Huang, Yanfen. Money supply process and monetary policy in China. Frankfurt am
Main, NY: Peter Lang, c2002. 215 p.
LC Call Number: HG1285 .H825 2002
LC Catalog Record: 2003047084
Table of Contents
The purpose of this dissertation work is to analyze the money supply process and
thereby to explore the causes of the poor performance of monetary policy in China, focusing on
the period from 1984 up to 1998. Huang starts with the development of financial sector and
financial markets in China by explaining the reasons of why Chinese financial system is far
from a modern, efficiently functioning system. The weaknesses highlighted are an
underdevelopment of financial markets, especially money markets, not independent central bank
and other four state banking institutions. The central theme is that the money supply has
endogenous features due to the lack of an interest rate mechanism. The endogenous character
of the money supply makes it difficult for PBC (People's Bank of China) to conduct monetary
policy. The main conclusion is that interest rate liberalization should become the most
important aspect of China's financial system reform in the future.
Laurenceson, James and Chai, Joseph C.H. Financial Reform and Economic Development in China. Cheltenham; Northampton, MA: E. Elgar, c2003. 159 p.
LC Call Number: HG187.C6 L28 2003
LC Catalog Record: 2002037930
Table of Contents
This book is a comprehensive, balanced and realistic assessment of China's financial
reform program and future direction. This volume will facilitate a more accurate assessment of
the Chinese approach to financial reform, and will therefore allow more informed future policy
choices for both China and other developing and transitional countries. Global Books In Print.
Liew, Leong H. and Wu, Harry X. The making of China's exchange rate policy : from plan to WTO entry. Cheltenham, UK; Northampton, MA: Edward Elgar, c2007. 249 p.
LC Call number: HG3873.C45 L54 2007
LC Catalog Record: 2006037182
This book examines the major economic and political factors influencing China's exchange rate policies from the foundation of the People's Republic to the present. It considers how national, economic and political priorities, international influences, domestic and institutional interests and the new constraints imposed by China's rapidly globalising post-Mao economy determine exchange rate policy. Global Books in Print.
Morrison, Wayne M. and Labonte, Marc. China's Currency and Economic Issues.
New York: Nova Science Publishers, c2006. 90 p.
LC Call Number: HG1285 .C48263 2004
LC Catalog Record: 2005037216
Table of Contents
China has a policy of pegging its currency (the yuan) to the U.S. dollar. If the yuan is undervalued against the dollar, there are likely to be both benefits and costs to the U.S. economy. It would mean that imported Chinese goods are cheaper than they would be if the yuan were market determined. This lowers prices for U.S. consumers and diminishes inflationary pressures. It also lowers prices for U.S. firms that use imported inputs (such as parts) in their production, making such firms more competitive. Critics of China's peg point to the large and growing U.S. trade deficit with China as evidence that the yuan is undervalued and harmful to the U.S. economy. The relationship is more complex... This book presents a coherent examination of the details behind China's currency policies as they relate to outside factors. Global Books In
Murphy, Melissa and Yuan, Wen Jin. Is China ready to challenge the dollar?: internationalization of the renminbi and its implications for the United States: a report of the CSIS Freeman chair in China studies. Washington, DC : CSIS Press, 2009. 22 p.
LC Call number: HG3978 .M868 2009
LC Catalog Record: 2009042783
Publisher description: While China is still a long way from challenging the dollar's global reserve currency status, as the largest holder of U.S. debt, Beijing is undoubtedly nervous about the prospect of a weaker dollar and is taking steps to diversify its reserves, as well as to internationalize the renminbi. There also seems little doubt that in the next decade China will emerge as a major player in the international financial system. Given the strategic geopolitical and economic implications of these developments, this report attempts to provide a clearer understanding of what is motivating Beijing's current moves, where its policy is likely headed, and the implications for the United States.
United States. Congress. House. Committee on Financial Services.
U.S. interests in the reform of China's financial services sector : hearing before the Committee on Financial Services, U.S. House of Representatives, One Hundred Tenth Congress, first session, June 6, 2007.
Washington : U.S. G.P.O. : For sale by the Supt. of Docs., U.S. G.P.O., 2007. 131 p.
