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Czech and Slovak History: An American Bibliography

Compiled by George J. Kovtun
Introductory Essay by Stanley B. Winters


Table of Contents


Bibliographies

Anderle, Josef. "Major Contributions of Czechs and Slovaks to Austrian and Hungarian History, 1918-1945." Austrian History Yearbook 6/7 (1970/71): 169-220. Also listed in Historians and Historiography.

Beckova, Marta. "Bibliography on Consultatio Catholica." In Consultationes de consultatione, 1970 [Chapter 4, Consultationes]: 157-98. Also listed in Jan Amos Komensky (Comenius).

"Bibliography of Josef Korbel's Major Writings." In Czechoslovakia: The Heritage of Ages Past, 1979 [Chapter 4, Brisch and Volgyes]: 9-10. Also listed in Historians and Historiography, Korbel.

Burian, Peter. "Recent Czech and Slovak Literature on the History of the Habsburg Monarchy: A Bibliography." Austrian History Yearbook 1 (1965): 171-78. Also listed in Historians and Historiography.

Capek, Thomas, and Anna V. Capek. Bohemian (Cech) Bibliography: A Finding List of Writings in English Relating to Bohemia and the Cechs. New York, Chicago: Fleming H. Revell [c1918] 256p.

Cerny, Oldrich. Czechoslovakia: A Selected Bibliography with a Brief Historical Survey. Washington, 1959. 119l.

"Collection of Testimony on the 'Sixth Labor Battalion' in Slovakia." Yad Vasehm Studies 15 (1983): 367-76. Also listed in Jews and Jewish Affairs.

Diekroeger, Emma. Political History of Czechoslovakia, October 1918-May 1938: A Bibliography of References in English. Madison: [Library School, University of Wisconsin] 1938. 74p.

Hejzlar, Zdenek, and Vladimir V. Kusin. Czechoslovakia, 1968- 1969: Chronology, Bibliography, Annotation. New York: Garland, 1975. 316p. Also listed in From 1945 to 1989.

Heyberger, Anna. "Bibliographies." In The Teacher of Nations: Addresses and Essays in Commemoration of the Visit to England of the Great Czech Educator Jan Amos Komensky, 1942 [Chapter 4, Needham]: 90-99. Contains two select bibliographies relating to Comenius. Also listed in Jan Amos Komensky (Comenius).

"Invasion of Czechoslovakia: The Prelude and the Avalanche." In Communist Eastern Europe: Analytical Survey of Literature, published by U.S. Dept. of the Army, 70-80. Washington: U.S. Govt. Print. Off., 1971. Also listed in From 1945 to 1989.

Jelinek, Yeshayahu. "The Slovak State in Post-War Historiography (An Annotated Bibliography)." Slovakia 28, no. 51-52 (1978-1979): 17-24. Also listed in Historians and Historiography.

Jerabek, Esther. Czechs and Slovaks in North America: A Bibliography. New York: Czechoslovak Society of Arts and Sciences in America, 1976. 448p. More than 400 items in chapter "History," p. 71-90.

"Joseph M. Kirschbaum: A Select Bibliography." In Slovak Politics: Essays on Slovak History in Honour of Joseph Kirschbaum, 1983 [Chapter 4, Kirschbaum, Stanislav]: 373-76. Also listed in Historians and Historiography, Kirschbaum.

Kalvoda, Josef. "National Minorities in Czechoslovakia, 1919- 1980." In Eastern European National Minorities, 1919-1980: A Handbook, edited by Stephan M. Horak and Richard Blanke, 108-59. Littleton, Colo.: Libraries Unlimited, 1985. Written with the assistance of David Crowe; bibliography on pages 131-59. Also listed in General Works: Works on More than One Period or Subject.

Kerner, Robert J. "The Bohemians (Cechs) and the Slovaks: History." In his Slavic Europe: A Selected Bibliography in the Western European Languages, 202-54. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1918.

----- ----- New York: Russell & Russell, 1969.

Kopcan, Vojtech. "The Selective Bibliography of L. Holotik." Studia Historica Slovaca 16 (1988): 271-76. Also listed in Historians and Historiography, Holotik.

Kovtun, George J. Tomas G. Masaryk, 1850-1937: A Selective List of Reading Materials in English. Washington, D.C.: European Division, Library of Congress, 1981. 26p. Also listed in Tomas G. Masaryk.

Lacko, Michael. "Slovak Bibliography Abroad 1966-1975." Slovak Studies 17 (1977): 7-436. Entire issue; includes 'History', 66-107, and 'Slovaks Abroad', 194-238.

Litva, Felix J. "The Origins of Our History: The Bibliography: 1100th Anniversary of the Death of St. Methodius." Slovak Studies 22 (1982): 133-90.

Miller, Wayne C. "Czech Americans: A Guide to the Czech-American Experience." In his A Comprehensive Bibliography for the Study of American Minorities, vol. 1, 631-36. New York: New York University Press, 1976. Also listed in Czechs and Slovaks in the United States and Other Countries.

Miller, Wayne C. "Slovak Americans: A Guide to the Slovak- American Experience." In his A Comprehensive Bibliography for the Study of American Minorities, vol. 1, 637-43. New York: New York University Press, 1976. Also listed in Czechs and Slovaks in the United States and Other Countries .

Muneles, Otto. Bibliographical Survey of Jewish Prague. [Prague: Orbis, c1952] 562p.

Nowak, Chester M. Czechoslovak-Polish Relations, 1918-1939: A Selected and Annotated Bibliography. Stanford, Calif.: Hoover Institution Press, 1976. 219p. Also listed in From 1918 to 1939: The First Czechoslovak Republic.

Nowak, Chester M. "Selected and Annotated Bibliography to Czechoslovak-Polish Relations, 1918-1939, with an Historical Essay." PhD diss, Boston University, 1971. Also listed in From 1918 to 1939: The First Czechoslovak Republic.

Parrish, Michael. The 1968 Czechoslovak Crisis: A Bibliography, 1968-1970. Santa Barbara, Calif.: American Bibliographical Center, 1971. 41p. Also listed in From 1945 to 1989.

Rechcigl, Miloslav, Jr. "A Classified Guide to Bibliographies Relating to Czech, Slovak, and Ruthenian Immigrants in America." Kosmas 7, no. 1 & 2 (Summer/Winter 1988): 189-212.

Rechcigl, Miloslav, Jr. "Czechoslovak American Bibliography: A State of the Art and a Guide to Bibliographies." Kosmas 7, no 1 & 2 (Summer/Winter 1988): 175-87.

