The digital collections of the Library of Congress contain
a wide variety of material associated with Frederick Douglass,
including manuscripts, photographs, and books.
This guide compiles links to digital materials related
to Frederick Douglass that are available throughout the Library
of Congress Web site. In addition, it provides links to external
Web sites focusing on Douglass and a bibliography containing
selections for both general and younger readers.
Library of Congress Web Site | External
Web Sites | Selected Bibliography
Frederick Douglass Papers at the Library of Congress
The Frederick Douglass Papers at the Library of Congress
presents the papers of the nineteenth-century African-American
abolitionist who escaped from slavery and then risked his
own freedom by becoming an outspoken antislavery lecturer,
writer, and publisher. The special presentations for the
collection include a Timeline, Douglass
in His Own Words, and a Family
A selection of highlights from this collection includes:
Search by keywords to find additional documents in Douglass's
Additonal Digital Collections
Lincoln Papers at the Library of Congress
The complete Abraham Lincoln Papers at the Library of
Congress consist of approximately 20,000 documents which
include incoming and outgoing correspondence and enclosures,
drafts of speeches, notes, and printed material. Search
the collection on Frederick Douglass to locate
items including Frederick
Douglass to Abraham Lincoln, Monday, August 29, 1864
(Plan for helping slaves escape from rebel states).
American Perspectives: Pamphlets from the Daniel A. P. Murray
The collection presents a panoramic and eclectic review
of African-American history and culture, spanning almost
one hundred years from the early nineteenth through the
early twentieth centuries, with the bulk of the material
published between 1875 and 1900. Among the authors represented
Douglass, Booker T. Washington, Ida B. Wells-Barnett,
Benjamin W. Arnett, Alexander Crummell, and Emanuel Love.
by Frederick Douglass, Delivered on the Occasion of the
Unveiling of the Freedmen's Monument in Memory of Abraham
Lincoln, in Lincoln Park, Washington, D. C., April 14th,
1876. With an appendix.
Race Problem: Great Speech of Frederick Douglass, Delivered
Before the Bethel Literary and Historical Association,
in the Metropolitan A.M.E. Church, Washington, D.C., October
Alfred Whital Stern Collection of Lincolniana
Alfred Whital Stern (1881-1960) of Chicago presented his
outstanding collection of Lincolniana to the Library of
Congress in 1953. Begun by Mr. Stern in the 1920s, the collection
documents the life of Abraham Lincoln (1809-1865) both through
writings by and about Lincoln as well as a large body of
publications concerning the issues of the times including
slavery, the Civil War, Reconstruction, and related topics.
The collection includes the Frederick
Douglass Funeral March by N. Clark Smithe.
Capital and the Bay: Narratives of Washington and the Chesapeake
Bay Region, 1600 to 1925
The collection comprises 139 books on Washington, D.C.
and the Chesapeake Bay region including first-person narratives,
early histories, historical biographies, promotional brochures,
and books of photographs that capture in words and pictures
a distinctive region as it developed between the onset of
European settlement and the first quarter of the twentieth
century. Browse the collection by contributor to locate two items for Frederick
Century of Lawmaking for a New Nation: U.S. Congressional
Documents and Debates, 1774-1875
The records of the Continental Congress, the Constitutional
Convention, and the United States Congress comprise a rich
documentary history of the construction of the nation, the
development of the federal government, and its role in national
all titles on Frederick Douglass to locate six items.
Slavery to Freedom: The African-American Pamphlet Collection,
The collection consists of 397 pamphlets, published from
1824 through 1909, by African-American authors and others
who wrote about slavery, African colonization, Emancipation,
Reconstruction, and related topics. Browse
the author index to locate four items for Frederick
Historic American Buildings Survey/Historic American Engineering Record/Historic American Landscapes Survey
The Historic American Buildings Survey (HABS) and the
Historic American Engineering Record (HAER) collections
document achievements in architecture, engineering, and
design in the United States through a comprehensive range
of building types and engineering technologies.
