The Luso-Hispanic World in Maps

Maps

WESTERN HEMISPHERE
Part 2: North America - South America
Part 1: Western Hemisphere - Caribbean Sea - Central America


NORTH AMERICA


Carta de los descrubrimientos hechos en la costa N.O. de la America Septentrional
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79. Carta de los descrubrimientos hechos en la costa N.O. de la America Septentrional. Bodega y Cuadra, Juan de la. 1792. Pen-and-ink tracing, 69 x 80 cm. Scale ca. 1:8,750,000. 99-446215

This map depicting the Pacfic Coast from the Aleutian Islands to Acalpulco and the Sandwich Islands (Hawaiian Islands) includes coastlines, coastal features, navigational hazards, settlements, presidios (fortifications), and missions. Heading note indicates that map was prepared Bodega y Quadra on an expedition to establish borders in the year 1792. This map is a copy of the 1792 original.

G3350 1792 .B6 TIL Vault

North America--Pacific Coast/Canada--Pacific Coast/United States--Pacific Coast/Mexico--Pacific Coast/Pacific Ocean/Hawaii


Carta esferica de los territorios de la alta y baja Californias y estado de Sonora
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80. Carta esferica de los territorios de la alta y baja Californias y estado de Sonora. Narvaes, Jose M. 1823. Colored pen-and-ink ms., 107 x 104 cm. Scale ca. 1:1,900,000. 99-446199

This remarkably detailed map was prepared by a well-known Mexican mariner, engineer, and cartographer. Map extends from the Rio Grande westward including northwestern Mexico, both Californias, New Mexico and Arizona and includes coastline, coastal features, soundings, navigational hazards, anchorages, administrative boundaries of independent Mexico, settlements, missions, presidios, mines, Native American nations, (possibly) sources of fresh water, the route of Anza's 1775 expedition, streams, bodies of water, and pictorial representation of relief. Map also includes a table providing population of Native Americans in various missions in Alta and Baja California. A duplicate copy of the manuscript map is found under call number G4300 1823 .N31 MS.

G4300 1823 .N3 TIL Vault

Mexico--Northwest/California/New Mexico/Arizona/United States--Southwest


Carta Que Contiene parte de la costa de la California...
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81. Carta que contiene parte de la costa de la California. Muñoz, Barnabé. 1787. Colored pen-and-ink ms., 43 1/2 x 46 cm. Scale ca. 1:5,500,000.

This Spanish map of the Pacific Coast from Oregon to Alaska includes coastline, coastal features, islands, navigational hazards, and pictorial representation of selected coastal mountains. Map was prepared by Muñoz under the direction of Pedro Rivelles of the Real Escuela de Navegación, Cadiz, Spain.

G4362.C6 1787 .M8 TIL Vault

Oregon--Pacific Coast/Washington--Pacific Coast/British Columbia, Canada--Pacific Coast/Alaska--Pacific Coast/United States--Pacific Coast


[Map of the Gulf Coast from Florida to Mexico].
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82. [Map of the Gulf Coast from Florida to Mexico]. [1639?] Vinckeboons, Joan. Colored pen-and-ink ms., 50 x 72 cm. Scale ca. 1:1,650,000. (Harrisse; Volume II, Map 9).

This 17th century Dutch map of the Gulf Coast extending from western Florida to Tampico, Mexico includes coastline, coastal features, rivers, streams, other bodies of water, and numerous rhumb lines. A body of water, "Mar Pequeno", might possibly designate Mobile Bay or Lake Pontchartrain. Geographic names appear in Spanish. Vingboons, a cartographer in the employ of the Dutch West India Company, produced maps for over 30 years for use by Dutch mercantile and military shipping. This map is part of the Henry Harrisse manuscript collection, and was acquired when the papers of the Hulst van Keulen firm were sold.

G3291.S12 coll .H3 Vault : Harr vol. 2, map 9

United States--Gulf Coast/Florida--Gulf Coast/Alabama--Gulf Coast/Mississippi--Gulf Coast/Louisiana--Gulf Coast/Texas--Gulf Coast/ Mexico--Gulf Coast


L'Amerique Centrale
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83. L'Amérique centr[ale] / 1 jou [?], Henri II, Mr. Jomard. [1556]. Pencil, pen-and-ink tracing, 33 x 45 cm. Scale ca. 1:15,000,000.

This map depicting the Southern United States, Mexico, and the Caribbean region includes coastlines, coastal features, streams, and pictorial representation of various animals including a unicorn, people, trees, mountains, and settlements. Map is oriented with south at top. This is a copy of the 1556(?) original by Le Moyne.

G3300 1542 .A5 Vault


North America/Mexico/United States--Southeast/Caribbean Sea


Map of California shown as an island
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84. [Map of California shown as an island]. Vinckeboons, Joan. [ca 1650]. Colored pen-and-ink ms., 48 x 69 cm. Scale ca. 1:7,000,000. (Harrisse; Volume 2, Map 10).

This 17th century Dutch map of western Mexico from Puerto Vallarta to Cape Blanco including California erroneously depicts California as an island. Map includes coastline, coastal features, streams and other bodies of water, missions and settlements, pictorial representation of relief, numerous rhumb lines, and a decorative wind rose. Map includes references to coastal features in California: "P[uert]o S[an] Digio", "P[uert]o Montiroy", "P[uert]o Francisco Draco", and C[abo] Blanco". Vingboons, a cartographer in the employ of the Dutch West India Company, produced maps for over 30 years for use by Dutch mercantile and military shipping. This map is part of the Henry Harrisse manuscript collection, and was acquired when the papers of the Hulst van Keulen firm were sold.

