Library of Congress >> MARC >> Bibliographic >> 00X  >> 008 >> 008 (Music)

008 - Music (NR)


MARC 21 Bibliographic - full
April 2013

Indicators and Subfield Codes

Field has no indicators or subfield codes; the data elements are positionally defined.

Character Positions
18-19 - Form of composition (006/01-02)
an - Anthems
bd - Ballads
bg - Bluegrass music
bl - Blues
bt - Ballets
ca - Chaconnes
cb - Chants, Other religions
cc - Chant, Christian
cg - Concerti grossi
ch - Chorales
cl - Chorale preludes
cn - Canons and rounds
co - Concertos
cp - Chansons, polyphonic
cr - Carols
cs - Chance compositions
ct - Cantatas
cy - Country music
cz - Canzonas
df - Dance forms
dv - Divertimentos, serenades, cassations, divertissements, and notturni
fg - Fugues
fl - Flamenco
fm - Folk music
ft - Fantasias
gm - Gospel music
hy - Hymns
jz - Jazz
mc - Musical revues and comedies
md - Madrigals
mi - Minuets
mo - Motets
mp - Motion picture music
mr - Marches
ms - Masses
mu - Multiple forms
mz - Mazurkas
nc - Nocturnes
nn - Not applicable
op - Operas
or - Oratorios
ov - Overtures
pg - Program music
pm - Passion music
po - Polonaises
pp - Popular music
pr - Preludes
ps - Passacaglias
pt - Part-songs
pv - Pavans
rc - Rock music
rd - Rondos
rg - Ragtime music
ri - Ricercars
rp - Rhapsodies
rq - Requiems
sd - Square dance music
sg - Songs
sn - Sonatas
sp - Symphonic poems
st - Studies and exercises
su - Suites
sy - Symphonies
tc - Toccatas
tl - Teatro lirico
ts - Trio-sonatas
uu - Unknown
vi - Villancicos
vr - Variations
wz - Waltzes
za - Zarzuelas
zz - Other
|| - No attempt to code
20 - Format of music (006/03)
a - Full score
b - Full score, miniature or study size
c - Accompaniment reduced for keyboard
d - Voice score with accompaniment omitted
e - Condensed score or piano-conductor score
g - Close score
h - Chorus score
i - Condensed score
j - Performer-conductor part
k - Vocal score
l - Score
m - Multiple score formats
n - Not applicable
u - Unknown
z - Other
| - No attempt to code
21 - Music parts (006/04)
# - No parts in hand or not specified
d - Instrumental and vocal parts
e - Instrumental parts
f - Vocal parts
n - Not applicable
u - Unknown
| - No attempt to code
22 - Target audience (006/05)
# - Unknown or unspecified
a - Preschool
b - Primary
c - Pre-adolescent
d - Adolescent
e - Adult
f - Specialized
g - General
j - Juvenile
| - No attempt to code
23 - Form of item (006/06)
# - None of the following
a - Microfilm
b - Microfiche
c - Microopaque
d - Large print
f - Braille
o - Online
q - Direct electronic
r - Regular print reproduction
s - Electronic
| - No attempt to code
24-29 - Accompanying matter (006/07-12)
# - No accompanying matter
a - Discography
b - Bibliography
c - Thematic index
d - Libretto or text
e - Biography of composer or author
f - Biography of performer or history of ensemble
g - Technical and/or historical information on instruments
h - Technical information on music
i - Historical information
k - Ethnological information
r - Instructional materials
s - Music
z - Other
| - No attempt to code
30-31 - Literary text for sound recordings (006/13-14)
# - Item is a music sound recording
a - Autobiography
b - Biography
c - Conference proceedings
d - Drama
e - Essays
f - Fiction
g - Reporting
h - History
i - Instruction
j - Language instruction
k - Comedy
l - Lectures, speeches
m - Memoirs
n - Not applicable
o - Folktales
p - Poetry
r - Rehearsals
s - Sounds
t - Interviews
z - Other
| - No attempt to code
32 - Undefined (006/15)
33 - Transposition and arrangement (006/16)
# - Not arrangement or transposition or not specified
a - Transposition
b - Arrangement
c - Both transposed and arranged
n - Not applicable
u - Unknown
| - No attempt to code
34 - Undefined (006/17)

FIELD DEFINITION AND SCOPE

Music definition of field 008/18-34 is used when Leader/06 (Type of record) contains code c (Notated music), d (Manuscript notated music), i (Nonmusical sound recording), or j (Musical sound recording). Field 008 positions 01-17 and 35-39 are defined the same in all 008 fields and are described in the 008-All materials section.

