Skip Navigation Links and Jump to Page Content  The Library of Congress >> Researchers
Business Reference Services (Science, Technology, and Business Division)
  Home >> Bibliographies & Guides >> MINT: Sources of Information

MINT countries on the world map


MINT, or “MINT countries” refers to the economies of Mexico, Indonesia, Nigeria, and Turkey. This acronym was devised by Fidelity Investments in 20111, and popularized in 2013 by Jim O’Neill2, the former chief economist of Goldman Sachs. MINT countries were grouped together based the following characteristics:

MINT: Sources of Information

August 2017

Table of Contents

Background Information
Country Information
Print Resources
News Sources
Articles and Reports
Other Research Guides
LC Subject Headings

Image (left): MINT – Mexico, Indonesia, Nigeria, Turkey
Courtesy of Wikimedia Commons External Link

  • Large populations (primarily under 30 years of age)
  • Demonstration of rapid economic growth
  • Developing middle class
  • Entrepreneurialism

MINT is one of the many acronyms used by finance professionals and academics to group similar emerging economies.Additional emerging market groupings by acronym include: BRICS, CIVETS, VISTA, MIST/ MIKT/TIMS, Next 11, and many others. MINT countries, can be more specifically classified as "frontier markets" because their economies were smaller than those of BRIC countries at the time the term was coined. MINT countries were projected to have favorable demographics and positive economic prospects at least for the next two decades.

The goal of MINT: Sources of Information is to provide general starting points for researching MINT countries. It is not comprehensive, and does not include information on investing or investment sectors. It is one of several introductory research guides produced by Business Reference Services focusing on emerging economies. This guide will suggest sources of information—primarily on the web—as well as resources available at the Library of Congress. This guide will also suggest journal titles relevant to begin learning about and pursuing research on this topic.

Angel Vu
Business Reference and Research Specialist

Last updated: 09/06/2017

1. Frasier, Ian. "Fidelity is confident its MINTs won't suck." QFinance. May 10, 2015. Accessed on May 30, 2017. External Link

2. O’Neill, J. "Who you calling a BRIC?" Bloomberg View. November 12, 2013. Accessed on May 30, 2017.
Available to subscribers only. External Link

Top of Page Top of Page
  Home >> Bibliographies & Guides>> MINT: Sources of Information
  The Library of Congress >> Researchers
  September 11, 2017
Legal | External Link Disclaimer

Contact Us:  
Ask a Librarian