G3291.S12 coll .H3 Vault : Harr vol. 2, map. 10

BajaCalifornia(State),Mexico/Mexico--PacificCoast/Mexico--Northwest/Califor nia/California--Pacific Coast/Oregon--Pacific Coast/United States--Pacific Coast


85. A Map of part of North America from the Pacific to the Atlantic Ocean....[United States, Mexico]. Hill, John. 1811. Colored pen-and-ink ms., 116 x 170 cm. 1:2,500,000.

This large scale and detailed map depicting a portion of North America from New York to the Spanish province of New Mexico in the north and from the Floridas to central Mexico and Baja California in the south includes states, territories, and provinces, numerous settlements, streams, roads, pictorial representation of mountain ranges, locations of some Native American nations, extensive annotations on vegetation, and distance charts. Map includes latest information on East and West Florida, the Louisiana Purchase, and the Spanish province of Texas. Note on map reads: "Copied from an original in the Possession [of] General Salcedo at C[ ] in Biscay by John Hills Philadelphia 1811."

G3700 1811 .H Vault

North America/United States/Mexico


86. Map of the American Isthmus from various and late authorities 1850. [Squier, E. G. or C. H. Davis?]. 1850. Colored pen-and-ink ms. and printed map, 101 1/2 x 132 1/2 cm. Scale ca. 1:1,650,000.

Inset maps (2): "Gosacoalco" and "Tehuantepec".

This large scale map, created from a printed map and a manuscript attachment, depicts southern Mexico, Central America, a portion of the Caribbean Sea, Jamaica, and a small part of Cuba. It includes coastlines, coastal features, soundings, navigational hazards, streams, other bodies of water, representation of mountain ranges, altitudes, cities, towns, Native American settlements, internal administrative and international boundaries, and extensive manuscript annotations. A note in southern Honduras reads: "Little is known of this Country but it is reported to be fertile and is covered with large and valuable timber". Other notes contain information on topographical features. Map also includes a chart listing distances from New York to principal Latin American and U.S. ports on the Pacific Coast via Panama and via Cape Horn. The two inset maps (clearly manuscript attachments) which include coastlines, coastal features, soundings, navigational hazards, streams, and roads emphasize the two sides of the Isthmus of Tehuantepec, a location that had been surveyed for various proposed canal and rail crossings. Primary manuscript map has been attached to and placed on top of Arrowsmith's 1809 printed map of Southern Mexico and Central America entitled "Chart Of The West India Islands And Adjacent Coasts". Actual cartographer of map is unknown, but it is suggested that one of the U.S. representatives in the area was responsible, e. g., E. G. Squier.

G4800 1850 .M Vault

CentralAmerica/Mexico/Guatemala/Honduras/ElSalvador/Nicaragua/Costa Rica/Panama/Belize/Jamaica/Caribbean Sea


87. [Map of the Pacific Coast of North America from Cabo San Lucas to Northern California and including the Sandwich (Hawaiian) Islands]. [after 1788]. Colored pen-and-ink ms., 53 x 97 cm. Scale ca. 1:6,250,000.

This English map depicts the Pacific Coast from Baja California to northern California and the Pacific Ocean as far as the Hawaiian Islands. It includes coastlines, coastal features, settlements, missions, and the navigational tracks from North America to the Hawaiian Islands. Principal purpose of map is to show the routes of expeditions made by Duncan and Colnett in 1787 and 1788 respectively from the Pacific Coast to the Hawaiian Islands and then on to England. See Wagner, pp. 207-208. See also Arrowsmiths map of the World, 1790.

G3351 .P5 1788? .M3 Vault

United States--Pacific Coast/Mexico--Pacific Coast/California--Pacific Coast/Hawaii


Map of Upper & Lower California...
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88. Map of Upper & Lower California showing the military stations and distribution of troops. Bruff, Joseph Goldsborough. [1847]. Pencil, pen-and-ink ms., 39 x 26 cm. Scale ca. 1:4,500,000. 99-446200

Inset map: [Baja California Peninsula].

This map of the Californias includes coastline, coastal features, roads, hachured relief, streams, and settlements. A table indicates the number of U.S. troops stationed between various locations. Map was prepared during the U.S.-Mexican War, 1846-1848.

G4361.R2 1847 .B7 TIL Vault

California/Baja California (State), Mexico/United States--Southwest



Mapa de toda la Frontera de los dominios del Rey en la America septentrional...
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89. Mapa de toda la Frontera de los dominios del Rey en la America septentrional...[Northern Mexico and S.W. United States]. Urrutia, Jose de and Nicolas de la Fora. [1771]. Colored pen-and-ink ms., 68 x 130 cm. Scale ca. 1:3,500,000.

This Spanish map of the internal provinces of New Spain (Mexico and U.S. Southwest) includes streams, pictorial representation of mountain ranges, administrative boundaries, presidios, European and Native American settlements, mines, missions, coastline, and coastal features. Map also includes a detailed index to cultural features. This map is a composite prepared from those produced by Urrútia and Lafora based on their 1766-1768 expedition to survey presidios and defenses of Northern New Spain. A note on map reads "Cop. Mexico 7 de Agosto de 1816".

G4410 1771 .F6 Vault : Oversize

Mexico--Northern/United States--Southwest


Mapa de una parte de la America Septentrional...
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90. Mapa de una parte de la America Septentrional para serbir a la intelligencia del raquerdo sobre las pretensiones de los Inglezes sobre los limites que ay que reglar con la Francia dentro esta partida del mundo. [1751?]. Pen-and-ink tracing, 23 x 31 cm. Scale ca. 1:8,500,000. 75-693273.

This Spanish intelligence map of eastern North America depicting the British colonies and French Canada includes, coastlines, coastal features, navigational hazards, settlements, bodies of water, streams, and settlements. Map contains explanatory note. Emphasis of map is on Acadia and areas of dispute between France and England; map shows boundary limits according to the Treaty of Utrecht as well as those proposed subsequently by the English in 1750-51. This map is a copy of the original (after 1750).