National American Woman Suffrage Association Collection
The NAWSA Collection consists of 167 books, pamphlets
and other artifacts documenting the suffrage campaign. Search
the collection to find items that mention Frederick
Printed Ephemera: Three Centuries of Broadsides and Other Printed Ephemera
The collection is a rich repository of Americana. In total,
the collection comprises 28,000 primary source items dating
from the seventeenth century to the present and encompassing
key events and eras in American history. Search
the collection to locate items related to Frederick
Douglass, including Civil
Rights Bill and West Point Academy. Letter from Gerrit Smith
to Frederick Douglass. Peterboro, June 27th, 1874.
and Deeds in American History: Selected Documents Celebrating
the Manuscript Division's First 100 Years
Included are the papers of presidents, cabinet ministers,
members of Congress, Supreme Court justices, military officers
and diplomats, reformers and political activists, artists
and writers, scientists and inventors, and other prominent
Americans whose lives reflect our country's evolution.
Jump Back in Time
Douglass' Delivered Speech on Haiti at the World's Fair,
January 2, 1893
Meet Amazing Americans
Designed for elementary and middle-school students,
America's Library provides a variety of stories about
Frederick Douglass, including Douglass's
Escape from Slavery, Frederick
Douglass--Abolitionist Leader, and Douglass's
Role in the Civil War.
African-American Mosaic: African-American Culture and History
This exhibit marks the publication of The African-American
Mosaic: A Library of Congress Resource Guide for the Study
of Black History and Culture. Covering the nearly
500 years of the black experience in the Western hemisphere,
the exhibit surveys the full range and variety of the
Library's collections, including books, periodicals, prints,
photographs, music, film, and recorded sound. The prominent
Abolitionists section mentions Frederick Douglass
and the North
Star, the newspaper that he published.
Odyssey: A Quest for Full Citizenship
This exhibition showcases the incomparable African-American
collections of the Library of Congress. It displays more
than 240 items, including books, government documents,
manuscripts, maps, musical scores, plays, films, and recordings.
Examples of materials by Frederick Douglass include:
Treasures of the Library of Congress
American Treasures of the Library of Congress is an unprecedented
exhibition of the rarest, most interesting or significant
items relating to America's past, drawn from every corner
of the world's largest library. The exhibition includes
Bull and Uncle Sam: Four Centuries of British-American Relations
A joint project of the Library of Congress and the British
Library, the John Bull and Uncle Sam exhibition brings
together for the first time treasures from the two greatest
libraries in the English-speaking world. The exhibit is
an exploration of selected time periods and cultural movements
that provide unique insights into the relationship of
the United States and Great Britain. The From
Abolition to Equal Rights section is a Draft
Copy of Farewell Address Given upon Leaving England
by Frederick Douglass.
This site allows you to search and view newspaper pages from 1860-1922 from the following states: Arizona, California, District of Columbia, Florida, Hawaii, Illinois, Kansas, Kentucky, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Texas, Utah, Virginia and Washington. Search this collection to find newspaper articles pertaining to Frederick Douglass.
A selection of articles on Frederick Douglass includes:
- "89th Anniversary of the Birth of Frederick Douglass." The Broad Ax. (Salt Lake City, Utah), February 17, 1906.
- "The Birthday Anniversaries of Abraham Lincoln and Frederick Douglass Have Been Celebrated This Week by the People in General, in All Parts of 1is Country. The Sage of Anacosta Stood High in the Estimation of Presidents Lincoln, Grant, Hayes, Arthur and Cleveland." The Broad Ax. (Salt Lake City, Utah), February 16, 1918.
Division Finding Aids Online
Access the finding aid for the papers of Frederick
Douglass and the Frederick
Douglass Memorial and Historical Association in the
Library of Congress Manuscript Division.
and Photographs Online Catalog (PPOC)
Search PPOC using the subject heading Douglass,
Frederick,--1818-1895 to find digital images related
History Month Portal
In celebration of African-American History Month, the
Library developed this Web site highlighting the many
resources on African-American history and culture available
from our extensive online collections.
