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Czech and Slovak History: An American Bibliography

Compiled by George J. Kovtun
Introductory Essay by Stanley B. Winters


Table of Contents


From 1945 to 1989

Aczel, Tamas. "Budapest - 1956, Prague - 1968: Spokesmen of Revolution." Problems of Communism 18, no. 4-5 (July-October 1969): 60-66.

Albright, Madeleine Korbel. "The Role of the Press in Political Change: Czechoslovakia 1968." PhD diss, Columbia University, 1976.

Ames, Kenneth. "Czechoslovakia, the Brief Spring of 1968: Reform and Reaction." Problems of Communism 17, no. 6 (November-December 1968): 38-49.

Anonymous. "Czechoslovakia." In his How Did the Satellites Happen? A Study of the Soviet Seizure of Eastern Europe, 83-123. London: Batchworth Press, [1952]. By 'A Student of Foreign Affairs'.

Aptheker, Herbert. Czechoslovakia and Counter-Revolution: Why the Socialist Countries Intervened. [New York: New Outlook Publishers, c1969] 30p. Reprint of two articles which appeared in November and December issues of Political Affairs, the monthly theoretical journal of the Communist Party, U.S.A.

Armitage, John A. "The View from Czechoslovakia." In Witnesses to the Origins of the Cold War, edited by Thomas T. Hammond, 210-30. Seattle: University of Washington Press, c1982. Mainly on period 1947-50.

Asmus, Ronald D. "Czechoslovakia." In Soviet Foreign Policy and the Revolutions of 1989 in Eastern Europe, by Ronald D. Asmus, J. F. Brown, and Keith Crane, 110-44. Santa Monica, CA: Rand, 1991.

Aspaturian, Vernon V. "The Aftermath of the Czech Invasion." Current History 55, no. 327 (November 1968): 263-67, 305-10.

Aspaturian, Vernon V. "The Soviet Union and Eastern Europe: The Aftermath of the Czechoslovak Invasion." In Czechoslovakia: Intervention and Impact, 1970 [Chapter 4, Zartman]: 15-46.

Barnard, F[rederick] M. "The Prague Spring and Masaryk's Humanism." 1978. For full citation see Tomas G. Masaryk.

Barnard, F[rederick] M. "Socialism, Politics, and Citizenship: Reflections on a Czech Thought-Experiment." East Central Europe12, no. 1 (1985): 1-18. Comments on Vladimir Klokocka's views in the book Volby v pluralitnich demokraciich published in 1968.

Barton, S. W., and Lawrence M. Martin. "Public Diplomacy and the Soviet Invasion of Czechoslovakia in 1968." In Public Diplomacy and Political Change; Four Case Studies: Okinawa, Peru, Czechoslovakia, Guinea, edited by Gregory Henderson, 241-314. New York: Praeger [1973]

Batt, Judy. Economic Reform and Political Change in Eastern Europe: A Comparison of the Czechoslovak and Hungarian Experiences. 1988. For full citation see Culture, Science, Economic History: Science, Technology, Economics, Geography.

Battek, Rudolf. "Spiritual Values, Independent Initiatives and Politics." Translated by Paul Wilson. In The Power of the Powerless: Citizens against the State in Central-Eastern Europe, 1985 [Chapter 4, Keane]: 97-109.

Beck, Curt F. "Czechoslovakia's Penetration of Africa, 1955-1962. World Politics 15, no. 3 (April 1963): 403-16.

Beck, Curt F. "Czechoslovakia's Relations with Underdeveloped Countries." In Czechoslovakia Past and Present, vol. 1, 1968 [Chapter 4, Rechcigl]: 352-63.

Bednar, Frantisek. The Transfer of Germans from Czechoslovakia from the Ideological and Ecclesiastical Standpoint. Prague: Kalich Protestant Pub., 1948. 63p.

Beer, Fritz. "Ten Weeks That Shook Czechoslovakia." Survey no. 68 (July 1968): 56-66. Events of 1968.

Benda, Vaclav. "Catholicism and Politics." Translated by Paul Wilson. In The Power of the Powerless: Citizens against the State in Central-Eastern Europe, 1985 [Chapter 4, Keane]: 110-24.

Benes, Edvard. "The Organization of Postwar Europe." Foreign Affairs 20, no. 2 (January 1942): 226-42.

Benes, Edvard. "Postwar Czechoslovakia." Foreign Affairs 24, no. 3 (April 1946): 397-410.

[Benes, Edvard] Speech Delivered by President E. Benes on the Old Town Square, Prague, on His Return to Czechoslovakia, May 16th, 1945. Prague, Orbis [1945] 21p.

Benes, Edvard. The Struggle for the Liberation of the Republic and the Rehabilitation of the State. [New York: Czechoslovak Govt. Information Service, 1945] 39l. Message of President of the Republic delivered to Provisional National Assembly on 28 October 1945.

Benes, Vaclav. "The New Legal System of Czechoslovakia." Journal of Central European Affairs 12, no. 3 (October 1952): 215-35.

Bergmann, Philip. Self-Determination: The Case of Czechoslovakia, 1968-1969. Foreword by John N. Hazard. Lugano-Bellinzona, Switzerland: Grassi, 1972. 159p.

Betts, Reginald R. "Czechoslovakia." In Central and South East Europe, 1945-1948, edited by Reginald R. Betts, 163-95. London, New York: Royal Institute of International Affairs, [1950]. Covers period May 1945-December 1948.

----- ----- Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, [1971].

Billington, James H. "Force and Counterforce in Eastern Europe." Foreign Affairs 47, no. 1 (October 1968): 26-35. Includes invasion of Czechoslovakia in 1968.

Bittman, Ladislav. The Deception Game: Czechoslovak Intelligence in Soviet Political Warfare. Syracuse. N.Y.: Syracuse University Research Corp., 1972. 246p.

Blackwell, Vera. "Czechoslovakia at the Crossroads." Survey, no. 68 (July 1968): 67-79. Events of 1968.

Bloomfield, Jon. "The Passive Revolution: Politics and the Czechoslovak Labour Movement, 1945-8." PhD diss, University of Cambridge, 1976.

Bloomfield, Jon. Passive Revolution: Politics and the Czechoslovak Working Class, 1945-48. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1979. 290p.

Boucek, J[aroslav] Alex. "Conflict in Czechoslovakia: The Developing Crisis." Canadian Slavonic Papers 10, no. 4 (Winter 1968): 479-501. Events of 1967 and 1968.

Boucek, Miroslav. "On the Rise of the Czechoslovak People's Militia in February 1948." Translated by Roberta F. Samsour. Historica 9 (1964): 205-31.

Bradley, John F. N. Politics in Czechoslovakia, 1945-1971. Washington, D.C.: University Press of America, c1981. 225p.

Bradley, John F. N. Politics in Czechoslovakia, 1945-1990. Boulder: East European Monographs; distributed by Columbia University Press, New York, 1991. 137p.

Bradley, John F. N. "Prague Spring 1968 in Historical Perspective." East European Quarterly 16, no. 3 (Fall 1982): 257- 76.

Brezhnev, Leonid. "The Brezhnev Doctrine." In From Stalinism to Pluralism: A Documentary History of Eastern Europe since 1945, 1991 [Chapter 4, Stokes]: 132-34. Excerpts from Brehznev's speech to Fifth Congress of Polish United Workers' Party on 12 November 1968. Reprinted from Current Digest of Soviet Press 20, no. 46 (1968).

Brodsky, Jaroslav. "Czechoslovakia's 231 Club." East Europe 18, no. 6 (June 1969): 23-25.

Brogan, Patrick. "Czechoslovakia." In his The Captive Nations: Eastern Europe, 1945-1990, 77-113. New York: Avon Books, c1990. British edition: Eastern Europe, 1939-1989. London: Bloomsbury, 1990.

Bromke, Adam. "Aftermath of Czechoslovakia." Canadian Slavonic Papers 11, no. 1 (Spring 1968): 23-30. Comments on consequences of Soviet invasion of 1968.

Bromke, Adam. "Czechoslovakia and the World: 1968." Canadian Slavonic Papers 10, no. 4 (Winter 1968): 581-91.

Bronfman, Benson H. "Participation in Community Life: A Comparative Study of Three Nations." PhD diss, University of Oregon, 1974. Includes Czechoslovakia, Yugoslavia, and the United States.

Brown, John. Who's Next? The Lesson of Czechoslovakia. London, New York: Hutchinson, 1951. 220p. Communist coup d'etat in February 1948.

Bruegel, Johann W. "Dr. Benes on His position after February 1948." East Central Europe 8, no. 1/2 (1981): 103-05.

Bruegel, Johann W. "The Project for a French-Czechoslovak Treaty, 1946-47." East Central Europe 5, no. 2 (1978): 267-71.

Bryant, Christopher. "Czechoslovakia under Occupation." East Europe 17, no. 11 (November 1968): 12-17.

Bryant, Christopher. "Prague Summer, 1968." East Europe 17, no. 9 (September 1968): 7-10.

Buchan, Alastair. "Czechoslovakia 1968." Canadian Slavonic Papers 11, no. 1 (Spring 1969): 3-9.

Burks, R. V. "The Decline of Communism in Czechoslovakia." Studies in Comparative Communism 2, no. 1 (January 1969): 21-49.

Busek, Vratislav. "Action Committees: A Case Study of the Application and the Use of Action Committees in the Czechoslovak National Socialist Party." In Czechoslovakia Past and Present, vol. 1, 1968 [Chapter 4, Rechcigl]: 296-333.

Bystrina, Ivan. "Changes in Political Structure and Infra- Structure." In The Czechoslovak Reform Movement, 1968, 1973 [Chapter 4, Kusin]: 149-64. Followed by comments by Galia Golan, 164-68.

Cambel, Samuel. "The Movement for the General Agrarian Reform in Slovakia in the Year 1945." 1986. For full citation see Culture, Science, Economic History: Science, Technology, Economics, Geography.

Campbell, John C. "Czechoslovakia: American Choices, Past and Future." Canadian Slavonic Papers 11, no. 1 (Spring 1969): 10-22. Comments on crisis of 1968.

Cannon, Robert V. "Czechoslovakia, 1945-1948; A Case Study of Satellization: The Role of the Press." PhD diss, New York University, 1976.

Celovsky, Boris. "The Transferred Sudeten-Germans and Their Political Activity." Journal of Central European Affairs 17, no. 2 (July 1957): 127-49.

Cerny, Vaclav. "On the Question of Chartism." Translated by A. G. Brain. In The Power of the Powerless: Citizens against the State in Central-Eastern Europe, 1985 [Chapter 4, Keane]: 125-33.

Chalupa, Vlastislav [J]. The National Front in Czechoslovakia. Chicago: Czechoslovak Foreign Institute in Exile, 1958. 70p. Period after February 1948. Mimeographed.

Chalupa, Vlastislav J. "The Power Structure of Today's Czechoslovakia." In Czechoslovakia Past and Present, vol. 1, 1968 [Chapter 4, Rechcigl]: 334-51. Chalupa, Vlastislav [J]. Rise and Development of a Totalitarian State. Leiden: H. E. Stenfert Kroese, 1959. 294p. Postwar development in Czechoslovakia until early 1950s.

