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NLS Reference Guide

Braille Literacy: Resources for Learning and Reading

July 2014

Introduction

This reference publication is intended to assist individuals who have an interest in braille as a literary medium, including sighted individuals who are interested in learning braille or want to transcribe print materials into braille; instructors who teach braille; persons with visual impairments who wish to learn to read and write braille; and family members, friends, and professionals who desire information about braille literacy.

This publication lists resources for:

It also includes:

As the United States has adopted the Unified Braille English code and plans are underway for implementation beginning in January 2016, this document offers a section providing basic information on the code. 

Unless otherwise indicated, items listed are not part of the National Library Service for the Blind and Physically Handicapped (NLS) program and their listing does not imply endorsement. Prices are subject to change where noted and should be verified with the producer before ordering. Producers of the materials and products are listed in bold typeface and their addresses can be found in Appendix A (page 52). If you know of resources that should be included in this publication but are not listed, please contact the NLS Reference Section at 800-424-8567, extension 4, or e-mail nlsref@loc.gov.

Contents

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Braille in the Twenty-first Century

Listed below are books, reports, and proceedings that discuss braille’s future directions and relevance.

Braille into the Next Millennium
Anthology of articles from more than two dozen braille experts examining the past, present, and future of braille. Advocates for the continued use of braille in a digital world and gives examples of ways that braille literacy helps students with vision loss succeed in the 21st century. Provides information on electronic braille and future braille codes and fonts. Free in print from NLS; available on loan from participating NLS network libraries in braille and audio formats.

The Evolution of Braille: Can the Past Help Plan the Future?
Discusses braille’s development, changes, and future directions and the ways braille will evolve to adapt to current communication methods. Free from the Braille Authority of North America in BRF or PDF format.

The Future of Braille
Assesses the current state of braille literacy and makes recommendations to shape braille programs and priorities for the future of the NLS library network. The Future of Braille is a report from the 2013 Braille Summit, a joint effort between NLS and the Perkins School for the Blind. Free from NLS.

World Congress Braille21 Proceedings
Covers topics from new methods of teaching braille mathematics to teaching braille using DAISY. Proceedings of a 2011 conference on the use and uses of braille and the future of braille in a digital world. Free from the World Blind Union.

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Unified English Braille (UEB)

The United States has adopted the Unified Braille English code and plans are underway for implementation beginning in January 2016. These publications offer basic
information on the code.

A Brief Overview of Unified English Braille
Compares UEB with the previous code and informs participants on the UEB’s implementation. Available from the American Foundation for the Blind. Webinar, free ($25 fee for obtaining a certificate).

Royal Institute for Deaf and Blind Children (RIDBC): UEB Online Course
Teaches braille to people who are sighted, particularly professionals in the field of educating students with visual impairments. Free. http://uebonline.org/ Link outside of Library of Congress

The ABCs of UEB: A Guide for the Transition from English Braille American Edition (EBAE) to the Rules of Unified English Braille (UEB)
Explains the major differences between English Braille American Edition and Unified English Braille. Though not intended to be a resource for those learning braille for the first time, it does include examples of code and exercises for practice. Available from the Braille Authority of North America. BRF, HTML, and PDF; free.

Overview of Changes from Current Literary Braille to UEB
Lists the differences between UEB and English Braille American Edition. Available from the Braille Authority of North America. HTML, free.

The Rules of Unified English Braille
Comprehensive rulebook for transcribing the new code. http://iceb.org/ueb.html Link outside of Library of Congress

Tips and Resources for Learning More about Unified English Braille
Suggests ways braille readers and transcribers may begin the transition to UEB. The website offers tips on how to set braille reading and writing devices. Available from the Braille Authority of North America.

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Instruction for Braille Readers (Adults and Children)

This section includes materials for building and/or improving skills in braille reading.

Books

ABC’s of Braille
Introduces the rules of English braille for beginners. Available from the American Printing House for the Blind. Braille, $55.

Assessment of Braille Literacy Skills
Helps educators assess students’ braille literacy. Available from Region 4 Education Service Center. Braille and print, $15.

Because Books Matter: Reading Braille Books with Young Blind Children
Promotes braille literacy and the importance of families with blind children reading print/braille books together. Includes introductory information on the braille code. Available from the National Braille Press. Print, first copy free (contact the National Braille Press to discuss costs for more than one copy).

Braille Letter Reading and Writing
Provides lessons on writing the braille alphabet for those familiar with the braille letters. Available from Touch Graphics. Requires a power cord, braille keyboard, and tactile talking tablet (sold separately). Braille, $90.

Braille: A Different Approach
Provides a review for those interested in refreshing and maintaining their braille proficiency. Available from the American Printing House for the Blind. Braille, $107.

Braille in Brief
Explains basic letters, contractions, and punctuation. Includes contraction rules and a list of contractions. Available from the American Printing House for the Blind. Braille, $77.

Braille Literacy: A Functional Approach
Emphasizes a learning method tailored to the learner’s specific needs. Uses vocabulary relevant to the learner’s daily life and includes case studies for methods to work with at-risk learners. Available from the American Foundation for the Blind. Print, $34.95.

Braille Requisite Skills Inventory: Assessment and Planning Tool
Helps assess a low-vision student’s aptitude for learning braille and helps educators plan a strategy to meet their needs. Braille and print, $25.

Codes and Calculations: A Self-Study Workbook for Teachers, Parents, and Paraprofessionals Who Wish to Learn the Literary and Mathematical Braille Codes
Teaches literary, Nemeth, music, computer, and foreign language braille codes. Includes lessons on use of the slate and stylus, best practices for transcribing print worksheets, and practice exercises. Available from Exceptional Teaching. Print, $89.95.

Computer Braille Code Made Easy
Lists computer braille symbols and gives examples of their use. Includes specialized instructions for reading Web and e-mail addresses. Available from the National Braille Press. Braille, e-braille, and print, $7.

Getting in Touch with Reading: A Fresh Approach
Designed for beginning braille readers. Available from the American Printing House for the Blind. Grade 1 braille, $25; grade 2 braille, $25; print, $5; PDF, free.

Handbook for Learning to Read Braille by Sight
Assists sighted parents, educators, and others who are interested in reading braille by sight. Available from the American Printing House for the Blind. Print, $29.

How to Read Braille Music, Second Edition
Provides instruction on reading the braille music code. Available on loan from the NLS Music Section. Print, free. Also available from OPUS Technologies. Braille, $19.95; print, $14.95.

Just Enough to Know Better
Guides parents who want to increase their awareness of braille to support their children’s braille literacy education. Available from the National Braille Press. Large print, $15.

Mathematics Made Easy
Covers basics of mathematical instruction to students with visual impairments, including use of the abacus and Nemeth Code. Contains instructional techniques and “creative math activities.” Available from the Overbrook School for the Blind. PDF, free.

Videos

Power at Your Fingertips: An Introduction to Learning Braille
Includes lessons on the braille alphabet and numbers; use of the slate, stylus, and braillewriter; and an introduction to contractions. Available from Visually Impaired Preschool Services. DVD, $81.

Teaching Tactile Graphics
Teaches spatial relationships and graphic literacy. Available from the Perkins School for Blind. Webcast, free.

Online Resources

Braille Activities for Children
Offers a variety of braille literacy activities from beginner level through contractions. From Louisiana Tech University. www.pdrib.com/pages/brailactivities.php Link outside of Library of Congress

Braille Bug
Introduces children to braille fundamentals. Available from the American Foundation for the Blind. http://braillebug.afb.org/ Link outside of Library of Congress

Braille Guidelines for the Classroom Practitioner
Assists teachers who instruct mainstreamed braille-reading students.
www.pathstoliteracy.org/resources/braille-guidelines-classroom-practitioner Link outside of Library of Congress

Braille Policy/Guidelines
Provides standards written for educators who work with braille readers. www.pathstoliteracy.org/sites/pathstoliteracy.perkinsdev1.org/files/Braille%20Guidelines%20for%20Classroom%20Practitioner.pdf [PDF: 170.83 KB / 3 p.] Link outside of Library of Congress

Dotless Braille
Offers an alternative view of traditional methods of braille instruction and braille transcription. www.dotlessbraille.org/Five.htm Link outside of Library of Congress

Paths to Literacy
Lists resources related to braille literacy. A joint project by Perkins School for the Blind and the Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired. www.pathstoliteracy.org/ Link outside of Library of Congress

Pre-Braille Assessment
Helps educators evaluate the braille skills of their students. www.pathstoliteracy.org/sites/pathstoliteracy.perkinsdev1.org/files/uploaded-files/Pre-Braille%20Assessment_0.pdf [PDF: 337.75 KB / 10 p.] Link outside of Library of Congress

Programs

The Braille Challenge
Measures braille proficiency, speed, accuracy, proofreading, and spelling. Contest for students in grades 1–12. A program of the Braille Institute.

Children’s Braille Book Club
Delivers a print/braille book monthly to participants. From the National Braille Press. $100 per year.

NFB BELL Program
Intensive, two-week summer braille literacy program for students ages 4–12. Established by the National Federation of the Blind.

NFB Writing Contest for Youth and Adults
Encourages braille literacy through creative writing. From the National Federation of the Blind.

Seedlings: Braille Books for Children
Provides books for children learning to read braille. www.seedlings.org Link outside of Library of Congress

Curricula

The Braille Connection
Assists former print readers wanting to learn braille as late adolescents and adults. Available from the American Printing House for the Blind. Braille, $252; print, $184.

Building on Patterns: Primary Braille Literacy Program
Teaches reading, writing, spelling, language skills, contractions, and tactile graphics beginning at the kindergarten level and continuing up to second grade. Available from the American Printing House for the Blind. Multiple formats, prices vary.

Illinois Braille Series
Teaches braille to adult learners. Available from the American Printing House for the Blind. Braille, $26; Braille, $16.

Patterns Prebraille Program
Offers preparatory curriculum intended for children before they begin learning to read braille. Available from the American Printing House for the Blind. Braille, $83.

SAL2 Mangold Braille Reading Program—Complete Set
Features built-in speech for instant feedback and software package for logging student progress, games at the end of each lesson, and print versions of the braille material. For ages 14 and older. Available from Touch Graphics. Multiple formats, $1,916.

