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Act Establishing Yellowstone National Park

Rules and regulations of the Yellowstone national park. Department of the interior. Washington, D. C. 
May, 4, 1881
Rules and regulations of the Yellowstone national park. Department of the interior. Washington, D. C.
May, 4, 1881
.
Washington, 1881.
Printed Ephemera Collection; Portfolio 238, Folder 3a.
Rare Book & Special Collections Division.

An act establishing Yellowstone National Park was signed into law by President Ulysses S. Grant on March 1, 1872. Officially titled "An Act to set apart a certain Tract of Land lying near the Head-waters of the Yellowstone River as a public Park," this landmark legislation created the first national park.

Library of Congress Web Site | External Web Sites | Selected Bibliography

Digital Collections

Evolution of the Conservation Movement, 1850-1920

This collection documents the historical formation and cultural foundations of the movement to conserve and protect America's natural heritage, through books, pamphlets, government documents, manuscripts, prints, photographs, and motion picture footage drawn from the collections of the Library of Congress.

A selection of items related to Yellowstone National Park includes:

Search this collection to locate additional items related to Yellowstone National Park.

A Century of Lawmaking for a New Nation: U.S. Congressional Documents and Debates, 1774-1875

This collection consists of published congressional records of the United States of America from 1774 to 1875.

  • December 8, 1871 - S.392, "A Bill to set apart a certain tract of land lying near the Head-waters of the Yellowstone River as a public park," was introduced in the Senate.
  • January 30, 1872 - The Senate debated, amended, and passed S. 392.
  • February 27, 1872 - The House of Representatives debated and passed S. 392 by a vote of 115 to 65.
  • March 1, 1872 - U.S. Statutes at Large, Vol. 17, Chap. 24, pp. 32-33. "An Act to set apart a certain Tract of Land lying near the Head-waters of the Yellowstone River as a public Park."
Search this collection in the 42nd Congress to locate additional Congressional documents related to the creation of Yellowstone National Park.

Mapping the National Parks

This collection documents the history, cultural aspects and geological formations of areas that eventually became National Parks. The collection consists of approximately 200 maps dating from the 17th century to the present, including 25 maps of Yellowstone National Park.

America's Library

Jump Back in Time: Painter Thomas Moran Was Born on February 12, 1837

Thomas Moran's paintings of Western landscapes inspired Americans to save their wilderness areas as national parks.

Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers

Chronicling America

This site allows you to search and view millions of historic American newspaper pages from 1836-1922. Search this collection to find newspaper articles about Yellowstone National Park.

A selection of articles about the creation of Yellowstone National Park includes:

Today in History

February 12

February 12 marks the birth of painter Thomas Moran (1837-1926).* His depictions of Western landscapes inspired Americans to conserve and cherish spectacular wilderness areas as part of their national heritage. In the summer of 1871, Moran joined the U.S. Geological Survey of the Territories. Headed by Ferdinand V. Hayden, this scientific exploration of lands along the Yellowstone River in northwestern Wyoming and southeastern Montana included a painter and a photographer.

April 5

Conservationists, civic leaders, and government officials submitted testimony before Congress in favor of the establishment of the National Park Service on April 5 and April 6, 1916.

External Web Sites

Our Documents, Act Establishing Yellowstone National Park, External Link National Archives and Records Administration

Yellowstone National Park, External Link National Park Service

Yellowstone, the World’s Wonderland, External Link The Wyoming State Historical Society

Selected Bibliography

Black, George. Empire of Shadows: The Epic Story of Yellowstone. New York: St. Martin's Press, 2012. [Catalog Record]

Cramton, Louis C. Early History of Yellowstone National Park and Its Relation to National Park Policies. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1932. [Catalog Record] [Full Text] External Link

Haines, Aubrey L. Yellowstone National Park: Its Exploration and Establishment. Washington, D.C.: National Park Service, 1974. [Catalog Record] [Full Text] External Link

-----. The Yellowstone Story: A History of Our First National Park. 2 vols. Rev. ed. Niwot, Colo.: University Press of Colorado, 1996. [Catalog Record]

Merrill, Marlene Deahl, ed. Yellowstone and the Great West: Journals, Letters, and Images from the 1871 Hayden Expedition. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1999. [Catalog Record]

Nabokov, Peter and Lawrence Loendorf. American Indians and Yellowstone National Park: A Documentary Overview. Yellowstone National Park, Wyo.: National Park Service, Yellowstone Center for Resources, 2002. [Catalog Record] [Full Text] External Link

Schullery, Paul. Myth and History in the Creation of Yellowstone National Park. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2003. [Catalog Record]

Younger Readers

Pecorella, Jane. Yellowstone, Our First National Park. New York: Rosen, 2003. [Catalog Record]

Whitman, Sylvia. This Land is Your Land: The American Conservation Movement. Minneapolis: Lerner Publications, 1994. [Catalog Record]

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  April 26, 2017
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