Field 008/18-34 correspond to equivalent positionally defined data elements in field 006/01-17 when field 006/00 (Form of material) contains code c (Notated music), d (Manuscript notated music), i (Nonmusical sound recording), or j (Musical sound recording). Details about specific codes defined for the equivalent character positions in field 006 and 008 for music are provided in the Guidelines for Applying Content Designators of 008-Music section only.


GUIDELINES FOR APPLYING CONTENT DESIGNATORS

CHARACTER POSITIONS

18-19 - Form of composition (006/01-02)

Two-character alphabetic code that indicates the form of composition. Codes are based on Library of Congress subject headings. If more than one code is appropriate, the code mu (Multiple forms) is used in 008/18-19 and all appropriate specific codes are given in field 047 (Form of Composition). Code mu (Multiple forms) may also signify that field 047 (Form of Composition) contains non-MARC composition codes.

Form of composition code is based on the terminology in the work itself and is intended to provide a coded approach to the content of the work. In addition to codes for forms, the list also includes codes for musical genres (e.g., Ragtime music). Codes should be assigned when they apply to the item as a whole (e.g., if the item is a symphony and one of the movements is in sonata form, only the code for symphonies is recorded). Codes for which special information is needed for proper application are described below. Other codes are described in music reference sources. Non music sound recordings do not have a form of composition and are coded nn (Not applicable).

an - Anthems
bd - Ballads
bg - Bluegrass music
bl - Blues
bt - Ballets
ca - Chaconnes
cb - Chants, Other religions
cc - Chant, Christian
cg - Concerti grossi
ch - Chorales
cl - Chorale preludes
cn - Canons and rounds

Used for canons and rounds (i.e., compositions employing strict imitation throughout).

co - Concertos
cp - Chansons, polyphonic
cr - Carols
cs - Chance compositions
ct - Cantatas
cy - Country music
cz - Canzonas

Used for instrumental music that is designated as a canzona.

df - Dance forms

Includes music for individual dances except for mazurkas, minuets, pavans, polonaises, and waltzes, which have separate codes.

dv - Divertimentos, serenades, cassations, divertissements, and notturni

Used for instrumental music designated as a divertimento, serenade, cassation, divertissement, or a notturno.

fg - Fugues
fl - Flamenco

Generic term which refers to all the Flamenco styles, or "palos", and to other forms of song and dance coming from the folkloric tradition of Spanish gypsies.

fm - Folk music

Used for folk music and includes folk songs, etc.

ft - Fantasias

Includes instrumental music designated as fantasia, fancies, fantasies, etc.

gm - Gospel music
hy - Hymns
jz - Jazz
mc - Musical revues and comedies
md - Madrigals
mi - Minuets
mo - Motets
mp - Motion picture music
mr - Marches
ms - Masses
mu - Multiple forms
mz - Mazurkas
nc - Nocturnes
nn - Not applicable

Form of composition is not applicable to the item. Used for any item that is a non-music sound recording.

op - Operas
or - Oratorios
ov - Overtures
pg - Program music
pm - Passion music
po - Polonaises
pp - Popular music
pr - Preludes
ps - Passacaglias

Includes all types of ostinato basses.

pt - Part-songs
pv - Pavans
rc - Rock music
rd - Rondos
rg - Ragtime music
ri - Ricercars
rp - Rhapsodies
rq - Requiems
sd - Square dance music
sg - Songs
sn - Sonatas
sp - Symphonic poems
st - Studies and exercises

Used only when the work is intended for teaching purposes (usually entitled Studies, Etudes, etc.).

su - Suites
sy - Symphonies
tc - Toccatas
tl - Teatro lirico

Used for a large number of more specific terms which describe Spanish and Spanish American theatre music: "tonadilla escénica", "fiestas de música", "sainetes líricos", "entremeses cómico-lírico," etc.

ts - Trio-sonatas
uu - Unknown

Used when the only indication given is the number of instruments and the medium of performance. No structure or genre is given, although they may be implied or understood.

vi - Villancicos

Characteristic form of Spanish polyphony, religious or secular, from the 16th to 18th centuries. Religious villancicos were usually sung in important ceremonies (including Christmas, when these songs were sometimes called “pastoradas”).