Chamberlain, Louise L. "The Circumstances Surrounding the Coup d'Etat in Czechoslovakia in 1948." PhD diss, University of Chicago, 1950.

Chand, Gyan. "Economic Reforms and Their Meaning." In Whither Czechoslovakia? Essays and Documents on Czechoslovak Crisis, 1969 [Chapter 4, Sundaram]: 88-103.

Chapman, Colin. August 21st.: The Rape of Czechoslovakia. With on the spot reports from Prague by Murray Sayle. London: Cassell, 1968. 124p.

----- ----- Philadelphia: Lippincott [1968] 123p.

Charlton, Michael. The Eagle and the Small Birds: Crisis in the Soviet Empire: From Yalta to Solidarity. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, c1984. 192p. Based on a BBC radio series; Czechoslovak developments 1945-1952 discussed in Chapter 2.

"Charter 77 Declaration." In The Power of the Powerless: Citizens against the State in Central-Eastern Europe, 1985 [Chapter 4, Keane]: 217-21

Cibulka, Frank. "Nationalism, Communism, and Collaborationism: A Study of the Soviet-Led Invasion of Czechoslovakia and Its Aftermath." PhD diss, Pennsylvania State University, 1983.

Coates, Ken. Crisis in the Czechoslovak Communist Party: A Discussion between a Czechoslovak Communist, Ken Coates and Chris Farley. Nottingham: Bertrand Russell Peace Foundation, 1970. 14p.

Coates, Ken, ed. Czechoslovakia & Socialism. Nottingham: Bertrand Russell Peace Foundation, 1969. 224p. Contributors include Ernest Mandel, Mihajlo Markovic, Bertrand Russell, Lawrence Daly, Ota Sik, John Berger.

Conquest, Robert. "Czechoslovakia: The Soviet Outlook." Studies in Comparative Communism 1, no. 1/2 (July/October 1968): 7-16.

The Czech Black Book. Prepared by the Institute of History of the Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences. Edited by Robert Littell. New York: Praeger [1969] 303p. Translation of Sedm prazskych dnu, 21.-27. srpen 1968.

----- ----- London: Pall Mall P., 1969. 303p.

"The Czech Crisis of 1968". In Documentary History of Eastern Europe, 1970 [item ]: 368-92. Five-party letter (from Communist Parties of Bulgaria, Hungary, East Germany, Poland and Soviet Union) to Czechoslovak Communist party demanding end to Czechoslovakia's liberalization; quoted from New York Times of 19 July, 1968.

The Czechoslovak Political Trials, 1950-1954: The Suppressed Report of the Dubcek Government's Commission of Inquiry. Edited with a pref. and a postscript by Jiri Pelikan. Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press, 1971. 360p.

"Czechoslovakia's Farm Problem." 1962. For full citation see Culture, Science, Economic History: Science, Technology, Economics, Geography.

Damodaran, K. "Marxism and Democracy." In Whither Czechoslovakia? Essays and Documents on Czechoslovak Crisis, 1969 [Chapter 4, Sundaram]: 22-43. Includes Communist Action Program of April 1968.

Dasbach, Anita. "Czechoslovakia's Youth." Problems of Communism 18, no. 2 (May-April 1969): 24-31.

Daschke, John W. "Nationalism, Communism, and Federalism: The Politics of Ethnic Development in Czechoslovakia." PhD diss, Indiana University, 1985.

Dawisha, Karen. The Kremlin and the Prague Spring. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1984. 426p.

Dawisha, Karen. "The 1968 Invasion of Czechoslovakia: Causes, Consequences, and Lessons for the Future." In Soviet-East European Dilemmas: Coercion, Competition, and Consent, edited by Karen Dawisha and Philip Hanson, 9-25. New York: Holmes & Meier, 1981.

Dean, Robert W. "Foreign Policy Perspectives and European Security: Poland and Czechoslovakia." In East European Perspectives on European Security and Cooperation, edited by Robert R. King and Robert W. Dean, 118-50. New York: Praeger [1974]

Dean, Robert W. Nationalism and Political Change in Eastern Europe: The Slovak Question and the Czechoslovak Reform Movement. Denver: University of Denver [1973] 67p.

Devlin, Kevin. "Austrian Communism after Czechoslovakia." Surveyno. 73 (Autumn 1969): 165-77. Impact of Czechoslovak crisis of 1968.

Devlin, Kevin. "Czechoslovakia, the Brief Spring of 1968: The New Crisis in European Communism." Problems of Communism 17, no. 6 (November-December 1968): 57-68.

De Zayas, Alfred M. "The Legality of Mass Population Transfers: The German Experience 1945-48." East European Quarterly 12, no. 1 (Spring 1978): 1-23.

Diamond, William. Czechoslovakia between East and West. London: Stevens, 1947. 258p.

Documents on the Expulsion of the Sudeten Germans. Compilation and introduction by Wilhelm K. Turnwald, foreword to the English edition by F. A. Voigt. Translated by Gerda Johannsen. [Munchen], 1953. 308p. Translation of Dokumente zur Austreibung der Sudeten-Deutschen. Association for the Protection of Sudeten German Interests listed as editor. Includes 116 reports collected in the years after 1945.

Drapela, Victor J. "A Comparative Study of Czechoslovak Socialist and American Democratic Views of Personality Adjustment." PhD diss, University of North Dakota, 1968.

Dubcek, Alexander, with Andras Sugar. Dubcek Speaks. 1990. For full citation see Biographies and Memoirs, Dubcek.

Duben, Vojtech N. "The Journalistic Endeavors of Czech and Slovak Exiles (1945-1964)." In Czechoslovakia Past and Present, vol. 1, 1968 [Chapter 4, Rechcigl]: 844-59.

Duchacek, Ivo. "Czechoslovakia." In East Central Europe and the World: Developments in the Post-Stalin Era, edited by Stephen D. Kertesz, 95-119. Notre Dame, Ind.: University of Notre Dame Press, 1962.

Duchacek, Ivo. "Czechoslovakia: A Dull Drama." Current History44, no. 261 (May 1963): 273-80, 309.

Duchacek, Ivo. "Czechoslovakia: New Course or No Course?" Problems of Communism 3, no. 6 (November-December 1954): 12-19.

Duchacek, Ivo. "Czechoslovakia: The Past Reburied." Problems of Communism 11, no. 3 (May-June 1962): 22-26.

Duchacek, Ivo. "Czechoslovakia's Need: Trade Not Aid." 1957. For full citation see Culture, Science, Economic History: Science, Technology, Economics, Geography.

Duchacek, Ivo. "The February Coup in Czechoslovakia." World Politics 2, no. 4 (July 1950): 511-32.

East European Dissent. Edited and introduced by Vojtech Mastny. 2 vols. New York: Facts on File, 1972. Facts about Czechoslovakia especially in volume two including description of events in 1967-1968.

Eidlin, Fred [H]. "Czechoslovakia: The Phony Occupation: Normalization in the Wake of the 1968 Intervention." Bohemia 29, no. 2 (1988): 262-79.

Eidlin, Fred [H]. "The Initial Political Failure of the Warsaw Pact Intervention in Czechoslovakia of 21 August 1968." East Central Europe 5, no. 2 (1978): 245-66.

Eidlin, Fred H. "The Logic of 'Normalization': The Soviet Intervention in Czechoslovakia of 21 August 1968." PhD diss, University of Toronto, 1980.

Eidlin, Fred H. The Logic of 'Normalization': The Soviet Intervention in Czechoslovakia of 21 August 1968 and the Czechoslovak Response. Boulder: East European Monographs; distributed by Columbia University Press, New York, 1980. 278p.

Eidlin, Fred [H.]. "The Two Faces of Czechoslovak Communism." East Central Europe 10, no. 1/2 (1983): 185-90. [Review article]

Elias, Zdenek, and Jaromir Netik. "Czechoslovakia." In Communism in Europe: Continuity, Change, and the Sino-Soviet Dispute, edited by William E. Griffith, vol. 2, 155-276. Cambridge, Mass.: M.I.T. Press, 1964-66. Part 2 of second volume, includes 6 chapters and conclusion.

Ello, Paul, comp. Czechoslovakia's Blueprint for 'Freedom': 'Unity, Socialism & Humanity': Dubcek's Statements, the Original and Official Documents Leading to the Conflict of August 1968. Introd. & analysis by Paul Ello. Washington: Acropolis Books [1968] 304p. Documents photographically reproduced from original papers as translated by Czech linguists in Prague.

Ello, Paul, comp. Dubcek's Blueprint for Freedom: His Original Documents Leading to the Invasion of Czechoslovakia. Profile by Hugh Lunghi, commentary by Paul Ello. London: Kimber, 1969. 352p. Documents are facsimile reproductions from original papers as translated by Czech linguists in Prague.

El Mallakh, Dorothea H. "The Slovak Autonomy Movement, 1935-1939: A Story of Unrelenting Nationalism." PhD diss, Colorado University, 1972.

Erickson, John. "International and Strategic Implications of the Czechoslovak Reform Movement." In The Czechoslovak Reform Movement, 1968, 1973 [Chapter 4, Kusin]: 31-49. Followed by comments by Antonin Snejdarek, 50-54.

Etzold, Thomas H., and John Lewis Gaddis, eds. Containment: Documents on American Policy and Strategy, 1945-1950. New York: Columbia University Press, 1978. 449p. Soviet Union and Communist World 1948-1949 in Chapter 4.

Evanson, Robert K. "The Czechoslovak Road to Socialism in 1948." East European Quarterly 19, no. 4 (Winter 1985): 469-92.

Evanson, Robert K. "Political Repression in Czechoslovakia, 1948- 1984." Canadian Slavonic Papers 28, no. 1 (March 1986): 1-21.

Evanson, Robert K. "Political Terror in Czechoslovakia and the Soviet Union: A Study in Comparative Communism." PhD diss, Pennsylvania State University, 1979.

Feierabend, Ladislav. "The Gottwald Era in Czechoslovakia." Journal of Central European Affairs 13, no. 3 (October 1953): 246-56. 1948-1953.

Fejto, Francois. "Czechoslovakia, the Brief Spring of 1968: Moscow and Its Allies." Problems of Communism 17, no. 6 (November-December 1968): 29-37.

Fejto, Francois. A History of the People's Democracies: Eastern Europe since Stalin. Translated by Daniel Weissbort. New York: Praeger, 1971. 374p. Czechoslovakia discussed in all chapters of the book; Chapter 11, 'The Czechoslovak Tragedy and Its Implications' dealing with reform movement of 1967-1968. Translation of Histoire des democraties populaires: Apres Staline.

----- ----- London: Pall Mall Press, 1971. 374p.

Fic, Victor M. The Prague Spring, 1968: A Study in Social Change. Bombay: Nachiketa Publications [1970] 62p.

For the Cause of Socialism: Documents, Statements by State and Party Leaders of the Soviet Union and Czechoslovakia, and Press Reports. Moscow: Novosti Press Agency [1969] 261p.

Foster, William F. "A Comparison of Soviet Reaction to Change in Rumania and Czechoslovakia in the 196O's." PhD diss, American University, 1974.

