| Compiled by Kenneth Drexler, Digital Reference Specialist
The digital collections of the Library of Congress contain a wide variety of material associated with John C. Calhoun. This resource guide compiles links to digital materials related to Calhoun such as manuscripts, letters, broadsides, government documents, and images that are available throughout the Library of Congress Web site. In addition, it provides links to external Web sites focusing on Calhoun and a bibliography containing selected works for both a general audience and younger readers.
Library of Congress Web Site | External Web Sites | Selected Bibliography
A Century of Lawmaking for a New Nation: U.S. Congressional Documents and Debates, 1774-1875
This collection contains a large selection of congressional material related to John C. Calhoun's political career as a member of the House of Representatives (1811-17), secretary of war (1817-25), vice president (1825-32), secretary of state (1844-45), and U.S. senator (1832-43 and 1845-50).
A selection of Calhoun's speeches:
- Report of the Foreign Relations Committee, December 12, 1811
- Commercial Treaty with Great Britain, January 9, 1816
- Removal of the Deposits from the Bank of the United States, January 13, 1834
- Repeal of the Force Act, April 9, 1834
- Incendiary Publications through the Mails, February 4, 1836
- Abolition Petitions, March 9, 1836
- Sub-Treasury Bill, February 15, 1838
- Support of the Veto Power, February 28, 1842
- Oregon Bill, June 27, 1848
- Compromise of 1850, March 4, 1850
The Alfred Whital Stern Collection of Lincolniana
Alfred Whital Stern (1881-1960) of Chicago presented his outstanding collection of Lincolniana to the Library of Congress in 1953. Begun by Mr. Stern in the 1920s, the collection documents the life of Abraham Lincoln (1809-1865) both through writings by and about Lincoln as well as a large body of publications concerning the issues of the times including slavery, the Civil War, Reconstruction, and related topics. The collection contains more than 11,100 items, including eleven items that reference John C. Calhoun.
An American Time Capsule: Three Centuries of Broadsides and Other Printed Ephemera
The Printed Ephemera collection comprises 28,000 primary source items dating from the seventeenth century to the present and encompasses key events and eras in American history. Search the bibliographic records and the full-text option to find items related to John C. Calhoun.
The Frederick Douglass Papers at the Library of Congress
The Frederick Douglass Papers at the Library of Congress presents the papers of the nineteenth-century African-American abolitionist. The collection contains an article written by Douglass that responds to a speech by John C. Calhoun.
The James Madison Papers at the Library of Congress, 1723-1836
The James Madison Papers from the Manuscript Division at the Library of Congress consist of approximately 12,000 items captured in some 72,000 digital images. The Madison Papers contain five letters to or from John C. Calhoun.
The Thomas Jefferson Papers at the Library of Congress
The Thomas Jefferson Papers contain sixteen items to, from, or referring to John C. Calhoun.
Words and Deeds in American History: Selected Documents Celebrating the Manuscript Division's First 100 Years
In honor of the Manuscript Division's centennial, its staff has selected for online display approximately ninety representative documents spanning from the fifteenth century to the mid-twentieth century.
This site allows you to search and view millions of historic American newspaper pages from 1836-1922. Search this collection to find newspaper articles that reference John C. Calhoun from this time period.
A selection of articles related to Calhoun includes:
- "Mr. Calhoun at Fort Hill," Edgefield Advertiser. (Edgefield, S.C.), August 8, 1849.
- "Speech of Mr. Calhoun, of South Carolina, Delivered in the Senate of the United States on the 4th of March, 1850, on the Slavery Question," The North-Carolina Standard. (Raleigh, N.C.), March 13, 1850.
- "Death of the Hon. John C. Calhoun," Tarboro' Press. (Tarborough, Edgecombe Co., N.C.), April 6, 1850.
American Treasures of the Library of Congress: Compromise of 1850
Exhibit on Senators John C. Calhoun's and Daniel Webster's speeches from the Compromise of 1850 debate.
Prints & Photographs Online Catalog (PPOC)
Search PPOC using the subject heading Calhoun, John C.--(John Caldwell),--1782-1850 to find prints, photographs, political cartoons, and other digital images related to Calhoun. Search all text fields in PPOC using the phrase John Calhoun to locate additional images.
