Provides a clear introduction to the basic principles of the multilateral trading system and its detailed examination of the law of the World Trade Organization.
Table of Contents:
1. International trade and law of the WTO
2. The World Trade Organization
3. WTO Dispute Settlement
4. Most favoured nation treatment
5. National treatment
6. Tariff barriers
7. Non-tariff barriers
8. General and security exceptions
9. Economic emergency exceptions
10. Regional trade exceptions
13. Technical barriers to trade
14. Sanitary and phytosanitary measures
15. Intellectual property rights
16. Future challenges to the WTO and the multilateral trade system.
Corporate Counsel’s Guide: Laws of International Trade, edited by William H. Hancock.
Chesterland, Ohio : Business Laws, Inc., [c1986]- .
LC Call Number: KF390.B8 C67 Law Library
LC Catalog Record: 87410775
Volume one focus on U.S. law for import, export and antitrust laws while volumes
three and four focus on foreign law. Volume five includes a useful glossary as well as
Journal of International Economic Law. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press; Avenel,
NJ: Distributed by M.A.I.L. America, c1998 – to date.
LC Call Number: K10.O8688 Law Library
LC Catalog Record: 99031665
The Journal of International Economic Law is dedicated to encouraging thoughtful
and scholarly attention to a very broad range of subjects that concern the relation of law
to international economic activity.
Law & Practice of the World Trade Organization. Joseph F. Dennin, general editor. New York: Oceana Publications, 1995-.
LC Call Number: K4600 .L38 Law Library
LC Catalog Record: 95150551
Loose leaf series provides an extensive examination of these new
rules of international trade, as negotiated by representatives of more than
120 nations. The first volume provides final texts of all relevant documents
involved in the creation of the WTO (Marrakesh Declaration, the Marrakesh Agreement
establishing the World Trade Organization, GATT 1994, the Uruguay Round Agreements,
and the Plurilateral Trade Agreements and related Ministerial Decisions, Declarations
and Understandings). The set includes the full-text decisions of the Dispute
Settlement panels and a separate volume, dedicated to informative Commentary
from leading authorities in the fields of Financial Services, Antidumping,
Subsidies and Countervailing Measures, etc.
Least Developed Countries Report. Prepared by the UNCTAD Secretariat. New York,
N.Y.: United Nations, 1984 – to date. : Annual, 1984 – 1999; Biennial, 2000 – to date.
LC Call Number: HC59.7 .L328 Law Library [Latest edition also available in Business
LC Catalog Record: 90649022
The Least Developed Countries Report (LDC) provides socioeconomic
analysis and data on the world’s most impoverished countries. Includes a statistical
annex, which provides basic data on the LDCs.
Letterman, G. Gregory. Letterman’s Guide to International Business. Deerfield, IL:
Clark Boardman Callaghan, c1996- 2000?.
LC Call Number: KF390.B8 L47 Law Library
LC Catalog Record: 96018160
This loose leaf set includes much information of a basic nature like
tables of abbreviations, types of legal systems, types of legal professions
found in various countries,
accounting rules, system comparisons and cultural and business environments.
Other chapters cover: terms and organizations; U.S. export information; U.S.
and foreign import customs and
tariffs (with free trade zone information); international financial transaction
(currency exchange and interest rate discussion); international investment;
immigration and labor; tax issues, transnational dispute resolution; etc. Chapters
16 - 21 are geographic and individual country discussions.
United States Legislation on Foreign
Relations and International Commerce: A Chronological and Subject Index of Public
Laws and Joint Resolutions of the Congress of the United States, edited by Igor I. Kavass and Michael J. Blake. Buffalo, N.Y.: W.S.
Hein, 1977 – 1999?
LC Call Number: KF4650 .A3698 1977 Law Library
LC Catalog Record: 76051898
This set, portions of which were issued in loose leaf format, provides
historical notations on U.S. legislation regarding international trade. It
is chronologically organized
with the name of the bill as well as Statutes at Large citations.
