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- About this Collection
- Arrangement and Access
- Background and Scope
- Selected Bibliography
- Related Resources
- Rights And Restrictions
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Related Resources in the Library of Congress Prints & Photographs Division
The 1921 acquisition of the Windsor Castle collection of British cartoons and caricatures also enriched the Library's collections of satires from several European nations. The Windsor Castle materials complement holdings acquired from other sources, including the Division's substantial collections of American cartoon prints and its valuable holdings of cartoon drawings.
- Cartoon Prints, American (Call
number begins with "PC/US")
More than 500 prints made in America during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries encompassing several forms of political art, including political satires, caricatures, and allegories. Offers an American viewpoint on some of the same issues featured in the British cartoons. All are available online in the Prints & Photographs Online Catalog (PPOC). [Search Cartoon Prints, American]
- Dutch Political Cartoons (Call
number begins with "PC 4")
From the Windsor Castle Collection. Includes a small group of Dutch satires attacking the policies of King James II of England. Some items for which reproductions have been requested can be found online in the Prints & Photographs Online Catalog (PPOC). The remainder can be requested in the Prints & Photographs Reading Room.[ retrieve those available online]
- French Political Cartoons (Call
number begins with "PC 5")
About 375 cartoons, 1706-1871. About 125 prints came with the Windsor acquisition. These French prints are housed with more than 200 other French satires acquired from various sources, most of which date from 1785 to 1840 and document that nation's bloody struggle through the Revolution and ensuing years of the Napoleonic empire. Some items for which reproductions have been requested can be found online in the Prints & Photographs Online Catalog (PPOC). The remainder can be requested in the Prints & Photographs Reading Room.[ retrieve those available online]
- German Political Cartoons (Call
number begins with "PC 6")
The Windsor acquisition brought to the Library a group of German lithographic cartoons related to the Revolution of 1848, which complement other German materials preserved in the Prints and Photographs Division, including several bound volumes of satires from the Franco-Prussian War (1871-72). Some items for which reproductions have been requested can be found online in the Prints & Photographs Online Catalog (PPOC). The remainder can be requested in the Prints & Photographs Reading Room. [ retrieve those available online]
- Hauslab Album (photographic copies
in LOT 4601)
257 copper engravings collected by Franz Ritter von Hauslab (1798-1883), focusing on European armed conflicts. Includes some satirical prints. Photographic copies in LOT 4601 are served in preference to serving originals, which are considered unprocessed materials.
- Popular Graphic Arts (Call number
begins with "PGA")
About 10,000 prints and illustrated broadsides of historical, graphic and/or documentary importance produced in the U.S. and abroad, 1600-1943, bulk 1800-1890. Includes cartoons and satires, mostly from the late nineteenth century. Includes a few satires by William Charles, a Scot who drew heavily upon the British tradition in creating images for an American audience during the War of 1812. Catalog records for all the prints are available online in the Prints & Photographs Online Catalog (PPOC). [Search Popular Graphic Arts]
- Cartoon Drawings
About 9,400 drawings. 1794-1994, from various sources. Political, editorial, and humorous cartoons and caricatures by about 500 artists. All can be searched online in the Prints & Photographs Online Catalog (PPOC); not all have associated digital images. [Search Cartoon Drawings]
- Cartoon Drawings: Swann Collection of
Caricature and Cartoon
More than 2,000 drawings, prints, and paintings related to the art of caricature, cartoon, and illustration assembled by Erwin and Caroline Swann. The collection spans the years 1780 to 1977 and includes works by 521 artists and illustrators. All can be searched online in the Prints & Photographs Online Catalog (PPOC); not all have associated digital images. [Search Cartoon Drawings: Swann Collection]
The Library's periodical and book collections offer opportunities to research published cartoons. The publications are located in several different areas of the Library. Primarily, however, they will be found in:
- Rare Book and Special Collections Division -- see below
- Newspaper and Current Periodical Reading Room (historical newspapers) -- see below
- Main Reading Room (books and non-current periodicals not found in the Rare Book Division).
Access to many prolifically illustrated magazines and books has been restricted to preserve and protect fragile or damaged issues, although microfilm copies of most of the titles are available in the Library's Microform Reading Room.
Rare Book and
Special Collections Division
Includes most pre-1801 American imprints, as well as:
- American and Foreign Magazines
Includes 3,872 titles. American and European magazines from the seventeenth to the early twentieth century.