LC Call Number: KF27 .B5 2007j
LC Catalog record: 2007473236
Online edition: http://purl.access.gpo.gov/GPO/LPS87228 [PDF Format: 5.5 MB / 135 p.]
United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs.
The report to the Congress on international economic and exchange rate policies : hearing before the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs, United States Senate, One Hundred Ninth Congress, second session, on the report to Congress on international economic and exchange rate policies, May 18, 2006.
Washington : U.S. G.P.O. : For sale by the Supt. of Docs., U.S. G.P.O. , 2007. 32 p.
LC Call Number: KF26 .B39 2006n (Law Library)
LC Catalog Record: 2008354960
Online Edition: http://purl.access.gpo.gov/GPO/LPS91617 [PDF Format: 212 KB / 36 p.]
United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Finance.
Risks and reform : the role of currency in the U.S.- China relationship: hearing before the Committee on Finance, United States Senate, One Hundred Tenth Congress, first session, March 28, 2007.
Washington : U.S. G.P.O. : For sale by the Supt. of Docs., U.S. G.P.O., 2007. 103 p.
LC Call Number: KF26 .F5 2007p Law Library
LC Catalog Record: 2008412707
Online Edition: http://purl.access.gpo.gov/GPO/LPS102186 [PDF Format: 4.4 MB / 107 p.]
Zhang, Jialin. The Debate on China's Exchange Rate: should it be revalued? Stanford,
Calif: Hoover Institution Press, c2004. 28 p.
LC Call Number: H96 .E85 no. 112
LC Catalog Record: 2004018637
Table of Contents
Publisher description: China has been under heavy international pressure to
abandon its currency's de facto peg to the U.S. dollar, since the United States alleged that
the undervalued Chinese currency has widened the U.S. trade deficit with China and has cost
U.S. manufacturing jobs over the past few years. But the Chinese authorities argue that the
competitiveness of Chinese goods comes from low labor costs rather than from the exchange rate.
Meanwhile most U.S. and Chinese economists argue that at this moment a sudden rise in the
yuan's value would do more harm than good for China, the US and the world economy. This is not
to say that China does not need to review the yuan's valuation and its exchange rate regime.
Apart from external pressure, the yuan experiences an endogenous pressure to appreciate,
stemming from the huge inflow of foreign assets, current account surplus and foreign direct
investment. China's foreign reserves continue to mount and its money supply has skyrocketed.
Without a revaluation, these increases may lead to overheating of the economy and may fuel
inflation. This is dilemma Chinese authorities face.
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Blanchard, Olivier, Francesco Giavazzi, Filipa Sa. The U.S. Current Account and the Dollar. University of California, Berkeley, Economics Department. May 14, 2005.
http://emlab.berkeley.edu/users/eichengr/af/giavazzi.pdf [PDF Format: 457 KB / 68 p.]
"There are two main forces behind the large U.S. current account deficits.
First, an increase in the U.S. demand for foreign goods. Second, an increase
in the foreign demand for U.S. assets.... Our purpose in this paper is to explore these issues ...[and] to develop a simple model of exchange rate and current account
determination based on imperfect substitutability in both goods and as-
set markets, and to use it to interpret the past and explore alternative
scenarios for the future." From the Authors' Abstract.
China's Exchange Rate Regime and Its Effects on the U.S. Economy. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Domestic and International Monetary Policy, Trade and Technology of the Committee on Financial Services. U.S. Congress. House. 108 Cong. 1st session. October 1, 2003. Washington : U.S. Government Printing Office. 2003.
http://frwebgate.access.gpo.gov/ [PDF Format: 2.8 MB / 109 p.]
Testimony on the issue of foreign
currency exchange rates and their relationship to the United States
economy, in particular, the relationship between
the Chinese yuan and the U.S. dollar, with special emphasis on valuations of foreign currencies and the
effects they may be having on U.S. export opportunities and the U. S. economy.
The Chinese Exchange Rate. The Peterson Institute for International Economics
Provides links to research materials on the topic of the Chinese Currency Exchange Rate offered by the Peterson Institute for International Economics, a nonprofit, nonpartisan research institution that studies international economic policy.