Volume 1 covers 1789-1899; volume 2, 1900-1929; volume 3, 1930-1949; volume
4, 1950-1969; volume 5, 1970-1979;
volume 6, 1980-1986; volume 7, 1987-1991 (loose-leaf); and volume 8, 1992-1994
(loose-leaf). Volume 8 notes that "with volume 7 ... it has become a collection
of the texts of the major legislative measures and statements on international
matters enacted by the United States
World Investment Report. New York: United Nations, 1991 – to date. Annual.
LC Call Number: HG4538 .W673 Law Library [Latest edition also available in
LC Catalog Record: 93656148
The World Investment Report focuses on trends in foreign direct investment (FDI)
worldwide, at the regional and country levels and emerging measures to improve its
contribution to development. Includes and analysis is of the trends in FDI during the
previous year, Ranking of the largest transnational corporations in the world, statistical
annex with data on FDI flows and stocks for 196 economies, etc.
The WTO Agreements Series. Geneva: World Trade Organization, c1999- .
LC Call Number: K4608 1999 Law Library
LC Catalog Record: 00338366
This set contains the agreement that established the WTO as well as various
agreements on tariffs and trade.
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Bureau of Industry and Security. (BIS) U.S. Department of Commerce.
The mission of BIS is to advance U.S. national security, foreign policy, and
economic objectives by ensuring an effective export control and treaty compliance system
and promoting continued U.S. strategic technology leadership. The Policies and Regulations
link includes key regulatory issues, regional concerns with country by country information
on Exports and Re-exports, and Export Administration Regulations.
Country Commercial Guides. U.S. Department of State.
Prepared by the Bureau of Economic and Business Affairs, the Country Commercial
Guides are prepared annually by U.S. embassies with the assistance of several U.S.
government agencies. These reports present a comprehensive look at countries' commercial
environments, using economic, political and market analysis.
1996 through 2001 editions available on the Department of State web page.
European University Institute, Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies.
The Robert Schuman Centre includes a Eurohomepage for Advanced Studies. Includes
information on monetary and fiscal policy, the global economy, labor markets, and other
integration and single market areas like financial market, currency, etc.
Foreign Trade Information System.
SICE (Sistema de Información al Comercio Exterior) is the information technology
arm of the Trade Unit of the Organization of American States (OAS). Provides information
and documents on trade in the Western Hemisphere. Includes trade agreements by Signatory and
Global Trade Negotiations Homepage, Harvard University Center for International Development.
Includes trade news and information by Issue Area. The Resources link has papers,
country summaries as well as links to Non-Governmental Organizations, Research Institutes,
and International Organizations.
International Trade Administration, U.S. Department of Commerce.
Includes trade statistics as well as other trade publications like the U.S.
Industry and Trade Outlook.
Market Access and Compliance. International Trade Administration, U.S. Dept. of Commerce.
MAC's overall objectives are to obtain market access for American firms and
workers and to achieve full compliance by foreign nations with trade agreements they sign
with our country. Includes special initiative areas like Northern Ireland and Border Counties,
Japan, Africa, China, Latin America, and Russia. Also available from this site is the Trade
Compliance Center http://tcc.export.gov/.
Office of the U.S. Trade Representative (USTR).
The USTR negotiate directly with foreign governments to create trade agreements,
resolve disputes and participate in global trade policy organizations. They also meet with
governments, business groups, legislators and public interest groups to gather input on
trade issues and explain the president’s trade policy positions. Includes bilateral, regional
and global trade agreements. The World Regions tab includes information on detailed
information on USTR's involvement in the following regions of the world. Trade Sectors tab
includes information various sectors like agriculture, intellectual property,
United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD).
The UNCTAD promotes the development-friendly integration of developing
countries into the world economy. The Main Publications link includes the World
Investment Report, Least Developed Countries Report (LDC), the Trade
and Development Report (TDR), and others.
