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A Guide to the French and Indian War

Compiled by Mark F. Hall, Digital Reference Specialist

Image of Washington, the Soldier, on horseback in battle
Washington, The Soldier .
1 print.
c1834.
Prints and Photographs Division.
Reproduction Number:
LC-DIG-pga-02466 (digital file from original print) LC-USZC2-1689 (color film copy slide)

The digital collections of the Library of Congress contain a variety of material associated with the French and Indian War (the North American part of the Seven Years' War), including manuscripts, maps, and prints. This guide compiles links to digital materials related to the French and Indian War that are available throughout the Library of Congress Web site. In addition, it provides links to external Web sites focusing on the French and Indian War and a bibliography containing selections for both general and younger readers.

Library of Congress Web Site | External Web Sites | Selected Bibliography

American Memory Historical Collections

The American Revolution and Its Era: Maps and Charts of North America and the West Indies, 1750-1789

The maps and charts in this collection number well over two thousand different items, with easily as many or more unnumbered duplicates, many with distinct colorations and annotations. Almost six hundred maps are original manuscript drawings from the beginnings of the French and Indian War through the end of the American Revolution.

George Washington Papers at the Library of Congress

The complete George Washington Papers collection from the Manuscript Division at the Library of Congress consists of approximately 65,000 documents. This is the largest collection of original Washington documents in the world. Document types in the collection include correspondence, letterbooks, commonplace books, diaries, journals, financial account books, military records, reports, and notes accumulated by Washington from 1741 through 1799. The collection includes a timeline of Washington's life during the colonial period, with links to documents related to the French and Indian War.

Washington's perspective on the Expedition to the Ohio 31 March--27 June 1754, including the Jumonville affair that instigated the French and Indian War, can be understood from the account in the annotated version of his diaries. The collection also contains two copies of a letter from George Washington to [Virginia Lieutenant Governor] Robert Dinwiddie, July 18, 1755, in which he describes the death of General Edward Braddock in battle. The first copy is from Series 2, Letterbooks (with transcription) and the second one from Series 4, General Correspondence.

Map Collections

The focus of this collection is Americana and cartographic treasures of the Library of Congress. These images were created from maps and atlases selected from the collections of the Geography & Map Division.

Among the collection's French and Indian War-era maps are:

The Rochambeau Map Collection

Contains cartographic items used by Jean Baptiste Donatien de Vimeur, comte de Rochambeau (1725-1807), when he was commander-in-chief of the French expeditionary army (1780-82) during the American Revolution. The maps cover much of eastern North America and date from 1717 to 1795, with many covering the period of the French and Indian War.

 

Exhibitions

American Treasures of the Library of Congress - Top Treasures

This online exhibition contains the Fort Ticonderoga Battle Plan.

Global Gateway

France in America

Conceived in partnership with France’s national library, the Bibliothèque nationale de France, France in America/France en Amérique is a bilingual digital library made available by the Library of Congress. It explores the history of the French presence in North America from the first decades of the sixteenth century to the end of the nineteenth century, including a section titled Imperial Struggles that focuses on the French and Indian War. The subsections on Franco-British Rivalries and The Fall of New France each contain numerous maps as well as text based materials.

Prints & Photographs Division

Pictorial Americana: Selected Images from the Collections of the Library of Congress

Pictorial Americana, a 1955 Library of Congress publication, contains a chapter listing selected images related to the French and Indian War.

Search the Prints and Photographs Online Catalog (PPOC). Search terms: United States--History--French and Indian War, 1755-1763, and names of specific battles, sites, and individuals.

Today in History

June 4

On June 4, 1754, twenty-two-year-old Colonel George Washington and his small military force were busy constructing Fort Necessity.

Link disclaimerExternal Web Sites

Fighting for a Continent

Newspaper Coverage of the English and French War For Control of North America, 1754-1760.

Fort Necessity National Battlefield Park

The official U.S. National Park Service site. Located in southwestern Pennsylvania, Fort Necessity National Battlefield commemorates George Washington's first military campaign; the opening battle of the French and Indian War. The website includes historical information.

Fort Ticonderoga

Fort Ticonderoga, originally Fort Carillon, built by the French military between 1755 and 1759. One of a series the French built to control Lake Champlain, it was the site of two battles during the French and Indian War. The website includes historical information and images.

French and Indian War Primary Sources

A selection of primary-source documents related to the French and Indian War from the Historical Society of Pennsylvania.

Maps of the French and Indian War

A collection of maps of the French and Indian War from the collections of the Massachusetts Historical Society.

Online Bookshelves: Colonial Era

The U.S. Army Center of Military History provides the full text of online books as well as an extensive bibliography related to the military during the colonial era.

The Seven Years War Website

This site contains a variety of information on the war, including articles on battles, regiments, and biographies of individual figures from the period.

Selected Bibliography

Anderson, Fred. Crucible of War: The Seven Years' War and the Fate of Empire in British North America, 1754-1766. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, c2000.
LC call number: E199 .A59 2000 [Catalog Record]

Borneman, Walter R. The French and Indian War: Deciding the Fate of North America. New York: Harper Collins, 2006.
LC call number: E199 .B67 2006 [Catalog Record]

Calloway, Colin G. The Scratch of a Pen: 1763 and the Transformation of North America. New York: Oxford University Press, 2006.
LC call number: E46 .C35 2006 [Catalog Record]

Marston, Daniel. The Seven Years' War. Chicago and London: Fitzroy Dearborn, 2001.
LC call number: D297 .M37 2001 [Catalog Record]

Parkman, Francis. France and England in North America. Edited by David Levin. Vol. 2, Count Frontenac and New France under Louis XIV. A Half-Century of Conflict. Montcalm and Wolfe. New York: Literary Classics of the United States, Inc., 1983.
LC call number: F1030 .P24 1983 [Catalog Record]

Peckham, Howard H. The Colonial Wars, 1689-1762. Chicago: University of Chicago Press [1964].
LC call number: E195 .P4 [Catalog Record]

Younger Readers

Gard, Carolyn. The French and Indian War: A Primary Source History of the Fight for Territory in North America. New York: Rosen Central Primary Source, 2004.
LC call number: E199 .G17 2004. [Catalog Record]

Maestro, Betsey. Struggle for a Continent: The French and Indian Wars, 1689-1763. New York: HarperCollins, c2000.
LC call number: E195 .M25 2000. [Catalog Record]

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  July 23, 2013
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