G3300 1751 .M3 Vault

United States--Atlantic Coast/Canada--Atlantic Coast


Mapa, que comprende la Frontera, de los Dominios del Rey...
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91. Mapa, que comprende la Frontera, de los Dominios del Rey, en la America Septentrional.. Urrutia, Joseph de and Nicolas LaFora. Madrid. 1769. 1 map on 4 sheets. Colored, pen-and-ink ms. on 4 sheets, each 64 x 162 1/2 cm. Scale ca. 1:1,340,000.

This is a well executed, detailed map of the Internal Provinces of New Spain (Northern Mexico and Southwest United States) prepared as a result of the 1766-1768 expedition to survey presidios and defenses of northern New Spain. This map includes administrative boundaries, pictorial representation of relief and selected European and Native American towns and settlements, fortifications (presidios), mines, missions, haciendas, Native American nations, rivers, streams, lakes, coastlines and coastal features. The four sheets are numbered separately: "Primera Parte" extends from the Gulf of California to Texas, "Segunda Parte" extends from West Texas to the Louisiana border, "Tercera Parte" extends from the Gulf of California to Nueva Galicia, and "Quarta Parte" extends from Nueva Galicia to the Gulf of Mexico. While minor variations appear in the titles of each sheet, all sheets fit together to form the comprehensive map. Except for "Tercera Parte" which indicates that it was copied by Don Luis de Serville, all of the sheets were the work of Urrutia and Lafora alone. The map extends from 248 to 286 longitude and from 22 to 37 North latitude. A prominent note along the 30 North latitude reads, "Paralelo De 30 ô Linea Defensa Proyectada". This note apparently reflects then current Spanish thinking regarding what was the heartland of Hispanic America. If the map's coverage were extended to include all of North America, the thirty degree line would run through New Orleans and just north of St. Augustine. Along the Red River a curious note reads, "Presidios de Cadachos pertenecientes àla nueba Francia". Variant copies of this manuscript exist in other collections including the U.S. National Archives, the Huntington Library, the British Library, and in the War Ministry (Madrid).

G4410 1769 .U7 TIL Vault

Mexico--Northern/United States--Southwest


Mapa de una parte de la America Septentrional...
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92. Mapa y tabla geografica de leguas comunes que hay de unos a´ otros lugares y ciudades principales de la America septentrional.... [1750?]. Colored pen-and-ink ms., 19 x 25 cm., on sheet 46 x 60 cm. 2007-627334.

This presentation piece, dedicated to the Viceroy of New Spain, Agustín de Ahumada y Villalón (1755-58), consists of a map of New Spain and North America, a distance chart between principal cities of New Spain, and an idealized view of the area between Mexico City and Veracruz with the historical symbol of Mexico (eagle and serpent in a cactus) firmly centered in its midst. Main purpose of this piece was to acquaint the new Viceroy with the extent of his empire and its relationship with the rest of North America. In addition to providing distances between key cities in New Spain, the distance chart also gives latitude, longitude, and zodiac sign for each site. Map is more of a symbolic statement rather than a factual presentation of the geography of North America.

G4410 175- .M3 Vault

Mexico/Central America/United States/North America


93. [Mexico and Guatemala Boundary]. [1895]. Colored pen-and-ink ms. on tracing linen, 47 x 39 cm. Scale not given.

This map depicting the border region of Mexico and Guatemala includes streams, villages, trails, and peaks. Lines in vivid colors mark successive borders between the two countries since 1811 and indicate an area that, at time map was prepared, was in dispute.

G4811.F2 1895 .G8

Mexico/Guatemala


94. North America. [1815?]. Colored pen-and-ink ms., 82 x 62 1/2 cm. Scale ca. 1:9,000,000.

This detailed, well executed map of North America depicts Canada, the United States, Mexico, and portions of Central America and the Caribbean Sea. It includes coastlines, coastal features, streams, bodies of water, settlements, mountains ranges, Native American nations, boundaries, provinces of Canada, states, and provinces of Mexico. Although map includes the recently acquired Louisiana Purchase, map recognizes uncertainty over border between Louisiana and Mexico. Map also acknowledges uncertainty and confusion concerning the Canadian arctic islands.

G3300 1815 .N6 Vault

North America/United States/Mexico/Caribbean Sea/Canada


95. [Outline Map of Mexico and the United States Southwest]. [19th century]. Colored pen-and-ink ms., 122 x 49 1/2 cm. Scale ca. 1:4,435,200.

This unfinished outline map of the provinces of Mexico as far north as Texas and the Californias includes coastlines, coastal features, administrative boundaries, streams, bodies of water, hachured relief, roads, and indications of settlement. Map is oriented with northwest at top.

G4411 .A1 1847 .0 Vault

Mexico/United States--Southwest


Provincias internas del reyno de Nuevo España
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96. Provincias internas del reyno de Nuevo España . Bruff, Joseph Goldsborough. [1846]. Colored pen-and-ink tracing, 78 x 60 cm. Scale ca. 1:1,400,000. 2001-620544.

This map of the northeastern portion of the internal provinces of New Spain (from Texas to Nuevo Santander) includes a road, streams, settlements, pictorial representation of relief, administrative boundaries, coastline, and coastal features. This ca. 1790's map was copied by Bruff during the period of the U.S.-Mexican War, 1846-1848.

G4430 179- .B7 Vault

Mexico/Mexico--Northern/United States--Southwest/North America



97. [The Texas-Mexico border region between Matamoros, Mexico and Brownsville, Texas]. [Bruff, Joseph Goldsborough ]. [1846?]. Pen-and-ink tracing, 54 x 47 1/2 cm. Scale ca. 1:95,000.