Rechcigl, Miloslav, Jr. "Czechoslovakia and Its Arts and Sciences: A Selective Bibliography in the Western European Languages." In The Czechoslovak Contribution to World Culture, 1964 [Chapter 4, Rechcigl]: 555-634. Includes more than 140 historical items in Part III D.

Rechcigl, Miloslav, Jr. "Czechoslovakia in Bibliography: A Bibliography of Bibliographies." In Czechoslovakia Past and Present, vol. 2, 1968 [Chapter 4, Rechcigl]: 1693-1801.

Rechcigl, Miloslav, Jr. "Czechs, Slovaks and Ruthenians in the U.S.: A Selective Bibliography." Czechoslovak and Central European Journal 10, no. 1 (Summer 1991): 83-132.

Salzmann, Zdenek. "A Bibliography of Sources Concerning the Czechs and Slovaks in Romania." East European Quarterly 13, no. 4 (Winter 1979): 465-88. Also listed in Czechs and Slovaks in the United States and Other Countries.

"A Select Bibliography of the Published Writings of R. R. Betts." In Essays in Czech History, 1969 [Chapter 4, Betts]: 307-309. Also listed in Historians and Historiography, Betts.

"Select Bibliography on Slovakia." In Slovakia in the 19th and 20th Centuries, 1973 [Chapter 4, Kirschbaum, Joseph]: 351-68.

"Select List of Works Cited by R. R. Betts on Late Mediaeval Czech History." In Essays on Czech History, 1969 [Chapter 4, Betts]: 304-306. Also listed in Historians and Historiography, Betts.

"Selected Bibliography of Publications of Otakar Odlozilik." In The Czech Renascence in the Nineteenth Century: Essays Presented to Otakar Odlozilik in Honour of His Seventieth Birthday, 1970 [Chapter 4, Brock and Skilling]: 315-25. Also listed in Historians and Historiography, Odlozilik.

Short, David, comp. Czechoslovakia. Oxford, England; Santa Barbara, Calif.: Clio Press, c1986. 409p. (World Bibliographic Series, vol. 68) 298 annotated items in chapters Prehistory and Archeology, History, and Nationalities and Minorities.

Sturm, Rudolf. "History." In his Czechoslovakia, a Bibliographic Guide, 32-41. Washington: Library of Congress, 1967 [i.e. 1968] 157p.

Winters, Stanley B. "Publications of Arnost Klima, 1948-81." East Central Europe 9, no. 1-2 (1982): 3-6. Also listed in Historians and Historiography, Klima.

Winters, Stanley, B. "Publications of J. W. Bruegel, 1958-85." East Central Europe 12, No. 1 (1985): 60-64. Also listed in Historians and Historiography, Bruegel.

Winters, Stanley B. "Selected Publications of Stanley Z. Pech." Czechoslovak History Newsletter 9, no. 1 (Spring 1986): 9-10. Also listed in Historians and Historiography, Pech.

"Works by Comenius Published in Hungary." In Comenius and Hungary: Essays, 1973 [Chapter 4, Foldes]: 171-75. Also listed in Jan Amos Komensky (Comenius).

Wurmser, David. "A Topical Bibliography on the Meaning of Munich and European Security." In The Meaning of Munich Fifty Years Later, 1990 [Chapter 4, Jensen]: 77-89.

Zeman, Jarold K. The Hussite Movement and the Reformation in Bohemia, Moravia, and Slovakia (1350-1650): A Bibliographical Study Guide (With Particular Reference to Resources in North America). Ann Arbor: Michigan Slavic Publications, c1977. 390p.

General Works

a) Broad Surveys

Bradley, John F. N. Czechoslovakia: A Short History. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1971. 212p.

Hermann, A. H. A History of the Czechs. London: A. Lane, 1975. 324p.

Kavka, Frantisek. An Outline of Czechoslovak History. Translated by Jarmila and Ian Milner. Prague: Orbis, 1960. 179p.

----- ----- 2d rev. ed. Prague: Orbis, 1963. 164p.

Krofta, Kamil. A Short History of Czechoslovakia. New York: R. M. McBride & Co., 1934. 198p.

Lutzow, Francis, Count. Bohemia: An Historical Sketch. London: Chapman and Hall, 1896. 438p.

----- ----- London: J. M. Dent & Sons [1910] 359p.

----- ----- Introduction by T. G. Masaryk. London: J. M. Dent & Sons [1939] 379p. History up to dismemberment of Czechoslovakia has been continued by H. A. Piehler.

Lutzow, [Francis] Count. The Story of Prague. London: J. M. Dent, 1902. 211p.

Maurice, Charles E. Bohemia from the Earliest Times to the Foundation of the Czecho-Slovak Republic in 1918. London: T. F. Unwin [1922] 576p.

Polisensky, Josef V. History of Czechoslovakia in Outline. Prague: Sphinx Publishers [1948] 142p.

----- ----- Prague: Bohemian International Publishers, 1991. 142p.

Seton-Watson, Robert W. A History of the Czechs and Slovaks. London, New York: Hutchinson, 1943. 413p.

----- ----- Hamden, Conn.: Archon Books, 1965. 413p.

Thomson, S. Harrison. Czechoslovakia in European History. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1943. 390p.

----- ----- 2d ed. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1953. 485p.

----- ----- Hamden, Conn.: Archon Books, 1965 [c1953] 485p.

Vickers, Robert H. History of Bohemia. Chicago: C. H. Sergel, 1894. 763p.

b) Works on More Than One Period or Subject

Agnew, Hugh L. "Noble Natio and Modern Nation: The Czech Case." Austrian History Yearbook 23 (1992): 50-71. Czech nationalism and attitudes of Bohemian aristocracy.

Akino, Yutaka. "Soviet Policy in Eastern Europe, 1943-1948: A Geopolitical Analysis." East European Quarterly 17, no. 3 (Fall 1983): 257-66. Includes Yugoslavia, Albania, Hungary, Czechoslovakia, Romania, Poland, and Bulgaria.

Auty, Robert. "Language and Nationality in East-Central Europe 1750-1950." Oxford Slavonic Papers, New Series 12 (1979): 52-83. Includes Czech and Slovak.

Barker, Ernest. "British and Czech Democracy." In Edward Benes: Essays and Reflections Presented on the Occasion of His Sixtieth Birthday, 1945 [Chapter 4, Opocensky]: 41-53.

Barnard, Frederick M. "Czechoslovak Political Culture: Continuity or Discontinuity?" Cross Currents 9 (1990): 187-94.

Barnard, Frederick M. "Political Culture: Continuity and Discontinuity." In Czechoslovakia 1918-88: Seventy Years from Independence, 1991 [Chapter 4, Skilling]: 133-53.

