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Western Survey Photographs: A Checklist of the Stereographs from the Clarence King and George M. Wheeler Explorations, 1867-1874

Checklist 6

Stereographs from Lieutenant George M. Wheeler's Western Survey 1871 through 1874, published 1875-1876

War Chief of the Zuni Indians (front) War Chief of the Zuni Indians (back)
Timothy H. O'Sullivan. War Chief of the Zuni Indians, 1873. LC-DIG-stereo-1s00327

This set of fifty stereographs was published on official War Department mounts. The set includes Timothy O'Sullivan's views from 1871, 1873, and 1874 and William Bell's stereographs from 1872. Titles are transcribed here exactly as printed on the mounts. The stereographs are albumen silver prints on four-by-seven-inch mounts. All are from the collections of the Library of Congress.

1871, Timothy O'Sullivan, Photographer

Stereo #CaptionReproduction #
No. 1. The start from Camp Mojave, Arizona, September 15th, 1871. Boat Expedition under Lieutenant Wheeler, the first and only one to ascend the Colorado through the Grand Cañon to mouth of Diamond Creek. Distance travelled, 260 miles in 31 days, the boats often having to be portaged around rapids and drawn over rocks. LC-DIG-stereo-1s00145
No. 2. View across Black Cañon. The grand walls in perspective. LC-DIG-stereo-1s00154
No. 3. View down Black Cañon, from Mirror Bar. The walls repeated by reflection. LC-DIG-stereo-1s00156
No. 4. Grotto Spring, Grand Cañon, Colorado River. The water flows from the rocks above, and the umbrella-shaped rock about it is tufa, that has been formed by deposition from the mineral constituents of the water. The light spot seen through and beyond is the sand-beach of the river. Looking through this Grotto is seen in the distance the walls of the Grand Cañon, 3,500 feet in height on either side. LC-DIG-stereo-1s00164
No. 5. Types of Mojave Indians. This tribe inhabits the region of the lower Colorado, or western Arizona. Physically they are the finest specimens in all the west, many of the males attaining to the height of 6 feet. LC-DIG-stereo-1s00171
No. 6. View of Grand Cañon Walls, near mouth of Diamond River. From water line to first shelf 1,500 feet; from shelf to top of table, 3,500 feet. Distance from point of view to top of walls, 3 miles. LC-DIG-stereo-1s00170
No. 7. Mountain transportation. Pack mule, Pack and Packers. LC-DIG-stereo-1s00174

1872, William Bell, Photographer

Stereo #CaptionReproduction #
No. 8. The Cañon of Kanab Creek, near its junction with the Grand Cañon of the Colorado. In the foreground is a dripping spring affording a shower bath. Temperature, 69° Fahr. LC-DIG-stereo-1s00214
No. 9. "The Bath," a dripping spring in Kanab Cañon. Temperature, 69° Fahr. LC-DIG-stereo-1s00217
No. 10. The Mouth of Kanab Creek. The beds of the Colorado River and its tributary here lie in gorges cut by the running water to the depth of about 3,500 feet below the general surface of the country. The highest point seen in the picture is 2,500 feet above the water, and the walls are here too steep to be scaled. LC-DIG-stereo-1s00218
No. 11. Mouth of the Paria, Colorado River; walls 2,100 feet in height. LC-DIG-stereo-1s00221
No. 12. View in the Grand Cañon of the Colorado River. LC-DIG-stereo-1s00224
No. 13. Marble Cañon, one of the gorges of the Colorado here, 1,200 feet deep. The steep cliff is gray limestone and the slope below a brilliant red sandstone. LC-DIG-stereo-1s00226
No. 14. The northern wall of the Grand Cañon of the Colorado, near the foot of To-ro-weap valley. The rounded rocks of the foreground are sand-stone. LC-DIG-stereo-1s00265
No. 15. The "Vermillion Cliff," a typical plateau edge, as seen from Jacobs Pool, Arizona. From its top a plateau stretches to the right, and from its base another to the left. Their difference of level is 1,500 feet, and the step is too steep for scaling. LC-DIG-stereo-1s00273

