Treaty of Ghent
Treaty of Ghent ended the War of 1812 between the United
States and Great Britain. Peace negotiations began in Ghent,
Belgium, starting in August of 1814. After four months
of talks, the treaty was signed on December 24, 1814. The
Senate unanimously ratified the Treaty of Ghent on
February 16, 1815.
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Century of Lawmaking for a New Nation
The American State Papers
contains another copy of the Treaty
of Ghent, as well as additional
Congressional documents from this time period related
to foreign relations and Great Britain. For example, in
February of 1815, President
James Madison submitted to Congress a series of messages
and communications on the successful conclusion of the
peace negotiations with Great Britain.
The appendix of the Annals
of Congress from the 13th Congress, 3rd Session,
contains additional Congressional documents from 1814
and 1815 concerning the War of 1812 and peace negotiations
with Great Britain, including another copy
of the Treaty of Ghent.
First American West: The Ohio River Valley, 1750-1820
Henry Harrison issued military orders for an attack
upon the British and Native Americans forces around Lake
Erie in October, 1813.
this collection to find additional documents related to
the War of 1812, including the plan of the attack on New
Orleans on the January 8, 1815.
James Madison Papers
James Madison discussed the Treaty of Ghent and other
international news in a letter to Thomas Jefferson dated
March 12, 1815.
or browse this collection to find additional documents
related to the War of 1812, including Madison's observations
from August 24, 1814, on the capture
of Washington, D.C. by British troops.
Nineteenth Century in Print: Periodicals
An article on General
Winfield Scott's involvement in the War of 1812 appeared
in Harper's New Monthly Magazine
in September, 1861.
this collection to read a series of articles in Harper's
New Monthly Magazine on the War of 1812.
Thomas Jefferson Papers at the Library of Congress
Jefferson wrote about the War of 1812 and the Treaty
of Ghent in a letter to William H. Crawford. The main
body of the letter was written on February 14, 1815, a
day before he was notified by James
Monroe that a peace treaty with Great Britain had
been signed. Jefferson then added a postscript to his
letter announcing the news of the treaty.
Treasures at the Library of Congress: The Burning of
the City of Washington
Online exhibition on the burning of Washington, D.C.
by the British troops on August 24, 1814.
Bull & Uncle Sam: From Enemy to Ally
Exhibition that examines U.S. and British relations
from the early 19th Century to the end of World War II.
Includes documents, cartoons and pictures from the War
On June 18, 1812, President James Madison signed a
declaration of war against Great Britain, marking the
beginning of the War of 1812.
British troops landed at Benedict, Maryland on the shores
of the Patuxent River on August 19, 1814. A few days
later, the British set fire to the White House, the Capitol,
and many of the other public buildings in Washington.
The British bombardment of Fort McHenry inspired Francis
Scott Key to write the words to "The Star-Spangled
Banner" on September 13, 1814.
The Battle of New Orleans was fought on January 8, 1815.
Military History, Chapter 6: The War of 1812, U.
S. Army Center of Military History
Documents, Treaty of Ghent, National Archives and
of Ghent and Associated Documents, The Avalon Project at
Yale Law School
Benn, Carl. The War of 1812. New York: Routledge, 2003.[Catalog
Engelman, Fred L. The Peace of Christmas
Eve. New York:
Harcourt, Brace & World, 1962. [Catalog
Hickey, Donald R. The War of 1812:
A Forgotten Conflict.
Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1989. [Catalog
Langguth, A.J. Union 1812: The Americans Who Fought the Second War of Independence. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2006. [Catalog
Updyke, Frank Arthur. The Diplomacy
of the War of 1812.
Gloucester, Mass.: P. Smith, 1965. [Catalog
Zuehlke, Mark. For Honour’s Sake: The War of 1812 and the Brokering of an Uneasy Peace. Toronto: Alfred A. Knopf Canada, 2006. [Catalog
Greenblatt, Miriam. War of 1812. New York: Facts On File,
Haberle, Susan E. The War of 1812. Mankato, Minn.: Bridgestone
Books, 2003. [Catalog
Marquette, Scott. War of 1812. Vero Beach, Fla.: Rourke
Pub., 2003. [Catalog
Nardo, Don. The War of 1812. San Diego, Calif.: Lucent
Books, 2000. [Catalog
Stefoff, Rebecca. The War of 1812. New York: Benchmark
Books, 2001. [Catalog
Warrick, Karen Clemens. The War of 1812: We Have Met the
Enemy and They Are Ours. Berkeley Heights, N.J.: Enslow Publishers, 2002. [Catalog