• Investment of Petersburg by Genl. Grant 1865

    Investment of Petersburg by Genl. Grant 1865

    Map shows area surrounding Petersburg, Va., on the Appomattox River including all of the Union and Confederate fortifications during the siege of 1864-65 by Genl. Grant. Details include locations of roads, railroads, significant buildings, and creeks. Map extends to north as far as Fort Walthall, to west as far as Wells Church, to south as far as Reams Station, and to east as far ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Plan of Genl Q. A. Gillmore's position on Morris Island, Charleston S.C.

    Plan of Genl Q. A. Gillmore's position on Morris Island, Char...

    Shows the progression of earthworks constructed to allow Union forces to approach Fort Wagner. Gillmore's troops reached the ditch surrounding the fort on September 6. The Confederate forces abandoned the fort during the night.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Plan of Andersonville Prison, Sumter Co., Georgia.

    Plan of Andersonville Prison, Sumter Co., Georgia.

    This is a revised plan showing the physical layout of Andersonville Prison in August 1864. This is a corrected drawing of his map cataloged as Mss5:1 Sn237:1 (v. 5, p. 451).

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • "Camp Lawton" at Millen, Georgia : about 8,600 prisoners confined here 14th November 1864.

    "Camp Lawton" at Millen, Georgia : about 8,600 prisoners conf...

    Concerns a Confederate prison camp for Northern soldiers that was brand new in October 1864 when Sneden was transferred from Savannah, Ga., back inland to Camp Lawton at Millen, Ga. Sneden shows the 44-acre stockade and then the immediate area outside of the stockade where there was a Confederate camp, fort, hospital, and log residences for the Confederate officers. Also, depicted is a tent ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Plan of the battle of Savage's Station, Virginia, fought Sunday, 29th June 1862 /

    Plan of the battle of Savage's Station, Virginia, fought Sund...

    Concerns the Battle of Savage's Station, Henrico County, Va., which was one of the Seven Days' Battles, 26 June-1 July 1862.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1870
  • Revised plan of battle of Malvern Hill, July 1st, 1862 (official).

    Revised plan of battle of Malvern Hill, July 1st, 1862 (offic...

    Details the action of July 1, 1862, with most of the major Confederate forces under the command of Stonewall Jackson, D. H. Hill, and Magruder, identified in their location north of Malvern Hill, and all the Union troops due south of the Confederates, notably including Berdan's sharpshooters and the troops of Heintzelman, under whom Sneden served, Couch, Morell, and others.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • The Union army encampment at Hampton, Virginia Showing picket lines and Fortress Munroe [sic].

    The Union army encampment at Hampton, Virginia Showing picket...

    Shows the landmarks in the area around Union-occupied Hampton, Va., including the Poor Farm, the Female Seminary, Buckrow's house, Hickman's farm, and "Fox Hill," the home of J. Fox.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Map of the Peninsula of Virginia : showing route of McClellan's Army toward Richmond [illegible].

    Map of the Peninsula of Virginia : showing route of McClellan...

    On what appears to be a portion of a published travel map showing steamship and railroad routes out of Baltimore, Md., Sheden has indicated the route of the Union Army as it moved up the Virginia Peninsula toward Richmond.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Plan of Rebel fort (Camp Misery) on Ship Point Road - Virginia.

    Plan of Rebel fort (Camp Misery) on Ship Point Road - Virginia.

    Shows the layout of "Camp Misery" and the surrounding woods and swamp; Ship Point Road is to the south. The camp was evacuated as the Union forces began their siege of Yorktown.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Position Sunday May 3rd at 3 p.m.

    Position Sunday May 3rd at 3 p.m.

    The map depicts troops movements in the Chancellorsville area between 10 a.m. and 3 P.M. on May 3rd,1863. Union troops under generals Reynolds, Meade, Sickles and Slocum are located to the east between Chancellorsville and the Rappahannock River. Confederates troops under generals Stuart , McLaws, Rhodes and Anderson are located to the west near Dowdall's Tavern.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Plan of Andersonville Prison, Georgia 1864.

    Plan of Andersonville Prison, Georgia 1864.

    Shows dimensions, layout, outbuildings and immediate surroundings of Andersonville Prison Camp, Georgia.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • The Battle of Crampton's Gap 5 miles south of Turner's Gap, South Mountain, Md. September 14th 1862.

    The Battle of Crampton's Gap 5 miles south of Turner's Gap, S...

    A regional view of South Mountain in Frederick County, Md., showing the location of Crampton's Gap in relation to Sharpsburg, Middletown, Burkittsville, and Brownsville, Md. Illustrates the position of Confederate forces (Anderson's division commanded by Lafayette McLaws) and the Unions VI Corps, 1st and 2nd divisions during this engagement, part of the larger Antietam, or Maryland Campaign.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Chattanooga A chart of the battle between the forces of Gens. Grant and Braxton Bragg, fought Nov. 24-5 1863.

    Chattanooga A chart of the battle between the forces of Gens....

