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Encyclopedia Britannica

Rights and Restrictions Information

Prints and Photographs Division, Library of Congress, Washington, D.C., 20540-4730


Publication and other forms of distribution: May be restricted. mages gathered by the Encyclopedia Britannica in the course of illustrating the Britannica Book of the Year for 1949-54 were given by the Encyclopedia Britannica to the Library in 1954 and 1956. Each image was stamped "Gift of Encyclopedia Britannica" and then filed in the Specific Subject File under an appropriate heading. The caption for each photograph includes the source of the image.

People wishing to publish or otherwise distribute these images must conduct item-specific assessments of the rights that may be associated with the individual pieces. Copyright for such works is determined by guidelines on the duration of copyright; see: Copyright and Other Restrictions That Apply to Publication/Distribution of Images: Assessing the Risk of Using a P&P Image - How Long Copyrights Last. The collection includes:

  • Wire service, professional photographer, studio, publicity, or other photographs and original artwork from commercial sources -The commercial status of these images can be recognized by the appearance of the name of a photographer or studio on the image, e.g., "Lotte Jacobi," "Columbia Pictures." More information on artists or companies may be available on the Rights and Restrictions Information page, under under the artist or company name.. As the Division learns pertinent rights information for a given individual or organization, that information is added through a listing on the Rights and Restrictions Information page.
  • Works created by officers and employees of the United States Government are not eligible for copyright protection within the United States. 17 U.S.C. § 105. For more information about U.S. government works and copyright, see: https://www.usa.gov/government-works.

Access: Subject to P&P policy on serving originals.

Reproduction (photocopying, hand-held camera copying, photoduplication and other forms of copying allowed by "fair use"): Subject to P&P policy on copying.

Credit Line: Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, [reproduction number, e.g., LC-USZ62-90145]

For more information, please read: Copyright and Other Restrictions That Apply to Publication/Distribution of Images: Assessing the Risk of Using a P&P Image


Prepared by: Prints and Photographs Division staff. Revised: May 30, 2003; March 2019


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  April 4, 2019
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