Manuscripts/Mixed Material Letter from Hiram P. Sprague to Juliana Smith Reynolds, February 22, 1862
I have a word to Say about the people of this country. They are a poor, Ignorant, degraded Set. I Conversed with persons of Evry grade for here there is a marked distinction or difference made between the rich and poor. The poor Class are all almost Universally ignorant and the rich are but little better. They geneally have Some learning although it is very limeted with the Exception of one or two out of a family that is Educated to fill office or Some other important places Such as Doctors, Lawers, Clerks, Overseers &c. They all talk here like the Negro and the raising of blacks is their principal buisness. The land here is Owned in large Estates the Same as it is owned by the Nobility in Europe and they have Depended on Slave Labour to keep it up and the Country Shows how well they have Succeeded. There is thousands of acres of Land here thats is as barren as our turnpike at home. There has been Some large and Splendid farms here But the Cedars and dwarf pines have been yearly Closeing in upon them and know where there was good farms there Scarce none at all. But yet you can now here and there see a good farm but its owner is a man that was born and raised in the North and knows the difference between free and Slave Labour. And now in taken Everything into Consideration it is not to Be Wondered at that this rebelion has raised its hydra head. But I hope after this scorge which is the Worst of all this Country will Come forth crippled. It will be to [?] on the great principals of the human freedom and Free labour.