Fowkes, Ben. "Czechoslovakia in 1968: Climax and Defeat of Reform Communism." In his The Rise and Fall of Communism in Eastern Europe, 118-41. Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire: Macmillan Press; New York: St. Martin's Press, 1993.

French, Alfred. "Czech Writers and Politics." Melbourne Slavonic Studies 13 (1978): 82-106.

French, Alfred. Czech Writers and Politics, 1945-1969. Boulder: East European Monographs; New York, distributed by Columbia University Press, 1982. 435p.

----- ----- Canberra: Australian National University Press, 1982. 435p.

Friedman, Otto. The Break-up of Czech Democracy. London: Gollancz, 1950. 176p. Communist coup d'etat and its prelude.

----- ----- Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press [1971] 176p.

Frolik, Joseph. The Frolik Defection. London: Cooper, 1975. 184p. Discusses Czechoslovak intelligence service.

Fry, Renita B. "The Restoration of Communist Control in Post- Invasion Czechoslovakia." PhD diss, Tufts University, 1979.

Gadourek, Ivan. The Political Control of Czechoslovakia: A Study in Social Control of a Soviet Communist State. Leiden: H. E. Stenfert Kroese, 1953. 285p.

----- ----- Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press [1974] 285p.

Garraway, Charles W. "Soviet-Czechoslovak Foreign Relations: An Analysis and Comparison of the 1948 Coup d'Etat with the 1968 Crisis in Czechoslovakia." PhD diss, Southern Mississippi University, 1965.

Garson, Robert A. "American Foreign Policy and the Limits of Power: Eastern Europe 1946-50." Journal of Contemporary History21, no. 3 (July 1986): 347-66.

Garton Ash, Timothy. The Uses of Adversity: Essays on the Fate of Central Europe. New York: Random House, c1989. 335p. Comments on developments in Czechoslovakia after 1968 in essays 'Czechoslovakia under Ice', 'East-West Divan', 'Pre-Spring' and 'The Prague Advertisement'.

----- ----- New York: Vintage Books, 1990. 339p.

George, Pierre. "The New Settlement Policy in Czechoslovakia." Slavonic and East European Review 26, no. 66 (November 1947): 60- 68.

Gerner, Kristian. "De-Stalinisation in Central Europe and the Prague Spring." In his The Soviet Union and Central Europe in the Post-War Era: A Study in Precarious Security, 25-40. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1985.

Gill, R. Rockingham. "Czechoslovakia: Will the Soviet Army Intervene?" East Europe 17, no. 7 (July 1968): 2-6.

Golan, Galia. "Antonin Novotny: The Sources and Nature of His Power." Canadian Slavonic Papers 14, no. 3 (Autumn 1972): 421-41.

Golan, Galia. The Czechoslovak Reform Movement: Communism in Crisis, 1962-1968. Cambridge [Eng.] University Press, 1971. 349p.

Golan, Galia. "Innovations in the Model of Socialism: Political Reforms in Czechoslovakia, 1968." In Change and Adaptation in Soviet and East European Politics, edited by Jane P. Shapiro and Peter J. Potichnyj, 77-94. New York: Praeger, 1976.

Golan, Galia. "Prague's Spring, Roots and Reasons: The Road to Reform." Problems of Communism 20, no. 3 (May-June 1971): 11-21.

Golan, Galia. Reform Rule in Czechoslovakia: The Dubcek Era, 1968-1969. Cambridge [Eng.] University Press, 1973. 326p.

Golan, Galia. "The Short-Lived Liberal Experiment in Czechoslovak Socialism." Orbis 13, no. 4 (Winter 1970): 1096-1116.

Golan, Galia. "Youth and Politics in Czechoslovakia. Journal of Contemporary History 5, no. 1 (1970): 3-22.

Gomori, George. "Hungarian and Polish Attitudes on Czechoslovakia, 1968." In The Soviet Invasion of Czechoslovakia: Its Effects on Eastern Europe, 1972 [Chapter 4, Czerwinski]: 107- 19.

Gottwald, Klement. Statement of Policy of Mr. Gottwald's Government. [Prague] Czechoslovak Ministry of Information [1946] 70p. Translation of Budovatelsky program, 1946.

Grass, Gunter. "Czechoslovakia 1968." Dissent 16, no. 2 (March- April 1969): 124-27. Address delivered on September 8, 1968 in Basel, Switzerland.

Grass, Gunter. "The Lessons of Prague." Survey no. 69 (October 1969): 3-6. Lessons of Soviet invasion of August 1968.

Griffith, William E. "Czechoslovakia: Myth and Reality." East Europe 11, no. 3 (March 1962): 3-11.

Griffith, William E. Eastern Europe after the Soviet Invasion of Czechoslovakia. [Santa Monica, Calif: Rand Corp., 1968] 45p.

Griffith, William E. "The Prague Spring and the Soviet Intervention in Czechoslovakia." In The Anatomy of Communist Takeovers, edited by Thomas T. Hammond, 606-19. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1975.

Griffith, William E. "U. S. Policy and the Invasion of Czechoslovakia." In Czechoslovakia: Intervention and Impact, 1970 [Chapter 4, Zartman]: 47-57.

Gross, Feliks. "Central Eastern Europe at the Mid-Century." In Czechoslovakia Past and Present, vol. 1, 1968 [Chapter 4, Rechcigl]: 641-48. Groth, Alexander J. Eastern Europe after Czechoslovakia. [New York] Foreign Policy Association, [1969] 63p. International consequences of Soviet invasion of 1968.

Gupta, Anand, ed. Reactions on the Events in Czechoslovakia. Delhi: New Literature [1968] 80p. Views of Government of India and Indian politicians, journalists, writers, and lawyers on events in 1968.

Guy, D. E. "The Attempt of Socialist Czechoslovakia to Assimilate Its Gypsy Population." PhD diss, University of Bristol, 1977.

Gyorgy, Andrew. "Czechoslovakia." In his Governments of Danubian Europe, 69-105. New York: Rinehart, 1949. Period 1945-1948.

----- ----- Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1978.

Hacker, Paul. "Political Education under Socialism: The Case of Czechoslovakia." PhD diss, Columbia University, 1976. Also listed in Culture, Science, Economic History: Culture, Learning, Education.

Hajek, Hanus H. "What Next in Czechoslovakia?" East Europe 17, no. 3 (March 1968): 2-5.

Hajek, Hanus. "30 Years of Communism: A Study in Disillusion." Bohemia 19 (1978): 331-42.

Hajek, Jiri. "The Human Rights Movement and Social Progress.: Translated by A. G. Brain. In The Power of the Powerless: Citizens against the State in Central-Eastern Europe, 1985 [Chapter 4, Keane]: 134-40.

Halas, Frantisek. "A New World." Problems of Communism 1, no. 4 (1952): 4-7. Political testament of Frantisek Halas describing situation of intellectuals in a country under Soviet domination.

Halasz, Nicholas. "Czecho-Slovakia." In his In the Shadow of Russia: Eastern Europe in the Postwar World, 190-229. New York: Ronald Press, [1959].

Halkiotis, Christine M. "Peasants and Peasant Political Behavior in an Industrial Socialist State: The Case of Czechoslovakia." PhD diss, Columbia University, 1982.

Hamsik, Dusan. Writers against Rulers. Translated by D. Orpington; with an introduction by W. L. Webb. London: Hutchinson, 1971. 208p. Translation of Spisovatele proti moci. In appendix speeches by Milan Kundera, Laco Novomesky, and Ludvik Vaculik at Czechoslovak writers' congress in June 1967.

----- ----- New York: Random House [1971] 208p.

Hapala, Milan E. "Political Parties in Czechoslovakia, 1945-48." In Studies in Czechoslovak History, vol. 1, 1976 [Chapter 4, Rechcigl]: 189-207.

Harman, Chris. "1968: Czechoslovakia - Arrested Reform." In his Bureaucracy and Revolution in Eastern Europe, 188-241. London: Pluto Press, 1974.

Harman, Chris. "1968: Czechoslovakia - Arrested Reform." In his Class Struggles in Eastern Europe, 1945-83, 187-211. London: Pluto Press, 1983. Revised edition of: Bureaucracy and Revolution in Eastern Europe[see preceding item].

Hauner, Milan. "The Prague Spring - Twenty Years After." In Czechoslovakia: Crossroads and Crises, 1918-88, 1989 [Chapter 4, Stone and Strouhal]: 207-30.

Havel, Vaclav. "An Anatomy of Reticence." Translated by Erazim Kohak. Cross Currents 5 (1986): 1-23.

Havel, Vaclav. Disturbing the Peace: A Conversation with Karel Hvizdala. 1990. 1991. For full citation see Biographies and Memoirs, Havel.

[Havel, Vaclav] "Havel's Letters from Prison." Introduction by George Gibian. Cross Currents 3 (1984): 87-106. Translation of 16 letters written 1979-1982.

Havel, Vaclav. Letters to Olga: June 1979-September 1982. Translated with an introduction by Paul Wilson. New York: Knopf, 1988. 397p.

----- ----- New York: H. Holt, 1989. 397p.

Havel, Vaclav. Open Letters: Selected Writings, 1965-1990. Selected, edited, and translated by Paul Wilson. New York: Knopf: Distributed by Random House, 1991. 415p.

----- ----- New York: Vintage Books, 1992. 415p.

Havel Vaclav. "The Power of Folly: Acceptance of the Erasmus Prize." Cross Currents 6 (1987): 47-52.

Havel, Vaclav. "The Power of the Powerless." Translated by Paul Wilson. Cross Curents 2 (1983): 3-22. Translation based on a portion of the Czech text published under the title Moc bezmocnych (London, 1979).

Havel, Vaclav. "The Power of the Powerless." Translated by Paul Wilson. In From Stalinism to Pluralism: A Documentary History of Eastern Europe since 1945, 1991 [Chapter 4, Stokes]: 168-74. Reprinted from Keane, John, ed., The Power of the Powerless: Citizens against the State in Central-Eastern Europe (1985).

Havel, Vaclav. "The Power of the Powerless." Translated by Paul Wilson. In The Power of the Powerless: Citizens against the State in Central-Eastern Europe, 1985 [Chapter 4, Keane]: 23-96.

Havel, Vaclav. Summer Meditations. Translated by Paul Wilson. New York: A. A. Knopf, 1992. 151p. Essays on practical politics and political ethics focusing on Czechoslovakia after Second World War. Translation of Letni premitani.

----- ----- New York: Vintage Books, 1993. 149p.

[Havel, Vaclav] Vaclav Havel: Living in Truth; Twenty-two Essays Published on the Occasion of the Award of the Erasmus Prize to Vaclav Havel. Edited by Jan Vladislav. London, Boston: Faber and Faber, 1987 (1990 printing). 315p.

Havel Vaclav, A Word about Words. Illustrations by Jiri Kolar. New York: Cooper Union, 1992. Acceptance speech for 1989 International Peace Prize of German Booksellers Association. Text in Czech and English. Edition of 500 copies.