    Detail of a printed map to which Sneden has added color and arrows to highlight the lines of Union advance on Missionary Ridge (Sherman's forces from the north on the Confederate right and Hooker's from the south on the Confederate left) and the Confederate retreat toward Dalton, Ga.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1863
  • Plan of Second Battle of Bull Run Va. : position at 6 p.m. August 30th 1862.

    Plan of Second Battle of Bull Run Va. : position at 6 p.m. Au...

    Shows the area between Sudley Springs to the north and the Manassas and Gainesville Road to the south. The locations of the Warrenton Turnpike and the Manassas Gap Railroad are also indicated.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Plan of the Battle of the Wilderness, Va. : May 5th to 12th.

    Plan of the Battle of the Wilderness, Va. : May 5th to 12th.

    While labelled the Battle of the Wilderness (May 5-6), this map depicts troop locations and movements during engagements in the days immediately following as both armies met at Spotsylvania Court House (May 8-12) and Union forces under Grant made slow but steady progress moving southeast toward the James River and their ultimate goal, Richmond. This map encompasses the Rapidan River to the northeast, and ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1864
  • Battle of Malvern Hill showing Magruder's 1st attack June 30th

    Battle of Malvern Hill showing Magruder's 1st attack June 30th

    Shows the area of Malvern Hill, Henrico County, Va., where McClellan's retreating army made a final stand, effectively ending the Seven Days' Battles.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Plan of Battle of Savage's Station Va.

    Plan of Battle of Savage's Station Va.

    Depicts the locations of troops and landmarks during the Battle of Savage's Station, one of the Seven Days' Battles. Shows the area of Henrico County between the Chickahominy River and White Oak Swamp. The Richmond and York River Railroad is also indicated.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Plan of the Battle of Fredericksburg, Virginia.

    Plan of the Battle of Fredericksburg, Virginia.

    Map shows the area between the Rappahannock and Massaponax rivers including Fredericksburg and Marie's Heights. The location of Confederate troops under Longstreet and Jackson and Union troops under Burnside are indicated. Due to Burnside's slow maneuvering, the Confederates were able to use the topography to their advantage, in particular the bluffs overlooking the town and river. After sustaining heavy losses crossing the Rappahannock River, ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Defences [sic] of Vicksburg, Decr. 1862

    Defences [sic] of Vicksburg, Decr. 1862

    Map shows the area surrounding Vicksburg, Miss., including Warrenton, in December of 1862 at the time of the initial and unsuccessful Union assault, and on the eve of Grant's siege of the city. The Vicksburg & Texas and the Vicksburg & Jackson railroads are also indicated.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Plan of the Battle of Five Forks, Va., March 31st 1865 and 1st April.

    Plan of the Battle of Five Forks, Va., March 31st 1865 and 1s...

    Map shows view from Petersburg to Five Forks, Va. As part of an overall plan to force the Confederate troops out of their Petersburg trenches, on March 30, 1865, Gen. Sheridan's troops advanced on Dinwiddie Court House and Five Forks. They were met by Confederate forces under Pickett near Five Forks on March 31st. On April 1st, having heard of his opponent's heavy reinforcement ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Plan of Fort Lyon on Eagle Hill above Alexandria, Va.

    Plan of Fort Lyon on Eagle Hill above Alexandria, Va.

    Shows a detailed drawing of Union Fort Lyon located on Eagle Hill in Fairfax County, Va. This fort was the headquarters for Major General Samuel Peter Heintzelman, U.S.A.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Plan of the Battle of Dranesville Va Decr 20th 1861.

    Plan of the Battle of Dranesville Va Decr 20th 1861.

    Shows Dranesville, Fairfax County, Va., and the area to the north. The locations of the Leesburg Turnpike, Centreville Road and Chain Bridge Road are indicated.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Siege of Yorktown [Virginia].

    Siege of Yorktown [Virginia].

    Illustrates the positions of the Union and Confederate armies in York County, Va., around Yorktown, showing entrenchments and redoubts.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Plan of the Battle of Bristoe Station, Orange and Alexandria Railroad, Va., Octr. 14th 1863.

    Plan of the Battle of Bristoe Station, Orange and Alexandria ...

    Shows the area of Fairfax County, Va., which was the site of the Battle of Bristoe Station. The map is oriented with Cedar Run to the south, Bristoe to the west and indicates the route of the Orange and Alexandria Railroad. Also indicated are A. P. Hill's Corps, Army of Northern Virginia, engaging the Union's II Corps during its withdrawal toward Centreville, Va.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1863
  • New defenses erected at Centreville, Virginia

    New defenses erected at Centreville, Virginia

    Originally built by the Confederates and used for winter quarters in 1861-1862, the defenses around Centreville were also used by the Union Army to cover the retreat back to Washington after both 1st and 2nd Bull Run. When Lee began concentrating his forces around Culpeper in July 1863, and Meade, not to be outdone, moved his army to a position opposite them along the ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1863
  • The battle of Fair Oaks, Va., 2nd Day's battle, Sunday June 1st, 1862

    The battle of Fair Oaks, Va., 2nd Day's battle, Sunday June 1...

