This Census began in 1930 and was produced at varying intervals until 1967. Since that date it has been issued once every five years. Additional information on the history of the Economic Census can be found in a short guide from Columbia University's Center for International Earth Science Information Network. The Economic Census shows data on the national and state level. The Bureau web page has data from the Censuses for 1992, 1997, and 2002 (and going forward).
Information is shown by industry code — NAICS from the 1997 Census forward and SIC for prior years — and geographically by state with SIC/NAICS breakdowns. In addition to displaying data by industry codes, the Economic Census also shows data by Product Codes that can be even more specific. For example, if one were tracking pharmacies, one would use the SIC/NAICS for independent pharmacies. But to capture those supermarkets with pharmacies, one would use the SIC/NAICS for supermarkets and then look for the product code for those supermarkets that have pharmacies. There are also several subsets of data that are updated more frequently. Those include: the Annual Survey of Manufactures, the Annual Retail Trade Survey, and the Annual Wholesale Trade Survey
Beginning in 1997 data from the Economic Census is available via American Factfinder. While Economic Census data prior to 2007 was released in multiple formats and is still available, beginning with the 2007 Economic Census, data is only disseminated through American FactFinder. There is a User Guide tab with helpful information that includes important concepts and how to use the data.
Additional online sources for Economic Census data include:
Business & Industry
Economic Census By Year (1977 to 2012)
Current Industrial Reports (CIR)
These reports contain monthly, quarterly, and annual measures of industrial activity
(production and shipments) for many years. The CIR is organized by Subject and Subsector.
Annual Survey of Manufactures (ASM)
Covers the industries of manufacturing, mining, and construction. Data on the
web site begins with 1997. While the ASM predominantly focuses on manufacturing,
it also includes construction information such as residential construction and sales as well
as mining information by state/industry.
The Annual Retail Trade Survey is a subset of the Economic Census that covers
retail trade. The web site contains data back to approximately 1992.
This web site provides data on wholesale sales, inventories, and inventories/sales
ratios going back to approximately 1992.
Transportation and Warehousing
This page leads to quarterly, annual and other data sources from Census for transportation and warehousing service industries that provide national estimates of revenue, employment, capital expenditures, vehicle fleet inventories and more. Data goes back to approximately 1997 on the web site.
Annual and Quarterly Services Surveys
The Service Annual Survey is sampling of the service industries that includes: arts, healthcare,
transportation, administration and support, waste management, professional and technical,
rental and leasing, among others. Some of the archived reports on the web page go back to 1994.
County Business Patterns
This annual series, which has been published since 1964, provides sub-national
economic data by industry. The series is useful for studying the economic activity
of small areas; analyzing economic changes over time; and as a benchmark for statistical series, surveys, and databases between economic censuses. See the CBP data page for information on accessing the data.
E-Commerce Statistics (E-STATS)
This site is devoted exclusively to "Measuring the Electronic Economy." It includes recent and upcoming releases, information on methodology, background papers and statistical data.
IRS data in Tax Stats is data derived from tax forms and is often presented by IRS form number. There are Historical Data Tables and an Archive. Statistics of Income bulletins go back to 1981 and have articles, often with tables, on a variety of topics that are derived from the data gathered from tax filings.
Provides information on corporations based on their tax filings and will be quite general by
sector/industry. The information is often published as articles in the Statistics of Income
and later in the IRS Data Book.
The Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA), like Census, is part of the Department of Commerce.
Generally the information published by this office is related to National Accounts data. However, the agency does have some industry-related data. GDP by Industry
is the major area, but one can also find information on travel/tourism and transportation.
There is also Gross State Product information in the Regional section
and Trade in Goods and Services in the International section.
The BEA has historical Interactive Data that can go back quite far depending on how far a particular statistic was tracked. Also, the BEA publishes the Survey of Current Business and has digitized content for this title going back to 1921 (some of the articles are redirected to the St. Louis Federal Reserve FRASER project). Most articles are written related to the data they have collected including regular articles on Travel and Tourism Satellite Accounts, motor vehicles, and Commodity by Industry data.
Most of what can be found through the Department of Agriculture (USDA)
is related to crop production. So, for example, you won't find information on the market
for wheat or corn, but will find numbers for the production of wheat and corn. The USDA provides data/statistics through the Economic Research Service, the Foreign Agricultural Service,
and the National Agricultural Statistics Service.
There is also some marketing/sales information
as well as statistical data in the Agricultural Outlook Forum.
