Jedediah Hotchkiss Collection
Papers and Civil War maps of Major Hotchkiss
In 1948 an outstanding collection of American Civil War maps was
purchased by the Library from Mrs. R. E. Christian, grandaughter
of Major Jedediah Hotchkiss (1828-1899), a topographical engineer
in the Confederate Army. Working principally in West Virginia and
Virginia, areas he had toured during his earlier geological studies,
Hotchkiss made detailed battle maps which were used, as annotations
demonstrate, by Generals Lee and Jackson in planning their campaigns.
He also filled several notebooks with topographic and strategic
drawings. Hotchkiss's masterpiece, prepared at the request of Stonewall
Jackson and presented to the Library by Mrs. Christian in 1964,
shows the offensive and defensive points of the Shenandoah Valley
from the Potomac to Lexington, Virginia. Many of the maps were
used to compile the definitive Atlas to Accompany the Official
Records of the Union and Confederate Armies (Washington: Govt.
Print. Off., 1891-95. 2 v.). The collection also includes maps
made or used by Hotchkiss during his postwar career as a consulting
engineer in Staunton, Virginia. The 341 sketchbooks, manuscripts,
and annotated printed maps are described in the Hotchkiss catalog
compiled by Clara Egli LeGear and will be listed in the second
edition of Civil War Maps now being prepared by Richard
Also acquired through the 1948 purchase were Major Hotchkiss's
diaries (1845-99), notebooks, correspondence, and related papers.
The greater part of the 27,000-item collection in the Manuscript Division consists of business
papers, research files, writings, lectures, and other material
dating from after the Civil War. From the war years are diaries
and letters including requests for position maps and occasional
topographic sketches. Additional papers were acquired in 1958.
The papers have been described in a finding aid and microfilmed.