Baros, Jan, ed. India and Czechoslovakia. Calcutta: Baptist Mission Press, 1943. [142p] Includes more than 30 brief contributions. Designated as volume one; volume two probably not published.

Baumgarten, R. Vladimir. "Slovaks under Hungarian Rule: From Loyalism to Revolution." In Reflections on Slovak History, 1987 [Kirschbaum and Roman]: 37-58.

Beam, Jacob D. "Ambassador in Prague." In Communist Reformation: Nationalism, Internationalism, and Change in the World Communist Movement, 1979 [Chapter 4, Urban]: 237-50. Former U.S. Ambassador (1966-1969) commenting on Czechoslovak developments and American policy during World War II and in period 1945-1968; interviewed by George R. Urban.

Beck, Curt F. "Can Communism and Democracy Coexist? Benes's Answer." American Slavic and East European Review 11, no. 3 (October 1952): 189-206. Based on chapters 1 and 5 of author's Ph.D. thesis 'Edvard Benes's Political Theory: Application of Democracy to International Relations' (Harvard University, 1950).

Beck, Curt F. "Edvard Benes's Political Theory: Applications of Democracy to International Relations." PhD diss, Harvard University, 1950.

Beck, Curt [F]. "The Government." In Czechoslovakia, 1957 [Chapter 4, Busek and Spulber]: 80-100. Includes periods 1918-1938 and 1938-1948.

Beck, Curt [F]. "Politics and Political Organizations." In Czechoslovakia, 1957 [Chapter 4, Busek and Spulber]: 60-79. Includes political traditions before 1945 and period 1945-1948.

Benes, Edvard. Bohemia's Case for Independence. London: G. Allen & Unwin [1917] 132 p. Translation of Detruisez l'Autriche-Hongrie. Brief historical outline focusing on Czechs and Slovaks in Austria-Hungary and during First World War.

----- ----- New York: Arno Press, 1971. 132p.

Benes, Eduard. Democracy Today and Tomorrow. London: Macmillan, 1939. 243p. Contains lectures on problems of democracy delivered at University of Chicago in March, April, and May 1939.

----- ----- New York: Macmillan, 1939. 244p. American edition has different introduction.

Benes, Edvard. "Story of the Czechoslovaks: Thirteen Hundred Years of Struggle against German Oppression." Current History 9, no. 3 (December 1918): 496-97.

Benes, Vaclav. "Reflections on Polish-Czechoslovak Relations." In Studies in Czechoslovak History, vol. 1, 1976 [Chapter 4, Rechcigl]: 239-55.

Benes, Vojta. The Mission of a Small Nation. Chicago: Czech American National Alliance, 1941. 112p.

----- ----- 2d ed. Chicago: Czechoslovak National Council of America, 1941. 110p.

Benes, Vojta. The Vanguard of the 'Drang nach Osten'. Chicago: Czechoslovak National Council of America, 1943. 183p. Germans in Czech Lands and Slovakia.

Bergeron, Gerard. "1918--Czechoslovakia--1968." Int J 33, no. 4 (Autumn 1978): 820-35.

Beuer, Gustav. New Czechoslovakia and Her Historical Background. London: Lawrence & Wishart, 1947. 275p.

Bidlo, Jaroslav. "The Slavs in Medieval History." Slavonic Review 9, no. 25 (June 1930): 34-55. Includes Bohemia, Poland, Bulgaria, Serbia, Croatia, Slovakia, and Russia.

Blaho, Pavel. "Personal Recollection of a Few Episodes in Czecho- Slovak Relations." In Czechoslovakia Past and Present, vol. 1, 1968 [Chapter 4, Rechcigl]: 98-106.

Bohac, Antonin. "Population." In Czechoslovakia: A Survey of Economic and Social Conditions, 1924 [Chapter 4, Gruber]: 1-11. Demographic facts 1911-1921.

Bolton, Glorney. Czech Tragedy. London: Watts, [1955]. 240p. Historical overview focusing on Thomas G. Masaryk and ending with 1948.

Borsody, Stephen. "Czechoslovakia and Hungary." In Czechoslovakia Past and Present, vol. 1, 1968 [Chapter 4, Rechcigl]: 661-72.

Borsody, Stephen. The New Central Europe. Boulder: East European Monographs; distributed by Columbia University Press, New York, 1993. 321p. Originally appeared in shorter versions under titles The Triumph of Tyranny and The Tragedy of Central Europe.

Borsody, Stephen. The Tragedy of Central Europe; Nazi and Soviet Conquest and Aftermath. Rev. ed. with a new epilogue. New Haven: Yale Concilium on International and Area Studies, 1980. 274p. Revised edition of The Triumph of Tyranny; new epilogue covers transition from cold war to detente in 1960s and 1970s.

Borsody, Stephen. The Triumph of Tyranny: The Nazi and Soviet Conquest of Central Europe. London: Cape [1960] 285p. Focused on Czechoslovakia and Hungary.

Bosak, Edita. "Slovaks and Czechs: An Uneasy Coexistence." In Czechoslovakia 1918-88: Seventy Years from Independence, 1991 [Chapter 4, Skilling]: 65-81.

Bosl, Karl. "Political Relations between East and West." In Eastern and Western Europe in the Middle Ages, 1970 [Chapter 4, Barraclough]: 43-82. Includes Great Moravia and Bohemia.

Bradley, John F. N. "Franco-Czechoslovak Relations, 1918-1948." In Czechoslovakia Past and Present, vol. 1, 1968 [Chapter 4, Rechcigl]: 801-11.

"A Brief Chronology, 1944-1956." In Czechoslovakia, 1957 [Chapter 4, Busek and Spulber]: 433-54.

Brock, Peter. "The Hutterites and War." In Tolerance and Movements of Religious Dissent in Eastern Europe, 1975 [Chapter 4, Kiraly]: 43-51.

Bromke, Adam. "Poland and Czechoslovakia: The Hesitant Alliance." In Studies in Czechoslovak History, no. 1, 1976 [Chapter 4, Rechcigl]: 256-69.

Broz, Alexander. "The Czech Socialist Movement." New Europe 10, no. 124 (27 February 1919): 159-60.

Busek, Vratislav. "Church and State." In Czechoslovakia, 1957 [Chapter 4, Busek and Spulber]: 130-53. Includes historical background and the periods 1918-1948 and 1948-1951.

Busek, Vratislav. "The Czechoslovak Constitutions of 1920, 1948, and 1960." In The Czechoslovak Contribution to World Culture, 1964 [Chapter 4, Rechcigl]: 396-404.

Campbell, F. Gregory. "Empty Pedestals?" Slavic Review 44, no. 1 (Spring 1985): 1-15. Question of nation-states in Central Europe; includes substantial discussion of T. G. Masaryk's role in Czech history. Followed by comments by Gale Stokes, 16-19, and Roman Szporluk, 20-26, and author's reply, 27-29.