[Havel, Vaclav, Ivan Svitak, and Zora Jesenska] "Voices from Czechoslovakia." Dissent 15, no. 5 (September-October 1968): 372, 441-43. Translated excerpts from articles about democratization published in April 1968.

Havlicek, Dusan. "Mass Media and Their Impact on Czechoslovak Politics in 1968." In The Czechoslovak Reform Movement, 1968, 1973 [Chapter 4, Kusin]: 237-58. Followed by comments by William Shawcross, 280-89.

Heitlinger, Alena. "Hierarchy of Status and Prestige within the Medical Profession in Czechoslovakia." In Professions and the State: Expertise and Autonomy in the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe, edited by Anthony T. Jones, 207-32. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1991.

Heitlinger, Alena. "Marxism, Feminism and Sex Equality." In Women in Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union, edited by Tova Yedlin, 9- 18. New York: Praeger, 1980.

Heitlinger, Alena. "Maternity Leaves, Protective Legislation, and Sex Equality: Eastern European and Canadian Perspectives." In Feminism and Political Economy: Women's Work and Women's Struggles, edited by Heather J. Maroney and Meg Luxton, 247-61. Toronto; New York: Methuen, 1987.

Heitlinger, Alena. "The Medical Profession in Czechoslovakia: Legacies of State Socialism, Prospects for the Capitalist Future." In The Changing Medical Profession: An International Perspective, edited by Fredric W. Hafferty and John B. McKinlay, 172-83. New York: Oxford University Press, 1993.

Heitlinger, Alena. "Passage to Motherhood: Personal and Social 'Management' of Reproduction in Czechoslovakia in the 1980s." Women, State, and Party in Eastern Europe, 1985 [Chapter 4, Wolchik]: 286-300.

Heitlinger, Alena. "Pro-Natalist Population Policies in Czechoslovakia." Population Studies 30, no 1 (March 1976): 123- 35.

Heitlinger, Alena. Reproduction, Medicine, and the Socialist State. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1987. 318p. Comments on social and individual management of reproduction in state socialist societies in Eastern Europe, especially Czechoslovakia.

----- ----- Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire: Macmillan, 1987. 318p.

Heitlinger, Alena. "Women and Social Change in Socialist Societies, with Special Reference to the Soviet Union and Czechoslovakia." PhD diss, University of Leicester, 1977.

Heitlinger, Alena. Women and State Socialism: Sex Inequality in the Soviet Union and Czechoslovakia. London: Macmillan, 1979. 241p.

Heitlinger, Alena. "Women's Labour Participation in Czechoslovakia since World War II." In The Working Sexes, edited by Patricia Marchak, 88-107. Vancouver: Institute of Industrial Relations, University of British Columbia, 1977.

Hejdanek, Ladislav. "Prospects for Democracy and Socialism in Eastern Europe." Translated by A. G. Brain. In The Power of the Powerless: Citizens against the State in Central-Eastern Europe, 1985 [Chapter 4, Keane]: 141-51.

Hejzlar, Zdenek. "Changes in the Czechoslovak Communist Party, 1966-68." In The Czechoslovak Reform Movement, 1968, 1973 [Chapter 4, Kusin]: 109-32. Followed by Comments by Archibald H. Brown, 132-39.

Hejzlar, Zdenek, and Vladimir V. Kusin. Czechoslovakia, 1968- 1969: Chronology, Bibliography, Annotation. New York: Garland, 1975. 316p.

Heller, Agnes, and Ferenc Feher. "The Place of Prague Spring." In their From Yalta to Glasnost: The Dismantling of Stalin's Empire, 146-61. Cambridge, Mass.: B. Blackwell, 1991.

Hindus, Maurice. The Bright Passage. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1947. 370p. Focusing on period after World War II.

Hodnett, Grey, and Peter J. Potichnyj. The Ukraine and the Czechoslovak Crisis. Canberra: Dept. of Political Science, Research School of Social Sciences, Australian National University, 1970. 154p.

Holesovsky, Vaclav. "Czechoslovakia's Economic Debate." 1964. For full citation see Culture, Science, Economic History: Science, Technology, Economics, Geography.

Holesovsky, Vaclav. "Czechoslovakia's Economic Quandary." 1964. For full citation see Culture, Science, Economic History: Science, Technology, Economics, Geography.

Holesovsky, Vaclav. "Czechoslovakia's Labor Pains." 1968. For full citation see Culture, Science, Economic History: Science, Technology, Economics, Geography.

Holesovsky, Vaclav. "Czechoslovakia's New Economic Model: Problems and Prospects." 1965. For full citation see Culture, Science, Economic History: Science, Technology, Economics, Geography.

Holesovsky, Vaclav. "Prague's Economic Model." 1967. For full citation see Culture, Science, Economic History: Science, Technology, Economics, Geography.

Holesovsky, Vaclav. "The Revolution Begins in Czechoslovakia." Dissent 15, no. 3 (May-June 1968): 202-04.

Hrabik-Samal, Mary. "The Case of Miklos Duray." Cross Curents 4 (1985): 39-45. A Hungarian Czechoslovak Citizen persecuted in the 1980s.

Hrabik-Samal, Mary. "Dissent's Challenge to the East European Political Systems: The Case of Charter '77 in Czechoslovakia." East European Quarterly 21, 4 (Winter 1988): 469-90.

Hrabik-Samal, Mary, and Zdenka Brodska. "The Lukavica Notebooks." Cross Currents 9 (1990): 241-60. Comments on Hana Ponicka's Lukavicke zapisky which includes documentation of the author's persecution for her dissident activities.

Hruby, Peter. "Czechoslovak Politics since 1945." East Central Europe 10, no. 1/2 (1983): 191-97. Review article.

Hruby, Peter. Czechoslovakia between East and West: The Changing Role of Communist Intellectuals, 1948 and 1968. [South Bentley, W. A.]: Western Australian Institute of Technology, 1979. 549p.

Hruska, Izak. "Czechoslovakia: The Deepening Communist Schism." Dissent 15, no. 1 (September-October 1968): 369-70.

Hruska, Izak. "Why Did the Russians March?" Dissent 15, no. 6 (November-December 1968): 478-80. Soviet Invasion of August 1968.

Huizinga, J. H. "The 'New Socialism': The End of an Illusion?" Problems of Communism 18, no. 4-5 (July-October 1969): 43-51.

Hulicka, Karel, and Irene M. Hulicka. "Workers in the Czechoslovakian Socialist State." International Review of History and Political Science 8, no. 2 (May 1971): 1-17.

Hutchings, Robert L. Soviet-East European Relations: Consolidation and Conflict, 1968-1980. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1983. 314p. Normalization and re-Sovietization of Czechoslovakia discussed in Chaper 2.

"Invasion of Czechoslovakia: The Prelude and the Avalanche." In Communist Eastern Europe: Analytical Survey of Literature, published by U.S. Dept. of the Army, 70-80. Washington: U.S. Govt. Print. Off., 1971.

Jain, Ajit P. The Agony of Czechoslovakia. Foreword M. R. Masani, introduction M. L. Sondhi. New Delhi: Committee for Defence of Czechoslovakia [1969] 69p. Reform movement and Soviet intervention in August 1968; includes translated texts of Communist Party Action Program and 2000-Word Manifesto.

James, Robert R., ed. The Czechoslovak Crisis 1968. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 1969. 203p. Includes chronology of events January-December 1968, p. 127-60. Background study based on proceedings of conference organized by Institute for the Study of International Organizations, University of Sussex, 14-16 October 1968.

Jancar, Barbara W. Czechoslovakia and the Absolute Monopoly of Power: A Study of Political Power in a Communist System. New York: Praeger Publishers [1971] 330p.

Jancar, Barbara W. "When the Soviets Invaded Bratislava." East Europe 17, no. 10 (October 1968): 2-9.

Jancar, Barbara W. "Women in the Opposition in Poland and Czechoslovakia." Women, State and Party in Eastern Europe, 1985 [Chapter 4, Wolchik]: 168-85.

Jancar, Barbara W. "The Case for a Loyal Opposition under Communism: Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia." Orbis 12, no. 2 (Summer 1968): 415-40.

Jancar, Barbara W. "The Twenty-Second Congress and the All-People State in Czechoslovakia." PhD diss, Columbia University, 1965.

Janics, Kalman. Czechoslovak Policy and the Hungarian Minority, 1945-1948. Introduction by Gyula Illyes; an English version adapted from the Hungarian by Stephen Borsody. Boulder: Social Science Monographs; distributed by Columbia University Press, New York, 1982. 240p.

Jelinek, Yeshayahu. "Communists and the Sudeten German Expulsion: Pages from the Report of the U.S. Liaison Officer." In Kiraly Bela Emlekkonyve, 1992 [Chapter 4. Jonas]: 185-90.

Jelinek, Yeshayahu. "National Tension as a Lever for Seizure of Power: Czechs, Slovaks, and Communists." East Central Europe 16, no. 1-2 (1989): 71-88.

Jelinek, Yeshayahu. "Violence and Arbitrariness during the Expulsion of Germans from Czechoslovakia: Pages from the Report of the U.S. Liaison Officer." Bohemia 34, no. 1 (1993): 123-32.

Jezdinsky, Karel. "Mass Media and Their Impact on Czechoslovak Politics in 1968." In The Czechoslovak Reform Movement, 1968, 1973 [Chapter 4, Kusin]: 258-80. Followed by comments by William Shawcross, 280-89.

Johnson, A. Ross, Robert W. Dean, and Alexander Alexiev. East European Military Establishments: The Warsaw Pact Northern Tier. New York: Crane, Russak, c1982. 182p. Poland, East Germany, and Czechoslovakia.

Johnson, Owen V. "Czechoslovak Socialist Republic." In World Encyclopedia of Political Systems and Parties, edited by George E. Delury, 235-44. New York: Facts on File, 1983.

Jones, Christopher D. "Autonomy and Intervention: The CPSU and the Struggle for the Czechoslovak Communist Party, 1968." Orbis 19, no. 2 (Summer 1975): 591-625.

Jones, Christopher D. "Czechoslovakia." In Warsaw Pact, the Question of Cohesion: Phase II, by Teresa Rakowska-Harmstone et al., vol. 3, 341-403. Ottawa, Canada: Dept. of National Defence, c1984-c1986.

Jones, Christopher D. "Soviet Hegemony in Eastern Europe: The Dynamics of Political Autonomy and Military Intervention." World Politics 29, no. 2 (January 1977): 216-41. Includes Czechoslovakia.

Joshi, P. C. "Basic Issues in the Czechoslovak Crisis." In Whither Czechoslovakia? Essays and Documents on Czechoslovak Crisis, 1969 [Chapter 4, Sundaram]: 112-23. Reform movement and Soviet Intervention.

Josten, Josef. Czechoslovakia: From 1968 to Charter 77: A Record of Passive Resistance. London: Institute for the Study of Conflict, 1977. 22p. Includes documents, 14-22.

Josten, Josef. Oh, My Country. London: Latimer House [1949] 255p.

Kalvoda, Josef. "Causes of Communist Victory in Czechoslovakia." In Studies in Czechoslovak History, vol. 1, 1976 [Chapter 4, Rechcigl]: 208-28.