Built in America: Historic American Buildings Survey/Historic American Engineering Record, 1933-Present
The Historic American Buildings Survey (HABS) and the Historic American Engineering Record (HAER) collections document achievements in architecture, engineering, and design in the United States, including Calhoun's home, Fort Hill, which is now located on the campus of Clemson University in South Carolina.
President Andrew Jackson wrote Vice President Martin Van Buren expressing his opposition to South Carolina's defiance of federal authority during the Nullification Crisis. The crisis was resolved without bloodshed in March 1833. Henry Clay and John C. Calhoun, who had left the vice presidency at the end of 1832 to serve South Carolina in the Senate, drafted a reduced tariff agreement that pacified South Carolina while allowing the Federal government to stand firm.
On March 18, 1782, John C. Calhoun was born near Abbeville, South Carolina. Calhoun served as a congressman, senator, secretary of war, secretary of state, and vice president of the United States.
Digital Reference Section Web Guides
Primary Documents in American History
This site offers a list of some of the most important documents in American history from 1763 to 1877, including documents related to Calhoun such as the Nullification Proclamation and Compromise of 1850.
Biographical Directory of the United States Congress: John C. Calhoun
This publication contains a short biography of every member of Congress from 1774 to the present, including John C. Calhoun. It also provides a selected bibliography and a list of research collections related to Calhoun.
Clemson University: History
Fort Hill, the home of John C. Calhoun from 1825 until his death in 1850, is located on the campus of Clemson University. This site contains information about Fort Hill, as well as biographical information on Calhoun and his family.
United States Senate
The Art and History section of the U.S. Senate's Web site contains the following information on John C. Calhoun:
Calhoun, John C. Speeches of John C. Calhoun. Delivered in the Congress of the United States from 1811 to the Present Time. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1843.
LC Call Number: E337.8 .C15 [Catalog Record] [Full Text]
Cheek, H. Lee, Jr., ed. John C. Calhoun: Selected Writings and Speeches. Washington, D.C.: Regnery Publishing, 2003.
LC Call Number: E337.8 .C13 2003 [Catalog Record]
Crall, Richard K., ed. The Works of John C. Calhoun. 1851-56; rpt. New York: Russell & Russell, 1968.
LC Call Number: E337.8 .C143 [Catalog Record]
Meriwether, Robert L., ed. The Papers of John C. Calhoun. 28 vols. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 1959-2003.
LC Call Number: E337.8 .C148 [Catalog Record]
Bartlett, Irving H. John C. Calhoun: A Biography. New York: W.W. Norton & Co., 1993.
LC Call Number: E340.C15 B27 1993 [Catalog Record]
Coit, Margaret L., ed. John C. Calhoun. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall, 1970.
LC Call Number: E340.C15 C62 [Catalog Record]
-----. John C. Calhoun: American Portrait. 1950; rpt. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 1991.
LC Call Number: E340.C15 C63 1991 [Catalog Record]
Marmor, Theodore R. The Career of John C. Calhoun: Politician, Social Critic, Political Philosopher. New York: Garland Pub., 1988.
LC Call Number: E340.C15 M35 1988 [Catalog Record]
Niven, John. John C. Calhoun and the Price of Union: A Biography. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1988.
LC Call Number: E340.C15 N58 1988 [Catalog Record]
Peterson, Merrill D. The Great Triumvirate: Webster, Clay, and Calhoun. New York: Oxford University Press, 1987.
LC Call Number: E339 .P47 1987 [Catalog Record]
Read, James H. Majority Rule Versus Consensus: The Political Thought of John C. Calhoun. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 2009.
LC Call Number: JC212.C3 R43 2009 [Catalog Record]
Brown, Warren. John C. Calhoun. New York: Chelsea House Publishers, 1993.
LC Call Number: E340.C15 B76 1993 [Catalog Record]
Celsi, Teresa Noel. John C. Calhoun and the Roots of War. Morristown, N.J.: Silver Burdett Press, 1991.
LC Call Number: E340.C15 C43 1990 [Catalog Record]