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Sampler: Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Facilities


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Baltimore & Ohio RR - 1901 (p.43) Baltimore & Ohio RR - 1901 (p.44)
Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Facilities
Railroads played an important role in both the settlement of America and its industrialization. They moved people across the continent and through the placement of stations helped establish the urban centers that served rural populations. Since both raw materials and finished goods were shipped by railroad, major industrial centers developed alongside major transportation hubs. Some of the most important early railroad centers were those that provided links to the other major form of bulk transportation, river transportation and ocean-going vessels. Baltimore, Maryland, one of America's great ports, was also the location of one of the first commercial railroads, the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad.

A terminus or an important node on a railroad line had three major components: a station for the embarkation and debarkation of passengers, switching yards where boxcars of goods were assembled into trains, and repair facilities. Fire insurance maps provide excellent coverage of both passenger stations and repair facilities. The Baltimore and Ohio Railroad's Mount Clare Car Shops facility is shown on the two sheets illustrated here. The most prominent feature, which is spread across the two sheets, is the nearly 600 foot long machine shop. Immediately adjacent to it are a storehouse and a boiler factory. Two other prominent features on the map are the roundhouses. One, approximately 150 feet in diameter, was for the repair and maintenance of freight cars, and the larger one, approximately 225 feet in diameter, was for working on passenger cars. Other specialized support facilities included a foundry and blacksmith, paint, machine, and wood shops. The network of railroad lines that connected the different buildings appears clearly.

Graphic details of buildings found in the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad's Mount Clare Car Shops facility. Graphic details of buildings found in the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad's Mount Clare Car Shops facility.
Graphic details of buildings found in the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad's Mount Clare Car Shops facility.

Gary L. Fitzpatrick


Baltimore and Ohio Railroad| Bethlehem Steel| Chicago Union Stockyards| Cripple Creek| John Deere| Ebbets Field| Ford Motor Company| Ryman Auditorium | Tuskegee Institute| Waikiki

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  August 9, 2010
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