Kalvoda, Josef. "Czechoslovakia's Socialist Constitution." American Slavic and East European Review 20, no. 2 (April 1961): 220-36.

Kalvoda, Joseph. "The Institutional Aspects of Khrushchev's Agricultural Reform in the Collective Farms and Its Reflections in Czechoslovakia." PhD diss, Columbia University, 1960. Also listed in Culture, Science, Economic History: Science, Technology, Economics, Geography.

Kalvoda, Josef. "The Rise and Fall of Alexander Dubcek." Nationalities Papers 8, no. 2 (Fall 1980): 211-17.

Kanet, Roger. "Czechoslovakia and the Future of Soviet Foreign Policy." In The Soviet Invasion of Czechoslovakia: Its Effects on Eastern Europe, 1972 [Chapter 4, Czerwinski]: 91-106.

Kaplan, Franklin L. "The Czechoslovak Press and the Reform Movement, 1963-1968." PhD diss, University of Wisconsin, 1973.

Kaplan, Frank[lin] L. Winter into Spring: The Czechoslovak Press and the Reform Movement, 1963-1968. Boulder: East European Quarterly; distributed by Columbia University Press, New York, 1977. 208p.

Kaplan, Karel. The Communist Party in Power: A Profile of Party Politics in Czechoslovakia. Edited and translated by Fred Eidlin. Boulder: Westview Press, 1987. 231p.

Kaplan, Karel. "Czechoslovakia's February 1948." In Czechoslovakia: Crossroads and Crises, 1918-88, 1898 [Chapter 4, Stone and Strouhal]: 147-68.

Kaplan, Karel. "On the Role of Dr. E. Benes in February 1948." Translated by Roberta F. Samsour. Historica 5 (1963): 239-65.

Kaplan, Karel. Political Persecution in Czechoslovakia, 1948- 1972. Kuln: Index, c1983. 50p.

Kaplan, Karel. "The Prague Political Trials of 1952." Review of the Society for the History of Czechoslovak Jews 2 (1988-89): 65- 121.

Kaplan, Karel. Report on the Murder of the General Secretary. Translated by Karel Kovanda. Columbus: Ohio State University Press, c1990. 323p. Case of Rudolf Slansky.

Kaplan, Karel. The Short March: The Communist Takeover in Czechoslovakia, 1945-1948. New York: St. Martin's Press, c1987. 207p. Translation of Der kurze Marsch.

----- ----- London; C. Hurst, c1987. 207p.

Kaplan, Morton. The Communist Coup in Czechoslovakia. [Princeton, N.J.] Center for International Studies, Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs, Princeton University, 1969. 40p.

Karalasingham, V. Czechoslovakia, 1968. Colombo: International Publishers [1968] 84p. Leftist anti-Soviet point of view.

Kasparek, Jiri. "Negotiating the Czech-Soviet Aviation Agreement." American Slavic and East European Review 11, no. 3 (October 1952): 207-14.

Kavan, Rosemary. Freedom at a Price: An Englishwoman's Life in Czechoslovakia. Introduction by William Shawcross, epilogue by Jan Kavan. London: Verso, 1985. 278p. Period 1945-1968, personal narrative.

----- ----- Love and Freedom: My Unexpected Life in Prague. Foreword by Arthur Miller; introduction by William Shawcross, epilogue by Jan Kavan. New York: Hill and Wang, 1988. 278p. American edition of Freedom at a Price: An Englishwoman's Life in Czechoslovakia.

King, Arthur E. "An Econometric Model of a Socialist Economy: Czechoslovakia." PhD diss, Ohio State University, 1976. Also listed in Culture, Science, Economic History: Science, Technology, Economics, Geography.

King, Robert R. "Territorial Autonomy and Cultural Rights: Slovakia." In his Minorities under Communism: Nationalities as a Source of Tension among Balkan Communist States, 109-23. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1973.

Kintner, William R., and Wolfgang Klaiber. "The Tragedy of Czechoslovakia." In their Eastern Europe and European Security, 271-94. New York: Dunellen, [c1971]. Events of 1968 and their aftermath.

Kiraly, Bela K. "Budapest - 1956, Prague - 1968: Parallels and Contrasts." Problems of Communism 18, no. 4-5 (July-October 1969): 52-60.

Kirschbaum, J[oseph] M. "Slovakia in the de-Stalinization and Federalization Process of Czechoslovakia." Canadian Slavonic Papers 10, no. 4 (Winter 1968): 533-56.

Kirschbaum, Stanislav J. "The Czech Question in Slovakia in the Post-War Years." Slovakia 35, no. 64-65 (1991-1992): 97-108. Followed by comments by Carol Skalnik Leff.

Kirschbaum, Stanislav J. "Federalism in Slovak Communist Politics." Canadian Slavonic Papers 19, no. 4 (December 1977): 444-67.

Kirschbaum, Stanislav J. "National Opposition under Communism: The Slovaks in Czechoslovakia." Slovak Studies 19 (1979): 5-19.

Kirschbaum, Stanislav J. "Slovak Nationalism in Socialist Czechoslovakia." Canadian Slavonic Papers 22, no. 2 (June 1980): 220-46.

Kirschbaum, Stanislav J. "Slovakia in Post-War Czechoslovakia." In Reflections on Slovak History, 1987 [Chapter 4, Kirschbaum and Roman]: 125-42.

Klawitter, Karol. Army of Revenge: Ulbricht's Occupation Forces in Czechoslovakia. [Cologne: Markus-Verlag, c1968] 15p.

Klein, George. "The Czechoslovak Economy." In Czechoslovakia: The Heritage of Ages Past, 1979 [Chapter 4, Brisch and Volgyes]: 147- 58.

Klein, George. "The Role of Ethnic Politics in the Czechoslovak Crisis of 1968 and the Yugoslav Crisis of 1971." Studies in Comparative Communism 8, no. 4 (Winter 1975): 339-69.

Klokocka, Vladimir. "Electoral Confrontation under Socialism: Part I: 'Manifestation Voting'." Translation and Commentary by F. M. Barnard." Kosmas: Journal of Czechoslovak and Central European Studies 1, no. 1 (Summer 1982): 35-47.

Klokocka, Vladimir. "Electoral Confrontation under Socialism: Part II: 'From Monism to Pluralism'." Translation, editorial notes and commentary by F. M. Barnard. Kosmas: Journal of Czechoslovak and Central European Studies 1, no. 2 (Winter 1982): 15-26.

Klokocka, Vladimir. "Electoral Confrontation under Socialism: Part III: 'Socialist Democracy'." Translation, introduction and commentary by F. M. Barnard. Kosmas: Journal of Czechoslovak and Central European Studies 2, no. 1 (Summer 1983): 15-31. The three-part article covers substantially chapter IX of Vladimir Klokocka's book Volby v pluralitnich demokraciich, published in Prague in 1968.

Knight, L. E. "Czechoslovakia's Fading Old Guard." East Europe16, no. 11 (November 1967): 15-17.

Kohak, Erazim. "Czech Socialists Find Their Way." Dissent 21, no. 1 (Winter 1974): 19-20. Conference of exiled Czechoslovak Democratic Socialists in Switzerland in September 1973.

Kohak, Erazim V. "Requiem for Utopia: Socialist Reflections on Czechoslovakia." Dissent 16, no. 1 (January-February 1969): 41- 48.

Kohn, Hans. "Democracy in the Soviet Orbit: Czechoslovakia's Struggle." Current History 14, no. 78 (February 1948): 67-70.

Kohn, Hans. "Eastern Europe, 1948 (II)." Current History 16, no. 92 (April 1949): 193-98. Includes Czechoslovakia.

Kohout, Pavel. From the Diary of a Counterrevolutionary. Translated from the Czech by George Theiner. New York: McGraw- Hill [1972], 307p. Focusing on events between Spring and Winter 1968-1969, narrative based in personal experience.

Kolko, Joyce, and Gabriel Kolko. "Czechoslovakia and the Consolidation of Soviet Power." In their The Limits of Power: The World and United States Foreign Policy, 1945-1954, 384-402. New York: Harper & Row, c1972.

Kopanic, Michael J., Jr. "Czech and Slovak Federal Republic." In European Labor Unions, edited by Joan Campbell, 67-85. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1992. Includes historical overview. Also listed in Culture, Science, Economic History: Science, Technology, Economics, Geography.

Korbel, Pavel. "Prague and the Slovaks." East Europe 12, no. 3 (March 1963): 6-12.

Korbonski, Andrzej. "Bureaucracy and Interest Groups in Communist Societies: The Case of Czechoslovakia." Studies in Comparative Communism 4, no. 1 (January 1971): 57-79.

Korbonski, Andrzej. "The Revolution and East Central Europe." In The First War between Socialist States: The Hungarian Revolution of 1956 and Its Impact, edited by Bela K. Kiraly, Barbara Lotze, and Nandor F. Dreisziger, 355-69. New York: Social Science Monographs, Brooklyn College Press; distributed by Columbia University Press, New York, 1984.

Kosta, Jiri. "The Czechoslovak Economic Reform of the 1960s." 1989. For full citation see Culture, Science, Economic History: Science, Technology, Economics, Geography.

Kovanda, Karel. "Labor in Management, Czechoslovakia 1968-1969: A Study in Radical Democracy." PhD diss, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1975.

Kovrig, Bennett. Of Walls and Bridges: The United States and Eastern Europe. New York: New York University Press, c1991. 425p. U.S. foreign policy after 1945; includes Czechoslovakia.

Kozak, Yitka. "The Reflection in Czech Literature of Political Changes in Eastern Europe, 1948-1965." PhD Diss, Syracuse University, 1968.

Kral, Karel. "Soviet-Czechoslovak Relations: The Pattern of Domination." East Europe 18, no. 1 (January 1969): 15-21.

Kraus, Michael. "Czechoslovakia in 1980's." Current History 84, no. 505 (November 1985): 373-76, 392-93.

Kraus, Michael. "The Thaw and Frost: The Prague Spring and Moscow Nights, Ten Years After." East Central Europe 6, no. 1 (1979): 63-75 Review article.

Krejci, Jaroslav. "Classes and Elites in Socialist Czechoslovakia." In The Social Structure of Eastern Europe: Transition and Process in Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Poland, Romania, and Yugoslavia, edited by Bernard L. Faber, 143-65. New York: Praeger, 1976.

Krejci, Jaroslav. "Democracy and Socialism: Central Europe as a Test Case of Their Relations." History of European Ideas 3, no. 4 (1982): 429-37. Includes Austria, West Germany, East Germany, and Czechoslovakia.

Krejci, Jaroslav. "The Prague Spring Revisited: A Sociological Reappraisal." Czechoslovak and Central European Journal 8, no. 1/2 (Summer/Winter 1989): 23-38.

Krejci, Jaroslav. Social Change and Stratification in Postwar Czechoslovakia. New York: Columbia University Press, 1972. 207p.

----- ----- London: Macmillan, 1972. 207p.

Kroteck, Raymond. "Czechoslovakia: A Study in Political Signals." PhD diss, University of Pittsburgh, 1970.

Krucky, Josef. "Democratic Upsurge in Czechoslovakia: The Last Months." East Europe 17, no. 9 (September 1968): 3-6.