vr - Variations
wz - Waltzes
za - Zarzuelas

Term applicable to all musical plays taking that name, from the “fiestas de zarzuela” of the 17th/18th-centuries to the so-called “zarzuela moderna” (“modern zarzuela”) from the mid 19th to the mid 20th-century.

zz - Other

None of the other defined codes are appropriate (e.g., incidental music, electronic music, etc.).

|| - No attempt to code

20 - Format of music (006/03)

One-character code that indicates the format of a musical composition (e.g., piano-conductor score). Unless otherwise indicated, the values apply to music written using graphic, symbolic (e.g., staff), or word-based notation.

Information for this data element is generally derived from terms appearing in field 300 (Physical Description). If the item being cataloged consists of one or more scores along with other materials (e.g., one or more parts), consider only the score or scores in coding this character position. Used for notated music; for sound recordings, use code n (Not applicable).

a - Full score

Staff notation representing the sounds of all the parts of an ensemble (instrumental and/or vocal), arranged so that they can be read simultaneously. Note: code l (Score) may be used for works recorded with graphic, symbolic (e.g., staff), or word-based notation representing the sounds of all the parts of an ensemble, arranged so that they can be read simultaneously, or a work for solo performer or electronic media.

008/20 a
300 ##$a1 score (11 p.) ...
b - Full score, miniature or study size

Miniature score that is usually smaller in size and not intended to be used in performances.

008/20 b
300 ##$a1 miniature score ...
c - Accompaniment reduced for keyboard

Score with instrumental accompaniment reduced for keyboard(s). For chorus scores and vocal scores prefer codes h (Chorus score) and k (Vocal score).

008/20 c
300 ##$a1 score (36 p.) + 1 part ...
[Accompaniment reduced for keyboard]
d - Voice score with accompaniment omitted

Score for solo and/or choral voice(s) with the accompaniment omitted. Vocal works originally unaccompanied are assigned other codes as appropriate. For chorus scores and vocal scores, prefer codes h (Chorus score) and k (Vocal score).

008/20 d
300 ##$a1 vocal score ...
[Accompaniment omitted]
e - Condensed score or piano-conductor score

Orchestral or band music that has been reduced. It may be part of an ensemble work for a particular instrument, with cues for other instruments. Such a score is used by an individual playing the instrument for which the score was written or for the conductor. Prefer code i (Condensed score) or code j (Performer-conductor part) if the two types of scores can be distinguished.

008/20 e
300 ##$a1 condensed score ...
g - Close score

Score (e.g., a hymnal) that has separate parts transcribed in condensed form.

008/20 g
300 ##$a1 close score ...
h - Chorus score

Score of a work for solo voices and chorus showing only the parts for chorus, with the instrumental accompaniment either arranged for keyboard(s) or other chordal instrument(s) or omitted. Note: see code k (Vocal score) for scores that include solo voices as well as chorus parts.

i - Condensed score

Score that has been reduced, generally organized by instrumental sections, and often with cues for individual parts. An example would be reduction to two or a few staves, for scores presented in staff notation. Sometimes called: Reduced score, Short score. Recorded with musical notation.

j - Performer-conductor part

A performance part for a single instrument in an ensemble, with cues for the other instruments that enable the performer of that part also to conduct.

k - Vocal score

Score showing all vocal parts, solo and/or choral, with the instrumental accompaniment either arranged for keyboard(s) or other chordal instrument(s) or omitted. Note: See code h (Chorus score) for scores of works for solo voices and chorus that include only chorus parts.

l - Score

Graphical, symbolic (e.g., staff), or word-based musical notation representing the sounds of all the parts of an ensemble, arranged so that they can be read simultaneously, or a work for solo performer or electronic media. Do not confuse with Part.

m - Multiple score formats

Several types of scores are issued together, as is frequently the case with band music.

008/20 m
300 ##$a1 score (23 p.) :$bill. ;$c30 cm. +$a1 piano conductor part (8 p.)
n - Not applicable

Item is a sound recording.

008/20 n
300 ##$a1 sound disc ...
u - Unknown

Format of the item is unknown.

z - Other

None of the other defined codes are appropriate. Usually it signifies that the item is not a score. Choir books, table books, and sets of parts are examples in which code z is appropriate.

