Act Establishing Yellowstone National Park
act establishing Yellowstone National Park was signed
into law by President Ulysses S. Grant on March 1, 1872. Officially titled "An Act to set apart a certain Tract of Land lying near the Head-waters of the Yellowstone River as a public Park," this landmark legislation created the first national park.
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Evolution of the Conservation Movement, 1850-1920
documents the historical formation and cultural foundations of the movement to
natural heritage, through books,
pamphlets, government documents, manuscripts, prints, photographs, and motion
picture footage drawn from the collections of the Library of Congress.
A selection of items related to Yellowstone National Park includes:
- U.S. Statutes at Large, Vol. 17, Chap. 24, pp. 32-33. "An Act to set apart a certain Tract of Land lying near the Head-waters of the Yellowstone River as a public Park." [S. 392]. This landmark legislation creates the first national park.
Park Act: Debates and Proceedings. Excerpted from the Congressional Globe:
Containing the Debates and Proceedings of the Second Session Forty-Second
Congress; with an Appendix, Embracing the Laws Passed at that Session. Pp. 159, 484, 520, 697, 1228, 1282, 1416.
Yellowstone Park. House Report No. 26. From The Reports of Committees
of the House of Representatives for the Second Session of the Forty-Second
of the Superintendent of the Yellowstone National Park to the Secretary of
the Interior for the year 1872. (This is the first superintendent's report
on the first national park.)
Search this collection to locate additional items related to Yellowstone National Park.
Century of Lawmaking for a New Nation: U.S. Congressional
Documents and Debates, 1774-1875
This collection consists of published congressional records of the United States of America from 1774 to 1875.
Search this collection in the 42nd Congress to locate additional
Congressional documents related to the creation of Yellowstone National Park.
- December 8, 1871 - S.392, "A Bill to set apart a certain tract of land lying near the Head-waters of the Yellowstone River as a public park," was introduced in the Senate.
- January 30, 1872 - The Senate debated, amended, and passed S. 392.
- February 27, 1872 - The House of Representatives debated and passed S. 392 by a vote of 115 to 65.
- March 1, 1872 - U.S. Statutes at Large, Vol. 17, Chap. 24, pp. 32-33. "An Act to set apart a certain Tract of Land lying near the Head-waters of the Yellowstone River as a public Park."
Mapping the National Parks
This collection documents the history, cultural aspects and geological formations of areas that eventually became National Parks. The collection consists of approximately 200 maps dating from the 17th century to the present, including 25 maps of Yellowstone National Park.
Jump Back in Time: Painter Thomas Moran Was Born on February 12, 1837
Thomas Moran's paintings of Western landscapes inspired Americans to save their wilderness areas as national parks.
This site allows you to search and view millions of historic American newspaper pages from 1836-1922. Search this collection to find newspaper articles about Yellowstone National Park.
A selection of articles about the creation of Yellowstone National Park includes:
February 12 marks the birth of painter Thomas Moran (1837-1926).* His depictions of Western landscapes inspired Americans to conserve and cherish spectacular wilderness areas as part of their national heritage. In the summer of 1871, Moran joined the U.S. Geological Survey of the Territories. Headed by Ferdinand V. Hayden, this scientific exploration of lands along the Yellowstone River in northwestern Wyoming and southeastern Montana included a painter and a photographer.
Conservationists, civic leaders, and government officials submitted testimony before Congress in favor of the establishment of the National Park Service on April 5 and April 6, 1916.
Our Documents, Act Establishing
Yellowstone National Park, National Archives
and Records Administration
National Park, National Park Service
Yellowstone, the World’s Wonderland, The Wyoming State Historical Society
Black, George. Empire of Shadows: The Epic Story of Yellowstone. New York: St. Martin's Press, 2012. [Catalog
Cramton, Louis C. Early History of Yellowstone National Park and Its Relation to National Park Policies. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1932. [Catalog
Record] [Full Text]
Haines, Aubrey L. Yellowstone National Park: Its Exploration and Establishment. Washington, D.C.: National Park Service, 1974. [Catalog
Record] [Full Text]
-----. The Yellowstone Story: A History of Our First National Park. 2 vols. Rev. ed. Niwot, Colo.: University Press of Colorado, 1996. [Catalog Record]
Merrill, Marlene Deahl, ed. Yellowstone and the Great West: Journals, Letters,
and Images from the 1871 Hayden Expedition. Lincoln: University of Nebraska
Press, 1999. [Catalog
Nabokov, Peter and Lawrence Loendorf. American Indians and Yellowstone National
Park: A Documentary Overview. Yellowstone National Park, Wyo.: National Park
Service, Yellowstone Center for Resources, 2002. [Catalog
Record] [Full Text]
Schullery, Paul. Myth and History in the Creation of Yellowstone National Park. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2003. [Catalog
Pecorella, Jane. Yellowstone, Our First National Park. New York: Rosen, 2003.
Whitman, Sylvia. This Land is Your Land: The American Conservation Movement.
Minneapolis: Lerner Publications, 1994. [Catalog