Tools and Games for Learning to Read and Write Braille

Alphabet Scramble
Uses read-out-loud storybook to teach readers how the braille code moves across a page. Additional skills covered include capitalization, letter names, contractions, and alphabetical order. Available from the American Printing House for the Blind. Braille, $47.

APH SMART Brailler by Perkins
Provides automatic feedback to users of this mechanical brailling device with digital screen and speaker while they are typing. Available from the American Printing House for the Blind. Perkins-style braille device, $1,895.

Braille Connection, Chart of Braille Contractions
Lists commonly used braille contractions. Available from the American Printing House for the Blind. Braille $15.

Braille Contraction Cards
Uses 247 cards to reinforce braille literary code, specifically braille contractions. Available from the American Printing House for the Blind. Braille and large print, $16.

Braille Letter Drill
Assists in practicing braille memorization. Available from the American Printing House for the Blind. Braille, $25; print, $10.

English Braille Symbols
Contains commonly used braille contractions and the braille alphabet in chart format. Available from the National Braille Press. Print, $5.

Expanded Dolch Word Cards
Features 220 vocabulary words and 95 words with pictures on flashcards for practice in reading contracted and uncontracted braille. Both braille and large print are on each card. Available from the American Printing House for the Blind. $21.

Fun with Braille
Intended for braille learners of all ages, Fun with Braille can be used to practice braille contractions. Available from the American Printing House for the Blind. Braille, $23; large print, $24.

Lucky Dip Braille Activity
Supports braille learners through a do-it-yourself activity with braille instruction. Available from Paths to Literacy. Online, free. www.pathstoliteracy.org/resources/lucky-dip-braille-activity Link outside of Library of Congress

Math Window Basic Braille Math Kit
Teaches basic braille math, braille algebra, and braille geometry using magnetic  ½-inch tiles with Nemeth Code and large-print lettering. Math Window is portable, with a carrying case included. Available from Wolf Products. $144.95.

Nemeth Code Reference Sheet for Basic Mathematics
Lists frequently occurring symbols used in Nemeth Code. Includes symbols for number, money, geometry, fractions, etc. Available from American Printing House for the Blind. Braille, $12; print, $5 print.

Nemeth Reference Sheets
Contains the common symbols used in the Nemeth Code using a chart in calendar format. Available from the National Braille Press. Braille and print (ordered separately), $16.95; braille and print (combined order), $30.

Quick Check: Index of Literary Braille Signs
Contains common braille contractions. Available from the American Printing House for the Blind. Braille, $12; print, $10.50.

Tactual Discrimination Worksheets
Provides replaceable braille worksheets for learners of all ages to practice their braille skills. Available from the American Printing House for the Blind. Braille, $20.

Word PlayHouse Kit
Teaches phonics along with braille reading skills. Available from the American Printing House for the Blind. Braille and print (combined formats), $260.

Correspondence Courses for Learning to Read and Write Braille

The following is a listing of correspondence courses for learning braille. A directory of in-person braille courses is also included in this publication. If you know of a correspondence course not listed below, please contact the NLS Reference Section at 800-424-8567, extension 4, or e-mail nlsref@loc.gov.

Canadian National Institute for the Blind (CNIB)
Offers a variety of braille correspondence courses for students seeking to learn braille for personal literacy. www.cnib.org Link outside of Library of Congress

The Hadley School for the Blind
Offers nine braille courses for students who are blind and six braille courses for students who are sighted. Courses are free and are offered via correspondence. In addition, by the end of 2014 Hadley will offer courses in Unified English Braille (UEB). www.hadley.edu/ Link outside of Library of Congress

An Introduction to Music for the Blind Student: A Course in Braille Music Reading
Provides a self-paced course for blind students who are interested in learning how to read braille music. Uses the braille music code to teach music fundamentals. Available on loan from the NLS Music Section. Also available from Dancing Dots. $166 print; $124 braille; $249 print and braille.

National Federation of the Blind: Braille Literacy Pals Club
Promotes braille literacy among families and encourages parents and other caregivers to read daily with their children up to age seven. Participants receive supporting material from the National Federation of the Blind.  https://nfb.org/braille-reading-pals-early-literacy-program Link outside of Library of Congress

Sustaining Braille Proficiency
Offers an independent course for vision professionals to take at their own pace to preserve their literary and Nemeth braille skills. $95. www.nercve.org/professional-development/sustaining-braille-proficiency Link outside of Library of Congress

Resources for Teachers

Listed below are resources teachers can use to help tech braille literacy to their students.

Braille, A Code for Success
Helps prepare braille teachers for the National Literacy Braille Competency test. Available from the National Federation of the Blind. Print, free.

Braille Code: A Guide to Grade Three (for First Year High School)
Provides a braille shorthand code for students learning grade 3 braille. Available from the American Printing House for the Blind. Braille, $38; print, $25. (Audio and braille formats are also available on loan from participating NLS network libraries.)

Braille Literacy and the Expanded Core Curriculum
Advocates for braille literacy to be a part of the expanded core curriculum. Available from the American Foundation for the Blind and the Perkins School for the Blind. HTML, free. www.eccadvocacy.org/section.aspx?FolderID=13&SectionID=143&DocumentID=6099 Link outside of Library of Congress

Braille Reading Standards
Designed to match the English-language Arts Content Standards for Students, but also tailored to meet the specific needs of braille readers. Developed and adapted by the California State Board of Education in 2006. PDF, free. www.pathstoliteracy.org/sites/pathstoliteracy.perkinsdev1.org/files/uploaded-files/braillereadstand.pdf [PDF: 665.35 KB / 109 p.] Link outside of Library of Congress

DOTS for Braille Literacy
Includes strategies and methods for teaching braille as well as products to assist in braille reading and writing. Available from the American Foundation for the Blind. E-mail, free.

Learning the Nemeth Braille Code: A Manual for Teachers and Students
Assists in teaching and learning the Nemeth Code, which was developed for working with mathematical formulas. Available from the American Printing House for the Blind. Braille and print, $37.

Instruction for Transcribers

Guides and resources meant to aide those learning to be braille transcribers or transcribers who wish to continue to practice their skills are listed here.

Literary Braille

2012 Braille Formats Study Guide
Contains questions and answers, quizzes, and other methods for learners to use to practice. It is a compendium of Braille Formats: Principles of Print to Braille Transcription, 2011. Available from the National Braille Association. Print, $50.

Anatomy of a Book
Familiarizes new transcribers with the semantics of braille transcription and introduces braille formats. Written for a transcriber who is certified in literary braille. Available from the National Braille Association. E-book and print, $33.

Braille Formats: Principles of Print-to-Braille Transcription
Provides guidance in the fundamentals of braille transcription for transcribers. Available from the Braille Authority of North America. BRF, HTML, PDF, and print; free.

Dictionaries and Diacritics
Educates braille transcribers on the proper method of transcribing reference material in the back of books. Available from the National Braille Association. E-book and print, $36.

The End May Be Near
Teaches transcribers how to identify and label end-matter material. Available from the National Braille Association. Print, $25.

Integrating Print and Braille: A Recipe for Literacy
Assesses a student’s ability to learn print, braille, or both. Includes teaching methods and case studies. Available from the National Federation of the Blind.  HTML, free.

Manual for Braille Transcribing
Used in the curriculum for transcribers seeking Library of Congress certification. Currently in its 6th edition; the 7th edition is expected to be published in early 2015. Available from the National Federation of the Blind. BRF, PDF, or print, free.

Modern Methods of Teaching Braille
Teaches braille through multiple lessons and drills for early learners. Available from the American Printing House for the Blind. Multiple formats, prices vary.

Principles of Print-to-Braille Transcription
Provides guidance in the fundamentals of braille transcription for transcribers. Available from the Braille Authority of North America. BRF, HTML, PDF, and print; free.

Quick Check: Index of Literary Braille Signs
Contains common contractions. Available from the American Printing House for the Blind. Braille, $11; large print, $10.50.

Braille Mathematics

Listed below are guides and resources meant to aide those learning to be braille math transcribers, or math transcribers who wish to continue to practice their skills.

Introduction to Braille Mathematics Based on the Nemeth Braille Code for Mathematics and Science Notation
Available from the American Printing House for the Blind. Braille, $157; print, $85 print.

 Nemeth Code for Mathematics and Science Notation
Available from the American Printing House for the Blind. Braille and print, $63.

Addendum 1 to the Nemeth Code for Mathematics and Science Notation, 1972 Revision: Ancient Numeration Systems
Available from the American Printing House for the Blind. Braille and print, $10.

Braille Music

Listed below are guides and resources meant to aide those learning to be braille music transcribers, or music transcribers who wish to continue to practice their skills.

Introduction to Braille Music Transcription
Intended for transcribers wishing to learn music braille notation. Contains the text for transcribers seeking to become certified by the Library of Congress in music code. Available from the National Federation of the Blind and NLS. PDF, free.

New International Manual of Braille Music Notation.
Lays out standards for braille music rules and signs as adopted by the World Blind Union. Available from the NLS Music Section. PDF, free. Also available from OPUS Technologies. CD, $79.

Other Languages

Below are three standards for braille transcription in languages other than English.

Cherokee (ᏣᎳᎩ) Syllabary Braille Code
Provides a braille code for the Cherokee language. It is the result of a partnership between the Cherokee Nation and the Commonwealth Braille and Talking Book Cooperative in July 2014. Available from the Commonwealth Braille and Talking Book Cooperative. HTML, free.

Interim Manual for Foreign Language Braille Transcribing
Offers guidance for transcribing material in foreign languages. Based on the Braille Authority of North America publication Braille Formats: Principles of Print-to-Braille Transcription, the Interim Manual for Foreign Language Braille Transcribing. Available from the National Braille Association. Braille, $100; print, $48.

 Manual for Spanish Braille
Offers guidance for transcribing material in Spanish. Available from the American Printing House for the Blind. Braille, $25.

Tactile Graphics

Tactile graphics allow for images to be perceived by users with visual disabilities through the sense of touch. Below is a standard from BANA on how to transcribe using tactile graphics.

