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September 20, 1861

Gloucester Point Fort, Richmond, 20 September 1861

Gloucester Point Fort, Richmond, 20 September 1861

Maps of the Civil War ranged from small scale map of the entire South to large scale maps of small geographic areas. This star shaped fortification plan was located at Gloucester Point, directly across the York River from Yorktown, Virginia, the scene of the siege and surrender of British forces under General Cornwallis during the American Revolution, only 80 years earlier.

In May 1861 Gloucester Point was the scene of one of the earliest naval engagements between Union and Confederate forces when the small battery at Gloucester Point fired on the USS Yankee. The Confederate battery was enlarged as additional cannon were added but eventually abandoned by Confederate forces in May 1862.

This map is from the personal collection of noted Confederate cartographer Jedidiah Hotchkiss which was acquired by the Library in 1948.

Map Citations

Gloucester Point Fort, Richmond, 20 September 1861. Scale [ca. 1:2,500]. 1 ms. map ; 26 x 21 cm.
Catalog record: http://www.loc.gov/item/2005625005/