Also includes databases like Foreign Direct Investment database, and subscription
sources like Commodity Price Statistics On-line Database, UNCTAD Handbook of
and UNCTAD-TRAINS. Web site in French, English, and Spanish.
U.S. International Trade Commission (USITC).
An independent federal agency determining import injury to U.S. industries in
antidumping, countervailing duty, and global and China safeguard investigations; directing
actions against unfair trade practices involving patent, trademark, and copyright
infringement; supporting policymakers through economic analysis and research on the global
competitiveness of U.S. industries; and maintaining the U.S. Harmonized Tariff Schedule.
There is Industry and Economic Analysis, information on Trade Remedy Investigations, and
the Tariff Information Center which maintains the Official Harmonized Tariff
Interactive Tariff and Trade DataWeb.
Part of the ITC, The USITC Interactive Tariff and Trade DataWeb provides
international trade statistics and U.S. tariff data to the public full-time and free of
charge. There is a searchable databases for trade and tariff data as well as prepared
reports on trade like those for U.S. Trade by Partner Country and U.S. Trade by Geographical
World Trade Organization (WTO).
The World Trade Organization (WTO) is the only global international
organization created to address the rules of trade between nations. Central
to its existence are the WTO
agreements, negotiated and signed by most of the world's trading nations and
ratified in the parliaments of member nations. The goal of the organization
is to help producers of goods
and services, exporters, and importers to effectively conduct global commerce.
The WTO web page provides links to organizational information, WTO news and
webcasts, trade topics and
reports, official documents consisting of legal texts, trade policy agreements
and dispute settlement reports. Other resources include economic research & analysis,
statistics, and WTO publications. Web site in English, Spanish, and French.
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Chronological List of International Trade Law and Treaties.
Convention on the Agency for the International Sale of Goods.
[PDF format: 158 KB / 17 p.]
Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA).
The FTAA is the result of the effort to unite the economies of the Americas
into a single free trade area begun in Miami in 1994. There are nine Negotiating Groups:
Market Access; Agriculture; Government Procurement; Investment; Competition Policy;
Intellectual Property Rights; Services; Dispute Settlement; Subsidies, Antidumping and
Countervailing Duties which negotiate text in their subject areas. There is a Hemispheric
Trade and Tariff Database which contains information on the National Customs Tariff, Import
and Export Statistics. Web site available in English, Spanish, French,
International Agreements Negotiated by the U.S. Trade Representative.
Include Global, Regional, and Bilateral trade agreements and includes the
full-text as well as other information.
Multilateral Agreement on Investment, draft version by the OECD.
Text of the agreement that was distributed January 13, 1997.
North American Free Trade Agreement, Secretariat (NAFTA).
The NAFTA Secretariat is responsible for the administration of the dispute
settlement provisions of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA). Includes the
full-text as well as rules and procedures. Web site in English, Spanish, and
Treaty Affairs. U.S. State Department.
Links to Treaties in Force, Treaty Reports, Treaties Pending in the Senate, Treaties and Other International Acts Series, and other information on treaties are found on this page.
Trade Agreements. Trade Compliance Center, U.S. Department of Commerce.
Agreements available include Intellectual Property Rights Agreements, WTO
Agreements, Free Trade Agreements, Preview Free Trade Agreements, and Bilateral Investment
Trade and Commercial Relations. Fletcher School of Tufts University.
Trade and Commercial Agreements from the Multilaterals Project begun in 1992.
This is an ongoing project at The Fletcher School, Tufts University to make available the
texts of international multilateral conventions and other instruments. Includes GATT, patent,
copyright, trademark, and other related treaties and agreements.
Treaties and International Law. Internet Law Library.
Links to various trade related agreements, treaties, etc.
Treaty of the European Union.
United Nations Commission on International Trade Law (UNCITRAL).
UNCITRAL's business is the modernization and harmonization of rules on
international business. Includes: texts endorsed by UNCITRAL; UNCITRAL Texts & Status;
as well as Resolutions of the General Assembly; Commission documents, Working Groups
documents; Conference room papers; Information series papers; and the UNCITRAL yearbook.
