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General Guides and E-Resources for the Sports Industry

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Print Resources

General          Naming Rights

General Resources

Carfagna, Peter A. Sports and the Law : Examining the Legal Evolution of America's Three "Major Leagues." 2nd ed. St. Paul, MN : Thomson/West, c2011.
LC Call Number: KF3989 .C374 2011
LC Catalog Record: 2011290913

This books looks at the legal organizing issues involving Major League Baseball, the National Football League, and the National Basketball Association. Includes discussions of the anti-trust exemption for baseball, age eligibility rules, franchise relocation, stadium naming rights, collective bargaining agreements, etc.

Conrad, Mark. The Business of Sports : A Primer for Journalists. Mahwah, N.J. : L. Erlbaum Associates, 2006. 329 p.
LC Call Number: GV716 .C665 2006
LC Catalog Record: 2005040116
Table of Contents
Publisher's description

BERA - Business & Economics Research Advisor - A Quarterly Guide to Business & Economics Topics

Issue 3/4: Summer 2005
Updated July 2013

The Sports Industry

Table of Contents

Introduction
General Guides and E-Resources
Baseball
Basketball
Football
Golf
Soccer
Tennis

Athletic equipment. Bat, baseball, mitt, basketball, helmet, and spiked shoes. National Photo Co. 1941
Athletic equipment. National Photo Co. from the
National Photo Company Collection
(Library of Congress)
Reproduction number: LC-USZ62-96727
This book was written specifically for journalists covering sports so that they could understand the various components and better report on the business end of teams and leagues. Includes references and a nice glossary.

Coates, Dennis and Brad R. Humphreys. "Novelty Effects of New Facilities on Attendance at Professional Sporting Events," Contemporary Economic Policy. Volume 23, number 3: p. 436. July 2005.
LC Call Number: HD72 .C66
LC Catalog Record: 94640997

Also available online to patrons onsite through several subscription databases including
Gale (General Onefile), ProQuest, and Wilson OmniFile Full Text Mega Edition.

Fizel, John, ed. Handbook of sports economics research . Armonk, N.Y. : M.E. Sharpe, c2006. 280 p.
LC Call Number: GV716 .H36 2006
LC Catalog Record: 2005018045
Table of Contents

Includes chapters on a variety of professional sports in the United States. Also includes chapters on women's athletics and European football (soccer).

Fort, Rodney D. Sports economics. 3rd ed. Boston : Prentice Hall, c2011.
LC Call Number: GV716.F68 2011
LC Catalog Record: 2010019675

Foster, George, and others. The business of sports : text and cases on strategy and management. Mason, OH : Thomson/South-Western, c2006. 492 p.
LC Call Number: GV713 .F62 2006
LC Catalog Record: 2005922356
Table of Contents

Looks at various aspects of sports business, using case studies focusing on specific teams, athletes, sports arenas, and media.

Humphreys, Brad R. and Dennis R. Howard, eds. Business of sports. Westport, Conn. : Praeger, 2008.
LC Call Number: GV716.B89 2008
LC Catalog Record: 2008008547
Table of Contents

Inside the Ownership of Pro Sports. Chicago, IL. : Team Marketing Report. Annual. 1995 - present.
Not available in the collections of the Library of Congress.
Most recent edition is available for purchase in disk format from the publisher.External Link

A source of extensive sports business data and analysis, including details on every MLB (Major League Baseball), MLS (Major League Soccer), NBA (National Basketball Association), NFL (National Football League), and NHL (National Hockey League) franchise, broadcast deals, leave arrangements, sporsorships, and more

Johns, Bruce K., Groothuis, Peter A. & Whitehead John C. "The Value of Public Goods Generated by a Major League Sports Team: The CVM Approach". Journal of Sports Economics, vol. 2 no. 1, February 2001, pp. 6-21.

This is an analysis to measure the value of public goods generated by a professional sports team specifically the Pittsburgh Penguins of the National Hockey League.

Journal of Sports Economics, Thousand Oaks, CA : Sage Publications, c2000-
LC Call Number: GV561 .J683
LC Catalog Record: sn99009381
Online version External Link (Available by subscription.)

A scholarly journal publishing research on the subject of sports economics. The journal is intended to further research in the field of sports economics by conducting theoretical and empirical research.

Jozsa, Frank P. Global sports : cultures, markets and organizations Singapore ; Hackensack, NJ : World Scientific, c2009.
LC Call Number: GV706.35 .J675 2009
LC Catalog Record: 2009279754

Leeds, Michael and Peter von Allmen. Economics of Sports. 5th ed. Boston : Person, c2014.
LC Call Number: GV716 .L44 2014
LC Catalog Record: 2012032292

A textbook look at the economic aspects of the sports business. Topic include labor, public finance, and amateur sports.