- Broadside Collection (30,500
Mostly single-sheet publications from Europe and the Americas (with the vast majority from the United States) dating from the sixteenth to the twentieth centuries. A substantial portion is available online at: http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/rbpehtml/pehome.html
& Current Periodical Reading Room
- 17th & 18th Century Foreign Newspapers:
Original copy, facsimile, & photostats held by the
Library of Congress: A Checklist. Available
online at http://www.loc.gov/rr/news/17th/
There are about 145 titles in the "Great Britain" section.
Disclaimer The Library of Congress does not maintain these sites. Users should direct concerns about these links to their respective site administrators or webmasters.
Lewis Walpole Library, Yale University
The following information is from the Lewis Walpole Library's Web site:
The Library houses the most extensive collection of English eighteenth-century satirical prints in the United States, second internationally in size and scope only to that of the British Museum, with 35,000 items, of which about one-third are not in the Museum. The collection also includes extensive holdings of portrait engravings and topographical views of the period. Together these resources form one of the richest and clearest windows anywhere on to British life in the long eighteenth century.
Here too is the finest and most complete collection in North America of the prints of William Hogarth, which includes the great and comprehensive volumes put together by George Steevens immediately after Hogarth's death.
Highly detailed indices provide unparalleled and immediate opportunities for access to even minor details throughout the collection.
The Yale Center for British Art
The following information is from The Yale Center for British Art Web site:
The Yale Center for British Art houses the most comprehensive collection of British paintings, prints, drawings, rare books, and sculpture outside Great Britain. Given to Yale University by Paul Mellon, Class of 1929, the Center's resources illustrate British life and culture from the 16th century to the present.
The collection surveys the development of British art, life and thought from the Elizabethan period onwards. There is a special emphasis on works from the period between the birth of Hogarth (1697) and the death of Turner (1851), considered by many to be the 'golden age' of British art.
Prints and Photographs Study Room
Humanities and Social Sciences Library
New York Public Library
The following information is from the NYPL Prints and Photographs Study Room's Web site:
Samuel J. Tilden bequeathed the Library his collection of British caricature, including a scrapbook assembled by Horace Walpole, a near-complete collection of prints by William Hogarth, and one of the most significant collections of prints and working drawings by James Gillray in the United States. Tilden's prints helped foster a passion for political caricature in Frank Weitenkampf, the collection's first curator. Weitenkampf built up an important collection of American caricature, from the beginnings of the nation through the early twentieth century.
Department of Prints and Drawings
The British Museum
The following information is from the British Museum's Fact Sheet, which is available online at: http://www.thebritishmuseum.ac.uk/pdf/British Satirical Prints.pdf
The core of the Department's representation of British satires is the collection of more than ten thousand prints put together by Edward Hawkins, Keeper of Antiquities in the British Museum, that was purchased in 1868. Other important groups of prints came from Sarah Sophia Banks (1818), William Smith (1851) and George Cruikshank, whose widow left a huge collection of his prints together with more than four thousand preliminary drawings. There is an ongoing acquisition policy and much new material has come into the collection since the publication of the George catalogue. For example, one thousand items, including many by Richard Newton (1777-1798), came in 1948 from the social historian Francis Klingender, with a further group by the same artist from the collection of Kenneth Monkman in 2001.
National Portrait Gallery
Heinz Archive & Library
The Gallery's rich portrait collections include strong holdings in caricature. A portion of the collections has been digitized. The following information is from the National Portrait Gallery's Web site:
18th and 19th Century Caricatures and Portrait Prints (Digitisation project funded by the Department of Culture Media and Sport)
Three collections of caricatures have been digitised, the most significant of which is a set of 840 etchings by James Gillray (1757-1815). As historical evidence these images counter-balance the official portraits of politicians and the monarchy in the period 1780-1810 in much the same way that the drawings of Gerald Scarfe (who is represented in the primary collection) provide a different way of looking at public figures today. 150 satirical political etchings by Gillray's contemporary James Sayers (1748-1823) have also been digitised, together with 200 caricatures by Robert Dighton senior and his sons (one of the most notable artistic families of the Regency period). The Dighton studies, less harsh than Gillray, established a tradition from which are descended the profiles published in Vanity Fair during the late 19th century.