This map of the region between Matamoras, Mexico and Brownsville, Texas includes coastline, streams, navigational hazards, a few settlements, an anchorage, pictorial representation of relief, and some distances. Map was prepared during the U.S.-Mexican War, 1846-1848.

G4032 .R5 1847 .B Vault

Texas--Gulf Coast/Mexico--Gulf Coast/United States--Southwest/North America/Mexico--Northern


SOUTH AMERICA


98. Carte De La Province Et Des Missions De La Compagnie De Jesus Du Nouv[eau] Roy[au]me De Grenade [Northeast coast, Venezuela and Colombia]. 1763. Colored pen-and-ink ms., 74 x 62 1/2 cm. Scale ca. 1 inch to 40 leagues.

This French map of the Jesuit missions and provinces in Colombia and Venezuela includes cities and towns, Native American nations, missions, sites of schools, mission boundaries by religious order, streams, other bodies of water, and pictorial representation of relief. This map with additions was copied from a printed source, probably from the map which appeared in Père Joseph Gumilla's Histoire Naturelle de l'Orenoque (Avignon, 1758). Map also includes two keyed legends that seem at variance.

G5291 .E42 1763 .C3 Vault

Venezuela/Colombia


99. Carte des Côtes de la Guyane depuis la Rivière de l'Orénoque jusques et compris la Riv[iè]re de Berbice contenant les Colonies Holladoises de Poumaron, Essequebe, Démérary et Berbice, 1787 [Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela]. 1787. Colored pen-and-ink ms., 71 x 50 1/2 cm. Scale ca. 1 inch to 2 1/2 marine leagues.

This elegant and well-executed French map of Guyana includes coastline, coastal features, rivers and streams, soundings for the coasts and the rivers, navigational hazards, settlements, plantations (some by category), a road, fortifications, and Native American villages. Notes indicate annual production of sugar, rum, coffee, and cotton in the Demarara and Essequibo colonies. Although indigo and cacao production are noted, no data was available to the map maker. A note in the upper left portion of the map reads, "R. Amacura servant de Limites entre les colonies holladaises et espagnoles".

G5250 1787 .C Vault

Guyana/Suriname/Venezuela


100. Copia del plano de la demarcación que hizo la tercera partida reducido a punto pequeño: comprehende la frontera con Portugal desde el Salto grande en el Río Paraná hasta la boca del Yaurú y la Provincia del Paraguay. [178-?]. Colored pen-and-ink ms., 77 x 28 cm. Scale ca. 1:1,675,000. 2003-683896

3 insets.

This Spanish map of the region between the Paraguay and Paraná Rivers in Paraguay and Brazil includes rivers and streams, trails, European cities and towns, missions, Native American nations and settlements, pictorial representation of relief, and a survey line with boundary markers. Colors are used to signify Spanish and Portuguese territories. Two insets are maps that identify locations on the Paraná River and another inset is a view of the boundary marker placed at the juncture of the Río Tauru and the Río Paraguay. Map was prepared in connection with a joint Spanish-Portuguese boundary commission that surveyed the Paraguay River Basin between 1784 and 1788, following the Treaty of San Ildefonso of 1777. Map appears to be a contemporary copy of an original map.

G5352.P29 178- .C6 Vault

Paraguay/Brazil


101. Côte De La Guyane depuis la Rivière des Amazones, jusqu'à celle d'Orenoque, Copiée d'une Carte Anglaise....[Northern South America from Venezuela to French Guiana]. 1783. Colored pen-and-ink ms., 53 1/2 x 71 cm. Scale ca. 1:3,000,000.

This map of northern South America from Venezuela to Brazil including the coastal regions of Guyana, Suriname, and French Guiana shows coastline, coastal features, soundings, navigational hazards, currents, streams, Native American nations, settlements and towns. Also includes 4 inset maps: "Port de Cayenne", "Rivière de Surinam.", "Entrée de la Rivière de Berbice.", and "Entrée des Rivières de Demerari et D'Essequeba". Inset maps include coastline, coastal features, soundings, navigational hazards, fortifications, and towns. Principal map oriented with south at top. On principal map, all geographical names are in English. As title indicates, this French map was copied from an English map.

G5200 1783 .R Vault

Guyana/Suriname/French Guiana/Venezuela


102. De la Marcha hecha por el S[eñ]or D[o]n J[ose]ph de Andonaegui Mariscal de Campo delos Exercitos de S[u] Mag[esta]d su Gov[ernad]or y Cap[ita]n[ia] Gen[era]l delas Prov[inci]as del Rio dela Plata à los siete Pueblos delas Misiones comprehendidas en la Lines divisoria dela America Meridional [Uruguay, Argentina]. [after 1767]. Colored pen-and-ink ms., 36 x 69 cm. Scale ca. 1 inch to 3 leagues.

This well-executed map of the Uruguay River extending from its junction with the Río Negro to slightly north of Salto Grande includes rivers and other streams, navigational hazards in the rivers, fords, pictorial representation of vegetation and relief, missions and Native American settlements, and the route taken by the Spanish army to and from the missions. Map includes a keyed legend and is oriented with east at top. Map is probably related to a military campaign that was mounted to remove missions following the expulsion of the Jesuits from South America.