Long, Judith Grant. Public/private partnerships for major league sports facilities. New York : Routledge, 2012.
LC Call Number: GV401 .L66 2012
LC Catalog Record: 2012008050

Platt, Victoria A., "Tackling the Hard To Find Industries: Professional Sports Franchises Are Our Playground," Presentation at the Special Libraries Association's Annual Conference,External Link Baltimore, MD. June 2006.
Available online from the Internet Archive,External Link February 21, 2007. [PDF Format: 1.6 MB / 64 p.]

General discussion of hard-to-find industry information using sports as an example.

Plunkett's sports industry almanac : the only comprehensive guide to the sports industry. Houston, Tex. : Plunkett Research, Ltd., c2005-
LC Call Number: GV716 .P58
LC Catalog Record: 2005252382
Table of Contents External Link

Covers the NFL, MLB, NASCAR, NBA and includes statistical information as well as related company and team profiles. Includes a substantial sports industry contacts list. Also available in the database Plunket Research online. Library subscription only available on-site.

Rappaport, Jordan, & Wilkerson, Chad (2001). "What are the benefits of hosting a major league sports franchise?" Economic Review - Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, 86(1), 55-86.
http://kansascityfed.com/Publicat/Econrev/PDF/1q01rapp.pdf External Link [PDF format: 202 KB/32 p.]
Economic Review homepage External Link

This article lays out that arguments both in favor of and against using public funds to build sports facilities and looks at the job creation, tax revenue, and quality-of-life issues.

Rosner, Scott R. and Kenneth L. Shropshire, eds. Business of sports 2nd ed. Sudbury, MA : Jones & Bartlett Learning, c2011.
LC Call Number: GV713.B87 2011
LC Catalog Record: 2010024220

Schaaf, Phil. Sports, Inc. : 100 Years of Sports Business. Amherst, N.Y. : Prometheus Books, 2004.
LC Call Number: GV716 .S315 2004
LC Catalog Record: 2003010191

Discusses the evolution of the modern sports industry including information on sponsorship, franchise relocation, radio and television, stadium issues, endorsements, etc.

Sports Market Place Directory. Millerton, N.Y.: Grey House Publishing, 2004-
LC Call Number: HD9992.U5 S667
LC Catalog Record: 00233153

This publication has been recently taken over from Franklin Covey. It includes information on over 2,000 single sports or single sports teams, over 2,500 meetings, trade shows, and events, over 1,500 college teams, over 1,500 facilities, as well as information on professional services, agencies, media, sponsors, and leagues and state associations.

Stadium Financing and Franchise Relocation Act of 1999: hearing before the Committee on the Judiciary, United States Senate, One Hundred Sixth Congress, first session, on S. 952, a bill to expand an antitrust exemption applicable to professional sports leagues and to require, as a condition of such an exemption, participation by professional football and major league baseball sports leagues in the financing ... Washington, DC; Washington, DC; Philadelphia, PA, June 15, June 22, and September 13, 1999.
Washington : U.S. G.P.O. : For sale by the U.S. G.P.O., Supt. of Docs., Congressional Sales Office, 2000.
151 p.
LC Call Number: KF26 .J8 1999t
LC Catalog Record: 00328909
Text of Bill [PDF format: 125 KB / 9 p.]

Street & Smith's Sports Business Journal. Charlotte, NC : Street & Smith Sports Business Journal, 1998 - present.
LC Call Number: GV716 .S77
LC Catalog Record: 98643691
Publisher's web site: http://www.streetandsmiths.com/index.cfm External Link
Journal web site: http://www.sportsbusinessjournal.com/ External Link

This journal is published 49 times a year and is targeted to sports executives and others interested in the business aspects of sports and sports related industries. The publisher also produces the e-mail daily - Sports Business Daily and other publications such as Street & Smith's Sports Gear.

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Naming Rights

Biderman, David. "The Stadium-Naming Game --- some Companies Score Big Wins with Sponsorships, as Others See the Home Team Flop; Gillette's Sharp Deal." Wall Street Journal, (Feb 03, 2010.)

Deckard, Linda, "Arena execs voice opinions on 'name game' business branding," in Amusement Business, 113, 30. (July 30, 2001). p. 10
LC Call Number: GV1851.A3 A55
LC Catalog Record: 63057670
Also available electronically to patrons onsite at the Library and to other subscribers through several subscription databases including ProQuest ABI Inform Global and Gale General OneFile.

