Railroad is also indicated.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Plan showing positions of Union and Rebel armies 8th and 9th April 1865, to the surrender of Lee 2nd Corps at Cumberland Church.

    Plan showing positions of Union and Rebel armies 8th and 9th ...

    This detail of an unidentified printed map has annotations by Sneden showing the locations of troops surrounding Appomattox Courthouse, April 9th, 1865. Union forces identified include Sheridan's 9th Corps, Humphrey's 2nd Corps, and Sheridan's Cavalry. Also indicated (on original printed map) are names of property owners.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Copy of official plan of Gettysburg. Pennsylvania, fought 1st, 2nd, 3rd July 1863.

    Copy of official plan of Gettysburg. Pennsylvania, fought 1st...

    Map attempts to show the locations of various units during each day of the battle. All major landmarks are indicated.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Battle of Antietam, Md.

    Battle of Antietam, Md.

    In this extremely detailed map, Sneden indicates the locations of roads, bridges, the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal, houses, barns, ploughed fields, and the Antietam Iron Works. The Union and Confederate signal stations are also noted. The line of battle is located east of the town of Sharpsburg on September 16; encompassing the town on September 17 (after the actual battle); and to the west ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Plan of Battle of South Mills. Dismal Swamp Canal, N.C.

    Plan of Battle of South Mills. Dismal Swamp Canal, N.C.

    Shows the area between South Mills, Camden County, N.C., and Joy's Creek to the north and the Pasquotank River to the south where a minor shirmish took place on April 19, 1862.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • The defenses of Richmond, 1864

    The defenses of Richmond, 1864

    Shows the fortifications surrounding Richmond including, Brook Run to the north, and Harrison's Landing to the south. The James River and major roads and railroad lines are also indicated.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1864
  • Battlefield of Dinwiddie Courthouse, Va. from official map made by Col. W. H. Paine U.S. Engineers.

    Battlefield of Dinwiddie Courthouse, Va. from official map ma...

    Map shows the area between Dinwiddie Court House and Five Forks, Va., including the location of troops at different times during the engagement. Beginning on March 30, 1865, Sheridan advanced on the Five Forks area. He was stopped overnight at Dinwiddie Court House due to heavy rain. On March 31st he advanced toward Five Forks only to meet significant Confederate resistance, and was forced ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Battle of Cumberland Church

    Battle of Cumberland Church

    Map shows the locations of troops surrounding Lee's headquarters at Cumberland Church, Va. This was a small skirmish on April 7, 1865, just north of Farmville in Cumberland County, immediately following the action at Highbridge and Rice's Station.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Genl. Thomas' new position 20th Septr. 3 p.m.

    Genl. Thomas' new position 20th Septr. 3 p.m.

    Map shows location of Union and Confederate troops between Missionary Ridge and West Chickamauga Creek. After Confederates succeeded in breaking through the Union lines, the bulk of the Union forces retreated toward Chattanooga. Union Gen. George H. Thomas and his men held onto a tenuous position on Snodgrass Hill and repulsed assault after assault.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Siege of Port Hudson

    Siege of Port Hudson

    The map shows the Union troops on land and water surrounding Confederate fortifications at Port Hudson, La., on the Mississippi River, approximately 25 miles north of Baton Rouge. The Union XIX Corps under Gen. Banks had its first engagement May 26th on the Bayou Sara Road, and laid siege to the fort on May 27th. Confederate Gen. Franklin Gardner surrendered Port Hudson on July ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Charleston Harbor S.C. Bombardment of Fort Sumter.

    Charleston Harbor S.C. Bombardment of Fort Sumter.

    Regional view of Charleston Harbor showing the city of Charleston on the Ashley and Cooper rivers, Castle Pinckney on Shute's Folly Island, Pleasantville and Mt. Pleasant Battery, Mechanicsville and batteries on Sullivan's Island, and the Morris and James island batteries, and their distances from Fort Sumter. Shipping channels and the U.S. warships and supply fleet are also noted.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Some colors and prisoners taken by French : [map of action around Washington Heights, Sharpsburg, Md.].

