Dred Scott v. Sandford
The Supreme Court decision Dred
Scott v. Sandford was issued on March 6, 1857. Delivered
by Chief Justice Roger Taney, this opinion declared that
slaves were not citizens of the United States and could
not sue in Federal courts. In addition, this decision declared
that the Missouri Compromise was unconstitutional and that
Congress did not have the authority to prohibit slavery
in the territories. The Dred Scott decision was overturned
by the 13th and 14th Amendments to the Constitution.
Congress Web Site | External Web
Sites | Selected
Lincoln Papers at the Library of Congress
The complete Abraham Lincoln Papers at the Library of Congress consists of approximately 20,000 documents.
Frederick Douglass Papers at the Library of Congress
The online collection, containing approximately 7,400 items, spans the years 1841-1964, with the bulk of the material dating from 1862 to 1865.
Slavery to Freedom: The African-American Pamphlet Collection,
This collection presents 396 pamphlets from the Rare Book and Special Collections Division, published from 1822 through 1909, by African-American authors and others who wrote about slavery, African colonization, Emancipation, Reconstruction, and related topics.
and the Courts, 1740-1860
This collection contains just over a hundred pamphlets and books (published between 1772 and 1889) concerning the difficult and troubling experiences of African and African-American slaves in the American colonies and the United States.
- The case of Dred Scott in the United States Supreme Court.
- The Dred Scott decision : opinion of Chief Justice Taney, with an introduction.
- An examination of the case of Dred Scott against Sandford, in the Supreme Court of the United States, and a full and fair exposition of the decision of the court, and of the opinions of the majority of the judges. Prepared at the request of, and read before "The Geneva Literary and Scientific Association," on Tuesday evening, 28th December, 1858.
- Historical and legal examination of that part of the decision of the Supreme Court of the United States in the Dred Scott case, which declares the unconstitutionality of the Missouri Compromise Act, and the self-extension of the Constitution to territories, carrying slavery along with it : with an appendix ...
- A legal review of the case of Dred Scott, as decided by the Supreme Court of the United States.
- A review of the decision of the Supreme court of the United States in the Dred Scott case.
- Records and briefs of the United States Supreme Court. No. 137. Dred Scott, vs. John F. A. Sanford
- Report of the decision of the Supreme court of the United States, and the opinions of the judges thereof, in the case of Dred Scott versus John F.A. Sandford. December term, 1856.
and Deeds in American History: Selected Documents Celebrating
the Manuscript Division's First 100 Years
In honor of the Manuscript Division's centennial, its staff has selected for online display approximately ninety representative documents spanning from the fifteenth century to the mid-twentieth century.
Justice Roger Taney wrote a letter to Caleb Cushing
on November 9, 1857, thanking Cushing for his support
of Taney's decision in the Dred Scott case.
This site allows you to search and view millions of historic American newspaper pages from 1789-1924. Search
this collection to find newspaper articles
that discuss the Dred Scott Case.
A selection of articles about the Dred Scott Case includes:
- "The Dred Scott Case," New-York Daily Tribune. (New York, New York), March 9, 1857.
- "The Decision of the Supreme Court," Anti-Slavery Bugle. (New Lisbon, Ohio), March 21, 1857.
- "The Original Dred Scott a Resident of St. Louis--Sketch of His History," Holmes County Republican. (Millersburg, Holmes County, Ohio), April 16, 1857.
Reverdy Johnson was born in Annapolis, Maryland on May,
21, 1796. Johnson, although personally opposed to slavery,
was the attorney who represented the slave owner in the
Dred Scott case.
Dred Scott Case, National Park Service
Dred Scott Case, Washington University in St. Louis
Cases, Dred Scott v. Sandford, Street Law and the
Supreme Court Historical Society
Decisions, Scott v. Sandford, Findlaw
Documents, Dred Scott v. Sanford, National Archives
and Records Administration
Ehrlich, Walter. They Have No Rights:
Dred Scott's Struggle for Freedom. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1979. [Catalog
Fehrenbacher, Don E. The Dred Scott
Case: Its Significance in American Law and Politics. New York: Oxford University
Press, 1978. [Catalog
Finkelman, Paul. Dred Scott v. Sandford:
A Brief History with Documents. Boston: Bedford Books, 1997. [Catalog
Kaufman, Kenneth C. Dred Scott's
Advocate: A Biography of Roswell M. Field. Columbia: University of Missouri Press,
Konig, David Thomas, Paul Finkelman, and Christopher Alan Bracey, eds. The Dred Scott Case: Historical and Contemporary Perspectives on Race and Law. Athens: Ohio University Press, 2010. [Catalog Record]
Maltz, Earl M. Dred Scott and the Politics of Slavery. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 2007. [Catalog
January, Brendan. The Dred Scott
Decision. New York: Children's
Press, 1998. [Catalog
Fleischner, Jennifer. The Dred Scott
Case: Testing the Right to Live Free. Brookfield, Conn.: Millbrook Press,
Freedman, Suzanne. Roger Taney:
The Dred Scott Legacy.
Springfield, N.J.: Enslow Publishers, 1995. [Catalog
Herda, D. J. The Dred Scott Case: Slavery and Citizenship. Berkeley Heights, N.J.: Enslow Publishers, 2011. [Catalog
Skog, Jason. The Dred Scott Decision. Minneapolis: Compass Point Books, 2007. [Catalog