Hollis, Sam. "Stadium naming rights -- A guided tour." Journal Of Sponsorship 1, no. 4 (July 2008): 388-394.

Also available electronically to patrons onsite at the Library and to other subscribers through several subscription databases such as Business Source Complete.

Johnson, Ben, " Out with the old stadiums, in with the new," in National Real Estate Investor, volume 49,
issue 10, October 2007. p. 144.
LC Call Number: HD251 .N36
LC Catalog Record: 65003802
Also available electronically to patrons onsite at the Library and to other subscribers through several subscription databases including ProQuest ABI Inform Global and Gale General OneFile, and Wilson OmniFile Full Text Mega Edition (Business Full Text).

Lico, Nick, "Naming-rights deals only getting hotter," in Advertising Age. Volume 78, Number 5, January 29, 2007. p. S4.
LC Call Number: HF5801 .A276
LC Catalog Record: 42047059
Also available electronically to patrons onsite at the Library and to other subscribers through several subscription databases including EBSCO Academic Search Complete and Gale General OneFile.

"Look before you leap into naming rights agreements." Managing Intellectual Property. (October 2009).

Rozin, Skip, "Commentary: Welcome to U.S. Widget Stadium," in Business Week. September 11, 2000. p.124.
LC Call Number: HF5001 .B89
LC Catalog Record: 31006225
Also available electronically to patrons onsite at the Library and to other subscribers through several subscription databases including EBSCO Academic Search Complete and Gale General OneFile.

Zaslow, Jeffrey, "Moving On -- It's Root, Root, Root for the Old Stadium: Saying Goodbye to Childhood Haunts," in Wall Street Journal. March 25, 2004. p. D1.
LC Call Number: Newspaper Microfilm 3066; N&CPRR Microfilm Self-service Coll
LC Catalog Record: sn 79004569
Also available electronically to patrons onsite at the Library and to other subscribers through several subscription databases including ProQuest ABI Inform Global.

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Internet Resources

This section of the guide offers a collection of online finding aids on the economic and business aspects of sports in general. Electronic resources focusing on the individual sports of baseball, basketball, golf, tennis, football, and soccer are listed in the sections of this guide covering those specific sports.

     Trade Associations      Libraries       Directories       Blogs         Rankings        

Bloomberg - Sports Industry
http://www.businessweek.com/companies-and-industries/sports External Link

Mostly news related to sports around the world. Does include some research from private vendors.

Dennis Coates
http://ideas.repec.org/e/pco101.htmlExternal Link
Curriculum Vitae External Link [PDF format: 58 KB/9 p.]

Professor at the University of Maryland Baltimore County who has written extensively on sports economics. Here are just a few of this works:
  • "Hotel Tax Collections and a Local Mega-Event," Working Papers 0901, International Association of Sports Economists & North American Association of Sports Economists (2009).
  • "Mega-Events and Housing Costs: Raising the Rent while Raising the Roof?," Working Papers 0902, International Association of Sports Economists & North American Association of Sports Economists (2009).
  • "Do Economists Reach a Conclusion on Subsidies for Sports Franchises, Stadiums, and Mega-Events?," Econ Journal Watch, vol. 5(3), pages 294-315, September (with Brad R. Humphrey).
  • "Professional Sports Facilities, Franchises and Urban Economic Development," UMBC Economics Department Working Papers 03-103 (2003, with Brad R. Humphrey).
  • "Stadiums And Arenas: Economic Development Or Economic Redistribution?," Contemporary Economic Policy, Western Economic Association International, vol. 25(4), pages 565-577, October (2007).

ESPN Sports Business Stadium Naming Rights
http://espn.go.com/sportsbusiness/s/stadiumnames.html External Link or http://sports.espn.go.com/espn/sportsbusiness/news/story?page=stadiumnames External Link

A fairly current list of stadium names, team names, and naming right expiration dates.

Industry Statistics Sampler - NAICS 339920 Sporting and athletic goods manufacturing
http://www.census.gov/econ/isp/sampler.php?naicscode=339920&naicslevel=6

This links provides access to data collected from the Census Bureau for NAICS code 339920 which comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing sporting and athletic goods (except apparel and footwear). See the Product line tab for more specifics on Golf balls and clubs and Sporting and athletic goods manufacturing. Manufacturing athletic footwear--are classified in U.S. Industry 316219 (http://www.census.gov/econ/industry/current/c316219.htm).
Internet Public Library (IPL2): Sports Category
http://www.ipl.org/IPLBrowse/GetSubject?vid=13&cid=1&tid=6784&parent=6705 External Link
Lists freely available Web sites on sports reviewed by IPL librarians.