Web site in English, French, Spanish, Japanese, Arabic, and Russian.
World Trade Organization Agreements.
Most of the WTO agreements are the result of the 1986–94 Uruguay
Round negotiations, signed at the Marrakesh ministerial meeting in April 1994.
There are about
60 agreements and decisions Final Act and various annexes in full-text in .PDF
and Word and includes summaries, browseable texts, and interpretations. Also
includes pre-WTO legal
World Trade Agreement Uruguay Round Final Acts (1994).
Final Act and various annexes in full-text in PDF and WordPerfect.
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Electronic Library on International Commercial Law and the CISG Pace Law School Institute of International Commercial Law.
The UN Convention on the Contracts for the International Sale of Goods (CISG) is
the uniform international sales law of countries. Site includes links to: Texts of commercial
law documents and international law sites. Also includes text of Annotated text of the CISG
and Diplomatic Conference texts, searchable database of cases, Advisory Council opinions,
texts of CISG in different languages, scholarly work on CISG, etc.
Guide to Global Trade Law.
Links to organizations, various government agencies of the world, associations,
supranational organizations, and other resources.
Revised Guide to International Trade Law Sources on the Internet.
Produced by Marci Hoffman, an International & Foreign Law Librarian at the E.B.
Williams Law Library, Georgetown University Law Center, includes links to trade agreement
collections, government sites, bibliographies, statistics, country guides, Commentary and
Guide to Law Online (International) - Library of Congress Law Library.
Includes Guides to treaties, Law Reviews Online, and Multinational Reference.
There is also the Multinational Legal Database GLIN - a public database of laws,
regulations, judicial decisions, and other complementary legal sources contributed by
governmental agencies and international organizations.
Institute of International Economic Law. Georgetown University Law Center.
Various guides include: Researching International Trade Law; From the GATT to the
WTO: An Overview; WTO/GATT Research; Researching Antitrust Law; Treaty Research; Researching
the European Union; ASIL Guide to Electronic Resources for International Law
International Trade Law. FindLaw.
Includes FindLaw articles as well as links to web guides, online discussion
groups, government agencies, Laws and Government Documents, etc.
International Economic Law. American Society of International Law.
Provides many links to related material on various aspects of International Law
including: trade, regional economic integration, international business regulation,
intellectual property law, etc. Also includes a section on locating literature with
information Online Bibliographic Catalogs and Periodical Indexes.
International Trade. New York University Law Library.
Includes research/information guides on WTO/GATT Research, NAFTA Research,
Arbitration Law Online, GATT Digital Library 1947-1994.
International Trade Law. Legal Information Institute (Cornell).
Includes legal information on federal (statutes and regulation) and
International Trade Law Research Guide
This guide was done by the Georgetown Law library and includes legal-oriented resources related to international trade law.
United States Code.
Includes the full-text of the current laws of the United States. Content for
trade/commerce is not limited to one particular title though Title 15 is Commerce & Trade,
Title 19 is Customs & Duties, and Title 22 is Foreign Relations & Intercourse.
World Trade Law.
Part free part paid source include many trade related sources/data. Paid
content includes: WTO Case Law Index; GATT/WTO Cases; WTO Disputes information; etc.
Free content includes: various links and documents regarding NAFTA, GATT, and the WTO;
Bilateral and Regional Trade Agreements; etc.
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Additional resources on this topic in the Library of Congress may be identified
by searching the Online Catalog under appropriate Library of Congress subject headings. Choose the
topics you wish to search from the following list of Library of Congress subject headings to link directly to the
Catalog and automatically execute a search for the subject selected. Please be aware that during periods
of heavy use you may encounter delays in accessing the catalog. Please see the individual sections of this
guide for catalog searches relating to those topics. For assistance in locating other subject
headings which relate to this subject, please consult a reference librarian.
Last Updated: 12/11/2013
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