Library of Congress >> MARC >> Authority >> Names and Terms  >> X30

X30 - Uniform Titles-General Information


MARC 21 Authority
October 2014

"Full" documentation refers to the MARC 21 Format for Authority Data that contains detailed descriptions of every data element, along with examples, input conventions and history sections.

"Concise" documentation refers to the MARC 21 Format for Authority Data that contains abridged descriptions of every data element, along with examples.


First Indicator Second Indicator
Undefined
# - Undefined

130/430/530 - Nonfiling characters
0 - No nonfiling characters
1-9 - Number of nonfiling characters

730 - Thesaurus
0 - Library of Congress Subject Headings
1 - LC subject headings for children's literature
2 - Medical Subject Headings
3 - National Agricultural Library subject authority file
4 - Source not specified
5 - Canadian Subject Headings
6 - Répertoire de vedettes-matière
7 - Source specified in subfield $2



Subfield Codes

Title portion

  • $a - Uniform title (NR)
  • $d - Date of treaty signing (R)
  • $f - Date of a work (NR)
  • $g - Miscellaneous information (R)
  • $h - Medium (NR)
  • $k - Form subheading (R)
  • $l - Language of a work (NR)
  • $m - Medium of performance for music (R)
  • $n - Numbering (R)
  • $o - Arranged statement for music (NR)
  • $p - Name of part/section of a work (R)
  • $r - Key for music (NR)
  • $s - Version (NR)
  • $t - Title of a work (NR)

Tracing and linking subfields

  • $i - Relationship information (R)   [430/530/730]
  • $w - Control subfield (NR)   [430/530/730]
  • $0 - Authority record control number or standard number (R)   [530/730]
  • $2 - Source of heading or term (NR)   [730]
  • $4 - Relationship code (R)   [430/530/730]
  • $5 - Institution to which field applies (R)   [430/530/730]
  • $6 - Linkage (NR)
  • $8 - Field link and sequence number (R)

Subject subdivision portion

  • $v - Form subdivision (R)
  • $x - General subdivision (R)
  • $y - Chronological subdivision (R)
  • $z - Geographic subdivision (R)


GUIDELINES FOR APPLYING CONTENT DESIGNATORS

Content designators identify the subelements occurring in a title that identifies an item or a series that is not entered under a name in a name/title heading. The title is constructed according to generally accepted cataloging and thesaurus-building rules (e.g., Anglo-American Cataloguing Rules (AACR 2), Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH)). Uniform titles used in phrase subject headings (e.g., Bible and atheism) are contained in the X50 fields. A title entered under a name is contained in subfield $t (Title of a work) in the field appropriate for the author's name (X00, X10, X11).

Only generally-applicable content designators are described in full in this section. A small number of content designators with field-specific instructions are described in the Tracings and References-General Information section (for field 430 and 530) and the 7XX Heading Linking Entries-General Information section (for field 730).

INDICATORS

First Indicator - Undefined

Undefined and contains a blank (#).

Second Indicator - Nonfiling characters   [130/430/530]

In field 130, 430, and 530, the second indicator position contains a value that specifies the number of character positions associated with a definite or indefinite article (e.g., Le, An) at the beginning of a uniform title heading that are disregarded in sorting and filing processes.

0 - No nonfiling characters

No initial article character positions are disregarded. Diacritical marks or special characters at the beginning of a uniform title heading that does not begin with an initial article are not counted as nonfiling characters.

130 #0$a"Hsüan lai hsi kan" hsi lieh
130 #0$aElektroshlakovyi pereplav

Initial definite or indefinite articles may also simply be deleted in the formulation of the uniform title heading. If the initial article is retained but is not to be disregarded in sorting and filing processes, value 0 is used.

130 #0$aBastard
[Full title is Der Bastard.]
1-9 - Number of nonfiling characters

Title begins with a definite or indefinite article that is disregarded in sorting and filing processes. Any diacritical mark, space or mark of punctuation associated with the article and any space or mark of punctuation preceding the first filing character after the article is included in the count of nonfiling characters. Any diacritic, however, associated with the first filing character is not included in the count of nonfiling characters. Because the omission of initial articles to be disregarded in sorting and filing processes is common practice, values 1-9 are unlikely to be used in field 130, 430, and 530.

