Field has no indicators or subfield codes; the data elements are positionally defined.
|18-20 - Running time for motion pictures and videorecordings (006/01-03)|
|21 - Undefined (006/04)|
|22 - Target audience (006/05)|
|23-27 - Undefined (006/06-10)|
|28 - Government publication (006/11)|
|29 - Form of item (006/12)|
|30-32 - Undefined (006/13-15)|
|33 - Type of visual material (006/16)|
|34 - Technique (006/17)|
Visual materials definition of field 008/18-34 is used when Leader/06 (Type of record) contains code g (Projected medium), code k (Two-dimensional nonprojectable graphic, code o (Kit), or code r (Three-dimensional artifact or naturally occurring object). Field 008 positions 01-17 and 35-39 are defined the same in all 008 fields and are described in the 008-All materials section.
Field 008/18-34 correspond to equivalent positionally defined data elements in field 006/01-17 when field 006/00 (Form of material) contains code g, k, o, or r . Details about specific codes defined for the equivalent character positions in field 006 and 008 for visual materials are provided in the Guidelines for Applying Content Designators section of 008-Visual materials only.
Three-digit number that indicates the total running time of the motion picture or videorecording. The number is right justified and each unused position contains a zero.
|300||##$a30 videocassettes (52 min. each) :$bsd., col. ;$c1/2 in.|
Represents running time in whole numbers from 1 to 999. Running times of less than three digits are right justified and unused positions contain zeros.
|300||##$a1 film reel (52 min.) :$bsd., col. ;$c16 mm.|
|300||##$a12 videorecordings (15 min. each) :$bsd., col. ;$c1 in.|
|300||##$a3 film reels (24 min.) :$bsd., col. ;$c16 mm.|
|505||0#$aBirds of Maryland (5 min., 21 sec.) -- Birds of Virginia(10 min., 15 sec.) -- Birds of Delaware (8 min., 6 sec.)|
Running time is not applicable, such as when the item is not a motion picture or a videorecording.
|300||##$a121 slides :$bcol. ;$c2x2 in. +$e1 teacher's guide.
[Code nnn indicates that the item is other than a motion picture or a videorecording.]
Running time is unknown.
|300||##$a1 videocassette :$bsd., col. ;$c3/4 in.
[Running time not stated elsewhere in the record.]
Undefined; contains a blank (#) or a fill character (|).
One-character alphabetic code that indicates the audience for which the item is intended.
Used primarily for educational audiovisual materials. When items with factual content are considered appropriate for more than one target audience, the code is recorded for the highest level appropriate.
Target audience for which the material is intended is unknown or is not specified. Used for all original or historical graphic material.
Intended for children, approximate ages 0-5 years.
|245||04$aThe Magic color wheel.|
Intended for children, approximate ages 6-8 years.
Intended for young people, approximate ages 9-13.
|245||00$aPearl Harbor$h[motion picture].|
Intended for young people, approximate ages 14-17.
|245||00$aBuilding of the Panama Canal.|
Intended for adults.
|245||00$aSquare dancing :$badvanced level calls.|
Aimed at a particular audience and the nature of the presentation would make the item of little interest to other audiences. Examples include: 1) highly technical training films; 2) items intended for special education of the physically or mentally handicapped; and 3) items which address a limited audience, for example, the employees of a single organization.
|245||00$aProper use of the Scubapro buoyancy compensator$h[videorecording].
[An instructional tape accompanying special equipment]
Of general interest and not aimed at an audience of a particular intellectual level. Used for fictional works not covered more appropriately by one of the other codes.
|245||00$aTo fly$h[motion picture].|
Intended for use by children and young people, approximate ages 0-15. Used when a more specific code for the juvenile target audience is not desired.
Undefined; each contains a blank (#) or a fill character (|).
One-character alphabetic code that indicates whether the item is published or produced by or for an international, provincial, national, state, or local government agency, or by any subdivision of such a body, and, if so, the jurisdictional level of the agency.
Government bodies and all their subdivisions are treated as government bodies regardless of how they may be entered as headings (i.e., entered under jurisdiction or not). In the bibliographic record, the body does not have to be a main or added entry, but it should be named as publisher, etc. in the publication, distribution, etc. area, or have caused the item to be published (usually inferred when the governmental body is responsible for the content of the work). When in doubt, treat the item as a government publication.
Guidelines for certain types of publications
Not published by or for a government body.
|260||##$aNew York :$bTime-Life Books,$c1976.|
Published or produced by or for a government body of an autonomous or semi-autonomous component of a country.