Campbell, F. Gregory, Jiri Hochman, and Walter Ullmann. "Eduard Benes in European Politics 1918-1948: Three Essays." Kosmas: Journal of Czechoslovak and Central European Studies 5, no. 1 (Summer 1986): 7-33. Followed by comments by Josef Anderle, 35-53.

Capek, Karel. "Czechoslovakia." In Czechoslovakia, with an introduction by Karel Capek, pictorial arrangement Slavoboj Tusar, 5-12. Prague: Orbis [1933?]

Capek, Milic. A Key to Czechoslovakia, the Territory of Kladsko (Glatz): A Study of a Frontier Problem in Middle Europe. [New York: R. Vogel, 1946]. 153p.

Capek, Thomas. Origins of the Czechoslovak State. New York: The Revell Press, 1926. 104p. Emphasis on First World War.

Chaloupecky, Vaclav. "The Period of Princes and Kings." In At the Cross-Roads of Europe: A Historical Outline of the Democratic Idea in Czechoslovakia, 1938 [Chapter 4, Capek, Karel]: 21-102. Period until the end of the 15th century.

Chase, Edith Fowler. The Bohemians: A Study of the 'Land of the Cup and the Book'. New York, Chicago: Fleming H. Revell [c1914] 63p.

Clark, Joseph. "Czechoslovakia: 1918-1968: A Record of National Martyrdom." Dissent 15, no. 6 (November-December 1968): 523-38.

Clementis, Vladimir. The Czechoslovak Magyar Relationship. Translated by Robert Auty [London] The Central European Observer [1943] 78p. Translation of Medzi nami a Madarmi.

Clementis, Vladimir. "The Slovak 'State': How It Was Born and How It Will Die." Journal of Central European Affairs 4, no. 4 (Jan 1945): 343-49.

Cornwall, Mark. "Dr. Edvard Benes and Czechoslovakia's German Minority, 1918-1943." In The Czech and Slovak Experience, 1992 [Chapter 4, Morison]: 167-202.

Crane, John O., and Sylvia E. Crane. Czechoslovakia: Anvil of the Cold War. Foreword by Corliss Lamont. New York: Praeger, 1991. 352p.

Crosby, Karl J. "Leading Figures of the Hlinka Slovak People's Party." 1986. For full citation see Biographies and Memoirs.

Czaykowski, Bogdan. "Middle Europe: Between History and Teleology." In Literature and Politics in Central Europe: Studies in Honour of Marketa Goetz-Stankiewicz, 1993 [Chapter 4, Miller]: 1-17.

Davenport, Marcia. Too Strong for Fantasy. New York: Scribner, [1967]. 483p. Includes comments on history of Czechoslovakia until 1948 and reminiscences on Jan Masaryk in Chapters 12-17.

Dimancescu, Dimitri D. Relations between Czechoslovakia and Roumania. Oxford [Littlewick Green, Berks, D. D. Dimancescu] 1941. 16p. Lecture delivered in London on October 23, 1941.

Druce, Gerald. Czechoslovakia, Past and Present. Prague: Orbis [1948] 178p.

Duchacek, Ivo. "Czechoslovakia." In The Fate of East Central Europe: Hopes and Failures of American Foreign Policy, edited by Stephen D. Kertesz, 179-218. Notre Dame, Ind.: University of Notre Dame Press, 1956. Period 1939-1956.

Duchacek, Ivo. "The Strategy of Communist Infiltration: Czechoslovakia, 1944-48." World Politics 2, no. 3 (April 1950) 345-72.

Duncan-Jones, Arthur S. The Soul of Czechoslovakia: Czechoslovak Nation's Contribution to Christian Civilization. London: H. Barber [1941] 63p. Focusing on struggle for national existence and sources of Czech Reformation.

Durcansky, Ferdinand. "The Political Background of the Origin of the Slovak Republic." In Slovakia in the 19th and 20th Centuries, 1073 [Chapter 4, Kirschbaum, Joseph]: 124-55.

Durica, Milan S. "The Historical Origins and Nature of Slovak Nationalism." Slovak Studies 24 (1984): 177-91.

[Dvornik, Frantisek] Dvornik, Francis. "The Habsburgs, Muscovy, Poland-Lithuania, and Bohemia." In his Slavs in European History and Civilization, 1962 [Chapter 4, Dvornik]: 435-65.

Dvornik, Francis. The Slavs in European History and Civilization. 1962. For full citation see Chapter 4.

Entlerova, Ladislava. The October Revolution and Czechoslovakia: Selected Chapters. Translated by Sarka Harrerova and Joy Moss- Kohoutova. Prague: Orbis, 1977. 86p.

Feierabend, Ladislav. "Czechoslovakia and Central Europe." Journal of Central European Affairs 2, no. 4 (Jan 1943): 357-68.

Florescu, Radu R. "Czechoslovakia and Rumania: A Brief Historical Retrospect." In Czechoslovakia Past and Present, vol. 1, 1968 [Chapter 4, Rechcigl]: 682-702.

Foster, Alan J. "The Foreign Office, the British Press and Eastern Europe, 1919-48: The Cases of Czechoslovakia and Poland." In Eastern Europe and the West: Selected Papers from the Fourth World Congress for Soviet and East European Studies, Harrogate, 1990, edited by John Morison, 229-50. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1992.

Fowkes, Frank B. "The Origins of Czechoslovak Communism." In The Effects of World War I: The Class War after the Great War: The Rise of Communist Parties in East Central Europe, 1918-1921, edited by Ivo Banac, 53-84. New York: SSM; distributed by Columbia University Press, New York, 1983.

Gajan, Koloman, and Robert Kvacek, comp. Germany and Czechoslovakia, 1918-1945: Documents on German Policies. Prague: Orbis, 1965. 171p. 66 documents, with introduction and notes.

Gardiner, Duncan B. German Towns in Slovakia & Upper Hungary: A Genealogical Gazetteer. Lakewood, Ohio: Family Historian, 1988. 58p.

Garver, Bruce M. "The Czechoslovak Tradition: An Overview." Czechoslovakia: The Heritage of Ages Past, 1979 [Chapter 4, Brisch and Volgyes]:25-56.

Garver, Bruce [M]. " Vaclav Klofac and the Czechoslovak National Socialist Party." East Central Europe 17, no. 2 (Fall 1990): 155- 78.

Garver, Bruce [M]. "Vaclav Klofac and the Czechoslovak National Socialist Party." In The Czech and Slovak Experience, 1992 [Chapter 4, Morison]: 102-23.