Second Indicator

In field 730, the second indicator position contains one of the values described in the 7XX Heading Linking Entries-General Information section.

SUBFIELD CODES

$a - Uniform title

Parenthetical information added to make a title distinctive is not separately subfield coded except in the case of the date of signing added to a uniform title of a treaty (see description of subfield $d).

130 #0$aHabakkuk commentary
130 #0$aBeowulf
130 #0$aCodex Brucianus
130 #0$aResources information series
130 #0$aImago (Series)
130 #0$aRecherches (Sand (Firm))
130 #0$aSocialist thought and practice (Belgrade, Serbia)
130 #0$aEconomia (Franco Angeli editore : 1985)
130 #0$aNotícias de Macau
130 #0$aInter-American Treaty of Reciprocal Assistance$d(1947)
[Parenthetical date of treaty signing is contained in subfield $d.]

$d - Date of treaty signing

Date of signing used in a uniform title heading for a treaty or other intergovernmental agreement.

130 #0$aBonn Convention$d(1952)
430 #0$aBonner Vertrag$d(1952)

$f - Date of a work

Date of publication used in a uniform title heading.

130 #0$aBible.$lLatin.$sVulgate.$f1454?
130 #0$aTosefta.$lEnglish.$f1977

Date added parenthetically to distinguish between identical uniform titles is not separately subfield coded.

130 #0$aNew-York statesman (1823)

$g - Miscellaneous information

Data element used in a uniform title heading that is not more appropriately contained in another defined subfield.

430 #0$wnnaa$aBible.$gManuscripts, Latin.$pN.T.$pGospels (Lindisfarne gospels)

$h - Medium

Media qualifier used in a uniform title heading.

130 #0$aGone with the wind (Motion picture).$hSound recording

$i - Relationship information   [430/530/730]

Designation of a relationship of the entity in a 430, 530, or 730 field to the 1XX entity in the record or a textual reference instruction phrase. For fields 430 and 530 the phrase may be system-generated from the field tag or from the codes defined for subfield $w (Control subfield). Subfield $i is appropriate only in fields 430, 530, and 730. Guidelines for using subfield $i in fields 430 and 530 are provided in the Tracings and References-General Information section. Guidelines for using subfield $i in field 730 are provided in the 7XX Heading Linking Entries-General Information section.

$k - Form subheading

Form subheadings used with uniform titles include Manuscript, Protocols, etc., and Selections.

130 #0$aBible.$pO.T.$pFive Scrolls.$lHebrew.$sBiblioteca apostolica Vaticana.$kManuscript.$nUrbaniti Hebraicus 1
130 #0$aConvention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms$d(1950).$kProtocols, etc.
130 #0$aPortrait and biographical album of Isabella County, Mich.$kSelections
130 #0$aVedas.$pRgveda.$lItalian & Sanskrit.$kSelections

$l - Language of a work

Name of the language(s) (or a term representing the language, e.g., Polyglot) of a work used in a uniform title heading.

130 #0$aKhimiíà i tekhnologiíà vody.$lEnglish
130 #0$aLord's prayer.$lPolyglot
130 #0$aTreaty on the Non-proliferation of Nuclear Weapons$d(1968).$lSpanish
130 #0$aAvesta.$pVendidad.$lPahlavi & Avestan.$kSelections

$m - Medium of performance for music

Term(s) designating the medium of performance used in a uniform title heading. If the uniform title includes as part of the medium the abbreviation “acc.” or “unacc.,” the abbreviation is recorded in subfield $m. The abbreviation, “unacc.” is recorded in subfield $a when it is not an addition to a statement of medium. When a phrase such as “pianos (2),” “4 hands,” etc., follows a collective uniform title for a specific medium of performance, it is included in subfield $a.

130 #0$aDuets,$mviolin, viola,$nop. 10. D major$nNo. 3
[Uniform title heading used for a work of unknown authorship.]
130 #0$aSongs, unacc.

