Manuscripts/Mixed Material Interview with Parke D. Massey
The Association for Diplomatic Studies and Training Foreign Affairs Oral History Project Labor Series
PARKE D. MASSEY
Interviewed by: Morris Weisz
Initial interview date: March 19, 1992
Copyright 1998 ADST
Q: We are sitting in the pleasant home of Mr. and Mrs. Parke D. Massey where Parke will be interviewed on the subject of “Labor Diplomacy in the Foreign Service” and I'll let him now begin.
MASSEY: Anything I say to you today, Murray, will tend to reflect a basic theme. That theme is, that despite a great deal of lip service toward labor diplomacy over the years of the Marshall Plan and the developing country programs, that was lip service. Labor was not fully incorporated into the foreign policy decisions and actions of the United States foreign policy; neither in terms of its economic impact—manpower, manpower training, manpower available—or in terms of its political impact in the role of trade unions and other labor organizations in political development in the various countries in which I served. I arrived at that conclusion as a result of service that touched upon labor affairs in the Department of State as a Foreign Service Officer, as a civil servant in the Bureau of International Labor Affairs in the Department of Labor, and as an officer of the Agency for International Development where I served both in Washington and in the field, ending my career as a Director of an AID mission.
Q: What was your background before you came into the Foreign Service?
MASSEY: I had had no contact with labor. I had been a soldier. I came out and under the G.I. Bill of Rights completed my undergraduate work at Haverford College.
MASSEY: It was government—political science. I took the written exams for the Foreign Service and passed them and the orals and entered the Foreign Service of the United States in September of 1947.
Q: Who was President of Haverford at the time?