Gella, Aleksander. "Czechoslovakia until World War II." In his Development of Class Structure in Eastern Europe: Poland and Her Southern Neighbors, 29-37. Albany: State University of New York Press, c1989. Overview starting with early beginnings of Czech and Slovak history.

Glejdura, Stephen. "Slovak-Soviet Relations 1939-1971: Politics." In Slovakia in the 19th and 20th Centuries, 1973 [Chapter 4, Kirschbaum, Joseph]: 265-80.

Gottwald, Klement. Selected Speeches and Articles, 1929-53. Praha: Orbis, 1954. 248p.

Grant Duff, Sheila. Europe and the Czechs. Harmondsworth, Middlesex, Eng.: Penguin Books [1938] 217p. Mainly on Czechoslovak-German relationship; includes chapters on early Czech history, nineteenth cenury, and First World War.

Graus, Frantisek. "Slavs and Germans." Translated from the German by Marion Jackson. In Eastern and Western Europe in the Middle Ages, 1970 [Chapter 4, Barraclough]: 15-42. Includes Bohemia.

Gregor, Frances. The Story of Bohemia. Cincinnati: Cranston & Curts; New York: Hunt & Eaton, 1895. 486p.

Habel, Fritz P. The Sudeten Question: Brief Exposition and Documentation. Translated by Harry Hochfelder. Munchen: Sudeten German Council, 1984. 36p. Includes historical background.

Hajda, Jan. "Class Structure of Czechoslovakia in 1930 and 1967." Kosmas: Journal of Czechoslovak and Central European Studies 6, no. 1 (Summer 1987): 43-59.

Hajda, Jan. "The Role of the Intelligentsia in the Development of the Czechoslovak Society." In The Czechoslovak Contribution to World Culture, 1964 [Chapter 4, Rechcigl]: 307-12.

Hajda, Jan. "Sociological Aspects." In A Study of Contemporary Czechoslovakia, 1955 [Chapter 4, Hajda]: 56-256. Includes ethnic relations, social stratification, mass communication media, education, religious institutions.

Hajda, Joseph. "Czechoslovakia's Federalist Heritage: A Historical Perspective." In Czechoslovakia Past and Present, vol. 1, 1968 [Chapter 4, Rechcigl]: 736-43.

Halasz, Nicholas. "Czecho-Slovakia." In his In the Shadow of Russia: Eastern Europe in the Postwar World. New York: Ronald Press, 1959. Includes general historical overview.

Halecki, Oscar. Borderlands of Western Civilization: A History of East Central Europe. New York: Ronald Press [1952] 503p. Includes Moravian State, Bohemia, Slovakia, Czechoslovakia.

Hanak, Harry. "British Views of the Czechoslovaks from 1914- 1924." In Grossbritannien, die USA und die bohmischen Lander 1848-1938, 1991 [Chapter 4, Schmidt-Hartmann and Winters]: 87- 105.

Hanak, Harry. "Great Britain and Czechoslovakia, 1918-1948: An Outline of Their Relations." In Czechoslovakia Past and Present, vol. 1, 1968 [Chapter 4, Rechcigl]: 770-800.

Hanak, Harry. "The New Europe, 1916-20." Slavonic and East European Review 39, no. 93 (June 1961): 369-99. Weekly founded by Robert W. Seton-Watson; Czech and Slovak affairs among its subjects.

Hanc, Josef. "Czechoslovakia." In A Handbook of Slavic Studies, edited by Leonid I. Strakhovsky, 582-603. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1949. Period 1918-1946.

Hauner, Milan. "Czechs and Germans: A One-Thousand Year Relationship." In The Germans and Their Neighbors, edited by Dirk Verheyen and Christian Soe, 251-77. Boulder: Westview Press, 1993.

Hauner, Milan. "Czechs and Germans over the Centuries: An Historical Review." East Central Europe 18, no. 2(1991): 127-54.

Heidrich, Arnost. International Political Causes of the Czechoslovak Tragedies of 1938 and 1948. Washington: Czechoslovak Society of Arts and Sciences [1962] 27p. Designated as Part 1; mimeographed.

Hejl, Lubos J. "Dictatorship of the Proletariat: A Slavic Model for the Non-Slavic World." In Change and Adaptation in Soviet and East European Politics, edited by Jane P. Shapiro and Peter J. Potichnyj, 110-30. New York: Praeger, 1976. Includes political changes in Czechoslovakia 1945-1969.

Herman, Karel. "The Czechoslovak National Liberation Movement in the Nineteenth and the Beginning of the Twentieth Centuries." East European Quarterly 24, no. 2 (June 1990): 219-26.

Heymann, Frederick G. Poland and Czechoslovakia. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall [1966] 181p.

----- ----- Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1979, c1966. 181p.

Hipmanova, Milka, comp. The Lands of the Bohemian Crown: Their History and Glory. Prague, 1947. 139. Translation of 'Za slavou zemi koruny ceske'. Published by M. Hipmanova; richly illustrated. Includes brief contributions by Frantisek M. Bartos, Rostislav Rajchl, Karel Stloukal, Vaclav Vojtisek, Rudolf Urbanek, et al.

Hodza, Milan. Federation in Central Europe. London, New York: Jarrolds, 1942. 236p.

Hodza, Milan. "Federation in Central Europe." In Toward a New Central Europe: A Symposium on the Problems of the Danubian Nations, 1970 [Chapter 4, Wagner]: 129-37. Excerpts from his book Federation in Central Europe, see preceding item.

Hodza, Milan. "The Political Evolution of Slovakia." In Slovakia Then and Now: A Political Survey, 1931 [Chapter 4, Seton-Watson]: 65-91.

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Roucek, Joseph S. "Czechoslovakia (1918-1945)." In Central- Eastern Europe: Crucible of World Wars, by Joseph S. Roucek and associates, 338-70. New York: Prentice-Hall, 1946.

----- ----- Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press [1970, c1946]

Roucek, Joseph S. "Czechoslovakia (up to 1918.)" In Central- Eastern Europe: Crucible of World Wars, by Joseph S. Roucek and associates, 60-85. New York: Prentice-Hall, 1946. General historical outline.

----- ----- Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press [1970, c1946]

Rupnik, Jacques. "Czechoslovak Communists and the State (1928- 48)." In Czechoslovakia: Crossroads and Crises, 1918-88, 1989 [Chapter 4, Stone and Strouhal]: 169-82.

Rupnik, Jacques. The Other Europe. London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson in association with Channel Four Television Co., 1988. 279p. Developments in Central Europe in 20th century, focusing on Communist period. Czechoslovakia discussed in all chapters.

----- ----- Rev. ed. New York: Pantheon Books, c1989. 291p.

