Documents on the Conventions for the Protection of War Victims
In May 1948 the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) submitted to all Governments and States signatory to the Geneva Convention, and to all Red Cross Societies, four revised or new conventions. These conventions would be presented for discussion at the August 1948 XVIIth International Red Cross Conference, to be held in Stockholm. Collectively known as “Revised and New Draft Conventions for the Protection of War Victims,” the four documents address the following subjects:
- Revision of the Geneva Convention of July 27, 1929, for the relief of Wounded and Sick of Armies in the field;
- Revision of the Xth Hague Convention of October 18, 1907, for the adaptation to Maritime Warfare of the principles of the Geneva Convention;
- Revision of the Convention signed at Geneva on July 27, 1929, relative to the treatment of Prisoners of War; and
- Drafting of a new Convention for the protection of Civilians in time of war.
These revised and new conventions were referred, for debate and approval, to a Legal Commission established within the XVIIth Conference. The Conference adopted the recommendations of the commission, and gave final approval to the revised and new conventions. The Conference recommended that “all Governments meet at the earliest possible moment in Diplomatic Conference for the adoption and signature of the texts approved.”