    Shows the area of Henrico County, Va., between Cold Harbor and White Oak Swamp. The Chicahominy River and the Richmond & York River Railroad are indicated.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Plan of the prison. March 1, 1864.

    Plan of the prison. March 1, 1864.

    Map shows the plan of Andersonville Prison Camp including the stockade, the town of Anderson Station on the Macon and Americus Rail Road, the locations of Confederate units serving as guards, and the headquarters of camp commandant Maj. Henry Wirz.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Map of the Potomac River, Va. : from Alexandria to below the Occoquan.

    Map of the Potomac River, Va. : from Alexandria to below the ...

    Regional map of the lower Potomac River in Virginia, including Alexandria and Fairfax Court House. The Loudoun & Hampshire Railroad is also indicated.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • The Battle [of Missionary Ridge, November 25, 1864].

    The Battle [of Missionary Ridge, November 25, 1864].

    After a day of fierce fighting "above the clouds" on November 24, the Confederates retained a tenuous hold on Lookout Mountain. In this image the focus has shifted to Missionary Ridge. Arrows show the direction of attack as the Union forces under Thomas broke through the Confederate defenses, sending Bragg's army in retreat.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Battle of Pittsburg Landing. Tennessee

    Battle of Pittsburg Landing. Tennessee

    Depicts troop positions during the Battle of Shiloh, Tenn. Shows the area of Owl Creek to the north and the location of Pittsburg Landing along the Tennessee River to the south.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Plan of the Battle of Chantilly, Va., September 1st, 1862, 5 to 10 p.m.

    Plan of the Battle of Chantilly, Va., September 1st, 1862, 5 ...

    Concerns the placement of Union and Rebel forces, including the headquarters of General Samuel P. Heintzelman, for the last scene of fighting of the Second Bull Run Campaign, June-September, 1862. Covers portions of Fairfax County, Va., including the area around Chantilly and Germantown.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1870
  • Map of Roanoke Island showing Rebel forts.

    Map of Roanoke Island showing Rebel forts.

    Shows the area surrounding Roanoke Island, N.C., including Croatan, Roanoke and Pamlico sounds, and the locations of Confederate forces on the eve of the Battle of Roanoke Island in February 1862.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Vicksburg Missp. and the Rebel batteries 1863.

    Vicksburg Missp. and the Rebel batteries 1863.

    Shows the western theater of the war, focusing on Vicksburg. The Vicksburg & Jackson, and Vicksburg & Texas railroads are indicated.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1863
  • Plan of battle of Salem Church near Bank's Ford, Virginia : May 3rd & 4th 1863.

    Plan of battle of Salem Church near Bank's Ford, Virginia : M...

    As part of a series depicting the Chancellorsville Campgain, this map gives details of the area around Salem Church, where Union Gen. Sedgwick's forces, en route from Fredericksburg to reinforce Hooker near Chancellorsville, met Confederate opposition under Wilcox. Lee's quick assessment of the potential of the situation led him to redeploy his forces in the hope of destroying Sedgwick's corps. While prevented from joining ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1863
  • Official map of the lower Potomac River picket lines Jany 1862.

    Official map of the lower Potomac River picket lines Jany 1862.

    Shows area of Fairfax County, Va., between Pohick Church and Accotink to the north and Colchester to the south.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Map showing positions of Union and Rebel forces Septr 1861.

    Map showing positions of Union and Rebel forces Septr 1861.

    Depicts the area between Lewinsville, in Fairfax County, and Georgetown in the north, and Alexandria in the south. The location of the Loudoun and Hampshire Railroad is also indicated.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Plan of the Rebel position at Howard's Bridge, April 4th 1862.

    Plan of the Rebel position at Howard's Bridge, April 4th 1862.

    The map shows the area of the lower peninsula around Howard's Bridge, including the Confederate works on the north side of the Poquosin River.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Union and Rebel works Yorktown, Va. [1862]

    Union and Rebel works Yorktown, Va. [1862]

    Shows the York River from Gloucester Point to south of Wormsley Creek. Yorktown appears at top of image, with remaining detail showing interior of the Peninsula. Woods, creeks, fields, roads, houses and other points of reference are included. Also indicates location of the British Army's surrender after the Revolutionary War Battle of Yorktown in 1781.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • The Battle of Antietam, Septr. 16th-17th, 1862.

    The Battle of Antietam, Septr. 16th-17th, 1862.

