Skip Navigation Links The Library of Congress >> Researchers
Hispanic Reading Room (Area Studies, Library of Congress)
  Home >> Distant Neighbors
Versión en español

Items in the Library of Congress are reflected in our online catalog.

For illustrations check the Prints & Photographs catalog

For articles and selected books check the Handbook of Latin American Studies

For additional materials see Finding aids for some collections or contact the respective research center

DISTANT NEIGHBORS:  The U.S. and the Mexican Revolution

The Election of 1911


Even as Mexico struggled to regain its footing, the Federal Congress was preparing for the elections.  Though De la Barra announced that the elections would be open to all comers, there were only three official candidates on the 1911 ballot: Emilio Vázquez Gómez, Bernardo Reyes and Francisco I. Madero.  With one candidate an anarchist, the second an old supporter of the Díaz regime, and the last, the hero of the revolution, Mexico voted for Francisco I. Madero.  Magnanimously, Madero let Reyes who had been exiled during the Battle of Ciudad Juárez to return to the country even after his electoral loss, as proof that Mexico was changing. 
The true battle of the 1911 election was not for president, but rather for vice president.  During the revolution Madero and Vázquez Gómez had been allies, with the plan that Vásquez Gómez would be Madero’s vice-president if he were elected.  However, relations became increasingly colder between the two men, as victory revealed they had very different ideas about the future trajectory of Mexico as a nation.  Thus, the presidential ticket was broken up and Mexico’s political parties, new and old alike, nominated candidates for the vice-presidency.  Though he originally accepted Vázquez Gómez as his vice president, Madero quickly dropped him in favor of Jesús Pino Súarez.

Broadside announcing the triumphant entrance of the leader of the revolution Mr. D. Francisco I. Madero
into the captial of the republic

Reproduction Number: LC-DIG-ppmsc-04526 (digital file from original, recto) LC-DIG-ppmsc-04527
(digital file from original, verso)
Prints and Photographs Division, Library of Congress

Go to next page


Las elecciones de 1911

Aún cuando México luchaba por recuperar su equilibrio, el Congreso Federal estaba preparando las elecciones. Aunque De la Barra anunció que las elecciones estarían abiertas a todos, solo había tres candidatos oficiales en la boleta de 1911: Emilio Vázquez Gómez, Bernardo Reyes y Francisco I. Madero. Con un candidato anarquista, el segundo un viejo partidario del régimen de Díaz, y el último, el héroe de la revolución, México votó por Francisco I. Madero. Magnánimamente, Madero permitió que Reyes, que se había marchado al exilio durante la batalla de Ciudad Juárez, regresará al país incluso después de su derrota electoral, como prueba de que México estaba cambiando.
La verdadera batalla de las elecciones de 1911 no fue para presidente, sino para vicepresidente. Durante la revolución Madero y Vázquez Gómez habían sido aliados, con el acuerdo de que Vázquez Gómez sería el vicepresidente de Madero si éste saliera elegido. Sin embargo, las relaciones entre ambos se fueron enfriando a medida que el transcurrir del tiempo revelaba que tenían ideas muy diferentes sobre la futura trayectoria de México como nación. Por lo tanto, el boleto presidencial se partió y los partidos políticos, tanto nuevos como viejos, nominaron candidatos para la vicepresidencia. Aunque originalmente había aceptado a Vázquez Gómez como su vicepresidente, Madero rapidamente lo abandonó, decantándose por Jesús Pino Suárez.

Go to next page

  Top of Page Top of Page
  Home >> Distant Neighbors
  The Library of Congress >> Researchers
  October 29, 2013
Legal | External Link Disclaimer Contact Us:  
Ask a Librarian