1873, Timothy O'Sullivan, Photographer

Stereo #CaptionReproduction #
No. 16. Indian Pueblo of Zuni, New Mexico; view from the interior. The "Pueblo" or town, encloses a quadrangular area within which are the ruins of a church built under the direction of the Jesuit missionaries. The houses are built one above the other to the height of five or six stories. The entrances are mostly from the top, the ascent and descent being made by ladders. LC-DIG-stereo-1s00322
No. 17. Zuni Indian Girl, with water olla. LC-DIG-stereo-1s00335
No. 18. Gardens surrounding the Indian Pueblo of Zuni, in which are raised a variety of vegetables, such as pepper, onions, garlic &c. LC-DIG-stereo-1s00324
No. 19. Group of Zuni Indian "Braves," at their Pueblo, N.M. LC-DIG-stereo-1s00336
No. 20. War Chief of the Zuni Indians. LC-DIG-stereo-1s00327
No. 21. Ruins in Cañon de Chelle, N.M., in a cavity in the wall, 60 feet above present bed of Cañon. Height of walls about 700 feet. The present race of Indians know nothing of the age of these buildings or who occupied them. (For details, see forthcoming report of Lieutenant Wheeler, on Ancient Ruins.) 2 variant views exist for this number. LC-DIG-stereo-1s00363
No. 22. Circle Wall, Cañon de Chelle. Here the Cañon bends from an easterly direction nearly due north, the walls maintaining their perpendicular height of about 1,200 feet. LC-DIG-stereo-1s00317
No. 23. Explorers Column, Cañon de Chelle, Arizona. This shaft is the work of nature, and is about 900 feet in height; base about 70 by 110 feet. It stands near the center of the Cañon, and it is almost impossible to believe that it is not the work of human hands. LC-DIG-stereo-1s00294
No. 24. Central portion of Cañon de Chelle, New Mexico. This Cañon is one of the most remarkable in the west, and is noted for its beauty. The walls are of Red Sand-stone, nearly perpendicular, and at this point are 1,200 feet in height. LC-DIG-stereo-1s00291
No. 25. Camp Beauty, Cañon de Chelle; walls 1,200 feet high, width of Cañon at this point about one fourth of a mile. This view shows the peculiar effect wrought by the action of floods. The Artist of the Expedition, Mr. Wyant, of New York, made a study of this scene with the intention to paint it as a characteristic Cañon view. LC-DIG-stereo-1s00293
No. 26. Aboriginal life among the Navajo Indians, Cañon de Chelle, New Mexico. Squaw weaving blankets. The native loom. The blankets made are of the best quality, and impervious to water. LC-DIG-stereo-1s00349
No. 27. Navajo Indian Squaw, and Child, at their home, in Cañon de Chelle. LC-DIG-stereo-1s00352
No. 28. Navajo Boys and Squaw, in front of the quarters at old Fort Defiance, N.M., now unoccupied by troops. The agency for the Navajos is located here. LC-DIG-stereo-1s00355
No. 29. Navajo Brave and his Mother. The Navajos were formerly a warlike tribe until subdued by U.S. Troops, in 1859-60. Many of them now have fine flocks, and herds of horses, sheep and goats. LC-DIG-stereo-1s00351
No. 30. Apache Lake, Summit of Sierra Blanca Mountains, about 35 miles east from Camp Apache, Arizona, and 10,500 feet above sea-level. This lake is similar to many found in the western mountains. LC-DIG-stereo-1s00284
No. 31. Coyotero Apache Scouts, at Apache Lake, Sierra Blanca Mountains, Arizona. Two members of the Expedition in the back-ground. LC-DIG-stereo-1s00282
No. 32. Cooley's Ranch, 10 miles east of Camp Apache, Arizona. A characteristic mountain "Park" and Apache Indian Farm. Here the Apaches grow corn, wheat and a few vegetables. LC-DIG-stereo-1s00288
No. 33. Apache Indians, as they appear ready for the war-path. LC-DIG-stereo-1s00347