    In this detail from a printed map, Sneden shows the movement of the Lee's Confederate line at the battle of Antietam. On September 16 the Confederates are shown east of Sharpsburg. On September 17, after a day of intense fighting, the Confederates have pulled back slightly to just outside the town of Sharpsburg. On September 18 they are shown moving toward Shepherdstown, W. Va.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Siege of Port Hudson

    Siege of Port Hudson

    The map shows the Union troops on land and water surrounding Confederate fortifications at Port Hudson, La., on the Mississippi River, approximately 25 miles north of Baton Rouge. The Union XIX Corps under Gen. Banks had its first engagement May 26th on the Bayou Sara Road, and laid siege to the fort on May 27th. Confederate Gen. Franklin Gardner surrendered Port Hudson on July ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Genl. Thomas' new position 20th Septr. 3 p.m.

    Genl. Thomas' new position 20th Septr. 3 p.m.

    Map shows location of Union and Confederate troops between Missionary Ridge and West Chickamauga Creek. After Confederates succeeded in breaking through the Union lines, the bulk of the Union forces retreated toward Chattanooga. Union Gen. George H. Thomas and his men held onto a tenuous position on Snodgrass Hill and repulsed assault after assault.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Genl. Q. A. Gillmore's line of earthworks in front of Fort Wagner, Morris Island, S.C., July 1863

    Genl. Q. A. Gillmore's line of earthworks in front of Fort Wa...

    Map depicts the siege of Fort Wagner, Morris Island, Charleston Harbor, S.C. Details include the locations of swamps, marshes, and sand ridges, and the elaborate earthworks and trenches constructed by Union troops under Gen. Q. A. Gillmore as they prepared to lay siege to the fort.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • [Map of Mosby's route through Virginia and North Carolina].

    [Map of Mosby's route through Virginia and North Carolina].

    This printed map of Virginia and North Carolina includes annotations by Sneden showing the route taken by Mosby's troops and their prisoners (Sneden among them) from Culpeper, Va., to Charlotte, N.C.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • [Map of South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, and Tennessee.]

    [Map of South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, and Tennessee.]

    Shows the southern border of South Carolina, northern border of Georgia, and eastern borders of Alabama and Tennessee, with railroads, towns, forts, prisons, landforms, and waterways.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • The Battle of South Mountain Md. showing positions at Fox's and Turner's Gaps, Sept. 14th 1862.

    The Battle of South Mountain Md. showing positions at Fox's a...

    This very detailed map shows South Mountain, Turner's and Fox's gaps, and their relationships to Boonsboro and Frost town, Md. The locations of roads and buildings, many identified by owner, are included.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • 2nd attack on Fort McAllister on the Ogeechee River, Georgia

    2nd attack on Fort McAllister on the Ogeechee River, Georgia

    Also shown is the result of an attack by Union Gen. William B. Hazen's 2nd Division, 15th Corps, 1864 December 13, which succeeded in taking the garrison. Shows a portion of Big Ogeechee River and indicates the location of Confederate Fort McAllister. On March 3, 1863 Union gunboats and ironclads attacked the fort in order to test the effectiveness of their new monitors, which ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1863
  • The March from Hampton to before Yorktown, Va., April 1862. Map showing route of 3rd Army Corps. A.P. from Howard's Bridge to the sawmill, April 5 and 6th, 1862.

    The March from Hampton to before Yorktown, Va., April 1862. M...

    Illustrates a portion of Isle of Wight County, Va., showing headquarters camps of the various generals of the U.S. Army of the Potomac in the Peninsula Campaign, March-July 1862.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1870
  • Plan of the battle of Fredericksburg, Virginia : fought Decr. 13th 1862.

    Plan of the battle of Fredericksburg, Virginia : fought Decr....

    Map shows the area surrounding Fredericksburg during the first battle, December 12-13 1862. Due to Burnside's slow maneuvering, Lee was able to take advantage of the terrain in disbursing his troops. After heavy losses crossing the Rappahannock River, Burnside decided against renewed attacks and withdrew on the 15th of December.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Position of both armies, August 30th - 4 to 5 p.m.

    Position of both armies, August 30th - 4 to 5 p.m.

    Shows the area between Bull Run and the Sudley Road in Prince William County, Va., just before the Federal army retreat.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Vicinity of Winchester and Harper's Ferry, Va.

    Vicinity of Winchester and Harper's Ferry, Va.

    Detail of a printed map of Winchester, Va., and environs, with annotations and additions by Sneden. Additions include inclusion of roads, notes about and dates of battles and skirmishes, location of the point where the Confederate army recrossed the Potomac River following the Battle of Gettysburg, and note that the town of Winchester changed hands [46] times during the war.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Plan of Fort Magruder, Battlefield of Williamsburg, Virginia. Sketched the day after the battle 6th May 1862.

    Plan of Fort Magruder, Battlefield of Williamsburg, Virginia....

    Shows the area surrounding Confederate Fort Magruder just south of in Williamsburg, Va. Details include the network of ravines and slashed trees extending the width of the Peninsula used by the Confederate Army as part of its defenses.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Plan of the battle of Mill Spring or Logan's Cross Roads : fought January 19th, 1862.

    Plan of the battle of Mill Spring or Logan's Cross Roads : fo...

