“There is now building at the Continental Iron Works a formidable iron battery, which will probably prove a novel and efficacious implement of war,” reported the December 24, 1861 Cincinnati Daily Press. The iron-clad proved to be a novel invention indeed as it displaced the wooden warships of previous years and ushered in a new era of naval warfare. Iron-clads were key in the various naval engagements of the Civil War. Read more about it!
The information and sample article links below provide access to a sampling of articles from historic newspapers that can be found in the Chronicling America: American Historic Newspapers digital collection (http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/). Use the Suggested Search Terms and Dates to explore this topic further in Chronicling America.
Jump to: Sample Articles
- October 12, 1861. One of the first iron-clads deployed in combat, the CSS Manassas, fights Union warships on the Mississippi River at the Battle of the Head of Passes.
- December 1861. Continental Iron Works begins the construction of a new iron-clad, by the design of Swedish inventor John Ericsson, which would later be name the USS Monitor.
- March 9, 1862. The first battle between iron-clads, mainly the USS Monitor of the Union and the CSS Virginia (formally known as the USS Merrimack) happens at the Battle of Hampton Roads.
- May 15, 1862. Battle at Fort Darling where 5 Union ships, including the USS Monitor sail up the James to test Richmond defenses. Gun batteries at Fort Darling force the ships to retreat.
- April 15, 1863. Union ironclads attack Charleston but are turned back. At least one is sunk.
- May 1864. A reported 20 European ironclads, built by the French and British, will arrive by late June in the South.
Suggested Search Strategies:
- [Try the following terms in combination, proximity, or as
phrases using Search
Pages in Chronicling America.] iron-clad, ericsson battery, continental iron works, Monitor, Merrimack.
- It is important to use a specific date range if looking for articles for a particular event in order to narrow your results.
Sample Articles from Chronicling America:
- "The Attack on the Federal Fleet ,"
The National Republican (Washington, D.C.),
October 22, 1861, Page 2, Image 2, Col. 5.
- "A Terrible Engine of Destruction ,"
Memphis Daily Appeal (Memphis, Tenn.) ,
December 20, 1861, Page 4, Image 4, Col. 1.
- "A New Engine of War ,"
Cincinnati Daily Press (Cincinnati, Ohio),
December 24, 1861, Page 4, Image 4, Col. 1-2.
- "Raftsman's Journal,"
Raftsman’s Journal (Clearfield, Pa.) ,
February 05, 1862, Page 2, Image 2, Col. 2.
- "Important From Fortress Monroe ,"
Evening Star (Washington, D.C.) ,
March 10, 1862, Page 2, Image 2, Col. 3.
- "The Battle in Hampton Roads ,"
Daily Intelligencer (Wheeling, W. Va.),
March 13, 1862, Page 1, Image 1, Col. 3-6.
- "Acount of the Duel Between the Montior and the Merrimac ,"
The Pacific Commercial Advertiser. (Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands) ,
May 1, 1862, Page 4, Image 4, Col. 1-2 .
- "The Engagement at Fort Darling ,"
Evening Star. (Washington, D.C.) ,
May 21, 1862, Page 1, Image 1, Col. 3.
- "The War for the Rebellion,"
The Nashville Daily Union (Nashville, Tenn.) ,
January 10, 1863, Page 1, Image 1, Col. 3-6.
- "The Attack on Charleston ,"
Edgefield Advertiser (Edgefield, S.C.) ,
April 15, 1863, Page 1, Image 1, Col. 1-3.
- "Our Iron-Clads ,"
The Pacific Commercial Advertiser. (Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands),
August 27, 1863, Page 3, Image 3, Col. 2.
- "News From the South ,"
Indiana State Sentinel (Indianapolis, Ind.) ,
May 02, 1864, Page 4, Image 4, Col. 1.
- "Vessels in Commission,"
Richmond Dispatch (Richmond, Va.) ,
February 10, 1901, Page 9, Image 9, Col. 3.
- "The Battle of Hampton Roads ,"
Wilmar Tribune (Wilmar, Minn.) ,
March 06, 1931, Page 3, Image 3, Col. 1-2.