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U.S. Presidential Inaugurations: Thomas Jefferson

Thomas Jefferson, bust portrait, facing left
[Thomas Jefferson, bust portrait,
facing left]
.
T. Johnson, line engraver, Gilbert Stuart, painter; 1887.
Prints and Photographs Division.

First Inauguration - March 4, 1801 | Second Inauguration - March 4, 1805

First Inauguration - March 4, 1801

Facts*

  • First inauguration in Washington, D.C.
  • He broke precedent by walking to and from his swearing-in ceremony, rather than riding in a carriage as his predecessors did.
  • The Marine Band played at the Inauguration for the first time. (It has played at every Inauguration since).
  • For the first time, a newspaper (the National Intelligencer) printed the Inaugural address the morning of the Inauguration.
  • Began the custom of writing to Congress to accept the inauguration and arrange the time for the ceremonies.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Letter from Thomas Jefferson to the President pro tempore of the Senate
Letter from Thomas Jefferson to the President pro tempore of the Senate, letterpress in Jefferson's hand
.
March 2, 1801.
The Thomas Jefferson Papers, 1606 to 1827.
Manuscript Division.

Thomas Jefferson to John Marshall
Thomas Jefferson to John Marshall.
March 2, 1801.
The Thomas Jefferson Papers, 1606 to 1827.
Manuscript Division.

John Marshall to Thomas Jefferson
John Marshall to Thomas Jefferson.
March 2, 1801.
The Thomas Jefferson Papers, 1606 to 1827.
Manuscript Division.

Draft of Inaugural Address, in Jefferson's hand
Draft of Inaugural Address, in Jefferson's hand.
[ca. March 4, 1801].
The Thomas Jefferson Papers, 1606 to 1827.
Manuscript Division.

Inaugural Address, reading copy, in Jefferson's hand
Inaugural Address, reading copy, in Jefferson's hand.
[March 4, 1801].
The Thomas Jefferson Papers, 1606 to 1827.
Manuscript Division.

Pieces, Song, March 4, 1801
Pieces, Song.
March 4, 1801.
The Thomas Jefferson Papers, 1606 to 1827.
Manuscript Division.

Thomas Jefferson, a philosopher, a patriot and a friend
Thomas Jefferson, a philosopher, a patriote [sic], and a friend / dessiné par son ami Tadée Kosciuszko et gravé par Mł. Sokolnicki.
Michał Sokolnicki, etcher and Tadeusz Kościuszko, artist; [Between 1800 and 1816].
Prints and Photographs Division.

Thomas Jefferson, President of the United States
Thomas Jefferson, President of the United States.
Cornelius Tiebout, engraver and Rembrandt Peale, artist; [1801(?)].
Prints and Photographs Division.

A view of the Capitol of Washington before it was burnt down by the British
A view of the Capitol of Washington before it was burnt down by the British.
William Russell Birch, artist; [ca. 1800].
Prints and Photographs.

Speech of Mr. Jefferson at his inaugural. Washington, March 4, 1801
Speech of Mr. Jefferson at his inaugural. Washington,
March 4, [1801]
.
1801.
American Time Capsule: Three Centuries of Broadsides and Other Printed Ephemera.
Rare Book and Special Collections Division.

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Second Inauguration - March 4, 1805

Facts*

  • Inauguration held in the Chamber of the U.S. House of Representatives.

 

Draft [c] fragment of Inaugural Address, ca. March 4, 1805
Draft [c] fragment of Inaugural Address, [ca. March 4, 1805], in Jefferson's hand, unsigned.
[ca. March 4, 1805].
The Thomas Jefferson Papers, 1606 to 1827.
Manuscript Division.

Thomas Jefferson, head-and-shoulders portrait, facing right
[Thomas Jefferson, head-and-shoulders portrait, facing right].
Charles Balthazar Julien Fevret de Saint-Mémin; [1805].
Prints and Photographs Division.

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* This information is based on a compilation by the Office of the Curator, Architect of the Capitol, Joint Congressional Committee on Inaugural Ceremonies, from contemporary accounts and other sources. Additional research provided by Library of Congress staff.

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