1874 Timothy O'Sullivan, Photographer

Stereo #CaptionReproduction #
No. 34. Roman Catholic Church, Plaza of Guadaloupe, Guadaloupe Co., Colorado. Built not many years since of adobes. Dimensions, length 120 feet; width 60 feet; height 25 feet. Grave yard in the foreground surrounded by an adobe wall about 6 feet in height. LC-DIG-stereo-1s00378
No. 35. Beaver Lake, Conejos Cañon, Colorado, 9,000 feet above sea-level, and 30 miles from mouth of Cañon. LC-DIG-stereo-1s00379
No. 36. Cañon, Valley of the Conejos River, looking south from vicinity of "Lost Lakes." LC-DIG-stereo-1s00382
No. 37. Lost Lakes, head of Conejos Cañon, Colorado, in the Sierra San Juan range, near divide between Conejos and south fork of Alamosa Rivers, surrounded by a forest of Douglass spruce, and approximately 11,000 feet above sea-level. LC-DIG-stereo-1s00383
No. 38. One of the group of Pagosa Hot Springs, showing incrustation on the surface. Much prized by the Indians and miners on account of supposed healing qualities. Principal mineral element, Sulphate of Soda. LC-DIG-stereo-1s00388
No. 39. Pah-ge, a Ute Squaw, of the Kah-poh-teh band, Northern New Mexico. LC-DIG-stereo-1s00411
No. 40. Ute Braves, of the Kah-poh-teh band, Northern New Mexico, in "full dress." LC-DIG-stereo-1s00412
No. 41. Jicarilla Apache Brave and Squaw, lately wedded. Abiquiu Agency, New Mexico. LC-DIG-stereo-1s00413
No. 42. Shee-zah-nan-tan, Jicarilla Apache Brave in characteristic costume, Northern New Mexico. LC-DIG-stereo-1s00414
No. 43. Characteristic ruin, of the Pueblo San Juan, New Mexico, on the north bank of the San Juan River, about 15 miles west of the mouth of Cañon Largo. The present race of Indians know nothing of when or by whom these buildings were constructed. The ruin is about 350 feet square, and built of natural stone, joined together by a mud cement. LC-DIG-stereo-1s00391
No. 44. Lagunas Caballo, or Horse Lakes, 14 miles, N.W. from Tierra Amarilla, New Mexico. The water of the lakes is strongly mineral and not fit for men or animals to drink. LC-DIG-stereo-1s00389
No. 45. Alpine Lake, in the Cerro Blanco Mountains, Colorado. One of a group of ten lakes at the main head of Ute Creek. 11,000 feet above sea-level. Cerro Blanco Peak rises 14,269 feet above the sea, lying to the westward. LC-DIG-stereo-1s00393
No. 46. Baldy Peak, Cerro Blanco Mountains, Colorado, 14,234 feet above sea-level. Limit in altitude of vegetation about 11,000 feet. LC-DIG-stereo-1s00396
No. 47. Alpine lakes, and mountain scenery, in the Cerro Blanco Mountains, Colorado, 13,000 feet above sea-level. LC-DIG-stereo-1s00397
No. 48. Shoshone Falls, Snake River, Idaho. Main Fall, 210 feet from upper to lower level, width of fall, 800 feet from upper to lower level; Height of Cañon wall at falls, 1,000 feet. A number of minor falls, Islands, and boulder rocks above the main fall add beauty to the lonely majesty of this scene. LC-DIG-stereo-1s00404
No. 49. Shoshone Falls, Snake River, Idaho, looking through the timber, and showing the main fall, and upper or "Lace Falls." LC-DIG-stereo-1s00401
No. 50. Shoshone Falls, Snake River, Idaho. Gorge and natural bridge, in the fore-ground. LC-DIG-stereo-1s00406
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