Features and Activities
Slavery to Civil Rights: A Timeline of African-American
Use this interactive time line-based activity to introduce
the topic of African-American history through primary
sources. The abolition
section includes the Lecture
on John Brown by Frederick Douglass.
This feature presentation introduces teachers and students
to the topic of immigration. Frederick Douglass is mentioned
in the Resistance
and Abolition section of the presentation.
Kill a Mockingbird: A Historical Perspective
Students gain a sense of the living history that surrounds
the novel To Kill a Mockingbird. Through studying
primary source materials from American
Memory and other online resources, students of all
backgrounds may better grasp how historical events and
human forces have shaped relationships between black and
white and rich and poor cultures of our country.
African American Identity in the Gilded Age: Two Unreconciled Strivings
Students examine the tension experienced by African Americans
as they struggled to establish a vibrant and meaningful
identity based on the promises of liberty and equality
in the midst of a society that was ambivalent towards
them and sought to impose an inferior definition upon
On September 3, 1838, abolitionist, journalist, author,
and human rights advocate Frederick Douglass made his
dramatic escape from slavery, traveling north by train
and boat, from Baltimore, through Delaware to Philadelphia.
That same night he took a train to New York, where he
arrived the following morning.
Late on the night of October 16, 1859, John Brown and
twenty-one armed followers stole into the town of Harper's
Ferry, Virginia (now West
Virginia) as most of its residents slept.
Fellow abolitionist Frederick Douglass recognized in
Brown an unparallelled devotion, "I could live for
the slave, but he could die for him." Brown had lost
two sons in the raid. Another son had already sacrificed
his life for the anti-slavery cause in the Osawatomie
On April 16, 1862, President Lincoln signed an act abolishing
slavery in the District of Columbia, an important step
in the long road toward full emancipation and enfranchisement
for African Americans.
Twenty-one years later, on April 16, 1883, Frederick
Douglass spoke at a commemoration of abolition in the
On January 2, 1893, Frederick
Douglass delivered an address at the dedication of
the Haitian Pavilion at the World's Columbian Exposition
located in Jackson
Park in Chicago. Douglass, a prominent writer, abolitionist,
and publisher of the North
Star, spent the years 1889 to 1891 in Haiti serving
Harrison Administration as United States minister
and general consul.
Web Guides produced by the Digital Reference Section
of the Library of Congress
Sites in the Digital Collections
This guide highlights contributions by African Americans
to the arts, education, industry, literature, politics,
and much more as represented in the vast online collections
of the Library. Frederick Douglass is included in the
War and Reconstruction Era section.
This guide provides links to resources for slavery and
a bibliography containing selected works for both general
and younger readers.
in America: America's Journey through Slavery, from PBS
The Africans in America Web site is a companion to Africans
in America, a six-hour public television series. The site
examines the economic and intellectual foundations of slavery
in America and the global economy that prospered from it.
The site includes a brief biography of Frederick
Douglass, a photograph
of Douglass, and the historical document "The
Meaning of July Fourth for the Negro."
Visionaries; Frederick Douglass, Online Exhibit, from the
National Park Service
The exhibit features items owned by Frederick Douglass
and highlights his achievements. The items are in the museum
and archival collections at the Frederick
Douglass National Historic Site at Cedar Hill, Southeast
Church in the Southern Black Community, 1780-1925
The collection of documents brought together in this project begins to tell the story of the growth of Protestant religion among African Americans during the nineteenth century, and of the birth of what came to be known as the "Black Church" in the United States.
The Cornell University Library Making of America Collection
The Cornell University Library Making of America Collection is a digital library of primary sources in American social history from the antebellum period through reconstruction.
the American South, from the University of North Carolina
at Chapel Hill
Documenting the American South (DocSouth) is a digital
publishing initiative that provides Internet access to texts,
images, and audio files related to southern history, literature,
and culture. Currently DocSouth includes twelve thematic
collections of books, diaries, posters, artifacts, letters,
oral history interviews, and songs. The collection includes
by Frederick Douglass including, the Narrative
of the Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave.
Frederick Douglass National
Historic Site, from the National Park Service
The Frederick Douglass National Historic Site is dedicated
to preserving the legacy of this famous African American.