Guidelines and Standards for Tactile Graphics
Provides guidance on best practices and methods for the production of tactile graphics. Available from the Braille Authority of North America. HTML and PDF, free. Also available from the American Printing House for the Blind. Braille, $109; large print, $59.

Correspondence Courses for Braille Transcription

Listed below are correspondence courses that offer instruction specifically for those interested in becoming braille transcribers.

Canadian National Institute for the Blind (CNIB)
Offers courses for transcribers in English Braille American Edition, UEB, Nemeth, and Music codes. www.cnib.org Link outside of Library of Congress

National Certification in Literary Braille
Awards individuals who complete a four-part exam. Intended for teachers of braille. Administered by the National Blindness Professional Certification Board (NBPCB). www.nbpcb.org/pages/NCLBcertificationexaminationprocess.php Link outside of Library of Congress

National Library Service for the Blind and Physically Handicapped, Library of Congress
Provides literary, mathematics, and music transcribing and proofreading braille certification courses that are conducted by the National Federation of the Blind. The Librarian of Congress and the NLS director authorize and issue certifications for braille transcribers and proofreaders. www.nfb.org/transcribers Link outside of Library of Congress

Positive Eye: Braille Course
Designed for braille transcribers looking to expand their braille skills. www.positiveeye.co.uk/braille-course-for-teaching-assistants/ Link outside of Library of Congress

Braille Code Books

Listed below are books, guidelines, and standards for the various braille codes.

Computer, Math, and Science

Braille Code for Chemical Notation
Provides the standard for transcribing chemical code. Available from the American Printing House for the Blind. Braille, $29; print, $26.

Computer Braille Code: 2000 Revision
Helps transcribers improve their ability to transcribe computer-related writings. Available from the Braille Authority of North America. BRF and PDF, free. Also available from the American Printing House for the Blind. Braille, $25; print, $17.

Computer Braille Code: Flowchart Design for Applicable Braille Codes Supplement, 1992
Provides best methods for creating flowcharts in braille format. Compiled by the Braille Authority of North America. Available from the American Printing House for the Blind. Braille and print, $25.

Introduction to Computer Braille Code
Provides a primer on the computer braille code for transcribers, published by the Braille Authority of North America. Includes examples of proper use of the code. Available from the National Braille Association. Print, $30.

Literary Braille Code

(“Literary braille” refers to braille that is used for reading and writing standard prose.)

English Braille American Edition
Provides guidance for use of literary braille, written by the Braille Authority of North America. Available from the Braille Authority of North America. HTML, free. Also available from the American Printing House for the Blind. Braille and print, $44; BRF, free; PDF, free.

The Rules of Unified English Braille
Serves as a reference for transcribers, developers of braille translation software, and other braille professionals. Second edition. Available from the International Council on English Braille. BRF and PDF, free.

Music Braille Code

Braille Byzantine Music Notation
Provides the braille code for musical chants commonly sung in Eastern Orthodox churches. Available from Saint Anthony’s Monastery. HTML, free.

Music Braille CodeThank you for your approval. Your document has been posted at:
Provides the standard for transcribing music symbols and notations into braille format. Available from the Braille Authority of North America and NLS. BRF and PDF, free. Also available from the American Printing House for the Blind. Braille and print, $57.

Braille Codes in Other Languages

World Braille Usage
Gives readers a snapshot of braille around the world. Jointly produced by the Perkins School for the Blind, International Council on English Braille, and NLS. Available from NLS. Print, free.

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National Resource Organizations for Braille Literacy

This section lists organizations that advocate for and provide additional resources on braille literacy.

American Council of the Blind (ACB)
2200 Wilson Blvd., Suite 650
Arlington, VA 22201
(202) 467-5081
800-424-8666 toll-free
(703) 465-5085 fax
info@acb.org
www.acb.org Link outside of Library of Congress

American Foundation for the Blind
2 Penn Plaza, Suite 1102
New York, NY 10121
(212) 502-7600
(212) 502-7777 fax
afbinfo@afb.net
www.afb.org Link outside of Library of Congress

Blinded Veterans Association
477 H St. NW
Washington, DC 20001
(202) 371-8880
800-669-7079 toll-free
(202) 371-8258 fax
bva@bva.org
www.bva.org Link outside of Library of Congress

Braille Institute of America, Inc.
741 N. Vermont Ave.
Los Angeles, CA 90029
(323) 663-1111
800-272-4553 toll-free
(323) 663-1428 fax
la@brailleinstitute.org
www.brailleinstitute.org Link outside of Library of Congress

Carroll Center for the Blind
770 Centre St.
Newton, MA 02458
(617) 969-6200
800-852-3131 toll-free
dina.rosenbaum@carroll.org
http://carroll.org Link outside of Library of Congress

Hadley School for the Blind
700 Elm St.
Winnetka, IL 60093
(847) 446-8111
800-323-4238 toll-free
(847) 441-8111 TDD/TTY
(847) 446-9916 fax
info@hadley.edu
www.hadley.edu Link outside of Library of Congress

National Federation of the Blind (NFB)
200 E. Wells St. at Jernigan Place
Baltimore, MD 21230
(410) 659-9314
(410) 685-5653 fax
nfb@nfb.org
https://nfb.org
www.nfbnet.org Link outside of Library of Congress

Perkins School for the Blind
175 N. Beacon St.
Watertown, MA 02472
(617) 924-3434
info@Perkins.org
www.perkins.org Link outside of Library of Congress

Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired
1100 W. Forty-fifth St.
Austin, TX 78756-3494
(512) 454-8631
800-872-5273 toll-free
(512) 454-3395 fax
www.tsbvi.edu Link outside of Library of Congress

U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs: Blind Rehabilitation Service
810 Vermont Ave. NW
Washington, DC 20420
(202) 461-7317
(202) 495-5473 fax
Kathleen.Dziak@va.gov

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Directory for Further Information and Referrals

The following is a state-by-state listing of organizations and services that offer additional educational resources for people with visual impairments or that may offer braille instructional classes. This is not intended to be a comprehensive listing. If you know of a braille instructional program that is not listed below, please contact the NLS Reference Section at 800-424-8567, extension 4, or e-mail nlsref@loc.gov.

Alabama

Southwest Alabama Regional School for the Deaf and Blind
3980 Burma Rd.
Mobile, AL 36693
(251) 221-5454
(251) 221-5455 fax
(251) 221-5454 TDD/TTY
http://regional.mcs.schoolinsites.com Link outside of Library of Congress

Arizona

Arizona Center for the Blind and Visually Impaired
3100 E. Roosevelt St.
Phoenix, AZ 85008
(602) 273-7411
(602) 273-7410 fax
info@acbvi.org
www.acbvi.org Link outside of Library of Congress

Arizona Department of Economic Security: Rehabilitation Services Administration
1789 W. Jefferson St., 930A
Phoenix, AZ 85007
(602) 542-3332
800-563-1221 toll-free
(602) 542-3778 fax
(520) 628-6864 TDD/TTY
www.azdes.gov/rsa/blind.asp

Arkansas

Arkansas School for the Blind
PO Box 668
Little Rock, AR 72203
(501) 296-1810
800-362-4451 toll-free
(501) 296-1831 fax
(501) 296-1833 TDD/TTY
khodge@asb.k12.ar.us
www.arkansasschoolfortheblind.org Link outside of Library of Congress

California

Blind and Visually Impaired Center of Monterey County Inc.
225 Laurel Ave.
Pacific Grove, CA 93950
(831) 649-3505
(831) 649-4057 fax
vision@blindandlowvision.org
www.blindandlowvision.org Link outside of Library of Congress

Blind Childrens Center
4120 Marathon St.
Los Angeles, CA 90029
(323) 664-2153
(323) 665-3828 fax
info@blindchildrenscenter.org
www.blindchildrenscenter.org Link outside of Library of Congress

Braille Institute of America, Inc.
741 N. Vermont Ave.
Los Angeles, CA 90029
(323) 663-1111
800-272-4553 toll-free
(323) 663-1428 fax
la@brailleinstitute.org
www.brailleinstitute.org Link outside of Library of Congress

California School for the Blind
500 Walnut Ave.
Fremont, CA 94536
(510) 794-3800
(510) 794-3813 fax
www.csb-cde.ca.gov

Center for the Blind and Visually Impaired
1721 Westwind Dr., Suite B
Bakersfield, CA 93301
(661) 322-5234
(661) 324-1176 fax
inquiries@acecares.org
www.cbvi.org Link outside of Library of Congress

Community Center for the Blind
130 W. Flora St.
Stockton, CA 95202
(209) 466-3836
(209) 466-5692 fax
info@communitycenterfortheblind.org
www.communitycenterfortheblind.org Link outside of Library of Congress

Dayle McIntosh Disability Resource Centers
501 N. Brookhurst St. #102
Anaheim, CA 92801
(714) 621-3300
800-972-8285 toll-free
(714) 663-2094 fax
(714) 589-2047 video phone
http://daylemc.org Link outside of Library of Congress

Earle Baum Center of the Blind
4539 Occidental Rd.
Santa Rosa, CA 95401
(707) 523-3222
(707) 636-2768 fax
ebc@earlebaum.org
www.earlebaum.org Link outside of Library of Congress

East Bay Center for the Blind
2928 Adeline St.
Berkeley, CA 94703-2503
(510) 843-6935
(510) 843-6006 fax
eastbaycenterfortheblind@gmail.com
www.eastbaycenterfortheblind.org Link outside of Library of Congress

Hope Infant Family Support Program
San Diego County Office of Education
6401 Linda Vista Rd.
San Diego, CA 92111-7399
(858) 292-3835
800-281-8252 toll-free
(858) 569-5394 fax
www.sdcoe.net Link outside of Library of Congress

Junior Blind of America
5300 Angeles Vista Blvd.
Los Angeles, CA 90043
(323) 295-4555
800-352-2290 toll-free
(323) 296-0424 fax
info@juniorblind.org
www.juniorblind.org Link outside of Library of Congress

Lighthouse for the Blind and Visually Impaired
214 Van Ness Ave.
San Francisco, CA 94102
(415) 431-1481
(415) 863-7568 fax
(415) 255-5906 video phone
info@lighthouse-sf.org
www.lighthouse-sf.org Link outside of Library of Congress

