Kansas-Nebraska Act repealed the Missouri Compromise,
allowing slavery in the territory north of the 36° 30´ latitude.
Introduced by Senator Stephen Douglas of Illinois, the
Kansas-Nebraska Act stipulated that the issue of slavery
would be decided by the residents of each territory, a
concept known as popular sovereignty. After the bill passed
on May 30, 1854, violence erupted in Kansas between pro-slavery
and anti-slavery settlers, a prelude
to the Civil War.
Congress Web Site | External Web
Sites | Selected
Century of Lawmaking for a New Nation: U.S. Congressional
Documents and Debates, 1774-1875
This collection contains congressional publications from 1774 to 1875, including debates, bills, laws, and journals.
Senate and House debate related to the Kansas-Nebraska Act can be found in the Congressional Globe at:
- January 23, 1854 - Debated in the Senate.
- January 24, 1854 - Debated in the Senate.
- January 31, 1854 - Debated in the Senate.
- February 6, 1854 - Debated in the Senate.
- February 7, 1854 - Debated in the Senate.
- February 15, 1854 - Debated in the Senate.
- March. 3, 1854 -Debated and passed Senate
- May 8, 1854 - Debated in House.
- May 9, 1854 - Debated in House.
- May 16, 1854 - Debated in House.
- May 17, 1854 - Debated in House.
- May 18, 1854 - Debated in House.
- May 19, 1854 - Debated in House.
- May 20, 1854 - Debated in House.
- May 22, 1854 - Debated, amended, and passed the House
by a vote of 113 to 100.
- May 25, 1854 - The final
Senate debate on the Kansas-Nebraska Act can be found in the appendix of the Congressional
Globe, 33rd Congress, 1st Session.
- May 25, 1854 - The
Senate passed the Kansas-Nebraska Act by a vote 35
- May 30, 1854 - President Franklin Pierce signed into law "An Act to Organize the Territories of Nebraska and Kansas" (Kansas-Nebraska Act).
Search in the 33rd Congress using the phrase "Kansas Nebraska"
to find more documents related to the Kansas-Nebraska
Lincoln Papers at the Library of Congress
The complete Abraham Lincoln Papers at the Library of Congress consists of approximately 20,000 documents
Lincoln's Papers using the phrase "Kansas
Nebraska" to find additional documents related
to the Kansas-Nebraska Act.
The Alfred Whital Stern Collection of Lincolniana
This collection documents the life of Abraham Lincoln (1809-1865) both through writings by and about Lincoln as well as a large body of publications concerning the issues of the times including slavery, the Civil War, Reconstruction, and related topics. It contains eleven items related to the Kansas-Nebraska Act, including newspaper articles and political cartoons.
Slavery to Freedom: The African-American Pamphlet Collection,
This collection presents 396 pamphlets from the Rare Book and Special Collections Division, published from 1822 through 1909, by African-American authors and others who wrote about slavery, African colonization, Emancipation, Reconstruction, and related topics.
Printed Ephemera: Three Centuries of Broadsides and Other Printed Ephemera
The Printed Ephemera collection comprises 28,000 primary-source items dating from the seventeenth century to the present, including a broadside
from Massachusetts printed in 1854 soliciting support
for the anti-slavery settlers in Kansas.
collection to locate additional broadsides and printed
ephemera related to Kansas in the 1850s.
Salmon P. Chase Papers
The papers of Ohio governor, Lincoln cabinet official, and Supreme Court justice Salmon P. Chase (1808-1873) span the years 1755-1898, with the bulk of the material originating between 1824 and 1872.
Chase's papers contain two speeches concerning the Kansas-Nebraska Act:
Back in Time: Kansas Entered the Union as a Free State,
January 29, 1861.
This site allows you to search and view millions of historic American newspaper pages from 1789 to 1924. Search this collection to find newspaper articles about the Kansas Nebraska Act.
A selection of articles on the Kansas Nebraska Act includes:
- "Mr. Douglas' Nebraska Bill," Weekly North Carolina Standard (Raleigh, N.C.), January 18, 1854.
- "The Nebraska Bill Passed," Nashville Union and American. (Nashville, Tenn.), May 30 1854.
- "The Press on Nebraska," Burlington Free Press. (Burlington, Vt.), June 2, 1854.
U.S. congressman, senator, and presidential candidate
Stephen A. Douglas was born in Brandon, Vermont, on April
23, 1813. Douglas sponsored the Kansas-Nebraska Act in
Kansas entered the Union as a free state on January
The Kansas-Nebraska Act, ushistory.org
Kansas-Nebraska Act and the Rise of the Republican party,
1854-1856, Abraham Lincoln Historical Digitization
Project, Northern Illinois University
Kansas Statehood, January 29, 1861, National Archives
and Records Administration
Documents, The Kansas-Nebraska Act, National Archives
and Records Administration
Kansas Online, 1854-1861, Kansas State Historical Society
and University of Kansas
Nicole. Bleeding Kansas: Contested Liberty
in the Civil War Era. Lawrence: University
Press of Kansas, 2004. [Catalog
Goodrich, Thomas. War to the Knife:
Bleeding Kansas, 1854-1861.
Mechanicsburg, Pa.: Stackpole Books, 1998. [Catalog
Malin, James C. The Nebraska Question,
Kans., 1953. [Catalog
Wolff, Gerald W. The Kansas-Nebraska
Bill: Party, Section, and the Coming of the Civil War. New York: Revisionist
Press, 1977. [Catalog
Wunder, John R. and Joann M. Ross. The
Nebraska-Kansas Act of 1854. Lincoln: University
of Nebraska Press, 2008. [Catalog
McArthur, Debra. The Kansas-Nebraska
Act and "Bleeding
Kansas" in American History. Berkeley Heights, N.J.:
Enslow, 2003. [Catalog