$n - Numbering

Number designation for a part/section of a work used in a uniform title heading. Numbering is defined as an indication of sequencing in any form (e.g., Part 1, Supplement A, Book two). In addition, in music uniform titles, the serial, opus, or thematic index number, or a date used to distinguish one work from another, is contained in subfield $n.

130 #0$aEnglish lute-songs.$nSeries 1
130 #0$aBulletin.$nSeries B (Association of Washington Cities)
130 #0$aAnnale Universiteit van Stellenbosch.$nSerie A2,$pSoölogie
[Part/section is both numbered and named.]
130 #0$aOperas français du XIXème siècle.$nSerie A
130 #0$aDuets,$mviolin, viola,$nop. 10

Multiple numberings separated by a comma (usually alternative numberings) are contained in a single subfield $n. Multiple numberings separated by a period (which usually indicates a subpart to the first part/section noted) are contained in separate $n subfields.

$o - Arranged statement for music

Abbreviation arr. used in a uniform title heading.

130 #0$aGod save the king;$oarr.

$p - Name of part/section of a work

Name designation of a part/section used in a uniform title heading.

130 #0$aQuestões internacionais.$pSérie Estudos
130 #0$aRecherches morales.$pDocuments
130 #0$aTalmud Yerushalmi.$pNezikin.$lGerman.$kSelections
130 #0$aStatistical bulletin (Bamako, Mali).$pSupplement
130 #0$aAmerican Convention on Human Rights$d(1969).$nPart 2,$pMeans of Protection.$lSpanish
[Part/section is both numbered and named.]

Named part that indicates a subpart to the first noted part/section is contained in a separate subfield $p.

130 #0$aBiblioteca Francisco Javier Clavijero.$pSerie menor.$pColección Fuentes para el estudio de la historia del movimiento obrero mexicano
130 #0$aBible.$pN.T.$pPhilippians.$lEnglish.$sRevised Standard.$f1980
430 #0$aBible.$pN.T.$pMatthew VI, 9-13

$r - Key for music

Statement of key in which music is written used in a uniform title heading.

130 #0$aConcerto,$mviolin, string orchestra,$rD major

$s - Version

Version, edition, etc., information used in a uniform title heading.

130 #0$aBible.$lEnglish.$sAuthorized
130 #0$aBible.$pN.T.$pLuke.$lGreek.$sCodex Sinaiticus

$t - Title of a work

Title page title of a work. Subfield $t is unlikely to be used in an X30 field.

$v - Form subdivision

Form subdivision that designates a specific kind or genre of material as defined by the thesaurus being used. Subfield $v is appropriate only when a form subject subdivision is added to a uniform title heading to form an extended subject heading. Subfield $v is used for form terms when they function as indicated above; the terms are coded in subfield $x if they function as general subdivisions.

130 #0$aGawain and the Grene Knight$vBibliography
130 #0$aNew York times (New York, N.Y. : 1857)$vIndexes
130 #0$aBeowulf$xLanguage$vGlossaries, etc.
130 #0$aBible.$pN.T.$vInterlinear translations

$w - Control subfield   [430/530/730]

Codes in one or more character positions defined to control the display of information and specify relationships, restrictions, and status. Subfield $w is appropriate only in field 430, 530, and 730. Character position definitions and guidelines for applying the codes defined for subfield $w in field 430 and 530 are provided in the Tracings and References-General Information section. Character position definitions and guidelines for field 730 are provided in the 7XX Heading Linking Entries-General Information section.

$x - General subdivision

Subject subdivision that is not more appropriately contained in subfield $v (Form subdivision), subfield $y (Chronological subdivision), or subfield $z (Geographic subdivision). Subfield $x is appropriate in the X30 fields only when a topical subject subdivision is added to a uniform title heading to form an extended subject heading.

130 #0$aTalmud$xTheology
130 #0$aHildebrandslied$xAuthorship
130 #0$aBible.$xInfluence$xWestern civilization

$y - Chronological subdivision

Subject subdivision that represents a period of time. Subfield $y is appropriate in the X30 fields only when a chronological subject subdivision is added to a uniform title heading to form an extended subject heading.