    NOTE: Researchers will be served a color photocopy of this diary page. This item is from the collections of the Virginia Historical Society; please contact the institution for more information. Available also through the Library of Congress web site as a raster image. Robert Knox Sneden scrapbook (Mss5:7 Sn237:1), Virginia Historical Society. In the Robert Knox Sneden diary, 1861-1865 (v. 1, p. 361).

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • [Map of the lower Potomac River showing picket lines, January 1862]

    [Map of the lower Potomac River showing picket lines, January...

    Concerns Union and Confederate pickets positioned north and south around Pohick Church and Accotink in Fairfax County, Va., in January 1862. Includes a balloon pictured near Pohick Church and labelled as "Decr. 1861," but as noted in Sneden's diary text on pp. 374-376, he indicates that Professor Thaddeus S. C. Lowe also was using the surveillance hot-air balloons in the same area in January ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Plan of position of the 12th Corps and part of the 3rd Corps, covering the ground in front of Chancellorsville during May 2nd and 3rd 1863.

    Plan of position of the 12th Corps and part of the 3rd Corps,...

    Shows the locations of the U.S. Army of the Potomac's XII Corps (under Slocum) and III Corps (under Sickles) during Hooker's campaign to circumvent Lee's defenses at Fredericksburg by circling to the west and attacking his flank. Splitting his army, Lee left half to face Union forces at Fredericksburg and moved half to confront Hooker at the Wilderness, an area of dense second-growth forest ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1863
  • Map of Popes [sic] campaign in northern Virginia, August 1862.

    Map of Popes [sic] campaign in northern Virginia, August 1862.

    Shows the line of march of the Confederate Army and of the Union Army of Virginia as commanded by John Pope during the 2nd Bull Run Campaign, June-September 1862.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1870
  • Plan of 2nd battle of Bull Run, Va. : Shewing movements of troops from 27 Aug. to Sept. 1.

    Plan of 2nd battle of Bull Run, Va. : Shewing movements of tr...

    Shows the movement of troops in a three county area extending from Warrenton, Va., in Fauquier County through Manassas, Va., in Prince William County, ending to the east around Centreville and Fairfax, Va., in Fairfax County, during the Second Battle of Manassas or Bull Run.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Plan of the Battle of Savage's Station Va. Fought June 29th 1862.

    Plan of the Battle of Savage's Station Va. Fought June 29th 1...

    Shows the area of Henrico County, Va., that includes Savage's Farm to the north and the Williamsburg Stage Road to the south. The Richmond and York River Railroad is also indicated. The Battle of Savage's Station was one of the Seven Days' Battles.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Atlanta, Georgia and its rebel defences [sic]

    Atlanta, Georgia and its rebel defences [sic]

    Map shows a detailed layout of the city of Atlanta, Ga., including the batteries and earthworks in the surrounding area. The Western Atlanta and the Macon & Western Railroad are also indicated. The map depicts the situation in the city as of 1 September 1864; the city fell to Sherman's army on the 8th.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Plan of the Second Battle of Bull Run, Va. Showing position of both armies at 6 p.m. 29th august 1862.

    Plan of the Second Battle of Bull Run, Va. Showing position o...

    Below map: "Copy of map made for Maj. Genl. S.P. Heintzelman, 3rd Army Corps, AP, by R.K. Sneden, Topo. Engr." Lower left corner: "Copy of official map by U.S. Engineers of Genl. Pope, USA." NOTE: Researchers will be served a color photocopy of this scrapbook image. Original scrapbook housed in the Museum Department of the Virginia Historical Society (1994.80.4-525) with restricted access.=500 \\ This ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1870
  • Plan of the Rebel prison pen at Savannah Georgia, Lt. S. R. Davis, C.S.A., Commandant, Sept. 1864.

    Plan of the Rebel prison pen at Savannah Georgia, Lt. S. R. D...

    Detailed drawing of a Confederate prison camp in Savannah, Ga.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Fredericksburg to Petersburg, Va.

    Fredericksburg to Petersburg, Va.

    The purpose of this map is uncertain; it may have been to identify the rail lines within the corridor between Fredericksburg and Petersburg. Included (as phrased by Sneden) are the Richmond and Danville Railroad, Lynchburg Railroad, Norfolk and Petersburg Railroad, Virginia Central Railroad, and the Richmond Fredericksburg (Railroad). A few key events in the entire war are indicated such as the surrender of Lee ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • The attack on Harper's Ferry Va., by Jackson, September 14th and 15th, 1862

    The attack on Harper's Ferry Va., by Jackson, September 14th ...

    Shows the area of convergence of the Potomac and Shenandoah rivers that marks the border of Maryland, Virginia, and West Virginia. Details include the location of Union forces in the town of Harper's Ferry and Confederate forces on Maryland Heights across the Potomac.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Map showing the Chicahominy [sic] and James rivers and from Richmond to Harrison's Landing, Va.

    Map showing the Chicahominy [sic] and James rivers and from R...