Krystufek, Zdenek. The Soviet Regime in Czechoslovakia. Boulder: East European Monographs; distributed by Columbia University Press, 1981. 340p.

Kubat, Daniel. "Communist Use of the Czechoslovak Parliament since World War II." Slavic Review 20, no. 4 (December 1961): 695-700.

Kubat, Daniel. "Patterns of Leadership in a Communist State: Czechoslovakia 1946-1958." Journal of Central European Affairs 21, no. 3 (October 1961): 305-18.

Kubricht, A. Paul. "Confronting Liberalization and Military Invasion: America and the Johnson Administration Respond to the 1968 Prague Summer." Jahrbucher fur Geschichte Osteuropas 40, no. 2 (1992): 197-212.

Kubricht, A. Paul. "Politics and Foreign Policy: A Brief Look at the Kennedy Administration's Eastern European Diplomacy." Diplomatic History 11, no. 1 (Winter 1987): 55-65.

Kuhn, Heinrich. "Recent Developments in East-Central Europe: Czechoslovakia." In Elements of Change in Eastern Europe: Prospects for Freedom, edited by David S. Collier and Kurt Glaser, 156-64. Chicago: H. Regnery , 1968.

Kulski, W. W. "Central Europe in Transition." Journal of Central European Affairs 8, no. 4 (January 1949): 345-65.

Kusin, Vladimir V. "Challenge to Normalcy: Political Opposition in Czechoslovakia, 1968-77." In Opposition in Eastern Europe, edited by Rudolf L. Tokes, 26-59. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1979.

Kusin, Vladimir V. "Czechoslovakia." In Communist Power in Europe, 1944-1949, edited by Martin McCauley, 73-94. London: Macmillan for the School of Slavonic and East European Studies, University of London, 1977.

----- ----- New York: Barnes & Noble Books, 1977.

Kusin, Vladimir V. From Dubcek to Charter 77: A Study of 'Normalization'in Czechoslovakia, 1968-1978. Edinburgh: Q. Press, 1978. 353p.

----- ----- New York: St. Martin's Press, 1978. 353p.

Kusin, Vladimir V. "Husak's Czechoslovakia and Economic Stagnation." 1982. For full citation see Culture, Science, Economic History: Science, Technology, Economics, Geography.

Kusin, Vladimir V. The Intellectual Origins of the Prague Spring: The Development of Reformist Ideas in Czechoslovakia, 1956-1967. Cambridge [Eng.] University Press, 1971. 153p.

Kusin, Vladimir V. Political Groupings in the Czechoslovak Reform Movement. New York: Columbia University Press, 1972. 224p.

Kusin, Vladimir V. "Reform and Dissidence in Czechoslovakia." Current History 86, no. 523 (November 1987): 361-64, 383-84.

Kusy, Miroslav. "Chartism and 'Real Socialism'." Translated by Paul Wilson. In The Power of the Powerless: Citizens against the State in Central-Eastern Europe, 1985 [Chapter 4, Keane]: 152-77. Kymlicka, Bohuslav. "Czechoslovak Politics 1945-48: A Reappraisal." In Studies in Czechoslovak History, vol. 1, 1976 [Chapter 4, Rechcigl]: 162-88.

Kymlicka, Bohuslav B. "National Committees in Bohemia and Moravia, 1945-1948." PhD diss, Columbia University, 1968.

Labedz, Leopold. "Czechoslovakia and After." Survey no. 69 (October 1969): 7-21. Situation after Soviet invasion of August 1968.

Lacko, Michael. "The Re-establishment of the Greek-Catholic Church in Czechoslovakia." Slovak Studies 11 (1971): 159-89. Suppressed in 1950, re-established in 1968.

Lazna, Michael J. "Causes of the Communist Victory in the 1946 Czechoslovak Elections." PhD diss, George Washington University, 1971.

Levine, Isaac D. Intervention. New York: McKay [1969] 152p. Soviet intervention in Czechoslovakia in August 1968.

Levy, Alan. Rowboat to Prague. New York: Grossman Publishers, 1972. 531p. Focusing on events of 1968 and 1969.

Levy, Alan. So Many Heroes. Rev. and updated edition. Sagaponack, NY: Second Chance Press, c1980. 390p. Revised edition of Rowboat to Prague.

Lewis, William J. "The People's Republic of Czechoslovakia." In his The Warsaw Pact: Arms, Doctrine, and Strategy, 140-55. [Cambridge, Mass.]: Institute for Foreign Policy Analysis, c1982.

Liehm, Antonin J. "Eurocommunism and the Prague Spring." In Communist Reformation: Nationalism, Internationalism, and Change in the World Communist Movement, 1979 [Chapter 4, Urban]: 76-115. Interviewed by George R. Urban.

Liehm, Antonin J. "Intellectual Origins of the Reform Movement." In The Czechoslovak Reform Movement, 1968, 1973 [Chapter 4, Kusin]: 67-78. Followed by comments by Hugh Seton-Watson, 96-100.

Liehm, Antonin. The Politics of Culture. Translated by Peter Kussi. New York: Grove Press [c1968] 412p. Consists mainly of interviews with 14 Czech and Slovak writers discussing cultural and political situation in Czechoslovakia after 1945. Includes as introduction 'The Socialism That Came in from the Cold' by Jean-Paul Sartre, translated by Helen R. Lane. Illustrations by Adolf Hoffmeister.

Lloyd, Trevor. "Czechoslovakia 1968: The Impressions of a Geographer." Canadian Slavonic Papers 10, no. 4 (Winter 1968): 523-32.

Lochman, Jan Milic. Church in a Marxist Society: A Czechoslovak View. New York: Harper & Row, [1970]. 198p.

----- ----- London: S.C.M. Press, 1970. 198p.

Lockhart, Robert H. Bruce. "The Czechoslovak Revolution." Foreign Affairs 26, no. 4 (July 1948): 632-44.

Lockhart, Robert H. Bruce. "Report on Czechoslovakia." Foreign Affairs 33, no. 3 (April 1955): 484-98. Seven years of Communist regime.

Lockhart, Robert H. Bruce. "Retreat from Prague". In his My Europe, 85-139. London: Putnam, [1952]. Comments on events 1945-1948; includes personal observation of Jan Masaryk and other political figures.

Loebl Eugen. "The Intellectual Revolution." In his Conversations with the Bewildered, 141-56. Translated from German by George Gretton. London: Allen and Unwin, 1972. Original title 'Gesprache mit den Ratlosen'. Interpretation of events in Czechoslovakia in 1968 in a book describing conversations with American students about present political developments.

Loebl, Eugen. My Mind on Trial. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, c1976. 235p.

----- ----- 1st Harvest/HBJ ed. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1978, c1976. 235p.

Loebl, Eugen. "The Perspectives of Reform." In The Czechoslovak Reform Movement, 1968, 1973 [Chapter 4, Kusin]: 323-40. Followed by comments by Alec Nove, 340-51.

Loebl, Eugen. "Slovakia after the Second World War: Economics." In Slovakia in the 19th and 20th Centuries, 1973 [Chapter 4, Kirschbaum, Joseph]: 158-70.

Loebl, Eugen. Stalinism in Prague: The Loebl Story. Translated by Maurice Michael. Edited and with an introduction by Herman Starobin. New York: Grove Press, 1969. 327p. Translation of Svedectvo o procese.

London, Artur. On Trial. Translated from the French by Alastair Hamilton. New York: Morrow, 1970. French version by Artur and Lise London has title: L'Aveu.

London, Artur. The Confession. Translated from the French by Alastair Hamilton. London: Macdonald & Co. [1970] 453p. Preceding entry is the American edition of the same work.

Lowenthal, Richard. "Czechoslovakia, the Brief Spring of 1968: The Sparrow in the Cage." Problems of Communism 17, no. 6 (November-December 1968): 2-28.

Ludz, Peter. "The 'New Socialism': Philosophy in Search of Reality." Problems of Communism 18, no. 4-5 (July-October 1969): 33-42. Comments on events of 1968 and 1969.

Luers, William H. "Czechoslovakia: Road to Revolution." Foreign Affairs 69, no. 2 (Spring 1990): 77-98. Revolution of 1989.

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Luza, Radomir V. "February 1948 and the Czechoslovak Road to Socialism." East Central Europe 4, no. 1 (1977): 44-55.

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Mares, Vaclav E. "Czechoslovakia Three Springs Later." Current History 60, no. 357 (May 1971): 282-89, 306-07.

Mares, Vaclav E. "Czechoslovakia under Communism." Current History 26, no. 154 (June 1954): 347-54.

Mares, Vaclav E. "Czechoslovakia's Half Century." Current History 52, no. 308 (April 1967): 200-07. Focusing on period after 1948.

Masaryk, Jan. Statement on the Foreign Policy of Czechoslovakia, Made before the Constituent National Assembly on March 20th, 1947. Prague: Orbis, 1947. 51p.

Masaryk, Jan. Statement on the Foreign Policy of Czechoslovakia, Made Before the Provisional National Assembly on March 6th, 1946. Prague: Orbis, 1946. 61p.

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Mnacko, Ladislav. The Seventh Night. Foreword by Harry Schwartz. New York: Dutton, 1969. 220p. Soviet intervention in August 1968. Translation of Siedma noc.

Molnar, Amedeo. Czechoslovak Protestantism Today. Prague: Central Church Pub. House, 1954. 41p.

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Nowak, Chester M. "Selected and Annotated Bibliography to Czechoslovak-Polish Relations, 1918-1939, with an Historical Essay." PhD diss, Boston University, 1971. Also listed in Chapter 1.

On Events in Czechoslovakia: Facts, Documents, Press Reports, and Eye-Witness Accounts. [Translated from the Russian ed.] Moscow: Press Group of Soviet Journalists. 1968. v.

O'Neill, John R. "The Functional Genesis of a National Communist Party: Czechoslovakia, 1945-1948." PhD diss, Claremont School of Graduate Studies, 1967.

"Options in Czechoslovakia: A Symposium." Studies in Comparative Communism 2, no. 2 (April 1969): 74-89. Selection from answers of unnamed leading Czech and Slovak communist intellectuals to two questions: Should Czechoslovakia have resisted in 1938 and 1968? How do you assess the lessons of passive resistance in Czechoslovakia for the future? Followed by comments by Evzen Loebl, 89-94.

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Pachman, Ludek. Checkmate in Prague: The Memoirs of a Grandmaster. Translated by Rosemary Brown. New York: Macmillan, 1975. 216p. Translation of Jetzt kann ich sprechen. Chess player discusses his career, focuses on political developments in Czechoslovakia in 1945-1973.

----- Checkmate in Prague: Memoirs of Ludek Pachman. Translated by Rosemary Brown. London: Faber, 1975. 216p.

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Parakal, Pauly V. "Leading Role of Communist Party in Society." In Whither Czechoslovakia? Essays and Documents on Czechoslovak Crisis, 1969 [Chapter 4, Sundaram]: 72-87.

Parrish, Michael. The 1968 Czechoslovak Crisis: A Bibliography, 1968-1970. Santa Barbara, Calif.: American Bibliographical Center, 1971. 41p.