130 #0$aKoran$xCriticism, interpretation, etc.$xHistory$y19th century

$z - Geographic subdivision

Appropriate in the X30 fields only when a geographic subject subdivision is added to a uniform title heading to form an extended subject heading.

130 #0$aBible$zGermany
130 #0$aKoran$xAppreciation$zEurope

$0 - Authority record control number or standard number   [530/730]

See description of this subfield in Appendix A: Control Subfields.

$2 - Source of heading or term   [730]

Code that identifies the source of a heading or term when the second indicator position contains value 7. Subfield $2 is appropriate only in field 730. Guidelines for applying subfield $2 are provided in the 7XX Heading Linking Entries—General Information section.

$4 - Relationship code   [430/530/730]

Contains in coded form the designation of a relationship of the entity in a 430, 530, or 730 field to the 1XX entity in the record. Guidelines for using subfield $4 in fields 430 and 530 are provided in the Tracings and References-General Information section. Guidelines for using subfield $4 in field 730 are provided in the 7XX Heading Linking Entries-General Information section.

$5 - Institution to which field applies   [430/530/730]

See description of this subfield in Appendix A: Control Subfields.

$6 - Linkage

See description of this subfield in Appendix A: Control Subfields.

$8 - Field link and sequence number

See description of this subfield in Appendix A: Control Subfields.


INPUT CONVENTIONS

Ambiguous Headings - See Appendix D: Ambiguous Headings.

Punctuation - Punctuation of the subelements of a heading is generally dictated by descriptive cataloging or subject heading system/thesaurus rules. These input conventions clarify MARC punctuation practices. An X30 field does not end with a mark of punctuation unless the field ends with an abbreviation, an initialism, or data that ends with a mark of punctuation.

130 #0$aTen commandments
130 #0$aGod save the king;$oarr.
130 #0$aTalmud$vOutlines, syllabi, etc.
130 #0$aPublicación miscelánea (Inter-American Institute for Cooperation on Agriculture)
130 #0$aBible.$pN.T.$lEnglish.$sRevised Standard.$f1961?
430 #0$aPax et bonum, Ed.

A mark of punctuation is placed inside a closing quotation mark.

130 #0$wb$aPublicaciones del Archivo Histórico de la Provincia de Buenos Aires "Ricardo Levene."$nIII,$pDocumentos del archivo

Uniform title heading followed by a subject subdivision does not end with a mark of punctuation unless the title ends with an abbreviation or an initialism.

130 #0$aUnited Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods$d(1980)$vCongresses
130 #0$aBook of Mormon$xAntiquities
130 #0$aBible.$pN.T.$xRelation to the Old Testament

Spacing - No spaces are used in initialisms.

130 #0$aCORPS (computing, organizations, policy, and society) series
130 #0$aBible.$pN.T.$pMatthew

One space is used between preceding and succeeding initials if an abbreviation consists of more than a single letter.

130 #0$aMineral resources series (Morgantown, W. Va.)

Display Constant

- [dash associated with the content of subfield $v, $x, $y, and $z]

Dash (-) that precedes a subject subdivision in an extended subject heading is not carried in the MARC record. It may be system generated as a display constant associated with the content of subfield $v, $x, $y, and $z.

 
Content designated field:
130 #0$aBeowulf$xLanguage$vGlossaries, etc.
Display example:
Beowulf-Language-Glossaries, etc.

CONTENT DESIGNATOR HISTORY

$g - Miscellaneous information [CHANGED, 2014]

In 2014, subfield $g was made repeatable.

$i - Reference instruction phrase [430/530] [REDEFINED, 2009]
$i - Relationship information [730] [NEW, 2014]
$v - Record control number [730] [REDEFINED, 1995] [USMARC only]
$0 - Record control number [530/730] [NEW, 1997]
$0 - Record control number [511/711] [REDEFINED, 2010]
$3 - Authority record control number [OBSOLETE, 1997] [CAN/MARC only]
$4 - Relationship code [430/530] [NEW, 2009]
$4 - Relationship code [730] [NEW, 2014]

Library of Congress >> MARC >> Authority >> Names and Terms  >> X30
(10/20/2014)
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