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DISTANT NEIGHBORS:  The U.S. and the Mexican Revolution

Ambassador Henry Lane Wilson (1857-1932)

Wilson was born in Crawfordsville, Indiana and attended public school and college (Wabash College) there until he became an attorney practicing in Indiana and Seattle, Washington.  He was selected to be U.S. Minister to Chile in 1897 and then to Belgium.  In 1909 he became Ambassador to Mexico, the only representative in Latin America that held that rank.  During his tenure in Mexico City, he became the most controversial ambassador since Joel Roberts Poinsett, the first U.S. ambassador to Mexico.

Wilson was steadfastly opposed to Madero and his revolution, and consistently recommended U.S. intervention to restore order in the nation.  Mexicans have assumed that Wilson knew of Huerta’s intention to overthrow the government and supported his plans.  He is identified with the “Pact of the Embassy,” whereby Huerta would become President and restore order in Mexico City.   Wilson’s explanations of his behavior was that he had a duty to protect Americans residing in the capital and support whatever force offered the best possibility for stability.  However, Mexicans believe he was partially responsible for the shooting deaths of President Madero and Vice President Jose Pino Suárez.  Ambassador Wilson argued that the U.S. should recognize Huerta, but in-coming President Woodrow Wilson rejected this opinion.  He was finally removed from his post in July 1913.  Wilson published a recollection of his days as Ambassador, Diplomatic Episodes in Mexico, Belgium, and Chile (New York:  Doubleday, Page, & Company, 1927).  General Collections, F1234 .W727, Library of Congress.

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Amb. Henry Lane Wilson

http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/ggbain.13750, Prints and Photographs Division, Library of Congress


Embajador Henry Lane Wilson (1857-1932)

Wilson nació en Crawforsdville, Indiana. Realizo sus estudios en la escuela pública y en Wabash College, obteniendo su licenciatura en derecho y ejerciendo profesionalmente en Indiana y Seattle, Washington. Sirvió como ministro en las misiones de Chile y Bélgica. En 1909 se le designa Embajador en México, siendo el único representante estadounidense en toda América Latina en detentar dicho rango. Su gestión fue de las más controvertidas desde aquella vivida bajo el primer embajador estadounidense, Joel Roberts Poinsett.

Wilson se opuso fervientemente a la revuelta maderista y constantemente recomendaba una intervención para restaurar el orden en el país. Los mexicanos no solo creen que Wilson estaba al tanto de la intención de Huerta de derrocar el gobierno sino que también le prestó su apoyo. Se le identifica con el “Pacto de la Embajada” a través del cual Huerta asumiría la presidencia y restauraría el orden en México. Wilson justifico su comportamiento arguyendo que presto su apoyo a  la facción que mejor asegurara la protección de los estadounidenses en territorio mexicano. Sin embargo, los mexicanos creen que fue parcialmente responsable del asesinato del Presidente Madero y su Vicepresidente Pino Suárez. Wilson intento convencer al recién entrante gobierno de Woodrow Wilson de reconocer al régimen huertista, sin éxito. Al cabo de un tiempo fue removido del cargo en Julio de 1913. Wilson publicó sus memorias intituladas Diplomatic Episodes in México, Belgium, and Chile (New York:  Doubleday, Page, & Company, 1927).  General Collections, F1234 .W727, Library of Congress.

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  April 13, 2012
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