    Some colors and prisoners taken by French : [map of action ar...

    Shows the location of troops just outside of Sharpsburg, Md., during the battle of Antietam.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Plan of the prison. March 1, 1864.

    Plan of the prison. March 1, 1864.

    Map shows the plan of Andersonville Prison Camp including the stockade, the town of Anderson Station on the Macon and Americus Rail Road, the locations of Confederate units serving as guards, and the headquarters of camp commandant Maj. Henry Wirz.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • The Battle [of Missionary Ridge, November 25, 1864].

    The Battle [of Missionary Ridge, November 25, 1864].

    After a day of fierce fighting "above the clouds" on November 24, the Confederates retained a tenuous hold on Lookout Mountain. In this image the focus has shifted to Missionary Ridge. Arrows show the direction of attack as the Union forces under Thomas broke through the Confederate defenses, sending Bragg's army in retreat.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • The Investment of Petersburg, Va. Shewing [sic] battlefield of 5 Forks and Hatcher's Run, Friday March 31st, Saturday April 1st & Sunday April 2nd 1865.

    The Investment of Petersburg, Va. Shewing [sic] battlefield o...

    Shows the area surrounding Petersburg on the Appomattox River with all major transportation lines noted. Union forces under Grant are opposed by Lee's Confederates. Five Forks is to the left of the image; Port Walthall to the upper right: Ream's Station is in the lower right; and Dinwiddie Court House is at the bottom center.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1865
  • Plan of the tunnel and vicinity [of Libby Prison, Richmond, Va.].

    Plan of the tunnel and vicinity [of Libby Prison, Richmond, V...

    Map of an escape tunnel from Libby Prison, Richmond, Va., showing surrounding sites including other prisons, warehouses, the canal and dock closest to Libby, and the railroad depot.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Attack on Ft. Pulaski Savannah, Georgia, April 1862.

    Attack on Ft. Pulaski Savannah, Georgia, April 1862.

    Shows a section of the Savannah River with Long Island (containing an unnamed Confederate battery) and Cockspur Island (containing Fort Pulaski). Also shows the Union position on Big Tybee Island.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Plan of Yorktown, Virginia : showing the Rebel works after the evacuation, May 4th, 1862.

    Plan of Yorktown, Virginia : showing the Rebel works after th...

    Shows the street plan of Yorktown and the fortifications surrounding the town following the Confederate removal up the Peninsula. The York River and the town of Gloucester Point are also indicated.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Plan of the Battle of Newberne [!] North Carolina : fought March 14th 1862.

    Plan of the Battle of Newberne [!] North Carolina : fought Ma...

    Shows the area between Old Beaufort Road and the Neuse River to the north and Evan's Mill Pond to the south. The locations of forts Lane, Ellis, Thompson, and Dixie are indicated.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Position of Union Army at Cedar Creek Union position and plan of battle.

    Position of Union Army at Cedar Creek Union position and plan...

    However, what initially appeared to be an overwhelming success quickly turned to a rout when the Union forces were redeployed and launched a successful counterattack that drove the Confederates back across the Shenandoah to Fisher's Hill, with heavy losses of men, equipment and supplies. Map shows troop locations along the Strasburg Pike on either side of Cedar Creek, and along the north fork of ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Plan of the Battle of Five Forks, Va., March 31st 1865 and 1st April.

    Plan of the Battle of Five Forks, Va., March 31st 1865 and 1s...

    Map shows view from Petersburg to Five Forks, Va. As part of an overall plan to force the Confederate troops out of their Petersburg trenches, on March 30, 1865, Gen. Sheridan's troops advanced on Dinwiddie Court House and Five Forks. They were met by Confederate forces under Pickett near Five Forks on March 31st. On April 1st, having heard of his opponent's heavy reinforcement ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Map of Mount Vernon, Virginia and vicinity : shewing [sic] Union picket lines, March 186[1].

