Digital Reproductions, Copyright,
and Other Restrictions
The Library is offering broad public access to these materials as a contribution
to education and scholarship. Some materials in these collections may
be protected by the U.S. Copyright Law (Title 17, U.S.C.) and/or by the
copyright or neighboring-rights laws of other nations. More information
about U.S. Copyright is provided by the Copyright
Office. Additionally, the reproduction of some materials may be restricted
by terms of Library of Congress gift or purchase agreements, donor restrictions,
privacy and publicity rights, licensing and trademarks.
Transmission or reproduction of protected items beyond that allowed
by fair use requires the written permission of the copyright owners.
The nature of historical archival collections means that copyright or
other information about restrictions may be difficult or even impossible
to determine. Whenever possible, the Library provides information about
copyright owners and other restrictions in texts materials that accompany
digital reproductions. The Library provides such information as a service
to aid patrons in determining the appropriate use of an item, but that
determination ultimately rests with the patron.
As a publicly supported institution the Library generally does not own
rights to material in its collections. Therefore, it does not charge permission
fees for use of such material and cannot give or deny permission to publish
or otherwise distribute material in its collections. It is the patron's
obligation to determine and satisfy copyright or other use restrictions
when publishing or otherwise distributing materials found in the Library's
The Library of Congress is eager to hear from any copyright owners who
are not properly identified so that appropriate information may be provided
in the future.