The Federal Communication Commission (FCC) is responsible
for regulation of communications companies. This office also has statistical reports
which include Annual International Telecommunications Data, Trends in the International
Telecommunications Industry, Media Reports on the Cable Industry, etc. There are three
separate Bureaus that are most relevant — Media, Wireless Telecommunications, and Wireline
Competition. Each has data/information specific for the Bureau and includes latest headlines.
The Media Bureau develops, recommends and administers
the policy and licensing programs relating to electronic media, including cable television,
broadcast television, and radio in the United States and its territories. The Industry
Analysis Division conducts and participates in proceedings regarding media ownership and the
economic aspects of existing and proposed rules and policies and includes some Merger &
The Wireless Telecommunications Bureau (WTB) handles
nearly all FCC domestic wireless telecommunications programs, policies, and outreach
initiatives. Wireless communications services include amateur, cellular, paging, broadband Personal Communication Services (PCS),
public safety, and more. This Bureau has a searchable database.
The Wireline Competition Bureau (WCB) develops and
recommends policy goals, objectives, programs and plans for the Commission on matters
concerning wireline telecommunications. There are nice wireline statistical reports.
County Business Patterns. Compiled by the Bureau of Old-Age and Survivors
Insurance of the Social Security Administration, Federal Security Agency. Washington, D.C. :
Office of Domestic Commerce, U.S. Dept. of Commerce : For sale by the Supt. of Docs., U.S.
LC Call Number: HC101 .A184
LC Catalog Record: 49045747
This title is quite confusing. See the catalog record for more information. The volumes for
1948-1962 were issued in several parts. The 1948 volume was issued by
the Bureau of Old-Age and Survivors Insurance; volumes for 1949-1959 were issued by the Bureau of the Census and the
Bureau of Old-Age and Survivors Insurance, while those for 1962 were issued by the Bureau of the Census.
In 1982 the title was continued by a series of annual serials issued under the same common title, devoted to
each of the States, Puerto Rico and outlying areas, and a U.S. summary volume.
Industry Research Using the Economic Census : How to Find It, How to Use It.
Frequency: Triennial, 1956-1962; Annual, 1948-1953.
Jennifer C. Boettcher and Leonard M. Gaines. Westport, Conn. : Greenwood Press, 2004.
LC Call Number: HC101 .B594 2004
LC Catalog Record: 2004008607
Table of contents
There is a brief history of the Census as well as a overview of the NAICS system.
Also included is a look at specific industries: agriculture, transportation & warehousing,
manufacturing, wholesale trade, retail trade, etc.
Internal Revenue Service Data Book. Washington, DC : The Service : For sale
by the U.S. G.P.O., Supt. of Docs., [1995 to the present]
LC Call Number: KF6301.A15 I57
LC Catalog Record: 96646431
The title continues in part the Annual Report by the Commissioner of Internal
Revenue and the Chief Counsel for the Internal Revenue Service.
Statistics of Income Bulletin. Department of the Treasury, Internal Revenue Service.
Washington, D.C. : Dept. of the Treasury, Internal Revenue Service, Statistics Division,
1981 to the present.
LC Call Number: HJ4653.S7 S73
LC Catalog Record: 81649949
Available online (1981-)
Created from the merger of: Statistics of income, preliminary. Individual income tax
returns (Washington, D.C. : 1980); Statistics of income, preliminary. Business income tax returns,
sole proprietorships, partnerships; and: Statistics of income, preliminary. Corporation income tax
returns (Washington, D.C. : 1981).
Statistics of income. Corporation Income Tax Returns. Washington, D.C. : U.S. Dept.
Absorbed: Statistics of income. Partnership returns (1977); and: Statistics of income. Sole
of the Treasury, Internal Revenue Service : For sale by the Supt. of Docs., U.S. G.P.O.,
LC Call Number: HJ4653.C7 A3
LC Catalog Record: 61037568
Preliminary statistics issued in: Statistics of income, preliminary. Corporation
income tax returns (Washington, D. C. : 1957), 1954-196 ; Preliminary statistics of income.
Corporation income tax returns, 196 -1976; and: Statistics of income, preliminary. Corporation
income tax returns, (Washington, D. C. : 1981), 1977. More detailed statistics are available
in: Source book of statistics of income, <1954>-1963/1964; and: Source book of statistics of
income. Active corporation income tax returns, 1964/1965-
Guide to documentation available in: Statistics of income. Corporation income tax returns.
Documentation guide. Indexes: 1958-1968, and 1964-1973.
Last Updated: 06/06/2018