Published or produced by or for a multilocal jurisdiction which is defined as a regional combination of jurisdictions below the state level.
|110||2#$aWashington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority.|
Published or produced by or for a federal or national government body, e.g., a sovereign nation, such as Canada. Used for the governments of England, Wales, Scotland, and Northern Ireland. Code f is also used for American Indian tribes.
|110||1#$aUnited States.$bNational Park Service.|
Published or produced by or for an international intergovernmental body.
|110||2#$aOrganization of American States.|
Published or produced by or for a local government jurisdiction such as a county, city, town, etc.
Published or produced by or for a regional combination of jurisdictions at the state, provincial, territorial, etc. level.
|110||2#$aTennessee Valley Authority.|
Published or produced by or for a government body but that the jurisdictional level cannot be determined.
Jurisdictional level of the government body is a state, province, territory, etc.
|110||1#$aPuerto Rico.$bLegislative Assembly.|
Whether or not the item is published or produced by or for a government agency is unknown.
None of the other defined codes are appropriate.
One-character alphabetic code that specifies the form of material.
None of the other defined codes are appropriate.
The resource is accessed by means of hardware and software connections to a communications network. If a distinction between types of electronic resources is not necessary, code s can be used as a generic code for any form of electronic resource.
Storage on a directly accessible tangible recording medium, e.g. disc, tape, playaway device, flashdrive, portable hard drive, etc. If a distinction between types of electronic resources is not necessary, code s can be used as a generic code for any form of electronic resource.
Eye-readable print, such as a photocopy.
Intended for manipulation by a computer. May reside in a carrier accessed either directly or remotely, in some cases requiring the use of peripheral devices attached to the computer (e.g., a CD-ROM player). Not used for items that do not require the use of a computer (e.g., music compact discs, videodiscs). This code can be used as a generic code for any form of electronic resource. Codes o and q may be used if there is a need to separately identify online and direct electronic resources.
Undefined; each contains a blank (#) or a fill character (|).
One-character alphabetic code that indicates the type of visual material being described.
Two or three-dimensional work of art created by an artist, for example, a sculpture, as contrasted with a reproduction of it.
|245||14$a[La gioconda]$h[art original] =$b[Mona Lisa].|
Mixture of components from two or more categories, that is, sound recording, maps, filmstrips, etc., no one of which is the predominant constituent of the item.
Also includes the packages of material called laboratory kits, and packages of assorted materials, such as a set of K-12 social studies curriculum material (all books, workbooks, guides, activities, etc.) or packages of educational test materials (tests, answer sheets, scoring guides, score charts, interpretative manuals, etc.).
|245||00$a200 ans d'opéra, La Scala$h[kit] ...|
|500||##$aIssued in box (63 x 48 x8 cm.) containing 1 vol. (166,  p. : ill. ; 31 cm.), 6 sound discs (33 1/3 rpm, mono. ; 12 in. in case), 4 dioramas (47 pieces : col.), 4 souvenir booklets (12 p. each : ill. ; 15 cm. in case), and 2 art reproductions (photogravure, col. ; 60 x 45 cm.).|
Two or three-dimensional mechanically reproduced copy of a work of art, generally as one of a commercial edition.
|245||10$a[Breezing up]$h[art reproduction].|
Three-dimensional representation of a scene created by placing objects, figures, etc. in front of a two-dimensional background.
|245||00$aCrèche de Noël$h[diorama].|
Length of film containing a succession of images intended for projection one frame at a time with or without recorded sound.
|245||00$aWord processing$h[filmstrip]$can audiovisual production of the Robert C. Brady Co.|
Item or set of items designed for play according to prescribed rules and intended for recreation or instruction. Code g includes puzzles and simulations.
|245||04$aThe Fable game$h[game].|
Two-dimensional visual representation accessible to the naked eye and generally on an opaque backing.
|245||03$a[A Rainbow over the Grand Canyon]$h[picture].|
Used for original or historical graphic material.
Cross section, detail, diagram, elevation, perspective, plan, working plan, etc., made for use in an architectural engineering or other technical context.
|245||00$a[Cross section of west stairway]$h[technical drawing].|
Series of still pictures on film with or without sound, designed to be projected in rapid succession to produce the optical effect of motion.
|245||00$aLeaving the freeway$h[motion picture].|
Opaque sheet that exhibits data in graphic or tabular form (e.g., a calendar).
Card or other opaque material printed with words, numerals, or pictures and designed for rapid display. Activity cards are included in this category.