Lions Center for the Blind
2115 Broadway
Oakland, CA 94612
(510) 450-1580
(510) 654-3603 fax
info@lbcenter.org
www.lbcenter.org Link outside of Library of Congress

San Diego Center for the Blind and Vision Impaired
5922 El Cajon Blvd.
San Diego, CA 92115
(619) 583-1542
(619) 583-2335 fax
information@sdcb.org
www.sdcb.org Link outside of Library of Congress

Society for the Blind
1238 South St.
Sacramento, CA 95811
(916) 452-8271
(916) 492-2483 fax
info@societyfortheblind.org
www.societyfortheblind.org Link outside of Library of Congress

St. Mary Low Vision Center
1050 Linden Ave.
Long Beach, CA 90813
(562) 491-9275
www.stmarymedicalcenter.org/Medical_Services/207184 Link outside of Library of Congress

The Hatlen Center for the Blind
2430 Road 20, #B112
San Pablo, CA 94806
(510) 234-4984
(510) 234-4986 fax
pmaffei@hcblind.org
www.hcblind.org Link outside of Library of Congress

Valley Center for the Blind
2491 W. Shaw Ave., Suite 124
Fresno, CA 93711
(559) 222-4447
(559) 222-4844 fax
info@valleycenterfortheblind.org
www.valleycenterfortheblind.org Link outside of Library of Congress

Vista Center
2470 El Camino Real, Suite 107
Palo Alto, CA 94306
(650) 858-0202 ext. 112
(650) 858-0214 fax
praskin@vistacenter.org
www.vistacenter.org Link outside of Library of Congress

Colorado

Cherry Creek School District
4700 S. Yosemite St.
Greenwood Village, CO 80011
(303) 773-1184
www.cherrycreekschools.org Link outside of Library of Congress

Colorado Center for the Blind
2233 W. Shepperd Ave.
Littleton, CO 80120
(303) 778-1130
800-401-4632 toll-free
303-778-1598 fax
jdeden@cocenter.org
www.cocenter.org Link outside of Library of Congress

Colorado Department of Human Services: Division of Vocational Rehabilitation
1575 Sherman St., 4th floor
Denver, CO 80203
(303) 866-4150
(866) 870-4595 toll-free
(303) 866-4905 fax
(303) 866-4150 TDD/TTY
carlos.fernandez@state.co.us
www.colorado.gov/cs/Satellite/CDHS-SelfSuff/CBON/1251580884712

Connecticut

Department of Rehabilitation Services-Bureau of Education and Services for the Blind
184 Windsor Ave.
Windsor, CT 06095
(860) 602-4000
(860) 602-4020 fax
(860) 602-4221 TDD/TTY
brian.sigman@ct.gov
www.ct.gov/besb

U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs: Eastern Blind Rehabilitation Center
VA Connecticut Healthcare System
124 950 Campbell Ave.
West Haven, CT 06516
(203) 932-5711 ext. 2175
www.connecticut.va.gov/CONNECTICUT/features/Eastern_Blind_Rehabilitation_Center.asp

District of Columbia

Adaptive Services Department
DC Public Library
901 G St. NW, Room 215
Washington, DC 20001
(202) 727-2142
lbph.dcpl@dc.gov
www.dclibrary.org/services/lbph

Columbia Lighthouse for the Blind
8720 Georgia Ave., Suite 210
Silver Spring, MD 20910
301-589-0894
877-595-9228 fax
info@clb.org
www.clb.org Link outside of Library of Congress
Note: Serves the greater Washington, D.C., region

Florida

Florida Center for the Blind
7634 SW Sixtieth Ave.
Ocala, FL 34476
(352) 873-4700
(352) 873-4751 fax
fcbassist@flblind.org
www.flblind.org Link outside of Library of Congress

Florida Department of Education: Bureau of Exceptional Education and Student Services
325 W. Gaines St., Suite 614
Tallahassee, FL 32399-0400
(850) 245-0475
(850) 245-0953 fax
(850) 245-0475 TDD/TTY
www.fldoe.org/ese Link outside of Library of Congress

Florida Department of Education: Division of Blind Services
325 W. Gaines St., Suite 1114
Tallahassee, FL 32399
(850) 245-0331
800-342-1828 toll-free
(850) 245-0363 (Fax)
Web.administrator@dbs.fldoe.org
http://dbs.myflorida.com Link outside of Library of Congress

Florida Lions Conklin Center for the Blind
405 White St.
Daytona Beach, FL 32114
(386) 258-3441
(386) 258-1155 fax
info@conklincenter.org
www.conklincenter.org Link outside of Library of Congress

Florida Outreach Center for the Blind
2315 S. Congress Ave.
West Palm Beach, FL 33406
(561) 642-0005
info@flblindcenter.org
http://flblindcenter.org Link outside of Library of Congress

Florida School for the Deaf and the Blind
207 N. San Marco Ave.
St. Augustine, FL 32084
(904) 827-2200
800-344-3732 toll-free
info@fsdb.k12.fl.us
www.fsdb.k12.fl.us

Independence for the Blind of West Florida
3107 N. Davis Hwy.
Pensacola, FL 32503
(850) 477-2663
(850) 479-4025 fax
email@ibwest.org
http://ibwest.org Link outside of Library of Congress

Lighthouse Central Florida
215 E. New Hampshire St.
Orlando, FL 32804
(407) 898-2483
(407) 898-0236
csacca@lcf-fl.org
www.lighthousecentralflorida.org Link outside of Library of Congress

Lighthouse of Broward County
650 N. Andrews Ave.
Ft. Lauderdale, FL 33311
(954) 463-4217
(954) 764-3825 fax
vision@LHOB.org
www.LHOB.org Link outside of Library of Congress

Lighthouse of Pinellas
6925 112th Cir. N., Suite 103
Largo, FL 33773
(727) 544-4433
(727) 544-5511 fax
info@lhpfl.org
www.lhpfl.org Link outside of Library of Congress

Lighthouse of Southwest Florida, Inc.
35 W. Mariana Ave.
North Fort Myers, FL 33903
(239) 997-7797
(239) 997-8462
www.lighthouseswfl.org Link outside of Library of Congress

Lighthouse of the Big Bend
3071 Highland Oaks Ter.
Tallahassee, FL 32301
(850) 942-3658
888-827-6033 toll-free
(850) 942-4518 fax
info@lighthousebigbend.org
www.lighthousebigbend.org Link outside of Library of Congress

Miami Lighthouse for the Blind and Visually Impaired, Inc.
601 SW Eighth Ave.
Miami, FL 33130
(305) 856-2288
(305) 285-6967 fax
INFO@MiamiLighthouse.org
http://miamilighthouse.org Link outside of Library of Congress

New Vision for Independence
9501 US Hwy 441
Leesburg, FL 34788
(352) 435-5040
(352) 435-6303 fax
info@newvisionfl.org
www.newvisionfl.org Link outside of Library of Congress

Tampa Lighthouse for the Blind
1106 W. Platt St.
Tampa, FL 33606
(813) 251-2407
(813) 254-4305 fax
TLH@tampalighthouse.org
www.tampalighthouse.org Link outside of Library of Congress

Georgia

Center for the Visually Impaired
739 W. Peachtree St. NW
Atlanta, GA 30308
(404) 875-9011
(404) 607-0062 fax
info@cviga.org
www.cviga.org Link outside of Library of Congress

Savannah Center for Blind and Low Vision
214 Drayton St.
Savannah, GA 31401
(912) 236-4473
(912) 234-9286
www.savannahcblv.org Link outside of Library of Congress

Vision Rehabilitation Services
3830 S. Cobb Dr., Suite 125
Smyrna, GA 30080
(770) 432-7280
(770) 432-5457 fax
cvillacorta@vrsga.org
www.vrsga.org Link outside of Library of Congress

Vistas Center
337 S. Milledge Ave.
Athens, GA 30605
(706) 583-8001
vistascenter@charter.net
www.vistascenter.org Link outside of Library of Congress

Walton Options for Independent Living
948 Walton Way
Augusta, GA 30903
(706) 724-6262
877-821-8400 toll-free
(706) 724-6262 fax
www.waltonoptions.org Link outside of Library of Congress

Hawaii

Hawaii Department of Human Services: Ho’opono Services for the Blind,
Division of Vocational Rehabilitation

600 Kapiolani Blvd., #304
Honolulu, HI 96813
info@hawaiivr.org
http://humanservices.hawaii.gov/vr/hoopono/hoopono-services

Idaho

Idaho Educational Services for the Deaf and the Blind
1450 Main St.
Gooding, ID 83330
(208) 934-4457
(208) 934-8352
http://iesdb.org Link outside of Library of Congress

Illinois

Blind Service Association
17 N. State St., Suite 1050
Chicago, IL 60602-3510
(312) 236-0808
(312) 236-8679 fax
blindsrvc@aol.com
www.blindserviceassociation.org Link outside of Library of Congress

Hadley School for the Blind
700 Elm St.
Winnetka, IL 60093
(847) 446-8111
800-323-4238 toll-free
(847) 441-8111 (TDD/TTY)
(847) 446-9916 fax
info@hadley.edu
www.hadley.edu Link outside of Library of Congress

Illinois School for the Blind and Visually Impaired
658 E. State St.
Jacksonville, IL 62650
(217) 479-4400
(217) 479-4479 fax
800-919-5617 toll-free
(217) 479-4415 (TDD/TTY)
Shelly.Williams@illinois.gov
www.isvi.net Link outside of Library of Congress

Indiana

Evansville Association for the Blind
500 N. Second Ave.
Evansville, IN 47710
(812) 422-1181
(812) 424-3154 fax
pattyhaas@evansvilleblind.org
www.evansvilleblind.org Link outside of Library of Congress

Iowa

Iowa Educational Services for the Blind and Visually Impaired
1002 G Ave.
Vinton, IA 52349
(319) 472-5221
800-645-4579 toll-free
(319) 472-5174
jruegg@iowa-braille.k12.ia.us
www.iowa-braille.k12.ia.us

Iowa Department for the Blind
524 Fourth St.
Des Moines, IA 50309-2364
(515) 281-1333
800-362-2587 toll-free
(515) 281-1355 (TDD/TTY)
(515) 281-1263 fax
information@blind.state.ia.us
www.IDBonline.org Link outside of Library of Congress

