Manuscripts/Mixed Material [Neal S. Watts]
“The driving crew numbered 14 men which included the cooky and the hoss wrangler. The cooky drove the chuck wagon team besides attending to the chuck wagon and doing the cooking. The hoss wrangler was in charge of the remuda, which contained about 30 hosses. The hosses trailed with the chuck wagon which usually went on ahead of the cattle to the next camping place.
“The extra hosses were needed for changing mounts, because a hoss could not stand the traveling it was compelled to do at times, consecutive days. While the herd is grazing leisurely and moving up the trail, some of the hosses are traveling forward and back here and there. Then when the cattle became fretful or went to running the hosses were put to hard riding. therefore, to insure sufficient mounts, extra hosses were taken on the drive.
“The trail boss generally rode ahead of the herd selecting the route, deciding on the camping places for the nights and the bedding ground for cattle. While there existed a well established general route, the route was not followed exactly. The herd was shifted right and left to give the animals plenty of grazing.
“Riders rode at different points at each side of the herd and at the rear. The animals were allowed to graze at their leisure, but always headed up the trail, except when we desired to reach some specific place at a certain time. Then the riders would bunch the herd in a compact body and urge the herd forward.
“Watering places were the thing which governed the speed of our travel. It was essential to reach water for the cattle twice a