Parrott, Cecil. The Serpent and the Nightingale. London: Faber, 1977. 224p. Autobiography; includes experiences and comments relating to Czechoslovakia 1945-1948 and 1960-1975.

Paul, David W. The Cultural Limits of Revolutionary Politics: Change and Continuity in Socialist Czechoslovakia. Boulder: East European Quarterly; distributed by Columbia University Press, New York, 1979. 361p.

Paul, David W. Czechoslovakia, Profile of a Socialist Republic at the Crossroads of Europe. Boulder: Westview Press, 1981. 196p.

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Paul, David W. "Nationalism, Pluralism, and Schweikism in Czechoslovakia's Political Culture." PhD diss, Princeton University, 1973.

Paul, David W. "The Repluralization of Czechoslovak Politics in the 1960s." Slavic Review 33, no. 4 (December 1974): 721-40.

Paul, David W., and Maurice D. Simon. "Poland Today and Czechoslovakia 1968." Problems of Communism 30 (September-October 1981): 25-39.

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Pelikan, Jiri. Socialist Opposition in Eastern Europe: The Czechoslovak Example. Translated by Marian Sling and V. and R. Tosek. New York, St. Martin's Press, 1976. 221p.

----- ----- 2d ed. London: Allison & Busby, 1976. 221p.

Pelikan, Jiri, ed. The Czechoslovak Political Trials, 1950-1954: The Suppressed Report of the Dubcek Government's Commission of Inquiry. Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press, 1971. 360p.

Pelikan, Jiri, ed. The Secret Vysocany Congress: Proceedings and Documents of the Extraordinary Fourteenth Congress of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia, 22 August 1968. Translated by George Theiner and Deryck Viney. New York: St. Martin's Press, [c1971] 303p.

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Perina, Rudolf V. "Intellectuals and Political Change in Czechoslovakia: A History of Literarni noviny and Its Contributors, 1952-1969." PhD diss, Columbia University, 1977.

Pesek, Boris. "Monetary Policy of Czechoslovakia, 1945-1953." PhD diss, University of Chicago, 1956. Also listed in Culture, Science, Economic History: Science, Technology, Economics, Geography.

Pesek, Thomas G. "'Multi-Party Socialism' and Literarni listy: An Aspect of Czechoslovak Revisionism." East Central Europe 5, no. 2 (1978): 232-44.

Peterson, James W. "Political Leadership in Czechoslovakia, 1954- 1966." PhD diss, Indiana University, 1976.

Pfaltzgraff, Robert L., Jr. "The Czechoslovak Crisis and the Future of the Atlantic Alliance." Orbis 13, no. 1 (Spring 1969): 210-22.

Pick, Otto. "Czechoslovakia - 'Stable' Satellite." Problems of Communism 7, no. 5 (September-October 1958): 32-39.

Piekalkiewicz, Jaroslaw. Public Opinion Polling in Czechoslovakia, 1968-69: Results and Analysis of Surveys Conducted during the Dubcek Era. Foreword by Barry Bede. New York: Praeger Publishers [1972] 357p.

Piekalkiewicz, Jaroslaw. "Public Political Opinion in Czechoslovakia during the Dubcek Era." In The Soviet Invasion of Czechoslovakia: Its Effects on Eastern Europe, 1972 [Chapter 4, Czerwinski]: 3-42.

Piekalkiewicz, Jaroslav. "What the Czechoslovaks Want." East Europe 20, no. 5 (May 1971): 2-8. Based on research in Czechoslovakia in 1968-69.

Pierre, Andrew. "NATO After Czechoslovakia." In Czechoslovakia: Intervention and Impact, 1970 [Chapter 4, Zartman]: 59-83. NATO after Soviet intervention in 1968.

Polach, Jaroslav G. "Czechoslovak-Polish Cooperation in Peaceful Applications of Nuclear Energy: Foundation and Results." In Czechoslovakia Past and Present, vol. 1, 1968 [Chapter 4, Rechcigl]: 476-93.

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Pravda, Alex. "The Czech Reform Movement (January to 21 August 1968), with Special Reference to the Role of the Workers." University of Oxford, 1973.

Pravda, Alex. "Workers' Participation in Czechoslovakia, 1968- 69." Canadian Slavonic Papers 19, no. 3 (September 1977): 312-34.

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Provaznik, Jan. "Czechoslovakia, Agony of a Nation: The Politics of Retrenchment." Problems of Communism 18, no. 4-5 (July-October 1969): 2-16.

Ramet, Sabrina P. "The Catholic Church in Czechoslovakia 1948- 1991." Studies in Comparative Communism 24, no. 4 (December 1991): 377-93.

Rapoport, Louis. "The Slansky Trial: A Prologue to the Doctor's Plot." 1990. For full citation see Jews and Jewish Affairs .

Ray, Hemen. "China's Eccentric Approach towards Czechoslovakia." In his China and Eastern Europe, 85-95. New Delhi: Radiant Publishers, 1988.

Reban, Milan J. "Czechoslovakia: The New Federation." In The Politics of Ethnicity in Eastern Europe, edited by George Klein and Milan J. Reban, 215-46. Boulder: East European Monographs; distributed by Columbia University Press, New York, 1981.

Reban, Milan J. "Czechoslovakia in 1968: Some Aspects of Pluralism and Change." PhD diss, Michigan State University, 1972.

Reisky-Dubnic, Vladimir. Communist Propaganda Methods: A Case Study on Czechoslovakia. New York: Praeger [1961, c1960] 287p.

Reisky de Dubnic, Vladimir. "The Czechoslovak Communist Party: The Limits of Reform." Orbis 14, no. 1 (Spring 1970): 180-91.

Reisky-Dubnic, Vladimir. "Propaganda Methods of the Czechoslovak Communist Party." PhD diss, University of Chicago, 1959.

Remington, Robin A. "Czechoslovakia: Multilateral Intervention." In his The Warsaw Pact: Case Studies in Communist Conflict Resolution, 94-112. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1971.

Remington, Robin A., comp. Winter in Prague: Documents on Czechoslovak Communism in Crisis. Introduction by William E. Griffith. Czech and Slovak translations rev. by Michael Berman. Cambridge: M.I.T. Press [1969] 473p. 72 documents which include articles, interviews, speeches, declarations, and official statements.

Renner, Hans. History of Czechoslovakia since 1945. Translated from the Dutch by Evelien Hurst-Buist. London, New York: Routledge, 1989. 200p. Translation of Geschiedenis van Tsjechoslowakije na 1945.

Renz, Mary Ann. "An Analysis of Argumentative Form and Negotiating Strategy in Three United Nations Security Council Debates." PhD diss, Wayne State University, 1977. Relates to events in Czechoslovakia in 1968.

Rice, Condoleezza. "The Politics of Client Command: Party- Military Relations in Czechoslovakia, 1948-1975." PhD diss, University of Denver, 1981.

Rice, Condoleezza. The Soviet Union and the Czechoslovak Army, 1948-1983: Uncertain Allegiance. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, c1984. 303p.

Rice, Condoleezza. "Warsaw Pact Reliability: The Czechoslovak People's Army (CLA)." In Soviet Allies: The Warsaw Pact and the Issue of Reliability, edited by Daniel N. Nelson, 125-42. Boulder: Westview Press, 1984.

Ripka, Hubert. Czechoslovakia Enslaved: The Story of the Communist Coup d'Etat. London: Gollancz, 1950. 339p.

----- ----- Westport, Conn.: Hyperion Press, 1979. 339p.

Ripka, Hubert. Eastern Europe in the Post-War World. With an introduction by Hugh Seton-Watson. New York: Praeger [1961] 266p. Includes substantial comments on developments in Czechoslovakia.

Riveles, Stanley A. "Party Organization and Political Leadership in Czechoslovakia, 1960-1968." PhD diss, Columbia University, 1976.

Riveles, Stanley. "Slovakia: Catalyst of Crisis." Problems of Communism 17, no. 3 (May-June 1968): 1-9.

Rodnick, David. The Strangled Democracy: Czechoslovakia 1948- 1969. Lubbock, Tex.: Caprock Press, 1970. 214p.

Rostow, Eugene V. "The View from Washington." In Communist Reformation: Nationalism, Internationalism, and Change in the World Communist Movement, 1979 [Chapter 4, Urban]: 205-26. Coomments on U.S.-Czechoslovak relations in 1968; interviewed by George R. Urban.

Rothschild, Joseph. "Czechoslovakia." In his Communist Eastern Europe, 23-33. New York: Walker, 1964.

Rothschild, Joseph. Return to Diversity: A Political History of East Central Europe since World War II. New York: Oxford University Press, 1989. 257p. Czechoslovakia discussed in all chapters.

----- ----- 2nd ed. New York: Oxford University Press, 1993. 299p. Chapter 6 is revised, and Chapter 7 and the Epilogue are entirely new.

Rothwell, Victor. "Eastern Europe after the War." In his Britain and the Cold War, 1941-1947, 358-405. London: Cape, 1982. Includes Czechoslovakia, 367-74.

Rozehnal, Alois. "Public Welfare in Today's Czechoslovakia. In Czechoslovakia Past and Present, vol. 1, 1968 [Chapter 4, Rechcigl]: 524-36.

Rozehnal, Alois. "The Revival of the Czechoslovak Trade Unions." East Europe 18, no. 4 (April 1969): 2-9.

Rubinstein, Alvin Z. "Czechoslovakia in Transition." Current History 56, no. 332 (April 1969): 206-11, 243.

Ruml, Jiri. "Who Really Is Isolated?" Translated by A. G. Brain. In The Power of the Powerless: Citizens against the State in Central-Eastern Europe, 1985 [Chapter 4, Keane]: 178-87.

Salomon, Michel. Prague Notebook: The Strangled Revolution. Translated by Helen Eustis. Boston: Little, Brown, 1971. 361p. Translation of Prague, la revolution etranglee, janvier-aout 1968.

Salzmann, Zdenek. A Contribution to the Study of Value Orientation among the Czechs and Slovaks. Amherst: University of Massachusetts [1970] 100p. Study of national characteristics on basis of information collected in summer of 1969.

Sarkar, Susobhan. "Military Action - a Socialist Criticism." In Whither Czechoslovakia? Essays and Documents on Czechoslovak Crisis, 1969 [Chapter 4, Sundaram]: 57-71. Soviet intervention in August 1968.

Satterwhite, James. "Czechoslovakia: The Philosophical Background of the Prague Spring." In his Varieties of Marxist Humanism: Philosophical Revision in Postwar Eastern Europe, 130-73. Pittsburgh, Pa.: University of Pittsburgh Press, c1992.

Satterwhite, James. "Marxist Critique and Czechoslovak Reform." In The Road to Disillusion: From Critical Marxism to Postcommunism in Eastern Europe, edited by Raymond Taras, 115-34. Armonk. N.Y.: M. E. Sharpe, c1992.

Schechtman, Joseph B. Postwar Population Transfers in Europe 1945-1955. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press [1963, c1962] 417p. Czechoslovak-Soviet exchange of population, transfer of Germans from Czechoslovakia, and Slovak-Hungarian exchange of population in Part II.

