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DISTANT NEIGHBORS:  The U.S. and the Mexican Revolution

General Félix Díaz , Jr.(1868-1945)

Félix Díaz was the nephew of Don Porfirio.  His father, Félix Díaz Mori held the rank of general and was governor of Oaxaca, following the ouster of Emperor Maximilian in 1867.  Félix Díaz, Jr. completed his studies at the Military College with an engineering degree.  He became a brigadier general in 1909 and served as alternate federal deputy from Oaxaca (1894-1896) and from Veracruz (1896-1900) and as federal deputy (1900-1912), among many other positions and accomplishments.

When he revolted against the revolutionary government of Francisco Madero in early October 1912, it was understood that his aim was to restore the government of the past.  His army, gathered together in Veracruz, was mostly made up of former army officers and bitter supporters of the ancien regime, although he tried to appeal to the entire Porfirian army, claiming that Madero had violated its honor.  By the end of the month, government forces had defeated Díaz and an ad-hoc court-martial sentenced him to death.  Madero, however, commuted his sentence and sent him to prison in Mexico City.  While in prison, he met General Bernardo Reyes, who had revolted before.  Reyes had been governor of Nuevo León twice and was very popular in the army.  The two of them revolted again in February 1913.  After Reyes’ early death, Diaz partnered with Victoriano Huerta, head of the army.  Huerta outmaneuvered him to the Presidency, exiling Díaz as Ambassador to Japan.  Díaz then decided to exile himself first to Havana and then to New York.  In 1916 he led the National Reorganizing Army against the forces of Venustiano Carranza, a fight he continued until Carranza’s death in 1920.  Exiled again, Díaz stayed away from Mexico until 1937.  He died in Veracruz.

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General Díaz

http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/ggbain.21469, Prints and Photographs Division, Library of Congress


General Félix Díaz  (1868-1945)

Félix Díaz era el sobrino de Don Porfirio. Su padre, Félix Díaz Mori fue general y gobernador de Oaxaca tras la derroca del Emperador Maximiliano en 1867. Termino sus estudios de ingeniería en el Colegio Militar. Ascendió a general brigadier en 1909 y fue diputado suplente por el estado de Oaxaca (1894-1896) y Veracruz (1896-1900) y, posteriormente diputado federal (1900-1912).

Desde el comienzo se entendía que el objetivo de la revuelta que encabezaría Diaz en octubre de 1912 era la restauración del antiguo régimen. Díaz pretendió enardecer los espíritus del ejercito porfirista contra Madero, acusando a este de haberlo deshonrado. Sin embargo el ejército que reunió en Veracruz se componía en su mayoría de ex oficiales del ejército y simpatizantes resentidos del antiguo régimen. Al finalizar octubre, Díaz fue derrotado y sentenciado a muerte por un tribunal ad hoc. Madero lo perdono y conmuto su sentencia por el de encarcelamiento en la ciudad de México. Durante su encarcelamiento, conoció al General Bernardo Reyes quien recientemente había encabezado una revuelta. Reyes fue dos veces gobernador de Nuevo León y gozaba de gran popularidad en el ejército. Ambos se rebelaron en Febrero de 1913. Tras la muerte de Reyes en la Decena Trágica, Díaz rápidamente se unió a Victoriano Huerta, el entonces jefe del ejército. Huerta se impuso a Díaz en su aspiración a la presidencia y lo exilo como Embajador a Japón. Posteriormente Díaz se exiliaría en Cuba y Nueva York antes de regresar en 1916 a encabezar al ejército nacional reorganizado contra la fuerzas de Venustiano Carranza. Tras la muerte de Carranza en 1920, Díaz nuevamente se exilo y permaneció fuera de México hasta 1937, muriendo en Veracruz.

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  April 13, 2012
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