Ruppeldt, Fedor. "Protestantism in Czecho-Slovakia." New Europe 15, no. 187 (13 May 1920): 109-14. Includes brief historical overview.

Salzmann, Zdenek. "Interethnic Relations in a Multinational State: The Czech-Slovak Case." In his Three Contributions to the Study of Socialist Czechoslovakia, 101-43. Amherst: Dept. of Anthropology, University of Massachusetts, 1983. Period 1918-1980.

Schattschneider, David A. "The Unitas Fratrum and the 'Renewed' Moravian Church: Continuity and Change." Czechoslovak and Central European Journal 9, no. 1/2 (Summer/Winter 1989): 27-34.

Schwarz, Henry F. "Bohemia under the Hapsburgs." In A Handbook of Slavic Studies, edited by Leonid I. Strakhovsky, 243-70. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1949.

Sebor, Milos. "Five Centuries of Czech Geography, Exploration, and Cartography." In The Czechoslovak Contribution to World Culture, 1964 [Chapter 4, Rechcigl]: 482-89.

Seibt, Ferdinand. "The Religious Problems." Translated from the German by Marion Jackson. In Eastern and Western Europe in the Middle Ages, 1970 [Chapter 4, Barraclough]: 83-124. Includes Christianization of Great Moravia and religious situation in Bohemia.

Seton-Watson, Hugh. "Anton Stefanek and R. W. Seton-Watson." Bohemia 18 (1977): 226-54. Includes correspondence 1906-1939.

Seton-Watson, Hugh. The East European Revolution. London: Methuen, [1950]. 406p. Recent history, especially since 1941; includes Poland, Czechoslovakia, Yugoslavia, Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria, and Albania.

----- ----- New York: F. A. Praeger, [1951]. 406p.

----- ----- London: Methuen, [1951]. 406p.

----- ----- New York: Praeger, [1954?]. 406p.

----- ----- London: Methuen, [1956]. 435p.

----- ----- Boulder: Westview Press, 1985. 451p.

Seton-Watson, Hugh. Eastern Europe between the Wars, 1918-1941. Cambridge [Eng.]: University Press, 1945. 442p. Includes Czechoslovakia, Poland, Hungary, Romania, Yugoslavia, and Bulgaria.

----- ----- Cambridge [Eng.]: University Press, 1946. 445p.

----- ----- [Hamden, Conn.]: Archon Books, 1962. 425p.

----- ----- Boulder: Westview Press, 1986, c1982. 425p.

Seton-Watson, Hugh, and Christopher Seton-Watson. The Making of a New Europe: R. W. Seton-Watson and the last years of Austria- Hungary. Seattle: University of Washington Press, c1981. 458p. Substantial treatment of the Czech and Slovak questions and of political activities during the First World War.

Seton-Watson, Robert W. "Czechoslovakia and the Slovak Problem." In Slovakia Then and Now: A Political Survey, 1931 [Chapter 4, Seton-Watson]: 5-63.

Seton-Watson, Robert W. Czechoslovakia in Its European Setting. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1946. 20p. Inaugural lecture delivered before University of Oxford on 6 February 1946.

Seton-Watson, Robert W. 25 Years of Czechoslovakia. London: The New Europe Publishing Company, 1945. 119p. Reprint of concluding chapters of the author's 'A History of the Czechs and Slovaks'.

[Shimek] Simek, B[ohumil]. "Why Bohemia Deserves Freedom." In Bohemia under Hapsburg Misrule, 1915 [Chapter 4, Capek, Thomas]: 123-29. Brief historical outline; example of pro-Czech propaganda during First World War.

Sindelar, Bedrich. "'The Bronze Rock of State Power' and Its Problems: The Class Background to Absolutism in Western and Central Europe from 16th to 18th Century." Historica 20 (1980): 59-94.

Skalicky, Karel. "The Vicissitudes of the Catholic Church in Czechoslovakia, 1918 to 1988." In Czechoslovakia: Crossroads and Crises, 1918-88, 1989 [Chapter 4, Stone and Strouhal]: 297-324.

Skilling, H. Gordon. "Czechoslovak Political Culture: Pluralism in an International Context. In Political Cultural and Communist Studies, edited by Archie Brown, 115-33. Basingstoke, Hampshire: Macmillan in association with St. Antony's College, Oxford, 1984.

----- ----- Armonk, N.Y.: M. E. Sharpe, 1985.

Skilling, H. Gordon. "Lions or Foxes: Heroes or Lackeys?" In Czechoslovakia, 1918-88: Seventy Years from Independence, 1991 [Chapter 4, Skilling]: 3-22.

Skilling, H. Gordon. "Two Democratic Revolutionaries: Tomas G. Masaryk and Vaclav Havel." In Literature and Politics in Central Europe: Studies in Honour of Marketa Goetz-Stankiewicz, 1993 [Chapter 4, Miller]: 115-21.

Skultety, Jozef. Sketches from Slovak History. Translated by O. D. Koreff. Middletown, Pa.: First Catholic Slovak Union, 1930. 229p. Translation of Nehante lud moj.

Skvorecky, Josef. "Bohemia of the Soul." In Eastern Europe-- Central Europe-- Europe, edited by Stephen R. Graubard, 115-43. Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press, 1991. Exile as cultural and political factor in Czech history.

Slingova, Marian. Truth Will Prevail. London: Merlin, 1968. 126p. Personal narrative of wife of Otto Sling; covers period 1939- 1968.

The Slovak Question: A Memorandum Submitted by the Slovak Council to Congress of the United States of America. Geneva: The Slovak Council, 1940. 82p. Includes historical overview; emphasis on period 1918-1940.

Smelser, Ronald. "Castles on the Landscape: Czech-German Relations." In Czechoslovakia 1918-88: Seventy Years from Independence, 1991 [Chapter 4, Skilling]: 82-104.

Smelser, Ronald. "Czech-German Relations in Bohemian Frontier Towns: The Industrialization/Urbanization Process." In Studies in East European Social History, vol. 2, 1981 [Chapter 4, Hitchins]: 62-87.

Sobota, Emil. "From Political Separatism to Political Symbiosis." In World Peace and Czechoslovakia, 1919-1934, 1936 [Chapter 4, Hoch]: 37-53. Coexistence of Czechs and Germans in Czech lands.

Stanoyevich, Milivoy S, comp. "Czechoslovakia." In his Slavonic Nations of Yesterday and Today: Select Readings and References on Russia, Poland, Czechoslovakia, Yugoslavia and Bulgaria, 267-322. New York: The H. W. Wilson Company, 1925. Text includes readings on Czech history, creation of Czechoslovakia, Sokol organization and social life in Prague. Ales Hrdlicka and Robert W. Seton-Watson among authors of excerpted articles.