Iowa State Department of Education: Special Education
Grimes State Office Building
Des Moines, IA 50319-0146
(515) 281-4030
(515) 242-5988 fax
www.educateiowa.gov/pk-12/special-education

Kansas

Envision
610 N. Main
Wichita, KS 67203
(316) 440-1600
888-311-2299 toll-free
(316) 267-9034 fax
(316) 231-0057 (TDD/TTY)
envision@envisionus.com
www.envisionus.com Link outside of Library of Congress

Kentucky

Kentucky Office for the Blind
275 E. Main St., Mail Stop 2-EJ
Frankfort, KY 40621
(502) 564-4754
800-321-6668 toll-free
(502) 564-2929 TDD/TTY
http://blind.ky.gov

Kentucky School for the Blind
1867 Frankfort Ave.
Louisville, KY 40206
(502) 897-1583 ext. 243
(502) 897-2994
www.ksb.k12.ky.us

Visually Impaired Preschool Services
1906 Goldsmith Ln.
Louisville, KY 40218
(502) 636-3207
888-636-8477 toll-free
(502) 636-0024 fax
info@vips.org
www.vips.org Link outside of Library of Congress

Louisiana

Affiliated Blind of Louisiana
409 W. Saint Mary Blvd.
Lafayette, LA 70506
(337) 234-6492
800-319-4444 toll-free
(337) 232-4244 fax
(337) 264-9259 TDD/TTY
www.affiliatedblind.org Link outside of Library of Congress

Lighthouse Louisiana
123 State St.
New Orleans, LA 70118
(504) 899-4501
888-792-0163 toll-free
(504) 895-4162 fax
clee@lhb.org
www.lhb.org Link outside of Library of Congress

Louisiana Association for the Blind
1750 Claiborne Ave.
Shreveport, LA 71103
(318) 635-6471
877-913-6471 toll-free
(318) 635-8901 fax
bgarison@lablind.com
www.lablind.com Link outside of Library of Congress

Louisiana Center for the Blind
101 S. Trenton St.
Ruston, Louisiana 71270
(318) 251-2891
800-234-4166 toll-free
pallen@louisianacenter.org
www.louisianacenter.org Link outside of Library of Congress

Maine

Catholic Charities Maine: Education Services for Blind and Visually Impaired Children
PO Box 645
Biddeford, ME 04005
(207) 592-4760
888-941-2855 ext. 5416 toll-free
(207) 282-1694 fax
esbvic@ccmaine.org
www.ccmaine.org Link outside of Library of Congress

Maryland

Blind Industries and Services of Maryland
3345 Washington Blvd.
Baltimore, MD 21227
(410) 737-2600
888-322-4567 toll-free
(410) 737-2665 fax
info@bism.org
www.bism.org Link outside of Library of Congress

Maryland School for the Blind
3501 Taylor Ave.
Baltimore, MD 21236-4499
(410) 444-5000
800-400-4915 toll-free
(410) 319-5700 fax
info@mdschblind.org
www.marylandschoolfortheblind.org Link outside of Library of Congress

National Federation of the Blind
200 E. Wells St. at Jernigan Place
Baltimore, MD 21230
(410) 659-9314
(410) 685-5653 fax
nfb@nfb.org
www.nfb.org Link outside of Library of Congress

See also: Columbia Lighthouse for the Blind under District of Columbia.

Massachusetts

Carroll Center for the Blind
770 Centre St.
Newton, MA 02458
(617) 969-6200
800-852-3131 toll-free
dina.rosenbaum@carroll.org
http://carroll.org Link outside of Library of Congress

Massachusetts Commission for the Blind
600 Washington St.
Boston, MA 02111
(617) 727-5550
800-392-6450 toll-free
(617) 626-7685 fax
800-392-6556 TDD
mcbinfo@state.ma.us
www.mass.gov/mcb

Perkins School for the Blind
175 N. Beacon St.
Watertown, MA 02472
(617) 924-3434
info@Perkins.org
www.perkins.org Link outside of Library of Congress

Michigan

Association for the Blind and Visually Impaired
456 Cherry St. SE
Grand Rapids, MI 49503
(616) 458-1187
800-466-8084 toll-free
(616) 458-7113 fax
abvi@abvimichigan.org
www.abvimichigan.org Link outside of Library of Congress

Bureau of Services for Blind Persons, Michigan Department of Licensing and Regulatory Affairs
201 N. Washington Sq.
Lansing, MI 48933
(517) 373-2062
800-292-4200 toll-free
(517) 335-5140 fax
888-864-1212 TTY
turneys@michigan.gov
www.michigan.gov/BSBP

Family Service Agency of Mid Michigan, Visually Impaired Center
1422 W. Court St.
Flint, MI 48503
(810) 767-4014
info@fsamich.org
www.fsamich.org/programs/visually-impaired-center Link outside of Library of Congress

Greater Detroit Agency for the Blind and Visually Impaired
16625 Grand River Ave.
Detroit, MI 48227
(313) 272-3900
(313) 272-6893 fax
information@gdabvi.org
www.gdabvi.org Link outside of Library of Congress

Visually Handicapped Services, Detroit Receiving Hospital and University Health Center
Visually Handicapped Services
Detroit Receiving Hospital
4201 Saint Antoine
Detroit, MI 48201
(313) 745-4510
(313) 745-4120 fax
www.drhuhc.org/services/visual_handicap Link outside of Library of Congress

Washtenaw Library for the Blind and Physically Disabled @ Ann Arbor District Library
343 S. Fifth Ave.
Ann Arbor, MI 48104
(734) 327-4224
(734) 327-8307 fax
WLBPD@aadl.org
http://wlbpd.aadl.org Link outside of Library of Congress

Minnesota

Blindness: Learning in New Dimensions, Inc.
100 E. Twenty-second St.
Minneapolis, MN 55404-2514
(612) 872-0100
(612) 872-9358 fax
info@blindinc.org

Minnesota State Academy for the Blind
400 SE Sixth Ave.
Faribault, MN 55021
(507) 384-6700
800-657-3634 toll-free
info@msab.state.mn.us
www.msab.state.mn.us

Vision Loss Resources
1936 Lyndale Ave. S.
Minneapolis, MN 55403
(612) 871-2222
(612) 872-0189 fax
(612) 382-8422 TTY
info@vlrw.org
www.visionlossresources.org Link outside of Library of Congress

Mississippi

Mississippi School for the Blind
1252 Eastover Dr.
Jackson, MS 39211
(601) 984-8200
888-672-1848 toll-free
(601) 984-8230 fax
www.msb.k12.ms.us

Missouri

Alphapointe Association for the Blind
7501 Prospect
Kansas City, MO 64132
(816) 421-5848 local
(816) 237-2019 fax
info@alphapointe.org
www.alphapointe.org Link outside of Library of Congress

Children’s Center for the Visually Impaired
3101 Main St.
Kansas City, MO 64111
(816) 841-2284
info@ccvi.org
www.ccvi.org Link outside of Library of Congress

St. Louis Society for the Blind and Visually Impaired
8770 Manchester Rd.
St. Louis, MO 63144
(314) 968-9000 local
socialservice@slsbvi.org
http://slsbvi.org Link outside of Library of Congress

Montana

Montana School for the Deaf and Blind
3911 Central Ave.
Great Falls, MT 59405
(406) 771-6000
(406) 771-6164 fax
http://msdb.mt.gov

Nebraska

Nebraska Center for the Education of Children Who Are Blind or Visually Impaired
824 Tenth Ave.
Nebraska City, NE 68410
(402) 873-5513
800-826-4355 toll-free
(402) 873-3463 fax
www.ncecbvi.org Link outside of Library of Congress

Nebraska Commission for the Blind and Visually Impaired
4600 Valley Rd., Suite 100
Lincoln, NE 68510-4844
(402) 471-2891
877-809-2419 toll-free
(402) 471-3009 fax
www.ncbvi.ne.gov

Nevada

Nevada Bureau of Services to the Blind and Visually Impaired
1370 S. Curry St.
Carson City, NV 89703
(775) 684-4040 northern Nevada
(775) 684-4186 fax northern Nevada
(775) 684-8400 TDD/TTY northern Nevada
(702) 486-5230 southern Nevada
(702) 486-1018 TTY southern Nevada
http://detr.state.nv.us/rehab/reh_bvi.htm

Nevada Talking Book Services
100 N. Stewart St.
Carson City, NV 89701-4285
(775) 684-3354
800-922-9334 toll-free
(775) 684-3355 fax
(775) 687-8338 TDD/TTY
nvtalkingbooks@admin.nv.gov
http://nsla.nv.gov/Library/Talking_Books/Nevada_Talking_Book_Services/

New Hampshire

New Hampshire Association for the Blind: McGreal Sight Center
25 Walker St.
Concord, NH 03301
(603) 224-4039
800-464-3075 toll-free
(603) 224-4378 fax
services@sightcenter.com
www.sightcenter.org Link outside of Library of Congress

New Jersey

Concordia Learning Center at St. Joseph’s School for the Blind
761 Summit Ave.
Jersey City, NJ 07307
(201) 876-5432
(201) 876-5431 fax
info@sjsnj.org
www.clcnj.org/ Link outside of Library of Congress

New Jersey Commission for the Blind and Visually Impaired
153 Halsey St., 6th Floor
PO Box 47017
Newark, NJ 07102
(973) 648-3333
877-685-8878 toll-free
(973) 648-2043 fax
askcbvi@dhs.state.nj.us
www.state.nj.us/humanservices/cbvi

New Mexico

New Mexico Commission for the Blind
2905 Rodeo Park Dr. E.
Building 4, Suite 100
Santa Fe, NM 87505
(505) 476-4479
888-513-7968 toll-free
(505) 476-4475 fax
Virginia.Murphy@state.nm.us
www.cfb.state.nm.us

New Mexico School for the Blind and Visually Impaired
1900 N. White Sands Blvd.
Alamogordo, NM 88310
(575) 437-3505
800-437-3505 toll-free
(575) 439-4411 fax
www.nmsbvi.k12.nm.us