    Map of Mount Vernon, Virginia and vicinity : shewing [sic] Un...

    Includes main roads, farms, churches, forts, and Union lines in Fairfax County, Va., especially around the estate of Mount Vernon.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1870
  • Chancellorsville, Va. Position of armies 3rd May 1863 at 8 a.m. to 5 1/2 p.m.

    Chancellorsville, Va. Position of armies 3rd May 1863 at 8 a....

    The map shows Union troops to the east near the Chancellor House and Confederate soldiers under Stuart to the west near Dowdall's Tavern, Va. At daybreak on May 3, Jackson's corps, now under Early's command, seized a low hill overlooking Chancellorsville from which they were able to shell the Union forces. With the Confederate forces attacking on several sides, the Union line formed an ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • [Map of the lower Potomac River showing picket lines, January 1862]

    [Map of the lower Potomac River showing picket lines, January...

    Concerns Union and Confederate pickets positioned north and south around Pohick Church and Accotink in Fairfax County, Va., in January 1862. Includes a balloon pictured near Pohick Church and labelled as "Decr. 1861," but as noted in Sneden's diary text on pp. 374-376, he indicates that Professor Thaddeus S. C. Lowe also was using the surveillance hot-air balloons in the same area in January ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Map of Morris, Folly, Coles and James Island[s] etc., and Charleston Harbor S.C. shewing [sic] Union and Rebel forts and batteries, 1864.

    Map of Morris, Folly, Coles and James Island[s] etc., and Cha...

    In significantly less detail than his usual work, Sneden here shows the disposition of Confederate fortifications through out the Charleston region.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Sketch of the manoeuvres [sic] on Antietam and Sharpsburg, Maryland. Septr 1862.

    Sketch of the manoeuvres [sic] on Antietam and Sharpsburg, Ma...

    Shows the area from Sharpsburg east to Frederick, Md., and the positions of Lee's Confederate army as it faced McClellan's forces. The map also shows Hagerstown south to the Potomac River. The Baltimore and Ohio Railroad is also indicated.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Position of Union Army

    Position of Union Army

    Map shows the location of Union troops in the Hampton Roads area of Virginia poised to begin McClellan's Peninsular Campaign, March 1862. Among the landmarks noted are the location of McClellan's headquarters in Hampton from 23 March to 4 April 1862; the route of reconnaissance by Smith and Fitz-John Porter in the vicinity of Yorktown, Va., 27 March; and McClellan's new headquarters on the ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • The battle of Fair Oaks, Va., 2nd Day's battle, Sunday June 1st, 1862

    The battle of Fair Oaks, Va., 2nd Day's battle, Sunday June 1...

    Shows the area of Henrico County, Va., between Cold Harbor and White Oak Swamp. The Chicahominy River and the Richmond & York River Railroad are indicated.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Map showing entrance to Mobile Bay and course taken by Union fleet.

    Map showing entrance to Mobile Bay and course taken by Union ...

    Map shows Confederate fortifications (Forts Powell, Gaines, Morgan) and the location of Union fleet in Mobile Bay and the Gulf of Mexico. On August 5, Union Admiral Farragut attempted to lead several ships into Mobile Bay, past formidable Confederate forts and the ironclad C.S.S. Tennessee. Despite the sinking by a mine of the U.S.S. Tecumseh, the Union fleet passed through the channel and engaged ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Map showing positions of Union and Rebel forces Septr 1861.

    Map showing positions of Union and Rebel forces Septr 1861.

    Depicts the area between Lewinsville, in Fairfax County, and Georgetown in the north, and Alexandria in the south. The location of the Loudoun and Hampshire Railroad is also indicated.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Plan of the Battle of Spotsylvania C.H., Virginia : fought May 8th to 21st 1864.