Steiner, Eugen. The Slovak Dilemma. Cambridge [Eng.]: University Press, 1973. 229p. Period 1918-1969.

Stodola, Emil. "The Contribution of the Czechs to the Slovak Freedom." In Slovakia Then and Now: A Political Survey, 1931 [Chapter 4, Seton-Watson]: 343-49.

Street, Cecil J. Hungary and Democracy. London: T. F. Unwin [1923] 207p. Includes Slovaks in Hungary before 1914, and Hungarian minority in Czechoslovakia and Slovak minority in Hungary after First World War.

Street, Cecil J. Slovakia Past and Present. [London] Pub. for the Czech Society of Great Britain by P. S. King & Son [1928] 64p. Outline of Slovak history from earliest times to 1920s.

Sturm, Rudolf. "Propaganda." In Czechoslovakia, 1957 [Chapter 4, Busek, Spulber]: 101-27. Includes periods 1918-1938, 1938-1945, and the postwar period.

Suda, Zdenek. "The Nature of Czech Nationalism." In Oost-Europa in het verleden: liber amicorum Z. R. Dittrich, edited by A. P. van Goudoever, 235-57. Groningen: Wolters-Noordhoff, Forsten, 1987.

Suda, Zdenek L. Zealots and Rebels: A History of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia. Stanford, Calif.: Hoover Institution Press, c1980. 412p.

Sutherland, Anthony X. "Jozef Tiso and Modern Slovakia." 1972. For full citation see Biographies and Memoirs, Tiso.

Sutherland, Anthony X. "Studies into the Intellectual History of Slovak Nationalism (1500s-1914)." Slovak Studies 25 (1985): 69- 145.

Svejkovsky, Frantisek. "Three Centuries of America in Czech Literature, 1508-1818." In East Central European Perceptions of Early America, edited by Bela K. Kiraly and George Barany, 33-55. Lisse: Peter de Ridder Press, 1977.

Svitak, Ivan. The Unbearable Burden of History: The Sovietization of Czechoslovakia. Praha: Academia, 1990. 3 v. Contents: v. 1. From Munich to Yalta, v. 2. Prague Spring Revisited, v. 3. The Era of Abnormalization.

[Taborsky, Eduard] Taborsky, Edward. "Benes and the Soviets." Foreign Affairs 27, no. 2 (January 1949): 302-14.

Taborsky, Edward. The Czechoslovak Cause: An Account of the Problem of International Law in Relation to Czechoslovakia. London: H. F. & G. Witherby [1944] 158p. Includes Munich Agreement, Vienna arbitration, German and Hungarian occupation, outbreak of war, and Czechoslovak exile government.

Taborsky, Eduard. "Local Government in Czechoslovakia, 1918- 1948." American Slavic and East European Review 10, no. 3 (October 1951): 202-15.

Taborsky, Edward. "Political Science in Czechoslovakia." In The Czechoslovak Contribution to World Culture, 1964 [Chapter 4, Rechcigl]: 277-82. From Habsburg era to Communist state.

Taborsky, Edward. "President Edvard Benes and the Crises of 1938 and 1948." East Central Europe 5, no. 2 (1978): 203-14.

Taborsky, Edward. "President Edvard Benes and the Czechoslovak Crises of 1938 and 1948." In Czechoslovakia: Crossroads and Crises, 1918-88, 1989 [Chapter 4, Stone and Strouhal]: 120-44.

Taborsky, Edward. President Edvard Benes: Between East and West, 1938-1948. 1981. For full citation see Biographies and Memoirs, Benes.

Taborsky, Edward. "The Roots of Czechoslovak Democracy." In Czechoslovakia Past and Present, vol. 1, 1968 [Chapter 4, Rechcigl]: 117-23.

Taborsky, Edward. "Tragedy, Triumph and Tragedy: Czechoslovakia 1938-1948." In Czechoslovakia: The Heritage of Ages Past, 1979 [Chapter 4, Brisch and Volgyes]: 113-34.

Taborsky, Edward. "The Triumph and Disaster of Eduard Benes." Foreign Affairs, 36, no. 4 (July 1958): 669-84.

Taylor, Alan J. P. Czechoslovakia's Place in a Free Europe. London: Czechoslovak Institute [1943] 20p. Substance of lecture given by A.J.P. Taylor at Czechoslovak Institute in London on April 29, 1943; covers late period of Habsburg monarchy and developments after 1918.

Thomson, S. Harrison. "Czech and German: Action, Reaction and Interaction." Journal of Central European Affairs 1, no. 3 (Oct 1941): 306-24.

Tibensky, Jan. "The Function of the Cyril and Methodius and the Great Moravian Traditions in the Ideology of the Slovak Feudal Nobility." Studia Historica Slovaca 7 (1972): 69-95.

Titz, Zdenek, and Richard Ward, comps. Czechoslovakian Air Force, 1918-1970. Text by Zdenek Titz; illustrated by Gordon C. Davies. New York: Arco [1971] 1v. (chiefly illus.)

Toma, Peter A. "The Communist Party of Czechoslovakia." In The Communist Parties of Eastern Europe, edited by Stephen Fischer- Galati, 87-165. New York: Columbia University Press, 1979.

Tomaszewski, Jerzy. The Socialist Regimes of East Central Europe: Their Establishment and Consolidation, 1944-67. Translated by Jolanta Krauze. London, New York: Routledge, 1989. 305p.

The Tragedy of the Greek Catholic Church in Czechoslovakia. New York: Carpathian Alliance, 1971. 68p.

Trend, Harry. "Public Health and Welfare." In Czechoslovakia, 1957 [Chapter 4, Busek and Spulber]: 198-218. Includes periods 1918-1938, 1938-1945, and after 1945.

Trory, Ernie. Czechoslovakia, 1918-1978: A Short History. Brighton: Crabtree Press, 1978. 64p.

Tuleya, Edward A. "Federation: Past and Present Aspirations of the Slovaks." PhD diss, American University, 1974.

Ullmann, Walter. "Benes between East and West." In Czechoslovakia, 1918-88: Seventy Years from Inependence, 1991 [Chapter 4, Skilling]: 55-61.

Vardy, Steven B. "The Hungarians of Carpatho-Ukraine: From Czechoslovak to Soviet Rule." In The Hungarians: A Divided Nation, 1988 [Chapter 4, Borsody]: 209-27.

Vojta, Vaclav. Czechoslovak Baptists. [Minneapolis]: Czechoslovak Baptist Convention in America and Canada [c1941] 276p. History of Czech and Slovak Baptists at Home and in America.