008/20 z
300 ##$a42 p. of music ...
008/20 z
300 ##$aFor voice ...
008/20 z
300 ##$a4 parts ...
| - No attempt to code

21 - Music parts (006/04)

One character code that indicates whether the item being cataloged is, or contains parts. This position is not used to indicate that parts may exist elsewhere.

# - No parts in hand or not specified

No parts in hand or the musical parts are not specified.

d - Instrumental and vocal parts

Both instrumental and vocal parts are present.

e - Instrumental parts

Instrumental parts are present.

f - Vocal parts

Vocal parts are present.

n - Not applicable

Item is not notated music.

u - Unknown

Unknown whether the item being cataloged contains parts. May be used for records created without examining the item, such as retrospective conversion from a printed card.

| - No attempt to code

22 - Target audience (006/05)

One-character alphabetic code that describes the intellectual level of the target audience for which the material is intended

Used primarily to identify music to be used or performed by a specific target audience. When items are considered appropriate for more than one target audience, the code is recorded for the primary target audience. For juvenile material, either code j (Juvenile) or the more specific codes a (Preschool), b (Primary), or c (Pre-adolescent) are used. An item considered juvenile material often includes the word juvenile in its subject heading(s).

# - Unknown or unspecified

Target audience for item is not specified or is unknown.

008/22 #
245 14$aDas Münchner Kammerorchester spielt Werke ...
650 #0$aString-orchestra music.
a - Preschool

Intended for children, approximate ages 0-5 years.

b - Primary

Intended for children, approximate ages 6-8 years.

c - Pre-adolescent

Intended for young people, approximate ages 9-13.

d - Adolescent

Intended for young people, approximate ages 14-17.

e - Adult

Intended for adults.

008/22 e
245 12$aA little night music$h[sound recording].
f - Specialized

Aimed at a particular audience and the nature of the presentation would make the item of little interest to other audiences. Examples of items which are coded f included: 1) technical sound recordings geared to a specialized audience and 2) items which address a limited audience.

g - General

Of general interest and not aimed at a particular target audience. Used for items that are not covered more appropriately by one of the other codes.

j - Juvenile

Intended for use by children and young people, approximate ages 0-15. Used when a more specific code for the juvenile target audience is not desired.

008/22 j
650 #0$aVioloncello and piano music$xJuvenile$vScores and parts.
| - No attempt to code

23 - Form of item (006/06)

One-character alphabetic code that specifies the form of material for the item being described.

# - None of the following

Not specified by one of the other codes.

a - Microfilm
b - Microfiche
008/23 b
300 ##$a14 microfiche ;$c10 x 15 cm.
c - Microopaque
d - Large print
f - Braille
008/23 f
250 0#$aBraille score ed.
o - Online

The resource is accessed by means of hardware and software connections to a communications network. If a distinction between types of electronic resources is not necessary, code s can be used as a generic code for any form of electronic resource.

q - Direct electronic

Storage on a directly accessible tangible recording medium, e.g. disc, tape, playaway device, flashdrive, portable hard drive, etc. If a distinction between types of electronic resources is not necessary, code s can be used as a generic code for any form of electronic resource.

r - Regular print reproduction

Eye-readable print, such as a photocopy.

008/23 r
500 ##$aPhotocopy of the original score composed in 1877.
s - Electronic

Intended for manipulation by a computer. The item may reside in a carrier accessed either directly or remotely, in some cases requiring the use of peripheral devices attached to the computer (e.g., a CD-ROM player). Not used for items that do not require the use of a computer (e.g., music compact discs, videodiscs). This code can be used as a generic code for any form of electronic resource. Codes o and q may be used if there is a need to separately identify online and direct electronic resources.

| - No attempt to code

24-29 - Accompanying matter (006/07-12)

Up to six one-character alphabetic codes (recorded in alphabetical order) that indicate the contents of program notes and other accompanying material for sound recording, music manuscripts, or notated music. If fewer than six codes are assigned, the codes are left justified and each unused position contains a blank (#).

Generally, a specific code is used only if a significant part of the accompanying material is the type of material represented by the code. If more than six codes are appropriate to an item, only the six most important are recorded.

# - No accompanying matter

No accompanying matter or no indication of accompanying matter appears on the item. When # is used it is followed by five other blanks.

008/24-29 ######
[No accompanying matter indicated]
a - Discography

Accompanying matter contains a discography or other bibliography of recorded sound.

b - Bibliography

Accompanying matter contains a bibliography.