    Plan of the Battle of Spotsylvania C.H., Virginia : fought Ma...

    Shows the Confederate forces located around and to the north of Spotsylvania Court House, with the Po River at their back. The Union forces were positioned along the Ny River so as to attack on both the Confederate left and right. Several landmarks are indicated, including houses used as headquarters by various officers, and the "mule shoe" salient known as the "bloody angle" because ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1864
  • Chattanooga A chart of the battle between the forces of Gens. Grant and Braxton Bragg, fought Nov. 24-5 1863.

    Chattanooga A chart of the battle between the forces of Gens....

    Detail of a printed map to which Sneden has added color and arrows to highlight the lines of Union advance on Missionary Ridge (Sherman's forces from the north on the Confederate right and Hooker's from the south on the Confederate left) and the Confederate retreat toward Dalton, Ga.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1863
  • Map of Chattanooga & vicinity : showing Confederate and Union lines at the beginning of the battle of Nov. 23-25, 1863, and the route followed by Sherman in crossing from the North to the South of the Tennessee River on the night of Nov. 24.

    Map of Chattanooga & vicinity : showing Confederate and Union...

    Map shows the area surrounding Chattanooga on the Tennessee River. Troops of Union generals Hooker and Sherman are shown on the southern outskirts of town, and Confederate troops are located on Missionary Ridge.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Second Battle of Bull Run position of troops at 6 p.m.

    Second Battle of Bull Run position of troops at 6 p.m.

    Shows the area of Sudley Springs, Va., to the north and Bethlehem Church to the south. The location of Warrenton Turnpike and Manassas Gap Railroad is also indicated.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • The Rebel defences of Charleston Harbor S.C., August 1863

    The Rebel defences of Charleston Harbor S.C., August 1863

    Map shows Charleston, S.C., the Confederate forts, the Union works surrounding Fort Wagner and the position of the Union monitor fleet in the harbor off of the coast. This view shows the Union attacks on Confederate fortifications lining the harbor, and on the city itself. The locations of artillery batteries and their ranges and targets are indicated.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • The Battle of Chancellorsville, Sunday May 3rd 9 p.m.

    The Battle of Chancellorsville, Sunday May 3rd 9 p.m.

    Map shows troop locations around Chancellorsville, Va., and on both sides of the Rapidan River. The map depicts the formation of Confederate troops under McLaws, Slocum and Stuart to the west of Chancellorsville facing Union troops under Reynolds Meade and Hancock north and east of the town.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Plan of the 1st Battle of Bull Run Virginia 21st July 1861. Topography from U.S. Engineers official map.

    Plan of the 1st Battle of Bull Run Virginia 21st July 1861. T...

    Shows the area between Sudley Springs and Centreville to the north and New Market to the south. The location of the Warrenton Turnpike is also included.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Vicksburg Missp. and the Rebel batteries 1863.

    Vicksburg Missp. and the Rebel batteries 1863.

    Shows the western theater of the war, focusing on Vicksburg. The Vicksburg & Jackson, and Vicksburg & Texas railroads are indicated.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1863
  • The Battle of Antietam, Septr. 16th-17th, 1862.

    The Battle of Antietam, Septr. 16th-17th, 1862.

    In this detail from a printed map, Sneden shows the movement of the Lee's Confederate line at the battle of Antietam. On September 16 the Confederates are shown east of Sharpsburg. On September 17, after a day of intense fighting, the Confederates have pulled back slightly to just outside the town of Sharpsburg. On September 18 they are shown moving toward Shepherdstown, W. Va.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Map showing retreat of Union Army 13th and 14th Oct. 1863 from Culpeper to Warrenton Junction.

    Map showing retreat of Union Army 13th and 14th Oct. 1863 fro...

