[W. M. Prece]
“I had to rope and hog-tie the critters, in order to daub the cuts. To do this, I threw the loop on the animal's feet or leg. This catch would flop the animal on the ground quickly. When it hit the ground, the hoss held the rope taut. While the critter was in this position, I would loop the other leg and then do the daubing. There were three of us young waddies working steadily, giving our attention to the injured, sick and bogged animals.
“In the river bottoms, there were places where bogs existed, and were bad, especially during wet weather. Us young waddies watched the boggy places for bogged animals. When we discovered one, we would put a loop over its head and fasten the rope to the nub of the saddle, then let the hoss pull the critter out.
“The outfit had a crew of range riders, whose job was to keep the herd from wandering beyond a certain territory. They did not herd the critters, in the full sense of the word, but held the animals from drifting to where they might mix with some other cattle.
“The cattle would always return to their bedding ground at night, at which place we kept salt licks, if they did not drift to where they would mix with other stock. If they did, during their grazing, they would often follow the other cattle to a strange bedding ground.
“Of course, cattle which strayed of would not be lost, because during the general roundup the animals would be located.