Schechtman, Joseph B. "Resettlement of Transferred Volksdeutsche in Germany." Journal of Central European Affairs 7, no. 3 (October 1947): 262-84.

Schieder, Theodor, comp. The Expulsion of the German Population from Czechoslovakia. Bonn: Federal Ministry for Expellees, Refugees and War Victimes, [1960]. 579p. Abridged English translation of Volume 4, Parts I and II, of 'Dokumentation der Vertreibung der Deutschen aus Ost- Mitteleuropa'.

Schmidt, Dana A. Anatomy of a Satellite. Boston: Little, Brown [1952] 512p.

Schwartz, Harry. Prague's 200 Days: The Struggle for Democracy in Czechoslovakia. New York: Praeger [1969] 274p. Events of 1968.

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Schwartz, Harry. "Socialism with a Human Face." In his Eastern Europe in the Soviet Shadow, 70-95. New York: J. Day, 1973.

Schwartz, Morton. "Czechoslovakia: Toward One-Party Pluralism?" Problems of Communism 16, no. 1 (January-February 1967): 21-27.

Scott, Andrew M. "Military Intervention by the Great Powers: The Rules of the Game." 85-104. Includes Soviet intervention in Czechoslovakia in 1968.

Sedivy, Karel. Why We Want to Transfer the Germans. Prague: Orbis, 1946. 78p.

Sel, Zdenek. Klement Gottwald and February 1948. Prague: Orbis, 1973. 117p. Includes chiefly Gottwald's public speeches, in English translation.

Selucky, Radoslav. Czechoslovakia: The Plan That Failed. Translated from the German by Derek Viney; with an introduction by Kamil Winter. London: Nelson, 1970. 150p. Comments on economic and political goals of reform movement of 1968.

Selucky, Radoslav. "The Relationship between Political and Economic Reform in Eastern Europe and in Czechoslovakia in Particular." In The Czechoslovak Reform Movement, 1968, 1973 [Chapter 4, Kusin]: 1-13. Followed by comments by Ljubo Sirc, 13-18.

Sen, Kamal. "Moscow's Factional Struggle in Prague." In Whither Czechoslovakia? Essays and Documents on Czechoslovak Crisis, 1969 [Chapter 4, Sundaram]: 124-38. Developments 1967-1968.

Shaffer, Harry G. "Czechoslovakia, the Brief Spring of 1968: An Economic Model in Eclipse." 1968. For full citation see Culture, Science, Economic History: Science, Technology, Economics, Geography.

Shaffer, Harry G. "Czechoslovakia's New Economic Model: Out of Stalinism." 1965. For full citation see Culture, Science, Economic History: Science, Technology, Economics, Geography.

Sharp, Samuel L. Nationalization of Key Industries in Eastern Europe. 1946. For full citation see Culture, Science, Economic History: Science, Technology, Economics, Geography.

Sharp, Samuel L. "The New Constitution of Czechoslovakia." In his New Constitutions in the Soviet Sphere, 39-44. Washington: Foundation for Foreign Affairs [1950]

Shawcross, William. Dubcek. 1970. For full citation see Biographies and Memoirs , Dubcek.

Shub, Anatole. "Lessons of Czechoslovakia." Foreign Affairs 47, no. 2 (January 1969): 266-80. Invasion of Czechoslovakia in 1968.

Shuster, George N. "The Fate of Czechoslovakia." In his Religion behind the Iron Curtain, 61-97. New York: Macmillan, 1954.

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Sik, Ota. "Prague's Spring, Roots and Reasons: The Economic Impact of Stalinism." 1971. For full citation see Culture, Science, Economic History: Science, Technology, Economics, Geography.

Siklova, Jirina. "Women As Leaders: Women in Politics." In Literature and Politics in Central Europe: Studies in Honour of Matketa Goetz-Stankiewicz, 1993 [Chapter 4, Miller]: 108-14. Emphasis on situation under Communist regime.

Sima, Jaroslav. Czechoslovakia's Path to Socialism: The Labour and Social Policy of the People's Democratic Czechoslovakia. [Translated by O. Stein] Prague: Orbis, 1951. 85p.

Simecka, Milan. The Restoration of Order: The Normalization of Czechoslovakia, 1969-1976. Preface by Zdenek Mlynar. Translated by A. G. Brain. London: Verso; distributed in the USA and Canada by Schocken Books, 1984. 167p. Translation of Obnoveni poradku.

Simes, Dimitri K. "The Soviet Invasion of Czechoslovakia and the Limits of Kremlinology." Studies in Comparative Communism 8, no. 1/2 (Spring/Summer): 174-80. Followed by comments by Jiri Valenta, 181-2.

Simon, Arnulf I. "Czechoslovakia's KAN: A Brief Venture in Democracy." East Europe 18, no. 6 (June 1969): 20-22.

Simon, Jeffrey. "The Invasion of Czechoslovakia, August 1968." In his Cohesion and Dissension in Eastern Europe: Six Crises, 42-68. New York: Praeger, 1983.

Sinha, Ranvir. "Under Novotny Regime." In Whither Czechoslovakia? Essays and Documents on Czechoslovak Crisis, 1969 [Chapter 4, Sundaram]: 44-56.

Skilling, H. Gordon. Charter 77 and Human Rights in Czechoslovakia. London, Boston: Allen & Unwin, 1981. 363p.

Skilling, H. Gordon. "Charter 77 and the Musical Underground." Canadian Slavonic Papers 22, no. 1 (March 1980): 1-14.

Skilling, H. Gordon. Communism, National and International: Eastern Europe after Stalin. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, [1964]. 168. Czechoslovakia discussed in chapters 6 and 7.

Skilling, H. Gordon. "Communism in Eastern Europe: Personal Impressions, 1961-1962." Canadian Slavonic Papers 6 (1964): 18- 37.

Skilling, H. Gordon. "Czechoslovakia." In The Communist States at the Crossroads between Moscow and Peking, edited by Adam Bromke, 87-105. New York: Praeger, 1965. 270p.

Skilling, H. Gordon. "Czechoslovakia." In The Communist States in Disarray, edited by Adam Bromke and Teresa Rakowska-Harmstone, 43-72. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1972.

Skilling, H. Gordon. "Czechoslovakia." In The Communist States in the Era of Detente, 1971-1977, edited by Adam Bromke and Derry Novak, 89-110. Oakville, Ont.: Mosaic Press, 1978.

Skilling, H. Gordon. "Czechoslovakia and Helsinki." Canadian Slavonic Papers 18, no. 4 (December 1976): 245-65.

Skilling, H. Gordon. "Czechoslovakia between East and West." In Central and Eastern Europe: The Opening Curtain?, edited by William E. Griffith, 241-62. Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press, 1989.

Skilling, H. Gordon. "Czechoslovakia's Interrupted Revolution." Canadian Slavonic Papers 10, no. 4 (Winter 1968): 409-29.

Skilling, H. Gordon. Czechoslovakia's Interrupted Revolution. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, c1976. 924p.

Skilling, H. Gordon. "The Fall of Novotny in Czechoslovakia." Canadian Slavonic Papers 12, no. 3 (Fall 1970): 226-42.

Skilling, H. Gordon. Governments of Communist East Europe. New York: Crowell, [1966]. 256p. Includes Albania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Yugoslavia, and East Germany.

Skilling, H. Gordon. "Independent Communications in Communist East Europe." Cross Currents 5 (1986): 53-75. Includes Charter 77 and Czechoslovak samizdat.

Skilling H. Gordon. "Independent Currents in Czechoslovakia." Problems of Communism 34 (January-February 1985): 32-49.

Skilling, H. Gordon. "Journey to Czechoslovakia 1961-1962." Kosmas: Journal of Czechoslovak and Central European Studies 7, no. 1&2 (Summer/Winter 1988): 219-39.

Skilling, H. Gordon. "Journey to Czechoslovakia, 1967." Czechoslovak and Central European Journal 8, no. 1/2 (Winter/Summer 1989): 136-67.

Skilling, H. Gordon. "Journey to Czechoslovakia: Spring 1968." Czechoslovak and Central European Journal 11, no. 1 (Summer 1992): 27-42.

Skilling, H. Gordon. "Journey to Prague 1948." Kosmas: Journal of Czechoslovak and Central European Studies 5, no. 1 (Summer 1986): 139-156.

Skilling, H. Gordon. "Journey to Prague 1950." Kosmas: Journal of Czechoslovak and Central European Studies 6, no. 1 (Summer 1987): 127-43.

Skilling, H. Gordon. "Leadership and Group Conflict in Czechoslovakia." In Political Leadership in Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union, edited by R. Barry Farrell, 276-93. Chicago: Aldine Pub., 1970.

----- ----- London: Butterworths, 1970.

Skilling, H. Gordon. "People's Democracy, the Proletarian Dictatorship and the Czechoslovak Path to Socialism." American Slavic and East European Review 10, no. 2 (April 1951): 100-16.

Skilling, H. Gordon. "The Prague Overturn in 1948." Canadian Slavonic Papers 4 (1959): 88-114.

Skilling, H. Gordon. "The Prague Spring Reassessed." Slavic Review 38, no. 4 (December 1979): 663-66. Review essay.

Skilling, H. Gordon. "Revolution and Continuity in Czechoslovakia, 1945-1946." Journal of Central European Affairs 20, no. 4 (January 1961): 357-77.

Skilling, H. Gordon. "Samizdat: A Return to the Pre-Gutenberg Era?" Cross Currents 1 (1982): 64-80. Includes samizdat Czech style.

Skilling, H. Gordon. "Socialism and Human Rights: Charter 77 and the Prague Spring." Canadian Slavonic Papers 20, no. 2 (June 1978): 157-75.

Skilling, H. Gorgon, and Paul Wilson, eds. Civic Freedom in Central Europe: Voices from Czechoslovakia. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1991. 152p. Includes replies of leading signatories of Charter 77 to a questionnaire concerning the term 'independent society'.

----- ----- Houndsmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire: Macmillan, 1991. 152p.

Skilling, H. Gordon, and Vilem Precan. "Real Socialism in Czechoslovakia and the Search for Historical Truth." 1984/85. For full citation see Historians and Historiography.

Slanska, Josefa. Report on My Husband. Translated and with an introduction by Edith Pargeter. London: Hutchinson, 1969. 208p. Trial of Rudolf Slansky and persecution of Josefa Slanska.

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----- ----- New York, Random House [1951, c1950] 245p.

----- ----- Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1979, c1950. 245p.

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----- ----- London: M. Joseph [1947] 104p.

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----- ----- New York: Columbia University Press, 1969. 199p.

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----- ----- New York: Hill and Wang [c1969] 167p.

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Zibrin, Michael. "The Case of Dr. Joseph Tiso." Slovakia 2, no. 2 (August 1952): 1-24.

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Zinner, Paul E. "Czechoslovakia." In The Hungarian Revolution of 1956 in Retrospect, edited by Bela K. Kiraly and Paul Jonas, 113- 24. Boulder: East European Quarterly; distributed by Columbia University Press, New York, 1978. Question of impact of Hungarian Revolution in Czechoslovakia.

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