    Map shows an area of central Virginia bordered by Gainesville to the north, Orange Court House to the south, Luray Gap to the west, and Bristoe to the east. With Lee's Army of Northern Virginia on the offensive, it's target Manassas and Washington, Union Gen. Meade had no choice but to pull back to protect the Federal capital.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Plan of the battle of Five Forks, Va., April 1st 1865 : fought by 5th Army corps Genl Warren.

    Plan of the battle of Five Forks, Va., April 1st 1865 : fough...

    This map depicts the Five Forks area of Dinwiddie County, Va., where Confederate forces under Gen. George E. Pickett tried to hold off the Union advance on Petersburg and the important South Side Railroad. Included are Hatcher's Run, the Appomattox River, Petersburg, Dinwiddie Court House, and the Weldon Railroad. Union forces involved included Warren's Fifth Corps infantry and Sheridan's cavalry. Accused by Sheridan of ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Plan of the Battle of Honey Hill, South Carolina, November 30th, 1864.

    Plan of the Battle of Honey Hill, South Carolina, November 30...

    Map shows the Confederate earthworks, as well as the location of Union forces at Honey Hill near Grahamville, in Jasper County, S.C. Sherman sent 5,500 Union troops under J.G. Foster inland to secure a foothold on the Charleston and Savannah Railroad. They were met by 1,400 Confederates, heavily entrenched, and forced to withdraw.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • The Centre position of Union and Rebel armies, Yorktown, Va.

    The Centre position of Union and Rebel armies, Yorktown, Va.

    Shows both of the armies west of Yorktown, with the York River to the east, as the Siege of Yorktown got underway.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • The Rebel defences [sic] of Charleston, S.C., December 1864

    The Rebel defences [sic] of Charleston, S.C., December 1864

    Shows in detail the Confederate forts along the Ashley and Cooper rivers, as well as obstructions in Charleston Harbor. Also shows the burned district of Charleston, where Union prisoners of war were kept within range of Union guns.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Map of siege of Fort Pulaski : Savannah River Georgia. 1862.

    Map of siege of Fort Pulaski : Savannah River Georgia. 1862.

    Shows the location of Jones Island, Turtle Island and Daufuskie Island on the north edge of the Savannah River and Querns Island, Wilmington Island and Big Tybee Island to the south, also indicated is the location of Fort Pulaski on Cockspur Island in the middle of the Savannah River.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Plan of attack on Marie's Heights, Fredericksburg, Va. or 2nd Battle of Fredericksburg. By Maj. Genl. John Sedgwick with 6th Army Corps, Sunday, May 3rd, 1863.

    Plan of attack on Marie's Heights, Fredericksburg, Va. or 2nd...

    Illustrates the placement of Union and Confederate forces during the Chancellorsville Campaign of April-May, 1863, culminating in the battle of Chancellorsville fought May 1-4, 1863. This map focuses on the Sunday, May 3rd, action, which is referred to by Sneden as "Second Fredericksburg."

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Map of Warrenton Junction, Orange and Alexandria R.R., Virginia shewing destruction of R.R. by enemy, October 1863.

    Map of Warrenton Junction, Orange and Alexandria R.R., Virgin...

    Illustrates the position in October 1863 in Fauquier County, Va., of the Union 3rd Army Corps under General William Henry French. The Union troops were near Warrenton Junction along the Orange and Alexandria Railroad. This was part of the Bristoe Campaign, 9 October-9 November 1863, during which the rail line was destroyed by the

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Ft. Fisher shewing [sic] Union attack, Jany 15th 1865 From survey made after surrender by U.S. Engineers.

    Ft. Fisher shewing [sic] Union attack, Jany 15th 1865 From su...

    Map shows area surrounding forts Fisher, Buchanan and Anderson near Smithville, N.C. Fort Fisher, located on the peninsula formed by the Atlantic Ocean and the Cape Fear River, was the primary target of the Union assault. Details include locations of Confederate batteries, abatis, spikes, palisades, and ditches, and arrows showing the direction of the advance of the various Union forces.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861