Open Source Sports
http://opensourcesports.com/ External Link

This is going to be a series of databases for the sports of football, baseball, hockey, and basketball (other sports may be added later). Data will be added over time, but baseball data is from the Lahman Baseball Database is part of this database. It contains individual and team statistics from 1871 to present. Women's basketball data from 1996 through the 2012 and men's hockey covers the following early and alternative leagues: NHA, PCHA, WCHL (known as the WHL in its final year), and WHA. It contains individual and team statistics from 1909-10 through the 2011-12 season. Men's basketball and football are supposed to be added in 2013.

Robert A. Baade
http://www.lakeforest.edu/academics/faculty/baade/ External Link

Professor at the A.B. Dick Professor of Economics and Business at Lake Forest College. Here is a sample of his work on sports economics:
  • “Selling the Game: Estimating the Economic Impact of Professional Sports through Taxable Sales.” Southern Economic Journal 74.3 (2008): 794-810 (with Robert Baumann, and Victor A. Matheson).
  • “The Economic Impact of Mega Sports Events.” Elgar Companion to the Economics of Sports. Eds. Wladimir Andreff and Stefan Szymanski. London: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2007. 177-82.
  • “A Tale of Two Stadiums: Comparing the Economic Impact of Chicago’s Wrigley Field and U.S. Cellular Field.” Geographische Rundschau International Edition 3.1 (2007): 53-8. (with Victor A. Matheson, and Mariya Nikolova)
  • “Estimating the Economic Impact of Natural and Social Disasters with an Application to Hurricane Katrina.” Urban Studies 44.11 (2007): 2061-76 (with Robert Baumann, and Victor A. Matheson).

Rod's Sports Economics: Rodney Fort's Sports Business Data
https://sites.google.com/site/rodswebpages/codes External Link

Formerly a Professor of Economics at Washington State University, Fort became Professor of Sports Management at the University of Michigan in 2007. His web site includes a Sports Business Data section containing data on baseball, basketball, football, and hockey.

Sports Business Research Network
http://www.sbrnet.com/ External Link

A subscription database which covers 1993 to present. Contains statistical market research data for 63 sports and 85 product categories. Offers full-text articles and reports in more than 10 leading trade publications covering U.S. and international sports marketing, sporting goods, and export and import statistics. Other topics covered are sports equipment, participation in sports, sports broadcasting, and newsletters dealing with finance, licensing, and sponsorship.

Sports Industry Group
http://www.sportindustry.biz/ External Link

News sources for sports with a focus on the United Kingdom. Covers a wide range of sports including cricket, basketball, football (soccer), boxing, cycling, NFL, rugby, etc.

Sport Information Resource Centre
http://www.sirc.ca/ External Link

SIRC is a sports documentation and information center in Canada. SIRC offers subscription databases. The Sport database contains more than 400,000 citations covering 1975 to present with approximately 1,200 new citations added monthly. It includes some information on sports management which is of value for the sports business community. The SportDiscus bibliographic database includes topics such as corporate wellness, team building, physical health of employees, and work-related activities.

Stefan Szymanski, PhD
http://ideas.repec.org/e/psz8.html External Link

Dr. Szymanski is the Stephen J. Galetti Collegiate Professor of Sport Management who writes regularly for Forbes External Link and The Guardian on the business and economics of sports. His articles include: "A Theory of the Evolution of Modern Sport," Working Papers 0630, International Association of Sports Economists & North American Association of Sports Economists and "Why Have Premium Sports Rights Migrated to Pay-TV in Europe but not in the US?," IASE Conference Papers 0308, International Association of Sports Economists. He has also written the books Handbook on the Economics of Sport (2005), Playbooks and Checkbooks : An Introduction to the Economics of Modern Sports (2009), and The Comparative Economics of Sport (2010). He also wrote Soccernomics with Simon Kuper.

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Trade Associations

International Association for Sports Information
http://www.iasi.org/ External Link

Archive of freely available information from this association. Lists sports databases from numerous countries. Includes some information on sports management and business.

International Association of Venue Managers
http://www.iavm.org/ External Link

Much of the data is for members only however, their Resource area has newsletter articles as well as Facility Manager Magazine from 2007.

Sporting Goods Manufacturing Association International (SGMA International)
http://www.sgma.com/index.html External Link

The association is the global business trade association for manufacturers and marketers of sports apparel, athletic footwear, licensed products, fitness, sporting goods equipment and related business/professional organizations.