G5372 .U7 178- .R Vault

Uruguay/Argentina


Derrota que hicieron los dos navios de SM. Castilla y Europa...
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103. Derrota que hicieron los dos navios de SM. Castilla y Europa devajo del mando del Gefe de Esquadra, el Señor Dn. Franco. de Orosco, desde la Ensenada de Maldonado asta el puerto de la Consepción de Chile el año de 1748 / delineado en esta Escuela de Navegasion del Departamto. de Cádiz, año de 1754 por Dn. Andres Cierto, segde. piloto de la Rl. Armada bajo los dibujos y corrección de Dn. Joseph Franco. Badaraco, maestro delineador de S.M. endha Escuela de Pilotos, cuya copia se saco por uno, delineado por Dn. Mathio Ayens, primer piloto de numero, endha navegación ; en 15 de septiembre de 1760, se corrigio esta carta (con otra de aprouación) por el S. Comte. Dn. Franco. Cumplido y Dn. Juachin de Aranda... Cierto, Andres. 1760. Colored pen-and-ink ms., 50 x 46 cm. Scale ca. 1:7,000,000. (Maggs purchase map collection; 1). 90-682598.

Ornate map whose purpose is to show the route of the Spanish warships Castilla and Europa under the command of Don Francisco de Orosco in their voyage from Río de la Plata to Concepción, Chile via Cape Horn in 1748. Map shows coastal features, ports, and settlements. Map shows extensive corrections including the coastline of Chile and on the islands east of Argentina. Work also includes ornate cartouche and wind rose, and extensive notes, and rhumb lines. From internal evidence, it appears that this map was based on an earlier map prepared by Matheo Ayens. This map was prepared in the Real Escuela de Navegación, Cadiz, Spain and is part of the G&M Division's collection from that school purchased from Maggs Brothers, London.

G5351.S1 1760 .C5 Vault

Argentina--Coast/Strait of Magellan, Chile/Chile--Coast


104. [Guyana and Suriname]. [19th century]. Colored pen-and-ink tracing, 60 x 90 cm. Scale ca. 1:209,088.

This map of coastal Guyana and a part of Suriname includes coastline, coastal features, rivers and streams, the city of Georgetown, forts, a saw mill, a Native American road between the Demerara and Berbice Rivers, the boundary between Berbice and Demerara colonies, and a proposed canal between the Demerara and Essequibo Rivers.

G5252 .E9 18-- .E Vault

Guyana/Suriname


105. Intendencies [of the United Provinces of South America] [Argentina, Uruguay, Paraguay, Bolivia]. [1818]. Colored pen-and-ink ms., 36 x 35 1/2 cm. Scale not given.

This map of the administrative divisions of the newly independent portion of the southern cone of South America comprised of the former Viceroyalty of Río de la Plata includes coastlines, rivers and streams and other bodies of water, cities and towns, intendencies identified by number and boundaries, and pictorial representation of relief. Map also includes a keyed legend. A note on the verso reads, "Receipt with Mr. Poinsett's letter of November 4, 1818.".

G5200 1818 .S Vault

Argentina/Uruguay/Paraguay/Bolivia/Chile


A map of the post-road from Buenos Ayres to Potosi
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106. A map of the Post-road from Buenos Ayres to Potosi 1816. 1816. Colored pen-and-ink ms., 144 x 67 cm. Scale not given. 2012-592246.

This large, informative English map of the area extending from Buenos Aires to Potosí includes the post road (designated in red ink), towns and settlements along the road, distances between settlements, and rivers and streams. Map contains extensive notes made after the original map on the natural and cultural features found along the entire route. For instance, a note by Salta reads, "The little gay town of Salta has about 5000 inhabitants, a governor, 4 churches 2 monasterys, so renowned in the whole country for the loveliness, grace, beauty, and dance of the Saltanillas. Had formerly a very extensive trade on P[ ], chiefly with mules of which there was just annually about 80,000 to Potosí." Another note by the Río Salado reads, "The most rapid large and profound of all the rivers between Buenos Ayres and Jujuy is impassible at heavy rains in summer time. Many lives are lost here, only for want of care and arrangement.".

G5354.B9P8 1816 .M3

Argentina/Bolivia



Mapa De Parte De Los Virreinatos De Buenos Aires...
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107. Mapa de parte de los virreynatos de Buenos Aires, Lima, Sta. Fe y capitania gral. de Caracas en la America meridional con las colonias portuguesas limitrofes para acompañar al proyecto y reflexiones sobre la mejor demarcacion de limites entre los dominios de ambas coronas dispuesto y construido / por el brigr. e ingeno. en gefe Dn. Francisco Requena.. Requena, Francisco. Madrid. 1796. Colored pen-and-ink ms., 78 x 64 cm. Scale ca. 1:4,300,000. 2003-683947.

The Treaty of San Ildefonso of October, 1777 between the Iberian crowns stipulated the need to more accurately delimit the boundaries of their possessions in South America. To ensure that doubt would be removed regarding uncertain portions of the boundary, a joint commission of experts was named to survey and mark the line. The demarcation surveys continued over a period of seventeen years. The five thousand mile line that was mutually recognized remained an acceptable common boundary for more than a century. This Spanish map is a key to the 1780-1792 joint Spanish-Portuguese boundary commission's work based on the survey directed by the Spaniard, Francisco Requena, in the northwestern quadrant of South America. It is also the composite map for the area covered by his survey commission. Capital red letters denote specific survey explorations along the Spanish-Portuguese border in the Amazon River Basin. Map also includes extensive networks of rivers and streams, Native American settlements, European towns and cities, missions, abandoned settlements, ecclesiastical jurisdictions, administrative centers by categories, sites of longitude and latitude readings, pictorial representation of relief, coastline, and coastal features. Map also includes keyed legend and an elaborate cartouche which features an Amazon landscape (flora, fauna, people and objects of the region). In a 1796 letter to the King of Spain that accompanied this and other maps, Requena wrote, "I now have the honor to present to Your Excellency a collection of maps of the rivers which were examined and surveyed by the combined Spanish and Portuguese parties. They are on a scale sufficiently large to be quite detailed, for they show the islands, channels, branches, and other details of these rivers, to permit Your Majesty to appreciate the injustice and ambitious pretensions of the Portuguese commissioners."