008/24-29 b#####
504 ##$aBibliography: p. 303-304.
c - Thematic index

Accompanying matter contains a thematic index.

d - Libretto or text

Accompanying matter contains a printed transcription of the libretto or other text (e.g., a transcript of verbal contents of a sound recording).

008/24-29 dz####
500 ##$aWords of the songs and poster inserted in container.
e - Biography of composer or author

Accompanying matter contains significant biographical information on a composer or author.

f - Biography of performer or history of ensemble

Accompanying matter contains significant biographical information on a performer or a history of an ensemble.

008/24-29 f#####
500 ##$aProgram notes by John W. Barker and biographical notes on the pianist on container.
g - Technical and/or historical information on instruments

Accompanying matter contains technical and/or historical information on instruments.

008/24-29 fgz###
500 ##$aProgram notes and notes on the horn by R.D. Dattell and biographical notes on the soloist on container.
h - Technical information on music

Accompanying matter contains significant technical information, including instructions for performance.

008/24-29 h#####
500 ##$aIncludes instructions for performance.
i - Historical information

Accompanying matter contains significant historical information.

008/24-29 i#####
500 ##$aProgram notes by Kurt Hoffman in German, English, and French on container. [principally historical information]
k - Ethnological information

Accompanying matter contains significant ethnological information that relates to the musical part of the item.

r - Instructional materials

Accompanying matter contains instructional materials.

008/24-29 r#####
300 ##$a ... +$e1 teacher's guide.
s - Music

Accompanying matter contains a score or other music format than that of the main item.

z - Other

Accompanying matter for which none of the other defined codes are appropriate.

008/24-29 dfz###
500 ##$aProgram notes by Uwe Kraemer, biographical notes on the performers, notes on the recording process, synopsis, and libretto with English translation ([24] p. ill.) laid in container.
| - No attempt to code

30-31 - Literary text for sound recordings (006/13-14)

Up to two one-character codes (recorded in the order of the following list) that indicate the type of literary text contained in a nonmusical sound recording. If only one code is assigned, it is left justified and the unused position contains a blank (#).

If more than two codes for types of literary text are appropriate to an item, only the two most important are recorded.

# - Item is a music sound recording

When # is used it is followed by another blank (##).

008/30-31 ##
245 10$aBolero$h[sound recording] /$cMaurice Ravel.
a - Autobiography
b - Biography
c - Conference proceedings
008/30-31 lc
245 00$aModern real estate transactions.
500 ##$aPanel discussions, lectures, and questions and answers.
d - Drama
e - Essays
f - Fiction

Fiction includes novels, short stories, etc.

g - Reporting

Reports of newsworthy events and informative messages are included in this category.

h - History

History includes historical narration, etc. that may also be covered by one of the other codes (e.g., historical poetry).

008/30-31 ht
245 00$aInside the Onaway command post$h[sound recording] /$cwith...
520 ##$aSummary: An oral history.
i - Instruction

Includes instructions on how to accomplish a task, learn an art, etc. (e.g., how to replace a light switch). Note: Language instruction text is assigned code j.

j - Language instruction

May include passages that fall under the definition for one of the other codes (e.g., language text that includes poetry).

k - Comedy

Spoken comedy.

l - Lectures, speeches
008/30-31 l#
500 ##$aLectures.
m - Memoirs

Memoirs are usually autobiographical.

n - Not applicable

Not a sound recording (e.g., printed or manuscript music).

o - Folktales
p - Poetry
008/30-31 pf
245 00$aPoésies et prose françaises ...
r - Rehearsals

Rehearsals are performances of any of a variety of nonmusical productions.

s - Sounds

Includes nonmusical utterances and vocalizations that may or may not convey meaning.

t - Interviews
z - Other

None of the other defined codes are appropriate.

| - No attempt to code

32 - Undefined (006/15)

Undefined; contains a blank (#) or a fill character (|).


33 - Transposition and arrangement (006/16)

Whether all or part of the item being cataloged is a transposition and/or arrangement of another work.

# - Not arrangement or transposition or not specified

Not arrangements or the transposition of the item is not specified.

a - Transposition

Item has been transposed to a different pitch from the original.

b - Arrangement

Item has been adapted as regards medium and/or texture.

c - Both transposed and arranged

Item has been both transposed to a different pitch from the original and has been adapted as regards medium and/or texture.

n - Not applicable

Item is not notated music.

u - Unknown

Unknown whether the item is a transposition or arrangement.

| - No attempt to code

34 - Undefined (006/17)

Undefined; contains a blank (#) or a fill character (|).