Volgyes, Ivan. Politics in Eastern Europe. Chicago: Doresy Press, c1986. 368p. Includes Albania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Hungary, Poland, Romania, and Yugoslavia; emphasis on developments 1945-1989, with historical overview of preceding periods.

Wallace, William V. Czechoslovakia. Boulder: Westview Press, 1976. 374p. Period 1849-1968.

----- ----- London: E. Benn, 1977. 374p.

Walters, E. Garrison. The Other Europe: Eastern Europe to 1945. Syracuse, N.Y.: Syracuse University Press, 1987. 430p. General history focusing on period after 1914; includes Czech lands and Slovakia.

Wandycz, Piotr S. "Czechoslovak-Polish Relations: A Polish View." Kosmas: Journal of Czechoslovak and Central European Studies 6, no. 1 (Summer 1987): 25-35.

Wandycz, Piotr S. The Price of Freedom: A History of East Central Europe from the Middle Ages to the Present. 1st ed. London, New York: Routledge, 1992. 330p. Czech Lands and Slovakia discussed in all chapters.

----- ----- London, New York: Routledge, 1993. 330p.

Wandycz, Piotr S. "The Soviet System of Alliances in East Central Europe." Journal of Central European Affairs 16, no. 2 (July 1956): 177-84. Includes Czechoslovak-Soviet Treaty of December 1943.

Wanklyn, Harriet G. "Czechoslovakia." In her The Eastern Marchlands of Europe, 190-243. London: G.Phillip, 1941.

Wanklyn, Harriet G. Czechoslovakia. New York: F. A. Praeger [1954] 445p. Includes regional geography, history, farming, industry and trade, population and settlement, and a chapter on Sub-Carpathian Rus'.

----- ----- London: G. Philip, 1954. 445p.

Weisskopf, Kurt. The Agony of Czechoslovakia '38/'68. London: Elek, 1968. 234p.

Weinberg, Gerhard L. "Czechoslovakia and Germany, 1933-1945." In Czechoslovakia Past and Present, vol. 1, 1968 [Chapter 4, Rechcigl]: 760-69.

Wellek, Rene. "Germans and Czechs in Bohemia." In his Essays on Czech Literature, 71-80. The Hague: Mouton, 1963.

Wheaton, Bernard. Radical Socialism in Czechoslovakia: Bohumir Smeral, the Czech Road to Socialism and the Origins of the Czechoslovak Communist Party, 1917-1921. Boulder: East European Monographs; distributed by Columbia University Press, New York, 1986. 204p.

Wiener, Leo. "The Bohemians and the Slavic Regeneration." In Bohemia under Hapsburg Misrule, 1915 [Chapter 4, Capek, Thomas]: 160-75. Comments on historical testimonies of Czech intellectual resilience.

Wiskemann, Elizabeth. Czechs and Germans: A Study of the Struggle in the Historic Provinces of Bohemia and Moravia. London, New York: Oxford University press. 1938. 299p.

----- ----- London: Macmillan; New York: St. Martin's Press, 1967. 299p.

Wiskemann, Elizabeth. Germany's Eastern Neighbours: Problems Relating to the Oder-Neisse Line and the Czech Frontier Regions. London, New York: Oxford University Press, 1956. 309p.

Wolchik, Sharon L. "Czechoslovakia." In The Columbia History of Eastern Europe in the Twentieth Century, edited by Joseph Held, 119-63. New York: Columbia University Press, c1992.

Wolchik, Sharon [L]. Czechoslovakia in Transition: Politics, Economics, and Society. London; New York: Pinter, 1991. 390p. Includes chapters on history since 1918, policies and politics and policy-making, social structure and social change, economics, and policies.

Wolchik, Sharon [L]. "The Right in Czech-Slovakia." In Democracy and Right-Wing Politics in Eastern Europe in the 1990s, edited by Joseph Held, 51-87. Boulder: East European Monographs; distributed by Columbia University Press, New York, 1993. Includes historical perspective.

Woytko, Mary G. Slovakia's Road to Statehood: A Study of the Efforts of Slovakia to Secure National Independence. [Whiting, Ind.]: J. J. Lach [1957] 149p.

Young, Edgar P. Czechoslovakia. London: St. Botolph, 1946. 118p. Brief survey; includes history, economy, education, and culture.

Young, Edgar P. Czechoslovakia: Keystone of Peace and Democracy. London: V. Gollancz, 1938. 400p. Includes historical outline and chapters on economy, political structure, social conditions, minorities, foreign relations.

Yurchak, Peter P. The Slovaks: Their History and Traditions. Whiting, Ind.: J. J. Lach, 1946. 278p.

----- ----- Rev. ed. Whiting, Ind.: J. J. Lach, 1947. 280p.

Zaborski, Jerzy. "Dynamics of the Spatial Concept of Czechoslovakia: Persistence of Regional Consciousness and Unity over the Span of Thirteen Centuries." In The Czechoslovak Contribution to World Culture, 1964 [Chapter 4, Rechcigl]: 202- 209.

Zacek, Joseph F. "Czech and Slovak Humanism." Nationalities Papers 7, no. 2 (Fall 1979): 171-75.

Zacek, Joseph F. "Nationalism in Czechoslovakia." In Nationalism in Eastern Europe, edited by Peter F. Sugar and Ivo J. Lederer, 166-206. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1969.

Zacek, Joseph F. "Problems of Slovak Nationalism." In Studies in Czechoslovak History, vol. 1, 1976 [Chapter 4, Rechcigl]: 125-34.

Zacek, Joseph F. "Radola Gajda of Czechoslovakia." In East Central European War Leaders: Civilian and Military, edited by Bela K. Kiraly, and Albert A. Nofi, 319-30. Boulder: Social Science Monographs; Highland Lakes, N.J.: Atlantic Research and Publications; distributed by Columbia University Press, New York, 1988.

Zeman, Zbynek A. The Making and Breaking of Communist Europe. Oxford, UK; Cambridge, Mass., USA: B. Blackwell, 1991. 364p. Revised edition of Pursued by a Bear. Central and East European Developments in 19th and 20th centuries; includes Czech Lands and Slovakia.

Zeman, Zbynek A. Pursued by a Bear: The Making of Eastern Europe. London: Chatto & Windus, 1989. 257p. Central and East European developments in 19th and 20th centuries; includes Czech Lands and Slovakia.

Zinner, Paul E. Communist Strategy and Tactics in Czechoslovakia, 1918-48. New York: Praeger [1963] 264p.

----- ----- Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1975, c1963. 264p.

Zubek, Theodoric J. The Church of Silence in Slovakia. Whiting, Ind.: J. J. Lach [1956] 310p.

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