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DISTANT NEIGHBORS:  The U.S. and the Mexican Revolution

Emiliano Zapata: Plan de Ayala and the Zapatista Rebellion

Almost as soon as President Madero was sworn into office, the followers of Emiliano Zapata declared themselves in revolt by issuing the “Plan de Ayala.”  This proclamation opened by declaring their allegiance to Pascual Orozco rather than to President Madero.  The Plan de Ayala focused primarily on land reform.  The remedy, as proposed in the Plan, would return the soil from its usurpers to its rightful owners.  Anyone who owned property could take their arguments to an agrarian court for adjudication once the revolt was victorious.  Finally, one-third would be given back to the villages and people of Mexico for their own use. 

This Plan soon had the support of the states of Guerrero, Tlaxcala, Puebla, Mexico and parts of Mexico City as well as Morelos.  The federal generals were unable to suppress the movement and it was a continuous threat throughout the Madero presidency.

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cover of book

 

Illus. taken from the cover of the English translation of The Plan of Ayala, Call Number F1234.R683, General Collections, Library of Congress


Emiliano Zapata: Plan de Ayala y la Rebelión Zapatista

Al poco tiempo que Madero asumiera la presidencia, los partidarios de Emiliano Zapata se levantan en armas y publican el “Plan de Ayala”, en el que manifiestan su lealtad a Pascual Orozco. El Plan de Ayala gravitaba en torno a la restitución de tierras y la reforma a la tenencia de tierra. Conforme al Plan, la propiedad y tierras despojadas por usurpadores serian restituidas a sus legítimos propietarios. Todos aquellos usurpadores que consideraban tener una titularidad legitima, podían llevar su reclamo ante tribunales especiales que se establecerían una vez terminada la revolución. Asimismo, se expropiarían, previa indemnización, una tercera parte de las tierras en manos de los usurpadores para luego ser entregadas a los pueblos y ciudadanos de México para su provecho.

El Plan recibió el apoyo de los estados de Morelos, Guerrero, Tlaxcala, Puebla, México y partes de la capital. El ejército no logro suprimir el movimiento zapatista, el cual permaneció como una amenaza constante a lo largo de la presidencia de Madero.

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  October 29, 2013
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