New York

Association for the Visually Impaired
260 Old Nyack Tpk.
Spring Valley, NY 10977
(845) 574-4950
(845) 574-4944 fax
avi@avi-eyes.org
www.avi-eyes.org Link outside of Library of Congress

Association for Vision Rehabilitation and Employment, Inc.
174 Court St.
Binghamton, NY 13901
(607) 724-2428
(607) 771-8045 fax
avreinfo@avreus.org
www.avreus.org Link outside of Library of Congress

Aurora of Central New York
518 James St., Suite 100
Syracuse, NY 13203
(315) 422-7263
(315) 422-4792 fax
(315) 422-9746 TDD/TTY
auroraofcny@auroraofcny.org
http://www.auroraofcny.org/home/ Link outside of Library of Congress

Central Association for the Blind and Visually Impaired
507 Kent St.
Utica, NY 13501
(315) 797-2233
877-719-9996 toll-free
www.cabvi.org Link outside of Library of Congress

Helen Keller National Center for Deaf-Blind Youths and Adults
141 Middle Neck Rd.
Sands Point, NY 11050-1299
(516) 944-8900
(516) 944-7302 fax
(516) 944-8637 TDD/TTY
hkncinfo@hknc.org
http://www.hknc.org Link outside of Library of Congress

Helen Keller Services for the Blind
57 Willoughby St.
Brooklyn, NY 11201
(718) 522-2122
(718) 935-9463 fax
info@helenkeller.org
www.helenkeller.org Link outside of Library of Congress

New York State Office of Children and Family Services: Commission for the Blind
52 Washington St.
Rensselaer, NY 12144
(518) 473-7793
866-871-3000 toll-free
(518) 486-5819 fax
866- 871-6000 TTY
cbvh@dfa.state.ny.us
www.ocfs.state.ny.us/main/cbvh

New York State School for the Blind
2A Richmond Ave.
Batavia, NY 14020
(585) 343-5384
877-697-7382 toll-free
(585)344-7026 fax
nyssb@mail.nysed.gov
www.p12.nysed.gov/specialed/nyssb

North Country Association for the Visually Impaired
22 US Oval, Suite B-15
Plattsburgh, NY 12903
(518) 562-2330
(518) 562-2331 fax
www.ncavi.org Link outside of Library of Congress

Northeastern Association of the Blind at Albany
301 Washington Ave.
Albany, NY 12206
(518) 463-1211
(518) 463-3585 fax
clawyer@naba-vision.org
www.naba-vision.org Link outside of Library of Congress

North Carolina

Governor Morehead School
301 Ashe Ave.
Administration Building
Raleigh, NC 27699-2303
(919) 733-6192
(919) 715-2206 fax
Denise.Williams@esdb.nc.gov
www.governormorehead.net Link outside of Library of Congress

Metrolina Association for the Blind
704 Louise Ave.
Charlotte, NC 28204
(704) 372-3870
www.mabnc.org Link outside of Library of Congress

North Carolina Division of Services for the Blind
2601 Mail Service Center
Raleigh, NC 27699-2601
(919) 733-9822
800-222-1546 toll-free
www.ncdhhs.gov/dsb

North Dakota

North Dakota Division of Vocational Rehabilitation
1237 W. Divide Ave., Suite 1B
Bismarck, ND 58501-1208
(701) 328-8950
800-755-2745 toll-free
(701) 328-8969 fax
800-366-6888 TDD/TTY
dhsds@nd.gov
www.nd.gov/dhs/services/disabilities/index.html Link outside of Library of Congress

Ohio

Center for Instructional Supports and Accessible Materials
5220 N. High St.
Columbus, OH 43214
(614) 644-8465
800-310-3317 toll-free
(614) 644-8254 fax
http://cisam.ossb.oh.gov

Cincinnati Association for the Blind and Visually Impaired
2045 Gilbert Ave.
Cincinnati, OH 45202-1490
(513) 221-8558
888-687-3935 toll-free
(513) 221-2995 fax
info@cincyblind.org Link outside of Library of Congress

Clovernook Center for the Blind and Visually Impaired
Main Campus
7000 Hamilton Ave.
Cincinnati, OH 45231
(513) 522-3860
888-234-7156 toll-free
(513) 728-3946 fax
(513) 728-3940 TDD/TTY
clovernook@clovernook.org
www.clovernook.org Link outside of Library of Congress

Ohio Library for the Blind and Physically Disabled in Cleveland
17121 Lake Shore Blvd.
Cleveland, OH 44110-4006
(216) 623-2911
800-362-1262 toll-free
(216) 623-7036 fax
olbpd@cpl.org
www.cpl.org/TheLibrary/OhioLibraryfortheBlindandPhysicallyDisabled.aspx Link outside of Library of Congress

Philomatheon Society of the Blind
2701 W. Tuscarawas St.
Canton, OH 44708
(330) 453-9157
Philomatheon@att.net
www.philomatheon.com Link outside of Library of Congress

UDS Low Vision Services
701 S. Main St., Suite 302
Akron, OH 44311
(330) 762-9755
www.udsakron.org Link outside of Library of Congress

Oklahoma

Oklahoma Department of Rehabilitation Services
3535 NW Fifty-eighth St., Suite 500
Oklahoma City, OK 73112
(405) 951-3400
(405) 951-3529 fax
800-845-8476 toll-free/TTY
www.okdrs.gov

Oklahoma School for the Blind
3300 Gibson St.
Muskogee, OK 74403
(918) 781-8200
877- 229-7136 toll-free
(918) 781-8300 fax
www.osb.k12.ok.us

Oregon

Independent Living Resources
1839 NE Couch St.
Portland, OR 97232
(503) 232-7411
(503) 232-7480 fax
info@ilr.org
www.ilr.org Link outside of Library of Congress

Oregon Commission for the Blind
535 SE Twelfth Ave.
Portland, OR 97214
(971) 673-1588
888-202-5463 toll-free
(503) 234-7468 fax
(971) 673-1577 TDD/TTY
ocb.mail@state.or.us
www.oregon.gov/blind

Pennsylvania

Allegheny Intermediate Unit: Special Education Division, Blind and Visually Impaired Support Program
475 E. Waterfront Dr.
Homestead, PA 15120
(412) 394-5700
(412) 394-5706 fax
www.aiu3.net/Level3.aspx?id=1282 Link outside of Library of Congress

Beaver County Association for the Blind
616 Fourth St.
Beaver Falls, PA 15010
(724) 843-1111
(724) 843-8886 fax
www.bcblind.org Link outside of Library of Congress

Blind and Vision Rehabilitation Services of Pittsburgh
1800 West St.
Homestead, PA 15120
(412) 368-4400
www.pghvis.org Link outside of Library of Congress

Capital Area Intermediate Unit: Blind and Visually Impaired Services
55 Miller St.
Enola, PA 17025
(717) 732-8400
(717) 732-8414 fax
info@caiu.org
www.caiu.org/services/student/school-age/special-education-ncp/visually-impaired.aspx Link outside of Library of Congress

Center for Vision Loss
845 Wyoming St.
Allentown, PA 18103
(610) 433-6018
(610) 433-4856 fax
information@centerforvisionloss.org
http://centerforvisionloss.org Link outside of Library of Congress

ForSight Vision
1380 Spahn Ave.
York, PA 17403
(717) 848-1690
800-255-6578 toll-free
(717) 845-3889 fax
www.forsight.org Link outside of Library of Congress

Greater Wilkes-Barre Association for the Blind
1825 Wyoming Ave.
Exeter, PA 18643
(570) 693-3555
877-693-3555 toll-free
(570) 693-1307 fax
info@wilkesbarreblind.com
www.wilkesbarreblind.com Link outside of Library of Congress

Keystone Blind Association
1230 Stambaugh Ave.
Sharon, PA 16146
(724) 347-5501
(724) 347-2204 fax
www.keystoneblind.org Link outside of Library of Congress

Montgomery County Association for the Blind
212 N. Main St.
North Wales, PA 19454
(215) 661-9800
(215) 661-9888 fax
www.mcab.org Link outside of Library of Congress

Overbrook School for the Blind
6333 Malvern Ave.
Philadelphia, PA 19151-2597
(215) 877-0313
(215) 877-2709 fax
(215) 877-0313 TDD/TTY
www.obs.org Link outside of Library of Congress

Pennsylvania Association for the Blind
555 Gettysburg Pike, Suite A300
Mechanicsburg, PA 17055
(717) 766-2020
(717) 766-2099 fax
info@pablind.org
www.pablind.org Link outside of Library of Congress

Pennsylvania Department of Labor and Industry, Office of Vocational Rehabilitation, Bureau of Blindness and Visual Services
Addresses vary depending on county. Visit its website or call to locate the nearest office.
(717) 787-6176
http://www.portal.state.pa.us/portal/server.pt/community/blindness_and_visual_services/10367

Royer-Greaves School for Blind
118 South Valley Road
Paoli, PA 19301-1444
(610) 644-1810
(610) 644-8164
info@royer-greaves.org
http://www.royer-greaves.org/ Link outside of Library of Congress

Sight Center of Northwest Pennsylvania
2545 W. Twenty-sixth St.
Erie, PA 16505-3261
(814) 455-0995
www.sightcenternwpa.org Link outside of Library of Congress

Vision Resource Center of Berks County
2020 Hampden Blvd.
Reading, PA 19604-1499
(610) 375-8407
(610) 375-6467 fax
www.berksblind.org Link outside of Library of Congress

Western Pennsylvania School for Blind Children
201 N. Bellefield Ave.
Pittsburgh, PA 15213
(412) 621-0100
www.wpsbc.org Link outside of Library of Congress

Rhode Island

Rhode Island Department of Human Services: Services for the Blind and Visually Impaired
40 Fountain St.
Providence, RI 02903
(401) 421-7005
(401) 421-7016 TDD
(401) 462-7791 Spanish
www.ors.state.ri.us

South Carolina

South Carolina School for the Deaf and the Blind
355 Cedar Springs Rd.
Spartanburg, SC 29302
(864) 585-7711
888-447-2732 toll-free
(864) 585-3555 fax
info@scsdb.org
www.scsdb.k12.sc.us