Correcting the Chinese Exchange Rate. C. Fred Bergsten, Director, Peterson Institute for International Economics. Testimony before the Hearing on China’s Exchange Rate Policy, Committee on Ways and Means, US House of Representatives
September 15, 2010
http://www.iie.com/publications/testimony/bergsten20100915.pdf [PDF Format: 138 KB / 8 p.]
Currency manipulation and its effect on U.S. businesses and workers: hearing before the Subcommittee on Trade of the Committee on Ways and Means, U.S. House of Representatives, joint with the Subcommittee on Commerce, Trade, and Consumer Protection of the Committee on Energy and Commerce and the Subcommittee on Domestic and International Monetary Policy, Trade, and Technology of the Committee on Financial Services, U.S. House of Representatives, One Hundred Tenth Congress, first session, May 9, 2007. Washington: U.S. G.P.O. 2009.
[PDF Format: 1.49 MB / 136 p.]
Cyn-Young Park. "Coping with Global Imbalances
and Asian Currencies" ERD Policy Brief. Asian Development Bank (ADB). May 2005.
According to the author, "The US current account deficit is a combined result of a low private
savings rate, a large fiscal deficit, and a sustained gap in growth
between the US and other major industrial countries. As such, the
adjustment has to come about by addressing these underlying causes." The paper is one of many resources on this official site of the ADB providing useful sources for economic
and statistical research in improving welfare of the people in Asia and the Pacific.
The Dollar and Other Key Currencies. Institute for International Economics
In addition to a brief overview of the US dollar and other key currencies, this web page contains a useful source of speeches, papers, and testimonies.
Morrison, Wayne M. and Labonte, Marc. China’s Currency: An Analysis of the Economic Issues, Congressional Research Services. Report RS21625, October 2010.
http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/row/RS21625.pdf [PDF Format: 517KB / 37 p.]
The report analyzes the latest developments in China's currency reform and the effect of the renminbi appreciation on the U.S. economy.
National Bureau of Economic Research Papers
The NBER web site provides a wide selection of working paper series by topics. Several examples are listed below. Access to the full text of the papers is available only by purchase or subscription.
Joshua Aizenman, Yothin Jinjarak
The US as the "Demander of Last Resort" and its Implications on China's Current Account
http://www.nber.org/papers/w14453.pdf [PDF format: 170KB / 23 p.]
Current Account Deficits in Rich Countries
http://www.nber.org/papers/w12925 [PDF Format: 244 KB / 36 p.]
William H.Branson and Conor N. Healy
Monetary and Exchange Rate
Policy Coordination in ASEAN+1
http://papers.nber.org/papers/w11713.pdf [PDF Format: 406 KB / 47 p.]
Michael P. Dooley, David Folkerts-Landau, and Peter M. Garber
Interest Rates, Exchange Rates and International Adjustment
http://papers.nber.org/papers/w11771.pdf [PDF Format: 150.5 KB / 23 p.]
Barry Eichengreen and Mariko Hatase
Can a Rapidly-Growing Export-Oriented Economy Smoothly Exit an Exchange Rate Peg? Lessons for China from Japan's High-Growth Era
http://papers.nber.org/papers/w11625 [PDF Format: 334 KB / 57 p.]
Andrea Ferrero and Mark Gertler and Lars E.O. Svensson Current Account Dynamics and Monetary Policy
http://www.nber.org/papers/w13906 [PDF format: 438KB / 55 p.]
On the Renminbi: the Choice between Adjustment under a Fixed Exchange Rate and Adjustment under a Flexible Rate
http://papers.nber.org/papers/w11274.pdf [PDF Format: 228 KB / 26 p.]
Caroline Freund and Frank Warnock
Current Account Deficits in Industrial Countries:
The Bigger They Are, The Harder They Fall?
http://papers.nber.org/papers/w11823.pdf [PDF Format: 313 KB / 48 p.]
Trade and Development Report. United Nations Conference on Trade and Development
Trade and Development Reports by UNCTAD, an agency within the United Nations system charged with promoting "development-friendly integration of developing countries into the world economy."
U.S. International Transactions Accounts Data. U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis.
Links to U.S. International
Transaction Accounts Data from 1960 to the present. Annual, quarterly seasonally adjusted, or quarterly not seasonally adjusted data is available.
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