Blassingame, John W., et al., eds. The Frederick Douglass
Papers. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1999.
LC Call Number: E449 .D734 1999 [Catalog
Foner, Philip S., ed. Frederick Douglass on Slavery and
the Civil War: Selections from His Writings. Mineola,
NY: Dover, 2003.
LC Call Number: E449 .D737 2003 [Catalog
----. Frederick Douglass: Selected Speeches and Writings.
Chicago: Lawrence Hill Books, 1999.
LC Call Number: E449 .D7345 1999 [Catalog
Gilder Lehrman Collection (Pierpont Morgan Library). Admiration
& Ambivalence: Frederick Douglass and John Brown: A Manuscript
from the Gilder Lehrman Collection. New York: Gilder
Lehrman Institute of American History, 2005.
LC Call Number: E449 .D7315 2005 [Catalog
Gomes, Peter J. Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass:
An American Slave. New York: Signet Classics, 2005.
LC Call Number: E449 .D749 2005 [Catalog
Logan, Rayford W. The Life and Times of Frederick Douglass:
His Early Life as a Slave, His Escape from Bondage, and His
Complete History. Mineola, NY: Dover, 2003.
LC Call Number: E449 .D7382 2003 [Catalog
Seno, William J., ed. Standing with the Slave: Excerpts
from Memoirs, Speeches, and Articles. Madison, WI: Round
LC Call Number: E449 .D7494 1998 [Catalog
Wright, John S. My Bondage and My Freedom. New York:
Washington Square, 2003.
LC Call Number: E449 .D738 2003d [Catalog
McKivigan, John R., ed. Frederick Douglass. San
Diego: Greenhaven, 2004.
LC Call Number: E449.D75 F736 2004 [Catalog
Oakes, James. The Radical and the Republican: Frederick
Douglass, Abraham Lincoln, and the Triumph of Antislavery
Politics. New York: W. W. Norton, 2007.
LC Call Number: E449.D75 O15 2007 [Catalog
Phillips, Rachael. Frederick Douglass: Abolitionist and
Reformer. Uhrichsville, OH: Barbour, 2000.
LC Call Number: E449.D75 P57 2000b [Catalog
Russell, Sharman Apt. Frederick Douglass: Abolitionist
Editor. Philadelphia: Chelsea House, 2005.
LC Call Number: E449.D75 R875 2004 [Catalog
Waldo, E. Martin. The Mind of Frederick Douglass. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1984.
LC Call Number: E449.D75 M37 1984 [Catalog Record]
Wu, Jin-Ping. Frederick Douglass and the Black Liberation
Movement: The North Star of American Blacks. New York:
Fleming, Alice Mulcahey. Frederick Douglass: From Slave
to Statesman. New York: PowerPlus Books, 2004.
LC Call Number: E449.D75 W85 2000 [Catalog
LC Call Number: E449.D75 F57 2004 [Catalog
Haugen, Brenda. Frederick Douglass: Slave, Writer, Abolitionist.
Minneapolis: Compass Point Books, 2005.
LC Call Number: E449.D75 H38 2005 [Catalog
McKissack, Pat. Frederick Douglass: Leader Against Slavery.
Berkeley Heights, NJ: Enslow, 2002.
LC Call Number: E449.D75 M378 2001 [Catalog
Myers, Elisabeth P. Frederick Douglass: Young Defender
of Human Rights. Carmel, IN: Patria, 2007.
LC Call Number: E449.D768 M94 2007 [Catalog
Ruffin, Frances E. Frederick Douglass: A Powerful Voice
for Freedom. New York: Sterling, 2008.
LC Call Number: E449.D75 R84 2008 [Catalog
Wilson, Camilla. Frederick Douglass: A Voice for Freedom
in the 1800s. New York: Scholastic, 2003.
LC Call Number: E449.D75 W555 2003 [Catalog
Yancey, Diane. Frederick Douglass. Heroes and Villains.
San Diego: Lucent Books, 2003.
LC Call Number: E449.D95 Y36 2003 [Catalog