Libraries

LA84 Foundation
http://www.la84foundation.org/4sl/over_frmst.htm External Link

The Armature Athletic Foundation was endowed with funds left over from the Los Angeles Olympics in 1984 (LA84). In 2007 it became known as the LA84 Foundation. The AAF Sports Library is a comprehensive collection of sports information. It provides traditional library services and has built an extensive digital collection of sports publications which is available for free in full-text.

Professional Sports Business
http://libguides.babson.edu/content.php?pid=10360 External Link

Prepared by Babson College Library, this guide points to many standard sources about the business of professional sports that may be available and of interest to researchers beyond the Babson campus.

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Directories

Aussport.com.
http://www.aussport.com.au/ External Link

Searchable directory of the Australian sports and fitness industries. A B-to-B (Business to Business) Web site sponsored by the Australian Sport Businesses Association (ASBA) which was founded in 2001.

Sports Equipment Worldwide Database
http://www.conglomerate.net/index.html External Link

Searchable directory of sports equipment industry. A B-to-B Web site dealing with import and export of sporting goods.

AllSportsDirectory.net
http://www.allsportsdirectory.net External Link

Sports directory with over 4,000 sports industry addresses and contacts including sports marketing companies.

Sports Business Marketplace
http://www.sportbusiness.com/marketplace External Link

"A resource for the exchange of commercial information for tenders, job vacancies, conference listings, a sport event calendar and a directory of people and organizations, including a new appointments section 'People Moves'."

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Blogs/News

ESPN Magazine
http://insider.espn.go.com/insider/espn-the-magazine/ External Link

They do web based articles on various topics. A search on money issue brings up articles on "Best-paying teams in the world," "Highest-paying teams in the world," "Best-paid athletes from 200 countries," and "ESPN The Magazine Sportingintelligence Global Salary Survey" all of which seem to be related to an ongoing salary survey project.

MIT Sloan Sports Analytics Conference
http://www.sloansportsconference.com/ External Link

This conference is for professionals (executives and leading researchers) and students to discuss the increasing role of analytics in the global sports industry. The conference started in 2006 but videos for past conference from 2009.

Network 54
http://www.network54.com External Link

A large collection of publicly accessible forums and bulletin boards devoted to entertainment, sports, gaming, etc. Nearly every page of every forum can be received in RSS format. Simply browse to the forum you want to monitor and add ;xml=rss to the end of the URL after you have downloaded an RSS reader. For those new to RSS and Web logs: What is RSS? External Link

SportingIntelligence
http://www.sportingintelligence.com/ External Link

Original news stories and features on important developments in sports business, sports law, and sports academia. They have teamed up with other sources like ESPN Magazine for salary surveys related to their sports salaries subscription database.

Sports Economist
http://thesportseconomist.com/ External Link

This is a blog produced by a group of scholars who apply economic thinking to sports. Contributors are: Dennis Coats,External Link Phil Miller, Brian Goff, Brad Humphreys, Liam Lenten, Robert Macdonald, Victor Matheson, Raymond Sauer.

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Rankings

Forbes - Lists
http://www.forbes.com/lists/ External Link

Includes lists for: baseball's valuable teams and top earning players; basketball team values and highest-paid players; football team values and highest-earning players; hockey team values and highest-paid players; world's most valuable soccer teams and highest-paid soccer players, and the world's highest paid tennis players, and NASCAR team value information and highest-paid drivers.

Highest paid athletes (2012)
http://www.therichest.org/sports/forbes-highest-paid-athletes/ External Link

Highest paid athletes (2012)
http://www.forbes.com/athletes/list/ External Link

Most valuable brands in sports
http://www.forbes.com/.../forbes-fab-40-the-most-valuable-brands-in-sports/ External Link

Ten Richest Sporting Events In The World (2012)
http://www.forbes.com/.../the-ten-richest-sporting-events-in-the-world/ External Link

The Power 100: The most influential people in the world of sports (2007)
http://www.businessweek.com/table/07/0926_power100.htm External Link

World's most valuable sports teams (2012)
http://www.forbes.com/sites/...most-valuable-sports-teams/ External Link

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Library of Congress Catalog Searches

Additional works on the sports business in the Library of Congress may be identified by searching the Online Catalog under appropriate Library of Congress subject headings. Choose the topics you wish to search from the following list of Library of Congress subject headings to link directly to the Catalog and automatically execute a search for the subject selected. Please be aware that during periods of heavy use you may encounter delays in accessing the catalog. Please see the individual sports business sections of this guide for catalog searches relating to them. For assistance in locating the many other subject headings which relate to the sports business, please consult a reference librarian.

Last Updated: 03/26/2014

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