South Dakota

South Dakota Division of Service to the Blind and Visually Impaired
Hillsview Properties Plaza
3800 E. Hwy. 34, c/o 500 E. Capital
Pierre, SD 57501
(605) 773-4644
800-265-9684 toll-free
(605) 773-5483 fax
infosbvi@state.sd.us
http://dhs.sd.gov/sbvi

South Dakota School for the Blind and Visually Impaired
423 Seventeenth Ave. SE
Aberdeen, SD 57401
(605) 626-2580
888-275-3814 toll-free
(605) 626-2607 fax
http://sdsbvi.northern.edu/default.htm Link outside of Library of Congress

Tennessee

Memphis Clovernook Center for the Blind and Visually Impaired
2693 Union Ave., Suite 101
Memphis, TN 38112
(901) 523-9590 3403
www.clovernook.org Link outside of Library of Congress

Tennessee Rehabilitation Center
460 Ninth Ave.
Smyrna, TN 37167-2010
(615) 459-6811
Human-Services.Webmaster@state.tn.us
www.tennessee.gov/humanserv/rehab/345824.pdf [PDF: 1.29 MB / 4 p.] Link outside of Library of Congress

Texas

Dallas Lighthouse for the Blind
4306 Capitol Ave.
Dallas, TX 75204
(214) 821-2375
info@dallaslighthouse.org
www.dallaslighthouse.org Link outside of Library of Congress

San Antonio Lighthouse for the Blind
2305 Roosevelt Ave.
San Antonio, TX 78210
(210) 533-5195
800-362-4335 toll-free
(210) 533-4230 fax
www.salighthouse.org Link outside of Library of Congress

Texas Department of Assistive and Rehabilitative Services: Division for Blind Services
4800 N. Lamar Blvd., Suite 310
Austin, TX 78756-3178
(512) 377-0500
800-628-5115 toll-free
(512) 377-0551 fax
(512) 377-0500 TDD/TTY
www.dars.state.tx.us

Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired
1100 W. Forty-fifth St.
Austin, TX 78756-3494
(512) 454-8631
800-872-5273 toll-free
(512) 454-3395 fax
www.tsbvi.edu Link outside of Library of Congress

Travis Association for the Blind
PO Box 3297
Austin, TX 78764-3297
(512) 442-2329
(512) 442-5498 fax
info@austinlighthouse.org
www.austinlighthouse.org Link outside of Library of Congress

Utah

Utah State Division of Services for the Blind and Visually Impaired
Addresses vary depending on county. Visit its website or call to locate the nearest office.
(801) 538-7530
800-473-7530 toll-free
www.usor.utah.gov/division-of-services-for-the-blind-and-visually-impaired

Vermont

Vermont Association for the Blind and Visually Impaired
60 Kimball Ave.
South Burlington, VT 05403
(802) 863-1358
800-639-5861 toll-free
(802) 863-1481 fax
800-639-5861 TDD/TTY
general@vabvi.org
www.vabvi.org Link outside of Library of Congress

Virginia

Virginia Department for the Blind and Vision Impaired
397 Azalea Ave.
Richmond, VA 23227-3600
(804) 371-3140
800-622-2155 toll-free
(804) 371-3390 fax
rick.mitchell@dbvi.virginia.gov
www.vdbvi.org Link outside of Library of Congress

Virginia School for the Deaf and the Blind
104 VSDB Dr.
PO Box 2069
Staunton, VA 24002
(540) 332-9000
800-522-8732 toll-free
(540) 332-9042 fax
info@vsdb.k12.va.us
www.vsdb.k12.va.us

See also: Columbia Lighthouse for the Blind under District of Columbia.

Washington

Kaizen Program for New English Learners with Visual Limitations
810-A Hiawatha Pl. S.
Seattle, WA 98144
(206) 784-5619
kaizen@literacyworks.org
www.nwlincs.org/kaizen Link outside of Library of Congress

Olympic Educational Service: District 114
105 National Ave. N.
Bremerton, WA 98312
(360) 479-0993
(360) 478-6869 fax
www.oesd.wednet.edu Link outside of Library of Congress

Washington State Department of Services for the Blind
4565 Seventh Ave. SE
Lacey, WA 98503
(360) 725-3830
(360) 407-0679 fax
info@dsb.wa.gov
www.dsb.wa.gov

Washington State School for the Blind
2214 E. Thirteenth St.
Vancouver, WA 98661-4120
(360) 696-6321
(360) 737-2120 fax
admin@wssb.wa.gov
www.wssb.wa.gov/index.asp

West Virginia

The Seeing Hand Association, Inc.
750 Main St.
Wheeling, WV 26003-2571
(304) 232-4810
www.seeinghandassociation.com Link outside of Library of Congress

West Virginia Division of Rehabilitation Services
107 Capitol St.
Charleston, WV 25301-2609
(304) 356-2060
800-642-3021 toll-free
www.wvdrs.org Link outside of Library of Congress

West Virginia Schools for the Deaf and the Blind
301 E. Main St.
Romney, WV 26757
(304) 822-4800
(304) 822-3370 fax
wvsdb2.state.k12.wv.us

Wisconsin

Vision Forward Association
912 N. Hawley Rd.
Milwaukee, WI 53213
(414) 615-0100
(414) 256-8744 fax
info@vision-forward.org
http://vision-forward.org Link outside of Library of Congress

Wausau School District
415 Seymour St.
Wausau, WI 54402-0359
(715) 261-2545
(715) 261-2556 fax
www.wausauk12.org/departments___programs/special_education/Visually%20Impaired Link outside of Library of Congress

Back to top

Appendix A

Where to locate listed material

American Foundation for the Blind
2 Penn Plaza, Suite 1102
New York, NY 10121
(212) 502-7600
(212) 502-7777 fax
afbinfo@afb.net
www.afb.org/ Link outside of Library of Congress

American Printing House for the Blind
1839 Frankfort Ave.
Louisville, KY 40206
(502) 895-2405
800-223-1839 toll-free
ATIC@aph.org
www.aph.org Link outside of Library of Congress

Braille Authority of North America
5714 Beacon St.
Pittsburgh, PA 15217
617-972-7249
www.brailleauthority.org Link outside of Library of Congress

Braille Institute
741 North Vermont Ave.
Los Angeles, CA 90029
800-272-4553 toll-free
www.brailleinstitute.org Link outside of Library of Congress

Canadian National Institute for the Blind
1929 Bayview Ave.
Toronto, ON
M4G 3E8
Canada
800-563-2642 toll-free
www.cnib.ca Link outside of Library of Congress

Commonwealth Braille and Talking Book Cooperative
605 Robson St., Suite 850
Vancouver BC V6B 5J3
Canada
info@cbtbc.org
www.cbtbc.org Link outside of Library of Congress

Dancing Dots
1754 Quarry Ln.
PO Box 927
Valley Forge, PA 19482
(610) 783-6692
(610) 500-5072 fax
www.dancingdots.com Link outside of Library of Congress

Exceptional Teaching Inc.
PO Box 2330
Livermore, CA 94550
(925) 961-9200
800-549-6999 toll-free
(925) 961-9201 fax
info@exceptionalteaching.com
www.exceptionalteaching.net Link outside of Library of Congress

International Council on English Braille
http://iceb.org/ Link outside of Library of Congress

National Blindness Professional Certification Board
101 S. Trenton St.
Ruston, LA 71270
(318) 257-4554
(318) 257-2259
admin@nbpcb.org
www.nbpcb.org Link outside of Library of Congress

National Braille Association, Inc.
Three Townline Cir.
Rochester, NY 14623-2513
(585) 427-8260
(585) 427-0263 fax
nbaoffice@nationalbraille.org
www.nationalbraille.org Link outside of Library of Congress

National Braille Press, Inc.
88 Saint Stephen St.
Boston, MA 02115
(617) 266-6160
800-548-7323 toll-free
(617) 437-0456 fax
orders@nbp.org
www.nbp.org Link outside of Library of Congress

National Federation of the Blind
200 E. Wells St. at Jernigan Place
Baltimore, MD 21230
(410) 659-9314
(410) 685-5653 fax
nfb@nfb.org
https://nfb.org Link outside of Library of Congress

National Library Service for the Blind and Physically Handicapped
Library of Congress
1291 Taylor St. NW
Washington, DC 20542
(202) 707-5100
800-424-5867 toll-free
nls@loc.gov
www.loc.gov/nls

NLS Music Section:
800-424-8567 ext. 2 
nlsm@loc.gov

Northeast Regional Center for Vision Education
University of Massachusetts
College of Education and Human Development
100 Morrissey Blvd.
Boston, MA 02125
(617) 287-7645
www.nercve.org Link outside of Library of Congress

OPUS Technologies
13333 Thunderhead St.
San Diego, CA 92129-2329
(858) 538-9401
866-678-7832 toll-free
(858) 538-9401 fax
opus@opustec.com
www.opustec.com Link outside of Library of Congress

Overbrook School for the Blind
Tower Press
6333 Malvern Ave.
Philadelphia, PA 19151
(215) 877-0313
www.obs.org Link outside of Library of Congress

Perkins School for the Blind
175 N. Beacon St.
Watertown, MA 02472
(617) 924-3434
Info@Perkins.org
www.perkins.org Link outside of Library of Congress

Region 4 Education Service Center
7145 W. Tidwell
Houston, TX 77092
(713) 744-6302
(713) 744-4444 fax
www.region4store.com Link outside of Library of Congress

Royal Institute for Deaf and Blind Children
Renwick Centre
361-365 North Rocks Road
North Rocks, Australia
(02) 9872 0303
(02) 9873 1614
renwickenq@ridbc.org.au
http://www.ridbc.org.au/renwick/ Link outside of Library of Congress

Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired
1100 W. Forty-fifth St.
Austin, TX 78756
(512) 454-8631
800-872-5273 toll-free
(512) 206-9453 fax
www.tsbvi.edu

Touch Graphics Inc.
11 Harvest Ln.
Elkton, MD 21921
800-884-2440 toll-free
646-452-4211 fax
info@touchgraphics.com
http://touchgraphics.com Link outside of Library of Congress

Visually Impaired Preschool Services
1906 Goldsmith Ln.
Louisville, KY 40218
(502) 636-3207
888-636-8477 toll-free
(502) 636-0024 fax
www.vips.org Link outside of Library of Congress

Wolf Products
106 Purvis Rd.
Butler, PA 16001
(724) 285-5428
(413) 208-9042
wolfproducts@mathwindow.com
www.mathwindow.com/index.html Link outside of Library of Congress

World Blind Union
1929 Bayview Ave.
Toronto, Ontario
Canada M4G3E8
416-486-9698
416-486-8107 fax
info@wbuoffice.org
www.worldblindunion.org Link outside of Library of Congress

Back to top

Appendix B

This bibliography lists articles, books, and websites pertaining to braille literacy that supplement the resources listed above.