INPUT CONVENTIONS

Capitalization - Alphabetic codes are input in lowercase.

Field length - Field 008 should always consist of forty (40) character positions.


CONTENT DESIGNATOR HISTORY

008/18-19 - Form of composition [USMARC only]

Prior to the definition of code bd (Ballads) in 1997, ballads were identified with code fm (Folk music).

In 2006, code mu was redefined to signify that either multiple MARC codes or non-MARC codes are contained in field 047 (Form of Composition).

008/18-19 - Form of composition
fl - Flamenco [NEW, 2009]
tl - Teatro lirico [NEW, 2009]
vi - Villancicos [NEW, 2009]
za - Zarzuelas [NEW, 2009]
zz - Other [REDEFINED, 2009]

Redefined to remove term villancicos, which was defined in 2009.

008/20 - Format of music
a - Full score [REDESCRIBED, 2013]
c - Accompaniment reduced for keyboard [REDESCRIBED, 2012]
d - Voice score [RENAMED, 2012]
d - Voice score with accompaniment [REDESCRIBED, 2012]
h - Chorus score [NEW, 2009]

Prior to 2010 chorus scores were included in code c (Accompaniment reduced for keyboard) and code d (Voice score).

h - Chorus score [REDESCRIBED, 2012]
i - Condensed score [NEW, 2009]
j - Performer-conductor part [NEW, 2009]
k - Vocal score [NEW, 2012]
l - Score [NEW, 2013]
z - Other [REDESCRIBED, 2013]
008/21 - Existence of parts [OBSOLETE, 1988]

Defined codes were: # (No parts exist), a (Parts exist), n (Not applicable), u (Unknown).

008/21 - Music parts [NEW, 2002]
008/22 - Target audience

Prior to the definition of codes a through g in 1995, only code # and j were used in USMARC.

c - Elementary and junior high [RENAMED, 2002]
d - Secondary (senior high) [RENAMED, 2002]
u - School material at first level [OBSOLETE] [CAN/MARC only]
v - School material at second level [OBSOLETE] [CAN/MARC only]
008/23 - Form of item

Code # (Not a reproduction) was redefined when the focus of 008/23 was changed. Codes g, h, and i were made obsolete when the coding of 008/23 (Forms of reproduction code) was redefined as information about the medium of the item in hand rather than about bibliographic reproductions. Prior to 1977, other forms of reproduction were identified by code x.

# - None of the following [REDEFINED, 1987]
g - Punched paper tape [OBSOLETE, 1987]
h - Magnetic tape [OBSOLETE, 1987]
i - Multimedia [OBSOLETE, 1987]
o - Online [NEW, 2010]
q - Direct electronic [NEW, 2010]
x - Other form of reproduction [OBSOLETE] [USMARC only]
z - Other form of reproduction [OBSOLETE]
008/24-29 - Accompanying matter [USMARC only]

Code n was made obsolete because the codes defined for these character positions apply to both sound recordings and music scores. Code j was made obsolete when code i was redefined to include any historical information.

n - Not applicable [OBSOLETE, 1980]
j - Historical information other than music [OBSOLETE, 1980]
008/24-27 - Accompanying matter [REDEFINED, 1997] [CAN/MARC only]
j - Historical information other than music [OBSOLETE, 1997]
l - Biography of arranger or transcriber [OBSOLETE, 1997]
008/28 - Government publication [REDEFINED, 1997] [CAN/MARC only]

Defined codes were: # (Not a government publication); a (Autonomous or semi-autonomous components of sovereign federations; c (Multilocal); f (Federal/national); i (International intergovernmental bodies); l (Local jurisdictions); m (Multistate); o (Government publication-level undetermined); s (State, provincial, territorial, dependant, etc. jurisdiction); u (Unknown if item is a government publication); z (Other type of government publication)

008/29 - Undefined [OBSOLETE] [CAN/MARC only]
008/32 - Main entry in body of entry [OBSOLETE, 1990]

Defined codes were: 0 (Main entry not in body of entry), 1 (Main entry in body of entry).

008/33 - Transposition and arrangement [NEW, 2002]

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(04/29/2013)
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