    Shows the terrain over which the Peninsula Campaign was waged during March-June 1862.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1870
  • Plan of the Battle of Winchester, Va. Fought September 19th, 1864.

    Plan of the Battle of Winchester, Va. Fought September 19th, ...

    Detail of Winchester, Va., and environs includes roads, railroads, creeks, mills, fords, and the locations of the Confederate Signal Station, "Millroy's Forts," Milltown, Kernstown, Stephenson's Depot, and Greenwood Church. The Confederate line, with Early commanding, is in front of Winchester. Union forces under Gen. Sheridan are shown east of the town, while the Union cavalry is located to the north at Stephenson's Depot. The ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1864
  • The Mud march ... shewing [sic] movement on Bank's Ford Jany. 19th 1863 by Hooker, Franklin & Sumner.

    The Mud march ... shewing [sic] movement on Bank's Ford Jany....

    In mid-January 1863, Union General Burnside ordered his exhausted troops to recross the Rappahannock River above R. E. Lee's left flank. A heavy rain fell as the army began to move and the road soon became a quagmire. Wagons and artillery sank; men and horses floundered. In the end the effort had to be abandoned, much to the disappointment of the amused Confederates who ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Plan of Kettle Run and Bristoe Station August 27 1862.

    Plan of Kettle Run and Bristoe Station August 27 1862.

    Shows the area between Greenwich, Va., to the north and Cedar Run to the south two days prior to the beginning of the 2nd Battle of Bull Run. The location of the Orange and Alexandria Railroad is also indicated.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Map of operations at Bermuda Hundred and Drewry's Bluff, Virginia, 10th May 1864.

    Map of operations at Bermuda Hundred and Drewry's Bluff, Virg...

    In this map Sneden attempts to show several engagements that took place between Butler's Army of the James and Beauregard's Confederates, May 6th through May 13th, 1864. He includes Port Walthall Junction, where Union forces first engaged Beauregard's Confederates; the Confederate defense of Fort Darling at Drewry's Bluff; and the Union entrenchments astride the Appomattox River at Bermuda Hundred and City Point, where they ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Battle of Chantilly Va.

    Battle of Chantilly Va.

    Shows the area between Chantilly to the north and Bull Run to the south where Pope massed his troops prior to their retreat back to Washington. The location of Centreville and Fairfax Station are also indicated.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Map of Charleston Harbor showing Union and Rebel Batteries &c. Septr. 1863.

    Map of Charleston Harbor showing Union and Rebel Batteries &c...

    Map shows the location of Union and Confederate fortifications on James, Sullivan, Block and Morris islands at the entrance to Charleston Harbor, S.C. In July 1863, Union generals Gillmore and Dahlgren hoped to take Fort Wagner, on Morris Island in Charleston Harbor, in order to gain a vantage point from which to launch an attack on the city of Charleston. Strongly defended by the ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Plan of the Battle of Honey Hill, South Carolina, November 30th, 1864.

    Plan of the Battle of Honey Hill, South Carolina, November 30...

    Map shows the Confederate earthworks, as well as the location of Union forces at Honey Hill near Grahamville, in Jasper County, S.C. Sherman sent 5,500 Union troops under J.G. Foster inland to secure a foothold on the Charleston and Savannah Railroad. They were met by 1,400 Confederates, heavily entrenched, and forced to withdraw.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • The Rebel defences of Charleston Harbor S.C., August 1863

    The Rebel defences of Charleston Harbor S.C., August 1863

    Map shows Charleston, S.C., the Confederate forts, the Union works surrounding Fort Wagner and the position of the Union monitor fleet in the harbor off of the coast. This view shows the Union attacks on Confederate fortifications lining the harbor, and on the city itself. The locations of artillery batteries and their ranges and targets are indicated.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Position of Union and Rebel armies near Chancellorsville May 4th 1863

    Position of Union and Rebel armies near Chancellorsville May ...

    Map shows the location of troops in the area surrounding Chancellorsville, Va. The main focus of the map is the troops under Union General Hooker located to the north along the Rapidan River as well as the Confederates under Lee and Stuart to the south and west.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • The Rebel defences [sic] of Savannah, Georgia, 1864

    The Rebel defences [sic] of Savannah, Georgia, 1864

    Printed map of Savannah, Ga., and environs indicating rivers and creeks, swamps and marshes, cultivated and flooded fields, and names of selected landowners. Annotations by Sneden highlight the positions of Union and Confederate forces and show the direction of Confederate General Hardee's retreat on the night of December 20th, 1864.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Map of the lines at Yorktown, Virginia, April 1862.

    Map of the lines at Yorktown, Virginia, April 1862.

    Shows the vicinity around Yorktown, Va., including Warwick Court House, the Warwick River, and Wormsley Creek as siege lines were drawn by McClellan's Union troops and Magruder's Confederate forces.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Plan of attack on Marie's Heights, Fredericksburg Va. By Maj. Genl. John Sedgwick, USA, with the 6th Army Corps. Sunday May 3rd 1863.