G5200 1796 .R4 Vault

South America--Northwest/Bolivia/Peru/Ecuador/Brazil/Colombia/Venezuela/ Guyana/Suriname


108. Mapa Del Rio De La Plata. 1719. Colored pen-and-ink ms., 56 x 113 1/2 cm. Scale ca. 1 inch to 2.6 leagues.

Inset map: "Planta De La Ensenada De Maldonado".

This Spanish map of both banks of the Río de la Plata includes coastline, coastal features, soundings, navigational hazards, an anchorage, settlements, characteristics of the water bottom, streams, and pictorial representation of relief and vegetation. Unidentified parallel dotted lines extend from the juncture of the Paraná and Uruguay Rivers to the mouth of the Río de la Plata. Two prominent settlements appear: Buenos Aires and the Portuguese outpost, Colonia do Sacramento.

G5202 .R5 1719 .M Vault

Argentina/Uruguay/Río de la Plata


109. Nueba Descripcion de el Gran Rio dela Plata.... Sardinera. [mid-18th century]. Colored pen-and-ink ms. on vellum, 97 x 52 cm. Scale ca. 1:950,000. (Vellum Chart; 28).

Inset maps (2): 1. "Monte...Video"; 2. "Plano Dela Encenada de Barragan, situado A la P[ar]tte Del Sur. En el Rio dela Plata".

This Spanish map of the Río de la Plata with both banks includes coastlines, coastal features, soundings, navigational hazards (some named), characteristics of the water bottom, an anchorage, pictorial representation of relief and vegetation, and cities, towns, and settlements. Map includes keyed legend in a banner frame held by an angel. The detailed inset map of Barragan includes coastline, coastal features, anchorages, characteristics of the water bottom, pictorial representation of fortifications, settlements and vegetation, and a keyed legend. The inset map of Montevideo includes coastline, coastal features, soundings, navigational hazards, and pictorial representation of Montevideo and relief.

Vellum Chart 28 Vault

Río de la Plata/Argentina/Uruguay


110. Nueva Carta del Rio dela Plata En la America Merdional.... [1789]. Colored pen-and-ink ms., 46 x 62 1/2 cm. Scale ca. 1:720,000.

Inset map: "Plano del Puerto de Maldonado 1789".

This Spanish map of both banks of the Río de la Plata includes coastlines, coastal features, extensive soundings, navigational hazards, characteristics of the water bottom, settlements and a town.

G5202 .R5 1789 .N Vault

Argentina/Uruguay/Río de la Plata


111. Nueva Descripcion del Rio dela Plata.... Bergara? 1752. Colored pen-and-ink ms., 46 x 55 1/2 cm. Scale ca. 1 inch to 10 nautical miles.

This Spanish map of both banks of the Río de la Plata includes coastlines, coastal features, extensive soundings, navigational hazards, anchorages, characteristics of the water bottom, settlements, and pictorial representation of relief. Includes extensive keyed legend. Map is oriented with southwest at top.

G5202 .R5 1752 .B Vault

Argentina/Uruguay/Río de la Plata


112. Nveuo plano del grand Rio de la Plata, corejdo de muchos errores per observaciones hechos en los nauios de S.M. por los annos de 1736, 37, 38 y ultimainte. Enmendado por Don Diego Phelan, theniente de frigata y. piloto mayor. Delinado por Francisco Celi. Celi, Francisco Mathias. [1738?]. Pencil, pen-and-ink ms., 50 x 33 cm. Scale ca. 1:1,400,000. (Howe; 55). 73-691526.

This map of the Río de la Plata includes coastlines, coastal features, soundings, navigational hazards, characteristics of the water bottom, rivers and streams, towns and settlements, and pictorial representation of selected relief. Map includes keyed legend and brief note about currents. Map is oriented with west at top. For comparison, see "Nuevo Plano Del Grand Rio De La Plata" under call number G5202 .R5 1738 .C41 Howe 56 Vault.

G5352.R45 1738 .C4 Vault : Howe 55

Argentina/Uruguay/Río de la Plata


113. Nuevo plano del grand Rio de la Plata corejdo de muchos errores per observationes hechos en los navios de S.M. por los annos de 1736, 37, 38, y ultimte. enmendado por don Diego Phelan, theniente de frigata y piloto mayor. Delineado por Francisco Celi. Celi, Francisco Mathias. [1738?]. Colored pen-and-ink ms., 50 x 34 cm. Scale ca. 1:1,400,000. (Howe; 56). 73-691527.

This map of the Río de la Plata includes coastlines, coastal features, soundings, navigational hazards, characteristics of the water bottom, rivers and streams, towns and settlements, and pictorial representation of selected relief. Map includes keyed legend. Map is oriented with west at top. For comparison, see "Nuevo Plano Del Grand Rio De La Plata" under call number G5202 .R5 1738 .C4 Howe 55 Vault.

G5352.R45 1738 .C41 Vault : Howe 56

Argentina/Uruguay/Río de la Plata


Plano Corografico De Los Reconocimientos Pertenecientes...
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114. Plano corografico de los reconocimientos pertenecientes a la demarcacion del Art. 8o. del Trato. Preliminar de Limites de 11 de octe. de 1777 practicados por las segundas subdivisiones española y portuguesa en orden a desatar los dudas suscitadas entre sus respectivos comisarios : [region of Panará River and Uruguay River]. [178-?]. Colored pen-and-ink ms., 72 x 34 cm. Scale ca. 1:1,650,000. 2003-682610.

