Draft Revised or New Conventions for the Protection of War Victims
Established by the International Committee of the Red Cross with the Assistance of Government Experts, National Red Cross Societies and other Humanitarian Associations
Geneva, May 1948
In May 1948 the ICRC issued as a report the final revised drafts of three existing conventions: the Geneva Convention of 1929 relating to the sick and wounded; the Tenth Hague Convention of 1907 concerning maritime warfare; and the Geneva Convention of 1929 relating to prisoners of war. It also issued a preliminary draft of a new Convention for the protection of civilians in time of war. These drafts were the outgrowth of consultations and meetings dating back to October 1945 with a conference of government experts, the National Red Cross societies, several governments, and representatives of religious and non-sectarian groups. The views of these groups are reflected in “remarks” that accompany the text of each article of the four conventions in the May 1948 report.
This draft document was presented for discussion at the August 1948 International Red Cross Conference (ICRC). The ICRC recommended its implementation “at the earliest possible moment.”
To view the PDF file, click the image below.