    Plan of attack on Marie's Heights, Fredericksburg Va. By Maj....

    Area depicted includes the Rappahannock River to the northeast, Taylor Hill to the northwest and Deep Run to the south. The Fredericksburg & Potomac Railroad is also indicated. As part of Gen. Hooker's plan to drive the Confederate Army back toward Richmond, Gen. Sedgwick was to undertake a diversionary attack across the Rappahannock River toward the Confederate entrenchments above Fredericksburg. On May 3rd, having ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1863
  • Plan of the Battle of Ball's Bluff Va. Fought October 21st 1861.

    Plan of the Battle of Ball's Bluff Va. Fought October 21st 1861.

    Shows the Potomac River in the area of Loudoun County, Va., and Montgomery County, Md., where Union troops under Col. Edward D. Baker faced Confederate troops commanded by Evans. What was meant to be a "a slight demonstration" against the Confederate forces guarding the fords quickly became a rout. Col. Baker was one of the casualties.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Position of Union and Rebel armies at Fredericksburg, Decr. 1st 1862

    Position of Union and Rebel armies at Fredericksburg, Decr. 1...

    Map shows the area surrounding Fredericksburg, Va., including Spotsylvania Courthouse, Chancellorsville and Falmouth, during the Fredericksburg Campaign. This image shows the situation several days before the battle of Fredericksburg, on December 13th, during which Burnside ordered several futile attacks against Lee's forces. After losing over 12,000 men, the Federal forces withdrew on December 15th.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Map of Hampton to Howard's Bridge, Virginia.

    Map of Hampton to Howard's Bridge, Virginia.

    The area depicted includes the York River to the north, the James River to the south and the Hampton/Five Points area to the east.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Andersonville Prison

    Andersonville Prison

    Detailed plan of Andersonville Prison Camp, showing Sweetwater Lick to the north, and the Southwestern & Enfaula Railroad to the east. Shows the main forts, stockade and cemetery.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Position at Chancellorsville at 8 a.m. May 3rd 1863

    Position at Chancellorsville at 8 a.m. May 3rd 1863

    Shows the immediate area surrounding the town of Chancellorsville and the location of Union General Hooker's headquarters.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Skirmish at Auburn, Va., Oct. 14th, 1863

    Skirmish at Auburn, Va., Oct. 14th, 1863

    Map shows route of Union army (32nd and 38th New York Infantry Regiments, 10th Massachusetts Infantry and others) along the road from Bristoe Station to Warrenton, Va., when the column was attacked by part of A.P. Hill's forces. Shows road lined by stone walls as it crosses Cedar Creek, passes the McCormack farm house, and turns north toward Greenwich.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Union army's march on Gettysburg from Frederick, Md.

    Union army's march on Gettysburg from Frederick, Md.

    Regional view shows paths taken by different segments of the Union army on a march from Frederick, Md., to Gettysburg, Pa., as well as the location of the Confederate army units in the vicinity. The Union troops were under the commands of Reynolds, Howard, Sickles, Slocum, Hancock, Sykes and Gregg.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • The Union position before Yorktown, Va., 18th April 1862

    The Union position before Yorktown, Va., 18th April 1862

    A regional view of Yorktown, Va., and vicinity, with Yorktown and Gloucester Point on opposite sides of the York River and indicating where the Warwick River feeds into the James, and also the Poquoson River as it branches off from the York below Yorktown. The headquarters of Gen. John Sedgwick's VI Corps is shown at Warwick Court House.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Plan of the First Battle of Bull Run, Virginia. July 21st 1861.

    Plan of the First Battle of Bull Run, Virginia. July 21st 1861.

    Map shows the area surrounding Bull Run including Centreville and New Market, Va.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Sketch of the lines at Yorktown Virginia April 30th 1862.

    Sketch of the lines at Yorktown Virginia April 30th 1862.

    Shows an area that includes Gloucester Point on the north/east side of the York River, Yorktown on the south/west side of the river, and Wormsley Creek to the south of Yorktown as the Union forces finalized preparations to begin the siege of Yorktown.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • The Rebel defences [sic] of Savannah, Georgia, Nov. 1864.

    The Rebel defences [sic] of Savannah, Georgia, Nov. 1864.

    Includes Confederate fortifications and batteries in and around Savannah, Ga., during Sherman's March to the Sea, also referred to as the Savannah Campaign of 15 November to 21 December 1864. Sneden includes Argyle Island in the Savannah River, past the city to Fort Pulaski on Cockspur Island, and Big and Little Tybee islands, where Union forces were located in November 1864.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Rebel defences [sic] of Charleston Harbor, S.C., December 11th, 18[64]

    Rebel defences [sic] of Charleston Harbor, S.C., December 11t...

    Outlines the harbor of Charleston, S.C., beginning with the convergence of the Ashley and Cooper rivers and continuing to the Atlantic Ocean. Sneden traveled through the harbor on a Confederate steamer on December 11 headed for exchange and gives in this map a detailed picture of the many Confederate forts and batteries along the harbor as well as all types of vessels, especially noting ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Plan of Camp Lawton, or the rebel prison near Millen, Georgia ... November 1864.

