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DISTANT NEIGHBORS:  The U.S. and the Mexican Revolution

Vázquez Gómez launches his candidacy

Rasgos Biograficos.  S. Lic. Emilio Vázquez Gómez

When Francisco León de la Barra declared that there would be open and free elections for the presidency, Emilio Vázquez Gómez thought he would run for office.  This pamphlet was a way for him to make himself more well known.  Emilio Vázquez Gómez with his brother Francisco had been early Madristas and had lived in San Antonio with Madero and his family. 

The Vázquez Gómez brothers had been born into an Indian family in the northern frontier state of Tamaulipas.  Emilio managed to become a lawyer while his brother Francisco received a medical degree.  Beginning in 1888 Emilio proclaimed himself in opposition to President Díaz with a small pamphlet, La reelección indefinida to be followed in 1892 with another tract against reelection.  By 1909 he had become the president of the Centro Antireeleccionista and founded clubs throughout the country.  He was one of the pre-candidates in 1910, but fled to the United States and joined Madero before the election was held.  Ultimately he led a revolt against Madero and his forces captured Ciudad Juárez.  Pascual Orozco convinced Vázquez Gómez to lay down his arms, but the following year the two joined forces against Madero.

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cover of book

Rasgos biográficos del Sr. Lic. Emilio Vazquez Gomez, candidato á la presidencia de la república.  Call Number F1234 .V395, General Collections, Library of Congress
 

Rasgos Biográficos, S. Lic. Emilio Vázquez Gómez

Emilio Vázquez Gómez decide presentar su candidatura al poco tiempo que el presidente provisional, Francisco León de la Barra, declarara la celebración de nuevas elecciones. Este panfleto se concibió con el propósito de darse a conocer mejor entre el electorado. Emilio Vázquez Gómez y su hermano Francisco apoyaron la causa maderista desde sus inicios, habiendo pasado una temporada en San Antonio, Texas, al lado de la familia Madero.

Los hermanos Vázquez Gómez eran descendientes de una familia de indios oriundos de la frontera norte del estado de Tamaulipas. Emilio se licencio en derecho mientras Francisco obtuvo su grado en medicina. En los albores de 1888, Emilio se opuso a la reelección del presidente Díaz publicando el panfleto “La reelección indefinida”, seguido de otro en 1892 de corte antireeleccionista. Para 1909 se convirtió  en el presidente del Centro Antireeleccionista, habiendo fundado varios clubes a lo largo del país. Se postulo como precandidato  para las elecciones de 1910 pero se vio forzado a huir a Estados Unidos, donde se encontraba exilado Madero. Posteriormente, encabezo una revuelta contra Madero y sus fuerzas lograron capturar Ciudad Juárez. Si bien Pascual Orozco  convencería a Vázquez Gómez de deponer las armas, al año siguiente ambos se unirían contra Madero.

 

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  April 13, 2012
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