American Association of Workers for the Blind, Association for Education of the Visually Impaired, and National Braille Association. Nemeth Code for Mathematics and Science Notation. Louisville, KY: American Printing House for the Blind, 1972.

Applications for New Awards; Braille Training Program. Lanham: Federal Information and News Dispatch, Inc, 2014.

Aviv, Rachel. “Listening to Braille.” New York Times, December 30, 2009. www.nytimes.com/2010/01/03/magazine/03Braille-t.html?pagewanted=all&_r=0

“Beginning with Braille: Challenges and Choices.” Braille Monitor 56, no. 2 (February 2012). https://nfb.org/images/nfb/publications/bm/bm13/bm1302/bm130206.htm (accessed June 19, 2014).

Bickford, James O., and Ruth A. Falco. “Technology for Early Braille Literacy: Comparison of Traditional Braille Instruction and Instruction with an Electronic Notetaker.” Journal of Visual Impairment and Blindness 106, no. 10 (October 2012): 679–693.

Braille Authority of North America. Addendum 1 to the Nemeth Code for Mathematics and Science Notation, 1972 Revision: Ancient Numeration Systems. Louisville, KY: American Printing House for the Blind, 1988.

———. Braille Code for Chemical Notation. Louisville, KY: American Printing House for the Blind, 1997.

———. Braille Formats Principles of Print-to-Braille Transcription. 2nd ed. Braille Authority of North America, 2011. www.brailleauthority.org/formats/2011manual-web/index.html Link outside of Library of Congress

——— and Canadian Braille Authority L’Autorité Canadienne du Braille. Guidelines and Standards for Tactile Graphics. Louisville, KY: American Printing House for the Blind, 2010.

———. Computer Braille Code: 2000 Revision. Louisville, KY: American Printing House for the Blind, 2000.

———. Computer Braille Code: Flowchart Design for Applicable Braille Codes Supplement, 1992. Louisville, KY: American Printing House for the Blind, 1997.

———. English Braille American Edition. 4th ed. Louisville, KY: American Printing House for the Blind, 2002. www.brailleauthority.org/literary/ebae2002.pdf [PDF: 2.60 MB / 163 p.] Link outside of Library of Congress

———. The Evolution of Braille: Can the Past Help Plan the Future? May 2011. www.brailleauthority.org./article/index.html Link outside of Library of Congress

———. Music Braille Code. Louisville, KY: American Printing House for the Blind, 1997. www.brailleauthority.org/music/musicbrlcode-complete.pdf [PDF: 3.24 MB / 372 p.] Link outside of Library of Congress (accessed July 9, 2014).

———. “Overview of Changes from Current Literary Braille to UEB.” Overview of Changes, March 2013. www.brailleauthority.org/ueb/overview_changes_ebae_ueb.html Link outside of Library of Congress

———. Principles of Print-to-Braille Transcription. Arlington, VA: Braille Authority of North America, 2011. www.brailleauthority.org./formats/formats2011.html Link outside of Library of Congress

Braille Byzantine Music Notation. St. Anthony’s Greek Orthodox Monastery. www.stanthonysmonastery.org/music/BrailleByzantineMusic.html Link outside of Library of Congress

Bray, Hiawatha. “Braille’s Digital Update.” Boston Globe, December 10, 2012.

Braille Literacy and the Expanded Core Curriculum. American Foundation for the Blind. www.eccadvocacy.org/section.aspx?FolderID=13&SectionID=143&DocumentID=6099 Link outside of Library of Congress (accessed July 9, 2014).

Spungin, Susan J. Braille Literacy: Issues for Blind Persons, Families, Professionals, and Producers of Braille. New York: American Foundation for the Blind, 1989.

California Department of Education. Braille Reading Standards. California Department of Education, 2006. www.pathstoliteracy.org/sites/pathstoliteracy.perkinsdev1.org/files/uploaded-files/braillereadstand_0.pdf [PDF: 665.35 KB / 109 p.] Link outside of Library of Congress (accessed July 9, 2014).

Campbell, A. F. (2011). “Sarah’s Story: Using the Individualized Meaning-Centered Approach to Braille Literacy Education (I-M-ABLE).” Journal of Visual Impairment and Blindness, 105, no. 3 (March 2011): 138–41.

Castellano, Carol. Because Books Matter: Reading Braille Books with Young Blind Children. Boston: National Braille Press, 2008.

Chaudhuri, Saabira. “Braille Comes Unbound from the Book: How Technology Can Stop a Literary Crisis.” Braille Monitor 55, no. 7 (July 2012). https://nfb.org/images/nfb/publications/bm/bm12/bm1207/bm120705.htm Link outside of Library of Congress (accessed June 19, 2014).

Crai, Ruth. Learning the Nemeth Braille Code: A Manual for Teachers and Students. Provo, UT: Brigham Young University Press, 1987.

Conroy, P., EdD., and P. Collins, M.A. (2012). “Mnemonic Devices for Braille Instruction.”  Insight, 5(1), 47–52.

Computer Braille Code Committee. Introduction to Computer Braille Code. Rochester, NY: National Braille Association, 2013.

D’Aurizio, Vicki Rooke. “I-M-ABLE: A Pathway to Literacy.” Journal of Visual Impairment and Blindness 105, no. 3 (March 2011): 141–44.

De Garmo, Mary Turner. Introduction to Braille Music Transcription. 2nd ed. Washington, D.C.: Library of Congress, 2005.

Dixon, Judith. “Braille: The Challenge for the Future.” Journal of Visual Impairment and Blindness 105, no. 11 (December 2011): 742–44.

Dixon, Judy, Chris Gray, and Barry Scheuer. Computer Braille Code Made Easy. 3rd ed. Boston: National Braille Press, 1998.

Erin, J. N., and T.S. Wright. “Learning to Write in Braille: An Analysis of Writing Samples from Participants in the Alphabetic Braille and Contracted (ABC) Braille Study.” Journal of Visual Impairment and Blindness, 105(7) (2011): 389–401.

Exceptional Teaching, Inc. Better Braille Letter Reading and Writing. Pleasanton, CA: Exceptional Teaching, Inc., 2008.

Feldman, Pauletta. Power at Your Fingertips: An Introduction to Learning Braille. DVD. Louisville, KY: Visually Impaired Preschool Services, Inc., 2006.

Goodlin, Dorothea. Manual for Spanish Braille. Louisville, KY: American Printing House for the Blind, 1978.

Hansen, Eric G., Valerie J. Shute, and Steven Landau. “An Assessment-for-Learning System in Mathematics for Individuals with Visual Impairments.” Journal of Visual Impairment and Blindness 104, no. 5 (May 2010): 275-286.

Hasty, Lucia. Teaching Tactile Graphics. Perkins School for the Blind. http://support.perkins.org/site/PageServer?pagename=Webcasts_Teaching_Tactile_Graphics Link outside of Library of Congress (accessed July 9, 2014).

Hayden, Ruth R. Braille Code: A Guide to Grade Three (for First Year High School). Louisville, KY: American Printing House for the Blind, 1958.

Henderson, Bill. “People with Print Disabilities Can Be Excellent Readers.” Perspectives on Language and Literacy 36, no. 3 (Summer 2010): 20–21.

Hooper, Jonathan, Sarah Ivy, and Deborah Hatton. “Using Constant Time Delay to Teach Braille Word Recognition.” Journal of Visual Impairment and Blindness 108, no. 2 (February/March 2014): 107–121.

Howse, Josie, Kathy Riessen, and Leona Holloway. Unified English Braille: Australian Training Manual 2013. Lindisfarne, Tasmania, Australia: Round Table on Information Access for People with Print Disabilities Inc.: 2013.

International Braille Research Center, National Federation of the Blind, and National Library Service for the Blind and Physically Handicapped. Braille: A Code for Success; A Comprehensive Tutorial for the National Literacy Braille Competency Test. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Education Rehabilitation Services Administration, 1999.

Jenkins, Edward. Primer of Braille Music (includes 1971 Addenda) New Revised Edition, 1960 with 1971 Addenda. Louisville, KY: American Printing House for the Blind, 1977.

Jernigan Institute. The Braille Literacy Crisis in America: Facing the Truth, Reversing the Trend, Empowering the Blind. Baltimore, MD: National Federation of the Blind, March 26, 2009. https://nfb.org/images/nfb/documents/pdf/braille_literacy_report_web.pdf [PDF: 495.86 KB / 20 p.] Link outside of Library of Congress.

Johnson, Louise. “The Braille Literacy Crisis for Children.” Journal of Visual Impairment and Blindness 90, no. 3 (May/June 1996): 276–78.

Kearney, Tamara. Cherokee (ᏣᎳᎩ) Syllabary Braille Code. Vancouver, BC: Commonwealth Braille and Talking Book Cooperative, 2014. www.cbtbc.org/cherokee Link outside of Library of Congress

Koenig, Alan, and Carol E. Farrenkopf. Assessment of Braille Literacy Skills (ABLS). Houston, TX: Region 4 Education Service Center, 2004.

Krebs, Bernard M. ABC’s of Braille. Louisville, KY: American Printing House for the Blind, 1973.

———. Braille in Brief. Louisville, KY: American Printing House for the Blind, 1968.

Krolick, Bettye. How to Read Braille Music: An Introduction. 2nd ed. San Diego, CA: Opus Technologies, 1997.

———. New International Manual of Braille Music Notation. Amsterdam: Braille Music Subcommittee, World Blind Union, 1997.

Laurent, Cindi. The End May Be Near, 2012. Rochester, NY: National Braille Association, Inc., 2013.

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Compiled by Christopher Corrigan
Reference Section
July 2014

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Posted on 2015-02-04