This detailed and highly informative Spanish map of the Río Paraná-Río Uruguay region is one of several listed in this guide related to the mid-eighteenth century boundary disputes between Spain and Portugal in South America. Two treaties (of 1750 and of 1777) established joint survey commissions to carefully delineate, based on field research, portions of the disputed boundary areas. One of those commissions was involved with studying the location of the boundary in the region of Ríos Uruguay and Paraná. In order to correct previous boundary determinations, commissions were established after the Treaty of San Ildefonso (1777). This Spanish plan was prepared "á desatar las dudas sucitadas entre sus respectivos comisarios" (to remove doubts that had arisen between respective commissioners). The plan reflects the intensive use of the latest surveys in combination with information gathered from previous joint surveys to reach accord regarding the international boundary. This map is centered on the vicinity of the celebrated Iguazú Falls and on the extensive, former missions of the Jesuit Order. Map includes rivers and streams, waterfalls, roads, European and Native American settlements and missions, pictorial representation of mountain ranges and selected heights, several boundary markers, numerous internal notes related to boundary issues, and references to those areas actually surveyed and to those derived from previous border surveys. This map is one of a series prepared by the Joint Spanish Portuguese Commission for the Survey of the Lands along the Paraguay and Uruguay Rivers following the Treaty of San Ildefonso of October 1, 1777. Survey was made between 1784 and 1788.

G5202.P3 178- .P5 Vault

Paraguay/Argentina/Brazil/South America


115. Plano Del Rio De La Plata. [174-]. Pen-and-ink ms., 66 x 51 cm. Scale ca. 1:600,000. (Howe; 57). 73-691528.

This map of the mouth of the Río de la Plata and both its banks includes coastlines, coastal features, navigational hazards, soundings, anchorages, characteristics of the water bottom, streams, towns, and pictorial representation of selected relief. Map includes a keyed legend and notes on tides. Map is oriented with northeast at top.

G5352.R45 174- .P6 Vault : Howe 57

Argentina--Coast/Uruguay--Coast/Río de la Plata


116. Plano del Rio De La Plata [Argentina, Uruguay]. Amiche, Joseph and S[ant] Iago Zuluaga. [174-?]. Pen-and-ink ms., 51 x 71 cm. Scale ca. 1:800,000. (Howe; 58). 75-692512.

Inset maps (5): "Plano del Rio de S[an] Juan hasta Punta Gorda", "Plano de la Colonia del Sacramento y Islas de S[a]n Gabriel y Ynglesas", "Plano del Puerto de S[an] Philipe de Monte Video", "Plano de la Bahia de Maldonado", "Plano de la Ensenada de Baragan".

This Spanish map of the mouth of the Río de la Plata and both its banks includes coastlines, coastal features, extensive soundings, characteristics of the water bottom, navigational hazards, other streams, towns and settlements, and pictorial representation of selected coastal relief. Also includes a brief note about tides and the water bottom.

G5352.R45 174- .A4 Vault : Howe 58

Argentina--Coast/Uruguay--Coast/Río de la Plata


Plano del Rio Uruguay desde Yapeyu...
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117. Plano del Rio Uruguay desde Yapeyu hasta la Estancia de Sn. Gregorio / levantado por la primera partida de demarcacion de limites del mando del brigadier de la armada Dn. Josef Varela y Ulloa. Varela y Ulloa, José. [1784?]. Pencil, colored pen-and-ink ms., 65 x 50 cm. Scale [ca. 1:206,000]. 2003-683914.

This Spanish map of the Río Uruguay from Estancia San Gregorio to Yapeyu shows the route of a survey party, the river and intersecting streams, pictorial representation of rapids, and settlements. The map was prepared by Varela y Ulloa who was commander of the Spanish party of the joint Spanish-Portuguese boundary commission that surveyed the Uruguay and the Paraguay River basins between 1784 and 1788, following the Treaty of San Ildefonso of 1777.

G5202.U7 1784 .V2 Vault

Argentina/Uruguay/Brazil


Plano Topografico que comprende la parte septentrional de la Laguna de Merin...
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118. Plano Topografico que comprende la costa del mar desde la Ensenada de Castillos hasta el Rio Grande de S[a]n Pedro: el Arroyo del Chuy: la Laguna de la Manguera, y la de Merin...el Piràtinì: las cabeceras del Rio Negro, y las del Ycabacuà: los establecimientos y Misiones Españolas del propio Uruguay: los Establecimientos Portugueses mas inmediatos a dichas Misiones...expresandose en el mismo plano los terrenos ya demarcados, y los que estan endisputa entre los Comisarios Principales de los dos Soberanos, por cuya orden se hizo este trabajo, que empezò el año de 1784, y se concluyó en el de 1788. Varela y Ulloa, José and Sebastiao X. da Veiga Cabrál da Camara. 1789. Colored pen-and-ink ms., 196 x 103 cm. Scale [ca. 1:209,000].

This detailed Spanish map of an area of Brazil and Uruguay east and south of the River Uruguay includes numerous rivers, streams, and other bodies of water, fortifications, European towns and Native American settlements, missions, and pictorial representation of vegetation and relief. Map was prepared by Varela y Ulloa, commander of the Spanish party of a joint Spanish-Portuguese boundary commission that surveyed the Uruguay River Basin between 1784 and 1788, following the Treaty of San Ildefonso in 1777. Purpose of map in addition to providing elaborate detail was to identify the mountain crest which created the Uruguay River watershed. Map contains notes from both Spanish and Portuguese commissioners. A Portuguese note of 1789 lists disagreements with information on the map. Spanish and Portuguese territories and a neutral zone are indicated by color. Map is a composite of surveying activities in the Uruguay River Basin.

G5620 1789 .V2 Vault

Uruguay/Brazil--South/Rio Grande do Sul (State), Brazil/South America



Plano Topografico que comprende la parte septentrional de la Laguna de Merin...
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119. Plano topografico que comprende la parte septentrional de la Laguna de Merin con las vertientes que bajan a ella de la cuchilla general, el sangradero de la misma laguna, el arroyo de Fahin, el Piratini y la boca del Rio Grande de Sn. Pedro / levantado por la primera partida de demarcacion de limites del mando del brigadier de la armada Dn. Josef Varela y Ulloa. Varela y Ulloa, José. [178-?]. Colored pen-and-ink ms., 80 x 163 cm. Scale [ca. 1:207,500]. 2003-683921.

