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Topics in Chronicling America - Pacific Coast Hockey Association (PCHA)

In the first two decades of the 20th century the popularity of hockey in the US grew rapidly. One product of the sport’s rapid growth was the creation of the Pacific Coast Hockey Association with teams in Western Canada and the American Northwest. In 1917, the Seattle Metropolitans of the PCHA would become the first American team to win the Stanley Cup. Read more about it!

The information and sample article links below provide access to a sampling of articles from historic newspapers that can be found in the Chronicling America: American Historic Newspapers digital collection ( Use the Suggested Search Terms and Dates to explore this topic further in Chronicling America.

Picture of early 20th century hockey players.

Jump to: Sample Articles

Important Dates:

  • December 10, 1912. The PCHA’s inaugural season begins. The rosters of the league’s three teams are made up primarily of players poached from the National Hockey Association (NHA).
  • October 15, 1915. The PCHA and the NHA cease cooperation after negotiations between the league presidents fail. They had previously cooperated to prevent the stealing players and to divide amateur talent geographically.
  • December 7, 1915. The Seattle Metropolitans make their debut in the PCHA with a 3-2 win over Vancouver before 2,500 fans.
  • February 19, 1916. The Portland Rosebuds, led by Ernie “Moose” Johnson, become the first American team to win the league.
  • November 11, 1916. The PCHA adds a franchise in Spokane, while rejecting a franchise bid from San Francisco.
  • 1916-1917. The Spokane Canaries play a single season in the PCHA. Due to poor attendance Spokane stopped playing home games late in the season.
  • March 26, 1917. The Seattle Metropolitans beat the Montreal Canadiens of the NHA to become the first American team to win the Stanley Cup.
  • April 1, 1919. With the Stanley Cup final between the Seattle Metropolitans and the Montreal Canadiens tied 2-2-1, the final game is cancelled because five Montreal players fell ill amid the Influenza Epidemic.

Suggested Search Strategies:

  • [Try the following terms in combination, proximity, or as phrases using Search Pages in Chronicling America.] Pacific Coast Hockey Association, Pacific Coast Hockey League, Frank Patrick, Lester Patrick, Pete Muldoon, puck chaser, NHA, and shinney.
  • It is important to use a specific date range if looking for articles for a particular event in order to narrow your results.
  • You may want to limit your search by state or newspaper. A broad search will be dominated by results from the Seattle Star because of the popularity and extensive coverage of the Metropolitans.
  • Adding team names to your search can yield better results. Eight teams existed in the brief history of the PCHA: the Seattle Metropolitans, Portland Rosebuds, New Westminster Royals, Spokane Canaries, Vancouver Millionaires, Vancouver Maroons, Victoria Aristocrats, and Victoria Cougars.
  • Adding notable PCHA players can also help you to find more results. Prominent players include: Eddie Oatman, Bernie Morris, Frank Foyston, Harry Holmes, Newsy Lalonde, Ernie “Moose” Johnson, Cyclone Taylor, and Tom Dunderdale.
  • The PCHA played by different rules than the NHA or NHL. One of the major differences is that PCHA teams played with seven on the ice as opposed to the modern six. They had all of the modern positions as well as a rover.

Sample Articles from Chronicling America:

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  July 8, 2014
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