In June of 1889, Clara Barton and 50 American Red Cross volunteers assist the survivors in Johnstown, Pennsylvania, after a massive flood kills over 2,000 residents. The response to this disaster was one of the first major relief efforts organized by the American Red Cross, which Barton founded in 1881. She led the American Red Cross for 23 years, helping establish the organization as a renowned resource of humanitarian aid. Read more about it!
The information and sample article links below provide access to a sampling of articles from historic newspapers that can be found in the Chronicling America: American Historic Newspapers digital collection (http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/). Use the Suggested Search Terms and Dates to explore this topic further in Chronicling America.
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- May 1881, Clara Barton forms the first branch of the American Red Cross and serves as its president.
1887, President Cleveland appoints Clara Barton to represent the United
States at the International Red Cross Conference in Germany.
- June 6, 1889, Clara Barton helps with relief efforts after the devastating flood in Johnstown, Pennsylvania.
- 1896, Barton sails to Turkey to aid the victims of the Armenian massacre.
- February 1898, Clara Barton sets off to Cuba to help the injured during the Cuban insurrection.
17, 1900, Clara Barton arrives in Galveston, Texas and directs the
distribution of relief supplies to victims of the flood.
- March 1904, Red Cross mission of mercy covers the Russo-Japanese War
14, 1904, Clara Barton retires after serving twenty three years as
president of the Red Cross Society. Mrs. John A. Logan is named as
Suggested Search Terms:
- [Try the following terms in combination, proximity, or as phrases using Search Pages in Chronicling America.]
Clara Barton, Red Cross, American Red Cross Society, American Red Cross.
Sample Articles from Chronicling America:
- "Washington News," Daily Globe (St. Paul, Minn), May 22, 1881, Page 1, Image 1, col. 7.
- "Miss Barton's Appointment," Fort Worth Daily Gazette (Fort worth, Texas), August 10, 1887, Page 1, Image 1, col. 1-4.
- "Martial Law in Johnstown," Omaha Daily Bee (Omaha, Nebraska), June 6, 1889, Page 1, Image 1, col. 1-4.
- "Miss Barton Off for Armenia," The Sun (New York, N. Y.), January 23, 1896, Page 8, Image 8, col. 2.
- "Clara Barton Describes The Red Cross Work In Cuba," The San Francisco Call (San Francisco, Calif.), January 15, 1899, Image 17, col 1-7.
- "Clara Barton in Galveston," The Evening World (New York, N. Y.), September 17, 1900, Evening Edition, Page 8, Image 8, col. 2-4.
- "Clara Barton, Home From Russia, Tells Of The Czar," The Evening World (New York, N. Y.), August 6, 1902, Night Edition, Page 3, Image 3, col. 1-2.to
- "The Red Cross Service in the Russo-Japanese War," Deseret Evening News (Great Salt lake City, Utah), March 26, 1904, Last Edition, Part Two, Image 13, col. 1-7.
- "Retiring President of Red Cross: Red Cross Now Has New Head," The Washington Times (Washington DC), May 15, 1904, Page 1, Image 1, col. 5.
- "Makes Answer to Remonstrants," The Washington Times (Washington DC), May 20, 1904, Evening, Page 6, Image 6, col. 1-3.
- "Clara Barton Tells Her own Story of Red Cross Triumphs," The Washington Times (Washington DC), July 31, 1904, Magazine Features, Page 9, Image 28, Col. 1-7.