This detailed and well-executed Spanish map of a small portion of the Uruguay-Brazil border in the vicinity of Lagoa Mirim (Laguna de Merín) includes numerous rivers, streams, and other bodies of water, a few settlements, pictorial representation of relief, and a series of tracks related to surveying activities. Map was prepared by Varela y Ulloa, who was commander of the Spanish party of a joint Spanish-Portuguese boundary commission that surveyed the Uruguay River Basin between 1784 and 1788, following the Treaty of San Ildefonso of 1777.

G5622.M5 178- .V2 Vault

Uruguay/Brazil--South/Rio Grande do Sul (State), Brazil/South America


120. Provincia Quitensis Societatis Iesu in America, Cum Tribus eidem finitimis, nempe: Peruana, Novi Regni Granatensis, et Maragnonensi Lusitanorum, Provinciis Topographice exhibita [Northern South America and Amazon Basin]. Ignatio, A. R. P. 1751. Colored pen-and-ink ms. on tracing linen, 62 x 89 cm. Scale ca. 1:6,000,000.

This incomplete map of the Jesuit Province of Quito, extending from Panama to the mouth of the Amazon River and south to Lima, includes the boundary of the Jesuit province and other mission boundaries, numerous rivers and streams, a road, cities and towns, Native American nations, pictorial representation of relief and vegetation, coastline, coastal features, and anchorages. Map includes two legends: one identifies Jesuit educational institutions, the other classifies populated areas by civil, ecclesiastical, and educational category. This map was transferred to the Library of Congress from the collections of the Panama Canal Zone Library-Museum.

G3292 .L3E424 1751 .P7 PCC Vault

South America/Ecuador/Colombia/Venezuela/Panama/Brazil/Guyana/Suriname /French Guiana/Peru


121. [Río Paraguay from Asunción to Cordilheira de San Jose] [Paraguay, Brazil, Bolivia]. [178-?]. Colored pen-and-ink ms., 31 1/2 x 150 1/2 cm. Scale ca. 1:700,000.

This Spanish map of the Paraguay River from Asunción to the Brazilian Pantanal includes the river, other streams, fortifications, settlements, pictorial representation of vegetation, relief, and swampland. A line running in the middle of the river, probably the boundary between Spanish and Portuguese territories, has the following note, " Principio de la Linea indeterminado". This map is part of the work of the Joint Spanish Portuguese Boundary Commission established by the Treaty of San Ildefonso, October 1, 1777; this map was probably prepared between 1784 and 1788. On verso appears the number XXXII-24.

G5202 .P31 178- .R Vault

Brazil/Paraguay/Bolivia/South America


122. River La Plata from MonteVideo to Buenos Ayres. 1824. Pen-and-ink ms., 30 1/2 x 40 cm. Scale ca. 1:600,000.

This navigational map of both banks of the Río de la Plata includes coastlines, coastal features, soundings, navigational aids and hazards, characteristics of the water bottom, anchorages, and coastal sight points and settlements.

G5202 .R5P5 1824 .R Vault

Argentina--Coast/Uruguay--Coast/Río de la Plata


123. [Road Map from Valparaiso, Chile to San Luís, Argentina]. [19th century]. Colored pen-and-ink ms., 24 x 40 cm. Scale not given.

This map of the area extending from Valparaiso, Chile to San Luís, Argentina includes roads, streams and other bodies of water, cities, towns, and other settlements, shaded and pictorial representation of relief, coastline, and coastal features.

G5330 1817 .C Vault

Chile/Argentina


124. Sketch of Waini, Barima, Amacura And Pomeroon Rivers [Guyana, Venezuela]. 1890. Wash, pen-and-ink tracing, 24 x 28 1/2 cm. Scale ca. 1:1,300,000.

This map of the region between the Orinoco River and Berbice includes settlements, police stations, many interior streams, an Indian mission, hachured relief, coastline, and coastal features. Map appears to be related to the boundary dispute between Venezuela and British Guiana and was transferred from the U.S. State Department in 1914. A manuscript note indicates that the map is a copy made by Jorge J. L. Lange.

G5250 1890 .S Vault

Guyana/Venezuela/South America


125. Survey of Soldier Isle [Gulf of Paria]. Cochrane, T. and W. Wilson. [19th century]. Pen-and-ink ms., 44 x 32 cm. Scale ca. 1:38,000.

This English map of the mouth of the Gulf of Paria includes extensive soundings, navigational hazards, an anchorage, and the island of "El Soldad".

G5282 .S6 18-- .C Vault

Venezuela/Trinidad/Gulf of Paria/Trinidad and Tobago/South America


126. Tracing of a part of a Map of Colombia.... [Venezuela and Guyana]. Arrowsmith, J. 1832. Colored pen-and-ink ms. tracing, 34 x 39 cm. Scale ca. 1:5,000,000.

This map of eastern Venezuela and Guyana includes coastline, coastal features, navigational hazards, extensive rivers and streams, settlements and towns, roads, administrative boundaries, and shaded relief. A note reads, "I certify as to the correctness of this tracing, John Ridgely Carter, Secretary to the Ambassador" which is dated July 28, 1896. This note suggests that this copy of Arrowsmith's original 1832 map was used in negotiations surrounding the Venezuelan-Guyana boundary dispute; markings on the map indicate that it came from U.S. Department of State files.

G5200 1832 .A Vault

Venezuela/Guyana/South America


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February 19, 2014