    Plan of Camp Lawton, or the rebel prison near Millen, Georgia...

    Illustrates the fort and its defenses of abatis and rifle pits, the guard camp made of log houses, hospital and surgeon's quarters, commissary, quartermaster, officers' quarters, and prison stockade containing shanties, tents, cooking ovens, and sutler's quarters.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1864
  • The Battlefield of Williamsburg, Va. : fought 5th May 1862.

    The Battlefield of Williamsburg, Va. : fought 5th May 1862.

    Concerns the Battle of Williamsburg, Va., which was part of the Peninsula Campaign, March-June 1862.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1870
  • Battle of Shiloh or Pittsburg Landing, Tennessee

    Battle of Shiloh or Pittsburg Landing, Tennessee

    In this copy of an official map, Sneden gives a regional view of the area around Shiloh, Tenn.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Plan of the 1st Battle of Bull Run Virginia 21st July 1861. Topography from U.S. Engineers official map.

    Plan of the 1st Battle of Bull Run Virginia 21st July 1861. T...

    Shows the area between Sudley Springs and Centreville to the north and New Market to the south. The location of the Warrenton Turnpike is also included.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Plan of the battle of Glendale and White Oak Swamp, Virginia, also known as Frazier's Farm and Charles City Crossroads, fought June 30th, 1862, 10 a.m. to 5 p.m.

    Plan of the battle of Glendale and White Oak Swamp, Virginia,...

    Concerns the Battle of Frazier's Farm, Henrico County, Va., 30 June 1862, variously known as the Battle of Glendale and the Battle of White Oak Swamp. Considered one of the Seven Days' Battles, 26 June-1 July 1862. Map indicates Union and Rebel brigades with lines of cavalry and artillery and shows homes of local residents, churches, and locations of livestock.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1870
  • Route from Manassas to Centreville, August 28th to 31st.

    Route from Manassas to Centreville, August 28th to 31st.

    Depicts the path General Samuel Heintzelman took during August 23rd to 31st from Manassas Junction in Prince William County, Va., traveling toward Centreville in Fairfax County, Va., directly before and during the Second Battle of Manassas or Bull Run.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Chancellorsville, May 2, 1863, showing Stonewall Jackson's great flank movement

    Chancellorsville, May 2, 1863, showing Stonewall Jackson's gr...

    This detail from a printed map shows the area around Chancellorsville, Va., including Wilderness Church to the west, the Rapidan River to the north, and the Plank Road to the south. Also indicated is the route taken by Stonewall Jackson's corps to Wilderness Tavern and the direction of their attack on the Union's exposed flank.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1863
  • Second Battle of Bull Run sunset 5 p.m. Aug 30 1862.

    Second Battle of Bull Run sunset 5 p.m. Aug 30 1862.

    Shows the area between Bull Run to the north and the Manassas and Gainesville Road to the south. The location of Warrenton Turnpike and the Manassas Gap Railroad are also indicated.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Map showing retreat of Union Army 13th and 14th Oct. 1863 from Culpeper to Warrenton Junction.

    Map showing retreat of Union Army 13th and 14th Oct. 1863 fro...

    Map shows an area of central Virginia bordered by Gainesville to the north, Orange Court House to the south, Luray Gap to the west, and Bristoe to the east. With Lee's Army of Northern Virginia on the offensive, it's target Manassas and Washington, Union Gen. Meade had no choice but to pull back to protect the Federal capital.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • Map of the siege and investment of Savannah, Georgia, 5th to 20th Decr. 1864.

    Map of the siege and investment of Savannah, Georgia, 5th to ...

    Map shows the location of Union forces near the Ogeechee River outside of the Confederate held city of Savannah, Ga. The map also depicts the location of the Union fleet on the Savannah River and in the Atlantic Ocean. Details of the terrain show how a direct assault would have been difficult.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1861
  • The Battle of Malvern Hill, Virginia

    The Battle of Malvern Hill, Virginia

    Shows the area of eastern Henrico County, Va., where the battle of Malvern Hill was fought. The landscape gave the Union forces a strong natural position from which to fend off the Confederate attack.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Plan of the Battle of Fredericksburg.

    Plan of the Battle of Fredericksburg.

    Map is oriented with the Rappahannock River to the top (actually, north/northeast) and the Massaponax River [now Creek] to the right (actually, south). Shows the field of action for the first Battle of Fredericksburg, December 12-13, 1862.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862
  • Map showing position of Union Army at Pittsburg Landing before and after the battle 6th and 7th April 1862.

    Map showing position of Union Army at Pittsburg Landing befor...

    Depicts troop positions during the Battle of Shiloh, Tenn. Shows the area of Owl Creek to the north and the location of Pittsburg Landing, along the Tennessee River, to the south.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Original Format: Maps
    • Date: 1862