Transparent mount, usually glass, containing a minute object to be viewed through a microscope or microprojector.
|245||00$a[Onion skin]$h[microscope slide].|
Three-dimensional representation of a real thing, either of the exact size of the original or to scale.
|245||00$aSolar system simulator$h[model].|
Includes 1) all other three-dimensional items not covered by the other codes (e.g., clothing, stitchery, fabrics, tools, utensils), and 2) naturally occurring objects.
Transparent material on which there is a two-dimensional image, usually held in a mount, and designed for use in a projector or viewer. Modern stereographs, for example, Viewmaster reels, are included here.
|245||00$aStreet paintings of Los Angeles$h[slide].|
Transparent material on which a basically still image is recorded. Transparencies are designed for use with an overhead projector or a light box. X-rays are coded as transparencies.
|245||04$aThe Electromagnetic spectrum$h[transparency].|
Recording on which visual images, usually in motion and accompanied by sound, have been registered. Videorecordings are designed for playback by means of a television receiver or monitor.
|245||00$aRadio processing--a short story history of processors$h[videorecording].|
Material object for children or others to play with (often an imitation of some familiar object); a plaything; also, something contrived for amusement rather than for practical use.
None of the other defined codes are appropriate.
One-character alphabetic code that indicates the technique used in creating motion in motion pictures or videorecordings.
Animated films are produced using a variety of techniques including 1) cartoons; 2) graphic film (with paint or other media directly applied to the surface of the film); 3) model, clay, or puppet animation (where three-dimensional objects are photographed one frame at a time to achieve the effect of animation); and 4) other techniques.
|245||00$aClosed Mondays$h[motion picture].|
|520||##$aUses clay animation ...|
Combination of animation and live action. Used when there is some indication elsewhere in the cataloging record that there are animated sequences. This information may appear in a Summary note (field 520) or in a Credits note (field 508).
|520||##$aThrough optical imagery shows the beauty of traditional ballet. Live action and animation are used ...|
If no information is found in the cataloging record and accompanying material that indicates otherwise, it is assumed that the motion picture or videorecording is live action.
|245||00$aAnnie Hall$h[motion picture] ...|
Item is not a motion picture or a videorecording.
Technique for creating motion is unknown.
Primarily of special techniques which are neither animation nor live action. These include microcinematography, time lapse cinematography, trick cinematography, and other techniques. Code z is also used for videorecordings and motion pictures which were made from still image slide sets or filmstrips without adding animation to the images.
|245||00$aCloud formation$h[motion picture].|
|520||##$aUses time-lapse photography to show actual cloud formation in the earth's atmosphere.|
Capitalization - Alphabetic codes are input in lowercase.
Field length - Field 008 should always consist of forty (40) character positions.
In 1984, 008/18-20 (Length) was redefined to limit its use to motion pictures and videorecordings. Code nnn (Not applicable) was defined at that time. Records created prior to that change may contain the number of slides, filmstrip frames, or transparencies in 008/18-20.
Defined codes were: # (Not in LC), a (In LC, print note), b (In LC, do not print note), u (Unknown).
Prior to 1972, the definitions of codes f and g were reversed: f (General), g (Specialized).
Prior to 1980, character positions 23-27 were positionally defined (23, Stills; 24, Script material; 25, Posters; 26, Press books; and 27, Other). Each position contained a status code 0 (No) or 1 (Yes) to indicate the absence or presence of the type of material. In 1980, specific codes were defined for types of accompanying material and 008/23-27 were restructured to contain as many as five codes.
Character positions 23-27 were made obsolete in 1997. The defined codes were: # (No accompanying matter), l (Stills), m (Script material), o (Posters), p (Pressbooks), q (Lobby cards), r (Instructional materials), s (Music), z (Other).
Defined codes were: # (None of the following), a (Microfilm); b (Microfiche); c (Microopaque). Code z (Other) was obsolete.
Defined codes were: # (No accompanying material); a (Language material-printed); c (Music-printed); d (Diorama); e (Map-printed); f (Filmstrip); g (Game); h (Microform); i (Sound recording-non-musical); j (Sound recording-musical); k (Picture); l (Machine-readable data file); m (Motion picture); n (Chart); o (Flash card); p (Microscope slide); q (Model); r (Realia); s (Slide); t (Transparency); v (Videorecording); z (Other).
Prior to 2015, university press publications were included as examples of government publications.
Prior to 1979, an undetermined level was identified by code n; currently code o is used.
Defined codes were: 0 (Main entry not in body of entry), 1 (Main entry in body of entry).
Code was made obsolete when code v (Videotape) was redefined to include any videorecording.
Codes defined for this character position were applicable only to motion pictures until the definition was expanded to include videorecordings in 1980. At that time code n was defined for items other than motion pictures and videorecordings and # was made obsolete.